22

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Aeania Aaea??e ?aaiiae/

OAeE
634.11:631.526.32.1:631.541.11

Ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/ia ioe?iea

ni?o?a ? i?aeuai yaeoi?

a i?aaeaiiiio Iie?nn? Oe?a?ie

06.01.07 — ieiae?aieoeoai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? naae?aieoeoaa OAAI.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

noa?oee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,

*eae Ieaenaiae? Aeieo?iae/ —

?inoeooo naae?aieoeoaa OAAI,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo

naeaeoe?? ? ni?oiaea/aiiy

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Aanthoa Aaneeue Ieoaeeiae/,

Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?iiii?/iee eieaaeae

oi?aae?iiy ? i?aaa

eaiaeeaeao
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Aaciethe Ai?en Aaneeueiae/,

Oe?naaeaeii?ii, ia/aeueiee oi?aae?iiy naae?aieoeoaa ?

aeiia?aaea?noaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oiainueea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea aeaaeai?y

I?i?noa?noaa AIE, eaoaae?a
ieiae?aieoeoaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “25” ethoiai 1999 ?. i 9.30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii?

niaoe?aeaciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.004.04 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio

oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, i.Ee?a-41, aoe.Aa?i?a iai?iie, 15,

iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 252041, i.Ee?a-41, aoe.Aa?i?a
iai?iie,11, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 22 n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ___________________ Aaeaaaeei A.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Eoeueoo?a yaeoi? ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy a na?oiaiio
ieiae?aieoeoa?, iin?aeath/e o?ao? i?noea ca ae?iaieoeoaii ieiae?a,
iinooiath/enue eeoa oeeo?oniaei ? aaiaiai. ssaeoiy oaeiae ? aacia?a/iei
e?aea?ii ? a naae?aieoeoa? Oe?a?ie. A ?icaeoie oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo
aniaeo?a noaiiaeaiiy i?iieneiaiai naae?aieoeoaa ia Iie?nn?, ? cie?aia
eoeueoo?e yaeoi?, aeeaaeaii /eiaei coneeue e?eueeio iieie?iue
a/aieo-naaeiaiae?a Oe?a?ie. I?iaeai? noaiiaeaiiy ni?oeiaioo yaeoi? ia
Iie?nn? oa ?ic?iaoe? ?ioeo ieoaiue oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy i?enay/ai?
iaoeia? i?aoe? A.E.Neie?aiea, I.TH.Aoueia, I.I.Oa?anaiea, ?.A.Oa?aiaoa
oa ?i.

I?ioa a neeo ??cieo i?e/ei naae?aieoeoai Oe?a?ie a inoaii? ?iee
ciaoiaeeoueny a aeineoue ne?ooiiio noaiiaeu?. Aeiiae ?eieo i?eaaee aei
cia/ieo ci?i a oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa ieiae?a yaeoi? a na?o?, aieiaieie
c yeeo ? cia/ia nei?i/aiiy ia??iaeo noai?aiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy
ianaaeaeaiue, i?aeaeuaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ? noaa?eueiino? ieiaeiiioaiiy,
oaeaeea ci?ia ni?oeiaoo. Oe? ieoaiiy ? aeooaeueieie ? aeey
iiaea?i?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ieiae?a yaeoi? a Oe?a?i?.

Oe?a?inueea Iie?nny caeia? a?ey 17% caaaeueii? oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie. Ooo
cina?aaeaeaia aeanyoa /anoeia ?? ieiaeiai-ya?aeieo ianaaeaeaiue. Ca
a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiei aeey eoeueoo?e
aenieiye?nieo aeana?oieo ni?o?a yaeoi? ??cieo no?ie?a aeinoeaaiiy ?
i?aaeaiia Iie?nny. ?icaeoie ? oaiaeaioe?? oaeaeeiai aaeineiiaeaiiy
eoeueoo?e yaeoi? a non?aei?o e?a?iao aeiaaathoue a?aeiia?aeiiai
?aaaoaaiiy ? ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie ae?iuoaaiiy eiieo?aioiicaeaoii?
i?iaeoeoe?? ? a iaoeo oiiaao, ia?o ca ana ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo
ni?o?a ? i?aeuai, ye ae??aeo oaeoi??a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? a onueiio na?o?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e
?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe aaciina?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a c ieoaiue
aea/aiiy ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae iiaeo ni?o?a yaeoi?,
aeiai?o ni?o?a ? i?aeuai aeey i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny, aeeiiaieo iei a
1994-1997 ??. iia’ycai? c ieaiaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?inoeoooo
naae?aieoeoaa OAAI ii aeeiiaiith Aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie
“Ooiaeaiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy” oa ?anioae?eainueei? eiiieaenii?
i?ia?aie “I?iaeiaieuenoai-95” ia 1991-1995 ??., caoaa?aeaeaieo
iinoaiiaith ?aaee I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie ? 391 a?ae 27 a?oaeiy 1990 ?. oa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie “Naae?aieoeoai” ia ia??iae 1996-2000 ??.,
caoaa?aeaeaii? iinoaiiaith I?aceae?? OAAI, i?ioieie ? 19 a?ae 22 aeiaoiy
1996 ?.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – aeae?eeoe iaa??
ni?o?a yaeoi? aeey i?iieneiai? eoeueoo?e a i?aaeaiiiio Iie?nn?,
aeei?enoaiiy yeeo caaacia/o? ui??/io o?iaeaei?noue 25-40 o/aa ? ?ano?n
ieiaeiiioaiiy 400-600 o/aa ca ei?ioeee ia??iae i?iaeoeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy ianaaeaeaiue, aecia/eoe i?eaeaoi?noue ? ia?niaeoeae iiaeo
ian?ii?aeo ? aaaaoaoeaii ?iciiiaeoaaieo i?aeuai yaeoi? aeey
?ioaineo?eaoe?? ?? eoeueoo?e a i?aaeaiiiio Iie?nn?.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy – i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaenii? ii??aiyeueii?
ioe?iee ni?o?a ? i?aeuai a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o aeae?eaii? a?oie
ni?o?a ? i?aeuai yaeoi? aeey no/anieo ?ioaineaieo oaoiieia?e ae?iuoaaiiy
a i?aaeaiiiio Iie?nn? Oe?a?ie.

— Aia?oa a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny i?iaaaeaia
ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/ia ioe?iea /ioe?iaaeoeyoe ia?niaeoeaieo ni?o?a
yaeoi? oe?a?inueei? ? ca?oa?aeii? naeaeoe?? ??cieo no?ie?a aeinoeaaiiy a
ia??iae iiaiiai ieiaeiiioaiiy ? aecia/aii ?o iioaioe?ae i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

— Aia?oa a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny i?iaaaeaia oaoiieia?/ia ioe?iea
o?ueio ?ioiieo aei ia?o? ?io?iaeoeiaaieo ni?o?a yaeoi?.

— Aia?oa i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea aeei?enoaiiy ye i?aeuai n?yioe?a
aenieiceiino?eeeo iai?aeoeueoo?ieo ni?o?a yaeoi?.

— Aia?oa a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea aaaaoaoeaii
?iciiiaeoaaieo i?aeuai yaeoi? a ia??iae iiaiiai ieiaeiiioaiiy
ianaaeaeaiue.

Oe? iieiaeaiiy ? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeae?eai? ni?oe yaeoi?
caaaa/othoue ni?oeiaio ciie i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny aenieiye?nieie ni?oaie
in?iiueiai ? ceiiaiai no?ie?a aeinoeaaiiy c iiaeiaaeaiei ia??iaeii
caa??aaiiy, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy ?aioaaaeueiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa ia 30-100 % a ii??aiyii? c ?aeiiiaaieie ni?oaie.
Aeei?enoaiiy aeae?eaieo i?aeuai aeicaieeoue nei?ioeoe iai?iaeoeoeaiee
ia??iae ia 2-3 ?iee, caaacia/eoue aenieo oaoiieia?/i?noue ?
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ianaaeaeaiue (40-50 o/aa).

Aeae?eai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue ni?oe i?ioiaeyoue ae?iaie/o
ia?aa??eo a ENI “I?aoey” n.Noieueia Iainueeiai ?aeiio *a?i?a?anueei?
iaeano? ia ieiu? 25 oa a ainiiaea?noaao Ee?anueei? iaeano? ia ieiu? 230
aa, ui a?aeia?aaeaii o a?aeiia?aeiiio aeo? ? aeia?aeoe?, ye?
aeiaeathoueny.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a aeei?enoai? i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
?aeiiaiaeaoeee “Noai?aiiy ? i?iaeoeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy ?ioaineaieo
ianaaeaeaiue yaeoi?”, Ee?a, 1997.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, io?eiai? iiith
iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue aaoi?ii ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a
“Iaoeia? iniiae aaaeaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie a no/anieo
oiiaao” (*aaaie, 1994), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ioaineai?
oaoiieia?? o naae?aieoeoa? Iaaeaei?no?yiueie oa Ia?aaeea?iaooy Oe?a?ie”
(*a?i?aoe?, 1995) oa Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ioaineai? oaoiieia??
a naae?aieoeoa?” (Ee?a, 1997) ? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo a/aii?
?aaee ?inoeoooo naae?aieoeoaa OAAI (1995-1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 150
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 22 oaaeeoe?, 14 oioia?ao?e, 15
aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ae?iaieoeoao, aeiaeaoe?a. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e ioiieth? 267
aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Oiiae, ia’?eoe ? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a 1994-1997 ??. iaoiaeii noaoe?iia?ieo
iieueiaeo aeine?ae?a a ianaaeaeaiiyo aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa
“Aeieo??aea” ?inoeoooo naae?aieoeoaa OAAI, ?icoaoiaaiiai a cii?
i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny Oe?a?ie ? aeeiiaiiy ia?aaeaa/aieo i?ia?aiith
eaai?aoi?ieo aiae?c?a ? aeine?aeaeaiue.

