I?i?noa?noai eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ieEe?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa

OAeE 019.922-053.2(477)

Aey/aiei Iaae?y Na?a??aia

Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey
ae?oae a Oe?a?i?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 07.00.08 — eieaiciaanoai, a?ae?ioaeiciaanoai oa
a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoai

Aaoi?aoa?aoaeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiyeaiaeeaeaoa
iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa I?i?noa?noaa eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeieaaiei
Oaoyia Ieaen??aia caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e a?ae?ioa/ii-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ae?oae ? thiaoeoaa Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeaeei/a?aaeca
Iaoae?y Aaa?ee?aiacaa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?einio?? Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoaeaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe Aeiaei
Oaoyia Aanee?aia caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie
?i. A. ?. Aa?iaaenueeiai

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y eoeueoo?e
I?i?noa?noaa eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 9 » n?/iy 1999?. i 15 30 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.807.01 i?e Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa ca aae?anith: 252133, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Ui?na 36.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa (i. Ee?a-133, aoe. Ui?na
36).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 8 a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee I. A. Eiaaeaiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ia?aoai?aiiy a Oe?a?i?,
iia’ycai? c ia?aoiaeii aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, ?aoi?ioaaiiyi ina?oe,
i???ioaoe??th ia caaaeueiiethaenuee? oe?iiino?, i?aeaeuaiiyi
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oa aeooiaiiai ??aiy iniaenoino? aeeoeie iio?aaothoue
i?aeaeuaiiy a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iiaaiino? ae?oae i?i e?oa?aoo?o c
??cieo aaeocae ciaiue. Oeueiio cia/iith i??ith ni?ey? nenoaia
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo
a?oi. Aieiaieie caaaeaiiyie nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae ? caaacia/aiiy nenoaiaoe/ii? ? iia?aoeaii?
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i e?oa?aoo?o c ??cieo aaeocae ciaiue, oi?ioaaiiy
oe?e?niiai oyaeaiiy i?i e?oa?aoo?i? ianeae, caaeiaieaiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa oa ?ioa?an?a ae?oae, ni?eyiiy nioe?ae?caoe??
ae?oae, ona?aeiieaiith ieie a?iiaaeyinueei? iiceoe??, ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii? aeoeaiino?, aoiai?noe/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? iniaenoino?,
caaacia/aiiy iiaeeeainoae aeey iino?eiiai c?inoaiiy ?? ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai
? aeooiaiiai iioaioe?aeo, aioiaiino? aei naiiina?oiuei? ae?yeueiino? oa
i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny e oei, ui a Oe?a?i?
a?aenooi?e aeeaieee iaoeiaee aiae?c aeaii? i?iaeaie, a oaeiae
niaoe?aeueia eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a ye nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai yaeua. Ie?ai? ieoaiiy
aeaii? i?iaeaie ?icaeyaeaeeny o i?aoeyo oaeeo oe?a?inueeeo
a?ae?ia?aoiciaaoe?a, ye A.Ae.Ea??iiiaa (nenoaie
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii-a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iaoeiai-i?ciaaaeueio
e?oa?aoo?o aeey o/i?a na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai a?eo), E.E.Iaey?aiei
(?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae),
a?ae?ioaeiciaaoe?a O.I.Aeieaaiei, A.I.Iaaeaaae?ai?, I.I.Iia?eiai?,
E.A.Ica?/oe (/eoaiiy iaoeiai-i?ciaaaeueii? oa oe?a?inueei? ooaeiaeiuei?
e?oa?aoo?e aeey i?aee?oe?a). I?ioa, i?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo
a?oi a Oe?a?i? ie?aii ia aea/aeany, oiio aiia ? aeooaeueiith, iio?aao?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiooeo oeyo?a ?? ae??oaiiy.

Iinoaaeaia o ?iaio? iaoeiaa i?iaeaia ?icaeyaea?oueny ia i?eeeaae?
nenoaie ie?aii aeaeaieo a Oe?a?i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aea? caaaeaiiyi, ye?
noiyoue ia?aae a?ae?ioaeaie aeey ae?oae a aaeoc? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii?
a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeii?
?iaioe Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa,
cie?aia, c oaiith «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ae?yeueiino? a?ae?ioae aeey
ae?oae», ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny eaoaae?ith a?ae?ioa/ii-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ae?oae ? thiaoeoaa Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa. ?iaioa ia? aaciina?aaei?e ca’ycie c iaa/aeueieie
i?ia?aiaie Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa,
cie?aia, c i?ia?aiaie niaoe?aeueieo iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i:
«A?ae?ia?ao?y e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae oa thiaoeoaa», «I?aai?caoe?y
a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ae?yeueiino? a a?ae?ioaeao aeey ae?oae ? thiaoeoaa»,
«E?a?ciaa/a ?iaioa a a?ae?ioaeao aeey ae?oae».

Aeeeaaeaia aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iaoo, caaaeaiiy, ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?ic?iaeoe, iaa?oiooaaoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
ai?iaoaaoe nenoaio ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey
/eoa/?a-ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— aea/eoe oai?aoe/i? iiaeyaee iaaeaaia?a, ineoieia?a,
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a, ienueiaiiee?a ia e?oa?aoo?o aeey ae?oae ye ia’?eo
a?ae?ia?ao??;

— aea/eoe oai?aoe/i? iiaeyaee a?ae?ia?aoiciaaoe?a, a?ae?ioaeiciaaoe?a,
a?ae?ia?ao?a-i?aeoee?a ? a?ae?ioaea??a-i?aeoee?a ia ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eio
a?ae?ia?ao?th e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae oa ia oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae;

— aeyaeoe, i?iaiae?coaaoe, ? nenoaiaoecoaaoe ie?aii aeaeai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee aeey ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo
a?oi;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iaoiaeeeo, caniae ? i?eeiie a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e
aeey ae?oae;

— aecia/eoe oiiae oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi;

— ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey
ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy: i?ioean noai?aiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey /eoa/?a-ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy: iniiai? iai?yie, /eoaoeueea, oe?eueiaa,
oeiieia?/ia ? ci?noiaa no?oeoo?a nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey /eoa/?a-ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi,
iaoiaeeea a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae.

O?iiieia?/i? iaae? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue ia??iae
70-90-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy. A oeae ia??iae a Oe?a?i? aoei ?icii/aoi
oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey
ae?oae.

Aeaea?aeueiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee ie?aii aeaeai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee aeey ae?oae, noai?ai?
Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae oa iaeanieie a?ae?ioaeaie
aeey ae?oae, aeyaeai? o oiiaeao Aea?aeaaii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie aeey
ae?oae, Ee?anueei? iaeanii? a?ae?ioaee aeey ae?oae, Iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee
Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa, a?o/eciyia
? ca?oa?aeia niaoe?aeueia e?oa?aoo?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?eaiaionueei?
a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae,
Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie ?i.A.Aa?iaaenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui a
iueiio aaoi?ii aia?oa c?iaeaia ni?iaa ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey /eoa/?a-ae?oae ??cieo
a?eiaeo a?oi a Oe?a?i?;

— aecia/ai? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae;

— ?ice?eo? iaoiaeeea, caniae ? i?eeiie a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e aeey
ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi;

— aeyaeai?, i?iaiae?ciaai?, nenoaiaoeciaai? 311 a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a;

— caeo/ai? aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao iaeia?aeii? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei?
a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee aeey ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi;

— aena?oeai? oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae;

— ocaaaeueiaiee aeina?ae a?ae?ioae aeey ae?oae Oe?a?ie o noai?aii?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo
a?oi;

