6

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AAIOAOI?*II? IAOAI?EE

AOEAAA TH??e ?aaiiae/

OAeE 622.741:621.54

IIAeAETHAAIIss A?Ae?IAeEIAI?*IEO I?IOeAN?A O AOA?EUeI?E

IOEUeI? OA IAA?OIOOAAIIss IA?AIAO??A IA?OOIIEO

OeEE?IAe?I-EII?*IEO A?IOIO?A

05.15.11 – “O?ce/i? i?ioeane a??ie/iai ae?iaieoeoaa”

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee –1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioo aeeiiaii o Aea?aeaai?e oieaeeiaia?e eiiiai?? “Aeia?ii?eeyaoa?eey”

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iieoeyo Ieaenaiae? Aeaieeiae/,

Oe?IAe?aoaeacaaaa/aiiy,

caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???th

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

Oo?eaie/ Ieaenaiae? Ieoaeeiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oaa/aiei Aai?a?e Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeooo aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Aeiiaoeuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 15 “ aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 13-30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae 08.188.01 ?inoeoooo aaioaoi?/ii?
iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320005, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe.
N?ioa?iiieuenueea, 2a, oaen (0562) 46-24-26.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320005, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe. N?ioa?iiieuenueea, 2a.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii » 10 » aa?aniy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe Ia?aiaeeoey A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Niiaeea/a oe?ii?noue aia?aaoe/ieo oa
oaoiieia?/ieo aoae?a aecia/a?oueny iieacieeaie ?o yeino?: cieuei?noth,
n??/eno?noth, a?aioeiiao?e/iei neeaaeii, ieoiiith oaieioith cai?yiiy,
aieia?noth, ye? ca oaia??oi?o oiia cia/ii cieceeenue.

Iino?eia i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo ae??ayceo o ?yaeiaiio aoa?ee? coiiaeei
iaiao?aei?noue cieaeaiiy a?aie/ii? e?oiiino? ?icae?eaiiy c 118-20 ii aei
8-10 ii ? iaa?oue aei 6 ii aeey caaacia/aiiy ia?a?iciiae?eo
iaaaioaaeaiue i?ae a?aenaaeaeoaaeueieie iaoeiaie ae??aiiai oa e?oiiiai
ca?ia aai aaaeeina?aaeiaeuieie naia?aoi?aie. C? ciaioaiiyi a?aie/ii?
e?oiiino? ?icae?eaiiy aoaeoeai?noue i?aeaioia/iai a?ioi/aiiy
ciaioo?oueny, ai?no iaeiiaeeoe?eieo ca?ai, o oiio /ene? e eeano 0-1 ii,
o iaoeiieo eeanao i?aeaeuo?oueny.

O a?o/eciyi?e oa caei?aeiii?e i?aeoeoe? ia ?nio? iaeaaeiaiiy aeey
ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano, yea a caaacia/oaaei iio??aio
aoaeoeai?noue i?aeaioiaee a iaeiiiioieiaiio aeeiiaii?.

O cayceo c oeei iniaeeai aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? i?aeaioiaea
iaoeiieo eean?a aei caaaa/aiiy. Iaa?aeiia?aei?noue caaea/ i?aeaioiaee
iaoeiieo eean?a iiaeeeainoyi ?? caaacia/aiiy, yea ca?ac ?nio?, ?iaeoue
i?iaeaio ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioeano ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai
eeano aaeueie aeooaeueiith.

Aeey ae??oaiiy cacia/aieo aeua i?iaeai o ?yae? i?ia?aeieo ?inoeooo?a,
oaeeo ye Oe?IAe?aoaeacaaaa/aiiy, Ae?i?iiaocaaaa/aiiy,
Ae?i?iiaoaoaeacaaaa/aiiy, Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,
Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, ?inoeooo aaioaoi?/ii?
iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, i?iaiaeyoueny aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aeicaieythoue
?ioaineo?eoaaoe i?ioeane caaaa/aiiy aoa?eey oa oaeineiiaethaaoe oaoi?/i?
caniae aeey caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei.

O i?aoeyo I.A. Aaae?aiy, A.A. Aethnna, A.A. E?caaaeueoa?a, A.I.
Iaaeooiai, I.?. I?eiaa, TH.E. Iaiooeia, I.Ae. Iieoeyoa, A.I. Iioo?a?aa,
I.I. Oo?eaie/a, A.I. O?ai/oea, A.A. *a?aiiaiei, A.I. Oio?ia oa ?ioeo
c?iaeaii ?noioiee aianie a iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoeiaeo iniia noai?aiiy
iaoiae?a ? cania?a caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei, o oiio /ene? e aoa?eey.
Iaeiae o oeeo i?aoeyo iaaeinoaoiuei iiaii a?aeaeo? ieoaiiy i?aeaioiaee
ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano aei caaaa/aiiy a iaeiiiioieiaiio aeeiiaii?.

Oiio ?ic?iaea niinia?a ? oaoi?/ieo cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
i?ioeano ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano i?e caaaa/aii?
aoa?eey ? aeooaeueiith iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iith caaea/ath, ui ia? aaaeeeaa
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueea cia/aiiy aeey aoaeaaeiaoaii? aaeoc?.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?th
aeeiiaii o iaaeao aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie c ?ic?iaee aeieia?/ii /enoeo oa
?ano?nicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e oa iiaycaii c ieaiaie ?ia?o I?iaoaeai?iio
Oe?a?ie o 1996-2000 ?., ye? ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
caaaa/aiiy aoa?eey.

Iniiaia ?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? o aeei?enoaii? aoaeoo iaaeaeoao
aioo??oiuei? ii?iaeieie oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai a?ioioa i?e ciaoeaiethaaii?
ioeueie a i?ioean? caaaa/aiiy aoa?eey.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? i?aeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? caaaa/aiiy aoa?eey oeyoii
aeei?enoaiiy aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai ae?yiiy ia aoa?eueio ioeueio i?ae
/an ?? ?ooo acaeiaae ia?oi?iaaii? e?eaie?i?eii? iiaa?oi?.

