OE?A?INUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE

O?I?EI — OAOIIEIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AEOE EA?ENA IAO??AIA

OAeE 543.42.062.+547.97

O?i?ei-aiae?oe/i? aeanoeaino? anioe?ao?a
iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeei?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeo c aci?aaaaioaie oa ?o
canoinoaaiiy a aiae?c?.

02.00.02 -aiae?oe/ia o?i?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?i?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1999.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aiae?oe/ii? o?i?? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee
aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

*ieeaiei Oaae?? Ieaenaiae?iae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeoi?aa?neoao,

caa. eaoaae?ith aiae?oe/ii? o?i??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe
aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Noi?oiiae/ A?eoi??y ?aai?aia

Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee

o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aiae?oe/i? o?i??

eaiaeeaeao o?i?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aa?eaeia A?oae?e Na?a?eiae/,

Aea?aeaaia iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y

Oe?a?ie, aeioeaio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

O?ceei-o?i?/iee ?inoeooo IAI Oe?a?ie ?i. Aiaaonueeiai A.A., i. Iaeana,
a?aeae?e aiae?oe/ii? o?i?? oa o?ceei-o?i?? eii?aeeiaoe?eieo niieoe.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “5” eenoiiaaea 999 ?. i 13.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaiii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.078.01 i?e Oe?a?inueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 320005,
i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?. Aaaa??ia, 8.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:

i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?.Aaaa??ia,8.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 4 aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ____________ I?i?aee? ?.Ae.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oe?eani?yiiaaia ci?iaiiy i?ioie?oe/ieo,
eiiieaeniooai?thth/eo aeanoeainoae, ?ic/eiiino?, caeaoiino? aei
aeno?aeoe?? ? oaeei /eiii nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
a aiae?c? a?aeiieo i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e aaaaeaii?
iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei — iaoeiaee iai?yiie no/anii? aiae?oe/ii?
o?i??, yeee ?ioaineaii ?icaeaa?oueny. Cia/ia ?ieue, yea a?aeaiaeeoueny
eao?iiiei iie?aeaeo?ie?oai, iia(ycaia c oei, ui aei oe??? eaoaai???
?a/iaei iaeaaeaoue a?ieia?/i? oa?iaioe, a?eee, ioeea?iia? eeneioe,
aeniea naeaeoeai?noue ?aaeoe?e yeeo aeaco? ia ia?niaeoeai?noue
aeine?aeaeaiue o oeueiio iai?yieo aeey noai?aiiy oi?eaeueieo aiae?oe/ieo
nenoai. Oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy eao?iiieo iie?ia??a a ??cieo aaeocyo
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, oaoi?oe?, iaaeeoeei? iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?iaee iaoiaeee aeey iaae?eiiai eiio?ieth ?o nooiaith /enoioe oa
ai?noo a oaoiieia?/ieo ?ic/eiao, i?iieneiaeo, no?/ieo aiaeao oa ?ioeo
ia(?eoao iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aeaoaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaiith ae??
iie?ia?ii? IA? iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeei?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeo (INIIA) ia
o?i?ei-aiae?oe/i? aeanoeaino? i?aai?/ieo aciaa?aiee?a oa iiaeeeaino?
aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeo?eiaaieo ?aaaaio?a aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
a?aeoai?thaaiino?, naeaeoeaiino? oa /ooeeaino? ?aaeoe?e aoea i?enay/aia
aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa.

Ca(ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aea?aeathaeaeaoieie oaiaie
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ?146-96 “ ?icaeoie oai??? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
aiae?oe/iiai neaiaeo, ?ic?iaea oa oaeineiiaeaiiy ia ?? iniia? iaoiae?a
aiae?co ia(?eo?a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a”,
?a?no?aoe?eiee ?0196U000273 oa ?06-125-99 “Iioei?caoe?y aiae?oe/iiai
i?ioeano ?ioaineo?eaoe??th i?iaii?aeaioiaee, iineeaiiyi aiae?oe/iiai
neaiaeo o?ce/iith ae??th oa ?ic?iaea ia oe?e iniia? iaoiae?a aiae?co
ia(?eo?a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy” oa
eii?aeeiaoe?eieie ieaiaie ?aaee c aiae?oe/ii? oa aeieia?/ii? o?i?? IAI
oa Aeaaeai?? Aeui? Oeiee.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaaea a ?ic?iaoe?
eiiieaeno iaoiaeee niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai aecia/aiiy
iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeei?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeo i?e eiai neioac? oa a
oaoiieia?/ieo ?ic/eiao ia iniia? aea/aiiy aieeao IA? ia
o?i?ei-aiae?oe/i? aeanoeaino? aciaa?aiee?a oa canoinoaaiiy iaea?aeaieo
iiaeeo?eiaaieo ?aaaaio?a aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeaino?
eiiieaeniooai?aiiy c ?iiaie iaoae?a.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaiith iaoith ae??ooaaeenue oae? iniiai?
caaea/?:

— aea/aiiy i?ioie?oe/ieo oa niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ieo aeanoeainoae
aciaa?aiee?a o a?aenooiino? oa i?enooiino? INIIA;

— aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeo?eiaaieo i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a aeey a?eueo
aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy oiia eiiieaeniooai?aiiy c eao?iiaie iaoae?a;

canoinoaaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?iiieo anioe?ao?a aeey ?ic?iaee aeni?anieo oa
naeae-

oeaieo iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy aeeneiooai?thth/eo aeiaaaie aei aeaeo?ie?o?a
oeeieoaaiiy oa Ieiaa a a?iicao, ?iae?th a iai?ai?ia?aeieeao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaia aca?iiae?y aciaa?aiee?a
iaoeeiaiai /a?aiiiai (I*), iaoeeiaiai i?aiaeaaiai (II), aae?iia (AE),
ethiiaae?iia (EA), o?iiaie?i?a 0 (O?.0) oa 00 (O?.00), ae?ca??iiaiai
aeiaoiai R (AAE), i?aiaeaaiai II (I?.II), iaaiaciia ON (IA), no?eueaaci
(NA), eiiai /a?aiiiai (E*) oa ae?aiaioiaiai aeiaoiai (AeAE) c
iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeei?eiaoeeai-a?ae?ieneaeii. A ?acoeueoao?
aca?iiae?? anoaiiaeaii ooai?aiiy (niaoeeo?/ieo( ?iiieo anioe?ao?a ye
noao?iiao?e/iiai, oae ? ianoao?iiao?e/iiai neeaaeo. Aea/aiee aieea INIIA
ia i?ioie?oe/i? oa eiiieaeniooai?thth/? aeanoeaino? aciaa?aiee?a.
Aecia/aiee neeaae oa eiinoaioe no?eeino? ?iiieo anioe?ao?a, ooai?aieo
ca ?aooiie ye aeaeo?inoaoe/ieo, oae ? a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e.

Anoaiiaeaiee noaa?e?coth/ee aieea oeueo?acaoeiai? ae?? ia iiaea?eio
nenoaio IA-INIIA. Aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei? oiiae noaa?e?caoe?? anioe?ao?a.

Aeiaaaeaia o/anoue INIIA a eiiieaeniooai?aii? aciaa?aiee?a c iaoaeaie,
aecia/aii neeaae eiiieaen?a, aea/aiee o?i?ci aca?iiae??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. C aeei?enoaiiyi ooai?aieo
?iiieo anioe?ao?a i?aai?/ieo aciaa?aiee?a c
iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeei?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeii cai?iiiiiaaiee eiiieaen
iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy INIIA, iie?noeueoiio oa aeeneiooai?thth/eo aeiaaaie
aei aeaeo?ie?oo oeeieoaaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee uiaei aiae?co ai?noo
aeiaaaie ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaie/o i?aeoeeo eaai?aoi??e
aeaeo?iinaaeaeaiiy Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo oa IAe?n?eue
i.A?oai?anuee Aeiiaoeueei? iae., aiie iiaeooue aooe cai?iiiiiaai? aeey
e?euee?niiai eiio?ieth icia/aieo ?a/iaei a oaoiieia?/ieo ae?iaie/eo
i?ioeanao caaaeyee aeni?aniino?, i?inoio? aeeiiaiiy oa caaeia?euei?e
a?aeoai?thaaiino? ?acoeueoao?a.

