EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

A?euoe Iaaei ?aaiiae/

OAeE 550.838 (048)

?IOA?I?AOAOe?ss IAAI?OIEO AIIIAE?E

A AAOIIAOECIAAIIIO ?AAEEI?

04.00.22 – AAIO?CEEA

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia aaieia?/iiio oaeoeueoao? eaoaae?e aaio?ceee
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe‚ i?ioani?

Ao?a Einoyioei Ieaen?eiae/,

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe‚

I?euaiei ?aai Aaneeueiae/,

?inoeooo aaieia?/ieo iaoe IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe

Aoiaooei Aaneeue Aioiiiae/,

Aea?aeaaia ?aa?iiaeueia aaieia?/ia i?aei?e?inoai

«I?ai?/aaieia?y», i?ia?aeiee aaio?cee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo aaio?ceee ?i. N.?. Noaaio?ia

Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 11 » eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 16 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.14 i?e
Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?

?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252022‚ i. Ee?a‚ aoe.
Aaneeuee?anueea‚ 90.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252033, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 62).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee « 8 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe A.A. Nooi?aaea

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A inoaii?e /an Oe?a?ia ciaoiaeeoueny o aeeaie?e
aeiiii?/i?e e?ec?, ui i?eaaei, i?aeoe/ii, aei iiaiiai i?eieiaiiy
o?iainoaaiiy aaio?ce/ieo ?ia?o. A oie aea /an aiia a?aeiineeanue aei
aea?aeaa c iiooaeiith iaoaeo?a?eiith oa ?icaeiooith eaaeith
i?iieneia?noth. Aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy oa caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? aeacaieo
oa ?ioeo iai?yie?a aeiiii?ee aea?aeaae iio??aia i?ia?aeueii-ne?iaeiia
aaca‚ a naia: eieuei?ia? iaoaee‚ ??aee? caie?‚ iie?iaoaee oa ?io?
ei?eni? eiiaeeie. Oaeiae a?aeiii‚ ui o?aaeeoe?ei? aaieia?/i? iaoiaee
iiooe?a ?iaeiaeu iaeaea iiai?noth ae/a?iaee naaa. A ca’yceo c oeei
aeieea? e?aeiy iaiao?aei?noue a ?ic?iaoe? cania?a, ye? aeicaieythoue c
aeinoaoiueith i??ith a??ia?aeiino? aeeiioaaoe aeeaeiia aaieia?/ia
ea?ooaaiiy ? i?iaiicoaaoe iiooee ei?enieo eiiaeei. A?aenooi?noue
iaae?eieo iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae ia
cia/ieo aeeaeiao aaaea aei iaaei?aaaeaieo a?ioiaeo aeo?ao ? /ano i?e
iaiao?aeiino? ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee ia?niaeoeaiino? aaieia?/ieo no?oeoo?.

, aei??thaaiiy yeiai a inoaii? ?iee ? iaea?eueo iioe?aiei. Aacoiiaii,
ui iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oa aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeaieo
iaai?oi?ica?aeee ? i?iaeaiith aeineoue aeooaeueiith, ?ica’ycie yei?
iiaea cia/ii i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue iiooe?a ei?enieo eiiaeei.

A inoaii?e /an iaeiie/eeany aaeeea e?euee?noue ?ioi?iaoeaiiai iaoa??aeo,
io?eiaiiai ca ?acoeueoaoaie aa?i- oa iacaiieo iaai?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Eiai oe?ii?noue aecia/a?oueny o??th aaieia?/iith ?ioi?iaoe??th, yeo aiia
a nia? iana ? yeo c ia? iaiao?aeii aeeo/eoe. sseui oaea iiaeeea?noue
a?aenooiy – oi ia aei?aaaeiaothoueny eiooe, ui aeo?a/ai? ia i?iaaaeaiiy
iaai?oi?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o.

Iaaaaeai? aeua i??eoaaiiy aeicaieythoue noaa?aeaeoaaoe aaciina?aaeith
aaaeeea?noue aeinoia??ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aoaeue-yeiai aeaeo
aaio?ce/ieo ?, cie?aia, iaai?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Oey aaaeeea?noue
aecia/a?oueny:

1. Eiiieaenii oeo aaieia?/ieo ieoaiue, ye? ae??oothoueny ca aeiiiiiaith
?ioi?iaoe??, io?eiaii? i?e e?euee?niiio aiae?c? iaai?oiiai iiey.

2. Iiaeeea?noth, i?e aeei?enoaii? aeaieo ae??oaiiy iaa?iaii? caaea/?
iaai?oi?ica?aeee, iia?aoeaii ? ?aoe?iiaeueii ei?aeooaaoe iai?yiie
iieueiaeo iaai?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue, oe?eani?yiiaoaaoe ?o a i?ioean?
i?iaaaeaiiy aeey aea/aiiy iaea?eueo oe?eaaeo ? ia?niaeoeaieo a
aaieia?/iiio a?aeiioaii? ieiu, ui aacnoii?aii iiaeiii i?eaanoe aei
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iiooeiaeo ?ia?o.

3. Iiaeeea?noth iai?aaeyoe ao?ia? ?iaioe o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
iiia?aaei?ie aeaieie i?i aaieia?/io ia?niaeoeai?noue iaai?oieo aiiiae?e,
anoaiiaeaio ca ?acoeueoaoaie aaieiai-aaio?ce/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, io?eiaii?
a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiio i?ioean?.

Ia?ae?/ai? aeua caaea/?, o ae??oaii? yeeo aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue
ieoaiiy ?ioi?iaoeaiino? oa a??ia?aeiino? iaoa??ae?a e?euee?niiai aiae?co
iaai?oieo aiiiae?e, iathoue aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy, ye o iaoeiaiio, oae ? a
aeiiii?/iiio aniaeoao.

