6

IAeANUeEEE A?Ae?IIAOAI?IEIA?*IEE ?INOEOOO

I?EOIAeUeEI Eaoa?eia Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 633.375:631.586:636.085.33

IIAeAETHAAIIss AIEEAO AA?IIAOAI?IEIA?*IEO OIIA IA OI?IOAAIIss
I?IAeOEOEAIINO? OII?IAIAO?O A OE?A?I?

11.00.09 – iaoai?ieia?y, ee?iaoieia?y, aa?iiaoai?ieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana -1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iiio ?inoeooo?,
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? IIEUeIAEE

AIAOIE?E IEEIEAEIAE*, Iaeanueeee
a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iee

?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith aa?iiaoai?ieia??? oa

aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo i?iaiic?a.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? OIAEAANUeEEE EIINOssIOEI
EE?EEIAE*, Iaeanueeee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e aioai?ee;

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, EssOIE AIAOIE?E

EE?EEIAE*, Iaeanueeee naeaeoe?eii-aaiaoe/iee ?inoeooo AAI

Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “15” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41. 090. 01 i?e Iaeanueeiio
a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iiio ?noeooo?

(270016 Iaeana, aoe. Euea?anueea, 15, IAI?)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iiai
?inoeoooo, i. Iaeana, aoe. Euea?anueea, 15, IAI?

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 6 “ aa?aciy 1999 ?

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Eiaiaea I.N.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O ca’yceo c iane?aeeaie aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e
AAN oa caa?oaeiaiiyi iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua aeey ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie
iniaeeaa cia/aiiy ia? aaeeaaiiy a ?aeo i?iaeoeo?a ae??oe/iiai oa
i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy, ai?uoth/eo ?ioe?i. Iniiaiith ne?iaeiith
aeey iaea?aeaiiy i?iaeoeo?a, ui ai?uothoue ?ioe?i, ? i?aaie caiano oaeeo
aeae?a ?ineei, ye oii?iaiao?, oeeei??e, aei?aeeia, /aniee oa ?io?.
Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei aeaea?aeii o?oeoicai?a ? aoeueae oii?iaiao?o, o
yeeo ci?no iie?oeoei?eaeo ?ioe?io aeinyaa? 16 – 20% oa a?eueo (ia ne?o
iano).

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia
?io?iaeoeoeey oii?iaiao?o aei n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa
iio?aao? anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iino? aieeao aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oiia ia
?ici?? oa ye?noue a?iaeath, ioe?iee aa?iee?iaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie
noiniaii ae?iuoaaiiy oii?iaiao?o.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa iia’ycaia c aeeiiaiiyi iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aei i?iaeai
ae?iuoaaiiy oii?iaiao?o a Oe?a?i?. Iiia?a Aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? oai:
0189073525 (1989-1991??.); 01910037221 (1991-1993??.); 0193U002201
(1993-1995??.); 0195006504 (1995?.); 096U002184 (1996?.); 0197U000129
(1997-1998??.).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? aieeao
aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oiia ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue oii?iaiao?o, ?ic?iaeoe
aeeiai?/io iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy a?iaeaeiino? eoeueoo?e oa aeei?enoaoe ??
aeey ae??ooaaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ o n?eueneiio ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie.

Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? oe??? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe
oae? caaea/?:

— aeeiiaoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ia i?iaeooe?eiee i?ioean oa ye?noue a?iaeath oii?iaiao?o;

— ?ic?iaeoe aeeiai?/io iiaeaeue aieeao aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oiia ia
oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oii?iaiao?o;

— anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? i?inoi?iaiai ?iciiae?eaiiy aa?iaeieia?/ieo
eaoaai??e oa ioe?iie a?iaeaeiino? oii?iaiao?o ni?oo “Eioa?an” a iaeanoyo
Oe?a?ie;

— aeaoe ioe?ieo aa?iee?iaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie noiniaii ae?iuoaaiiy
oii?iaiao?o.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a Oe?a?i?:

— anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino? aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia
i?iaeooe?eiee i?ioean oii?iaiao?o (??no ?ineei, oi?ioaaiiy
anei?eyoe?eiiai aia?aoo, i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco, ?inoia? ooieoe??
aaaeeeey oa aoeuea oii?iaiao?o, aaniethoia oa a?aeiinia oaeaee?noue
?inoo aaaeeeey oa aoeuea);

— ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oii?iaiao?o
“Ee?iao-a?iaeae (oii?iaiao?)”, yea a?aoiao? iniaeeaino? aaaaoaoeaiiai oa
?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e;

— iaea?aeaii ioe?iee aieeao oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia
oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oii?iaiao?o, aecia/aii ?ici??e
aa?iaeieia?/ieo eaoaai??e a?iaeaeiino?;

— cae?eniaia ioe?iea aa?iee?iaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie noiniaii
ae?iuoaaiiy oii?iaiao?o.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ca
aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? aeeiai?/ii? iiaeae? “Ee?iao-a?iaeae
(oii?iaiao?)” aeeiiaii oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaeoi??a
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oii?iaiao?o
/a?ac e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? iieacieee. Aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oii?iaiao?o aeei?enoaia aeey ioe?iee aa?iaeieia?/iiai
iioaioe?aeo oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie noiniaii ae?iuoaaiiy oii?iaiao?o, ui
iioe?th? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/io aaco aa?iiaoai?ieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeeiiaiiy iieueiaeo oa eaai?aoi?ieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ia?iaea oa aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo
oa aaaaoi??/ieo ee?iaoe/ieo ? aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo aeaieo, ?ic?iaea
aeeiai?/ii? iiaeae? “Ee?iao-a?iaeae (oii?iaiao?)” oa ioe?iea
aa?iee?iaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie noiniaii ae?iuoaaiiy oii?iaiao?o.
*anoea o/ano? aaoi?a o iaea?aeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo,
iaae?oeiaaieo o ni?eueieo ioae?eaoe?yo a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai. Iineeaiiy
ia oe? ?iaioe ? a aeena?oaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo
?ic?iaie aaoi?a aeiiia?aeaeeny ia 10 i?aeia?iaeieo, ananithcieo oa
?anioae?eainueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo: ia O?ao?e Ananithci?e
iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oii?iaiao? ? oii?iniiyoiee – i?iaeaie
ae?iuoaaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy” (Iaeana, 1992), ia *aoaa?oiio
?a?iiaenueeiio n?iiiceoi? “Iia? eoeueoo?e oa i?iaeoeoe” (O?aioe?y,
?aein, 1996), ia I’yoiio I?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an? “Leaf Pro-96” (?in?y,
?inoia-ia-Aeiio, 1996), ia Ae?oaiio I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “Iia? oa
iao?aaeeoe?ei? ?ineeie ? ia?niaeoeae ?o i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy”
(?in?y, Iou?ii, 1996), ia I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oo?eioth/a
n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai” (I?ia//eia, A?aoioaaea, 1997), ia Oinoiio oa
Nueiiiio nai?ia?ao ii ?ioe?io (I?ia//eia, A?aoioaaea, 1996, Aaeuea?y,
Eaaai, 1998), ia I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ii aeei?enoaiith ?ioe?io a
iaaeeoeei? (Ee?a, 1997), ia Ae?oaiio I?aeia?iaeiiio c’?cae? “Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie ooai?aiiy iiaeo e?eoaaeueieo i?aia?ao?a i?e?iaeiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy (N.-I?oa?ao?a, 1998), ia I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aei?
ae?aaaoo a Oe?a?i?” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 16 ?ia?o, o oiio
/ene?: 3 noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, ye? ?aeiiaiaeiaai? AAE Oe?a?ie, 13
– iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa aeiaeaoea. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? 176
noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo a oiio /ene?: 26 oaaeeoeue, 31 ?enoie?a,
203 aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, oa aeiaeaoea ia 3 noi??ieao.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??,
noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? neeaaeathoue iaoeiao iiaecio oa
i?aaeiao caoenoo.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aena?oeththoueny ?nioth/? no/ani? o?ceei-noaoenoe/i?
oa aeeiai?/i? iiaeae? aieeao aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oiia ia oi?ioaaiiy
a?iaea?a ea?oiie? oa niiyoieea, ye? ca a?ieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie
aeecuee? aei oii?iaiao?o. Iiaeaii iien ii?oieia?/ieo oa a?ieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae ia’?eoo aeine?aeaeaiue – oii?iaiao?o.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa a?eo ?ineei
ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue oii?iaiao?o.

Iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oii?iaiao?o cae?enithaaeeny o
1988 – 1998??. ia aeine?aeieo iieyo a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo a
?aai?anueeiio ?aeii? Iaeanueei? iaeano?. A?oioe aeine?aeieo ae?eyiie ?
ia?aaaaei? a?oioe ciie – /i?iicaie cae/aei? iecueeiiiooaei?
iecueeiaoioni?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeenue iaae oii?iaiao?ii
na?aaeiueinoeaeiai ni?oo “Eioa?an”, ?aeiiiaaiiio a Oe?a?i?. Ieiua
aeeaeaiiy ?ineei 70 o 50 ni. Iiaoi?i?noue – /ioe?ueioe?aoia. Ieiua
aeine?aeii? ae?eyiee – 200 i 2 .

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aenioa oii?iaiao?o ? ei?aeoiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith
aaaaoaoeaiiai ?inoo ? iieacieee ?? a?aeia?aaeothoue ?aaeoe?th ?ineei ia
oiiae ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, a ia?oo /a?ao, e?i?ooth/iai ia I?aaei?
O?a?ie oaeoi?o – oiia caieiaeaiiy. O an? ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue i?e
i?ciueiio caieiaeaii? niinia??aa?oueny o?nia i?yia e?i?eia caeaaei?noue
aenioe oii?iaiao?o a?ae noi iiaae?a: eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? noaiiaeyoue
o iinooeea? ?iee r=0,91+0,01; o ?iee c caaeia?eueiei caieiaeaiiyi
r=0,96+0,01; o ?iee c aeia?ei caieiaeaiiyi r=0,98+0,01.

C’yniaaii, ui ieiua eenoiai? iiaa?oi? oii?iaiao?o aeinyaa? iaeneioio o
a?oe? 120 – 130 aei?a. Aeae? aiia cinoa?oueny ia aeinyaiooiio ??ai? aei
ii/aoeo caa’yaeaiiy iaaecaiii? iane. Ieiua eenoiai? iiaa?oi? iinaaeie
oii?iaiao?o ia iaeiiio aaeoa?? noaiiaeoue a na?aaeiueiio i?e
caaeia?eueiiio caieiaeaii? 37000 – 48000 i2. O ?iee ?c ni?eyoeeaeie
oiiaaie caieiaeaiiy /anoea eenoy o iaaecaii?e ian? aei 40 – 60 ae?a a?ae
ii/aoeo aaaaoaoe?? aeinyaa? iaeneioio, ui noaiiaeoue 60% (1989?.) ?
iaa?oue 90% (1990?.).

Ieoiia iiaa?oiaaa u?euei?noue eenoy (IIUE) caeaaeeoue a?ae a?eo ?ineei:
?c c?inoaiiyi a?eo ?ineei aiia i?iii?oe?eii ciaioo?oueny.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? oioineioaco ia i?ioyc? aaaaoaoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui aiia ciaoiaeeoueny ia aeinoaoiuei
aenieiio ??ai? – 26 – 28 a aei-2 aiae-1. A ia??iae noai?aiiy
?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aai?a oa oea?o?iiy a?aeaoaa?oueny cieaeaiiy
?ioaineaiino? oioineioaco aei 5a aei-2 aiae -1.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a aaee/ei /enoi? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
oioineioaco (*IO) oii?iaiao?o iieaco?, ui o ca’yceo c ??cieie oiiaaie
caieiaeaiiy aiia eieeaa?oueny a cia/ieo iaaeao: a?ae 0,1 aei 0,8a
aei-2aeia-1. Iaea?aeai? aeai? ii aeeiai?oe? *IO na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ia
i?ioyc? aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo niinoa??aathoueny aeaa i?ee cia/aiue
*IO: ia?oee i?e o a?oe? 40 – 60 ae?a – 0,6 – 0,8 a aei-2 aeia-1. *an
ae?oaiai i?eo caeaaeeoue a?ae oiia caieiaeaiiy ? niinoa??aa?oueny o
a?oe? 100 – 140 ae?a.

?aa?an?eiee aiae?c ca’yceo *IO ? a?eo ?ineei c’ynoaaa, ui iacaeaaeii
a?ae oiia caieiaeaiiy ia? i?noea iayai?noue cai?ioiuei? e?i?eii?
caeaaeiino?, ia?i? eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? noaiiaeyoue a?ae r=-0,65+0,02
aei r=-0,67+0,08.

Iaeiie/aiiy ne?i? oa nooi? iane oe?ei? ?ineeie oa ie?aieo ?? i?aai?a
caeaaeeoue a?ae aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oiia. Ia i?ioyc? aaaaoaoe?eiiai
ia??iaeo ne?a iana eenoy c?inoa? ? aeinyaa? iaeneiaeueieo cia/aiue –
654a iai?ee?ioe? aa?aniy i?e caaeia?eueieo oiiaao caieiaeaiiy (oaae.1).
I?e iaaeinoaoiueiio caieiaeaii? ne?a iana eenoy aeinyaa? iaeneioia
iaii/aoeo aa?aniy ? aeinyaa? eeoa 216 a. Iaeiie/aiiy iane aoeuea, ia
a?aei?io a?ae iaaecaiii? iane, niinoa??aa?oueny aei e?ioey
aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. I?e aeinoaoiueiio caieiaeaii? iana aoeuea
iiaeaeueii? ?ineeie aeinyaa? 2000 a; i?e iaaeie?eo aieiae – eeoa 400 a.
Caaaeueia a?iiana ?ineeie, ui yaey? niaith noia?io iano aaaeeeey oa
aoeuea, i?e ??cieo oiiaao caieiaeaiiy cia/ii a?ae??ciy?oueny. I?e
aeinoaoiueiio caieiaeaii? caaaeueia a?iiana iiaeaeueii? ?ineeie o e?ioe?
aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo neeaaea? 3363 a, i?e iaaeie?eo aieiae – eeoa
590 a.

Aecia/aii, ui aa?iiaoai?ieia?/i? oaeoi?e cia/ii aieeaathoue ia
iaeiie/aiiy iaaecaiii? iane ?ineei, iane aoeuea oa caaaeueii? a?iiane:
iiiaeeiiee eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? i?ae ianith aoeuea, iaaecaiiith oa
caaaeueiith a?iianith iiaeaeueii? ?ineeie oii?iaiao?o ? eiiieaenii
aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a noaiiaeoue: R=0,70 + 0,07.