E?i?ooth/eie oaeoi?aie ae?iuoaaiiy ni?o?a yaeoi? a aeaiiio ?aa?ii? ?
ia?o ca ana aaniethoi? i?i?iaeuei? oaiia?aoo?e (iia?o?y -36iN, ia
iiaa?oi? ni?ao -42iN) oa ceiino?ee?noue ?ineei. Ia ye?noue ieiae?a /anii
iiaea aieeaaoe iaaeinoaoi? oaieicaaacia/aiiy — noia aeoeaieo oaiia?aoo?
ooo a na?aaeiueiio neeaaea? a?ey 2600iN, aea a ie?ai? ?iee eaaeue nyaa?
2300iN. Ca ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue eieeaaiiy noie aeoeaieo oaiia?aoo?
niinoa??aaeenue a?ae 2830iN o 1994 ?. aei 2380iN o 1997 ?. E?euee?noue
aei?a c oaiia?aoo?ith aeua +15iN ca inoaii? 20 ?ie?a eieeaaeany a?ae 73
aei?a o 1978 ?. aei 119 aei?a o 1995 ?ioe?, a ca ia??iae i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue neeaea a na?aaeiueiio 111 aei?a ia ??e.

Iaeieae/a oaiia?aoo?a a?oioo ia aeeaei? 20 ni ca inoaii? 20 ?ie?a
niinoa??aaeanue -9,1-10,2iN o n?/i?-ethoiio 1988 ?., a ca ?iee
aeine?aeaeaiue ia iioneaeanue ieae/a -6,1iN (a?oaeaiue 1996 ?.). A
n?/i?-ethoiio /anoi niinoa??aathoueny cia/i? a?aeeeae ? ia?aiaaee
oaiia?aoo?, ui iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ceiino?ee?noue aaia?aoeaieo
ooai?aiue yaeoi?. Na?aaei?e aaaaoi??/iee iieaciee e?eueeino? iiaae?a ca
??e noaiiaeoue 636 ii, ca ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue a?i eieeaaany a?ae 690,4
aei 526,4 ii. A?oio aeine?aeieo ae?eyiie —
aea?iiai-neaaii?aecieenoee ca’yciii?uaiee ia aiaeiieueiaeiaeeiaiio
i?neo, i?aenoaeaiiio i??niiaiaeiei noaeeieii, oeiiaee aeey ciie.

Ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/io ioe?ieo 17 ni?o?a yaeoi? i?iaiaeeee a 4-o
aeine?aeao.

A aeine?ae? ? 1 “Ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/ia ioe?iea ia?niaeoeaieo ni?o?a
yaeoi? ?aiiuei-in?iiueiai no?ieo aeinoeaaiiy” caeeaaeaiiio a 1984 ?. ca
iaoiaeeeith ia?aeiiiai ni?oiaea/aiiy a ia??iae iiaiiai ieiaeiiioaiiy
aea/aeinue 4 ni?oe: Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi (no), Aeaia, I??ia, Aeae?/?y.
I?aeuaia II 106, noaia naae?iiy 5o4 i. Aea?aaa a oeueiio oa ?ioeo
aeine?aeao noi?iiaai? ca ?ic??aeaeaii-y?oniith nenoaiith.

A aeine?ae? ? 2 “Ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/ia ioe?iea ia?niaeoeaieo ni?o?a
yaeoi? ceiiaiai no?ieo aeinoeaaiiy” caeeaaeaiiio a 1982 ?. ca
iaoiaeeeith ia?aeiiiai ni?oiaea/aiiy a ia??iae iiaiiai ieiaeiiioaiiy
aea/aeinue 4 ni?oe: Ceiiaa eeiiiia (no), Aeaea?aae, ?oa?iiaa Aeoee,
Iae?ioc. I?aeuaia ian?ii?aa, noaia naae?iiy 5o4 i.

A aeine?ae? ? 3 “Aea/aiiy iioaioe?aeo i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?aeiiiaaieo ?
ia?niaeoeaieo ni?o?a yaeoi? iai?ee?ioe? ia??iaeo i?iaeoeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy ianaaeaeaiue” aea/aeinue 6 ni?o?a yaeoi? ceiiaiai no?ieo
aeinoeaaiiy: Aeaeiiaoai (no), Eaeuea?eue ni?aiaee, Ceiiaa Ieanaoeueeiai
— ?aeiiiaai? ni?oe, Oiainueea ceiiaa, ?inaaea, Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee —
ia?niaeoeai? ni?oe aeey ciie i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny. Naae naae?iiy 1975 ?.,
i?aeuaia ian?ii?aa, noaia naae?iiy 5o4 i. Aeine?ae caeeaaeaii ca
iaoiaeeeith aea?aeaaiiai ni?oiaei?iaoaaiiy — a o?ueio iiaoi?aiiyo ii 8
aea?aa (24) iaeiiai ni?oo.

A aeine?ae? ? 4 “Ae?iaie/a aei?iaoaaiiy ?ioiieo aei ia?o? ni?o?a
yaeoi?” aea/aeinue 4 ni?oe: Aeaeiiaoai (no), E?aa?o?, Iaeo??, Oei??ia.
Aeine?ae caeeaaeaii a 1988 ?. ca iaoiaeeeith ae?iaie/iai aei?iaoaaiiy
(a?eueoa 100 aea?aa eiaeiiai ni?oo), i?aeuaia II 106, noaia naae?iiy 6o4
i.

Aieea i?aeuai ia ??no ? ieiaeiiioaiiy ni?o?a yaeoi? aea/aee a 2
aeine?aeao.

A aeine?ae? ii aea/aiith ian?ii?aeo i?aeuai yaeoi? aea/aee 5 oi?i:
n?yioe? Aioii?aee cae/aeii? (e), n?yioe? iai?aeoeueoo?ieo ni?o?a —
Uaae?a, ssioa?, I?aa, aeae?eai? I.I.Ae?a?iaa (Aa?iaoe, IAe?
naae?aieoeoaa) oa Eeoaeee ceiiai? ?innioainueei?. sse i?euaie acyoi 3
ni?oe: ?oa?iiaa Aeoee, Eaeuea?eue e?aniieoonueeee, ?oa?i (eacaonueeee),
anueiai 15 ni?oii?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue. Naae naae?iiy 1984 ?., noaia
naae?iiy 6o4 i. Iiaoi?aiiy aa??aio?a o?e?aciaa, ii 24 iae?eiaeo aea?aaa
a aa??aio? (ni?oii?aeuaiiiio eiia?ioaaii?).

A aeine?ae? ii aea/aiith aaaaoaoeaii ?iciiiaeoaaieo i?aeuai yaeoi?
aea/aee 5 i?aeuai: I 3, II 106, 54-118, A 2, n?yioe? Aioii?aee cae/aeii?
(e), i?euaia Aeaeiiaoai. Iiaoi?aiiy o?e?aciaa, ii 24 iae?eiaeo aea?aaa a
aa??aio?. Aeine?ae caeeaaeaii a 1982 ?., noaia naae?iiy aea?aa 5o3 i.

Iniiai? iae?ee oa niinoa?aaeaiiy a aeine?aeao c
ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/ii? ioe?iee ni?o?a aeeiioaaee ca?aeii “I?ia?aie ?
iaoiaeeee ni?oiaea/aiiy ieiaeiaeo, ya?aeieo ? ai??oiie?aeieo eoeueoo?”
AIAe?N ?i.?.A.I?/o??ia (1973), iaoiaee/ieo aeac?aie A?? “Aea/aiiy
eieaeoe?? ca?iyoeiaeo eoeueoo? ? aeyaeaiiy ni?o?a ?ioaineaiiai oeio”
(1986). Ai?no nooeo ?icaeiieo ?a/iaei aecia/aee ia ?ao?aeoiiao??,
oeoe??a — eiei?eiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ca A.E.Aicianainueeei, caaaeueio
eeneioi?noue — oeo?oaaiiyi, iaeoeiia? ?a/iaeie — ea?aacieueiei iaoiaeii,
anei?a?iiao eeneioo — oioieiei?eiao?e/ii. Eaaee?noue ieiae?a aecia/aee
ca “Iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue c ieoaiue
caa??aaiiy oa ia?a?iaee ieiae?a ? ya?ae” OIAe?N (1980), ceiino?ee?noue —
ca iaoiaeeeaie I.I.Nieiaeiai? (1967) ? I.I.Oth??ii? (1978). Iniiai?
iae?ee oa niinoa?aaeaiiy a aeine?aeao ii aea/aiith i?aeuai aeeiioaaee
ca?aeii “Iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy i?aeuai ieiaeiaeo eoeueoo? a Oe?a?inuee?e
?N?” (1990). Aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ni?o?a ? i?aeuai yaeoi?
?ic?aoiaoaaee ca?aeii “Iaoiaeeee aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oei?a ianaaeaeaiue,
ni?o?a ieiaeiaeo oa ya?aeieo eoeueoo? ? ?acoeueoao?a oaoiieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue o naae?aieoeoa?” (1992), noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo aeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee ca A.I.Aeini?oiaei (1985) ?c canoinoaaiiyi
eiii’thoa?a ?AI ?NAO.

Ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/ia ioe?iea ni?o?a yaeoi?

a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny

I?ioiaeaeaiiy iniiaieo oaiioac. Ii/aoie aaaaoaoe?? yaeoi? a oiiaao
i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny i?eiaaea? ia 1-?? aeaeaaee ea?oiy. Ia??iae a?ae
ii/aoeo aaaaoaoe?? aei ii/aoeo ea?ooaaiiy eieeaaany a?ae 18 aei 28
aei?a, a ea?ooaaiiy niinoa??aaeinue a iaaeao 1 aeaeaaee o?aaiy.