Oaeei /eiii, iiooe aeinoia??iiai ii/aoeiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy aei ?aaeueii
?nioth/iai aeaea?aea iaai?oiiai iiey ? aeineoue aaaeeeaei caaaeaiiyi.
Neeaaei?noue eiai ae??oaiiy c?inoa? c? ca?eueoaiiyi aeeaeiiinoi
aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae ?c ciaioaiiyi aiaeneiiaiinoi aeine?aeaeoaaieo
?aeii?a oa iaaeinoaoiuei? ?o ?icao?aiino?.

Cai?iiiiiaaia ?iaioa ni?yiiaaia ia ?ica’ycie i?iaeaie iia?aoeaiiai
aeyaeaiiy ia?niaeoeaieo ieiu ia ?oaei? oa aeiaciiini? ?iaeiaeua ca
?acoeueoaoaie e?euee?niiai aiae?co aeaieo iaai?oieo niinoa?aaeaiue, ui a
cia/i?e i??? iiaea ni?eyoe i?aeianaiith aoaeoeaiino? aaio?ce/ieo oa
aaieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie oa oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia
eaoaae?? aaio?ceee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.
Iniiaith aeey ia? noaee ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, io?eiaieo
ca aeiaiai?ii Ae? ?0198U001222 c Aea?aeeiiaaieia?? Oe?a?ie ia oaio
«?ic?iaea e?euee?niiai aiae?co aaiiaai?oiiai iiey c iaoith aecia/aiiy
ia?niaeoeaiino? aiiiae?e aeey iiooe?a ?oae oa aeiac?a». Oaia aoiaeeoue
aei i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ? iiai?noth
a?aeiia?aea? caaea/ai iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie iiooe?a ?oaeieo ?iaeiaeu
oa aeiaciiinieo no?oeoo?.

oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano iiooeo ii/aoeiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy
?aaeueieo aeaea?ae iaai?oiiai iiey ia AII.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ae??ooaaeeny ianooii? caaea/?:

.

a eean? i?eciaoe/ieo ia’?eo?a.

.

oa iiooeo aeo?aeiiai iaaeeaeaiiy ?aaeueieo aeaea?ae iaai?oiiai iiey.

?ic?iaea i?ia?aie aeni?an — ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaai?oieo aiiiae?e aeey
io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aaiiao?e/i? oa o?ce/i? ia?aiao?e cao?thth/eo
aaieia?/ieo ia’?eo?a.

a eean? i?eciaoe/ieo ia’?eo?a ia no?ee?noue oa aeinoia??i?noue
?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie ia aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoa??aeao, io?eiaieo
a iaaeao i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie Oe?a?inueeiai ueoa (OU).

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny ianooii? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy:

a eean? iiaeaeae oanoea?aiieo i?eci c iiia?ii ia?aeaeueieie a?aiyie
i?e oiia? aeia?eueieo eoo?a iaoeeo ye iiaeae?, oae ? aaeoi?a
iaiaai?/oaaiiy.

2. Aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai iaai?o i?eciaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oa
?ioi?iaoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee aiiiaeueiiai aaiiaai?oiiai iiey aeey
oi?ioaaiiy aaie?a iaa?iaieo caaea/.

3. Aeai?eoi iiooeo ia?aiao??a aeaea?aea iaai?oiiai iiey ia aac?
iiia?aaeiuei noi?iiaaieo aaie?a ae??oaiue.

4. ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai
aia?aoo oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy ia i?eeeaaeao e?euee?niiai aiae?co
iaai?oieo aiiiae?e i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie Oe?a?inueeiai ueoa.

aeey iiooeo ii/aoeiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy ?aaeueieo aeaea?ae a
aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ?aaeei?. A?i aeicaiey? io?eioaaoe aeai? i?i aaiiao??th
oa o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? cao?thth/eo ia’?eo?a aac caeo/aiiy aeiaeaoeiai?
?ioi?iaoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo c’yaey?oueny
iiaeeea?noue iia?aoeaii ? oaeaeei aeeo/aoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i oi?io,
aaiiao?e/i? oa o?ce/i? ia?aiao?e aeaea?aea iaai?oiiai iiey, aeeaeie oa
oiiae eiai caeyaaiiy. Oey ?ioi?iaoe?y a eiiieaen? c ?acoeueoaoaie
aaieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aeaieie ?ioeo aaio?ce/ieo iaoiae?a ?
iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaith i?e oi?ioaaii? a?iioaoe/ieo ia’?iieo oyaeaiue
i?i aaieia?/io aoaeiao aeine?aeaeoaaieo oa?eoi??e a i?ioean? c’ynoaaiiy
i?e?iaee aaieia?/ieo o?e.

I?ia?aia ?ic?iaeaia aeey PC noi?nieo eiii’thoa??a ia iia? i?ia?aioaaiiy
N?.

, [1,4,5] –?aea? oa ?acoeueoaoe ni?euei?. Aaoi?ii aeeiiaia aaeaioaoe?y
nieaei-ooieoe?e aeey caeaaeaeoaaiiy oa aecia/aiiy oiiiai? neeaaeiai?
iaai?oiiai iiey, iioei?caoe?y io?eiaieo ia?aiao??a iiaeaeueiiai
aeaea?aea, a oaeiae aea?? ia?aiao??a iiaeaeae ? aeae?eaiiy oe?ioieo oa
aceiooaeueieo naeoi??a i?e oi?ioaaii? aaie?a ae??oaiue iaa?iaieo caaea/.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii i?eioeei a?coae?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee,
ianooaaoaaiiy oai?aoe/ieo e?eaeo a iaeeieoeyo niinoa?aaeaiiai iiey, a
oaeiae aeeiiai? an? iiaeaeuei? ia/eneaiiy.

