IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? I.I. Ae?AAIIAIIAA

?OEAN Oaoyia Iaae?aia

OAeE 372: 808.3 (043)

OI?IOAAIIss EOEUeOO?E Ae?EIAIAI IIAEAIIss A IAEAOOI?O ?IAEAIA??A

13.00.02—oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy (oe?a?inueei? iiae)

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio-iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee

—- eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

AeII*AIEI Oaia?a Eocuei?aia,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
aeioeaioIo?oe?ei? iiiiaioe

—-aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

IIEIAE* Aaiia Aieiaeeie??aia, ?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee;

— eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,

OAA*OE Na?oeaia Aieiaeeie??aia, Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

—Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei?
o?eieia?? aeey ianiaoe?aeueieo oaeoeueoao?a, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?aCaoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny » 23 » aa?aciy 1999 ?.
i 16-30 aiae.

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26 053.01

o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa

(252601, i. Ee?a, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, (252 601, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii » 22 » ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

I.I.?oaeieoeueea1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aeoeea no/anieo ?ioa??aoe?eieo
i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?, aoiaeaeaiiy ?? a nenoaio i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo,
iie?oe/ieo ? eoeueoo?ieo ca’yce?a ia’?eoeaii aecia/athoue ye?nii iiaee
ci?no ? iaoo ina?oe – iaiao?aeii caaacia/eoe i?aeaioiaeo
eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeieo oao?aoe?a na?oiaiai ??aiy. A?aeiia?aeii aei
Aeaeea?aoe?? i?i aea?aeaaiee noaa?ai?oao Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie “Ina?oa (Oe?a?ia OO? noie?ooy)”, Oeaco
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i iniiai? iai?yie ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeui? ina?oe a
Oe?a?i?” oa ?ioeo aea?aeaaieo aeieoiaio?a iinoaei ieoaiiy i?i
aoiai?oa?ecaoe?th oaoi?/ii? ina?oe. Oea ni?eyoeia ?icoe?aiith e?oaici?o,
?ioaeaeooaeueiino?, aeooiaiino?, oi?ioaaiith aeoeaii? iiceoe?? iaeaooi?o
oao?aoe?a.

Eoeueoo?a iiaeaiiy ye neeaaeiaa caaaeueii? eoeueoo?e ? iaeiei ?c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo iieaciee?a oeea?e?ciaaiino? noni?euenoaa. Iei?, eiee
oe?a?inueea iiaa iaaoea noaoono aea?aeaaii? ? ?icoe?th? noa?o naiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy, aeineiiaea aieiae?iiy iiaith noa? aaaeeeaei eiiiiiaioii
i?ioan?ia?aie oao?aoe?a ??ciiai i?io?eth. Aaeaea iiaiee aeya i?ioan?eieo
iaaea?oaaiue ?iaeea?aea a?aeaoaa?oueny naia caniaaie iiaeaiiy. O oaeee
niin?a iniaa iiaea ?aae?coaaoe naaa a ??cieo aeeoo?aeo ?ieyo,
nei?eaoaaoe o?ae i?aeiniaeno?niiai ni?eeoaaiiy, ui caaacia/o? aoaeoeaio
aca?iiae?th o na?aaeiaeu? ae?iaie/iai eieaeoeao. A ca’yceo c oeei
iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? iaaoaa? i?iaeaia aeoiaaiiy iiaoey, ui
ona?aeiieaii oai?/i ei?enoo?oueny iiaith ye caniaii naiioai?aiiy,
naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy ? naiiae?aaeaiiy.

Aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue, ui aea/aiith i?iaeaie eoeueoo?e
iiae caaaeaee i?eae?eyeanue iaeaaeia oaaaa (?.E.A?eiae?ae,
E.A.Aoeaoianueeee, ?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue, A.I.Aieia?i, I.?.?eeyo,
A.I.?aeaeaae/, N.ss.??iieaiei, I.A.AEiaoia?tho, A.I.Eiaaeue,
I.I.Ieeeinueeee, A.I.?onai?anueeee, ?.Ae.*ae oa ?io.) Iaeiae,
iaoiaee/iee aniaeo oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o
oao?aoe?a aeine?aeaeaii iaaeinoaoiuei ye o oai?aoe/iiio, oae ?
i?aeoe/iiio ieai?.

A?eueo?noue o/aieo, a?iiaaenueeeo ae?y/?a (I.Ae.Aaae/, I.I.Iia/ai,
Ae.A.Iaaee/ei, O.?.Iaiueei, I.?.Iaioeethe, A.I.Naaa/, I.A.Na?aainueea,
?.I.Neoeuenueeee, I.A.Noaeueiaoiae/ oa ?io?) i?aee?aneth?, ui ia
no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo iaoiai noni?euenoaa iniaeeai? aino?ioe iaaoea
i?iaeaia ?iaeeoa?aioiiai noaaeaiiy iieiae? aei ??aeii? iiae, ui cia/iith
i??ith ia?aoeiaeaea? oi?ioaaiith iaoe?iiaeueii na?aeiii?, anaa?/ii
?icaeiaii? iniaenoino?. Oea ni?e/eiy? iaiao?aei?noue iino?eiiai iiooeo
iiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo oi?i ? cania?a i?aai?caoe?? iiaii? ina?oe a?iiaaeyi
iaoi? aea?aeaae. Ia iniaeeao oaaao caneoaiao? nooaeaionueea iieiaeue,
ine?eueee a?ae noi?iiaaiino? ?? eoeueoo?e iiaeaiiy caeaaeeoue
oaiaeaioe?y ?icaeoeo i?aeiniaeno?nieo noinoie?a a oe?a?inuee?e
ni?eueiio? a iaeaooiueiio.

No/ani? i?ioeane aea?aeaaioai?aiiy iia’ycai? ?c no?aoaa?/iei i?aeoiaeii
aei ieoaiue iiaii? ina?oe. Iaa?aeiia?aei?noue o?aaeeoe?eii? nenoaie
iaa/aiiy iiae iio?aaai nueiaiaeaiiy coiiaeea ci?io caaaeaiue, ci?noo,
i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae iiaii? ina?oe o iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao.
I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iaoith eo?n?a c iiae ? oi?ioaaiiy iiaii?
iniaenoino?, yea ia o?eueee aieiae?? iaaiith noiith e?iaa?noe/ieo
ciaiue, a e aeoeaii i?aoeth? c? neiaii. Oaeei /eiii, iaa/aeuei? oe?e?
aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae o?ainoi?iothoueny o iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?
caaaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaii? iniaenoino?.

?aoi?ioaaiiy iiaii? ina?oe iieyaa? ianaiia?aae o ia?ai???ioaoe??
iaa/aeueieo eo?n?a c iiae ia ?icaeoie a iniae iiaeaii?aeo oi?iue ?
iaae/ie, iaiao?aeieo aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iath aeeoo?aeo i?iaeai, aeey
caaeiaieaiiy ?? eoeueoo?ieo caieo?a ? eiioi?eaoeaieo iio?aa, iia’ycaieo
?c i?aeoe/iith ae?yeuei?noth. A?aeiia?aeii ci?iththoueny e i?aeoiaee,
ci?no, no?oeoo?a, oaoiieia?y aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae.

O iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? aeineoue oe?iei iiaeathoueny i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae o
caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie? (I.I.A?ey?a, I.?.A?eionaiei, A.A.ssa??,
I.A.Aiiaea?aiei, E.I.Aa?caoeueea, I.N.Aaooeaiei, I.?.Iaeueie/aeei,
E.A.Neo?ao?anueeee, I.A.Noaeueiaoiae/ oa ?io.)

Aeey no/anii? aeui? oeiee iiooe iiaeo oeyo?a, oi?i, iaoiae?a ? cania?a
i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aiiy iiae oaae ? aeooaeueiei. Ia aeeeeea? caia?a/aiue
oaa?aeaeaiiy, ui iiaia ina?oa iiaeiia noaoe neeaaeiaith oaoiai? ? ii?yae
c iath a?aoiaoaaoeny i?e i?ioan?ei?e aoanoaoe??. Iaeiae, i?iaeaia
oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a
iaaeinoaoiuei oai?aoe/ii ? iaoiaee/ii aeine?aeaeaia, a oiio ia ciaeoea
iiaiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy a iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? aeui? oeiee.
I?aai?caoe?y iiaii? ina?oe o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao ?
iaeaaaeeea?oith c i?iaeai oe?a?inueei? nioe?ie?iaa?noeee.

Aeooaeuei?noue icia/aii? i?iaeaie, a oaeiae iaaeinoaoiy ia??oioiaai?noue
iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a
coiiaeee aea?? oaie iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy “Oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e
ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a”.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iia’ycaia ?c caaaeaiiyie, aecia/aieie iaa/aeueiith
i?ia?aiith eo?no “Ae?eiaa oe?a?inueea iiaa”, c iaoeiaeie iai?yiaie IIO
?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa “Oai??y ? oaoiieia?y iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy a
nenoai? ia?iaeii? ina?oe”, “Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe”,
caiiaieeii yeeo ? I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, ? c aeiiaaie Aea?aeaaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie “Ina?oa (Oe?a?ia OO? noie?ooy)”. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? ocaiaeaeaia oa caoaa?aeaeaia ?aaeith c eii?aeeiaoe??
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? iaaeaaia?ee oa ineoieia?? a Oe?a?i?
(i?ioieie ? 5 a?ae 17.09.1998 ?ieo).