— aeine?aeaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee aeey ae?oae a
Oe?a?i? ye naiino?eia nioe?ieoeueoo?ia yaeua, ui ? iaeiei ?c aieiaieo
aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i e?oa?aoo?o aeey ae?oae.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? nenoaie
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo
a?oi, iaa?oiooaaii? oiia ?? oi?ioaaiiy, aeyaeaii? iaoiaeeee
a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae. Aieiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiaeooue noaoe oai?aoe/iith aacith aeey ianooiieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae,
i?aeaioiaee iaa/aeueieo i?ae?o/iee?a ? iin?aiee?a c a?ae?ia?ao??
e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaia aenia?eiaioaeueii
ia?aa??aia ? ai?iaiaaia o i?aeoeoe? Aea?aeaaii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie aeey
ae?oae nenoaia ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey /eoa/?a
??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi, ui aeicaiey? aeoea?coaaoe
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii-a?ae?ia?ao?/io ae?yeuei?noue a?ae?ioae aeey ae?oae,
caaeiaieueiyoe ? oi?ioaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?ei? iio?aae ae?oae, canoiniaoaaoe
?? o oi?ioaaii? a?ae?ioa/ieo oiiae?a a?ae?ioae aeey ae?oae, o
aeia?aeeiai-a?ae?ia?ao?/iiio ianeoaiaoaaii? ae?oae, o iiioey?ecaoe??
e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae, iciaeiieoe a?ae?ioa/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a c iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaieie iaoiaeeeaie a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae. E??i
oiai, ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? o
iaa/aeueieo i?ia?aiao c eo?n?a «A?ae?ia?ao?y e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae oa
thiaoeoaa» (E., 1997), «I?aai?caoe?y a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ae?yeueiino? a
a?ae?ioaeao aeey ae?oae ? thiaoeoaa» (E., 1997), o «Iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo aei iaienaiiy eo?niaeo ?ia?o c eo?no «A?ae?ia?ao?y
e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae» (E., 1998), ui ni?eyoeia oaoia?e i?aeaioiaoe?
niaoe?ae?no?a aeey a?ae?ioae aeey ae?oae ia oaeoeueoao? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
nenoai ? a?ae?ioaeiciaanoaa Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa oa ?ioeo aoc?a eoeueoo?e.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o aeyaeaii?, aiae?c? oa
nenoaiaoecaoe?? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey
/eoa/?a-ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi, o i?aeaioiaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
iin?aiee?a aeey /eoa/?a ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi oa niaoe?ae?no?a aeeoy/iai
/eoaiiy, o ?ic?iaoe? iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai c eo?n?a «A?ae?ia?ao?y
e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae oa thiaoeoaa», «I?aai?caoe?y a?ae?ia?ao?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? a?ae?ioae aeey ae?oae ? thiaoeoaa».

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaiai?ai? ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e a?ae?ioa/ii-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ae?oae ? thiaoeoaa, ai?iaiaai? o aeiiia?aeyo ia ui??/ieo
ca?oieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oa
ani??aio?a Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai ?inoeoooo eoeueoo?e (1995, 1996,
1997, 1998 ??.), o aeiiia?ae? ia ae?oaiio oe?a?inueei-i?iaoeueeiio
nai?ia?? (E., 1997 ?.), ia A/ai?e ?aae? Aea?aeaaii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie
aeey ae?oae (E., 1990), iaae?oeiaai? o iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao, ia noi??ieao
oaoiai? ia??iaeeee. Aeena?oaio cae?enithaaea iaoeiaa ?aaeaaoaaiiy oa
i?aeaioiaeo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae oa niaoe?ae?no?a
aeeoy/iai /eoaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? o
ioae?eaoe?yo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy
ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o 14 ioae?eaoe?yo, c yeeo iaeiiin?aieo — 11.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (280), aeiaeaoee (10).

Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 190 noi??iie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O Anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/ai? ia’?eo, i?aaeiao,
iaoa, caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie?aneai? o?iiieia?/i?
iaae?, aeaea?aeueia aaca, iaoeiaa iiaecia, iaa?oioiaai? oai?aoe/ia ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «Oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae nenoaie
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae» —
?ice?eaa?oueny cia/aiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey
ae?oae a ?ioaeaeooaeueiiio ? aeooiaiiio ?icaeoeo aeeoeie, ie?aneai?
ia’?eo, i?aaeiao ? ooieoe?? nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a, aecia/aii iiiyo?eiee aia?ao aeine?aeaeaiiy, aena?oeai?
oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i? i?aeoiaee, ??ci? eiioeaioe?? i?ia?aeieo
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo ineoieia?a, iaaeaaia?a, e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a,
ienueiaiiee?a, a?ae?ia?aoiciaaoe?a, a?ae?ioaeiciaaoe?a, a?ae?ioa/ieo
i?aeoee?a ?icaeoeo ? oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae.

Nenoaia ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae — oea
no?oeoo?ii ? ci?noiaii i?aai?ciaaia noeoii?noue aeaea?ae
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ui ioiieth? an? iniiai? ?
aaaeeea? aaeoc? noni?eueiiai aeeooy — iaoee, oaoi?ee, eoeueoo?e,
ienoaoeoaa oiui.

?icaeoeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae a Oe?a?i?
ni?eyei noai?aiiy 1967 ?ieo Aea?aeaaii? ?anioae?eainueei? a?ae?ioaee
aeey ae?oae ye ?anioae?eainueeiai oeaio?o ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao??
aeey ae?oae oa i?eeiyooy 1970 ?ieo Iinoaiiae eieaa?? I?i?noa?noaa
eoeueoo?e O?N? oa Eii?oaoo ii i?an? i?e ?aae? I?i?no??a O?N? «I?i noai
oa caoiaee uiaei iie?ioaiiy aeioneo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao??»,
1971 ?ieo — caoaa?aeaeaia I?i?noa?noaii eoeueoo?e N?N? «Iieiaeaiiy i?i
nenoaio iin?aiee?a ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao??», e??i oiai, 1971?ieo
i?iaaaeaiiy ?anioae?eainueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? a
i.Oiaeueieoeueeo, ?ic?iaea Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae
ni?eueii c iaeanieie a?ae?ioaeaie aeey ae?oae ia?niaeoeaieo i’yoe??/ieo
ieai?a iaoiaee/ieo ? a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aeaeaiue Aea?aeaaii? oa iaeanieo
a?ae?ioae aeey ae?oae ia 1970-1975, 1976-1980, 1981-1985, 1986-1990
?iee.

O ia?niaeoeaieo ieaiao aeae?eyeeny eiie?aoi? iai?yie i?aeaioiaee
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a, iacae, oeie, ianya
(ae?oe., a?e.), i???ioiai? oe?aae?, niin?a aeaeaiiy (oeiia?ao?y,
?ioai?eio, ?ioaoi?), oa?i?ie i?aeaioiaee iin?aiee?a ? ?aoeaicoaaiiy,
oa?i?i aeoiaeo o na?o, aeeiiaaoe?. Ieai caoaa?aeaeoaaany aee?aeoi?ii
Aea?aeaaii? ?anioae?eainueei? a?ae?ioaee aeey ae?oae. Ia?niaeoeaiee ieai
aoa neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ?anioae?eainueeiai caaaeaiiai ieaio
i?aeaioiaee ? aeioneo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a.

Iaei??th c ia?aaeoiia noai?aiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a ? a?aooaaiiy a?eiaeo ? ineoieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ae?oae,
oiio a aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaiae?ciaai? oai?aoe/i?
iiaeyaee oaeeo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo ineoieia?a oa iaaeaaia?a, ye
E.Aiaeiae/, I.?na?aa, ?.Eii, A.Einothe, A.Nooiieeinueeee, A.Oea/oe. Ia
aaaeeeao ?ieue ? caaaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae ye ia’?eoo
a?ae?ia?ao?? aeacothoue ienueiaiieee ? e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?: A.Ae/ei,
ss.Aiyi, A.Aeaaeaeia, I.Caa?ea, I.?aaiaiei, N.?aaithe, A. Einoaoeueeee,
A.Ianoaeei, Ae. Oea/, A. *aeeianueeee. O ?iaio? ?ice?eo? i?aeoiaee aei
a?eiai? ? /eoaoeueei? oeiieia?? c o?aooaaiiyi oeio /eoa/a ye niiaeeaa/a
a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ?ic?iaeai? oaeeie a?o/eciyieie e
ca?oa?aeieie a?ae?ioaeiciaaoeyie, ye E. A?e?iueea, O. Aeieaaiei, ?.
Eaaa/ae, I. Eaa?ia, A. Iaaea?ae?aa, ?.Oeoiie?iaa.

