I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AOAe?AIEOeOAA OA A?O?OAEOO?E

IAOUeIAeIAA AIAEAE?EA EAII?Ae?AIA

OAeE 331.101.1

IAOIAeE A?AIIII?*II? AENIA?OECE AEONOE*IIAI

OA NA?OEIAIAI NA?AAeIAEUA I?IAOAAIIss

05.01.04 — a?aiiii?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oa?e?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? i?nueeiai

ainiiaea?noaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ei?aeee

Ai?en Ieoaeeiae/, Oa?e?anueea
aea?aeaaia

aeaaeai?y i?nueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa,

caa. eaoaae?ith aaciaee
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aoa?ia

Ae?aa Oia?eiae/, Oe?a?inueea
?iaeaia?ii-

iaaeaaia?/ia aeaaeai?y, caa.
eaoaae?ith

?ioi?iaoeee oa ia/enethaaeueii?
oaoi?ee;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eaa?ia

?aaai Aiaoie?eiae/, Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee

aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, i?i?aeoi? c o/aiai?

?iaioe, caa. eaoaae?ith e?aa?iaoeee oa

?ioi?iaoeee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — IAI » Iao?ieia?y »
Aea?aenoaiaea?oo

Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «19» aeiaoiy 1999?. i 13 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae
64.056.02 a

Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa oa

a?o?oaeoo?e ca aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Noinueea
40.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e

ca aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Noinueea 40.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «15» aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao a?o?oaeoo?e, aeioeaio
*a?eaniaa E.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Nioe?aeueii — aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie Oe?a?ie aeiaaa?
noai?aiiy oi?ioeo oiia na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy a ??cieo nenoaiao
«ethaeeia — oaoi?ea — na?aaeiaeua» (NEON), ui ni?eythoue ?o
aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy, aaciaoe? oa eiioi?oiino?. I?e ae??oaii?
oe??? i?iaeaie iaiao?aeii eiiieaenii a?aoiaoaaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
caieoe ethaeae aei na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy ia an?o aoaiao eiai ?nioaaiiy/

I?aeaeuaiiy caieo?a aei eiioi?oo na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, i?aaiaiiy aei
iioeiaeueiino? ??oaiue, ui i?eeiathoueny, ca ?aooiie ?o iaoeiaiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy oa nei?i/aiiy oa?i?i?a i?iaeooaaiiy aeeeeeaee
iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy aio/eeo cania?a oaeaeei? oa aoaeoeaii?
a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece aeey oe?ieiai eeano i?iaeoieo neooaoe?e — a?ae
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?ei?uaiiy c NEON aei oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae c
?icoaoiaaieie ia i?e eiiieaenaie NEON.

Oiio iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei i?aeoiaeii aei ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie ?
?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ? oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece na?aaeiaeua
i?iaoaaiiy, yea ia(?aeio? aaaaoi eean?a ie?aieo iiaeaeae, ui
a?aeia?aaeathoue i?ea?iae c oei /e ?ioei nooiaiai aaeaeaaoiino?, oa
iaaea? ei?enooaa/o iiaeeea?noue aeoeaii? ae?yeueiino? /a?ac aaia?aoe?th
oeeo iiaeaeae oa ?o ?aae?caoe?th ia AII ia ??cieo aoaiao i?iaeooaaiiy.

Iiaoaeiaa oaeeo oaoiieia?e iia(ycaia c iaiao?aei?noth iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? no?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa ?ioaa?aoe?? ia(?eo?a oa
i?ioean?a a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy a oiiaao
aaaaoueio oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiuei? ianoaiiaee. Iniaeeaa i?noea caeiathoue
oai?aoe/i? caniae, ui i?noyoue a nia? iiaeae?, iaoiaee oa aeai?eoie
a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece, ye? neeaaeathoue ooieoe?iiaeueio iniiao
oaoiieia??. Aoaeoeai?noue ?? aenieoaoaoe?? caeaaeeoue a?ae oiai,
iane?eueee canoiniaai? iiaeae? aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aaeathoue ??ciiiai?oi?
i?iaeoi? neooaoe?? na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy. Oiio aeey i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
i?iaeooaaiiy na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy iio??aia ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/iiai
?ino?oiaioa??th ?? a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece, ui ia? aeinoaoith
aaeaioeai?noue aei ??cieo i?iaeoieo neooaoe?e.

Iaoeiaith i?aenoaaith aeine?aeaeaiue ? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? ?iaioe
A.O.Aoa?iaa, N.I.Ai/a?iai?, A.A.Aaa?eeiaa, A.?.Aoaeinueeiai,
A.A.?aa?aoiaa, A.I.Ca?aeianueeiai, A.I.Cei/aiea, A.A.E?eeiaa,
A.TH.Eaiaoea, A.O.Eiiiaa, A.I.Ioi?iiaa, I.?.Iaaea?ii, A.I.?ioooaeia,
A.A.Nooiaeieuenueeiai, A. I. Oiaa?ia oa ?i. o aaeoc? oai???
a?aiiii?ee; Ae. Aa?ian-eo, I.I. Aon?aa, A.?. Aeaienaiea, A.A. Aeoia?aa,
N.A.Cieie?y, A.I . Ei?aeeea, A.?. Eaa??ea, ?.A. Eaiioue?aa,
A.I.Ie?iiaiea, E. A. Iaca?aiea, A.E.Ineiiaa, ?.I.Naiieethea,
?.I.Ne?eey, A.ss.. Ooaeiaa?aa, ?.TH.THae?ia oa ?i. o aaeoc? aiae?co oa
ioe?iee na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy; A.I.Aaeaiaiea, ?.E.Aa?aei?eiaa, O.I.
Ai?uiai?, ?.A.Eaa?iaa, ?.A.Oeiy a aaeoc? a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece oa
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e a a?aiiii?oe?.

