2

?INOEOOO O?IEIA?? OA IAO?IEIA?? AII OE?A?IE

OeA?AIEI A?eoi? Eaii?aeiae/

OAeE:614.2..616.61-002.3-036

EE?I?*I? OA IAAeEEI-NIOe?AEUeI? ANIAEOE IIOEI?CAOe??

IAAeE*II? AeIIIIIAE OAI?EI IA AINO?EE I??EIIAO?EO

14.01.06 — O?ieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy
iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa

iaaee/ieo
iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie

Iaoeia? ea??aieee:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ian?/i?eia Na?a?e
Iao?iae/,

?inoeooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoth/ee

a?aeae?eaiiyi ianiaoeeo?/ieo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue
ie?ie oa

na/iaea?aeieo oeyo?a;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Naeaeaeiaa Iaoae?y
Ieaenaiae??aia,

?inoeooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie,aieiaiee
iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo ai?aeai?ieia?? oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ii?

?iaioe.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AEeea Aaneeue
Aaneeueiae/,

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe,
i?ioani?

eaoaae?e o?ieia??;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe *a?iaiei Aaneeue Aaneeueiae/

?inoeooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo na/ieai`yii?
oai?iae.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.?.I??iaiaa, eaoaae?a o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «15»a?oaeiy 1998?. i13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.615.01 i?e ?inoeooo? o?ieia?? oa
iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:254053 i.Ee?a, aoe.
TH.Eioethaeinueeiai, 9-A.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, ca aae?anith: 254053, i.Ee?a, aoe.
TH.Eioethaeinueeiai, 9-A.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «13»eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Aieei I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia iaaeaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae
oai?ei ia aino?? caiaeuei? oai?iae ie?ie ia? aaeeea
iaaeeei-nioe?aeueia cia/aiiy ? caeeoa?oueny a eie? ci?o ??cieo ca
oaoii niaoe?ae?no?a. Ia nueiaiaei? ia o?eueee a Oe?a?i?
niinoa??aa?oueny neooaoe?y, eiee i?e aeinoaoiuei oe?ieiio
ae?aaiinoe/iiio a?naiae? oa cia/ieo aeinyaiaiiyo a e?eoaaii?,
?acoeueoaoe iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oaeei oai?ei ia a?aeiia?aeathoue
no/aniei aeiiaai. I?i oea na?ae/eoue ui??/iee ??no caoai?thaaiino? ia
?ioaeoe?eii-caiaeuei? oai?iae ie?ie, a oiio /ene? na?aae in?a
i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo, oa ii/auaiiy oneeaaeiaiue ?o ia?aa?ao; c?inoa?
oaeiae e?euee?noue aeiaaee?a oa o?eaae?noue oei/aniai? ao?aoe
i?aoeacaeaoiino?, ?iaae?aeiino?, nia?oiino?, ui ni?e/eiai? oe??th
iaoieia??th (Aic?aiia I.O.,1996, 1997; Iaaeiaa E.I. oa ?i. 1991,1996;
Na?aethe A.I. oa ?i.1996; Eaneiia I.I., Iaaeth/aiei,1997; Etheueei A.A.
e ae?. Ei?ai I e ae?. 1998; M.J.Bergeron,1995; J.Jarini, A.Mazzi,
1995). Oaea iieiaeaiiy i?aeo?eio?oueny c?inoaiiyi ??aiy ye
o?ieia?/ii? caoai?thaaiino?, oae ? ianiaoeeo?/ieo caiaeueieo oai?ia
?ioeo nenoai i?aai?cio, ye? /anoi ? coiiaeththoue ?icaeoie aino?iai
i??eiiao?eoo (Aic?aiia I.O., Etheueei I.A.,1993; Iaaeiaa E.I. oa
?i.,1996; Aic?aiia I.O. oa ?i.,1997; Etheueei A.A. e ae?., 1997; Ie??a
E.A.,1997). E??i oiai , ia? cia/aiiy ia-

aaoeaiee aieea neeaaeieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oa aeieia?/ieo oiia,
ye? ni?eythoue i?ia?anoaaiith oa iia??oaiith ia?aa?ao caiaeueieo
caoai?thaaiue (Aic?aiia I.O. oa ?i.,1995; Aeai?eao I.I. oa ?i.,1996;
Eaeoaeia A.A. e ae?.,1996; Na?aethe A.I. oa ?i.,1996).

?nioth/a ?ica?aei?noue i?ae iiaeeeainoyie no/anii? o?ieia?? oa
iieacieeaie ae?yeueiino? oe??? neoaeae aeicaiey? iaaieineoe ia
aeooaeueiino? i?iaeaie ? aecia/eoe ia?niaeoeaiee iai?yiie ??
iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy. Nooo?aiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? iaiao?aei?noue
anoaiiaeaiiy ?aaeueiiai noaio iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ia ie?aieo ?? aoaiao
oa ??aiyo c oei, uia aeyaeoe iaaeie?ee, c`ynoaaoe ?o i?e/eie,
i?inoaaeeoe caeiiii??iino? oa iniaeeaino? a nenoai? iaaeaiiy
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae

cacia/ai?e eaoaai??? oai?eo. Oeueiai iio?aao? ? i?ioean ?aoi?ioaaiiy
iaaee/ii? aaeoc?, yeee iiaeiai a?oiooaaoeny ia a??ia?aeieo aeaea?aeao
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aeioe?eueia aeei?enoaiiy ?nioth/i?
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace, iniaeeai ?? e?aeeiaiai oiiaeo.

A?aenooi?noue aeaieo eiiieaenii? nenoaiii? ioe?iee yeino?
e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai i?ioeano i?e aino?iio i??eiiao?eo? (AI),yeee
caeia? i?ia?aeia i?noea a nooeoo?? aini?oae?ciaaii? caoai?thaaiino?
(Aic?aiia I.O. oa ?i.,1996; Iaaeiaa E.I., Iana/ieeia N.I., Naeaeaeiaa
I.A. e ae?., 1996), a?aoiaioo? aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui noaei
i?aaeiaoii oe??? ?iaioe.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ye o?aaiaio eiiieaenii?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie, caoaa?aeaeaii? AII oa IIC Oe?a?ie, iiia?
aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0196U013010.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iie?ioaiiy ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia
aino?ee i??eiiao?eo oeyoii iioei?caoe?? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ia
i?aenoaa? ioe?iee ?? noaio ia ??cieo ??aiyo oa aoaiao.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Anoaiiaeoe ieoiio aaao aino?iai i??eiiao?eoo a no?oeoo??
aini?oae?ciaaii? caoai?thaaiino?, /anoioo eiai oi?i oa noaae?e a
noaoe?iia?ao ??ciiai oeio.

2. Aecia/eoe ye?noue iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia aino?ee
i??eiiao?eo a noaoe?iia?ao ??ciiai oeio c a?aooaaiiyi i?io?eth
a?aeae?eaiue (o?ieia?/ia, iao?ieia?/ia).

3. Aecia/eoe ye?noue iie?ee?i?/ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei, ui ia?aianee
aino?ee i??eiiao?eo.

4. Ioe?ieoe aieea ee?i?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo, nioe?aeueieo oaeoi??a
ia ye?noue iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oa oa?i?i aini?oae?caoe?? oai?eo ia
aino?ee i??eiiao?eo a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio e?ea?i? oa i?io?eth
a?aeae?eaiiy.

5. ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy o?eaaeino?
aini?oae?caoe?? oa caoiaee uiaei iioei?caoe?? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
oai?ei ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— Eiioeaioe?y iioei?caoe?? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia
aino?ee i??eiiao?eo, yea aaco?oueny ia iaaeeei-nioe?aeuei?e ioe?ioe?
no/aniiai ?? noaio.

— Eiiieaen caoiae?a ii caaacia/aiith iioei?ciaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo, yeee ni?ey? iie?auaiith
?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy oa nei?i/aiith eiai oa?i?io:

iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy o?eaaeino? aini?oae?caoe?? a
o?ieia?/ieo oa iao?ieia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo iaaee/ieo caeeaae?a ??ciiai
oeio; aeai?eoi oaeoeee aaaeaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo.

— Aeei?enoaiiy i?eioeeio ee?i?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy
oa?i?io aini?oae?caoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

* Aia?oa ia cia/iiio ee?i?/iiio iaoa??ae? aecia/aii no/aniee noai
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia AI ? aeiaaaeaii, ui eiai ??aaiue ia
a?aeiia?aea? aeinyaiaiiyi iaoee oa iiaeeeainoyi
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a.

* Aeyaeai? ee?i?/i?, i?aai?caoe?ei? oa nioe?aeuei? oaeoi?e, a?ae yeeo
caeaaeeoue ye?noue iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae a aiaoeaoi?ieo oa noaoe?iia?ieo
oiiaao.

* Aia?oa ia i?aenoaa? ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa no/anieo
iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a aeae?eai? o?e iniiai? ee?i?/i? oaeoi?e (ye?noue
oa iiaiioa ianoaaeaiiy, oa?aeoa? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano, ye?noue
e?eoaaiiy), ye? iaea?eueo nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia o?eaae?noue
aini?oae?caoe?? oa ?? ?acoeueoao, a oaeiae e?euee?nii ioe?iaia (a
aaeao) ae?y eiaeiiai oaeoi?o oa ?o niieo/aiue.

* Aecia/aia eiioeaioe?y iioei?caoe?? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia AI
oa iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia caoiae?a uiaei ?? caaacia/aiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

— Aecia/aia i?noea aino?iai i??eiiao?eoo a no?oeoo??
aini?oae?ciaaii? caoai?thaaiino? iaaee/ieo caeeaae?a ??ciiai oeio oa
ieoiia aaaa eiai ee?i?/ieo oi?i.