?ic?iaeaia /ooeeaa, naeaeoeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy Ieiaa, ai?iaiaaia
i?e aiae?c? noaiaea?oieo c?ace?a a?iic, aeeiiaiiy yei? ia iio?aao?
aeiaeaoeiaeo noaae?e aiae?co aeey a?aeae?eaiiy i?oath/eo aeaiaio?a,
iiaea aooe cai?iiiiiaaia aeey aecia/aiiy Ieiaa a i?aeue- oa
oeeieai?uoth/eo iaoa??aeao.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy Aaiaae?th oa ?iae?th iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? aeey aiae?co nieaa?a (a ia?oiio aeiaaeeo) oa
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo nenoai oeio In — As (a ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo) aac
aeeo/aiiy eiiiiiaio?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a aiae?c? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo,
iaea?aeaii? oa ocaaaeueiaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, iaaaaeaieo o
aeena?oaoe??, a ioae?eaoe?? iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaaiai?aiiy
?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaia aaoi?ii ni?eueii c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue
ia V I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee
aeina?ae o eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?”
(Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998?.), Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c aiae?oe/ii?
o?i?? (Oaeai?iae, 1998 ?.), XVIII Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?aai?/ii?
o?i?? (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998 ?.), I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
“Argus-99“ (Iaeana, 1999 ?.), i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca 1995-1998 ?iee.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii o 16
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo: 10 noaooyo oa 6 oacao aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 147 noi??ieao ?
neeaaea?oueny c 4 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nienea oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e
(199 iaca.). ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 33 ?enoieaie ? i?noeoue 24 oaaeeoe?.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa niiniae ?? aeinyaiaiiy, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iaoeiao
iiaecio ? i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? i?enay/aiee aiae?co aoaeiae aciaa?aiee?a oa
ca(yceo oaooiia?ieo ??aiiaaa c ?o o?i?ei-aiae?oe/ieie aeanoeainoyie,
aieeao ia ieo ??cieo oaeoi??a c iaoith iaea?aeaiiy oe?iieo aiae?oe/ieo
oi?i, iaoai?cio ae?? iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei ye iaiie?ia?ii?, oae ?
iie?ia?ii? i?e?iaee. ?icaeyioo? iiaeeeaino? iie?ioaiiy aiae?oe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee nenoai i?aai?/iee aa?aiee-iaoae a i?enooiino? IA?. Aiae?c
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae i?aeoaa?aeaeo? a?aenooi?noue aeaieo c aieeao
iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeei?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeo ia aciaa?aieee,
iaiaaeai?noue ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aieea ia eiiieaeniooai?aiiy a i?enooiino?
iie?ia?ieo IA? oa na?ae/eoue i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue oaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i aia?aoo?o, iaoa??aee oa
?aaeoeae, ui aoee aeei?enoai? i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a. OO- oa
aeaeei? niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy ?a?no?oaaee ia niaeo?ioioiiao?ao Specord I 40
? NO-26 oa 46, ?*- niaeo?e — Specord I 80, ?R 75. Niaeo?ioioiiao?e/i?
aecia/aiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia oioieiei??iao?ao EOE-2II, EOE-3.
Oeueo?acaoeiao ia?iaeo aeeiioaaee ia OC aeenia?aaoi?? OCAeI-1 c
/anoioith 22 oa 44 eAoe oa ?ioa?aaeii ?ioaineaiino? 0,5-10 Ao/ni2. A
?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ?aaeoeae ia?ee “o./.” oa “/.ae.a”

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy iiaaae?iee
aciaa?aiee?a o a?aenooiino? oa i?enooiino? INIIA. A?aecia/aia iayai?noue
ci?i o niaeo?ao i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a a i?enooiino? INIIA a oe?ieiio
?ioa?aae? eeneioiino? na?aaeiaeua, ui ?ethno?othoue ?en. 1 oa 2.

Iayai?noue ci?i a aeaeo?iiieo niaeo?ao, cieeiaiiy inaaee?a a eeneeo
?ic/eiao aeayeeo ?aaaaio?a (E*, O?.00) na?ae/aoue i?i ooai?aiiy
aiane?aeeie aca?iiae?? aciaa?aiee?a c INIIA iiaeo eiia?iiaaieo
?aaaaio?a, ye? iaceaathoue “niaoeeo?/ieie» ?iiieie anioe?aoaie.
Iaea?aeai? o?i?ei-aiae?oe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aaaaio?a o a?aenooiino? oa
i?enooiino? INIIA iaaaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1.

O?i?ei-aiae?oe/i? aeanoeaino? i?aai?/ieo aciaa?aiee?a oa ?o ?iiieo

anioe?ao?a c INIIA.

?aaaaio Oi?ia ?aaaaioa ?I ?E?aaa (R-, ii (an,ii ?I1/2 (?I1/2 Neeaae
an-oo

R:IA? lg Kno

II HR 1.0-5.0 4.22 508 530 3.61 0.51 ( (

R- 5.5-13.0 ( 464 506 ( ( 1:1 5.86

I* HR 1.0-5.4 5.00 524 530 5.28 0.28 ( (

R- 5.4-12.8 ( 434 460 ( ( 1:1 6.15

O?.00 HR <1.5 1.72 529 438 1.02 0.70 2:1 6.18 R- 1.7-13.4 ( 444 427 ( ( 1:2 7.11 E* H2R2 1.0-4.1 5.03 582 650 1.53 3.50 1:1 4.32 R22- 5.5-11.0 ( 497 515 ( ( 1:2 5.87 I?.II H2R 0.1-1.7 ( 486 485 1.66 ( 2:1 6.54 HR- 1.9-10.7 11.74 484 443 10.16 1.50 1:1 7.77 R2- >10.7 ( 457 472 ( ( 1:2 7.38

AeAE H42+R22- 0.8-6.0 5.87 400 428 5.00 0.87 1:3 6.88

H2 R22- 7.8-12.0 8.93 430 515 7.73 1.20 1:10 6.72

R24- 12.1-13.5 ( 484 532 ( ( 1:20 7.43

AAE H2+R- 1.0-9.1 ( 357 379 5.20 ( 1:1 7.63

HR- 9.1-11.2 11.40 374 380 11.62 0.22 1:3 6.39

R2- 11.2-13.8 ( 493 484 ( ( 1:10 5.50

O?.0 H2R- 0.3-5.3 5.97 401 400 3.99 1.98 2:1 7.31

HR2- 5.8-12.9 12.71 424 433 11.40 1.31 1:2 6.96

R3- >13.0 ( 489 504 ( ( 1:1 6.72

AE H2R- 0.7-3.8 3.82 515 542 2.39 1.43 4:1 4.46

HR2- 4.3-13.0 13.13 570 582 12.40 0.73 2:1 5.62

R3- >13.0 ( 530 602 ( ( 1:1 6.70

IA H2R- 1.0-7.5 1.26 496 459 ( ( 4:1 6.23

HR2- 8.0-12.5 7.56 563 579 6.80 0.76 1:2 5.93

R3- >13.0 12.63 528 573 11.80 0.83 2:1 6.59

NA (H4R+)2 aei 10 I H2SO4 -0.07 650 640 -0.21 0.14 1:1 7.01

(H2R-)2 1.0-8.0 7.78 400 439 5.01 2.77 1:3 6.34

(HR2-)2 8.0-10.5 11.85 500 579 11.42 0.43 1:10 6.15

(R3-)2 >11.5 ( 557 597 ( ( 1:20 5.67

EA H3R- 2.5-5.0 5.80 427 345 5.15 0.65 1:1 5.45

H2R2- 6.5-8.0 8.62 440 450 6.84 1.78 1:2 5.53

HR3- 9.0-12.0 ( 510 527 ( ( 2:1 6.28

sse aeaeii c oaaeeoe? 1, INIIA c aciaa?aieeaie ooai?th? ?A ye
noao?iiao?e/iiai (II, I*, EA), oae ? ianoao?iiao?e/iiai (NA,
o?iiaie?ie, AAE) neeaae?a, ye? aoee aecia/ai? iaoiaeaie iane/aiiy,
?ciiiey?ieo na??e, i?yii? e?i?? Aniona, cnoao ??aiiaaae. Eiinoaioe
no?eeino? ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca iaoiaeii Aaaea. A?aei?ii?noue ae?? iie?ia?ii?
IA? INIIA a?ae iaiie?ia?ieo i?iyaey?oueny naia a neeaae? oa aaee/eiao
eiinoaio no?eeino? ooai?aieo ?A.

