AEAAeAI?ss IAAeE*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO OA?IAEIEIA?? OA OIENEEIEIA??

Oa?aiaoa E?ae?y Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 616-001.4-08.001.6+615.454.1-001.8

OA?IAEIEIA?*IA IAA?OIOOAAIIss ?IC?IAEE OA AEA*AIIss AOAEOEAIINO? IAC? C
I?IOEI?E?IAIITH OA AIOEIENEAeAIOIITH Ae??TH I?E AENIA?EIAIOAEUeIIIO
?AIAAIIO I?IOeAN?

14.03.05- oa?iaeieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oa?iaeieia?? ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aoaeeaie ss?ineaaa
Noaiai?aia, ?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e oa?iaeieia??

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: Aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eyioiia
Ieeiea Ieaenaiae?iae/, Aea?aeaaiee iaoeiaee oeaio? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a,
aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? eiei?aeii? o?i??
aeenia?nieo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe Aooo?a?iaa Oaoyia
Aiaoie??aia, ?inoeooo oa?iaeieia?? oa oieneeieia??, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo oa?iaeieia?? i?ioecaiaeueieo oa aiaeueaacoth/eo
cania?a

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, coa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Eeaaaiia Ai?en
Ia?eiae/, ?inoeooo i?aai?/ii? o?i?? IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
aeaaeai?ea O.I. Aiaiiieueoey, eaoaae?a oa?iaeieia??

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “13” n?/iy 1999 ?ieo i 15 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.550.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
oa?iaeieia?? oa oieneeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252057, Ee?a, aoe. A.Iioue?,
14).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oa?iaeieia?? oa oieneeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “__8__”a?oaeiy__1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe ?.A. Aeaiiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia e?eoaaiiy ?ai aoea ? caeeoa?oueny iaaeae?
iaei??th c iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo i?iaeai aeey no/anii? iaaeeoeeie. Oea
iia’ycaii ye c aeinyaiaiiyie iaaee/ii? iaoee ? ?icaeoeii ?? oaoi?/ieo
iiaeeeainoae, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei nenoaiaoe/iiai iiaeeaeaiiy oyaeaiue
i?i ?aiaaee i?ioean, oae ? c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeo no/anieo aeae?a ca?i?,
ui ci?ith? oa?aeoa? ? no?oeoo?o o?aaeaiue. Iiaeeaeaia aea/aiiy
iaoiaaiaco aiaiaiaeueieo ii?aiaiue aeaei iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeoe ?yae
oi?aa?naeueieo iaoai?ci?a aoi?eiiiai iae?ico oeaiei iaaeiei ?aiaaiai
eaiaeo, eio?ee iia’ycaiee c iineeaiiyi a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueiiai
ieeneaiiy, a aea/aiiy aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia i?aai?ci
iieacaei aeoeaaoe?th a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueieo i?ioean?a, ui aieeaathoue ia
o?eueee ia a?eee, aea e ioeea?iia? eeneioe, e?i?aee oa aoaeaaiaee. Aeey
i?ioeano ?aae?aoe?eiiai ?iciaaeo AeIE oa?aeoa?iei ? aoaeo i?neyae??, ui
iieyaa? a i?iaeiaaeaii? ?iciaaeo i?ney i?eieiaiiy ii?ii?iaiiy. Oea iiaea
aooe iia’ycaia ye c i?eai?/aiiyi aioeieneaeaioieo oa?iaioieo nenoai, oae
? c ia?aeenieie niieoeaie AeIE, eio?? ?icuaieththoueny c ooai?aiiyi
a?eueieo ?aaeeeae?a, ui, a naith /a?ao, ?i?oe?ththoue aeiaeaoeiaee
?iciaae AeIE. Oi/eith aieeao a?eueieo ?aaeeeae?a ? iaia?aie ee?oei, a
naia ?o e?i?aeiee eiiieaen. Oaeaee?noue a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy
e?i?ae?a a a?iiaia?aiao caeaaeeoue a?ae ?o no?oeoo?e oa iayaiino?
a?iaioeieneaeaio?a /AAI/ ? aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai oa aioeieneaeaioieo
oa?iaio?a /AIO/. Aaaaeathoue, ui AIO ae?thoue ia noaae?? ca?iaeaeaiiy
eaioethaa, a AAI — ia noaae?? i?iaeiaaeaiiy, aca?iiae?th/e c I. 2 ? RO2
a?aeiia?aeii, aai iiia?aaeaeothoue ?icaaeoaeaiiy eaioethaa i?e
?aaeeeaeueiiio aiiie?c? e?iiia?ieneae?a, a?aeiiaethth/e ?o a ieneniieoee
( A.A.Ao?eaeiaa, 1985; Emerit I.,1992) . Aioeieneaeaioe
iiaeeo?eothoue no?oeoo?o ? ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue iaia?ai, /ei
iiaeooue aieeaaoe ia iaoaaie?ci ee?oeie ??cieie niiniaaie :
aca?iiae?th/e c a?eueieie ?aaeeeaeaie, aca?iiae?th/e c ?aoeaioi?aie;
i?eai?/oaaoe aai aeoeaoaaoe oa?iaioe, aaciina?aaeiuei aiiioiaoaaoenue a
iaia?aio aai aca?iiae?yoe c aaiaoe/iei aia?aoii ee?oeie ( A.I. Oioeia,
1986; A.A. ?iaeineee, 1988; A.A.Ao?eaeiaa, 1992).

Neioaoe/i? aioeieneaeaioe oaiieueiiai ?yaeo /?iiie, oaiicai-eeneioa oa
?i./ i?aeaeuothoue aioeieneaeaioio aeoeai?noue, i?eai?/othoue
a?eueii?aaeeeaeuei? i?ioeane a e?i?aeao, i?iyaeythoue aae?aiie?oe/io
ae?th, i?eaiaeyoue e?i?aee a a?eueo “??aeeee” noai, /ei noaa?e?cothoue
e?i?aeiee i?ioa?ie, i?eai?/othoue aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a
noeoeeiaoieneaeacii? nenoaie, oeeoio?iiieneaeaco,
IAAe’I2-oeeoio?ii-N-?aaeoeoaco, a iaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo noeioeththoue
ee?oeiiee iiae?e. Ana oea noai?th? iioeiaeuei? oiiae aeey ?aia?aoeaii?
?aaaia?aoe?? iioeiaeaeaieo oeaiei.

Iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi aeei?enoaiiy aioeieneaeaio?a i?e i?noeaaiio
e?eoaaii? ?ai a ia?o?e oac? ?aiaaiai i?ioeano ? i?io?eaeoeea aoi?eiieo
iae?ic?a oeyoii noaa?e?caoe?? iaia?ai, a a ae?oa?e oac? — noeioeyoe?y
?aaaia?aoe?? (I.E.Eocei, 1990; S. Dincer, A. Babul, 1996; A.
Martin,1996).

Aa?o/e aei oaaae niaeo? aieeao aioeieneaeaio?a ia ?icaeoie ?aiaaiai
i?ioeano, iaaeinoaoith e?euee?noue a?o/eciyieo i?aia?ao?a, aei neeaaeo
yeeo aoiaeeee a ?a/iaeie c iiae?aiei oa?aeoa?ii ae?? oa iiaeeea?noue
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa aioeieneaeaioa oaiicai-eeneioe a Oe?a?i?,
i/aaeaeiith ? aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue noai?aiiy c iei iiaeo
oa?iaeioa?aiaaoe/ieo cania?a aeey e?eoaaiiy ?ai. Noai?aiith oa
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aea/aiith eiia?iiaaii? iac? c aioeieneaeaioii
i?enay/aia aeaia ?iaioa.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iaaaaeaia ?iaioa
aeeiiaia a ?aieao ?i?oe?aoeaii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaiaoeee, ui
?ic?iaey?oueny eaoaae?ith oa?iaeieia?? ?OAeIA ni?eueii c eaai?aoi???th
eiei?aeii? o?i?? aeenia?nieo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i AeIOeEC /i. Oa?e?a/. Aiia
iiai?noth a?aeiia?aea? iniiaiiio iaoeiaiio iai?yieo aeaaeai?? “?ic?iaea
iiaeo iaoiaee/ieo oaoiieia?e oa noaiaea?o?a yeino? ae?aaiinoeee,
i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy iaeaaaeeea?oeo ia?ioaeoe?eieo
caoai?thaaiue”.Noai?aiith oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aea/aiith eiia?iiaaii?
iac? c aioeieneaeaioii i?enay/aia aeaia ?iaioa.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe aoei oai?aoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aenia?eiaioaeueia aea/aiiy eiia?iiaaii? iac? c
i?ioei?e?iaieie oa aioeieneaeaioieie aeanoeainoyie aeey e?eoaaiiy ?ai.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe i?iiiioaaeinue ae??oeoe oae?
caaaeaiiy:

1. Ia iniia? oa?iaeieia?/iiai oa a?ioa?iaoeaaoe/iiai ne?ei?iao
iaa?oiooaaoe neeaae iie?ooieoe?iiaeueii? iac? .

2. Aea/eoe iniiai? oa?iaeiaeeiai?/i? aoaeoe iiai? eiia?iiaaii? iac?, a
oiio /ene? i?ioecaiaeuei?, aioei?e?iai? oa ?aia?aoeai? aeanoeaino?.

3. Aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a ?aiicaaithth/i? ae??
iac?.

4. I?iaanoe aea/aiiy aacia/iino? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai caniao a oiiaao
iaeii- oa aaaaoi?aciaiai canoinoaaiiy ca i?ia?aiith aeiia, ui
noaaeyoueny aei e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a aiaeia?/ii? a?oie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui a ?iaio?
aia?oa:

— oai?aoe/ii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaaii noai?aiiy eiia?iiaaii?
iac? c i?ioei?e?iaieie caniaaie oa aioeieneaeaioii aeey i?noeaaiai
e?eoaaiiy ?ai, eio?a a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iei aeiiaai;

— ia iiaeaeyo aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?aiaaeo o?aaeaiue /oa?i?/iee ii?e,
ieiueiia ?aia, i?iiaiaaa o?aaeaiiy, aiaiaiaeueia ?aia/ aea/aii
?aiicaaithth/? aeanoeaino? iiai? eiia?iiaaii? iac? ? aeyaeaii iiceoeaiee
e?eoaaeueiee aoaeo;

— iaea?aeai? iia? aeai? i?i iaoai?cie ?aiicaaithth/i? ae?? iac? c
aioeieneaeaioii oaiicai-eeneioith /IOE-3/, eio?? ei?aeththoue c
a?noino?oeoo?ieie ci?iaie oeaiei, aeoeai?noth i?ioean?a IIE oa
aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo i?aai?cio;

— i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee oa?iaeieia?/iee aiae?c aoaeoeaiino?
iac? IOE-3 c e?i?iaioii ae?aoiieo 5%, e?i?iaioii neioii?oeeio 10% oa
iaccth “I?oaoeeae”;

— ca aeaieie aecia/aiiy aino?i? oa noao?ii?/ii? oiene/iino? aeiaaaeaia
iaoe?aeeea?noue iiai? eiia?iiaaii? iac? aeey e?eoaaiiy ?ai.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie a i?aeoeeo. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ai?iaaaeaeaii a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ia eaoaae?ao oa?iaeieia?? oa
caaaeueii? o??o?a?? ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
oa Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai??, Aoeiaeinueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??, A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeoi?aa?neoaoo,Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, eaoaae?ao ee?i?/ii?
oa?iaeieia?? oa eiiaono?ieia?? Oa?iii?euenueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai??. Aeai? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aea/aiiy iac? “I?oaoeeae” i?e
i?noeaaeo i?iiaiaaeo ii?aaeaiiyo oe??e noaee iniiaith aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo ee?i?/ieo aei?iaoaaiue oe??? iac? ? aianaiiy iiaeo
iieacaiue aei aeei?enoaiiy ?? a oa?ai?? i?iiaiaaeo ae?acie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi i?iaaaeaiee
iaoaioii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe, aecia/ai? iaoa ? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee, ii?aoeueiaai? iiaeae?, ca?aeii c
yeeie iniaenoi aeeiiai? an? oieneeieia?/i?, oa?iaeieia?/i? oa a?io?i?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, cae?eniaia noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea oa aiae?c iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, ioi?ieaiiy ?o o aeaeyae? a?ao?e?a ? oaaeeoeue.
Iaoiii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? i?ae ea??aieoeoaii ae.i.i.,
i?io. Ieoaeethea ?.I. I?iaiae?ciaaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue,
noi?ioeueiaai? aeniiaee ?iaioe.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? aeena?oaioii o noaooyo, iaoa??aeao
eiioa?aioe?e oa aeiiia?aeyo ? ? ?? caeiaooeii. A iioae?eiaaieo ?iaioao o
ni?aaaoi?noa? a?eueoa 90% ?ic?iaie oa iaoa??aeo iaeaaeeoue iiooea/oe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe a?aeia?aaeai? ? ciaeoee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy iaaeeoeeie” I?aoe? I?aeia?iaeiiai
eiia?ano iieiaeeo a/aieo Oe?a?ioe?a /i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee,1995/, 1
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio c’?cae? oa?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie “No/ani? i?iaeaie
oa?iaeieia??” /i. Iieoaaa, 1995/, 2 eiia?ano iaoio?c?ieia?a Oe?a?ie,
i?enay/aiiai 100-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy aeaaeai?ea I.I.Ne?ioei?ia
/i. Ee?a, 1996/, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeinyaiaiiy no/anii?
oa?iaoe?? a iaaee/io i?aeoeeo”/i. Oa?e?a, 1996/, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaee/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?aoethth/eo
ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?. Aeieia?y oa noai caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy a
no/anieo oiiaao. Eaco?noeea, aia?aoi? oa ?ino?oiaioaeuei? iaoiaee
ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy caoai?thaaiue ethaeeie” /i. Oaeai?iae,1996/,
ia can?aeaiiyo iaeaniiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa oa?iaeieia?a oa
o?c?ieia?a.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o,
c ieo 4 noaoo? a oeaio?aeueieo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 1- o ca??ieeo
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 146
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo oa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, iieno iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, i’yoe aeaa
aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e. ?iaioa i?i?ethno?iaaia 49 oaaeeoeyie, 5 ?enoieaie, 6
i?e?ioioia?ao?yie. A?ae?ia?ao?y neeaaea? 159 a?o/eciyieo oa 50 ?iicaiieo
aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.Aea/aeany iacue , aei neeaaeo yei?
aoiaeyoue: aioeieneaeaio oaiicai-eeneioa, i?ioei?e?iai? caniae —
no?aioioeeae oa i?oacie, aiaei?ic/eiia iniiaa / noi?o i?ii?eaiae?eieth,
i?ienaiieo — 268 oa iie?aoeeaiieneaeo 400/. Aenia?eiaioe, caeaaeii a?ae
iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue, i?iaaaeai? ia noaoaaic??eeo a?eeo ieoao, uo?ao,
ii?nueeeo naeieao oa e?ieyo. ?iciiae?e oaa?ei ii a?oiao iaaaaeaiee o
oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

E?EUeE?NOUe OAA?EI. AEEI?ENOAIEO AeEss I?IAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Iiaeaeue o?aaeaiiyIi?nuee? naeiee

A?e? uo??

A?e? ieo?

E?ie?Oa?i?/iee ii?e — 117 —Ieiueiia ?aia — 49 — -I?iiaiaaa o?aaeaiiy
— 48 — -Aiaiaiaeueia ii?aiaiiy — — 20Oieneeieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy

41

86

41

— Anueiai41 300 41 20

Aeey aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? oaiicai-eeneioe oa
aioenaioee?a aoei i?iaaaeaii aeine?aee ia iiaeaeyo ieiueiii? oa ii?eiaeo
?ai. Aeey ne?ei?iao aoee aeei?enoai? iac?, i?eaioiaai? a AeIOeEC / i.
Oa?e?a/.

Caeaaeii a?ae iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iacue aaiaeeee ana?aaeeio aai
iaiineee i?noeaai ia oe??o.

Aea?? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aany eiai caaaeaiiyie. A ?iaio?
aeei?enoai? oieneeieia?/i?, a?io?i?/i?, o?c?ieia?/i?, iaoio?c?ieia?/i?,
iaoiii?oieia?/i? aaeaeaaoi? no/ani? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?e aecia/aii? aino?i? oiene/iino? iac? IOE-3 aeei?enoai? iaoiaee:
E?o/o?eueaea oa O?eeieniia, I?ici?ianueeiai A.A. oa ni?aaao., Aai aea?
Aa?aeaia. I?e aea/aii? aieeao iac? ia ooieoe?? aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaeo
i?aai?a oa nenoai a oiiaao o?eaaeiai /3 i?ny/iiai/ aaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeoaaee caaaeueiee noai oaa?ei, iano ? oaiia?aoo?o o?ea,
ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai?, aeeoaeueii?,
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoai, ie?ie, ia/?iee, ii?oieia?/iee neeaae
ia?eoa??eii? e?ia?, a?o?oaeoii?eo aioo??oi?o i?aai?a oa ?o iania?
eiao?oe??ioe.