— Aecia/ai? ?aca?ae oa oeyoe iioei?caoe?? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae
oai?ei ia AI, ye? a?oioothoueny ia ?acoeueoaoao aenia?oece yeino?
ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy.

— Ooi/iai? iieacaiiy aei aini?oae?caoe?? a iao?ieia?/ia
a?aeae?eaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo.

— Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy o?eaaeino? aini?oae?caoe??, yea
aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe ?? oa?i?i ia i?aeoeoe?.

— Cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi oaeoeee aaaeaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee
i??eiiao?eo, yeee aeicaiey? nei?ioeoe oa?i?i
e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai i?ioeano, caaacia/o? iie?auaiiy
?acoeueoao?a iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae.

— Aecia/ai? a?oie i?aeaeuaiiai ?eceeo, ye? ca nioe?aeueieie iciaeaie
a?eueo a?aceea? ? iio?aaothoue oaaaeiiai noaaeaiiy oao?aoe?a, iniaeeai a
ia??iae ?aaa?e?oaoe??.

Aeaeea?aoe?y iniaenoiai aianeo o ?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a.

?aeay aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe cai?iiiiiaaia iaoeiaeie ea??aieeaie.
Aeena?oaioii ia?niiaeueii i?iaiae?ciaaii e?oa?aoo?o c i?iaeaie,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy iaoeiai? ?iaioe. Ni?eueii c iaoeiaeie
ea??aieeaie ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aio aeine?aeaeaiiy oa cai?iiiiiaaii ??
iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy. A?aea?? oai?eo cae?enithaaany aeena?oaioii
naiino?eii. Aenia?oia ioe?iea yeino? ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy
oai?eo ia AI i?iaiaeeeanue i?ae ea??aieoeoaii i?io.
N.I.Ian?/i?eiaa. Ia?aeiia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a aenia?oece, ye ?
iaoa??ae?a nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aenoiee oa iiia?aaei?
aeniiaee c?iaeai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii. ?acii c ea??aieeaie iaa?oioiaaia
oa ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y iioei?ciaaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae
oai?ei ia AI oa neeaaeai? caoiaee uiaei ?? ?aae?caoe??. Aeena?oaioii
ii?aoeueiaaia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy o?eaaeino? e?eoaaiiy ii o?ieia?/iei
? iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaiiyi noaoe?iia??a ??ciiai oeio, a oaeiae
aeai?eoi oaeoeee aaaeaiiy oai?eo; aeiaaaeaia aoaeoeai?noue
cai?iiiiiaaieo caoiae?a. Inoaoi/ia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a
i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe, oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?iaiaeeeanue ni?eueii c iaoeiaeie ea??aieeaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia II eiia?an? o?ieia?a Eacaonoaio
(1995); eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 30-??//th ?inoeoooo o?ieia?? oa
iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, «Ia?aeiiee i??eiiao?eo. ?ioa?noeoe?aeueiee
iao?eo. Aeeniaoaaie?/i? iao?iiao??» (Oa?iii?eue,1995);
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e O ??/ieoe? aaa??? ia
*AAN (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996); OOO i?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e

iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? o?ieia?a (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996);
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??: Ie?ee oa ?ioaeoe?y
(?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997); ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e o?ieia??
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (16 aa?aniy 1998?.); iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? ni?a?ia?oiee?a ?inoeoooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie
(25 aa?aniy 1998?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 ?ia?o, a oiio
/ene? 9 — oea noaoo? o oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao oa aeaeaiiyo, ?ioi?iaoe?eiee
eeno «Aeai?eoi oaeoeee aaaeaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo».

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? a
aeena?oaoe?? iieiaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo o?ieia?/ieo
a?aeae?eaiue Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?, Caii??cueei?, *a?eanueei? iaeanoae oa
oeaio?aeuei?e ee?i?/i?e e?ea?i? i.Ee?aa, a Oa?uee?anueeiio
iao?io?ieia?/iiio oeaio??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny
i?e i?iaaaeaii? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue oa eaeoe?e c o?ieia?? aeey ?ioa?i?a
oa nooaeaio?a Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??, Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaa?oiooaaiiy i?ecia/aiiy iaoeiaeo ea??aiee?a. Aeoiaey/e ?c
caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae c iaoith iiaiioe?iiiai aea/aiiy oa
eaae?o?eiaaiiai aiae?co caeiaooeo aeaieo, aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue o
caeo/aii? aeaio iaoeiaeo ea??aiee?a:

— ii ee?i?/i?e /anoei?, yea iieyaaea a ioe?ioe? yeino? ae?aaiinoeee
oa e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo a oiiaao noaoe?iia?o ??cieo
ca oeiii e?eoaaeueieo caeeaae?a, ??aiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae a
iie?ee?i?oe? iniaai, ye? ia?aianee aino?ee i??eiiao?eo, a oaeiae i?e
?ic?iaoe? a?aeiia?aeieo caoiae?a uiaei iie?ioaiiy ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy
— caa. a?aeae?eii ianiaoeeo?/ieo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue ie?ie oa
na/iaeae?eueieo oeyo?a ?inoeoooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie
ae.i.i. i?ioani?a N.I.Ian?/i?eiaa;

— ii aea/aiith i?aai?caoe?eieo, nioe?aeueieo aniaeo?a i?iaeaie
iaaeaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo oa
?ic?iaoe? a?aeiia?aeieo caoiae?a ii caaacia/aiith cai?iiiiiaaii?
iioei?ciaaii? nenoaie iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae cacia/aiiio eiioeiaaioo
oai?eo — aieiaiiai iaoeiaiai ni?a?ia?oieea a?aeae?eo ai?aeai?ieia?? oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe ?inoeoooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia??
AII Oe?a?ie ae.i.i. I.I.Naeaeaeiao.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y iaienaia
oe?a?inueeith iiaith ia 132 noi??ieao oa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, aeeeaaeaiiy iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, 4
?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee aeac?aiee i?noeoue
430 aeaea?ae, a oiio /ene? 301 a?o/eciyieo oa e?a?i NIAe, 129 —
?iicaiieo aaoi??a. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 47 oaaeeoeyie oa 2 iaethieaie,
ia? 2 aeiaeaoee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy
aecia/eee eiai i?ia?aio, yea ?acii c e?euee?noiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith
oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, ui aiae?coaaany, cia?aaeaia ia iaethieo 1.

I?ia?aiith ia?aaeaa/aeanue aena?oeaiiy ee?i?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo oa
nioe?aeueieo aniaeo?a i?iaeaie.

Ia?aeiia aeieoiaioaoe?y a?aeae?aeanue oeyoii oeiieia?/iiai a?aeai?o
nooe?eueiei iaoiaeii. ?aae?caoe?y ie?aieo caaaeaiue cae?enithaaeanue ia
aea??eiaeo a?oiao, e?euee?noue niinoa?aaeaiue yeeo aecia/aeanue ca
a?aeiieie eeane/ieie ?ic?aooieiaeie iaoiaeaie. Oaeei /eiii,
caaacia/oaaeanue ?ai?acaioaoeai?noue ia`?io aiae?coth/iai iaoa??aeo,
ni?aiaaeaiiy ca iniiaieie e?eoa??yie ?iciiae?eo ii??aithaaeueieo a?oi oa
a??ia?aei?noue aeniiae?a, ye? c?iaeai? a i?ioean? ?iaioe. Aoee
canoiniaai? iaoiae iniiaiiai ianeao, oai?aoe/iee oa nenoaiiee i?aeoiaee,
aeei?enoai? iaoiaee aenia?oieo ioe?iie, aieaoiiai iieooaaiiy, iieniaiai
oa iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, ee?i?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
AII.

?iaioa aaco?oueny ia aaeeeiio ee?i?/iiio iaoa??ae?. Aaia?aeueio
noeoii?noue neeaee 613 ?noi??e oai?ia ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo (AI),
na?aae yeeo 516 aeei?enoai? aeey ioe?iee noaio iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oa
?ic?iaee a?aeiia?aeieo caoiae?a, 97 — ai?iaaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaiiai
aeai?eoio.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aea/aii ?nioth/ee noai iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
oai?ei ia AI. Aenia?oi?e ioe?ioe? aoee i?aeaeai? on? oai?? c cacia/aiith
iaoieia??th, ye? e?eoaaeenue ai?iaeiaae ?ieo a iaaee/ieo caeeaaeao
??ciiai oeio (iaeania, i?nueea, oeaio?aeueia ?aeiiia e?ea?iy). Aaaeeeaei
aeaiaioii i?ia?aie aoei aeeth/aiiy a eiei aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?eo, ye?
ia?aaoaaee c oaeei ae?aaiicii a iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? iaeanii?
e?ea?i?.

Iniiaiith aacith aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaeeea *a?eanueea
iaeanoue, yea ca ??aiai caaacia/aiiino? ianaeaiiy o?ieiaaie oa
niaoe?ae?ciaaieie e?aeeaie ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae iiae?aiiai a oe?eiio ii
Oe?a?i?. E??i oiai, caaaeuei?e oaiaeaioe?? i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny ?
??aaiue caoai?thaaiino? ia a?oio oai?ia «?ioaeoe?y ie?ee», aei yei?
aoiaeeoue eaoaai??y oai?eo, ui i?aeeyaaea aea/aiith. Nooo?aei i?e
oeueiio

aenooia? ? oaeee /eiiee, ye a?aeiioaiiy iaeano? aei oeo ,ye?
iino?aaeaeaee aiane?aeie

aaa??? ia *AAN.