?iaioe oeeo ? aaaaoueio ?ioeo aaoi??a noai?eee iaoiaeieia?/i? oa
oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oai??? aiae?co oa ioe?iee
na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy a oiiaao aaaaoie?eoa??aeueiino? c o?aooaaiiyi
aaaaoueio oaeoi??a ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua ia aac? iiaoaeoaaiiy
aaeaioeaii? oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei i?ae?icae?eo 6.2.2 «Ia?niaeoeai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??» Ieaio aea?aeathaeaeaoieo ?ia?o I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie
ca oaiith «?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? aiae?co oa neioaco
nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo nenoai » (? Ae? 0194 U 038225) ia eaoaae??
aaciaee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? Oa?uee?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai??
i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea iiaeo oa ?icaeoie a?aeiieo iaoiae?a ?
cania?a a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece aeonoe/iiai oa na?oeiaiai na?aaeiaeua
i?iaoaaiiy NEON, ui i?iaeoo?oueny.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaiith iaoith a aeena?oaoe?? noi?ioeueiaai? oa
ae??oai? oae? iniiai? caaea/?, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno :

1. ?ic?iaeaia caaaeueia iaoiaeeea noai?aiiy oaoiieia?? a?ai-iii?/ii?
aenia?oece na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui i?noeoue a nia? aea?? i?eioeei?a
?? iiaoaeiae oa no?oeoo?e, iiaeae? oa oaoiieia?th aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii?
ioe?iee i?e ??ciiio nooiai? aecia/aiino? o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a, ?o aca?iii?
aaaeeeaino?, ia?a?nii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? o.?i.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaia oaoiieia?y a?aiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aeonoe/iiai
na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui i?noeoue a nia? aea?? iiaeaeae aeaea?ae
ooio, iaoiaee ioe?iee ooio a ?aaeueiiio na?aaeiaeu? eiai
?iciianthaeaeaiiy, iiaoaeiae ooiiaeo ea?o oa ?o a?aiiii?/ieo e?eoa???a ?
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ??ai? ooio a ?ic?aooieiaeo oi/eao i?ei?uaiue ?
oa?eoi??e caaoaeiae, anoaiiaeoe oa a?coae?coaaoe ciie eiioi?oo oa
aeeneiioi?oo c ia/eneaiiyi ?o a?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a.

?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y a?aiiii?/ii? ioe?iee na?oeiaiai na?aaeiaeua
i?iaoaaiiy, ui i?noeoue a nia? aea?? iiaeaeae aeaea?ae ?inieyoe?? oa
i?e?iaeiiai ina?oeaiiy, iaoiaee ioe?iee cao?iaiiy oa ?inieyoe??
oa?eoi???, ?inieyoe?? oa i?e?iaeiiai ina?oeaiiy i?ei?uaiiy ? aea?
iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe ia o?eueee e?euee?ni? cia/aiiy na?oeiaiai
na?aaeiaeua, aea e anoaiiaeoe oa a?coae?coaaoe ciie eiioi?oo oa
aeeneiioi?oo c ia/eneaiiyi aeey ieo a?aiiii?/ieo e?eoa???a.

4. Io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe?? iiaeae? e iaoiaee ?aae?ciaai? o aeaeyae?
eiii(thoa?ii? oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy
c ?ic?iaeith ae?oaeiueiai ?ioa?oaeno «aenia?o-AII», ui aeicaiey?
?aoe?iiaeueii ?iciiae?eeoe ooieoe?? i?ae ieie oa aanoe ae?aeia c AII
i?ioan?eiith iiaith ei?enooaa/a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

1. Aia?oa noai?aia caaaeueia iaoiaeeea iiaoaeiae
oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui
i?iaeoo?oueny, ca aaaaoueia o?ce/ieie oaeoi?aie a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o
eiiieaeniiai aieeao, nooiaiy aecia/aiiy, aca?iii? aaaeeeaino?, ia?a?nii?
?ioi?iaoe?? ? o.?i.

2. Oaeineiiaeai? oa io?eiaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoiaee oa oaoiieia??
a?aiiii?/iiai aiae?co oa ioe?iee aeonoe/iiai oa na?oeiaiai na?aaeiaeua
i?iaoaaiiy, ui aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe ia o?eueee e?euee?ni? cia/aiiy
o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a, aea e anoaiiaeoe ca eiaeiei c ieo oa an?ia
iaeii/anii ciie eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo c ia/eneaiiyi ?o a?aiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a.

3. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia eiii(thoa?ia oaoiieia?y a?aiii-i?/ii?
aenia?oece aeonoe/iiai oa na?oeiaiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui
i?noeoue a nia? caniae aca?iiae?? aenia?oa c AII o aeaeyae?
ae?oaeiueiai ?ioa?oaeno i?ioan?eiith iiaith ei?enooaa/a e aeicaiey?
?aoe?iiaeueii ?iciiae?eeoe ooieoe?? i?ae ethaeeiith oa iaoeiith a
i?ioean? aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?ic?aooie?a.

Ia(?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeonoe/ia oa na?oeiaa na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy
NEON, ui i?iaeoo?oueny.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? a?aiiii?/ia aenia?oeca na?aaeiaeua
i?iaoaaiiy, ui i?iaeoo?oueny, ca ooiii, cao?iaiiyi, ?inieyoe??th oa
i?e?iaeiei ina?oeaiiyi.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii c oaiith «Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
?ic?iaea iiaeo eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e i?iaeooaaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo nenoai ia i?eeeaae? aeeoeiai? caaoaeiae» (? Ae?
0194 U 038225) ia eaoaae?? ?ioi?iaoeee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e. Iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeai? o AeI? Oa?e?ai?iaeo i?e i?iaeooaaii? iiai? oa
?aeiino?oeiaaii? aeeoeiai? caaoaeiae. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeei?enoiaothoueny: i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?e, aeeiiaii? eaai?aoi?ieo ?ia?o, o
eo?niaiio i?iaeooaaii? c aeenoeeie?ie «Eiii’thoa?i? oaoiieia?? a
o?aiaeieia??» o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? iaoiaee oai??? a?aiiii?ee,
nenoaiiiai aiae?co, ?ioi?iaoe??, aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? ioe?iee oa
iioei?caoe??, iaoaiaoe/iiai i?ia?aioaaiiy oa aaiiao?e/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy.

