1

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe OE?A?IE

No?aeiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

OAeE 658.16+658.148:330.322.5

Eyoaiei Ieaenaiae?a Ieeiea?aia

Oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai

caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa

a oiiaao aieeao ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa oa

i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

A A o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Eoaainuee – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii o Eoaainueeiio n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ?inoeooo?

I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie (i. Eoaainuee).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oea/aiei Aaeaioeia A?eai??aia,

Eoaainueeee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee

?inoeooo I?i?noa?noaa
aa?ii?iieneiaiai

eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie, ?aeoi?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee

iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Oi/ee?i A?eoi? Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeooo aeiiii?/iiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy

IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo

naeoi?aeueieo i?iaiic?a

oa eii’thieoo?e ?eie?a (i. Ee?a);

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio

Einoe?ei E?ae?y Aiae???aia,

No?aeiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ea eaoaae?e o?iain?a
(i. Eoaainuee).

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oa?/iaeo

oaoiieia?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee (i. Iaeana).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 30 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo ia 11 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 29.051.01 o
No?aeiioe?a?inueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 348034, i.
Eoaainuee, ea. Iieiae?aeiee, 20a.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 348034 i. Eoaainuee, ea.
Iieiae?aeiee, 20a.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 30 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Eica/aiei A.A.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny o?iainiaith e?ecith, ?acoeueoaoii yei? ? iia??oaiiy
o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa. Iecueeee ??aaiue caaacia/aiino?
i?aei?e?inoa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie — iaeei ?c iaea?eueo aaaeeeo
iane?aee?a e?ece, yeee iaoiiaeth? iaieaoini?iiiaei?noue i?aei?e?inoa ye
o?iainiaeo ia?oia??a ? ia?aoeiaeaeo? cae?eniaiith ?o o?iainiai?
ae?yeueiino?. O?iainiaa ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa — oea neeaaeiee
aaaaoia?aiiee i?ioean, ui cae?enith?oueny a ?acoeueoao? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
o?iainiaiai iaoai?cio, ?ooiiith neeith yeiai ? i?eeiyooy o?iainiaeo
??oaiue.

I?eeiyooy o?iainiaeo ??oaiue aaco?oueny ia ?acoeueoaoao o?iainiaiai
aiae?co ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa. Ieoaiiy o?iainiaiai aiae?co
?icaeyaeathoueny a ?iaioao a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo, aea a ?o
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ia?aaaaa iaaea?oueny iioi/iiio o?iainiaiio
noaio i?aei?e?inoa, i?e oeueiio ia i?eae?ey?oueny aeinoaoiuei? oaaae
?ic?iaoe? ia?niaeoeaieo oeyo?a iaeaooiueiai ?icaeoeo, ui iia’ycai? ?c
i?ioeanii caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie.

Iaaea/ai?noue ieoaiue caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie ? iane?aeeii aeiiii?ee
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai oeio, ca /an?a yei? i?iaeaie
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ?aii?oaaeeny aai ooo/ii ae??ooaaeeny ia
aea?aeaaiiio ??ai?. Ca /an?a ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoaa ciooai?
ae??ooaaoe oe? i?iaeaie naiino?eii.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie o oaia??oi?e /an ia aeei?enoiaothoue eiiieaenieo
i?aeoiae?a, iathoue eeoa noaoe/iee oa?aeoa? ? ia a?aoiaothoue ??aaiue
aieeao ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a, ui cia/iith i??ith iaiaaeo? iiaeeea?noue
aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaith ae?yeuei?noth i?aei?e?inoa. Oiio a
?eieiaeo oiiaao ia ia?oee ieai aenooia? iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy
iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa,
ooieoe?iioaaiiy yeiai caiia?aaei a ?o aaie?oonoao oa iaaeaaaei
iiaeeea?noue ?o noaeiai ?icaeoeo. O ca’yceo c oeei oaia aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe, a ye?e noi?ioeueiaaii oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaeaii
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao aieeao ?eieiaeo
/eiiee?a, ? aeooaeueiith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeiia?aea? oaiaoe/iei ieaiai eaoaae?e
noaoenoeee oa aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co Eoaainueeiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny i?e aeeiiaii? ?icae?eo ? 2.85-?O “?ic?iaea oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeaeae ?ai?aai?caoe?? oa ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
i?aei?e?inoa”, ui noaiiaeoue neeaaeiao /anoeio aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie
(iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 00493669), a oaeiae i?e ?ic?iaoe?
Eiiieaeniiai ieaio caoiae?a uiaei noaa?e?caoe?? oa i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa iieieiia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa Eoaainueei?
iaeano?, ye? aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo Anioe?aoe?? “Eoaainueeiieiei”
(i?ae?icae?e ieaio “?ic?iaea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o?iainiaeo no?aoaa?e
i?aei?e?inoa”).

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?eioeeie,
iaoiaee oa i?aeoe/i? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa ca oiia aieeao ?eieiaeo
/eiiee?a. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aacith aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee i?aei?e?inoaa iiei/ii? i?iieneiaino?
i. Eoaainueea oa Eoaainueei? iaeano?, ye? ia’?aeiai? aei Anioe?aoe??
“Eoaainueeiieiei”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aeoiae?a aei oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa oa ?ic?iaea i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei eiai ?aae?caoe?? ca oiia aieeao ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
ae??oaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa ca oiia oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i? ca
?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co aeai?o oa ?aoe?iiaeueiiai niieo/aiiy aeaea?ae
oi?ioaaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a;

iaaeaii nenoaiaoecaoe?th ae?iaie/eo oa ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a ?
i?iaiae?ciaaii ?o aieea ia o?iainiaee noai i?aei?e?inoa ca aeiiiiiaith
e?euee?nii? oa ye?nii? ioe?iee;

iaa?oioiaaii iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy oi?aae?inueeiai iae?eo oa
ia’?eoeaii-i???ioiaaiiai aiae?co c iaoith aecia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii
iaiao?aeiiai ianyao o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa;

cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo oi?aae?inueeiai ianoaaeaiiy aeey
io?eiaiiy eiiieaenii? ioe?iee noaio i?aei?e?inoaa i?e ?ic?iaoe? eiai
o?iainiai? no?aoaa??;

noi?iiaaii no?oeoo?o iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa oa aecia/aii ci?no eiaeiiai oeeeeo iaoai?cio;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aieeao ?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia ianya
iaiao?aeieo aeey caaacia/aiiy aaccaeoeiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a;

i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy i?aeoiae?a aei
oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
oa i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiaeee, ye? ?ic?iaeaii ia iniia?
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith oa iaoiaeieia?/iith
iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? i?iaaaeaii a aeena?oaoe??, noaee ?iaioe
i?ia?aeieo a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a o aaeoc?
o?iainiaiai aiae?co oa oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaith ae?yeuei?noth
i?aei?e?inoa; ii?iaoeaii-iaoiaee/i? oa caeiiiaeaa/? aeieoiaioe c ieoaiue
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa. Iaa?oioiaai?noue
?acoeueoao?a ioe?iee o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa, ?ic?iaie o?iainiaeo
no?aoaa?e oa aeniiae?a uiaei iiaeaethaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa, ye? iaea?aeaii a ?iaio?,
coiiaeaii aeei?enoaiiyi nenoaiiiai iaoiaeo.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ? i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue o
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue noaoenoe/i? oa aenia?oi?
iaoiaee, neooaoe?eiee aiae?c ? eia?/ia iiaeaethaaiiy iaoai?cio
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaiee iaoeiaee
?acoeueoao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?icaeoeo iaoiaee/ii? aace
oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
oa ?ic?iaoe? eiiieaenieo i?aeoiae?a uiaei ?aae?caoe?? oaeiai iaoai?cio
ca oiia aieeao ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a .