?en.1. Niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy iaaiaciia ON o a?aenooiino? (1-3)
oa

i?enooiino? (1(-3() INIIA.

?I: 1,1(-3,0; 2,2(-10,0; 3,3(- 1 I NaOH.

NIA =1*10-5 iieue/e, NINIIA =1a/e.

?en.2. Niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy no?eueaaci

o a?aenooiino? (1-4) oa i?enooiino?

(1(-4() INIIA. ?I: 1,1( — 10 I H2SO4; 2,2( — 2,5; 3,3( — 10,5;
4,4( — 13,2.

NNA =1,5*10-5 iieue/e, NINIIA = 1 a/e.

Aeiaaeeia iie?ia?iiai eaioethaa noai?th? oiiae aeey cae?eniaiiy ye
noae?iaiaeo aca?iiae?e i?ae iieaeoeaie aa?aieea ca ?aooiie ooai?aiiy
naiaea?/aiiae?aii? no?oeoo?e c ia?aeaeueieie ae?iieueieie iiiaioaie
ia?aoiaeo, oae ? eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ca(ycoaaiiy i?ae iieaeoeaie iie?ia?a.

Aaaaeaiiy aeaeaoeio aei ?ic/ei?a aci?aaaaio?a oaeiae aeeeeea? ci?ie a
niaeo?ao, ui aeaeii c ?en.3 aeey IA. Aieea ia eeneioii-iniiai?
aeanoeaino? ?aaaaioo iiae?aiee eao?iiiei IA?. Aea i?e?iaeiee iie?aioie?o
aeaeaoei aeeeeea? iaioo aaee/eio cnoao ?E aeenioe?aoe?? aei eenei?
iaeano?, i?ae INIIA, ooai?thaai? iei anioe?aoe a?eueo no?ee?. Oaeei
/eiii, iieacaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeaeaoeio ia eeoa a yeino?
caoeniiai eiei?aeo, a ? a ?ie? iiaeeo?eaoi?a o?i?ei-aiae?oe/ieo
aeanoeainoae i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a, ui a?aeia?aaeaii o oaaeeoe? 2.

?en.3. Aeaeo?iii? niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy IA o a?aenooiino? (1-3) oa
i?enooiino? (1′ — 3′) aeaeaoeia. ?I: 1, 1′ — 3,0; 2, 2′ — 10,0; 3, 3 —
13,9. NIA=4*10-5 iieue/e, Naeae.=0,02 %

Oaaeeoey 2.

O?i?ei – aiae?oe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaaiaciia ON

oa eiai anioe?aoa c aeaeaoeiii .

?iiia oi?ia ?I (an.,ii ?I 1/2 Neeaae anioe?aoo R:AE lg Eno.

H2R- 3,0 478 — 1 : 1 8,28

HR2- 10,0 559 7,32 1 : 2 7,76

R3- 1 I NaOH 520 11,96 1 : 3 6,68

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ia?iiiaaiii? IA? IAIAe ia niaeo?aeuei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee IE oa NA iieacaei, ui ca?eueoaiiy ?ici??o iieaeoee
?aaaaioo i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aca?iiae?? i?ae ?aaaaioii oa
IA?. Aaaaeaiiy IAIAe o ?ic/eie IE ia i?ecaaei aei iii?oieo ci?i a
niaeo?ao iiaeeiaiiy, a oie /an, ye a ?ic/eiao NA niinoa??aathoueny
a?aei?iiino? nioa iiaeeiaiiy a?ae nioa /enoiai aa?aieea, ui aeaeii c
?en. 4 oa oaaeeoe? 3, eiinoaioe no?eeino? i?e oeueiio iaaiaee
ciaioothoueny. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ia?aaaaeiee aieea a?ae?ioiaieo
aca?iiae?e ia niinoa??aa?i? ci?ie. Aia?oa a?aecia/aii, ui ci?uaiiy ?E
aeenioe?aoe?? I* aei eoaeii? iaeano? i?iii?oe?eii ?inoo iieaeoey?ii?
iane iie?ia?o. Ciaioaiiy eeneioieo aeanoeainoae ea?aieneeueii? a?oie a
i?enooiino? IAIAe iiaeia c?noaaeoe c aieeaii INIIA ? iiaea aooe
iiyniaii i?ioiioaaiiyi IAIAe a eeneeo na?aaeiaeuao, ui iaoiiaeth? eiai
iiaaae?ieo, noiaeo c eao?iiieie IA?.

Ii??aithth/e aieea iie?ia?ieo IA?: eao?iiii? INIIA, aioie?oii?
aeaeaoeio oa ia?iiiaaiii? IAIAe a?aecia/aii, ui aaee/eia aieeao ia
niaeo?aeuei? oa i?ioie?oe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aaaaio?a iia(ycaia c
i?e?iaeith IA?.

?en. 4. Niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy NA

o a?aenooiino? (1-4) oa

i?enooiino? (1(-4() IAIAe.

?I: 1,1( — 10 I H2SO4;

2,2( — 2,5; 3,3( — 10,5; 4,4( — 13,2.

CCA =1,5*10-5iieue/e,

NIAIAe=4,0*10-5 iieue/e.

Oaaeeoey 3.

O?i?ei-aiae?oe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee anioe?ao?a

iie?a?i?ei???ie?aeiio ( Ir =10 000) ?c no?eueaaci.

?iiia oi?ia ?I (R,ii (ann, ii ?I1/2 Neeaae an-oo R:IAIAe lg Kno.

(H4R+)2 10 I H2SO4 650 659 0,01 1:1 2,82

(H2R-)2 2,5 400 426 6,37 1:2 4,24

(HR2-)2 10,5 500 542 12,11 1:4 4,46

(R3- )2 13,2 557 599 — 1:6 4,75

Aeaeo?inoaoe/i? aca?iiae??, ui ia?aaaaeathoue a ?A aa?aiee?a c eIA?,
a?eueoa aieeaathoue ia i?ioie?oe/i? aeanoeaino?, ciaioaiiy aonoioe
ca?yaeo a iie?ia?ao (aeaeaoei oa IAIAe) i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui neeaae
?A iaaoaa? noao?iiao?e/iee oa?aeoa?, aea iecuee? cia/aiiy eiaa?eoi?a
eiinoaio no?eeino? o ?A IAIAe aeacothoue ia iineaaeaiiy neee ca(coaaiiy
c ia?aoiaeii aei ia?aaaaeii a?ae?ioiaieo aca?iiae?e.

I?e aea/aii? aca?iiae?? IA c INIIA iaiao?aei?noue noaa?e?caoe?? nenoaie,
yea ?ai?oa ae??ooaaeanue aaaaeaiiyi caoenieo eiei?ae?a, aoea cae?eniaia
ca aeiiiiiaith oeueo?acaoeiai? ae??, aeei?enoaiiy yei? c? noiaeith
iaoith aoei cai?iiiiiaaii o?eueee aeey iio??eiiai eiiieaeno
U(VI)-OAC-INIIA. Cieeiaiiy inaaee?a oa no?eeee oa?aeoa? aeaeo?iiieo
niaeo??a noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi iioe/ii? aonoioe ?ic/ei?a, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aoaeo noaa?e?caoe??.