A??ia?aei?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?o ii??aiyiiyi
c ?acoeueoaoaie, ui io?eiai? ?ioeie iaoiaeaie, oa aenia?eiaioaeueieie
aeaieie, a oaeiae aeina?aeii i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy i?e a?aiiii?/i?e
aenia?oec? ?aaeueieo ia(?eo?a NEON.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai? a aeena?oaoe??
?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a
a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo eiii(thoa?ieo
oaoiieia?e. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeai? a AeI? «Oa?e?ai?iaeo» i?e
a?aiiii?/i?e aenia?oec? ia(?eo?a NEON, ui i?iaeoothoueny oa
?aeiino?oththoueny, — oea aaoiiaaacei, e?ea?iyiee eiiieaen,
aaaaoi-iiaa?oiaa aaoinoiyiea oa ?i. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?e, aeeiiaii? eaai?aoi?ieo ?ia?o,
o eo?niaiio i?iaeooaaii? ca aeenoeeie?iaie » A?aiiii?ea » a Oa?e?anuee?e
aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa oa » Eiii(thoa?i?
oaoiieia?? a o?aiaeieia?? » a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iaea?aeai?
aaoi?ii iniaenoi. Caeiaoaa/ ?ic?iaea: o ?iaioao [1-3, 10] — caaaeueio
iaoiaeeeo iiaoaeiae ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece
na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui i?iaeoo?oueny, ca aaaaoueia o?ce/ieie
oaeoi?aie oa ?? eiii(thoa?io ?aae?caoe?th; a ?iaioao [4-6,11-13] —
oaoiieia?th a?aiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aeonoe/iiai na?aaeiaeua i?iao-aaiiy; a
?iaioao [7-9, 14-16] — oaoiieia?th a?aiiii?/ii? ioe?iee na?oeiaiai
na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue, iaaiai?thaaeenue oa aoee noaaeai? ia oaeeo
eiioa?aioe?yo oa nai?ia?ao: 1- 4-e I?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo «Oai??y
e oaoi?ea ia?aaea/?, i?eeiio oa ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??» (Oa?e?a-Ooaina,
1995 — 1998); I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «No/ani?
i?iaeaie aaiiao?e/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy » (Iae?oiiieue, 1995); 9-11-e
I?aeia?iaeieo oeieao-nai?ia?ao «Ia?niaeoeai? nenoaie
oi?aae?i-iy ia cae?cie/iiio, i?iieneiaiio oa i?nueeiio
o?ainii?o?» (Aeoooa, 1996-1998); 3-o I?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia??
«Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e o aeieoiaioaeueii-eiioi?eaoe?ei?e noa??»
(Oa?e?a, 1996); Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie: ?noi??y oa no/ani?noue»
(Oa?e?a, 1996); 2-e ?aa?iiaeuei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeieia?y oa
aaciaea aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?» (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996);
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeei?enoaiiy eiii(thoa?ieo
oaoiieia?e a o/aiaiio i?ioean?» (Oa?e?a, 1997); I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Nioe?aeuei? eiioi?eaoe??: ?icaeoie
a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio i?inoi?? » ( Oa?e?a, 1998 );

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeeny, iaaiai?thaaeeny oa aoee noaaeai? ia eiioa?aioe?yo ?
nai?ia?ao: 3-e I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oai??y ? oaoi?ea ia?aaea/?,
i?eeiio oa ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??» (Oa?e?a-Ooaina, OOO?A, 1997); 9-e oa
10-e I?aeia?iaei?e oeie?-nai?ia?? «Ia?niaeoeai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ia
cae?cie/iiio, i?iieneiaiio oa i?nueeiio o?ainii?o?» (Aeoooa, 1996-1997);
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie:
?noi??y oa no/ani?noue» (Oa?e?a, OAe?E, 1996); Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e a o/aiaiio i?ioean?»
(Oa?e?a, OOO?A, 1997); ?anioae?eainueeiio nai?ia?? Iaoeiai? ?aaee AI
Oe?a?ie c i?iaeaie «E?aa?iaoeea» (Oa?e?a, 1998); 51-53-e
Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e (Oa?e?a, OAeOOAA, 1996-1998).
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aaoiiaoecaoe?y i?ioean?a
oi?aae?iiy oa i?iaeooaaiiy a aoae?aieoeoa? oa a?o?oaeoo??» (
Oaoeaio, 1998 ); ?anioae?eainueeeo nai?ia?ao Iaoeiai? ?aaee IAI Oe?a?ie
c i?iaeaie «E?aa?iaoeea» (Oa?e?a, 1998-1999); 50-54-e iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e (Oa?e?a, 1995-1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 16
ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? ia? caaaeueiee ianya 148 noi??iie, 38 ?enoie?a ?
10 oaaeeoeue ia 25 noi??ieao, 1 aeiaeaoie ? nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae c 127 iaeiaioaaiue ia 14 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? iniiai?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ioa?aeoa?eciaaia iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeacaiee ?oi?e ca’ycie c ieaiaie iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa oe?eueiaeie i?ia?aiaie, iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i
ai?iaaoe?th oa ioae?eaoe?? iniiaieo iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, ui aeiinyoueny
ia caoeno.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co i?iaeai a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece
oa eeaneo?eaoe?? NEON iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue a?aiiii?/ii?
aenia?oece aeonoe/iiai oa na?oeiaiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy. Iaaaaeai?
iinoaiiaee oeeo caaea/.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c i?aeoiae?a ? iaoiae?a ?ica(ycaiiy caaea/ a?aiiii?/ii?
aenia?oece na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui i?iaeoo?oueny, yeee iieacaa
iaiao?aei?noue aeai?o oa iaa?oiooaaiiy i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae oa no?oeoo?e
?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy
a oiiaao ?? aaaaoioaeoi?iino? i?e ??ciiio nooiai? aecia/aiino?
oaeoi??a, ?o aca?iii? aaaeeeaino? oa ?i. Ia iniia? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?e
aea?ai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? a?aeii? o oai??? aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?iaeooaaiiy
i?eioeeie no?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa ?ioaa?aoe?? ?ioa?i?aoiaai? oa
?iciianthaeaeai? ia iiaee eean ia’?eo?a ? i?ioean?a a?aiiii?/ii?
aenia?oece na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui i?iaeoo?oueny. Oea aeicaieeei
aea?aoe no?oeoo?o ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/ii?
aenia?oece na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy. ?? iniiaieie yoaiaie ? : 1)
aiae?c aeaea?ae o?ce/ieo

oaeoi??a oa aea?? ?o iiaeaeae; 2) caaaeaiiy
?ic?aooieiaeo oi/ie; 3) aecia/aiiy aieeaath/eo ia?aiao??a
na?aaeiaeua ?iciianthaeaeaiiy; 4) anoaiiaeaiiy
a?aie/ii-aeiionoeieo ??ai?a oaeoi??a; 5) ?icaeooy
?ic?aooieiaeo oi/ie ia ae?eyiee; 6) aea?? iiaeaeae na?aaeiaeua
?iciianthaeaeaiiy; 7) ioe?iea eiaeiiai oaeoi?a a ?ic?aooieiaeo oi/eao
oa iiaoaeiaa cii eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo c ia/eneaiiyi a?aiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a; 8) aea?? iiaeaeae aaaaoioaeoi?ii? ioe?iee e iiaoaeiaa cii
eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo ca an?ia oaeoi?aie c ia/eneaiiyi ?o
a?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a. A??ia?aei?noue iaea?aeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo
caaacia/aia ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eia?/iith iine?aeiai?noth ae??oaiiy caaea/
a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece, eiee ??oaiiy eiaeii? iiia?aaeiuei? caaea/? aea?
ia?a?nio ?ioi?iaoe?th aeey ianooiieo.

