IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO O?CEEE IAI?AI?IA?AeIEE?A

Aeanaiei Ieaenaiae? ?aaiiae/

OAeE 621.315.592

OIOIAEAEO?III? I?IOeANE A OAA?AeEO ?IC*EIAO

IA INIIA? OAEO?EAe?A EAAeI?TH, ?OOO? A OIIAAO

I?E?IAeII? ? NOEIOEUeIAAII? O?AINOI?IAOe??

AeAOAEOII? NENOAIE

01.04.10 — o?ceea iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a ? ae?aeaeo?ee?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a

o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a Iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Necia Oaae?? Oaaei?iae/,
?inoeooo o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii;

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aiaoaiei TH??e Iaaeiae/,
?inoeooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii;

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, Aa?/aiei Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/,
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», i?ioani? eaoaae?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: *a?i?aaoeueeee Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. TH??y
Oaaeueeiae/a, eaoaae?a o?ce/ii? aeaeo?ii?ee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i. *a?i?aoe?.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 1415 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.199.02 ?inoeoooo o?ceee
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 252028, i?iniaeo Iaoee 45.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo o?ceee
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 252028, i?iniaeo Iaoee 45.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 22_ aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?uaiei N. N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?ioaineaiee ?icaeoie iaoiae?a ? cania?a
?io?a/a?aiii? (?*) oioiaeaeo?ii?ee ? ?o aeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy a ??cieo
noa?ao ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino? a inoaii? aeanyoe??//y noeioethaaee
iiooe ? ?ic?iaeo iiaeo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo iaoa??ae?a ? no?oeoo?,
oioi/ooeeaeo o ?*-iaeano? niaeo?o, cie?aia o a?ei? i?ici?ino? aoiinoa?e
8-14 iei. Oeaio?aeueia i?noea a ?*-iioiaeaeo?iiiiio iaoa??aeiciaanoa? ?
i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaii? o oeueiio niaeo?aeueiiio ae?aiacii? o neeo niaoeeo?ee
oioiaeaeo?e/ieo, aeaeo?io?ce/ieo ? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae caeiyee
iai?ai?ia?aeieeia? oaa?ae? ?ic/eie ia iniia? oaeo?eae?a eaaei?th, ?ooo?
( CdxHg1-xTe (E?O) ?c x»0.2 (oe?eia caai?iiaii? ciie Eg=0.1 aA). Ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe, ui neioac ? ia?o? aeine?aeaeaiiy oeueiai iaoa??aeo aoee
i?iaaaeai? o/aieie O?aioe?? ? Oe?a?ie. I?aeaeuaiee ?ioa?an aeine?aeiee?a
? ?ic?iaethaa/?a aei oeueiai iaoa??aeo ia o?eueee caa??aa?oueny, aea e
iino?eii c?inoa?, i?i ui na?ae/eoue iaooeeueiee ??no /enea iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?e c aeine?aeaeaiue eiai aeaeo?iiieo, iioe/ieo,
oioiaeaeo?iiieo, no?oeoo?ieo ? ?i. aeanoeainoae, ni?yiiaaieo ia
ae??oaiiy aaaeeeaeo iaoeiaeo i?iaeai, i?aeoe/ieo caaea/, aeyaeaiiy
onueiai niaeo?o eiai ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae.

O ca’yceo ?c noai?aiiyi ? ?icaeoeii iiai? aeaiaioii? aace
?*-iioiaeaeo?ii?ee (aaaaoiaeaiaioi? iao?e/i? oieaeuei? ieiueie,
SPRITE-aeaiaioe, iaaea?aoee, aa??ciii? no?oeoo?e ? ?i.)
aaaaoioe?eueiaiai i?ecia/aiiy, a o. /. aeey ?iaioe a aeno?aiaeueieo
oiiaao, aaeeeiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy ia??aiiaaaeieo
i?ioean?a, iaoai?ci?a i?e?iaeii? ? noeioeueiaaii? ciai?oi?ie iieyie
??cii? o?ce/ii? i?e?iaee o?ainoi?iaoe?? nenoaie aeaoaeo?a, ?o aieeao ia
aeaeo?iii? ? oioiaeaeo?iii? aeanoeaino? iaoa??aeo.

Aaaeeea?noue oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiiaeaia c iaoeiai? oi/ee ci?o
iiooeii aeii?ioth/eo iaoai?ci?a aca?iiae?? oeeo iie?a ?c ?a/iaeiith, ui
? iaei??th c ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?iaeai o?ceee oaa?aeiai o?ea. C
i?eeeaaeii? oi/ee ci?o oea coiiaeaii ia?niaeoeaaie noai?aiiy: iia?oi?o
oaoiieia?e iaea?aeaiiy ? iiaeeo?eaoe?? ia’?iieo e?enoae?a, oa??a,
i?eeaaeieo no?oeoo?, i?aeaeuaiiy ?o aeaa?aaeaoe?eii? no?eeino? e
onoaeai?noth aei ciai?oi?o aieea?a ( o iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiio
iaoa??aeiciaanoa?; oioiia?aoai?thaa/?a, o o. /. iiaeo oei?a, ?c aenieeie
ooieoe?iiaeueieie ia?aiao?aie: aenieith /ooeea?noth, iecueeei ??aiai
aeanieo ooi?a, iaeith ?ia?oe?ei?noth ? ?i. ( a ?io?a/a?aiiiio
i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaii?; iiaeo aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a ia?oeioth/iai eiio?ieth
ia?aiao??a iaoa??ae?a ? no?oeoo? ( aeey aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue ? ae?iaieoeoaa.

?ic??ciai?noue aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo ii aea/aiith, ye i?aaeei,
ie?aieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo, aeeiiaieo aei oiai ae o eaai?aoi??yo, ui
aeei?enoiaothoue ??ci? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? oaoiieia?? ? aeo?aei? iaoa??aee,
ia caaaeaee aeicaieyea noi?ioethaaoe ocaaaeueithth/? aeniiaee a?aeiinii
no?oeoo?ii-caeaaeieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo, iai?yieai eiai
iiaeeo?eaoe?? i?e ciai?oi?o aieeaao.

Ae??oaiiy oeeo caaea/ iia’ycaii c iaiao?aei?noth ?ica’ycaiiy oe?ei?
iecee i?iaeai, cie?aia: aecia/aiiyi aeii?ioth/eo iaoai?ci?a aca?iiae??
ciai?oi?o iie?a ??cii? o?ce/ii? i?e?iaee c ?a/iaeiith; anoaiiaeaiiyi
aeii?ioth/eo i?ioean?a i?e?iaeii? ? noeioeueiaaii? oeeie iieyie
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeaoaeoii? nenoaie; aeyaeaiiyi ? anoaiiaeaiiyi
aeii?ioth/eo aeaeo?iiieo ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo i?ioean?a i?e ia?aoai?aii?
nenoaie aeaoaeo?a, ?o aieeao ia ooieoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e iaoa??aeo.

A aa??ciiieo ai?oaen?eieo no?oeoo?ao oea iia’ycaii c anoaiiaeaiiyi
aianeo ? aca?iiae?? oeeo i?ioean?a a ??cieo neeaaeiaeo oeeo no?oeoo? (
i?aeeeaaeoe?, ui iiaea a?ae?a?aaaoe ?ieue na?oeiaiaeo, iaoaeo?a?ei?e
ia?ao?aei?e a?aieoe?, oioiaeoeai?e /anoei? ia?iuaiiai oa?o.

A iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa?ao ia aeueoa?iaoeaieo i?aeeeaaeeao, ia?niaeoeaieo
aeey iao?e/iiai i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy, iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe oaeiae
aca?iiae?th nenoai aeaoaeo?a ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo i?ioean?a a ca?iao ? ia
i?aeca?aiieo a?aieoeyo, a o. /. a aooa?ieo oa?ao, cie?aia ia iniia?
CdTe.

?ica’ycaiiy oeeo i?iaeai c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee aeacaieo i?ioean?a a
oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiao E?O aeiaaaei ae??oaiiy aaaaoueio ieoaiue, ye? e??i
aianeo a ?ica’ycaiiy iniiaii? caaea/? iathoue ? naiino?eia cia/aiiy.
Oea, cie?aia, aeine?aeaeaiiy:

oiia eiieo?aioiicaeaoiino? ??cieo ca nai?th i?e?iaeith iaoai?ci?a
?aeiia?iaoe??, ?o aieeao ia ooieoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e iaoa??aeo, cie?aia
a oiiaao aeaeo?iiieueiai? aeno?aeoe?? ia??aiiaaaeieo iin??a ca?yaeo
(IIC), ui aaaeeeai i?e aiae?c? o?ainoi?iaoe?? oioiaeaeo?iiieo
aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo a oiiaao eiai i?e?iaeii? aeaa?aaeaoe?? ?
noeioeueiaaiiai ia?aoai?aiiy nenoaie aeaoaeo?a, a oaeiae i?e noai?aii?
iiai? aeaiaioii? aace ?*-iioiaeaeo?ii?ee ( aoaeoeaieo ?*-oioii?eeia/?a,
o o. /. aaaaoiaeaiaioieo, SPRITE-aeaiaio?a ? ?i., ? aeaea?ae
aei?ii?ithaaiiy;

oioiaeaeo?iiieo ? aeaeo?iiieo i?ioean?a o e?enoaeao ?c oioiaeoeaieie
aeeth/aiiyie a caeaaeiino? a?ae ia?aiao??a iao?eoe? ? aeeth/aiue, oiia
?o aenieoaoaoe?? aai aenia?eiaioo (oaiia?aoo?e, ia?aiao??a
ii?ii?ithaaiiy ? ?i.), ui aaaeeeai aeey anoaiiaeaiiy aeii?ioth/eo
iaoai?ci?a ?aeiia?iaoe?? ? ia?aiino IIC a iaiaeii??aeieo e?enoaeao, aeey
i?i?i?caoe?? aieeao ?aeiia?iaoe?eii aeoeaieo aeeth/aiue ia ?o
oioi/ooeea?noue;

i?e?iaeii? aeaa?aaeaoe?? no?oeoo?ieo ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo ia?aiao??a o
caeaaeiino? a?ae aeo?aeiiai noaio nenoaie aeaoaeo?a iaoa??aeo, ui
aaaeeeai aeey anoaiiaeaiiy aeii?ioth/eo iaoai?ci?a aeaa?aaeaoe??;

i?ioean?a ia’?iiiai (iaeii??aeiiai, eaac?iaeii??aeiiai, iaiaeii??aeiiai)
? i?eiiaa?oiaaiai (o o. /. eieaeueiiai) aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy a ia’?iiiio
iaoa??ae? ? oa?ao E?O, noeioeueiaaiiai ciai?oi?ie iieyie ??cii? o?ce/ii?
i?e?iaee a caeaaeiino? a?ae noaio aeo?aeii? nenoaie aeaoaeo?a iaoa??aeo
? ?aaeei?a ciai?oi?o aieea?a, ui aaaeeeai, cie?aia, aeey ae??oaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo caaea/ iiaeeo?eaoe?? iaoa??aeo, ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a ?
cania?a ia?oeioth/iai eiio?ieth aeaoaeoii? nenoaie iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a;

i?ioean?a aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy a iaeano? iaoaeo?a?eii? a?aieoe? a
ai?oaen?eieo oa?ao E?O ia eaac?ocaiaeaeaieo i?aeeeaaeeao o caeaaeiino?
a?ae ia?aiao??a i?aeeeaaeee ? oa?o, o o. /. i?e aaaaeaii? a i?aeeeaaeeo
?ciaaeaioii? aeii?oee iaeeo o ii??aiyii? c iao?eoeath ?ici???a, aieeao
iaoaeo?a?eii? a?aieoe? ia oioiaeaeo?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aa??ciiieo
no?oeoo?, ui ia? ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy i?e ?ic?iaoe? oioiia?aoai?thaa/?a
ia iniia? aa??ciiieo oa??a c iioeiaeueieie niaeo?aeueieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, a oaeiae i?e i?i?i?caoe?? aieeao ia ieo iaoaeo?a?eii?
a?aieoe? a aaaaoiaeaiaioieo ?*-oioiia?aoai?thaa/ao;

oioiaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae aaaaoiaa?’??ieo aa??ciiieo no?oeoo?
i?ecia/aieo aeey noai?aiiy iaei?ia?oe?eieo oioiaeaiaio?a ?c
iioei?ciaaieie niaeo?aeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, a oaeiae ?ioeo nenoai
niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i?ecia/aiiy;

i?ioean?a ? iaoai?ci?a i?e?iaeiiai ? noeioeueiaaiiai ciai?oi?ie aieeaaie
aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy a i?aeeeaaeeiaeo aeey ai?oaen?? iaoa??aeao ia iniia?
CdTe, ?o aieeao ia no?oeoo?i?, aeaeo?iii? ? oioiaeaeo?iii? aeanoeaino?
ai?oaen?eieo oa??a c iaoith iioei?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a, a
oaeiae iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae i?aeeeaaeie, ui a?ae?a?athoue ?ieue
na?oeiaiaeieo iaeanoae no?oeoo?, i?ecia/aieo aeey noai?aiiy ia ?o iniia?
oe?iei? aaie naini?ieo i?eno?i?a ? aeaea?ae aei?ii?ithaaiiy;

no?oeoo?e, aeaeo?iiieo ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoae iie?e?enoae?/ieo
oa??a CdTe, E?O ia aeueoa?iaoeaieo i?aeeeaaeeao, aeooaeueieo aeey
noai?aiiy aeaoaaeo, no?eeeo aei ciai?oi?o aieea?a, iaei?ia?oe?eieo
?*-oioiia?aoai?thaa/?a, ui i?aoeththoue i?e e?iiaoieo oaiia?aoo?ao, a
oaeiae aeey ?ic?iaee oaoiieia?/ieo cania?a aiiiaai?caoe??
iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa??a.

Iayai?noue a Oe?a?i? ?icaeiaii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e i?iieneiaeo,
eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/ieo, iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo i?aei?e?inoa,
i?aai?caoe?e ? onoaiia o aaeoc? iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ?
i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy coiiaeth? iaoeiao ? i?aeoe/io aeooaeuei?noue
?ica’ycaiiy aeacaieo caaea/ aeey ?icaeoeo a Oe?a?i? ?*-iioiaeaeo?iiiiai
i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
a?aeiia?aea? iniiaiei iaoeiaei iai?yiai ae?yeueiino? ?inoeoooo o?ceee
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie, cae??ieaiei eiai Noaoooii ?
caoaa?aeaeaiei I?aceae??th IAI Oe?a?ie ? aeeiioaaeanue ca?aeii
?icii?yaeaeaiue I?aceae?? IAI Oe?a?ie ? iinoaiia Ath?i A?aeae?eaiiy
o?ceee ? ano?iiii?? IAI Oe?a?ie:

1. ?icii?yaeaeaiiy I?aceae?? IAI Oe?a?ie a?ae 29.03. 1991 ?. ?321
“Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee ia??aiiaaaeieo aeaoaeo?a, ui iaiaaeothoue
ooieoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e aocueeiu?eeiieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo iaoa??ae?a
? no?oeoo? o i?ioean? ?o i?e?iaeii? ? noeioeueiaaii? aeaa?aaeaoe??”.

2. ?icii?yaeaeaiiy I?aceae?? IAI Oe?a?ie a?ae 04.03.1992 ?. ?210
“?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ? cania?a aeiaaino?ieiaiai eiio?ieth ?aae?iaeoeaiino?
aeeeae?a ? noie?a ia *AAN a i?ioean? aeaaaeaiiy ?? c aenieoaoaoe??”.

3. ?icii?yaeaeaiiy I?aceae?? IAI Oe?a?ie a?ae 21.07.1993 ?. ?1659
“?ic?iaea ?aae?aoe?eii-no?eeeo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo i?eeiaeueieo
aeaiaio?a naini??a oeueo?ao?ieaoiaiai, aeaeeiiai, ?* ? ?aioaai?anueeiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeey nenoai eiio?ieth ia’?eo?a o cii? *AAN”.

4. ?icii?yaeaeaiiy I?aceae?? IAI Oe?a?ie a?ae 21.07.1997 ?. ?1659
“?ic?iaea oioiaeaeo?e/ieo iaoiae?a, aeao/ee?a ? neaiae?caoe?eii?
aia?aoo?e aeey aeenoaioe?eiiai aecia/aiiy ?aae?iioee?aeieo caa?oaeiaiue
aenieiai ??aiy oeyoii ?a?no?aoe?? aoi?eiieo oioiiieo aoaeo?a”.

5. ?icii?yaeaeaiiy I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a?ae 11.08.1998 ?. ?12-55/226.
I?iaeo 2.9/43 «?ic?iaea ia?oei?aieo iaoiae?a ? cania?a aecia/aiiy ?
eiio?ieth iniiaieo ia?aiao??a oioi/ooeeaino? ?io?a/a?aiieo
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo iaoa??ae?a ? no?oeoo? oa i?eeaae?a ia ?o iniia?»
?icae?eo aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie «?ic?iaea
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo iaoiae?a, cania?a ? aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai eiio?ieth
ia?aiao??a iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo iaoa??ae?a, no?oeoo? ? i?eeaae?a».

6. Iinoaiiaa Ath?i IOA IAI Oe?a?ie a?ae 20.12.1994 ?. ?210 “?ic?iaea
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo iniia oaoiieia?e noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iiaeueii?
ae?aaiinoeee e?enoae?a ? no?oeoo? (i?eeaae?a) aeey ?a?no?aoe?? ?
ia?aoai?aiiy aia?a?? ?*-aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia iniia? iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo
niieoe ? aocueeiu?eeiieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a”.