Aeey ?? ?aae?caoe?? iinoaaeaii ? ?icaycaii oae? caaea/?:

1. Aeine?aeeoe aieea a?aeoeaio?iaiai aoaeoo oa aioo??oiueiai oeneo
iaaeaeoao ia aeo?eaiiy ??aeeie e??cue neoiao iiaa?oith
oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai a?ioioa.

2. Aeine?aeeoe a?ae?aae?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ae /an
iaa?oaeueii-iinooiaeueiiai ?ooo iioieo ii ?iai/?e iiaa?oi?.

3. ?ic?iaeoe niin?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioeano ciaoeaiethaaiiy e ioe?ieoe
eiai aoaeoeai?noue.

4. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai
a?ioioa c iaaeaeoaii aioo??oiuei? ii?iaeieie.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iiaeaeae
iaa?oaeueii-iinooiaeueiiai ?ooo oa?o aycei? ??aeeie ii aioo??oi?e
ia?oi?iaai?e iiaa?oi? o?ea iaa?oaiiy, ye? aeicaieeee ioe?ieoe aieea
a?aeoeaio?iaiai aoaeoo, aoaeoo iaaeaeoao e i?ioi/iino? cae?o/aiiai
iioieo ia ia?aiao? ?icae?eaiiy ioeueie; a iaa?oiooaaii? oiia ?nioaaiiy
aeie?eoe/iiai e iaaee?eoe/iiai ?aaeei?a, a oaeiae oi?ioaaiiy ana?aaeei?
aia?aoa a?ae?aae?/ieo no?eae?a, ye? aecia/athoue a?aie/i? aeo?aoe
ioeueie o oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiio a?ioio? c iaaeaeoaii aioo??oiuei?
ii?iaeieie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

· Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue iaa?oaeueii-iinooiaeueiiai
?ooo ioeueie a oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiio a?ioio? c iaaeaeoaii aioo??oiuei?
ii?iaeieie. Iaea?aeai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe oiiae
ooai?aiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai no?eaea.

· Anoaiiaeaii ?nioaaiiy aeie?eoe/iiai e iaaee?eoe/iiai ?aaeei?a oa/??
oa iaea?aeaii ?ic?aooieia? caeaaeiino?, ui aecia/athoue aeo?aoo ??aeeie
e??cue neoiao iiaa?oith a?ioioa c o?aooaaiiyi a?aeoeaio?iaiai aoaeoo,
aoaeoo iaaeaeoao oa i?ioi/iino? cae?o/aiiai iioieo acaeiaae neoiai?
iiaa?oi?.

· Cai?iiiiiaaii e iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii niiniae ?icae?eaiiy aoa?eueii?
ioeueie ia a?ioio?, iniiaith yeeo ? aeiaeaoeiaa aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/ia
ae?yiiy ia a?eueio iiaa?oith ioeueie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? niiniao
?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioean?a ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano,
yeee ?aae?ciaaii a ?ic?iaeaiiio aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiio ciaoeaiethaa/?
AAI-1,5-2000.

Iaa?oioiaaii ia?aiao?e i?ioeano ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai
eeano ia oeee?iae?i-eii?/ieo a?ioioao c iaaeaeoaii aioo??oiuei?
ii?iaeieie. ?ic?iaeaii “Iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oeee?iae?i-eii?/ieo
a?ioio?a c iaaeaeoaii aioo??oiuei? ii?iaeieie”, yeo ia?aaeaii a
?inoeoooe Oe?IAe?aoaeacaaaa/aiiy oa ?AOI IAI Oe?a?ie, aea ??
aeei?enoiaothoue aeey aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?aooieo, eiino?othaaiiy e
iiaea?i?caoe?? caaaa/oaaeueieo aia?ao?a o aoa?euei?e oa
a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?ei?e i?iieneiaino?.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Niin?a aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai
ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano ?aae?ciaaii a oiiaao OeCO
“AEiaoiaaa”. Iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai a?ioioa c
iaaeaeoaii aioo??oiuei? ii?iaeieie ia?aaeaii aeey aeei?enoaiiy a
?inoeoooao Oe?IAe?aoaeacaaaa/aiiy oa ?AOI IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia
iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao a Oe?IAe?aoaeacaaaa/aiiy, Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie, ?inoeooo? aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, ia
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “XXI noie?ooy — i?iaeaie
oa ia?niaeoeae inai?iiy ei?enieo eiiaeei”, 1998 ?., 12-14 aeiaoiy, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o 7 noaooyo o
iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

No?oeoo?a e ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
4 ?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo ? aeiaeaoe?a, ?? aeeeaaeaii ia 170 noi??ieao
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, c yeeo 32 ?enoiee, 14 oaaeeoeue, nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 124 iaeiaioaaiue, 5 aeiaeaoe?a ia 39 noi??ieao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?? aecia/aii iaoo, ?aeath
?iaioe, iinoaaeaii caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoeia?
iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee, ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, i?iaiae?ciaaii oa ocaaaeueiaii
?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ca aaciina?aaeiueith
o/anoth aaoi?a. Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii aaoi?ii iniaenoi.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. I?e iiaeaethaaii? aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo
i?ioean?a aeei?enoaii eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae, yeee aeeth/a? eaai?aoi?i?,
i?iieneia? oa aiae?oe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ae /an eaai?aoi?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a?aeii? iaoiaee e iaeaaeiaiiy.
Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeeny ia iniia? eeane/ii?
a?ae?iaeeiai?ee. ?icaycie cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae? iaea?aeaii /enaeueiei
iaoiaeii.

I?aaeiao ? ia?eo aeine?aeaeaiue: a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? i?ioeane a oa??
ioeueie, ia?aiao?e i?ioean?a ?icae?eaiiy aoa?eey ia oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiio
a?ioio? c iaaeaeoaii aioo??oiuei? ii?iaeieie.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? iiaeyeo i?aoe?aieeai AeOE “Aeia?ii?eeyaoa?eey” ca
aeiiiiiao a i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

A oiiaao cieaeaiiy yeino? aeo?aeiiai aoa?eey, ui i?aeeyaa? caaaa/aiith,
iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue iieacieee i?ioeano ciaoeaiethaaiiy
ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? yeiai ? aeooaeueiith
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iith caaea/ath.