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a ae?iaie/i? noa?e.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – oai?aoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy oa ai?iaaoe?y
aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy
iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. A iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy iieeaaeaii i?eiouaiiy,
ui ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? a iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a i?iieneiai? aaeoc?
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy i?aeaeueoueny ca oiia:

— aeiai?o i?iiiiiaaiiai aeey ii?aoethaaiiy iiaiiai iaoa??aeo c
o?aooaaiiyi /anoioiino? aeei?enoaiiy eiai a ae?eiaiio iiaeaii?
?iaeaia??a;

— canai?iiy nooaeaioaie oeueiai i?io?eth yeiiiaa oe?oiai iaai?o
noaiaea?oeciaaieo eiiiiceoe?eieo no?oeoo? ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy,
iaieiae?iiy ieie iiaieie ii?iaie ia iaoa??ae? oaeno?a
io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiai noeeth oa a neooaoe?yo, iaaeeaeaieo aei ?aaeueieo
i?ioan?eii-ae?eiaeo, ye? noai?ththoueny caaaeyee nenoai? eiioi?eaoeaieo
ai?aa, caaaeaiue, nioe?aeueii-?ieueiaeo ?ai?.

O noeoiiino? ana oea caaacia/o? iioeaaoe?th iiaioaaiiy iaeaooi?ie
?iaeaia?aie eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy oa noeioeth? ?oith iaa/aeueio
ae?yeuei?noue.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe oa aenoiooeo i?eiouaiue ?ica’ycoaaeeny
oae? caaaeaiiy:

— ie?aneeoe nioe?ie?iaa?noe/i? iniaeeaino? ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy
?iaeaia??a;

— ooi/ieoe no?oeoo?i? eiiiiiaioe eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy oao?aoe?a
ae?iaie/i? noa?e;

— c’ycoaaoe ineoie?iaa?noe/i? oa iaaeaaia?/i? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy;

— aecia/eoe e?eoa??? oa oaeoe/iee ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e
ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a;

— ciiaeaethaaoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/io nenoaio oi?ioaaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy i?i
noni?eueio ?ieue iiae ye caniao ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae ?iaeea?aeaie; ?aei?noue
iiae, ieneaiiy, na?aeiiino? oa ae?yeueiino?; aca?iica’ycie /ooo?aiai oa
?aoe?iiaeueiiai o iaa/aii?; i?i iiao ye aeaea?aei caa?aaeaiiy oa
?icaeoeo aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae noni?euenoaa.

Oai?aoe/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue:

— eiioeaioe?? ineoieia?a oa ineoie?iaa?no?a (E.N.Aeaionueeee, ?.I.Ceiiy,
Ae.A.Aeueeii?i, A.N.Einothe, I.I.Eaiioue?a, ?.I. Neieoey) i?i iiaeaii?ao
ae?yeuei?noue ? ni?eeoaaiiy;

— iaoeia? aeniiaee e?iaa?no?a uiaei eoeueoo?e iiae (A.A.Aeiia?aaeia,
?.?.Aeoiaaiaoeue, A.I.Aieia?i, N.ss.??iieaiei, I.A.AEiaoia?tho,
I.I.Ieeeinueeee, A.I.?onai?anueeee oa ?io.);

— iaaeaaia?/i? iieiaeaiiy uiaei i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano o
aeu?e oeie? (A.I.Aeaenthe, A.I.Aa?aania, A.I.A?eoei, A.A.Eicaeia,
A.?.Eioia, A.?.Ei?ioy?a, I.A.Onoaiei oa ?io.) oa aaaeeeaino? eoeueoo?e
iiaeaiiy o i?ioan?ei?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? oao?aoe?a aoaeue-yeiai i?io?eth
(I.Ae.Aaae/, I.A.E?eeiaa, E.?.Iaoeueei, A.I.Naaa/, I.A.Na?aainueea,
I.A.Noaeueiaoiae/).

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoaii eiiieaen
oai?aoe/ieo (aiae?c, neioac, ii??aiyiiy, nenoaiaoecaoe?y) oa aii??e/ieo
iaoiae?a (ocaaaeueiaiiy ia?aaeiaiai iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo c i?iaeaie
oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy; aenia?oia ioe?ithaaiiy,
iaaeaaia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy; aieaooaaiiy; aiae?c ienueiiaeo ?ia?o;
ae?aaiinoe/i? oa oi?ioth/? aan?aee; iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio).
Iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a cae?enithaaeany ca
aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oieo cania?a iia?aoe?eii? nenoaie Windows 95.

Aenia?eiaioaeueiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii
a??ie/iaeaeo?iiaoai?/iee oaeoeueoao Aeiiaanueeiai a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai
?inoeoooo oa nii??aeiai? oaeoeueoaoe Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Caaaeii aenia?eiaioaeueiith ?iaioith aoei
ioiieaii 312 iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a. Oeae aea?? coiiaeaiee oei, ui i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? ?iaeaia?ieo eaae??a iiai?e ina?o? i?eae?ey?oueny
iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa: iaa/aeuei? ieaie a iniiaiiio ci???ioiaai? ia
caaacia/aiiy oaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a; oi?ioaaiiy
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny noeo?eii, ui caiaeii
iaaaoeaii iicia/a?oueny ia ni?iiiaeiino? iieiaeeo niaoe?ae?no?a
iaeaaeiei /eiii i?aai?coaaoe ni?eeoaaiiy o ae?iaie/iio eieaeoea?. Oea
cia/ii aaeueio? i?ioean ?oiuei? i?ioan?eii? aaeaioaoe??, cieaeo? iaaiith
i??ith ?acoeueoaoeai?noue ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeaoaaeiny i?ioyaii 1992-1998 ?ie?a ? ioiiethaaei
e?eueea aoai?a iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai iiooeo.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1992-1993 ??.) cae?enithaaeiny oai?aoe/ia inieneaiiy
aecia/aii? i?iaeaie oeyoii aea/aiiy e aiae?co ?? noaio a iaoeia?e
e?oa?aoo??; aecia/aiiy ia’?eoa ? i?aaeiaoa, eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue,
iaoe ? caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi?ioethaaiiy a?iioace.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (1994-1996 ??.) aoei eiie?aoeciaaii oai?aoe/i? canaaee
oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a;
i?iaaaeaii eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio, o oiae? yeiai aecia/aii oaeoe/iee
??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a
ae?iaie/i? noa?e; ciiaeaeueiaaii i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/io nenoaio
iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o
?iaeaia??a; ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aio ? iaoiaeeeo i?iaaaeaiiy oi?ioth/iai
aenia?eiaioo, ?icii/aoi eiai ?aae?caoe?th.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? (1997-1998 ??.) i?iaiaeeany ocaaaeueithth/ee aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe; cae?nithaaeiny
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai
iiaeaiiy a i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a;
ai?iaaoe?y ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e a?aeaoaaeany oeyoii ioae?eaoe??, iaaiai?aiiy
aeiiia?aeae oa iia?aeiieaiue ia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia?ao ?
eiioa?aioe?yo. Ia oeueiio aoai? aecia/aeeny ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoeo
iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iiooe?a, caaa?ooaaeiny ioi?ieaiiy oaenoo
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui :

— aena?oeaii nioe?ie?iaa?noe/i? iniaeeaino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai
iiaeaiiy ?iaeaia??a;

— aia?oa oai?aoe/ii e aenia?eiaioaeueii ia??oioiaaii iaoiaeeeo
iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o
?iaeaia??a;

— iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ae?noaea iaoiaeeea iaaeaaia?/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy
??aiy noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ooi/iaii? no?oeoo?ieo
eiiiiiaio?a eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy; ia??oiooaaii? e?eoa???a
noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a;
aecia/aii? iniiaieo ineoie?iaa?noe/ieo oa iaaeaaia?/ieo canaae
oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy; noai?aii? iiaeae? iiaoaiiiai
oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a, ui iiaea
aooe oai?aoe/iei i?ae??oioyi aeey iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?? iiaii? ina?oe o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao oaoi?/iiai
i?io?eth.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny oei, ui:

— cai?iiiiiaaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai
iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a, yea iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? na???
eiioi?eaoeaieo i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaieo ai?aa ? caaaeaiue; ?ic?iaeaii
iioeiaeuei? oi?ie ? i?eeiie i?iaaaeaiiy iioi/iiai, i?aenoieiaiai
eiio?ieth oni?oiino? canai?iiy nooaeaioaie i?iiiiiaaiiai iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo.

Iaea?aeai? a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue
?aeiiaiaeoaaoe iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a
iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy aeeeaaea/ai eo?no
“Ae?eiaa oe?a?inueea iiaa” o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao oaoi?/iiai
i?io?eth.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a:

— ooi/iaii? no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy ye
neeaaeiai? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee oa ae?yeueiino? ?iaeaia?ieo eaae??a;

— aena?oeaii? nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ieo iniaeeainoae ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy
?iaeaia??a, ui iiaeeaeth? ?icoi?iiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy a iaeaooi?o
oao?aoe?a ae?iaie/i? noa?e eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy;

— oai?aoe/iiio oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiio ia??oiooaaii? iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a;

— iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeia? iaoiaeeee iaaeaaia?/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy ??aiy
noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a.

A??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/o?oueny
iaoiaeieia?/iei ia??oiooaaiiyi eiai aeo?aeieo iiceoe?e, canoinoaaiiyi
noeoiiino? iaoiae?a, aaeaeaaoieo iao? ? caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ia?aeiieeaeie ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, ye?
na?ae/aoue i?i aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a, oe?ieei ? anaa?/iei
iaaiai?aiiyi aeniiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

— ?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy ? e?eoa??? ??
noi?iiaaiino? a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a;

— iiaeaeue iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a
iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a;

— iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a
ae?iaie/i? noa?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Ia an?o aoaiao aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaoi? a?aea aaciina?aaeith o/anoue a ai?iaaoe?? ? i?aeoe/i?e ?aae?caoe??
?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee, cae?enithth/e aeeeaaeaoeueeo ?
iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/io ae?yeuei?noue ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae
Aeiiaanueeiai a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai ?inoeoooo.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia:
can?aeaiiyo oa iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
Aeiiaanueeiai a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai ?inoeoooo (1994-1998 ??.);
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie ooaa?aeaeaiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? iiae a Oe?a?i?” (Ee?a, 1996 ?.);
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oi?aa?neoao oa ?aa?ii”
(Eoaainuee, 1997 ?.); iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie
i?aeaioiaee ?iaeaia?ieo eaae??a” (Caii??aeaey, 1997 ?.).