Iniaenoi aaoi?ii neeaaeai? aeai?eoie aecia/aiiy ?ioi?iaoeaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee niinoa?aaeaieo a?ao?e?a ?aaeueieo aiiiae?e ? aeai?eoi
iiooeo iiaeaeueiiai aeaea?aea a iaaeao noi?iiaaieo aaie?a. Iaienaia
i?ia?aia aeey AeIN, aei yei? aoiaeeoue iaieiiea oa an? iaiao?aei? iioe??
aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oa iiaeaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

E?euee?nia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y iaai?oieo aiiiae?e i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie
OU ca iaoa??aeaie Ae?AI “I?ai?/aaieia?y” aeeiiai? aaciina?aaeiuei
aaoi?ii, a ii??aiyiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a c aeaieie ao??iiy oa ?ioeo
iaoiae?a aeeiiai? ca o/ano? ni?a?ia?oiee?a oeueiai i?aei?e?inoaa
A.A.Io?iooaiaaeiaa oa A.I.Aecthae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
I?aeia?iaei?e aaio?ce/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Ai?cio?ii?y. O?aeoaee. I?iaeaie
i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy» (Ee?a‚ 1994 ??e)‚ 58 I?aeia?iaei?e aaio?ce/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? EAGE (Ainoa?aeai, Aieeaiae?y, 1996 ??e) ? ia
iaoeiai-aeeeaaeaoeueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (aaieia?/iee oaeoeueoao‚ eaoaae?a aaio?ceee‚ 1998-1999
?iee).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeai? o 3 noaooyo oa 3
oacao aenooi?a ia eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio‚ oanoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ?c 107 iaeiaioaaiue, i?noeoue 39
?enoie?a, 11 oaaeeoeue oa iaeei aeiaeaoie. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe — 174
noi??iee‚ c ieo 113 noi??iie oaenoo.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? aeeaieo aaey/i?noue iaoeiaiio ea??aieeo — aeieoi?o
aaie.-i?i. iaoe‚ i?ioani?o E.I.Ao?? ? c caaeiaieaiiyi a?aecia/a?‚ ui
?iaioa ? i?iaeiaaeaiiyi ? ?icaeoeii oiai iai?yieo a iaeano? e?euee?nii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaai?oieo aiiiae?e‚ yeee a?i caii/aoeoaaa ? i?iaeiaaeo?.

Aaoi? ae?aaea? iiaeyeo caa?aeoaa/o eaoaae?e aaio?ceee Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, aeieoi?o o?c.-iao. iaoe, i?ioani?o
A.O.I?iaeaeaiae? ca aeiiiiiao oa ei?eni? ii?aaee i?e i?iaaaeaii?
aeine?aeaeaiue‚ aieiaiiio iaoeiaiio ni?a?ia?oieeo ?inoeoooo aaio?ceee
?i. N.?.Noaaio?ia IAI Oe?a?ie, aeieoi?o o?c.-iao. iaoe, i?ioani?o
?.A.Aoeaoo ca oai?/o i?aeo?eieo ? oaoia? ii?aaee, eaiaeeaeaoo o?c.-iao.
iaoe, aeioeaioo I.A.?aa? ca iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe oa oe?ii?
ii?aaee, aieiaiiio ?iaeaia?o aaio?ce/ii? ia?o?? Ae?AI «I?ai?/aaieia?y»
A.A.Io?iooaiaaeiao oa aieiaiiio aaieiao oe??? ia?o?? A.I.Aectha? ca
e?eoe/i? caoaaaeaiiy ? eiinoeueoaoe??, a oaeiae ca iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae o
aeai?? ia’?eo?a aeey ai?iaaoe?? ?ic?iaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
aiae?cothoueny iniiai? iaoiaee ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaai?oieo aiiiae?e a ieai?
io?eiaiiy aeo?aeiiai iaaeeaeaiiy ?aaeueieo aeaea?ae iaai?oiiai iiey.

. ?nio? aeoaea iaei ?ic?iaie, ye? a aeicaieyee aeeo/aoe
aaieiai-aaio?ce/io ?ioi?iaoe?th c a?aeiia?aeieo aiiiae?e aac aaaaeaiiy
ii/aoeiaeo iaaeeaeaiue.

.

A ieai? ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaii? ia?aae aeena?oaoe?eiith ?iaioith caaea/?
ne?ae caaaeaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy E.A.Eiio?na, A.A.THiaa, A.E.Aaooa/a??y
(1966), I.B.Rao oa N.R.Babu (1991). An? oe? aeine?aeieee oyaeyee
?aaeuei? aeaea?aea iaai?oiiai iiey o aeaeyae? aa?oeeaeueieo i?eci
aaciaaeiiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ia aeeaeio oa ca i?inoyaaiiyi.

W.R.Roest, J.Verhoef oa I.Pilkington (1992) oaeiae aacoaaeenue ia
aeoioe? i?i ai?ieneioth/? ia’?eoe o aeaeyae? aa?oeeaeueieo i?eci oa
eiioaeo?a. Aiaeia?/i? iiaeae? iaai?oiiai iiey aoee aeei?enoai? a ?iaioao
N.Debeglia oa J.Corpel (1997).

A ieai? ?ica’yceo iaa?iaii? caaea/? a ?aieao iaiaaeaiiai eeano ia’?eo?a
ne?ae caaaeaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy A.Aae’? (1951) oa A.Ae.I?eiaa (1985),
i?enay/ai? aecia/aiith ii cacaeaeaa?aeue noai?aiei oaaeeoeyi oa
iiiia?aiai aeeaei caeyaaiiy iie??aaeue aa?oeeaeueieo i?eciaoe/ieo o?e ca
aeiiiiiaith aeei?enoaiiy iniaeeainoae ?ici?uaiiy oa?aeoa?ieo oi/ie
aiiiaeueiiai iiey.