I?iaiae?ciaai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?oece 516 ?noi??e oai?iae oai?eo ia
AI, ?c yeeo 67 /ie.(13.0%) ia?aaoaaee a o?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii?
iaeanii? e?ea?i?, 155 (30.0%) – i?nueei?, 125 (24.2%)- oeaio?aeueii?
?aeiiii? (Oe?), 169 (32.8%) – a iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? iaeanii?
e?ea?i?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a no?oeoo?? aini?oae?ciaaii? caoai?thaaiino? iaoieia?y
caeiaea a?aeiia?aeii 6.1+2.0%, 8.6+2.9%, 12.0+2.9% oa 21.3+3.2%. Na?aae
oai?eo a??ia?aeii a?eueoa aoei ae?iie (63.8+2.5% i?ioe 36.2+3.5%
/ieia?e?a, ?<0.01), a oaeiae aeeoae?a i?no, ?o a?aenioie aei??aithaaa 69.6+2.4% i?ioe 30.4+3.7% - aeeoae?a n?e (?<0.01). I?aaaeththoue iniae i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo, aei 50 ?ie?a ?o aoei 68.8+2.4%. I?e i?aaenoaaieoeoa? an?o aa?noa ianaeaiiy 75.0% i?eoiaeeeinue ia ?ia?oiee?a (28.7+3.7%), neoaeaiaoe?a (26.0+3.9%) oa iain?iia??a (20.0+3.9%). A aeaa ?ace a?eueoa aoei oai?eo ?c aoi?eiiei i??eiiao?eoii. Na?aae i?e/ei eiai aeieeiaiiy 50.0% i?eoiaeeeinue ia na/ieai`yio oai?iao (NEO), 23.0% - ia aaaee ?icaeoeo oa iieiaeaiiy ie?ee; o 17.2% aeiaaeeao ina?aaeeii aeno?aeiiai caiaeueiiai i?ioeano aoa aino?ee oeenoeo; 9.8% neeaaeaee aeia?iye?nia a?ia?ieac?y ia?aaei?oo?iai? caeice, o?aaie, a?iaeieia?/ia iaoieia?y, oiui. A o?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? iaeanii? e?ea?i? o an?o aeiaaeeao aino?ee i??eiiao?eo aoa aoi?eiiei, a i?nuee?e - ia eiai aeieth i?eoiaeeeinue 77.4%, a Oe? - 60.8%; a iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? eiaeiee o?ao?e aini?oae?ciaaiee aoa c oe??th iaoieia??th. Ai?eii-aeano?oeoeaiee i?ioean niinoa??aaany o 37 oai?eo (7.2%), 20 ?c yeeo e?eoaaeenue a iaeani?e ? 17 - a i?nuee?e e?ea?iyo. Aino?ee i??eiiao?eo ae?aaiinoiaaii o 195 /ie. (37.8%), caaino?aiiy o?ii?/iiai - o 321 (62.2%). I?inoaaeo?ony caeaaei?noue neeaaeo oai?eo a?ae oeio e?eoaaeueiiai caeeaaeo. A Oe?E neiioeaio?iaai? oai?? c na?iciith noaae??th caoai?thaaiiy, 40.0% c yeeo iaee ia?aeiiee i??eiiao?eo. A o?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? iaeanii? e?ea?i? ia?aaaaeathoue oai?? c oyaeeith iaoieia??th, ia?aa?a yei? o 58.0% aeiaaeeao oneeaaeiaiee noiooi?ie oai?iaaie oa a 30.2% - ai?eieie oi?iaie caiaeaiiy. Iaoa??aee nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aacoaaeeny ia aiae?c? aieaoiiai iieooaaiiy ca niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiith ea?oith 123 in?a /a?ac o?e ?iee i?ney ?o noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy c i?eaiaeo aino?iai i??eiiao?eoo. Aiie neoaeeee aeey aea/aiiy i?aai?caoe?? oa yeino? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae a aiaoeaoi?ieo oiiaao. E??i oiai, aeicaieyee noa`?eoeaii ioe?ieoe noaio caei?ia`y oa a?aeiioaiiy aei iueiai, ??aaiue iaaee/ii? aeoeaiino? iaoe??io?a, oiui. A??ia?aeii a?eueoa a?aeiia?aeae io?eiaii a?ae aeeoae?a i?no; /ieia?e?a aoei 58.5+5.8%, ae?iie - 41.5+ 6.7%. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue iieoaieo aoee a?eii aei 50?. (87 /ie. 70.7%). Caoaaaeeii, ui e??i a?eo, i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy, ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c a?aooaaa ina?oo oa n?iaeiee noai. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c oe??? a?oie c aaia?aeueiith noeoii?noth na?ae/eoue, ui aiie ni?aiaaeathoue ca iniiaieie noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeieie e?eoa??yie ?iciiae?eo. Ia?aaaaa /ieia?e?a a aeaiiio ?ac? ia ia? nooo?aiai cia/aiiy, yeui acyoe aei oaaae iaoo oe??? /anoee ?iaioe. I?e ?ic?iaoe? iiaeae? oi?ioaaiiy o?eaaeino? aini?oae?caoe?? oai?eo ia AI aoa aeei?enoaiee oa aaeineiiaeaiee i?eioeei iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, cai?iiiiiaaiee Ei/?iei ?.A. (1991). Nii/aoeo aoei aecia/aii oaeoi?iee i?ino??, yeee ae ?aoaeueii aena?oethaaa no?oeoo?o i?ioeano, ui oi?io? oa?i?i aini?oae?caoe??. Ia i?aenoaa? aenia?oii? ioe?iee yeino? ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy cacia/aii? eaoaai??? oai?eo oaeeie iaae?eieie oaeoi?aie aeciaii ne?aeoth/? o?e: ye?noue oa iiaiioa ianoaaeaiiy /oaeoi? o1/, oa?aeoa? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano / oaeoi? o2 /, ye?noue e?eoaaiiy / oaeoi? o3 /. I?aeoaa?aeaeaia oaeiae e?i?eia caeaaei?noue i?ae oeeie oaeoi?aie oa oa?i?iii e?eoaaiiy. Aeae? aoee anoaiiaeai? iaaeia? cia/aiiy ci?i oaeoi??a. Ia?aii aeaa ??ai? - aa?oi?e ? ieaei?e. Ca oiia iaoiaeeee oea aeinoaoiuei aeey iiaoaeiae iiaiiai oaeoi?iiai aenia?eiaioo, uia a iiaeaeueoiio neeanoe ??aiyiiy ?aa?an?? / iiaeae?/. Aa?oi?i ??aiai oaeoi?a o1 aeciaii aeinoaoi?e ia`?i ianoaaeaiiy, ieaei?i – iaaeinoaoi?e; a?aeiia?aeii aeey oaeoi?a o2 - a?aenooi?noue oneeaaeiaiue oa noiooiuei?, noi?aeii? iaoieia??, ui iaoyaeo? i?ioean, ?, iaaiaee, iayai?noue iciae, ye? iaoyaeothoue ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy; aa?oi?e ??aaiue oaeoi?o o3 aeaeyaea? ye aaeaeaaoii ia?aia oaeoeea e?eoaaiiy, ieaei?e - oaeoeea e?eoaaiiy, ui ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniiio oyaeaiith. Aa??thaaiiy o?ueio oaeoi??a ia aeaio ??aiyo ia?aaeaa/a? io?eiaiiy ainueie iaai??a on?o iiaeeeaeo eiia?iaoe?e, ui ia iiaoi?ththoueny. Eiaeiee oaeee iaa?? aeae?ey? iaaio a?oio oai?eo c iiae?aiei ia?aa?aii caoai?thaaiiy oa a?aeiia?aeiith ye?noth iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae. I?e oeueiio i?iaiaeeeanue ?a?no?aoe?y oa?i?io aini?oae?caoe?? .I?ney neeaaeaiiy ? ia?iaee iao?eoe? iaai?o oaeoi?iiai i?inoi?o, aoea iiaoaeiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, yea a oe?eiio ia? oaeee aeaeyae: y=b0+b1x1+b2x2+b3x3+b12x1x2+b13x1x3+b23x2x3+b123x1x2x3 aea: y - a?aeaoe /na?aaei? /enei aei?a ia?aaoaaiiy oai?iai a noaoe?iia??/, b1,b2,b3,b12,b13,b23,b123 - eiao?oe??ioe iiaeae?, b0 - a?eueiee aeaiaio iiaeae?, yeee i?aaenoaaey? niaith na?aaeith o?eaae?noue e?eoaaiiy oai?iai na?aae on??? eiai?oe. ?c i?aaenoaaeaieo aeua aeaieo aeaeii, ui aei iiaeae? aoiaeyoue ia o?eueee e?i?ei? aoaeoe, aiia a?aoiao? oaeiae aieea aca?iiae?? oaeoi??a / ia?i?, iio??ei?/. ?ic?aooiie cia/aiue eiaeiiai eiao?oe??ioa i?iaiaeeany ca iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a, ui iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeaei oa?aeoa?o iao?eoe?. A ?acoeueoao? aoee iaea?aeai? eiie?aoi? oeeo?ia? aaee/eie /iiaeoe?/, ye? aeicaieythoue e?euee?nii ioe?ieoe i??o aieeao oaeoi??a oa aoaeoe ?o aca?iiae?? ia iioei?coth/ee ia?aiao?. Ai?iaaoe?y ?ic?iaeaiiai aeai?eoio i?iaiaeeeanue i?e iaaeaii? aeiiiiiae 97 iaoe??ioai o ee?i?oe? ianiaoeeo?/ieo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue ie?ie oa na/iaea?aeieo oeyo?a ?inoeoooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie oa Ee?anueeiai i?nueeiai o?ieia?/iiai oeaio?o (EIOOe). Ca nioe?aeueieie iciaeaie, oa?aeoa?ii iaoieia?? oa nooiaiai i?ioeano oey a?oia oai?eo i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaeanue aaia?aeuei?e noeoiiino?, i?ioa iaea?eueoa a?aeiia?aeaea neeaaeo oai?eo i?io?eueiiai a?aeae?eaiiy i?nueei? e?ea?i?. Caeiaoo? aeai? i?aeaeaaaeenue noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe?. Aeinoia??i?noue a?aei?iiinoae ioe?ithaaeanue ca ia?aiao?e/iei e?eoa???i O?oa?a-Nouethaeaioa. ?