??cieoey a ii/aoeo ea?ooaaiiy ?aii ? i?ciiea?ooth/eo ni?o?a caeaaeii
a?ae iiaiaeieo oiia noaiiaeea a?ae 7-8 aei?a o 1994 ?. aei 2-3 aei?a o
1996 ?., a o?eaae?noue ea?ooaaiiy iaiaaeoaaeanue ia??iaeii a?ae 4-5 aei
10-12 aei?a. O?eaae?noue ia??iaeo a?ae ea?ooaaiiy aei aeinoeaaiiy
ieiae?a noaiiaeea: o ni?o?a ?aiiueiin?iiuei? a?oie 95-105 aei?a, ceiiai?
— 120-140 aei?a. Cae?i/aiiy ?inoo iaaii?a o ni?o?a e?oiueiin?iiuei?
a?oie niinoa??aaeinue o ??, a o ceiiaeo — o ??? aeaeaaeao na?iiy,
ianoaiiy eenoiiaaeo o ni?o?a in?iiuei? a?oie o ?? aeaeaae?, ceiiaeo — o
??-??? aeaeaaeao aeiaoiy. Noaey/e c no?ie?a ianoaiiy ? i?ioiaeaeaiiy
oaiioac aeine?aeaeoaaieo ni?o?a yaeoi? ee?iaoe/i? oiiae i?aaeaiiiai
Iie?nny oe?eeii a?aeiia?aeathoue ?o a?ieia?/iei iniaeeainoyi,
aeeth/ath/e ? ?io?iaeoeiaai? ?ioii? ni?oe ??cieo no?ie?a aeinoeaaiiy.

Iniaeeaino? ?inoo aea?aa ? oi?ioaaiiy ieiaeiaeo ooai?aiue. A oiiaao
aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeo i?uaieo a?oio?a i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny aea?aaa
?inoooue aeaui neaa?oa ? iaa?oue ia ian?ii?aeo i?aeuaiao ca aeiiiiiaith
ia??coaaiiy ?o iiaeia oo?eioaaoe aenioith 3,5-4,0 i oa a?aeiia?aeieie
?ici??aie e?iie a iaaeao a?aeaaaeaii? ieiu? aeeaeaiiy — 5o4 i. Iaea?eueo
neeueii?ineeie aeyaeeeny ni?oe ?inaaea, Oiainueea ceiiaa, Iae?ioc,
no?eiaiei ?inoii a?aecia/aeeny ni?oe Aeae?/?y, Iaeo??, Ceiiaa eeiiiia,
Aeaeiiaoai, Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, Aeaea?aae. Ni?oe yaeoi?
a?ae??ciythoueny ca no?ieaie oi?ioaaiiy ieiaeiaeo ooai?aiue. Aei a?oie
c ei?ioeei ia??iaeii oi?ioaaiiy ieiaeiaeo ooai?aiue (1-2 ?iee)
a?aeiinyoueny I?eia, Aeae?/?y, Aeaeiiaoai, Aeaea?aae, ?oa?iiaa Aeoee,
Ceiiaa eeiiiia, a?eueo o?eaaeei ia??iaeii (3-4 ?iee) a?aecia/athoueny
ni?oe Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi, Aeaia, Iae?ioc, Ceiiaa Ieanaoeueeiai,
Oiainueea ceiiaa, Oei??ia, Eaeuea?eue ni?aiaee, ?inaaea. Ia iaoo aeoieo,
naia o?eaae?noue ia??iaeo oi?ioaaiiy ieiaeiaeo ooai?aiue, ye a?ieia?/ia
iniaeea?noue ni?oo, ia? aooe iieeaaeaia a iniiao oa?aeoa?enoeee ni?o?a
ca iciaeith nei?iie?aeiino?, a aaea oaeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y oe??? iciaee
iiaea caeaaeaoe a?ae oiia ae?iuoaaiiy — i?aeuaie, ia??coaaiiy, aeeaeaiiy
? o.ae.

Ceiino?ee?noue ni?o?a. A oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny aea?aaa
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ni?o?a yaeoi? a eenoiiaae?-a?oaei? oi?iothoue aeineoue
aenieo ii?icino?ee?noue oeaiei. ?acii c oei, a ia??iae aeiooaiiai
niieith (n?/aiue-aa?acaiue) aiane?aeie cia/ieo eieeaaiue oaiia?aoo?e
iia?o?y i?iaieothoueny aei a?aeiiaeaiiy ?inoiaeo i?ioean?a oeaieie
aaia?aoeaieo ooai?aiue, ui aaaea aei cieaeaiiy ?o ii?icino?eeino? ?
i?iyaey?oueny a i?aeia?caii? oeaiei ia?aio?iaoe/iiai ianeao a 10-30%
aaia?aoeaieo a?oiueie e?eue/aoie ? ieiaeiaeo noiie aea?aa. I?e
i?aaeeueiiio aeiai?? ae?eyiie i?ae naaee (oieeaiiy ia?acaieiaeaieo
i?noeue, caieiooeo eioeiaei, aeeaieeo iaieoeueoo?aieo i?ne?a oiui) oa
aeio?eiaii? iniiaieo aeiia aa?ioaoi?ee ceiino?ee?noue ni?o?a Oiainueea
ceiiaa, ?inaaea, Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, Aeaea?aae, Oei??ia, E?aa?o?,
Aeae?/?y ? oe?eeii aeinoaoiueith aeey aeei?enoaiiy ?o o i?iieneia?e
eoeueoo??. Aaaaea?ii iaaeioe?eueiei ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ni?o Iae?ioc aeey
i?iieneiai? eoeueoo?e a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny ye iaaeinoaoiuei
ii?icino?eeee a noai?? ceie, oi/ a?i ? caneoaiao? ia ae?iuoaaiiy ca
ye?noth ieiae?a a ethaeoaeuenueeeo naaeao.

No?ee?noue noi?ioe iniiaieo oai?ia. Ia oii? canoinoaaiiy nenoaie caoenoo
o eiio?ieueieo ni?o?a Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi, Aeaeiiaoai, Ceiiaa eeiiiia
o?aaeaiiy eenoy ia?oath noaiiaeei 1,5-2 aaee. O aeine?aeaeoaaieo
ia?niaeoeaieo ia?ioiieo ni?o?a, e??i Aeaea?aaea, oeae iieaciee aoa
ieae/ei ? noaiiaea a?ae 0,1 aei 1,0 aae. Ieiaee iaea?eueoa o?aaeoaaeenue
ia?oath o ni?o?a ?oa?iiaa Aeoee ? Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi — 1,5 aaee,
Aeaeiiaoai, Eaeuea?eue ni?aiaee, ceiiaa eeiiiia — 1,0 aaea. O ?aooe
ni?o?a a?ae 0,1 aei 0,5 aaea. Ia iioeiaeaeoaaeenue ia?oath ?ioii? ni?oe
I?eia, E?aa?o?, Oei??ia, Iaeo??. Iaea?eueo cia/iiai o?aaeaiiy
ai?ioienoith ?inith caciaaaa eiio?ieueiee ni?o Aeaeiiaoai (3-3,5 aaee),
a oaeiae Iaeo?? (2,5 aaee), Aeaea?aae (1,5-2 aaee). Iaeiaioa
o?aaeoaaeenue ao?ith ieyieno?noth ni?oe Aeaia, Aeae?/?y, Ceiiaa eeiiiia,
?oa?iiaa Aeoee. Noeeuei? aei o?aaeaiiy — Aeaeiiaoai, Iae?ioc, Aeaea?aae,
Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi.

O?iaeaei?noue. A a?oi? ?aiiueiin?ii?o ni?o?a ca 10 ?ie?a ieiaeiiioaiiy
noia?ia a?iaeaei?noue ni?oo I?eia neeaea 181,6 % a?ae eiio?ieueiiai
ni?oo Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi, ni?oo Aeae?/?y — 121,8 %. Aea, ye aaea
a?aecia/aeinue ?ai?oa, ni?o Aeae?/?y neaaei?ineee, ? iaa?oue a 14-oe
??/iiio a?oe? iaaeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiao? a?aeaaaeaio ieiuo aeeaeaiiy.
I?ioa ca iieacieeii ieoiii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia 1 ni2 iiia?a/iiai
ia?aoeio ooaiao ao?e/? ia?aaaaea? eiio?ieueiee neeueii?ineee ni?o Neaaa
ia?aiiaeoeyi ? a?eueoa ye a 1,5 ?ace oaeee aenieii?iaeoeoeaiee ni?o, ye
I?eia.

Iaeaeuee iioaioe?ae i?iaeoeoeaiino? na?aae aeine?aeaeoaaieo ni?o?a iaee
?inaaea, Oiainueea ceiiaa, Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, ye? caaacia/eee
noia?io o?iaeaei?noue 23-o ??/ieo ianaaeaeaiue ia ian?ii?a?e i?aeuai?
a?aeiia?aeii 643,3, 433,2 ? 413 o/aa, oiae? ye noaiaea?oi? ni?oe
Eaeuea?eue ni?aiaee ? Aeaeiiaoai aeaee eeoa ii 292 ? 331,7 o/aa.