(I.A.Eiaa/ia, A.I.Caoa?ia; 1979) aoa io?eiaiee aeey aiiiaeueieo iie?a,
ye? ia ia?aaeuothoue 6000-13000 iOe. Ia eiai iniia? aaoi?aie noi?iiaaiee
iaoaiaoe/iee aia?ao ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaai?oieo aiiiae?e.

ae??ooaaeanue a ?aieao aeoaea iaiaaeaiiai eeano ia’?eo?a ? i?e oiio o
ni?iuaiiio ?o aeaeyae?, a naia — aeey aa?oeeaeueieo i?eci c i?yiieooiei
ia?aoeiii i?e iaiaaeaiiio oa iaiaiaaeaiiio ?iciianthaeaeaii? ia aeeaeio
? ca i?inoyaaiiyi.

?ieiee aeei?enoiaothoue iaoiae i?aeai?o. Aea eiai aoaeoeai?noue cia/ii
caeaaeeoue a?ae aaeaei? ii/aoeiai? iiaeae? cao?thth/iai ia’?eoo. Ioaea
i?iaeaia ii/aoeiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy caeeoa?oueny aeineoue aeooaeueiith. Ia
caaa?oaiiy ?icae?eo oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? iai?yiee ? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue.

2. CAAAEUeI? I?EIOeEIE ?IOA?I?AOAOe?? AeAIEO IAAI?OI?ICA?AeEE

O ?icae?e? aiae?cothoueny i?aeoiaee aei ?ica’yceo iaa?iaieo aaio?ce/ieo
caaea/, cie?aia, ca ?acoeueoaoaie niinoa?aaeaiue iaai?oiiai iiey.

Aaieia?/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th aaio?ce/ieo aeaieo iiaeia oyaeoe ye
iaa?oioiaaio iiaeeea?noue eiaei?e aa??aoe?? o?ce/iiai iiey (cie?aia
iaai?oiiai) iinoaaeoe o a?aeiia?aei?noue iaaiee aaieia?/iee ia’?eo, ui
oaeoe/ii ? noooth iaa?iaii? caaea/?. Oey caaea/a ae??oo?oueny o?eueee ia
iniia? ?ica’yceo oae caaii? i?yii? caaea/?, ca?aeii c yeith oai?aoe/ia
aiiiae?y iiaea aooe ae?aaeaia a oiiaiiio aiae?oe/iiio aeaeyae?:

(1)

?ioaineai?noue iaai?oii? aiiiae??;

aaeoi?, ui oa?aeoa?eco? oiiae caeyaaiiy, ?ici??e oa iaiaai?/ai?noue
cao?thth/iai ia’?eoa;

eii?aeeiaoe oi/ee niinoa?aaeaiue ia caii?e ieiuei?.

:

(2)

.

A caaaeuei?e iinoaiiaoe? iaa?iaia caaea/a ? iaei?aeoiith, iniaeeai c
oi/ee ci?o ?aeeiino? oa no?eeino? ?? ?ica’yceo. Aiia iiaea aooe
?aae?ciaaia ieceith /enaeueieo niinia?a, ye? ? ??ciiaeaeaie iaoiaeo
?aaoey?ecaoei?. A ?icae?e? iaaiaeeoueny iaeyae oeeo iaoiae?a.

Aiae?c no/anieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a ae??oaiiy iaa?iaii? caaea/?
na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue iaea?eueo aeinoia??iiai ciaiiy ii/aoeiaiai
iaaeeaeaiiy iiaeae? cao?thth/iai ia’?eoo. ?nioth/a ca?ac a?eueo?noue
aa??aio?a ae??oaiiy iaa?iaii? caaea/? iaai?oi?ica?aeee aeey aecia/aiiy
ii/aoeiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy aei ae?eniiai aeaea?aea iaai?oiiai iiey aeaeaei
ia caaaeaee caaeiaieueiy? aeiiaai, ye? aei ieo i?aae’yaeai?. O ?icae?e?
i?eaiaeeoueny iaa?oiooaaiiy iioeiaeueiino? aeai?o ii/aoeiaiai
iaaeeaeaiiy iiaeae? iaai?oiiai iiey o oi?i? oanoea?aiii? i?ecie ?c
aca?iii ia?aeaeueieie a?aiyie c ??cieie ni?aa?aeiioaiiyie ?o ?ici???a oa
eooao iaoeeo, a oaeiae i?e aeia?eueiiio iai?yieo aaeoi?a ?ioaineaiino?
iaiaai?/oaaiiy. ?ica’ycie iaa?iaii? caaea/? a oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeicaiey?
aecia/eoe aeeaeio caeyaaiiy aa?oiuei? oa ieaeiuei? a?aiae, ?o ?ici??e,
iiaeoeue oa eoo iaoeeo aaeoi?a ?ioaineaiino? iaiaai?/oaaiiy. Ca
aeiiiiiaith o?ei??ieo i?eci iiaeia ciiaeaethaaoe oae? cao?thth/? o?ea,
ye nea?ie, enaiie?oe, iae??ciiiai?oi?o? inoaioe?, e?ice, ooiee, eaiaee,
ui i?aeaiaeyoue iaaio oa ?i. Ni?yiiaoth/e ?ici??e iiaeae? o
iane?i/aii?noue acaeiaae iaaieo iai?yie?a iiaeia iiaeaethaaoe oae?
ia’?eoe, ye aa?oeeaeuei?, iaoeeai?, ai?eciioaeuei? ieanoe.