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aenia?oii? ioe?iee yeino? ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy 516 oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo iieacaa, ui ia nueiaiaei? ye?noue iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ?i a o?ieia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo iaeanii?, i?nueei? oa ?aeiiii? e?ea?aiue, oae naii ye ? a iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii?, ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai oa ??aith ciaiue. Oae, ia`?i aeei?enoaieo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy aoa iano?eueee iaiaaeaiei, ui ia aeicaieya iaoe iiaiiai ia`?eoeaiiai oyaeaiiy i?i noai oai?iai oa nooi?iue caiaeueiiai i?ioeano ie?ie o 45.0+9.1% oai?eo iaeanii? e?ea?i?, 61.7+5.0% - i?nueei?, 70.4+4.5% - oeaio?aeueii? ?aeiiii?, 71.0+4.1% - iao?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy. Coieieiiny ia eiie?aoieo iaaeie?eao. Iae/ano?oa a?aenooi? oeueo?acaoeiaa ianoaaeaiiy, a?aenioie iaianoaaeaieo oaeei /eiii eieeaaany a?ae 30.0+10.2% a o?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? iaeanii? e?ea?i? aei 90.0+6.5% - o oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo, ui ia?aaoaaee a iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii?. O a?aeiia?aei?noue c oeei o 20 - 50% iaia? ?aioaaiieia?/ieo aeaieo, aai aiie aeeiiai? i?e ?nioaaii? aei ieo i?ioeiieacaiue. O ?ac? iio?aae a?aenooi? oaeiae ?aiia?ao?y, oeenoineii?y, eaoaoa??caoe?y na/iaiae?a. I?aeoe/ii o eiaeiiai o?aoueiai-/aoaa?oiai ia c?iaeaii aaeoa??ieia?/iiai aiae?co na/? ? ia anoaiiaeaia /ooeea?noue i?e?ioei?e aei aioea?ioee?a, a 13-17% - a?aenooi? a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia?, a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao iaia? iaa?oue caaaeueieo aiae?c?a e?ia? oa na/?. Nooo?aa cia/aiiy a?ae?a?a? a?aenooi?noue nai?/aniiai eiio?ieth ca aeeiai?eith iieaciee?a. E??i oiai, 15.0-30.0% /ieia?eai ia i?iaiaeeeinue iaeueoeaaa ?aeoaeueia ianoaaeaiiy ia?aaei?oo?iai? caeice. Ne?ae aeiaeaoe e a?aenooi?noue a 20-25%aeiaaeeao eiinoeueoaoe?e oao?aoe?a noi?aeieo niaoe?aeueiinoae. Ie?aii aeaaeaii, ui 58.6% aini?oae?ciaaieo iao?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy ia aoee iaeyioo? o?ieiaii, a na?aae oai?eo ia aino?ee ia?aeiiee i??eiiao?eo oaeeo aoei 16 ?c 24 /ieia?e?a (70.0+ 18.7%). Aiane?aeie iecueeiai ??aiy ianoaaeaiiy o 251 ?c 516 iaoe??io?a (48.6%) iaea i?noea oeaia ae?aaiinoeea, yea iieyaaea a iaaaeaeaaoiino? anoaiiaeaii? noaae?? caiaeueiiai i?ioeano oa oa?aeoa?o ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy. Ca oaeeo oiia 230 (44.6%) aini?oae?ciaaieo acaaae? ia iio?aaoaaee noaoe?iia?ii? aeiiiiiae. Iaea?eueoa oaeeo aeiaaee?a niinoa??aaeinue a i?nuee?e e?ea?i? oa iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? iaeanii?. Oae, a iaeani?e e?ea?i? o 2 ?c 20 oai?eo ia i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ai?eia noaae?y, o 5 ?c 16 – aino?a ? o 14 ?c 31 - caaino?aiiy o?ii?/iiai ia?aa?ao. A i?nuee?e e?ea?i? 43.8+6.3% oai?eo iiaee e?eoaaoenue aiaoeaoi?ii, a 14.8+7.4%- iaee iio?aao a aeiiiiic? ?ioeo ca oaoii niaoe?ae?no?a. A Oe?E aiaoeaoi?ii iiaeia aoei e?eoaaoe 30.0+7.5% oai?eo. ?c 169 iaoe??io?a iao?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy 102 (60.3%) aoee aini?oae?ciaai? iaiaa?oioiaaii, ine?eueee 20-oueii aeinoaoiuei aoei aeiiiiiae a iie?ee?i?oe?, 30 - iio?aaoaaee e?eoaaiiy a ?ioeo a?aeae?eaiiyo oa?aiaaoe/iiai i?io?eth, 46 - iiaeii? aoee ia?aaoaaoe a o?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii?. E??i oiai, aenia?oaie o 20.8% oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo oa o 32.0%- ia ia?aeiii-o?ii?/iee aecia/aia oeai?noue anoaiiaeaieo ae?aaiic?a. Ca iaoa??aeaie ?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?aeiia caeaaei?noue yeino? e?eoaaiiy a?ae oi/iino? ae?aaiinoeee. Iaaeie?ee a e?eoaaii? neeaaeathoue a iaeani?e e?ea?i? 30.0+10.2%, i?nuee?e -78.7+6.8%,oeaio?aeuei?e ?aeiii?e - 57.1+6.0%, iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? - 59.3+4.9%. Aiie aoee oeiia? ? a a?eueoino? nai?e noinoaaeenue eiina?aaoeaii? oa?ai??. Iae/ano?oa iaei i?noea iaiaa?oioiaaia i?ecia/aiiy aioea?ioee?a. I?aeoe/ii iieiaeia oai?eo aaci?aenoaaii io?eioaaea i?aia?aoe, i?e oeueiio a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao aei /ioe?ueio aeae?a; ae?oaa iieiaeia, yeei iaiao?aeia oaea oa?ai?y, iaaiaee, ?? ia iaea?aeoaaee, aai iaea?aeoaaee c ii?ooaiiyi ?nioth/eo noai. Iaaeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiao?oueny aeac?ioieneeoth/a oa aeanain?a?e?coth/a oa?ai?y. E?eoaaiiy oai?eo c aoi?eiiei i??eiiao?eoii a iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? iineei neiioiiaoe/iee oa?aeoa? ? ia ia?aaeaa/aeinue ?o iiaeaeueoa icaei?iaeaiiy a o?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? iaa?oue o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee aoei iieacaia o??o?a?/ia ao?o/aiiy (69.8+8.1%). Oai??, ui ia?aaoaaee a noaoe?iia?? aei 8 aei?a (16 /ie. - 9.5%) e?eoaaiiy ia io?eioaaee. O??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy io?eiaa 61 oai?eo, ?c ieo 21 - a iaeani?e, 34 - a i?nuee?e oa 6 a Oe?E. A?aenioie oaeeo aeiaaee?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei e?eueeino? oai?eo neeaaeaa a?aeiia?aeii: 31.3+10.1%, 21.9+7.1% oa 4.8%. O 11 ?c 30 oai?eo c ai?eiei i??eiiao?eoii aeeiiaii iao?aeoii?th; an? aiie aoee a?eii aei 47 ?ie?a. Ca aeaieie aenia?o?a o 4-o oai?eo ie?ea aeeo/aia ia iaa?oioiaaii. I?aaiicaa??aath/? iia?aoe?? c?iaeaii 31 iaoe??ioo, o aeaio c yeeo aiia aoea ia iieacaiith, a o 4-o iaiiaiioe?iiith a ca`yceo c iaoooaaiiyi ?aa?c?? ie?ee. Ca iaoa??aeaie ?noi??? oai?iae io?eiai? oaeiae iiina?aaeeia? aeai? noaio noaoe?iia?ii? oa iie?ee?i?/ii? aeiiiiiae. Aeyaeaii cia/iee a?aenioie (21.3+3.9%) iiia?aaei?o aini?oae?caoe?e ca ??e, yeee eieeaaany a?ae 44.8+9.1% - a iaeani?e aei 15.2+8.2% - Oe?E; oa?i?iiai? aini?oae?caoe?? a?ae 12.0+7.6% - a iaeani?e e?ea?i? aei 67.1+4.6% - a i?nuee?e. I?aeoe/ii o eiaeiiai o?aoueiai oai?iai o?ieia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiue ? eiaeiiai ae?oaiai iao?ieia?/iiai - aeyaeaia ?ica?aei?noue ae?aaiic?a onoaiiae, ui ni?yioaaea aei noaoe?iia?o, c ee?i?/iei. Ianya ianoaaeaiiy 88.0% ieaiiai aini?oae?ciaaieo ia a?aeiia?aeaa no/aniei aeiiaai. Aiae?c oa?i?io aini?oae?caoe?? iieacaa, ui na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy ciaoiaeeeanue a iaaeao 12.3 - 12.8 aei?a. Aeiaoei aiii aoei i?e aoi?eiiiio i??eiiao?eo?, eiee iieaciee eieeaaany a?ae 15 aei?a a iaeani?e e?ea?i? aei 27.0 - a i?nuee?e. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui 25.0% oai?eo ia?aaoaaei a i?nuee?e e?ea?i? 6-8 aei?a. Iniae, ui ia aeiaaaee noaoe?iia?ii? aeiiiiiae ia?aaoaaee a Oe?E aeiaoa, i?ae o?, ui ?? iio?aaoaaee, a?aeiia?aeii 14.2 oa 12.8 aei?a. A iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? oe? aaee/eie neeaaeaee 22.8 oa 19.6 aei?a. O??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy coiiaeei iaeaeiaoo aini?oae?caoe?th a iaeani?e e?ea?i? (50.2 aei?a), a aeaa ?ace ei?iooei - a i?nuee?e (23.6) oa 15.6 - a Oe?. Aeiaaee ia?aaeiia?aoe?eiee ia??iae (10.7) a iaeani?e e?ea?i? na?ae/eoue i?i aeio?eiaiiy iaaei?aaaeaii? i/?eoaaeueii? oaeoeee, a aeiaaee i?neyiia?aoe?eiee (39.5) – aiai?eoue i?i aaeeeo e?euee?noue oneeaaeiaiue. I?aee?aneeii, ui 152 (29.5%) oai?eo, ye? iiaee e?eoaaoenue a iie?ee?i?oe?, ia?aaoaaee a na?aaeiueiio ia e?aeeo 17.7 aei?a. Iaoa??aee nioe?aeia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ? aeiiiaiththoue ?acoeueoaoe aenia?oece. Aiie na?ae/aoue i?i a?aenooi?noue aeoeaiiai aeeiai?