Caaaeueiioa?iaeieia?/i? aeanoeaino? aeine?aeaeoaaii? iac? ioe?ithaaee
ca ?? aieeaii ia ia?aa?a ?aiaaiai i?ioeano o i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei,
iieacieee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? i?aai?cio a oiiaao o?aaie oa e?eoaaiiy.

A yeino? e?eoa???a ioe?iee niaoeeo?/ii? aeoeaiino? iac? IOE-3
aeei?enoiaoaaee ?? ?aia?aoeaio ae?th noiniaii aiaiaiaeueieo ?ai,
i?iiaiaaeo iioeiaeaeaiue oe??e, oa?i?/ieo ii?e?a oa ieiueiieo ?ai.
Cie?aia a?aei?/aee /anoioo iaa?ye?a iaaeiei ?ai, ai?eii-iae?ioe/ieo
oneeaaeiaiue, ci?ie ?ici???a ?ai oa ae?acie, /an a?aeoi?aiaiiy no?oio oa
ai?oae?caoe??, eaoaeuei?noue. Oaeiae aeine?aeaeoaaee i?ioeaenoaeaoeaio
oa aioei?e?iaio aeoeai?noue iac?.

Iaea?aeai? aaee/eie i?aaenoaaeai? a iaeeieoeyo N?.

I?e iaoaiaoe/i?e ia?iaoe? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeei?enoai?
caaaeueiii?eeiyo? iaoiaee aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee c aecia/aiiyi nooiaith
aeinoia??iino? ca e?eoa???i No’thaeaioa /?0.05/.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? ia aac? eaoaae?e
oa?iaeieia?? ?aaii-O?aiee?anueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.
Aeine?aee ii aea/aiith iniioe/ii? aeoeaiino? iniiae iac? oa
i?e?ia?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a eaai?aoi??? eiei?aeii? o?i??
aeenia?nieo e?ea?nueeeo oi?i AeIOeEC /i. Oa?e?a/.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIue OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

Aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy neeaaeo iac?.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? ?iaioe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee nea?iaai? ia aecia/aiiy
aieeao aioeieneaeaio?a ia iaeiie/aiiy i?iaeoeo?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy
e?i?ae?a. Aeey ii??aiyiiy aeei?enoaee a?aeiiee i?aia?ao e?i?iaio
ae?aoiieo 5% oa iacue c 4% ai?noii oaiicai-eeneioe ia aiaei?ic/eii?e
iniia?. Aioeieneaeaio oaiicai-eeneioa — oea niieoea, ui iaeaaeeoue aei
eeano ae?aiiaaieo oaiie?a, o?i?/ia iacaa — 3,5-
ae?-o?ao.aooee-4-a?ae?ieneoai?ei?ii?iiiaa eeneioa. Ae?oaee aioeieneaeaio
— ae?aoiie — iaeaaeeoue aei oiai ae eeano niieoe, o?i?/ia iacaa —
2,6-ae?-o?ao-aooee-4-iaoeeoaiie. A aeai?e na??? aenia?eiaio?a aoei
aeei?enoaii 40 a?eeo uo??a.I?ney iiaeaethaaiiy ii?e?a oaa?eiai ?iaeee
aie?eaoe?? e?i?iaioo ae?aoiieo 5% oa iac? IOE-3, aeey ii??aiyiiy
aeei?enoiaoaaee aeai? aeine?aeaeaiue a?oi uo??a c ii?eaie ia e?eiaaieie
oa ?ioaeoieo oaa?ei/Oaae.2/. *a?ac 1 aeiao i?ney iaianaiiy ii?e?a
niinoa??aaee c?inoaiiy ??ai?a aeoeaiino? IIE o an?o a?oiao
i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei.Oae a a?oi? c aeei?enoaiiyi IOE-3 ??aaiue
oeaieiieo AeE oa IAeA c??n a?aeiia?aeii ia 48 oa 73%, a ??aaiue oeeo aea
iieaciee?a a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ca?eueoeany ia 65 oa 64%.A a?oi? oaa?ei,
e?eiaaieo e?i?iaioii ae?aoiieo a?aei?/aia c?inoaiiy ai?noo oeaieiieo AeE
? IAeA a?aeiia?aeii ia 62 oa 101%, a a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? — ai?no AeE ?
IAeA ca?eueoeany a na?aaeiueiio ia 67-66%, ii??aiyii c ?ioaeoieie
oaa?eiaie.A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia e?eiaaieo oaa?ei ??no aeoeaiino?
i?ioean?a IIE aoa cia/ii ?ioaineai?oee. Cie?aia, e?euee?noue AeE a
i’ycaa?e oeaiei? aoea a?eueoith i?ae a?aeiia?aeiee iieaciee ?ioaeoieo
oaa?ei a 2.22 ?ace, ai?no oeaieiiiai IAeA c??n a 1.82 ?ace. A oie aea
/an, a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? niinoa??aaee c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? AeE ia 96%, a
IAeA — ia 162%.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ai?no i?iaeoeo?a IIE a i’ycaa?e oeaiei? oa ne?iaaooe? e?ia? uo??a /a?ac
1 aeiao i?ney iaianaiiy

oa?i?/iiai ii?eo

A?oie oaa?eiAeE i.

/ieiieue/a/IAeA i.

/oi. Iae./AeE ne?.

/iiieue/e//IAeA ne?.