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii a Aeiiaanueeiio
a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiio ?inoeooo? (aeia?aeea ? 28/475 a?ae 15.06.98 ?.),
Ia?aaaeuenueeiio a??ie/iio oaoi?eoi? (aeia?aeea ? 43/18 a?ae 20.05.98
?.), Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (aeia?aeea ? 37
– 02/939 a?ae 26.05.978 ?.), Oeaio?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (aeia?aeea ? 67/20 a?ae
28.05.98 ?.) I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeeaaeaii a 7 iaeiiin?aieo ioae?eaoe?yo, 4 c yeeo ai?uaii a ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ca??ieeao, 3 – o iaoa??aeao
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? coiiaeaia
eia?eith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a aei ?icae?e?a ? caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 180
noi??iie; ia 8 noi??ieao ai?uaii 1 noaio, 5 ae?aa?ai, 16 oaaeeoeue.
Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae iiaeaii ia 13 noi??ieao (178 iaeiaioaaiue).
O?noue aeiaeaoe?a ia 7 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/aii ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo, caaaeaiiy, a?iioaco, iaoiaeieia?/i? oa
oai?aoe/i? iniiae e iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi eiai iiaecio,
oai?aoe/io cia/ou?noue, i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue, noi?ioeueiaaii iieiaeaiiy,
ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a, aeniiaee i?i
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Eoeueoo?a ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy ye
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia i?iaeaia” noi?ioeueiaaii no/ani? noni?euei?
aeiiae aei iniaenoino? ?iaeaia?a, aena?oeaii nioe?ie?iaa?noe/i?
iniaeeaino? ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy ?iaeaia??a, ?icaeyiooi iiiyooy “eoeueoo?a
ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy” o e?iaa?noe/iiio oa iaa/aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiio
aniaeoao, aecia/aii ineoie?iaa?noe/i? oa iaaeaaia?/i? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy, i?iaiae?ciaaii noai i?aeoe/iiai ae??oaiiy
i?iaeaie a oiiaao aeui? oeiee.

I?ioean, oiiae, caniae oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai oao?aoey
aea/aee A.I.Aiae?ouaiei, A.?.Aeio?i, A.A.A?aaaaea, I.I.Ayeee,
A.?.Aeaienaiei, I.I.Aeuey/eiaa, E.TH.Co?a, ?.?.Eiaeeyoeueeee,
C.ss.Eica/oe, I.O.E?aa/oe, I.A.E?eeiaa, A.A.Ii?icia, A.A.Neo?ao?anueeee,
N.N.Oanethe, I.O.Oaoooee?i oa ?io. O aeine?aeaeaiiyo oeeo aaoi??a na?aae
aaaeeeaeo aeey ?iaeaia?a cae?aiinoae aeae?eythoueny: i?ioan?ei?, ui
caaacia/othoue o/anoue ?iaeea?aea a iaai?e aaeoc? noni?eueii?
ae?yeueiino?, oa nioe?aeuei?, ye? ni?eythoue aeeth/aiith oao?aoey a
nenoaio aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? anueiai noni?euenoaa. I?e/iio
i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iaeaea? a?oie cae?aiinoae iiaeooue ii?iaeueii
oi?ioaaoeny ? ooieoe?iioaaoe o?eueee o aca?iica’yceo. Nie?ath/enue ia
iaoeia? aeniiaee E.A.Aaoeueoaiiai?-Neaanueei?, Ae.Ea?iaa?, I.A.E?eeiai?,
A.I.?onai?anueeiai, A.I.Naaa/, ie aeiaiaeeii, ui aieiae?iiy eoeueoo?ith
ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy aa?aioo? niaoe?ae?noia? aoaeue-yeiai oaoo a?ae/ooiee
oni?o o i?ioan?eii-ae?eiaeo noinoieao. Ia oe?e i?aenoaa? c?iaeaii
aeniiaie, ui oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy ne?ae aaaaeaoe
iaeiei c ?noioieo iai?yi?a i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee ?iaeaia?ieo eaae??a.

I?iaeaia i?aai?caoe?? iiaii? ina?oe iao?eieia?a o aeueo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao i?eaa?ioea oaaao e?iaaiaeeaeaeo?a: inoaii?i /anii aeeiiaii
aeena?oaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy E.A.Aa?aiianueei?, A.A.Iieiae/,
E.I.Iaeaia?, aeaeaii ?yae iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a (I.Ae.Aaae/,
A.A.Een?eue, A.Iaethaa, I.I.Iacye, I.ss.Iioaeei, N.A.Oaa/oe oa ?io.).
Ie?aneeeany iiceoeaia oaiaeaioe?y i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy eo?no “Ae?eiaa
oe?a?inueea iiaa” iao? oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o
oao?aoe?a. I?ioa a?aee?eoeie caeeoathoueny ieoaiiy i?i oi?ie ? iaoiaee
i?iaaaeaiiy iaa/aeueieo caiyoue.

I?iaaaeaiee iaie nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iee aiae?c ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy ni?eya
aecia/aiith eiioi?eaoeaii aei?aaaeaiiai eaene/iiai i?i?ioio,
iaiao?aeiiai aeey oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o
?iaeaia??a.

Cie?aia, o neeaae? aeei?enoiaoaaii? a i?ioean? i?ioan?eii-ae?eiaiai
ni?eeoaaiiy eaeneee aeae?eaii:

— caaaeueiiiiaio (i?aenoeeueiao) eaeneeo oa o?acaieia?th,

— aocueeiaaeocaa? oa?i?ie,

— aeania ae?eiao eaeneeo (iacae aeieoiaio?a).

O ae?eiaiio iiaeaii? ?iaeaia??a oe?iei i?aaenoaaeaii ae?iaie/? oa?i?ie,
na?aae yeeo iacae: niaoe?aeueieo oaoi?/ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo iiiyoue
(aaia?aoi?, iii?iaeueiee ii??, aaoiiaoe/ia ?aaoethaaiiy iiooaeiino?,
eae?a?oaaiiy), iaeiaioaaiiy eiie?aoieo nenoai ? oei?a oaoi?/ieo
i?eno?i?a (ionei?aaoethaaeueia aia?aoo?a, o?ainoi?iaoi? iaeiioaciee),
aeae?a ne?iaeie oa iaoa??ae?a, ye? neeaaeathoueny, ye i?aaeei, c iaeiiai
neiaa (/aaoi, ?iceenethaa/), neiainiieo/aiiy (aeaeo?ioaoi?/ia noaeue,
o?aini?n?eia ianoeei), aa?aa?aoo?e aai no?oeoo?e, ui yaey? niaith
niieo/aiiy neiaa c oeeo?iaei iicia/aiiyi (aea?ino?ee? iaoa??aee 253IA,
353IA, ia?ee noaeae SAF 2304, SAF 2305).

C iaeyaeo ia caoaaaeaiiy a?oie a/aieo (I.I.A?ey?a, E.I.Neiiiaieiaa,
E.A.Neo?ao?anueeee, A.O.Oaeaoiaa), ye? i?aee?aneththoue, ui ae?eiaa
iiaeaiiy a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ?ioeo noee?a ia o?eueee eaene/ieie,
ii?oieia?/ieie ? neioaene/ieie iniaeeainoyie, a e iaaieie
eiiiiceoe?eieie neiii?iaie ? noa?aioeiieie cai?ioaie, ie aeae?eeee
iaea?eueo iioe?ai? a?oie: ?ae?iiaoe/ia eaeneea (ao?aoeoe /eii?noue,
caa?iooeny ia aae?ano, acyoe aei oaaae), niaoeeo?/i? neiaa-ne?eie, ui
caaacia/othoue iaaio, noaiaea?oeciaaio i?aai?caoe?th aeneiao
(a?aeiia?aeii aei; ia i?aenoaa?; c iaoith; o ca’yceo c; i?ioyaii),
oi?ioee iiaeaii?aiai aoeeaoo.

Ine?eueee aeia?? iiaieo cania?a, eiiiiceoe?eia ioi?ieaiiy iiaeaiiy
i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny iicaiiaiei oaeoi?ai, cie?aia, iao? ni?eeoaaiiy, ie
?icaeyioee ae?eiaa iiaeaiiy oao?aoey i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy iei ??cieo
nioe?aeueieo ?ieae: a?i – aeeiiaaaoeue, ea??aiee, ia?oia? o ae?eia?e
aan?ae?, i?aaenoaaiee naiai i?aei?e?inoaa i?ae /an i?eeiio
a?aea?aeoaa/?a.

O ?acoeueoao? aiae?co aecia/aii, ui ca ??cieo oiia onia ae?eiaa iiaeaiiy
yaey? niaith aeeni?iii?oe?ei? ca ianyaii ?aie?ee: ?icai?iooa ?aie?ea c
e?eueeio ?a/aiue (i?e?iiiiieia) iaeaaeeoue oi iaeiiio, oi ?ioiio c
eiioi?eaio?a; ci?ith?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiy caaaeueiiaaeeaaii? eaeneee oa
niaoe?aeueii? oa?i?iieia?? (iai?eeeaae, i?e ni?eeoaaii?
“niaoe?ae?no-eieaae” ianya oa?i?iieia?? c?inoa?, o neooaoe??
“niaoe?ae?no-a?aea?aeoaa/” – ciaioo?oueny); c ??ciith i??ith aeoeaiino?
aaeeaathoueny oi?ioee iiaeaii?aiai aoeeaoo. I?aaiaiiy aei eaeii?cio oa
aeeeth/aiiy aaaaoicia/iino? ?icoi?iiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?ecaiaeeoue aei
noaiaea?oecaoe?? oniiai ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy oa caoaeaiiy ae?aiaciio
aeei?enoiaoaaieo iiaieo cania?a.