Aaoi? aoa iaoeiaei ea??aieeii oai aeacaieo a i.i. 1-5, ?icae?eo oaie ii
i.6.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Anoaiiaeaiiy i?ioean?a i?e?iaeiiai ?
noeioeueiaaiiai ciai?oi?ie o?ce/ieie iieyie (c ??cieie iaoai?ciaie ?o
aca?iiae?? c ?a/iaeiith) aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy a ia’?iieo e?enoaeao,
ai?oaen?eieo aa??ciiieo ? iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa?ao CdHgTe, a oaeiae
i?aeeeaaeeiaeo iaoa??aeao ia iniia? CdTe, a c o?aooaaiiyi aecia/aiiy
aeii?ioth/eo a ieo oioiaeaeo?iiieo i?ioean?a (a oiiaao eiieo?aioe??
?aeiia?iaoe?eieo iioie?a ii i?aeciiieo ? aeii?oeiaeo eaiaeao o
caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaeo?iiieo ia?aiao??a e?enoae?a; a oiiaao
aeaeo?iiieueiai? aeno?aeoe?? IIC a e?enoaeao ?c ??ciei nooiaiai
a?iiey?iino?; o iaiaeii??aeieo e?enoaeao ?c oioiaeoeaieie aeeth/aiiyie;
o ai?oaen?eieo no?oeoo?ao c o?aooaaiiyi aianeo ? aca?iiae?? ?o
neeaaeiaeo ( i?aeeeaaeee, cie?aia, ye na?oeiaiaeo, iaoaeo?a?eii?
a?aieoe? (?ioa?oaen), ia?iuaiiai oa?o, ye oioiaeoeaii? iaeano?) (
anoaiiaeaiiy ?ie? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeaoaeo?a o ia?aoai?aii? aeaeo?e/ieo ?
oioiaeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a oeeo iaoa??ae?a.

Aeey aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoei iaiao?aeii:

aecia/eoe e?euee?ni? e?eoa??? eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? aeii?ioth/eo
i?aeciiieo ? aeii?oeiaeo iaoai?ci?a ?aeiia?iaoe?? a e?enoaeao E?O a
caeaaeiino? a?ae neeaaeo ? ??aiy eaaoaaiiy iaoa??aeo;

aecia/eoe aoaeoeai?noue aeaeo?iiieueiai? aeno?aeoe?? IIC a e?enoaeao E?O
p-, n- ? ci?oaiiai oeio i?ia?aeiino?, a o. /. ?c ??ciei nooiaiai
a?iiey?iino?;

anoaiiaeoe i?ioeane i?e?iaeii? aeaa?aaeaoe?? e?enoae?a E?O n-oeio;

a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia aenia?eiaioo (oaiia?aoo?e, niaeo?aeueiiai
ae?aiaciio ? ??ai?a caoaeaeaiiy) aecia/eoe ?ieue oioiaeoeaieo aeeth/aiue
o oi?ioaaii? oioiaeaeo?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee e?enoae?a i?e aa??aoe??
ia?aiao??a iao?eoe? ? aeeth/aiue;

aecia/eoe aeey iae?iiaeii??aeieo e?enoae?a ?c aeniiiaioe?aeueiei e?a?i
aeaniiai iiaeeiaiiy, a o. /. E?O, oa?aeoa?enoe/i? aeaiaioe niaeo?aeueii?
caeaaeiino? oioii?ia?aeiino? (OI), ii yeeo ?c iaea?eueoith oi/i?noth
iiaea aooe aecia/aia aoaeoeaia oe?eia caai?iiaii? ciie ? neeaae
iaoa??aeo, aieea ia ieo oaeaeeino? iiaa?oiaai? ?aeiia?iaoe?? ? oiaueie
e?enoaeo;

anoaiiaeoe ?ieue ia?ao?aeii? iaoaeo?a?eii? a?aieoe? ia?ioacieo
ai?oaen?eieo aaoa?inenoai CdTe/E?O o oi?ioaaii? ?o oioiaeaeo?e/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee, o o. /. i?e aaaaeaii? a i?aeeeaaeeo ?ciaaeaioii? aeii?oee
iaioiai ?ici??o (Mn, Zn);

anoaiiaeoe iiaeeea?noue ?aae?caoe?? ia iniia? aa??ciiieo no?oeoo? ?c
iioaioe?eieie aa?’??aie iaei?ia?oe?eieo aaaaoinioaiaeo ?*-oioii?eeia/?a;

aecia/eoe aeii?ioth/? i?ioeane ia?aoai?aiiy aeaoaeo?a i?e ie?aieo aeaeao
ciai?oi?o aieea?a, ui a?ae??ciythoueny aeii?ioth/eie iaoai?ciaie
aca?iiae?? c ?a/iaeiith (g-aei?ii?ithaaiiy, iecueeioaiia?aoo?ia
oeueo?acaoeiaa (OC) iaaaioaaeaiiy, ?iioeuenia eaca?ia caoaeaeaiiy,
oaea?ia oaeey eaca?ieo ?iioeuen?a, iaoai?/i? ii?ooaiiy ? ?i.) ? ?o aieea
ia aeaeo?e/i? ? oioiaeaeo?e/i? aeanoeaino? e?enoae?a ? oa??a E?O a
caeaaeiino? a?ae aeo?aeiiai noaio ?o nenoaie aeaoaeo?a ? oiia
caoaeaeaiiy;

aecia/eoe i?ioeane noeioeueiaaiiai ciai?oi?ie aieeaaie (a?aeiae o
aaeooi?, ia?ao eiiiiiaio ? aeii?oie; caoaeaeaiiy eaca?ieie ?iioeuenaie ?
?iaeoeiaaieie ieie oaea?ieie oaeeyie; iiaa?oiaa? ia?iaee: iaoai?/ia ?
o?i?/ia iie??oaaiiy iiaa?oi?, iaoai?/ia ?iaeaiooaaiiy ? ?i.)
aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy a i?aeeeaaeeiaeo aeey ai?oaen?? iaoa??aeao ia iniia?
CdTe ? eiai aieeao ia aeaeo?iii? ? oioiaeaeo?iii? aeanoeaino? e?enoae?a
? oa??a;

aecia/eoe iaoai?cie oi?ioaaiiy OI a iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa?ao E?O ia
aeueoa?iaoeaieo i?aeeeaaeeao ? aooa?ieo oa?ao CdTe a caeaaeiino? a?ae
?ici??o ca?ai ? ??aiy caoaeaeaiiy.

?aae?caoe?y iinoaaeaieo caaea/ aaaeeeaa i?e ?ic?iaoe? ? noai?aii?:
noaa?eueieo, no?eeeo aei ciai?oi?o aieea?a, aeniei/ooeeaeo,
iaei?ia?oe?eieo ?*-oioiaeaeo?iiieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ?c caaeaieie
niaeo?aeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie; iaoiae?a ? cania?a aoaeoeaiiai
oaoiieia?/iiai ea?oaaiiy aeaoaeoiith nenoaiith iaoa??aeo, ui
a?aeiia?aea? ca oi?ioaaiiy eiai ooieoe?iiaeueieo oioiaeaeo?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a; iaoiae?a ? cania?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ia?oeioth/iai eiio?ieth
aeaoaeoii? nenoaie e?enoae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. A ?acoeueoao? eiiieaenieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeaeo?e/ieo, iioe/ieo ? oioiaeaeo?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a ? no?oeoo?e e?enoae?a ? ai?oaen?eieo oa??a oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a
ia iniia? oaeo?eae?a eaaei?th, ?ooo? a i?ioean? i?e?iaeii? ?
noeioeueiaaii? ciai?oi?ie iieyie ??cii? o?ce/ii? i?e?iaee o?ainoi?iaoe??
?o aeaoaeoii? nenoaie i?e ?aae?caoe?? iinoaaeaieo aeua caaea/ aia?oa
io?eiai? oae? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a e?enoaeao n-E?O i?e eiieo?aioe?? i?aeciiieo ?
Oiee?-??ae?anueeiai eaiae?a ?aeiia?iaoe?? aoaeoeai?noue aeaeo?iiieueiai?
aeno?aeoe?? IIC a iaeano? neeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a caeaaeeoue a?ae
nooiaiy a?iiey?iino? OI ? ??cei iaaea? c ?? ciaioaiiyi, oea coiiaeaii
caoiieaiiyi iin??a, ui aeoyaathoueny, ia oeaio?e ?aeiia?iaoe??; a
e?enoaeao c a?iiey?iith OI p-oeio aeno?aeoe?y IIC ?aae?co?oueny i?e
?noioii iaioeo aeaeo?e/ieo iieyo, /ei o e?enoaeao n-oeio, ui iaoiiaeaii
a?eueo aenieith ?ooeea?noth iainiiaieo iin??a (aeaeo?ii?a a p-oei?).

2. Aeyaeaii i?ioean aeaa?aaeaoe?? a /an? oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a n-E?O,
iia’ycaiee ?c aeeooc??th ?ooo? a iaeano? ?inoiaeo ? aaaaeaieo
iaoai?/ieie ii?ooaiiyie i?ioyaeieo aeaoaeo?a no?oeoo?e c ooai?aiiyi
iane/aieo ?ooooth aocueeiu?eeiieo ?aeiia?iaoe?eii aeoeaieo iaeanoae, ui
i?ecaiaeyoue aei iaae?iiy oioi/ooeeaino? iaoa??aeo.

3. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a e?enoaeao E?O ?c oioiaeoeaieie aeeth/aiiyie,
N-iiae?aiee oa?aeoa? oaiia?aoo?ieo ? aeaoi?iiaaiee (a o. /. S-iiae?aiee)
oa?aeoa? ethen-aiia?ieo caeaaeiinoae OI aecia/athoueny ia?aiao?aie
?iaeaeoe?eii-?aeiia?iaoe?eii? aeoeaiino? ? aoaeoeaieie aaiiao?e/ieie
?aeiia?iaoe?eieie ?ici??aie aeeth/aiue, ui ci?iththoueny a caeaaeiino?
a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, niaeo?o ? ??aiy caoaeaeaiiy.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeaoaeoiee i?ioa?ie a iaeano? iaoaeo?a?eii? a?aieoe?
ia?ioacieo ai?oaen?eieo aaoa?ino?oeoo? CdTe/E?O ?noioii o?ainoi?io? aeae
niaeo?aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee oioi?acenoeaieo ? oioiaieueoa?/ieo aeaiaio?a
ia ?o iniia?. Aaaaeaiiy a i?aeeeaaeeo CdTe o aecia/aieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo
(y<0.1) ?ciaaeaioii? aeii?oee iaoaeo c iaioei aoiiiei ?aae?onii (Mn, Zn) i?aeaeuo? ?ioaa?aeueio oioi/ooeea?noue aa??ciiieo oa??a E?O, a i?e aaaaeaii? Mn oaeiae ?o oioi/ooeea?noue o niaeo?aeueiiio ae?aiacii?, iia’ycaiiio c iaeanoth iaoaeo?a?eii? a?aieoe?, ui iiynith?oueny a?eueo oi/iei ocaiaeaeaiiyi ia?aiao??a eiioaeooth/eo iaoa??ae?a, i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy noao?iiao??? a oa??. 5. Ae?y (-ii?ii?iaiiy i?e 300 E ia e?enoaee E?O n-, p- ? ci?oaiiai oeio i?ia?aeiino? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie ?o aeaeo?e/ieo, oioiaeaeo?e/ieo, oeoeooaoe?eieo ? ai?a?eyoe?eieo (i?e ii?ii?iaii? iiceo?iiaie) ia?aiao??a; aeyaeaii neeaaeiee aeiaai/aniee oa?aeoa? ?aeaenaoe?? oeeo ci?i. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci iaoanoaa?eueiiai aeiaai/aniiai (tF102-103 aiae) (-noeioeueiaaiiai ia?aoai?aiiy aeaoaeo?a, ui iaoiiaeth? ci?io ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a e?enoaeo, iia’ycaiee c i?ioeanaie eaac?iaeii??aeii? aaia?aoe?? a ia’?i? O?aieae?anueeeo ia?, aeeooc?? ?o eiiiiiaio c ??cieie oaeaeeinoyie aei noie?a ? ai?a?eyoe?? ia noieao. 6. A i?ioean? oeueo?acaoeiaiai (OC) iaaaioaaeaiiy i?e iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao (80-200 E) e?enoae?a E?O n-, p- ? ci?oaiiai oeio i?ia?aeiino? aeyaeaii ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?? ? ?ooeeaino? a?eueieo iin??a ca?yaeo ? cai?ioiee oa?aeoa? oeeo ci?i (c /anaie ?aeaenaoe?? tF102-103 n). Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci aeiii?iaiaiai iaoanoaa?eueiiai ei?ioei/aniiai iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai ia?aoai?aiiy aeaoaeo?a, iaoiiaeaiee i?ioeanaie aeonoinoeioeueiaaii? aeoeaaoe?? oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a, neaai iia'ycaieo ia iiaeeiath/eo OC-oaeeth i?ioyaeieo aeaoaeoao (aeeneieaoe??, iaeieooia? a?aieoe? ? ?i.) ? ?o iiaa?iaiiy o aeo?aeiee noai i?ney i?eieiaiiy ae?? OC-oaee?. 7. I?e caoaeaeaiiyo e?enoae?a n-E?O i?e 77 E iaiinaeoiaeieie eaca?ieie ?iioeuenaie ?ioaineaiinoyie ieae/a ii?iao caeeoeiaiai aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy aeyaeai? ci?ie /ano aeeooy IIC, a oaeiae ?o cai?ioiee oa?aeoa? (tF102 n). Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci aeiii?iaiaiai iaoanoaa?eueiiai ei?ioei/aniiai iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai ia?aoai?aiiy aeaoaeo?a, iaoiiaeaiee i?ioeanaie eaca?ii-noeioeueiaaii? aeoeaaoe?? oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a, neaai iia'ycaieo ia aca?iiae?th/eo c o?ce/ieie iieyie eaca?ieo ?iioeuen?a i?ioyaeieo aeaoaeoao (aeeneieaoe??, iaeieooia? a?aieoe? ? ?i.), ui ci?iththoue ?aeiia?iaoe?ei? ia?aiao?e e?enoae?a, ? ?o iiaa?iaiiy o aeo?aeiee noai i?ney i?eieiaiiy ae?? ?iioeueno. 8. Anoaiiaeaii iaoai?cie noeioeueiaaii? iaiinaeoiaeieie eaca?ieie ?iioeuenaie i?e 300 E caeeoeiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeaoaeoii? nenoaie ? oioiaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae ia?ioacieo ai?oaen?eieo oa??a E?O, iaoiiaeai? aaia?aoe??th ? aca?iiae??th oi/eiaeo ? i?ioyaeieo aeaoaeo?a, a oaeiae aeyaeaii ?o /ooeea?noue aei aeo?aeiiai noaio aeaoaeoii? nenoaie oa??a. Aeyaeaii, ui i?e ?iioeueniiio eaca?iiio caoaeaeaii? ai?oaen?eieo aa??ciiieo oa??a E?O ? e?enoae?a CdTe, ia?aoai?aiiy nenoaie aeaoaeo?a, aeaeo?iiieo ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoae a oa?? ia aeeaei?, ui ia?aaeuo? aeeaeio iiaeeiaiiy eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? oaieiai? aeeooc??, aeeeeeaii ia?aaaaeiith ae??th eaca?ii-?iaeoeiaaieo oaea?ieo oaeeue. 9. Anoaiiaeaii noeioeueiaai? aeayeeie aeaeaie ciai?oi?o aieea?a (oa?i?/i? a?aeiaee, iaoai?/i? ii?ooaiiy, aieea eaca?ieie ?iioeuenaie ? ?iaeoeiaaieie ieie oaea?ieie oaeeyie) aeii?ioth/? iaoai?cie ia?aoai?aiiy aeaoaeoii? nenoaie e?enoae?a CdTe, ?o iioe/ieo, aeaeo?e/ieo ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoae, iaoiiaeai? i?ioeanaie aaia?aoe?? ? aca?iiae?? oi/eiaeo ? i?ioyaeieo aeaoaeo?a, ia?aoiaeaie caeeoeiai? aeii?oee iaoae?a I-i? a?oie i?ae aoceaie ? i?aeaoceyie c? ci?iith ?o aeaeo?iiieo ? ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae, a oaeiae i?ioeanaie ?o aaoa?oaaiiy oi?iiooai?thth/eie iiaa?oiyie ? aioo??oi?ie noieaie c iaioeie /anaie ?o i?io?eaiiy o e?enoaeao p-oeio a ii??aiyii? c n-oeiii. 10. O iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa?ao CdTe, E?O aeyaeaii ?noioiee aieea ia i?ioeane OI aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a ? neeaaeo ca?ai ? i?aeca?aiieo a?aieoeue, a i?e ae?? ciai?oi?o aieea?a (iaiinaeoiaeieie eaca?ieie ?iioeuenaie aeua ii?iaa aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy) ( ia?a?iciiae?eo oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a i?ae ieie, ui iaoiiaeaii eiieo?aioe??th ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo eaiae?a a ia’?i? ? ia a?aieoeyo ca?ai, ? caeaaeeoue a?ae oaiia?aoo?e ? ??aiy caoaeaeaiiy. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ? oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoai? a iaoeia?e i?aeoeoe? i?e anoaiiaeaii? iaoai?ci?a, ?ic?iaoe? iiaeaeae (aai ie?aieo ?o aeaiaio?a) i?e?iaeiueiai ? noeioeueiaaiiai ciai?oi?ie iieyie ??cii? o?ce/ii? i?e?iaee ia?aoai?aiiy aeaoaeoii? nenoaie e?enoae?a E?O, ?o aeaeo?e/ieo, iioe/ieo ? oioiaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae, aeyaeaii? aeii?ioth/eo oioiaeaeo?iiieo i?ioean?a a iaeii??aeieo ? iaiaeii??aeieo e?enoaeao ? aa??ciiieo oa?ao E?O, a oiiaao aeaeo?iiieueiai? aeno?aeoe?? IIC, i?i ui na?ae/eoue oeeooaaiiy iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o o iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??. Oe? ?acoeueoaoe eyaee a iniiao iaoeiaeo ca?o?a ii oaiao, ui o?iainoaaeenue ii e?i?? IAI Oe?a?ie, I?iiaoee Oe?a?ie, I?i/i?iiaeey Oe?a?ie, I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. Na?aae iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ui iathoue aaaeeeaa i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy aeey ?*-iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ? i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy, ne?ae cacia/eoe oae?: 1. A caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?ieo ae?aiacii?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ??ai?a caoaeaeaiiy e?enoae?a E?O aecia/ai? a?aie/i? cia/aiiy neeaae?a ? ??ai?a eaaoaaiiy iaoa??aeo aeey iaea?eueo iioeiaeueii? ?aae?caoe?? ia eiai iniia? aeaiaio?a iio?iiii? ia?e ( aeaea?aea aai i?eeia/a ?* -aei?ii?ithaaiiy. 2. Aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? oaiia?aoo?i? ? ?aeiia?iaoe?ei? oiiae ?aae?caoe?? ia iniia? e?enoae?a E?O oioii?eeia/?a ?*-aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ooieoe?iioth/eo o ni?aeo-?aaeei?. Cie?aia, anoaiiaeai?: aeniea aoaeoeai?noue aeaeo?iiieueiaiai aeoyaoaaiiy IIC o iaeiiiainiaaieo e?enoaeao c a?iiey?iith OI n- ? p-oeio (?c eiioeaio?aoe??th n0, p0 >1014
ni-3), cia/ia ciaioaiiy cia/aiiy aeaeo?e/iiai iiey, i?e yeiio
?aae?co?oueny oeae i?ioean o e?enoaeao p-oeio; ??cea ciaioaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?iiieueiaiai aeoyaoaaiiy a eiiiainiaaieo e?enoaeao
n-oeio (n0»1014 ni-3) i?e c’yaeaii? iiiiiiey?ii? neeaaeiai? OI.