/oi. Iae./?ioaeoi?0.44

0.0170.202

0.0070.533

0.0130.249

0.009 Ii?e oa?i. +IOE-30.65

0.03*0.349

0.017*0.882

0.020.409

0.019*Ii?e oa?i. +Ae?aoiie0.713

0.039*0.407

0.013*0.894

0.0240.414

0.02*eiio?ieue

ii?e oa?i.1.42

0.0580.57

0.0331.047

0.090.654

0.023I?ei?oea: *- ??cieoey aeinoia??ia c eiio?ieai (?<0.05) Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? i?ioean?a IIE a i’ycaa?e oeaiei? i?e aeei?enoaii? iacae c aioeieneaeaioaie aeey e?eoaaiiy ii?eiaeo iioeiaeaeaiue ia 1 aeiao i?ney iaianaiiy ii?e?a, ii??aiyii c a?aeiia?aeieie iieacieeaie eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei .Ciaioaiiy ?inoo iieaciee?a AeE ? IAeA ne?iaaoee e?ia? , iiaeeeai, iia’ycai? c i?ioecaiaeueiith oa aioeieneaeaioiith i?noeaaith ae??th iacae. Aaaeeeaa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey caaacia/aiiy e?eoaaeueiiai aoaeoo a ?ai? ia? oaeaee?noue aea?eueiaiiy c iacaai? iniiae e?ea?nueeeo ?a/iaei. Aeey i?aia?ao?a, eio?? iaiinyoue i?noeaai ia ?aio, aaaeeeai, uia aea?eueiaiiy a?aeaoaaeinue aeinoaoiuei iiaii ? c aecia/aiith oaeaee?noth, ui caaacia/eoue a oeaieiao ?aie noai?aiiy o?eaaeeo aaeoa?eoeeaeieo eiioeaio?aoe?e. I?e oeueiio, aniieooaaiiy e?ea?nueei? ?a/iaeie a nenoaiiee e?iaioie iiaeiii aai i?eai?/oaaoenue aeey a?eueo o?eaaeiai caa?aaeaiiy a ?ai?, aai oaeaeei aeaiaeeoenue c i?aai?cio, uia ia aeeeeeaoe iia?/ieo yaeu. An?i aeuaaeacaiei aeiiaai a?aeiia?aea? eiia?iaoe?y IA, IAI-400 oa i?ienaiieo-268 ?ic?iaeaia ? aeine?aeaeaia a AeIOeEC /Eyioiia I.I. ? ni?aaao. 1985,1991/. Iacue IOE-3 aieiae?? neeueiith ? o?eaaeith aei 24 aiaeei /NaCl-2aiae./ iniioe/iith aeoeai?noth. I?ioyaii aeiae aiia iiaeeia? aei 400% aiaee, oiaoi ca neeith iniioe/ii? ae?? ia?aaa?oo? a?ia?oii?/iee ?ic/ei iao??th oei?eaeo a?eueoa i?ae o 20 ?ac?a.Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui iniiaa iac? IOE-3 i?noeoue 41% i?ii?eaiae?eieth - ?ic/eiieea c iecueeith iieaeoey?iith ianith 76. Oaeei /eiii, iacue IOE-3 aieiae?? ae?aaeaiith ? o?eaaeith iniioe/iith ae??th. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaoe ?? a 1 oa ia ii/aoeo 2 oacao ?aiaaiai i?ioeano i?e ?aiao ?c cia/iith ai?eiith aenoaeaoe??th. Aeey i?io?eaeoeee ai?eii-iae?ioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue a 1 ? 2 oacao ?aiaaiai i?ioeano aei neeaaeo iacae iaiao?aeii aaiaeeoe i?ioei?e?iai? caniae. A?o/eciyiee i?ioei?ioicieiee i?aia?ao i?oacie, ui aieiae?? i?ioei?e?iaieie oa i?ioecaiaeueieie aeanoeainoyie /Iayo E.A,Eyioiia I.A.,1990/ aeeth/aiee aei neeaaeo iac? oiio, ui aioeaaeoa??aeueia ae?y eiai iioe?th?oueny ia o?eueee ia iae?aaoi? aiaa?iae /nii?iooai?thth/? oa anii?iaaii?/, aea e ia oaeoeueoaoeai? aiaa?iae- noao?eieiee, eeoa/io iaee/eo, no?aioieiee ? aioa?iaaeoa???. E??i oiai, i?oacie - aeaoaaee i?aia?ao, ui ae?iaey?oueny a Oe?a?i?. Ine?eueee i?oacie ia aieeaa? ia neiueiai?eio iaee/eo, oi aei neeaaeo iac? aoei aaaaeaii no?aioioeeae, ui i?eai?/o? ?? ??no /Eyioiia I.I, Eae?i?/aiei I.O.,A??oeia ?.A.,1989/. Aeoeai?noue no?aioioeeaeo ii??aiyii c aeoeai?noth iaoai?aeo aoeaoaoo, yeee oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey e?eoaaiiy ?ioaeoe?e, aeeeeeaieo iaee/eith neiuei-caeaiiai aiith ? iaaaaaoi aeuith/ Iaaeaenueea A.I.,1986/. Eiioeaio?aoe?y i?oacieo a iac? IOE-3 noaiiaeoue 2.5%. Oea coiiaeaii oei, ui i?e ae?aaeai?e aenoaeaoe?? /a 1 oa /anoeiai 2 oac? ?aiaaiai i?ioeano/ a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icaaaeaiiy iac? aenoaeaoii ? ciaioaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? e?ea?nueeeo ?a/iaei. Eiioeaio?aoe?y no?aioioeeaeo neeaaea? 5%. Aeey ii??aiyiiy i?ioei?e?iaieo aeanoeainoae ia?aia iacue “No?aioii?oie”, ui ia? oaeee aea ai?no no?aioioeeaeo ? i?oacieo, aea a?ae?ioiaio iniiao ? iacue iaoai?aeo aoeaoaoo 10%. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo ia eoeueoo?ao Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Clostridium perfringens, Streptococcus pyogenes, Proteus mirabilis, Peptococcus, Escherichia coli iieacaee,ui a iaaeao aeiionoeieo ?ioa?aae?a aioeaaeoa??aeuei? aeanoeaino? iac? IOE-3 oa No?aioii?oieo ?aeaioe/i?. Iaeaea? iac? ca aoaeoeai?noth aioeaaeoa??aeueii? ae?? oa ca ?? niaeo?ii iathoue ia?aaaae ia?aae 10% iaccth iaoai?aeo aoeaoaoo, aei eio?i? ia /ooeea? iaioieiee. Iaeiaio /ooeeaee aei IOE-3 i?ioae. Aeey aea/aiiy niaoeeo?/ii? ae?? iac? c aioeieneaeaioiith aeoeai?noth aeei?enoai? iiaeae? ieiueiii? ?aie, oa?i?/iiai ii?eo, aiaiaiaeueiiai ii?aiaiiy oa i?iiaiaaiai o?aaeaiiy oe??e. Iiia?aaei? aeine?aeaeaiiy c iacyie, ui i?noeee oaiicai-eeneioo oa ??ci? iniiae iieacaee, ui iioeiaeueiith eiioeaio?aoe??th aeey ia? ? 3-4%, e??i oiai, o a?aeiieo e?ea?nueeeo caniaao, ui i?noyoue ?a/iaeie-aioeieneaeaioe c a?oie ae?aiiaaieo oaiie?a /e?i?iaio ae?aoiieo, “Aeuea?iao-iia’ycea”/ eiioeaio?aoe?y ?o neeaaea? 1-5%. A na??yo aeine?ae?a c oa?i?/iei ii?eii oa ieiueiiith ?aiith aoa i?iaaaeaiee oa?iaeieia?/iee ne?ei?ia /oaaeeoey 3/. Oaaeeoey 3. Neeaae iacae, ui aoee aeei?enoai? aeey ne?ei?iao. Neeaae i.?2 i.?3 i.?4 i.?6 i.?7iniiaa iac?No?aioioeeae5.05.0-5.05.0-I?oacie2.52.5-2.02.0-I?ienaiie-26820.020.0 20.0--21.62I?ii?eaiae?eieue42.041.045.629.029.047.03Iie?aoeeaiieneae4002 8.527.530.4--31.35I?aia?ao IN-20---1.21.2-Nie?oe ia?aeii? aeu? o?aeoe?e N16 - N21 - - - 6.8 6.8 -Ie?y aacae?iiaa---20.020.0-Aiaea i/euaia---34.032.0-Oaiicai-eeneioa2.04.04.02.04.0-A na??? aeine?ae?a c iiaeaeueiaaieie ieiueiieie ?aiaie iaea?aeaee ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe Ine?eueee ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith aeey iiaeaethaaiiy ?ai aeoeiaee oiaoi/ee oe??e ?ici??aie 1ni o 1ni, oi ii/aoeia? ?ici??e ?ai o an?o a?oiao oaa?ei aei??aithaaee 100 ii2 . Ia 3 aeiao i?ney ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo ?ici??e ?ai ca?eueooaaeenue o an?o a?oiao i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei, oi/ a a?oiao c aeei?enoaiiyi iacae ?? 3 oa 4 aoee aeinoia??ii iaioeie, i?ae a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia e?eiaaieo oaa?ei. Ia 7 aeiao ieiua ?ai a a?oiao c aeei?enoaiiyi iacae ?3, ?4 oa ?7 aoea iaioith ca ii/aoeiao ? a?aeiia?aeii neeaaeaea 84.04.2, 97.43.8 oa 93.66.4 ii2, a oie /an ye o an?o ?ioeo a?oiao oaa?ei oe? aaee/eie ia?aaeuoaaee ii/aoeia? iieacieee. Ia 10 aeiao niinoa??aaee cia/ia ciaioaiiy ?ici???a ?ai o an?o a?oiao e?eiaaieo oaa?ei, aea a a?oi?, e?eiaaieo iaccth ? 3 aiie aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciyeenue ia o?eueee a?ae eiio?ieueieo ia e?eiaaieo oa e?eiaaieo iniiaith iac? oaa?ei, aea e a?ae iieaciee?a a?oie c aeei?enoaiiyi iac? ?7. Ia 15 aeiao o an?o a?oiao i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei, ui io?eioaaee aie?eaoe?? iacae c oaiicai-eeneioith a?aei?