Nooa iana eenoy ? aaaeeeey a oe?eiio aeinyaa? iaeneiaeueieo cia/aiue o
ia?o?e iieiaei? aa?aniy ? a oiiaao aeinoaoiueiai caieiaeaiiy neeaaea?,
a?aeiia?aeii, 185 ? 528a; i?e iaaeinoaoiueiio caieiaeaii? nooa iana
aaaeeeey noaiiaeoue eeoa 135 a, o oiio /ene?, eenoy 67 a. Nooa iana
eeoai?a c?inoa? aei e?ioey aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo ? neeaaea? o ?iee c
aeinoaoi?i caieiaeaiiyi 686 a,12

Oaaeeoey 1 — Aeeiai?ea i?iaeoeoeaiino? iiaeaeueii? ?ineeie oii?iaiao?o a
oe?eiio oa ie?aieo i?aai?a a ??cieo oiiaao caieiaeaiiy: W –
caaeia?euei?; D – iacaaeia?euei?; (ne?a iana, a)

I?aaie

I?nyoeue*a?aaiueEeiaiueNa?iaiueAa?anaiueAEiaoaiueAeaeaaea123123123123123
EenoyW83161196253356457491583583638650654603463308D243456124132147161175
18921620719818917286AaaeeeeyW1692854490699010611127118912501461169514711
2481187681D54130192224256270278314386380396350305152AoeueaeW467316622429
0336528766885133417862176D183034606881108164192228285398Caaaeueia
ianaW1693716749791156128514171525177822272580280525823363D84130210254290
330346395494544588578590550

c iaaeinoaoi?i – 140a.

?inoia? ooieoe?? iaaecaiii? iane oa aoeuea oii?iaiao?o noaiiaeyoue
niaith /anoeo noia?iiai i?e?inoo on??? ?ineeie, yea i?eiaaea? ia ?-e
i?aai. Aeyaeaii, ui ?inoiaa ooieoe?y iaaecaiii? iane iinooiiai c?inoa?
aei na?aaeeie aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo aei 1, iio?i aiia iia?eueii
ciaioo?oueny aei e?ioey aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo aei 0. ?inoiaa ooieoe?y
aoeuea ? aeca?eaeueiei a?aeia?aaeaiiyi ?inoiai? ooieoe?? iaaecaiii?
iane.

Ia aaniethoio oa a?aeiinio oaeaee?noue ?inoo iane aaaeeeey oa
aaniethoio oaeaee?noue ?inoo iane aoeuea aieeaathoue aa?iiaoai?ieia?/i?
oiiae: oaeaee?noue ?inoo caeaaeeoue a?ae na?aaeiuei? oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y
(r=0,73), aeao?oeeoo aieiaino? iia?o?y (r=0,58) oa oioiia??iaee/ieo oiia
(r=0,60). Iiiaeeiiee eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? noaiiaeoue R=0,74+0,08.

Ei?o?oe??io ainiiaea?nueei? aoaeoeaiino? a?iaeath oii?iaiao?o (Eaini)
yaey? niaith a?aeiioaiiy a?iaeath aoeuea aei a?iaeath caaaeueii? a?iiane
?in eei. Caeaaeii a?ae aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oiia Eaini ci?ith?oueny o
cia/ieo iaaeao: i?e iaaeie?eo aieiae a?i neeaaea? 0,54, i?e oiiaao
aeinoaoiueiai caieiaeaiiy – 0,89 – 0,95.

Iaeiie/aiiy caaaeueieo o?oeoai?a oa ?ioe?io o aoeueaao oii?iaiao?o
ci?ith?oueny i?ae aieeaii aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oiia. I?ae ai?noii
caaaeueieo o?oeoai?a oa oaiia?aoo?ieie iieacieeaie ?nio? iiceoeaia
ei?aeyoe?y. Aeey ni?oo “Eioa?an” ia?i? eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? c
na?aaeiueith oa iaeneiaeueiith oaiia?aoo?aie iia?o?y a?aeiia?aeii
noaiiaeyoue r=0,89+0,05 oa r=0,90+0,06. I?e aiae?c? ca’yceo ai?noo
iie?oeoei?eaeo ?ioe?io c iaeneiaeueiith oaiia?aoo?ith iia?o?y c’yniaaii,
ui iaeneiaeueiee ai?no ?ioe?io noaiiaeoue 15 – 20% ? niinoa??aa?oueny
i?e iaeneiaeuei?e oaiia?aoo?? iia?o?y 25iN. I?e cieaeaii? iaeneiaeueii?
oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y aei 5 – 10 iN ai?no ?ioe?io ciaioo?oueny o aea?/?.

Iaea?aeaia aaaaoioaeoi?ia caeaaei?noue ai?noo ?ioe?io a aoeueaao (In)
a?ae eiiieaeno aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oiia: na?aaeiueiaeaeaaeii?
oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y (ta), noie iiaae?a (?Qjo) ? o?eaaeino? na?oeiaiai
aeiy (?aei) ia? ianooiiee aeaeyae:

In =- 0,394 ?Qjo+ 0,02 ta+ 0,002 oaei+ 12,339, (1)

R=0,93±0,02; Sy=±1,146%.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny ?ic?iaea aeeiai?/ii? iiaeae?
i?iaeooe?eiiai i?ioeano oii?iaiao?o. Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith i?e ?ic?iaoe?
iiaeae? iineoaeea i?eioeei iaeneiaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? iin?a?a
(O.A.Oiii?ia, 1984), ca?aeii yeiio aaeaioaoe?y ?ineei oa o?oioeaiico
ni?yiiaaia ia caaacia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaiai aaciiai?io NI2 a
aeaieo oiiaao na?aaeiaeua:

Fc(L0,t) mao. (2)

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai i?eioeeio, O.A.Oiii?iaii aoei aaaaeaii iiiyooy –
iioaioe?eii? a?iaeaeiino? (IA). IA – oea aaee/eia a?iaeath, ui
caaacia/o?oueny i?eoiaeii aia?a?? OA? i?e iioeiaeueiiio ia i?ioyc?
onueiai aaaaoaoe?eiiiai ia??iaeo ?aaeeio iaoai?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a.

Iaie i?e??no IA (IAj/t) aecia/a?oueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ioaineaiino?
OA?, EEAe oa eaei??eiino? oii?iaiao?o. I?e oeueiio oaeiae a?aoiaoaaeenue
iioiaaiaoe/i? ci?ie cae?aiino? ?ineei aei oioineioaco ia i?ioyc?
aaaaoaoe??.

IAj /t = jo QjOA? /q, (3)

aea o- iioiaaiaoe/ia e?eaa oioineioaco, aac?ici??ia; QjOA? – noia OA?
ca aeaeaaeo, IAeae ni-2 oaee –1; — EEAe iinaaeie, a?aei.iae.; q –
eaei??ei?noue iinaaeee, Aeae a–1; j – iiia? ?ic?aooieiai? aeaeaaee,
ii/eiath/e a?ae noiae?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui aaee/eia
EEAe aeey oii?iaiao?o noaiiaeoue 0,18. Eaei??ei?noue aeey oii?iaiao?o
??aiy?oueny 3,11 IAeae a –1.