3. Anoaiiaeaii aieea ?inoiaeo ? aaaaeaieo iaoai?/ieie ia?iaeaie
aeaoaeo?a no?oeoo?e ia i?ioean aeaa?aaeaoe?? oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a E?O a
?acoeueoao? aeeooc?? aei ieo iaaeeeoeiai? ?ooo? ? ooai?aiiy
?aeiia?iaoe?eii aeoeaieo iaeanoae.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, niaeo?aeueiiai ae?aiaciio ? ??aiy
caoaeaeaiiy, ia?aiao??a iao?eoe? ? oioiaeoeaieo aeeth/aiue a e?enoaeao
E?O aecia/aii nooi?iue aieeao aeeth/aiue ia ?aeiia?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane a
iao?eoe?, ui aeicaiey? iioei?coaaoe oaiia?aoo?i? ? niaeo?aeuei? ?aaeeie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoa??aeo.

4. Iieacaii, ui a iae?iiaeii??aeieo e?enoaeao c aeniiiaioe?aeueiei e?a?i
ooiaeaiaioaeueiiai iiaeeiaiiy, cie?aia E?O, niaeo?aeueia iieiaeaiiy
iaeneioio OI o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? oaeaeeinoae iiaa?oiaai? ?aeiia?iaoe??
? oiauei c?acea c iiieeeith, ui ia ia?aaeuo? 1%, iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia
aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? oe?eie caai?iiaii? ciie ? a?aeiia?aeii
neeaaeo iaoa??aeo.

5. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oiia oi?ioaaiiy a ai?oaen?eieo
aaoa?inenoaiao CdTe-E?O no?oeoo?ii ii?ooaiiai oa?o a iaeano?
iaoaeo?a?eii? a?aieoe?. Iieacaii iiaeeea?noue ciaioaiiy eiai aieeao ia
oioiaeaeo?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aaoa?inenoai i?aeaeuaiiyi nooiaith
ocaiaeaeaiiy ia?aiao??a a?aoie oa?o ? i?aeeeaaeee oeyoii aaaaeaiiy a
inoaiith ?ciaaeaioii? aeii?oee iaoaeo c iaioei aoiiiei ?aae?onii (Mn,
Zn). Iieacaii iiaeeea?noue i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ia iniia? aaoa?inenoai
CdMnTe-CdHgMnTe a?eueo /ooeeaeo o ii??aiyii? c CdTe-E?O oe?ieinioaiaeo
?*-oioii?eeia/?a ?c iaioei «i?iaaeii» oioi/ooeeaino? a iaeano?
iaoaeo?a?eii? a?aieoe?.

Ia iniia? aa??ciiieo oa??a E?O c iioaioe?eieie aa?’??aie io?eiai?
oe?ieinioaia? ? naeaeoeai? (iaeii- ? aeainioaia?) oioi/ooeea? a iaeano?
2-14 iei i?e 77E oioi?acenoeai? ? iaei?ia?oe?ei? (f<600 IAoe) oioiaieueoa?/i? (a o. /. c ?iaa?n??th ciaeo oioia?n) aeaiaioe. 6. I?e aieea? ia e?enoaee E?O n-, p- ? ci?oaiiai oeio i?ia?aeiino? g-aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeicaie D>104 ?aae aeyaeaii ciaioaiiy ?o
oioi/ooeeaino? ? ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy iaaeeeoeiaeo ooi?a, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
e?eoe/i?noue ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a ?*-oioii?eeia/?a ia ?o iniia?
aei ?iaioe a oiiaao (-?aae?aoe?eieo iie?a.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a i?ioean? o?eaaei? (aei 60 ae?a) aeo?eiee i?e 300 E
e?enoae?a E?O, ii?ii?iaieo g-eaaioaie, a?aeaoaa?oueny a?aeiae iaaaaeaieo
aeaoaeo?a ? ?aeaenaoe?y oioiaeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a e?enoae?a aei
aeo?aeieo, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaia?niaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy
g-noeioeueiaaiiai aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy a oaoiieia?/ieo oe?eyo.

7. Aeyaeaii a?eueoo no?ee?noue niaeo?aeueieo caeaaeiinoae OI e?enoae?a
MnHgTe (I?O) c o»0.1 o ii??aiyii? c E?O (o»0.2) aei aieeao ia ieo
eaca?ieie ?iioeuenaie (a?ey- aai aeua ii?iaa ieaaeaiiy), ui na?ae/eoue
i?i a?aenooi?noue i?ioean?a aeenioe?aoe?? oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio ? (aai)
cia/ieo caeeoeiaeo i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue.

C o?aooaaiiyi aeo?aeiiai noaio aeaoaeoii? nenoaie aecia/ai? ie?ai?
?aaeeie oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a eaca?ii-noeioeueiaaiiai noaa?eueiiai
aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy a ia’?iieo e?enoaeao E?O, CdTe ? ia?ioacieo
ai?oaen?eieo oa?ao E?O ia ?o iniia?.

8. Iieacaii iiaeeea?noue i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ia iniia?
iie?e?enoae?/ieo ai?oaen?eieo oa??a E?O ia aeueoa?iaoeaieo i?aeeeaaeeao
(Al2O3, GaAs c aooa?iei oa?ii iie?e?enoae?/iiai CdTe) ?*-oioi?acenoeaieo
i?eeia/?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeey niaeo?aeueiiai ae?aiaciio aei 5 iei, ui
i?aoeththoue i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo??.

9. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci eiiaa?n?? oeio i?ia?aeiino? n(p e?enoae?a
CdTe:Mn i?e ?o eaaoaaii? c ?ic/eio c ?inoii eiioeaio?aoe?? eaaoth/i?
aeii?oee NMn?1019 ni-3, iaoiiaeaiee ooai?aiiyi ae??aiiaeenia?nieo
i?aoeei?oao?a aai anioe?ao?a ca o/anoth Mn, ui iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe
i?e ?ic?iaoe? aeaiaio?a ?*-iioiaeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee.

A?eueo?noue oeeo ?acoeueoao?a i?aaenoaaeaii a aeena?oaoe?? e?euee?nieie
ia?aiao?aie, o aeaeyae? oaaeeoeue /enaeueieo cia/aiue, a?ao?e?a,
iaoaiaoe/ieo ae?ac?a ? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia i?aei?e?inoaao ? a
i?aai?caoe?yo Oe?a?ie, ui caeiathoueny i?iaeaiaie ?*-iioiaeaeo?iiiiai
i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy ? iaoa??aeiciaanoaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue:

Int. Workshop on “Optical Diagnostics of Materials and Devises for
Opto-, Micro-, and Quantum Elect.” SPIE (Kiev, Ukraine, 1993); II Oe?.
eiioa?aioe?y «Iaoa??aeiciaanoai ? o?ceea iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo oac
ci?iiiai neeaaeo» (I?aeei, Oe?a?ia, 1993); IV Iiaeia?iae. eiio. c oiceee
i oaoiieiai? oiieeo ieiaie (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, Oe?a?ia, 1993); Int.
Conf. of Electronic Mat. (Taiwan, 1994); Int. Conf. on Material Sci. of
Chalcogenide and Diamond Structure Semiconductor (Chernivtsi, Ukraine,
1994); Int. Symp. “Heterostructures in Sci. and Technol.” (Wurzburg,
1995); 20th Int. Conf. on Microelectronics (Nich, Serbia, 1995); Int.
Conf. “Optical Diagnostics of Materials and Devises for Opto-, Micro-,
and Quantum Electron.” (Kiev, Ukraine, 1995); V Iiaeia?iaei. eiio. c
oiceee i oaoiieiai? oiieeo ieiaie (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, Oe?a?ia, 1995);
Int. school-conf. on “Phys. problems in mat. sci. of semicond”
(Chernivtsi, Ukraine, 1995); XII Conf. on “Solid State Grystals.
Materials Science and Applications” (Zacopane, Poland, 1996); Int.
Workshop on “Advenced Technologies of Multicomponent Solid Films and
Structures and their Appl. in Photonics” (Uzhgorod, Ukraine, 1996);
Proc. of SPIE “Mat. Sci. and Mat. Proper. for Infr. Optoelectronics”
SPIE (Uzhgorod, Ukraine, 1996); Int. Conf. on “Optical Diagnostics of
Materials and Devices for Opto-, Micro-, and Quantum Electron.” (Kiev,
Ukraine, 1997); Int. Conf. on Advenced Materials ICAM’97 and European
Mat. Res. Soc. Spring Melting E-MRS-97 (Strasbourg, France, 1997); 7-th
Int. Conf. on “Defect Recognition and Image Processing in Semicond.”
(DRIP-VII) (Templin, Germany, 1997); MRS Meating. Symposium “Infrared
Applications of Semic.II” (Boston, USA, 1997); VI Iiaei. eiio. “Oiceea
i oaoiieiaiy oiieeo ieiaie” (Iaaii-O?aieianuee, Oe?a?ia, 1997); Second
Int. School-Conf. “Physical Probl. in mater. science of semicon.”
(Chernivtsi, Ukraine, 1997); 14th Int. Vacuum Congress (IVC-14)
(Birmingham, UK, 1998); E-MRS Spring Meeting Symposium C. (Strasbourg,
France, 1998); Int. Conf. “Mat. Sci. and Mat. Proper. for Infr.
Optoelectronics” SPIE (Kyiv, Ukraine, 1998); Int. Conf. on Solid State
Crystals -Mater. Sci. And Applicatios (Zakopane, Poland, 1998); Ana?in.
neii. n o/anoeai NIA “Aii?oiua e iee?ie?enoaeee/aneea iieoi?iaiaeieee”
(Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, ?inney, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe?? ii ?iaio?. Iniiaiee ai?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a 39
noaooyo o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, ?o ia?ae?e i?noeoueny o e?ioe?
aaoi?aoa?aoo.

Iniaenoee aianie. A ?iaio? ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue,
aeeiiaieo aaoi?ii naiino?eii [21, 27, 31, 32], a oaeiae i?ae eiai
iaoeiaei ea??aieoeoaii [3-20, 22-26, 28-30, 33-39], aea caeiaoaa/o
iaeaaeeoue aea?? i?iaeaie ? iaoe, iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ieaioaaiiy oaiaoeee
aeine?aeaeaiue, iinoaiiaea eiie?aoieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? oai?aoe/ieo
caaea/, aea?? canoiniaoaaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiaeee ? oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a, i?ia?aeia ?ieue a aiae?c? e ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo, ?ic?iaea eiie?aoieo o?ce/ieo iiaeaeae ? ?o aeaiaio?a. A ?iaioao
[1, 2] aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo
? oioiaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a, cai?iiiiiaaii ? a i?ioean?
iaaiai?aiiy ?icaeiooi a?aeiia?aei? iiaeae?.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 7
?icae?e?a (aeeeaaeaiith ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue o eiaeiiio ?icae?e?
ia?aaeo? noenea iaeyaeiaa /anoeia c ieoaiue, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny),
caaaeueieo aeniiae?a. ?? ianya neeaaea? 359 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, aeeth/ath/e 105 ?enoie?a, 9 oaaeeoeue, nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae c 413 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c noaio i?iaeaie, ye?e i?enay/aii
aeena?oaoe?th, iieacaii ?? aeooaeuei?noue, noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaio iaoo ?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, ia?ae?/ai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? iathoue
iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith oiia eiieo?aioicaeaoiino?
i?aeciiieo ? aeii?oeiaeo iaoai?ci?a ?aeiia?iaoe??, ?o aieeao ia i?ioean
aeaeo?iiieueiai? aeno?aeoe?? IIC a e?enoaeao E?O.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ??aiyiiy iaia?a?aiino? a iaaeeaeaii? eiieo?aioe??
i?aeciiieo oaea?iiai ? aei?ii?ithaaeueiiai iaoai?ci?a ?aeiia?iaoe??,
io?eiai? ni?iuai? ae?ace aeey aeoiae?a ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo iioie?a ? /an?a
aeeooy IIC, iaoiiaeaieo i?aeciiieie oaea?ieie (e-e-h, h-h-e) ?
aei?ii?ithaaeueieie i?ioeanaie a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, neeaaeo ?
??aiy eaaoaaiiy iaoa??aeo. Iieacaii, ui ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe??
a?eueieo aeaeo?ii?a ?noioii ca?eueoo? aeo?ae aei?ii?ithaaeueii?
?aeiia?iaoe?? a i?aeciiiiio ?aeiia?iaoe?eiiio i?ioean? ca ?aooiie
cieaeaiiy oaeaeeino? oaea?ii? e-e-h ?aeiia?iaoe??.

Ca?eueoaiiy oe?eie caai?iiaii? ciie Eg (i?aeaeuaiiy neeaaeo Cd ( x)
ca?eueoo? aeo?ae aei?ii?ithaaeueii? ?aeiia?iaoe?? a e?enoaeao n- ?
p-oeio o anueiio ae?aiacii? ??ai?a eaaoaaiiy, cie?aia, i?e 77 E o
e?enoaeao n-oeio oaeaeeino? i?aeciiieo oaea?iiai ? aei?ii?ithaaeueiiai
i?ioean?a ae??aiththoueny aeey o>0.22, n0 F 3*1014 ni-3, o e?enoaeao
p-oeio aeey o>0.2 ? p0F1017 ni-3, ui oaoiieia?/ii oe?eeii iiaeeeai.