Eoeueoo?o iiaeaiiy oa ?? no?oeoo?i? eiiiiiaioe c iaeaaeiith oaaaith
?icaeyiooi a iaoeiaeo ?ica?aeeao e?iaa?no?a, na?aae yeeo I.Ae.Aaae/,
A.I.Aieia?i, I.A.AEiaoia?tho, I.?.?eeyo, N.ss.??iieaiei, A.I.Eiaaeue,
I.I.Ieeeinueeee, A.I.?onai?anueeee, ?.Ae.*ae oa ?io.

Iaei??th c iaea?eueo aecia/aeueieo iciae eoeueoo?e iiae ?, ia aeoieo
a/aieo, i?aaeeuei?noue (ii?iaoeai?noue), ine?eueee aac ia? ia iiaeooue
“ni?aoethaaoe” an? ?io? eiioi?eaoeai? yeino?. I?ioa aeniea iiaia
eoeueoo?a ia?aaeaa/a? ia o?eueee aeineiiaea aieiae?iiy ii?iaie
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, a e oi?iiy a?aoiaoaaoe iicaiiai? oaeoi?e – iaoo,
noa?o ni?eeoaaiiy, ineo?/iee noai ia?oia?a ii eiioi?eaoe??. C iaeyaeo ia
oea, e??i i?aaeeueiino?, aeie?aieththoueny ua oae? eiioi?eaoeai? iciaee
eoeueoo?e iiaeaiiy, ye oi/i?noue, eia?/i?noue, aaaaonoai
(??ciiiai?oi?noue), aei?a/i?noue, ae?aci?noue ? ia?aci?noue.

?icaeyaeath/e eoeueoo?o iiaeaiiy a iaa/aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiio aniaeo?,
iaoeiaoe? aecia/athoue ?? ye eiiieaen iaaieo ciaiue, oi?iue ? iaae/ie,
iaae oi?ioaaiiyi yeeo o?aaa oe?eani?yiiaaii i?aoethaaoe.
Noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui aeniei? iiaii? eoeueoo?e iiaeia aeinyaoe,
caaacia/eaoe: 1) ??oioiaia canai?iiy ?iaeea?aeii iiaieo ii?i; 2)
ae?iaeaiiy a iueiai i?aeoe/ieo oi?iue ? iaae/ie iaeoi/i?oiai
oi?ioethaaiiy aeoiee.

Aeine?aeieee iaeiinoaei? o aecia/aii? aeaio no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a
eoeueoo?e iiaeaiiy: i?aaeeuei?noue ? iiaia iaenoa?i?noue. I?ioa iaoo
oaaao i?eaa?ioee i?aoe? I.Ae.Aaae/, A.I.Aeiieo?a, N.ss.??iieaiei,
A.I.Naaa/, aea i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui naia o?eueee iaoea iani?iiiaeia
caaacia/eoe e?iaa?noe/io aeenoeeie?io – iio??aia ua e?iaa?noe/ia
na?aeii?noue .

C iaeyaeo ia cacia/aia ie aeie?aieth?ii o no?oeoo?? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai
iiaeaiiy oae? eiiiiiaioe:

1) iiaia i?aaeeuei?noue – ia?aaeaa/a? ciaiiy ? aeio?eiaiiy iiaoeai
i?eeiyoeo a no/ani?e noni?eueii-iiaeaii?a?e i?aeoeoe? iiaieo ii?i
(i?oiai?/ieo, eaene/ieo, a?aiaoe/ieo, noee?noe/ieo oiui);

2) iiaia iaenoa?i?noue aecia/a?oueny aaaaonoaii aeoeaiiai neiaieea
iiaoey, eiai oi?iiyi a?ae?a?aoe ?c ni?a?nioth/eo aa??aio?a iaeoi/i?oee o
naiaioe/iiio, noee?noe/iiio, aeni?aneaiiio a?aeiioaii?, ui a?aeiia?aea?
eiioi?eaoeaiei iai??ai iiaoey;

3) iiaia na?aeii?noue – no?eea i?aaiaiiy iiaoey aei oaeineiiaeaiiy
aeaniiai iiaeaiiy.

Eiaeai ?c oeeo eiiiiiaio?a ia ?nio? nai ii nia?, aiie aca?iiiia’ycai?,
iino?eii aca?iiae?thoue, caaacia/oth/e an? ?acii ae?acii
?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaia iiaeaiiy, yea ?ice?eaa? nooi?noue iniaenoino?, ??
ina?/ai?noue ? nai???aei?noue.

O no/anieo i?aeoiaeao aei oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e iiaeaiiy
eiioeaiooaeueieie ? aeine?aeaeaiiy c ineoie?iaa?noeee (E.N.Aeaionueeee,
?.I.Ceiiy, I.I.Eaiioue?a oa ?io.), ca?aeii c yeeie iiaeaii?aa
ae?yeuei?noue ?icaeyaea?oueny ye noni?eueii-eiioi?eaoeaia ae?yeuei?noue
ethaeae. Noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui iiaeaii?a? iaoai?cie oi?iothoueny a
?iaeea?aea ia iniia? ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae i?aai?cio ? i?ae
aieeaii iiaeaii?aiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

I?aoethth/e iaae i?iaeaiith oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e iiaeaiiy, oe?euei?
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe (A.I.?aaieoeueea, O.I.Eaaeeaeainueea, I.A.Noaeueiaoiae/,
A.?.Oeeiaaethe oa ?io.) i?iiiiothoue iiaio i?aaeeuei?noue oe?ooaaoe ia
cae/aeieo o?ieao, a iiaio iaenoa?i?noue – ia niaoe?aeueieo aniaeoieo
o?ieao ?icaeoeo iiaeaiiy. I?ioa, ye canoa??aa? A.ss.Iaeueie/aeei, ca
oaeiai i?aeoiaeo iiaeeeaee a?ae?ea oai?aoe/ieo a?aeiiinoae i?i iiai?
iaeeieoe? a?ae i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy oeeo iaeeieoeue c
eiioi?eaoeaiith iaoith, ui ia??aeei e niinoa??aa?oueny a oe?euei?e
i?aeoeoe?. Ie, a oeueiio a?aeiioaii?, aeio?eio?iiny iiceoe??
A.A.Ai?iaeeeiai?, yea i?iiiio? ?ica’ycoaaaaoe iaeaeaa caaaeaiiy
ia?aeaeueii. A aeena?oaoe?? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui iaeaoaeoeai?oa
cae?enithaaoe oea, aeei?enoiaoth/e nenoaio eiioi?eaoeaieo ai?aa, ye?
a?aeoai?ththoue ?aaeueia ni?eeoaaiiy.

Iniaeeaino? i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano o aeu?e oeie? anaa?/ii
?icaeyaeathoueny o ?iaioao A.I.Aeaenthea, A.I.Aa?aeoeueeiai,
A.I.Aa?aaniaa, A.I.A?eoeia, A.A.Eicaeiaa, A.?.Ei?ioy?aa, A.I.Iaothoe?ia,
I.O.Oaeec?ii?, I.A.Onoaiea oa ?io. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui oi?ioaaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iiaea a?aeaoaaoeny eeoa a oiiaao aeoeaiiai
canai?iiy ieie nenoaiaoeciaaii? iaa/aeueii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Aecia/aii, ui
aeoea?caoe?? iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a ia caiyooyo c
ae?eiai? oe?a?inueei? iiae ni?eythoue: 1) aea/aiiy oai?aoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo c i???ioaoe??th ia iaeaooith i?ioan?eio ae?yeuei?noue; 2)
noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oiia aeey ni?eeoaaiiy o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy
(aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo aeeneon??, niaoeeo?/ia i?aai?caoe?y iaa/aeueiiai
i?inoi?o – ?ici?uaiiy nooaeaio?a a aoaeeoi??? “i?aeieii”); 3)
aeei?enoaiiy nioe?aeueii-?ieueiai? a?e ye oi?ie ia?ii?, a?oiiai?,
eieaeoeaii? aca?iiae??. Aeiaiaeeoueny, ui i?ioean ?ioa??i?ecaoe??
oai?aoe/ieo ciaiue i?i eoeueoo?o iiaeaiiy iiaeia i?enei?eoe: a)
caaacia/eaoe a?aeiia?aeio iioeaaoe?th iaa/aeueieo caiyoue; a)
nie?ath/enue ia iaoai?cie ia o?eueee aeia?eueiiai, a e ieiia?eueiiai
caiai’yoiaoaaiiy (i?e aeei?enoaii? i?eeiio ia?eoa??eiiai ci?o).

Aea/aiiy oaeoe/iiai ??aiy noi?iiaaiino? a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a eoeueoo?e
ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeei aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo na?ae/aoue, ui
oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a a oiiaao
aeui? oeiee caeeoa?oueny iaei??th c ?noioieo i?iaeai.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai iaie ?ai?oa aiae?co a no?oeoo?? eoeueoo?e
ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy aeae?eaii o?e eiiiiiaioe.

1. I?aaeeuei?noue iiaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/a?: a) ciaiiy iiaieo ii?i (aeiiae,
eaene/ieo, ii?oieia?/ieo, neioaene/ieo, noee?noe/ieo oiui); a)
aeineiiaea aieiae?iiy e?oa?aoo?ieie ii?iaie ia an?o ??aiyo iiaii?
nenoaie a ?? oniiio ? ienaiiiio ??ciiaeaeao.

