IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO IIAICIAANOAA ?i. I. I. IIOAAI?

OAeE 808. 3. 311 +801. 311

IEOAEUe*OE Ienaia ?aai?aia

I?E?IOIIII?I?ss I?AeA??’ss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 10. 02. 01. — oe?a?inueea iiaa

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a -1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? cao?aeii- ? i?aaeaiiineia’yinueeeo iia
?inoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I. I. Iioaai? Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeaaeai?e IAI Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

?onai?anueeee A?oae?e Iaea?iae/,

?inoeooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I. I.
Iioaai?

IAI Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?in?enueei? iiae

ye ?iicaiii? Ee?anueeiai i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

Eiaiaea Aaneeue Aaneeueiae/

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? iiae

Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa

Eica/oe Aaiia Ieaenaiae??aia

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — eaoaae?a no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae
*a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?i. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 15 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 26.172.01. aeey caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e
ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?eieia?/ieo iaoe i?e ?inoeooo?
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I. I. Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, Ee?a — 1, aoe.
A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I. I. Iioaai? oa ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI
Oe?a?ie (252001, Ee?a — 1, aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 5 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I. A.
Ica?iaa

Oiiiiiiiea — aaeocue iaoee, ia’?eoii aeineiaeaeaiiy yei? ?
caeiiiii?iinoi aeieeiaiiy, ?icaeoeo i ooieoeiiioaaiiy aeanieo
aaia?aoi/ieo iaca — iaeaaeeoue aei ia?oi?yaeiiai eiea i?iaeai, yeeie
caeia?oueny neaainoeea. Iineeaiee iioa?an aei iiiianoe/ieo nooaeie
coiiaeaiee iiaeeaeaiei caoeieaaeaiiyi neia’yinueeei aoii- i
aeioiaaiacii, iniaeeai ea?iaoi-aaeeainueeiai a?aaeo. O eiioaenoi
cia/iiai i?ia?ano oiiiiiiiee ia caaaeueiineia’yinueeiio oa
iiaeia?iaeiiio ?iaiyo iinoa? iaiaoiaeiinoue aeoeaicaoei? aeineiaeaeaiue
oe?a?inueei? iiiianoeee acaaaei i oiiiiiiiee ye ?? neeaaeiai? cie?aia.

Iaoa ?iaioa i?enay/aia nenoaiiiio aea/aiith iie?ioiiiiiii?
Iaaeai?iyiueie. Aeooaeueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny aaaaoueia ye
eiiaainoe/ieie, oae i aeno?aeiiaainoe/ieie oaeoi?aie. O ?icaeoeo
no/anii? aio/eciyii? oiiiiiiiee ae?acii i?inoaaeo?oueny oaaaa aei
?aaiiiaeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee oa iaeiaea/aieo eeania iiiiia. Aei oeueiai
/ano iie?ioiiiiiiiy caaaeii iaeaieueo caeo/aiiai a iiiianoe/ieo nooaeiyo
?aaiiio ia aoea i?aaeiaoii nenoaiiiai iaoeiaiai aeineiaeaeaiiy.
Iie?ioiiiiiie aai caeeoaeany iica oaaaith aeineiaeieeia, aai caeo/aeeny
a iaoeiaee iaia eeoa ye aeiaeaoeiaee iaoa?iae i?e aiaeici ?ioeo eeania
aaia?aoi/ieo iaca. Iaaiaeeeaaeii? oaaae iie?ioiiiiiie aeiaaathoue ua e
oiio, ui cia/iee oa? oeeo iaeiaioaaiue iinooiiai aeoiaeeoue c aeoeaiiai
aaeeoeo iieiaeoiai iieieiiiy i ie?aii c ieo iiaeooue aooe aaciiai?ioii
ao?a/aii. Oea coiiaeth? iaiaoiaeiinoue oeeaaeaiiy ?aaiiiaeueieo
neiaieeia iie?ioiiiiiiia, ui iaaiith ii?ith ? aaaeeeaith eaieith
noai?aiiy Iaoeiiiaeueiiai iioi?iaoeieiiai aaieo aaia?aoi/ieo iaca
Oe?a?ie.

Aeaea?aeueiith aacith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? ia?aaeonii iiiianoe/ii
iaoa?iaee, cia?aii iaie aeniaaeeoeieiei oeyoii o 1995-1997 ?ieao. Iiae
/an iieueiai? ?iaioe iaie caoieniaaii o 37 ianaeaieo ioieoao oa ?o
ieieeoeyo aeecueei 1000 iaeiaioaaiue iie?iia’?eoia. Aeai? iniiaiiai
aeaea?aea coiiaeaiee eieueeiia /eiieeaie: 1) iie?ioiiiiiie ?iaeoa,
ii?iaiyii c iioeie eeanaie iaca, oienothoueny a inoi?e/ieo aeaea?aeao;
2) caoieniaaii ia aienueeiaeo oa oo?enoe/ieo aaeeeiianooaaieo ea?oao oa
a aoeanao, a oaeiae o iicaiaeueieo eaaeano?ao — ia?aaeonii ia?ii ia
oaaci Eineoiinueeo oa O?aioeeneainueeo iao?eee — /anoi ia
aiaeoai?ththoue ?aaeueiiai cao/aiiy, a niioai?aii aianeiaeie
iieiiicaoeii?, ?oneoieaoe?, a oaeiae, a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao,
iai?aaeeueiiai caaaeaiiy aeiaeaeoieo oi?i aei eioa?aoo?ii? ii?ie; 3)
aeeo/aiiy iie?ioiiiiiiia aeniaaeeoeieiei oeyoii aeicaiey? iai
aaciina?aaeiuei io?eiaoe oeiiio ye eii?ainoe/io (ia?aaeonii aeiaeaoeiao
iiiianoe/io), oae i iicaiiaio (oiceei-aaia?aoi/ii oa?aeoa?enoeee,
ei?enio ia?iaeii-aoeiieiai/io iioa?i?aoaoeith oiui) iioi?iaoeith i?i
iacao, a /anii i iiaiinoth aiaeoai?eoe inoi?ith iacae oiai /e iioiai
ia’?eoa. Iie?ioiiiiiie o aeena?oaoeieiiio aeineiaeaeaiii oieno?ii ca
i?aaeeaie i?aeoe/ii? o?aine?eioei? c iaeyaeo ia oa, ui oaeee caien ia
niioai?th? ?aaeueiiai cao/aiiy iacae ? aeicaiey? oi/i?oa c’ynoaaoe ??
aoeiieia?th. I?e iaiaoiaeiinoi iie?ioiiiiiie iiaeathoueny o ?icieo
aa?iaioao eiai iinoeaai? aeiiae. Aaaeeeaei aeiaeaoeiaei aeaea?aeii
aeineiaeaeoaaiiai iaoa?iaeo ? aaeiiiino?aoeaii-oa?eoi?iaeueii
oiiia?aoi/ii ea?oe, caiaeueii ieaioaoe ie?aieo nie, a oaeiae aiaeiiinoi
i?i ianaeaii ioieoe Iaaeai?iyinueeiai ?aeiio c 26-oiiii? na?i? aeaeaiiy
“Inoi?iy iino i nie Oe?a?inueei? ?N?”.

Iaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a nenoaiiiio eiiaainoe/iiio aiaeici
iie?ioiiiiiiia aeaiiai ?aaiiio c iaeyaeo ia eaeneei-naiaioe/ia cia/aiiy
iniia i no?oeoo?ii-neiaioai?ii iiaeaei, ui ia?aaeaa/a? aeaianiaeoia
aea/aiiy: 1) aiaeic ie?aii acyoeo iie?ioiiiiiiia; 2) aiaeic
iie?ioiiiiiiieii? noeoiiinoi.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

— caoienoaaoe iacae iaeeo aaia?aoi/ieo ia’?eoia ia oa?eoi?i? ?aaiiio
a neio?iiiiio c?ici i aiaeiiaiaeii oeeanoe iie?ioiiiiiii/iee neiaiee
Iaaeai?iyinueeiai ?aeiio Iaaii-O?aieianueei? iaeanoi;

— ?icaeyiooe aeineiaeaeoaaiee iie?ioiiiiiii/iee iaoa?iae ca iniiaieie
oeiaie eiai aoeiiiia o iaaeao aeaio eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo a?oi:
aiaeyoeaii? oa iiiianoe/ii?;

— aeyaeoe eaeneei-naiaioe/io aaco oai?aiiy iie?ioiiiiiiia c iaeyaeo
ia iniaeeainoi iiaaeaiii-caoiaeieo aiai?ie oa eaene/ii aca?iiaieeae c
iiaieie nenoaiaie ?ioeo neia’yinueeeo oa ianeia’yinueeeo iia;

— aeyaeoe iniaeeainoi aaciai? eaeneee a oiiiiiiioai?/iio i?ioeani;

— i?iaiaeicoaaoe neiaioai?ii-no?oeoo?ii iniaeeainoi iie?ioiiiiiiia i
aecia/eoe i?iaeoeoeaiinoue neiaioai?ii-no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae oa
aiaeiiaiaeieo oi?iaioia;

— anoaiiaeoe ca’ycie iiae iicaeiiaainoe/ieie — inoi?e/ieie,
aaia?aoi/ieie oa iioeie — ? iiaieie oaeoi?aie aeieeiaiiy aeanieo
aaia?aoi/ieo iaca;

— i?inoaaeeoe iioeae i?ii?iaeueii? iiiiiaoei? a iie?ioiiiiiii? i
aeyaeoe ?? niaoeeoieo o cinoaaeaiii c iioeie oa?aie oiiiiiii?.

Aiaeiiaiaeii aei oeieueiaeo ianoaiia aiaeic oaeoe/iiai iaoa?iaeo a
aeena?oaoeieiie ?iaioi ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy oeieiai eaioethaa
iaoiaeia. Na?aae ieo ye no?eaeiaaee aecia/a?ii ii?iaiyeueiee iaoiae, ui
? iniaeeai aaaeeeaei aeey ?ice?eooy aaiace ie?aieo oiiiiniia, oi?iaioia
i iiaeaeae. Iniaeeaa iinoea a ?iaioi iiniaea? noaoenoe/iee, yeei aeoeaii
iineoaiao?iiny, aecia/ath/e i?ioeaioii niiaaiaeiioaiiy iiae
eaeneei-naiaioe/ieie oeiaie iaca, iiae?aoiaoth/e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue
neiaioai?ii-no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae i niiniaia oai?aiiy iaca,
oiiiiiiioai?/eo oi?iaioia. Aaaeeeaei aeey io?eiaiiy iiaiioi? ea?oeie
iie?ioiiiiiii? ?aaiiio ? eiiaaiaaia?aoi/iee iaoiae. Aeey aeeo/aiiy
iiiianoe/iiai iaoa?iaeo oa iinoeaai? eaeneee, ia?aaeonii ia?iaeii?
aaia?aoi/ii? oa?iiiieiai?, a oaeiae aeey c’ynoaaiiy iniaeeainoae aaciaeo
aiaeyoeaia iineoaiao?iiny nioeiieiiaainoe/iei iaoiaeii. I?e aea/aiii
aeiaeaeoiiai eaiaeoaooo aeineiaeaeoaaiiai ?a?iiio iaie canoiniao?oueny
iaoiae eieaeicaoei? iiaieo yaeu. Aeei?enoiao?ii a ?iaio? oaeiae iaoiaee
iieniaee, nenoaiiee, c?noaaii-oeiieia?/iee oiui.

Ioaea, iaoiaeeea ?aaiiiaeueiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy iie?ioiiiiiii?
ia?aaeaa/a? caeieniaiiy aiaeico oaeoe/iiai iaoa?iaeo a iaaeao iaaieo
eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo oeiia oa ?o iiaea?oi, ui aeiaaa? aoeiieiai/iiai i
neiaioai?iiai oeoia/aiiy iaca.