A a?oi? ?ioiieo ni?o?a a iieiaeiio a?oe? iaea?eueo a?iaeaeiei aeyaeany
ni?o E?aa?o? (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1 — O?iaeaei?noue ni?o?a yaeoi?, oe/aa

ca iiia-?iee aeine?aeaeaiueIeoi-ia ca an? ?iee ieiaeiiioaiiy
Ni?o ?aaei? ?iee

1994

1995

1996

1997 i?iaeo-eoea-i?noue ia 1 ni2 ia-?aoeio ooai-ao, ea

oe/aaa % aei noai-aea?ooAeine?ae ? 1, 1984 ?. naae?iiy, II 106, 5o4
iNeaaa ia?a-iiaeoeyi
(no)510,5103,6189,084,0221,00,121108,1100Aeae?/?y625,0113,5222,537,0341,
50,321349,5121,8I?eia858,089,0348,8113,0605,00,202013,0181,6Aeaia487,091
,0120,0105,0180,00,17983,088,7Aeine?ae ? 2, 1982 ?. naae?iiy, i?aeuaia
ian?ii?aa, 5o4 iCeiiaa eeiiiia
(no)1140,0141,5215,5109,5229,50,191836,0100?oa?iiaa
Aeoee1066,5182,5158,5124,8388,00,191919,6104,5Aeaea?aae1011,5177,0148,01
44,0251,00,171731,594,9Iae?ioc489,5158,094,0134,0320,00,141196,064,5Aein
e?ae ? 3, 1975 ?. naae?iiy, i?aeuaia ian?ii?aa, 5o4 iEaeuea?eue ni?aiaee
(no)1993,592,0404,992,0337,50,142919,9100Aeaeiiaoai2450,5150,0302,384,63
30,00,163317,4113,6Ceiiaa
Ieanaoeueeiai2655,2137,0283,5115,2410,00,123600,9123,3Oiainueea
ceiiaa3138,5333,0380,0111,0370,00,154332,5148,4Oao?ai
e?a-niieoonueeee3030,0190,5380,4157,6370,00,204128,5141,4?inaaea4515,155
7,0580,9345,0465,00,246463,0221,3I??0574,8169,5453,6264,39Aeine?ae ? 4,
1988 ?. naae?iiy, II 106, 6o4 iAeaeiiaoai
(no)85,7104,2122,8143,50,26456,2100E?aa?o?113,0247,5203,8310,30,42874,61
93,9Oei??ia74,0120,2129,0264,00,27587,2128,7Iaeo??102,042,4134,0108,20,2
3386,684,7I??0514,1735,4731,0340,62

Oiaa?i?noue, niaeia? yeino?, o?i?/iee neeaae ieiae?a. Aeniea oiaa?i?noue
ieiae?a, ui aecia/a?oueny ?o ianith, ?ici??aie, a?aenooi?noth
ooeiaeaeaiue ? ?i. (aeiiaaie AeANOo) oa?aeoa?ia aeey ni?o?a Neaaa
ia?aiiaeoeyi, Aeaia, Aeae?/?y, ?inaaea, Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, Ceiiaa
Ieanaoeueeiai, iieiaeeo aea?aa E?aa?o? ? Oei??ie.

C a?oie ?aiiueiin?ii?o ni?o?a, ui aea/aeeny, iaeiaioa oiaa?i?noue o
I?eie, oae ye /anoeia a?iaeath, ui oi?io?oueny ia iaaiiao ieioeiai ?ieo,
ae??aia ? ia a?aeiia?aea? ca ?ici??aie aeiiaai aeuiai ? ia?oiai ni?oo.
Oea ae naia noino?oueny ? ni?o?a ceiiai? a?oie — Ceiiaiai eeiiiiiai,
?oa?iiaiai Aeoee. Ieiaee ni?oo Oei??ia oaeaeei ae??ai?oathoue c a?eii
aea?aa ? c?inoaiiyi o?iaea?a. Iaeiaioa oiaa?i?noue ieiae?a ca ?iee iaoeo
niinoa?aaeaiue a?aei?/aia o 1995 ?. ? aoea aeeeeeaia oiiaaie ae?iuoaaiiy
— i?aeia?caiiyi aaia?aoeaieo ooai?aiue ? a?aaeiai?i.

Iaea?eueo? ca na?aaeiueith ianith (170-180 a) ? ae?aiao?ii (72-74 ii)
ieiaee o ni?o?a ?inaaea, I?eia, Iae?ioc, iaeiaio? — o Aeaeiiaoaia,
Iaeo??, Eaeuea?ey ni?aiaiai. Iaei?eaaaeea?oee ciai?oi?e aeaeyae c
yne?aaei caaa?aeaiiyi iaee ieiaee ni?o?a Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi, Oiainueea
ceiiaa — ii 4,6 aaee, Aeae?/?y, ?oa?iiaa Aeoee, ?inaaea, E?aa?o?,
Oei??ia — ii 4,5 aaee, Aeaia, Iae?ioc, Aeaea?aae, Ceiiaa Ieanaoeueeiai,
Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee — ii 4,4 aaee.

O ia??iae iioeiaeueii? niiaeea/i? noeaeino? iaee?auee niae iaee ieiaee
ni?o?a Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi, Aeae?/?y, Iae?ioc, Oiainueea ceiiaa, yeee
ioe?ithaaany ia 4,4-4,5 aaee. E??i Oei??ie (4,2 aaee) ? E?aa?o? (4,1
aaee) ni?oe ?ioiii? a?oie ia iaee aenieeo ioe?iie ca niaeia? yeino? —
I?eia — 4,0 aaee, Iaeo?? — 3,6 aaee. Ca ai?noii nooeo ?ic/eiieo ?a/iaei
aeae?eythoueny ni?oe Oiainueea ceiiaa, Iae?ioc, ?inaaea, E?aa?o?
(13,67-13,17 %), ye? ia iinooiathoueny ca oeei iieacieeii eiio?ieueiiio
ni?oo Aeaeiiaoai (13,27%). A?eueoa 10% oeoe??a i?noyoue ieiaee ni?o?a
Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, Oiainueea ceiiaa, Iae?ioc, Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi,
?inaaea.

Ai?no oeo?iaaieo i?aai?/ieo eeneio aoa iaea?eueoee o Ceiiaiai eeiiiiiai,
Aeaeiiaoaia, Neaae ia?aiiaeoeyi (0,91-0,71%), iaeiaioei o Oei??ie,
Iaeo?? — 0,27-0,33%. Ca ai?noii anei?a?iiai? eeneioe aeae?eythoueny
ni?oe Ceiiaa Ieanaoeueeiai, Aeaea?aae, Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi, Oei??ia.
Iaaenieee ai?no anei?a?iiai? eeneioe o ni?oo Eaeuea?eue ni?aiaee. Ca
ai?noii iaeoeiiaeo ?a/iaei ni?oe a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae 0,72 aei 1,00 %.

O?eaae?noue caa??aaiiy ieiae?a.Iaeiaioa caeaoi?noue aei o?eaaeiai
caa??aaiiy a oiiaao oieiaeeeueieea a?aei?/aia o ieiae?a ni?oo I?eia,
ieiaee yeiai iio??aii ?aae?coaaoe i?aeoe/ii ia i?ioyc? 2 i?nyoe?a. Aeaui
e?aua caa??aaeenue ieiaee ni?oo Aeae?/?y, aea ia aeinyaaee
eaaeeicaeaoiino? eiio?ieueiiai ni?oo Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi.

Na?aaei?e ia??iae o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy — 122-145 aei?a iaee ieiaee
ni?o?a Ceiiaa Ieanaoeueeiai, Eaeuea?eue ni?aiaee, Ceiiaa eeiiiia,
E?aa?o?, ?oa?iiaa Aeoee. Iaea?eueo caeaoi? aei o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy
ieiaee ni?o?a Aeaea?aae — 215 aei?a, ?inaaea — 210 aei?a, Oei??ia — 200
aei?a, Iae?ioc — 183 aei?, Aeaeiiaoai — 180 aei?a, Oao?ai
e?aniieoonueeee — 177 aei?a (oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 2 — O?eaae?noue caa??aaiiy ieiae?a, 1994-1996 ??.,

oaiia?aoo?a caa??aaiiy 1-2iN

O?eaa-Aeo?ae oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??, %I?e?iaeiy Ni?oee?noue
caa??aai-iy, aei?a

anueiaia o./. aeuiai + 1 ni?ooc ieo aani-ethoii caei?iaeoao?aoa iane,
%Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi
(no)12095,692,290,74,6Aeae?/?y10091,391,089,73,8I?eia8091,588,680,73,6Ea
euea?eue ni?aiaee (no)13595,683,770,43,4Aeaeiiaoai
(no)18095,988,780,24,8Ceiiaa Ieanaoeueeiai12294,992,190,54,5Oiainueea
ceiiaa19093,790,578,45,5?inaaea21098,795,494,55,3Oao?ai
e?aniieoonueeee17794,191,789,24,5Ceiiaa eeiiiia
(no)14094,389,583,35,6?oa?iiaa
Aeoee14592,389,270,35,1Aeaea?aae21597,896,193,16,3Iae?ioc18395,594,092,3
5,0Iaeo??16794,889,083,04,2Oei??ia20096,694,590,35,6E?aa?o?14093,291,988
,94,0Noeeuei?noue aei niooaiiy ieiae?a aeyaeeanue o ni?o?a I?eia,
Aeae?/?y, Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi, E?aa?o?, Ceiiaa eeiiiia, Eaeuea?eue
ni?aiaee, Oiainueea ceiiaa, Ceiiaa Ieanaoeueeiai. Oea o?c?ieia?/ia
caoai?thaaiiy iniaeeai i?iyaey?oueny i?e cai?ciaii? c iioeiaeueieie
no?ieaie cae?aiiy ieiae?a.

Aieea i?aeuai ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue yaeoi?

a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny

??no ? ieiaeiiioaiiy yaeoi? ia ian?ii?aeo i?aeuaiao. Ia aeine?aeaeoaaieo
ian?ii?aeo i?aeuaiao ca neeith ?inoo ni?oii?aeuaii? eiia?ioaaiiy
aeecuee? aei eiio?ieth — ia n?yioeyo Aioii?aee cae/aeii? ? a a?eueo?e
i??? ??ciyoueny i?ae niaith a caeaaeiino? a?ae neee ?inoo ni?o?a, i?ae
i?aeuai.

