IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO ?AA?IIAEUeIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

*A?*EE EA?ENA IEEIEA?AIA

OAeE 330.15:614.2 (477.82)

OI?IOAAIIss OA ?ICAEOIE OA?EOI??AEUeII?

?AE?AAOe?EII? NENOAIE ?AA?IIO

(IA I?EEEAAe? AIEEINUeEI? IAEANO?)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.10.01 -?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?
?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Eooeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? Iaaeia Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,

Eooeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? ?aaeieeiaiei Aaea??e Ee?eeiae/,

*a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

E?aaoe?a Aaneeue Noaiaiiae/,

?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo

I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e i?iaeai

i?iaiicoaaiiy oa ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 19 aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.154.01 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe a ?inoeooo? ?aa?iiaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 290026, i.Euea?a,
aoe.Eicaeueieoeueea, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 290026, i.Euea?a,
aoe.Eicaeueieoeueea, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 18 ethoiai 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
AEiaoaiaoeueeee A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa, i?e
caaino?aii? aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo oa aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai, ana
aeooaeuei?oei ? caa?aaeaiiy caei?ia’y ie?aii? ethaeeie oa nioe?oio
eiie?aoii? oa?eoi???, ui ii?iaeaeo? oe?eee niaeo? iio?aa, ?aae?caoe?th
yeeo caaacia/o? ?ae?aaoe?eia aaeocue ainiiaea?noaa. Eieae?caoe?y
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei aeaii? aaeoc? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?
a?aeaoaa?oueny a iaaeao oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo oa?eoi??aeueii?
?ae?aaoe?eii? nenoaie, ui a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee o?ainoi?io?oueny a
?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa.

O no/ani?e a?o/eciyi?e aeiiii?/i?e iaooe? ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieo ?ae?aaoe?eieo nenoai (O?N),
?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy, iaoiaeieia?y aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a oa i?e?iaeii-?ae?aaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo (I?I),
cae?eniaiee aiae?c oa?eoi??aeueii-?ae?aaoe?eiiai eiiieaeno Ea?iaonueeiai
?aa?iio, E?eio, Caea?iaooy, Na?aaeiueiai I?eaei?no?ia’y, *a?i?aaoeueei?
iaeano?. Aea a ca’yceo c iiaeie oiiaaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy ie?ai? aniaeoe
oai??? i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy, ?icaeoeo O?N, iaoai?cie ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ye neeaaeiai? ?eieo iineoa iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy,
ooi/iaiiy, aaeaioaoe?? aei eiie?aoieo oiia. Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny
ieoaiue ooieoe?iioaaiiy O?N a ?eieiaeo oiiaao, ioe?iee
i?e?iaeii-?ae?aaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo oa iaoai?ci?a iie?ioaiiy eiai
aeei?enoaiiy, ui aeiaaa? i?iaaaeaiiy iiooeiaeo, aiae?oe/ieo, ioe?ii/ieo
?ia?o c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeo iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a.

Aeooaeuei?noue oeeo oai?aoe/ieo, iaoiaeieia?/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai
aecia/eea oaio aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoo ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeeiiaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe cae?enithaaeinue a iaaeao eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ieaio
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c i?iaeai caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ? ?eieo i?aoe?
Oe?a?ie ia 1996-2000 ?iee, caoaa?aeaeaiiai IAI Oe?a?ie oa I?i?noa?noaii
i?aoe? Oe?a?ie 6.05.96?. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai? oaie “Oai?aoe/i? canaaee
?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee” (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197V012834).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
?ic?iaea oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/ieo canaae oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo O?N
?aa?iio a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei oa iaa?oiooaaiiy
iaoai?ci?a noeioethaaiiy aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy eiai
i?e?iaeii-?ae?aaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo.

?aae?caoe?y iaoe iaoiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue ?ica’ycaiiy ianooiieo
caaaeaiue:

ooi/iaiiy eaoaai??? O?N ye ia’?eoa ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aecia/aiiy ??
ci?noo oa no?oeoo?e;

aiae?c oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo
?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa;

iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoai?cio ieaoe ca aeei?enoaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a;

aiae?c iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei ioe?iee I?I ?aa?iio;

aecia/aiiy oeyo?a canoinoaaiiy ?eieiaeo aaaeae?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy a
noa?? ?ae?aaoe?eiiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a
ianooiiiio:

iiaeeaeaii iiiyooy O?N, cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaeue ?? ooieoe?iiaeueii? oa
oa?eoi??aeueii? no?oeoo?e;

iaa?oioiaaii i?eioeeiiao noaio oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo
?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa oa aecia/aii ia?aiao?e aieeao
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a ia oeae i?ioean;

?ic?iaeaii iaoai?ci aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy noa’?eo?a ?ae?aaoe?eiiai
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy oa caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e o ?icaeoie O?N;

iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie
?icaeoeo O?N;

ooi/iaii iaoiaeeeo eiiiiiaioii? ioe?iee I?I ?aa?iio;

cae?eniaii ?ae?aaoe?eia ?aeiioaaiiy Aieeinueei? iaeano? oa ioe?ieo ??
I?I.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoiaeeea oa ?acoeueoaoe
eiiiiiaioii? ioe?iee I?I, aiae?oe/i? aeai?, i?aeoe/i? i?iiiceoe??
aeei?enoai? i?e cae?eniaii? i?iaiicieo ?ic?iaie c oaeineiiaeaiiy O?N
?aa?iio a Aea?aeaai?e i?ia?ai? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Iie?nny
ia 1996-2010 ?iee (Aieeinueea iaeanoue) (iinoaiiaa EI Oe?a?ie ? 252 a?ae
28.04.94?.), I?ia?ai? ?icaeoeo O?N Aieeinueei? iaeano? (?icii?yaeaeaiiy
aieiae Aieeinueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? ? 558 a?ae 03.10.97?.),
?aa?iiaeuei?e i?ia?ai? ?icaeoeo iaeiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa ia 1999-2000
?iee (?icii?yaeaeaiiy aieiae Aieeinueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? ? 721
a?ae 31.12.98?.).

Oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny a
eo?nao eaeoe?e c aeenoeeie?i “Aeiiii?ea i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy”,
“?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee”, “Iniiae i?aei?e?iieoeoaa” ia eaoaae??
aeiiii?ee oa i?aei?e?iieoeoaa Eooeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aei iniiaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ui
io?eiai? iniaenoi caeiaoaa/ai ? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iaeaaeaoue:

oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy eaoaai??e “oa?eoi??aeueia ?ae?aaoe?eia
nenoaia”, “?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa”;

iiaeaeue ooieoe?iiaeueii? oa oa?eoi??aeueii? no?oeoo?e O?N;

oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee;

iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?? ?aa?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo O?N,
iaoai?cie ?eieiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy O?N;

iaoiaeeea eiiiiiaioii? ioe?iee I?I ?aa?iio;

?ae?aaoe?eia ?aeiioaaiiy Aieeinueei? iaeano?;

eiioeaioe?y niaoe?aeueii? oo?enonueei-?ae?aaoe?eii? ciie (NO?C)
“Oaoeuee? ica?a”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
“Aeieia?/ia ina?oa oa aeoiaaiiy (noai ? ia?niaeoeae)” (i.Eooeuee –
ea?oaiue 1996 ?ieo), “O?iaine Oe?a?ie i?e ia?aoiae? aei ?eieo: oai??y ?
i?aeoeea” (i.Eooeuee – o?aaaiue 1996 ?ieo), I?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aeiiii?ee oa
?iaanoeoe?? a Oe?a?i?” (i.*a?i?aoe? – ea?oaiue 1998 ?ieo), “?aa?iiaeueia
iie?oeea Oe?a?ie: iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee, iaoai?cie” (i.Euea?a –
o?aaaiue 1998 ?ieo), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Eooeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia?ao
eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee oa i?aei?e?iieoeoaa EAeOO, ia?aaeao Aieeinueei?
iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? oa Oaoeueei? ?aeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii iaeio iiiia?ao?th o
ni?aaaoi?noa? oa n?i iaoeiaeo noaoae ianyaii 14,8 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?, c
ieo 11,6 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a – iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (121 iaeiaioaaiiy),
oanoe aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe – 152 noi??iee ae?oeiaaiiai
oaenoo, aeeth/ath/e 27 oaaeeoeue ? 10 ?enoie?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieo ?ae?aaoe?eieo
nenoai