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oaeiio:

noi?iiaaii iaoai?ci o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa,
iniaeea?noth yeiai ? aacia?a?aia oeeee?/i?noue ae??;

aecia/aii e?euee?nio oa ye?nio ioe?ieo aieeao ?eieiaeo ? ae?iaie/eo
/eiiee?a ia oi?ioaaiiy ianya?a o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa;

oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ??aiy aaccaeoeiaino? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa c o?aooaaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? aieeao ?ioeyoe?? oa
ioeueoeie?eaoeaiiai aoaeoo aiae?co aaccaeoeiaino? ae?iaieoeoaa;

cai?iiiiiaaii canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? aeaio??aiaai? nenoaie iieaciee?a
ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, ye? iathoue ??ciee
nooi?iue ?aeaaaioiino?, aeey ioe?iee oa onoiaiiy i?ioe??/, ui
aeieeathoue a ae?? iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa;

aaeaioiaaii iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iiceeiaeo eioo?a aei
i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueeiai aniaeoo ?ic?iaee o?iainiai? no?aoaa??
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? i?aeoiae?a aei
oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
ca oiia aieeao ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a. Aaciina?aaeiuei aaoi?ii aecia/aii
??aaiue aieeao ?eieiaeo ? ae?iaie/eo /eiiee?a ia oi?ioaaiiy ianya?a
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoa; cai?iiiiiaaii aeaio??aiaao nenoaio
iieaciee?a ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, ye? iathoue
??ciee nooi?iue ?aeaaaioiino?, aeey ioe?iee oa onoiaiiy i?ioe??/, ui
aeieeathoue a ae?? noi?iiaaiiai iaoai?cio; oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo
aecia/aiiy ??aiy aaccaeoeiaino? ae?iaieoeoaa uiaei o?aooaaiiy ?ici???a
aieeao ?ioeyoe??.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? oai?aoe/ieo ?
iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa oa ?ic?iaoe? i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueeiai
aniaeoo oi?ioethaaiiy oa ?ic?iaee caoiae?a uiaei eiai ?aae?caoe?? ca
oiia aieeao ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/ieo
i?aeoiae?a aei oi?ioaaiiy caaeainiaaiiai eiiieaeno caoiae?a uiaei
ioe?iee, ?aae?caoe?? oa caaacia/aiiy aacia?a?aii? oeeee?/iino? ae??
noi?iiaaiiai iaoai?cio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ? ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ic?iaeai?
a aeena?oaoe?? i?aeoiaee, niiniae oa iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe yaeythoue
niaith oai?aoe/io ? iaoiaee/io iniiao oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa. Aiie aeicaieythoue noi?ioaaoe
caaeainiaaiee eiiieaen caoiae?a uiaei ioe?iee oa ?aae?caoe?? oaeiai
iaoai?cio ca oiia aieeao ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a .

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a oaeiio:

noi?iiaaiee eiiieaen caoiae?a uiaei ?aae?caoe?? iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe oa cae?enieoe
aea?? niiniao caaacia/aiiy ?o ae?yeueiino? o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie;

aeei?enoiaoth/e aaeineiiaeaio iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ??aiy aaccaeoeiaino?
ae?iaieoeoaa, iiaeia ia/enethaaoe ao?aoe a oiiaao aieeao ?ioeyoe??, ui
ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie
i?aei?e?inoa;

canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? aeaio??aiaai? nenoaie iieaciee?a
ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, ye? iathoue ??ciee
nooi?iue ?aeaaaioiino?, iaaea? iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe oa onoiooe
i?ioe??//y, ui aeieeathoue a ae?? iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy o oi?i? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
aeei?enoaiiy e?euee?nii? oa ye?nii? ioe?iee aieeao ?eieiaeo ? ae?iaie/eo
/eiiee?a ia oi?ioaaiiy ianya?a o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa;
canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? aeaio??aiaai? nenoaie ??cii?aeaaaioieo
iieaciee?a eiai ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? oa aeei?enoaiiy
aaeineiiaeaii? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy ??aiy aaccaeoeiaino? ae?iaieoeoaa
ai?iaaaeaeaii ia i?aei?e?inoaao Anioe?aoe?? “Eoaainueeiieiei”
Eoaainueei? iaeano?, I*I “N??a?n” (i. A?oai?anuee Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?),
Eoaainueeiio oe?aieiia?iao? ?3 AAO “Ei?iaae” (i. Eoaainuee) oa o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? Eoaainueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo
a iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo aei aea/aiiy aeenoeeie?i “Aiae?c
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?”, “O?iainiaee aiae?c” oa “Aaaaeaiiy aei
i?iaeoiiai aiae?co”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe ? ioae?eaoe?e ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny e io?eiaee noaaeaiiy
ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo Eoaainueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
?inoeoooo (i. Eoaainuee, 1996 ? 1997 ??.), iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo
oi?i aeaniino?” (i. Aeiiaoeuee, 1997 ?.), i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? a/aieo Iineianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.A. Eiiiiiniaa, Iineianueeiai
aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiueiai ?inoeoooo (Oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo) ?
Eoaainueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo (i. Iineaa, 1998 ?.)

?iaioe, ye? iioae?eiaaii ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??, neeaaeathoue 8
iaeiaioaaiue caaaeueiei ianyaii 9,25 ae.a., c eio?eo iniaenoi aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue 4,5 ae.a.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, caeeth/aiiy, ye? aeeeaaeai? ia 160 noi??ieao
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, a oiio /ene? 31 oaaeeoey ? 12 ?enoie?a ia 12
noi??ieao. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 201 iaeiaioaaiiy iaaaaeaii ia
15 noi??ieao ? 2 aeiaeaoee ia 3 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiue o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
caoeuathoueny oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy.

?icae?e 1. Iniaeeaino? i?ioeano o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa ca oiia ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Ca /an?a aeiiii?ee aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai oeio ieoaiiy
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa ia iaee ae??oaeueiiai
oa?aeoa?o, ine?eueee i?aai ?o ?ica’ycaiiy ia iaeaaeaei ainiiaea?/ei
noa’?eoai. A ?eieiaeo oiiaao neooaoe?y caciaea ea?aeeiaeueieo ci?i,
ine?eueee i?aei?e?inoaa ciooai? ae??ooaaoe i?iaeaie caaacia/aiiy
o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie naiino?eii. *a?ac ianoa/o aeina?aeo a aaeoc?
i?eeiyooy o?iainiaeo ??oaiue oa i?aeoe/io a?aenooi?noue iaoai?cio
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy, ooieoe?iioaaiiy yeiai ?aaeaiaioo?oueny ?ooii
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, ?acoeueoaoe o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
a?aecia/athoueny aenieei ??aiai ianoaa?eueiino? oa iaaecia/aiino?
ia?niaeoea.

O?iainiaa ae?yeuei?noue i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa cae?enith?oueny ca oiia
aieeao aaeeei? e?eueeino? /eiiee?a, na?aae yeeo iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeie ?
ae?iaie/? oa ?eieia?. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa iiaea cae?enithaaoeny eeoa c
aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo, yeee iaaea? iiaeeea?noue o?aooaaoe
aieea naia ae?iaie/eo ? ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a.

Aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy i?ioeano o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei
aeicaieeei aeine?aeeoe aaaaoi??aiaao nenoaio o?iainiaiai iaoai?cio,
iaaeaie yeiai aenooiathoue iae?i- oa i?e?i??ai?. Aeaiaioaie
iae?i??aiaaiai o?iainiaiai iaoai?cio aea?aeaae ? aeaea?aea oi?ioaaiiy
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a aea?aeaae ? iai?yiee ?o aeei?enoaiiy. I?e oeueiio
aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaee i?ino?? aeey cae?eniaiiy ?ooo o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a
caaacia/o?oueny ae??th aaaeae?a o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo aea?aeaaiiai
ianooaao. I?e?i??aaiue — oea o?iainiaee iaoai?ci i?aei?e?inoaa, aei
neeaaeo yeiai aoiaeyoue o?iainia? iaoiaee ? aaaeae?, a oaeiae i?aaiaa,
ii?iaoeaia oa ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy ?o ae??. ?ooiiith neeith
neeaaeiaeo /anoei o?iainiaiai iaoai?cio i?aei?e?inoaa aenooia?
o?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio.