Iaoiaee aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? ioe?iee ci?noiaii ?ioa?i?aoiaaii oa
?iciianthaeaeaii ia iiao i?aaeiaoio iaeanoue -a?aiiii?/io aenia?oeco
na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui i?iaeoo?oueny, c aaaaoueio o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a
a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o eiiieaenii? ae??, nooiaith aecia/aiino?, aca?iii?
aaaeeeaino?, ia?a?nii? ?ioi?iaoe??, oiui. Cie?aia, cai?iiiiiaai? oae?
noaie ioe?iee : 1) iaeneiaeueii? aaeeoeaii? ei?eniino? aeey oaeoi??a
iaeiiiai?aaeaii? ae?? c a?aeiieie aaaiiinoyie; 2) ca e?eoa??yie, ui
canoiniaothoueny iine?aeiaii, eiee iacaeaaei? oaeoi?e oii?yaeeiaai? ca
nooiaiai oe?aeeeaino? /e ei?eniino?; 3) iaenei?iia aeey ei?enieo ?
i?i?iaenia aeey oe?aeeeaeo oaeoi??a, eiee ?o aaaeeea?noue iaa?aeiia.

?ic?iaeaii iiaee iaoiae aecia/aiiy aaaiiino? o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a
iaeiiiai?aaeaii? ae?? i?e a?aeii?e ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ia?aaaao i?iaeoieo
neooaoe?e na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy oa i?i cia/aiiy aea?aieo oaeoi??a.
Iaoiae a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae a?aeiieo iaoiae?a aenia?oieo ioe?iie
i?inoioith, oae ye a?ae aenia?o?a ia aeiaaathoue caaeaaaoe e?euee?ni?
cia/aiiy aaaiiino? o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a, a o?eueee ye?ni? a?aeiioaiiy
ia?aaaae i?iaeoieo neooaoe?e c oaeoi??a, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny, i?e
a?aeiieo ?o cia/aiiyo.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? oaeineiiaeai? oa io?eiaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie
iaoiaee e oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/iiai aiae?co oa ioe?iee aeonoe/iiai
na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui aaeaioeai? aei ??cieo i?iaeoieo neooaoe?e ?
aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe ia o?eueee e?euee?ni? cia/aiiy ??aiy ooio, aea
e anoaiiaeoe ciie aeonoe/iiai eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo c ia/eneaiiyi ?o
a?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a.

Aeey ioe?iee aeonoe/iiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy aecia/aia iaiao?aeia oa
aeinoaoiy iiiaeeia aeaea?ae ooio, ui iaea?eueo /anoi cono??/athoueny ia
oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae oa aiinyoue nooo?aee aianie aei aeonoe/ii?
ianoaiiaee. Aea?ai? iiaeae? oi/eiaeo oa e?i?eieo aeaea?ae ooio oa
iaa?oioiaaii ?o canoinoaaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae aoaio i?iaeooaaiiy e
nooiaiy aecia/aiino? ia?a?nii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y a?aiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ooio a ?aaeueiiio
na?aaeiaeu? i?iaoaaiiy, yea aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe iniaeeaino?
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ooio ia oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae oa a
i?ei?uaii? ? ? aaeaioeaiith aei ??cieo i?iaeoieo neooaoe?e, a
oaeiae i???ioiaaia ia aaoiiaoecaoe?th ?ic?aooie?a ia AII.

Ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy aaiiao?e/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oaeineiiaeai? oa
iaea?aeaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoiaee iiaoaeiae ooiiaeo ea?o, ui
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe oa a?coae?coaaoe iiaa?oith ?iciiae?eo cia/aiue ??aiy
ooio ia oa?eoi???, anoaiiaeoe ciie aeonoe/iiai eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo
c ia/eneaiiyi cia/aiue a?aiiii?/ieo e?eoa???a ?o ioe?iee.

Aeey iiaoaeiae ooiiai? ea?oe ?ic?iaeaii iiaee iaoiae, nooue yeiai
iieyaa? a ianooiiiio. Ia oiiai?e iiaa?oi? oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae (ieiuei?,
ia?aeaeuei?e iiaa?oi? oa?eoi??? ia aenio? 1,5i) iaiineoueny n?oea c
caaeaiith a?aenoaiith. A ?? aoceao aecia/athoueny cia/aiiy ??aiy ooio
a?ae on?o aeaea?ae ca?aeii ?ic?iaeai?e a aeena?oaoe?? oaoiieia??.
Io?eiai? a aoceao n?oee cia/aiiy ??aiy ooio a?aeia?aaeathoueny ii
aie?eao? (eii?aeeiao? Z) a aea?aiiio ianooaa?. *a?ac io?eiai?
o?eaei??i? oi/ee aoaeo?oueny iiaa?oiy ?iciiae?eo cia/aiue ooio. Ia
aenio? aeiionoeiiai ??aiy ooio i?iaiaeeoueny ieiueia, ui ia?aeaeueia
oiiai?e iiaa?oi? oa?eoi???. ?? ia?a??c c iiaa?oiath ?iciiae?eo cia/aiue
ooio i?iaeoe?th?oueny ia oiiaio iiaa?oith oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae, ui aea?
aeaia?eaoe?eio e?eao cii eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo. Oe? ciie, a
caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo, iiaeooue aooe iaca(ycieie, oiaoi cia?aaeothoue
aeae?eueea iaeanoae, ye? ia ia?a??cathoueny.

Aeey ioe?iee aeonoe/iiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy aea?ai? oae? a?aiiii?/i?
e?eoa??? :

Nooiaiue caaacia/aiino? aeonoe/iei eiioi?oii

, (1)

aea LA — i/?eoaaiee ??aaiue caoeo a ?ic?aooieia?e oi/oe?, iaea?eueo
oa?aeoa?i?e aeey ia(?eoo, yeee ?icaeyaea?oueny, aeAA;

Laeii — aeiionoeiee ca nai?oa?ieie ii?iaie ??aaiue caoeo a
?ic?aooieia?e oi/oe?, aeAA.

2. Na?aaeiueicaaaeaia ia?aaeuaiiy aeiionoeieo ??ai?a caoeo :

a) ia oa?eoi???

, (2)

— noia?ia aeiaaeeia iaa?no?aeueieo aoeeoeue oa aei??a, ye?
?icaeyaeathoueny, ei;

n — e?euee?noue ae?eyiie;

-aea?aaeaioiee ??aaiue caoeo ia i — ?e ae?eyioe?, aeAA;

— aeiionoeiee ??aaiue caoeo aeey ciie, a iaaeao yei? ciaoiaeeoueny
i-oa ae?eyiea;

bi — aeiaaeeia i — i? ae?eyiee c aea?aaeaioiei ??aiai caoeo
LA yea.i , ei;

a) ii ooieoe?iiaeueieo ciiao

, (3)

-noia?ia aeiaaeeia iaa?no?aeueieo aoeeoeue ii j-?e cii?, ei;

o’- e?euee?noue iaa?no?aeae;

— aea?aaeaioiee ??aaiue caoeo ia o-?e iaa?no?ae? j- i? ooieoe?iiaeueii?
ciie, aeAA;

— aeiionoeiee ??aaiue caoeo aeey j-i? ciie, aeAA;

, ei.