C iaeyaeo ia noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaii caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe i
ia ia?aio iaoiaeeeo ?aaiiiaeueiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy iie?ioiiiiiii? iiaeia
ia?aaeaa/eoe iniiaii i?eioeeie aeineiaeaeaiiy, ui iieyaathoue o
iinoaoaeiiio aiaeici iie?ioiiiiiiia aeaio eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo oeiia c
iaeyaeo ia aoeiii. C’ynoaaiiy no?oeoo?ii-neiaioai?ieo iniaeeainoae
iie?ioiiiiiii? i ?oi?o caeiiiii?iinoae oa i?iaeoeoeaiinoi oeo /e iioeo
iiaeaeae i niiniaia iio?aao? ie?aieo iiaeoiaeia, i oiio aeaeieaii a
ie?aiee ?icaeie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? o
caeieniaiii nenoaiiiai iieno iie?ioiiiiiii? nai??iaeiiai
i?eea?iaonueeiai ?aaiiio. Iaie cia?aii oaeoe/iee iaoa?iae, yeee o
aieueoinoi aeiaaeeia oaiaeeoueny a iaoeiaee iaia aia?oa. Ia iniiai
oeueiai oaeoaaeo i?iaaaeaii aeieeaaeiee eiiaainoe/iee aiaeic
iaeiaeineiaeaeaiiai oa?o iiiianoe/ii? eaeneee. Oea aeicaiey? iaaiei
/eiii aiaeoai?eoe aoiiaaiaoe/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo e?ath, aea aeiiiio?
neia’yinueea iiaia eaeneea, oi/a ae?acii iiiioiee aieea
noiaeii?iiainueeeo iia. *anoi oaei iioiiiaii eaenaie caeiina?aiaaii
oieueee a iie?ioiiiiiiao i ia iathoue aoeaaeueieo aiaeyoeaieo
aiaeiiaiaeieeia o no/aniie aiai?eiaie i?aeoeoei. Iiaia nai??iaeiinoue i
/anoeiai e?iaaaeueia iaiaeii?iaeiinoue ?aaiiio aeicaiey? aeyaeoe a
oiiiiniiaao ieceo niaoeeoi/ii? aiaeyoeaii? eaeneee — i?aaeonii
aaia?aoi/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e oa oa?iiiia ia icia/aiiy eini?ic?iaii?
i?iieneiainoi, a oaeiae caoienoaaoe ?yae aio?iiiiiiia i?icaenueeiaiai
oa?aeoa?o. Aiaeic noeoiiinoi iie?ioiiiiiiia aeicaiey? aiaeoai?eoe
ia?aaeeaio neiaioai?ii-no?oeoo?ieo i?e?ioiiii?i?/ieo iiaeaeae a
eiioaenoi caaaeueii? neiaioai?ii? oiiiiiiieii? nenoaie ye nai??iaeii?
eaiee neiaioai?o oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o aeiiiaiaiii caaaeueieo
iieiaeaiue i?i iniaeeaee noaoon iie?ioiiiiiiia o oiiiiiiieiie nenoaii c
iaeyaeo ia naiaioe/io oa aea?eaaoeieio niaoeeoieo i a ooi/iaiii
i?eioeeiia eiiaainoe/iiai aiaeico iie?ioiiiiiiia iaaiiai ?aaiiio.
Oai?aoe/ia oeiiiinoue ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny ni?iaaie ie?aneeoe ie?aii
iniaeeainoi i?eioeeiia i?ii?iaeueii? iiiiiaoei? o iie?ioiiiiiii?
Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae o aeyaeaiii oa?aeoa?ia aca?iica’yceo iie?ioiiiiiiia c
iioeie oa?aie aiaeyoeaii? oa iiiianoe/ii? eaeneee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui
?acoeueoaoe eiiaainoe/iiai aiaeico iie?ioiiiiiii? Iaaeai?iyiueie
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii a nenoaiiiio aeineiaeaeaiii iie?ioiiiiiiieiio
Oe?a?ie acaaaei i ani?? i?eai?nueei? nioae cie?aia. Aeioeieueiei aoei a
a?aooaaiiy cia?aiiai iiiianoe/iiai i iiaiiai iaoa?iaeo o ii?iaiyeueiiio
aea/aiii neia’yinueei? iiiianoeee i ye aaaeeeai? eaiee a noai?aiii
Caaaeueiineia’yinueeiai iiiianoe/iiai aoeano. Niinoa?aaeaiiy i aeniiaee,
iaea?aeaii aianeiaeie aiaeico iiiianoe/iiai iaoa?iaeo, iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny: a) i?e iiaoaeiai eaeoeieieo i i?aeoe/ieo
niaoe?aeiciaaieo eo?nia c iiiianoeee o aocao oa ?iaioe aiaeiiaiaeieo
oaeoeueoaoeaia /e ao?oeia o oeiei; a) aeey aea/aiiy eo?nia c
aea?eaaoieiai?, oa?iiiieiai?, aeiaeaeoieiai? oiui; a) ye aaaeeeaa
aeaea?aei nooaeie c inoi?i? oa oai?i? iiae. Aeineiaeaeaiiy
iie?ioiiiiiii? ?aaiiio aea? iiaeeeainoue io?eiaoe oaeiae aeiaeaoeiao
iioi?iaoeith aeey inoi?e/ieo oa aaia?aoi/ieo aeenoeeieii, ia?aaeonii
aeey aea/aiiy nioeiaeueii? inoi?i?, aoiia?aoi?. I?aeoe/ia oeiiiinoue
?iaioe iieyaa? oaeiae o iiaeeeaiio aeei?enoaiii iiaiai oaeoe/iiai
iaoa?iaeo aeey oeeaaeaiiy aaia?aoi/ieo ea?o oa aoeania aaeeeiai
ianooaao. Neiaiee i?e?ioiiii?i?a iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee o noai?aii?
Iaoeiiiaeueiiai iioi?iaoeieiiai aaieo aaia?aoi/ieo iaca Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a — oea ianaiia?aae oeeaaeaiiy ?a?no?o aeanieo
iaca iie?iia’?eoia eiie?aoiiai ?aaiiio ia iaoa?iaeao, cia?aieo i?ioyaii
1995-1997 ??. aaciina?aaeiuei iiae /an oiiiiiii/ieo aeniaaeeoeie
ianaeaieie ioieoaie Iaaeai?iyinueeiai ?aeiio.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oaei iieiaeaiiy:

1. Iie?ioiiiiiie — iae/enaeueiioee ieano oiiiiiiieii? nenoaie, ui
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny noeoiiinoth niaoeeoi/ieo iciae.

2. Iie?ioiiiiiiiy Iiaeai?’y oi?io?oueny ia neia’yinueeiio iiaiiio
??oioi c iacia/ieie /oaeiiiaieie ae?aieaiiyie, ianaiia?aae c aieo
?oioinueei?, iiiaoeueei? oa oai?nueei? iia, i?i ui naiae/eoue
iioiaeaeaiiy oa aea?eaaoeieia oa?aeoa?enoeea iie?ioiiiiiiia.

3. Oi?ioaaiiy iie?ioiiiiiiieii? nenoaie ?aaiiio ? ianeiaeeii
iacaioai?/eo i?ioeania i?ioyaii aaaaoueio noieioue i o?iiieiaiy
ooai?aiue cia/iith ii?ith iia’ycaia c aoeiiiii iacae, ui aiaeiiaiaea?
eaeneei-naiaioe/iie eeaneoieaoei?, yea ia?aaeaa/a? aeyaeaiiy aiaeyoeaii?
/e iiiiii? iniiae c iaaiith naiaioeeith.

4. Iie?ioiiiiiiiy ? eiiaaaeueiei aiaeia?aaeaiiyi inoi?eei-aaia?aoi/iiai
na?aaeiaeua i a oie aea /an eiai i?iaeoeoii.

5. Iiae aecia/aiiyi neiaioai?ii? iiaeaei i naiaioeee aaciai? iniiae
iayaiee oiniee ca’ycie, naaoi iaeaeai eaiee eiiaainoe/iiai aiaeico ?
aca?iiaiioeaiaaieie.

6. Iioeae i?ii?iaeueii? iiiiiaoei? a iie?ioiiiiiii? iia’ycaii
aaciina?aaeiuei c ia’?eoaie iaceaaiiy i aeieeaathoue ianaiia?aae c
iaiaoiaeiinoi i?i?iooaaoeny ia iinoeaainoi.

Ie onaiaeiieth?ii, ui /anoeia aoeiieiai/ieo a??oiaioaoeie aaco?oueny
ia noa’?eoeaieo i?eiouaiiyo i iiaea ni?eeiaoeny a iioiio ?aeo?ni
e?eoe/ii. Iaaia ?i/, ui aeiao?iii/ia aea/aiiy iaca, a oaeiae caeo/aiiy
iiaiai iiiianoe/iiai, aeiaeaeoieiai/iiai oa inoi?e/iiai iaoa?iaeia aei
aea/aiiy iie?ioiiiiiii? ?aaiiio noai?eoue iiae??oioy aeey aeayeeo iiaeo
iioa?i?aoaoeie. Oiio iaoa ?iaioa ia i?aoaiaeo? ia ae/a?iiinoue, aea,
niiaeiaa?iinue, ? aaaeeeaei e?ieii o caiiaiaiii eaeoi aea/aiiy
oe?a?inueei? oiiiiiii?.