Aeaiaioe iae?i- ? i?e?i??aiaaiai o?iainiaiai iaoai?cio aca?iica’ycai?.
Oae, e?eciaee o?iainiaee noai ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa a?aeaeaa?oueny ia a?aenooiino? o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a
aea?aeaae, ui i?iaieo? aeao?oeeo athaeaeaoo. I?ioyaii 1993-1997 ?ie?a
ieoiia aaaa ?ano?n?a ae?iaie/eo no?oeoo? o aea?aeaaieo o?iainiaeo
?ano?nao cieceeanue c 61,9 aei 40,2%, a ieoiia aaaa i?eaooe?a o
aea?aeaaieo o?iainiaeo ?ano?nao ci?ieeany c 60,2% o 1993 ?ioe? aei
38,3% o 1997 ?ioe?. A naith /a?ao, a?aenooi?noue iae?i??aiaaeo
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ?iaeoue i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeaith aea?aeaaio i?aeo?eieo
i?aei?e?inoa, ui cia/iith i??ith aaeueio? i?ioean noaa?e?caoe??
o?iainiaiai noaio inoaii?o.

Aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii i?ioeano o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa ? aea?? oa ?aoe?iiaeueia niieo/aiiy aeaea?ae oi?ioaaiiy
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a. C iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoa ca oiia ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a ?iaio?
i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aeanieo, iiceeiaeo oa caeo/aieo aeaea?ae ?o
oi?ioaaiiy. I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui o no/anieo
oiiaao ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa iaiiaeeeai a?aeaeaoe
ia?aaaao yeiionue iaeiiio aeaea?aeo oi?ioaaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a
aiane?aeie aeieeiaiiy iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a. Oae, i?e aeei?enoaii? eeoa
aeanieo eioo?a aeieea? caa?ica iaiaaeaiiy c?inoaiiy o?iainiaiai
iioaioe?aeo i?aei?e?inoa, a aeei?enoaiiy iiceeiaeo oa caeo/aieo eioo?a o
cia/ieo ianyaao, c iaeiiai aieo, ae?enii, iaaea? iiaeeea?noue aeaeeaaiiy
oa i?ia?aneaiiai ?icaeoeo a oiiaao ianoaa?eueiino?, aea, c ae?oaiai
aieo, cia/ii i?aeaeuo? nooi?iue ?eceeo o o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui oaeee oeyo caaacia/aiiy i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie, ye niieo/aiiy ?o aeaea?ae oa
aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ianyao o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, iaeaea ia
aeei?enoiao?oueny, ii/anoe aiane?aeie a?aenooiino? oai?aoe/iiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy ? iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaie uiaei aecia/aiiy ?ici???a
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, o yeeo aoee a a?aoiaai? iniaeeaino? ae?yeueiino?
a?o/eciyieo i?aei?e?inoa. Aea/aiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo iieacaei, ui
aecia/aiiy ianyao o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii?
i?eioeei?a oi?aae?inueeiai iae?eo oa ia’?eoeaii-i???ioiaaiiai aiae?co.
Aeei?enoaiiy i?eioeei?a oi?aae?inueeiai iae?eo oa
ia’?eoeaii-i???ioiaaiiai aiae?co ca oiia oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei
iaaea? iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aeiee ianya o?iainiaeo
?ano?n?a, i?ae yeei ?icoi??oueny noia eioo?a, ui ? aeinoaoiueith aeey
iie?eooy iino?eieo aeo?ao, ye aeey ie?aiiai i?aei?e?inoaa, oae ? aeey
aoaeue-yeiai ?o ia’?aeiaiiy ? iaa?oue aeey iae?i??aiaaiai oa?oioaaiiy.
I?iaaaeai? o ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui canoinoaaiiy
oi?aae?inueeiai iae?eo oa ia’?eoeaii-i???ioiaaiiai aiae?co c iaoith
aecia/aiiy ianyao o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa, c
iaeiiai aieo, aeicaiey? oieeiooe aeei?enoaiiy iaiaa?oioiaaieo ii?iaoea?a
o?iainoaaiiy, ui ?ic?aoiaothoueny aeey o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy. C
ae?oaiai aieo, oi?aae?inueeee iae?e oa ia’?eoeaii-i???ioiaaiee aiae?c
iaaeathoue iiaeeea?noue cae?eniaiiy noai?iai eiio?ieth ca aeei?enoaiiyi
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa.

?aoe?iiaeueia niieo/aiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoa iiaea aooe
caaacia/aii oeyoii canoinoaaiiy a oi?aae?ii? o?iainiaei i?ioeanii
i?eeii?a oa iaoiae?a o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. I?ioyaii i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iniaeeaa ?ieue a oi?aae?ii?
o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie ia i?aei?e?inoaao iaeaaeeoue o?iainiaiio
iaiaaeaeiaioo i?e ?ic?iaoe? o?iainiai? no?aoaa??, aoaeoeai?noue
?aae?caoe?? yei? caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy eaae?o?eaoe?? oi?aae?inueeiai
ia?niiaeo, ui aeyaey?oueny ia?o ca ana o oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?? ia ci?ie
oiia o?iainiaiai ?eieo, o?iainiai? neooaoe?? a e?a?i? oa a ?aa?ii? oa
noaio ia’?eoa oi?aae?iiy — i?aei?e?inoaa. A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei
c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui aac aeei?enoaiiy ooieoe?e o?iainiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo iaiiaeeeai ia o?eueee aoaeoeaii ?aaoethaaoe ?oo o?iainiaeo
iioie?a ia i?aei?e?inoa?, aea e aeinyaoe neii?aeeiiaaiino? an?o
aeaiaio?a i?ioeano o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa i?ae /an
iiaeieaiiy e?eciaiai noaio.

?icae?e 2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.

I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui o?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa caeaaeeoue, ia?o ca ana, a?ae ?o
o?iainiaiai noaio. Oiio aiae?c o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoaa iaaoaa?
aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy a i?ioean? o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy eiai
ae?yeueiino?.

Aiae?c o?iainiaiai noaio o ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii ia i?eeeaae? i?aei?e?inoa
iiei/ii? i?iieneiaino? ?aa?iio, ye? ia’?aeiai? aei Anioe?aoe??
“Eoaainueeiieiei”.

O?iainiaee noai oeeo i?aei?e?inoa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iecueeei ??aiai aai
iiaiith a?aenooi?noth aeaniiai iai?ioiiai eai?oaeo oa aenieei ??aiai
e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? i?iaaaeaii a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, iieacothoue, ui ??aaiue o?iainiai? no?eeino? oa
nooi?iue aeecueeino? i?aei?e?inoa iiei/ii? i?iieneiaino? aei iaae?
aaie?oonoaa iaeneiaeueii a??ia?aeii oa?aeoa?ecothoueny eiao?oe??ioii
o?iainiai? iacaeaaeiino?. A oe?eiio ii Anioe?aoe?? “Eoaainueeiieiei”
niinoa??aa?oueny aeinoaoiuei aenieee ??aaiue eiao?oe??ioa o?iainiai?
iacaeaaeiino?: 0.877 a 1996 oa 0.785 a 1997 ?ieao. Aea aeniea cia/aiiy
eiao?oe??ioo o?iainiai? iacaeaaeiino? cian?i ia na?ae/eoue i?i
aeinoaoi?noue ianyao o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a oa ??aiii??i?noue i?io?eaiiy
i?ioeano o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy, oiio ui oaeee iieaciee ? noaoe/iei ?
oa?aeoa?eco? o?iainiao iacaeaaei?noue ia eiie?aoii aecia/aiee /an .