.

4. Eiao?oe??io aeonoe/iiai eiioi?oo ca ieiuath

, (4)

.

5. Eiao?oe??io aeonoe/iiai aeeneiioi?oo ca ieiuath

, (5)

Eiao?oe??io aeonoe/iiai eiioi?oo ca ia?eiao?ii aoae?aaeue

, (6)

— ia?eiao? aoae?aaeue, ui ciaoiaeyoueny a cii? aeiionoeieo ??ai?a
caoeo, i;

— ia?eiao? an?o aoae?aaeue, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny, i.

Eiao?oe??io aeonoe/iiai aeeneiioi?oo ca ia?eiao?ii aoae?aaeue

. (7)

8. E?euee?noue ethaeae a cii? eiioi?oo I oa aeeneiioi?oo I ae.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? oaeineiiaeai? oa iaea?aeaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie
iaoiaee oa oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/iiai aiae?co e ioe?iee na?oeiaiai
na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy ca ?inieyoe??th oa i?e?iaeiei
ina?oeaiiyi. Oe? iaoiaee aeathoue iiaeeea?noue eiiieaenii
ioe?ithaaoe na?oeiaa na?aaeiaeua ca aeacaieie oaeoi?aie oa aecia/aoe
ia o?eueee e?euee?ni? ?o cia/aiiy, aea e anoaiiaethaaoe ciie eiioi?oo
oa aeeneiioi?oo ca eiaeiei oaeoi?ii ie?aii e on?ia iaeii/anii c
ia/eneaiiyi ?o a?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a.

Aeey ioe?iee na?oeiaiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy aea?ai? : 1) iiaeaeue
i?e?iaeiiai aeaea?aea ?inieyoe??, yea ? aeinoaoiuei oi?aa?naeueiith oa
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe o?eaae?noue ?inieyoe?? ia o?eueee aeey aoaeue-yei?
oe?ioe i?noeaaino? e iiiaioo /ano, aea e aeiy ?ieo; 2) iiaeaeue
aeaea?aea i?e?iaeiiai ina?oeaiiy, iniiaaia ia iaoiae? i?iaeoe??
o?eaniiai eooa, ui aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe ?? oi/i?noue ca ?aooiie
canoinoaaiiy aiae?oe/ieo caeaaeiinoae ?ic?aooieo, a ia iaaeeaeaieo, ye
o iaoiae? Aeaieethea.

Aeey ioe?iee cao?iaiiy oa ?inieyoe?? oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae canoiniaai?
iaoiaee ?i?oaoe?eiiai aaiiao?e/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue
a?ao?/ii ioe?ieoe oa a?coae?coaaoe aeeiai?eo ci?ie ia i?ioyc? aeiy cii
na?oeiaiai eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy ia oa?eoi???
caaoaeiae. Oea iieaaoo? ni?eeiyooy aenia?oii na?oeiai? ianoaiiaee oa
aecia/a? a?aei?io io?eiaiiai ?acoeueoaoo a?ae a?aeiieo, ui
aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe o?eueee noaoe/io ioe?ieo na?oeiaiai
na?aaeiaeua.

Aeey a?ao?/ii? ioe?iee cao?iaiiy oa ?inieyoe?? oa?eoi???
caaoaei-ae cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee iiaoaeiae oaeeo iaeanoae :

;

; (8)

aiaeei

; (9)

, (10)

; (11)

aiaeei

, (12)

. (13)

Aea?ai? oa iaa?oioiaai? a?aiiii?/i? e?eoa??? ioe?iee na?oeiaiai
na?aaeiaeua oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo cae?enith?oueny
e?euee?nia ioe?iea cii na?oeiaiai eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo oa?eoi???
oa ?ic?aooieiaeo oi/ie ia i?e, ui aeicaiey? anaa?/ii ioe?ithaaoe
ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa nioe?aeuei? aeanoeaino? na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy oa
i?eaeaoi?noue eiai aeey caaeaieo aeae?a aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Cie?aia, ye
a?aiiii?/i? iieacieee ioe?iee cao?iaiiy oa ?inieyoe?? oa?eoi???
caaoaeiae, aea?ai? e?eoa??? iiaea?eiiai i?ecia/aiiy ( ca i?aaeiaoiith
iniiaith — nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/i?, a ca ooieoe?iiaeueiith — a?aiiii?/i?
) :

, (14)

;

.

. (15)

.

aeacaii? oi/ee oa?eoi??? i?ioyaii eiaeiiai ?ioa?aaeo; 6) noia?ii?
o?eaaeino? ?inieyoe?? caaeaii? oi/ee oa?eoi???.

Iiaoaeiaa cii eiioi?oo (ae?eyiee oa?eoi???, ui ?inieththoueny i?ioyaii
iaiao?aeiiai /ano) ? aeeneiioi?oo (ae?eyiee, ui cao?iythoueny i?ioyaii
aeinoaoiueiai /ano) cae?enith?oueny oae, ye ? aeey ooio.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? iiaeae? oa a?aiiii?/i? e?eoa??? ioe?iee ?inieyoe??
i?ei?uaiue, ye? aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue, oaeaeeiae?th oa
iia?aoeai?noue ioe?iee aeacaiiai o?ce/iiai oaeoi?a o ?aaeueiiio
na?aaeiaeu? i?iaoaaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae aoaio i?iaeooaaiiy oa
ia?a?nii? ?ioi?iaoe??. A?aei?ii?noue iaea?aeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo a?ae
a?aeiieo iiaeaeae iieyaa? a aaiiao?e/iiio iiaeaethaaii? oa
a?coae?caoe?? iiaa?oi? ?iciiae?eo cia/aiue ?inieyoe?? a ??cieo oi/eao
i?ei?uaiiy, a oaeiae cii eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo c ia/eneaiiyi ?o
a?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a, aiaeia?/ieo iaaaaeaiei aeua.