A on?o aeiaaeeao i?ney OC ia?iaee niinoa??aaeiny ci?iaiiy ?I a noi?iio
i?aeeeneaiiy, ui na?ae/eoue ia i?i o?ce/ia iiae??aeaiiy /anoei inaaeo, a
i?i ci?iaiiy oeio o?i?/ii? aca?iiae?? a ?ic/ei?. Ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe OC
aei?ii?iaiiy aei 44 eAoe. cia/ii cieaeo? ?ioaineai?noue na?oeiiiaeeiaiiy
(?en.5), ?icoaooaaiiy iaeneioia i?e oeueiio ia ci?ith?oueny, ui
iiynith?oueny ?oeioaaiiyi i?aai?/ieo iieaeoe i?ae aieeaii oeueo?acaoeo
oa ciaioaiiyi e?eueeino? iiaeeiath/eo /anoei. I?e OC ae?? /anoioith 22
eAoe. /an, iaiao?aeiee aeey ?ic/eiaiiy inaaeo, aeinyaa? 10 oa., aea
noaa?e?caoe?y ?ic/eio a?eueo no?eea ? caeeoa?oueny noaeith a ?ioa?aae?
?ioaineaiino? oeueo?acaoeo a?ae 2,90 aei 5,02 Ao/ni2. ?en.5.
Caeaaei?noue iioe/ii?

aonoioe a?ae /ano (1,3)

oa eioaineaiino? (2,4) ae??

oeueo?acaoeo. *anoioa O3:

1,2 — 22 eAoe., 3,4 — 44 eAoe.

1 — I = 2,37 Ao/ni2,

3 — I = 3,70 Ao/ni2,

2 — t = 10 oa.,4 — t = 3 oa.

?I = 3,05.

NIA = 4*10-5 iieue/e,

NINIIA = 1 a/e. ( = 462 ii.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee canoinoaaiiy aea/aieo ?A aeey
oe?eae aiae?co. ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen iaoiaeee niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai
aecia/aiiy iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeei?eiaoe-eaia?ae?ieneaeo oa
aeeneiooai?thth/eo aeiaaaie o aeaeyae? ?o ?iiieo anioe?ao?a c
aciaa?aieeaie a i?ioean? neioaco, a eoaeieo aeaeo?ie?oao oeeieoaaiiy, a
i?iieaieo aiaeao oeao?a aeaeo?iinaaeaeaiiy. C IA (?I 13,5) INIIA
aecia/a?oueny a eiioeaio?aoe?yo 0,02-0,16 a/e, aeiaaaea: 0,04-0,24 a/e;
c AeAE (?I 12,8) INIIA: 0,001-0,024 a/e, iie?noeueoii: 0,004-0,072 a/e,
a aeiaaaea: 0,004-0,076 a/e. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee aiaeeco ai?noo
aeiaaaie aeni?ani?, i?ino? o aeeiiaii? oa caaeia?euei? ii
a?aeoai?thaaiino? ?acoeueoao?a (oaae.4 oa 5).

Aoei aeine?aeaeaii aieea iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeei?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeo
ia ?aaeoe?th ooai?aiiy caaa?aeaii? a i?aiaeaaee eie?? niieoee Ieiaa ?c
no?eueaaci (?en.6). Iaea?eueo ?ioaineaia caaa?aeaiiy aeey iiaea?eii?
nenoaie Sn-NA niinoa??aa?oueny a ?ioa?aae? ?I 6,0-8,0 (?en.6, e?.3).

Oaaeeoey 4

?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy INIIA oa aeeneiooai?thth/eo aeiaeaoe?a a
aeaeo?ie?o? oeeieoaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith AeAE (n = 5, ? = 0,95).

Ia(?eo aiaeeco ? i?iae O ( (x, a/e Sr

INIIA 1 1,60 ( 0,11 0,07

2 1,73 ( 0,10 0,06

3 1,55 ( 0,05 0,03

4 2,02 ( 0,14 0,07

5 1,71 ( 0,11 0,06

6 1,51 ( 0,08 0,05

7 1,25 ( 0,04 0,03

8 2,02 ( 0,13 0,06

Aeiaeaoie 1 2,06 ( 0,16 0,08

2 1,72 ( 0,11 0,06

3 1,99 ( 0,15 0,08

4 1,37 ( 0,07 0,05

5 1,48 ( 0,07 0,05

6 1,71 ( 0,11 0,06

7 1,22 ( 0,11 0,09

8 1,97 ( 0,18 0,09

Oaaeeoey 5.

?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy INIIA oa aeeneiooai?thth/eo aeiaaaie a
aeaeo?ie?o? oeeieoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi IA (n = 5, ? = 0,95).

?a/iaeia ? i?iae Aaaaeaii, a/e Ciaeaeaii O±DO, a/e Sr Ciaeaeaii
O±DO, a/e Sr

l=514 ii l=600 ii

INIIA 1

2

3

4 1,25

1,50

1,75

2,00 1,27±0,06

1,48±0,04

1,79±0,14

2,03±0,12 0,05

0,03

0,08

0,06 1,26±0,06

1,51±0,04

1,72±0,12

1,98±0,09 0,05

0,03

0,07

0,05

l=500 ii l=600 ii

Aeiaaaea 1

2

3

4 1,30

1,75

2,00

3,00 1,32±0,04

1,73±0,07

2,09±0,12

2,96±0,20 0,03

0,04

0,06

0,08 1,33±0,04

1,74±0,05

1,93±0,09

3,05±0,21 0,03

0,03

0,05

0,07

I?e ia?aoiae? aei eeneiai na?aaeiaeua ?ioaineai?noue na?oeiiiaeeiaiiy
ciaioo?oueny ? i?e ?I iaioa 3,0 a nenoai? niinoa??aa?oueny ?ioaineaia
iiiooi?iiy, iia(ycaia ?c cieaeaiiyi ?ic/eiiino?. Aaaaeaiiy INIIA a
nenoaio Sn-NA i?e ?I ieae/a 3,0 caiia?aa? ooai?aiith inaaeo ?
i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai ca?eueoaiiy iioe/ii? aonoeie ?ac/eio a iaeano?
500 ii, ui na?ae/eoue i?i o/anoue INIIA a i?ioean? eiiieaeniooai?aiiy
(?en.6, e?.2). Iioeiaeueieie oiiaaie ooai?aiiy eiiieaeno yaeythoueny:
?I 2,0-3,5, /an ?icaeoeo caaa?aeaiiy 25-30 oa, aai iaa??aaiiy ia
aiaeyi?e aai? i?ioyaii 5oa. i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? INIIA a ?ic/ei? 4.10-4
iieue/e oa eiioeaio?aoe?? NA 2.10-5 I. Eiiieaen no?eeee aieueoa 24 aiae.

?en.6. Niaeo?e iiaeeiiaiiy NA(1,5), Sn-NA(3),

Sn-NA-INIIA (2,4). NNA =2*10-5 I,

NSn =8*10-5 I, NINIIA= 1 a/e.

1,2 — ?I 2,8, 3,4 — ?I 6,5; 5 — ?I 10,0.

Neeaae iio??eiiai eiiieaeno aea/aee iaoiaeaie ?ciiiey?ieo na??e i?e ?I
2,8 oa aeiaaeei? oaee? 495 ii (?en.7), iane/aiiy o?ao?i eiiiiiaioii,
i?yii? e?i?? Aniona oa iio??eii? ae?aa?aie (?en.8). Anoaiiaeaii
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Sn:NA:INIIA, yea aei??aith? 1:2:1.