O ?iaio? aeine?aeaeai? ??ci? eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee aei nenoaie
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae a?o/eciyieo ?
ca?oa?aeieo a?ae?ia?aoiciaaoe?a. ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo canaae
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae a Oe?a?i?
iaeaaeeoue oaeei a?ae?ia?aoiciaaoeyi, ye I.Eieanieeiaa, A.Ei?i??iei,
E.Eiaaeeoeia, A.Ea??iiiaa, E. Iaey?aiei. Cie?aia, A. Ea??iiiaa ?ic?iaeea
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? nenoaie
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a c iaoeiai-i?ciaaaeueii?
e?oa?aoo?e. Aaeeeee aianie o ?icaeoie nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a, aecia/aiiy ooieoe?? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii?
a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae c?iaeee ?in?enuee?
a?ae?ia?aoiciaaoe? A. Aeia?ei?ia, A.Eaeai?iaeiaa, A. Eoci?oeiaa,
I.Iiae/eiaa, ?.?ea?ia, I.Noi?ia, I. Oiiaoiaa, TH. Ooaia. Aiie aaaaeaee,
ui nenoaia ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a ia? aecia/aoe
eiei /eoaiiy thiiai /eoa/a, ioiiethth/e an? aaeoc? ciaiue, ??ci?
iai?yie eoeueoo?e. Nenoaia ia? aooe ci???ioiaaia ia ??ci? /eoaoeuee?
a?oie c aecia/aieie ? iaaecia/aieie ?ioa?anaie, oiaoi c ??ciei ??aiai
/eoaoeueeiai ?icaeoeo. ?ic?iaoe? eiioeaioe?? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii?
a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae i?eae?eyee oaaao oae? ?in?enuee?
a?ae?ia?aoiciaaoe?, ye A. Aaic?eiaa, ?. Eoeeeiaa, I. Iiae/eiaa, O.
Iieiciaa oa ?i., ye? aaaaeaee, ui ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eia a?ae?ia?ao?y iiaeiia
nie?aoeny ia a?eiao ? nioe?aeueio ineoieia?th, ?ioaa?oaaoeny c iaoeiaeie
ciaiiyie i?i a?ae?ioaeo ? eieao, aooe iniiaith o oi?ioaaii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii? eoeueoo?e ae?oae. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy
e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae iaeaaeeoue ? oaeei ?in?enueeei
a?ae?ia?aoiciaaoeyi, ye ?.Aaii, E.A??ieaeiai, A.Aeoeaoiaa, ?.
?iicaioeaa, I. Iiae/eiaa, ?.?ea?ia, I. Oiiaoiaa, I. Oaae??aa, I. Ooca.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? — «Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae» — ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey /eoa/?a ??cieo a?eiaeo
a?oi, aeyaeai? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy, iieacaii ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, i?iaiae?ciaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei?
a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee, aeaeai? i?ioyaii 1970 — 1997 ?ie?a, aeeeaaeai?
?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a aeey /eoa/?a-o/i?a ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi. An? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei?
a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee o iaaeao iaaii? a?eiai? a?oie /eoa/?a
aiae?coaaeeny ca oaeeie /ioe?ia e?eoa??yie: /eoaoeueea ? oe?eueiaa
i?ecia/aiiy iin?aiee?a, ci?noiaa, oeiieia?/ia no?oeoo?a nenoaie
iin?aiee?a. Oeyoii noaoenoe/iiai ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co oa nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo aei ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae
aoee aeae?eai? iin?aieee ca oaeeie o?ueiia a?eiaeie a?oiaie: /eoa/?
iieiaeoiai, na?aaeiueiai, noa?oiai a?eo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy cana?ae/eei, ui
aeey /eoa/?a iieiaeoiai a?eo i?ioyaii 1970-1997 ?ie?a a Oe?a?i? aoei
aeaeaii 62 ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee, ?c ieo 42%
noaiiaeyoue iin?aieee, aeaeai? Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie aeey
ae?oae, ? 58% — iaeanieie a?ae?ioaeaie aeey ae?oae.

Ca /eoaoeueeei i?ecia/aiiyi iin?aieee aeaeaaaeeny aeey /eoa/?a-o/i?a 1-4
eean?a, na?aae ieo iaea?eueoa — aeey o/i?a 2-3, 3-4 eean?a. Anueiai aeey
oeeo a?oi /eoa/?a aoei aeaeaii 36 iin?aiee?a, ui noaiiaeoue 58% a?ae
caaaeueii? e?eueeino?. C ieo aeey o/i?a 2-3 eean?a — 26 iin?aiee?a
(42%), aeey o/i?a 3-4 eean?a — 10 iin?aiee?a (16%).

Aeey /eoa/?a iieiaeoiai a?eo aeaeaaaeeny ??ci? oeie ? aeai?e
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a: o?e ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei?
a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iieaae/eee, ui noaiiaeoue 5%, 19 eaoaeia?a — 30,8%, 25
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo niene?a — 40,3%, 4 a?ae?ia?ao?/i? aan?aee — 6,4%, 11
iai’yoie — 17,7%.

Aea/aiiy iieacaei, ui ca ci?noii a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey
/eoa/?a oeueiai a?eo aoee aeaeai? oi?aa?naeuei? (23 iin?aieee, 37%),
oaiaoe/i? (25 iin?aiee?a, 40,3%), a?ia?ae?ia?ao?/i? (14 iin?aiee?a,
22,5%), na?aae ieo — e?a?ciaa/? (9 iin?aiee?a, 64%), ia?niiaeuei? (7
iin?aiee?a, 50%).

Oae, aeey /eoa/?a iieiaeoiai a?eo aoee aeaeai? oae? oi?aa?naeuei?
iin?aieee, ye a?ae?ia?ao?/iee iieaae/ee «E?a?ia, a ye?e oe aeeaao»
(Aea?aeaaia a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae), 3 a?ae?ia?ao?/i? nienee «Ui
/eoaoe o/iyi 3 eeano», «Ui /eoaoe o/iyi ae?oaiai eeano» (Oiaeueieoeueea
iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae), «*oi /eoaoue eaoii» (Oa?e?anueea
iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae). Aeey oeeo iin?aiee?a oa?aeoa?iei ? oa,
ui aiie aeeth/aee e?oa?aoo?o c ??cieo aaeocae ciaiue oe?a?inueeith ?
?in?enueeith iiaaie, iaee anooi, caa?iaiiy aei /eoa/?a, a ie?aieo —
aeiiii?aeiee aia?ao.

Aaaeeeaei aeey iieiaeoeo /eoa/?a ? ?ethno?iaaiee eaoaeia «Ui iai
/eoaoe», yeee ui??/ii, i?ioyaii 1980-1995 ?ie?a, aeaeaaaea Aea?aeaaia
a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae o aeaeaaieoeoa? «Aanaeea» oe?aaeai 30
oen. i?ei??iee?a eiaeiee. Anueiai aoei aeaeaii 5 iniiaieo ? 14 aeione?a
«Aeiiiaiaiiy», /ioe?e aeionee (11-14) aeeoee ?ioai?eioiei niiniaii.
Eaoaeia ioiiethaaa a?o/eciyio ? na?oiao e?oa?aoo?o aeey ae?oae, aeaeaio
oe?a?inueeith iiaith, ui aeoiaeeea oe?aaeai ia iaioa 10 oeny/
i?ei??iee?a. Aei neeaaeaiiy oeeo iin?aiee?a aoee caeo/ai?
aenieieaae?o?eiaai? a?ae?ia?aoe Aea?aeaaii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie aeey
ae?oae, cie?aia I. I. Aaaeaiai, E.I.Ao?ae/, I.A.Caaaeia,
I.A.Eieanieeiaa, A. I. Oa?aaa?iaa, E. A. Oanaiei.

Oaiaoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? iin?aieee aeaeaaaeeny c oaeeo oai, ye
i?e?iaea, ioi?iia caei?ia’y ? nii?o, ?noi??y e?a?ie, ?noi??y
i?iia?nueei? i?aai?caoe??, ae?oaeaa ae?oae. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue
iin?aiee?a iaeaaeaea aei noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? oaiaoeee. Ca oeae ia??iae
aoei aeaeaii 14 iin?aiee?a (22,6%) noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? ? 8 (13%)
i?e?iaeie/i? oaiaoeee.

Aaaeeeaeie aeey /eoa/?a na?aae noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo iin?aiee?a aoee
oae?, ye «Oae ia anueiio na?o? i?oeii ae?oaeaoue ae?oe» (Iaeanueea
iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae), «AEeaooue ia oe?e?i na?o?, ia?iae
aanaeee — ae?oe» (Aieeinueea iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae),
«Iaeaiueeei i?i neao aeaaieio» (Ee?anueea iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey
ae?oae).