1.1. Oa?eoi??aeueia ?ae?aaoe?eia nenoaia – oea a?aee?eoa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia nenoaia, aeaiaioe yei? ? neeaaeieie
aca?iiiia’ycaieie oa aca?iicaeaaeieie i?aenenoaiaie, ui aecia/athoue
niaoeeo?eo ?? oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ia iaai?e oa?eoi??? (?ae?aaioe,
?ae?aaoe?ei? ?ano?ne ? oiiae, iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia aaca, ?ae?aaoe?eia
?io?ano?oeoo?a, ianeoaiaoth/ee ia?niiae, oi?aaeiinuee? nenoaie) ?
ia’?aeiai? ni?eueiith ae?yeuei?noth o aeei?enoaii? ?ae?aaoe?eiiai
iioaioe?aeo oe??? oa?eoi???.

C iaeyaeo ia noni?euei? ooieoe?? oa niaoe?ae?caoe?th ?ae?aaoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaia eeaneo?eaoe?y O?N ca:

iniiaieie iai?yieaie ?ae?aaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?: e?eoaaeueiiai,
icaei?ia/i-nii?oeaiiai, i?ciaaaeueiiai iai?yieo;

cia/aiiyi: ?aa?iiaeueiiai, caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai, i?aeia?iaeiiai;

/anii i?iaaaeaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo caiyoue: aeiaaio?eaaei? oa
ei?ioeio?eaaei? ?ae?aaoe??;

i??ith a?aeaeaeaiino? a?ae niiaeeaa/?a: aeeaei?, a?aeaeaeai?.

A yeino? iniiaieo oaeniiii?/ieo iaeeieoeue oa?eoi??aeueii? no?oeoo?e O?N
?icaeyaeathoueny: ?ae?aaoe?eiee ioieo, ?ae?aaoe?eiee aocie,
?ae?aaoe?eiee i?ae?aeii, ?ae?aaoe?eiee ?aeii. ?ae?aaoe?eiee ioieo – oea
iaiaaeaia oa?eoi??y, ia’?eoe yei? aeeiiothoue iaeio aai e?eueea
nii??aeiaieo ?ae?aaoe?eieo ooieoe?e. ?ae?aaoe?eiee aocie – oea
ii?aeiaiiy e?eueeio ?ae?aaoe?eieo ioieo?a, ye iaeiioeiieo, oae ?
??ciioeiieo. Aeey aocea iaeoa?aeoa?i?oeie ? eiiiaeoi?noue oa?eoi???,
aeei?enoaiiy ?aeeii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e. ?ae?aaoe?eiee i?ae?aeii – oea
noeoii?noue ?ae?aaoe?eieo ioieo?a, aoce?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoue ia iaai?e
oa?eoi??? ni?eueio ?io?ano?oeoo?o oa ?ae?aaoe?ei? ?ano?ne. ?ae?aaoe?eiee
?aeii – oea oe?e?nia oa?eoi??y, yea neeaaea?oueny c aeaio
aca?iiiia’ycaieo aeaiaio?a – O?N oa ioi/oth/iai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
i?inoi?o, ui caaacia/o? ?? aoaeoeaio ae?yeuei?noue, ? aeey yei? aeanoeaa
?ae?aaoe?eia niaoe?ae?caoe?y, aai ?ae?aaoe?eia aaeocue ? /e iiaea noaoe
eiieo?aioiicaeaoiith.

1.2. A no/anieo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy O?N ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye aeae
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo – ?eieo ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa. ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie
?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa – oea na?aaeiaeua, aea cae?eniththoueny ?iciiae?e ?
?aae?caoe?y inoaii?o oa aeeiiothoueny oae? ooieoe??: iaaeaiiy
?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa ? cae?eniaiiy eiio?ieth ca ?o ani?oeiaioii, ye?noth
? ianyaii; anoaiiaeaiiy noni?eueii? ei?eniino? iineoa, aecia/aiiy ?o
?aaeueii? aa?oino? a oiiaao eiieo?aioe??.

?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa ia? ?yae iniaeeainoae
oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo, ye? iaoiiaeai? niaoeeo?eith oiaa?o oeueiai ?eieo
– i?ioean iaaeaiiy oa niiaeeaaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa ni?aiaaea? a /an?
oa i?inoi??, eiio ia?aaeo? i?aae’yaeaiee iiieo, i?eoaiaii? naciii?
eieeaaiiy oa iaiino?ei?noue yeino?, iaiiaeeea?noue iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy,
caa?aaeaiiy oa o?ainii?ooaaiiy, ui ii?iaeaeo? ia??aiii??i?noue iiieoo ?
i?iiiceoe??.

A aeaiiio aeiaaeeo i?iiiceoe?y – oea noeoii?noue ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa,
ye? ?ae?aaoe?ei? onoaiiae iiaeooue i?aaenoaaeoe ia ?eiie i?ioyaii
iaaiiai ia??iaeo ? ca a?aeiia?aeieie oe?iaie.

Iio?aae a eiaei?e ?ae?aaoe?ei?e noaaaeoc? oi?iothoueny i?ae aieeaii
??cieo oaeoi??a. Cie?aia, iio?aaa a naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiio e?eoaaii? oa
icaei?iaeaii? aeieea? /a?ac ii?ooaiiy noaio caei?ia’y, iaiao?aei?noue a
i?io?eaeoe/iiio icaei?iaeaii?, a?aeoai?aii? o?ce/ieo, ineo?/ieo nee.
Iio?aae o a?aeii/eieo oa oo?eci? aecia/athoueny iaiao?aei?noth ciyooy
o?ce/ii?, ineo?/ii? aoiie oa iai?oae, i?aaiaiiyi aei aeooiaiiai,
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai, o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo.

?ae?aaoe?ei? iio?aae, i?ae ae??th ?yaeo oaeoi??a, aecia/athoue iiieo ia
?ae?aaoe?ei? iineoae. Iiieo – oea /anoeia iio?aa niiaeeaa/a, caaacia/aia
a?ioiaith ianith. Ioaea, ia iiieo, c iaeiiai aieo, aaeeeee aieea
ni?aaey? iaoa??aeueia caaacia/ai?noue ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio, c ?ioiai –
i?iiiceoe?y ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa, iiaeeea?noue
aeai?o ca?aeii ?c niaeaie, cae/eaie, i/?eoaaiiyi ?ae?aaio?a, ui
oi?iothoueny i?ae aieeaii oaeeo oaeoi??a, ye a?e, noaoue, nioe?aeueia
iaeaaei?noue, o?aaeeoe??, ?ae?a?ei? oa iaoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino?,
oiiaeiaaiiy, noai caei?ia’y.

Ia aeaiiio aoai? ?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa
aeanoea?:

aeeni?iii?oe?eiee niaae, iaoiiaeaiee caaaeueiith e?ecith aeiiii?ee
e?a?ie, ??ceei ciaioaiiyi ieao?aeiini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo, cai?oaiiyi
nioe?aeueieo i?ia?ai, iecueeith ye?noth iineoa, iaiaaeai?noth
ani?oeiaioo, aenieeie oe?iaie ia oo?enoe/i? oa naiaoi?i? ioo?aee;

oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy a oiiaao ianoaa?eueiino? caeiiiaeaanoaa,
noia?a/iinoae a oe?iiooai?aii?, iaaeineiiaei? eiieo?aioe??;

nooo?a? a?aei?iiino? a no?oeoo?? niiaeeaaiiy iineoa ??cieie a?oiaie
ianaeaiiy.

1.3. Iniiaith oi?ioaaiiy O?N ? ?ae?aaoe?ei? ?ano?ne: i?e?iaei?,
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/i?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?.

A ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe ioe?iee i?e?iaeiiai
?ae?aaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo, iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee aeiiii?/iiai
noeioethaaiiy eiai aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy. I?e?iaeiee ?ae?aaoe?eiee
iioaioe?ae – oea caeaoi?noue ?ica?aeaieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo i?e?iaeieo
?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a ni?eyoe a?aeiiaeaiith caei?ia’y ethaeae, ?o
a?aeii/eieo, o?ce/iiio, ?ioaeaeooaeueiiio oa aeooiaiiio ?icaeoeo. A
iniia? eiiiiiaioii? ioe?iee I?I ?aa?iio eaaeeoue iaoiaeeea, nooue yei?
iieyaa? o aecia/aii? noeoiii? iiaeeeaino? i?e?iaeieo ?ae?aaoe?eieo
?ano?n?a caaeiaieueiyoe ?ae?aaoe?ei? iio?aae ethaeae c a?aooaaiiyi
caian?a oa ii?i aeei?enoaiiy.

Aaaeeeaei caniaii i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?ae?aaoe?eiiai
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ? ieaoa ca aeei?enoaiiy
?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a. O i?aeoeoei ?ae?aaoeieiiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy
canoiniao?oueny o?e aeaee ieaoaaeia: ieaoaaei ca aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeieo
?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a; aiae?aooaaiiy ca iiiaaeii?iaoeaia ?o
aeei?enoaiiy i ca ei?enooaaiiy caaaeueiith iio?ano?oeoo?ith; oo?aoii
naieoei?, yei iaeeaaeathoueny aaciina?aaeiuei ia ea?iaieeia caeeaaeia
aiaeii/eieo ca iaaeeiiaiiy ieie anoaiiaeaieo aeiia uiaei i?aaiicaoei? oa
aaaeaiiy ?ae?aaoeieiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Cai?noue ?nioth/eo ieaoaae?a
i?iiiio?oueny cai?iaaaeeoe ?aeeiee iiaeaoie, a iniia? yeiai eaaeeoue
?ae?aaoe?eia ?aioa, ui ? aeiaeaoeiaei i?eaooeii aai iaaei?eaooeii, yeee
ooai?th?oueny a ?acoeueoao? aeei?enoaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a ??cii?
oe?iiino? oa yeino?, aea?aei?oiai i?noea?icoaooaaiiy. E?euee?nia
iaiaaeai?noue ? ye?ni? a?aei?iiino? ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a a oiiaao
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ii?iaeaeothoue ??cieoeth a ?acoeueoaoao
ainiiaea?nueeiai aeei?enoaiiy oeeo ?ano?n?a, oiaoi noa’?eoe
ainiiaea?thaaiiy io?eiothoue ??cio aaee/eio aeiaeaoeiaiai i?eaooeo.
Aa?oi aeae?eeoe o?e oi?ie ?ae?aaoe?eii? ?aioe: iiiiiieueio,
aeeoa?aioe?eio, aaniethoio.

Ine?eueee aeanieeaie ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a iiaeooue aooe aea?aeaaa,
ioi?oeeiaeueia aeaaea, ?ae?aaoe?ei? onoaiiae, i?eaaoi? iniae, oi noaia
?iciiae?eo ?ae?aaoe?eii? ?aioe iaoeia oaeee aeaeyae: iiiiiieueia
?ae?aaoe?eia ?aioa, ui aeieea? i?e aenieoaoaoe?? iniaeeai oe?iieo
?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, ye?, ye i?aaeei, ? aea?aeaaiith aeani?noth,
iaaeoiaeeoeia aea?aeaaiei, ioi?oeeiaeueiei i?aaiai aeaaee oa noa’?eoai
ainiiaea?thaaiiy; aeeoa?aioe?eia ? aaniethoia ?ae?aaoe?eia ?aioa, ui
aeieea? i?e aenieoaoaoe?? ?ano?n?a i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy – i?noeaaei
i?aaiai aeaaee oa noa’?eoai ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

?aioi? ieaoaae? ae?aoiaoaaoeiooueny a?ae caaaeueii? noie aaeiai?
?aae?caoe?? ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa o ?ici??? 10% aeey an?o i?aei?e?inoa,
iacaeaaeii a?ae ianya?a ?aae?caoe?? iineoa. A i?aai?caoe?yo c iecueeei
??aiai ?aae?caoe?? aoaea noyaoaaoenue eeoa aaniethoia ?ae?aaoe?eia
?aioa; a i?aai?caoe?yo c aaeeeei ianyaii ?aae?caoe?? – an? o?e oi?ie
?aioe. Oaeei /eiii, iaeei ii?iaoea ?ae?aaoe?eii? ?aioe iinoaaeoue an?
?ae?aaoe?ei? caeeaaee a ??ai? oiiae ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Aeei?enoaiiy ieaoaae?a iiaeiii aooe aeeeth/ii oe?eueiaei.
Cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eii? ?aioe ni?eyoeia ae??oaiith ianooiieo
caaaeaiue:

oaeineiiaeaiith aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei o noa?? i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy;

noeioethaaiith ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a,
caaacia/aiith iiaiioe?iiiai ?o a?aeoai?aiiy oa ioi?iie;

ae??aithaaiith oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo i?aei?e?inoa;

caaacia/aiith ?icaeoeo ?ae?aaoe?eii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e;

oi?ioaaiith athaeaeaoieo oa iicaathaeaeaoieo oiiae?a aeey ?iaanooaaiiy
O?N;

ia?aoiaeo O?N aei naiio?iainoaaiiy, naii?icaeoeo, naiioi?aae?iiy.

?icae?e 2. Ia?aaeoiiae oa no/aniee noai ?icaeoeo oa?eoi??aeueii?
?ae?aaoe?eii? nenoaie Aieeinueei? iaeano?

2.1. Aieeinueea iaeanoue aieiae?? ??ciiiai?oieie oe?iieie i?e?iaeieie
?ae?aaoe?eieie ?ano?naie, ni?eyoeeaeie ee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie.

A iaeanoi ? ?iaeiaeua iiia?aeueieo aiae 4-o oeiia, caiane ? ye?noue yeeo
iiaeooue caaacia/eoe ?icaeoie naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oii? ni?aae.

E?eoaaeuei? a?yc? i?aaenoaaeai? oi?oaie oa nai?iiaeyie. Ianoaaeaii 33
oi?oia? ?iaeiaeua, caaaeuei? caiane yeeo neeaaeathoue 5592,2 oen.i3, ui
aeicaiey? ?icoe?eoe ae?aiacii ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeey iio?aa ianaeaiiy
iaeano? oa aeey aeaico. Caaaeuei? caiane nai?iiaeth noaiiaeyoue a?eueoa
270 iei.o, aea aeey e?eoaaiiy aiie ia aeei?enoiaothoueny, oi/a ca nai?ie
e?eoaaeueieie aeanoeainoyie cia/ii ia?aaaaeathoue oi?o.

Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo eiiiiiaio?a ?icaeoeo O?N Aieeinueei? iaeano? ?
e?ni-ica?i? nenoaie, ui aieiae?thoue aenieeie ?ae?aaoe?eieie
aeanoeainoyie ? i?aeaeuaiith i?eaaaeea?noth aeey ?ae?aaio?a.

I?I a no?oeoo?? i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo Aieeinueei? iaeano?
caeia? /aoaa?oa i?noea – 9,2% (ca ?ic?aooieaie A.?oaeaiea, 1993?.), a
caaaeueia i?noe?noue neeaaea? 21095,17 oen.ethae./??e (?en.1).

Aaaaoa Aieeiue eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieie iai’yoeaie: a?oaieia?/ieie
ciao?aeeaie, iaea?eueoa yeeo aeyaeaii a Eooeueeiio oa
Aieiaeeie?-Aieeinueeiio ?aeiiao; iai’yoieeaie a?o?oaeoo?e (eoeueoia?
nii?oaee, caiee, iaeaoee, a?iiaaenuee? oa aeeoeia? aoae?ae?, no/ani?
a?o?oaeoo?i? ainaiae?), yeeo ia?aoiao?oueny a?eueoa 150 (101 c ieo –
aea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy); iocayie, iaii??aeaie; aoiia?ao?/iith
??ciiiai?oi?noth, ui i?aaenoaaeaia ia?iaeieie ?aianeaie, oieueeei?ii,
iaoe?iiaeueiei iaeyaii, aia??eaie.

