15

I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai

NOA?IAIEOIAA ??eia ?aai?aia

OAeE – 100.7(100.72)

?AeAIOEO?EAOe?ss A NIOe?AEUeIIIO I?CIAII?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.02 – ae?aeaeoeea ? iaoiaeieia?y i?ciaiiy

AAOIAOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa

o?einionueeeo iaoe

Iaeana — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? i?e?iaeie/eo oaeoeueoao?a
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?einio?? i?e?iaeie/eo
oaeoeueoao?a Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa,
eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio I.A.*aeeianueeee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?einio?? ? iaoiaeieia?? iaoee
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, aeieoi?
o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? A.A.I?noii

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ? i?aaa Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, eaiaeeaeao
o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio I.N.Iaai?nyi

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:?inoeooo o?einio?? ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie,
a?aeae?e nioe?aeueii? o?einio??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 18 aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E-05.08.04 o I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai ca
aae?anith: 270020, i.Iaeana, aoe.Noa?iii?oio?aie?anueea, 26, aieiaiee
ei?ion.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe?
I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai ca aae?anith: 270020, i.Iaeana,
aoe.Noa?iii?oio?aie?anueea, 26, aieiaiee ei?ion.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 17 ethoiai 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

?.A.Ienee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ai?iaeiaae inoaiiueiai aeanyoe??//y a Oe?a?i? (ye ?
ia anueiio «iinonioe?ae?noe/iiio» i?inoi?? No?aeii? ?a?iie oa NIAe)
a?aeaoaa?oueny aeeaiea nioe?aeueia o?ainoi?iaoe?y: ooai?ththoueny iia?
iie?oe/i? oa aeiiii?/i? ae?oe, na?aaei? oa ia?a?iaeuei? aa?noae, ui
a?aecia/athoueny ??ciith i??ith nie?aea?iino?, caeeaeaiiy oa
a?ae/oaeaiiy i?ae niaith.

Iie?oe/ia oa aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y a e?a?i? aeiaaa? a?ae eiaeiiai
a?aeiia?ae? ia caieoaiiy «Ooi ss?», «Ooi ie?»: i?aa? /e e?a?, i?ea?/ieee
iacaeaaeiino?, aea?aeaaiino? Oe?a?ie /e ?anoaa?aoe?? N?N?, no?aoaa??
?eieiaeo ?aoi?i /e oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, aiane?aeie /iai
caaino?th?oueny i?iaeaia iniaeno?nii? e nioe?aeueii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??. O
aeeiai?/iiio ca nai?i ?icaeoeii noni?euenoa?, yea ca?eueith?oueny a?ae
iaa’ycoaaieo cai?e nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo oa ?aeaieia?/ieo noa?aioei?a
ieneaiiy, aeiei??iii ci?ith?oueny naia iinoaiiaea oe??? i?iaeaie.
Aeieea? iio?aaa aecia/aiiy i?eiaeaaeiino? iniaenoino? aei iaaieo
???a?o?/ieo no?ao ye naieie ethaeueie a ieai? ?o naii?aeaioeo?eaoe??,
oae ? nioe?ieiaaie, o?einioaie, ui aeine?aeaeothoue noni?euei? i?ioeane
? yaeua.

Ca oiiae a?aeiinii? iie?oe/ii? oa ?aeaieia?/ii? naiaiaee ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y
a?iiaaeyi noaea i?aeoe/iei ieoaiiyi, a?ae ?ica’ycaiiy yeiai caeaaeeoue
aeiey ia?o?e, o?yaeo e noaa?ai?oaoo aea?aeaae, oni?o o aeai?/eo
eaiiai?yo. Ia aaaeeea?noue oe??? i?iaeaie caa?iaii iniaeeao oaaao a
I?ia?ai? «Oe?a?ia-2010», a ye?e ? ie?aiee ioieo i?ae iacaith «I?iaeaie
?iaeea?aeoaeueii?, nioe?aeueii? oa a?iiaaeyinueei? naii?aeaioeo?eaoe??
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie».

I??a iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. Nioe?aeueia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ye
niin?a i?ciaiiy iaaoaa? aeaaeae? a?eueoiai cia/aiiy o o?einionueeeo
aeeneon?yo oa aii??e/ieo nioe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo. Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa, iia’ycai? c ?oeioaaiiyi
noa?eo cania?a ? noaiiaeaiiyi iiaeo iioeaaoe?eieo no?oeoo?
?aeaioeo?eaoe??, ia?ai???ioaoe??th ethaeae o nioe?aeueiiio i?inoi??
e?eciaiai noni?euenoaa, ci?iaie nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e, noaoon?a ? ?ieae,
iin?aeathoue /?eueia i?noea o oaiaoeoe? aeine?aeaeaiue ?inoeoooo
nioe?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie. Aaea ia?o? ioae?eaoe?? 90-o ?ie?a ? aeniiaee c
aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oa naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aeathoue
ciiao iaaeeaeaoeny aei a?eueo aaeaeaaoiiai i?ciaiiy nioe?aeueii?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaoiai noni?euenoaa. Anaa?/iiai aiae?co oey i?iaeaia
caciaea o i?aoeyo ?.?.Aieiaaoe, I.A.Ceia?ii?, N.A.Iaea?aa,
A.E.Innianueeiai, A.I.?o/ee, I.I.Ooeueae.

O ?in?enuee?e Oaaea?aoe?? aeeiiothoue aiaeia?/iee aeine?aeieoeueeee
i?iaeo i?ae ea??aieoeoaii A.I.ssaeiaa «Aeueoa?iaoeae nioe?aeueieo
ia?aoai?aiue o ?in?enueeiio noni?euenoa?», o iaaeao yeiai ?icaeyaeathoue
ieoaiiy i?ciaiiy nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a, ?a?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniaenoino?,
naii?aaoeyoe?? e i?iaiicoaaiiy ia oeueiio a?oio? nioe?aeueii? iiaaae?iee
iniaenoino?, iniaeeaino? nioe?aeueii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia ??cieo noaae?yo
aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo ?iaeea?aea, naiaioe/i? i?inoi?e nioe?aeueii?
?aeaioe/iino? oa nioe?aeueio ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th o i?ioeanao
no?aoeo?eaoe?eii? iia?eueiino?. Ia?o? i?aenoiee oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue
i?noyoueny a ioae?eaoe?yo C.O.Aieaieiai?, TH.E.Ea/aiiaa, TH.I.Eice??aa,
O.C.Eiceiai?, I.A.Oiaoei, A.I.ssaeiaa.

Cia/iee oai?aoe/iee oiiae aeey inieneaiiy i?iaeai ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
iaa?iiaaeaeaii o i?aoeyo c ieoaiue aiinaieia?? ?.I.Aeaeeiyia,
?.A.Aie/aiea, I.I.Aoeaoiaa, Ae.I.Ai?nueeiai, I.A.Eiii?ia, A.I.Ei?ooiiaa,
A.?.Eooeaiea, I.I.Iieeyea, A.A.Iaiiaa, I.A.Iiiiae/a,
A.A.Oaaa/eianueeiai, I.A.*aeeianueeiai, A.?.Oeiea?oea, I.?.ssoeaiea.

Aac aiae?co i?iaeai iniaenoino? iaiiaeeeaa iiaeaeueoa aea/aiiy iaoiaeo
?aeaioeo?eaoe??. I?i oea na?ae/aoue i?aoe? A.A.Aiaiue?aa,
A.I.Aiae?ouaiea, I.N.Aeieo???ai?, A.I.?aaiiaa, A.?.Eaaae??iaa, ?.N.Eiia,
I.I.Eaiioue?aa, A.A.I?noii, I.N.Iaai?nyia, A.A.Iao?ianueeiai,
E.A.Nioaiue, I.O.Oa?anaiea, I.O.Oeea?e, O.I.ss?ioaanueeiai.