Na?aae oaiaoe/ieo iin?aiee?a i?e?iaeie/i? oaiaoeee ne?ae a?aecia/eoe
oae? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? nienee a na??? «Ae?ocyi ??aeii?
i?e?iaee», ye «Iacae/aei? i?eaiaee — /a??aieoe? i?e?iaee» (I. N.
Aey/aiei, I. A. Caaaeia), «Oa?iieoe? caeaiiai eenoo», «A?no? c oea?noaa
oaa?ei» (I. A. Caaaeia), «Caeaiee /oaei-aaeaoaiue» (N. ?. Iae?aniaa),
ye? aeeth/aee e?au? iaoeiai-i?ciaaaeuei? ? ooaeiaei? oai?e oaeeo
oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a, ye I. A?ia?aiianueeee, A. Aeaaeaeia,
A.Iaeno?aiei, A.Ianoaeei, I.Ieanue, A. Ia?oiiaiei, A?. Othothiiee,
?in?enueeeo — ?.Aeeiooe?i, A.A?aiee, TH. Aeieo???a, I. I?eoa?i oa ?ioeo.

Aeooaeuei?e oaiaoeoe? i?enay/ai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i?
iin?aieee aeey iieiaeoiai a?eo /eoa/?a, cie?aia oae?, ye «Nii?o thiei»
(I. E. Ooaa?aa), «Aaaoea caei?ia’y» (I. A. Caaaeia).

Iaaia i?noea o nenoai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a
iin?aeathoue a?ia?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee, ?o e?euee?noue neeaaea? 14
(22,5%), aiie i?enay/ai? oai?/ino? ienueiaiiee?a, na?aae ieo
e?a?ciaa/iai oa?aeoa?o — 9 (64%), ia?niiaeueieo — 7 (50%).

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaiae?ciaaii 60 ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
iin?aiee?a aeey /eoa/?a na?aaeiueiai a?eo. C ieo 90% i?aeaioiaeai?
iaeanieie a?ae?ioaeaie aeey ae?oae, 10% — Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith
Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae.

Uiaei /eoaoeueeiai i?ecia/aiiy, oi aeey o/i?a 5-6, 4-5 eean?a aoei
aeaeaii — 39 iin?aiee?a, ui noaiiaeoue 65%: c ieo 30 (50%) — aeey o/i?a
4-5 eean?a, 9 (45%) — aeey o/i?a 5-6 eean?a. Aiae?c na?ae/eoue, ui ca
oeiieia?/iith no?oeoo?ith aeey /eoa/?a oeueiai a?eo aeaeaaaeeny
a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iieaae/eee, nienee, aan?aee ? iai’yoee. Iaea?eueoa aoei
aeaeaii a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo niene?a — 37 (61,6%).

Ca ci?noii a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeaeaaaeeny oi?aa?naeuei? (6
iin?aiee?a, 10%), aaeocaa? (6 iin?aiee?a, 10%), oaiaoe/i? (34 iin?aieee,
56,6%). Oi?aa?naeuei? iin?aieee aeeth/aee e?oa?aoo?o c ??cieo aaeocae
ciaiue oe?a?inueeith ? ?in?enueeith iiaaie. Aiie iaee anooi, ?icae?ee,
caa?iaiiy aei /eoa/?a, aeiiii?aeiee aia?ao. Aaaeeeaei aeey /eoa/?a
na?aaeiueiai a?eo aoa oi?aa?naeueiee ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eiee a?ae?ia?ao?/iee
iieaae/ee «Ethaeeia neaaia i?aoeath», i?aeaioiaeaiee I. ?. Eauoe ?
aeaeaiee Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae. Na?aae
oaiaoe/ieo iin?aiee?a iaea?eueoa aoei aeaeaii i?i i?e?iaeo, nii?o,
iiaeaeae i?iia??a, ae?oaeao ae?oae, o?aoeia c ieo i?enay/aia e?a?ciaa/?e
oaiaoeoe?. Aea/aiiy cana?ae/eei, ui aeniei i?ioan?eii i?aeaioiaeai? oae?
a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee, ye «Aeeaina?o ??aeii? i?e?iaee» (Aea?aeaaia
a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae), «Caeioai? a e?ano caiio» (Aieeinueea
iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae). O a?ae?ia?ao?/iiio iieaae/eeo
«Aeeaina?o ??aeii? i?e?iaee» (I. A. Caaaeia) nenoaiaoeciaaia e?oa?aoo?a
i?i na?o oaa?ei ? ?ineei, yea a?aeiia?aea? a?eiaei iniaeeainoyi /eoa/?a,
?o ?ioa?anai. Ooo oeeaaea/? aaeathoueny aei ??cieo i?eeii?a ? cania?a,
cie?aia oaeeo, ye caieoaiiy, caa?iaiiy aei /eoa/?a, oeeooaaiiy o?eae?a c
oai??a, iaaaaeaiiy oe?eaaeo oaeo?a, iia?aeiieaiue. O iin?aieeo ai?uaii
caa?iaiiy aei /eoa/?a, ?icae?ee, aeiiii?aeiee aia?ao, cie?aia, oae?
iieaae/eee, ye aeoaa?oi? iieaae/eee oaa?ei ? ?ineei, aeiaeaoee «A??o?
i?i i?e?iaeo», «Aai, thi? i?e?iaeiciaaoe?», ye? aeiiiaiththoue ?
?icoe?ththoue oyaeaiiy ae?oae i?i na?o i?e?iaee.

Na?aae oaeeo i?aaeiaoii-aaeocaaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a, ye «Iaoeie ia eiaeiiio e?ioe?», «*a??aieoey — o?i?y»,
«I?e?iaeiciaanoai», iaeoe?eaa?oeie aeey /eoa/?a ? aan?aee i?i eieae ia
oaio «Iaoeie ia eiaeiiio e?ioe?», i?aeaioiaeaiee a?ae?ia?aoii I. I.
Aaaeaiai ? aeaeaiee Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae. O
iin?aieeo aaoi? i?aai?/ii ii?aeio? a?ae?ia?ao?/io ? oaeoia?ao?/io
?ioi?iaoe?th, a?eueii aaaea ?iciiao c /eoa/aie-ae?oueie, oieea? ooaii?a,
aeei?enoiao? oaeee i?eeii, ye caa?iaiiy aei /eoa/?a, noaaeoue caieoaiiy,
caa?oa? ?oith oaaao ia o?eueee ia iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, ?noi??th aeiaeaeaiiy
iaoei, a e ia aeaeaoieo ethaeae, ye? eeoeee iii?oiee ne?ae a ?noi???
oaoi?ee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui aeey /eoa/?a noa?oiai a?eo aoei aeaeaii 189
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a — c ieo 88,3% i?aeaioiaeai? iaeanieie
a?ae?ioaeaie aeey ae?oae ? 11,7% — Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie
aeey ae?oae. Ca /eoaoeueeei i?ecia/aiiyi iaea?eueoa a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a aoei aeaeaii aeey o/i?a 6-8 ? 7-9 eean?a, ui noaiiaeoue 51,4%
? aeey o/i?a 7-8 eean?a 15,7%. Aeey /eoa/?a noa?oiai a?eo aeaeaaaeeny
??ci? oeie ? aeai?e a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a, cie?aia oae?, ye:
?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iieaae/eee, nienee, aan?aee, iaeyaee,
iai’yoee, caeeaaeee, eeno?aee. Iaea?eueoa aeey oeueiai a?eo aeeoei
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo niene?a, ?o e?euee?noue nyaa? 97, ui noaiiaeoue 51,3%,
iieaae/ee?a — 29 (15,3%), iai’yoie — 28 (14,8%). Aeyaeaii, ui ca ci?noii
a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey /eoa/?a oeueiai a?eo aeaeaaaeeny
oi?aa?naeuei? (6 iin?aiee?a, 3,2%), aaeocaa? (21 iin?aiee, 9,3%),
oaiaoe/i? (104 iin?aieee, 55%), a?ia?ae?ia?ao?/i? (54 iin?aieee, 28,5%)
iin?aieee.