A?aeiiino? i?i ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neeaaeiaeo a iio??eiiio eiiieaen? oa
iaeanoue eiai ?nioaaiiy aeaee iiaeeea?noue c(ynoaaoe o?i?ci
eiiieaeniooai?aiiy ca iaoiaeeeith Iaca?aiea A.A. No?eeee eiiieaen
Sn-NA-INIIA ooai?th?oueny a ?ioa?aae? ?I 2,0-3,5, i?e yeiio iaea?eueo
a??ia?aeieie eiiieaeniooai?thaa/aie yaeythoueny /anoeie Sn(II)22+ oa
Sn(II)3+. Aeey ?ac?aooieo ??aiiaaaeii? eiioeaio?aoe?? ieiaa oa
anoaiiaeaiiy oi?ie eiai aoiaeaeaiiy a neeaae eiiieaeno a?aoiaai?
eiinoaioe a?ae?ie?co aeey Ieiaa oa cia/aiiy eiinoaio ?ii?caoe?? aeey
no?eueaaci. Ooai?aiiy eiiieaeno iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe ??aiyiiyi:

Sn(OH)i(4-i)+(Hm-nR)y (n+2)- ( INIIA+ynH+.

Eiinoaioa ??aiiaaae ?aaeoe??

?en.7. ?ciiiey?i? na??? a iio??eiiio eiiieaen? i?e ?I 2,8; (=495 ii, (=1
ni: 1 — Sn:NA,
NSn+NNA=2(10-5 iieue/e, NINIIA=const=4(10-4 iieue/e;

2 -Sn:INIIA, NSn+NINIIA=4(10-5 iieue/e, NNA=const=2(10-5 iieue/e.

?en.8. Iio??eia ae?aa?aia nenoaie

Sn-NA-INIIA. ?I=2,8, (=495 ii,
(=1 ni, NSn=NNA=NINIIA=4(10-4 iieue/e.

I?ney ia?aoai?aiue oa eiaa?eoioaaiiy inoaii? ??aiyiiy iaaoaea aeaeyae:
-lg B=y(n(pH + lg Kr, aea

.

Aeine?aee aeeiioaaee i?e noao?iiao?e/iiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? Sn:NA oa
iaaeeeoeo INIIA a iaaeao ?ioa?aaeo ?I eiiieaeniooai?aiiy. Caeaaei?noue
lg B a?ae ?I aeey eiaeiiai c iiaeeeaeo noai?a Ieiaa (IV) iaaaaeaia ia
?en.9.

I?yiie?i?eia caeaaei?noue niinoa??aa?oueny eeoa aeey Sn(OH)22+; n=2.
Oiaoi i?e aca?iiae?? aeo?niy?oueny aeaa i?ioiie c ia?a-a?ae?ienea?oi, oa
a?aeaoaa?oueny eii?aeeiaoe?y ?c NA ca i?oi-ieneo?iiiiith a?oiith.

C aeei?enoaiiyi oeueiai eiiieaeno ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy
ai?noo Ieiaa. Aecia/aiith Ieiaa ia caaaaeathoue (a ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo ca
ianith): K, Na, Ca, Ba, Mg, Cd (a aoaeue-ye?e e?eueeino?), Mn (4000), Al
(1250), Zn, Co, Cu (625), Ni (250), Fe (30), Pb (20), Mo (15), Zr (13),
aac INIIA iaeaea ne??cue ooai?ththoueny inaaee.

?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae ai?iaiaaii i?e aecia/aii? ai?noo Ieiaa a
noaiaea?oieo

c?aceao a?iic, ?acoeueoaoe iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 6.

?en.9. Aieea [H+] ia ooai?aiiy eiiieaeno Sn ?c NA a i?enooiino? INIIA
ca: 1 – Sn4+; 2 – SnOH3+; 3 – Sn(OH)22+; 4 – Sn(OH)3+.

Oaaeeoey 6.

?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy Ieiaa a a?iicao (n=5, ?=0,95).

((O ), % Sr

1441

811

1271

821

865 0,167

1,97

5,43

5,08

10,30 0,169(0,014

1,99(0,05

5,48(0,16

5,08(0,08

10,13(0,15 0,081

0,022

0,023

0,013

0,012

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy Ieiaa ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeeo?eiaaiiai
no?eueaaci ca /ooeea?noth ia iinooia?oueny iaea?eueo a?aeii?e
iaoiaeeoe? c aeei?enoaiiyi n-i?o?ioai?eoeoi?iia — iaaea aecia/aiiy
neeaaea? 0,024 iea/ie, a iiaeeea?noue aeeiiaiiy aecia/aiiy aac
a?aeae?eaiiy aai ianeoaaiiy noi?iii?o aeaiaio?a, nei?i/o? /an aiae?co,
aeeeth/a? aeei?enoaiiy i?aai?/ieo ?ic/eiiee?a. Iieacaia iayai?noue
aca?iiae?? Aaiaae?th (V) c iiaeeo?eiaaiei
iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeei?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeii ?aaaaioii no?eueaaci.
Aeaieiiiiiaioia nenoaia V(V) — NA a ?ioa?aae? ?I 1,0 — 3,0 ia ooai?th?
eiiieaen?a, ye? iiaeia aeei?enoaoe aeey niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai aiae?co,
ooai?aiiy caaa?aeaieo niieoe a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e eeneioiino? na?aaeiaeua
a?eueoa 4,0.

Eiiieaeniooai?aiiy Aaiaae?th c? no?eueaaci a i?enooiino? INIIA
a?aeaoaa?oueny a oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? eeneioiino? na?aaeiaeua (a?ae 1,0
aei 12,0 iaeeieoeue ?I). A ?ioa?aae? ?I 1,5 — 5,0 ooai?th?oueny eiiieaen
c ( max=470 ii, a ?ioa?aae? 7,5 — 8,7 ?nio? eiiieaen c iaeneioiii i?e
526 ii. Aea/aii neeaae, o?i?ci oa iioeiaeuei? oiiae ooai?aiiy
eiiieaeno. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy Aaiaae?th, yeiio ia
caaaaeathoue (o ni?aa?aeiioaii? ca ianith) : K, Na, Mg, Ca, Cd, Ba a
aoaeue-yeeo e?eueeinoyo; Zn, Al, Cu (a?eueoa 1000), Fe, W (200); Sn, Nb
(50). Iaoiaeeea ai?iaiaaia i?e aiae?c? ooo/ieo noi?oae, ye? i?noyoue
200-e?aoi? iaaeeeoee Oeeieo, I?ae?, Cae?ca, Eaeueoe?th ? Iaai?th.

Aeaii? ii aecia/aiith i?e?ie?eueeinoae Aaiaae?th a ooo/ieo noi?oao o
aeaeyae? niieoee V(V)-NA-INIIA iieacothoue caaeia?eueio oi/i?noue oa
a?aeoai?thaai?noue.(NZn2+ = CCa2+ = CCu2+ = CFe3+ = CMg2+ = 2*10-2 I,
NNA = 2*10-5 I, NINIIA = 0,16 a/e, ?I 3,0, l = 1 ni, ( = 495 ii). I?e
aaaaeaii? 0,80 iea/ie Aaiaae?th ciaeaeaii 0,84(0,09; Sr =0,07.

Oaeei /eiii, aaaaeaiiy INIIA o ?ic/eie, ui i?noyoue NA oa eao?iie Ieiaa
oa Aaiaae?th, ni?ey? cieaeaiith eeneioiino? eiiieaeniooai?aiiy.

Ca aeiiiiiaith eaaioiai-o?i?/iiai iaoiaeo ?I 3 ?ic?aoiaaiee iiaeeeaee
ii?yaeie aeennioe?aoe?? EA i?ney iioei?caoe?? aaiiao??? ?iia??ieo
no?oeoo? EA ? ?ic?aooaaiiy oaieioe ooai?aiiy, ui aecia/eeinue
iaiao?aei?noth c(ynoaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo.