Ai?iaaoeiy aeena?oaoei?. Ie?aii aniaeoe oa ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy
aoee ii?eethaeiaii o aeiiiaiaeyo oa iiaiaeiieaiiyo ia Anaoe?a?inueeie
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? c oiiiiiiiee “Noai?aiiy Iaoeiiiaeueiiai
iioi?iaoeieiiai aaieo aaia?aoi/ieo iaca” (Ee?a, aeiaoaiue-eenoiiaae
1995); iiaeia?iaeiie iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei? “Ienaiii iai’yoee IO — OVIII
noieiooy noiaeiineia’yinueeeie iiaaie” (i. Oiaiue, o?aaaiue 1996); II
Anaoe?a?inueeie iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei? “Oe?a?inueea oa?iiiieiaiy i
no/aniinoue” (Ee?a, eenoiiaae 1997) oa iaoeiaeo naiiia?ao c iiiianoeee
“Iiiianoeea noiaeieo neia’yi” (Ee?a, aa?anaiue 1996) ? “I?iaeaie
iiiianoe/iiai neiaioai?o” (Ee?a, aa?anaiue 1997). Iiai?noth aeena?oaoeiy
iaaiai?thaaeany ia caniaeaiii Aiaeaeieo i?aaeaiii- ?
cao?aeiineia’yinueeeo iia Iinoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa iiaii I. I. Iioaaii ca
o/anoth i?aaenoaaiee?a naeoi?a iiiianoeee ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae.
Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy aenaioeaii o naie ioaeieaoeiyo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ci anooio, o?ueio
?icaeieia, aeniiaeia, aiaeiia?aoi? ? aeiaeaoeia, yei i?aaenoaaeaii
“Neiaieeii iie?ioiiiiiiia Iaaeai?iyinueeiai ?aeiio Iaaii-O?aieianueei?
iaeanoi”, oaaeeoeyie i?iaeoeoeaiinoi eiaeiiai no?oeoo?ii-neiaioai?iiai
oeio iie?ioiiiiiiia oa eiiaaiaaia?aoi/ieie ea?oaie, ui aiaeia?aaeathoue
a?aaeueio eieaeicaoeith aeayeeo eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo oeiia
iie?ioiiiiiiia.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie, aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/a?oueny eiai iaoa ? caaaeaiiy, iniiai? i?eioeeie ? iaoiaee
aiae?co, ?ice?eaa?oueny iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue
?iaioe, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeaea?aeueia iniiaa, oi?ioeththoueny iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “A?aeaiaeyoeai? ooai?aiiy” — cae?eniaii nenoaiiee
eaeneei-naiaioe/iee iien i?e?ioiiii?i?a, aaciaith iniiaith aeey
ooai?aiiy yeeo ? aiaeyoeaia eaeneea. O ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aecia/aii, ui c aiaeyoeaiith eaeneeith iiaeia iia’ycoaaoe iioiaeaeaiiy
iaeaea 80-oe a?aenioe?a iaca aaia?ao?/ieo i?e?iia’?eo?a Iaaea??iyiueie.
Naiaioe/iee ca’ycie i?ae aiaeyoeaii ? oiiiiniiaith iiaea aooe ye
aaciina?aaei?i — nai ia’?eo oe?eeii ?aaeueii a?aeiia?aea? eaene/iiio
cia/aiith aiaeyoeaa, oae ? iiina?aaeeiaaiei — a iniiao iii?iaoe??
i?e?iia’?eoa iieeaaeaii i?eioeei aeecueeino? iii?iiaaiiai i?e?iia’?eoa
aei iaaii? ?aae??. Aaaeeeaei aoaiii eaeneei-naiaioe/iiai aiae?co
i?e?ioiiii?i?a ? c’ynoaaiiy iiaeeeaino? o/ano? oiai /e ?ioiai aiaeyoeaa
o iaceaaii? aaia?ao?/iiai ia’?eoa.

O i?ae?icae?e? — “I?e?ioiiii?ie, iio?aei? a?ae aaia?ao?/ieo oa?i?i?a”
— aena?oeth?oueny aaiaca i?e?ioiiii?iieo ooai?aiue, iio?aeieo a?ae
eaenai ia icia/aiiy aaia?ao?/ieo iiiyoue. O?niee ca’ycie i?ae
aaia?ao?/iith iiiaieeaoo?ith ? i?e?ioiiii?iaie coiiaeth? oa, ui
aaia?ao?/ia eaeneea neeaaea? iniiaio aaco aeey i?e?ioiiii?iieo
iaeiaioaaiue. Ia oa?eoi??? Iaaea??iyiueie c? an??? noeoiiino?
i?e?ioiiii?iiiai iaoa??aeo (iiiaae 1000 iaeiaioaaiue) aeecueei 65-oe
a?aenioe?a iaca iiaeia iia’ycoaaoe iioiaeaeaiiyi c aaia?ao?/ieie
oa?i?iaie, ui a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeoue 80 a?aenioe?a on?o a?aeaiaeyoeaieo
ooai?aiue. *enaeuei?noue aaia?ao?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e i?ecaiaeeoue aei
oiai, ui a i?e?ioiiii?i?? /anoi aeaco?oueny ia yeanue iciaea ia’?eoa, a
i?yii iaceaa?oueny nai ia’?eo, naaoi aiaeyoeae aeei?enoiaothoueny o
ooieoe?? i?e?ioiiii?i?a aac aoaeue-yeeo neiaioa??ieo ci?i1.
Iaeiioe?ai?o? a oeueiio aeiaaeeo aea? neooaoe??: 1) ia iaai?e
oa?eoi??? ? o?eueee iaeei ia’?eo oaeiai ?iaeo ? ia iio?aao? ae??ciaiiy
c-iii?ae ?ioeo, i?ioa iiiaieeaoo?iee oa?i?i noa? aeaniith iacaith; 2) c
a?oie iaeiaeiaeo aaia?ao?/ieo ia’?eo?a aeey iaaiiai iinaeaiiy iaa?eueo
?noioiei ? o?eueee iaeei, oiio a?i ia iii?io?oueny ?ioith aeaniith
iacaith, a eeoa a?aeiia?aeiei ii?i?ciaaiei oa?i?iii. Ine?eueee
iniaeea?noue aaia?ao?/iiai na?aaeiaeua coiiaeth? aeieeiaiiy
?icaaeoaeaiiy eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo iciae aeey iicia/aiiy o iia?
aaia?ao?/ieo iiiyoue, aeae?ey?ii a?aeiia?aeii e?eueea
eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo i?aea?oi, ye? ?icaeyaea?ii a ie?aieo ia?aa?aoao.