2. Iiaia iaenoa?i?noue caaacia/o?oueny: a) ia?ciai?noth ?c neiii?i?/iei
aaaaonoaii e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae; a) iayai?noth iaae/ie aeiai?o a eiie?aoi?e
neooaoe?? aeneiaethaaiiy iaea?eueo oi/iiai, noee?noe/ii aei?a/iiai ?
ae?aciiai aa??aioo.

3. Iiaia na?aeii?noue neeaaea?oueny c: a) oaaaeiiai noaaeaiiy ?iaeea?aea
aei iiae acaaae?; a) eiai i?aaiaiiy aei oaeineiiaeaiiy aeaniiai
iiaeaiiy.

Naia ca oeeie e?eoa??yie aecia/aany oaeoe/iee ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino?
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a. Eiinoaooth/ee
aenia?eiaio yaeya niaith na??th eiio?ieueieo c??c?a, i?ae /an
i?iaaaeaiiy yeeo c?a?aii 312 i?ioieie?a niinoa?aaeaiiy ca oniei
iiaeaiiyi iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a, 312 aieao a?aee?eoiai oeio,
i?iaiae?ciaaii 624 ienueiia? ?iaioe. Caaaeueiee aiae?c iaea?aeaieo
oaeoe/ieo aeaieo noaa i?ae??oioyi aeey aecia/aiiy o?ueio ??ai?a
noi?iiaaiino? a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy.

Aenieei ie aaaaeaee ??aaiue iiaoe?a, onia ? ienaiia iiaeaiiy yeeo
a?aecia/a?oueny aenieith oii?iiaai?noth, aeinoaoiueith ia?ciai?noth ?c
neiii?i?/ieie aaaaonoaaie e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae oa iayai?noth iino?eii?
oaaae aei iiae acaaae? ? aei aeaniiai iiaeaiiy cie?aia.

Na?aaei?e ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy aecia/aany:
na?aaeiueith oii?iiaai?noth oniiai ? ienaiiiai iiaeaiiy, iaaeinoaoiueith
ia?ciai?noth iiaoe?a ?c neiii?i?/ieie aa??aioaie aa?aaeueieo iaeeieoeue,
iano?eeith oaaaith aei iiae ? aei aeaniiai iiaeaiiy.

Aei a?oie c iecueeei ??aiai noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy
a?aeianaii in?a, onia ? ienaiia iiaeaiiy yeeo oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iecueeith oii?iiaai?noth, a?aenooi?noth a aeoeaiiio neiaieeo
neiii?i?/ieo oi?i, noaaeaiiy aei iiae ? aei aeaniiai iiaeaiiy
?iaeeoa?aioia.

Aeyaeaii, ui a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a aeii?ioth/eie ? iecueeee (43,6%) oa
na?aaei?e (33,7%) ??ai? noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy.
I/aaeaeii, caaaeueiee “oaoiie?aoe/iee” i?aeo?ae aei i?aeaioiaee
?iaeaia?ieo eaae??a, ui iaioaaa aeiiaaeaaia o aeu?e oeie?, naia oae
iicia/eany ia eoeueoo?? iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a ae?iaie/i? noa?e.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a
iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a” ciiaeaeueiaaii i?ioean iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy, iiaeaii i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/io nenoaio,
ui ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy, oa i?iaiae?ciaaii
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee ??.

Ia i?aenoaa? aecia/aiiy no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai
iiaeaiiy ie?aneaii aoaie oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a
iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a (oii?ioaaiiy iiaeaiiy, aaeineiiaeaiiy iiaii?
iaenoa?iino?, aeoiaaiiy iiaii? na?aeiiino?); noi?ioeueiaaii oe?e?,
aecia/aii ci?no iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo, a?ae?a?aii aoaeoeai? iaoiaee ?
i?eeiie, ia?aii oi?ie eiio?ieth aeey eiaeiiai c aoai?a (aeea. oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1. Iiaeaeue iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy

AoaiIaoaCi?no iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeoIaoiaee ? i?eeiieOi?ie eiio?ieth
oni?oiino? iaa/aiiyIOii?ioaaiiy oniiai ? ienaiiiai iiaeaiiy; aaaaeaiiy
aei eaene/iiai caiano iiaeo neiii?i?/ieo aa?aaeueieo iaeeieoeue,
neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiai noeethA?aeiiino? i?i ii?ie
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, ui aeoeaii ae?thoue a iaaeao io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiai
noeethNiinoa?aaeaiiy iaae iiaith, oi?iaeueii-o?aioaaeuei?
ai?aaeOanooaaiiy,

naii?aaeaaoaaiiy??Oi?ioaaiiy oi?iiy aea?aoe c e?eueeio iiaeeeaeo
aa??aio?a iaea?eueo oi/iee, noee?noe/ii ae?aciee ? aei?a/iee aeey aeaii?
neooaoe?? iiaeaiiyA?aeiiino? i?i no?oeoo?o iiaeaiiy, i?i aca?iica’ycie
aa?aaeueieo ? iaaa?aaeueieo cania?a o i?ioean? ae?eiaiai
ni?eeoaaiiyAiae?oe/ia, aa?enoe/ia aan?aee, eiioi?eaoeai? ai?aae,
aothaee“I?eoiaaiee” eiio?ieueIIIOi?ioaaiiy eiio?ieueii-noeioethth/eo
oi?iueA?aeiiino? i?i iniaeeaino? ae?eiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy?aaeaaoaaiiy,
nioe?aeueii–?ieueia? ?a?eAca?iieiio?ieue, ?ica’ycoaaiiy neooaoeaieo
i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaieo caaaeaiue

Nie?ath/enue ia oaa?aeaeaiiy A.I.Eeoaeai?iaenueei? i?i oa, ui
a?eueo?noue a?aiaoe/ieo yaeu, aeey ?icaeyaeo yeeo o?aaeeoe?eii
a?aeaiaeeoueny cia/iee ianya iaa/aeueiiai /ano, eaaei canaith?oueny o
i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy nenoaie eiioi?eaoeaieo ai?aa ? ia aeiaaa?
niaoe?aeueieo oi?i ?iaioe, ie ia?aaeyioee caaaeueiii?eeiyoee i?aeo?ae,
oa?aeoa?iee aeey no/anii? i?aeoeee aeeeaaeaiiy ae?eiai? oe?a?inueei?
iiae o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao iao?eieia?/iiai i?io?eth, ca?aeii c
yeei iaa/aeueio ?ioi?iaoe?th no?oeoo?iaaii a?aeiia?aeii aei
eeaneo?eaoe?? aeieoiaio?a, iioe?aieo o i?aeoeoe? ae?eiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy.
O ?icae?e? ia??oioiaaii aeia?? ? iine?aeiai?noue iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo,
i?iiiiiaaiiai aeey ii?aoethaaiiy ia eiaeiiio aoai?.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii, ui iine?aeiai?noue caiyoue, iia’ycaieo
i?ae niaith aeno?ae?iaa?noe/iith ?ioi?iaoe??th, aoaeoeai?oa, i?ae
caiyooy, ui niieo/athoueny ca a?aiaoe/iith oaiaoeeith. C iaeyaeo ia oea,
aanue iaa/aeueiee iaoa??ae aoei ii?aeiaii “iane??ciei” nthaeaoii:
ae?eia? aca?iia?aeiineie o ae?iaie/iio eieaeoea?. Eiaeia caiyooy noaei
iaeiei c aoai?a oeeo oei?ciaaieo noinoie?a (“I?eeii ia ?iaioo”, “Ia?oee
aeaiue o eieaeoea?”, “Ni?eeoaaiiy o eieaeoea?”, “Ia?aaea”, “I?eeii
a?aea?aeoaa/?a”), a nooaeaioe — /eaiaie oyaiiai ae?iaie/iai eieaeoeao.
I?aai?ciaaiee oaeei /eiii iaa/aeueiee iaoa??ae aeeeeeaa o nooaeaio?a
a?eueoa caoe?eaaeaiiy, a oaeiae caaacia/oaaa oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii
aaaeeeaeo iiaeaii?aeo oi?iue.

I?aeaeuaiith ??aiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a
ni?ey? caaaa/aiiy ?oiueiai aeoeaiiai ae?eiaiai neiaieea. O ?icae?e?
iieacaii, ui iaeaeioe?euei?oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey oeueiai oaenoe
io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiai noeeth, iaaaaeaii c?acee ai?aa, iiaoaeiaaieo ia
icia/aiiio iaoa??ae?. Aeiaaaeaii aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy i?eeiio
“ia?eoa??eiiai ci?o” (I.A.Aiiaea?aiei), ca?aeii c yeei ae?a?aiee
eaene/iee iaoa??ae aeoea?co?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie oaaeeoeue.

Ia oeueiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ice?eoi aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy
nioe?aeueii-?ieueiaeo ?ai? (A.I.Aa?aeoeueeee, A.E.Eainueea,
Ae.A.Aeueeii?i oa ?io.), ui oaeiae caaacia/oaaee canai?iiy iaeaooi?ie
?iaeaia?aie iaeneiaeueiiai ianyao iiaeaii?aeo iiaeaeae ae?eiaiai
ni?eeoaaiiy, ni?eyee oaeineiiaeaiith iiaii? iaenoa?iino?. O ?icae?e?
iaaaaeaii ia?ae?e ? ?ic?iaeaii ci?no eiioi?eaoeaieo ai?aa ? caaaeaiue,
aothae?a, nioe?aeueii-?ieueiaeo ?ai? aeey ia?ii?, a?oiiai?, eieaeoeaii?
aca?iiae??. I?aee?aneaii, ui aeeiiaiiy neooaoeaii-?ieueiaeo caaaeaiue
a?aeaoaaeiny, ye i?aaeei, ia oe? yne?aaeo iiceoeaieo aiioe?e oa aeineoue
aaeaeiai aoiaeaeaiiy iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a a oiiai?noue a?e, ? oea cia/ii
aeoea?coaaei iaa/aeueio ae?yeuei?noue eieaeoeao neooa/?a.