/aia iiaia caai?iiy ?ai c ai?oae?caoe??th,a oie /an ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? /ia e?eiaaieo oaa?ei/ ?aie ana ua ia caai?eenue ? ?o ieiua a na?aaeiueiio aei??aithaaea 43.84.6 ii2, a o oaa?ei, e?eiaaieo iniiaith iac? - 21.33.3 ii2. Caiaeueiee i?ioean iaaeiei ?aie ia 3 aeiao niinoa??aaee o?eueee a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia e?eiaaieo oaa?ei o 85%, ai?eii-na?ici? aeae?eaiiy ia 4 aeiao - o 48% oaa?ei. Iiaio ai?oae?caoe?th ia 15 aeiao niinoa??aaee o an?o oaa?ei a a?oiao, e?eiaaieo iacyie c oaiicai-eeneioith ? o?eueee o 28 % ia e?eiaaieo oaa?ei oa 56% e?eiaaieo iniiaith iac?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aaiaoieia?/ieo ? a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia? ia 15 aeiao aenia?eiaioo aeacothoue ia ii?iae?caoe?th ?o a on?o a?oiao oaa?ei, e?eiaaieo iacyie c aioeieneaeaioii oaiicai-eeneioith, a oaeiae a?oi? c aeei?enoaiiyi iniiae iac? oa eiio?ieuei?e. A a?oiao oaa?ei c oa?i?/ieie ii?eaie, eio?ei i?iaiaeeee aie?eaoe?? iacae c oaiicai-eeneioith, i?ioyaii ia?oeo 7 aei?a ciai?oi?e aeaeyae ?ai i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae eiio?ieueii? a?oie, aea caiaeueiee i?ioean iaaeiei ?aie ia 3 aeiao niinoa??aaee o?eueee a na??? oaa?ei, e?eiaaieo iaccth ?2 /14%/. O 25% oaa?ei aaea ia 12 aeiao a?aeaoaaeinue iiaia a?aeoi?aiaiiy no?oio,a a a?oi? c aeei?enoaiiyi iac? ?3 ia 14 aeiao - o 62% oaa?ei. Ia 14 aeiao ieiua ?ai o oaa?ei, e?eiaaieo iaccth ?3 ciaioeeanue a 3,3 ?ace, iacyie ?2 ? ?4-- 2,77 ?ace, ?6 ? ?7 - 2,9. Ia 28 aeiao o?eueee a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? niinoa??aaee ia caai?i? ii?eia? ?aie, i?e /iio a?eueoa i?ae o iieiaeie aeine?aeieo oaa?ei /58% /. Ia 28 aeiao o an?o a?oiao oaa?ei ?acoeueoaoe a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae ?ioaeoieo oaa?ei ? aoee a iaaeao ii?i, ia?aaeaa/aieo aeey aeaiiai aeaeo oaa?ei. Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo aeaieo aeey iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea a?ae?a?aia iacue ?3, yea io?eiaea ?iai/o iacao “IOE-3” - iacue c oaiicai-eeneioith ? 3. Ea?oth/enue oai?aoe/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi iaoai?cio ae?? aioeieneaeaio?a a ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiue a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy, aoee aeeiiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aea/aiith aieeao IOE-3 ia ia?aa?a i?noeaaiai i?iiaiaaiai o?aaeaiiy oe??e /oaae. 4/. A aeine?ae? aoei aeei?enoaii 48 a?eeo uo??a. I?ae aieeaii ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy a aeic? 70 A? o oaa?ei aeieea? aino?a ?aae?aoe?eia iioeiaeaeaiiy oe??e ? i?eeaaeeo oeaiei 3-4 nooiaiy aaaeeino?. Aeey ii??aiyiiy niaoeeo?/ii? aeoeaiino? iac? IOE-3 aoee aeei?enoai? a?aeii? e?ea?nuee? caniae - e?i?iaio neioii?oeeio 10% oa iacue “I?oaoeeae”, ui ia? aiaeia?/iee neeaae i?ioei?e?iaieo cania?a oa iniiae. Oaaeeoey 4. Aeeiai?ea ?icaeoeo i?noeaaiai i?iiaiaaiai o?aaeaiiy oe??e o a?eeo uo??a a oiiaao eieaeueiiai ii?ii?iaiiy a aeic? 70 A? ? aeei?enoaiiy iaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a IieacieeeEiio?ieue /ii?ii?iaiiy/Ii?ii?iaiiy + + IOE-3Ii?ii?iaiiy +e?i.neioii?- oeeio 10%Ii?ii?iaiiy + iacue “I?oaoeeae”*anoioa a?ia?ai?? ia 9 aeiao , %83,30*/**33,316.6**anoioa nooiai aea?iaoeoo ia 10 aeiao, % 50 33,3 41,6 41.6*anoioa aieiaiai aea?iaoeoo ia 15 aeiao, % 83,3 50 75 58.3*anoioa a?ic?e ia 20 aeiao,% 66,6 25*/** 58,3 33.3**anoioa aeieeiaiiy i?iiaiaaeo ae?acie,% 60 25* 54,5 25**anoioa ai?eii-iae?ioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue, % 60 0*/** 18 0*/**Oa?i?ie caai?iiy ae?acie /aeiae/ iaia? 559*/** iaia? 766*/**Oa?i?ie caai?iiy aac ae?acie /aeiae/ 682 241 542 403Iiaia a?aeiiaeaiiy ia 90 aeiao, %30100*/**50100*/**I?ei?oea:*-??cieoey aeinoia??ia c eiio?ieai;**- ??cieoey aeinoia??ia ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai oa a?oiith c aeei?enoaiiyi e?i?iaioo neioii?oeeio (?0.05). ?acoeueoaoe, iaea?aeai? a a?oi? oaa?ei, e?eiaaieo IOE-?3 iieacaee, ui /anoioa aeieeiaiiy nooiai aea?iaoeoo ia 10 aeiao aoea iaioith i?ae o iae?eiaaieo oaa?ei, e?eiaaieo e?i?iaioii neioii?oeeio oa “I?oaoeeaeii”. O oaa?ei, eio?ei iaiineee aeine?aeaeoaaio iacue, a?aei?/aii ciaioaiiy /anoioe aeieeiaiiy a?ic?e a 2,5 ?ace ii??aiyii c e?eiaaieie e?i?iaioii neioii?oeeio ? a 1,3 ?ace ii??aiyii c a?oiith, aea aoei aeei?enoaii iacue “I?oaoeeae. I?iiaiaa? ae?acee aeieeee a i?eaeecii oae? ae oa?i?ie, ye ? a ?ioeo na??yo ? aoee a?aei?/ai? o /aoaa?oi? /anoeie oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie, a ieiu? ?o aoee a na?aaeiueiio a 3 ?ace iaio? i?ae a eiio?ieuei?e iae?eiaai?e a?oi?, a 2,3 ?ace iaio?, i?ae a a?oi? c aeei?enoaiiyi e?i?iaioo neioii?oeeio ? ia 7% iaioa, i?ae a a?oi? e?eiaaieo “I?oaoeeaeii” /?enoiie 2/.I?aeoe/ii ia niinoa??aaee iaa?yeo iaaeiei aiaieua ii?ii?iaiiy oa ai?eii-iae?ioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue. Ia /an cae?i/aiiy aenia?eiaioo -ia 90 aeiao- o an?o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie,ui iaee ae?acee, a?aei?/aii iiaia ?o caai?iiy ? a?aeiiaeaiiy oe??e oa oa?no? o aiaieu? ii?ii?iaiiy, ui aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciy? oeth na??th a?ae eiio?ieueieo a?oi. Nei?ioeeenue oaeiae oa?i?ie caai?iiy aac ae?acie - a 2,8 ?ace ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith iae?eiaaieo oaa?ei, 2.25 ?ace ii??aiyii c a?oiith e?eiaaieo e?i?iaioii neioii?oeeio oa 1.6 ?ace ?c na???th c aeei?enoaiiyi iac? “I?oaoeeae” . Ne?ae oaeiae a?aei?oeoe,ui o an?o oaa?ei, o yeeo ae?aceiaee i?ioean ia ?icaeioany, ia 90 aeiao a?aeaoeinue iiaia a?aeiiaeaiiy ii?ii?iaii? iiaa?oi?, a oie /an ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? iae?eiaaieo oaa?ei o?eueee o 33%, a a?oi? e?eiaaieo e?i?iaioii neioii?oeeio - o 50%. ?enoiie 1. wmetafile8? ??:?????????? ???????yyy???????????? ™^??? ???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??  """)))UUUMMMBBB999y|?yPPOe?“IiyiOeAEccOe©Nooo?a? a?aei?iiino? niinoa??aaee oaeiae a ?ici??ao ?ai oa oa?i?iao ?o caai?iiy /?en.1/. Aeai? aeine?aeaeaiue a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a ne?iaaoee e?ia? oa aeoeaiino? i?ioean?a IIE aeaui a?ae??ciyeenue a aeine?aei?e a?oi? oa eiio?ieueieo a?oiao oaa?ei. Cie?aia a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? /ia e?eiaai? oaa?eie/ niinoa??aaee aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy aeoeaiino? AnAO, oeiieiai? i?iae - a 1.94 ?ace a?eueoa i?ae a a?oi? c aeei?enoaiiyi IOE-3, oa a 1.5 ?ace a?eueoa, i?ae a a?oi? c aeei?enoaiiyi i?oaoeeaeo. Aeinoia??ii aeueie a a?oi? iae?eiaaieo oaa?ei aoee ? iieacieee aeoeaiino? IIE - ai?no AeE ne?iaaoee e?ia? - a 1.8 ?ace, ??aaiue IAeA ne?iaaoee e?ia?