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co aeyaeaii, ui caaaeueia aa?o?noue iaeia
i?aei?e?inoa Anioe?aoe?? a 1997 ?ioe? ii??aiyii c 1996 ?ieii
ca?eueoeeanue ia 1589.1 oen. a?i. I?e oeueiio aa?o?noue iniiaiiai
eai?oaeo i?ioyaii aiae?ciaaiiai ia??iaeo c?inea anueiai ia 134,6 oen.
a?i., a aa?o?noue aeaniiai eai?oaeo ciaioeeanue ia 3572 oen. a?i..
Oaeei /eiii, ca oiia cieaeaiiy aa?oino? aeaniiai eai?oaeo
a?aeaoaa?oueny iino?eia c?inoaiiy iniiaiiai. I?e/eiith nei?i/aiiy
aa?oino? iniiaiiai eai?oaeo ye ii Anioe?aoe?? a oe?eiio, oae ? ii
ie?aieo ?? i?aei?e?inoaao ? cia/iee o?ce/iee oa ii?aeueiee ciin
iaeaaeiaiiy oa eiai aeaoaaiiy aiane?aeie canoa??iiy, oiae? ye iniiaiith
i?e/eiith ciaioaiiy aa?oino? aeaniiai eai?oaeo ? cieaeaiiy eiai
i?eaooeiaino?.

Ine?eueee ?ici???a aeaniiai eai?oaeo ia i?aei?e?inoaao Anioe?aoe??
eaaeaa aenoa/a? aeey oi?ioaaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo, oi iai?ioiee
eai?oae Anioe?aoe?? oi?io?oueny ia?aaaaeii ca ?aooiie caeo/aieo eioo?a.
Ca inoaii? ?iee aeaniee iai?ioiee eai?oae Anioe?aoe?? “Eoaainueeiieiei”
??cei nei?ioeany — a 7.4 ?ace (c 4289.4 aei 582.8 oen. a?i.), a oaiie
?inoo caeo/aiiai eai?oaeo a Anioe?aoe?? ia?aaeuothoue oaiie ?inoo
iai?ioiiai eai?oaeo iaeaea a 1,58 ?ace. E?euee?noue iieieicaaiae?a, ye?
oi?iothoue iai?ioiee eai?oae aeeeth/ii ca ?aooiie caeo/aieo eioo?a, a
1997 ?ioe? c?inea o 2.2 ?ace ii??aiyii c 1996 ?ieii.

??aiii??i?noue i?ioeano o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy a cia/i?e i???
caeaaeeoue a?ae iayaiino? iaea?eueo iia?eueii? /anoee iai?ioiiai
eai?oaeo — aio?aeiaeo oa aacaio?aeiaeo eioo?a, oiaoi a?ae
ieaoini?iiiaeiino? i?aei?e?inoaa. Iieacieeii, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue
ieaoini?iiiaeiino? i?aei?e?inoa, ? eiao?oe??io caaaeueii? e?ea?aeiino?.
?acoeueoaoe aiae?co, yeee i?iaaaeaii a ?iaio?, iieacothoue, ui na?aae
/eai?a Anioe?aoe?? “Eoaainueeiieiei” a?eueo?noue ? iaieaoini?iiiaeieie:
aei iaieaoini?iiiaeieo i?aei?e?inoa, o yeeo eiao?oe??io caaaeueii?
e?ea?aeiino? a 1997 ?ioe? neeaa iaioa ieaeiuei? iaae? (1,25 )
iaeaaeeoue 72% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? i?aei?e?inoa, ui iaaaaeaii ia
?en.1.

?en. 1. Aeeiai?ea ??aiy ieaoini?iiiaeiino? i?aei?e?inoa Anioe?aoe??
«Eoaainueeiieiei»

Aei iniiaieo i?e/ei iaieaoini?iiiaeiino? iaeaaeaoue: ianoa/a aeanieo
iai?ioieo eioo?a, aaeeea e?euee?noue oiaa??a, ye? a?aeaaioaaeaii, aea ia
niea/aii a no?ie, aai oiaa??a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia a?aeiia?aeaeueiiio
caa??aaii? o iieoioe?a, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei nei?i/aiiy a?ioiaiai ia?ao, a
oaeiae ??cea nei?i/aiiy ianya?a ae?iaie/eo caian?a iai?ee?ioe? ?ieo.

Iacaaeia?eueiee o?iainiaee noai i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa cacia? aieeao
aaaaoi/enaeueieo /eiiee?a, ye? o ?iaio? nenoaiaoeciaaii ia ciai?oi? aai
?eieia? oa aioo??oi? aai ae?iaie/?. sseui aieeiooe ia ?eieia? /eiieee
i?aei?e?inoai ia ia? iiaeeeaino?, oi aieea aioo??oi?o /eiiee?a iiaeia
?aaoethaaoe. Na?aae aioo??oi?o /eiiee?a, ye iieacaee i?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia?aaaao ne?ae a?aeaeaoe ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeoe??, oiio ui ae?iaieoeoai ? iaoa??aeueiith iniiaith oi?ioaaiiy
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, a i?eaooie oi?io?oueny a i?ioean? noai?aiiy ?
?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co na?ae/aoue, ui ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa ia
i?aei?e?inoaao Anioe?aoe?? “Eoaainueeiieiei” iaooeeueii cieaeothoueny.
Oae, a 1997?. aoei ae?iaeaii 3100 o aa?oeiaiai ianea , ui aaea?/? iaioa
iieacieea 1995 ?ieo, ia no?eueee ae nei?ioeeinue ae?iaieoeoai aee?ieo
ne??a ? neeaei 600 o; oe?eueiiiiei/ii? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaeaii 12500o ,
ui ii??aiyii c 1995?. ieae/a a 5,3 ?ace. Iaaaoeaio aeeiai?eo
ae?iaieoeoaa oe?eueiiiiei/ii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia i?aei?e?inoaao Anioe?aoe??
iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 2. Iaae?iiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa coiiaeaii, cie?aia,
nei?i/aiiyi ianya?a iinoaaie ne?iaeie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie
ae?iaieeaie oa iaieaoini?iiiaei?noth i?aei?e?inoa Anioe?aoe??,
iaaeinoaoiuei aeoeaiith ?aae?caoe??th ia?eaoeiaiai? ooieoe?? oa
a?aenooi?noth aeei?enoaiiy i?eeii?a oa iaoiae?a o?iainiaiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo ia oeeo i?aei?e?inoaao, a oaeiae no?oeoo?ieie
ia?aoai?thaaiiyie iieieiia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa, ui cae?enithaaeeny
i?ioyaii inoaii?o ?ie?a.

I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ae ianyaaie aeanieo
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a oa ianyaaie ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? ?nio? ye
e?euee?nia, oae ? ye?nia caeaaei?noue. Oaea caeaaei?noue a?aeiia, aea
aeey i?aei?e?inoa ??cii? aaeocaai? iaeaaeiino? oa ??ciiai o?iainiaiai
noaio eiie?aoia ?? oi?ia ??cia, oiio ui aecia/a?oueny aieeaii
niaoeeo?/ieo /eiiee?a, ? iiaea aooe anoaiiaeaia ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Noiniaii iieieiia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa e?euee?nio caeaaei?noue
anoaiiaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?aneaiiai aiae?co c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?inoi?iai? aeaio/eiieeiai? e?i?eii? iiaeae?. ??
canoinoaaiiy aeicaieeei iaea?aeaoe ??aiyiiy caeaaeiino? ianyao aeanieo
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a iieieiia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa a?ae oaeeo /eiiee?a,
ye ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa oe?eueiiiiei/ii? i?iaeoeoe?? oa aa?oeiaiai ianea.
Aea?? naia oeeo iieaciee?a aeey iiaeaethaaiiy caeaaeiino? coiiaeaiee ?o
i?e?iaeith,

?en. 2 Aeeiai?ea ae?iaieoeoaa oe?eueiiiiei/ii? i?iaeoeoe??
i?aei?e?inoa Anioe?aoe?? “Eoaainueeiieiei”

oiio ui aeeiai?ea ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, oae naia ye ? i?eaooeo
i?aei?e?inoaa, caaaeaee ? iane?aeeii ae?? aaeeei? noeoiiino? /eiiee?a
I?aeoe/ia ai?iaoaaiiy ??aiyiiy caeaaeiino? iieacaei, ui eiaeia
aeiaeaoeiaa oiia ae?iaieoeoaa oe?eueiiiiei/ii? i?iaeoeoe?? ca?eueoo?
aeani? o?iainia? ?ano?ne ia 5,82 oen. a?i. , a i?e c?inoaii? ia 1 oiio
ae?iaieoeoaa aa?oeiaiai ianea aeani? o?iainia? ?ano?ne ca?eueoaoueny ia
0,94 oen. a?i.