Aea?aaa ni?oo ?oa?iiaa Aeoee anooieee a ieiaeiiioaiiy ia 4 ??e i?ney
naae?iiy, ?ioeo ni?o?a — ia 5. An? o?e ni?oe oaeaeoa ia?iuoaaee o?iaeae
ia i?aeuai? Uaae?a. Oey ae i?aeuaia aeyaeeany ? iaea?eueo
i?iaeoeoeaiith. Ia ?? n?yioeyo

na?aaei?e o?iaeae ca an? ?iee ieiaeiiioaiiy aoa aeuee, i?ae ia eiio?ie?
ia 13,2-18,8% a caeaaeiino? a?ae ni?oo i?euaie. Ia oe?e i?aeuai? aea?aaa
iaee ? iaea?eueoo ieoiio i?iaeoeoeai?noue.

sse na?ae/aoue ?acoeueoaoe aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co, a aeaiiio aeine?ae?
oaeoi? ni?oo aoa iaaaaaoi aaaii?oei, i?ae i?aeuaie. Iaeiaio o?iaeaeiei
aoa ni?o Eaeuea?eue e?aniieoonueeee, na?aaeiy a?iaeaei?noue yeiai a
11-14-oe ??/iiio a?oe? a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?aeuaie noaiiaeea 160,3-222,8
oe/aa, a oeae aea a?eiaee ia??iae o?iaeaei?noue ni?oo ?oa?iiaa Aeoee
aoea a iaaeao 197,3-266,8 oe/aa, a ni?oo ?oa?i — 274,8-325,8 oe/aa.
??cieoey a o?iaeaeiino? ni?oii?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue a iaaeao iaeiiai
ni?oo noaiiaeea: o ni?oo Eaeuea?eue e?aniieoonueeee — 28,7%, ?oa?iiaa
Aeoee — 24,1%, ?oa?i — 18,4%, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue
aca?iiaieeao i?aeuaie ? i?euaie.

??no ? ieiaeiiioaiiy yaeoi? ia aaaaoaoeaii ?iciiiaeoaaieo i?aeuaiao.
Caa?aaeai?noue 16-oe ??/ieo aea?aa a aeine?ae? aoea aeineoue aenieith —
97-100%. Iieacieee ?inoo aea?aa ni?oo Aeaeiiaoai ia aaaaoaoeaii
?iciiiaeoaaieo i?aeuaiao aecia/aeeny neeith ?inoo aeine?aeaeoaaieo
i?aeuai — /?oei a?ae??ciy?oueny neeueii?inea ian?ii?aa, neeueii?inea
aaaaoaoeaii ?iciiiaeoaaia (A 2) ? na?aaeiuei?ine? i?aeuaie I 3, 54-118,
II 106 (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3 — Iieacieee ?inoo 16-oe ??/ieo aea?aa ni?oo Aeaeiiaoai ia

aaaaoaoeaii ?iciiiaeoaaieo i?aeuaiao, 1997 ?.

I?aeuaieIeiua iiia?a/-iiai ia-?aoeio ooaiao, ni2Aenioa
aea?aaa, iAe?aiao? e?iie, iNa?aaeiy aeiaaeeia ?inoiaeo iaaii?a,
niCaa?aaea-i?noue aea?aa, %N?yioe? Aioii?aee cae/aeii?
(e)221,63,73,546,099I 3176,63,33,239,59754-118181,43,33,351,598II
106186,23,33,350,298A 2200,13,53,649,5100I??0519,34

Oi/ ca iieacieeaie ?inoo i?euaieaieo aea?aa na?aaeiuei?ine? i?aeuaie I
3, 54-118, II 106 aeecuee? i?ae niaith, i?ioa ca ?o o?iaeaei?noth aiie
cia/ii ??ciyoueny.Oae, ca 1994-1997 ??. ieiaeiiioaiiy ni?oo Aeaeiiaoai
ia i?aeuai? I 3 aoei ??cei ia??iaee/iei a oie /an eiee ia i?aeuaiao
54-118 ? II 106 aiii aoei noaa?eueiei (oaae.4). Ieoiia i?iaeoeoeai?noue
aea?aa ni?oo Aeaeiiaoai o 13-16 ??/iiio a?oe? aoea iaeiaioa ia i?aeuai?
I 3, aeaui aeua ia ian?ii?a?e, cia/ii aeua ia i?aeuaiao 54-118 ? II 106,
iaeaeua ia i?aeuai? A 2. Ca noiith a?iaea?a ca iiia?aaei? ?iee 12-oe
??/i? aea?aaa ia ian?ii?a?e i?aeuai? iinooiaeeny uaieaiei ia aaaaoaoeaii
?iciiiaeoaaieo, a oiio /ene? ? I 3.

Oaaeeoey 4 — O?iaeaei?noue yaeoi? ni?oo Aeaeiiaoai ia aaaaoaoeaii

?iciiiaeoaaieo i?aeuaiao (1982 ?. naae?iiy, 5o3 i)

?iee aeine?aeaeaiueIeoiia i?iaeoe-1986-1997 ??. I?aeuaie

1986-1993 ??.

1994 ?.

1995 ?.

1996 ?.

1997 ?.oeai?noue ia 1 ni2 ia?aoe-io ooaiao, ea

oe/aaa % aei eiio-?iethN?yioe? Aioi-i?aee ca.
(e)1048,5270,6278,5136,7417,80,172152I
31226,532,0258,974,2360,00,15195790,954-1181657,0208,9262,1290,0358,00,2
32776129,0II 1061358,3370,4259,1206,9375,90,242571119,5A
21717,5249,4387,0288,5539,40,273182147,8I??0544,1638,9555,78

Iaea?eueoa i?eaaaea a?iaeath aoea ia i?aeuaiao A 2 oa 54-118. Oae,
noia?iee o?iaeae 12-oe ??/ieo aea?aa ia i?aeuai? A 2 neeaa 1717,5 oe/aa,
ia i?aeuai? 54-118 — 1657,0 oe/aa i?ioe 1048 oe/aa ia n?yioeyo
(eiio?ieue). O 16-oe ??/ieo aea?aa o?iaeae ia i?aeuai? A 2 aeinya 539,4
oe/aa. A oe?eiio ca an? ?iee ieiaeiiioaiiy noia?i?e o?iaeae 16-oe ??/ieo
aea?aa ia i?aeuai? I 3 neeaa eeoa 90,9 %, ia i?aeuai? 54-118 — 129,0 %,
II 106 — 119,5 %, ia i?aeuai? A2 — 147,8 % a?ae eiio?ieth. I?e oeueiio
eeoa ia i?aeuai? A 2 16-oe ??/i? ianaaeaeaiiy ni?oo Aeaeiiaoai aeinyaee
noia?ii? o?iaeaeiino? a?eueoa 300 o/aa. Aeecuee? aei oeueiai ?oaaaeo
aa??aioe ia i?aeuai? 54-118 ? II 106, iaeaea ia 30 % iaioa io?eiaii
noia?iee o?iaeae ia i?aeuai? I 3 ? n?yioeyo.

Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea ni?o?a ? i?aeuai yaeoi?

Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea ni?o?a. A a?oi? ?aiiueiin?ii?o ni?o?a aiane?aeie
iecueei? a?iaeaeiino? (124 oe/aa) ni?o Aeaia ia? iieacieee i?eaooeiaino?
? ?aioaaaeueiino? ieae/a noaiaea?oiiai ni?oo Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi ? ia
iiaea aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaaiee aeey ae?iuoaaiiy a cii? i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny
ca i?eeiyoith oaoiieia??th. A oie aea /an ni?o Aeae?/?y, ia
iinooiath/enue noaiaea?oiiio ni?oo Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi ca iieacieeaie
yeino? ieiae?a, ceiino?eeino?, no?eeino? aei oai?ia, nei?iie?aeiino?,
o?iaeaeiino? ia?aaaaea? noaiaea?o ca ??aiai i?eaooeo c 1 aa ia 456 a?i.
? ??aiai ?aioaaaeueiino? ia 16 %, a oiio ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeey aianaiiy
aei ?a?no?o.

Ca iieacieeaie i?eaooeo c 1 aa ? ?aioaaaeueiino? ni?oe ?aiiueiin?iiuei?
a?oie iinooiathoueny ca aiaeia?/ieie iieacieeaie ni?oai ceiiai? a?oie
ia?o ca ana ca ?aooiie ??cieoe? a oe?i? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??
(a?aeiia?aeii 23 ? 35 a?i. ia 1 oeio.). Oae, ?aiiueiin?ii?e ni?o
Aeae?/?y i?e o?iaeaeiino? 181,1 oe/aa cia/ii iinooia?oueny ca
iieacieeaie i?eaooeo c 1 aa ceiiaiio ni?oo Aeaea?aae c aiaeia?/iith
o?iaeaei?noth (180 oe/aa). O ia?oiai ni?oo i?eaooie c 1 aa neeaa 1918
a?i., o ae?oaiai — 3506 a?i., i?e ??ai? ?aioaaaeueiino? a?aeiia?ae-ii
94,1 ? 177,5 % (oaae. 5). Ni?o Aeaea?aae ca noiith iiceoeaieo iciae
?aei-iaiaeo?oueny aeey aeei?enoaiiy o ae?iaieoeoa? a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai
Iie?nny.

Oaaeeoey 5 — Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa ?aeiiiaaieo

? ia?niaeoeaieo ni?o?a yaeoi?, 1994-1997 ??.

Ni?oeO?iaeae-i?noue, oe/aaNia?aa?-o?noue 1 oe, a?i.I?eaooie
c 1 aa, a?i.??aaiue ?ai-oaaaeueiino?, %?aiiueiin?ii? ni?oeNeaaa
ia?aiiaeoeyi
(no)149,48,64146278,1Aeae?/?y181,17,46191894,1Aeaia124,010,01104460,6Cei
ia? ni?oeCeiiaa eeiiiia (no)174,07,693186165,1?oa?iiaa
Aeoee213,36,634537207,9Aeaea?aae180,07,493506177,5Eaeuea?eue ni?aiaee
(no)231,66,265012219,5Aeaeiiaoai216,76,554424203,5Ceiiaa
Ieanaoeueeiai236,46,175283226,8Oiainueea ceiiaa298,55,296564249,6Oao?ai
e?aniieoonueeee274,55,586381249,8?inaaea487,03,9912095321,9

Ia?niaeoeai? ni?oe yaeoi? ceiiaiai no?ieo aeinoeaaiiy — ?inaaea,
Oiainueea ceiiaa, Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee a?aecia/athoueny aenieith
?aioaaaeuei?noth ia?aaaaeath/e ca oeei iieacieeii ?aeiiiaai? ni?oe
Eaeuea?eue ni?aiaee, Aeaeiiaoai, Ceiiaa Ieanaoeueeiai ia 23-102,4 %. Oea
aea? ia’?eoeai? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i iaiao?aei?noue cai?ie
?aeiiiaaieo a i?aaeaiiiio Iie?nn? ni?o?a Eaeuea?ey ni?aiaiai,
Aeaeiiaoaio, Ceiiaiai Ieanaoeueeiai a?eueo aeiiii?/ii aeioe?eueieie —
Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, Oiainueea ceiiaa, ?inaaea.

Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea i?aeuai. Aeei?enoaiiy i?aeuaie A 2, yea caaacia/eea
iaeaeuo na?aaeith o?iaeaei?noue ca an? ?iee ieiaeiiioaiiy, aiaeii/an
ni?eyei ciaioaiith nia?aa?oino? 1 oe. ieiae?a ia 2 a?eai? i?ioe
eiio?ieth. ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ieiae?a ia i?aeuaiao II
106, 54-118, A 2 c??n a?aeiia?aeii ia 25,6, 36,6 ? 56,1 %, a i?eaooie c
1 aa ia 959, 1430 ? 2376 a?i. i?ioe eiio?ieth — ia n?yioeyo Aioii?aee
cae/aeii?. Ia i?aeuai? I 3 iaaiaee ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? ieae/a
eiio?ieth ia 36,2 %, a i?eaooie c 1 aa iaioee ia 626 a?i. (oaae.6).

Oaaeeoey 6 — Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa ieiae?a yaeoi? ni?oo

Aeaeiiaoai ia aaaaoaoeaii ?icniiaeoaaieo i?aeuaiao, 1986-1997 ??.

I?aeuaieO?iaeae-i?noue, oe/aaNia?aa?-o?noue 1 oe,
a?i.I?eaooie c 1 aa, a?i. ??aaiue ?ai-oaaaeueiino?, %Aioii?aea
cae/aeia (e)179,37,523933193,8I
3162,68,093307157,654-118231,36,265363230,4II 106214,26,614892219,4A
2265,75,706309249,9Ia?aaaae i?aeuai iaea?eueo iiaii ?aae?cothoueny i?e
aeiai?? iaaieo ni?oii?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue. I?i oea na?ae/aoue aeai?
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ae?iuoaaiiy ni?o?a ia aeine?aeaeoaaieo ian?ii?aeo
i?aeuaiao. ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? ia i?aeuai? n?yioe? ni?oo Uaae?a
ia?aaaaea? a?aeiia?aeiee iieaciee ia i?aeuai? n?yioe? Aioii?aee
cae/aeii? ii ni?oo ?oa?iiaa Aeoee ia 19,5%, ni?oo Eaeuea?eue
e?aniieoonueeee — 24,8%.

AENIIAEE

1. Noaey/e c no?ie?a i?ioiaeaeaiiy oaiioac a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/i? oiiae
i?aaeaiiiai Iiae?nny a iniiaiiio a?aeiia?aeathoue a?ieia?/iei aeiiaai
ni?o?a yaeoi?, ui aea/aeeny, aeeth/ath/e ?io?iaeoeiaai?. O?eaae?noue
ia??iaeo a?ae ea?ooaaiiy aei aeinoeaaiiy ieiae?a noaiiaeea 95-105 aei?a
aeey ?aiiueiin?ii?o ni?o?a I?eia, Aeae?/?y, Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi, Aeaia ?
120-140 aei?a aeey ni?o?a ceiiai? a?oie — E?aa?o?, Eaeuea?eue ni?aiaee,
?oa?iiaa Aeoee, Ceiiaa Ieanaoeueeiai, Oiainueea ceiiaa, Oao?ai
e?aniieoonueeee, Aeaeiiaoai, Oei??ia, Iae?ioc, Aeaea?aae, ?inaaea. An?
ni?oe a/anii cae?i/oaaee aaaaoaoe?th ? aooiaee a ia??iae niieith.

2. Ca iieacieeaie ?inoo a oiiaao aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeo a?oio?a iaea?eueo
neeueii?ineeie aeyaeeeny ni?oe ?inaaea, Oiainueea ceiiaa, Iae?ioc,
no?eiaiei ?inoii a?aecia/aeeny ni?oe Aeae?/?y, Ceiiaa eeiiiia,
Aeaeiiaoai, Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, Aeaea?aae.

3. Ni?oe yaeoi? a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith o?eaae?noth ia??iaeo
oi?ioaaiiy ieiaeiaeo ooai?aiue — a?ae 1-2 aei 3-4 ?ie?a. Naia oey
a?ieia?/ia iciaea ? iieacieeii nei?iie?aeiino? ni?oo, oaeoe/ia ae ??
?aae?caoe?y iiaea caeaaeaoe a?ae oiia ae?iuoaaiiy — i?aeuaie,
ia??coaaiiy, aeeaeaiiy oiui.

C aeine?aeaeoaaieo ni?o?a aei a?oie c ei?ioeei ia??iaeii oi?ioaaiiy
ieiaeiaeo ooai?aiue (1-2 ?iee) a?aeiinyoueny I?eia, Aeae?/?y,
Aeaeiiaoai, Aeaea?aae, ?oa?iiaa Aeoee, Ceiiaa eeiiiia, a?eueo o?eaaeei
ia??iaeii (3-4 ?iee) a?aecia/athoueny ni?oe Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi, Aeaia,
Iae?ioc, Ceiiaa Ieanaoeueeiai, Oiainueea ceiiaa, Oei??ia, Eaeuea?eue
ni?aiaee, ?inaaea.

4. Aenieo ieoiio i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia 1 ni2 iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio ooaiao
iathoue a?aeiinii neaaei?ine? ni?oe Aeae?/?y ? Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee,
aeey iiai?oiai aeei?enoaiiy iioaioe?aeo i?iaeoeoeaiino? yeeo iaiao?aeii
a?eueo u?euei? ianaaeaeaiiy. ?acii c oei, aenieo ieoiio ? oaeoe/io
i?iaeoeoeai?noue iathoue ? aeineoue neeueii?ine? ni?oe ?inaaea,
Oiainueea ceiiaa, E?aa?o?, ye? no??iei ia?iuothoue o?iaeae caaaeyee
oaeaeeiio ca?eueoaiith ia’?io e?iie.

5. A ianaaeaeaiiyo yaeoi? c u?euei?noth 412-666 aea?./aa ye a aeine?aeao
ni?oiaea/aiiy, oae ? aeine?aeao c aea/aiiy i?aeuai o?iaeaei?noue ca
200-250 oe/aa aeinyaa?oueny eeoa c 8-10 ??/iiai a?eo ? iaeaeua
i?iaeoeoeai?noue niinoa??aa?oueny a ia??iae 3-5-ai i’yoe??//y c /ano ?o
noai?aiiy. A oeae ia??iae o?iaeaei?noue 400-500 oe/aa ? a?eueoa
a?aei?/a?oueny o ni?o?a I?eia, ?inaaea, Oiainueea ceiiaa, Eaeuea?eue
ni?aiaee, Aeaeiiaoai. Na?aaeiy o?iaeaei?noue ni?oo ?inaaea o 20-23
??/iiio a?oe? neeaea 487,0 oe/aa.

6. Iaeaeuee iioaioe?ae i?iaeoeoeaiino? na?aae aeine?aeaeoaaieo ni?o?a
iaee ?inaaea, Oiainueea ceiiaa, Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, ye? caaacia/eee
noia?io o?iaeaei?noue 23-o ??/ieo ianaaeaeaiue ia ian?ii?a?e i?aeuai?
(500 aea?./aa) a?aeiia?aeii 643,3, 433,2 ? 413 o/aa, oiae? ye
noaiaea?oi? ni?oe Eaeuea?eue ni?aiaee ? Aeaeiiaoai aeaee eeoa ii 292 ?
331,7 o/aa.

7. Aenie? oiaa?i? ? niaeia? yeino? ieiae?a a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny
oi?iothoueny o ni?o?a Aeae?/?y, Neaaa ia?aiiaeoeyi, Oiainueea ceiiaa,
Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, Oei??ia. I?eaaaeeaeie ? oaeiae ieiaee ni?o?a
E?aa?o?, ?inaaea, Aeaea?aae, oi/ niae ?o ia ia?aaeuo? 4 aae?a. Iaea?eueo
eaaeeicaeaoieie ? ieiaee ni?o?a Aeaea?aae, ?inaaea, Oei??ia, Oiainueea
ceiiaa, Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, ye? noaa?eueii caa??aathoueny a oiiaao
ioieiaeaeoaaieo noiaeu 180-210 aei?a.

8. A oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny aea?aaa aeine?aeaeoaaieo ni?o?a yaeoi? a
eenoiiaae?-a?oaei? oi?iothoue aeineoue aenieo ii?icino?ee?noue oeaiei.
?acii c oei, a ia??iae aeiooaiiai niieith (n?/aiue-aa?acaiue) aiane?aeie
cia/ieo eieeaaiue oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y i?iaieothoueny aei a?aeiiaeaiiy
?inoiaeo i?ioean?a oeaiei aaia?aoeaieo ooai?aiue, ui aaaea aei cieaeaiiy
?o ii?icino?eeino? ? i?iyaey?oueny a i?aeia?caii? oeaiei
ia?aio?iaoe/iiai ianeao o 10-30 % aaia?aoeaieo a?oiueie e?eue/aoie ?
ieiaeiaeo noiie aea?aa. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie iieueiai? ioe?iee a?eueo
ceiino?eeeie aeyaeeenue ni?oe Ceiiaa Ieanaoeueeiai, Oiainueea ceiiaa,
Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, ?inaaea. Oe?eeii aeinoaoith ceiino?ee?noue aeey
eoeueoo?e a oeeo oiiaao iathoue ni?oe Aeae?/?y, E?aa?o?, Oei??ia,
Aeaea?aae.