I?e??no IIA (IIAj/t) iaiaaeo?oueny aieeaii ?aaeeio aieiae oa
oaiia?aoo?e:

IIAj/ t = (IAj/t) FTW2j , (4)

aea FTW2 – ocaaaeueiaia ooieoe?y aieeao oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y oa oiia
caieiaeaiiy ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineei, a?aei.iae. Ei?aeoe?y ia
ii?aeiaiiy oiia aieiaicaaacia/aiino? oa oa?i?/iiai ?aaeeio aecia/a?oueny
ca ae?acii:

FTW2j = FTW1j [1+(1- j)(1-e j)] i?e tb j t j opt 2, (5)

aea FTW1 – ooieoe?y aieeao oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y oa aieiaicaaacia/aiino?
ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineei, a?aei.iae.; — oaiia?aoo?ia e?eaa
oioineioaco, a?aei.iae.; e – aieiaicaaacia/ai?noue iinaaeie, a?aei.iae.;
tb — oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y, iN; topt1 e topt2 – ieaeiy oa aa?oiy iaae?
iioeiaeueii? oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y aeey oioineioaco ?ineei, iN.

Aaee/eia FTW1 aecia/a?oueny ii ni?aa?aeiioaiith:

FTW1j = ( j e j) 0,5. (6)

I?e aecia/aii? aaee/eie a?aoiao?oueny, ui cia/aiiy iioeiaeueii?
oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y aeey oioineioaco ci?ith?oueny caeaaeii a?ae oace
?acaeoeo ?ineei.

Ooieoe?y aieiaicaaacia/aiino? iinaaeie oii?iaiao?o aecia/a?oueny ye
eiia?iaoe?y aeaio iieaciee?a caieiaeaiiy:

e j = [ j (A j /A j i)]0,5, (7)

aea — ooieoe?y aieeao aieiaino? a?oioo ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineei,
a?aei.iae.; A – noia?ia aeia?iaoaaiiy iinaaeie, ii; A i –
aeia?oaaii?noue, ii.

I?e aecia/aii? ooieoe?? a?aoiao?oueny ieaeiy oa aa?oiy iaae?
iioeiaeueieo caian?a aieiae aeey i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ineei.

I?e??no AeIA (AeIA/t) e?i?oo?oueny ??aiai i?e?iaeiuei? ?iaeth/ino?
a?oioo:

AeIAj/ t = (IIAj/t) Aie, (8)

aea Aie – aae a?oioiai? ?iaeth/ino?, a?aei.iae.

A?iaeae o ae?iaieoeoa? (AA/t) iaiaaeo?oueny aaaaoueia oaeoi?aie, na?aae
yeeo o ia?oo /a?ao a?aecia/a?oueny caaaeueiee ??aaiue eoeueoo?e
caiea?ianoaa oa aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea:

AAj/ t = (AeIAj/t) kcaie F(Aeia?), (9)

aea kcaie – eiao?oe??io ??aiy eoeueoo?e caiea?ianoaa, yeee neeaany i?e
ae?iuoaaii? oii?iaiao?o, a?aei.iae.;

F(Aeia?.) – ocaaaeueiaia ooieoe?y aieeao aianaiiy i?ia?aeueiuo ?
i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea i?ae eoeueoo?o, a?aei.iae., yea ciaoiaeeoueny ca
i?eioeeiii E?a?oa ye i?i?iaeueia c ooieoe?e aieeao aianeo acioieo (kN),
oinoi?ieo (kP), eae?eieo (kK) aeia?ea, a oaeiae i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea
(ki?a).

Aeey ?ic?aooieo a?iaeath aoeuea aeei?enoiao?oueny iieaciee Kaini, yeee
oa?aeoa?eco? a?aeiioaiiy ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enii? /anoee a?iaeath aei
caaaeueii? a?iiane a?iaeath.

Ine?eueee ?ic?aooiee a aa?iaeieia?/ieo eaoaai??yo a?iaeaeiino? a?iiane
aaeenue a ia?ae?eo ia nooo ?a/iaeio, iaiao?aeii a?aooaaoe aieia?noue
aoeuea Vaoeuea i?e cae?aii? a?iaeath. Oiae?, aaee/eia a?iaeath aoeuea
on?o eaoaai??e a?iaeaeiino? IAaoeuea, IIAaoeuea, AeIAaoeuea e AAaoeuea
(o aa-1) — aoaea aecia/aoeny ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi aeaeo:

IAaoeuea = IA Eaini (1 + Vaoeuea) (10)

Iaie aecia/aii eaai?aoi?ii-iieueiaei iaoiaeii, ui cia/aiiy Eaini
aei??aith? 0,50 e Vaoeuea aei??aith? 0,74.

Ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaiieo aaee/ei aa?iaeieia?/ieo eaoaai??e
a?iaeaeiino? aoee aecia/ai? eiiieaeni? ioe?iee a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo
?ano?n?a noiniaii oii?iaiao?o: nooiaiy ni?eyoeeaino? ee?iaoe/ieo oiia
ae?iuoaaiiy oii?iaiao?o (OZ1); ??aiy ?aae?caoe?? aa?iaeieia?/iiai
iioaioe?aeo (OZ2); ??aiy aeei?enoaiiy aa?iee?iaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a (OZ3);
ioe?iea eoeueoo?e caiea?ianoaa (OZ4) c oi/ee ci?o aoaeoeaiino?
ainiiaea?/iai aeei?enoaiiy ?nioth/eo iaoai?ieia?/ieo oa a?oioiaeo oiia.

Ii?yae c aecia/aiiyi e?eueeino? a?iaeath o iiaeae? iieno?oueny i?ioean
iaeiie/aiiy ?ioe?io, yeee aecia/a?oueny ??aiai caieiaeaiiy,
oaiia?aoo?iei ?aaeeiii oa o?eaae?noth na?oeiai /ano aeiae.

Iaie aecia/aia no?oeoo?a iiaeae? oa aeeiiaia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ??
ia?aiao??a noiniaii ae?iuoaaiiy oii?iaiao?o a Oe?a?i?. Ia?aa??ea
aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae? aeeiioaaeanue ia iaoa??aeao iieueiaeo
aenia?eiaio?a, i?iaaaeaieo a oiiaao I?aaeiy Oe?a?ie. I?eeiaeinue, ui
??aaiue a?iaeaeiino?, io?eiaiee i?e i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaio?a,
a?ae??ciy?oueny aenieei ??aiai aa?ioaoi?ee i?e aeeiiaii? on?o
aa?ioaoi?/ieo caoiae?a oa iiaea ii??aithaaoenue c ??aiai ae?enii
iiaeeeai? a?iaeaeiino? aoeuea.

Ii??aiyiiy ?ac?aoiaaieo oa oaeoe/ieo cia/aiue AeIA na?aaeiueinoeaeiai
ni?oo oii?iaiao?o “Eioa?an” ca ia??iae 1988 – 1997??. iieacaee, ui
na?aaeiy a?aeiinia iiieeea ?ic?aooieo ia ia?aaeuo? 20%. Oea aea?
i?aenoaao aeei?enoiaoaaoe iiaeaeue aeey ioe?iee a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo
?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie noiniaii ae?iuoaaiiy eoeueoo?e oii?iaiao?o.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeaii ioe?ieo aa?iee?iaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a iniiaieo
aa?iee?iaoe/ieo cii Oe?a?ie.