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca oai?eie, ui ia?aianee AI. A?eueo?noue iieooaaieo ?ac ia ??e caa?oaeenue c e?eoaaeueiith iaoith, i?e oeueiio ?i i?ecia/aeanue ia?aaaaeii aioeaaeoa??aeueia oa?ai?y. Aiaeii/an a??ia?aeii a?eueoa e?euee?noue ?aniiiaeaio?a (53.3+6.1%) a?aei?/aea o?e ? a?eueoa iai?oanoaoe?e caiaeueiiai i?ioeano a ie?eao ia i?ioyc? ?ieo. I?aee?aneeii, ui o 15.0% in?a ia aoei aeiaeiiai a?aea?aeoaaiiy, a i?ae aeeniaina?iei iaaeyaeii, ui aeio?eioaaeenue eiai c ??ciith ia??iaee/i?noth, ia?aaoaaei aeecueei 10.0%. Ca?aene c`yniao?oueny iio?aei?noue iioe?aiiai naiie?eoaaiiy, yeei caeiaeinue 2/3 iieoaieo (68.3+5.1%). *ieia?ee oea ?iaeyoue a??ia?aeii /ano?oa ca ae?iie ( a?aeiia?aeii 75.0+5.9% oa 53.8+9.6%), ia?aaaaeathoue na?aae ?ioeo iae?oaeai? oa iaoeaioe? n?e. I?e/eie oaeiai iieiaeaiiy /anoeiai iiyniththoueny aaeaeoaeei noaaeaiiyi aei naiai caei?ia`y oa iacaaeia?eueiei a?aeiioaiiyi aei i?aai?caoe?? oa yeino? iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae, iniaeeai a iie?ee?i?/ieo oiiaao. Cie?aia, 30.0+7.6% iieooaaieo ciaaaaeeeai noaaeyoueny aei naiai caei?ia`y. A?oio ?eceeo neeaaeathoue /ieia?ee aei 40 ?ie?a c na?aaeiueith /e iaiiaiith ina?oith, ui aeeaooue a iiae?oaeae?. Na?aae ieo eiaeiee o?ao?e iaaaoeaii ioe?ith? ??aaiue aeiiiiiae a iie?ee?i?oe? ? eiaeai /aoaa?oee a noaoe?iia??. Iniae, ye? oaaaeeea? aei caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia`y, aeiiaeea?o? ? aei noaio iaaeaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae. Iacaaeia?eueiith a iie?ee?i?oe? aiia aeciaia o 81.8+7.4% ?aniiiaeaio?a, a noaoe?iia?? - o 80.0+11.5%. Ia i?aenoaa? ocaaaeueiaiiai aiae?co io?eiaieo aeaieo a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoiaeeee aoei ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue o?eaaeino? aini?oae?caoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? ii o?ieia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo iaeanii?, i?nueei?, Oe?E oa iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaiith. Aoei neeaaeaii ii aeaa aa??aioe iiaeaeae. A ?ic?aooiie ia?oiai oa?eoee an? aeiaaeee aini?oae?caoe??, a ae?oai? - o?, ae?aaiic yeeo i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aenia?oaie. Ine?eueee ae?oaee aa??aio a?eueoa a?aeiia?aea? iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?ieiiaioo?ii eiai ?acoeueoaoe. Oia?aaeeii, ui iiaeaeue ii eiaeiiio ?c cacia/aieo a?aeae?eaiue ia? nai? iniaeeaino?. Niinoa??aa?oueny ??cieoey ii iiaeoeth eiao?oe??io?a, oiaoi ii nooiaith aieeao oiai /e ?ioiai oaeoi?a oa nee? aoaeoo ?o aca?iiae??. Aeai? a?aeiia?aeieo ?ic?aooie?a c eiie?aoieie aaee/eiaie eiao?oe??io?a i?aaenoaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 1. Oaaeeoey 1–Iiaeoei eiaoioe??ioia iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeaei aieeao eeiii/ieo oaeoi?ia ia oa?iii eieoaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi aiaeaeieaiue ?icieo ca oeiii iaaee/ieo caeeaaeia Oei eiea?ii B0 Iniiaii aoaeoe oaeoi?ia Aoaeoe aca?iiaeii oaeoi?ia A1 A2 A3 A12 A13 A23 A123Iaeania (o?ieiai/-ia aiaeaei -eaiiy) 23.8 4.25 13.02 0.12 6.54 0.44 1.66 1.11Iinueea (o?ieiai/-ia aiaeaei- eaiiy) 12.26 0.19 1.89 3.93 1.40 4.14 0.48 0.24Oeaio –?aeueia ?aeiiia (o?ieiai/-ia aiaeaei -eaiiy) 10.34 3.07 1.24 3.44 0.70 3.82 0.74 1.20 Iaeania (iao?i –eiai/ia aiaeaeieai- iy) 14.4 3.92 2.01 5.29 0.12 4.83 1.26 8.87Iiaeoei Oaeoi?ia X1 X2 X3 X1X2 X1X3 X2X3 X1X2X3 Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy iieacaee, ui aiie ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie aenia?oii? ioe?iee. Na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue e?eoaaiiy a o?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? iaeanii? e?ea?i? aei??aithaaea 23.8 aeiyi ? eieeaaeanue a?ae 5 aei 73 aei?a; ca?aeii iiaeae? aiia aoea a iaaeao 18.5 - 40.2 aei?a. Iaea?eueo nooo?ai ia oeae iieaciee aieeaa? oa?aeoa? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano; a o?e ?ace iaioa - ye?noue oa iiaiioa ianoaaeaiiy, ia o?aoueiio i?noe? noi?oue ye?noue e?eoaaiiy. Oea icia/a?, ui a iaeani?e e?ea?i? neiioeaio?iaaia oyaeea e oneeaaeiaia iaoieia?y, a a ia??iae iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae iaea?eueo nooo?ai no?aaeaea? ianya ianoaaeaiiy. I?e oeueiio e?eoaaeueiee i?ioean caaaeii a?aeiia?aea? no/aniiio ??aith ciaiue. Ioaea, aeinyaoe nei?i/aiiy oa?i?io aini?oaeacaoe?? ?c ni?eyoeeaei ?acoeueoaoii a oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaeeeai oeyoii ci?ie ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai oaeoi??a Na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue e?eoaaiiy a i?nuee?e e?ea?i? aaea?/? iaioa i?ae a iaeani?e. Aiia neeaaeaea 12.3 aei?a i?e eieeaaiiyo a?ae 6 aei 37. Ae?aiacii ia?aaeaa/aieo iiaeaeeth cia/aiue oaeiae ieae/ee, a naia 8 - 22.7 aei?a. Ca aaniethoiith aaee/eiith iiaeoeth eiao?oe??io?a anoaiiaeaii, ui aeacaiee ia?aiao?, a ia?oo /a?ao, i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny ae?? o?aoueiai oaeoi?o, ca iei iine?aeiaii – ae?oaiai oa ia?oiai. Ioaea, caoiaee uiaei i?i?i?caoe?? oa?i?io aini?oae?caoe?? iiaeii? ia?aaeon?i aooe ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? e?eoaaiiy. I?e aca?iiae?? oaeoi??a ca?eueoo?oueny neea aieeao ia?oiai - ye?noue ? iiaiioa ianoaaeaiiy. Oeae oaeo ia? nooo?aa cia/aiiy i?e i?eeiyoo? aaeaeaaoieo ??oaiue. A oeaio?aeuei?e ?aeiii?e e?ea?i? na?aaei?e oa?i?i e?eoaaiiy aei??aith? 10.3 aei?a: iaeei?iooee - 7, naiee aeiaaee - 28. A caeaaeiino? a?ae iaai?o eiia?iaoe?? ??ai?a oaeoi??a a?aei?/a?oueny eiai eieeaaiiy a?ae 10.7 aei 18.4 aei?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?i a ??ai?e i??? i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny ia?oiio oa o?aoueiio oaeoi?ai, oiaoi caeaaeeoue a?ae yeino? ianoaaeaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy. Ca?aene, eia?/ii, iaeneeuei?oei ? aoaeo ?oiuei? aca?iiae??. A iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? e?eoaaiiy a na?aaeiueiio o?eaaei 14 aei?a ? eieeaaeinue a?ae 8 aei 31 aeiy. Ca?aeii iiaeae? oeae oa?i?i aoa a iaaeao 16 - 24.5 aei?a. Aeae?ey?oueny aieea o?aoueiai oaeoi?o, yeee a 1.3 ?ace ia?aaeuo? aieea ia?oiai oa a 2.6 ?ace - ae?oaiai. Oiio o aeiaaeeao, eiee ia?aia i?aaeeueia oaeoeea e?eoaaiiy i?e a?aenooiino? oneeaaeiaiue niinoa??aa?oueny iaeiaioa o?eaae?noue aini?oae?caoe?? - 16 aei?a. ?c aoaeo?a aca?iica`yceo aieeaia?oei ? niieo/aiiy ia?oiai oa o?aoueiai oaeoi??a. I?iaiae?ciaai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieeee iaa?oiooaaoe aeai?eoi aaaeaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo, yeee i?aaenoaaeaii ia iaethieo 2. A?i oiniaeth? a nia? a?aeii? iaoiaee. Aaaeeeaee aoai aca?iiae?? e?ea?y ? oai?iai iieyaa? a aaeaeaaoi?e ae?aaiinoeoe?. Aiia aaco?oueny ia o?aaeeoe?eieo, aei?iaoaaieo /anii, iieacieeao ? a on?o aeiaaeeao aeiaaa? caaaeueiiai oa niaoeeo?/iiai o?ieia?/iiai aiaiiaco, aeine?aeaeaiiy ee?i?