Caaaeueiiiaoiaeieia?/ieie canaaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie ?
i?aoe? c ieoaiue canoinoaaiiy nenoaiiiai iaoiaeo i?e aea/aii?
nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a. C oeueiai i?eaiaeo ne?ae cacia/eoe iaoeia?
i?aoe? ?.A.Aeaoaa?aa, A.I.Eocuei?ia, ?.I.I?aaeai?nueei?, A.?.Oeiiiaa,
A.A.THae?ia.

Oaeei /eiii, o no/ani?e nioe?aeueii-o?einionuee?e e?oa?aoo?? cia/ia
i?noea iin?aea? i?iaeaia i?ciaiiy nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a
?aeaioeo?eaoe??. Noi?ioaaeeny aeaa aieiaieo i?aeoiaee: nioe?ieia?/iee
(I.Aa?aa?, I.Ao?ae’?, A.A?aio?, A.Aeth?eaaei, A.A??enii, Ae.Eoea/,
O.Eoeiai, I.Ooiiiea, A.Othooe) oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iee (A.Eaee?,
?.E?ooii, A.Ia?eoca, ?.Ia?oii, A.I?ae, Ae.??niai, C.O?aeae, O.Oeaooai?).
E??i oeueiai, ona?aeiieaii ca’ycie i?ioean?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?c
nioe?ae?caoe??th iniaenoino?, c ?icaeoeii a?oiiai? nie?aea?iino?,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie oa iie?oe/ieie i?iaeaiaie e?eciaiai
noni?euenoaa.

?acii c oei caeeoathoueny i?aeoe/ii ia aeine?aeaeaieie aaaaoi aniaeo?a
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ye iaoiaeo nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy: ianaiia?aae ci?no
oe??? eaoaai???, i?noea, ?ieue oa ?? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c iaoiaeii
ioioiaeiaiiy, a oaeiae ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? ?c no?oeoo?ith ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
ye niiniao i?ciaiiy nioe?aeueii? ae?eniino?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?th aeeiiaii
ca?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e o?einio?? i?e?iaeie/eo
oaeoeueoao?a Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa ia
oaio «I?aenaieia?/iee aiae?c iaoiae?a iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino?»,
caoaa?aeaeaiiai 29.08.1997 ?ieo (i?ioieie ? 1).

Aeoiaey/e c aiae?co iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? oa iie?oe/ii? aeooaeueiino?
i?iaeaie e i??e ?? ?ic?iaeaiino? o o?einionuee?e e?oa?aoo??,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/aiiy i?noey ? ?ie? iaoiaeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
o nioe?aeueiiio i?ciaii?, aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e i?ciaaaeueieo i?ioeaaeo? o
i?ioean? eiai canoinoaaiiy o o?einionueeeo oa nioe?aeueii-aii??e/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo, ui ? aaaeeeaith ia?aaeoiiaith iiaeaeueoiai i?aeaeuaiiy
?o iaoiaeieia?/iiai ??aiy oa aoaeoeaiino?.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe aecia/aii oae? caaaeaiiy:

· aiae?c eaoaai??? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ye iaoiaeo iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy;

· iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o nioe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?
?icaeyae eiai no?oeoo?e;

· c?noaaeaiiy i?ciaaaeueieo i?ioeaaeo? iaoiaeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe??,
canoiniaoaaieo aeine?aeieeaie, ?c naii?aeaioeo?eaoe??th ?iaeea?ae?a,
nioe?aeueieo a?oi o ?aaeueiiio i?ioean? ?o naiiaecia/aiiy a
noni?euenoa?;

· aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiiiaia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o nenoai? no?aoeo?eaoe?eieo
i?ioean?a no/anii? Oe?a?ie.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy: nioe?aeueia i?ciaiiy aca?iiae?? iniaenoino? ?
noni?euenoaa o no/ani?e nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e neooaoe??.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy: aea/aiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ye iaoiaeo
nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy ? naiii?ciaiiy, oeiieia?caoe?? nioe?aeueieo a?oi
oa naiiaecia/aiiy e naiiooaa?aeaeaiiy iniaenoino? o eiie?aoiiio
noni?eueiiio na?aaeiaeu?.

Iaoiaeieia?/i? ? oai?aoe/i? aeaea?aea aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy aiae?co?oueny o aeena?oaoe?? ia a?oio? ?aeae oa
o?einionueeeo aeniiae?a c i?iaeai oioiaeiino?, ?aeaioe/iino?,
?icaeyiooeo o oai?ao Ieaoiia, I.Eocaioey, ?.Iao??oee, Aeae.Eieea,
A.Eaeaieoey, ?.A.O?ooa, O.A.E.Oaee?iaa, A.A.O.Aaaaey, A.Aeth?eaaeia,
I.Aaaa?a, AE.-I.Na?o?a, A.Eaith, I.Oaeaeaaaa?a, E.Ia?ena, I.Ni?ie?ia,
A.Aonna?ey, O.-A.Aaaeaia?a, I.Aa?aa?a, I.Ao?ae’?, A.Othooea,
A.I.ssaeiaa, I.A.Eiii?ia, Ae.I.Ai?nueeiai, N.I.Iaea?aa, I.I.Ooeueae,
?.?.Aieiaaoe oa ?ioeo.

ssae?i iaoiaeieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo, ia?aiiai aeena?oaioii, neeaaeathoue
i?eioeeie ae?aeaeoeee oa aca?iiaeiiiaiyeueiino?, oa?aeoa?i? aeey
ia?aaeeaie iinoiiaea?i?cio, ui ia?aaeaa/a? i?aai?/ia ii?aeiaiiy iaoiae?a
i?e/eiiai-iane?aeeiaiai iiyniaiiy oa aa?iaiaaoe/iiai ?icoi?iiy o
nioe?aeueiiio i?ciaii?, iiaeieaiiy aaniethoecaoe??
iaoeiai-?aoe?iiae?noe/iiai ieneaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy oaiiiaiieia?/ii?
iaoiaeieia?? o i?ciaii? nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a.

Iinoiiaea?i?nonueea ia?aaeeaia ieneaiiy i???ioo? aeine?aeieea ia
oiea?aioia noaaeaiiy aei aeueoa?iaoeaieo iaoiaeieia?/ieo iiceoe?e o
i?aaiaii? aei anaa?/iiai aeyaeaiiy e aea/aiiy nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a,
aca?iiae?? ??cieo ni?eueiio, ui oi?iothoueny ia i?aenoaa?
naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?iaeea?ae?a a?aeiia?aeii aei ?oi?o iniaeno?nieo
yeinoae, ?ioa?an?a, ii?aeueii-oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, iaioae?oaoo.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia i?aea?oioy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
neeaaeathoue neioac nioe?ieia?/iiai e nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
i?aeoiae?a aei aiae?co i?ioean?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, i?ciaiiy ?o
aca?iica’yceo c oi?ioaaiiyi a?oiiai? nie?aea?iino? e a?ae/oaeaiiy o
e?ecia?e neooaoe?? no/aniiai noni?euenoaa Oe?a?ie. Oea aeicaiey?
cae?enithaaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ia’?eoeaiiai ci?noo oa noa’?eoeaiiai
ni?eeiyooy ?iaeea?aeaie ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? caeaaeii a?ae ?aeo?no ?icaeyaeo
i?aaeiaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy o eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo. Oeueiio ni?ey?
canoinoaaiiy a aeine?aeaeaii? iaoiae?a ? i?eioeei?a
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai, eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iiai aiae?co nioe?aeueieo
i?ioean?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oa naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?? a no/aniiio
oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia ii/aoeo ?iaioe iaae aeena?oaoe??th aoei
noi?ioeueiaaii a?iioaco iieniai-iiynithaaeueiiai oeio i?i oa, ui
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ? ia o?eueee iaeiei c iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a i?ciaiiy, aea e
niiniaii naiiaecia/aiiy, naiii?ciaiiy oa i???ioaoe?? iniaenoino?
noiniaii ?ioeo ethaeae, o noaaeaii? aei nai?? /e ?ioi? a?oie. ? oey
i???ioaoe?y iiaeiia a?aeaeaaoe o nia? o? aeiei??ii? nioe?aeuei? ci?ie,
ui ?o niinoa??aa?ii a noni?euenoa? ia?ao?aeiiai oeio, yeei ? Oe?a?ia o
90-o? ?iee.