Iaaieioo?oueny, ui ?icaeoeia? iiaii? iaenoa?iino? cia/iith i??ith ni?ey?
aena?oeaiiy aca?iica’yceo aa?aaeueieo ? iaaa?aaeueieo cania?a
ni?eeoaaiiy. sse cana?ae/ea aenia?eiaio, aeey oeueiai aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaoiaee aa?enoe/ii? aan?aee, ?iciia?ae? (o aeena?oaoe??
iiaeaii iaoa??aee aeey ?o i?aeaioiaee), i?eeii cina?aaeaeaiiy oaaae ia
ciai?oi?e iiaaae?ioe? o/aniee?a ae?aeiao. A?aecia/aii aaaeeea?noue
niaoe?aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio a?aeaoaa?oueny
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean. Aeey aoaeoeaiiai cae?eniaiiy eiioaeoo c
aoaeeoi???th no?eueoe? aeey nooaeaio?a ?icoaoiaoaaeenue “i?aeeiaith”
(N.I.Ci??i); i?iiiioaaeinue iino?eii niinoa??aaoe ca i?i?eith, aeanoaie,
iicaie iaeiieo?niee?a, aiae?coaaeenue ciai?oi? i?iyae iiaaae?iee
eiioi?eaio?a, i?aee?anethaaeanue ?ieue iaaa?aaeueieo cania?a o
caaacia/aii? aoaeoeaiiai ni?eeoaaiiy. A ?acoeueoao? iii?/aii, ui
iiaaae?iea iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a noaea no?eiai?oith, aiie ii/aee
oaaaei?oa noaaeoeny iaeei aei iaeiiai, oi/i?oa oi?ioethaaoe nai? aeoiee,
na?eici?oa ni?eeiaoe caiyooy iiaith.

Iieacaii, ui aeoiaaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a iiaii? na?aeiiino?
caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeaie ??ciia?/iiai aieeao ia ii/oooy (aan?aea,
aeeneon?y, iiceoeaiee i?eeeaae aeeeaaea/a). Iniiaith aeey aeeneon?e aoee
neooaoe??, o yeeo a?aeaeoi ?aaeuei? ae?eia? noinoiee. O ?icae?e?
iaaaaeaii i?eeeaaee oaeeo neooaoe?e, ooi/iaii niiniae iiaeaiiy ?o
(neiaaniee iien, ?inoeai?caoe?y). Aenia?eiaio cana?ae/ea, ui
iniaeno?noue aeeeaaea/a, eiai aaoi?eoao cia/iith i??ith aieeaathoue ia
?acoeueoaoe iaa/aiiy. Aeeeaaea/ caaaeyee ai?eiio aeei?enoaiith naiai
i?ioan?eiiai a?oenoecio, oiieiio a?ae/oooth ineoieia?/iiai iano?ith
a?oie caaacia/oaaa aeeaiea canai?iiy nooaeaioaie iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo,
ui ni?eyei ia o?eueee oii?ioaaiith ?oiueiai iiaeaiiy, a e ci?i?
eiioi?eaoeaii? iiaaae?iee iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?icaeoie o
iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a eiio?ieueii-noeioethth/eo oi?iue ? iaae/ie
caaacia/o?oueny nenoaiith ai?aa aeey ?aaeaaoaaiiy (i?eeeaaee ?o
iaaaaeaii).

Iaaieioo?oueny, ui cai?iiiiiaaia i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ia nenoaia
?iaioe, ni?yiiaaia ia oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a
iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a, ia? iino?eii ei?eaoaaoeny ia i?aenoaa?
ia’?eoeaiiai ioe?ithaaiiy ??aiy canai?iiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo eiaeiei
nooaeaioii ie?aii oa a?oiith acaaae? ia eiaeiiio c aeae?eaieo aoai?a
iaa/aiiy. O ?icae?e? iieacaii aoaeoeai?noue oaeeo iaoiae?a eiio?ieth, ye
oanooaaiiy, naii?aaeaaoaaiiy (?.I.Neieoey), “i?eoiaaiee eiio?ieue” (ca
A.E.Neaee?iei), ienueiiaa ia?aa??ea (o oi?i? ?ica’ycoaaiiy neooaoeaieo
caaaeaiue, ui a?aeaeaathoue oiiae ?aaeueiiai ae?eiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy),
iaaaaeaii i?eeeaaee eiio?ieueieo caaaeaiue.

O aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeaii o?ae aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee aoaeoeaiino?
i?iiiiiaaii? i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie, yea ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a. ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioo ocaaaeueiaii o 8 oaaeeoeyo, oiai/iaii 5 ae?aa?aiaie.
Iieacaii, ui a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao aoaeoeai?noue oi?ioaaiiy
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy aecia/aeanue aeeiai?eith ci?ie ??ai?a
noi?iiaaiino? no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy. Oae,
iieaciee aenieiai ??aiy oii?iiaaiino? iiaeaiiy (oniiai ? ienaiiiai) a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao c??n ia 28,5%. sseui aei oi?ioth/iai
aenia?eiaioo a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao ia?aaaaeaa iecueeee (44,2%) ?
na?aaei?e (31,4%) ??aaiue ia?ciaiino? ?c neiii?i?/iei aaaaonoaii
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, oi i?ney iaa/aiiy ca aenia?eiaioaeueiith iaoiaeeeith
eeoa 8,3% i?aaenoaaiee?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie a?ae/oaaee o?oaeiiu?
?c o??ciiiai?oiaiiyi iiaeaiiy (iecueeee ??aaiue). ?noioii ci?ieany
??aaiue iiaii? na?aeiiino? iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a: 38,9% ianoaaeoaaieo
a?aeiiaeeeny a?ae iaaaoeaiiai ? 4,2% a?ae aaeaeoaeiai noaaeaiiy aei
caiyoue iiaith; o 4,3% i?aaenoaaiee?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie ??aaiue
iiaii? na?aeiiino? c??n aei aenieiai. Ia 19,7% ca?eueoeeany e?euee?noue
ianoaaeoaaieo, o yeeo eiio?ieueii-noeioethth/? oi?iiy iiaeia aaaaeaoe
aeniei?icaeiaieie.

I?iaaaeaiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeaio eiinoaooth/eo aoai?a
aenia?eiaioo na?ae/eoue i?i iaai? ye?ni? ci?ie o ??aiyo noi?iiaaiino?
eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a. Aei iaa/aiiy a
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ? a eiio?ieuei?e a?oiao ia?aaaaeaee iecueeee ?
na?aaei?e ??ai? noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy. I?e/iio
iaeaea? a?oie aoee i?eaeecii iaeiaeia? ca ??aiai iiaii? i?aeaioiaee:
iieacieee e?eueeino? in?a c iecueeei ??aiai noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e
ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a?ae??ciyeeny eeoa ia 0,3% (a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e
a?oi? – 43,6%, o eiio?ieuei?e – 43,9%); iieacieee na?aaeiueiai ??aiy –
ia 0,6% (a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi? – 33,7%, o eiio?ieuei?e – 32,3%)
iieacieee aenieiai ??aiy – ia 1,1% (a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi? – 22,7%,
o eiio?ieuei?e – 23,8%). I?ney iaa/aiiy ca aenia?eiaioaeueiith
iaoiaeeeith ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy caeeoeany
iecueeei eeoa a 10,3% i?aaenoaaiee?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie, oiae? ye
o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oeae iieaciee noaiiaeoue 32,9%. Na?aaei?i ??aiai
noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny 39,5%
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? 40,1% eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Caoa iieaciee aenieiai
??aiy iaeaea aaea?/? aeuee a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi? (50,2% i?ioe 28,9%
o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?). Aeeiai?eo oeeo ci?i a?aeaeoi a ae?aa?ai? 1.

Ae?aa?aia 1

??ai? noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a

Aei iaa/aiiy I?ney iaa/aiiy

Aenia?eiaioaeueia a?oia (AA) Eiio?ieueia a?oia (EA)

Oaeei /eiii, oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie, ui
ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a.
Iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe oaeiae caeiaooi ? a i?ioean? ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
?ioeo aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao oaoi?/iiai i?io?eth Oe?a?ie.

Oai?aoe/ia oa aenia?eiaioaeueia aea/aiiy i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaei
i?aenoaae aeey oaeeo aeniiae?a:

1. Eoeueoo?a ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy – ?ioaa?aoeaia ooai?aiiy a no?oeoo??
iniaenoino? ?iaeaia?a, ui caaacia/o? aeeiiaiiy iei nioe?aeueii? ?ie?
ea??aieea ae?iaie/iai eieaeoeao. Oea niaoeeo?/iee ?iaeeeaoi?
eiioi?eaoeaii? eoeueoo?e – iaia’yceiaiai eiiiiiaioo aoiai?noe/iiai
ieneaiiy i?aaenoaaieea oaoi?/ii? ?ioae?aaioe??.