Iaeiei c iai?yie?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ciaoeaiethaaiiy ? aaeeaaiiy
?ioaineo?eoth/iai ae?yiiy ia iaoa??ae aaciina?aaeiuei ia ?iai/?e
iiaa?oi?.

Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ui caoeuathoueny a aeena?oaoe??:

1. E?eoe/ia, ii/aoeiaa oa a?aie/ia oiaueia iioieo ioeueie iiiioiiii
c?inoathoue o ae?aiaciiao ci?ie a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai ia?aiao?o : 0<<1, >1, aea ? i?yii i?iii?oe?eiei aeo?aoai a?ae?inoi?o? e iaa?iaii
i?iii?oe?eiei aeiaooeo ?aae?ona e?ooee ? oee?eoeyoe?? oaeaeeino?, a
e?eoe/i?e oiauei? iioieo a?aeiia?aeathoue i?i?iaeuei? cia/aiiy ?iioeueno
? iiaieo aeo?ao ia a?euei?e iiaa?oi?.

2. Eiao?oe??io oa?oy i?ae /an ?ooo a?ae?inoi?u? ii ia?oi?iaai?e iiaa?oi?
iiiioiiii c?inoa? a ae?aiacii? 0,25-0,65 i?e ca?eueoaii? a?aeiioaiiy
oe?eie ioai?o aei oe?eie eieinieea; i?ae /an ciaoeaiethaaiiy i?iaeoeo?a
caaaa/aiiy e?oii?noth iaioa 3 ii iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ? nooe?eueiee
aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iee iio?e, a aeey ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano 0-13 ii
aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeene?aoi? aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/i? no?oiai?,
ye? ae?thoue ia a?eueio iiaa?oith ioeueie.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy aoee noi?ioeueiaai? ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeae? ?icae?eaiiy ??aeeie ia
oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiio a?ioio? c iaaeaeoaii aioo??oiuei? ii?iaeieie, yeee
cai?iiiiiaaii ye aeiaeaoeiaa ?ioaineo?eoth/a ae?yiiy. O oai?aoe/i?e
/anoei? ?iaioe ?icaeyiooi ye?ni? oa e?euee?ni? caeiiii??iino?, ui
aecia/athoue aieea a?aeoeaio?iaiai aoaeoo oa aoaeoo iaaeaeoao ia i?ioean
?icae?eaiiy ??aeeie ia neoia?e iiaa?oi?. I?eioneaeiny, ui ?aae?cothoueny
oae? ?aaeeie caiiaiaiiy, i?e yeeo ??aeeia aeinoaoiuei oiieei oa?ii
?iciiae?ey?oueny ii an?e aieia?e iiaa?oi? oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai a?ioioa.

Aeey ?ic?iaee iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?ooo oa?o ??aeeie ana?aaeei?
oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai a?ioioa i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aieeao a?aeoeaio?iaiai
aoaeoo oa aioo??oiueiai oeneo iaaeaeoao ia oaeaee?noue aeo?eaiiy ??aeeie
e??cue neoiao iiaa?oith. Iaea?aeaii oi?ioee, ui aecia/athoue aeo?aoe
??aeeie e??cue neoiao iiaa?oith, ye? a?aoiaothoue a?aeoeaio?iaee aoaeo,
aoaeo iaaeaeoao, a oaeiae aoaeo i?ioi/iino? cae?o/aiiai iioieo acaeiaae
neoiai? iiaa?oi?.

Aiae?c ?ooo a oa?? ??aeeie ana?aaeei? oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai a?ioioa
i?iaaaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith aac?ici??ieo caeaaeiinoae iiaiiai iaii?o
wmetafile8? ??c????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????Ay¤yaAe ???&? ?MathType??
????u????????????-?????d?o????d?a???u@th??????

wmetafile8? ??µ???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A
*???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya)??z?? ???&? ?MathType??`
???u?????????»????-?????v?????vUe????
?????????I????a ????@????O
????E???????vb???v¤????O????M ????

????

aea h — oiaueia iioieo; hkp — e?eoe/ia oiaueia iioieo; — aonoeia; g –
i?enei?aiiy neee aaae.

Caeaaeiino? aac?ici??ieo aaee/ei e?eoe/ii? kp, ii/aoeiai? 0 oa a?aie/ii?
oiaueie oa?o a?ae ia?aiao?o iaaaaeai? ia ?enoieo 1, aea i?aa? a?oee
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeie?eoe/iiio ?aaeeio, a e?a? — iaaee?eoe/iiio. Ia
a?ao?eao aeaeii, ui aeia?eueiee ia?ao?ae o iioaioe?aeueiiio iioieo c
a?oee i?e iino?eiiio iaii?? wmetafile8? ??c????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????Ay¤yaAe ???&? ?MathType??
????u????????????-?????d?o????d?a???u@th??????Aeey aiae?co
cacia/aieo aeanoeainoae ?icaeyiooi iioaioe?aeueiee
iaa?oaeueii-iinooiiaee iio?e o oeee?iae?e/i?e o?oa? ?aae?ona R, yeee ia?
aioo??oith a?eueio oeee?iae?e/io iiaa?oith ?aae?ona R0=R-h (h — oiaueia
oa?o).

Oene Pai ana?aaeei? oeee?iae?e/ii? ii?iaeieie ia a?ae?a?a? a oeueiio
aeiaaeeo i?yei? ?ie?, oiio i?eeiyoi Pai=0.

?icoaooaaiiy o?oae i?eeiyoi aa?oeeaeueiei, oiio i?e ?icaeyae? ?ooo a
ieiuei? iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co neea aaae c ?icaeyaeo aeiaaea?.

Aeey iioaioe?aeueii? oa/?? o anueiio iioieo H=const ? oee?eoeyoe?y
A=const. C oiiae ?aae?aeueii? ??aiiaaae ? ae?aco eieiai? neeaaeiai?
oaeaeeino? iaea?aeaii, ui

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 ????&??yyyy?????Ay°y@P ???&?
?MathType??0???u????????????-?????I@????I????I4???
I& ???I!???Il???I???Ii???u@th??????

C ?ioaa?aeo Aa?ioee? aeieeaa?, ui Vz a?ae r ia caeaaeeoue.