?ic?iaeai? iia? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy a?aiiii?/ieo
iieac-iee?a i?e?iaeiiai ina?oeaiiy i?ei?uaiue, ui
aeicaieythoue a?aoiaoaaoe a?eueoo e?euee?noue aieeaath/eo
ia?aiao??a ( a?aeaeooy na?oea a?ae ciai?oi?o oa aioo??oi?o
iiaa?oiiue i?ei?uaiue ) oa i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue ?ic?aooieo ca
aiae?oe/ieie caeaaeiinoyie, ia/eneth- aaoe ia o?eueee
e?euee?ni? cia/aiiy i?e?iaeiiai ina?oeaiiy, aea e aoaeoaaoe oa
a?coae?coaaoe iiaa?oith ?iciiae?eo cia/aiue oeueiai oaeoi?a a
?ic?aooieiaeo oi/eao i?ei?uaiiy, a oaeiae ciie eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo
c ia/eneaiiyi ?o a?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a.

A ?icae?e? 5 aia?oa aeey aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?ioeano a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece
na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii eiii(thoa?io oaoii-eia?th ia aac?
a?ao?/iiai ?aaeaeoi?a AUTOCAD aa?n?? 14 ? NOAAe FOXBASE. ?? iniiaieie
eiiiiiaioaie ? : 1) caniae AUTOCAD; 2) i?ia?aie iiaith AUTOLISP aeey
aaiiao?e/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy na?aaeiaeuai?iaoaaiiy, iiaoaeiae a?ao?/ieo
iieaciee?a, iiaa?oiiue ?iciiae?eo cia/aiue o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a, cii
eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo; 3) a?ae?i- oaea i?ia?ai iiaith N aeey
?ic?aooieo eii?aeeiao iaeanoae, cia/aiue o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a oa
a?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a.

?ic?iaeai? caniae aca?iiae?? aenia?oa c AII o aeaeyae? ae?oaeiueiai
?ioa?oaeno c ?aoe?iiaeueiei ?iciiae?eii ooieoe?e i?ae ieie, a?aoiaoth/e
ni?iiiaeiino? ethaeeie ? iiaeeeaino? AII. ?ioa?oaen ?aae?ciaaii ca
aeiiiiiaith ae?aeiaiaeo a?eii iiaith ei?enooaa/a o noaiaea?oao WINDOWS
— 95, ui aeicaiey? cia/ii iieaaoeoe ?iaioo aenia?oa c AII o i?ioean?
a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy.

Iaaaaeaii i?eeeaaee ioe?iee aeonoe/iiai na?aaeiaeua i?ei?uaiue
i?iaeoiaaiiai e?ea?iyiiai eiiieaeno, oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae, ui
?aeiino?oth?oueny, oa oi?aiaaeueiiai eiiieaeno c aaoiiaaaceiii.

?icaeyiooi i?eeeaaee ioe?iee na?oeiaiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy aeey
oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae oa i?ei?uaiue c oaeeo o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a, ye
cao?iaiiy, ?inieyoe?y oa i?e?iaeia ina?oeaiiy.

AENIIAEE

1. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co i?iaeaie a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece NEON
iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece aeonoe/iiai oa
na?oeiaiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, iaaaaeaia ?? iinoaiiaea oa
noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aea?ai? oa iaa?oioiaai? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae oa no?oeoo?a

oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy a oiiaao ??
aaaaoioaeoi?iino? c a?aooaaiiyi ??cieo nooiai?a aecia/aiino? oaeoi??a,
?o aca?iii? aaaeeeaino?, ia?a?nii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

3. ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece aeonoe/iiai
na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe ?? ia o?eueee e?euee?nii,
aea e a?ao?/ii oeyoii iiaoaeiae cii eiioi?oo (aeeneiioi?oo) c
aecia/aiiyi ?o a?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a.

4. ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece na?oeiaiai na?aaeiaeua
i?iaoaaiiy, yea aea? iiaeeea?noue e?euee?nii oa a?ao?/ii ioe?ieoe
cao?iaiiy oa ?inieyoe?th oa?eoi??? caaoaeiae, ?inieyoe?th oa
i?e?iaeia ina?oeaiiy i?ei?uaiue, a oaeiae aecia/eoe ?o ciie eiioi?oo oa
aeeneiioi?oo c ia/eneaiiyi a?aiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a.

5. ?ic?iaeaia eiii(thoa?ia oaoiieia?y a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece
na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui i?iaeoo?oueny, yea aeeth/a? i?ia?aii? caniae
aca?iiae?? aenia?oa c AII o aeaeyae? ae?oaeiueiai ?ioa?oaeno
i?ioan?eiith iiaith ei?enooaa/a, ui aeicaiey? ?aoe?iiaeueii
?iciiae?eeoe i?ae ieie ooieoe?? oa aaoiiaoecoaaoe i?ioean a?aiiii?/ii?
aenia?oece.

6. Aeey ia?aa??ee a??ia?aeiino? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??
ae??oaii ?yae eiie?aoieo i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ ? i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy ?o c
?acoeueoaoaie, ui iaea?aeai? o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie.

7. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeee ?yae iiaeo caaea/ a aaeoc?
noai?aiiy aenia?oieo nenoai c aiae?co oa ioe?iee na?aaeiaeua
i?iaoaaiiy, ui i?iaeoo?oueny.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Iaoaaeiaa A.E. Ii?aaeaeaiea aaniiinoe oece/aneeo oaeoi?ia
iaeiiiai?aaeaiiiai aeaenoaey // Iaoeiaee ainiee aoaeiaieoeoaa. — Oa?e?a:
OAeOOAA, 1999. — Aei. 6. — N. 232-235.

2. Iaoaaeiaa A.E., Eoeaeia A.I. Nenoaia aaiiao?e/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey
aeeeie cano?ieee // Iaoeiaee ainiee aoaeiaieoeoaa. — Oa?e?a: OAeOOAA,
1998. — Aei. 2. — N. 168-171.

3. Iaoaaeia E.E., Caii?iaeoeaa N.TH., Iaoaaeiaa A.E. Eiiiuethoa?iay
oaoiieiaey aiaeeca yeieiae/aneie n?aaeu ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?iaeoe?oaiuo
iauaeoia // I?eiaiaiea iee?ii?ioeanni?ia a nenoaiao aeaeaciiaei?iaeiie
aaoiiaoeee. — Oa?ueeia: OAAAEO, 1995. -Aui.27.- *.1. — N. 59-66.

4. Ei?aeee A.I., Iaoueiaeiaa A.E., Iao?aiei TH.A. Iiaeae? aiae?co oa
ioe?iee ??aiy ooio // Iaoeiaee a?niee aoae?aieoeoaa.- Oa?e?a: OAeOOAA,
1998.- Aei. 3. — N. 162-169.

5. Ei?aeee A.I., Iaoaaeiaa A.E., Iao?aiei TH.A. Iaoiaeu ninoaaeaiey ea?o
caooieaiiinoe iaaeiaaeno?aeueiuo oa??eoi?ee //
Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. —
1998. — ? 5. — N. 20-23.