- ia 22% ii??aiyii c e?eiaaieie IOE-3. Ioaea, a?aoiaoth/e iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui iacue IOE-?3 nooo?ai iieaaoo? ia?aa?a aino?iai i?noeaaiai i?iiaiaaiai iioeiaeaeaiiy oe??e ? i’yeeo oeaiei, ni?ey? ciaioaiith /anoioe aeieeiaiiy i?iiaiaaeo ae?acie, caiia?aa? ai?eii-iae?ioe/iei oneeaaeiaiiyi ? ciaioo? oa?i?ie caai?iiy o?aaeaiue, ia aeeeeea? ci?i c aieo oi?iaiieo aeaiaio?a e?ia?. Aea/aiiy niaoeeo?/ii? ae?? iac? IOE-3 ia iiaeae? aiaiaiaeueiiai ii?aiaiiy i?iaaaeaia ia e?ieyo. A aenia?eiaio? aeei?enoaii 20 oaa?ei. Aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy ioe?ithaaee a?aoiaoth/e ee?i?/i? iieacieee,iayai?noue i?iya?a caiaeaiiy iaaeiei ?ai, /anoioo ai?eieo oneeaaeiaiue, oa?i?ie caai?iiy ?ai. O an?o ia e?eiaaieo oaa?ei cia/iith aoea /anoioa ai?eii-iae?ioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue, a iiaia ai?oae?caoe?y ia a?aei?/aia a aeiaeiiio aeiaaeeo. A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? c aeei?enoaiiyi e?i?iaioo neioii?oeeio /anoioa ai?eii-iae?ioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue aoea iaioith i?ae o iiia?aaei?e a?oi? ? noaiiaeea 40%, a iiaia ai?oae?caoe?y ianooieea ia 21 aeiao a?ae ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo.A aeine?aei?e a?oi? oa a eiio?ieuei?e, aea aeei?enoiaoaaee iacue “I?oaoeeae” /anoioa i?iya?a caiaeueiiai i?ioeano iaaeiei ?ai oa ai?eii-iae?ioe/i? oneeaaeiaiiy i?aeoe/ii ia niinoa??aaeenue, ui,i/aaeaeii, iia’ycaii c i?enooi?noth a neeaae? iaio iacae no?aioioeeaeo ? i?oacieo.Iaeiae, a aeine?aei?e a?oi? a?aei?/aii i?enei?aiiy ?aaaia?aoe?? iioeiaeaeaieo oeaiei / /an a?aeoi?aiaiiy no?oio ? iiaii? ai?oae?caoe?? ?ai/, ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith c aeei?enoaiiyi “I?oaoeeaeo”, ui iiaeia iiynieoe i?enooi?noth a neeaae? aeine?aeaeoaaii? iac? IOE-3 aioeieneaeaioo,eio?ee ciaioo? ia’?i iae?ioeciaaieo oeaiei iaaeiei ?aiaaiai eaiaeo, ni?ey? oaeaeoiio i/euaiith oa caai?iith ?ai. Aeai? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ee?i?/io ioe?ieo ia?aa?ao ?aiaaiai i?ioeano. Cie?aia, ai?no aaiiaeia?io a ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? iii?oii ciaiooaaany ia 3 aeiao o an?o a?oiao aeine?aeieo oaa?ei /aei 65-85% ii??aiyii c ii/aoeiaei ??aiai/. E?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a oa OIA ia 3 aeaiue o eiio?ieueieo a?oiao ca?eueooaaeenue a aeae?eueea ?ac?a / o ia e?eiaaieo oa c aeei?enoaiiyi e?i?iaioo neioii?oeeio- a 2.18 ?ace /, ui na?ae/eei i?i ae?aaeaiee caiaeueiee i?ioean a ?ai?. Eaeeioeeoic ? i?aeaeuaiiy OIA niinoa??aaee aei 7 aeiae a?ae ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo. A aeine?aei?e a?oi? aeuacaaaeai? iieacieee ia cia/ii c?inoaee ia 3 aeiao / OIA ia 24%, e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a- ia 41%/ . Ia 14 aeiao e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a ca?eueoeeany a 2 ?ace, OIA -ia 54%, a ai?no aaiiaeia?io oa a?eo?ioeeo?a o an?o a?oiao oaa?ei ii/eiaa a?aeiiaethaaoeny. Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo aeaieo na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aiaiaiaeueia o?aaeaiiy noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny cia/iith aeoeaaoe??th i?ioean?a IIE a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei. Oae ia 1 aeiao aenia?eiaioo ??aaiue ia?aeeniiai aaiie?co a?eo?ioeeo?a a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia e?eiaaieo oaa?ei c??n c 18.970.223 % aei 39.560.85% (?< 0.05) ? noaiiaea 208% a?ae ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy.Iaeaea a 2 ?ace oeae iieaciee aoa aeuee ca ii/aoeia? aeai? ? o oaa?ei , e?eiaaieo neioii?oeeiiaith aioeuen??th, ? a?aeiia?aeii ia 69% i 63% o oaa?ei, e?eiaaieo i?oaoeeaeii oa IOE-3. Iaeii/anii niinoa??aaee oaeiae aenieee ai?no AeE a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? an?o a?oi oaa?ei, ui a?aeiia?aeii ia?aaeuoaaa aeo?aei? aeai? ia 87% o ia e?eiaaieo oaa?ei, ia 72% o e?eiaaieo e?i?iaioii neioii?oeeio oa i?oaoeeaeii, ? ia 63% o aeine?aeieo oaa?ei, e?eiaaieo iaccth IOE-3.A oie aea /an ??aaiue IAeA ne?iaaoee nooo?ai ia ci?ithaaany ? a na?aaeiueiio aoa ia 10-14% aeuee ca ii/aoeiaee ??aaiue. Ia 3 aeiao niinoa??aaee cia/ia ciaioaiiy ai?noo AeE a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie (ia 23%). A ne?iaaooe? ?ioeo a?oi a?i i?iaeiaaeoaaa caeeoaoenue ia aenieeo ??aiyo. I?e oeueiio a?aei?/aii c?inoaiiy ai?noo IAeA a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aeine?aeii? a?oie ia 20,4% ii??aiyii c ii/aoeiaei ??aiai. A eiio?ieueieo a?oiao oaa?ei oeae iieaciee oaae aeaui c?inoaa o oeae oa?i?i - a na?aaeiueiio ia 12-24%. Iieacieee ia?aeeniiai aaiie?co a?eo?ioeeo?a aeinoia??ii cieceeeny a aeine?aei?e a?oi?, e?eiaai?e IOE-3, ? caeeoaeenue ia aenieeo ??aiyo a eiio?ieueieo a?oiao oaa?ei, ye ia e?eiaaieo oae ? e?eiaaieo e?i?iaioii neioii?oeeio. Ia 7 aeiao niinoa??aaee iinooiiao ii?iae?caoe?th iieaciee?a IIE a eiio?ieueieo a?oiao e?eiaaieo oaa?ei ? ia cia/ia ciaioaiiy ??aiy AeE ne?iaaoee e?ia? a eiio?ieuei?e na??? ia e?eiaaieo oaa?ei. Ia 21 aeiao ( i?e caai? oaa?ei) niinoa??aaee ii?iae?caoe?th iieaciee?a IIE a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?, oeaieiao ia/?iee oa na?oey aeine?aeii? a?oie. A eiio?ieueieo a?oiao e?eiaaieo oaa?ei oaae aeyaeaii oaiaeaioe?th aei ii?iae?caoe?? iieaciee?a IIE. A a?oi? ia e?eiaaieo oaa?ei ia 21 aeiao oe? iieacieee caeeoaeenue aenieeie. Oae ??aaiue ia?aeeniiai aaiie?co a?eo?ioeeo?a ia?aaeuoaaa ii/aoeiaee ia 43%, a ai?no AeE a ne?iaaooe? aoa aeuee ia 25%.Aeaui i?aeaeuaieie aoee oaeiae aaee/eie AeE a aiiiaaiao? ia/?iee oa na?oey. Io?eiai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i caeaoi?noue iac? IOE- 3 iie?auoaaoe ee?i?/iee ia?aa?a ?aiaaiai i?ioeano i?e aiaiaiaeueieo ii?aiaiiyo, ciaiooaaoe iaeiie/aiiy i?iaeoeo?a IIE, i?iyaeyoe i?ioecaiaeueio oa i?ioei?e?iaio ae?th, ui aeyaeeinue o a?aenooiino? ai?eieo oneeaaeiaiue oa o?eaaeino? caiaeueiiai i?ioeano iaaeiei ?aie. Aa?o/e aei oaaae aioeoeia?noe/io ae?th i?oacieo aoa i?iaaaeaiee aenia?eiaio ii aea/aiith i?ioecaiaeueii? ae?? iac? IOE-3, aei neeaaeo yei? a?i aoiaeeoue. A ?iaio? aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aeei?enoaii? aeine?aeaeoaaii? iac? ia oii? oa?i?