Aeii?iaioieie na?aae a?aeoiiia?ao?/ieo ooai?aiue ? a?oia iaca,
iio?aeieo a?ae oa?i?i?a ia icia/aiiy ?aeue?oo i?noeaaino?. Aaciaeie
aiaeyoeaaie aeey ooai?aiiy iaca oe??? i?aea?oie ? naiaioe/ia eiei,
iia’ycaia c aioii?i?/ieie iiiyooyie “aa?o” -”iec”, ui aacoiiaii
ni?e/eiaii o?ceei-aaia?ao?/iei iieiaeaiiyi e?ath. *anoeia oaei?
oa?i?iieia?/ii? eaeneee iioe?aia ii an?e oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie ? ia? i?ici?o
naiaioeeo o a?eueoino? neiaioa??ieo iiaeaeae. I?ioa aeey cia/ii?
e?eueeino? i?e?ioiiii?i?a, iio?aeieo a?ae oa?i?i?a ia icia/aiiy ?aeue?oo
i?noeaaino?, aaciaeie aiaeyoeaaie aeey ooai?aiiy ? i?noeaaa aaia?ao?/ia
oa?i?iieia?y, ui ?ieiee ia ia? naiaioe/ieo aiaeia?a o ?ioeo ?aa?iiao
Oe?a?ie aai oa?i?iai aeanoea? iniaeea? naiaioe/i? a?aeo?iee. Aei oaeeo
iaca, cie?aia, iaeaaeaoue: Ao?oe (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), A?eiiaa
(Aeaeyoei), Ae?ea (*a?iee), Y?iia (Aeno?eoey), Aeaa?eoe? (Aeaeyoei),
AEieia (Aa?cae), Caaeie (Aa?cae), Eeeaa (Ii?a, Aeaeyoei, E?ania), Eiaeu?
(Oeooeee?a), Ia?o?a (Aa?cae), Iaaeay (Aeno?eoey), Iaeac (Aeaeyoei), Ia?/
(Naaeaeaaea), Iai/? (Aeia?io?a), Iaae?euee (Ii?a), Ia?ai?n (Aeaeyoei),
I?e/?e (Aeno?eoey), ?eia (Eai/ei), Ni?ae? (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), No?iieie
(Iaeneiaoeue), *oaa. (Ia?eua) oiui.

Iecea i?e?ioiiii?i?a, naiaioeea aaciaeo aaia?ao?/ieo oa?i?i?a yeeo
a?aeia?aaea? niaoeeo?eo ??oio?a o?aiey?oueny ??aeoa. Ooai?aiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo iaca ia aeine?aeaeoaai?e oa?eoi??? ni?e/eiaii
iniaeeainoyie ?? ??oioiaiai iie?eao. I?e?ioiiii?ie oeueiai oeio
iiai?noth a?aeiia?aeathoue oiiia?ao?/iei i?eeiaoai oiai /e ?ioiai
ia’?eoa. Na?aae ieo, ianaiia?aae, iiaeaii a?aecia/eoe o?, ui aeacothoue
ia aieia?noue oa eie?? ??oio?a ? niaoeeo?/i? aeey ?aa?iio iacae,
iia’ycai? c iieeaaeaie ei?enieo eiiaeei: Aeoaei?ieuee (n. Na?aaei?e
Iaeaeai), Aeei?iee (Aeaeyoei), Eai?ieua (Aa?oi?e Iaeaeai), Ii/??
(Aiein?a, Ia?eua), Ii/??euee (Ia?a??neue), Ii/??ea (Aeia?io?a), Iaoa/?
(Ia?a??neue, Ei?aa), ?oaea (Aeaeyoei), Nei?/ea (E?ania), No??aaaeoe?
(Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), Nieiiaoeue, Nieiioe? (Eai/ei, Aeia?io?a, Ei?aa,
Aeaeyoei), *e?eaia (Ei?aa).

Na?aae aaia?ao?/ieo oa??ieo eaenai aaaeeeaa i?noea iaeaaeeoue
a?ae?ia?ao?/i?e iiiaieeaoo??. Oae? i?e?ioiiii?ii? ooai?aiiy
i?aaenoaaeai? iacaaie: A?eieua (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), Ai?the (Eai/ei),
Eieiieeeuee (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), E??ie/euee / E?eie/euee (Na?aaei?e
Iaeaeai, Aa?oi?e Iaeaeai, Ia?a??neue), Ii?nueea Iei (Aeaeyoei), Iioi/eia
(Aa?oi?e Iaeaeai), ?iceeae (Aeaeyoei), ?inoiee (Aeia?io?a, Ian?/ia),
Ne?iaeoe? (A?e? Ineaae), Noaaeua (Oeooeee?a) ? o. i.

O /aoaa?oiio ia?aa?ao? ia?oiai ?icae?eo aiae?cothoueny i?e?ioiiii?ie,
iio?aei? a?ae oa?i?i?a ia icia/aiiy iniaeeainoae ?ineeiiiai na?oo.
Iae/enaeuei?oa o oai?aii? iaca a?aeiia?aeieo i?e?iia’?eo?a aaia?ao?/ia
aiaeyoeaia eaeneea ia icia/aiiy e?no ca iaaiith ii?iaeith aea?aa:
Aa?aceia (Aeia?io?a, Naaeaeaaea, Ia?eua), Aa?aciee, Aa??ciee (Ia?eua,
Ia?a??neue), Aoeiaeia (Ia?eua, Aeaeyoei, Oeniaie/aie, Aa?cae), A?eueoeia
(Naaeaeaaea), Aeoaeia (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), Aeoai?e (Ia?eua), E?ueie
(Oeooeee?a), Iaeeiiee (Aeeiee). Aiaeia?/i? iacae o?aieythoueny ia an?e
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie ? iioeaaoe?y ?oiueiai iioiaeaeaiiy i?ici?a. Aaciaa
aiaeyoeaia eaeneea iaioi? /anoeie ia’?eo?a iii?iaoe?? oeueiai oeio —
oa?i?ie ia icia/aiiy ?ioeo ?ineei /e iniaeeainoae ?ineeiiiai iie?eao:
Aa/oae (Ei?aa), Caiono (Aa?cae), Eoe?eueieoe? (Ia?eua), Eeiiee
(Ia?a??neue), Eeiieeuee (Naaeaeaaea), Eace (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai, Eai/ei,
Aeeiee, Aeia?io?a, Naaeaeaaea, E?nia Oa?iiaeoey), Eiiee (Aa?oi?e
Iaeaeai, Aa?cae, Eoaa?aea), I?aee?nie (*i?i? Ineaae), Neaee
(Iieiaeuee?a, No?eiaa).

I?e?ioiiii?ie, iio?aei? a?ae oa?i?i?a ia icia/aiiy oi?ie, e?i??,
?icoaooaaiiy, aaciina?aaeiuei a?aeia?aaeathoue aaiiao?e/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ia’?eo?a, cie?aia: Aeiaaa (Aeia?io?a), Aeiaaeaiaoeue
(Aeno?eoey), Eeei (Oeooeee?a), Eeeiaoeue (Aeaeyoei), E?eae (Ia?eua),
E?eaoe? (E?ania, Ia?eua, Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), E?oae?e (Naaeaeaaea),
E?oaeie (Oeooeee?a), No?eiae (Ei?aa, Ii?a), Oe?iea (Aa?oi?e Iaeaeai).