2.2. Aieea nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a ia oi?ioaaiiy O?N ?aa?iio
ao?eth?oueny a oa?eoi??aeueiiio ?iciiae?e? ? ?icaeoeo ia?aae?
i?aei?e?inoa ?ae?aaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, ui neeaaeathoue
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/io aaco oa ?ae?aaoe?eio ?io?ano?oeoo?o.

Ia 01.01.1998?. a iaeano? i?aoethaaei 6 naiaoi?i?a. Ca o?e inoaii? ?iee
cia/ii ci?ithaaeenue e?euee?ni? oa aa?o?ni? iieacieee ?o ae?yeueiino?:
ciaioeeanue e?euee?noue iaoe??io?a, cieceeenue iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei
athaeaeaoo, a 1997 ?ioe? an? caeeaaee i?aoethaaee a caeoeiaiio ?aaeei?,
niaea ?aioaaaeuei?noue (yeui a 1995 ?ioe? aiia a na?aaeiueiio neeaaeaea
18%, a 1996 – 2,5%, oi a 1997 ?ioe? iaea a?ae’?iio aaee/eio), c?inee
nia?aa?o?noue iineoa oa aa?o?noue ioo?aie. Aeoeaii cae?enithaaeinue
?icaea?aeaaeaiiy (iaeei naiaoi??e caeeoeany aea?aeaaii? oi?ie aeaniino?,
aeaa – eiioiaeueii?, o?e – eieaeoeaii?).

?c caeeaae?a aiaeii/eieo ooieoe?iiothoue aoaeeiie oa aace aiaeii/eieo,
aeeoy/? oaai?e a?aeii/eieo, aoaeeiee ?eaaeee oa ieneeaoey. Iaea?eueoa
e?euee?noue aac a?aeii/eieo cina?aaeaeaia iaaeiei ica? Na?oycue (53%) oa
I?ni/ia (caaaeueia e?euee?noue a?aeii/eaath/eo a 1997 ?. – 10,5
oen./ie.). A 1997 ?ioe? a iaeano? ooieoe?iioaaei 84 e?oi? aeeoy/? oaai?e
a?aeii/eieo (icaei?iaeaii 9423 aeeoeie). Noai aaaaoueio c ieo iiopaao?
eaiioaeueiiai paiiioo i caiiie aieueoinoi niaeueieo eipionia. C 1994 ?.
i?inoaaeo?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei ciaioaiiy caeeaae?a aiaeii/eieo ?
ianeoaeaieo a ieo ?ae?aaio?a.

Oo?enoe/ii-aeneo?n?ei? caeeaaee iaeano? i?aaenoaaeai? oo?enoe/ieie
aioaeyie, ath?i iiaei?iaeae oa aeneo?n?e, aeeoy/eie oo?enoe/ieie
onoaiiaaie, oo?enoe/ieie i?aei?e?inoaaie. Iaea?eueo noaa?eueii i?aoeth?
AO “Aieeiueoo?eno”, ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? yeiai a 1996 ?ioe? noaiiaea
18%, a 1997 ?. – 12%, ca 10 i?nyoe?a 1998 ?. – 8,5%. A 1997-1998 ?ieao o
Aieeinuee?e iaeano? oaeoe/ii ae?yei 14 oo?enoe/ieo i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo
oi?i aeaniino? oa i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy. Ieie aoei ianeoaeaii a 1997 ?ioe?
141,5 oen., a 1998 ?ioe? 102,6 oen. oo?eno?a. Ianyae ?aae?caoe?? iineoa
oa e?euee?noue ianeoaeaieo ?ae?aaio?a a?aeia?aaeai? a oaaeeoe?.

I?e/eie iia??oaiiy aeiiii?/iiai noaio ?ae?aaoe?eieo caeeaae?a iaeano?
iia’ycai? c caaaeueiith aeiiii?/iith e?ecith a e?a?i?, ianoa/ath
?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, cieaeaiiyi ieao?aeii? ni?iiiaeiino? ianaeaiiy.

Ieoiia aaaa i?noeino? ?ae?aaoe?eieo onoaiia ??ciiai i?io?eth a
caaaeuei?e no?oeoo?? a?aeia?aaeaia ia ?en.2.

O 1996 ?ioe? i?iaaaeaii ?iaaioa?ecaoe?th ?ae?aaoe?eieo oa?eoi??e aeey
ei?ioei/aniiai a?aeii/eieo, ca?aeii cyeith a iaeano? ia?aoiao?oueny 114
?ae?aaoe?eieo eooi/e?a oa 65 ?ae?aaoe?eieo cii ei?ioei/aniiai
a?aeii/eieo.

2.3. O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?aoiaaii iio?aao a i?noeyo oa ieiu? ?ae?aaoe?eieo
oa?eoi??e aeey ianaeaiiy Aieeinueei? iaeano?, yea nueiaiaei? ? iniiaiei
niiaeeaa/ai ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa. Oaeoe/i? iieacieee caaacia/aiiy
ieiuaie aeey ei?ioei/aniiai a?aeii/eieo, i?noeyie a aoaeeieao oa aacao
a?aeii/eieo, a iain?iiaoao iaeaea a?aeiia?aeathoue ii?iaoeaiei; i?noeyie
a aeeoy/eo oaai?ao – ia 18%, a oo?enoe/ieo oaai?ao oa aacao – ia 10%, a
iioaeyo, eaii?iaao – ia 2,5%. Caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy Aieeinueei? iaeano?
?ae?aaoe?eieie caeeaaeaie a ii??aiyii? c caaaeueiioe?a?inueeei ??aiai
cia/ii ieae/a, a naia: naiaoi??yie – 24%, naiaoi??yie-i?io?eaeoi??yie –
38%, oo?enoe/ieie onoaiiaaie – 45%, aeeoy/eie oaai?aie – 60%,
aoaeeieaie ? aacaie a?aeii/eieo – 98%.

Aiae?c ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace oa
?ae?aaoe?eii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e aea? iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaoe ?ii?noue
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa, iniiaieie iieacieeaie yei? ?
aaee/eia I?I ?aa?iio (22576 oen.ethae./??e), i?noe?noue ?ae?aaoe?eieo
ia’?eo?a ??ciiai oeio (7461 i?noeue), i?noe?noue ?ae?aaoe?eieo ia’?eo?a
c a?aooaaiiyi iio?aae oa i?iiiceoe?? a /ane-i?e (8665 i?noeue).

?icae?e 3. Iaoai?cie aaeineiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii?
?ae?aaoe?eii? nenoaie ?aa?iio

3.1. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co i?e?iaeieo, eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo ?ano?n?a,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a, oa?eoi??aeueieo aniaeo?a ?o ?ici?uaiiy
aeaee ciiao i?iaanoe ?ae?aaoe?eia ?aeiioaaiiy, ui ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaee oa ?aae?caoe?? caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia ?icaeoie ?
oaeineiiaeaiiy O?N ?aa?iio.

A iniiao ?ae?aaoe?eiiai ?aeiioaaiiy iieeaaeai? oae? i?eioeeie:
ci?noiaiino?, eiiieaeniino?, nenoaiiino?, iaeii??aeiino?,
oa?eoi??aeueii? ?aeiino?, ia?niaeoeaiino?, aeeiai?/iino?.