6. Iaoaaeiaa A.E., Iao?aiei TH.A., Iaoaaeia E.E. Y?aiiiie/aneay
yenia?oeca

Iaaaaeaii i?eeeaae aecia/aiiy aaaiiino? ?inieyoe?? oa i?e?iaeiiai
ina?oeaiiy i?e ?o eiiieaeni?e ae??, eiee anoaiiaeai? ia?aaaae i?iaeoieo
neooaoe?e oa cia/aiiy aea?aieo o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a.

i?iaeoe?oaiiai aieueie/iiai eiiieaena ii ooio // ?a-aeeiyeaeo?iieea e
eioi?iaoeea. — 1998.- ? 4. -N 135-138.

7. Caii?iaeoeaa N.TH., Iaoaaeiaa A.E. A?aoiaiaeeoe/aneee iaoiae

?an/aoa anoanoaaiiie inaauaiiinoe iiiauaiee // I?eiaiaiea
iee?ii?ioeanni?ia a nenoaiao aeaeaciiaei?iaeiie aaoiiaoeee.- Oa?ueeia:
OAAAEO, 1995. — Aui. 27.- *. 2. — N. 54-61.

8. Eoeaeia A.I., Iaoaaeiaa A.E. Aaoiiaoecaoeey ?an/aoia naaoioaoieee //
ANO e i?eai?u aaoiiaoeee.- Oa?ueeia : OOO?A, 1997. — Aui.106. — N.
56-60.

9. Naoaoeeee A.Ae., Caii?iaeoeaa N.TH, Iaoaaeiaa A.E.
A?aoiaia-eeoe/aneee iaoiae iiaeaee?iaaiey yeaeo?iiaaieoiie ianoaiiaee
aaeece oanaaea caeaiey // ANO e i?eai?u aaoiiaoeee. — Oa?ueeia :
OOO?A, 1997.- Aui. 105.- N.86-90.

10. Eoeaeia A.I., Iaoaaeiaa A.E. Aaiiao?e/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea
?aciauaiey iauaeoia aeeeie cano?ieee n o/aoii yeieiae/aneeo
oaeoi?ia // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeacii-aei?iaeiii
o?ainii?oa. — 1998. — ? 4. — N. 77-79.

11. Caii?iaeoeaa N.TH., Iaoaaeiaa A.E. Iino?iaiea ooiiauo ea?o io
o?ainii?oiuo iioieia n i?eiaiaieai eiiiuethoa?iie a?aoeee //
Ei-oi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii
o?ai-nii?oa. — 1996. — ? 4. — N. 76-77.

12. Ei?aeee A.I., Iaoaaeiaa A.E. E?eoa?ee ioeaiee aeonoe/aneiai
eiioi?oa// Eioi?iaoeeiiii oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iae-iii
o?ainii?oa. — 1997. — ?4. — N. 100.

13. Iaoaaeiaa A.E., Iao?aiei TH.A. Neioac yooaeoeaiuo ia? ca-

ueou io ooia o?ainii?oiuo iioieia // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu
ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. — 1998. — ?4. — N. 85-86.

14. Caii?iaeoeaa N.TH., Iaoaaeiaa A.E. Eiiiuethoa?iay a?aoeea i?e
aaoiiaoecaoeee ?an/aoia anoanoaaiiie inaauaiiinoe //
Eioi?-iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii
o?ainii?oa. — 1996. — ? 4. — N. 71-72.

15. Iaoaaeiaa A.E., Eoeaeia A.I. Aaoiiaoecaoeey naaoioaoie/an-eeo
?an/aoia ia IYAI // Eioi?iaoeeiiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa. — 1997. — ?4. — N. 95.

16. Eoeaeia A.I., Iaoaaeiaa A.E. Eiiiuethoa?iua oaoiieiaee ioeai-ee
yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo eceo/aiee iioe/aneiai aeeaiaciia // Eioi?iaoee-
iiii-oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu ia aeaeaciiaei?iaeiii o?ainii?oa.- 1997. — ?4.
— N. 95-96.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iaoueiaeiaa A.E. Iaoiaee a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece aeonoe/iiai oa
na?oeiaiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeueiinoth 05.01.04 — a?aiiii?ea. — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?ie, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii iaoiaeai a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece aeonoe/iiai
oa na?oeiaiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy, ui i?iaeoo?oueny. Cai?iiiiiaaia
caaaeueia iaoiaeeea noai?aiiy oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/ii? aenia?oece.
?ic?iaeai? oaoiieia?? a?aiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aeonoe/iiai oa na?oeiaiai
na?aaeiaeua i?iiaoaaiiy, ui aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe ia o?eueee e?euee?ni?
cia/aiiy ia?aieo o?ce/ieo /eiiee?a, aea e anoaiiaeoe oa a?coae?coaaoe
ciie eiioi?oo oa aeeneiioi?oo c ia/enethaaiiyi ?o a?aiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a. Cai?iiiiiaai? eiii(thoa?ia oaoiieia?y a?aiiii?/ii?
aenia?oece oa caniae aca?iiae?? aenia?oa c AII o aeaeyae? ae?oaeiueiai
?ioa?oaeno i?ioan?eiith iiaith ei?enooaa/a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?aiiii?/ia aenia?oeca, na?aaeiaeua i?iaoaaiiy,
?inieyoe?y, cao?iaiiy, i?e?iaei? ina?oeaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iaoaaeiaa A.E.. Iaoiaeu y?aiiiie/aneie yenia?oecu aeonoe/aneie e
naaoiaie n?aaeu iaeoaiey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.01.04 — y?aiiiieea.- Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue
oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca i?iaeaiu y?aiiiie/aneie yenia?oecu nenoai «/aeiaae
— oaoieea — n?aaea» iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?aoa-iey caaea/e
y?aiiiie/aneie ioeaiee aeonoe/aneie e naaoiaie n?aaeu iaeoaiey.
I?eaaaeaia aa iinoaiiaea e noi?ioee?iaaiu caaea/e
enneaaeiaaiey.

Aia?aua ecaanoiua a oai?ee aaoiiaoecaoeee i?iaeoe?iaaiey i?eioeeiu
no?oeoo?ecaoeee e eioaa?aoeee eioa?i?aoe?iaaiu e ?ani?ino?aiaiu ia iiaue
eeann iauaeoia e i?ioeannia y?aiiiie-/aneie yenia?oecu i?iaeoe?oaiie
n?aaeu iaeoaiey. Yoi iicaieeei aua?aoue no?oeoo?o
eioi?iaoeeiiiie oaoiieiaee y?aiiiie/aneie yenia?oecu n?aaeu iaeoaiey.