Aea/aii aieea eeneioiino? na?aaeiaeua ia iiaaae?ieo nenoai In-EA ?
In-EA-INIIA. Iaeneiaeueia ?ioaineai?noue na?oeiiiaeeiaiiy eiiieaeno
In-EA (A500 = 0,780) niinoa??aa?ony a ?ioa?aae? ?I 4,1-5,0, oiae? ye
iio??eia nenoaia ia? no?eea iaeneiaeueia iiaeeiaiiy (A515 =1,120) a
?ioa?aae? ?I a?ae 6,0 aei 8,0. Aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeo oa oiia
eiiieaeniooai?aiiy iieacaei, ui o/anoue o?aoueiai eiiiiiaioo — INIIA a
eiiieaeniooai?aii? a nenoai? ?iae?e — ethiiaae?ii ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith
/ooeeaino? aecia/aiue (( c??n a?ae 2,0*104 aei 5,0*104), cieaeaiith
iaae? aecia/a?ieo eiioeaio?aoe?e ?iae?th (a?ae 0,40 aei 0,06 iea/ie),
iia(ycaia c aieeaii INIIA ia o?eueee ia ?aaeoe?eio iiaaae?ieo EA, aea e
ia a?ae?aoio iaieiieo iaoaeo, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaeoe naeaeoeaio
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ai?noo ?iae?th a iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo ie?aeao, ye?
i?noyoue nieaa ?n-As, aac aeaeaeaiiy inoaiiueiai.

AENIIAEE

1. Iaoiaeaie aeaeeii?, OO ? ?* niaeo?ineii?? aecia/aii aieea
iie?noeueoii?e-ieia??aeei?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaea, aeaeaoeia oa
iie?a?i?ei???ie?aeiia ia i?ioie?oe/i? aeanoeaino? ? o?i?ei-aiae?oe/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aciaa?aiee?a. Aeiaaaeaii ooai?aiiy no?eeeo
a?ae?ioiaii-a?ae?aoiaaieo ?iiieo anioe?ao?a, aecia/aiee ?o neeaae ?
iieacaii aeeaae niaoeeo?/ieo aca?iiae?e a ?o ooai?aiiy, aeanoeaeo eeoa
aeey iie?ia?ieo IA?, ui i?iyaeeiny a noao?iiao?e/iiio oa
ianoao?iiao?e/iiio ca(ycoaaii? eiiiiiaio?a a ?A, ciaioaii? cia/aiue
eiinoaio no?eeino? i?e ca?eueoaii? aeeaaeo a?ae?ioiaiiai ca(ycoaaiiy.

2. Iieacaia caeaaei?noue aaee/eie cnoao ?E aeenioe?aoe?? iaoeeiaiai
/a?aiiiai a?ae iieaeoey?ii? iane iie?a?i?ei???ie?aeiio.

3. Aia?oa oeueo?acaoeiao ae?th canoiniaaii aeey noaa?e?caoe??
anioe?ao?a iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeei?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeo c iaaiaciiii
ON.

4. Anoaiiaeaii eiiieaeniooai?aiiy c iiaeeo?eiaaieie
iie?noeueoii?eie-ia??aeei?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeii i?aai?/ieie ?aaaaioaie:

— Ieiaa (IV) c? no?eueaaci; — Aaiaae?th (V) c? no?eueaaci; — ?iae?th c
ethiiaae?iiii.

Aeine?aeaeaii o?i?ci, anoaiiaeaii neeaae oa eiinoaioe ooai?aiiy oeeo
eiiieaen?a. A?aei?/aii ca?eueoaiiy /enea eii?aeeiiaaieo e?aaiae?a aeey
eiiieaeno In-EA-INIIA, aea a?aeiioaiiy iaoae-?aaaaio noaiiaeei 1:3 a
i?enooiino? IA? cai?noue 1:1 aai 1:2 o ?? a?aenooiino?. Iieacaii, ui
i?enooi?noue INIIA a nenoaiao Sn-NA oa V-NA cnoaa? eiiieaeniooai?aiiy
aei eenei? iaeano? a?ae 5,5 aei 2,0 iaeeieoeue ?I aeey Ieiaa oa a?ae 4,5
aei 1,0 aeey Aaiaae?th.

5. Iieacaii iie?ioaiiy o?i?ei-aiae?oe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iio??eieo
eiiieaen?a o ii??aiyii? c iiaea?eieie nenoaiaie i?e aecia/aii? iaoae?a.
Aeey Ieiaa e?i?ei?noue a?aaeothaaeueiiai a?ao?ea a ?ioa?aae? 0,024 —
0,952 iea/ie cai?noue ye?niiai aecia/aiiy ((=5,6*104), aeey ?iae?th —
0,06 — 1,20 iea/ie cai?noue 0,40 — 4,40 iea/ie ((=5,0*104 cai?noue
2,0*104).

6. ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen iaoiaeee niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai aecia/aiiy
iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeeieeiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeo oa aeeneiooai?thth/eo
aeiaaaie o aeaeyae? ?iiieo anioe?ao?a c iaaiaciiii ON oa ae?aiaioiaei
aeiaoei:

— a i?ioean? neioaco;

— a eoaeiiio aeaeo?ie?o? oeeieoaaiiy;

— a i?iieaieo aiaeao oeaoo aeaeo?iinaaeaeaiiy.

NIENIE IOAE?EAOe?E

*ieeaiei O.A., AEoe E.I., *ieeaiei O.N., Ai?aeee I.O. Iiaeeoeeaoeey
aeeacie?aneoaeae noeeueaaci, a?eeeeaioiaiai aeaeoiai e eiiai e?aniiai
eaoeiiiui iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiui aauanoaii
iieenoeueoiieeieia?eaeeieeiaoeeaiaeae?ieneaeii// A?niee AeAeO. Na?.
o?i?y. — 1998. — ?2. -N.49-53.

*ieeaiei O.A., AEoe E.I., *ieeaiei O.N., Aeaaeuoaa ?.A.
Iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiue iieenoeueoiieeieia?eaeeieeiaoeeaiaeae?ieneaeii
ethiiaaeeeii eae niaeo?ioioiiao?e/aneee ?aaaaio ia eiaeee// Aii?inu
oeiee e oei. oaoiieiaee. — 1999. – ?2. – N.9-11.

3. *ieeaiei O.A., Ieneoi TH.I., *ieeaiei O.N., AEoe E.I.
I?ioieeoe/aneea e eiiieaeniia?acothuea naienoaa a?iiie?iaaeeieiaiai
e?aniiai, iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiiai
iieenoeueoiieeieia?eaeeieeiaoeeaiaeae?ieneaeii// Oe?. oei. aeo?i. —
1998. — ?1. — N. 67-71.

4. *ieeaiei O.A., Oaaoe N.A., AEoe E.I. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeyiey
iieenoeueoi-ieeieia?eaeeieeiaoeeaiaeae?ieneaea ia acie?aneoaee a?oiiu
o?iiaieeiia// A?niee AeAeO. Na?. o?i?y. — 1998. — ?3. -N.78-81.

5. *ieeaiei O.A., AEoe E.I., *ieeaiei O.N., Eaaaaeaaa A.A., Aeaaeuoaa
?.A. Aeeyiea iieeyeaeo?ieeoia ia i?ioieeoe/aneea naienoaa e?aneoaey
iaaiaciia ON// A?niee AeAeO. Na?. o?i?y. — 1998. — ?2. -N.74-78.

6. AEoe E.I., *ieeaiei O.N., Eoena A.A., Oa?oi I.A., *ieeaiei O.A.
Niaeo?ioioiiao?e/aneia enneaaeiaaiea acaeiiaeaenoaey
iieeaeieeie??ieeaeiia n o?iiaco?ieii S// A?niee AeAeO. Na?. o?i?y. —
1998. — ?2. -N.60-64.

7. *ieeaiei O.A., Ieneoi TH.I., *ieeaiei O.N., Ei?iaiaa E.A., AEoe E.I.
Acaeiiaeaenoaea a nenoaia o?ai (VI) – o?iiaco?ie S –
iieenoeueoiieeieia?eaeeieeiaoeeaiaeae?ieneae// Eii?ae. oeiey. – 1999. –
O.25,?6. – N. 478-480.

8. *ieeaiei O.A., Ei?iaiaa E.A., AEoe E.I., Aoa?ee I.A.
Niaeo?ioioiiao?e/aneia ii?aaeaeaiea aaiaaeey ni noeeueaaci a i?enoonoaee
iieeia?iiai IAA// A?niee AeAeO. Na?. o?i?y. — 1998. — ?3. -N.67-70.