9. Ia oii? ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo caoiae?a c caoenoo ?ineei aenieo iieueiao
no?ee?noue i?ioe o?aaeaiiy ia?oath ? ai?ioienoith ?inith aeyaeee ni?oe
Aeae?/?y, ?inaaea, Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, Oiainueea ceiiaa,
iaaeinoaoiuei no?eeeie ? ni?oe Aeaea?aae ? Aeaeiiaoai.

10. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/ii? ioe?iee ni?o?a yaeoi?
aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy ni?oeiaioo oe??? eoeueoo?e a i?aaeaiiiio Iie?nn?
iaea?eueo i?eaeaoi? ni?oe: Aeae?/?y — ?aiiueiin?iiueiai no?ieo
aeinoeaaiiy, E?aa?o? — ?aiiueiceiiaiai no?ieo aeinoeaaiiy, Oao?ai
e?aniieoonueeee, Oei??ia, Oiainueea ceiiaa, ?inaaea, Aeaea?aae —
ceiiaiai ? i?ciueiceiiaiai no?ieo aeinoeaaiiy. Ca iieacieeaie
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oe? ni?oe ia?aaaaeathoue ?aeiiiaai?: ca
i?eaooeii c 1 aa ia 320-7083 a?i., ca ??aiai ?aioaaaeueiino? — a?ae 12,4
aei 102,4 %.

Iaia?niaeoeaieie ca ie?aieie aaaeeeaeie iieacieeaie aeyaeeenue ni?oe:
Aeaia, I?eia, Iae?ioc, ?oa?iiaa Aeoee. Ao?aoeee ?eieiao iiioey?i?noue ?
iiieo ?aeiiiaai? ni?oe Eaeuea?eue ni?aiaee ? Aeaeiiaoai.

11. Aea/aiiy a oiiaao aea?iiai-i?aecieenoiai i?uaiiai a?oioo ye i?aeuai
n?yioe?a iai?aeoeueoo?ieo ni?o?a Uaae?i?, ssioa?y, Eeoaeee ceiiai?
?innioainueei?, I?ae a ii??aiyii? c n?yioeyie Aioii?aee cae/aeii?
(eiio?ieue) aeyaeei ia?aaaao ca o?iaeaei?noth a 14-oe ??/ieo
ianaaeaeaiiyo — ia 13,2-18,8 % a caeaaeiino? a?ae ni?oo i?euaie —
n?yioe?a ni?oo Uaae?a a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
aeioe?euei?noue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy oe??? oi?ie ye i?aeuaie.

12. A oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny ia aea?iiai-i?aecieenoiio i?uaiiio
a?oio? aac c?ioaiiy iaeaeuo noia?io o?iaeaei?noue yaeoi? ni?oo
Aeaeiiaoai o 16-oe ??/ieo ianaaeaeaiiyo caaacia/eee i?aeuaie A 2,
54-118, II 106. Ia i?aeuai? A 2 aiia neeaea 3182 oe/aa, aai 147,8% a?ae
eiio?ieth — n?yioe?a Aioii?aee cae/aeii?, ia i?aeuai? 54-118 — 2776
oe/aa, aai 129,0% ? ia i?aeuai? II 106 2571 oe/aa, aai 119,5% a?ae
eiio?ieth, ui caaacia/eei c?inoaiiy ??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa
ieiae?a ia oeeo i?aeuaiao a?aeiia?aeii ia 56,1, 36,6 ? 25,6 %. Ia
i?aeuai? I 3 noia?ia o?iaeaei?noue neeaea eeoa 90,9% a?ae eiio?ieth, a
??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? aoa ia 36,2% ieae/ei i?ae ia n?yioeaa?e
i?aeuai?.

?AEIIAIAeAOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO

1. I?iiiio?oueny Aea?aeaai?e eii?n?? Oe?a?ie ii aei?iaoaaiith oa ioi?ii?
ni?o?a ?ineei c iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy ni?oeiaioo iioe?eoe ia i?aaeaiia
Iie?nny aeei?enoaiiy ni?o?a Aeaea?aae, Oiainueea ceiiaa, ?inaaea,
aeeth/aieo aei ?a?no?o ni?o?a ?ineei Oe?a?ie a ?ioeo ciiao. Aeeth/eoe
aei ?a?no?o ni?o?a aeey aeei?enoaiiy a i?aaeaiiiio Iie?nny ni?oe
Aeae?/?y, E?aa?o?, Oao?ai e?aniieoonueeee, Oei??ia oa aaaaoaoeaii
?iciiiaeoaai? i?aeuaie A 2, 54-118, II 106.

2. ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeey ?iciiiaeaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy a oiaa?ieo
ianaaeaeaiiyo i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny aeuaaeacai? ni?oe ? i?aeuaie yaeoi?.

NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO II OAI? AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ni?oe aeey aaoiai naaeo / *eae I.Ae., Eiiae?aoaiei O.?., Aeania A.?.
? ?i. — E.: A.ae. I?ina?oa, 1995. — 128 n., a o./. aaoi?a n.36-44
(ni?oe, ui aeae?eeeeny a ?acoeueoao? ni?oiaea/aiiy).

2. Eiiae?aoaiei O.?., ?aci?/aiei E.N., Aeania A.?.
Ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/ia ioe?iea ni?o?a N.O.Aeoee // Naae. — 1994. — ?
2-3. — N.6-7, a o./. aaoi?a n.7 (no?ee?noue aei oieoi??a ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua).

3. ??iaeia I.TH., Aeania A.?. Oeyoe ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ae?iuoaaiiy yaeoi?
a Oe?a?i?// Naae?aieoeoai — E.: Aa?a?ia iaoea. — 1997. — aei.45. —
N.105-109, a o./. aaoi?a n.108-109 (i?iaeoeoeai?noue ni?o?a).

4. Aeania A.?. Ia?niaeoeai? ni?oe yaeoi? aeey ?ioaineaieo ianaaeaeaiue
a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny Oe?a?ie// Naae?aieoeoai. — E.: Aa?a?ia
iaoea. — 1998. — aei.46. — N.34-36.

5. Aeania A.?. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa ieiae?a yaeoi? a
i?aaeaiiiio Iie?nn?// Aa?i?ieii. — 1998. — ? 5-6. — N.19-20.

6. Iaeaeaao?a A.?., *eae I.Ae., Aeania A.?. I?iaeoeoeai?noue yaeoi? ia
??cieo i?aeuaiao a oiiaao aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeo i?uaieo a?oio?a
i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny// Naae?aieoeoai. — E.: Aa?a?ia iaoea. — 1998. —
aei.47. — N.167-172, a o./. aaoi?a n.170-171 (aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa ieiae?a yaeoi? ia aaaaoaoeaii ?iciiiaeoaaieo i?aeuaiao).

7. Aeania A.?. I?iaeoeoeai?noue ni?o?a yaeoi? a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai
Iie?nny Oe?a?ie// Oace aeii. ia eiio. iieiaeeo a/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a
“Iaoeia? iniiae aaaeaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a no/anieo oiiaao”.
— *aaaie. — 1994. *.???. — N.24.

8. *eae I.Ae., Aeania A.?. Aea/aiiy ni?oii?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue yaeoi?
a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny Oe?a?ie// Oace aeii. ia iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio.
“?ioaineai? oaoiieia?? o naae?aieoeoa? Iaaeaei?no?yiueie ?
Ia?aaeea?iaooy Oe?a?ie”. — *a?i?aoe?. — 1995. — N.112-113, a o./. aaoi?a
n.113 (i?iaeoeoeai?noue ni?oii?aeuaiieo eiia?ioaaiue).

Aeania A.?. Ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/ia ioe?iea ni?o?a ? i?aeuai yaeoi? a
i?aaeaiiiio Iie?nn? Oe?a?ie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.01.07 —
ieiae?aieoeoai. — Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1998.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?eaeaoiino? iiaeo
ni?o?a ? i?aeuai yaeoi? a oiiaao aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeo i?uaieo a?oio?a
i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny. Aeae?eai? iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeai? ni?oe ??cieo
no?ie?a aeinoeaaiiy c aenieith iieueiaith no?ee?noth aai ?ioii? i?ioe
iniiaieo a?eaieo oai?ia, oa ian?ii?a? ? eeiiia? i?aeuaie c i?aeaeuaiith
aeieia?/iith no?ee?noth, i?eaeaoi? aeey noai?aiiy ?ioaineaieo
ianaaeaeaiue yaeoi? a oiiaao i?aaeaiiiai Iie?nny Oe?a?ie. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe ai?iaaaeaeai? o ae?iaieoeoai.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: yaeoiy, ni?oe, ian?ii?a? ? aaaaoaoeaii ?iciiiaeoaai?
i?aeuaie, aea?iiai-i?aecieeno? i?uai? a?oioe, ??no, o?iaeaei?noue,
aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea.

Aeania A.E. Oicyenoaaiii-aeieiae/aneay ioeaiea ni?oia e iiaeaiaa yaeiie
a thaeiii Iieanuea Oe?aeiu. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.01.07 — ieiaeiaiaenoai.
— Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenn?aoaoeee eceiaeaiu ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee aaoi?a ii aii?inai
i?eaiaeiinoe iiauo ni?oia e iiaeaiaa yaeiie a oneiaeyo
aea?iiai-iiaecieenouo ian/aiuo ii/a thaeiiai Iieanuey Oe?aeiu.