Aeey caaeaieo aeo?ao wmetafile8? ??v???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????Ay?yAj ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th??????

?en. 1 Caeaaeiino? e?eoe/ii? hk, ii/aoeiai? h0, oa a?aie/ii? oiaueie

oa?o h a?ae ia?aiao?o aeey iaa?oaeueii-iinooiiaiai iioieo

?en. 2 Caeaaeiino? iiaiiai iaii?o wmetafile8? ??c????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????Ay¤yaAe ???&? ?MathType??
????u????????????-?????d?o????d?a???u@th?????? oa?o
aeey iaa?oaeueii-iinooiiaiai iioieo:

A – ae?eueieoey ao?oeeaiai ?ooo; A — ae?eueieoey niie?eiiai ?ooo

wmetafile8? ??¬???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 A!???&??yyyy?????Ay°y?!P ???&?
?MathType??0???u????????????-?????I¦???I????I?
???I>???I+???I/???IY

???Im!???u@th??????

aea =h/R.

?icayaeath/e I ye ooieoe?th , iaea?aeaee, ui aiia ia? i?i?ioi i?e
cia/aii? e?, ui a?aeiia?aea? ??aiyiith

wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `?
???&??yyyy?????Ay?y@  ???&? ?MathType??
???u????????????-?????¬‹???¬s???¬????¬=
???u@th??????

Caeaaeiino? e?eoe/ii?, ii/aoeiai? oa a?aie/ii? aaee/ei oiaueie oa?o a?ae
ia?aiao?o aeey iaa?oaeueii-iinooiaeueiiai iioieo a?ao?/ii cia?aaeai? ia
?en. 2.

Caeaaei?noue wmetafile8? ?????K????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@a???&??yyyy?????y eyY* ???&?
?MathType??0???u????????????-?????l0???l—???u@th??????
Oaeei /eiii, aeey iaa?oaeueii-iinooiaeueiiai iioieo ?c caaeaieie
aeo?aoaie Q ? oee?eoeyoe??th i?e H>Hmin ?niothoue aeaa iiaeeea? ?aaeeie
oa/??, a i?e He? — aeie?eoe/iith.

Aeey iaa?oaeueii-iinooiaeueiiai iioieo aaee/eia iiaiiai inueiaiai
?iioeueno aoaea aei??aithaaoe

wmetafile8? ??6???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
/???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyya.??[?? ???&? ?MathType??0
???u?????????»????-??????j????j????

????o????E(????.???uAy??????

sse ? o aeiaaeeo ieinei? caaea/?, i?i?ioi ?iioeueno (5) ca?aa?oueny c
oiiaith (4) i?i?ioio I.

I?ae /an iaa?oaeueii-iinooiaeueiiai ?ooo ?aeaaeueii? iaaaaiii? ??aeeie
iathoue i?noea o?e caeiie caa??aaiiy: caa??aa?oueny ni?eueiee iai?? I
(?eioaa?ae Aa?ioee?), caa??aa?oueny ni?eueiee ?iioeuen K (5), a oaeiae
caa??aa?oueny iiiaio e?eueeino? ?ooo aai, ui ana iaeii, caa??aa?oueny
oee?eoeyoe?y

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy`??Y?? ???&?
?MathType???????uAy??????

I?ae /an ?ooo aycei? ??aeeie cacia/ai? aaee/eie ia caa??aathoueny /a?ac
iayai?noue nee aaae ? oa?oy.

??aiyiiy aeey aecia/aiiy e?eoe/ii? oiaueie oa?o ia? aeaeyae

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ay«y@  ???&? ?MathType??
???u????????????-?????¬@????¬E???¬t???¬???¬?
???¬(???u@th??????

??aiyiiy ia? iniaeeao oi/eo, eiee oiaueia oa?o h noa? e?eoe/iith. O
e?eoe/i?e oi/oe? dh/dz, ? i?e i?aeoiae? aei oe??? oi/ee c aieo hhkp — ??cea ciaioaiiy oiaueie
(caie?aiiy iioieo, i?e yeiio aeinyaathoueny iaeneiaeueii iiaeeea?
aeo?aoe e??cue aia?ao).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ae?aae?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ae /an
iaa?oaeueii-iinooiaeueiiai ?ooo iioieo ii ?iai/?e iiaa?oi?
oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai a?ioioa i?iaaaeaii ia i?aenoaa? ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iaa?oaeueii-iinooiaeueiiai
?ooo oa?o ??aeeie e??cue oeee?iae?i-eii?/iee a?ioio c aeo?eaiiyi ??aeeie
e??cue ciai?oith neoiao iiaa?oith, yeo ?ic?iaeaii ia iniia?
?ioaa?aeueieo caeii?a caa??aaiiy iane, iiiaioo e?eueeino? ?ooo oa
aia?a??, noaiiaeoue nenoaio cae/aeieo aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue, ui
aecia/athoue ci?io acaeiaae in? aia?aoa oiaueie oa?o ??aeeie, inueiai?
oa eieiai? neeaaeiaeo oaeaeeino?, iaaeneoiaiai oa i?aeneoiaiai
i?iaeoeo?a, a oaeiae iioi/iiai oeneo iaaeaeoao ana?aaeai? ii?iaeieie.

Iaea?aeaia nenoaia ??aiyiue aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ci?io ca aeiaaeeiith
aia?aoa oiaueie oa?o ??aeeie h, inueiai? oa eieiai? neeaaeiaeo
oaeaeeino?, ciaeoe iaaeneoi? oa i?aeneoi? aeo?aoe; e??i oiai, aiia
aeicaiey? ca aeiiiiiaith i?yiiai ?ic?aooieo anoaiiaeoe ?aaeeie, i?ae /an
yeeo ?nio? oaiaeaioe?y aei aeieeiaiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai no?eaea aai
caie?aiiy iioieo ??aeeie, a oaeiae iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeao i?io?aei?noue
aia?aoa caaeaii? eiino?oeoe??.

Aeey ?icaycaiiy nenoaie ??aiyiue iaiao?aeii a ii/aoeiaiio ia?a??c?
aia?aoa x=0 caaeaoe aeo?aoe Q0, iiiaio M0 (aai ?io? aaee/eie, /a?ac ye?
ae?aaea?ony M0), a oaeiae o?enoaaoe ii/aoeiao oiaueio oa?o h0.