9. *ieeaiei O.A., AEoe E.I., *ieeaiei O.N., Ieneoi TH.I., Eaaaaeaaa A.A.
Noaaeeecaoeey aeaieiuo R-IAA e o?ieiuo Ia-R-IAA nenoai oeueo?acaoeiaui
aicaeaenoaeai// A?niee AeAeO. Na?. o?i?y. — 1998. — ?2. -N.80-83.

10. *ieeaiei O.A., AEoe E.I., *ieeaiei O.N., Eoena A.A., Oa?oi I.A.
Niaeo?ioioiiao?e/aneia ii?aaeaeaiea o?aia (VI) n o?iiaco?ieii S a
i?enoonoaee niane iieeia?iuo iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiuo aauanoa// // Aii?inu
oeiee e oei. oaoiieiaee. — 1998. – ?3. – N.8-10.

11. *ieeaiei O.N., *ieeaiei O.A., AEoe E.I., Ai?aeee I.O., Aeaaeuoaa
?.A. Eniieueciaaiea acie?aneoaeae aeey niaeo?ioioiiao?e/aneiai
ii?aaeaeaiey niaea?aeaiey IAA// Iaoa??aee 5-? I?aeia?. eiioa?aioe??
“O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai- i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae”. – Aei — nuee. —
1998. -o.2. -N.67.

12. *ieeaiei O.A., Aaeeaiia A.I., Eaaaaeaaa E.A., *ieeaiei O.N., AEoe
E.I., Oa?oi I.A. Oeueo?acaoe eae noaaeeece?othuee oaeoi? aiaeeoe/aneeo
nenoai// Oai aea. — 1998. -O.2. -N.68.

13. *ieeaiei O.N., AEoe E.I., Oa?oi I.A., *ieeaiei O.A. Anioe?aoe
aciaa?aiee?a c iie?noeueoiiii oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy a aiae?c?// Oace
aeiiia. ia Anaoe?. eiioa?aioe?? c aiae?o o?i??. — Oaeai?iae. -1998.-
N.26.

14. *ieeaiei O.I., AEoe E.I., Oa?oi I.A. Anioe?aoe aciaa?aiee?a c
iie?noeueoiiii// Oace aeiiia. ia 18-?e Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c
i?aai?/ii? o?i??. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee. — 1998. — N.246.

15. *ieeaiei O.A., I?neoi TH.I., *ieeaiei O.N., AEoe E.I., Ei?iaiaa E.A.
Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iie?ia?ieo IA? ye iiaeeo?eaoi??a nenoaie
iaoae-o?iiioi?iee ?aaaaio// Iaoa??aee aeiiia?aeae iaoeiaoe?a o?i?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeoi-oo. – 1996. — ?5. – N.33.

16. Chmilenko F.A., Zhuk L.P., Chmilenko T.S., Kharun M.V. Polymeric
tensides as modificator of analytical organic reagents// Oace aeiiia.
ia I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c aiae?o o?i?? “Argus-99”. — Iaeana.
-1999.- N.29-31.

AIIOAOe?ss

AEoe E.I. O?i?ei-aiae?oe/i? aeanoeaino? anioe?ao?a
iie?noeueoii?eieia??aee-i?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeo c aciaa?aieeaie oa ?o
aeei?enoaiiy a aiae?c?.-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?i?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 02.00.02. — aiae?oe/ia o?i?y. -Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee
o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aea/aiith aca?iiae?? iie?ia?ii? eao?iiii?
iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaii? ?a/iaeie —
iie?noeueoii?eieia??aeei?eiaoeeaia?ae?ieneaeo (INIIA) c aciaa?aieeaie,
oa ?? aieea ia niaeo?ioioiiao?e/i?, i?ioie?oe/i? oa eiiieaeniooai?thth/?
aeanoeaino? aci?aaaaio?a. A ?acoeueoao? aca?iiae?? i?ae ai?iiaie
i?aai?/ieo aa?aiee?a oa eao?iiaie INIIA ooai?ththoueny niaoeeo?/i?
a?ae?ioiaii-a?ae?aoiaai? ?iii? anioe?aoe. Iaoiaeaie OO, aeaeeii? oa
?*-niaeo?ineii?? anoaiiaeaii eiiieaeniooai?aiiy aciaa?aiee?a no?eueaaci
oa ethiiaae?iio c Ieiaii (IV), Aaiaae??i (V) ? ?iae??i (III) oa, ye
iane?aeie, iie?ioaiiy o?i?ei-aiae?oe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aiae?oe/ieo
nenoai. ?ic?iaeai? niaeo?ioioiiao?e/i? aeni?ani? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy
iacaaieo aeaiaio?a a ??cieo ia(?eoao, a oaeiae ai?noo aeeneiooai?thth/eo
aeiaaaie aei aeaeo?ie?o?a oeeieoaaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue aeeiioaaoe aecia/aiiy aac aeiaeaoeiaeo noaae?e
a?aeae?eaiiy (aeno?aeoe??, ianeoaaiiy).

Eeth/ia? neiaa: IA?, aciaa?aieee, ?iii? anioe?aoe, iio??ei? eiiieaene,
niaeo?ioioiiao??y.

SUMMARY

Zhuk L.P. Chemical-analytical properties of
polysulphonil?iperidinilmethylenhydroxide associates with azoreagents
and this using in the analysis. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate(s degree of chemistry by speciality 02.00.02. —
analytical chemistry.- Ukrainian State Chemical Technological
University, Dniepropetrovsk, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to investigation of the interaction of the
polymeric cationic surface active substances (SAS) —
polysulphonilpiperidinilmethylenhydroxide (PSPMH) with azodyes and
influence of this tensides on the spectrophotometrical, protolytical and
complex-formating properties of azoreagets. The result of interaction
between anions of organic dyes and cations of PSPMH is formation of
specifical hydrofobic-hydrated ionic associates. The complex-formation
of modificated azodyes stylbazo and lumogallione with tin (IV), vanadium
(V) and indium (III) has been determined by methods of UV, visual and IR
spectroscopy. The result is improvement of chemical-analytical
characteristics of this analytical systems. Express spectrophotometrical
methods of this elements determination in different objects and
brilliance-formating addition content in zinc-electrolytes have been
elaborated. Proposed methods are permitting to redlizing determination
without additional studies of separating (extraction, maskation).

Key words: tensides, azodyes, ionic associates, ternary complexes,
spectro-photometry.