E?eoa??yie ?ae?aaoe?eiiai ?aeiioaaiiy ?:

i?inoi?iaa eiioeaio?aoe?y ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a;

?ici?uaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo ia’?eo?a;

??aaiue ?icaeoeo ?ae?aaoe?eii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e;

oa?aeoa? oa ?ioaineai?noue ?ae?aaoe?eieo iioie?a; no/ania ? ia?niaeoeaia
iio?aaa ianaeaiiy a ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoaao;

ieoiia aaaa caeiyoeo o ?ae?aaoe?eiiio ainiiaea?noa? a caaaeuei?e
/enaeueiino? i?aoethth/iai ianaeaiiy;

??aaiue eiiia?oaaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eii? aaeoc? c ?ioeie aaeocyie
ainiiaea?noaa.

O Aieeinuee?e iaeano? aeae?eaii o?e ?ae?aaoe?ei? ?aeiie:
Oaoeueei-Ethaiieuenueeee, Eooeueei-E?aa?oe?anueeee,
Eiaaeuenueei-Oo??enueeee, a iaaeao yeeo ooieoe?iiothoue ?ae?aaoe?ei?
i?ae?aeiie oa aocee. Oa?eoi??aeueia no?oeoo?a ?ae?aaoe?eii? nenoaie
Aieeinueei? iaeano? a?aeia?aaeaia ia ?en.3.

3.2. ?icaeoie O?N iiaeiai nie?aoeny ia iia? iaoiaee ainiiaea?thaaiiy,
aeiiii?/io naiaiaeo ae?iaiee?a, ui a oiiaao eiieo?aioe?? caaacia/eoue
iane/aiiy ?eieo aenieiye?nieie ?ae?aaoe?eieie iineoaaie ? ni?eyoeia
eiiieaeniiio nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio c?inoaiith ?aa?iio. Oi?ioaaiiy
?eieiaiai iaoai?cio ia?aaeaa/a? ?ai?aai?caoe?th oi?i aeaniino?,
aecia/aiiy i??i?eoao?a ?icaeoeo O?N, ia?aaaaeaiiy ?? noa’?eo?a ia
naiio?iainoaaiiy, caaacia/aiiy oiia ?iaanooaaiiy, i?eaaaeaiiy aei
a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?nioth/ei iiieoii ? i?iiiceoe??th oe?ie ia
?ae?aaoe?ei? iineoae, o?ainoi?iaoe?th nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ia an?o ??aiyo.
A no/anieo oiiaao iaeiei c aoaeoeaieo aeaiaio?a ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ? i?ia?aioaaiiy oa ieaioaaiiy.

?aa?iiaeueia i?ia?aia ?icaeoeo O?N – oea aeieoiaio, caoaa?aeaeaiee
?aa?iiaeueieie aee?aeoeaieie i?aaiaie, ?aae?caoe?y yeiai iieeeeaia
ae??oeoe i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo O?N, aaeaioaoe?? aei iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiia
oeyoii iinoaiiaee ?yaeo caaaeaiue oa ?ic?iaee a?aeiia?aeieo caoiae?a,
caaacia/aieo ?ano?naie (i?e?iaeieie, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie,
o?oaeiaeie, o?iainiaeie) c aecia/aiiyi aeeiiaaoe?a oa oa?i?i?a.

Iaoa i?ia?aie – noai?aiiy aeniei?icaeiooi? O?N ia aac? iayaieo
?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a oa aoiaeaeaiiy ?aa?iio aei na?oiaiai
?ae?aaoe?eiiai ?eieo.

Iniiai? oe?e?:

caaacia/aiiy i??i?eoaoiiai ?icaeoeo O?N;

oaeineiiaeaiiy ii?iaoiaii-caeiiiaeaa/iai, i?aai?caoe?eiiai ?aaoethaaiiy,
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy;

noai?aiiy oiia aeey iiaeaaaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

Iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie i?ia?aie ? ?aae?caoe?y caoiae?a uiaei:

aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy O?N;

iiaea?i?caoe?y ? ?aeiino?oeoe?y iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace oa
?ae?aaoe?eii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e;

inai?iiy iiaeo ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, ?o ioi?iia, aoaeoeaia
aeei?enoaiiy oa a?aeiiaeaiiy;

oi?ioaaiiy aenieieaae?o?eiaaiiai ia?niiaeo, caaacia/aiiy oiia eiai
i?aeaioiaee oa ia?ai?aeaioiaee;

i?aai?caoe?y ?ioi?iaoe?eii-?aeeaiii? ae?yeueiino?, ia?eaoeiao,
iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy.

I?ioean ?ic?iaee ?aa?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo O?N aeeth/a? o?e aoaie:
aiae?c i?iaeaie; ?ic?iaea aeo?aeiiai caaaeaiiy oa i?iaeoo i?ia?aie.

?aa?iiaeueia i?ia?aia ?icaeoeo O?N neeaaea?oueny c i’yoe ?icae?e?a:
aiae?oe/ii-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai, oe?eueiaiai, i?ia?aiieo caoiae?a,
aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy oa oi?aae?iiy, i?aai?caoe?eiiai.

Aiae?oe/ii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee ?icae?e iiaeiai i?noeoe ?ioi?iaoe?th oa aiae?c
uiaei ia?aaeoiia ?icaeoeo O?N, aiae?c ?ae?aaoe?eieo iio?aa, iiieoo,
i?iiiceoe??.

Oe?eueiaee ?icae?e aeeth/a? oi?ioethaaiiy iaoe, nenoaie oe?eae, iniiaieo
caaaeaiue, i?iaiic i/?eoaaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

A ianooiiiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaothoueny caoiaee, ?aae?caoe?y yeeo
caaacia/eoue aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue i?ia?aie.

?icae?e aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy oa oi?aae?iiy a?aeia?aaea?
caoiaee uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo, aeiiii?/ieo,
o?iainiaeo oa oi?aae?inueeeo aniaeo?a ?icaeoeo O?N.

Inoaii?e ?icae?e a?aeia?aaea? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy uiaei i?aai?caoe??
i?iaeooaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie: oi?aae?iiy, eiio?ieth, iii?oi?eiao
oa caaa?oaeueii? ioe?iee.

3.3. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaiaeyoue, ui ?ae?aaoe?eia aaeocue –
iaeia c iaeia?niaeoeai?oeo a aeiiii?oe? Aieeinueei? iaeano?. ?ic?iaeaia
I?ia?aia ?icaeoeo O?N Aieeinueei? iaeano? aeanoue iiaeeea?noue caae?yoe
a ainiiaea?nueeee iai?io iaeoe?ii?o? ?ae?aaoe?ei? ?ano?ne, noai?eoe iia?
?iai/? i?noey, aeoea?coaaoe ?iaanoeoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue, ia?aeoe ia
iiaee ye?niee ??aaiue a ?ae?aaoe?eiiio ianeoaiaoaaii?, iie?ioeoe
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io neooaoe?th a iaeano?.

Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo O?N ? ?ae?aaoe?eia
i?aei?e?iieoeoai oa caeo/aiiy a oeae i?ioean a?o/eciyieo oa ?iicaiieo
?iaanoi??a. Ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue a ?ae?aaoe?ei?e
noa?? iiaea cae?enithaaoeny o oi?i? io?eiaiiy aaethoiiai e?aaeeoo aeey
nii?oaeaeaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe?? ia’?eo?a, noai?aiiy ni?eueieo
i?aei?e?inoa, a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio oa ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo O?N Aieeinueei? iaeano?
?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueii? oo?enoe/ii-?ae?aaoe?eii?
ciie “Oaoeuee? ica?a”.

Iniiai? iioeae noai?aiiy NO?C “Oaoeuee? ica?a” aeieeaathoue c noeoiiino?
ni?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a ? ia’?eoeaii? iaiao?aeiino? aoaeoeaiiai ?o
aeei?enoaiiy a ?ioa?anao ?aa?iio oa aea?aeaae. Oaoeueeee ?aeii ia?
aea?aeia aaia?ao?/ia ?icoaooaaiiy, aeia?a o?ainii?oia niieo/aiiy,
aeineoue iiooaeio IOA oa ?ae?aaoe?eio ?io?ano?oeoo?o, oi?eaeuei?
?ae?aaoe?ei? ?ano?ne.