O 70-80 ?ieao aoa ?ic?iaeaiee oaaee/ii-aiae?oe/iee iaoiae ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
aiiiae?e aa?oeeaeueii? neeaaeiai? iaai?oiiai iiey (E.I.Ao?a) a eean?
oanoea?aiieo i?eciaoe/ieo ia’?eo?a, aea iieacaia ei?aeoi?noue ?ica’yceo
iaa?iaii? caaea/? o cacia/aiiio eean?.

a eean? i?eciaoe/ieo ia’?eo?a, ?ic?iaee aeai?eoio oi?ioaaiiy aaieo
aeaieo ?ioi?iaoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee aiiiaeueiiai iiey aeey iaaii?
iiiaeeie iiaeaeae, ui aoiaeyoue aei a?aei?/aiiai eeano, iaoiaeeee
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo oa a?aeiia?aeiiai i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy.

3. I?ssIA CAAeA*A AeEss I?ECIAOE*IEO IA’?EO?A

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?yia caaea/a aeey i?eciaoe/ieo iiaeaeae
ae??oo?oueny aiae?oe/ii a iaea?eueo caaaeuei?e iinoaiiaoe? aeey
oanoea?aiieo i?eci e?ioeaaiai oa iane?i/aiiiai i?inoyaaiiy ii eaoa?ae?
oa a aeeaeio, a oaeiae aeia?eueiiio iaoee? iiaeae? oa aaeoi?a
?ioaineaiino? iaiaai?/oaaiiy. Ia ?enoieo i?aaenoaaeaia iiaeaeue
oanoea?aiii? i?ecie ?c aca?iii ia?aeaeueieie a?aiyie – ia?aeaeai?iaae.

.

`

Aeaea?aei iaai?oiiai iiey — o?ei??ia i?ecia oa a?ao?e ?ioaineaiino?

c ?ioi?iaoeaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie

.

caieoaoueny:

(3)

eoo iaoeeo iiaiiai aaeoi?a iaai?oiiai iiey.

aoaeooue aieeaaoe oi?ia, aaiiao?e/i? ?ici??e aiiiae??ooai?thth/iai
ia’?eoa oa oiiae eiai i?inoi?iaiai ?ici?uaiiy. Cia/aiiy ?ioaineaiino?
iaai?oiiai iiey caeaaeaoeia a?ae aaee/eie iaiaai?/aiino? cao?thth/eo
o?e.

aeey ??cieo iiaeaeae ? ?o aiae?c.

aeeiiaiee aaeeeee ianya aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia iniia? ?o aiae?co aei
iaae?eieo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee aoee a?aeianai? ianooii?:

iaea?eueoee aeno?aioi iaai?oii? aiiiae??.

). Oea aeicaiey? eiaeiei iiaeaeueiei aeaea?aeii ioiieoe, a naith /a?ao,
aace?/ ?aaeueieo aaieia?/ieo ia’?eo?a.

Aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiinieo ianooaa?a aeey oa?aeoa?enoee
aiiiae??ooai?thth/eo ia’?eo?a i?eaaei aei iaeneiaeueiiai nei?i/aiiy
e?eueeino? oaeeo ia’?eo?a ?, oiio, aei cia/iiai ciaioaiiy ianya?a
ia/enethaaeueieo ?ia?o.

).

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? iiaaae?iee a?ao?e?a
aiiiaeueiiai iiey a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?aeiioaiiy iicaeiaaei?o ?ici???a
cao?thth/iai ia’?eoo aei iiia?a/ieo, a oaeiae a?ae ci?ie iaoeeo aaeoi?a
iaiaai?/aiino?. Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? aoee a?aoiaai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
iaoiaeeee ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeaieo iaai?oieo niinoa?aaeaiue.

4. IAA?IAIA CAAeA*A A EEAN? I?ECIAOE*IEO O?E

OA IAOIAeEEA OI?IOAAIIss AAIEO AeAIEO

. Oey iiaeeea?noue aecia/a?oueny oei, ui i?ae?a?ai? ia iniia? aiae?co
?acoeueoao?a /enaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo aeey aaaaoueio iiaeaeae
i?eciaoe/iiai eeano oa?aeoa?enoeee aiiiaeueiiai iaai?oiiai iiey ?
aeinoaoiuei ?ioi?iaoeaieie. ?o iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye a?euei? /eaie
neeaaeieo iae?i?eieo ??aiyiue, ui ooai?ththoue noi?nio nenoaio,
ine?eueee oe? ??aiyiiy iienothoue cao?aiiy iaae ?aaeueieie aeaea?aeaie
iaai?oiiai iiey. Ioaea, aieiaiei aoaiii ??oaiiy iaa?iaii? caaea/ ?
i?ioean ni?anoaaeaiiy a?eueieo /eai?a nenoai ??aiyiue aeey
niinoa?aaeaieo oa oai?aoe/ieo aiiiae?e. ?o iaeneiaeueiee ca?a aeicaiey?
aea?aoe c aeaeio?i? iiiaeeie iaeio nenoaio ??aiyiue, ui a?aeiineoueny
aei iaaii? ai?ieneiaoe?eii? iiaeae?, iaea?eueo aeecueei? ca o?ce/ieie oa
aaiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie aei ?aaeueiiai aaieia?/iiai ia’?eoa.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai iiooeo aeaea?aea iaai?oiiai iiey
ii/aoeiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy iiia?aaeiuei noi?iiaai? niaoe?aeuei? aaiee
aeaieo ?ioi?iaoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee aiiiaeueieo iie?a ? ia?aiao??a
iiaeaeae. O?aaiaio iaeiiai ?c ieo iaaaaeaiee o oaaeeoe?.

iane?i/aiii? aeoyaiooino?.

, ye? ooai?ththoue a?ae?ioaee aaie?a ??oaiue. Oaee aeaieo aeey iaeiiai
aceiooaeueiiai naeoi?a i?noeoue aei 12000 iiaeaeae.

=0.02, 0.04, 0.06 oa 0.08.