Aia?aua iaoiaeu iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiie ioeaiee niaea?aeaoaeueii
eioa?i?aoe?iaaiu e ?ani?ino?aiaiu ia iiaoth i?aaeiaoioth iaeanoue —
y?aiiiie/aneoth yenia?oeco i?iaeoe?oaiie n?aaeu iaeoaiey ii iiiaei
oece/aneei oaeoi?ai a caaeneiinoe io eo eiiieaeniiai aicaeaenoaey,
noaiaie ii?aaeaeaiiinoe, acaeiiie aaaeiinoe, enoiaeiie eioi?iaoeee.

?ac?aaioai iiaue iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey aaniiinoe oece/aneeo oaeoi?ia
iaeiiiai?aaeaiiiai aeaenoaey i?e ecaanoiie eioi?iaoeee i
i?aaeii/oeoaeueiinoe i?iaeoiuo neooaoeee n?aaeu iaeoaiey e cia/aieyo
aua?aiiuo oaeoi?ia.

Aeey ioeaiee aeonoe/aneie n?aaeu iaeoaiey ii?aaeaeaii iaiaoi-aeeiia e
aeinoaoi/iia iiiaeanoai enoi/ieeia ooia, iaeaieaa /anoi ano?a/athueony
ia oa??eoi?ee cano?ieee e aiinyueo nouanoaaiiue aeeaae a aeonoe/aneoth
ianoaiiaeo. Aua?aiu iiaeaee oi/a/iuo e eeiaeiuo enoi/ieeia ooia e
iainiiaaii eo i?eiaiaiea a caaeneiinoe io yoaia i?iaeoe?iaaiey e
noaiaie ii?aaeaeaiiinoe enoiaeiie eioi?iaoeee.

?ac?aaioaia oaoiieiaey y?aiiiie/aneie ioeaiee ooia a ?aaeueiie n?aaea
iaeoaiey, iicaieythuay o/anoue iniaaiiinoe ?ani?ino?aiaiey ooia ia
oa??eoi?ee cano?ieee e a iiiauaiee, eioi?ay yaeyaony aaeaioeaiie e
?acee/iui i?iaeoiui neooaoeeyi.

Ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey iaoiaeia aaiiao?e/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey
oniaa?oainoaiaaiu e iieo/eee aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea iaoiaeu iino?iaiey
ooiiauo ea?o, /oi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue ii?aaeaeeoue e aecoaeece?iaaoue
iiaa?oiinoue ?ani?aaeaeaiey cia/aiee o?iaiy ooia ia oa??eoi?ee,
onoaiiaeoue ciiu aeonoe/aneiai eiioi?oa e aeeneiioi?oa n au/eneaieai
cia/aiee y?aiiiie/aneeo e?eoa?eaa eo ioeaiee.

Aua?aiu iiaeaee enoi/ieeia einieyoeee e anoanoaaiiiai inaauaiey,
iicaieythuea ii?aaeaeeoue cia/aiey oeacaiiuo oaeoi?ia a

eaeaaeueiuo oneiaeyo.

Aia?aua iaoiaeu eieoaoeeiiiiai aaiiao?e/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey i?eiaiaiu
aeey ioeaiee caoaiaiey e einieyoeee oa??eoi?ee cano?ieee,

/oi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue a?aoe/anee ioeaieoue e aecoaeece?iaaoue
aeeiaieeo eciaiaiey a oa/aiea aeiy cii naaoiaiai eiioi?oa e
aeeneiioi?oa

n?aaeu iaeoaiey ia oa??eoi?ee cano?ieee. Aua?aiu e iainiiaaiu
y?aiiiie/aneea e?eoa?ee ioeaiee naaoiaie n?aaeu oa??eoi?ee cano?ieee.

I?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua iiaeaee e y?aiiiie/aneea e?eoa?ee ioeaiee einieyoeee
iiiauaiee, eioi?ua iicaieytho iiauneoue oi/iinoue e iia?aoeaiinoue
?an/aoia aeey ?aaeueiie n?aaeu iaeoaiey a caaeneiinoe io yoaia
i?iaeoe?iaaiey e enoiaeiie eioi?iaoeee.

?ac?aaioaiu iiaua iaoiaeu ii?aaeaeaiey y?aiiiie/aneeo iieacaoaeae
anoanoaaiiie inaauaiiinoe iiiauaiee, iicaieythuea o/anoue aieueoaa /enei
aeeythueo oaeoi?ia e iiauneoue oi/iinoue ?an/aoa ca n/ao aiaeeoe/aneeo
caaeneiinoae.

Aia?aua ?ac?aaioaia eiiiuethoa?iay oaoiieiaey y?aiiiie/aneie yenia?oecu
n?aaeu iaeoaiey, aeeth/athuay i?ia?aiiiua n?aaenoaa aaiiao?e/aneiai
iiaeaee?iaaiey n?aaeu ?ani?ino?aiaiey oece/aneeo oaeoi?ia, ?an/aoa eo
cia/aiee e iino?iaiey cii eiioi?oa e aeeneiioi?oa n au/eneaieai eo
y?aiiiie/aneeo iieacaoaeae.

?ac?aaioaiu n?aaenoaa acaeiiaeaenoaey yenia?oa n YAI a aeaea
ae?oaeanoaaiiiai eioa?oaena ia i?ioanneiiaeueiii ycuea iieueciaaoaey n
?aoeeiiaeueiui ?ani?aaeaeaieai ooieoeee, enoiaey ec niiniaiinoae
/aeiaaea e aiciiaeiinoae YAI.

?anniio?aiu eiie?aoiua i?aeoe/aneea caaea/e e i?iaaaeaii n?aaiaiea eo
?aoaiee n ?acoeueoaoaie, iieo/aiiuie ae?oaeie iaoiaeaie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa : y?aiiiie/aneay yenia?oeca, n?aaea iaeoaiey, ooi,
einieyoeey, caoaiaiea, anoanoaaiiay inaauaiiinoue.

ABSTRACT

Nephodova A.L. Methods of ergonomics examination of noise and lighting
inhabited environment — Manuscript.

Thesis for candidate(s degree by speciality 05.01.04 — Ergonomics.-

Kharkov State Technical University of Construction and Architecture,
Kharkov, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the ergonomics examination methods of the
designed inhabited environment according to noise, insolation, shading
and natural lighting. The general technique of constructioning
ergonomics examination technology has been offered. The ergonomics
astimation technology regard to noise and lighting to have been
developed is permitted to determine not only the quantitative vaiues of
the selected physical factors, but also the visualize comfort and
discomfort zones with calculationing ergonomics criterions. Computer
technology of ergonomics examination and software as user-friendly
interface have been suggested.

Key words: ergonomics examination, inhabited environment, noise,
insolation, shading, natural lighting.

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