Aecia/aiiy ye?nii? caeaaeiino? i?ae ianyaaie o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ?
ianyaaie ae?iaieoeoaa aaco?oueny ia anoaiiaeaii? a?aeiia?aeiino? ??aiy
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a oa noaio ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ianyao
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a oa noaio ae?iaieoeoaa cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe
?o ye?nia iienoaaiiy, ui caaaeaii aei iao?eoe?, yeo iaaaaeaii o oaae.1.
Iaaaaeaia ye?nia caeaaei?noue i?ae ianyaaie o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ?
noaiii ae?iaieoeoaa iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia uiaei iiia?aaeiueiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy oaiaeaioe?? caaacia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeie
?ano?naie aai aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeni?an-aiae?co, oiio ui aeei?enoaiiy
i?inoi?iai? aeaio/eiieeiai? e?i?eii? iiaeae?, ca aeiiiiiaith yei?
iiaeooue aooe iaea?aeai? oi/i? ?acoeueoaoe, iio?aao? /ano oa caeo/aiiy
oao?aoe?a a?aeiia?aeii? eaae?o?eaoe??.

Oaaeeoey 1?acoeueoaoe ye?niiai aiae?co aca?iica’yceo i?ae ianyaii
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ? noaiii ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
Ianya o?iainiaeo

?ano?n?a

Oa?aeoa?enoeea noaio ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaIaaeinoaoi?eNei?i/aiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ? iaiiaeeea?noue
eiai iioe?aiiy, iecueeee ??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae,
iaaeinoaoiy caaacia/ai?noue iaoa??aeueieie oa o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie.
Aeinoaoi?eNoaa?e?caoe?y ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ? iiaeeea?noue eiai
iioe?aiiy; aenieee, aea ia iiaiee ??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo
iiooaeiinoae, aeinoaoiy caaacia/ai?noue iaoa??aeueieie oa o?oaeiaeie
?ano?naie.Iaaei??ieeOaiaeaioe?y aei c?inoaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa
o?aaeeoe?eieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??, iiaeeea?noue iioe?aiiy ani?oeiaioo ?
inai?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??; aenieee ??aaiue
aeei?enoaiiy iayaieo ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae ? iiaeeea?noue eiai
i?aeaeuaiiy; aeinoaoiy caaacia/ai?noue iaoa??aeueieie oa o?oaeiaeie
?ano?naie, iiaeeea?noue i?eaeaaiiy iiaeo aeae?a iaoa??aeueieo oa
iaiaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a.

Ca oiia oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei o o?iainia?e ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa ia ia?oee ieai aenooia? naiino?eia aecia/aiiy ia?niaeoea ?o
?icaeoeo, ui iiaeeeaa ca oiia aeei?enoaiiy niinia?a oa i?eioeei?a
no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy. ?ic?iaea o?iainiai? no?aoaa?? i?aei?e?inoa
aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? i?eeii?a o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, ye?
aeeth/athoue oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?aae?caoe??
i?iaeoeoe?? ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaiai na?aaeiaeua,
aecia/aiiy cii aaccaeoeiaino? oa o?iainiai? aaciaee, ?aaoethaaiiy
iioie?a aeanieo a?ioiaeo ?ano?n?a, aeyaeaiiy niinia?a caeo/aiiy
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a oa ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy. ?ic?iaoe?
o?iainiai? no?aoaa?? iiaeiia ia?aaeoaaoe eiiieaenia ioe?iea noaio
i?aei?e?inoaa, aeey /iai a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny
aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo oi?aae?inueeiai ianoaaeaiiy. Oeae iaoiae
ia?aaeaa/a? canoinoaaiiy aiae?co iioaioe?aeo i?aei?e?inoaa, eiai
?eieiaeo iiaeeeainoae oa eiia??ieo iia?ic iia??oaiiy o?iainiaiai noaio
i?aei?e?inoaa. Iniiaia i?ecia/aiiy oeueiai iaoiaeo iieyaa? a oiio, ui
i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ? io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??
i?i /eiieee, ye? a?aee?eaathoue iia? iiaeeeaino? eiai ?icaeoeo aai
caa?iaeothoue oaeiio ?icaeoeo, iiaeia aoei a ioe?ieoe aioo??oi? neee
i?aei?e?inoaa aeey aeei?enoaiiy oeeo iiaeeeainoae ? o? neaae? aiee, ui
iiaeooue oneeaaeieoe iaeaooi?e noai i?aei?e?inoaa.

A ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny aeiiiaieoe iaoiae oi?aae?inueeiai ianoaaeaiiy
aiae?cii aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo i?aei?e?inoaa, i?ae yeei ?icoi??oueny
aeeiiaiiy aiae?co ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo, o?iainiaiai noaio
i?aei?e?inoaa oa aieeao aeeiai?ee ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ia ianyae
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo oi?aae?inueeiai
ianoaaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa ?, ii-ia?oa, iniiaith ?ic?iaee o?iainiai?
no?aoaa??, a, ii-ae?oaa, oi?ioaaiiy iao?eoe? ye?nii? caeaaeiino? ianya?a
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a a?ae noaio ae?iaieoeoaa. Oaeineiiaeaiee iaoiae
oi?aae?inueeiai ianoaaeaiiy ai?iaiaaii ia E?ai?inueeiio iieieicaaiae?,
yeee aoiaeeoue aei Anioe?aoe?? “Eoaainueeiieiei”. ?acoeueoaoii
ai?iaoaaiiy noaea i?aeaioiaea ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace aeey oi?ioaaiiy
o?iainiai? no?aoaa?? iieieicaaiaeo.

Oaeei /eiii, aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? i?iaaaeaii a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?,
aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ia no/aniiio aoai? oi?ioaaiiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i? i?ioean caaacia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoa
o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie cacia? cia/ieo ci?i, aieiaiith c yeeo ?
naiino?ei?noue i?aei?e?inoa o ae??oaii? ieoaiue, ui aeieeathoue a
oi?aae?ii? o?iainiaith ae?yeuei?noth. Aea ne?ae eiinoaooaaoe, ui ia
i?aei?e?inoaao ?niothoue eeoa ie?ai? aeaiaioe oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaeie
?ano?naie, ye? ia ii?aeiaii a ?aeeio nenoaiaoeciaaio noeoii?noue. Oaea
?icae?iaethaaiiy i?ioeano o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa cieaeo? ? aac oiai iaaenieo aoaeoeai?noue oeueiai
i?ioeano. Naia c oeueiai i?eaiaeo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? c?iaeaii
aeniiaie uiaei ia’?eoeaii? iaiao?aeiino? oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, yeee aeicaieea ae
cae?enithaaoe aacia?a?aia oa ye?nia oi?aae?iiy ?ooii eiai o?iainiaeo
?ano?n?a.