AIIIOAOeEss

AEoe E.I. Oeieei-aiaeeoe/aneea naienoaa annioeeaoia
iieenoeueoiiee-ieia?eaeeieeiaoeeaiaeae?ieneaea n aci?aaaaioaie e eo
eniieueciaaiea a aiaeeca. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 02.00.02. — aiaeeoe/aneay oeiey. — Oe?aeineee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oeieei-oaoiieiae/aneee oieaa?neoao, Aeiai?iiao?iane,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth acaeiiaeaenoaey iieeia?iiai eaoeiiiiai
iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiiai aauanoaa –
iieenoeueoiieeieia?eaeeieeiaoeeaiaeae?ieneaea (INIIA) n acie?aneoaeyie
iaoeeiaui e?aniui, iaoeeiaui i?aiaeaaui, aeeca?eiiaui aeaeoui R,
i?aiaeaaui II, ethiiaaeeeiiii, aaeeeiiii, iaaiaciiii ON, o?iiaieeiaie 0
e 00, a?eeeeaioiaui aeaeoui, eiiai e?aniui e noeeueaaci, aai aeeyiey ia
niaeo?ioioiiao?e/aneea, i?ioieeoe/aneea e eiiieaeniia?acothuea naienoaa
aci?aaaaioia. Iieacaii eciaiaiea niaeo?aeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
(iaeneioiia e eioaineaiinoae naaoiiiaeiuaiey) a i?enoonoaee INIIA, a
oaeaea niauaiea cia/aiee ?E aeennioeeaoeee ?aaaaioia a eeneoth iaeanoue
(eneeth/aiea ninoaaeyao iaoeeiaue e?aniue e aeeca?eiiaue aeaeoue,
i?enoonoaea INIIA a ?anoai?ao eioi?uo niinianoaoao oi?i/iaieth
aioo?eiieaeoey?iie aiaei?iaeiie nayce, ia?acothuae oanoe/eaiiue oeeee e
oneeaieth iniiaiinoe). Ioia/aiiua ioee/ey iiaeoaa?aeaeatho iaee/ea
acaeiiaeaenoaey iaaeaeo ie?aoaiiuie aieiiaie i?aaie/aneeo ?aaaaioia e
eaoeiiaie INIIA, a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?iai ia?acothony onoie/eaua
(niaoeeoe/aneea( aeae?ioiaii-aeae?aoe?iaaiiua eiiiua annioeeaou (EA).
Ii?aaeaeai eo ninoaa e iieacai aeeaae niaoeeoe/aneeo acaeiiaeaenoaee a
eo ia?aciaaiea, oa?aeoa?iuo oieueei aeey iieeia?iuo IAA, /oi i?iyaeeinue
a aiciiaeiinoe inouanoaeaiey ianoaoeiiao?e/aneeo naycuaaiee:
noyeeiaiaiai acaeiiaeaenoaey iaaeaeo iieaeoeaie e?aneoaey e
eii?aeeiaoeeiiiiai — iaaeaeo iieaeoeaie iieeia?a. Iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue
i?eiaiaiey oeueo?acaoea aeey noaaeeecaoeee nenoai, ia?acothueo inaaeee,
ia i?eia?a EA iaaiacii-INIIA, noiaeiia n aeaenoaeai caueoiuo eieeieaeia
(aeaeaoeia, IAN e ae?.). Eco/aii aeeyiea iieeia?iuo IAA aeaeaoeia ia
iiaaaeaiea iaaiaciia ON (IA) a ?anoai?ao e iieeaeieeie??ieeaeiia (IAIAe)
ia iaoeeiaue e?aniue (IE) e noeeueaaci (NA). Ioia/aii aeeyiea aeaeaoeia
ia niaeo?aeueiua e i?ioieeoe/aneea naienoaa IA, noiaeiia n aeeyieai
eaoeiiiuo IAA. Aeey IAIAe iieacaii, /oi iaaethaeaaiia niauaiea cia/aiee
?Eyoo. IE a uaei/ioth iaeanoue i?iii?oeeiiaeueii ?inoo iieaeoey?iie
iannu iieeia?a. Oiaiueoaiea eeneioiuo naienoa ea?aieneeueiie a?oiiu a
i?enoonoaee IAIAe noiaeii n aeeyieai INIIA e iiaeao auoue iauyniaii
i?ioiie?iaaieai IAIAe a eeneuo n?aaeao, /oi iaoneiaeeaaao aai
iiaaaeaiea, noiaeiia n eaoeiiiuie IAA. Oaaee/aiea ?acia?a ?aaaaioa i?e
ia?aoiaea io IE e NA niinianoaoao ineaaeaieth acaeiiaeaenoaey n IAIAe,
/oi i?iyaeyaony a oiaiueoaiee eiinoaio onoie/eainoe, iaeiaei oneeaiea
aeae?ioiaiuo acaeiiaeaenoaee i?eaiaeeo e aieaa cia/eoaeueiui eciaiaieyi
niaeo?aeueiuo e eeneioii-iniiaiuo oa?aeoa?enoee NA ii n?aaiaieth n IE..

?ac?aaioai eiiieaen iaoiaeee niaeo?ioioiiao?e/aneiai ii?aaeaeaiey
iiee-noeueoiieeieia?eaeeieeiaoeeaiaeae?ieneaea e aeaneiia?acothueo
aeiaaaie a aeaea eo eiiiuo annioeeaoia n acie?aneoaeyie a i?ioeanna
neioaca, a uaei/iuo yeaeo?ieeoao oeeieiaaiey, a i?iiuaiuo aiaeao oeaoia
yeaeo?iinaaeaeaiey. I?aaeeiaeaiiua iaoiaeeee aiaeeca niaea?aeaiey
aeiaaaie aiaae?aiu a i?iecaiaenoaaiioth i?aeoeeo eaai?aoi?ee
yeaeo?iinaaeaeaiey Aeiai?iiao?ianeiai ainoieaa?neoaoa e IEEnieue
a.A?oaiianea e iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu aeey eiee/anoaaiiiai eiio?iey
oeacaiiuo aauanoa a oaoiieiae/aneeo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo i?ioeannao
aeaaiaea?y yeni?anniinoe, i?inoioa eniieiaiey e oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie
aini?iecaiaeeiinoe ?acoeueoaoia.

Iaoiaeaie OO, aeaeeiie e EE niaeo?ineiiee eco/aii eiiieaeniia?aciaaiea
ieiaa (IV) ni noeeueaaci a i?enoonoaee
iieenoeueoiieeieia?eaeeieeiaoeeaiaeae?ieneaea. Enneaaeiaai oeieci
acaeiiaeaenoaey, onoaiiaeai ninoaa ia?acothuaainy eiiieaena
Sn(NA)2INIIA. Iieacaii, /oi aaaaeaiea INIIA iiauoaao naeaeoeaiinoue,
aini?iecaiaeeiinoue, /oanoaeoaeueiinoue ?aaeoeee ieiaa (IV) ni
noeeueaaci, nieaeaao aaee/eio ?I eiiieaeniia?aciaaiey, iicaieyao
inouanoaeyoue ii?aaeaeaiey aac ioaeaeaiey niioonoaothueo yeaiaioia.
Ii?aaeaeaieth ia iaoatho (a niioiioaieyo ii ianna): K, Na, Ca, Ba, Mg,
Cd, (a ethauo eiee/anoaao), Mn (4000), Al (1250), Zn, Co, Cu (625), Ni
(250), Fe (30), Pb (20), Mo (15), Zr (13), oiaaea eae aac INIIA
i?aeoe/anee ni anaie iaoaeeaie ia?acothony inaaeee. ?ac?aaioaiiay
yeni?anniay iaoiaeeea niaeo?ioioiiao?e/aneiai eiee/anoaaiiiai aiaeeca
ieiaa (IV) ni noeeueaaci, iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiui INIIA, ai?iae?iaaia a
aiaeeca noaiaea?oiuo ia?acoeia a?iic.

Iieacaii iaee/ea acaeiiaeaenoaey aaiaaeey (V) n iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiui
iieenoeueoiieeieia?eaeeieeiaoeeaiaeae?ieneaeii ?aaaaioii noeeueaaci i?e
?I aeeceie e 1,0, eiaaea aeaieiay nenoaia V(V)-NA ia ia?acoao ie?aoaiiuo
niaaeeiaiee. Enneaaeiaaiu oeieci, ninoaa e iioeiaeueiua oneiaey
ia?aciaaiey eiiieaena (VOOH)2(CA)3(INIIA)8.

O/anoea o?aoueaai eiiiiiaioa INIIA a eiiieaeniia?aciaaie e a nenoaia
eiaeee — ethiiaaeeeii niinianoaoao iiauoaieth /oanoaeoaeueiinoe
ii?aaeaeaiee, ?anoe?aieth eioa?aaea ii?aaeaeyaiuo eiioeaio?aoeee eiaeey,
naycaiiia n aeeyieai INIIA ia oieueei ia ?aaeoeeiiiia iiaaaeaiea
ethiiaaeeeiia, ii e ia aeae?aoioth iaiei/eo iaoaeea, /oi iicaieeei
?ac?aaioaoue iaoiaeeeo ii?aaeaeaiey niaea?aeaiey eiaeey a
iieoi?iaiaeieeiauo ieaieao, niaea?aeaueo nieaa eiaeee-iuoueye aac
oaeaeaiey iineaaeiaai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: IAA, acie?aneoaee, eiiiua annioeeaou, o?ieiua eiiieaeu,
niaeo?ioioiiao?ey .

2(

Sn

Похожие записи