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? aiae?cothoueny iacae, iia’ycai? c
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieie oa ainiiaea?nueei-ae?iaie/eie i?ioeanaie.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? oeueiai i?ae?icae?eo ?icaeyaea?oueny iecea
ooai?aiue, ui noinothoueny ?icaeoeo ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? a
?aa?ii?. Aeii?iaioieie na?aae ieo ? ooai?aiiy ia aac? e?ni- ?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oa?i?iieia??. Oae? iacae na?ae/aoue i?i
iniaeeaino? aaiethoe?? caieaono?ith oa caieaaii?yaeeoaaiiy, a oaeiae
a?aeia?aaeathoue iniiai? i?eioeeie e?niaiai ? n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?thaaiiy: Aai???euee (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), Aoae??ea (Aeeiee),
A?iaeaia (A?e? Ineaae), AEa?aae (Naaeaeaaea), Caa?? (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai,
Aeno?eoey), C?oae (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), Ee?oeuee (Aaa?ee?aea, Ia?a??neue,
Aa?oi?e Iaeaeai), Eieeaeua (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), Ei?/oiie (A?e? Ineaae),
Eioa?euee (Aeaeyoei), E?oiaeua (Aeaeyoei), Ii?oao (A?e? Ineaae), Ii?oa
(Ia?eua), Iii??euee (E?nia Oa?iiaeoey), Iin?/euee (Oeniaie/aie),
Naaaeueaa (Aeaeyoei), Naeia?ea (Aa?oi?e Iaeaeai, Aeaeyoei), Noaaeieoe?
(Naaeaeaaea), *a?o?ae / *a?e?o (Ia?eua, Ii?a, Aa?oi?e Iaeaeai, A?e?
Ineaae, Aeno?eoey), Ooae?iea (Ii?a).

*anoeia iaeiaioaaiue aea? ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ?icaeoie i?iiene?a oa
?aianae i?ioyaii iaaiiai ia??iaeo. I?e?ioiiii?ie oeueiai oeio aeacothoue
ia i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ia’?eo?a, a oaeiae ia niiniae
aeiaoaaiiy i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a ? naiiai i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa: Aai?
(Aeeiee), Aai? (Eai/ei, Aa?cae), Aaiueeuee (E?ania, Ca??//y), Aooa
(Aa?oi?e Iaeaeai, Eoaa?aea), Oeaaieuei? (Aaa?ee?aea, Naaeaeaaea), O??an
(Eoaa?aea, A?e? Ineaae).

Ae?oaee ia?aa?ao i?enay/aiee a?aeiia?aeii i?e?ioiiii?iai, ui ooai?ai?
a?ae oa?i?i?a ia icia/aiiy eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo oa
iie?oeei-aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?ioean?a. Caaaeueiee iaeyae i?e?ioiiii?i?a
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aa?iio aeicaiey? ?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i ii??aiyii
iecueeo i?iaeoeoeai?noue ooai?aiue oaeiai oeio. Iae/ano?oa oae? ia’?eoe
iii?iothoueny ca i?eioeeiii aeecueeino? aei iaaii? eii?aeeiaoe. Na?aae
oaeeo iaca a?aecia/eii: Ai?ioa (Aeeiee), Ai?iaeeua (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai,
Ii?a), Aea?? (Ia?a??neue), Eaia?ae (Eoaa?aea), Eae?y (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai,
Aa?oi?e Iaeaeai), Eieii?y (Aeeiee, Aa?oi?e Iaeaeai), E?nie/?aea
(Eoaa?aea, Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), Iiaeeeuee (Oeooeee?a), Ieiieua (Eai/ei),
I?aecai/a (Ii?a), Nea?aiaa (Aa?cae), Oe?na?ea (Aeia?io?a), *a?ia/a
(E?ania).

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “A?aeiiiianoe/i? ooai?aiiy” — aiae?cothoueny
i?e?ioiiii?ie, iioiaeaeaiiy yeeo ne?ae iia’ycoaaoe c ?ioeie eeanaie
aeanieo iaca, onoaiiaeth?oueny ca’ycie i?ae i?e?ioiiii?iaie oa ?oi?ie
oa??ieie iniiaaie, aeaco?oueny ia iniaeeaino? i?ii??aeueii? iii?iaoe?? a
i?e?ioiiii?iao, ooai?aieo a?ae ii?iieo iniia. A caeaaeiino? a?ae ii?iii?
iniiae iiae?ey?ii iacae ia o?e iniiai? i?aea?oie.

O i?ae?icae?e? “A?aeaio?iiii?ii? ooai?aiiy” ?icaeyaea?ii
i?e?ioiiii?ie, aaciaeie iniiaaie aeey ooai?aiiy yeeo ? aio?iiii?iiee
iaoa??ae, ui aenooia? i?aeoe/ii a onueiio niaeo?? eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo oa
neiaioa??ieo ??ciiaeae?a. Iae/enaeuei?oeie ? ooai?aiiy a?ae i??caeu oa
i??caenuee (85%): Aa?ai?aea (E?nia Oa?iiaeoey), Aiiaea??a (Ia?eua,
Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai), A?anueeiaa (Eai/ei), Aiieiaa Ai?a (Na?aaei?e
Iaeaeai), E??noiai (Aiein?a), Eoeaeianueeiai (Aiein?a), Iaeueieee
(Naaeaeaaea), Oe?oeueea/aaa (Eai/ei); ??aeoa — a?ae aeanieo ?iai ethaeae
(10%): Aeai’yiiaa (Aa?oi?e Iaeaeai), Eaoa?ei/eia (Iieiaeuee?a), Inoai?a
Aa?o (*i?iee Iio?e) oa aiae?ii?i?a (5%): Aey/ai/eoeia (Aeaeyoei),
Ee/eoei (Na?aaei?e Iaeaeai).

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny i?e?ioiiii?ie, noi?iiaai? ia
aac? a?ae?ii?i?a, a oaeiae aeaco?oueny ia iniaeeaino? iii?iaoe?eii?
iiaeae? “a?ae?ii?i — i?e?ioiiii?i”. C? an??? noeoiiino?
i?e?ioiiii?i?eiio I?aea??’y aei oaeeo ca?aoiao?ii aeecueei 2,5 % iaca,
na?aae yeeo Aiaiaaoeue (Aeaeyoei), Ai?iia (Aaa?ee?aea, Ia?eua, Aiein?a),
Caeaieoe? Aa?oia, Caeaieoe? Ieaeia (Caeaia), I?neiaai? (Ii?a), Noaaiee
(Aaa?ee?aea).

Eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy iaca, yeee ia?aaeaa/a? aeaoaeueia
c?noaaeaiiy iaca i?e?iia’?eo?a c? an??th oiiii?iiith nenoaiith ?a??iio,
aeicaiey? iai anoaiiaeoe iioeaaoe?ei? iciaee iii?iaoe?? oiai /e ?ioiai
ia’?eoa, ine?eueee aiie ooai?ththoue aaia?ao?/ia na?aaeiaeua ?
caa??aathoue i?inoi?iao i?ea’yceo. Oey a?oia iaca i?e?iia’?eo?a
?icaeyaea?oueny o o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? ae?oaiai ?icae?eo
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ea?oth/enue aaia?ao?/ieie, ?noi?e/ieie
oa oiiii?i?/ieie oaeoaie, ie iiaeaii aeecueei 3,5 a?aenioe?a
i?e?ioiiii?i?eiio I?aea??’y iiynithaaoe ye iio?aei? a?ae ?ioeo
i?e?ioiiii?i?a oa ieeii?i?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “Neiaioa??ia no?oeoo?a i?e?ioiiii?i??
I?aea??’y” — cae?eniaii aea?eaaoe?eiee ? no?oeoo?iee aiae?c
i?e?ioiiii?iii? eaeneee. ?acoeueoaoe oeueiai aiae?co na?ae/aoue i?i oa,
ui aea?eaaoe?y i?e?ioiiii?i?a I?aea??’y a caaaeueieo ?enao a?aeoai?th?
nenoaio i?e?ioiiii?i?/iiai neiaioai?o Neia’yiueie ? oe?eeii caeiiii??ii
c?noaaey?oueny c iniiaieie i?eioeeiaie ? ?enaie ieeii?iii? aea?eaaoe??.
O oai?aii? i?e?ioiiii?i?a caeiyo? oaeoe/ii an? a?aeii? niiniae oai?aiiy
ne?a. Ii??aiyeueia aea/aiiy neiaioai?o i?e?ioiiii?i?a o iaaeao ??cieo
eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo eean?a aeicaiey? aecia/aoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaaii?
neiaioa??ii? iiaeae? o eiaeiiio c ieo. I?iaeoeoeai?noue neiaioa??ieo
iiaeaeae o ??cieo eeanao iaca i?aaenoaaeaii oaaeeoeyie, ui aeiaeathoueny
aei aeena?oaoe??.