Aeey ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioeano a?aeae?eaiiy ??aeeie e??cue neoiao
iiaa?oith cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaaeaeoa aioo??oiuei? ii?iaeieie
a?ioioa aacii c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy a i?e aioo??oiueiai oeneo Pai. I?e
oeueiio aa?oiy /anoeie onoaiiaee iiaeiia aooe aa?iaoeciaaiith.

I?aai?caoe?y iiaea/? iia?o?y i?aeaeuaiiiai oeneo aei aioo??oiuei?
ii?iaeieie eiino?oeoeaii iiaea aooe ioi?ieaia aaaaoueia niiniaaie, aea
aeey aecia/aiino? i?eeiyoa oaea noaia iiaea/?, yea cae?enith?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith ae?aiiaaii? o?oae, ui ?icoaoiaaia acaeiaae in? onoaiiaee.

I?eiouaii, ui ?icaea/a cae?enith?oueny e??cue ?yae ioai??a, ye?
aeinoaoiuei aonoi ?ici?uai? ii aeiaaeei? o?oae, oiio ?icaea/o iiaeia
aaaaeaoe iaia?a?aii ?iciiae?eaiith ii aeiaaeei? o?oae. ?io? aeaee
?icaea/?, a oiio /ene? ? cina?aaeaeaii?, iiaeia aaaaeaoe ie?aieie
aeiaaeeaie noaie, ui i?eeiyoa aei ?icaeyaeo. I?eeiyoi, ui ae?aiao?
iiaeath/i? o?oae d iaeee o ii??aiyii? c ae?aiao?ii aioo??oiuei?
ii?iaeieie Dai, oiio caoa?auaiiyi iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co ca ?aooiie o?oae
iiaeia ciaoooaaoe.

I?aeaeuaiee oene ona?aaeei? ii?iaeieie iiaea i?aeo?eioaaoeny o?eueee ca
?aooiie oo?ao oeneo i?ae /an ?ooo aaco ii o?aeoo ca ?aooiie
eiiooci?iino? aeo?aeii? ae?eyiee.

Aeey ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ??aeeie iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaoiae
iine?aeiaieo iaaeeaeaiue, ocaiaeaeoth/e oene Pai c ia?aiao?aie ??aeeie,
iaea?aeaieie ?c nenoaie ??aiyiue.

Aeey aeai?o niiniao ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ciaoeaiethaaiiy oa ioe?iee eiai
aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaii eaai?aoi?io onoaiiaeo, yea noaiiaeoue aeaiaio
?iai/i? iiaa?oi? neoiaeo ciaoeaiethth/eo aia?ao?a. Noaia iieacaia ia
?en. 3.

A eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii oai?aoe/ia
i?eiouaiiy i?i oa, ui aaeeaaiiy ?ioaineo?eoth/iai ae?yiiy ia iaoa??ae,
ui ia?iaeth?oueny, i?ae /an eiai ?ooo ii ?iai/?e iiaa?oi? i?aeaeuo?
aoaeoeai?noue ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo ?ioaineo?eoth/a ae?yiiy ia
iaoa??ae, ui ia?iaey?oueny, aeinyaa?oueny i?e aaeeaaii? iaaeaeoao
iia?o?y o aioo??oith ii?iaeieio aia?aoa.

Onoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ciaoeaiethaaii? oeaiiaeo i?iaeoeo?a e?oii?noth iaioa
3ii iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei ? aaeeaaiiy iaaeaeoao o aeaeyae? nooe?eueiiai
aa?iaeeiai?/iiai iioieo, a i?e ciaoeaiethaaii? ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano
e?oii?noth 0-13 ii aeioe?eueiei ? aaeeaaiiy aeene?aoii ?ici?uaieo
aa?iaeeiai?/ieo no?oiai?a.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/aii iniiai? oaoiieia?/i?
ia?aiao?e ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai iaoeiiai eeano e ?ic?iaeaii
eiino?oeoe?th aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai ciaoeaiethaa/a AAI-1,5-2000, yea a
ii??aiyii? c a?ioioii AE1,5 ia? o?e aeiaeaoeia? ?ioaineo?eoth/?o
oaeoi?e:

— i?aeaeuaiiy eiao?oe??ioa aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/i? iiaa?oi? eii?/iiai neoa
ca ?aooiie aeai?o oaeaeeino? iiaea/? ioeueie, aeui? ca e?eoe/io;

— c?inoaiiy oaeaeeino? aeo?eaiiy ioeueie e??cue ioai?e neoa ca ?aooiie
ae?yiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo no?oiai?a oa iaaeaeoao iia?o?y;

— c?inoaiiy /ano ia?aaoaaiiy iaaeneoiiai i?iaeoeoo, ui ia?iaeth?oueny,
ia ?iai/?e iiaa?oi? ca ?aooiie aa?iaoecaoe?? aeioneiiai ioai?o oeueiai
i?iaeoeoo ca aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueiiai ?icaaioaaeieea.

?en. 3 Onoaiiaea aeey aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai ciaoeaiethaaiiy

ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano:

1 — ei?ion; 2 — oeee?iae?e/ia neoi; 3 — eii?/ia neoi; 4 – iao?oaie aeey
caneiee;

5 — iao?oaie ?icaaioaaeaiiy iaaeneoiiai i?iaeoeoo; 6 — iao?oaie

?icaaioaaeaiiy i?aeneoiiai i?iaeoeoo; 7 — iia?o?ii?ia?ae;

8 – ?iciiae?eueiee iia?o?y; 9 – ?aae?aeuei? niiea; 10 – ?icaaioaaeiee

iaaeneoiiai i?iaeoeoo; 11 – e?eoea-iii?a; 12 – aii?oecaoi?;

13 – iaa/aeea; 14 – aeanoe/iee a?aeaeaa/; 15 — iaaaaeithaa/

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo oa eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a
aa?ia?ae?iciaoeaiethaa/a aoee i?iaaaeai? a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao OeCO
“AEiaoiaaa”, i?ae /an yeeo onoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino? aieeao iaaaioaaeaiiy,
aeo?ao ? oeneo iia?o?y, aaee/eie caci?a i?ae niieii oa ?iai/ith
iiaa?oiath, i?noey anoaiiaeaiiy e e?eueeino? y?on?a
aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo no?oiai?a ia iieacieee aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai
ciaoeaiethaaiiy (?en. 4, 5).