I?e ?ic?aooieao iioaioe?aeueii? a?iaeaeiino? (IA), iaoai?ieia?/ii
iiaeeeai? a?iaeaeiino? (IIA), ae?enii iiaeeeai? a?iaeaeiino? (AeIA) oa
a?iaeath o ae?iaieoeoa? (AA) ii aeeiai?/i?e iiaeae? “Ee?iao-a?iaeae
(oii?iaiao?)” aeey oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie aeei?enoiaoaaeanue aaaaoi??/ia
?ioi?iaoe?y iaoai?ieia?/ieo oa aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo noaioe?e
Aea?aeeiia?ae?iiaoo Oe?a?ie.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iiaeai? a oaeno? aeena?oaoe?? o aeaeyae? ea?o
iaeanieo cia/aiue IA, IIA, AeIA, AA oa ?ioeo oa?aeoa?enoee a?iaeaeiino?
oii?iaiao?o ii iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie. Iioaioe?aeueia a?iaeaei?noue eoeueoo?e,
caaacia/o?oueny i?eoiaeii aia?a?? OA? i?e iioeiaeueiiio ia i?ioyc?
aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo ?aaeei? iaoai?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a. I?inoi?iaa
?iciiae?eaiiy IA caeaaeeoue a?ae ?iciiae?eaiiy ii oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie
?aae?aoe?eieo ?ano?n?a. Aeyaeeinue, ui cia/aiiy iioaioe?eii?
a?iaeaeiino? oii?iaiao?o ni?oo “ ?ioa?an” a Oe?a?i? eieeaathoueny a
iaaeao 150-200o aa-1 a caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eueeino? OA?; ia? i?noea
oaiaeaioe?y ca?eueoaiiy IA c i?aii/? ia i?aaeaiue o an?o ciiao.
Iaeneiaeueio aaee/eio IA, ??aio 220o aa-1 iiaeeeai iaea?aeaoe a
Iaeanuee?e iaeano? oa a E?eio, eiee OA? noaiiaeoue 1972 Iaeae i2.

Iaoai?ieia?/ii iiaeeeaa a?iaeaei?noue — oea a?iaeaei?noue, ui coiiaeaia
iaoai?ieia?/ieie oaeoi?aie. IAA – i?iaeooe?eiee i?ioean oioineioaco,
yeee e?i?oo?oueny aieeaii iaoai?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia eiaeiiio /aniaiio
e?ioe?. sse iaea?eueo aieeaia? na?aae ieo i?eeiathoueny
aieiaicaaacia/ai?noue iinaaeie oa oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y. Iaea?aeai?
?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue, ui aaee/eie IIA ieae/?, i?ae aaee/eie IA, a
na?aaeiueiio, ii Oe?a?i? ia 23%. Ii oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie aaee/eie IIA
aoeuea oii?iaiao?o eieeaathoueny a?ae 148 aei 156 o aa-1.

Ae?enii iiaeeeaa a?iaeaei?noue aecia/a?oueny aaee/eiaie IIA oa
e?i?ooth/ei oaeoi?ii – ??aiai i?e?iaeiuei? ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo, yeee o
aeeiai?/i?e iiaeae? a?aoiao?oueny aaeii a?oioiai? ?iaeth/ino? o
a?aeiinieo iaeeieoeyo. Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo aeaiieo na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui
AeIA cia/ii iaioa, i?ae IA oa IIA ? noaiiaeoue, o na?aaeiueiio, 47% a?ae
IO. O an?o ee?iaoe/ii-a?oioiaeo ciiao Oe?a?ie AeIA aoeuea oii?iaiao?o
ci?ith?oueny a?ae 65 aei 141 o aa-1 oa iaoiiaeth?oueny caieiaeaiiyi oa
aaeii ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo. (?en.1) A?iaeaei?noue oii?iaiao?o o
ae?iaieoeoa? ii oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie caeaaeeoue a?ae ni?oo oa
aa?iee?iaoe/ieo oiia ae?iuoaaiiy. Ii?ooaiiy aa?ioaoi?/ieo caoiae?a
ae?iuoaaiiy, a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae iioeiaeueieo aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oiia
ae?iuoaaiiy oii?iaiao?o aaaeooue aei cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino?
oioineioaoe/iiai aia?aoo, ui iicia/a?oueny ia EEAe ?ineei ? ia AA.
Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui, a na?aaeiueiio ii Oe?a?i?,
aaee/eia AA noaiiaeoue 14% a?ae IA. O Noaio Oe?a?ie na?aaei?e a?iaeae
aoeuea 26o aa-1, ui noaiiaeoue 13% a?ae IA. A Oe?a?i? iaeneiaeueia
cia/aiiy AA ia? A?iieoeueea iaeanoue, caaaeyee ni?eyoeeaei
aa?iiaoai?ieia?/iei oiiaai ae?iuoaaiiy eoeueoo?e oa aeoaea aenieiio aaeo
?iaeth/ino? a?oioo (0,901). I?i?iaeueia aaee/eia AA aecia/a?oueny o
Aieeinuee?e iaeano?, aea aeoaea iecueeee aae ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo (0,47),
ooo aiia noaiiaeoue eeoa 15o aa-1.

ea?oa

Ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo eaoaai??e a?iaeaeiino? (IA, IIA, AeIA, AA) aoee
io?eiai? eiiieaeni? ioe?iee a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a ii iaeanoyo
Oe?a?ie noiniaii eoeueoo?e oii?iaiao?o. Ii an?o iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie
?ic?aoiaai? na?aaei? aaee/eie ioe?iie nooiaiy ni?eyoeeaino? ee?iaoe/ieo
oiia, ??aiy ?aae?caoe?? aa?iaeieia?/iiai iioaioe?aeo, ??aiy
aeei?enoaiiy aa?iaeieia?/ieo ?ano?n?a, ioe?iee eoeueoo?e caiea?ianoaa c
oi/ee ci?o aoaeoeaiino? ainiiaea?nueeiai aeei?enoaiiy ?nioth/eo
iaoai?ieia?/ieo oa a?oioiaeo oiia oa?eoi???.

Aiae?c ?iciiae?eaiiy ii oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie iaea?aeaieo aaee/ei iieaco?,
ui na?aaei? cia/aiiy nooiaiy ni?eyoeeaino? ee?iaoe/ieo oiia (OZ1)
noaiiaeoue 0,78, a iaeneiaeueia oa i?i?iaeueia, a?aeiia?aeii, 0,94 oa
0,51. ??aaiue ?aae?caoe?? aa?iee?iaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie
noiniaii oii?iaiao?o noaiiaeoue o na?aaeiueiio 0,19 (iaeneiaeueia
cia/aiiy – 0,28; i?i?iaeueia – 0,11). Iaea?aeai? ioe?iee ??aiy
aeei?enoaiiy aa?iee?iaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a (OZ3) aeacothoue ia oa, ui a
na?aaeiueiio ii Oe?a?i? ?o cia/aiiy noaiiaeyoue 0,54 c eieeaaiiyie a?ae
0,65 o Aieeinuee?e iaeano? aei 0,45 o E?eio. ??aaiue cia/aiue ioe?iee
eoeueoo?e caiea?ianoaa c oi/ee ci?o aoaeoeaiino? ainiiaea?nueeiai
aeei?enoaiiy ?nioth/eo iaoai?ieia?/ieo oa a?oioiaeo oiia a na?aaeiueiio
ii Oe?a?i? noaiiaeoue 0,56.