/iiai ii?eo noiie e?eoaaeueiee aoaeo i?aia?aoo i?iyaey?oueny aaea /a?ac 2 aiaeeie i?ney iaianaiiy iac? ia iioeiaeaeaio ae?eyieo. Iacue IOE-3 ia? ae?aaeaio i?ioecaiaeueio ae?th, ciaioo? iaa?ye a na?aaeiueiio ia 36.8%. Ii??aiyii ?c “No?aioii?oieii”, ui ia? oaeee naiee ai?no i?oacieo, aea a?ae?ioiaio iniiao, i?ioecaiaeueia ae?y IOE-3 aeaui aeua. A?eueo ae?aaeaia i?ioecaiaeueia ae?y aeine?aeaeoaaii? iac? IOE-3, iiaeeeai, iia’ycaia ?c aeaa?ae?aooth/ith ae??th iniiae. A i?ioean? noai?aiiy iiai? e?ea?nueei? oi?ie - iac? IOE-3 aoea aea/aia aacia/i?noue i?aia?aoo, cie?aia aino?a oiene/i?noue, aieea ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaeo i?aai?a oa nenoai a oiiaao o?eaaeiai aaaaeaiiy, aea?a?coth/? oa i?noeaai-iiae?acithth/? aoaeoe. I?e oeueiio anoaiiaeaii ,ui na?aaeiueieaoaeuei? aeice IOE-3 aeey ??cieo aeae?a oaa?ei ia?aaeuothoue 5000 ia/ea. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue a?aeianoe i?aia?ao aei eeano i?aeoe/ii ia oiene/ieo niieoe. I?aia?ao ia ia? aea?a?coth/i? oa i?noeaaiiiae?acithth/i? ae??. I?e o?eaaeiio aaaaeaii? ia ni?e/eiy? iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia caaaeueiee noai oaa?ei, iano o?ea oa oaiia?aoo?o oe??e, oiaueio oe??ii? neeaaeee, noai oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoai, ia/?iee, ie?ie oa iania? eiao?oe??ioe aioo??oi?o i?aai?a. AENIIAEE 1. Iaa?oioiaaii neeaae iiai? eiia?iiaaii? iac? aeey e?eoaaiiy ?ai c a?aooaaiiyi o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa oa?iaeieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae ?ia?aae??io?a (i?ioei?e?iaieo na?aaeiee?a - i?oacieo ? no?aioioeeaeo, aioeieneaeaioa oaiicai-eeneioe oa a?ae?io?eueii? iniiae, ui neeaaea?oueny ?c noi?o? i?ienaiieo-268, i?ii?eaiae?eieth ? iie?aoeeaiieneaeo 400). 2. Noai?aia iiaa iacue IOE-3 ? aoaeoeaiith i?e ??cieo aa??aioao aenia?eiaioaeueiiai ?aiaaiai i?ioeano. 3. Iacue IOE-3 aieiae?? aenieith i?ioeiaa?yeiaith, iniioe/iith ? aeaa?ae?aoaoe?eiith aeoeai?noth, i?enei?th? aeic??aaiiy a?aioeyoe?eii? oeaieie, ia? ae?aaeaio i?ioecaiaeueio ae?th oa oe?ieee niaeo? aioeaaeoa??aeueii? ae?? noiniaii iniiaieo caoaeiee?a ai?eii-caiaeueieo i?ioean?a a o??o?a?? oa eiiaono?ieia??. 4. Iaoai?ci ae?? IOE-3 ia iniiai? iaoiaaiaoe/i? eaiee ?aiaaiai i?ioeano iieyaa? a i?ioecaiaeueiiio, i?ioeiaa?yeiaiio, i?ioei?e?iaiiio oa aioeieneaeaioiiio aieea?. 5. Iiaa eiia?iiaaia iacue IOE-3 ia iinooia?oueny ca i?ioei?e?iaiith, i?ioecaiaeueiith oa ?aia?aoeaiith aeoeai?noth iac? “I?oaoeeae” oa e?i?iaioo neioii?oeeio 10 %. I?eioeeiiaith a?aei?ii?noth aeine?aeaeoaaii? iac? a?ae i?aia?ao?a ii??aiyiiy ? i?eoaiaii? ?e aioeieneaeaioi? aeanoeaino?, ui cia/ii ciaioothoue iioeiaeaeoth/ee aieea aeoeaieo i?iaeoeo?a a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy ia ?aio oa i?eeaae? aei ia? oeaieie, caiia?aathoue ooai?aiith aoi?eiieo iae?ic?a ? i?enei?ththoue ?aia?aoeai? i?ioeane. 6. Iacue IOE-3 i?e ii??aiyii? c e?i?iaioii neioii?oeeio oa iaccth “I?oaoeeae” aieiae?? a?eueo ae?aaeaiei e?eoaaeueiei aoaeoii, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny nei?i/aiiyi oa?i?i?a caai?iiy ?ai (i?e aiaiaiaeueieo ii?aiaiiyo - ia 4 -5 ae?a), ciaioaiiyi /anoioe ooai?aiiy aoi?eiieo i?iiaiaaeo o?aaeaiue oe??e oa ?o o?eaaeino?, a?aenooi?noth ai?eii-iae?ioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue, i?enei?aiiyi ai?oae?caoe?? ?aiaaeo aeaoaeo?a. 7. Ia a?aei?io a?ae iac? “I?oaoeeae” aeine?aeaeoaaia iacue IOE-3 i?aeaeuo? caaaeueiee aioeieneaeaioiee caoeno i?aai?cio, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ciaioaiiyi ai?noo ae??iiaeo eii’thaao?a, iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaa?aeo oa ia?aeeniiai aaiie?co a?eo?ioeeo?a a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei. 8. Iacue IOE-3 iaeaaeeoue aei iaeioiene/ieo niieoe - EAe50 aeey ??cieo aeae?a oaa?ei ia?aaeuo? 5000 ia/ea. 9. Aeyaeaia a aenia?eiaio? aeniea e?eoaaeueia aoaeoeai?noue eiia?iiaaii? iac? c ae?aaeaiith i?ioei?e?iaiith oa aioeieneaeaioiith ae??th, na?ae/eoue i?i aeioe?euei?noue ?? ee?i?/iiai aea/aiiy c iaoith ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy a e?eoaaii? ?ai ??cii? ao?ieia?? ?c cia/iith ai?eiith aenoaeaoe??th a ia?o?e oa ia ii/aoeo ae?oai? oace ?aiaaiai i?ioeano, a oaeiae i?iiaiaaeo o?aaeaiue oe??e. Nienie iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? i?aoeue 1. Oa?aiaoa E.I. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aea/aiiy iiai? iac? c aioeieneaeaioii i?e i?noeaaiio i?iiaiaaiio o?aaeaii? oe??e // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee.- 1996.-O.3, ? 1.- N.64-68. 2. Oa?aiaoa E.I., Aoaeeaie ss.N. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aea/aiiy iiai? iac? c aioeieneaeaioii aeey e?eoaaiiy ii?e?a // E?ee.- 1998.-?2.- N.69-72. 3. Oa?aiaoa E.I. Aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? aaaaoieiiiiiaioii? iac? IOE-3 c i?ioei?e?iaiith oa aioeieneaeaioiith ae??th i?e aiaiaiaeueieo ii?aiaiiyo // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee.-1998.-O 5,? 3.-83-86 n. 4. Oa?aiaoa E.I. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy iac? c aioeieneaeaioii aeey e?eoaaiiy aiaiaiaeueieo ?ai// Oa?iaeieia?/iee a?niee.-1998.-?2.-N.74-75. 5. Oa?aiaoa E.I. Aieea iiai? eiia?iiaaii? iac? c aioeieneaeaioiith ae??th ia ia?aeenia ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a o oaa?ei c ?aiaie ??cii? ao?ieia??// O?c?ieia?/iee aeo?iae.-Oii 44.-?3.-1998.-N.341-342 6. Oa?aiaoa E.I. Aieea iiai? eiia?iiaaii? iac? c aioeieneaeaioii ia ?icaeoie ? ia?aa?a i?iiaiaaeo o?aaeaiue oe??e // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? oa iaaee/ii? iaoee ? i?aeoeee.- Ca. Iaoeia. I?aoeue.-Caii??aeaey.-1998.- O.2. aei.2.-N.93-96. 7. Oa?aiaoa E.I. Aea/aiiy i?ioecaiaeueieo oa ?aaaia?oth/eo aeanoeainoae iac? “Iie?oa?ii” // I?aoe? I?aeia?iaeiiai Eiia?ano Iieiaeeo A/aieo Oe?a?ioe?a “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy iaaeeoeeie”.-?aaii-O?aie?anuee.-1995.-N.111-112. 8. Oa?aiaoa E.I., Aoaeeaie ss.N. Aea/aiiy aieeao iac? c aioeieneaeaioieie aeanoeainoyie ia caai?iiy ?ai oa noai i?ioean?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy a i?aai?ci? // I?aoe? Ia?oiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai c’?caeo oa?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie “No/ani? i?iaeaie oa?iaeieia??”.- Ee?a.-1995.-N. 186-187. 9. Iiaia a oa?iaeieiaee ieoaciea / Oa?aiaoa E.I., Eyioiia I.A., *aeea E.A., Aacoaeay A.I., Oaaeaeeeia A.A., Eaeeie/aiei I.O., Oaii O.E. // I?aoe? Ia?oiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai c’?caeo oa?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie “No/ani? i?iaeaie oa?iaeieia??”.-Ee?a.-1995.-N. 104. 10. Oa?aiaoa E.I., Aoaeeaie ss.N. Ia?ieneaeaoe?y e?i?ae?a i?e ?aiao ??cii? ao?ieia?? // Iaoa??aee ?? eiia?ano iaoio?c?ieia?a Oe?a?ie i?enay/aiiai 100-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy aeaaeai?ea I.I. Ne?ioei?ia.-O?c?ieia?/iee aeo?iae.