/ii? neiioiiaoeee, i?iaaaeaiiy eaai?aoi?ieo, ?ino?oiaioaeueieo oa aia?aoieo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy (caaaeueiee aiae?c e?ia? oa na/?, a?io?i?/iee aiae?c e?ia?, aecia/aiiy nooiaith aaeoa??o??? oa oa?aeoa?o i?e?ioei?e, niiia?ao?th, iaeyaeiao oa aene?aoi?io o?ia?ao??, oeenoineii?th, eaoaoa??caoe?th na/iaiaeo, oiui). . Aoceiaei aeaiaioii ae?aaiinoeee caoai?thaaiiy ? niiia?ao?y. Aiia ia nueiaiaei? aaaaea?oueny ne?ei?iaiaei iaoiaeii ? a?ae??ciy?oueny ia o?eueee aenieith ?ioi?iaoeai?noth, aea e iaoe?aeeea?noth oa aeiiii?/i?noth ii??aiyii c ?ioeie. Iaoiae aeicaiey? o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aecia/eoe iano?oeoe?th na/iaeae?eueieo oeyo?a, ?ici?? ie?ee, no?oeoo?i? ci?ie ia?aio?ie oa iayai?noue eiie?aiaio?a. Oai?? c iano?oeoeaiith iaoieia??th i?aeeyaathoue iiaeaeueoiio iiaeeaeaiiio aea/aiith ?? oa?aeoa?o. Aeey oeueiai i?iaiaeeoueny ?aioaaiieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy (iaeyaeiaa oa aene?aoi?ia o?ia?ao??), a oaeiae oeenoineii?y c eaoaoa?ecaoe??th na/iaiaeo. Inoaiiy iai?ioeyoe?y caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue aeinyaoe aeaio aoaeo?a. Ia?oee - ae?aaiinoe/iee, ine?eueee ni?ey? anoaiiaeaiith ??aiy iano?oeoe??. Ae?oaee - e?eoaaeueiee, aaeaea i?e oeueiio e?ea?aeo?oueny aeie ie?ee. Caoaaaeeii, ui oeenoineii?y c eaoaoa?ecaoe??th na/iaiaeo i?e iaiao?aeiino? iiaea caaa?oeoenue ?ao?ia?aaeiith o?aoa?ii??eia?ao??th. O?aaa a?aei?oeoe, ui ?aioaaiieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy aeeiio?oueny oaeiae o oai?eo c iaiano?oeoeaiei aino?ei i??eiiao?eoii. A oaeiio aeiaaeeo iaoa eiai a?eueoa iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio eiio?aeaoa?aeueii? ie?ee, i?ae a ooi/iaii? ia?oii?e/eie o?aaeaiiy ie?ee, yea iino?aaeaeaea. Ne?aeoth/ee aoai ni?yiiaaiee ia aeeoa?aioe?eio ae?aaiinoeeo na?icii? oa ai?eii? noaae?e caoai?thaaiiy. Aeey oeueiai aeei?enoiao?oueny i?inoee ? aeinooiiee aeey oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy niin?a, yeee cai?iiiiiaaiee I.O.Aic?aiiaei ?c ni?aaaoi?aie (1997). I?aee?aneeii,ui i?ia?aeiith iciaeith a nenoai? iaaeaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo aenooia? oaeoi? /ano. Oa?i?i aeeiiaiiy eiiieaeno ae?aaiinoe/ieo caoiae?a, ianya yeeo aeinoaoi?e aeey i?eeiyooy a?aeiia?aeieo ??oaiue, ie ?aeiiaiaeo?ii iaiaaaoenue ?aae?coaaoe ai?iaeiaae 24 aiaeeie, ui ia?aaeaa/aii i?e noai?aii? cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeai?eoio. Ne?aeoth/ee aoai ? caaa?oaeueiei. Ia i?aenoaa? ioe?iee oa ni?anoaaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a ae??oo?oueny ieoaiiy aeai?o iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy oa ?ic?iaee iioeiaeueii? oaeoeee a eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo, a oaeiae aaciina?aaeiy eiai ?aae?caoe?y. O aeiaaeeao iano?oeoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o iaoieia?? oa iaiiaeeeaino? ?icaeieoaaiiy ie?ee oeyoii eaoaoa?ecaoe?? na/iaiaeo /e /a?acoe??ii? ioieoe?eii? iao?inoii?? iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy cae?enith?oueny iacaeaaeii a?ae noaae?? caiaeueiiai i?ioeano. I?e iayaiino? aeaieo ia aino?ee ai?eiee i??eiiao?eo ??oaiiy uiaei o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy i?eeia?oueny iaeei ?ac ? iai?aeeyaa? ia?aiaeyaeo. Aieiaiith iaoith o??o?a?/iiai ao?o/aiiy o oai?eo ia aino?ee ai?eiee i??eiiao?eo ? iao?inoii?y oa aeaeainoeyoe?y ie?ee c aen?/aiiyi (?icn?/aiiyi) oa ae?aioaaiiyi ai?eiee?a. A ?ac? iiaeeeaino? ne?ae e?ea?aeoaaoe i?e/eio iano?oeoe?? na/iaeo oeyo?a. sseui oeueiai iaiiaeeeai aeinyaoe aiane?aeie a?aeaeaeaiino? ia?aiiie aai aaaeeino? noaio oai?iai, onoiaiiy i?e/eie iano?oeoe?? a?aeeeaaea?oueny ? aeeiio?oueny i?ci?oa a ieaiiaiio ii?yaeeo. Aaaeeeai caoaaaeeoe, ui no/ani? iiaeeeaino? e?eoaaiiy na/ieai`yii? oai?iae, yea ? iae/ano?oith i?e/eiith aino?iai i??eiiao?eoo, a a?eueoino? nai?e aeicaieythoue oieeiooe a?aee?eoiai o??o?a?/iiai ao?o/aiiy. Ia nueiaiaei? aeaeaeaiiy eiie?aiaio?a caaacia/o?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith oaeeo iaoiae?a ye aeno?aei?ii?aeueia e?oio?ein?y, aiaeio?aoa?aeueia e?oio?ein?y, o?aoa?ie?oi-aeno?aeoe?y. A ?ac? aeai?o eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy aeai?eoi ia?aaeaa/a? eiai oeeee?/ia iiaoi?aiiy ii i??? ci?i noaio oai?iai oa aeeiai?ee iieaciee?a i?ae aieeaii i?ecia/aii? oa?ai??. I?e oeueiio iiaeeea? o?e aa??aioe ianooiieo ae?e. Ia?oee - i?e iie?auaii? ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ieo aeaieo a aeeiai?oe? i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aaeaeaaoi?noue ia?aii? oaeoeee, ui ia iio?aao? ?? ei?aeoe??. Ae?oaee - i?e a?aenooiino? iiceoeaii? aeeiai?ee ne?ae cai?ieoe /e ?icoe?eoe eiiieaen oa?aiaaoe/ieo caoiae?a. O?ao?e - i?e iia??oaii? neooaoe??, iia`ycaii? c ia?inoaiiyi oyaeeino? noaio oa iaaaoeaiith aeeiai?eith ia`?eoeaieo iieaciee?a ianoaaeaiiy, ciiao aeieea? ieoaiiy cai?ie eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy ia o??o?a?/ia. Oaeei /eiii, oaeoeea e?ea?y aaco?oueny ia iine?aeiaiiio ni?anoaaeaii? ioe?iie ia`?eoeaiiai noaio oai?iai c i?eeiyooyi a?aeiia?aeieo ??oaiue. Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aaaeaiiy oai?eo ca ii?aoeueiaaiei aeai?eoiii iieacaa, ui iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?iith eiai iciaeith ? iane?aeee e?eoaaiiy ? eiai o?eaae?noue. A oaae.2 i?aaenoaaeai? aeai? o?eaaeino? aini?oae?caoe?? a noaoe?iia?ao Oaaeeoey 2 – Na?aaeiy o?eaaeinoue eieoaaiiy a o?ieiai/ieo aiaeaeieaiiyo caeaaeii aiae oi?ie ii?eiiao?eoo (o eiaeei-aeiyo) Oi?ia ai- no?iai ii?ei- iao?eooIaeania eiea?iyIicueea eiea?iy Oe?E EIOOeEiina?aa- oeaia eieoaaiiyOi?o?- ai/ia eieoaaiiyEiina?aa- oeaia eieoaaiiyOi?o?- ai/ia eieoaaiiyEiina?aa- oeaia eieoaaiiyOi?o?- ai/ia eieoaaiiyEiina?aa- oeaia eieoaaiiyOi?o?- ai/ia eieoaaiiyAino?ee ia?aeiiee na?iciee - 12.7 12.2 11.3Aino?ee aoi?eiiee na?iciee 13.2 30 (5+25)*11.828.3 (6+22.3)12.315.6 (5.2+10.4)12.618.8 (1+17.8)Aino?ee aoi?eiiee aiieiee - 44.5 (6.7+37.8) 21.7 (4.8+16.9)25.5 (1.1+24.4)O?iii/iee aoi?eiiee o noaaeii caaino?aiiy 15.5 38 (6.7+31.3) 15.5 18 (5.1+12.9) 14.3 22 (3+22)` 10.5 29 (1+28) * - Ia?oa oeeo?a a aeoaeeao – ia?aaeiia?aoe?eiee e?aeei-aeaiue. ??ciiai oeio iaaee/ieo caeeaae?a c o?aooaaiiyi oa?aeoa?o iaoieia?? i?e i?iaaaeaii? ye eiina?aaoeaiiai, oae ? o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy. Aiae?c iaoa??ae?a oe??? oaaeeoe? aea? i?aenoaao aeciaoe cia/io aoaeoeai?noue oa ia?aaaao oeueiai i?aeoiaeo aei aaaeaiiy oai?eo ?c caiaeueieie oai?iaaie ie?ie. Cie?aia, aeei?enoaiiy ia i?aeoeoe? aeai?eoio aeicaieeei a on?o aeiaaeeao a na?aaeiueiio ca 1.1 e?aeei-aeaiue i?iaanoe aeeoa?aioe?eio ae?aaiinoeeo, aecia/eoe noaae?th caiaeueiiai i?ioeano oa ia?aoe aaeaeaaoio oaeoeeo e?eoaaiiy. I?aee?aneeii iniaeeaa cia/aiiy oeueiai ia??iaeo o ?ac? iaiao?aeiino? i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy. Iniaeeai ne?ae a?aei?oeoe ca`ycie oa?i?io ia?aaeiia?aoe?eiiai ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo ?c ?acoeueoaoaie o??o?a?