?icae?e 3. Oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Iaoai?ci o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
?icaeyaea?oueny ye noeoii?noue aeaiaio?a oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaith
no?ee?noth oa niinia?a ?oiuei? ?ioi?iaoe?eii?, iaoiaee/ii? oa
i?aai?caoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee, nenoaiaoeciaaia aeei?enoaiiy yeeo ? iniiaith
oi?ioaaiiy aeinoaoiueiai ianyao o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a aeey noaeiai
?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa ca oiia ianoaa?eueiino?, ui i?eoaiaiia ?eieia?e
aeiiii?oe?.

Iniiai? aeaiaioe iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 3.

Iniaeea?noth cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa ? oeeee?/i?noue eiai ae??. Oeeee?/i?noue ae??
iaoai?cio iieyaa? o aacia?a?aiiio /a?aoaaii? aecia/aieo oeeee?a, yea
a?aeaoaa?oueny o iaai?e iine?aeiaiino?. Eiaeiee oeeee iaoai?cio ii/eia?
cae?enithaaoeny o?eueee i?ney cae?i/aiiy iiia?aaeiueiai oeeeeo, aea
iine?aeiai?noue oeeee?a caeaaeeoue a?ae ?acoeueoao?a eiaeiiai oeeeeo —
iiceoeaieo aai iaaaoeaieo. sseui ?acoeueoaoe oeeeeo ? iaaaoeaieie, oi
aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue iiaa?iaiiy aei iiia?aaeiueiai oeeeeo. I?e
io?eiaii? iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a no?oeoo?a iaoai?cio ia?aaeaa/a?
ia?ao?ae aei ne?aeoth/iai oeeeeo.

Oeeee ioe?iee oa aeai?o niinia?acaaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie, aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaii? ae??
/eiiee?a, iiaeieaiiy aai iaiaaeaiiy iaaaoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a

i?ioe??//y Oeeee onoaaiiy iiaeeeaeo i?ioe??/

ia?aieo niinia?a

i?ioe??//y ia onoiaiicaaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeie
?ano?naie, aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a, iiaeieaiiy
aai iaiaaeaiiy iaaaoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a noiniaii aecia/aiiai ai?eciioo
ae?? iaoai?cioonoiaiiOeeee ?aae?caoe?? ia?aieo niinia?acaaacia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie, aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a, iiaeieaiiy aai iaiaaeaiiy
iaaaoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a noiniaii aecia/aiiai ai?eciioo ae??
iaoai?cioiaea?eueo eiia??ia iine?aeiai?noue oeeee?a;iiaeeeaa
iine?aeiai?noue oeeee?a.?en.3. No?oeoo?a iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa

Iniiaiith iaoith oeeeeo ae?aaiinoeee ? aecia/aiiy /eiiee?a, ye? ae?thoue
o noa?? o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, oa ?ioaineaiino? ?o
aieeao ia aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy oe???
ae?yeueiino?. I?e oeueiio i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaaaaeaio o
?iaio? nenoaiaoecaoe?th oeeo /eiiee?a.

Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith cae?enithaaiiy oeeeeo oi?ioaaiiy niinia?a
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie,
aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a, iiaeieaiiy aai
iaiaaeaiiy iaaaoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a ? aeueoa?iaoeai?noue, ui ia?aaeaa/a?
aecia/aiiy aeae?eueeio iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a oeeo niinia?a, eio?? iio?i
io?eiothoue anaa?/io ioe?ieo.

Ioe?iea oa aea?? niinia?a caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie, aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaii? ae??
/eiiee?a, iiaeieaiiy aai iaiaaeaiiy iaaaoeaii? ?o ae?? cae?enith?oueny
noiniaii ?acoeueoao?a oi?aae?inueeiai ianoaaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoii oeueiai
oeeeeo ? inoaoi/iee aea?? naia oeo niinia?a, ye? iaea?eueoith i??ith
a?aeiia?aeathoue ye noaio iioaioe?aeo i?aei?e?inoaa oa eiai ?eieiaeo
iiaeeeainoae, oae ? noaio ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia ia??iae ae??
iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

Ioe?iea niinia?a caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeie
?ano?naie, aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a, iiaeieaiiy
aai iaiaaeaiiy iaaaoeaii? ?o ae?? cae?enith?oueny ca oiia ?ioeyoe??, yea
aeanoeaa oe?a?inuee?e aeiiii?oe?. C iaoith o?aooaaiiy ??aiy aieeao
?ioeyoe?? i?e ioe?ioe? aa??aio?a niinia?a caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie a aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo
aecia/aiiy aieeao ?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia ianya iaiao?aeieo aeey
caaacia/aiiy aaccaeoeiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeo
?ano?n?a. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea caniiaaia ia ia/enethaaii? ia?aiao??a
iayaieo aeo?ao. ?ic?aooiie oaeeo aeo?ao aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii?
i?eioeei?a oi?aae?inueeiai iae?eo oa iaoiaeao ia’?eoeaii-i???ioiaaiiai
aiae?co, ye? ?icaeyaeathoueny o ?iaio? ye iaoiaee/ia aaca aeey
aecia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aeiiai ianyao o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a
i?aei?e?inoaa. Nooi?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy aieeao
?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia ianya iaiao?aeieo aeey caaacia/aiiy
aaccaeoeiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a iieyaa? a
oiio, ui ia/eneaiiy ia?aiao??a iayaieo aeo?ao aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe noio
iiaeeeaeo ao?ao a?ae ?ioeyoe??, ui iniaeeai aeooaeueii i?e ?ic?iaoe?
o?iainiai? no?aoaa?? i?aei?e?inoaa. A oe?e iaoiaeeoe? iniaeeao oaaao
i?eae?eaii ioeueoeie?eaoeaiiio aoaeoo aiae?co aaccaeoeiaino?
ae?iaieoeoaa, yeee aoaeo iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeei?enoaiiy aiae?co
aaccaeoeiaino? aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iioaioe?ei? ci?ie iino?eieo, ci?iieo
aeo?ao, noie ae?o/ee ? ia?aeeiaieueiiai aeioiaeo c o?aooaaiiyi
eieeaaiiy oe?i, ui a?aeaoaathoueny i?ae aieeaii ?ioeyoe??.

?acoeueoaoe i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee
aecia/aiiy aieeao ?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia ianya iaiao?aeieo aeey
caaacia/aiiy aaccaeoeiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a
iaaeaii a oaae. 2.

Ie??i oiai, iniiai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iino?eieo ? ci?iieo aeo?ao iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey aecia/aiiy ??aiy aieeao ?ioeyoe?? ia ci?ie a
no?oeoo?? eai?oaeo i?aei?e?inoaa, a oaeiae aeey aecia/aiiy o?iainiaiai
eaaa??aeaeo. No?oeoo?a eai?oaeo i?aei?e?inoaa cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue
a?ae nooiaith aeei?enoaiiy iiceeiaeo oa caeo/aieo eioo?a, yea iaaea?
i?aei?e?inoao iiaeeea?noue i?ia?aneaiiai ?icaeoeo a oiiaao
ianoaa?eueiino?, aea ? i?aeaeuo? nooi?iue ?eceeo o eiai o?iainiai?
ae?yeueiino?. Oiio a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? c iaoith cieaeaiiy ?eceeo a
oi?aae?ii? i?ioeanaie o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio caoenieo iaoai?ci?a cieaeaiiy ?eceeo
oa aaeaioiaaii iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iiceeiaeo eioo?a aei
i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueeiai aniaeoo ?ic?iaee o?iainiai? no?aoaa??
i?aei?e?inoaa.

I?e aecia/aii? i?ioe??/ a ia?aieo niiniaao caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie, aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaii?
ae?? /eiiee?a, iiaeieaiiy aai iaiaaeaiiy iaaaoeaii? ?o ae?? noiniaii
aecia/aiiai ai?eciioo ae?? iaoai?cio, iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeie ? oae?:
i?ioe??//y i?ae ia?aiei niiniaii o?iainoaaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
oa ai?eciioii ae?? iaoai?cio, i?ioe??//y i?ae niiniaaie aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaii? ae?? iaeieo /eiiee?a oa niiniaaie iaiaaeaiiy
iaaaoeaii? ae?? ?ioeo /eiiee?a, i?ioe??//y i?ae niiniaaie iaiaaeaiiy
iaaaoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a oa ia?aiei ai?eciioii ae?? iaoai?cio. Onoiaiiy
oaeeo oa ?ioeo iiaeeeaeo i?ioe??/ ia? iaoith aeinyaiaiiy o?iainiai?
no?eeino? i?aei?e?inoaa oa caiia?aaiiy eiai aaie?oonoao.