Iaoa noai?aiiy NO?C “Oaoeuee? ica?a” – caaacia/aiiy eiiieaeniiai
?icaeoeo oa?eoi???, aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy ?? ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo,
oi?ioaaiiy aeniei?icaeiooi? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace oa ?ae?aaoe?eii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e ia iniia? noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaiai aeiiii?/ii-i?aaiaiai
?aaeeio aeey caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e oa aeoea?caoe?? i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino?.

?aae?caoe?y iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? iinoaiiaeo oa aeeiiaiiy ianooiieo
caaaeaiue:

noeioethaaiiy ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? oa ?iaanoeoe?eii? aeoeaiino?
a on?o noa?ao ainiiaea?noaa, ye? aecia/aoeiooue ??aaiue nioe?aeueiiai
eiioi?oo oa ?ae?aaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy;

oi?ioaaiiy aeniei?icaeiooi? nioe?aeueii?, ae?iaie/i?, ?eieiai?
?io?ano?oeoo?e;

caaacia/aiiy iniaeeaiai aeieia?/iiai ?aaeeio ae?yeueiino?;

i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, eiai aeia?iaooo, cieaeaiiy
ianyao i?a?aoe?e;

i?aeaioiaea aenieieaae?o?eiaaiiai ia?niiaeo;

noeioethaaiiy ?icaeoeo iaeiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa;

i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiai e?eoaaiiy, icaei?iaeaiiy
oa a?aeii/eieo;

?icoe?aiiy ani?oeiaioo oa iie?ioaiiy yeino? ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa.

Ia?a?aoiaai? caaaeaiiy iaoiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee ?yaeo
i?iaeo?a, a naia: aei?ica?aeee, ioe?iee caian?a ?iaeiaeu i?ia?aeueieo
aiae oa e?eoaaeueieo a?ycae, i?aeaioiaee ?o aei aenieoaoaoe??;
aoae?aieoeoaa ? ?aeiino?oeoe?? aei??a; aoae?aieoeoaa nenoai
aiaeiiinoa/aiiy oa eaiae?caoe?eii-i/enieo nii?oae; ?icaeoeo nenoaie
eiioi?eaoe?e; ?aeiino?oeoe?? ? iiaea?i?caoe?? ae?th/eo ?ae?aaoe?eieo
ia’?eo?a; i?aai?caoe?? iiaeo aeae?a ?ae?aaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

I?iaeoe iiaeii? ?aae?ciaoaaoeny a niaoeeo?/ieo aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo
oiiaao, ye? a noeioethaaee ?iaanoeoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue oa ae?eiao
aeoeai?noue noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Noeioethth/o ?ieue o caeo/aii?
?iaanoeoe?e a ?icaeoie NO?C iiaeiia a?ae?a?aoe i?eueaiaa iiaeaoeiaa
iie?oeea, a?aeno?i/ea iaia’yceiaeo iiaeaoeiaeo ieaoaae?a aac ia?aooaaiiy
oo?ao?a ? iai?, ca?eueiaiiy a?ae iaeeaaeaiiy aa?ciei ieoii ? iiaeaoeii
ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue ne?iaeie, iaoa??ae?a, onoaoeoaaiiy, ui aaiceoueny
aeey iio?aa aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa noa’?eoaie NO?C, anoaiiaeaiiy
i?eueaiaeo ii?i, ca?aeii c yeeie ca?eueiy?oueny a?ae iaeeaaeaiiy ieoii
iaeii, ui aaiceoueny a Oe?a?io ye aianie ?iicaiiiai ?iaanoi?a aei
noaoooiiai oiiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.

O no?aoaa?/iiio ieai? i?iaeo i???ioiaaiee ia noai?aiiy aeniei?icaeiooi?
eo?i?oii-icaei?ia/i? ciie, eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeii? ia na?oiaiio ?eieo
?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa.

AENIIAEE

1. Oa?eoi??aeueia ?ae?aaoe?eia nenoaia – oea a?aee?eoa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia nenoaia, aeaiaioe yei? ? neeaaeieie
aca?iiiia’ycaieie oa aca?iicaeaaeieie i?aenenoaiaie, ui aecia/athoue
niaoeeo?eo ?? oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ia iaai?e oa?eoi??? (?ae?aaioe,
?ae?aaoe?ei? ?ano?ne ? oiiae, iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia aaca, ?ae?aaoe?eia
?io?ano?oeoo?a, ianeoaiaoth/ee ia?niiae, oi?aaeiinuee? nenoaie), ?
ia’?aeiai? ni?eueiith ae?yeuei?noth o aeei?enoaii? ?ae?aaoe?eiiai
iioaioe?aeo oe??? oa?eoi???.

2. Iaiao?aei?noue eeaneo?eaoe?? O?N ca iniiaieie iai?yieaie
?ae?aaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, cia/aiiyi, /anii i?iaaaeaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo
caiyoue, i??ith a?aeaeaeaiino? a?ae niiaeeaa/?a a?aeia?aaea? ?
eiie?aoeco? no/ani? i?aeoiaee aei ?ae?aaoe?eii? niaoe?ae?caoe??,
oe?iiooai?aiiy, aecia/aiiy ieaoe ca aeei?enoaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a
oa iaoiiaeth?oueny niaoeeo?eith ?ae?aaoe?eiiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy,
iniaeeainoyie oi?ioaaiiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace oa ?ae?aaoe?eii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e.

3. ?ae?aaoe?eia ?aeiioaaiiy iaiao?aeia aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy
oa?eoi??aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy oa ?aaoethaaiiy, i?iaaaeaiiy
aioo??oiuei?aa?iiaeueii? ?ae?aaoe?eii? iie?oeee, iineeaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eii?
niaoe?ae?caoe??, yea aeanoue iiooiao aei ae??aithaaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a on?o aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeiiao
iaeano?, iiaeiea? a?aenoaaaiiy iie?nueeeo ?aeii?a. O Aieeinuee?e
iaeano? aeae?eaii o?e ?ae?aaoe?ei? ?aeiie: Oaoeueei-Ethaiieuenueeee,
Eooeueei-E?aa?oe?anueeee, Eiaaeuenueei-Oo??enueeee, a iaaeao yeeo
ooieoe?iiothoue ?ae?aaoe?ei? i?ae?aeiie oa aocee. Noi?iiaaiei
?ae?aaoe?eiei ?aeiiii c yne?aai ae?aaeaiith ?ae?aaoe?eiith
niaoe?ae?caoe??th ? Oaoeueei-Ethaiieuenueeee, a aeaio ?ioeo ?ae?aaoe?eia
aaeocue iiaea noaoe eiieo?aioiicaeaoiith ? ia? aaeee? ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo.

4. A no/anieo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy O?N ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye aeae
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo – ?eieo ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa – na?aaeiaeua, aea
cae?enith?oueny ?iciiae?e ? ?aae?caoe?y ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa.
?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa aeiiii?ee ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo
? aeineoue niaoeeo?/iei ooai?aiiyi c iacaaeainiaaieie iiieoii ?
i?iiiceoe??th, iacaei?iaith eiieo?aioe??th, iaaeineiiaeeie iaoai?ciaie
oe?iiooai?aiiy, iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie yeiai ia?aaeaa/a? iiaea?i?caoe?th
eiai ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e oeyoii caaacia/aiiy yeino? oa
??ciiiai?oiino? ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa; ia?aaeyaeo i?aeoiae?a aei
ieaioaaiiy, o?iainoaaiiy, oe?iiooai?aiiy a ?ae?aaoe?ei?e noa??;
o?ainoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ia an?o eiai ??aiyo.

5. Iniiaith oi?ioaaiiy O?N ? ?ae?aaoe?ei? ?ano?ne. A ?ae?aaoei?, ye i a
iioeo ?ano?nii?noeeo aaeocyo, ca ?o aeei?enoaiiy iiaeiia
anoaiiaethaaoenue ieaoa – ?ae?aaoe?eia ?aioa. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ae?aaoe?eii? ?aioe aeicaieeoue noai?eoe oiiae aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei o noa?? i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy.