/iiai ao?o/aiiy oa caaaeueieie no?ieaie e?eoaaiiy iia?iaaieo oai?eo. Cie?aia, anoaiiaeaii, ui nei?i/aiiy ia?aaeiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo iiceoeaii aieeaa? ye ia ye?ni?, oae ? ia e?euee?ni? iieacieee o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo. Caa?iaiiny aei eiie?aoieo i?eeeaae?a. Oae, a ee?i?oe? o iaoe??io?a c aino?ei ai?eiei i??eiiao?eoii na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue e?eoaaiiy noaiiaeea 25.5 aei?a, oiae? ye a iaeani?e e?ea?i? aiia aoea ia 19 aei?a aeiaoith. A?aeiia?aeii, ia?aaeiia?aoe?eiee e?aeei – aeaiue neeaaeaa 24-25 aiaeei i?ioe 6-7 aei?a. Ca oaeeo oiia ??cieeenue oaeiae ? iane?aeee e?eoaaiiy. A naia, o ia?oiio aeiaaeeo a?aenioie iao?aeoii?? i?e aino?iio ai?eiiio i??eiiao?eo? noaiiaea 26.0 i?ioe 50.0%, eiee e?eoaaiiy cae?enithaaeinue ca cae/aeiith noaiith. Aiaeia?/ia neooaoe?y niinoa??aa?oueny i?e o??o?a?/iiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ?c aoi?eiiei aino?ei i??eiiao?eoii. Ia?aaeiia?aoe?eiee ia??iae a ee?i?oe? aoa a iaaeao 1-2 aei?a, oiae? ye a iaeani?e e?ea?i? a?i eieeaaany a?ae 3 aei 7 aei?a. E??i oiai, iniaeea?noue i?aeoiaeo caaacia/eea a ee?i?oe? aeeiiaiiy o an?o oaeeo oai?eo i?aaiicaa??aath/?o iia?aoe?e, oiae? ye a ?ioeo noaoe?iia?ao a?aenioie iao?aeoii?e a oe?e a?oi? oai?eo aei??aithaaea 24.0. Iiceoeaia ?ieue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeai?eoio aena?oeth?oueny oaeiae ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy. Cie?aia, a ee?i?oe? na?aaeiy eiai o?eaae?noue o oai?eo ?c aoi?eiiei i??eiiao?eoii a noaae?? caaino?aiiy noaiiaeea 10.5 aei?a. A iaeani?e, i?nuee?e oa oeaio?aeuei?e ?aeiii?e e?ea?iyo, aea ia aeei?enoiaoaaany cacia/aiee i?aeo?ae iaoe??ioe c aiaeia?/iith iaoieia??th ciaoiaeeeenue a noaoe?iia?? a?aeiia?aeii 15.5; 15.5; 14.3 aeiy (a na?aaeiueiio - 15.1), oiaoi 1.4 ?ace aeiaoa. Oaeei /eiii, a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaia iioei?ciaaia nenoaia niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia aino?? caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy ie?ie a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai, ine?eueee aeicaiey? nooo?ai nei?ioeoe ia??iae aini?oae?caoe?? (aei 2 oeaei?a) oa iie?aueoe ye?noue iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae (aaea?/? ciaioeoe e?euee?noue iao?aeoii?e) ia aac? ?nioth/eo iiaeeeainoae e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a ? aac aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao. A E N I I A E E 1 A no?oeoo?? aini?oae?ciaaii? caoai?thaaiino? aino?ee i??eiiao?eo noaiiaeoue ii o?ieia?/iei a?aeae?aeaiiyi a?ae 6.1 + 2.9% - a iaeani?e aei 12.0 + 2.9% - oeaio?aeuei?e ?aeiii?e e?ea?i? oa 21.7 + 3.2% - a iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii?. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue i?aaenoaaeaia oai?eie ia aoi?eiiee i??eiiao?eo, ye? a o?ieia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo neeaaeathoue 60.8% - 77.4%, a a iao?ieia?/iiio - 30.2%. C ai?eii-aeano?oeoeaieie oi?iaie o?aaeaiiy ie?ie a o?ieia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo e?eo?oueny a?ae 11.6 + 7.7% aei 29.8 + 10.2% oai?eo. 2 Anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue i?ae oeiii e?eoaaeueiiai caeeaaeo oa oyaee?noth noaio oai?eo. A oeaio?aeuei?e ?aeiii?e e?ea?i? neiioeaio?iaai? oai?? c na?iciith noaae??th caoai?thaaiiy, 40.0% c yeeo c ia?aeiiei i??eiiao?eoii. A o?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? iaeanii? e?ea?i? ia?aaaaeathoue oai?? c oyaeeith iaoieia??th, ia?aa?a yei? o 58.0% aeiaaee?a oneeaaeiaiee noiooi?ie oai?iaaie oa a 30.2% aeiaaeeao - ai?eieie oi?iaie caiaeaiiy. 3 Ia iniia? aiae?co neeaaeo oai?eo c aino?ei i??eiiao?eoii ca oa?aeoa?ii oa noaae??th i?ioeano, aeaieo aenia?oece ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue ni?yiiaoaaoe aei iao?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy o?eueee oai?eo ia ia?aeiii-o?ii?/iee i??eiiao?eo, aoi?eii?noue yeiai iiia?aaeiuei aeeeth/aia oeyoii ?aoaeueiiai o?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy a aiaoeaoi?ieo aai noaoe?iia?ieo oiiaao. 4 sse?noue noaoe?iia?ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai oa iiaeeeainoyi iaaee/ieo caeeaae?a. Iaaeinoaoi?noue ianoaaeaiiy i?ecaaea o 48.6% aeiaaeeao aei oeaii? ae?aaiinoeee, aiane?aeie /iai 44.6% oai?eo iaiaa?oioiaaii ia?aaoaaee o noaoe?iia?? oiae?, ye iiaee e?eoaaoenue aiaoeaoi?ii. Iaeiaoaeoeaia e?eoaaiiy io?eiaea a?eueoa iieiaeia oai?eo. 5 sse?noue aiaoeaoi?ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei, ye? ia?aianee aino?ee i??eiiao?eo, ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai. 68.3% iaoe??io?a caeia?oueny naiie?eoaaiiyi ? caa?oa?oueny aei e?ea?y o?eueee i?e iia??oaii? noaio, a oie /an, ye o a?eueoino? niinoa??aa?oueny iiiaae o?ueio ? a?eueoa iai?o?noaoe?e caiaeueiiai i?ioeano ia ??e; aeeniaina?iei iaaeyaeii ioiieaii eeoa 10.0% in?a. 6 O?eaae?noue aini?oae?caoe?? caeaaeeoue a?ae oeio iaaee/ieo caeeaae?a oa i?io?eth a?aeae?eaiiy. Ia ??ai? o?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy iaeanii? e?ea?i? iaea?eueo nooo?ai aieeaa? oyaee?noue iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano oa iiaiioa ianoaaeaiiy, a i?nuee?e ia?oa i?noea iaeaaeeoue yeino? e?eoaaiiy, ae?oaa - oyaeeino? iaoieia??; a oeaio?aeuei?e ?aeiii?e e?ea?i? iaeiaeiao neeo aieeao iathoue iiaiioa ianoaaeaiiy oa ye?noue e?eoaaiiy; a iao?ieia?/iiio a?aeae?eai? neea aieeao yeino? e?eoaaiiy nooo?ai i?aaaeth? iaae ?ioeie. 7 ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy i?ioeano o?eaaeino? e?eoaaiiy a noaoe?iia?? caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy oeueiai ia??iaeo. 8 ?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi oaeoeee aaaeaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo ia aac? ?nioth/eo iiaeeeainoae e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a aac aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao caaacia/o? nei?i/aiiy oa?i?io aini?oae?caoe?? ia aeaa oeaei? oa ni?ey? iie?ioaiith yeino? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae, a oiio /ene? aaea?/? ciaioo? e?euee?noue iao?aeoii?e. 9 A?oio i?aeaeuaiiai ?eceeo na?aae oai?eo, ui ia?aianee aino?ee i??eiiao?eo, ca nioe?aeueieie iciaeaie neeaaeathoue iniae aei 40 ?ie?a c iaiiaiith /e na?aaeiueith ina?oith, ui aeeaooue o n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?, ye? iio?aaothoue i?aeaeuaii? oaaae c aieo niaoe?ae?no?a oa i?aai?a ioi?iie caei?ia`y a ia??iae aeeniaina?ecaoe??. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1 I?e i?iaaaeaii? aeeoa?aioe?eii? ae?aaiinoeee oa aeai?? oaeoeee aaaeaiiy oai?eo ia AI ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi, yeee aeicaiey? ca 24-48 aiaeei anoaiiaeoe ae?aaiic, ia?aoe iioeiaeueiee aa??aio e?eoaaeueii? oaeoeee, /ei caaacia/othoueny e?au? ?acoeueoaoe, nei?i/aiiy oa?i?io aini?oae?caoe?? aac aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao. 2 Canoinoaaiiy ia i?aeoeoe? iiaeae? o?eaaeino? e?eoaaiiy aeicaiey? a eiaeiiio aeiaaeeo i?iaiicoaaoe oa?i?i aini?oae?caoe?? ? na?aeiii eiai ci?ithaaoe oeyoii aieeao (ei?aeoe??) ia neeaaeia? oaeoi?e. 3 Aei iao?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy ne?ae ni?yioaaoe o?eueee oai?eo ia ia?aeiii-o?ii?/iee i??eiiao?eo, aoi?eii?noue yeiai aeeeth/aia ca ?acoeueoaoaie iiia?aaeiueiai o?