C iaoith onoiaiiy cacia/aieo i?ioe??/ o ae?? iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa o ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii
aeaio??aiaao nenoaio iieaciee?a ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino?. A
iniiao oe??? nenoaie iieeaaeaii i?eioeei ?aeaaaioiino?, ia i?aenoaa?
aeei?enoaiiy yeiai iieacieee ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa ?iciiae?eaii ia aeniei?aeaaaioi? aai iieacieee ia?oiai
??aiy, oa iecueei?aeaaaioi? aai iieacieee, ye? a?aeianaii aei ae?oaiai
??aiy. Iieacieee iaio ??ai?a iathoue oi?iae?ciaaiee ? iaoi?iae?ciaaiee
oa?aeoa?. Ca aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaii? aeaio??aiaai? nenoaie iieaciee?a
ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeia aecia/eoe
oa?aeoa?, ianooaa oa nooi?iue cia/ouino? i?ioe??/ ?, ioaea, a?aeianoe
?o aai aei eaoaai??? oeo, ui iiaeeeai onoiooe, aai aei eaoaai??? oeo,
onoiaiiy yeeo iaiiaeeeai.

Oaaeeoey 2

?acoeueoaoe canoinoaaiiy oaeineiiaeaii? iaoiaeeee aiae?co
aaccaeoeiaino? ae?iaieoeoaa

Aeaee i?iaeoeoe??

iieieiianeiniaoaia ne?eao??Iieacieee1997?. i?iaiic1997?. i?iaiic1997?.
i?iaiic1997?. i?iaiic1997?. i?iaiicaac o?aooaaiiy ?ioeyoe??c o?aooaaiiyi
?ioeyoe??aac o?aooaaiiy ?ioeyoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi ?ioeyoe??aac o?aooaaiiy
?ioeyoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi ?ioeyoe??aac o?aooaaiiy ?ioeyoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi
?ioeyoe??aac o?aooaaiiy ?ioeyoe?? c o?aoo-

aaiiyi ?ioeyoe??

Anueiai aeo?ao,
a?i.48400,462280,5551698,9707538,698199,898199,830000,030000,051498,5514
98,5Ci?ii? aeo?aoe,
a?i.42000,454600,5454998,9591498,685799,883319,824950,023940,041698,5397
38,5Ci?ii? aeo?aoe ia 1 o,
a?i.311,8405,34417,55742,71692,32200,01512,12495,0328,3541,8Iino?ei?
aeo?aoe,
a?i.6400,07680,096700,0116040,012400,014880,05050,06060,09800,011760,0Ae
?o/ea,
a?i.49399,960615,0465096,5598996,599700,0114098,833100,041250,053799,769
850,0I?eaooie,
a?i.999,5-1665,5-86602,4-108542,11500,215899,03100,011250,02301,218351,5
Ia?aeeiaeueiee aeioiae,
a?i.7399,56014,510097,67497,913900,230779,08150,017310,012101,230111,5??
aaiue aaccaeoeiaino?

ae?iaieoeoaa, o

116,5

172,0

986,4

1594,1

45,2

294,8

10,2

1211,3

102,8

1425,8Ciia o?iainiai?

aaciaee, %

15,6

-21,7

-89,6

-93,5

12,1

-82,8

61,4

-98,6

23,5

-91,1

AENIIAEE

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue cae?eniaii
oai?aoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy oa i?aeoe/ia ??oaiiy aeooaeueii? i?iaeaie —
oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa.
Iniiai? aeniiaee oa ?acoeueoaoe, ye? aeieeee ?c iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, caiaeyoueny aei oaeiai:

1. Iieacaii, ui ia no/aniiio aoai? oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a
Oe?a?i? i?ioean caaacia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie cacia?
cia/ieo ci?i, aieiaiith c yeeo ? naiino?ei?noue i?aei?e?inoa o ae??oaii?
ieoaiue oi?aae?iiy ?o o?iainiaith ae?yeuei?noth.

2. Aeine?aeaeaii, ui ia i?aei?e?inoaao ?niothoue eeoa ie?ai? aeaiaioe
oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie. Oe? aeaiaioe ia ii?aeiaii a ?aeeio
nenoaiaoeciaaio noeoii?noue, ui cia/ii cieaeo? ? aac oiai iaaenieo
aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa. Naia oiio a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? c?iaeaii aeniiaie uiaei
ia’?eoeaii? iaiao?aeiino? oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa, yeee aeicaieea ae cae?enithaaoe aacia?a?aia
oa ye?nia oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie i?aei?e?inoaa.

3. Noi?iiaaii iaoai?ci o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa, aecia/aii ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii iniaeeaino? eiai
oeeee?a oa aecia/aii niiniae ?aae?caoe?? oaeiai iaoai?cio. Noi?iiaaiee
iaoai?ci o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
?icaeyaea?oueny ye noeoii?noue aeaiaio?a oi?aae?iiy o?iainiaith
no?ee?noth oa niinia?a ?oiuei? ?ioi?iaoe?eii?, iaoiaee/ii? oa
i?aai?caoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee, nenoaiaoeciaaia aeei?enoaiiy yeeo ? iniiaith
oi?ioaaiiy aeinoaoiueiai ianyao o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a aeey noaeiai
?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa ca oiia aieeao ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a.

4. Ine?eueee iniiaiith iaoith oeeeeo ae?aaiinoeee ? aecia/aiiy /eiiee?a,
ye? ae?thoue o noa?? o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, oa
?ioaineaiino? ?o aieeao ia aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy oe??? ae?yeueiino?, cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaaaaeaio
o ?iaio? nenoaiaoecaoe?th /eiiee?a ciai?oi?o aai ?eieiaeo oa aioo??oi?o
aai ae?iaie/eo /eiiee?a. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ioe?ieo oa aea?? niinia?a
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie,
aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a, iiaeieaiiy aai
iaiaaeaiiy iaaaoeaii? ?o ae?? iiaeiii cae?enithaaoe noiniaii
?acoeueoao?a oi?aae?inueeiai ianoaaeaiiy.

5. O ?iaio? aecia/aii e?euee?nio oa ye?nio caeaaei?noue i?ae ianyaaie
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa oa oa?aeoa?enoeeith noaio
ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ianyao o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a oa noaio
ae?iaieoeoaa cai?iiiiiaaii ?o ye?nia iienoaaiiy, ui caaaeaii aei
iao?eoe?, yeo iiaea aooe aeei?enoaii uiaei iiia?aaeiueiai i?iaiicoaaiiy
oaiaeaioe?? caaacia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie aai aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy aeni?an-aiae?co oeueiai i?ioeano.

6. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy oi?aae?inueeiai iae?eo oa
ia’?eoeaii-i???ioiaaiiai aiae?co c iaoith aecia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii
iaiao?aeiiai ianyao o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa, aeey
/iai ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aieeao ?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia
ianya o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, yeee ? iaiao?aeiei aeey caaacia/aiiy
aaccaeoeiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa. Aieea ?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia
ianya o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a cai?iiiiiaaii ia/enethaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith
aecia/aiiy ??aiy iayaieo aeo?ao.