O ai?iouea? ?iaeea?ae?a oa nioe?aeueieo a?oi ca aeaeeaaiiy, nioe?aeueio
aaciaeo oa ?aae?caoe?th ?ioeo aaaeeeaeo ?ioa?an?a oe? ci?ie iiaeooue
oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeny ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiith i???ioaoe??th ia?aaeon?i ia
nioe?aeuei? ?inoeoooe?? iaioi? i??e ni?eueiino?: n?i’th, ae?oc?a oa
?iaee/?a, iaeaeeae/a ae?eiaa ioi/aiiy, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iaaiith
ao?aoith a?ae/oooy a?iiaaeyinueei?, iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aeaioe/iino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeena?oaioii
?ic?iaeaii oe?e?nio eiioeaioe?th i?noey e ?ie? iaoiaeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o
nenoai? iaoiaeieia?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy.
Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aeicaiey? c?icoi?oe eiai
no?oeoo?ii-eia?/io iiaeaeue, yea neeaaea?oueny c i?ioeaaeo?: ii??aiyiiy
nooo?aeo iciae (?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo ?iaeeeaoi??a); aeyaeaiiy i??e
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? (oiea?aioi?noue, caiaea, ethaia); aecia/aiiy aeeneo?n?a
oa niinia?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? (i?aaenoaaieoeoaa, aia?aaeaioiino?,
ia?an?/iino?). O ca’yceo c oeei iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a
aeyaey?oueny o oaeeo iieiaeaiiyo:

· ia i?aenoaa? o?einionueeiai aiae?co ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ye iaoiaeo
nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy oa niiniao naiii?ciaiiy, naiino?eii? i???ioaoe??
iniaenoino? o nenoai? nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e noni?euenoaa aeiaaaeaii, ui
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ? ?aaeueiei i?ioeanii, c aeiiiiiae yeiai
aeine?aeaeothoue noni?euenoai, ethaeeio (iniaeno?noue) c ?? iioeaaie,
iio?aaaie, ?ioa?anaie, iia’ycaieie c ?aeaioeo?eaoe??th (?aaeueiith /e
aaaeaiith) ye iaiao?aeiei neeaaeieeii nioe?aeueii? ae?yeueiino?;

· aeyaeaii, ui ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ? aeaia?/iei i?ioeanii, a yeiio ?iaeea?ae
ia eeoa canaith? oa?aeoa?i? ?ene eoeueoo?e nai?? ni?eueiioe, aea e
i?eaiineoue aei ia? nai? aeani? iniaeno?ni? yeino?, ui aeicaiey? eiio
aeeth/aoeny naia aei oe??? nioe?aeueii? no?aoe, a?oie, ni?eueiioe;

· aecia/aii, ui ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ?aae?co? naaa /a?ac iie?nioe?aeueiee
i?ciaaaeueiee i?ioean, a yeiio eiaeai ?iaeea?ae aecia/a?oueny ca nai?ie
iniaeno?nieie iciaeaie iaeii/anii ye i?aaenoaaiee aaaaoueio nioe?aeueieo
?inoeoooe?e: n?i’?, aea?aeaae, ia’?aeiaiue ca ??ciiaeaeii caiyoue,
?ioa?an?a oiui;

· anoaiiaeaii, ui ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c noeoiiino?
iine?aeiaieo i?ciaaaeueieo i?ioeaaeo?: aeyaeaiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo
?iaeeeaoi??a; ?o a?aeai?o oa nenoaiaoecaoe??; ii??aiyiiy aeanoeainoae
?iaeea?ae?a ? nioe?aeueieo a?oi; aeaaeoeoeaiiai ia?aianaiiy ciaiue i?i
eean nioe?aeueieo yaeu ia ie?aiee nioe?aeueiee ia’?eo; oiiaeniiaeo i?i
iayai?noue /e a?aenooi?noue ?aeaioe/iino? ia’?eoa c a?oiith.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aecia/aiiy eaoaai??e
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oa ?aeaioe/iino?, o?einionueea inieneaiiy ?o ye cania?a
nioe?aeueiiai i?ciaiiy oa aiae?co i?ioean?a ia?niiaeueii? oa
nioe?aeueii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia? cia/ia oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee oa oaoi?ee aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo aea/aiith
nooiino? oa ci?noo oeo ci?i, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o nioe?aeuei?e
no?oeoo?? noni?euenoaa ? nioe?aeuei?e ineoieia?? ianaeaiiy o i?ioean?
cae?eniaiiy ?eieiaeo ?aoi?i ? aeaiie?aoecaoe??.

A?aeiia?aeii ? i?e oi?ioaaii? iiaeo eiioeaioe?e iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai ?c
nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i ia? ?noioia cia/aiiy o?einionueea
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie i?ciaiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? a noni?euenoa?.

Aea/aiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ye caniao naiii?ciaiiy oa iaaoooy iniaeno?noth
iaaii? noeoiiino? iciae ? noa?aioei?a iiaaae?iee, ae?yeueiino?,
iaioae?oaoo caaacia/o? na?aeiia aeeth/aiiy ?iaeea?aea aei o??? /e o???
ni?eueiioe, iiaeeaeth? oai?aoe/i? oyaeaiiy i?i ooai?aiiy iiaeo
nioe?aeueieo no?ao, eean?a, ?ice?eaa? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? no?oeoo?e
iie?oe/ii?, aeiiii?/ii? oa aeooiaii? nie?aea?iino?, oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy
ia?o?e, a?iiaaenueeeo ?oo?a, ia’?aeiaiue ca ?ioa?anaie oa nioe?aeueiei
iioiaeaeaiiyi ?iaeea?ae?a.

Aaaeeeaa oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ia? nioe?aeueii-o?einionueea
inieneaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a nioe?aeueii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? a aeeiai?/ieo ci?iao noni?euenoaa ia?ao?aeiiai oeio.
Aiae?c niaoeeo?ee oeeo i?ioean?a (ia?aaaaeii noeo?eii-noa’?eoeaiee
oa?aeoa? naiiaecia/aiiy ?iaeea?ae?a o no?oeoo?? noni?euenoaa, ui
?icaeaa?oueny a?ae oioae?oa?ecio aei aeaiie?ao??; c?inoaiiy ?ie?
iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oa naii?aeaioeo?eaoe??; aea/aiiy
a?aei?iiinoae o caeaoiino? aei naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ??cieo nioe?aeueieo
a?oi, caaino?aiiy i?ioe??/ i?ae aeooaeueiei oa ?aeaaeueiei «ss» o
e?eciaiio noni?euenoa?) ?icoe?th? iao? oyaeaiiy i?i nioe?aeueio ea?oeio,
yea neeaaea?oueny o 90-o? ?iee a Oe?a?i?.

An? oe? i?iaeaie, iaa?oue naia eaoaai??y ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, ia?ac? ia
ciaeoee iaeaaeiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy i? a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??, i? a
iin?aieeao c o?einio??, nioe?ieia??, aoeee, iie?oieia??. Aeeth/aiiy oeeo
ieoaiue aei iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai iiaea ni?eyoe ci?oeiaiith ca’yce?a
nenoaie ina?oe ye c oai???th, oae ? c i?aeoeeith nioe?aeueiiai
oi?aae?iiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aieiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o
iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo, a oaeiae iaaiai?thaaii ia oai?aoe/ieo ?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, iaoiaeieia?/ieo nai?ia?ao a ?inoeooo?
o?einio?? ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie, Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?i.?.?.Ia/ieeiaa, ia eaoaae?ao o?einio?? Iaeanueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e, I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai, Iaeanueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe, caaaeaiue oa eia?ee
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
ye? i?noyoue ii aeaa ia?aa?aoe, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii nioe?aeueia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie o
e?eciaiio noni?euenoa? Oe?a?ie 90-o ?ie?a, iaiao?aei?noue o?einionueeiai
inieneaiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ye iaoiaeo i?ciaiiy oa caniao oi?ioaaiiy
iiai? nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e. I?iaiae?ciaaii i??o iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino?
oe??? i?iaeaie o o?einionuee?e e?oa?aoo??, aecia/aii iaoo, aieiai?
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoeiao iiaecio, iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, ?? oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe??
oa oi?ie ?? ai?iaaoe??.