Eaeneei-naiaioe/iee niin?a ioiieth? iiiaae 70 a?aenioe?a
i?e?ioiiii?iieo ooai?aiue. Iaei?iaeoeoeai?oa oey iiaeaeue i?aaenoaaeaia
o i?e?ioiiii?iao, iio?aeieo a?ae aaia?ao?/ieo oa?i?i?a, iacaao,
ooai?aieo a?ae aio?iiii?i?a ia icia/aiiy ?iaeo, oa a?aea?ae?ii?iieo
aea?eaaoao. Iayai? o a?aeaiaeyoeaieo ooai?aiiyo ao?ene iaeaaeaoue aei
aaciaeo eaenai ? ia a?ae?a?athoue oiiii?iioai?/i? ooieoe??.

Iniiao i?e?ioiiii?i?a, ooai?aieo ca ii?oieia?/iith iiaeaeeth,
neeaaeathoue noo?enaeuei? aea?eaaoe. Ia’?eoe iii?iiaai? ca
i?eiaeaaei?noth eiie?aoi?e inia? ae?aaeathoue iinaneai?noue ca
aeiiiiiaith noo?en?a -ei-, -ia- (-aa-, -?a), -nuee- (-cuee-, -oeuee-),
-?aea ? o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ca oi?iith ? noanoaioeaiaaieie
i?eeiaoieeaie.

Cia/ia /anoeia i?e?ioiiii?i?a ca no?oeoo?ith — neeaaeai? ooai?aiiy.
*enaeuei? ao?eaooeai? neiainiieo/aiiy c iaeyaeo ia aecia/aeueiee ca
iioeaaie iii?iaoe?? eiiiiiaio ca?aoiao?ii aei o??? /e ?ioi? iiaeae?
iii?iaoe??.

Eaeneei-neioaene/iee oa ii?oieiai-neioaene/iee niin?a oai?aiiy ne?a
aenooiathoue iiina?aaeeiaaii. Eaeneeae?caoe?y aeyaey?oueny a i?ioean?
ooai?aiiy iaca ia iniia? i?eeiaiieeiai-?iaiieeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e, ui
aeacothoue ia i?noea?icoaooaaiiy ia’?eo?a a?aeiinii ?ioeo ?aae?e. I?i
noanoaioeaaoe?th iiaeia aiai?eoe a on?o aeiaaeeao eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo oa
ii?oieia?/ieo aea?eaao?a, ui caa??aathoue i?eeiaoieeiao oi?io ?,
iae/ano?oa, aae’?eoeaio neiaici?io.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaecaaaeuei?oee aeniiaie iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy
i?e?ioiiii?i?? Iaaea??iyinueeiai I?aea??’y caaaeii ia aeoiaeeoue iica
iaae? oeo oiiii?i?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae, ye? neeaeeny i?ioyaii noie?oue
ia oa?ai? Oe?a?ie ? an??? Neia’yiueie. I?e?ioiiii?i?y aae?a? a naaa ?
a?aeaeaa? o?eueee oa, ui iaea?eueoa a?aeiia?aea? i?e?iaeii-aaia?ao?/iei
oiiaai i?noeaaino?, ?noi?e/iei iniaeeainoyi oa aeiiii?/iiio oeeaaeo.

C iaeyaeo ia eieae?caoe?th iaaiiai eaeneei-naiaioe/iiai oeio
i?e?ioiiii?i?a aeine?aeaeoaaiee ?aa?ii oiiaii iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia o?e
/anoeie, ui aecia/a?oueny e?eueeiia ia’?eoeaieie /eiieeaie: 1)
aeaai?noue iinaeaiiy; 2) iniaeeaino? o?ceei-aaia?ao?/iiai na?aaeiaeua;
3) niaoeeo?ea caiaeueieo a?aeiinei oiui. Aaia?ao?/ii caeaaei?noue
ciaioaiiy a?aeaio?iiii?iieo ooai?aiue ? ca?eueoaiiy iaca, iio?aeieo a?ae
aiaeyoea?a, ia?aaeon?i aaia?ao?/ieo oa?i?i?a, i?inoaaeo?oueny a iai?yieo
c? noiaeo ia i?aaeaiiee cao?ae, oiaoi a iai?yieo aei aieiaiiai iania
Ea?iaonueeeo a??.

Nenoaiia aea/aiiy noeoiiino? i?e?ioiiii?i?a ?aa?iio aeicaieeei
anoaiiaeoe e?euee?nia a?aeiioaiiy i?ae aea?eaaoaie a?aeaiaeyoeaieie oa
iio?aeieie a?ae ?ioeo ii?i?a. I?e?ioiiii?ie, iio?aei? a?ae aiaeyoeaieo
iniia, ioiieththoue aeecueei 75 a?aenioe?a on?o iaca; a?ae ii?iieo iniia
— 25%.

Iaei?iaeoeoeai?oee oa? aaciai? eaeneee aeey ooai?aiiy iaca
i?e?iia’?eo?a — aaia?ao?/ia oa?i?iieia?y. Iacae i?e?iia’?eo?a, iio?aei?
a?ae aaia?ao?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e, ? aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii o?enaoe?? oa
?aeiino?oeoe?? nai???aeii?, /anoi ao?a/aii? ia aiaeyoeaiiio ??ai?,
oa?i?iieia??. I?e?ioiiii?i?y Iaaea??iyiueie ? oaeiae aaaeeeaith aacith
aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy ? noaiiaeaiiy e?niainiiaea?nueei? oa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? eaeneee. Aiaeyoeaia eaeneea a i?e?ioiiii?i??
?aa?iio ia?aaaaeii neia’yinueea ca iioiaeaeaiiyi, /anoi ieoiii
oe?a?inueea, ? a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao naiaioeea oeeo aiaeyoea?a ia
iio?aao? ie?aiiai iiyniaiiy. Iaeiae iayaia oe?ea iecea ooai?aiue ia aac?
eaenai, ui ca iioiaeaeaiiyi ? /oaeiiiaieie caiice/aiiyie c?
no?aeii?iiainueeeo, i?iaoeueei? oa oai?nueei? iia. Aeaye? c oeeo eaenai
aaeaiooaaeeny ia oe?a?iiiiaiiio ??oio? ? iiaooothoue o i?noeaaiio
iiaeaii? ye onoaeai? aaia?ao?/i? oa?i?ie /e iiiyooy ia icia/aiiy
ia’?eo?a ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?. Naiaioeea ie?aieo oaeeo ne?a
cian?i ia a?aeiia i?noeaaiio ianaeaiith ? eaenaie i?eaeeeeny o?eueee a
caeiina?aiaaiiio aeaeyae? o oi?i? i?e?ioiiii?i?a. Iaeiae /enei inoaii?o
ii??aiyii iaioa.