An? oi?aa?naeuei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee iaee e?a?ciaa/ee oa?aeoa?,
cie?aia aeey /eoa/?a noa?oiai a?eo aoee aeaeai? oae? e?a?ciaa/?
oi?aa?naeuei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee, ye ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eiee
a?ae?ia?ao?/iee iieaae/ee «??aeiee Ee?a», i?aeaioiaeaiee Aea?aeaaiith
a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? nienee «??aeia i?noi
ii?» (*a?i?a?anueea iaeania a?ae?ioaea), «Eeaao-1500» (Iaeanueea iaeania
a?ae?ioaea), «Neioa?iiieth — 200 eao» (E?einueea iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey
ae?oae). Oaiaoe/i? iin?aieee ni?yiiaai? ia?aaaaeii ia oae? aaaeeea? aeey
ia??iaeo 70-o — ia?oi? iieiaeie 80-o ?ie?a, iai?yiee, ye
?aeaeii-iie?oe/ia, o?oaeiaa, aeieia?/ia, anoaoe/ia aeoiaaiiy i?aee?oe?a.
*?eueia i?noea na?aae oaiaoe/ieo iin?aiee?a iaeaaeeoue iin?aieeai
e?a?ciaa/iai ci?noo, ye? noaiiaeyoue 37,5%. Ii/eiath/e c ae?oai?
iieiaeie 80-o ?ie?a, aoee aeaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i?
iieaae/eee ia aeiiiiiao i?ioi???ioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a, cie?aia
oae?, ye «I?ioan?e oeny/? — iaeia oaiy», «Iao o?oae — caie? ie?ana»,
oeeaaeai? Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae, oa «C eeano
oe?eueiiai — a eean ?ia?oie/ee» (Aieeinueea iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey
ae?oae), «O?oaeiaua ?oee — o?oaeiaie Iaeaueia» (Iaeanueea iaeania
a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae). sse na?ae/eoue aiae?c, iiceoeaiei iiiaioii
oeueiai /ano noaei aeaeaiiy Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie aeey
ae?oae na??? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iieaae/ee?a ia aeiiiiiao
oi?ioaaiith anoaoe/ii? eoeueoo?e o /eoa/?a noa?oiai a?eo, cie?aia oaeeo,
ye: «? eeiooue caoee /a??ai?» (I.I.Aaaeaiai), «Na?o aa?iii?? ? e?ane»
(I. A. Caaaeia), «Cono??/? c i?ae?aniei» (I. N. Aey/aiei, I. A.
Caaaeia), ye? ?aeiiaiaeoaaee c e?oa?aoo?ith i?i ??ci? aeaee ienoaoeoaa.
Na?aae ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a, i?aeaioiaeaieo
iaeanieie a?ae?ioaeaie aeey ae?oae, ne?ae a?aecia/eoe a?ae?ia?ao?/iee
iieaae/ee «O na?o? ioceee», (E??iaia?aaenueea iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey
ae?oae), a?ae?ia?ao?/iee nienie «Ienoaoeoai I?eea?iaooy»
(?aaii-O?aie?anueea iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae), a?ae?ia?ao?/iee
nienie «Ea?ae iaeno??a» ? caeeaaeea «O na?o? /a??aieo aa?a»
(Oa?iii?euenueea iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae). Na?aae aaeocaaeo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a ne?ae a?aecia/eoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei?
a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iieaae/eee: «THiei ainiiaea?yi caie?» (Aea?aeaaia
a?ae?ioaea Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae), «Ethaeeia ? einiin» (Oeaio?aeueia
i?nueea a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae i. Ee?aa).

Cia/io /anoeio o nenoai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo iin?aiee?a aeey
/eoa/?a-ae?oae noa?oiai a?eo caeiathoue a?ia?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee.
Anueiai ?o aoei aeaeaii 54, ui noaiiaeoue 28,5%. A?eueo?noue ?c ieo
i?enay/oaaeany oai?/ino? oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a oa oai?/ino?
ienueiaiiee?a-caieye?a, cie?aia oae?, ye «Oe?a?inuee? ?aaeyinuee?
ienueiaiieee — ae?oyi», (I.N.Eiaca?aiei, I.I.Iiaeeiaa), (aeaeaiee
Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae), «Iiae?euenuee?
ienueiaiieee — ae?oyi» (Oiaeueieoeueea iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae),
«Ienueiaiieee Oa?iii?eueueie — ae?oyi» (Oa?iii?euenueea iaeania
a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae), «Iiaoe ?aaiethoe?eii? Aieei?» (Aieeinueea
iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae), «Eeoa?aoo?iay neaaa Iaeannu» (Iaeanueea
iaeania a?ae?ioaea aeey ae?oae) oa ?io?.

sse cana?ae/o? aeine?aeaeaiiy, o a?ae?ia?aooaaii? e?oa?aoo?e aeey
i?aee?oe?a iae/ano?oa canoiniaoaaeenue oae? caniae ? i?eeiie, ye
iaaaaeaiiy oaeo?a, o?eae?a c oai??a, caieoaiiy ? caa?iaiiy aei /eoa/?a,
oeeooaaiiy aeneiaethaaiue aeaeaoieo ethaeae, noai?aiiy i?iaeaiieo
neooaoe?e oiui. Iai?eeeaae, a aiioaoe?? aei eieae I.?a/aiei
«Caieiaoaeueii i aioaieea» («THiei ainiiaea?yi caie?», E., 1976)
canoiniaothoueny caieoaiiy: «…A ca?aeee ?icii/aany oeyo ioaieoe? ia
iao?e ieaiao?? Iaa?ui eaeoono eiai eieth/a aa?aiiy? Ca ye? yeino?
ia?iaeia iaaeeoeeia iacaaea ?ineeio ca??ia?e o?aaith a?ae
aeaa’yiinoa-aeaa’yoe oai?ia? I?i ana oea ae ae?cia?oanue c eieae». A a
?io?e aiioaoe??, cie?aia aei eieae I. ?a?ia «O ii?iaa aaeeeie oaeiu»,
aaoi?e iin?aieea «THiei ainiiaea?yi caie?» I. A. Eieanieeiaa ? I. ?.
Eauoe i?iiiiothoue i?iaeaiio neooaoe?th (N. 12): «*e c’yaeyeany o aan
eiee-iaaoaeue aeoiea i?i aeeaiee ca’ycie on?o aeeaeo ?ooeeaeo ?noio c
aeeaei ia?ooiiei na?oii ?ineei? *e ia oiaa?oueny a ?ineeiao oa?iieoey
aeeooy? …I?ioyaii aaaaoueio noie?oue a/ai?, aeine?aeaeoth/e oa?iieoe?
caiiiai na?oo, a?aee?eee aeeaiaeaei? aeanoeaino? ?ineei — aiaeoaaoe
niaith an? aeea? ?noioe, ca?yaeaeaoe ?o niiy/iith aia?a??th. A /e ia
iiaeia c?iaeoe i?eeaaee ? iaoeie, ye? oae naii, ye ? ?ineeie, aeaaaee a
eenaiue ? iiaeeao aeey ethaeae? *e cae?eniaii oea? Ae??oaiiyi oeeo
i?iaeai caeiaeiny aaaaoi a/aieo. I?i ?o ?iaioo eaea iiaa a eiec?».
I?iaeaiieie caieoaiiyie aaoi?e iin?aieea aeinyaaee aieiaiiai —
caoe?eaaethaaee i?aee?oe?a ?aeiiaiaeiaaiith eieaith.

Aiae?c aeia?a, ui naia oae? a?ae?ia?aoe, ye I.I.Aaaeaiai, I.N.Aey/aiei,
I. A. Caaaeia, I. ?. Eauoe, I. A. Eieanieeiaa i?ioan?eii i?ae?eoee aei
canoinoaaiiy iniiaieo iaoiae?a a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae a
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aieeao, cie?aia, aei a?aeai?o
e?oa?aoo?e, a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee, a?oioaaiiy. Aiie a?aoiaoaaee
i?ciaaaeuei? iio?aae ?ioa?ane /eoa/?a ? c oe??th iaoith i?aai?/ii
ii?aeioaaee oaeoia?ao?/io ? a?ae?ia?ao?/io ?ioi?iaoe?th, i?iiiioaaee
oe?ie? iaae? a?aeai?o e?oa?aoo?e, oaeei /eiii, ni?eyee aeai?o e?oa?aoo?e
aeey naiiina?oe /eoa/?a noa?oiai a?eo.

O ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia ie?aii aeaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
iin?aiee?a aeey /eoa/?a-ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi. I?e oeueiio
a?aoiaaiee aeina?ae ?nioth/eo nenoai ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo iin?aiee?a aeey
ae?oae, ?ic?iaeaieo oaeeie ?in?enueeeie a?ae?ia?aoiciaaoeyie, ye
I.Iiae/eiaa, I.Oiiaoiaa, TH.Noi?ia, ui ioiieththoue an? i?aenenoaie ?
oi?ie ?ioi?iaoe?? (ie?ai? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee, i?eeieaeeiao,
i?enoaoaeio a?ae?ia?ao?/io ?ioi?iaoe?th, a oaeiae a?aeiiino?, iiaeai? a
caniaao ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa ?io?). Cai?iiiiiaaia aeena?oaioii nenoaia
a?oioo?oueny ia ie?aii aeaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aieeao aeey ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi /eoa/?a-ae?oae. Aeey ?? ?ic?iaee
aoee aeei?enoai? oae? no?oeoo?i? ??ai?: oe?eueiaa ? /eoaoeueea
i?ecia/aiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a, aeaee ? oeie
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a. Ca oe?eueiaei i?ecia/aiiyi
nenoaia ni?yiiaaia ia caaacia/aiiy i?aaa ae?oae ia naiino?eiee ?
a?eueiee aea?? oa iaea?aeaiiy a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, caaeiaieaii?
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa ae?oae o iaa/aeuei?e ae?yeueiino? ? a i?ioean? ?o
nioe?ae?caoe??.

Ca /eoaoeueeei i?ecia/aiiyi nenoaia ?ic?aoiaaia ia oae? a?eia? a?oie
/eoa/?a, ye /eoa/?-o/i? 1-4, 5-6, 7-9 eean?a, aiia ia?aaeaa/a? oae?
i?aenenoaie: i?aaeiaoii-aaeocaao ? i?iaeaiii-oaiaoe/io.
I?aaeiaoii-aaeocaaa i?aenenoaia ia?aaeaa/a? oae? iai?yiee: ia aeiiiiiao
iaa/aeuei?e ae?yeueiino?, naiiina?oi?e ae?yeueiino?. I?iaeaiii-oaiaoe/ia
i?aenenoaia ci???ioiaaia ia oae? iai?yiee nioe?ae?caoe??: oi?ioaaiiy
iie?oe/ii?, aeooiaii?, ii?aeueii-i?aaiai?, aeieia?/ii?, anoaoe/ii?,
o?ce/ii?, o?oaeiai? eoeueoo?e oa i?ioi???ioaoe?? ae?oae. Nenoaia
ia?aaeaa/a? oae? aeaee ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a:
oi?aa?naeuei?, aaeocaa?, oaiaoe/i?, a?ia?ae?ia?ao?/i? a oaeiae oae? ?o
oeie: a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iieaae/eee, nienee, aan?aee i?i eieae, eaoaeiae.
?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee ca ci?noii ni?yiiaai? ia
oi?ioaaiiy aeooiaiino?, ii?aeueieo ia?aeiiaiue, ii/oooy iaoe?iiaeueii?
naiina?aeiiino?, a?iiaaeyinueei? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, aenieeo
iao??ioe/ieo, ?iaeeiieo ii/ooo?a, oaiiaeeaiai noaaeaiiy aei
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae oiui. ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia ai?iaiaaia ?
ia?aaeaia aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o Aea?aeaaio a?ae?ioaeo Oe?a?ie aeey
ae?oae, Ee?anueeo oa Ieeiea?anueeo iaeani? a?ae?ioaee aeey ae?oae.
Aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa ii oi?ioaaiith nenoaie
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a cana?ae/eea, ui a aaciaeo
a?ae?ioaeao aiia ae?? ca iaaieie no?oeoo?ieie ??aiyie: o Aea?aeaai?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae canoiniaothoueny oae? aeaee
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a, ye oi?aa?naeuei?,
oaiaoe/i?, a?ia?ae?ia?ao?/i?, ?o oeie — eaoaeiae, nienee, aan?aee; o
Ee?anuee?e iaeani?e a?ae?ioaoe? aeey ae?oae aioothoueny oaiaoe/i? ?
a?ia?ae?ia?ao?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? iin?aieee oaeeo oei?a, ye nienee,
aan?aee, a?ae?ia?ao?/i? aeia?aeee; o Ieeiea?anuee?e iaeani?e a?ae?ioaoe?
aeey ae?oae aeaeathoueny oaiaoe/i?, e?a?ciaa/? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? nienee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeei, ui i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a, ia?aaeaa/aieo nenoaiith, aoaeoeaii aoee
canoiniaai? cai?iiiiiaai? iia? i?aeoiaee aei iaoiaeeee a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy
e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi. Cie?aia, i?e
a?ae?ia?aooaaii? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae iieiaeoiai a?eo canoiniaai? oae?
i?eeiie, ye caa?iaiiy aei /eoa/?a, caieoaiiy, iaaaaeaiiy o?eae?a c
oai??a, oe?eaaeo oaeo?a ? a?aeiiinoae. I?e a?ae?ia?aooaaii? e?oa?aoo?e
aeey ae?oae na?aaeiueiai ? noa?oiai a?eo oaeiae ai?uaii? caa?iaiiy aei
/eoa/?a, caieoaiiy, o?eaee c oai??a, oe?eaa? oaeoe, ii?aaee,
oa?aeoa?enoeee aa?i?a oai??a, aeneiaethaaiiy aeaeaoieo ethaeae oiui.

I?ioa i/aaeaeiei ? e oa, ui ia nueiaiaei? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaei? nenoaie
cono??/a? iaai? o?oaeiiu?. Oae, /a?ac neeaaei? aeiiii?/i? oiiae,
iaaeinoaoi? o?iainoaaiiy a?ae?ioae, nei?i/aiiy oao?aoe?a a?ae?ia?ao?a,
iaaeinoai? eiooe ia eiiieaeooaaiiy oiiae?a a?ae?ioae o aaciaeo
a?ae?ioaeao ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? iin?aieee aeaeathoueny ia ca an?ia
iai?yieaie.

A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui ?ic?iaeaia ? cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia ae?ae iaiao?aeia
aeey iie?ioaiiy a?eueiiai aeinooio aei a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??,
nioe?ae?caoe?? ae?oae a no/anieo oiiaao aea?aeaaa iiaeiia ni?eyoe
caaacia/aiith ae?oae ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieie a?ae?ia?ao?/ieie iin?aieeaie,
cie?aia, oeyoii caoaa?aeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae ye aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ae?oae aeey ina?oe, naiiina?oe ? ?o
nioe?ae?caoe??.

Aea?aeaai?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae ne?ae aeeiioaaoe iieiaeaiiy
Noaoooo a?ae?ioaee i?i oa, ui aiia ? oeaio?ii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii?
a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii
cai?iaaaeeoe nenoaio ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a a
iaeani? a?ae?ioaee aeey ae?oae, cae?enithaaoe caoiaee ii oi?ioaaiith o
no/anieo a?ae?ia?ao?a a?ae?ioae aeey ae?oae ona?aeiieaiiy iaiao?aeiino?
i?aeaioiaee ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a; oeyoii
i?aeaeuaiiy ?o eaae?o?eaoe??, i?iaaaeaiiy eiioa?aioe?e, nai?ia??a,
aena?oeaiiy noaio, i?iaeai, ia?niaeoea ? e?auiai aeina?aeo ii noai?aiith
nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a ? iaoiaeeoe?
a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae ia noi??ieao i?ioan?eii? i?ane;
caaacia/aiiy o aocao eoeueoo?e i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a aeey a?ae?ioae
aeey ae?oae, ye? a aieiae?ee oai?aoe/ieie ciaiiyie ? iaoiaeieia?/ieie
iniiaaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao?? a Oe?a?i? ? ca ei?aeiiii,
no/aniith iaoiaeeeith a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae, a oaeiae
caaacia/aiiy iaoeiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei eiiieaeooaaiiy oiiae?a a?ae?ioae
aeey ae?oae c o?aooaaiiyi ?o ina?oi?o, i?ciaaaeueieo ?ioa?an?a oa
iai?yi?a nioe?ae?caoe??, ia?aaeaa/aiiy o a?ae?ioaeao aeey ae?oae eioo?a
aeey aeaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a ia aenieiio
iie?a?ao?/iiio ??ai?.

Iniiai? aeniiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

1. O aeine?aeaeaii? ?ic?iaeaia ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey /eoa/?a ??cieo a?eiaeo
a?oi. Nenoaia ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae
ni?ey? ?o a?eueiiio aeinooio aei iaea?aeaiiy a?ae?ia?ao?/ii?
?ioi?iaoe??, ina?o?, naiiina?o? ae?oae, ?o nioe?ae?caoe??, aiia ?
aeaea?aeii a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i e?au? oai?e oe?a?inueei? ?
na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae.