Ia?oee ?icae?e «?aeaioeo?eaoe?y o nenoai? nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeeo
eaoaai??e» i?enay/aiee aecia/aiith nioe?aeueii-o?einionueei? eaoaai???
?aeaioeo?eaoe??. Cacia/aii, ui aiia ca nai?i ci?noii cia/ii oe?oa, i?ae
i?inoa ioioiaeiaiiy, e i?iieco? i?aeoe/ii an? aaeoc? ciaiiy oa
iianyeaeaiii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeae. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ye uaaaeue ?
niin?a i?ciaiiy, ye /ooo?ai-eiai?oeaiee i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ni?eueiio ?
nie?aea?iinoae, ia’?aeiaiiy ? nioe?aeueieo ?oo?a, ia?o?e yaey? niaith
iaeei ?c aieiaieo cania?a nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?, aaaeeeaee aeaiaio
eoeueoo?e, ?iciianthaeaeaiiy e iiaeeaeaiiy o noni?euenoa?
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oa nioe?aeueii-a?oiiaeo ii?aeueieo oe?iiinoae ?
ii?i aca?iiae??, a?aeiinei i?ae ethaeueie.

A ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? oeueiai ?icae?eo «?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ye o?einionueea
eaoaai??y» cacia/a?oueny, ui o i?ioean? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aeieea? iaaia
?aeaioe/i?noue, oiaoi noeoii?noue iiaoi?thaaieo, a?aeiia?aeieo naia oe?e
iniaenoino? aai iaai?e nioe?aeuei?e ?ie?, a?oi? oa?aeoa?ieo iciae,
iayai?noue yeeo neeaaea? i??o oeueiai yaeua, a ao?aoa ?aeaioe/iino?
icia/a? ?oeioaaiiy oe?e?niino? iniaenoino? aai ia?ao?ae aei ?ioi?
nioe?aeueii? ?ie?. I?e oeueiio i?ioean ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ye niin?a iaaoooy
i?aeo?eiee e caa?aaeaiiy ?aeaioe/iino?, oiaoi a?aeiia?aeiino? iaaii?
nenoaie iciae, ui aeicaieythoue ca?aoiaoaaoe ?iaeea?aea aei oiai /e oiai
oeio ethaeae, aei o??? /e o??? nioe?aeueii? a?oie, a?oioo?oueny, c
iaeiiai aieo, ia nioe?aeueiiio eiio?ie? ca ?aae?caoe??th aeniaeoaoe?e
(i/?eoaaiue) ioi/aiiy, a c ?ioiai — ia iniaeno?nieo aaciaeo yeinoyo
?iaeea?aea, ye? oiiaeeeaeththoue iaaiee ??ciiaeae eiai ae?yeueiino?,
iiaaae?iee, noeeth aeeooy.

I?ioeaaeo?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia icia/a? anoaiiaeaiiy aaniethoii?
oioiaeiino? ?iaeea?aea ? a?oie. Aiia a?aeaoaa?oueny ca aieiaieie
iciaeaie — ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiei ?iaeeeaoi?ai, eio?? e i?noyoue o nia? i??o
oeueiai nioe?aeueiiai yaeua, oiaoi ie?aieo ?ia?oiee?a, aeeeaaea/?a,
io?oea??a iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye ??cieo ethaeae o aaaaoueio ?aeo?nao, aea
?o ?aeaioeo?eo? nioe?aeueia na?aaeiaeua aai aeine?aeiee ye oaeeo, aeiee
aiie a?aeiia?aeathoue iaaiiio i?i?ioio i/?eoaaiue, ?ieueiaeo aeiia (ca
oa?aeoa?ii iiaaae?iee, niiniaii aeeooy, noeeai iaeyao, iiae oiui).

?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiee i?ioean i?ciaiiy ioiieth? oaeo noeoii?noue iciae,
aeo?ae ca iaae? yei? aaaea aei ao?aoe ?aeaioe/iino? (aecia/aiino?,
yeino?). Anth oeth noeoii?noue ?iaeeeaoi??a o aeena?oaoe?? iiae?eaii ia
aea? a?oie iciae: yeui iaei? a?aeia?aaeathoue ?noioi? aeanoeaino?, ye?
aeicaieythoue ?iaeea?aeo ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe naaa c iaaiith a?oiith, oi ?io?
iinoathoue ye iciaee-neiaiee, ui aeacothoue ia iaeaaei?noue aei iaaii?
ni?eueiioe.

Ca oiia nioe?aeueii? e?ece, ?oeioaaiiy noa?eo ni?eueiio,
ii?aeueii-ii?iaoeaieo nenoai oa oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo oe?iiinoae i?iaeaia
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? (? noiniaii aecia/aiiy eiaeiei «Ooi ss», «C eei ss» ?
noiniaii oeiieia?caoe?? nioe?aeueieo ni?eueiio o nioe?aeueieo iaoeao, o
o?einio??, cie?aia) iaaecae/aeii aeooae?co?oueny. Oe?ii?noue eaoaai???
oa iaoiaeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? a aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeaie nioe?oio
aecia/a?oueny oei, ui aiia iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ye i?ciaaaeueia,
?aeaaeueia ?aeiino?oeoe?y, iiaeaeue neioacoth/i? ?aeiino? nioe?aeueii?
nenoaie ca an??? ?? aaoa?iaaiiino? oa aioo??oiuei? noia?a/eeaino? a iao
/an.

Cia/iith i??ith iao? oyaeaiiy i?i ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th ?icoe?ththoue oai???
i?aeiniaeno?nii? aca?iiae?? (?ioa?aeoe??) — aoiiiaoiaeieia??,
no?oeoo?iiai ooieoe?iiae?cio oa ?io?. Aiie aeacothoue ia ca’ycie
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?c nenoaiith ii?i iiaaae?iee, o?aaeeoe?yie ni?eeiyooy
??cieo nioe?aeueieo ?ieae, nioe?aeueieie ?inoeoooe?yie, ui
ooieoe?iiothoue o noni?euenoa?, ci?ie a yeeo ni?aaeythoue ?noioiee aieea
ia i?ioeane ?aeaioeo?eaoe??.

Nioe?aeueia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ia? aeaia?/iee oa?aeoa?. C iaeiiai aieo, oea
ioioiaeiaiiy ?iaeea?ae?a c a?oiith, a c ?ioiai — oea ?ici?ciaaaiiy a
ioi/aii? iciae ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, ca yeeie iniaeno?noue iiaea
?aeaioeo?eoaaoe naaa, aeei?enoiaoth/e noaoaai-a?eia?, ineo?/i?,
ii?aeuei?, anoaoe/i? ?iaeeeaoi?e, ca yeeie ethaee aecia/athoue nai? eiei
ni?eeoaaiiy ? aca?iiae??. Caaaeyee no?eeei i???ioaoe?yi ca oeeie
iciaeaie oa iino?eii ae?th/iio iaoai?cio nioe?ae?caoe?? ? a?aeaoaa?oueny
oi?ioaaiiy oei?a iniaenoino?, c yeeo neeaaeathoueny a?oie, ni?eueiioe,
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i? oa/??.