C iaeyaeo ia oea oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy ne?ae aaaaeaoe
iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo iai?yi?a i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee no/aniiai ?iaeaia?a.
A ia??iae iaa/aiiy iaeaooi? oao?aoe? i?iieneiai? aaeoc? iiaeii?
nenoaiaoe/ii i?aoethaaoe iaae oaeineiiaeaiiyi aeaniiai iiaeaiiy,
iciaeiiethaaoeny c ??cieie caniaaie aa?aaeueiiai ? iaaa?aaeueiiai aieeao
ia ia?oia?a ii eiioi?eaoe??, oeyoii nenoaiaoe/iiai ai?aaeyiiy
oaeineiiaethaaoe i?aeoe/i? iiaeaii?a? oi?iiy ? iaae/ee.

2. Ae?eiaa iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaieie
nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ieie iniaeeainoyie. I?aaiaiiy aei eiie?aoecaoe?? oa
eaeii?cio aeoiie coiiaeth? caoaeaiiy ae?aiaciio aeei?enoiaoaaieo iiaieo
cania?a oa ?o noaiaea?oecaoe?th. Aeei?enoaiiy noa?aioeiieo cai?io?a ?
eiiiiceoe?eieo neiii?i?a ni?iuo? ye i?ioean ni?eeiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, oae
? i?ioean ?? a?aeoai?aiiy. I?ioan?eii-ae?eiaa eaeneea ?iaeaia??a
ioiieth?: aocueeiaaeocaao oa?i?iieia?th (ae?iaie/? oa?i?ie, a?aeii?
oao?aoeyi eiaeii? c aaeocae ae?iaieoeoaa), aeania ae?eiao eaeneeo
(caaacia/o? i?ioan?eii-ae?eia? noinoiee a caaaeueiiio ?icoi?ii?),
caaaeueiiiiaio (i?aenoeeueiao) eaeneeo oa o?acaieia?th. A?aeiia?aeii aei
nioe?aeueieo oiia ae?eiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeae?eaieo
eaene/ieo a?oi iiaea ci?ithaaoeny.

3. Eoeueoo?a ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a oe?eiio i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny
caaaeueiei aeiiaai eoeueoo?e aa?aaeueiiai ni?eeoaaiiy. No?oeoo?ieie
eiiiiiaioaie eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy ?iaeaia??a ?: i?aaeeuei?noue
iiaeaiiy (aeineiiaea aieiae?iiy ii?iaie e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, oi/i?noue,
eia?/i?noue), iiaia iaenoa?i?noue (iaae/ee aeiai?o ?c ni?a?nioth/eo
aa??aio?a iaeoi/i?oiai, iaea?eueo aei?a/iiai o iaai?e eiioi?eaoeai?e
neooaoe??), iiaia na?aeii?noue (oi?iiy ioe?ithaaoe e oaeineiiaethaaoe
iiaeaii?ao ae?yeuei?noue eiioi?eaio?a ia eiaeiiio aoai? ni?eeoaaiiy).

4. Aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e aeaa i?aenoaae aecia/eoe oae?
ineoie?iaa?noe/i? oa iaaeaaia?/i? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy a iaeaooi?o
oao?aoe?a ae?iaie/i? noa?e eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy:

a) oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?iue ? iaae/ie, iaiao?aeieo aeey ae?eiaiai
ni?eeoaaiiy, ia? a?aeaoaaoeny a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy eiioi?eaoeaieo ai?aa
? caaaeaiue;

a) a?aei?aoethaaiiy iiaii? i?aaeeueiino? oa iiaii? iaenoa?iino? ne?ae
i?iaiaeeoe ia?aeaeueii;

a) aeioe?eueiei ? aeei?enoaiiy ae?aeiao ye iniiaiiai iaoiaeo aea/aiiy
iaa/aeueii? ?ioi?iaoe??;

a) canoinoaaiiy nioe?aeueii-?ieueiaeo ?ai? ni?ey? aoaeoeai?e ia?i?e,
a?oiia?e,

eieaeoeai?e aca?iiae?? oeo, ooi iaa/a?oueny ;

ae) caaacia/aiiy iioeaaoe?? iiaioaaiiy iaeaooi?ie ?iaeaia?aie eoeueoo?e
ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii i???ioaoe?? aeo/oaaiiai
iaoa??aeo ia iaeaooith i?ioan?eio ae?yeuei?noue.

5. E?eoa??yie noi?iiaaiino? a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai
iiaeaiiy ie aaaaea?ii: 1) aieiae?iiy ii?iaie ia an?o ??aiyo iiaii?
nenoaie a ?? oniiio ? ienaiiiio ??ciiaeaeao; 2) ia?ciai?noue ?c
neiii?i?/iei aaaaonoaii e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae; 3) iayai?noue iaae/ie aeiai?o
iiaieo cania?a aeey iaeoi/i?oiai ioi?ieaiiy aeoiee a?aeiia?aeii aei oiia
eiioi?eaoe??; 4) oaaaeia noaaeaiiy ?iaeea?aea aei iiae; 5) iayai?noue
eiio?ieueii-noeioeth/eo oi?iue.

6. O iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a oaeoe/ii aeii?iothoue iecueeee oa na?aaei?e
??ai? noi?iiaaiino? eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa,
ui oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a
ae?iaie/i? noa?e ? iaei??th c aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai aeui? oeiee.

7. Oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a
a?aeaoaa?oueny iiaoaiii ? caaacia/o?oueny: ei?aeoe??th ?oiueiai iiaeaiiy
ca?aeii c ii?iaie e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae; caaaa/aiiyi eaene/iiai caiano
iiaeaii?aeie aeieaie, oa?aeoa?ieie aeey neooaoe?e ae?eiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy;
oi?ioaaiiyi o ieo oi?iiy aeiae?aoe aeey ioi?ieaiiy aeo?a eiioi?eaoe??
a?aeiia?aei? aa?aaeuei? ? iaaa?aaeuei? caniae c o?aooaaiiyi
nioe?aeueiiai noaoono ia?oia?a; ?icaeoeii eiio?ieueii-noeioethth/eo
iaae/ie i?aai?caoe?? iiaeaii?ai? ae?yeueiino?.

8. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui oi?ioth/e eoeueoo?o
ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy, ia iiaeia iaiaaeoaaoeny eeoa ei?aeoe??th iiaeaii?ai?
iiaaae?iee ie?aieo nooaeaio?a /e nooaeaionueeeo a?oi, ine?eueee:
ii-ia?oa, aeeeaaea/ ia a ciic? eiio?iethaaoe aanue ianya iaaeie?e?a o
iiaeaii? nooaeaio?a; ii-ae?oaa, oaea iaa/aeueia ae?yeuei?noue iio?aao?
aaaaoi /ano; ii-o?ao?, aiia ia?aaeaa/a? eeoa onoiaiiy iaaeie?e?a,
iaoii?noue iaenooo?a?oei ia? aooe aieea ia nai? i?e/eie ?o iiyae. I?i
aoaeoeai?noue iiaeaii?ai? i?aeaioiaee iiaeia aiai?eoe o?eueee a oiio
aeiaaeeo, eiee ii?yae c oni?oiei canai?iiyi iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo
i?inoaaeo?oueny na?aeiia i?aaiaiiy iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a aei iiaeaii?aiai
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy.

9. Oe?eani?yiiaaia iaaeaaia?/ia ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iiaii? ina?oe
iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a iiceoeaii aieeioei ia ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino?
eoeueoo?e ?oiueiai ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy: ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue o/aniee?a
aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeiiai iaa/aiiy aeinyaea aenieiai ? na?aaeiueiai
??aiy iiaeaii?aiai ?icaeoeo. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i
aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee.

10. ?aae?caoe?y iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?yiiao?oueny ia
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/i? iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e
ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o ?iaeaia??a, a oaeiae ia iiaeaeueoee
?icaeoie oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaae iiaii? ina?oe ?iaeaia?ieo
eaae??a a oiiaao aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? oa aoiai?caoe?? aeui? oeiee.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo
aaoi?a:

1. ?oean O.I. Neooaoeaii-?ieueia? ?a?e o iaa/aii? oniiai ae?eiaiai
ni?eeoaaiiy oe?a?inueeith iiaith nooaeaio?a-iao?eieia?a // Iia?
oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy: Iaoe.-iaoiae. ca??iee. Aei.20. – E.: ?CII, 1997. –
N.125-131.

2. ?oean O.I. I?i iaoo ? ci?no eo?no “Ae?eiaa oe?a?inueea iiaa” // Iia?
oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy: Iaoe.-iaoiae. ca??iee. Aei.23. – E.: ?CII, 1998. –
N.204-213.

3. ?oean O.I. Iiai?e ina?o? – iiao oaoiieia?th // I?iaeaie ina?oe:
Iaoe.-iaoiae. ca??iee. Aei. 14. – E.: ?CII, 1997. – N.138-144.

4. ?oean O.I. Aiae?c ??aiy iiaeaii?ai? eoeueoo?e o nooaeaio?a aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a oaoi?/iiai i?io?eth // Iaoea ? no/ani?noue.
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. – E.: ?CII, 1998. – *.1. – N.70-75.

5. ?oean O.I. Aeeaeaeoe/iee eiiieaen eo?no “Ae?eiaa oe?a?inueea iiaa” o
nenoai? i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a oaoi?/iiai i?io?eth // No/ani?
i?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee ?iaeaia?ieo eaae??a: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. –
Caii??aeaey, 1997. – N. 155-156.

6. ?oean O.I. Oi?ioaaiiy iiaii? eoeueoo?e i?ioan?eiiai ni?eeoaaiiy o
iaeaooi?o niaoe?ae?no?a oaoi?/iiai i?io?eth // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo o 2 /. – *.2. – Aaciaea
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?/ Ca caa. ?aae. A.A.Neauiaa – Eoaainuee: aeae-ai
No?aeiioe?. aea?ae. oi-oo, 1998. – N. 53-56.