2. ?icaeoie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae a
Oe?a?i? cae?eniaii ia iniia? noai?aiiy 1967 ?ieo Aea?aeaaii?
?anioae?eainueei? a?ae?ioaee aeey ae?oae ye ?anioae?eainueeiai oeaio?o
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae, i?eeiyooy a 1970
?ieo Iinoaiiae eieaa?? I?i?noa?noaa eoeueoo?e O?N? oa Eii?oaoo ii i?an?
i?e ?aae? I?i?no??a O?N? «I?i noai oa caoiaee uiaei iie?ioaiiy aeioneo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao??», caoaa?aeaeaiiy 1971 ?ieo I?i?noa?noaii
eoeueoo?e N?N? “Iieiaeaiiy i?i nenoaio iin?aiee?a ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii?
a?ae?ia?ao??” i?iaaaeaiiy 1971 ?ieo a Oe?a?i? ?anioae?eainueei?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? o i.Oiaeueieoeueeiio, ui ni?eyei
?ic?iaoe? Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie aeey ae?oae ni?eueii c
iaeanieie a?ae?ioaeaie ia?niaeoeaieo i’yoe??/ieo ieai?a iaoiaee/ieo ?
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aeaeaiue Aea?aeaaii? oa iaeanieo a?ae?ioae aeey ae?oae
ia 1970-1975, 1976-1980, 1981-1985, 1986-1990 ??.

3. Aeine?aeaeaiiy cana?ae/eei, ui aeey ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi a
Oe?a?i? ca ia??iae c 1970 — ii 1997 ??e aoei aeaeaii 311
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a, c ieo aeey ae?oae
iieiaeoiai a?eo 62 (20%), aeey ae?oae na?aaeiueiai a?eo — 60 (19,2%),
aeey ae?oae noa?oiai a?eo — 189 (60,8%). I?ioyaii 70-90-o ?ie?a
iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa i?eae?eyeanue aeaeaiith ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo iin?aiee?a
aeey /eoa/?a-o/i?a iieiaeoiai a?eo. C 25 iaeanieo a?ae?ioae aeey ae?oae
eeoa 13 (A?iieoeueea, Aieeinueea, AEeoiie?nueea, ?aaii-O?aie?anueea,
Ee?anueea, E??iaia?aaenueea, E?einueea, Iaeanueea, Euea?anueea,
Oa?e?anueea, Oiaeueieoeueea, Oa?iii?euenueea, *a?i?a?anueea) aeaeaaaee
?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee aeey /eoa/?a iieiaeoiai a?eo.
Aeey /eoa/?a-o/i?a 1-4 eean?a aoei aeaeaii anueiai 5 (8,3%) iin?aiee?a
ia aeiiiiiao ?icoe?aiith ? iiaeeaeaiith ciaiue, caeiaooeo o oeie?, eeoa
3 iin?aieee aeey /eoa/?a-o/i?a 1-2 eean?a. Ii/eiath/e c 1980 ?.,
niinoa??aa?oueny ??cea ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a
aeey /eoa/?a-o/i?a na?aaeiueiai a?eo. sseui i?ioyaii 70-o ?ie?a aoei
aeaeaii 30 a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aeaeaiue, oi i?ioyaii 80-o ?ie?a — 24. C 90-o
?ie?a aeey /eoa/?a na?aaeiueiai a?eo ia aoei aeaeaii aeiaeiiai ie?aiiai
a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai iin?aieea, a eeoa ni?eueii c ?ioeie a?eiaeie a?oiaie
/eoa/?a. C 1992 ?ieo niinoa??aa?oueny ??cea nei?i/aiiy aeaeaiiy
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo iin?aiee?a Aea?aeaaiith a?ae?ioaeith Oe?a?ie aeey
ae?oae oa iaeanieie a?ae?ioaeaie aeey ae?oae. Ca oeae /an aoei aeaeaii
anueiai 10 iin?aiee?a. O ca’yceo c aeiiii?/iith e?ecith a Oe?a?i?
i?eieiaii aeaeaiiy ui??/iiai oaiaoe/iiai ?ethno?iaaiiai eaoaeiao «Ui iai
/eoaoe», yeee aoa ?aeeiei iin?aieeii, ui nenoaiaoe/ii (?ac ia ??e)
?ioi?ioaaa /eoa/?a iieiaeoiai a?eo i?i e?au? eieae oe?a?inueeith iiaith,
oaeei /eiii oi?ioaaa ?ioi?iaoe?eio eoeueoo?o /eoa/?a, ine?eueee aoa
aeinooiiei aeey an?o a?ae?ioae, ui ianeoaiaothoue ae?oae.

4. Ca ci?noii a?ae?ia?ao?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei?
a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee aeey iieiaeoeo /eoa/?a aeeth/aee aocueea eiei
aeaeaiue: aeaeaii anueiai 3 iin?aieee (5%) ia aeiiiiiao o oi?ioaaii?
anoaoe/ii? eoeueoo?e, 3 (5%) ia aeiiiiiao o oi?ioaaii? aeieia?/ii?
eoeueoo?e. Iaeaea a?aenooi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? iin?aieee ia
aeiiiiiao o oi?ioaaii? aeieia?/ii? eoeueoo?e, o iie?oaoi?/i?e ina?o?,
oaoi?/i?e oai?/ino? o/i?a noa?oiai a?eo, o oi?ioaaii? i?aaiai?
eoeueoo?e, aeiiii?/ii? ina?oe. Aeey /eoa/?a on?o a?eiaeo a?oi a?aenooi?
eiiieaeni? a?ae?ia?ao?/i? aeaeaiiy i?i ?noi??th Oe?a?ie, o?aaeeoe??,
cae/a?, eoeueoo?o, ienoaoeoai, i?aai, eoeueoo?o iiaaae?iee, i?i no/ani?
aeinyaiaiiy iaoee ? oaoi?ee oa iin?aieee ia aeiiiiiao o aea/aii?
oe?eueieo aeenoeeie?i, o ?icaeoeo ooaeiaeiuei? ? oaoi?/ii? oai?/ino?
ae?oae oa ?io?.

5. Iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa i?eae?eyeany aeaeaiith ??cieo oei?a
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo iin?aiee?a aeey /eoa/?a on?o a?eiaeo a?oi. Oae, aeey
/eoa/?a na?aaeiueiai a?eo aoee aeaeai? eeoa 11 iieaae/ee?a (18,3%), 2
aan?aee i?i eieae (3,3%), aeey noa?oiai a?eo aoei aeaeaii 29
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iieaae/ee?a (15,3%) ? 7
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo aan?ae (3,7%), a oie /an, ye ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo niene?a aoei aeaeaii 97 (51,9%).

6. I?e i?aeaioiaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey
an?o a?eiaeo a?oi /eoa/?a iaeani? a?ae?ioaee aeey ae?oae ia caaaeaee
aeio?eioaaeeny aecia/aii? iaoiaeeee a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e aeey
ae?oae. O ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? a iin?aieeao a?aenooi? aiioaoe??,
anooii? oaenoe aei ?icae?e?a, ci?no iin?aieea, aeiiii?aei? iieaae/eee.

7. Aeine?aeaeaiiy cana?ae/eei iecueeee ??aaiue iie?a?ao?/iiai ?
ooaeiaeiueiai ioi?ieaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a
aeey /eoa/?a an?o a?eiaeo a?oi. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue iin?aiee?a
aeaeaia ?ioai?eioiei niiniaii. Aenieee iie?a?ao?/iee ? ooaeiaei?e
??aaiue iathoue eeoa iin?aieee, ye? aeaeaaaeeny o aeaeaaieoeoa?
«Aanaeea» oa a iaeanieo aeaeaaieoeoaao. Niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei
ciaioaiiy oe?aae?a ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey
an?o a?eiaeo a?oi /eoa/?a. Oae aeey iieiaeoeo /eoa/?a e?euee?noue
aeaeaieo iin?aiee?a ciaioeeany c 30 -5 oen. aei 300-600 i?ei??iee?a.
Aeey noa?oeo /eoa/?a — c 50-2 oen. aei 100 i?ei??iee?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. Aey/aiei I.N. Iniiai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eii? a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae a 70-80 ?iee //
Iniiai? aniaeoe oa i?ia?aneai? oaoiieia?? ae?yeueiino? aeeoy/eo
a?ae?ioae: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / E., 1998.-N.51-61.