Ca no/anieo oiia e?aa?ae?caoe?? ethaenueeeo a?aeiinei a?aeaoaa?oueny
noa’?eoea?caoe?y i?ioeano ?aeaioeo?eaoe??. A?i aeaaeae? a?eueoa
ia?aoai?th?oueny ia naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?th ?iaeea?aea, ca?eueiyth/e
ethaeeio a?ae oaoaeueii? ia?aaecaaeaiino? naiai ia?aco ? nai??
i?eiaeaaeiino? aei o??? /e o??? nioe?aeueii? a?oie ca iioiaeaeaiiyi /e
a?ieia?/ieie iciaeaie. Aeaaeae? /ano?oa ethaee iiaeooue aiaaiaii
noaa?aeaeoaaoe: «ss c?iaea naaa nai».

Canaaeiaei noiniaii ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ? noinoiee nie?aea?iino? oa
a?ae/oaeaiiy, aecia/ai? ?aeaieia??th, oiaoi niaoeeo?/iith nenoaiith
iiaeyae?a, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue nioe?aeueia noaiiaeua, iio?aae oa
?ioa?ane ie?aieo no?ao, eean?a, iaoe?iiaeueii-aoi?/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo,
iie?oe/ieo, ?aa?iiaeueieo ni?eueiio.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? «Iaoiae ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o aeine?aeaeaii?
nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a» i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ye iaoiaeo
nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeiai ieneaiiy. Ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy no/anieo
oai?aoe/ieo oa aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaaaeaii, ui a?i yaey? niaith
eiiieaen eia?ei-ai?noaiieia?/ieo i?ioeaaeo?: aecia/aiiy oa a?aea??
?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo ?iaeeeaoi??a-«iciae nooi?nieo aeanoeainoae» oa
iciae-neiaie?a i?eiaeaaeiino? ?iaeea?aea aei a?oie; ii??aiyiiy iciae
?aeaioeo?eiaaiiai ia’?eoa c aeanoeainoyie o??? a?oie, aei yei? aecia/aii
eiai i?eiaeaaei?noue; aeaaeoeoeaia ia?aianaiiy ciaiue c iaaiiai oeio
yaeu ia ia’?eo ?aeaioeo?eaoe??; aeniiaie i?i ?aeaioe/i?noue
(oioiaei?noue ? iaeaaei?noue) ia’?eoa aei iaaii? a?oie yaeu.

Aeine?aeaeaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiceoeaii? oa iaaaoeaii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
/a?ac ?aoeaen?th ? aieea ?aoa?aioieo a?oi ia iniaeno?noue,
i?iaiae?ciaaii i???ioaoe?? ethaeae ia ??aiyo ei?ii?aoeaii? oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, aeyaeythoueny aeeneo?neai? ni?eueiioe
oiui.

O aeena?oaoe?? a?aecia/aii, ui iiceoeai? iane?aeee aeathoue iaoiaee
ii??aiyiiy ??ai?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o ??cieo nioe?aeueieo a?oiao, a oaeiae
iiaoaeiaa noai ?aaeueii? oa aaaeaii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, ui aea?
aeine?aeieeai nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a iiaeeea?noue ?iaeoe eiia??i?
nioe?aeuei? i?iaiice uiaei ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo oaiaeaioe?e o oi?ioaaii?
iiai? nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e noni?euenoaa.

Iniaeeao oaaao i?eaa?oathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy caoenieo ooieoe?e
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniaenoino? o nioe?aeueiiio i?e?ina?aaeiaeu? o e?ecia?e
neooaoe?? no/aniiai noni?euenoaa oa iia’ycaia c oeei oeiieia?caoe?y
ia?niiaeueii? oa nioe?aeueii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ca oanoaie «Ooi ss» ? «ss
a a?oi?». Oaeei /eiii aeyaey?oueny i??a a?aeiia?aeiino? iiaaae?iee
iniaenoino? aeiiaai oaeeo nioe?aeueieo ?inoeoooe?e ye aea?aeaaa,
aeiiii?ea, n?i’y oiui. ?ic?iaeyth/e eaoaai??eiee aia?ao ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
oa nioe?aeueieo ?aeaioe/iinoae, aeine?aeieee ?icoe?ththoue iiaeeeaino?
a?eueo aeeaieiai ona?aeiieaiiy aaaaoueio no/anieo i?ioean?a aca?iiae??
iniaenoino? e nioe?aeueii?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aai aeooiaii?
ni?eueiioe, aaeaioaoe?? ianaeaiiy aei noni?eueiiai na?aaeiaeua.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «I?noea oa ?ieue ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o i?ciaii?
no?ao?o?eaoe?eieo i?ioean?a no/aniiai noni?euenoaa» ia i?aenoaa?
ocaaaeueiaiiy nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeeo oa aii??e/ieo nioe?aeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?icaeyiooi ??ci? aeaee ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny o no/aniiio noni?euenoa?: ia?o ca ana oaeeo, ye
iaoe?iiaeueii-aoi?/ia, nioe?aeueii-a?oiiaa, aaiaea?ii-a?eiaa,
ia?niiaeueia, a oaeiae i?eoaiaii? ?o oa ?o nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?
caniae naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniae.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? «Iniaeno?nia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y oa ?a?aeaioeo?eaoe?y o
ia?ao?aeiiio noni?euenoa?» cacia/a?oueny, ui iaeiie/aiee aeina?ae
aeine?aeaeaiue oeeo i?iaeai aeicaiey? aaea c?iaeoe aeaye? aaaeeea? o
oai?aoe/iiio ? i?aeoe/iiio aniaeoao aeniiaee uiaei i?ciaiiy nioe?aeueieo
i?ioean?a. Ii-ia?oa, a?aecia/aii, ui ie?ai? nioe?aeuei? a?oie
(iai?eeeaae, ?ia?oieee, ?iaeaia?e, i?aei?e?ioe?) iathoue ??ciee ??aaiue
caeaoiino? aei naii?aeaioeo?eaoe??. sseui ?ia?oieee ia??aeei oieeathoue
naiiaecia/aiiy, oiaoi i?yii? a?aeiia?ae? ia caieoaiiy «Ooi ss?», a
i?aaenoaaieee ?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/ii? ?ioae?aaioe?? /anoi aeathoue
noaiaea?oi? a?aeiia?ae? ia oea caieoaiiy, oi i?aei?e?ioe?, a/eoae?,
e?ea?? a?eueo a?eueii naii?aeaioeo?eothoue naaa aei iaaieo no?ao, a?oi,
aeyaeyth/e a?eueoith i??ith iniaenoo iacaeaaei?noue o nai?o i??eoaaiiyo
c oeueiai i?eaiaeo.

Ii-ae?oaa, o aeine?aeaeaiiyo i?iaeai nioe?aeueii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
aeyaey?oueny oaiaeaioe?y no/aniiai noni?euenoaa a Oe?a?i? e ?in?? aei
aoii?caoe??, aei ciaioaiiy ianooaa?a ?aeaioe/iino? /e ??aiy
i?e?ina?aaeiaeua. Ethaee iaio ioi/a oa?aeoa?ecothoue naaa ca oanoii «ss
nai», i??i?eoaoia i?noea a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e na?aeiiino? iin?aea?
ia?niiaeueia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y, a a i?e nai?e a?aeia?aaeathoueny a?eueoith
i??ith nioe?iineo?/i? ?ene iniae (ii?aeuei? i?eioeeie e iniaeeaino?
oa?aeoa?o) ? a iaio?e — na?oiaeyaei? ?ene iniaenoino?.

Nioe?aeueia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y (a?oiiaa, ei?ii?aoeaia, eieaeoeaia) oaeiae
ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei caoaeaiiy, ?aae?ciaoth/e naaa o iaaeao n?i’?,
ia?oia??a ii ?iaio?, a?ciano; ia ae?oaee ieai a?aeoiaeeoue
naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c iaoe??th, aea?aeaaith. Ana oea a?aeia?aaea?
neeaaei? nioe?aeuei? i?ioeane aaeaioaoe?? ianaeaiiy aei no/anii?
noni?eueii? neooaoe??, aei iiai? ?ie? aea?aeaae noiniaii nai?o
a?iiaaeyi, aei aeieeiaiiy e iioe?aiiy i?eaaoiiai naeoi?a aeiiii?ee.