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy a iie?ee?i?oe? aai i?io?eueiiio a?aeae?eaii?. 4 I?e ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo, ye? ia?aianee AI, iniaeeao oaaao ne?ae i?eae?eyoe iniaai aei 40 ?ie?a c iaiiaiith /e na?aaeiueith ina?oith, a oaeiae n?euenueeei iaoeaioeyi, ui neeaaeathoue a?oio i?aeaeuaiiai ?eceeo. NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Iiaeaethaaiiy aieeao ee?i?/ieo oaeoi??a ia o?eaae?noue aini?oae?caoe?? oai?eo ia aino?? caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy ie?ie // O?ieia?y.-1997.- N3.-C.3-6. (Ni?aaaoi?e: Ian?/i?eia N.I., Naeaeaeiaa I.I.) 2. ??aaiue yeino? ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia aino?? caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy ie?ie a oiiaao iaeanii? e?ea?i? // O?ieia?y.- 1997.- N3.-C.20-23. (Ni?aaaoi?: Ieoeee A.I.) 3. Oaiaeaioe?? no?oeoo?e aini?oae?ciaaii? caoai?thaaiino?, iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue oa eaoaeueiino? i?e o?ieia?/i?e iaoieia?? // O?oaeu OOO iaae?aaeiiaeueiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee o?ieiaia.- Aeiai?iiao?iane,1996.- N.20-27. (Ni?aaaoi?e: Aic?aiia I.O., Iaaeiaa E.I., Ian?/i?eia N.I., Naeaeaeiaa I.I., Ieoeee A.I.) 4. Aenia?oia ioe?iea yeino? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo a oiiaao iao?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy // O?ieia?y.-1998.- N2.-N.21-24. (Ni?aaaoi?e: Ie??a E.A., Ian?/i?eia N.I.,Naeaeaeiaa I.I.) 5. Iaaeeei-nioe?aeuei? aniaeoe na/ieai`yii? oai?iae a Oe?a?i? // O?ieia?y.-1998.- N2.- N.7-9. (Ni?aaaoi?e: Iaaeiaa E.I., Naeaeaeiaa I.I., Aoeae ss.O.) 6. Iioei?caoe?y oaeoeee aaaeaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo // O?ieia?y.-1998.-N4.-N.4-8. (Ni?aaaoi?e: Aic?aiia I.O., Ian?/i?eia N.I., Naeaeaeiaa I.I., Aiae?a?a A.I., Ieoeee A.I., Neieoei TH.?.) 7. ?ieue nioe?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a ioe?ioe? noaio iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo // O?ieia?y.- 1998.- N4.- C.8-11. 8. Aeaiiua iiieoi?eiaa caaieaaa?iinoe iniiaiuo o?ieiae/aneeo aieaciae a iaeanoyo n ?aaeeaeoeaiui caa?yciaieai // O?oaeu iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee, iinayuaiiie O aiaeiaueia aaa?ee ia *AYN.- Aeiai?iiao?iane,1996.- N. 46-49. (Ni?aaaoi?e: Iaaeiaa E.I., Ian?/i?eia N.I., Naeaeaeiaa I.I.) 9. Iaeioi?ua aniaeou o?ieiae/aneie caaieaaaaiinoe ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu a iaeanoyo n ?aaeeiioeeeaeiui caa?yciaieai // Iaoa?eaeu II eiia?anna o?ieiaia Eacaonoaia.- Aeia-Aoa.,1995.- N.13-14. (Ni?aaaoi?e: Iaaeiaa E.I., Ian?/i?eia N.I., Naeaeaeiaa I.I.) 10. Aeaye? iniaeeaino? neeaaeo oai?eo iao?ieia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiue // Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?? i?enay/aii? 30-??//th ?inoeoooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie. Ia?aeiiee i??eiiao?eo. ?ioa?noeoe?aeueiee iao?eo. Aeeniaeyoaaie?/i? iao?iiao??. - Ee?a.,1995.-N. 73-74. 11. Aiae?c yeino? ae?aaiinoeee aino?iai ia?aeiiiai i??eiiao?eoo (II) // Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??: Ie?ee oa ?ioaeoe?y.- ?aaii-O?aie?anuee,1997. - N. 64. 12. Aeai?eoi oaeoeee aaaeaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo // ?ioi?iaoe?eiee eeno.- Ee?a,- 1998 - 2n.(Ni?aaaoi?e: Aic?aiia I.O., Ian?/i?eia N.I., Naeaeaeiaa I.I. Aiae?a?a A.I., Ieoeee A.I., Nei?oei TH.?.) Oea?aiei A.E. Ee?i?/i? oa iaaeeei-nioe?aeuei? aniaeoe iioei?caoe?? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.06.- o?ieia?y.- ?inoeooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iioei?ciaaii? nenoaie iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy yeino? ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy aeacaiiai eiioeiaaioo ia ??cieo ??aiyo oa aoaiao. Cai?iiiiiaai? caoiaee, uiaei caaacia/aiiy ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Aiie i?aaenoaaeythoue iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy o?eaaeino? aini?oae?caoe?? oa aeai?eoi oaeoeee aaaeaiiy oai?eo ia aino?ee i??eiiao?eo. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iioei?ciaaia nenoaia iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae aeicaiey? ia aac? ?nioth/eo iiaeeeainoae e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a aac aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao nooo?ai iie?ioeoe ?? ?acoeueoaoe, a oiio /ene? ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? iao?aeoii?e, ni?e/eiaieo aino?ei i??eiiao?eoii, oa nei?ioeoe oa?i?i aini?oae?caoe??. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aino?ee i??eiiao?eo, aenia?oia ioe?iea, aieaoia iieooaaiiy, iiaeaeue o?eaaeino? aini?oae?caoe??, aeai?eoi, iioei?ciaaia nenoaia. Oea?aiei A.E. Eeeie/aneea e iaaeeei-nioeeaeueiua aniaeou iioeiecaoeee iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue aieueiui ino?ui ieaeiiao?eoii.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiey o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.06.- o?ieiaey.- Einoeooo o?ieiaee e iao?ieiaee AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?iaioea iioeiece?iaaiie nenoaiu ieacaiey iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue aieueiui ino?ui ieaeiiao?eoii ia iniiaa eco/aiey ea/anoaa aeeaaiinoeee e ea/aiey oeacaiiai eiioaiaaioa ia anao o?iaiyo e yoaiao. Aeey aa ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?aaeeiaeaiu iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue aeeeoaeueiinoe ainieoaeecaoeee e aeai?eoi oaeoeee aaaeaiey aieueiuo ino?ui ieaeiiao?eoii. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iioeiece?iaaiiay nenoaia iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue iicaieyao ia aaca eiathueony aiciiaeiinoae ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo o/a?aaeaeaiee aac aeiiieieoaeueiuo cao?ao cia/eoaeueii oeo/oeoue aa ?acoeueoaou, a oii /enea ca n/ao oiaiueoaiey eiee/anoaa iao?yeoiiee aneaaenoaee ino?iai ieaeiiao?eoa, a oaeaea oiaiueoaiey eiee/anoaa aeiae i?aauaaiey aieueiuo a noaoeeiia?a. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ino?ue ieaeiiao?eo, yenia?oiay ioeaiea, aieaoiue ii?in, iiaeaeue aeeeoaeueiinoe ainieoaeecaoeee, aeai?eoi, iioeiece?iaaiiay nenoaia. ANNOTATION Tsarenko V.L. Clinical and medico-sociel aspects in optimization of medical aid for patients with acute pyelonephritis. The Dissertation is presented for competing the scientific degree of a Candidate of Sciences on speciality 14.01.06 -Urology.-Manuscript. The Dissertation is designed to work out the optimized system to render medical aid for patients with acute pyelonephritis. It is based on the studies of qualitative diagnostics and treatment of the indicated contingent at all stages and levels. A mathematical model of the length of hospital stay and an algorithm of tactics in managing the patients with acute pyelonephritis has been proposed for its functioning. It has been stated that the optimized system of medical aid allows, on the basis of potentials of medico-prophylactic institutions, to improve its results considerably without additional expense and due to the decrease in the number of nephrectomies in acute pyelonephritis, and also to shorten the hospital stay for indoor patients. Key words: acute pyelonephritis, expert assessment, questioning of patients, model of the length of hospital stay, algorithm, optimized system.

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