Aeey eiieo?aioe?? i?aeciiieo ? aeii?oeiaiai iaoai?ci?a ?aeiia?iaoe?? a
e?enoaeao n-oeio i?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiie caeaaeiinoae nooiaiy a?iiey?iino?
OI ( a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? oeaio??a ?aeiia?iaoe?? i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo
eiioeaio?aoe?? a?eueieo aeaeo?ii?a n0. Iieacaii, ui c ?inoii
eiioeaio?aoe?? oeaio??a ?aeiia?iaoe?? Nr aei cia/aiue an0 (aea
a?aeiioaiiy eiao?oe??io?a caoaaoo aeaeo?ii?a ? ae??ie ia oeaio?e
?aeiia?iaoe?? a<0.1) ?noioiei noa? aeii?oeiaee eaiae ?aeiia?iaoe??. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeyaeaii aoaeo aeaeo?iiieueiai? aeno?aeoe?? iainiiaieo iin??a ca?yaeo a e?enoaeao E?O c o»0.2 n-, p- ? ci?oaiiai oeio i?ia?aeiino? c a?iiey?iith OI. C aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aieo cia/aiue /an?a aeeooy ? aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a, i?e yeeo ianooia? aeoyaoaaiiy, ?ic?aoiaai? cia/aiiy aia?iiey?ii? ?ooeeaino? a e?enoaeao n- (ma(103 ni2/An), p- (ma»105 ni2/An) ? ci?oaii? (ma»2*105 ni2/An) i?ia?aeiino?. A e?enoaeao p-E?O aeaeo?iiieueiaa aeno?aeoe?y IIC ianooia? i?e cia/ii iaioeo (ia 1.5-2 ii?yaeee), /ei a n-oei?, iai?oaao ci?uaiiy, ui coiiaeaii a?eueo aenieith ?ooeea?noth iainiiaieo iin??a (aeaeo?ii?a a p-oei?) ? ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe? ni?aeo-aeaiaio?a ia iniia? E?O. Aenia?eiaioaeueii ? oai?aoe/ii anoaiiaeaii, ui a e?enoaeao n-E?O c iiiiiiey?iith eiiiiiaioith OI aoaeoeai?noue aeaeo?iiieueiai? aeno?aeoe?? IIC caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaiy a?iiey?iino? ? ??cei iaaea? c ?? ciaioaiiyi iaa?oue i?e aaeeeeo cia/aiiyo j (» 0.9); oea coiiaeaii caoiieaiiyi iainiiaieo iin??a (ae??ie), ui aeoyaothoueny, oeaio?aie ?aeiia?iaoe??. Aoaeoeai?noue aeaeo?iiieueiai? aeno?aeoe?? IIC caeaaeeoue a?ae O. A iaeano? aeanii? i?ia?aeiino? ?aaeei aeoyaoaaiiy ia ?aae?co?oueny /a?ac ??ai?noue ioeth aia?iiey?ii? ?ooeeaino?. A iaeano? aeii?oeiai? i?ia?aeiino?: a e?enoaeao c a?iiey?iith OI IIC aeoyaathoueny c ia’?io; o e?enoaeao c iiiiiiey?iith eiiiiiaioith OI aoaeoeai?noue aeoyaoaaiiy aecia/a?oueny oaiia?aoo?iith caeaaei?noth j: i?e iecueeeo O (» 77 E) j<1 ( aeoyaoaaiiy ia ?aae?co?oueny, a iaeano? oaiia?aoo?ii? aeoeaaoe?? t, eiee j ( 1, aoaeoeai?noue aeaeo?iiieueiaiai aeoyaoaaiiy IIC c?inoa?. A ?yae? e?enoae?a ci?ia aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?iiieueiai? aeno?aeoe?? IIC niinoa??aa?oueny i?e ci?i? niaeo?aeueiiai ae?aiaciio caoaeaeaiiy OI c ia'?iiiai ia iiaa?oiaaa, ui iiaea a?aeaoaaoeny ye ca ?aooiie ia?aeeth/aiiy aeii?ioth/eo iaoai?ci?a ?aeiia?iaoe??, oae ? ca ?aooiie ci?ie ia?aiao??a iaeiiai aeii?ioth/iai ?aeiia?iaoe?eiiai i?ioeano, ? caeaaeeoue a?ae caniao ia?iaee iiaa?oi?. Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith iaoai?ci?a aeaa?aaeaoe?? e?enoae?a E?O, iia’ycaieo, cie?aia, c oi?ioaaiiyi oioiaeoeaieo aeeth/aiue, ?o aieeao ia oioiaeaeo?iii? aeanoeaino? e?enoae?a. Iaoiaeaie iioe/ii?, aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??, iaea- ? ?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co a e?enoaeao n-E?O i?e ?o o?eaae?e aeo?eioe? ia iia?o?? i?e 300 E aeyaeaii oi?ioaaiiy a iaeano? ?inoiaeo ? aaaaeaieo iaoai?/ieie ia?iaeaie iae?iaeaoaeo?a aeeth/aiue ae?oai? oace, caaaa/aieo Hg ? Te, ui i?noyoue oaeiae aeii?oeia? aeaiaioe C, Si, Se. ??no aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a aeeth/aiue, caaaa/aieo Hg, a?aeaoaa?oueny ia??aiii??ii a /an?: o ii/aoeiaee ia??iae ii caeaaeiino?, aeecuee?e aei ia?aaie?/ii?, ui a?aeaeaa? ia?aaaaeii aeeooc?eiee oa?aeoa? ?o ?inoo; i?e o?eaae?e aeo?eioe? (>300 ae?a) ??no aeeth/aiue niia?eueith?oueny, a
iio?i i?eieiy?oueny, ui iia’ycaii c eiiiainaoe??th aioo??oi?o
iai?oaeaiue a?aeiia?aeiei ia?a?iciiae?eii oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a, aai
aeniaaeaiiyi iao?eoe? iaoa??aeii oace, /anoeiai aiie ?iciaaeathoueny c
aeeneiaoe??th a ia’?i iao?eoe?, aai ii no?ieao iaeieooiaeo a?aieoeue
(i?e ?aeaenaoe?? iai?oa).

Ia iniia? noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo ii aeeiai?oe? ?inoo ?oooieo aeeth/aiue
ioe?iaii eiao?oe??io naiiaeeooc?? Hg o E?O D»3*10-11-10-10 ni2n-1, ui
iio?aiey? a nioao iaaaaeaieo a e?oa?aoo?? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

?nioth/? a iaeano? aeeth/aiue ae?oai? oace Te o iao?eoe? e?enoae?a E?O
i?oaei? iai?oaeaiiy ? aeeneieaoe?? iaoiiaeai? ?icoiaeaeaiiyi
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo ? no?oeoo?ieo ia?aiao??a iaoa??ae?a aeeth/aiue ?
iao?eoe? ? ?o oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae noeioethoue i?ioean aeeooc??
?ooo? a ie?e aeeth/aiue. I?ae?ic/eiyth/e i?aoeei?oaoe Te i?e o?eaae?e
aeo?eioe? c?acea iaaeeeoeiaa ?oooue i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae HgTe
iaieiiee, ui ? ?aeiia?iaoe?eii-aeoeaiith iaeanoth.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c N-iiae?aieo oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae aoaeoeaiiai
/ano aeeooy IIC tao e?enoae?a E?O (o=0.2) ?c ?aeiia?iaoe?eii aeoeaieie
aeeth/aiiyie. N-iiae?aiee oa?aeoa? tao(O) a oeeo e?enoaeao, cie?aia,
eiai ??cea oaiia?aoo?ia aeoeaaoe?y a iaeano? ia?aoiaeo a?ae aeii?oeiai?
aei aeanii? i?ia?aeiino? aecia/a?oueny ia Oiee?-??ae?anueeei (ye
iiynithaaeinue aeey aeayeeo e?enoae?a), a niaoeeo?eith i?aeciiii?
oaea?ii? ?aeiia?iaoe??, ui aecia/a? oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? /ano aeeooy
( ? aeeooc?eii? aeiaaeeie L a iao?eoe?, a a?aeiia?aeii ? aoaeoeai?
aaiiao?e/i? ?ici??e ?aeiia?iaoe?eii aeoeaieo iaeanoae. ?ic?aooiie
caeaaeiinoae tao(O) i?e aa??aoe?? ia?aiao??a iao?eoe? (neeaaeo ? ??aiy
eaaoaaiiy) ? aeeth/aiue (eiioeaio?aoe??, ?ici???a, neeaaeo) ye?nii
ni?aiaaea? c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae niaeo?aeueiiai ae?aiaciio oioicaoaeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii
aiae?c ?iaeaeoe?eii-?aeiia?iaoe?eii? aeoeaiino? iaeanoae, iia’ycaieo c
eieaeueieie a?aeoeeaiiyie Eg a?ae iao?e/ii? ? iaoiiaeaieo ci?iith a oeeo
iaeanoyo oaiio aaia?aoe?? (/a?ac niaeo?aeueio caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa
iiaeeiaiiy) ? oaiio ?aeiia?iaoe?? (aiane?aeie ci?ie ia?aiao??a
aeii?ioth/iai a E?O i?aeciiiiai oaea?iiai i?ioeano, aai eiai
ia?aeeth/aiiy ia ?ioee eiieo?oth/ee eaiae ?aeiia?iaoe??).

I?e iaa??aaii? iaiiiioiiiee niaeo?aeueiee ?aeue?o noaoe?iia?ii? OI a
e?enoaeao E?O c oioiaeoeaieie aeeth/aiiyie caeaaeaeo?oueny, ui
iaoiiaeaii ae??aithaaiiyi oaeaeeinoae i?aeciiii? iaea-?aeiia?iaoe?? a
iao?eoe? ? aeeth/aiiyo, ciaioaiiyi aoaeoeaieo ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo ?ici???a
? eiioeaio?aoe?? aeeth/aiue ?c ?inoii eiioeaio?aoe?? ??aiiaaaeieo iin??a
i?e ia?aoiae? a iaeanoue aeanii? i?ia?aeiino?.

Aeyaeaii oioiaei?noue Uc(O) e?enoae?a ?c oioiaeoeaieie aeeth/aiiyie i?e
caoaeaeaii? na?oeii, ui neeueii ? neaaei iiaeeia?oueny, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i iaeiaeiaee oa?aeoa? aaia?aoe?eii-?aeiia?iaoe?eii? aeoeaiino?
aeeth/aiue o ??cieo oa?ao e?enoaeo ( ia’?i?, i?eiiaa?oiaa?e iaeano? ? ia
iiaa?oi?.

?ic?aoiaaii niaeo?aeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee OI e?enoae?a E?O (o»0.2) c
i?e?ioeoeooaoe?yie e?enoae?/iiai iioaioe?aeo ? aeniiiaioe?aeueiei e?a?i
aeaniiai iiaeeiaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeaeeino? iiaa?oiaai?
?aeiia?iaoe?? ? oiaueie c?acea. Iieacaii, cie?aia, ui niaeo?aeueia
iieiaeaiiy iaeneioio OI o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? cia/aiue oeeo ia?aiao??a c
iiieeeith, ui ia ia?aaeuo? 1%, iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia aeey aecia/aiiy
aoaeoeaii? Eg ? a?aeiia?aeii neeaaeo iaoa??aeo.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aii i?iaaaeaiith aeine?aeaeaiue oioiaeaeo?iiieo
i?ioean?a a ia?ioacieo ai?oaen?eieo aa??ciiieo oa?ao E?O, a o. /. c
iioaioe?aeueieie aa?’??aie, aieeao ia ieo iaoaeo?a?eii? a?aieoe? ia
iaae? iiae?eo i?aeeeaaeea-ia?iuaiee oa?.

Aeyaeaii, ui i?e ?cioa?i?/i?e ia?ioaci?e ai?oaen?? E?O ia i?aeeeaaeeao
CdTe i???ioaoe?e {110} ? {111} ooai?ththoueny ca?iaeee aeaiaei??ii? ?
o?eaei??ii? oi?ie a?aeiia?aeii. Aeii?ioth/? iaoai?cie aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy
i?e ?o c?iuaii? a nooe?eueiee oa? eiio?ieththoueny, a iniiaiiio,
ia?aiao?aie i?aeoacieo a?aieoeue iiae?eo ie?aea-i?aeeeaaeea, a o
aeiaaeeo ieiuei {111} ? i?aeca?aiieo a?aieoeue.

I?e?i?iaeaiooaaiiy i?aeeeaaeie CdTe i?ecaiaeeoue aei a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae
noao?iiao??? a i?eeyaath/eo aei a?aeaeoe?a iaeanoyo o a?e caaaa/aiiy Cd
? ca?aei?iiy Te, o ai?oaen?eieo oa?ao E?O, ui ca?iaeaeothoueny, ( o a?e
caaaa/aiiy Hg ? ca?aei?iiy Cd. Oea iia’ycaii c iiyaith iai?oaeaiue, ui
noeioeththoue a?aeiia?aei? i?ioeane ia?aiino, ? iiaea i?ecaiaeeoe aei
ciaioaiiy eaaioiai? aoaeoeaiino? oioiaeoeaii? no?oeoo?e a ia?iuaiiio
oa?? aiane?aeie iiyae ?aeiia?iaoe?eii aeoeaieo aeeth/aiue ? ciaioaiiy
iioe/iiai i?iioneaiiy.

C aeaieo iaea-aeaeo?iiiiai aiae?co a i?aeeeaaeeao CdTe ? oa?ao E?O
aeyaeai? ne?aee Si, O, C, S c ia??aiii??iei ii iiaa?oi? ? aeeaei?
?iciiae?eii.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo oiia oi?ioaaiiy ii?ooaiiai oa?o a
ai?oaen?ei?e aaoa?ieiiiiceoe?? CdTe-CdHgTe aeey ??cieo i???ioaoe?e
i?aeeeaaeie. Cie?aia, ?ic?aoiaai? cia/aiiy: ia?aiao??a i?oaeiino?
iaoa??aeo i?aeeeaaeee ? ie?aee; aonoeie ia??aaieo ca’yce?a
(ND=(3.6-6.2)*1012 ni-2 a caeaaeiino? a?ae i???ioaoe?? i?aeeeaaeee);
e?eoe/ii? oiaueie ie?aee (he?=36 ii) ? ?aae?ona ?cieueiaaiiai ino??aoey
(Re?=675 ii), iaioa yeeo iiaeeeaee ??no aeaoi?iiaaiiai oa?o aac
ooai?aiiy aeeneieaoe?e iaa?aeiia?aeiino?; iai?oa oa?i?/ii?
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? (sDa=59 Iia) ? iaa?aeiia?aeiino? iino?eieo a?aoie
(sDa=222 Iia) ? ?i..

Anoaiiaeaii, ui caaaa/aia no?oeoo?ieie aeaoaeoaie iaeanoue iaoaeo?a?eii?
a?aieoe? a ai?oaen?eieo ia?ioacieo aa??ciiieo no?oeoo?ao CdTe-E?O,
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?aeaeuaiei oaiiii ?aeiia?iaoe?? ? cieaeo?
oioi/ooeea?noue o na?aaeiueioaeeueiaiio ae?aiacii? oe?ieinioaiaeo
niaeo??a OI o oioi?acenoeaieo ? oioia?n o oioiae?iaeieo no?oeoo?ao ia ?o
iniia?.

Iaoiaeii ?cioa?i?/ii? ia?ioacii? ai?oaen?? ia i?aeeeaaeeao CdMnTe (EIO),
CdZnTe (EOeO) io?eiai? aa??ciii? oa?e CdMnHgTe (EI?O) ? CdZnHgTe
(EOe?O), a?eueo oioi/ooeea? o ii??aiyii? c io?eiaieie a aiaeia?/ieo
oiiaao oa?aie CdTe-E?O, ui iiynith?oueny ciaioaiiyi i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue
o aaoa?ieiiiiceoe?? caaaeyee aaaaeaiith ?ciaaeaioii? aeii?oee iaioiai
?aae?ono, i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy noao?iiao??? ? ciaioaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe??
?aeiia?iaoe?eii aeoeaieo iaaenoao?iiao?e/ieo aeanieo aeaoaeo?a.

O no?oeoo?? EIO-EI?O aeyaeaii ca?eueoaiiy oioi/ooeeaino? a
na?aaeiueioaeeueiaiio niaeo?aeueiiio ae?aiacii?, ui a?aeiia?aea? iaeano?
iaoaeo?a?eii? a?aieoe?, i?e ca?eueoaii? neeaaeo Mn o ii??aiyii? c?
no?oeoo?ith EOeO-EOe?O, ui iiyniththoueny a?eueo oi/iei ocaiaeaeaiiyi
ia?aiao??a a?aoie aeo?aeieo iaoa??ae?a aeaea?aea ? i?aeeeaaeee i?e
y<0.1. C?noaaeaiiyi aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? ?ic?aooieiaeo i?io?e?a ?iciiae?eo eiiiiiaio neeaaeo a no?oeoo?ao CdTe-E?O, EIO-EI?O, EOeO-EOe?O aecia/ai? eiao?oe??ioe aeeooc??, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeey aoii?a iaoaeo ?aaeeooc?eiee i?ioean o i?aeeeaaeoe? D1 Cd, Mn, Zn (10-9 ni2n-1 ? aeeooc?eiee i?ioean o oa??, ui ia?inoa?, D2 Cd, Mn, Zn»10-7 ni2n-1. Aeyaeaii ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ? ?icoe?aiiy e?i?e iecueeioaiia?aoo?ii? oioiethi?ianoeaioe??, iaoiiaeai? ?aeiia?iaoe??th aeneoii?a, ca'ycaieo ia iaeo?aeueieo caeeoeiaeo aeoeaioi?ao ? aeiii?ao ia iaae? aeeooc?eiiai oa?o a i?aeeeaaeoe? CdTe, ui na?ae/aoue i?i i?e?iiaiaeii??aei?noue o?iioo aeeooc?? Hg a i?aeeeaaeoe? ii o?iioo ? aeeaei?. Aei??thaaiiyie oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? niaeo?aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee oioia?n aa??ciiieo p-n no?oeoo? E?O aecia/aiee oaiia?aoo?iee eiao?oe??io ci?ie Eg a iaeano? aae??aeo oaiia?aoo? (O=10-80 E) aeey neeaaeo o»0.2 ??aiee dEg/dT»2*10-4 aA/E, ui ca?aa?oueny c iayaieie a e?oa?aoo?? aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie. Ia iniia? aa??ciiiiai oa?o E?O io?eiaia oioi/ooeeaa ia aeiaaeei? oaee? l=10.6 iei iaei?ia?oe?eia (600 IAoe) p-n-no?oeoo?a. Ia iniia? aa??ciiieo aeaiaa?’??ieo no?oeoo? (p-n-p, n-p-n, p+-p-n, p-n-n+) io?eiaia aaia aeaieie??ieo oioiaieueoa?/ieo oioiaeaiaio?a ?c oioi/ooeea?noth o niaeo?aeueieo a?eiao i?ici?ino? aoiinoa?e 3-5 iei ? 8-14 iei ??cii? oa iaeiaeiai? iiey?iino? c oi/eith aai ciiith ioeueiai? /ooeeaino? i?ae nioaaie. A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeaeo?e/ieo ? oioiaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a E?O a oiiaao ia’?iiiai (- ? iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai aeonoinoeioeueiaaiiai aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aeaeo?e/ieo, oioiaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae ? ia?aiao??a aeaeo?ii-iiceo?iiii? ai?a?eyoe?? g-ii?ii?iaieo i?e 300 E e?enoae?a E?O n-, p- ? ci?oaiiai oeio i?ia?aeiino? (aia?a?yie g-eaaio?a 1.2 IyA, 50 IyA aeicaie a?ae 6*104 ? aei 109 ?) aaciina?aaeiuei i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy a iaeano? aeii?oeiai? i?ia?aeiino? aeyaeai?: ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaeo?ii?a a e?enoaeao n-oeio, ca?eueoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ae??ie a e?enoaeao p-oeio ? ci?oaiiai oeio i?ia?aeiino?; ciaioaiiy ?ooeeaino? iin??a ca?yaeo; ei?ioeioaeeueiaee cnoa iaeneioio niaeo?aeueii? caeaaeiino? OI; ciaioaiiy /ano aeeooy IIC; i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iaaeeeoeiaeo ooi?a. Oe? ci?ie ia noaa?euei? ? i?ioyaii /ano ?aeaenothoue aei aeo?aeieo cia/aiue. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci g-noeioeueiaaiiai ia?aoai?aiiy aeaoaeo?a, ui iieyaa? a oiio, ui g-ii?ii?iaiiy e?enoae?a E?O i?e 300 E i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy O?aieae?anueeeo ia? (ia?aaaaeii Hgi+VHg) ?c ??ciith oaeaee?noth i?a?aoe?? ?o eiiiiiaio aei noie?a. *a?ac a?eueoo oaeaee?noue aeeooc?? aei noie?a i?aeaocaeueii? ?ooo? Hgi ia’?i e?enoaea aaciina?aaeiuei i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy caaaa/o?oueny aeoeaioi?aie VHg, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei a?aeiia?aeieo ci?i eiioeaio?aoe?? a?eueieo iin??a a iaeano? aeii?oeiai? i?ia?aeiino?, ia?aeeth/aiith aeii?ioth/iai i?aeciiiiai iaea-iaoai?cio ?aeiia?iaoe?? ia Oiee?-??ae?anueeee eaiae, ciaioaiith /ano aeeooy ? i?aeaeuaiith ??aiy iaaeeeoeiaeo ooi?a. ?aeaenaoe?y g-noeioeueiaaieo ci?i aeaeo?e/ieo ? oioiaeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ia? neeaaeiee oa?aeoa? ? a?aeaoaa?oueny a aeaa aoaie: ca?eueiaiiy ia’?io e?enoaea a?ae caeeoeiaeo VHg ca ?aooiie ?o i?a?aoe?? ia noiee (i?ioyaii »7-10 ae?a) ? ai?a?eyoe?? ia? ia noieao (i?ioyaii 30-60 ae?a). Ooai?aiiy aeaeo?e/ii aeoeaieo eiiieaen?a, no?eeeo i?ioyaii a?eueo o?eaaeiai ia??iaeo ia aeyaeaii. Iaoai?ci ia?aoai?aiiy g-?aae?aoe?eieo aeaoaeo?a caeaaeeoue a?ae aeo?aeii? nenoaie aeaoaeo?a no?oeoo?e e?enoae?a, cie?aia a e?enoaeao p-oeio (p0>6*1017ni-3) i?e ca?eueoaii? aeice g-ii?ii?iaiiy aeua 6*104 ?
aeyaeaii ciaioaiiy aoaeoeaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? aaeain?e, ui iia’yco?oueny
c ia?aaeuaiiyi ?o eiioeaio?aoe?? aeua e?eoe/ii? ? ?icaeoeii i?ioean?a ?o
i?aoeei?oaoe?? ? (aai) anioe?aoe?? a eiiieaene.