Aecia/aii ?aaeeii? ia?aiao?e ?iaioe oaeineiiaeaiiai ca ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie
aaoi?a aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiaiciaoeaiethaa/a AAI-1,5-2000, ui
caaacia/othoue ae?noaaaiiy eeano 0-0,5 ii o i?aeneoiee i?iaeoeo ia ??ai?
ia iaioa 60 %.

I?iieneia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai ciaoeaiethaa/a a oiiaao
OeCO “AEiaoiaaa” iieacaee, ui ae?noaaaiiy eeano 0-1 oa 0-0,5 ii ia
AAI-1,5-2000 ia 28,3 oa 23,0 % aeu?, i?ae o a?ioioa AE1,5 ? noaiiaeyoue
a?aeiia?aeii 61,7 ? 68,7 %.

I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ciaoeaiethaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai ciaoeaiethaa/a ia OeCO “AEiaoiaaa” ni?eyei
iie?ioaiith ?iaioe a?aenaaeaeoaaeueii? iaoeie. I?ney i?eaaaeaiiy yeino?
i?iaeoeo?a aei oiia ?iaioe a?aenaaeaeoaaeueii? iaoeie c?
ciaoeaiethaaiiyi ia AAI-1,5-2000 ?ic?aooieiaee aeo?ae eiioeaio?aoo
a?aenaaeaeaiiy c ii?iaa iaoeie c?inoa? ia 0,3 % n 53,3 aei 53,6% (o
ii??aiyii? c ?iaioith a?aenaaeaeoaaeueii? iaoeie c a?ioioii AE1,5).

?acoeueoaoe i?iieneiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai
ciaoeaiethaa/a ia OeCO “AEiaoiaaa” aeyaeee aeioe?euei?noue eiai
canoinoaaiiy ia aoaeacaaaa/oaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao c iie?ei niiniaii
i?aeaioiaee iaoeiieo eean?a ia iia?aoe?? ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai
iaoeiiiai eeano.

I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee
?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai a?ioioa c
iaaeaeoaii aioo??oiuei? ii?iaeieie.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e caaacia/o?oueny noaoenoe/ii cia/eiei ianyaii eaai?aoi?ieo
? i?iieneiaeo aenia?eiaio?a, i?iaaaeaiiyi oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c
aeei?enoaiiyi ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iieiaeaiue a?ae?iaeeiai?ee,
a?aeiia?aei?noth iiaeae? ?aaeueiei oiiaai. Aeinoia??i?noue iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny caaeia?eueiith ca?aei?noth oai?aoe/ieo
oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo (?ica?aei?noue ia ia?aaeuo? 9 %, iieacieee
ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao aeia??/i? a??ia?aeiino? a?aeoeeaiiy).
A?aeoai?thaai?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny
aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oieo i?eeaae?a, oeiiai? aia?aoo?e e iaoiae?a
aei??thaaiiy.

?en. 4 Caeaaei?noue ae?noaaaiiy eeano -1 ii (1) oa aieiaino?

iaaeneoiiai i?iaeoeoo wp (2) a?ae aeo?ao iia?o?y Qaic

?en. 5 Caeaaei?noue ae?noaaaiiy a?ae oeneo iia?o?y P

i?e ??cieo iaaaioaaeaiiyo ca oaa?aeei:

1 — 20 o/a; 2 — 75 o/a; 3 — 100 o/a

AENIIAEE

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeaii ?icaycaiiy aeooaeueii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
caaea/?, yea iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? niinia?a ? oaoi?/ieo cania?a
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai
eeano i?e caaaa/aii? aoa?eey ? ia? aaaeeeaa ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueea
cia/aiiy.

O i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o io?eiai? oae? i?aenoieia? iaoeia? aeniiaee oa
i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. Aia?oa anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao a?aeoeaio?iaiai aoaeoo oa
ia?aiao??a aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai ae?yiiy ia e?eoe/io oiaueio oa?o e
aeo?aoe ioeueie e??cue neoiao iiaa?oith.

2. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue iaa?oaeueii-iinooiaeueiiai ?ooo
ioeueie ii oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiio a?ioioo c aeo?eaiiyi e??cue ciai?oith
neoiaoth iiaa?oith, yea noaiiaeoue nenoaio aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue, ui
aecia/athoue ci?ie acaeiaae in? aia?aoa oiaueie oa?o e oaeaeeino?
ioeueie, a oaeiae oeneo iia?o?yiiai no?oiaiy.

3. Iaea?aeaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ye? aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe a?aie/i?
cia/aiiy aeo?ao ? oeneo iiaea/? ioeueie aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy oa
caiia?aaiiy ana?aaeei? aia?aoa a?ae?aae?/ieo no?eae?a.

4. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo ?ioaineo?eoth/a ae?yiiy
ia iaoa??ae, ui ia?iaeth?oueny, aeinyaa?oueny i?e aaeeaaii? iaaeaeoao
iia?o?y o aioo??oith ii?iaeieio a?ioioa o aeaeyae? nooe?eueiiai
aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai iioieo i?e ciaoeaiethaaii? i?iaeoeo?a e?oii?noth
iaioa 3 ii oa o aeaeyae? aeene?aoii ?ici?uaieo aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo
no?oiai?a i?e e?oiiino? 0-13 ii.

5. Aecia/aii iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e i?ioeano ciaoeaiethaaiiy
ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano, ye? aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe? eiino?oeoe??
aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai ciaoeaiethaa/a AAI-1,5-2000.

6. Aecia/aii iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai
iaoeiiiai eeano e ?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoe?th aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai
ciaoeaiethaa/a AAI-1,5-2000, yea aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe eiao?oe??io
aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/i? iiaa?oi?, oaeaee?noue aeo?eaiiy ioeueie e??cue
ioai?e neoa oa /an ia?aaoaaiiy iaaeneoiiai i?iaeoeoo, ui ia?iaeth?oueny,
ia ?iai/?e iiaa?oi?.