Oaaeeoey

I?eeeaae oi?ioaaiiy aaieo ae??oaiue i?yieo caaea/ aeey i?ecie

)

0.370 0.349 0.327 0.306 0.287 0.269 0.252 0.236 0.221 0.207

0.478 0.433 0.389 0.349 0.313 0.282 0.254 0.230 0.208 0.189

1.478 1.430 1.384 1.343 1.307 1.276 1.248 1.225 1.204 1.185

0.631 0.649 0.668 0.688 0.707 0.725 0.742 0.759 0.774 0.789

1.809 1.624 1.475 1.357 1.271 1.195 1.139 1.102 1.069 1.050

0.034 0.041 0.049 0.058 0.069 0.081 0.093 0.106 0.119 0.133

0.012 0.014 0.018 0.022 0.026 0.032 0.038 0.044 0.051 0.058

80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80

0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60

0.20 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.10

0.684 0.795 0.928 1.075 1.232 1.397 1.567 1.742 1.922 2.104

1.569 0.866 0.618 0.504 0.443 0.409 0.388 0.377 0.371 0.369

-0.070 -0.044 -0.016 0.007 0.032 0.047 0.066 0.087 0.107 0.130

60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60

%. Oea caaacia/o? i?eionoeio a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a
?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

5. AAOIIAOECIAAIEE IIOOE IIAeAE?

AeAEA?AEA IAAI?OIIAI IIEss

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny iaoiaeeea aaoiiaoeciaaiiai iiooeo
iiaeae? ii/aoeiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy aeaea?aea iaai?oiiai iiey.

.

?aae?caoe?y oe??? i?ioeaaeo?e cae?enith?oueny ?c canoinoaaiiyi aeai?eoio
e?i?eii? ?ioa?iieyoe??.

ii an?e noi?iiaai?e aac? aeaieo iiaeaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee:

.

. Oaeee i?aeo?ae a?aeiia?aea? i?aaenoaaeaiith iiaeaeueieo e?eaeo c
iio??eiith, oiaoi iaeneiaeueii i?eionoeiith aaee/eiith
na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ii? iiieeee. Aee?eaeai? a?ao?ee i?aeeyaaee
e?euee?ni?e eiii’thoa?i?e ia?iaoe?, a ?acoeueoaoe ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
niianoaaeyeeny ?c caaeaieie ia?aiao?aie iiaeaeae.

%.

6. I?EEEAAeE ?IOA?I?AOAOe?? IAAI?OIEO AIIIAE?E

Oinoee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai
?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai aia?aoo aeey e?euee?nii? ioe?iee iaai?oieo aiiiae?e
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie Oe?a?inueeiai Ueoa. A iueiio i?eaaaeai?
iaoa??aee ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaai?oieo cao?aiue ? ni?anoaaeaiiy ?o c aeaieie
ao??iiy.

?acoeueoaoe e?euee?niiai aiae?co aeae?eueeio iaai?oieo aiiiae?e
na?ae/aoue i?i eieae?caoe?th cao?thth/eo ia’?eo?a a o?aiiaeo ooai?aiiyo.
Oaeiae aeyaeai? ia’?eoe, ye? ca iaiaai?/ai?noth a?aeiia?aeathoue
aaa?i-aeiea?eoai, iaoaae?aaacai oa eaaia?ae/?yi.

) aecia/a?oueny noia?ia ?ioaineai?noue iaiaai?/oaaiiy. Ana oea
na?ae/eoue i?i aeinoaoith a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a ?ioa?i?aoaoe??.

aoaeoeai? ye ca ianyaii aeeo/aii? ?ioi?iaoe?? (aecia/a?oueny i’youe
ia?aiao??a), oae ? ca ?? a??ia?aei?noth.

AENIIAEE

a eean? iiaeaeae oanoea?aiieo i?eci c iiia?ii-ia?aeaeueieie a?aiyie
i?e oiia? aeia?eueieo eoo?a iaoeeo ye iiaeae?, oae ? aaeoi?a
iaiaai?/oaaiiy.

aea?ai? iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? aecia/aii ?o
iioeiaeueiee iaa?? aeey oi?ioaaiiy aace aeaieo.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ci?ie ?ioi?iaoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?ae aaia?ao?/ii?
oe?ioe oa aceiooo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai i?io?eth, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue
?icae?eeoe oa?eoi??th Oe?a?ie ia oe?ioi? nioae oa aceiooaeuei? eooe aeey
oi?ioaaiiy aaie?a aeaieo.

Aecia/aii iioeiaeueiee iaa?? i?eciaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oa ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy aace aeaieo, ui aeeth/a? ?ioi?iaoeai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ? ia?aiao?e aeaea?ae iiaeaeueiiai iiey. Noi?iiaaii aaco
aeaieo aeey oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie.

aeey ioe?iee aeeaei, oiia caeyaaiiy‚ aaiiao?e/ieo oa o?ce/ieo
ia?aiao??a aeaea?ae iaai?oiiai iiey, ui a?aeiinyoueny aei eeano
i?eciaoe/ieo ia’?eo?a.

Io?eiaii niin?a ae??oaiiy iaa?iaii? caaea/? iaai?oi?ica?aeee, ui ia
iio?aao? aeiaeaoeiai? ai??i?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i oiiae oa aeeaeie
caeyaaiiy cao?thth/eo ia’?eo?a‚ a oaeiae i?i ?o iaai?oi? aeanoeaino?, ui
cia/ii ni?iuo? i?ioean ?ioa?i?aoaoe??. Noai?aiee aia?ao aeicaiey?
ciaoiaeeoe iaea?eueo aeinoia??io iiaeaeue aeo?aeiiai iaaeeaeaiiy
aeaea?aea iaai?oiiai iiey aeey iiaeaeueoiai aeei?enoaiiy ?? a iaoiae?
iaoeiiiai i?aeai?o.