g-ii?ii?iaiiy e?enoae?a E?O i?ecaiaeeoue aei ei?ioeioaeeueiaiai cnoao
iaeneioio niaeo?aeueieo caeaaeiinoae OI, ui iiynith?oueny ?c caeo/aiiyi
iiaeaeae aeaoi?iaoe?? e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee i?e aaaaeaii? aeanieo
aeaoaeo?a aaeeeeo eiioeaio?aoe?e, ci?ie ?aeue?oo i?e?ioeoeooaoe?e
e?enoae?/iiai iioaioe?aeo, ui aieeaa? ia oi?ioaaiiy niaeo?aeueieo
oa?aeoa?enoee OI a iaoa??ae? c aeniiiaioe?aeueiei e?a?i
ooiaeaiaioaeueiiai iiaeeiaiiy, aeii?oeiai? aeoeaioi?ii? ciie, ui
/anoeiai ia?ao?auo?oueny c ciiith i?ia?aeiino?.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aeaeo?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee e?enoae?a E?O n-, p- ?
ci?oaiiai oeio i?ia?aeiino? a i?ioean? iaaaioaaeaiiy oeueo?acaoeii (OC)
?ioaineai?noth Wus(0.5*104 Ao/i2 a iaeano? oaiia?aoo? O=77-200 E a
aeiii?iaiaiio ?aaeei? aeyaeaii, ui a iaeano? aeii?oeiai? i?ia?aeiino? c
?inoii ?ioaineaiino? OC ? oaiia?aoo?e a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy
aoaeoeaii? aeaeo?iiii? eiioeaio?aoe?? a e?enoaeao n-oeio, ciaioaiiy
ae??eiai? eiioeaio?aoe?? a e?enoaeao p-oeio, a oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy
oie?anueei? ?ooeeaino? a e?enoaeao iaio oei?a.

Iaaaaeai? OC ci?ie aeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae iano?ee? a /an? ?
?aeaenothoue ca /ane a?ae aeanyoe?a naeoiae aei aeanyoe?a oaeeei a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, ia?aiao??a OC-iaaaioaaeaiiy ? oeio
i?ia?aeiino? e?enoae?a, i?e oeueiio ?aeaenaoe?y ia? neeaaeiee oa?aeoa?,
a ?? /an ca?eueoo?oueny i?e ca?eueoaii? ?ioaineaiino? OC-caoaeaeaiiy ?
ciaioaii? oaiia?aoo?e ? aeey e?enoae?a p-oeio, ye i?aaeei, a?eueo i?ae
ia ii?yaeie ia?aaeuo? eiai cia/aiiy a e?enoaeao n-oeio.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci aeiii?iaiaiai iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai
iaoanoaa?eueiiai ei?ioei/aniiai aeonoinoeioeueiaaiiai ia?aoai?aiiy
aeaoaeo?a, iia’ycaiee, cie?aia, c aeoeaaoe??th oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a neaai
ca’ycaieo ia i?ioyaeieo no?oeoo?ieo iaaeineiiaeinoyo a?aoee
(aeeneieaoe?yo, IOA ? ?i.), ui iiaeeiathoue OC-oaeeth, ?o ?iaeaeoe??th o
i?eeyaath/? aeeooc?ei? iaeano? iao?eoe?. ?aeaenaoe?y a ??aiiaaaeiee noai
iia’ycaia c cai?ioieie i?ioeanaie aaoa?oaaiiy ? aeacaeoeaaoe?? oi/eiaeo
aeaoaeo?a ia i?ioyaeieo iaaeineiiaeinoyo.

??no ?ooeeaino? iin??a ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? OC a iaeano?
aeii?oeiai? i?ia?aeiino? ? ?? ciaioaiiy a iaeano? aeanii? i?ia?aeiino?
iiynith?oueny ?c caeo/aiiyi iaoai?ci?a cieaeaiiy iioaioe?eieo aa?’???a ?
?ici???a iaeanoae i?inoi?iaiai ca?yaeo, ui ioi/othoue aeii?oeia?
aoiinoa?e iaaeiei aeeneieaoe?e; aeieeiaiiy nooe?eueiiai eeanoa?a c
eaiaeii i?ia?aeiino? ia?aeaeueiei iniiaiiio; caeaaeaeoaaiiy
?icn?thth/iai iioaioe?aeo aia?aaoe/iiai ciiiiai ?aeue?oo oaa?aeiai
?ic/eio; iiaeeo?eaoe?? oiiiiiiai niaeo?o.

Aeonoi?iaeoeiaaia A?N, ui niinoa??aa?oueny i?e OC-iaaaioaaeaii?
e?enoae?a E?O iiynith?oueny, cie?aia, eaac?eieaeueiei OC-i?ia??aii
iayaieo o iao?eoe? i?ioyaeieo aeaoaeo?a ? i?eeyaath/eo aei ieo iaeanoae,
ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae oa?iiaeeooc?eieo iioie?a ? aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a,
ui iiaeooue aiineoe aeiaeaoeiaee aianie o ia?a?iciiae?e oi/eiaeo
aeaoaeo?a o e?enoae?.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oioiaeaeo?iiieo
i?ioean?a ? iiaeeo?eaoe?? no?oeoo?e ia’?iieo e?enoae?a E?O, MnHgTe (I?O)
? ia?ioacieo ai?oaen?eieo oa??a E?O i?e iiaa?oiaaiio ?o caoaeaeaii?
eaca?ieie ?iioeuenaie.

Ethen-aiia?i? oa?aeoa?enoeee (EAO) OI e?enoae?a E?O ?noioii caeaaeaoue
a?ae aeii?ioth/eo iaoai?ci?a ?aeiia?iaoe?? a iao?eoe? ? iayaiino?
oioiaeoeaieo aeeth/aiue; i?e aeii?ioth/iio a E?O n-oeio c o»0.2
i?aeciiiiio iaoai?ci? ?aeiia?iaoe?? a iaeii??aeieo e?enoaeao ia?ao?ae
a?ae e?i?eii? aei noae?i?eii? (?c iaoeeii ~0. 3) caeaaeiino? ci?uo?oueny
ii oeae? ?ioaineaiinoae ii?ii?iaiiy a a?e ?o a?eueoeo cia/aiue ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? ??aiiaaaeieo iin??a ca?yaeo.

A e?enoaeao E?O c oioiaeoeaieie aeeth/aiiyie EAO oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
aeaoi?iiaaiith o ii??aiyii? c iaeii??aeieie e?enoaeaie ia?ao?aeiith
ae?eyieith a?ae e?i?eii? (?c iaoeeii ~1) aei noae?i?eii? (?c iaoeeii ~0.
3) caeaaeiino?. I?ioyaei?noue oe??? ae?eyiee ii oeae? ?ioaineaiinoae ?
?? eiie?aoiee aeae (a?ae iaaee?i?eieo aei noia?e?i?eieo caeaaeiinoae ?c
??cieie iaoeeaie) aecia/a?oueny oa?aeoa?ii, aonoeiith ? ?ici??aie
aeeth/aiue, a oaeiae caeaaei?noth a?ae ??aiy caoaeaeaiiy
?aeiia?iaoe?eii-?iaeaeoe?eii? aeoeaiino?, aoaeoeaieo aaiiao?e/ieo
?aeiia?iaoe?eieo ?ici???a aeeth/aiue. I?e aeinoaoi?e i?ioyaeiino? oeeo
ae?eyiie ii oeae? ?ioaineaiinoae aiie iiaeooue ni?eeiaoeny ye oae?, ui
eiio?ieththoueny ?ioeie ?aeiia?iaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie, ui ia ? ei?aeoiei.
I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee EAO ocaiaeaeothoueny c aenia?eiaioii.

I?e aenieeo, aea ia aeinoaoi?o aeey noaa?eueiiai aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy,
??aiyo ?iioeueniiai eaca?iiai oioiaeaeo?iiiiai caoaeaeaiiy i?e 77 E a
aeayeeo iae?iiaeii??aeieo e?enoaeao E?O niinoa??aaeinue ca?eueoaiiy /ano
aeeooy IIC ?c ?inoii ?ioaineaiino? ii?ii?iaiiy, ui iaei cai?ioi?e
oa?aeoa? (t<102 n). Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci aeiii?iaiaiai iaoanoaa?eueiiai ei?ioei/aniiai iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai eaca?ii-noeioeueiaaiiai aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy, ui iieyaa? a i?ioeanao aeoeaaoe??, ?iaeaeoe?? a iao?eoeth aeanieo ? aeii?oeiaeo oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a, neaai ca’ycaieo ia i?ioyaeieo iaaeineiiaeinoyo (aeeneieaoe??, iaeieooia? a?aieoe? ? ?i.), ui aca?iiae?thoue c o?ce/ieie iieyie eaca?ieo ?iioeuen?a, ye? ci?iththoue ?aeiia?iaoe?ei? ia?aiao?e e?enoaeo, ? cai?ioieo i?ioean?a i?e i?eieiaii? ae?? ?iioeueno. Eaca?ia ii?ii?iaiiy iiiie?enoae?a oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a E?O ? I?O c aonoeiith aia?a?? ieae/a ii?iaa ieaaeaiiy iaoa??aeo Ai ia aeeeeea? noaa?eueieo ci?i ia’?iii? oioi/ooeeaino? c?ace?a, aea ni?ey? iie?ioaiith noaio iiaa?oi? ca ?aooiie aeaeaeaiiy ieenieo ie?aie ? aoii?a aeii?oee, ui a niaeo?ao OI i?iyaey?oueny a cieaeaii? oaeaeeino? iiaa?oiaai? ?aeiia?iaoe??. Iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy aonoeie aia?a?? aei A » Ai aeeeeea? cieaeaiiy oioi/ooeeaino? ? ca?eueoaiiy iaaeeeoeiaiai ooio, ui iaoiiaeaii aaia?aoe??th i?ioyaeieo ? oi/eiaeo (aaeain?? ?ooo?) aeaoaeo?a. Aeyaeaii ?icoiaeaeaiiy a /ooeeaino? niaeo?aeueiiai iieiaeaiiy iaeneioi?a OI o E?O ? I?O aei aonoeie aia?a?? iaiinaeoiaeieo eaca?ieo ?iioeuen?a ye i?e aeiii?iaiaiio, oae ? iaaeii?iaiaiio ?aaeeiao - eiai ei?ioeioaeeueiaee cnoa o E?O, a?aenooi?noue oaeiai a I?O, ui iiaea aooe iaoiiaeaii a?aenooi?noth i?ioean?a aeenioe?aoe?? ? (aai) cia/ieo caeeoeiaeo i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue a oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiao I?O o ii??aiyii? c E?O. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aii cia/aiiy a?aie/ii? aonoeie aia?a?? iaiinaeoiaeieo eaca?ieo ?iioeuen?a, aeua yei? a?aeaoaa?oueny ieaaeaiiy iaoa??aeo ? ci?ia ii?oieia?? iiaa?oi? i?e ii?ii?iaii? ia?ioacieo ai?oaen?eieo oa??a E?O (x=0.3) ( Ei(0.16 Aeae/ni2. Ieaaeaiiy ? ia?ae?enoae?caoe?y i?e ia?iaoe? ?iioeuenaie ?oa?iiaiai eaca?a c A>Ei a?aeaoaa?oueny a i?eiiaa?oiaa?e iaeano? oiaueiith iaioa 1
iei, i?e oeueiio ia iiaa?oi? ooai?th?oueny oiiea (~30 ii) ie?aea Oe, ui
iaoiiaeth? iiyao a niaeo?ao eiia?iaoe?eiiai ?icn?thaaiiy nioa ?c
oa?aeoa?enoe/ieie /anoioaie Oe. Aieea iaiinaeoiaeieo eaca?ieo ?iioeuen?a
ia ai?oaen?ei? oa?e E?O c ina?aaeeiaith no?oeoo?ith aeeeeea? ca?eueoaiiy
?o oioi/ooeeaino?, ui iaoiiaeaii i?ioeanaie naa?aaaoe?? oi/eiaeo
aeaoaeo?a ia iaae? ina?aaee?a (i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeine?aeaeaiiyie
?aioaai?anueeeo oiiia?ai).

Eaca?ia aeoeaaoe?y OI i?e ii?ii?iaii? ? ia?aaoaeia? aeaoaeoii? nenoaie
ai?oaen?eieo aa??ciiieo oa??a E?O ia aeeaei?, ui cia/ii ia?aaeuo?
aeeaeio iiaeeiaiiy eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? aeiaaeeio oaieiai?
aeeooc??, aeeeeeaia ia?aaaaeiith ae??th eaca?ii-?iaeoeiaaieo oaea?ieo
oaeeue. I?e oeueiio aeeaeia ?o ooai?aiiy ciaioo?oueny c ?inoii aonoeie
aia?a?? eaca?ieo ?iioeuen?a, ui ni?aiaaea? c ?nioth/ith oai???th oeeo
i?ioean?a, ? i?iyaey?oueny a ci?i? niaeo?aeueiiai ae?aiaciio i?aeaeuaiiy
oioi/ooeeaino? aa??ciiiiai oa?o.

Oinoee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith i?e?iaeii? ? noeioeueiaaii?
aeayeeie aeaeaie ciai?oi?o aieea?a o?ainoi?iaoe?? nenoaie aeaoaeo?a,
aeaeo?iiieo ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoae i?aeeeaaeeiaeo aeey ai?oaen??
iaoa??ae?a CdTe, CdMnTe, ZnSe.

I?e a?aeiaeao ieanoeie ?-CdTe o ia?ao Cd iaoiaeaie iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai
oioiethi?ianoeaioiiai (IOE) ( i?io?ethaaiiy aeyaeaii ?noioiee aieea
i?ioeano ?aaeeooc?? ia i?io?eue ?iciiae?eo ae??aii? aeiii?ii? aeii?oee (
ca?aeiaiiy iath i?eiiaa?oiaaeo iaeanoae ca ?aooiie aeia?iaoaaiiy a
ciai?oi?e ia’?i ? aaoa?iaeeooc?? c oeaio?aeueieo iaeanoae e?enoaeo. A
nioaao IOE niinoa??aa?oueny ei?aeyoe?y i?ae ?icai?aiiyi e?i?? aeneoii?a,
iia’ycaieo ia aeiii?ao, ? aan?iiyi e?i?? aeneoii?a, iia’ycaieo ia
aeoeaioi?ao, ui na?ae/aoue i?i i?ioean ia?aoiaeo aeii?oee I-i? a?oie c
aoce?a Cd o i?aeaocey.

Ii ?iciiae?eo i?io?e?a oa?aeoa?enoe/ieo e?i?e IOE ii oiauei? c?acea i?e
/an? a?aeiaeo t F 4 aiae aecia/ai? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo naiiaeeooc?? Cd
o CdTe (DCd(2.6*10-8 ni2/n) ? i?e t »

»28 aiae ( eiao?oe??ioo aaoa?iaeeooc?? aeii?oee I a?oie (DMI»
(1.16*10-9 ni2/n). I?iaaaeaii /enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano
aeainoi?iiiueiai eaaoaaiiy ieanoeie ?-CdTe ae??aieie caeeoeiaeie
aeiii?aie i?e ?? o?eaaeiio a?aeiae? a ia?ao Cd. Io?eiaii ai?ieneiaoe?ei?
caeaaeiino? aeey aeainoi?iiiueiai eaaoaaiiy ieanoeie, ui aeicaieythoue
iioei?coaaoe i?ioean a?aeiaeo.