Aeyaeaii, ui ai?no ?ioe?io ia 12-oo aeaeaaeo aaaaoaoe?? ii oa?eoi???
Oe?a?ie ci?ith?oueny a?ae 12-13% ia caoiae? (Euea?anueea, Aieeinueea,
AEeoiie?nueea, Oa?iii?euenueea, ?aaii-O?aie?anueea oa *a?i?aaoeueea
iaeano?) aei 16-19% o oeaio?aeueieo, no?aeieo oa i?aaeaiieo iaeanoyo.

AENIIAEE

1. Ia i?aenoaa? aeeiiaieo o 1988 – 1997 ??. iieueiaeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino? i?iaeooe?eiiai i?ioeano
oii?iaiao?o:

— i?e ni?eyoeeaeo iiaiaeieo oiiaao noia?ia ieiua eenoy iaei??? ?ineeie
aeinyaa? 8 i2, ui a ia?ae?eo ia aaeoa? noaiiaeoue a?eueoa 200 000 i2; ia
/anoeo eenoy a iaaecaii?e ian? oa OIUE oaeiae aieeaathoue
aa?iiaoai?ieia?/i? oiiae aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo ?ineei;

— i?e ni?eyoeeaeo iiaiaeieo oiiaao ?ioaineai?noue oioineioaco
oii?iaiao?o, ii/eiath/e c oace ooai?aiiy aoeuea, ciaoiaeeoueny ia
aenieiio ??ai? oa neeaaea? 26–28a i-2 aiae-1; /enoa i?iaeoeoeai?noue
oioineioaco aecia/a?oueny oiiaaie caieiaeaiiy ? eieeaa?oueny a?ae 0,1
aei 0,8a i-2 aiae -1;

— iaeiie/aiiy ne?i? oa nooi? iane oe??? ?ineeie oa ie?aieo ?? i?aai?a
caeaaeeoue a?ae iiaiaeieo oiia; ne?a iana aaaeeeey, a oiio /ene?, eenoy
c?inoa? aei e?ioey aa?aniy; i?e caaeia?eueieo oiiaao caieiaeaiiy,
a?aeiia?aeii, ne?a iana aaaeeeey oa eenoy neeaaea? 1695 ? 654a, nooa
iana 528 ? 185a; i?e iaaeinoaoi?e aieiaicaaacia/aiino? ne?a iana
aaaeeeey oa eenoy neeaaea?, a?aeiia?aeii, 395 oa 216a, a nooa iana – 135
oa 67a;

— iaeiie/aiiy iane aoeuea i?iaeiaaeo?oueny aei e?ioey aaaaoaoe?? ?
aeinyaa? i?e caaeia?eueieo oiiaao caieiaeaiiy: ne?a iana — 2000a, nooa
iana — 686 a, i?e iaaeinoaoi?e aieiaicaaacia/aiino? — 400 oa 140a;

— eiao?oe??ioe ainiiaea?nueei? aoaeoeaiino? a?iaeath eieeaathoueny a
cia/ieo iaaeao: a?ae 0,54 (a oiiaao iinooe) aei 0,89 (o ?iee c
aeinoaoi?ie oiiaaie caieiaeaiiy);

— ai?no caaaeueieo o?oeoai?a o aoeueaao oii?iaiao?o eieeaa?oueny ia
o?eueee a caeaaeiino? a?ae oace ?icaeoeo ?ineei, a ua e i?ae aieeaii
aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oiia (oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y, noie iiaae?a).

2. Ia i?aenoaa? aaaaoi??/ieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo iiaoaeiaaia
iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oii?iaiao?o “Ee?iao–a?iaeae
(oii?iaiao?)”, yea a?aoiao? iniaeeaino? aaaaoaoeaiiai oa
?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo ?ineei ? ?aae?co?oueny ia i?aenoaa?
aaaaoi??/ieo ee?iaoe/ieo oa aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a. Ia?aa??ea
aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae?, ui i?iaaaeaia ia iaoa??aeao iieueiaeo
aenia?eiaio?a, aeiaaea, ui na?aaeiy a?aeiinia iiieeea ?ac?aooie?a ia
ia?aaeuo? 20%, ui aea? i?aenoaao aeei?enoiaoaaoe iiaeaeue aeey ioe?iee
a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie noiniaii oii?iaiao?a.

3. Aeei?enoaiiy aeeiai?/ii? iiaeae? oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
oii?iaiao?o aeey anoaiiaeaiiy i?inoi?iaiai ?iciiae?eaiiy aa?iaeieia?/ieo
eaoaai??e oa ioe?iie a?iaeaeiino? ?aeiiiaaiiai ni?oo “Eioa?an” ii
iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie aeicaieeei aecia/eoe ianooiia:

— noia?i? cia/aiiy ?ici??o iioaioe?aeueii? a?iaeaeiino? (IA) a
caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eueeino? OA? eieeaathoueny a?ae 150 aei 200 o aa-1 ;

— ?ici?? iaoai?ieia?/ii iiaeeeai? a?iaeaeiino? (IIA) aoeuea oii?iaiao?o
ii oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie eieeaa?oueny a?ae 148 aei 156 o aa-1 , ae?enii
iiaeeeai? a?iaeaeiino? (AeIA) a?ae — 65 aei 141 o aa-1 ;

— o na?aaeiueiio ii Oe?a?i? ?ici??e ae?iaie/i? a?iaeaeiino? (AA) aoeuea
oii?iaiao?o noaiiaeyoue 14% a?ae IA.

— ii oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie na?aaeiy aaee/eia nooiaiy ni?eyoeeaino?
ee?iaoe/ieo oiia ae?iuoaaiiy oii?iaiao?o noaiiaeoue 0,78, a iaeneiaeueia
oa i?i?iaeueia, a?aeiia?aeii, 0,94 ? 0,51;

— ?ic?aoiaaiee ai?no ?ioe?io a aoeueaao oii?iaiao?o ii Oe?a?i? ia 12-oo
aeaeaaeo aaaaoaoe?? ci?ith?oueny a?ae 12 – 13% ia caoiae? Oe?a?ie aei 16
– 19% o oeaio?aeueieo, i?aaeaiieo oa no?aeieo iaeanoyo;

— ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co iiaoaeiaaieo ea?o i?inoi?iaiai ?aciiae?eaiiy
a?iaeaeiino? oa yeino? a?iaeath ii oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, aeeiiaiiai ca
aeiiiiiaith aeeiai?/ii? iiaeae? “Ee?iao–a?iaeae (oii?iaiao?)”,
na?ae/aoue i?i aeioe?euei?noue ae?iuoaaiith oii?iaiao?o o an?o iaeanoyo
Oe?a?ie.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

Noaoo? a iaoeiaeo ? iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo aeaeaiiyo

1. I?eoiaeueei A.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea aeeyiey aa?iiaoai?ieiae/aneeo
oneiaee ia oi?ie?iaaiea o?iaeaeiinoe oiieiaiao?a //Iaaeaaaeiinoa. Na.
Iaoai?ieiaey, eeeiaoieiaey e aeae?ieiaey. –Iaeanna:- 1998. – aui.35.-
N.223-231.