I?e?ioiiii?ie, ooai?ai? ia ??oio? aio?iiii?iieo iniia, noaiiaeyoue 19
a?aenioe?a on??? noeoiiino? i?e?ioiiii?i?a aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aa?iio ?
76 a?aenioe?a a?aeiiiianoe/ieo ooai?aiue. Aiie ? oe?iiei iaoa??aeii aeey
aea/aiiy aio?iiii?i??, ine?eueee aiae?c oeeo iaca i?e?iia’?eo?a
aeicaiey? iai noi?ioaaoe iaai? iieiaeaiiy i?i iioe?ai?noue a ?aa?ii?
oiai /e ?ioiai oeio aeanieo ?iai oa i??caeu, a oaeiae cao?enoaaoe ieceo
aio?iiii?i?a i??caenueeiaiai oa?aeoa?o.

Eiiieaenia aea/aiiy i?e?ioiiii?i?? aeicaieeei iai anoaiiaeoe ca’ycie
i?ae ??cieie eeanaie oiiii?i?eii? nenoaie ? c’ynoaaoe iaai?
caeiiii??iino? ooai?aiiy iaca a?ae a?ae?ii?iieo, ieeii?iieo oa
i?e?ioiiii?iieo iniia.

Eiie?aoiee aiae?c neiaioai?o i?e?ioiiii?iieo iaca na?ae/eoue i?i oa,
ui nenoaia oai?aiiy iaca iaeeo aaia?ao?/ieo ia’?eo?a caeia? ie?aia
i?noea a nenoai? neiaioai?o oe?a?inueei? iiae ? oe?eeii caeiiii??ii
c?noaaey?oueny c iniiaieie i?eioeeiaie ? ?enaie ieeii?iii? aea?eaaoe??.
A oie aea /an ie ia?aeiio?iiny, ui o i?e?ioiiii?i?? i?aaenoaaeai? an?
o?aaeeoe?ei? niiniae neiaioai?o.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aaia?ao?/ia oa?i?iieia?y a i?e?ioiiii?i?? I?aea??’y // Iiaiciaanoai.
— 1997. — ? 2-3. — N. 29-35

2. A?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae i?e?ioiiii?i?a i?e oeeaaeaii? ?a?no?o
aaia?ao?/ieo iaca // A?niee aaiaeac?? ? ea?oia?ao??. — 1996. — ? 2. —
N. 83-86

3. Iiiianoeea a oeie? // Oe?a?inueea iiaa oa e?oa?aoo?a. — 1997. — ?
14. — N. 10

4. E?niainiiaea?nueea oa?i?iieia?y a i?e?ioiiii?i?? I?aea??’y //
Oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y ? no/ani?noue: Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? c oa?i?iieia??. — Ee?a, 1997. — N. 77-79

5. A?aeia?aaeaiiy ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino? a i?e?ioiiii?i?? I?aea??’y//
Iiiianoeea no?aeieo neia’yi: Oace aeiiia?aeae iaoeiaiai nai?ia?o. —
Ee?a, 1996. — N. 52-53

6. Neiaioa??ia no?oeoo?a i?e?ioiiii?i?? I?aea??’y // I?iaeaie
iiiianoe/iiai neiaioai?o: Oace aeiiia?aeae iaoeiaiai nai?ia?o. — Ee?a,
1997. — N. 37-39

7. Iniaeeaino? ?a?no?aoe?? i?e?ioiiii?i?a // Noai?aiiy Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai aaieo aaia?ao?/ieo iaca: Oace aeiiia?aeae ?
iia?aeiieaiue Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? c
oiiii?i?ee. — Ee?a, 1995. — N.21-22

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10. 02. 01. — oe?a?inueea iiaa. — ?inoeooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?iai? I. I. Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii nenoaiiiio aea/aiith i?e?ioiiii?i?? I?aea??’y
(Iaaea??iyinueeiai ?aeiio ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?). O ?iaio?
aeei?enoaii iiiaae 1000 iaca i?e?iia’?eo?a, a?eueo?noue c yeeo c?a?aii
aaoi?ii ? aaaaeaii a iaoeiaee ia?a oia?oa. I?e?ioiiii?i?y ?a??iio
aea/a?oueny c iaeyaeo ia eaeneei-naiaioe/ia cia/aiiy iniia oa niaoeeo?eo
neiaioa??ii-no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe??, ui aeicaiey? aeyaeoe iniaeeaino?
aaciai? eaeneee a oiiii?iioai?/iio i?ioean? ? i?inoaaeeoe iniiai? iioeae
i?ii??aeueii? iii?iaoe?? a i?e?ioiiii?i??.

Ieoaeue/oe I. E. Iee?ioiiiieiey Ieaeae?uey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10. 02. 01 — oe?aeineee ycue, Einoeooo
ycueiaaaeaiey ei. A. A. Iioaaie IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia nenoaiiiio eco/aieth iee?ioiiiieiee Ieaeae?uey
(Iaaeai?iyineiai ?aeiia Eaaii-O?aieianeie iaeanoe). A ?aaioa
eniieueciaaii naa?o 1000 iaeiaiiaaiee iee?iiaueaeoia, aieueoeinoai
eioi?uo nia?aii aaoi?ii e aaaaeaii a iao/iue iai?io aia?aua.
Iee?ioiiiieiey ?aaeiia enneaaeoaony a nayce ec eaeneei-naiaioe/aneei
cia/aieai iniia e niaoeeoeeie neiaiia?aciaaoaeueii-no?oeoo?iie
i?aaiecaoeee, /oi i?aaeinoaaeyao aiciiaeiinoue onoaiiaeoue iniaaiiinoe
aaciaie eaeneee a i?ioeanna oiiiieiiia?aciaaiey e i?ineaaeeoue iniiaiua
iioeau i?ii?eaeueiie iiieiaoeee a iee?ioiiiieiee.

.Mykhalchuk O. I. The microtoponimy of Pidgirja. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidates Degree in Philological Sciences with the
speciality 10. 02. 01. — the Ukrainian language. — The Institute of
Linguistics named after O. O. Potebnya NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

The thesis is devoted to the systematical investigation of the
microtoponimy of Pidgirja (Nadvirnyanskiy aeria, Ivano-Frankivsk
region). If is used over 1000 names of microobjects is this work, most
of wich are gathered and introduced into sciency by the author for the
first time. The microtoponimy of Pidgirja is studed taking into account
lexical and semantic meaning of the stems and the specificity of their
wordbuilding organization. It allows to determine the peculiarities of
the basis lexic in the process of building of toponims and to observe
the main motives of the proprial nomination in microtoponimy.

Похожие записи