6. No/ania O?N Aieeinueei? iaeano? ia? ?yae aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai:
?ae?aaoe?eiee i?ioean ca inoaii? ?iee i?ioiaeea aeineoue ianoaa?eueii;
cia/ii iineaaeany eiio?ieue i?aai?a i?noeaai? aeaaee ca aeio?eiaiiyi
aeieia?/ieo ? nai?oa?ieo ii?i a ?ae?aaoe?ei?e noa??, ui iaaaoeaii
aieeaa? ia noai iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua; ae?iaie/a oa nioe?aeueia
?io?ano?oeoo?a iathoue iecueeee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo; ia noi?iiaaia nenoaia
?ae?aaoe?eiiai ia?eaoeiao; niinoa??aa?oueny aeao?oeeo
aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo niaoe?ae?no?a, iaiaaeaea??a, ianeoaiaoth/iai
ia?niiaeo.

7. Iaeiei c iniiaieo iaoai?ci?a ?aaoethaaiiy O?N ? ?aa?iiaeueia
i?ia?aioaaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?iaee ?aa?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie
?icaeoeo O?N a?aoiao? no/ani? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaeooaaiiy, ui caaacia/o?
caae?yiiy a i?e ?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a o ii?aeiaii? c aea?aeaaiei
?aaoethaaiiyi. ?aae?caoe?y i?ia?aie ni?yiiaaia ia ?ioaineo?eaoe?th
?ae?aaoe?eiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?,
noai?aiiy iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue, ca?eueoaiiy iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei
athaeaeaoo, iie?ioaiiy aeieia?/ii? neooaoe??, ia?ao?ae ?ae?aaoe?eieo
i?aei?e?inoa aei naiio?iainoaaiiy, naiioi?aae?iiy, naii?icaeoeo.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1.Iaaeia A.?., *a?/ee E.I. ?ae?aaoe?eiee eiiieaen Aieei?: oai??y,
i?aeoeea, ia?niaeoeae. – Eooeuee: Iaaenoe?’y, 1998. – 122 n.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy uiaei oi?ioaaiiy oa
?icaeoeo O?N, aiae?c ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii?
aace, ?io?ano?oeoo?e ?ae?aaoe??, ?ic?iaea ?ae?aaoe?eiiai ?aeiioaaiiy
Aieeinueei? iaeano?.

2. A. Iaaeia, E. *a?/ee. I?iaeaie o?iainoaaiiy o noa?? ?ae?aaoe?? //
O?iaine Oe?a?ie i?e ia?aoiae? aei ?eieo: oai??y ? i?aeoeea. – Eooeuee:
AAeO, 1996. – N.284-286.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: aiae?c iaoai?ci?a o?iainoaaiiy
?ae?aaoe?eii? noa?e, i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy oeeo iaoai?ci?a.

3. *a?/ee E.I. Iai?yiee o?iainiai-aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy a
?ae?aaoe?ei?e noa?? // I?iaeaie ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio. –
Eooeuee: Eooeueeee ?iaeono??aeueiee ?inoeooo, 1997. – N.52-64.

4. *a?/ee E.I. ?iaanoeoe?eia i?eaaaeea?noue ?ae?aaoe?? //
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aeiiii?ee oa ?iaanoeoe?? a Oe?a?i?. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO,
1998. – N.94-96.

5. E.I.*a?/ee. ?ae?aaoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue a Oaoeueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio
i?e?iaeiiio ia?eo // ?aa?iiaeueia iie?oeea Oe?a?ie: iaoeia? iniiae,
iaoiaee, iaoai?cie. – *anoeia ???. – Euea?a: ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, 1998. – N.171-175.

6. E.I.*a?/ee. ?ae?aaoe?eia nenoaia Aieeinueei? iaeano? oa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oaeoi?e ?? oi?ioaaiiy // ?aa?iiaeueia iie?oeea
Oe?a?ie: iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee, iaoai?cie. – *anoeia ???. – Euea?a:
?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, 1998. – N.197-200.

7. *a?/ee E. I?aai?caoe?y ei?ioei/aniiai a?aeii/eieo o Aieeinuee?e
iaeano? //Iaoeiaee a?niee Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Ean?
Oe?a?iee, 1998. – N.68-71.

8. *a?/ee E. Oeyoe caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e a ?ae?aaoe?eio noa?o
Aieeinueei? iaeano? // I?iaeaie ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio. –
Eooeuee: Eooeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, 1998. – N.12-24.

*a?/ee E.I. Oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoie oa?eoi??aeueii? ?ae?aaoe?eii? nenoaie
?aa?iio (ia i?eeeaae? Aieeinueei? iaeano?). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.10.01 – ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?
?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea. – ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie, Euea?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy i?iaeai
oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo oa?eoi??aeueii? ?ae?aaoe?eii? nenoaie (O?N)
?aa?iio a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee. O?N ?icaeyiooi ye aeae
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo ?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa, iaa?oioiaaii ooieoe?iiaeueio,
oa?eoi??aeueio no?oeoo?e, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ae?aaoe?eii? ?aioe, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy
?aa?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo O?N, eiioeaioe?th noai?aiiy
niaoe?aeueii? oo?enonueei-?ae?aaoe?eii? ciie.

Ia iniia? aiae?co ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
oaeoi??a iaa?oioiaai? ia?niaeoeai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo ?ae?aaoe?eii?
nenoaie Aieeinueei? iaeano?, aecia/aii ?? oa?eoi??aeueio no?oeoo?o,
cae?eniaii ioe?ieo i?e?iaeii-?ae?aaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo, ?ic?iaeaii
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaiai aeiiii?/iiai ?aaeeio
ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oa?eoi??aeueia ?ae?aaoe?eia nenoaia, ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie
?ae?aaoe?eieo iineoa, ?ae?aaoe?ei? ?ano?ne, i?e?iaeii-?ae?aaoe?eiee
iioaioe?ae, ?ae?aaoe?eia ?aioa, ?aa?iiaeueia i?ia?aia ?icaeoeo O?N,
niaoe?aeueia oo?enonueei-?ae?aaoe?eia ciia.

*a?/ee E.I. Oi?ie?iaaiea e ?acaeoea oa??eoi?eaeueiie ?ae?aaoeeiiiie
nenoaiu ?aaeiia (ia i?eia?a Aieuineie iaeanoe). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.10.01 – ?aciauaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee e
?aaeiiaeueiay yeiiiieea. – Einoeooo ?aaeiiaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee IAI
Oe?aeiu, Eueaia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oai?aoe/aneiai iainiiaaiey i?iaeai
oi?ie?iaaiey e no?aoaaee ?acaeoey oa??eoi?eaeueiie ?ae?aaoeeiiiie
nenoaiu (O?N) ?aaeiia a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee.

O?N – yoi ioe?uoay nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia, yeaiaiou eioi?ie
yaeythony neiaeiuie acaeiioaycaiiuie e acaeiicaaeneiuie iiaenenoaiaie,
eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho niaoeeoeeo aa oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey ia eiie?aoiie
oa??eoi?ee (?ae?aaiou, ?ae?aaoeeiiiua ?ano?nu e oneiaey,
iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneay aaca, ?ae?aaoeeiiiay eio?ano?oeoo?a,
ianeoaeeaathuee ia?niiae, oi?aaeai/aneea nenoaiu) e iauaaeeiaiu iauae
aeayoaeueiinoueth ii eniieueciaaieth ?ae?aaoeeiiiiai iioaioeeaea yoie
oa??eoi?ee.

A ?aaioa iainiiaaia ooieoeeiiaeueiay e oa??eoi?eaeueiay no?oeoo?a O?N. A
niioaaonoaee n iai?aaeaieyie ?ae?aaoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe ii?aaeaeaii
o?e oeia O?N: ea/aaiiai, icaei?iaeoaeueii-nii?oeaiiai, iiciaaaoaeueiiai.
A ea/anoaa iniiaiuo oaeniiiie/aneeo aaeeieoe oa??eoi?eaeueiie no?oeoo?u
i?aaenoaaeaiu ?ae?aaoeeiiiue ioieo, ?ae?aaoeeiiiue ocae, ?ae?aaoeeiiiue
iiae?aeii, ?ae?aaoeeiiiue ?aeii.

A nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo oicyenoaiaaiey O?N iaiaoiaeeii ?anniao?eaaoue eae
aeae ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?uiea ?ae?aaoeeiiiuo oneoa – n?aaeu, aaea
inouanoaeythony ?ani?aaeaeaiea e ?aaeecaoeey iineaaeieo. ?uieo oneoa
yeiiiieee ia?aoiaeiiai ia?eiaea oa?aeoa?iu ianaaeaine?iaaiiua ni?in e
i?aaeeiaeaiea, iacaei?iaay eiieo?aioeey, ianiaa?oaiiua iaoaieciu
oeaiiia?aciaaiey. Aeaeueiaeoaa aai ?acaeoea i?aaeoniao?eaaao
iiaea?iecaoeeth ooieoeeiiaeueiie no?oeoo?u, ia?aniio? iiaeoiaeia e
ieaie?iaaieth, oeiaine?iaaieth, oeaiiia?aciaaieth, o?ainoi?ie?iaaiea
nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey.

Iniiaie oi?ie?iaaiey O?N yaeythony ?ae?aaoeeiiiua ?ano?nu: i?e?iaeiua,
eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneea, nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea. A i?ioeanna eco/aiey
i?e?iaeiuo ?ae?aaoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia oa??eoi?ee aaaeiia ianoi caieiaao
iieiaeaiea i i?e?iaeii-?ae?aaoeeiiiii iioaioeeaea, eioi?ue iiaeeaaeeo
yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiea ninoiyiey e yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey.
Nouiinoue iaoiaeeee aai eiiiiiaioiie ioeaiee ninoieo a ii?aaeaeaiee
iauae aiciiaeiinoe i?e?iaeiuo ?ae?aaoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia oaeiaeaoai?youe
?ae?aaoeeiiiua iio?aaiinoe ethaeae n o/aoii caiania e ii?i
eniieueciaaiey.

A ?ae?aaoeee, eae e a ae?oaeo ?ano?niaieeo io?aneyo, ca eniieueciaaiea
?ae?aaoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia aeieaeia auoue onoaiiaeaia ieaoa. ?ac?aaioaia
eiioeaioeey ?ae?aaoeeiiiie ?aiou, eioi?ay yaeyaony aeiaaai/iie
i?eaueueth, aicieeathuae a ?acoeueoaoa eniieueciaaiey ?ano?nia ?acee/iie
oeaiiinoe e ea/anoaa, aieaa auaiaeiiai ianoi?aniieiaeaiey e i?ecaaia
iaania/eoue oneiaey aeey oniaa?oainoaiaaiey yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee a
noa?a ?ae?aaoeeiiiiai i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey.

Aieuineay iaeanoue aiaaoa iiiai/eneaiiuie e oeaiiuie i?e?iaeiuie
?ae?aaoeeiiiuie ?ano?naie, eioi?ua yaeythony iniiaie ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
O?N ?aaeiia, iaania/eaatho ?acaeoea anao iniiaiuo iai?aaeaiee
?ae?aaoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Cia/eoaeueiuie nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeie oaeoi?aie, ii?aaeaeythueie
oi?ie?iaaiea O?N, yaeythony iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneay aaca e
?ae?aaoeeiiiay eio?ano?oeoo?a. ?ae?aaoeeiiiua i?aaei?eyoey iaeanoe iiaoo
iaania/eoue ni?in ianaeaiey ia aieueoeinoai aeaeia ?ae?aaoeeiiiuo oneoa.
Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca ?ae?aaoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia, nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo
oaeoi?ia eceiaeaiu ia?niaeoeaiua iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey ?ae?aaoeeiiiie
nenoaiu Aieuineie iaeanoe, ii?aaeaeaia aa oa??eoi?eaeueiay no?oeoo?a,
ioeaiai i?e?iaeii-?ae?aaoeeiiiue iioaioeeae, ?ac?aaioaiu i?aaeeiaeaiey
ii nicaeaieth aeaaii?eyoiiai yeiiiie/aneiai ?aaeeia ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
O?N, i?iecaaaeaii ?ae?aaoeeiiiia ?aeiie?iaaiea.

Iaeiei ec iaoaieciia ?aaoee?iaaiey O?N anoue ?aaeiiaeueiia
i?ia?aie?iaaiea. A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ac?aaioee
?aaeiiaeueiie i?ia?aiiu ?acaeoey oa??eoi?eaeueiie ?ae?aaoeeiiiie
nenoaiu, eioi?ay o/eouaaao nia?aiaiiua iiaeoiaeu e i?iaeoe?iaaieth,
ni/aoaao ?uii/iua iaoaieciu e ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea.
?aaeecaoeey i?ia?aiiu i?aaeoniao?eaaao eioaineoeeaoeeth ?ae?aaoeeiiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie e eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeoeaiinoe,
nicaeaiea iiauo ?aai/eo iano, oaaee/aiea i?eoiea n?aaenoa a athaeaeao,
oeo/oaiea yeieiae/aneie neooaoeee, ia?aoiae ?ae?aaoeeiiiuo i?aaei?eyoee
e naiioeiaine?iaaieth, naiioi?aaeaieth, naii?acaeoeth.

Aaaeiaeoei iai?aaeaieai inaiaiey ?ae?aaoeeiiiuo oa??eoi?ee yaeyaony
?acaeoea ?ae?aaoeeiiiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa e i?eaea/aiea a yoio
i?ioeann eiino?aiiuo e ioa/anoaaiiuo eiaanoeoeee. Ii ?acoeueoaoai
i?iaaaeaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey ?ac?aaioaia eiioeaioeey niaoeeaeueiie
oo?enonei-?ae?aaoeeiiiie ciiu “Oaoeeea ica?a”. ?aaeecaoeey i?iaeoa aeano
aiciiaeiinoue yooaeoeaii eniieueciaaoue ?ae?aaoeeiiiue iioaioeeae
?aeiia, ?acaeaaoue ia ea/anoaaiii iiaii o?iaia iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneoth
aaco e ?ae?aaoeeiiioth eio?ano?oeoo?o, aeoeaece?iaaoue
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneoth aeayoaeueiinoue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oa??eoi?eaeueiay ?ae?aaoeeiiiay nenoaia, ?aaeiiaeueiue
?uiie ?ae?aaoeeiiiuo oneoa, ?ae?aaoeeiiiua ?ano?nu,
i?e?iaeii-?ae?aaoeeiiiue iioaioeeae, ?ae?aaoeeiiiay ?aioa, ?aaeiiaeueiay
i?ia?aiia ?acaeoey oa??eoi?eaeueiie ?ae?aaoeeiiiie nenoaiu,
niaoeeaeueiay oo?enonei-?ae?aaoeeiiiay ciia.

L.Cherchyk. Formation and development of the territorial recreation
system of the region (based on the example of the Volyn region). –
Manuscript.

The dissertation for a degree of Candidate of Economic Sciences on the
speciality – 08.10.01 – Distribution of productive forces and regional
economics. – Institute of Regional Researches of the Ukrainian National
Academy of Sciences, Lviv, 1999.

The dissertation is dedicated to the questions of theoretical foundation
of formation problems and the directions of the development of the
territorial recreation system (TRS) of the region in the conditions of
transitional economics. TRS can be considered as a kind of regional
market of recreation service, functional, territorial structure is
grounded, mechanism of recreation rent is suggested, methodical
approaches to formation of Regional program of TRS deve-lopment are
investigated conception of the creation of special tourist and
recreation zone is worked out.

On the basis of the recreation resources analysis and social and
economical factors perspective trends of the development of the
recreation system of Volyn region are motivated, its territorial
structure is determined, natural and recreation potential is estimated,
propositions concerning the creation of favourable economic regime of
the TRS functioning are developed.

Key words: territorial recretion system, regional market of recreation
service, recreational resourses, natural recreational potential,
recreational rent, Regional program of TRS development, special tourist
and recreation zone.

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