2. I?eoiaeueei A.A. Aa?iiaoai?ieiae/aneea oneiaey oi?ie?iaaiey
o?iaeaeiinoe oiieiaiao?a a oneiaeyo I?e/a?iiii?uey //Iaaeaaaeiinoa. Na.
Iaoai?ieiaey, eeeiaoieiaey e aeae?ieiaey. –Iaeanna:- 1998. – aui.35.-
N.232-239.

3. I?eoiaeueei A.A Aeeyiea aa?iiaoai?ieiae/aneeo oneiaee ia
aa?uee?iaaiea niaea?aeaiey iaueo o?oeoaiia a eeoaiyo oiieiaiao?a
//Iaaeaaaeiinoa. Na. Iaoai?ieiaey, eeeiaoieiaey e aeae?ieiaey.
–Iaeanna:- 1998. – aui.35.- N.239-246.

Iaoa??aee aeiiia?aeae oa ?io? ae?oeiaai? iaoa??aee

4. Varlamova K.A and Prikhodko E.A. Productivity and chemical
composition of Jerusalim artichoke cultivars in the Ukraine/
//Proceedings of the Sixth Seminar on Inulin. –November 14-15,
1996.-Braunschweig, Germany.-P.37-39.

5. Aa?eaiiaa E.A., Aaith?eoeia E.O., Aaith?eoeia A.A., I?eoiaeueei A.A.
Eniieueciaaiea ieuaaie aeiaaaee “Aea?” i?e ea/aiee naoa?iiai
aeeaaaoa.-//Oac. aeiee. eiio. “Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aeie aeeaaaoa a
Oe?aeia”.- Aeiai?iiao?iane:- 1998.-aui.3.-N.115-120.

6. Aa?eaiiaa E.A., I?eoiaeueei A.A. Iaeioi?ua aa?iiaoai?ieiae/aneea
iniaaiiinoe i?iec?anoaiey oiieiaiao?a a iai?ioaaiuo oneiaeyo thaa
Oe?aeiu //O?aouey Anan. iao/ii-i?ieca. eiio. “Oiieiaiao? e
oiieinieia/iee – i?iaeaiu aicaeaeuaaiey e eniieuec”, — Iaeanna:-1991.
–C.37-40.

7. Varlamova K.A., Prikhodko E.A. Some agmeteorological aspects of
Ierusalem artichoke Harvest formation in the conditions of the Northern
Black sea coast-//Proceeding of the 5-th International Congress on Leaf
Protein Reserch.-Russia.-Rostov-on-Don.-June.-1996. – ?.105-108.

8. Varlamova C., Prikhodko E., Tsapenko V., Drachenko V., Zaitseva K.
Productivity and chemical composition of promising Jerusalem artichoke
cultivars, asto their prossessing,depending on the growth conditions.
//Sixth Seminar an Inulin. –November 14-15, 1996.- Braunschweig. –
Germany/ -P.10.

9. Varlamova K., Prikhodko E., Naumov M. Some agrometeorological
peculiaties of Jerusalem artichoke yield formation in the South of
Ukraine //Trird European Symposium on «Industrrial Crops and Products».
–Reims, France: Elsevier.-1996.-P.40.

10. Varlamova K., Danilova E., Prikhodko E. Prospects of using the
Jerusalim artichoke powder for medical and preventieve purposes //
International workshop on inulin as medicine and food ingredient
properties and applications of inulin.-May 30,1997,Kiev:-Ukraine. – ?.
14.

11. Varlamova K., Prikhodko E. Fructan content in Jerusalem artichoke
tubers depending on different factors //International workshop on inulin
as medicines food ingredient. Properties and application of inulin/-
USUFT/ -May 30 1997- Kiev, Ukraine. – ?. 16

12. Aa?eaiiaa E.A., I?eoiaeueei A.A., I?eoiaeueei TH.A. Iiaeaeue
iieaaiai ei?iii?iecaiaenoaa n i?eaea/aieai iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo ei?iiauo
eoeueoo?.//Aoi?ie iaaeaeoi.neii. “Iiaua e iao?aaeeoeeiiiua ?anoaiey e
ia?niaeoeau eo i?aeoe/aneiai eniieueciaaiey”.- Ioueii – 16 –20 ethiy
1997.- Oii 5.-N.604 –605.

13. Varlamova K., Prikhodko E., Prikhodko Y., Zaitseva K. Field fodder
production model with alternative fodder crops inclusion. International
conference “Sustainable Agriculture for Food, Energy and
Industry.-Brauschweig.-1997.- P.33.

14. Varlamova K., Prikhodko E., Prikhodko Y., Zaitseva K. Model for
field fodder production involving alternative fodder crops.
//Sustainable agriculture for fodd, energy and industry.
//Proceeeeding of the international Conference.—Braunschweig,
Germany.-June 1997.-P.37.

15. Prikhodko E. Inulin contenvariation in Jerusalem artichoke tubers
influenced by weather conditions. //Seventh Seminar on Inulin. Poster
abstracts. – Louvain (Belgium).-1998.-P.32.

16. Aa?eaiiaa E.A., I?eoiaeueei A.A., Aaith?eoeia E.O., Aaith?eoeia
A.A., Aeaieeiaa A.E. Eniieueciaaiea eioeeiiniaea?aeauaai oeoii?aia?aoa
“Aea?” ec eeoaiae oiieiaiao?a a iaaeeoeeineie i?aeoeea. // Iao. Aoi?iai
Iaaeaeoi. nuacaea “Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu nicaeaiey iiauo eaea?noa.
i?aia?aoia i?e?iaeiiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey”. -21-22 ethiy 1998.-
Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a:-?inney. – N. 132-136.

aiioaoe?y

I?eoiaeueei E.I. “Iiaeaethaaiiy aieeao aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo oiia ia
oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oii?iaiao?o a Oe?a?i?.” – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 11.00.09 – iaoai?ieia?y, ee?iaoieia?y,
aa?iiaoai?ieia?y. – Iaeanueeee a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/iee ?inoeooo, Iaeana,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii iiaoaeia? aeeiai?/ii? iiaeae? oi?ioaaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa yeino? a?iaeath oii?iaiao?o. A aeena?oaoe??
aeine?aeaeaii aeea oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa ye?noue a?iaeath oii?iaiao?o. Ia i?aenoaa?
aaaaoi??/ieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo iiaoaeiaaia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oii?iaiao?o “Ee?iao – a?iaeae (oii?iaiao?)” yea a?aoiao?
iniaeeaino? aaaaoaoeaiiai oa ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo ?ineei ?
?aae?co?oueny ia iniia? aaaaoi??/ieo, ee?iaoe/ieo oa aa?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo
iieaciee?a.

Aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oii?iaiao?o aeei?enoaia
aeey anoaiiaeaiiy i?inoi?iaiai ?iciiae?eaiiy aa?iaeieia?/ieo eaoaai??e
oa ioe?iie a?iaeaeiino? oii?iaiao?o ii iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae aeey
ioe?iee aa?iee?iaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie noiniaii ae?iuoaaiiy oe???
eoeueoo?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Iiaeaethaaiiy, aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue, oii?iaiao?,
aa?iiaoai?ieia?/i? oiiae.