7. Aecia/ai? ?aaeeii? ia?aiao?e ?iaioe aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai
ciaoeaiethaa/a AAI-1,5-2000 caaacia/othoue ae?noaaaiiy eeano 0-0,5 ii o
i?aeneoiee i?iaeoeo ia ??ai? ia iaioa 60 %. I?iieneia? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaee, ui ae?noaaaiiy eeano 0-1 oa 0-0,5 ii ia AAI-1,5-2000 ia 28,3
oa 23 % aeua, i?ae o a?ioioao AE-1,5, ? noaiiaeyoue a?aeiia?aeii 61,7 oa
68,7 %.

8. A ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii “Iaoiaeeeo
?ic?aooieo oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai a?ioioa c iaaeaeoaii aioo??oiuei?
ii?iaeieie”, yea ia?aaeaia ? aeei?enoiao?oueny a ?inoeoooao
Oe?IAe?aoaeacaaaa/aiiy oa ?AOI IAI Oe?a?ie i?e i?iaeooaaii?
oeee?iae?i-eii?/ieo a?ioio?a aoaeacaaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?ee, a oaeiae i?e
eiino?othaaii?, ?ic?aooieo e iiaea?i?caoe?? caaaa/oaaeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy
ia i?aei?e?inoaao aoa?eueii? oa a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eii? i?iieneiaino?.

Noeoii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? ae??oaiiyi aeooaeueii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? caaea/? c ?ic?iaee niinia?a ? oaoi?/ieo cania?a
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai
eeano i?e caaaa/aii? aoa?eey oeyoii iiaeaethaaiiy a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo
i?ioean?a o aoa?euei?e ioeuei? oa iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a ia?ooiieo
oeee?iae?i-eii?/ieo a?ioio?a, ui ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey
aoaeaaeiaoaii? aaeoc? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ?iaioao:

1. Aoeaaa TH.E. Iiaeaee?iaaiea oa/aiey aeae?iniane ia iiaa?oiinoe
a?auaiey a caaea/ao iaiaauaiey oaey // Aaioaoie/aneay iaoaieea. Na.
iao/. o?. EAOI IAI Oe?aeiu.-Aeiai?iiao?iane.-1998.-Aui.4.-N.100-109.

2. Aoeaaa TH.E., Nie?iia A.A. Nenoaia oaoie/aneie aeeaaiinoeee e
iioeiaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey ea/anoaii iiioaaea i?eaiaea oaoie/aneiai
iai?oaeiaaiey // Oaieue Oe?aeiu.-1998.-?11.-N.14-16.

3. Iieoeyo A.Ae., Aoeaaa TH.E., Eieaniee Ae.E. Ay?iaeae?iaeeiaie/aneee
iaanoeaieeaaoaeue // Oaieue Oe?aeiu.-1998.-?8-9.-N.64-65.

4. Iieoeyo A.Ae., Aoeaaa TH.E., Eieaniee Ae.E. ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee
ay?iaeae?iaeeiaie/aneiai iaanoeaieeaaiey iaeeiai iaoeiiiai eeanna aeey
oaeaiaiaaoeoaeueiuo oaa?ee // Caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo
eiiaeei.-1998.-?2.-N.19-24.

5. Eo?/aiei E.I., Iieoeyo A.Ae., Aoeaaa TH.E. Oaoiieiae/aneea
?aaeaiaiou oaeaiaiaaoeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee // Caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo
eiiaeei.-1998.-?2.-N.16-18.

6. Aoeaaa TH.E. Enneaaeiaaiea iniiaiuo aeae?aaee/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee
oeeeeiae?i-eiie/aneiai a?ioioa n iaaeaeoaii aioo?aiiae iieinoe //
Caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei.-1999.-?3.-N.28-35.

7. Aoeaaa TH.E. Enneaaeiaaiea iniiaiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo e eiino?oeoeaiuo
ia?aiao?ia ay?iaeae?iiaanoeaieeaaoaey AAI-1,5-2000 // Aaioaoie/aneay
iaoaieea. Na. iao/. o?. EAOI IAI
Oe?aeiu.-Aeiai?iiao?iane.-1999.-Aui.12.-N.11-17.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aoeaaa TH.?. Iiaeaethaaiiy a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a o aoa?euei?e
ioeuei? oa iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a ia?ooiieo oeee?iae?i-eii?/ieo
a?ioio?a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.15.11 — “O?ce/i? i?ioeane a??ie/iai
ae?iaieoeoaa”. — ?inoeooo aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy ciaoeaiethaaiiy aoa?eey
ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano. ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/ia oa aenia?eiaioaeueia
eiioeaioe?? aeei?enoaiiy iaaeaeoao aioo??oiuei? ii?iaeieie ia?ooiiiai
oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai a?ioioa a??ia?ae?iaeeiai?/ieie no?oiaiyie aeey
?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioeano ciaoeaiethaaiiy ae??aiiai iaoeiiiai eeano i?e
caaaa/aii? aoa?eey. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a
oeee?iae?i-eii?/iiai a?ioioo c iaaeaeoaii aioo??oiuei? ii?iaeieie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?icae?eaiiy ??aeeie, iaaeaeoa ii?iaeieie,
oeee?iae?i-eii?/iee a?ioio, ciaoeaiethaaiiy, ae??aiee iaoeiiee eeann.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aoeaaa TH.E. Iiaeaee?iaaiea aeae?iaeeiaie/aneeo i?ioeannia a oaieueiie
ioeueia e iainiiaaiea ia?aiao?ia iaiiaeaeaeiuo oeeeeiae?i-eiie/aneeo
a?ioioia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.11 — “Oece/aneea i?ioeannu ai?iiai
i?iecaiaenoaa”. — Einoeooo aaioaoie/aneie iaoaieee IAI Oe?aeiu,
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Auiieiai aiaeec a?auaoaeueii-iinooiaoaeueiiai aeaeaeaiey oaieueiie
ioeueiu /a?ac iaiiaeaeaeiue oeeeeiae?i-eiie/aneee a?ioio n iaaeaeoaii
aioo?aiiae iieinoe, i?aaeeiaeaiiui a ea/anoaa aeiiieieoaeueiiai
eioaineoeoee?othuaai aicaeaenoaey. I?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou
enneaaeiaaiee a?auaoaeueii-iinooiaoaeue-iiai aeaeaeaiey oaieueiie
ioeueiu ii oeeeeiae?i-eiie/aneiio a?ioioo n iaaeaeoaii aioo?aiiae
iieinoe, i?aaeeiaeaiiui a ea/anoaa aeiiieieoaeueiiai
eioaineoeoee?othuaai aicaeaenoaey.