Ca oeeo oiia a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniaenoino? iathoue i?noea aino??,
aieth/? noia?a/iino? i?ae nioe?aeueieie i?ioeanaie ?io?iaeoe??,
canai?iiy ?iaeea?aeii iiaeo nioe?aeueii-ii?aeueieo oe?iiinoae,
iaiao?aeieo aeey oni?oii? aaeaioaoe?? aei iaeaaei? aeey aaaaoueio iiai?
aeeoo?ai? neooaoe??, a oaeiae i?e?iaeia i?aaiaiiy iniaenoino? caa?aaoe
naith aeanio ?aeaioe/i?noue, «ia iinooieoeny i?eioeeiaie», aiaeae o
nai?io aeaniiio oyaeaii?. Iaiiaeeea?noue aeey iane ethaeae ?ica’ycaoe
oeth noia?a/i?noue ia? nai?i iane?aeeii aeieeiaiiy o noni?euenoa?
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai noaio aiii??, ao?aoe naino aeeooy,
o?ono?aoe??. Ioaea, nioe?aeueia iiaaae?iea ethaeae, ?o caeaoi?noue
aaeaioaoe?? aei eiie?aoieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo e aeooiaii-iie?oe/ieo
ianoaaei, ?noioii ei?aeth? c aeai?ii iniaeno?noth ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eii?
iiceoe?? o ae?aiacii? — «nioe?aeueii-aeoeaia ss», «anioe?aeueii-aeoeaia
ss», «ianeaia ss», «aeooaeueia ss», «iioaioe?eia ss».

I?e oeueiio i?aee?aneaii, ui naia o i?ioean? ia?niiaeueii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?iaeea?ae a?eueo-iaio ona?aeiieth? i?aeiniaeno?ni?
noinoiee. Naiiaecia/aiiy «Ooi ss» ? «Ooi ie» aeyaey? i??o aeecueeino?
iiceoe?e, iiaeyae?a, i?aaiaiue, ii?aeueieo oe?iiinoae ethaeeie c
ioi/aiiyi. Aiaeii/an a?aeiioaiiy «ss» — «?ioee» («ss» — «Aiie»)
na?ae/aoue i?i i??o a?ae/oaeaiino?, i?ioenoaaeaiiy iniaenoino? oa
ioi/aiiy. Aea oea i?ioenoaaeaiiy ? aaaeeeaith oiiaith inieneaiiy eiaeiei
naaa ye naiino?, ona?aeiieaiiy naiai niaoeeo?/iiai i?ecia/aiiy e i?noey
o aeeoo?.

O i?ioean? ia?niiaeueii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?iaeea?ae ioe?ith? naaa ? ye
ie?aio, niaoeeo?/io /anoeo iaaii? ni?eueiioe (n?i’?, iaoe??,
nioe?aeueii-i?ioan?eii? no?aoe /e noaoaai-a?eiai? eaoaai??? ethaeae), ?
ye i?aaenoaaieea ?iaeo ethaenueeiai, oiaoi ia ??aiyo iaeeie/iiai,
iniaeeaiai oa caaaeueiiai yaeua. Ana oea o na?aeiiino? iia’ycaia c
oi?ioaaiiyi ia?aco «ss» («Ooi ss nai ii nia??», «sseei ? ss?») ca
o?ueiia aaciaeie ia?aiao?aie iniaenoino? (o?ce/ieie, ineo?/ieie,
nioe?aeueieie).

I?ioe??//y i?ae oeeie ia?aiao?aie ia?aco «ss» ca iayaiino? caeaoiino?
ethaeeie naii?aeaioeo?eoaaoe naaa a «aeooaeueiiio ss» oa «iioaioe?eiiio
ss», oiaoi ca oiiae ?aaeueii? ioe?iee nai?o ni?aaaei?o iniaeno?nieo
yeinoae ? iiaeeeainoae aeey iiaeaeueoiai naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy, ?
aeaea?aeii aeoea?caoe?? aie? e aeooaaii? aia?a?? ?iaeea?aea, ni?yiiaaii?
ia aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaieo oe?eae ? iiaeieaiiy aeanieo iaaeie?e?a.
Ioaea, ia?niiaeueia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ia iaiaaeaia ianeaiei naiii?ciaiiyi
? naiiaecia/aiiyi iniaenoino? o nioe?aeueiiio i?inoi??, aea iiaea aooe
aaaeeeaei caniaii aeoea?caoe?? aeeoo?ai? aia?a?? oa i?aeaeuaiiy
aieueiai? oe?eani?yiiaaiino? ?iaeea?aea ia no?aoaa?/i? oe?e? o aeeoo?.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?ioean naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iiaeaii ye aca?iiae?th o?ueio
aieiaieo nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo eiiiiiaio?a: 1) ?ioa?ei?ecaoe?? —
canai?iiy ?iaeea?aeii ioe?iie eiai c aieo ioi/aiiy; 2) nioe?aeueiiai
ii??aiyiiy aeooaeueiiai «ss» c iiaeeeaei, aaaeaiei ? nai?o aeinyaiaiue c
oni?oaie ?ioeo; 3) naiiao?eaooe?? — naiiioe?iee ?iaeea?aeii aeaniiai
«ss» oa eiai naiiaecia/aiiy a nioe?aeueieo a?oiao, aei yeeo a?i naaa
a?aeiineoue.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? «Nioe?aeueia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ye i?aea?oioy
oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueieo ni?eueiio» aeine?aeaeaii ieoaiiy i?ciaiiy
nioe?aeueii? (a?oiiai?) ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, ui caaaeaee o?nii iia’ycaia c
ia?niiaeueiith.

Aeey ?ic?iaee o?einionueei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeaaeei no?aoaa?? e oaeoeee
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee ca?ac aaaeeeai ia eeoa aecia/eoe ia
?aoe?iiaeueii-eia?/iiio ??ai? i?eiaeaaei?noue ethaeeie aei ?ia?oie/iai
eeano, ?ioae?aaioe??, iie?oe/ii? aai aeiiii?/ii? ae?oe, aea e c?icoi?oe
ae?enia noa’?eoeaia ni?eeiyooy ethaeueie nai?? i?eiaeaaeiino? aei iaaii?
nioe?aeueii? a?oie aai iie?oe/ii-?aeaieia?/ii? oa/??. Oiio ia o?eueee
oai?aoe/ia, aea e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ia?, iai?eeeaae, aeyaeaiiy
i??i?eoaoiino? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o e?eciaiio noni?euenoa? c iaeeie a?oiaie
o ii??aiyii? c aaeeeeie ni?eueiioaie, ui aeoiaeyoue ca iaae?
aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeiniaeno?nii? aca?iiae?? (iaoe??. eeane oiui). Ca
oeeo oiia oe?ii?noue n?i’?, ae?oaeae, aaciina?aaei?o ethaenueeeo
eiioaeo?a iiaeooue noaoe i?aea?oioyi aeey ?ic?iaee aoaeoeaieo
ia?aaeaeai?/eo i?ia?ai oa ?ioeo ianiai-iie?oe/ieo aeoe?e.

Iiaa a?eueo aeeaiea i?ciaiiy nioe?aeueieo oa iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a
iineeth?oueny aeine?aeaeaiiyi cania?a ? oi?i aeyaeaiiy a?oiiaeo
?aeaioe/iinoae. Oae, ?ic??ciaiiy eiai?oeaii-?aoe?iiaeueiiai oa
aiioe?eii-/ooo?aiai ??ai?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ie?aieo no?ao ? eaoaai??e
ianaeaiiy aeicaiey? oyaeoe a?eueo ?aae?noe/io ea?oeio nioe?aeueii?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oa no?oeoo?e noni?euenoaa.