I?eoiaeueei E.I. “Iiaeaee?iaaiea aeeyiey aa?iiaoai?ieiae/aneeo oneiaee
ia oi?ie?iaaiea i?iaeoeoeaiinoe oiieiaiao?a a Oe?aeia.” – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?aoe/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 11.00.09. – iaoai?ieiaey, eeeiaoieiaey, aa?iiaoai?ieiaey
— Iaeanneee aeae?iiaoai?ieiae/aneee einoeooo, Iaeanna, 1999a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia onoaiiaeaieth caeiiiia?iinoae aeeyiey
aa?iiaoai?ieiae/aneeo oneiaee ia i?iaeoeoeaiinoue oiieiaiao?a,
iino?iaieth aeeiaie/aneie iiaeaee oi?ie?iaaiey o?iaeaeiinoe eoeueoo?u e
eniieueciaaieth aa aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ioeaiee aa?ieeeiaoe/aneeo ?ano?nia
Oe?aeiu i?eiaieoaeueii e i?iec?anoaieth oiieiaiao?a. Ia iniiaa
auiieiaiiuo a 1987 – 1997 aa. iieaauo yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee
auee onoaiiaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe aeeyiey aa?iiaoai?ieiae/aneeo oneiaee ia
aaee/eio e ea/anoai o?iaeay oiieiaiao?a.

Ia iniiaa iiiaieaoieo yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee iino?iaia
iiaeaeue oi?ie?iaaiey i?iaeoeoeaiinoe oiieiaiao?a “Eeeiao-o?iaeae
(oiieiaiao?)”, eioi?ay o/eouaaao iniaaiiinoe aaaaoaoeaiiai e
?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai ?acaeoey ?anoaiee e ?aaeecoaony ia iniiaa iiiaieaoieo
eeeiaoe/aneeo e aa?iiaoai?ieiae/aneeo iieacaoaeae. No?oeoo?a iiaeaee
iaania/eaaao aeinoaoi/ii oi/iia iienaiea iniiaiuo i?ioeannia
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe ?anoaiee e i?aaeoniao?eaaao eniieueciaaiea oao
ia?aiao?ia, aeey ii?aaeaeaiey eioi?uo anoue aeinoaoi/ii iieiua
yenia?eiaioaeueiua aeaiiua.

I?iaa?ea aaeaeaaoiinoe iiaeaee, i?iaaaeaiiay ia iaoa?eaeao iieaauo
yenia?eiaioia, iieacaea, /oi n?aaeiyy ioiineoaeueiay ioeaea ?an/aoia ia
i?aauoaao 20%, /oi aeaao iniiaaiea eniieueciaaoue iiaeaeue aeey ioeaiee
ii/aaiii-eeeiaoe/aneeo ?ano?nia Oe?aeiu i?eiaieoaeueii e oiieiaiao?o.

Aeeiaie/aneay iiaeaeue oi?ie?iaaiey i?iaeoeoeaiinoe oiieiaiao?a auea
eniieueciaaia aeey ii?aaeaeaiey i?ino?ainoaaiiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey
aa?iyeieiae/aneeo eaoaai?ee e ioeaiie o?iaeaeiinoe eeoaiae
?aeiie?iaaiiiai ni?oa “Eioa?an” ii iaeanoyi Oe?aeiu. Auei onoaiiaeaii,
/oi iioaioeeaeueiay o?iaeaeiinoue (IO) oiieiaiao?a, a caaeneiinoe io
noiia?iiai eiee/anoaa OA?, ii oa??eoi?ee Oe?aeiu eciaiyaony io 150 aei
200 o·aa-1; iaeneiaeueiua cia/aiey IO iieo/aiu ii Iaeanneie iaeanoe e
E?uio e aeinoeaatho 220o·aa-1. ?acia? iaoai?ieiae/anee aiciiaeiie
o?iaeaeiinoe (IAO) ii oa??eoi?ee Oe?aeiu eciaiyaony io 148 aei
156o·aa-1. ?acia? aeaenoaeoaeueii aiciiaeiie o?iaeaeiinoe eeoaiae
oiieiaiao?a (AeAO), iaoneiaeaiiie oaeaaeiaieai e aaeeii ii/aaiiiai
ieiaei?iaeey, ii oa??eoi?ee Oe?aeiu eciaiyaony io 65 aei 141 o·aa-1.
?acoeueoaou ?an/aoia o?iaeaeiinoe eeoaiae oiieiaiao?a iieacaee, /oi ii
Oe?aeia aa ?acia?u ninoaaeytho 14% io IO. Iaeneiaeueiuo cia/aiee
oicyenoaaiiay o?iaeaeiinoue aeinoeaaao a Aeiieoeeie iaeanoe, aeaaiaea?y
aeaaii?eyoiui aa?iiaoai?ieiae/aneei oneiaeyi e i/aiue aunieiio aaeeo
ii/aaiiiai ieiaei?iaeey (0,91).

Ii oa??eoi?ee Oe?aeiu n?aaeiyy aaee/eia noaiaie aeaaii?eyonoaey
eeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee i?iec?anoaieth oiieiaiao?a ninoaaeyao 0,78, a
iaeneiaeueiay e ieieiaeueiay, niioaaonoaaiii, 0,94 e 0,51.

?ann/eoaiiia niaea?aeaiea eioeeia a eeoaiyo oiieiaiao?a ii Oe?aeia ia
12-ooth aeaeaaeo aaaaoaoeee (a naioya?a) eciaiyaony io 12 – 13% ia
caiaaea Oe?aeiu aei 16 – 19% a thaeiuo iaeanoyo.

?acoeueoaou aiaeeca ea?o i?ino?ainoaaiiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey o?iaeaeiinoe
e ea/anoaa eeoaiae ii oa??eoi?ee, iieo/aiiuo n iiiiuueth aeeiaie/aneie
iiaeaee i?iaeoeoeaiinoe “Eeeiao – o?iaeae (oiieiaiao?)”,
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oeaeaniia?aciinoe au?aueaaiey oiieiaiao?a
i?aeoe/anee ai anao iaeanoyo Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Iiaeaee?iaaiea, aeeiaie/aneay iiaeaeue, oiieiaiao?,
aa?iiaoai?ieiae/aneea oneiaey.

Prikhodko K.O. “Modelling of agrometeorological conditions influence on
the Jerusalem artichoke productivity in Ukraine.” — Manuscript.

Dissertation for being granted the Research Degree of the Candidate of
Geographical Sciences, Specialization: 11.00.09 — Meteorology,
Climatology, Agrometeorology. — Odessa Hydrometeorological Institute,
Odessa, 1999.

The Thesis is devoted to the problem of creating a dynamic model of
productivity formation and yield quality of Jerusalem artichoke. The
Thesis studies the environmental factor influence on the productivity
and yield quality of Jerusalem artichoke. Having based the investigation
on many annual experimental data, a model “Climate — Yield (of Jerusalem
artichoke)” for the productivity formation was worked out. This model
takes into consideration the specific qualities of both the vegetative
and reproductive development of the plant and is realized on the basis
of annual, climatic and agrometeorological factors for many years.

The dynamic model of the Jerusalem artichoke productivity formation has
been used for identifying the apace distribution of agroecological
categories and evaluation of Jerusalem artichoke yield in various
regions of Ukraine as well as for evaluation of agroclimatic resources
of Ukraine concerning growing of Jerusalem artichoke.

Key words: Modelling, dynamic model, Jerusalem artichoke,
agrometeorological conditions.

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