I?e 300 E ia iia?o?? i?ioeane aeaa?aaeaoe?? aeii?oeiai-aeaoaeoii?
nenoaie a n-p (p-n) CdTe no?oeoo?ao, io?eiaieo ei?ioei/aniei a?aeiaeii
e?enoae?a p-oeio a ia?ao Cd ? n-oeio aaeooi? a?aeiia?aeii, ?noioii
aieeaathoue ia ?aeiia?iaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoa??aeo, ui iaoiiaeth?
ci?io niaeo??a ? ?ioaineaiino? e?i?e IOE. Oa?aeoa? ? e?iaoeea
aeii?ioth/eo iaoai?ci?a ia?aoai?aiiy nenoaie oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a
caeaaeeoue a?ae aeo?aeiiai noaio nenoaie i?ioyaeieo aeaoaeo?a ? oeio
i?ia?aeiino? e?enoae?a, o p-iaeanoyo aiii eaea oaeaeoa, /ei o
n-iaeanoyo, ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?eueo? oaeaeeino? aaoa?oaaiiy ae??aii?
aeii?oee ia noiee.

I?e ei?ioei/aniiio (1 aiae) ? aeiaai/aniiio (48 aiae)
iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiio (550-600°N) a?aeiae? c?ace?a p-NdOa a Ga,
a?aeaoaa?oueny eaaoaaiiy c?acea aeiii?iith aeii?oeith GaCd, ui
aeyaey?oueny a iiya? ii e?ayo c?acea aeneoiiii? aeiii?ii? e?i?? I2 (Lii,
Cui) ? niaae? ?ioaineaiino? aeneoiiii? aeoeaioi?ii? e?i?? I1 (LiCd,
CuCd) ca ?aooiie ?aaeoe?e aeoeniaiiy Li, Cu ?c aoce?a Nd aeeooiaeoth/ei
Ga.

A iaoai?/ii iie??iaaieo ? ?iaeaioiaaieo oi/eiaeie oeieaie (8 an)
e?enoaeao p-CdTe aeyaeaii /ooeea?noue cia/aiue ? niaeo??a OI ?
eiao?oe??ioa iiaeeiaiiy, o o./. a iaeano? i?ici?ino?, aei iayaiino?
aaaaeaiiai i?eiiaa?oiaaiai ii?ooaiiai oa?o (oiaueiith aei 200 iei), ui
iiaea ?noioii ciaiooaaoe eaaioiao aoaeoeai?noue oioi/ooeeaino?
aa??ciiieo no?oeoo? ia iniia? CdTe-E?O, aea i?aeeeaaeea CdTe a?ae?a?a?
?ieue na?oeiaiaeo.

I?e ae?? ia iiaa?oith CdTe na???th ?iioeuen?a ?oa?iiaiai eaca?a a
i?eiiaa?oiaa?e iaeano? (12-15 ii) iine?aeiaii: ooai?th?oueny caaaa/aiee
Te oa? (c-ca aeenioe?aoe?? niieoee ? aeoiaeo Cd a aoiinoa?o);
a?aeaoaa?oueny aaia?aoe?y a oe?e iaeano? aeaoaeo?a, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
aeieeiaiiy iai?oaeaiue e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee (?c na?aaei?i cia/aiiyi,
ioe?iaiei ii aeiaaioaeeueiaiio cnoao e?i?? I1 IOE, 0.06 eaa?); c?inoa?
aonoeia oaioe/ii ?icoaoiaaieo ia iiaa?oi? yiie o?aaeaiiy, iia’ycaieo ?c
iaoii?yaeeiaaieie a n?oeo aeeneieaoe?yie ? i?aoeei?oaoaie; i?e
aeinyaiaii? e?eoe/ii? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy ? iaeiie/aii? i?oaeieo
iai?oaeaiue, ui ia?aaeuothoue ii??a ieanoe/iino? iaoa??aeo,
ooai?th?oueny aeeneieaoe?eia n?oea c ?ic?yaeaeaiiyi iaeiie/aieo
iai?oaeaiue (i?i ui na?ae/eoue iiaa?iaiiy niaeo?aeueiiai iieiaeaiiy
e?i?? I1 aei aeo?aeiiai); i?e oeueiio niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy /ano
aeeooy oioiiin??a aiane?aeie ?inoo eiioeaio?aoe?? aacaei?ii?ithaaeueieo
oeaio??a ?aeiia?iaoe??.

I?e ?iioeueniiio eaca?iiio caoaeaeaii? ia aeaeo?io?ce/i?, oioiaeaeo?e/i?
aeanoeaino? ? no?oeoo?o p-CdTe ?noioii aieeaa? eaca?ii-?iaeoeiaaia
oaea?ia oaeey, cie?aia, niinoa??aa?oueny ia??aiiaaaeia i?ia?aei?noue,
iia’ycaia c ?ii?caoe??th oaea?iith oaeeath aeii?oeiaeo oeaio??a,
aecia/aii /an ?aeaenaoe?? oeueiai i?ioeano (160 ien). ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
aonoeie iiooaeiino? eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeyaeai? ca?eueoaiiy
aonoeie aeeneieaoe?e, ca?eueoaiiy caeeoeiaiai iii?o c?ace?a, iaoiiaeaia
i?ioeanaie aaoa?oaaiiy ia aeeneieaoe?? ae??aii? aeii?oee, a oaeiae iiyaa
a niaeo?? IOE nioae l=840 ii, iia’ycaii? c ?aeiia?iaoe??th iin??a c
o/anoth i?ioyaeieo aeaoaeo?a.

A CdTe:Mn i?e eaaoaaii? ?ic/eiii c eiioeaio?aoe?yie eaaoth/i? aeii?oee
NMn> >1019 ni-3 niinoa??aa?oueny eiiaa?n?y oeio i?ia?aeiino? n(?.
Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci, ui iia’yco?oueny i?e ?ino? eiioeaio?aoe?? Mn c
i?ioeanaie eiai i?aoeei?oaoe?? ? (aai) anioe?aoe??.