I?iaaaeaii ai?iaaoe?th aeeiiaieo a aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaie ia
aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoa??aeao iaai?oieo ceiiie a iaaeao
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie Oe?a?inueeiai ueoa, yea i?aeoaa?aeeea ?o
aenieo aoaeoeai?noue.

Ia aac? aeeiiaii? ?ic?iaee aeieea? iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue ianiai?
aeni?an- ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a iaai?oieo ceiiie, ui ca?eueoeoue
ianya aaieiai-aaio?ce/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e
oi?ioaaii? oyaeaiue i?i iniaeeaino? aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae oa i?iaiicoaaiiy
ae?eyiie aeine?aeaeaiue ia ei?eni? eiiaeeie.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ?ic?iaeaiee a ?iaio?
aia?ao aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai
a yeino? naiino?eiiai iaoiaeo iiooeo ia?aeiii? iiaeae? iaai?oieo
ia’?eo?a oa iiia?aaeiuei? ioe?iee ?o aaieia?/ii? ia?niaeoeaiino?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ?iaioao:

. // Aeii. IAIO. -?1. — 1995. — N. 82-84. (c E.I.Ao?ith)

Iiaeeeaino? e?euee?niiai aiae?co iaai?oieo aiiiae?e.// A?NIEE Iaoe.
Oi?a. ?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea // Na?.Aaie., — ? 14. — 1996. — N. 11-13. ( c
E.I.Ao?ith)

e aai eioi?iaoeaiinoue // Aaioec. AEo?i.- ? 1. — 1998. — N. 82-84. (c
E.I.Ao?ith)

. ?? iaiao?aei?noue i?e ae??oaii? cai?ioii? caaea/? iaai?oi?ica?aeee //
Oace aeiiia?aeae I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? «Ai?cio?ii?y. O?aeoaee.
I?iaeaie i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy».- Ee?a. — 1994. — N. 39-40. ( c
E.I.Ao?ith., A.TH.Na?aith)

Express Interpretation of Magnetic Anomalies. European Association of
Geoscientists & Engineers, 58th Conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 3-7
June 1996 Extended Abstracts, Volume 2. ( c E.I.Ao?ith)

. Aaieia?/iee ?inoeooo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
aaieia?? Oe?a?ie. Ca??iee iaoa??ae?a. — 1998. — N. 62-63. ( c
E.I.Ao?ith)

A?euoe I.?. ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y iaai?oieo aiiiae?e a aaoiiaoeciaaiiio
?aaeei?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 04.00.22 — aaio?ceea. — Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea‚ Ee?a‚ 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aia?aoo
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaai?oieo aiiiae?e ia AII. Aeaiee iaoiae aaco?oueny ia
iiia?aaeiueiio oi?ioaaii? iiiaeeie i?eciaoe/ieo iiaeaeae (aaie?a ??oaiue
iaa?iaii? caaea/?) oa iiaeaeueoiio aeai?o c inoaiiuei? ia’?eoa, yeee a
iaea?eueo?e i??? a?aeiia?aea? ?aaeueii ?nioth/iio aeaea?aeo iaai?oiiai
iiey. Anoaiiaeaii‚ ui a?aea?? iiaeaeueiiai ia’?eoa ?c ia?aae/anii
noi?iiaaii? ?o iioeiaeueii? iiiaeeie aea? no?eeee ?acoeueoao i?e
ae??oaii? iaa?iaii? caaea/? iaai?oi?ica?aeee. ?ic?iaeaii
i?ia?aiii-aeai?eoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano iiooeo iiaeae? aeo?aeiiai
iaaeeaeaiiy ?aaeueieo aeaea?ae iaai?oiiai iiey. Ai?iaaoe?y
?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai aia?aoo aeeiiaia ia iaai?oieo aiiiae?yo
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? oa?eoi??? Oe?a?inueeiai Ueoa. Iaoa??aee aei?iaoaaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue eiai aenieo aoaeoeai?noue, yea caaacia/o? aeinoaoith
a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a ?ioa?i?aoaoe??. Ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai
iaoiaeo c’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue iia?aoeaii ? oaeaeei iaea?aeoaaoe
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aeeaeie e oiiae caeyaaiiy aeaea?aea iaai?oiiai iiey, a
oaeiae iai?yiie ? cia/aiiy eiai noia?ii? iaiaai?/aiino?. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe i?aoe? ciaeoee aeei?enoaiiy o ae?iaieoeoa? i?e iiooeao
?oaeieo ?iaeiaeu oa aeiaciiinieo no?oeoo?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaai?oi?ica?aeea‚ ai?ieneiaoe?y‚ iiaeaeue‚ i?yia
caaea/a, iaa?iaia caaea/a ‚ aeai?eoi‚ i?ia?aia, ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y.

Gryshchuk P.I. Interpretation of magnetic anomalies in automated mode. —
Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree in geology by speciality 04.00.22
Geophysics. Tarasa Shevchenko Kyiv University‚ Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to development of software for automated
interpretation of magnetic anomalies. This method is founded on
beforehand formed set of prism models (database solutions of inverse
tasks) and selection from the this database of the object, which
magnetic field best coincides with observed field. It is installed that
the selection of a model from database gives stable result for of
solution of the inverse task magnetics. The program — algorithmic
support of the process search of model approximation of real sources of
magnetic field has been developed. The approbation of the developed
software has been executed on magnetic anomalies of Northwest part of
the Ukrainian Shield. The materials of tests confirm high efficiency and
reliability. With the help of developed method there is a possibility
operatively and fast to receive the information on depths and conditions
dip of magnetic field source and also direction and value its total
magnetization. The main results of work have been introduced into
production for searches of ore deposits and diamond structures.

Key words: magnetics, approximation, model‚ direct problem, inverse
problem‚ algorithm‚ program‚ interpretation.