A anooieaiee ?ane?uoa aeooaeueiinoue oaiu e ii?aaeaeaia oeaeue
enneaaeiaaiee — auaeaeeoue iaai? ni?oia e iiaeaiaa yaeiie aeey
i?iiuoeaiiie eoeueoo?u a oneiaeyo thaeiiai Iieanuey, eniieueciaaiea
eioi?uo iaania/eaaei au noaaeeueioth o?iaeaeiinoue ii?yaeea 25-40 o/aa e
?ano?n ieiaeiiioaiey 400-600 o/aa ca ei?ioeee ia?eiae i?iaeoeoeaiiai
eniieueciaaiey ianaaeaeaiee, iinoaaeaia caaea/a enneaaeiaaiee — i?iaanoe
eiiieaenioth n?aaieoaeueioth ioeaieo iiauo ioa/anoaaiiuo e
eio?iaeooee?iaaiiuo ni?oia e iiaeaiaa yaeiie a oneiaeyo thaeiiai
Iieanuey, iieacaia iiaecia e i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea iieo/aiiuo
?acoeueoaoia.

A eeoa?aoo?iii iaci?a ?anniio?aiu aii?inu enoi?ee, ninoiyiey e
oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey eoeueoo?u yaeiie, ?iee ni?oa a i?iiuoeaiiii
i?iecaiaenoaa ieiaeia, iniiaiua oicyenoaaiii-aeieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe
ni?oia, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho eo i?ei?eoaoiinoue a eoeueoo?a, cia/aiea
iiaeaiaa eae oaeoi?a eioaineoeeaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa ieiaeia, iniaaiiinoe
i?iiuoeaiiie eoeueoo?u yaeiie a Iieanuea Oe?aeiu e iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey
enneaaeiaaiee ii aii?inai aa iiaea?iecaoeee.

A ?acaeaea “Oneiaey, iauaeou, iaoiaeeea enneaaeiaaiee” aeaia e?aoeay
oa?aeoa?enoeea eeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee thaeiiai Iieanuey
(oaieiiaania/aiiinoue, inaaeee, oaiia?aoo?a ii/au a ei?iaiaeoaaiii neia
a ceiiee ia?eiae ca iineaaeiea 20 eao), iiaiaeiua oneiaey ca aiaeu
i?iaaaeaiey enneaaeiaaiee. Naiinoiyoaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey aaoi?a
i?iaiaeeeenue a 1994-1997 aa. a iiuoiii oicyenoaa “Aeieo?iaea” Einoeoooa
naaeiaiaenoaa OAAI, ?aniieiaeaiiii a ciia thaeiiai Iieanuey. I?eaaaeaia
e?aoeay oa?aeoa?enoeea 4 iieaauo iiuoia ii eco/aieth
oicyenoaaiii-aeieiae/neie ioeaiee 17 ni?oia yaeiie e 2 iiuoia ii
eco/aieth iiaeaiaa — nayioeaa iieoeoeueoo?iuo ni?oia (Uaae?ay, ssioa?ue,
Iaaa, Eeoaeea ceiiyy ?annioaineay) e aaaaoaoeaii ?aciiiaeaaiuo iiaeaiaa
— I 3, A 2, II 106, 54-118.

Oeacaiu iniiaiua iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiey iieaauo e eaai?aoi?iuo
enneaaeiaaiee ii eco/aieth ni?oia e iiaeaiaa, yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee,
noaoenoe/aneie ia?aaioee ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee n i?eiaiaieai
eiiiuethoa?iuo i?ia?aii.

A yenia?eiaioaeueiie /anoe aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou eceiaeaiu
?acoeueoaou nianoaaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee aaoi?a ii eeth/aaui aii?inai
oicyenoaaiii-aeieiae/aneie ioeaiee eco/aaiuo ni?oia yaeiie — aeeyiey
ii/aaiii-eeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee au?aueaaiey ia i?ioiaeaeaiea iniiaiuo
oaiioac, iniaaiiinoyo ?inoa e oa?aeoa?a ieiaeiiioaiey aea?aaueaa,
o?iaeaeiinoe, oiaa?iinoe, aeoniauo ea/anoa e oeie/aneiai ninoaaa,
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe o?aiaiey ieiaeia, ceiinoieeinoe e onoie/eainoe
ni?oia e iniiaiui aieaciyi (ia?oa, io/ienoay ?ina, ao?ay iyoienoinoue).
A oneiaeyo aea?iiai-iiaecieenouo ii/a ni?oa yaeiie ioee/aeenue aieaa
naea?aeaiiui ?inoii aea?aaueaa. Naiaa?aiaiiia i?ioiaeaeaiea iniiaiuo
oaiioac, iniaaiii ia/aea aaaaoaoeee, nic?aaaiey ieiaeia, ieii/aiey ?inoa
e oi?ie?iaaiea aunieie ii?icionoie/eainoe aea?aaueaa a iiya?a-aeaeaa?a
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i niioaaonoaee eeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee Iieanuey
aeieiae/aneei iniaaiiinoui aieueoeinoaa eco/aaiuo ni?oia. Iaeaieueoay
n?aaeiyy ianna (170-180 a) e aeeaiao? (72-74 ii) ieiaeia iaaethaeaeenue
o ni?oia I?eia, Iae?ioc, ?inaaea. I?eaeaeaoaeueiui aiaoiei aeaeii
(4,5-4,6 aaea) e aunieeie aeoniauie ea/anoaaie (4,4-4,5 aaea)
ioee/aeenue ieiaeu ni?oia Neaaa iiaaaeeoaeyi, Aeaee/ey, Oiaineia ceiiaa.
Eioiiua e ia?oa ni?oa Eeaa?oe e Oei?eia ii aiaoiaio aeaeo ioeaieaaeenue
niioaaonoaaiii ia 4,5 e 4,0 aaea, ii aeono — ia 4,1 -4,2 aaea. Iaeaieaa
i?eaiaeiu aeey aeeeoaeueiiai o?aiaiey i?e oaiia?aoo?a 1-2iN ieiaeu
ni?oia Aeaea?aae — 215 aeiae, ?inaaea — 210, Oei?eia — 200, Iae?ioc —
183, Aeaeiiaoai — 180, Oao?ai e?aniieooneee — 177 aeiae. Aeaia e?aoeay
oa?aeoa?enoeea ni?oia, auaeaeeaoeony a ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiee —
Aeaee/ey, Eeaa?oe, Aeaea?aae, ?inaaea, Oiaineia ceiiaa, Oei?eia, Oao?ai
e?aniieooneee. Ii iieacaoaeyi yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe yoe ni?oa
i?aainoiaeyo ?aeiie?iaaiiua: ii i?eauee n 1 aa ia 320-7083 a?i., ii
o?iaith ?aioaaaeueiinoe — io 12,4 aei 102,4 %. Iaeaunoee iioaioeeae
i?iaeoeoeaiinoe eiaee ni?oa ?inaaea, Oiaineia ceiiaa, Oao?ai
e?aniieooneee, iaania/eaoea noiia?ioth o?iaeaeiinoue ianaaeaeaiee 23-o
eaoiaai aic?anoa ia naiaiiii iiaeaia (500 aea?./aa) niioaaonoaaiii
643,3, 433,2 e 413 o/aa, a oi a?aiy eae noaiaea?oiua ni?oa Eaeueaeeue
niaaeiue e Aeaeiiaoai aeaee eeoue ii 292 e 331,7 o/aa niioaaonoaaiii.

Ii o?iaeaeiinoe a 14-oe eaoiai ianaaeaeaiee aea?aauey yaeiie 3-o ni?oia
ia iiaeaia nayioeu ni?oa Uaae?ay eiaee iaeioi?ia i?aeiouanoai — ia
13,2-18,8 % a caaeneiinoe io ni?oa i?eaiy — ii n?aaiaieth n i?eaeouie ia
nayioeao Aioiiiaee iaueiiaaiiie (eiio?ieue).

Iaeaunooth noiia?ioth o?iaeaeiinoue ia aea?iiai-iiaecieenoie ian/aiie
ii/aa aac i?ioaiey o ni?oa yaeiie Aeaeiiaoai a ianaaeaeaiee 16-oe
eaoiaai aic?anoa (666 aea?./aa) iaania/eee iiaeaie: A 2 — 318,2 o/aa,
54-118 — 277,6, II 106 — 257,1 o/aa, a oi a?aiy eae ia nayioeao
Aioiiiaee iaueiiaaiiie (eiio?ieue) iia ninoaaeea 215,2, a ia iiaeaia I
3 — 195,7 o/aa. Eniieueciaaiea iiaeaiaa A 2, 54-118 e II 106 iaania/eei
iiauoaiea o?iaiy ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa ieiaeia niioaaonoaaiii ia
56,1, 36,6 e 25,6 %.

Auaeaeaiiua auoaoeacaiiua ni?oa e iiaeaie n iiauoaiiie yeieiae/aneie
onoie/eainoueth ?aeiiaiaeothony aeey eniieueciaaiey a ianaaeaeaieyo
yaeiie thaeiiai Iieanuey Oe?aeiu.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou aiaae?aiu a i?iecaiaenoai.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yaeiiy, ni?oa, naiaiiua e aaaaoaoeaii ?aciiiaeaaiua
iiaeaie, aea?iiai-iiaecieenoua ian/aiua ii/au, ?ino, o?iaeaeiinoue,
yeiiiie/aneay ioeaiea.

Vlasov V.I. Economical and biologycal cultivar and root-stocks apple
value in southern Polis’ye of Ukraine. — Manuscript.

Candidate for agricultural sciences scientific degree dissertation by
speciality 06.01.07 — fruit growing. National agrarian University, Kiev,
1998.

The investigation results of new cultivars and apple root-stocks
fitness at the conditions of sod-podzolic soils of southern Polis’ya are
stated in dissertation. The most prjductive cultivars of different
periods of ripening with high field resistance or immuned to main
fungous deseases, seed and clone root-stocks with higher ecologycal
resistance, fit to intensive apple planting at the conditions of
southern Polis’ya of Ukraine are stood out.

Main results of this snudy are introduced.

Key words: apple, cultivar, seed and vegetatively breedede root-stocks,
sod-podzolic sandy soils, growth, yeilding, economical value.

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