Ioaea, nioe?aeueia ?aeaioe/i?noue, yea cae?enith?oueny /a?ac ia’?eoeai?
oiiae i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? (ciaiiy, ai?iiy, aeeniiceoe?? oa aaoi?eoao
a eiai ?iei?ii?iaaieo i?iyaao) e io?eio? io?oe?eia aecia/aiiy o
aeeieiiao, caaiiyo, naia e neeaaea? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/io aaco aeey
no?oeoo?ecaoe?? noni?euenoaa ia eeane, no?aoe, i?ioa?ee oa nioe?aeuei?
a?oie. Aeey nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeiai inieneaiiy noni?eueieo a?aeiinei
? ?ic?iaee iie?oe/ieo i?ia?ai aaeeea cia/aiiy ia? aiae?c iia?e?caoe?eieo
/eiiee?a i?aeoe/ieo a?oi, ye? ao?eththoue iaaio ?aeaioe/i?noue, i?aaio/e
aei ?aae?caoe?? caaaeueieo ?ioa?an?a eeano, no?aoe e aeei?enoiaoth/e
aeey oeueiai ?aeaieiaaie, i?oe, iaoeia? oai???, «a?oie oeneo» o aeaeyae?
ia?o?e oa iie?oe/ieo ? i?ioni?eeiaeo ?oo?a.

Ii?yae ?c nioe?aeueii-eeaniaith ?aeaioeo?eaoe??th aaaeeeaa oai?aoe/ia oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iathoue e ?io? noa?e a?iiaaenueeiai aeeooy —
iaoe?iiaeueii-aoi?/ia oa noaoaai-a?eiaa ?aeaioeo?eaoe??. Oae,
i?aeiaoe?iiaeueiee ie? cia/iith i??ith aecia/aiee ?ioaineai?noth
iaoe?iiaeueii-aoi?/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, yea, o naith /a?ao, caeaaeeoue
a?ae aeiiii?/ieo, iie?oe/ieo oa ?aeaieia?/ieo a?aeiinei, aeooiaii? oa
eoeueoo?ii? neooaoe?? o e?a?i?.

Aaaeeeao na?oiaeyaeio ?ieue iiaeiii a?ae?a?aoe e
nioe?aeueii-o?einionueea inieneaiiy aaiaea?ii-a?eiai? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??,
iniaeeai i?e ?ic?iaoe? iieiae?aeii? iie?oeee e aea?aeaaieo ? ia?o?eieo
i?ia?ai, ni?yiiaaieo ia iie?ioaiiy nioe?aeueiiai noaiiaeua ae?iie. O
e?eciaiio noni?euenoa? caaino?ththoueny ? oe? i?iaeaie: na?aae ae?iie
a?eueoith i??ith, i?ae na?aae /ieia?e?a, niinoa??aa?ii ieno?aeio
iia?euei?noue, aac?ia?ooy, a?aeiinio aeai??aaoe?th oa o?ono?aoe?th.

Iaei??th c i?e/ei aaiaea?ii? ia??aiino? ? iaaaeaeaaoia no/aniiio
noni?euenoao oyaeaiiy i?i ae?ii/o ?aeaioe/i?noue, ui eoeueoeao? oae?
?ene iniaenoino?, ye i??i?eoao ciai?oiuei? i?eaaaeeaino? iaae ae?eiaeie
yeinoyie, ianeai?noue, neaae?noue, iio?aao o caoeno? oiui; oea, c
iaeiiai aieo, i???ioo? n?i’th ? oeieo ia oi?ioaaiiy, ianaiia?aae oaeeo
yeinoae o ae?a/ao, a c ?ioiai, ni?ey? caa?aaeaiith o noni?euenoa?
oia?aaeaeaiiai noaaeaiiy aei ae?iie o ieoaiiyo, iia’ycaieo c
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiyi.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaeoi caaaeuei? i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aee?aneaii
cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeyaeythoueny iiaeeea? ia?niaeoeae
iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy oe??? i?iaeaie.

AENIIAEE

1. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ? neeaaeiei i?ciaaaeueiei i?ioeanii aecia/aiiy
i?e/aoiino? ?iaeea?aea aei iaaii? ni?eueiioe. Oea aeyaeaiiy ia i?inoi
oioiaeiino? /e naiioioiaeiino? nioe?aeueieo yaeu, oea — aaaeeeaee iiiaio
i?aeiniaeno?nieo ? a?oiiaeo a?aeiinei ia i?aenoaa? aiioe?eiiai
ni?eeiyooy ? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ona?aeiieaiiy ?iaeea?aeaie ? a?oiaie
nie?aea?iino? aai a?ae/oaeaiiy, iiae?eo ethaeae ia oeo, ooi aoiaeeoue a
iaaia eiei, e oeo, ooi ? ?ioei, /oaeei aai ai?iaeei noiniaii o???
aa?noae, c yeith ethaeeia ?aeaioeo?eo? naaa.

2. Iaoiae ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia?aaeaa/a? aecia/aiiy noeoiiino? iciae, ui
neeaaeathoue nenoaiio oe?e?ni?noue ?aeaioe/iino?. Oe? iciaee iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye ?iaeeeaoi?e noaiiaeaiiy ?aeaioe/iino?. ?o iiae?eythoue ia
aea? a?oie: iaei? c ieo aecia/athoue ?noioi? aeanoeaino?, ye?
aeicaieythoue ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe iaaio iniaeno?noue c iaaiith nioe?aeueiith
a?oiith, a ?io? ?icaeyaeathoue ye iciaee-neiaiee, ye? aeacothoue ia
i?eiaeaaei?noue aei nai?? ni?eueiioe.

I?ioean ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ? aeaia?/iei, a yeiio a?aeaoaa?oueny, c iaeiiai
aieo ioioiaeiaiiy ?iaeea?aea c a?oiith, a c ?ioiai — ?ici?ciaaaiiy iei o
nai?io nioe?aeueiiio ioi/aii? oeo iciae, ca yeeie iniaeno?noue iiaea
?aeaioeo?eoaaoe naaa c iaaiith a?oiith, aeei?enoiaoth/e noaoaai-a?eia?,
ii?aeuei?, aeiiii?/i?, iie?oe/i? oa anoaoe/i? ?iaeeeaoi?e, ca yeeie
ethaee aecia/athoue nai? eiei ni?eeoaaiiy ? aca?iiae??.

3. ?aae?coth/e naaa ye iie?nioe?aeueiee i?ioean, nioe?aeueia
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y (a?oiiaa, ei?ii?aoeaia, eieaeoeaia) ca oiia no/anii?
e?ece noni?euenoaa ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei iaiaaeaiiy n?i’?th, ae?ocyie oa
ia?oia?aie ii ?iaio?, a naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?y c a?eueo oe?ieeie
ni?eueiioaie (c iaoe??th, aea?aeaaith, e?a?iith) a?aeoiaeeoue o
noni?euei?e na?aeiiino? ia ae?oaee ieai. Oiio iniaeno?noue ciooaia
?ica’ycoaaoe aino?? i?ioe??//y i?ae i?ioeanaie ?io?iaeoe?? (canai?iiy
?iaeea?aeii iiaeo nioe?aeueii-ii?aeueieo oe?iiinoae) oa i?e?iaeiei
i?aaiaiiyi caa?aaoe naith oe?e?ni?noue (?aeaioe/i?noue) ca e?eciaeo
oiia.

4. No/ani? nioe?aeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiiaeeea? aac canoinoaaiiy
oaoi?ee e i?ioeaaeo? iaoiaeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, ye? ia?aaeaa/athoue
anoaiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? oaiiiaia, ui ?ici?cia?oueny, c iaaiith
a?oiith aeecueeeo ca ci?noii nioe?aeueieo yaeu. Oe? i?ioeaaeo?e
aeeth/athoue eeaneo?eaoe?th nooo?aeo ? ianooo?aeo iciae oaiiiaia ? a?oie
yaeu, ioioiaeiaiiy ? ?ic??ciaiiy ?oi?o aeanoeainoae, iioe?aiiy ciaiue
i?i a?oie yaeu ia ie?aiee oaiiiai oa oiiaeniiaie i?i iiaeeea?noue
caeo/aiiy oeueiai oaiiiaia aei iaaiiai eeano yaeu ? i?ioean?a.