Oeaeueth ?aaiou yaeyaony iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe iaiaauaiey oaey iooai
eniieueciaaiey ay?iaeae?iaeeiaie/aneiai aicaeaenoaey ia oaieueioth
ioeueio i?e aa aeaeaeaiee ii ia?oi?e?iaaiiie e?eaieeiaeiie iiaa?oiinoe.

Iniiaiay eaeay ?aaiou caeeth/aaony a eniieueciaaiee yooaeoa iaaeaeoaa
aioo?aiiae iieinoe oeeeeiae?i-eiie/aneiai a?ioioa, a oaeaea
onoaiiaeaiiuo ia iniiaa aeae?iaeeiaie/aneeo iiaeaeae caeiiiia?iinoae
i?ioeannia a oaieueiie ioeueia, /oi iicaieyao i?aaeeiaeeoue niiniau e
n?aaenoaa yooaeoeaiiai iaanoeaieeaaiey ioeueiu a i?ioeanna iaiaauaiey
oaey.

Aia?aua ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue
a?auaoaeueii-iinooiaoaeue-iiai aeaeaeaiey ioeueiu, iicaieeaoay ioeaieoue
caeiiiia?iinoe aeeyiey oeaio?iaaaeiiai yooaeoa e yooaeoa iaaeaeoaa ia
i?ioeann ?acaeaeaiey aeeaeeinoe ia neoiaie iiaa?oiinoe, ii?aaeaeeoue
eciaiaiea oieueiu neiy ioeueiu, nei?inoe, oaeouaai aeaaeaiey iaaeaeoaa
aaeieue ine aiia?aoa, i?iaiice?iaaoue aicieeiiaaiea aioo?e aiia?aoa
aeae?aaee/aneiai i?uaeea, caie?aiea aiia?aoa, a oaeaea ioeaieoue
i?aaeaeueiua ?anoiaeu aeey caaeaiiie eiino?oeoeee e aeaaeaiea iiaea/e
ioeueiu i?e iaanoeaieeaaiee oaey.

?ac?aaioaia eaai?aoi?iay onoaiiaea, iicaieeaoay aua?aoue niinia
eioaineoeeaoeee i?ioeanna iaanoeaieeaaiey, i?iaa?eoue aai
yooaeoeaiinoue, a oaeaea iiaeoaa?aeeoue oai?aoe/aneia i?aaeiieiaeaiea i
oii, /oi eioaineoeoee?othuaa aicaeaenoaea ia ia?aaaouaaaiue iaoa?eae ai
a?aiy aai aeaeaeaiey ii ?aai/ae iiaa?oiinoe iiauoaao yooaeoeaiinoue
iaanoeaieeaaiey.

Ia iniiaa i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee auee ii?aaeaeaiu oaoiieiae/aneea
ia?aiao?u i?ioeanna iaanoeaieeaaiey oaey iaeeiai iaoeiiiai eeanna,
eiino?oeoeee ay?iaeae?iaeeiaie/aneiai iaanoeaieeaaoaey, a oaeaea
iaoiaeeee ?an/aoa ia?aiao?ia iaiiaeaeaeiiai oeeeeiae?i-eiie/aneiai
a?ioioa n iaaeaeoaii aioo?aiiae iieinoe.

I?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea ?aaiou ninoieo a ?ac?aaioea niiniaia
eioaineoeeaoeee i?ioeannia iaanoeaieeaaiey oaey iaeeiai iaoeiiiai
eeanna, /oi ?aaeeciaaii a ?ac?aaioaiiii ay?iaeae?iaeeiaie/aneii
iaanoeaieeaaoaea AAI-1,5-2000. Iainiiaaiu ia?aiao?u i?ioeanna
iaanoeaieeaaiey oaey iaeeiai iaoeiiiai eeanna ia oeeeeiae?i-eiie/aneeo
a?ioioao n iaaeaeoaii aioo?aiiae iieinoe e ?ac?aaioaia “Iaoiaeeea
?an/aoa oeeeeiae?i-eiie/aneiai a?ioioa n iaaeaeoaii aioo?aiiae iieinoe”,
eioi?ay ia?aaeaia a einoeooou Oe?IEEoaeaiaiaauaiea e EAOI IAI Oe?aeiu,
aaea aa eniieuecotho aeey enneaaeiaaiee, ?an/aoa, eiino?oe?iaaiey e
iiaea?iecaoeee iaiaaoeoaeueiuo aiia?aoia a oaieueiie e
ai?ii-iaoaeeo?ae/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?acaeaeaiea aeeaeeinoe, iaaeaeoa iieinoe,
oeeeeiae?i-eiie/aneee a?ioio, iaanoeaieeaaiea, iaeeee iaoeiiue eeann.

THE SUMMARY

Bulava Yu.I. The modelling of hydrodynamic processes in coal pulp and
substantiation of parameters of motionless cylinder conic
riddles.-Manuscript.

The thesis for the defence of the candidate of technical science degree
on speciality 05.15.11 — The physical processes of the mining
production.- Institute of Geotechnical Mechanics of Ukraine National
Academy of Sciences, Dnipropetrovsk, 1999.

In the dissertation the problems of desliming of fine machine size coal
are considered. The theoretical and experimental conception are
elaborated for application of supercharge of motionless cylinder-conic
riddle inner hollow by aerohydrodynamic jets for fine machine size coal
desliming process intensification under the coal wet preparation. The
method is suggested for the calculation of parameters of the
cylinder-conic riddle with inner hollow supercharge.

Key words: separation of liguid, supercharge of hollow, cylinder-conic
riddle, desliming, fine machine size.

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