7. ?oean O.I. I?iaeaie aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae o aeuiio
iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae? oaoi?/iiai i?io?eth o ?in?enueeiiiaiiio ?aa?ii? //
I?iaeaie ooaa?aeaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? iiae a Oe?a?i?:
Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? aea?aeaaii? iiae a Oe?a?i?. 28-29 eenoiiaaea
1996 ?. – E.: “EI Academia”, 1998. – N. 134-136.

?oean O.I. Oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o
?iaeaia??a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.02 – oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy
(oe?a?inueei? iiae). – Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y aena?oeth? i?iaeaio i?aai?caoe?? iiaii? ina?oe o aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao oaoi?/iiai i?io?eth. A ?iaio? oai?aoe/ii
ia??oioiaaii no?oeoo?i? eiiiiiaioe eoeueoo?e ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy ?
e?eoa??? ?? noi?iiaaiino?, aecia/aii aoaeoeai? iaoiaee ? i?eeiie, ye?
ni?eythoue oaeineiiaeaiith i?ioan?eii-ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o
?iaeaia??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ae?eiaa iiaeaiiy, eoeueoo?a ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy, iaeaooi?
?iaeaia?e, iaoiaeeea.

Rukas T.P. The Formation of the Future Engineers Business Speech
Culture. – The Manuscript.

Thesis for competition of the academic degree of the candidate of the
pedagogical sciences on speciality 13.00.02 – the theory and strategy of
studing the Ukrainian. – The Dragomanov National Pedagogical University,
Kyiv, 1998.

Thesis deals with the problems of the theory and practice of the
organization of the personal language training at the technical higher
educational institutions. Structural components of a cultured business
speech and criterias of its formation are grounded in this work,
effective methods and receptions are defined here, These methods promote
perfection of a business speech of future engineers.

Key words: business speech, cultured business speech, future engineers,
the method.

?oean O.I. Oi?ie?iaaiea eoeueoo?u aeaeiaie ?a/e o aoaeoueo eiaeaia?ia. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.02 – oai?ey e iaoiaeeea iao/aiey
(oe?aeineiio ycueo). – Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaaaony i?iaeaia i?aaiecaoeee ycueiaie
iiaeaioiaee aoaeoueo eiaeaia?ia.

Ai aaaaeaiee iainiiaaiu aeooaeueiinoue enneaaeiaaiey, ii?aaeaeaiu aai
oeaeue, iauaeo, i?aaeiao, noi?ioee?iaaia aeiioaca e caaea/e, inaauaaony
iao/iay iiaecia, oai?aoe/aneay e i?aeoe/aneay cia/eiinoue enneaaeiaaiey,
noi?ioee?iaaiu iniiaiua iieiaeaiey, eioi?ua auiinyony ia caueoo, iienaiu
oi?iu ai?iaaoeee ?aaiou.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea eceiaeaiu nia?aiaiiua o?aaiaaiey e ee/iinoe eiaeaia?a,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaiu nioeeieeiaaenoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe aeaeiaie ?a/e
eiaeaia?ia, ii?aaeaeaiu ineoieeiaaenoe/aneea e iaaeaaiae/aneea i?eioeeiu
oi?ie?iaaiey eoeueoo?u aeaeiaie ?a/e, i?iaiaeece?iaai oiae ?aoaiey
i?iaeaiu a oneiaeyo aunoae oeieu.

Ioia/aaony, /oi i?ioanneiiaeueii aaaeiuie aeey eiaeaia?a yaeythony ia
oieueei /enoi i?ioanneiiaeueiua niiniaiinoe, iaania/eaathuea o/anoea
eiaeeaeaea a ii?aaeaeaiiie noa?a i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, ii e
nioeeaeueiua, niinianoaothuea aeeth/aieth niaoeeaeenoa a nenoaio
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe iauanoaa. Aeieacuaaaony, /oi aeaaeaiea eoeueoo?ie
aeaeiaie ?a/e aa?aioe?oao niaoeeaeenoo ethaiai i?ioeey, a oii /enea e
eiaeaia?o, iuooeiue oniao a i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, a nayce n
/ai aeaeaaony auaiae, /oi oi?ie?iaaiea eoeueoo?u aeaeiaie ?a/e
eiaeaia?ia neaaeoao ?anniao?eaaoue eae iaeii ec aaaeiuo iai?aaeaiee
i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee eiaeaia?iuo eaae?ia.

Oeacuaaaony, /oi i?iaeaia i?aaiecaoeee ycueiaie iiaeaioiaee iaoeeieiaia
i?eaeaeea aieiaiea eeiaaiaeeaeaeoia, iaeiaei iaenneaaeiaaiiuie inoathony
aii?inu iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiey o/aaiuo caiyoee, niinianoaothueo
oi?ie?iaaieth o aoaeoueo eiaeaia?ia eoeueoo?u aeaeiaie ?a/e.

I?iaaaeaiiue nioeeieeiaaenoe/aneee aiaeec iniaaiiinoae aeaeiaie ?a/e
eiaeaia?ia iicaieee ii?aaeaeeoue, /oi no?aieaiea e eaeiiecio e oi/iinoe
ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee iaoneaaeeaaao noaeaiea aeeaiaciia eniieuecoaiuo
ycueiauo n?aaenoa. A ninoaaa i?ioanneiiaeueii-aeaeiaie eaeneee –
i?aeiouanoaaiii noa?aioeiiua iai?iou, onei?ythuea i?ioeann
i?eaia-ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee, a oaeaea i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oaoie/aneay
oa?ieiieiaey, nianoaaiii aeaeiaay eaeneea (iaania/eaathuay
i?ioanneiiaeueiia iauaiea a iauai niunea), iaaenoeeaaay eaeneea e
o?acaieiaey. A niioaaonoaee n nioeeaeueiuie oneiaeyie eiiioieeaoeee
niioiioaiea yoeo a?oi iaiyaony.

Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca niioaaonoaothueo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee ii?aaeaeaiu
no?oeoo?iua eiiiiiaiou eoeueoo?u aeaeiaie ?a/e: 1) i?aaeeueiinoue
(ii?iaoeaiinoue) ?a/e; 2) ?a/aaia ianoa?noai; 3) eeiaaenoe/aneay
niciaoaeueiinoue. Ioia/aaony, /oi n oi/ee c?aiey ineoieeiaaenoeee
yooaeoeaii ia?aeeaeueii ?aaioaoue iaae niaa?oainoaiaaieai i?aaeeueiinoe
?a/e e ?a/aaiai ianoa?noaa, eniieuecoy aeey yoiai nenoaio
eiiioieeaoeaiuo oi?aaeiaiee.

Iieacaii, /oi iaeaieaa iaaeaaiae/anee ii?aaaeaiu: eceiaeaiea
oai?aoe/aneiai iaoa?eaea n i?eaioaoeeae ia aoaeouoth i?ioanneiiaeueioth
aeayoaeueiinoue; eniieueciaaiea aeeaeiaa eae iniiaiiai iaoiaea
eceiaeaiey; i?aaiecaoeey nioeeaeueii-?ieaauo ea?, aeoeaece?othueo
o/aaioth aeayoaeueiinoue aoaeoueo eiaeaia?ia; noeioee?iaaiea i?ioeanna
eioa?ei?ecaoeee ciaiee iin?aaenoaii niaoeeaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee o/aaiie
n?aaeu, yiioeeiiaeueiinoe i?iaaaeaiey caiyoee.

Ii ii?aaeaeaiiui iaie e?eoa?eyi i?iaiaeece?iaai oaeoe/aneee o?iaaiue
noi?ie?iaaiiinoe eoeueoo?u aeaeiaie ?a/e aoaeoueo eiaeaia?ia.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeiieie?otho ieceee e n?aaeiee o?iaie. Yoi aua ?ac
iiaeoaa?aeaeaao aeooaeueiinoue eca?aiiie iaie oaiu enneaaeiaaiey.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea niiaeaee?iaai i?ioeann iiyoaiiiai oi?ie?iaaiey
eoeueoo?u aeaeiaie ?a/e o aoaeoueo eiaeaia?ia, eioi?ue i?aaeiieaaaao:
ei??aeoeeth ?a/e aoaeoueo niaoeeaeenoia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie noa?u niaeanii
ii?i eeoa?aoo?iiai ycuea, iiiieiaiea eo neiaa?iiai caiana ?a/aauie
eeeoa, oa?aeoa?iuie aeey aeaeiaiai iauaiey, oi?ie?iaaiea o ieo oiaiey
iiaeae?aoue aeey ioi?ieaiey aeoia eiiioieeaoeee niioaaonoaothuea
aa?aaeueiua e iaaa?aaeueiua n?aaenoaa n o/aoii nioeeaeueiiai noaoona
ia?oia?a, ?acaeoea eiio?ieueii-noeioee?othueo iaaueia i?aaiecaoeee
?a/aaie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eceiaeaiu ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey: iainiiaaiu
oi?iu e iaoiaeu i?iaaaeaiey o/aaiuo caiyoee, ii?aaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiua
i?eaiu eiio?iey o/aaiie aeayoaeueiinoe nooaeaioia. Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia
oi?ie?othuaai yenia?eiaioa naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia yooaeoeaiinoe
i?aaeeiaeaiiie iaoiaeeee oi?ie?iaaiey eoeueoo?u aeaeiaie ?a/e o aoaeoueo
eiaeaia?ia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaeiaay ?a/ue, eoeueoo?a aeaeiaie ?a/e, aoaeouea
eiaeaia?u, iaoiaeeea.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 11.02.99?. Oi?iao 60o84o16

Cai. Iaeeaae 110 i?ei.

A?aeae?oeiaaii c i?ea?iae?a.Ae?oe: ?AOe Aeiiaanueeiai
a??ie/i–iaoaeo?a?eiiai ?inoeoooo

i. Ae/aanuee Eoaainueei? iae., i?. Eai?ia, 16

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