A?euoe I.E. Eioa?i?aoaoeey iaaieoiuo aiiiaeee a aaoiiaoece?iaaiiii
?aaeeia. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 04.00.22 — aaioeceea. — Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao
eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

aeey iienea ia/aeueiiai i?eaeeaeaiey ?aaeueiuo enoi/ieeia a
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiii ?aaeeia. Ii iicaieyao iieo/aoue eioi?iaoeeth i
aaiiao?ee e aaee/eiao iaiaaie/aiiinoe aaieiae/aneeo iauaeoia aac
i?eaea/aiey aeiiieieoaeueiie eioi?iaoeee.

iaae iiaeaeueiuie oaeaie. Iie yaeythony naiaiaeiuie /eaiaie
ia?acothueo nenoaio iaeeiaeiuo o?aaiaiee. ?aoaieai iioeiaeueiiai
iiiaeanoaa i?yiuo caaea/ auei onoaiiaeaii iaee/ea acaeiii iaeiicia/iiai
niioaaonoaey iaaeaeo oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iiaeaeueiuo enoi/ieeia e
naiaiaeiuie /eaiaie nenoaiu iaeeiaeiuo o?aaiaiee. Ec eioa?i?aoaoeeiiiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee, iieo/aiiuo i?e ?aoaiee i?yiuo caaea/, aue noi?ie?iaai
aaie ?aoaiee.

I?ioeann ?aoaiey ia?aoiie caaea/e ninoieo a niiinoaaeaiee iaaethaeaiiuo
e iiaeaeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee niioaaonoaothueo nenoai iaeeiaeiuo o?aaiaiee
aei iieo/aiey iaeaieaa niaiaaeathuaai aa?eaioa. Aue ninoaaeai aeai?eoi
auai?a iioeiaeueiiai ?aoaiey ec eiia/iiai iiiaeanoaa iiaeaeae,
ioia?aiiuo a i?ioeanna niiinoaaeaiey. Enneaaeiaaia onoie/eainoue
iieo/aaiuo ?aoaiee ia?aoiie caaea/e, iooai eioa?i?aoaoeee eneaaeaiiuo
iiaeaeueiuo e?eauo. Auiieiaiiua enneaaeiaaiey iicaieeee onoaiiaeoue, /oi
n iaeneiaeueiui ioeeiiaieai io ?aaeueiuo cia/aiee (10-20%) ii?aaeaeyaony
iaiaaie/aiiinoue aiciouathuaai iauaeoa. Aeoaeia aei iauaeoa
onoaiaaeeaaaony n ioeeiiaieyie 3-9%, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i aiieia
i?eaieaiie aeinoiaa?iinoe ?acoeueoaoia eioa?i?aoaoeee. Ii iieo/aiiui
aeai?eoiai auea ninoaaeaia i?ia?aiia eioa?i?aoaoeee iaaieoiuo aiiiaeee,
aeeth/athuay niyoea oiiiaiai iiey n iaaethaeaiiie e?eaie e iiene iiaeaee
enoiaeiiai i?eaeeaeaiey, ?aaeecoaiue iooai ieieiecaoeee noiia?iuo
ioeeiiaiee eioi?iaoeaiuo oa?aeoa?enoee yenia?eiaioaeueiuo e
oai?aoe/aneeo e?eauo ii i?aaeaa?eoaeueii noi?ie?iaaiiie aaca aeaiiuo.

Aeey ai?iaaoeee iieo/aiiie ?ac?aaioee auee i?ieioa?i?aoe?iaaiu iaaieoiua
aiiiaeee a i?aaeaeao naaa?i-caiaaeiie /anoe Oe?aeineiai ueoa. Iaoa?eaeu
ii?iaiaaiey iiaeoaa?aeaeatho aunieoth yooaeoeaiinoue i?aaeeaaaaiie
?ac?aaioee, a? iiauoaiioth ?ac?aoathuoth niiniaiinoue e oeacuaatho ia
iaiaoiaeeiinoue aiaae?aiey iineaaeiae a i?iecaiaenoai, eae
naiinoiyoaeueiiai iaoiaea ia noaaeee iienea iiaeaee enoiaeiiai
i?eaeeaeaiey iaaieoiaeoeaiuo iauaeoia e i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ioeaiee eo
aaieiae/aneie ia?niaeoeaiinoe.

N iiiiuueth ?ac?aaioaiiiai iaoiaea iiyaeyaony aiciiaeiinoue iia?aoeaii e
auno?i ecaeaeaoue eioi?iaoeeth i aeoaeiao e oneiaeyo caeaaaiey enoi/ieea
iaaieoiiai iiey, a oaeaea i iai?aaeaiee e iiaeoea aai aaeoi?a
iaiaaie/aiiinoe. Yoa eioi?iaoeey a ni/aoaiee n ?acoeueoaoaie
aaieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee e aeaiiuie ae?oaeo aaioece/aneeo iaoiaeia
/?acau/aeii aaaeia i?e oi?ie?iaaiee aeiioaoe/aneeo i?aaenoaaeaiee i
aaieiae/aneii no?iaiee enneaaeoaiuo oa??eoi?ee, a iniaaiiinoe
i?aaenoaaeaiee iauaiiuo, iaiaoiaeeiuo a ieaia auyniaiey i?e?iaeu
aaieiae/aneeo oae.

I?inoioa i?aeoe/aneiai eniieueciaaiey ?ac?aaioaiiiai aiia?aoa
eioa?i?aoaoeee iaaieoiuo aiiiaeee aeaeaao aai aeinooiiui e ia?niaeoeaiui
aeey oe?ieiai e?oaa aaioeceeia e aaieiaia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaieoi?acaaaeea‚ aii?ieneiaoeey‚ iiaeaeue‚ i?yiay
caaea/a, ia?aoiay caaea/a, aeai?eoi‚ i?ia?aiia‚ eioa?i?aoaoeey.

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