- 1996.-Oii 42, ?3-4.- N. 86. 11. Oa?aiaoa E.I., Aoaeeaie ss.N., Eyioiia I.I. Aea/aiiy iiai? iac? c aioeieneaeaioii a oiiaao aenia?eiaioo i?e eieaeueieo i?iiaiaaeo o?aaeaiiyo oe??e // I?aoe? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 75-??//th Oe?a?inueei? Oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aeaaeai?? “Aeinyaiaiiy no/anii? oa?iaoe?? a iaaee/io i?aeoeeo”.- Oa?e?a.-1996.- N.374-375. 12. Oa?aiaoa E.I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiai? eiia?iiaaii? iac? c aioeieneaeaioiith ae??th aeey e?eoaaiiy ?ai // I?aoe? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaee/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?aoethth/eo ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?. Aeieia?y oa noai caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy a no/anieo oiiaao. Eaco?noeea, aia?aoi? oa ?ino?oiaioaeuei? iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy caoai?thaaiue ethaeeie”.- Oaeai?iae.-1996.-N.214-215. AIIOAOe?? Oa?aiaoa E.I. Oa?iaeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ic?iaee oa aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? iac? c i?ioei?e?iaiith oa aioeieneaeaioiith ae??th i?e aenia?eiaioaeueiiio ?aiaaiio i?ioean?.-?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.03.05 - oa?iaeieia?y. -?inoeooo oa?iaeieia?? oa oieneeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeai? noai?aiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy iiai? eiia?iiaaii? iac? c i?ioei?e?iaiith oa aioeieneaeaioiith ae??th aeey e?eoaaiiy ?ai ??cii? ao?ieia??. Aoaeue-ye? ?aiaa? iioeiaeaeaiiy noi?iaiaeaeothoueny aeoeaaoe??th i?ioean?a IIE, ui, a naith /a?ao, ni?ey? iaeiie/aiith ia?aeenieo niieoe,iiaeaeueoiio iioeiaeaeaiith ee?oeiieo iaia?ai, ?icaeoeo caiaeueiiai i?ioeano, iia??oaiith e?iaiiinoa/aiiy ? niia?eueiaiith i/euaiiy ?aiaai? iiaa?oi?, i?e?aeiaiith ?ioaeoe?eieo aaaio?a,iiaeiaaeaiith oa?i?i?a caai?iiy. Iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaia aeioe?euei?noue ? aoaeoeai?noue i?noeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy iac? c i?ioei?e?iaiith oa aioeieneaeaioiith ae??th i?e oa?i?/ieo ii?eao, ieiueiieo ?ai, a iniaeeai, i?e i?iiaiaaeo iioeiaeaeaiiyo, aea ia? i?noea aoaeo “i?neyae??” ?aae?iaeoeaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy oa aiaiaiaeueieo ii?aiaiiyo, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoueny cia/iei ia’?iii iae?ioeciaaieo oeaiei iaaeiei ?aiaaiai eaiaeo. Aeei?enoaiiy eiia?iiaaii? iac?,aei neeaaeo yei? aoiaeyoue i?ioei?e?iai? caniae /i?oacie ? no?aioioeeae/, aioeieneaeaio oaiicai-eeneioa oa aiaei?ic/eiia iniiaa , aeicaiey? ciaioeoe ia’?i iioeiaeaeaiiy oeaiei,caiia?aoe caiaeueiei oa ai?eii-iae?ioe/iei oneeaaeiaiiyi, noeioethaaoe ?icaeoie a?aioeyoe?eii? oeaieie, ? ,a e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao?, i?enei?eoe caai?iiy ?ai. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiaa eiia?iiaaia iacue, aioei?e?iaia ? aioeieneaeaioia ae?y, iiaeaeueiaai? ?aie oe??e, caai?iiy ?ai. Oa?aiaoa E.I. Oa?iaeieiae/aneia iainiiaaiea ?ic?aaioee e eco/aiea ooaeoeaiinoe iace n i?ioeaiiee?iaii e aioeieneaeaioii aeaenoaeai i?e enia?eiaioaeueiii ?aiaaii i?ioeanna .-?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nineaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14. 03. 05 - oa?iaeieiaey.- Einoeooo oa?iaeieiaee e oieneeieiaee AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa ,1998. ?ac?aaioaia e enneaaeiaaia iiaay eiiaeie?iaaiiay iacue n aioeiee?iaiui e aioeieneaeaioiui aeaenoaeai aeey ea/aiey ?ai ?acee/iie oeieiaee.Ana ?aiaaua iia?aaeaeaiey nii?iaiaeaeathony aeoeaaoeeae i?ioeannia IIE, /oi i?eaiaeeo e iaeiieaieth ia?aeeniuo niaaeeiaiee, aeaeueiaeoaio iia?aaeaeaieth eeaoi/iuo iaia?ai, ?acaeoeth ainiaeeoaeueiiai i?ioeanna, oooaeoaieth e?iainiaaaeaiey e caiaaeeaieth i/euaiey ?aiaaie iiaa?oiinoe, i?eniaaeeiaieth eioaeoeee, i?iaeeaieth n?ieia caaeeaeaiey. Iaoiaaiaoe/anee iainiiaaia e enia?eiaioaeueii aeieacaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue e ooaeoeaiinoue ianoiiai i?eiaiaiey iace n aioeieneaeaioiui e i?ioeaiiee?iaiui aeaenoaeai i?e oa?ie/aneeo iaeaaao, ieineinoio ?aiao, e,iniaaiii, ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo iia?aaeaeaieyo, aeey eioi?uo oa?aeoa?ai ooaeo “iineaaeaenoaey” ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai iaeo/aiey e iaiano?aeueiuo ?aiaieyo, nii?iaiaeaeathueony cia/eoaeueiui ii iaueaio iae?icii i?eeaaeaueo e ?aiaaiio eaiaeo oeaiae. I?eiaiaiea eiiaeie?iaaiiie iace, a ninoaaa eioi?ie i?ioeaiiee?iaiua n?aaenoaa /ieoacie e no?aioioeeae/, aioeieneaeaio oaiicai-eeneioa e aiaei?anoai?eiay iniiaa, iicaieyao oiaiueoeoue iaueai iia?aaeaeaiiuo oeaiae, i?aaeoi?aaeeoue ainiaeeoaeueiua e aiieii-iae?ioe/aneea ineiaeiaiey, noeioee?iaaoue ?acaeoea a?aioeyoeeiiiie oeaie, e, a eiia/iii n/aoa, onei?eoue caaeeaeaiea ?ai. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiaay eiiaeie?iaaiiay iacue, aioeiee?iaiia e aioeieneaeaioiia aeaenoaea, iiaeaee?iaaiiua ?aiu eiaee, caaeeaeaiea ?ai. Sheremeta L.M. Farmacological substantiation of elaboration and study of efficiancy of a new compound lotion with an antimicrobial and antioxidant action on experimental wound healing.- Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 14.03.05 - pharmacology. The Institute of Pharmacology and Toxycology of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, 1998. The new compound lotion with an antimicrobial and antioxidant action was elaborated and studied on various wounds. All wound lesions cause the generation of free oxygen radicals ,and they are accompanied by accumulation of peroxides, subsequent damage of cells membranes, development of inflammation, blood supply and wound surface clearance worsening,infectious addition, and extension of the healing terms. The expediency and efficiency of local application of a lotion with antioxidant and antimicrobial action on burns and insiced wounds, and especially in radiation lesions, that have a radiation after- action effect and gunshot wounds with their much amount of necrotic tissues nearby wound canal were pathogenically substantiated and exsperimentaly proved. The application of compound lotion with antimicrobial agents such as Nitazol and Streptocid, Phenosan-acid as antioxidant and water-soluble base makes the least amount of damaging tissues, prevents pyo-inflammatory disoders and stimulates granulations, finally accelerates wound healing. Key words: new compound lotion, antimicrobial andantioxidant action, modelling skin wounds, wound healing.

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