7. C iaoith onoaaiiy iiaeeeaeo i?ioe??/ ia?aieo niinia?a caaacia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie, aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy iiceoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a, iiaeieaiiy aai iaiaaeaiiy
iaaaoeaii? ae?? /eiiee?a noiniaii aecia/aiiai ai?eciioo ae?? iaoai?cio
cai?iiiiiaaii aeaio??aiaao nenoaio iieaciee?a ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai?
ae?yeueiino?. A iniiao oe??? nenoaie iieeaaeaii i?eioeei ?aeaaaioiino?,
ia i?aenoaa? aeei?enoaiiy yeiai iieacieee ?iciiae?eaii ia
aeniei?aeaaaioi? oa iecueei?aeaaaioi?. Ca aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaii?
aeaio??aiaai? nenoaie iieaciee?a ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa iiaeia aecia/eoe oa?aeoa?, ianooaa oa nooi?iue cia/ouino?
i?ioe??/ ? a?aeianoe ?o aai aei eaoaai??? oeo, ui iiaeeeai onoiooe, aai
aei eaoaai??? oeo, onoiaiiy yeeo iaiiaeeeai.

8. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? c iaoith cieaeaiiy ?eceeo a oi?aae?ii?
i?ioeanaie o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
aaeaioiaaii iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iiceeiaeo eioo?a aei
i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueeiai aniaeoo ?ic?iaee o?iainiai? no?aoaa??
i?aei?e?inoaa.

IA?AE?e iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1.E?aa/aiei E.I., Eyoaiei A.I Oi?ie?iaaiea i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oeiainiaie
no?aoaaee aa?ii?iiuoeaiiuo annioeeaoeee // Ca. iaoe. i?. Eoaainueeiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo: Aeiiii?/i? iaoee. — Eoaainuee:
Eoaainueeee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo, 1996.- N. 39-46.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaea o?iainiaeo aniaeo?a no?aoaa??
ae?yeueiino? oa ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa.

2. Eyoaiei A.I. I?aaeiinueee e oneiaey oi?ie?iaaiey eiaanoeoeeiiiuo
?ano?nia//Ca. iaoe. i?. Eoaainueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
?inoeoooo: Aeiiii?/i? iaoee. — Eoaainuee: Eoaainueeee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo, 1997. -N. 115 -118.

3. Eyoaiei A.I. Ioeaiea e oi?aaeaiea yooaeoeaiinoueth eiaanoeoeeiiiuo
i?iaeoia // I?iaeaiu iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
i?aaei?eyoee ?acee/iuo oi?i nianoaaiiinoe. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu,
1997. — N.124-126.

4. Eyoaiei A.I. Ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia // Ca.
iaoe. i?. Eoaainueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo: Aeiiii?/i?
iaoee. — Eoaainuee: Eoaainueeee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo,
1998.- N. 106 -113.

5.Ai?enia A.E., Eana?ia A.A., Eyoaiei A.I., Nieaae N.E. Eiaanoeoeeiiiay
no?aoaaey ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoee: oi?ie?iaaiea, ?aaeecaoeey, ?ene. — I.:
Iineianeee aaoiiiaeeueii-aei?iaeiue einoeooo (Oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao),
1996. — 44 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaioe?th oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa.

6. Ei/aoeia A.A., Nieaae A.I., Eyoaiei A.I. Iniiau oeiainiaiai aiaeeca:
O/aaii-iaoiaee/aneia iiniaea. — Eoaaine: Ine?en, 1998. — 96 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaioe?th o?iainiaiai aiae?co,
iaaaaeaii iiaeae? i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iainiaeo iio?aa ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa oa oaeineiiaeaio iaoiaeeeo aiae?co aaccaeoeiaino?.

7.Eyoaiei A.I., Nieaae N.E. Oneiaey oi?ie?iaaiey ?uiea eiaanoeoeeiiiuo
?ano?nia ia Oe?aeia // Na. iao/. o?. — I.: IAO, 1998. — N.117-118.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: iieacaii ci?no oa iaa?oioiaaii oiiae
oi?ioaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a ia iae?iaeiiii?/iiio ??ai?.

8. Eyoaiei A.I. Ai?iaaoeey nenoaiu oi?aaeai/aneiai o/aoa. — Eoaaine:
OEE. Oe?IOYE, OeIOYE, 1998.- 4c.

Aiioaoe?y

Eyoaiei I.I. Oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao aieeao ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01- Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa oa
i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa. — No?aeiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao, Eoaainuee, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa ca oiia aieeao
?eieiaeo /eiiee?a: aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? i?ioeano o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa, aecia/aii e?euee?nio oa ye?nio
ioe?ieo aieeao ?eieiaeo ? ae?iaie/eo /eiiee?a ia oi?ioaaiiy ianya?a
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa. Noi?iiaaii iaoai?ci o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa oa iaa?oioiaaii iniaeeaino? eiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ??aiy aaccaeoeiaino?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa c o?aooaaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? aieeao ?ioeyoe??
oa cai?iiiiiaaii canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? aeaio??aiaai? nenoaie
iieaciee?a aeey ioe?iee oa onoiaiiy i?ioe??/, ui aeieeathoue a ae??
noi?iiaaiiai iaoai?cio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaoai?ci, /eiieee, ioe?iea, aaccaeoeia?noue, o?iainia?
?ano?ne, ?ioeyoe?y.

Aiiioaoeey

Eyoaiei A.I. Oi?ie?iaaiea iaoaiecia oeiainiaiai iaania/aiey
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee a oneiaeyo aeeyiey ?uii/iuo oaeoi?ia. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 — Yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa. — Ainoi/iioe?aeineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao,
Eoaaine, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa ?anniio?aiu aii?inu oi?ie?iaaiey iaoaiecia
oeiainiaiai iaania/aiey aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee a oneiaeyo aeeyiey
?uii/iuo oaeoi?ia: enneaaeiaaiu iniaaiiinoe i?ioeanna oeiainiaiai
iaania/aiey aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee, ii?aaeaeaia eiee/anoaaiiay e
ea/anoaaiiay ioeaiea aeeyiey ?uii/iuo e i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia ia
oi?ie?iaaiea iauaiia oeiainiauo ?ano?nia i?aaei?eyoey. Noi?ie?iaai
iaoaieci oeiainiaiai iaania/aiey aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee e
iainiiaaiu iniaaiiinoe aai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey. Oniaa?oainoaiaaia
iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey o?iaiy aacoauoi/iinoe i?iecaiaenoaa n o/aoii
eioaineaiinoe aeeyiey eioeyoeee e i?aaeeiaeaii eniieueciaaiea
?ac?aaioaiiie aeaooo?iaiaaie nenoaiu iieacaoaeae aeey ioeaiee e
ecaaaeaiey i?ioeai?a/ee, eioi?ua aicieeatho a ?aaioa noi?ie?iaaiiiai
iaoaiecia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaoaieci, oaeoi?u, ioeaiea, aacoauoi/iinoue,
oeiainiaua ?ano?nu, eioeyoeey.

ANNOTATION

A.N. Liashenko Farming of financial providing mechanism in the
activity of enterprises under conditions of market factors
influence Manuscript.

Candidate dissertation for academic degree of the Candidate of
Economic Sciences on specialty 08.06.01 — Economics of an enterprise
and organizing of production. — East-Ukrainian State University,
Lugansk, 1998.

In the thesis methodical approaches and practical ways of forming of
financial providing in the activity of enterprises under conditions
of market factors influence are formed.

With this in view an analysis has been carried out, in which
disadvantages in structure and in process of functioning of existing
financial mechanism in activity of an enterprise were revealed. On the
ground of the analysis made necessity of using the system approach
in working out of financial strategies was proved and realization of
there strategies permits to provide activity of enterprises with
necessary amount of financial resources, and the ways of raising the
level of financial stability of enterprises under conditions of
inflation influence were also grounded.

Key words: mechanism, factors, estimation, without loss, financial
resources, influence.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 25.11.1998 ?. Oi?iao 60o84 1/16 1 ae. a.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caeac ? 862

?ioai?eio NOAeO. 348034, i. Eoaainuee, eaa?oae Iieiae?aeiee, 20A.

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