2. Aey/aiei I.N. Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae a Oe?a?i? a 90-? ?iae // A?niee Eieaeeiai?
iaeaoe.- 1998.- ?10.-N.10-13.

3. Aey/aiei I.N. I?noea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a o
oi?ioaaii? iniaenoino? aeeoeie. // A?niee Eieaeeiai? iaeaoe.- 1998.-
?11.-N.7-9.

4. Aey/aiei I.N. Aeia?aeea i?i i?aeaioiaeo oa aeaeaiiy
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a iaeanieie a?ae?ioaeaie aeey
ae?oae a 1986-1988 ??.- E., Ae?A aeey ae?oae, 1988.-4n.

5. Aey/aiei I.N. No/aniee noai oa i?iaeaie aeaeaiiy aeeoy/i?
e?oa?aoo?e: Oace aeii. //OOV ca?oia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ? ani??aio?a oaeoeueoaoo
a?ae?ioa/ii-?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai, Ee?a, 20-22 ea?oiy 1994 ?.: Oace
aeii. Ee?a. aea?ae. ?i-o eoeueoo?e.-E., EAe?E. 1994.-N.94-95.

6. Aey/aiei I.N. Iiaa?ioo? ?c caaoooy: nienie oai??a oe?a?inueeeo
ienueiaiiee?a // Oe?a?inueea ooaeiaeiy eieaa a /eoaii? o/i?a 5-9 eean?a:
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iee iaeyae ?acoeueoao?a nioe?ieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy «*eoaoeuee? ?ioa?ane oa iiieo ia oe?a?inueeo ooaeiaeith
e?oa?aoo?o». Iaoiaee/i? ii?aaee.-E., 1991.-N.31-40.

7. Aey/aiei I.N. Aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeueia iaoeia — iaae?eiee iii?/iee
ethaeeie : ?ae. a?ae?ia?ao?/iee nienie // ?aae. oeiea.-1988.-?7.-N.31,
91, 95.

8. Cono??/? c i?ae?aniei: I?i ienoaoeoai oaao?o, oee?eo, ano?aaee oa
e?ii iaoi? Aaouee?aueie: ?ae. a?ae?ia?. iieaae/ee aeey o/i?a 6-8 eean?a
/ Oii?yae.: Ae. N. Aey/aiei, I. A. Caaaeia.-E.: Aanaeea, 1988.-63n.

9. Aey/aiei I.N. Eany Oe?a?iea [Ea?ena Iao??aia Eina/-Ea?oea]
1871-1913: Aei 120-??//y o aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy: Iai’yoea-aan?aea aeey
o/i?a 5-9 eean?a.-E., 1991.-[7c.].

10. Iacae/aei? i?eaiaee /a??aieoe? i?e?iaee: ?ae. nienie e?oa?aoo?e
aeey o/i?a 3-4 eean?a / I?aeaio.: I. N. Aey/aiei, I. A. Caaaeia.-E.,
1991.-[4n.].

11. Aey/aiei I.N. I?iaeiaieue/a i?ia?aia — ni?aaa an?o ? eiaeiiai: ?ae.
aiio. nienie e?oa?aoo?e // Ii/aoeiaa oeiea.-1983.-?12.-N.47, 61, 72;
-1984.-?1.-N. 48-49.

12. Aey/aiei I.N. O i?e?iae? — a ??aei?i aeii?: ?ae. a?ae?ia?. nienie
// Aeioe?eueia aeoiaaiiy.-1990.-?9.-N.19.

13. Aey/aiei I.N. Oae caaaeaee aoaea niioea: ?ae. a?ae?ia?. iieaae/ee
aeey o/i?a 5-6 eean?a.-E.: Aanaeea, 1989.-38n.

14. Ui iai /eoaoe: Oai. ?e. eaoaeia aeey o/i?a 2-3 eean?a.-Aeiiiaiaiiy.
Aei. 5-10 / ?aae. eieaa?y: I. N. Aey/aiei, … — E.: Aanaeea,
1985-1990??.

Aey/aiei I. N. Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo
iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae a Oe?a?i?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.08 — Eieaiciaanoai, a?ae?ioaeiciaanoai oa
a?ae?ia?aoiciaanoai.-Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa. — i. Ee?a, 1998 ??e.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeai? oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo
a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey ae?oae a Oe?a?i?. A aeena?oaoe??
?ic?iaeaia nenoaia ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey
ae?oae, aecia/ai? oiiae ?ic?iaee nenoaie, aena?oeai? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co
?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a, iaoiaeeea a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy
e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi, cai?iiiiiaai? aoaeoeai?
i?eeiie a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy, aeniea aoaeoeai?noue yeeo i?aeoaa?aeaeaia
i?aeoeeith.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?a?inueea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eia a?ae?ia?ao?y e?oa?aoo?e
aeey ae?oae, aeaee ?aeiiaiaeaoe?eieo a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey
ae?oae, oai??y a?ae?ia?ao?? e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae, iaoiaeeea
a?ae?ia?aooaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e aeey ae?oae, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?ei? a?ae?ia?ao?/i?
iin?aieee aeey ae?oae.

Aey/aiei I. N. Oi?ie?iaaiea nenoaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoaeueiuo aeaeeia?aoe/aneeo
iiniaee aeey aeaoae a Oe?aeia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.08 — Eieaiaaaeaiea, aeaeeioaeiaaaeaiea e
aeaeeia?aoiaaaeaiea. — Eeaaneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao eoeueoo?u e
eneonnoa. — Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia oi?ie?iaaiey nenoaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoaeueiuo
aeaeeia?aoe/aneeo iiniaee aeey aeaoae a Oe?aeia. A aeenna?oaoeee
?ac?aaioaia nenoaia ?aeiiaiaeaoaeueiuo aeaeeia?aoe/aneeo iiniaee aeey
aeaoae, ii?aaeaeaiu oneiaey ?ac?aaioee nenoaiu, inaauaiu ?acoeueoaou
aiaeeca ?aeiiaiaeaoaeueiuo aeaeeia?aoe/aneeo iiniaee, iaoiaeeea
aeaeeia?aoe?iaaiey eeoa?aoo?u aeey aeaoae ?aciuo aic?anoiuo a?oii,
i?aaeeiaeaiu yooaeoeaiua i?eaiu aeaeeia?aoe?iaaiey, aunieay
yooaeoeaiinoue eioi?uo iiaeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoeeie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oe?aeineay ?aeiiaiaeaoaeueiay aeaeeia?aoey eeoa?aoo?u
aeey aeaoae, aeaeu ?aeiiaiaeaoaeueiuo aeaeeia?aoe/aneeo iiniaee aeey
aeaoae, oai?ey aeaeeia?aoee eeoa?aoo?u aeey aeaoae, iaoiaeeea
aeaeeia?aoe?iaaiey, ?aeiiaiaeaoaeueiia aeaeeia?aoe/aneia iiniaea aeey
aeaoae.

Dyachenko N. S. Formation of system of recommended bibliographical
textbooks fir children in Ukraine — manuscript.

Dissertation for defending of science degree of «Candidate of
Pedagogical Science» in speciality of 07.00.08 — Science of books,
library, Science and Bibliography — Kiev State University of Culture and
Art — Kiev, 1998.

Dissertation is devoted to the problem of formation of system of
recommended textbooks for children in Ukraine. In this dissertation the
system of recommended bibliographic textbooks for children was worked
out, the conditions of working out the system were determinant the
results of analysis of recommended bibliographic textbooks and methods
of bibliographication of literature for different ages were sowed,
effective methods of bibliographication were proposed which high
efficacy was proved by practice.

Key words: Ukrainian recommended bibliography of literature for
children, kinds of recommended bibliographic textbooks for children,
theory of bibliography of the literature for children, recommended
bibliographic textbooks for children.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo .09.98?. Oi?iao 60o90/16

Oi.ae?oe.a?e.1,0. Iae.aeae.a?e.0,8.

Iaeeaae 100 i?ei. Cai.

Aoe.*a?aiiia?i?enueea, 57/3,e.101.

A?aeae?e iia?aoeaii? iie?a?ao??

Oeaio?o I?aeia?iaeii? ina?oe

227-12-75,227-37-86

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