?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie iaoiaeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? icia/a? i?aeaaaeaiiy
ai?noaiieia?/ii? aace i?ae aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeueieo nioe?aeueieo
i?ioean?a, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy no?ao, iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e oa
?oo?a.

Ioaea, i?iaeaie i?ciaiiy nioe?aeueii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ioiieththoue on?
noa?e noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, a?aeia?aaeathoue c?inoaiiy ?ie?
noa’?eoeaiiai /eiieea a ?noi??? e oiio iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai ?
iiaeeaeaiiai nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeiai inieneaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o ioae?eaoe?yo:

1..?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ye nioe?aeueiee i?ioean // Ioeueoeaa?noi.
O?einionueeee aeueiaiao: Ca. iaoe i?aoeue. A?aei. ?aae. A.A.Eyo. — Aei.
1. — E..: Noeein, 1998. — N.182-192.

2.?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ye iaoiae iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy// Ioeueoeaa?noi.
O?einionueeee aeueiaiao: Ca. iaoe i?aoeue. A?aei. ?aae. A.A.Eyo. — Aei.
1.- E.,: Noeein, 1998. — N.192-202.

3.Nioe?aeueia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ye iniiaa oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueieo
ni?eueiio// Ioeueoeaa?noi. O?einionueeee aeueiaiao: Ca. iaoe i?aoeue.
A?aei. ?aae. A.A.Eyo. — Aei. 4. — E.,: Oe?. Oeaio? aeooia. eoeueoo?e,
1999. — N.3-20.

4.Ee/iinoiay eaeaioeoeeaoeey e ?aeaeaioeoeeaoeey a ia?aoiaeiii
iauanoaa// Ia?niaeoeau. — Iaeanna, 1998. — N4. — N. 114-117.

5. Eaeaioeoeeaoeey eae iaoiae iiciaiey a o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiii
i?ioeanna// Oace aeiiia?aeae 29-i? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eiioa?aioe??
aeeeaaea/?a IAeAOO. — Iaeana, 1998. — N. 92.

6. E aii?ino i aoiaieoa?ecaoeee eiaeaia?iiai ia?aciaaiey// Aeooaeueiua
i?iaeaiu aoiaieoa?iie iiaeaioiaee nooaeaioia.Iao-eu ?aa. iaaeaoc. eiio.
— Iaeanna, 1991. — N. 31-32.

Noa?iaieoiaa E.E. Eaeaioeoeeaoeey a nioeeaeueiii iiciaiee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.02 — aeeaeaeoeea e iaoiaeieiaey iiciaiey. —
THaeiioe?aeineee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao
ei.E.Ae.Ooeineiai. Iaeanna, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaia eaeaioeoeeaoeey eae iaoiae nioeeaeueiiai
iiciaiey e niinia naiiiiciaiey, naiinoiyoaeueiie i?eaioaoeee ee/iinoe a
no?oeoo?a nioeeaeueiuo ioiioaiee.

Eaeaioeoeeaoeey ?anniio?aia eae aeaonoi?iiiee i?ioeann, a eioi?ii
eiaeeaeae ia oieueei onaaeaaao oa?aeoa?iua /a?ou naiae iauiinoe, ii e
i?eaiineo a iaa nianoaaiiua ee/iua naienoaa, /oi iicaieyao aio
aeeth/aoueny eiaiii a yoo, a ia a eioth nioeeaeueioth a?oiio.

Aia?aua eiiieaenii i?aaenoaaeaia oaoiieiae/aneay no?oeoo?a iaoiaea
eaeaioeoeeaoeee, ninoiyuay ec niaieoiiinoe iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo
i?ioeaaeo?: auyaeaiea eaeaioeoeeaoeeiiiuo i?eciaeia-eiaeeeaoi?ia; eo
ioai? e eeanneoeeaoeey; n?aaiaiea naienoa eiaeeaeaeia e a?oii;
aeaaeoeoeaiia ia?aianaiea ciaiee i eeanna yaeaiee ia ioaeaeueiue
oaiiiai; oiicaeeth/aiea i iaee/ee eaeaioe/iinoe iauaeoa n aeaiiie
a?oiiie yaeaiee.

I?iaiaeece?iaaiu iooe e n?aaenoaa i?eiaiaiey iaoiaea eaeaioeoeeaoeee a
eiie?aoiuo nioeeaeueiuo enneaaeiaaieyo e i?aeoeea
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou. Oeaiiinoue iaoiaea
eaeaioeoeeaoeee a enneaaeiaaiee i?iaeai nioeeoia ii?aaeaeyaony oai, /oi
iia iiaeao auoue eniieueciaaia eae iiciaaaoaeueiay, iuneeoaeueiay
?aeiino?oeoeey, iiaeaeue neioace?othuaai aaeeinoaa nioeeaeueiie nenoaiu
i?e anae aa aaoa?iaaiiinoe e aioo?aiiae i?ioeai?a/eainoe a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy.

?ac?aaioea e ooi/iaiea eaoaai?eaeueiiai aiia?aoa eaeaioeoeeaoeee
i?aaenoaaeee aiciiaeiinoue aieaa aeoaieiai oyniaiey iiiaeo neiaeiuo
nioeeaeueiuo i?ioeannia acaeiiaeaenoaey ee/iinoe e
nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneie, nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie eee aeooiaiie
iauiinoe, aaeaioaoeee ianaeaiey a nia?aiaiiie iauanoaaiiie n?aaea.

Auaiaeu e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu eae a oi?aaeaiee
nioeeaeueiuie i?ioeannaie, oae e a aeaeueiaeoai iiauoaiee o?iaiy
oeeinioneiai ia?aciaaiey a aunoeo o/aaiuo caaaaeaieyo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaeaioeoeeaoeey, oiaeaeanoaaiiinoue, eaeaioe/iinoue,
eaeaioeoeeaoeeiiiue eiaeeeaoi?, naiieaeaioeoeeaoeey, ia?niiaeueiay
eaeaioeoeeaoeey, nioeeaeueiay eaeaioeoeeaoeey.

Noa?iaieoiaa ?.?. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y a nioe?aeueiiio i?ciaii?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.02 — ae?aeaeoeea ? iaoiaeieia?y i?ciaiiy.
— I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i.E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai. Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aecia/aiiy i?noey ? ?ie?
iaoiaeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o nioe?aeueiiio i?ciaii?; aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e
i?ciaaaeueieo i?ioeaaeo? o i?ioean? eiai canoinoaaiiy o o?einionueeeo oa
nioe?aeueii-aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo; aiae?co eaoaai???
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ye iaoiaeo iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy; iaa?oiooaaiith iaoiaeo
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o nioe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ? ?icaeyaeo eiai
no?oeoo?e; aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiiiaia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? o nenoai?
no?aoeo?eaoe?eieo i?ioean?a no/anii? Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y, oioiaei?noue, ?aeaioe/i?noue,
?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiee ?iaeeeaoi?, naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?y, ia?niiaeueia
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y, nioe?aeueia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y.

Starovoitova I.I. Identifacation in Social Cognition. — Manuscript.
Thesis for a kandidat’s degree by speciality 09.00.02 — dialectic and
methodology of cognition. — South-Ukrainian State Pedagogical
University. Odesa, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to investigation of definition of the place and
role of the identifacation method in social cognition; study of
cognition procedures’ structure in the process of one’s applications in
the phylosophical and social-empirical studies; analysis of the category
of identification as a method of scientific cognition; making basis of
the method of identification in social studies and observatin of it’s
structure; research of the identification phenomen n in the system of
the modern Ukraine’s sratification processes.

Key words: identification, identity, identifical indicator,
selfidentification, personal identification, social identification.

Noa?iaieoiaa ?.?.

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