Aei??thaaiiyie niaeo??a oioiethi?ianoeaioe?? i?e 77 E a Cd1-xMnxTe (o < 0.1) aecia/aia caeaaei?noue oe?eie caai?iiaii? ciie a?ae neeaaeo. Aeyaeaii ? a caeaaeiino? a?ae neeaaeo aecia/aii aia?a?? ??ai?a aeoeaioi?ieo aeaoaeo?a; i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee o c?noaaeaii? c p-CdTe aiae?c ?o o?ceei-o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee. Aeyaeaii ?noioia ca?eueoaiiy oioi/ooeeaino? ? ci?io oa?aeoa?o niaeo??a OI aenieiiiieo e?enoae?a ZnSe c ?inoii aeice ia?aciiainiiai (a iaeano? i?ici?ino? iaoa??aeo) eaca?iiai caoaeaeaiiy, iaoiiaeaia ia?a?iciiae?eii oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a o i?eiiaa?oiaaiio (» 3 iei) oa??. A nueiiiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny oioiaeaeo?iii? i?ioeane ? eaca?ii-noeioeueiaaia ia?aoai?aiiy no?oeoo?e iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa??a CdTe ? ai?oaen?eieo iie?e?enoae?/ieo ie?aie E?O ia aeueoa?iaoeaieo i?aeeeaaeeao. Ia niaeo?e, EAO ? e?iaoeeo OI iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa??a NdTe ia n?oaeiaeo ? naio??iaeo i?aeeeaaeeao ?noioii aieeaathoue ?ici??e ca?ai, ui iiynith?oueny ??ciei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo iioie?a a ia’?i? ca?ai ? ia i?aeca?aiieo a?aieoeyo. Aeyaeaii eaca?ii-aeoeaiaaia ca?eueoaiiy oioi/ooeeaino? ae??aii- ? e?oiiica?ienoeo iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa??a CdTe, iia’ycaia, cie?aia, c ooai?aiiyi ia iiaa?oi? oiiei? ie?aee Te (a ?acoeueoao? aeenioe?aoe?? niieoee ? aeoiaeo Cd a aoiinoa?o) ? aeieeiaiiy iioaioe?eieo aa?'???a aeey ?aeiia?iaoe?? iin??a, a oaeiae noeioeueiaaiei eaca?ii?iaeoeiaaieie iaoai?/ieie iai?oaeaiiyie aeoiaeii ?c i?aeca?aiieo a?aieoeue ae??aieo aeiii??a (ii aeaieo iaea-aeaeo?iiiiai aiae?co ( In, Cl), ui ? oeaio?aie i?eeeiaiiy, ye? aeiaeaoeiai eiiiainothoue r-oeaio?e /ooeeaino?. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie iaea-niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co i?e iioa?iaiio no?aaethaaii? e?oiiica?ienoeo ? iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa??a CdTe aeyaeai? a i?aeca?aiieo a?aieoeyo i?aeaeuaiee ai?no Cd, o ciai?oi?e iaieiioe? ca?ai (oiaueiith » 3 iei) i?aeaeuaiee ai?no Te, o ca?iao - CdTe ?c neeaaeii aeecueeei aei noao?iiao?e/iiai. I?ney ii?ii?iaiiy eaca?ieie ?iioeuenaie a?eyii?iaiaith aonoeiith ia iiaa?oi? oa?o niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo Te, iiyaa aoaeaoeth, /anoeiaa a?ic?y iaoa??aeo. Iie?e?enoae?/i? oa?e E?O ia aeueoa?iaoeaieo i?aeeeaaeeao Al2O3 ? GaAs (c aeei?enoaiiyi iie?e?enoae?/iiai i?ioa?eo CdTe o yeino? aooa?iiai) i?e 300 E iathoue aenieo oioi/ooeea?noue o niaeo?aeueieo ae?aiaciiao, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue neeaaeo ca?ai; oea ?iaeoue ia?niaeoeaiei ?o aeei?enoaiiy i?e noai?aii? iaei?ia?oe?eieo i?eeia/?a ?*-aei?ii?ithaaiiy, i?aoethth/eo i?e e?iiaoieo oaiia?aoo?ao. O iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa?ao E?O ia naio??? niinoa??aathoueny ?icoiaeaeaiiy o oi?i? niaeo??a ? EAO OI i?e ina?oeaii? c aieo i?aeeeaaeee ? oa?o, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i a?eueo aeineiiaeo no?oeoo?o iaeano?, ui i?eeyaa? aei i?aeeeaaeee, c aeii?ioth/ei o ?aeiia?iaoe?? i?aeciiiei oaea?iei iaoai?ciii. I?e ina?oeaii? no?oeoo? Al2O3-E?O, GaAs-E?O c aieo oa?o E?O niinoa??aa?oueny iao?ea?aeueiee o?ae EAO OI ? oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae /an?a aeeooy a iaeano? aeii?oeiai? i?ia?aeiino?, ui iiynith?oueny iiaeaeeth ?iaeaeoe?eii-aeoeaieo aeeth/aiue (i?aeca?aiieo a?aieoeue). I?iaaaeaii aiae?c OI iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa??a CdTe ? E?O c o?aooaaiiyi ?ici???a ca?ai, eiieo?aioe?? ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo eaiae?a a ia’?i? ? ia a?aieoeyo ca?ai (?c caeo/aiiyi iiaeae? iioe/iiai ia?aca?yaeaeaiiy ? ia?aeeth/aiiy ?aeiia?iaoe?eiiai iioieo a ia’?i ca?ia ia oioi/ooeeaee r-eaiae i?e ca?eueoaii? ?ioaineaiino? caoaeaeaiiy), aieeao iniaeeainoae i?io?eaiiy oieo /a?ac i?aeca?aii? aa?'??e i?e ciaioaii? ?o aenioe i?e oioiaeaeo?iii?e ca?yaeia?e iaeo?ae?caoe?? aeiii?ieo t-??ai?a ? ?i.. AENIIAEE Noai?aiiy no/anii? aeaiaioii? aace ?*-iioiaeaeo?iiiiai i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy c aenieeie ooieoe?iiaeueieie ia?aiao?aie ( nooo?ai i?aeaeuaiith oioi/ooeea?noth, iecueeei ??aiai aeanieo ooi?a, iaeith ?ia?oe?ei?noth, iioeiaeueieie niaeo?aeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, aeaa?aaeaoe?eiith no?ee?noth, onoaeai?noth aei ciai?oi?o aieea?a, i?eaeaoi?noth aeey ?iaioe a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao ? ?i. iio?aao? iiooeo oeyo?a iie?auaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo iaoa??ae?a, aeei?enoaiiy aeey oeeo oe?eae nenoaie aeaoaeo?a, ye aoaeoeaiiai caniao ni?yiiaaii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? ?o ia?aiao??a, aea/aiiy i?ioean?a i?e?iaeiiai ? noeioeueiaaiiai ciai?oi?ie iieyie ??cii? o?ce/ii? i?e?iaee ia?aoai?aiiy nenoaie aeaoaeo?a, ?o aieeao ia ooieoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e iaoa??ae?a. Iayai? a oeueiio iai?yieo ?iaioe iaee ?ic??ciaiee oa?aeoa?, aeeiioaaeeny, ye i?aaeei, ii aea/aiith ie?aieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo i?e ie?aieo aeaeao ? (aai) ?aaeeiao ciai?oi?o aieea?a, aac o?aooaaiiy aeanoeai? ??ciei eaai?aoi??yi niaoeeo?ee ?inoiaeo ? i?ney?inoiaeo oaoiieia?e, ui i?ecaiaeeei aei ??ciiai aeo?aeiiai noaio aeaoaeoii? nenoaie e?enoae?a, a a?aeiia?aeii aei iaiaeiicia/iiai o?aeooaaiiy i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue (noai ieoaiiy ii eiaei?e ?c ?ic?iaethaaieo i?iaeai a?aeaeoi a iaeyaeiaeo /anoeiao a?aeiia?aeieo ?icae?e?a). Oe? ianoaaeie ia aeicaieyee noi?ioethaaoe ocaaaeueithth/? aeniiaee ii no?oeoo?ii-caeaaeieo aeanoeainoyo iaoa??ae?a, iaae?eii aea?aoe oeyoe ?o ni?yiiaaii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? i?e ciai?oi?o aieeaao. Iinoaiiaea aeine?aeieoeueeeo caaea/ aeiaaaea aea/aiiy e ocaaaeueiaiiy iayaiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ianeao e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo, cie?aia, ii iaoai?ciao ?aeiia?iaoe?? a aocueeiu?eeiieo iai?ai?ia?aeieeao; o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ieo aniaeoao ooai?aiiy i?ioyaeieo aeaoaeo?a o e?enoaeao E?O, iaoiaeao ?o aeyaeaiiy, aeaeo?iiieo ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoyo iaiaeii??aeieo e?enoae?a; iaoiaeao iaea?aeaiiy e ia?iaee, aeaeo?e/ieo, iioe/ieo ? oioiaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoyo ia?ioacieo ai?oaen?eieo oa??a, o o. /. aa??ciiieo; i?ioeanao i?e?iaeiiai ? noeioeueiaaiiai ??cieie ciai?oi?ie o?ce/ieie iieyie ia?aoai?aiiy aeaoaeoii? nenoaie, aeaeo?e/ieo ? oioiaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoyo e?enoae?a E?O, CdTe; aeaeo?e/ieo ? oioiaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoyo iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa??a CdTe ? E?O ia aeueoa?iaoeaieo i?aeeeaaeeao. Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ canoiniaoaaany eiiieaeniee iaoiae aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? oai?aoe/ieo (aeeth/ath/e iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy) aeine?aeaeaiue aeaeo?iiieo ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo ia?aiao??a e?enoae?a, no?oeoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (?ano?iaa aeaeo?iiia i?e?ineii?y, ?aioaaii-niaeo?aeueiee ? iaea-aeaeo?iiiee aiae?c, aeaeo?ii-iiceo?iiia ai?a?eyoe?y e ?i.) iaoa??aeo ??ciiai aeo?aeiiai nooiaiy aeaoaeoiino? a oiiaao eiai i?e?iaeii? aeaa?aaeaoe??, aieeao ia iueiai ciai?oi?o o?ce/ieo iie?a ?c ??cieie iaoai?ciaie ?o aca?iiae?? c ?a/iaeiith (g-, oeueo?acaoeia?, ?iioeueni? eaca?i?, oaea?i? oaee?, oaieia?, aeaeo?e/i?) o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ?o ia?aiao??a ? ?aaeei?a. ?o eiiieaenia canoinoaaiiy aeicaieeei iaea?aeaoe iia? iaoeia? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, i?aeaeueoe aeinoia??i?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo iiaeaeae, a oaeiae iaae?ei?noue ?acoeueoao?a ? aeniiae?a. Ine?eueee o aeniiaeao aei eiaeiiai ?icae?eo iaaaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ooo oi?ioeththoueny o?eueee iaea?eueo aaaeeea? ?acoeueoaoe ocaaaeueithth/iai oa?aeoa?o a?aeiia?aeii aei iaaaaeaieo o caaaeuei?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? iniiaieo caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiue. 1. O e?enoaeao E?O ?c ?inoiaeie ? aaaaeaieie iaoai?/ieie ii?ooaiiyie i?ioyaeieie aeaoaeoaie aeyaeaii i?ioean aeaa?aaeaoe??, iia'ycaiee c aaoa?oaaiiyi ?ooo? i?ioyaeieie aeaoaeoaie e ooai?aiiyi iane/aieo ?ooooth aocueeiu?eeiieo ?aeiia?iaoe?eii-aeoeaieo iaeanoae. 2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o?ainoi?iaoe?y oioiaeaeo?iiieo oa?aeoa?enoee e?enoae?a E?O c oioiaeoeaieie aeeth/aiiyie aecia/a?oueny ia?aiao?aie ?aeiia?iaoe?eii? aeoeaiino? ? (aai) aoaeoeaieie aaiiao?e/ieie ?aeiia?iaoe?eieie ?ici??aie aeeth/aiue, ui ci?iththoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, niaeo?o ? ??aiy caoaeaeaiiy. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c OI oaeeo e?enoae?a i?e aa??aoe?? ia?aiao??a iao?eoe? ? aeeth/aiue. 3. Noeioeueiaaia ciai?oi?ie aieeaaie noaa?eueia aai iaoanoaa?eueia ci?ia oioiaeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a E?O (o=0.2) iaoiiaeaia ci?iith ia?aiao??a aeii?ioth/iai ?aeiia?iaoe?eiiai i?ioeano, aai eiai ia?aeeth/aiiyi ia ?ioee eiieo?oth/ee ?aeiia?iaoe?eiee iaoai?ci. Oea iia'ycaii c? ci?iith eiioeaio?aoe?? aeanieo ? (aai) aeii?oeiaeo oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a, ui aecia/athoue ?aeiia?iaoe?ei? ia?aiao?e e?enoaea, ca ?aooiie ?o aaia?aoe?? a ia’?i? ? (aai) ?iaeaeoe?? c aeaea?ae (aeeneieaoe??, iaeieooia? a?aieoe? ? ?i.) ? ianooiii? aca?iiae?? c ?inoiaeie ? aaaaeaieie ciai?oi?ie aieeaaie i?ioyaeieie aeaoaeoaie, a oaeiae oi?ioaaiiyi oioiaeoeaieo aeeth/aiue, ? caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaeo (?iioeuenia eaca?ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy, g-aei?ii?ithaaiiy, iaoai?/i? ii?ooaiiy, oaea?i? oaee?, iecueeioaiia?aoo?ia oeueo?acaoeiaa caoaeaeaiiy ? ?i.) ? oiia (?ioaineai?noue, aeica, aia?a?y, oaiia?aoo?a ? ?i.) ciai?oi?o aieea?a. 4. Aoaeoeai?noue aeaeo?iiieueiai? aeno?aeoe?? IIC a iaeano? neeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a o e?enoaeao E?O n-oeio caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaith a?iiey?iino? OI ? ??cei iaaea? c ?? ciaioaiiyi, oea iia'ycaii c caoiieaiiyi iainiiaieo iin??a (ae??ie), ui aeoyaathoueny, ia oeaio?e ?aeiia?iaoe??; o e?enoaeao ?c a?iiey?iith OI p-oeio aeno?aeoe?y IIC ?aae?co?oueny i?e ?noioii iaioeo aeaeo?e/ieo iieyo, /ei o e?enoaeao n-oeio, ui iaoiiaeaii a?eueo aenieith ?ooeea?noth iainiiaieo iin??a ca?yaeo (aeaeo?ii?a). 5. Ciaioaiiy oioi/ooeeaino? a na?aaeiueioaeeueiaiio niaeo?aeueiiio ae?aiacii? oe?ieinioaiaeo aa??ciiieo oioi?acenoeaieo ai?oaen?eieo no?oeoo? CdTe/E?O iaoiiaeaii iayai?noth aeaoaeoiiai i?ioa?eo a iaeano? iaoaeo?a?eii? a?aieoe?, iia'ycaiiai c ??cieoeath no?oeoo?ieo ? o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?aeeeaaeee ? oa?o. Aeyaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioaa?aeueii? oioi/ooeeaino? ai?oaen?eieo aa??ciiieo oa??a E?O i?e aaaaeaii? a i?aeeeaaeeo CdTe o aecia/aieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo ?ciaaeaioii? aeii?oee iaoaeo c iaioei aoiiiei ?aae?onii (Mn, Zn), a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy ?o oioi/ooeeaino? a niaeo?aeueiiio ae?aiacii?, ui a?aeiia?aea? iaeano? iaoaeo?a?eii? a?aieoe? i?e aaaaeaii? Mn, ui iiynith?oueny a?eueo oi/iei ocaiaeaeaiiyi ia?aiao??a eiioaeooth/eo iaoa??ae?a, i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy noao?iiao??? a oa??. 6. I?e iaiinaeoiaeiiio ?iioeueniiio eaca?iiio caoaeaeaii? ai?oaen?eieo oa??a E?O ? e?enoae?a CdTe ia?aoai?aiiy nenoaie aeaoaeo?a, aeaeo?iiieo ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoae a oa?? ia aeeaei?, ui ia?aaeuo? aeeaeio iiaeeiaiiy eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? oaieiai? aeeooc??, aeeeeeaii ia?aaaaeiith ae??th eaca?ii-?iaeoeiaaieo oaea?ieo oaeeue ? iia'ycaii c ia?a?iciiae?eii oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a i?ae iao?eoeath ? ?inoiaeie ? (aai) aaaaeaieie i?ioyaeieie aeaoaeoaie. 7. Noeioeueiaaia aeayeeie aeaeaie ciai?oi?o aieea?a (a?aeiaee (o aaeooi?, ia?ao Cd, o Ga), iaoai?/i? ii?ooaiiy (oe?oiaea, ?iaeaiooaaiiy), aieea eaca?ieie ?iioeuenaie ? ?iaeoeiaaieie ieie oaea?ieie oaeeyie) ia?aoai?aiiy aeaeo?iiieo ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a CdTe iaoiiaeaii i?ioeanaie aaia?aoe?? ? aca?iiae?? aeanieo oi/eiaeo ? i?ioyaeieo aeaoaeo?a, ia?aoiaeaie caeeoeiai? aeii?oee iaoae?a I-i? a?oie i?ae aoceaie ? i?aeaoceyie ?c ci?iith ?o aeaeo?iiieo ? ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae, a oaeiae i?ioeanaie ?o aaoa?oaaiiy oi?iiooai?thth/eie iiaa?oiyie ? aioo??oi?ie noieaie c iaioeie /anaie ?o i?io?eaiiy a e?enoaeao p-oeio a ii??aiyii? c n-oeiii. 8. A iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa?ao CdTe, E?O ia aeueoa?iaoeaieo i?aeeeaaeeao (Al2O3, GaAs) ?noioiee aieea ia i?ioeane oioii?ia?aeiino? iathoue aaiiao?e/i? ?ici??e ca?ai, aaia?aoe?iii-?aeiia?iaoe?ei? ia?aiao?e ca?ai ? i?aeca?aiieo a?aieoeue, a i?e ciai?oi?o aieeaao (?iioeuenia eaca?ia caoaeaeaiiy) ( ia?a?iciiae?e oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a i?ae ieie, ui aecia/athoue eiieo?aioicaeaoi?noue ? ia?aiao?e ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo iioie?a a ia’?i? ? ia a?aieoeyo ca?ai, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae oaiia?aoo?e ? ??aiy caoaeaeaiiy. 9. Ia iniia? aa??ciiieo oa??a E?O ?c iioaioe?eieie aa?'??aie io?eiai? oioi/ooeea? a iaeano? 2-14 iei i?e 77E oe?ieinioaia? ? naeaeoeai? (iaeii- ? aeainioaia?) oioi?acenoeai? ? iaei?ia?oe?ei? (f(600 IAoe) oioiaieueoa?/i? (o o. /. c ?iaa?n??th ciaeo oioia?n) aeaiaioe. Io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe?? iia? ?acoeueoaoe aaaeeea? aeey iaoee ? ae?iaieoeoaa. O iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?o ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe? o?ce/ieo ? o?ceei-oaoiieia?/ieo i?iaeai aca?iiae?? oaa?aeiai o?ea c iieyie ??cii? o?ce/ii? i?e?iaee, o?i?/ii neeaaeieo, o ia?oo /a?ao aocueeiu?eeiieo iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a, oioi- ? iioiaeaeo?ii?ee. O eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/i?e ? ae?iaie/?e i?aeoeoe? ?o ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe i?e: ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?/ieo i?iaeai ni?yiiaaii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? iaoa??aeo (o o. /. ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?aae?aoe?eieo aei?ii?ithaaiue, oeueo?acaoeo, ?iioeueniiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? ?iaeoeiaaieo iei oaea?ieo oaeeue, oa?i?/ieo a?aeiae?a) ( aeey caaea/ ?*-iai?ai?ia?aeieeiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa; anoaiiaeaii? aeii?ioth/eo i?ioean?a i?e?iaeii? ? noeioeueiaaii? ciai?oi?ie aieeaaie aeaa?aaeaoe?? iaoa??ae?a ? no?oeoo?, anoaiiaeaii? iniaeeainoae ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy a ??cieo oiiaao (o o. /. o ?aaeeiao neeueieo ? neaaeo ??ai?a caoaeaeaiiy, aenieeo aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a ci?uaiiy, oiiaao iaoanoaa?eueiiai aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy), noai?aii? iiai? no?eei? aei ciai?oi?o aieea?a aeaiaioii? aace (cie?aia, aaaaoiaeaiaioieo oieaeueieo ieiuei, iaaea?aoie, SPRITE-aeaiaio?a, aeaiaio?a iae?enoi?ii? oaoi?ee, aa??ciiieo no?oeoo?) ( aeey caaea/ ?*-iioiaeaeo?iiiiai i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy; noai?aii? iiaeo ia?oeioth/eo iaoiae?a eiio?ieth aeaoaeoii? nenoaie ? ia?aiao??a iaoa??ae?a ? no?oeoo? ( aeey caaea/ aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ? na?oeo?eaoe?? o ae?iaieoeoa?. O ia?oo /a?ao i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia i?aei?e?inoaao ? a i?aai?caoe?yo aeaeo?iiii? i?iieneiaino? ? ae?iaieoeoaa iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo iaoa??ae?a, ui caeiathoueny i?iaeaiaie ?*-iioiaeaeo?iiiiai i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy, iaoa??aeiciaanoaa, eiio?ieth ? na?oeo?eaoe?? aocueeiu?eeiieo iaoa??ae?a. Oeueiio ni?ey? oa ianoaaeia, ui a?eueo?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ia? e?euee?niee oa?aeoa? ? a?aeaeoi a aeena?oaoe?? eiie?aoieie /enaeueieie cia/aiiyie, o o. /. o aeaeyae? oaaeeoeue, a?ao?e?a, a oaeiae iaoaiaoe/ieo ae?ac?a ? ai?ieneiaoe?eieo caeaaeiinoae. Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny eiiieaeni?noth i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aenieei i?aeia?iaeiei ?aeoeiaii ? impact-/eiieeii iaoeiaeo aeaeaiue, o yeeo iioae?eiaai? iniiai? ?iaioe c oaie aeena?oaoe??, caei?aeiiieo (“Semicond. Sci. and Technol.”, “OOI”, Ecaanoey ?AI “Iai?aaie/aneea iaoa?eaeu”, “Iiaa?oiinoue”, ca??ieee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue IEEE, SPIE ? ?i.) ? aeaeaiue Oe?a?ie (“OOAE”, “Iioiyeaeo?iieea e iieoi?iaiaeieeiaay oaoieea”, “Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics and Optoelectronics”), a oaeiae oe?ieith ai?iaaoe??th iaoa??ae?a ?iaioe ia eiioa?aioe?yo, o o. /. i?aeia?iaeieo (i?eaaaeaii o caaaeuei?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? ?iaioe). Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a ?iaioao: 1. Aeanaiei A. E., Ai?aoiia A. A., Etha/aiei A. A. Aeeyiea (-iaeo/aiey ia yeaeo?ioece/aneea e oioiyeaeo?e/aneea naienoaa e?enoaeeia CdoHg1-oTe// Oe?aeineee oece/aneee aeo?iae.- 1984.- O. 29, ?3.- N.423-428. 2. Aeaooy? E. ss., Aeaooy? I. E., Aeyeei A. A., Caeoia O. A., Aeanaiei A. E., Eeooi?iae/ N. I., Etha/aiei A. A., Naoa?iaa N. A., Neeaioueaa A. E., Oaae/aiei ?. A. Iiceo?iiiay aiieaeeyoeey a iaeo/aiiuo e?enoaeeao CdHgTe// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1984.- O. 18, ?11.- N.1970-1974. 3. Aiaothe A. A., Aeanaiei A. E., Ae?ocue A. E., Eoeueyiaiei A. E., Iicieue I. A., Noea/ A. A. Iniaaiiinoe eaca?iie ia?aaioee yieoaeneaeueiuo neiaa CdoHg1-oTe// Iai?aaie/aneea iaoa?eaeu.- 1992.- O. 28, ?12.- N.2399-2403. 4. Aaeaeoeeaaaa A., Aeaoeaoio?aoia A. E., Aeanaiei A. E., Aiaothe A. A., Iicieue I. A. Oioiyeaeo?e/aneea naienoaa ieaiie oaeeo?eaea eaaeiey, iiaeaa?aioouo eaca?iiio iaeo/aieth// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1993.- O. 27, ?1.- N.56-59. 5. A?oaiiiia A. A., Aaeaeoeeaaaa A., Aaeyaa N. A., Aeanaiei A. E., Aiaothe A. A., Iicieue I. A. Aeeyiea eaca?iiai iaeo/aiey ia oece/aneea naienoaa aunieiiiiuo e?enoaeeia ZnSe// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1993.- O. 27, ?2.- N.228-233. 6. Aaaaioeia A. I., Aeanaiei A. E., Ni/eineee I. A., Oa?aaaa I. E. Aeeyiea aaeeey ia niaeo?u ieceioaiia?aoo?iie oioiethieianoeaioeee oaeeo?eaea eaaeiey i?e aeeoooceiiiii eaae?iaaiee// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1993.- O. 27, ?10.- N.1599-1604. 7. Aaaaioeia A. I., Aaeaeoeeaaaa A., Aeanaiei A. E., Ai?aaiue N. E., Aeaoeaoio?aoia A. E., Iicieue I. A. Iaoaieciu ia?aciaaiey ia?ooaiiiai neiy a p-CdTe iiae aeaenoaeai eaca?iuo eiioeuenia iaiinaeoiaeiie aeeeoaeueiinoe// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1993.- O. 27, ?10.- N.1618-1623. 8. Iicieue I. A., Aiaothe A. A., Noea/ A. A., Aeanaiei A. E., Eiieoeineay A. I., Eoeueyiaiei A. E. Aeeyiea iniaaiiinoae no?oeoo?u yieoaeneaeueiuo neiaa CdoHg1-oTe ia yeaeo?e/aneea e oioiyeaeo?e/aneea naienoaa i?e eaca?iii iaeo/aiee// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1993.- O. 27, ?11/12.- N.1820-1829. 9. Babentsov V. N., Vlasenko A. I., Tarbaev N. I. Luminescence profiling - a diagnostics method for impurities - defects system in semiconductor materials// Proc. SPIE. “Optical Diagnostics of Materials and Devises for Opto-, Micro-, and Quantum Electronics’’. - 1993.- V. 2113.- P.104-110. 10. Aeanaiei A. E., Aiaothe A. A., Eiieoeineay A. I., Eeaaeueei A. I., E?uooaa O. A., Eoeueyiaiei A. E., Iicieue I. A., Noea/ A. A. Eciaiaiey no?oeoo?u e ii?oieiaee iiaa?oiinoe yieoaeneaeueiuo neiaa CdoHg1-oTe i?e iaiinaeoiaeiii eaca?iii iaeo/aiee// Iiaa?oiinoue.- 1994.- ?2.- N.60-66. 11. Aeanaiei A. E., Etha/aiei A. A. Yooaeo auoyaeaaiey iainiiaiuo iineoaeae a oioi?acenoeaiuo e?enoaeeao CdoHg1-oTe n ?acee/iui oeiii i?iaiaeeiinoe// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1994.- O. 28, ?7.- N.1219-1222. 12. Aeanaiei A. E., Aiaothe A. A., Eiieoeineay A. I., Eoeueyiaiei A. E., Iicieue I. A., Noea/ A. A. Oioiyeaeo?e/aneea naienoaa iieee?enoaeee/aneeo neiaa CdoHg1-oTe ia naioe?a// Iai?aaie/aneea iaoa?eaeu.-1995.- O. 31, ?10.- N.1335-1337. 13. Aaaaioeia A. I., Aeanaiei A. E., Oa?aaaa I. E. O?ainoi?iaoeey nenoaiu aeaoaeoia ii oieueia ieanoeiu CdTe i?e aeeoooceiiiii eaae?iaaiee aaeeeai// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1995.- O. 29, ?2.- N.328-334. 14. Aaaaioeia A. I., Aeanaiei A. E., Oa?aaaa I. E. Yaiethoeey i?eianii-aeaoaeoiie nenoaiu iaeaae?iaaiiiai CdTe n- e p- oeia i?e eiiiaoiie oaiia?aoo?a// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1995.- O. 29, ?9.- N.1563-1569. 15. Mozol’ P. E, Borsch V. V., Gnatyuk V. A., Kopishynskaya E. P. and Vlasenko A. I. Photoelectrical properties of CdoHg1-oTe epitaxial layers irradiated by nanosecond laser pulses// Semicond. Sci. Technol.- 1995.- V.10, ?1- P.61-64. 16. Babentsov V. N., Kletskii S. V., Kopishynskaya E. P., Rudoy I. A., Vlasenko A. I. Complex defects generated in VPE HgCdTe/CdTe heterostructures during growth and laser annealing// “Heterostructures in Science and Technology’’.- W(rzburg.- 1995.- P.74-75. 17. Vlasenko A., Babentsov V., Rudoy I., Vlasenko Z. 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Aeoeaioi?u a Cd1-xMnxTe (x<0,1)// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1997.- O. 31, ?8.- N.1017-1020. 26. Aeanaiei A. E., Aeanaiei C. E., Etha/aiei A. A. Yeno?aeoeey iineoaeae ca?yaea a iieoi?iaiaeieeao n iiiiiiey?iie eiiiiiaioie oioii?iaiaeeiinoe// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1997.- O. 31, ?11.- N.1323-1326. 27. Aeanaiei A. E. Niaeo?aeueiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea oioi/oanoaeoaeueiinoe aa?eciiiuo p-n-p-no?oeoo? CdoHg1-oTe// Iioiyeaeo?iieea e iieoi?iaiaeieeiaay oaoieea.- 1996.- ?31.- N.191-194. 28. Aeanaiei A. E., Aiaothe A. A., Eiieoeineay A. I., Iicieue I. A. Aeeyiea eaca?iiai iaeo/aiey ia oioii?iaiaeeiinoue e ooiu a iiiie?enoaeeao n- CdoHg1-oTe //Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1997.- O.31, ?7.-N.820-822. 29. Aaeaeoeeaaaa A., Aeanaiei A. E., Iicieue I. A. Aeeyiea ?acee/iuo aeaeia ia?aaioee iiaa?oiinoe ia oioiyeaeo?e/aneea e iioe/aneea naienoaa CdTe//Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1997.- O.31, ?12.-N.1428-1430. 30. Gnatyuk V. A., Baidullaeva A., Vlasenko A. I. and Mozol’ P. E. Defect formation in ZnSe optical components of laser devices//Defect Recognition and Image Processing in Semiconductors.- Bristol (UK): Institute of Phys. Conf. Ser. ? 160. -1997.- P.421-424. 31. Aeanaiei I. ?. Aeoyaoaaiiy aeaeo?e/iei iieai iainiiaieo iin??a o CdHgTe (0,1 aA) i?e iiaa?oiaaiio caoaeaeaii?// Oe?a?inueeee o?ce/iee aeo?iae .- 1997.- O.42, ?6.- N.748-750. 32. Aeanaiei I. ?. Aca?iiae?y iaoai?ci?a i?aeciiii? ?aeiia?iaoe?? a oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiao CdHgTe a iaeano? aeii?oeiai? i?ia?aeiino?// Oe?a?inueeee o?ce/iee aeo?iae .- 1997.- O.42, ?7.- N.856-860. 33. Vlasenko O. I., Babentsov V. N., Vlasenko Z. K., Kremenitskiy V. V., Ponedilok A. V., Rudoy I. A. CdoMn1-oTe/CdyHg1-yTe heterostructures: structure and optical properties//Proc. of SPIE. «Optical Diagnostics of Materials and Devices for Opto-, Micro-, and Quantum Electronics».- 1997.- V. 3359.- P. 449-453. 34. Olikh Ya. M., Savkina R. K., Vlasenko O. I. Investigation of acoustostimulated changes of the electrical and photoelectrical properties of CdoHg1-oTe (x=0,2) crystals//Proc. of SPIE. «Optical Diagnostics of Materials and Devices for Opto-, Micro-, and Quantum Electronics».- 1997.- V. 3359.- P. 232-235. 35. Eo?eei ?. A., ?oaeee ?. I., Aeanaiei I. ?. I?oaei? aeanoeaino? ? aeaoaeoe aaoa?ino?oeoo? CdHgTe/CdTe//Oe?a?inueeee o?ce/iee aeo?iae.- 1998.- O.43, ?2.- N.207-212. 36. Gnatyuk V. A., Vlasenko O. I., Mozol P. E., Gorodnychenko O. S. Role of laser-induced stress and shok waves in modification of the photoconductivity of CdoHg1-oTe films //Semicond. Sci. and Technol.- V.13.-?11.-1998.- PP.1298-1303. 37. Gnatyuk V. A., Gorodnychenko O. S., Mozol P. E., Ponedilok A. V., Vlasenko  O. I. Photoelectric properties of polycrystalline CdoHg1-oTe film grown on alternative substrates //Semicond. Sci. and Technology.- V.13.-?11.-1998.- PP.1304-1308. 38. Vlasenko O. I., Babentsov V. M., Vlasenko Z. K., Ponedilok A. V., Kurilo I. V., Rudyj I. O., Kremenitskiy V. V. Distribbution of components in epitaxial graded band gap heterostrucrures Cd(Mn,Zn)Te - Cd(Mn,Zn)HgTe and their photoelectrical properties // Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics and Optoelectronics.- 1998.- V.1, ?1.- P.75-81. 39. Aeanaiei A. E., Aeanaiei C. E., Etha/aiei A. A. Niaeo?u oioii?iaiaeeiinoe e?enoaeeia CdHgTe n oioiaeoeaiuie aeeth/aieyie// Oeceea e oaoieea iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- 1999.-O.33, ?1.- N. 47-51. Aiioaoe?y Aeanaiei I. ?. Oioiaeaeo?iii? i?ioeane a oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiao ia iniia? oaeo?eae?a eaaei?th, ?ooo? a oiiaao i?e?iaeii? ? noeioeueiaaii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeaoaeoii? nenoaie.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.10 - o?ceea iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a ? ae?aeaeo?ee?a. - ?inoeooo o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. A e?enoaeao CdHgTe aecia/aii e?euee?ni? oiiae eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? iaoai?ci?a ?aeiia?iaoe??, aeine?aeaeaii ?o aieea ia aeaeo?iiieueiao aeno?aeoe?th iin??a. Aeine?aeaeaii oioii?ia?aei?noue a e?enoaeao c oioiaeoeaieie aeeth/aiiyie. Aeyaeaii iaoai?ci aeaa?aaeaoe??, iia’ycaiee c ooai?aiiyi iane/aieo ?ooooth aocueeiu?eeiieo ?aeiia?iaoe?eii aeoeaieo iaeanoae. Aea/aii noeioeueiaai? ciai?oi?ie ae?yie i?ioeane noaa?eueiiai ? iaoanoaa?eueiiai aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy ? iaoai?cie ia?aoai?aiue aeaeo?iiieo ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoae a ia’?iieo e?enoaeao; a ai?oaen?eieo aa??ciiieo no?oeoo?ao, a o. /. a i?aeeeaaeoe?, iaoaeo?a?ei?e a?aieoe? ? ia?iuaiiio oa??; a iie?e?enoae?/ieo oa?ao ia aeueoa?iaoeaieo i?aeeeaaeeao c o?aooaaiiyi aca?iiae?? nenoai aeaoaeo?a ? oioiaeaeo?iiieo i?ioean?a a ca?iao ? ia ?o iaaeao, a o. /. a aooa?ieo oa?ao CdTe. Eeth/ia? neiaa: CdHgTe, CdTe, oioii?ia?aei?noue, ?aeiia?iaoe?y, aeaeo?iiieueiaa aeno?aeoe?y, oioiaeoeai? aeeth/aiiy, aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy, aa??ciii? oa?e, iaoaeo?a?eia a?aieoey, iie?e?enoae?/i? oa?e. Abstract Vlasenko O. I. Photo-electronic processes in the solid solutions on the base of cadmium, mercury tellurides in the conditions of natural and stimulated transformations of defect system.- Manuscript. Thesis for a doctor of sciences degree of physical-mathematical sciences by speciality 01.04.10 – physics of semiconductors and insulators.- The Institute of Semiconductor Physics, NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. In CdHgTe crystals the quantitative conditions of competitiveness of the recombination mechanisms were determined, their influence on electrical-field extraction of carriers was investigated. The photo-conductivity in crystals with photo-active inclusions was investigated. The mechanism of the degradation was discovered, connected with formation of saturated by the mercury of the narrow-gap recombination active areas. The processes of the stimulated by external influences of the stable and metastable defect formation were investigated, as well as mechanisms of transformation of electronic and photo-electronic characteristics in the three-dimensional crystals; in epitaxial graded-band gap structures, including the substrate, metallurgical interface and grown layer; in polycrystalline films on alternative substrates with taking into account the defect system interactions and of the photo-electronic processes in grains and on their interfaces, including the CdTe buffer layers. Keywords: CdHgTe, CdTe, photo-conductivity, recombination, electrical-field extraction, photo-active inclusions, defects formation, graded-band gap film, metallurgical interface, polycrystalline layers. Aiiioaoeey Aeanaiei A. E. Oioiyeaeo?iiiua i?ioeannu a oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ao ia iniiaa oaeeo?eaeia eaaeiey, ?oooe a oneiaeyo anoanoaaiiie e noeioee?iaaiiie o?ainoi?iaoeee aeaoaeoiie nenoaiu.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.10 – oeceea iieoi?iaiaeieeia e aeeyeaeo?eeia.- Einoeooo oeceee iieoi?iaiaeieeia IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999 a. A e?enoaeeao CdHgTe (E?O) ii?aaeaeaiu oece/aneea oneiaey e eiee/anoaaiiua e?eoa?ee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ?acee/iuo iaoaieciia ?aeiiaeiaoeee a caaeneiinoe io ninoaaa e o?iaiy eaae?iaaiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a e?enoaeeao n-E?O i?e eiieo?aioeee iaaeciiiuo e i?eianiuo eaiaeia ?aeiiaeiaoeee yooaeoeaiinoue yeaeo?iiieaaie yeno?aeoeee ia?aaiiaaniuo iineoaeae ca?yaea (IIC) caaeneo io noaiaie aeiiey?iinoe oioii?iaiaeeiinoe (OI) e iaaeaao n aa oiaiueoaieai, /oi naycaii n caoaaoii auoyaeaaaiuo iineoaeae ia oeaio?u ?aeiiaeiaoeee; a e?enoaeeao n aeiiey?iie OI p-oeia yeno?aeoeey IIC ?aaeecoaony i?e iaiueoeo yeaeo?e/aneeo iieyo, /ai a e?enoaeeao n-oeia, /oi iaoneiaeaii aieaa aunieie iiaeaeaeiinoueth iainiiaiuo iineoaeae (yeaeo?iiia). Iaia?oaeai iaoaieci aeaa?aaeaoeee, naycaiiue n aaooa?e?iaaieai ?oooe i?ioyaeaiiuie aeaoaeoaie e ia?aciaaieai ianuuaiiuo ?oooueth oceiciiiuo ?aeiiaeiaoeeiiii aeoeaiuo iaeanoae, i?eaiaeyueo e iaaeaieth oioi/oanoaeoaeueiinoe e?enoaeeia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a e?enoaeeao E?O n oioiaeoeaiuie aeeth/aieyie o?ainoi?iaoeey oioiyeaeo?iiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee ii?aaeaeyaony niioiioaieai aaia?aoeeiiii-?aeiiaeiaoeeiiiuo ia?aiao?ia iao?eoeu e aeeth/aiee n eciaiythueieny a caaeneiinoe io oaiia?aoo?u, niaeo?a e o?iaiy aicaoaeaeaiey ia?aiao?aie ?aeiiaeiaoeeiiiie aeoeaiinoe e yooaeoeaiuie aaiiao?e/aneeie ?aeiiaeiaoeeiiiuie ?acia?aie aeeth/aiee. I?iaaaeai aiaeec OI oaeeo e?enoaeeia i?e aa?eaoeee ia?aiao?ia iao?eoeu e aeeth/aiee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oiaiueoaiea oioi/oanoaeoaeueiinoe a n?aaeiaaieiiaii aeeaiaciia oe?ieiiieiniuo aa?eciiiuo oioi?acenoeaiuo yieoaeneaeueiuo no?oeoo? CdTe/E?O iaoneiaeaii iaee/eai aeaoaeoiiai neiy a iaeanoe iaoaeeo?ae/aneie a?aieoeu, naycaiiiai n ?acee/eai no?oeoo?iuo e oeceei-iaoaie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia iiaeeiaeee e neiy. I?iaaaeai aiaeec oeceei-iaoaie/aneeo oneiaee oi?ie?iaaiey ia?ooaiiiai neiy aeey ?acee/iuo i?eaioaoeee iiaeeiaeae. Iaia?oaeaii iiauoaiea oioi/oanoaeoaeueiinoe yieoaeneaeueiuo neiaa E?O i?e aaaaeaiee a iiaeeiaeeo CdTe eciaaeaioiie i?eiane iaoaeea iaiueoaai ?acia?a (Mn, Zn), /oi iauyniyaony aieaa oi/iui niaeaniaaieai ia?aiao?ia eiioaeoe?othueo iaoa?eaeia, iiauoaieai o?iaiy noaoeiiao?ee a neia. Ia iniiaa aa?eciiiuo neiaa E?O n iioaioeeaeueiuie aa?uea?aie iieo/aiu oioi/oanoaeoaeueiua a iaeanoe 2-14 iei i?e 77E oe?ieiiieiniua e naeaeoeaiua (iaeii- e aeaooiieiniua) oioi?acenoeaiua e iaeieia?oeeiiiua (fF600 IAoe) oioiaieueoae/aneea (a o. /. n eiaa?neae ciaea oioiyaen) yeaiaiou. Enneaaeiaaiu noeioee?iaaiiua aiaoieie iieyie ?acee/iie oece/aneie i?e?iaeu i?ioeannu aeaoaeoiia?aciaaiey e i?aia?aciaaiey yeaeo?iiiuo e oioiyeaeo?iiiuo naienoa a iauaiiuo e?enoaeeao; a yieoaeneaeueiuo aa?eciiiuo no?oeoo?ao, a o. /. a iiaeeiaeea, iaoaeeo?ae/aneie a?aieoea e ia?iuaiiii neia; a iieee?enoaeee/aneeo neiyo ia aeueoa?iaoeaiuo iiaeeiaeeao, a o. /. a aooa?iuo neiyo CdTe. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaoneiaeaiiia aiaoieie aicaeaenoaeyie noaaeeueiia eee iaoanoaaeeueiia aeieaia?aiaiiia eee ei?ioeia?aiaiiia eciaiaiea oioiyeaeo?e/aneeo naienoa e?enoaeeia E?O aucaaii eciaiaieai ia?aiao?ia aeiieie?othuaai ?aeiiaeiaoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna, eeai aai ia?aeeth/aieai ia ae?oaie eiieo?e?othuee ?aeiiaeiaoeeiiiue iaoaieci. Yoi naycaii n eciaiaieai eiioeaio?aoeee nianoaaiiuo e (eee) i?eianiuo oi/a/iuo aeaoaeoia, ii?aaeaeythueo ?aeiiaeiaoeeiiiua ia?aiao?u e?enoaeea, ca n/ao eo aaia?aoeee a iauaia e (eee) eiaeaeoeee ec enoi/ieeia (aeeneieaoeee, iaeioaeiaua a?aieoeu e ae?.) e iineaaeothuaai acaeiiaeaenoaey n ?inoiauie e aaaaeaiiuie aiaoieie aicaeaenoaeyie i?ioyaeaiiuie aeaoaeoaie, a oaeaea oi?ie?iaaieai oioiaeoeaiuo aeeth/aiee, /oi caaeneo io aeaea (eiioeueniia eaca?iia eceo/aiea, g-eceo/aiea, iaoaie/aneea ia?ooaiey, oaea?iua aieiu, ieceioaiia?aoo?iia oeueo?acaoeiaia aicaoaeaeaiea) e oneiaee aiaoieo aicaeaenoaee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e iaiinaeoiaeiii eiioeueniii eaca?iii aicaoaeaeaiee yieoaeneaeueiuo neiaa E?O e e?enoaeeia CdTe i?aia?aciaaiea nenoaiu aeaoaeoia, yeaeo?iiiuo e oioiyeaeo?iiiuo naienoa a neia ia aeoaeia, i?aauoathuae aeoaeio iiaeiuaiey eaca?iiai eceo/aiey e oaieiaie aeeooocee, aucaaii i?aeiouanoaaiiui aeaenoaeai eaca?ii-eiaeooee?iaaiiuo oaea?iuo aiei e naycaii n ia?a?ani?aaeaeaieai oi/a/iuo aeaoaeoia iaaeaeo iao?eoeae e ?inoiauie e (eee) aaia?e?oaiuie i?ioyaeaiiuie aeaoaeoaie. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi noeioee?iaaiiia aiaoieie aicaeaenoaeyie (ioaeeae, iaoaie/aneea ia?ooaiey, aicaeaenoaea eaca?iuie eiioeuenaie e eo oaea?iuie aieiaie) i?aia?aciaaiea yeaeo?iiiuo e oioiyeaeo?iiiuo naienoa e?enoaeeia CdTe iaoneiaeaii i?ioeannaie aaia?aoeee e acaeiiaeaenoaey nianoaaiiuo oi/a/iuo e i?ioyaeaiiuo aeaoaeoia, ia?aoiaeaie inoaoi/iie i?eiane iaoaeeia I-ie a?oiiu iaaeaeo oceaie e iaaeaeioceeyie n eciaiaieai eo yeaeo?iiiuo e ?aeiiaeiaoeeiiiuo naienoa, a oaeaea i?ioeannaie eo aaooa?e?iaaiey oi?iiia?acothueie iiaa?oiinoyie e aioo?aiieie noieaie. Iaia?oaeaii, /oi a iieee?enoaeee/aneeo neiyo E?O ia aeueoa?iaoeaiuo iiaeeiaeeao, a oaeaea aooa?iuo neiyo CdTe ia OI nouanoaaiii aeeytho iaoaieciu e eiieo?aioeey ?aeiiaeiaoeeiiiuo iioieia a iauaia e ia a?aieoeao ca?ai, a i?e aiaoieo aicaeaenoaeyo – ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea oi/a/iuo aeaoaeoia iaaeaeo ieie. Eeth/aaua neiaa: CdHgTe, CdTe, oioii?iaiaeeiinoue, ?aeiiaeiaoeey, yeaeo?iiieaaay yeno?aeoeey, oioiaeoeaiua aeeth/aiey, aeaoaeoiia?aciaaiea, aa?eciiiua neie, iaoaeeo?ae/aneay a?aieoea, iieee?enoaeee/aneea neie. PAGE PAGE 3 PAGE

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