2

I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

?iai? I. E. Ooieea

AI?EAIEI IEANss IEOAEE?AIA

OAeE 616.1/.4:612.014.482:615.89

AI?AeAI?IEIA?ss OA NIIAOE*I? AOAEOE AEIEIA?*IICAEAAEIEO CAOAI?THAAIUe

14.01.02 — aioo??oi? oai?iae

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oaeai?iaenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaie/ Ienaia Ieeiea?aia,

iaaee/iee oaeoeueoao Oaeai?iaenueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? eaoaae?e

i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia, aee?aeoi? Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai
?inoeoooo o?oioa?ai??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

1. Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I’yoae Ieanue Aaae?eiae/, Iaoeiaee
oeaio? ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c
iaoeiai? ?iaioe

2. Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaoyaeaiei Aaneeue Caoa?iae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I. I. Aiaiiieueoey
I?i?-noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia

3. Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiaaeaiei Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/,
Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ea?ae?ieia?? ?iai? I. Ae.
No?aaeanei Aeaaeai?? iaaee/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y

I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a oaeoeueoaonueei?
oa?ai??, i?noi ?aaii-O?aie?anuee

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «16» /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 11 aiae ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.613.01 i?e Ee?anuee?e
iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?iai? I. E. Ooieea
I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie (254112, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9, aoae.3).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? i?e Ee?anuee?e
iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?iai? I. E. Ooieea
I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie (254112, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «15 » o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo
iaoe, aeioeaio

I. ?. ?iiaiaiei Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Ethaeeia ye a?ieia?/iee aeae a aiioo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?aaiethoe??, a iniaeeai i?ae aieeaii ?ii?coth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy aiane?aeie aaa??e ia aoiiieo aeaeo?e/ieo noai-oe?yo,
cacia? iiooaeii?, o?eaaei?, ??ciiiai?oii? ae?? /eneaiieo oae-oi??a
ciai?oiueiai, a oaeiae aioo??oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Oea aieeaa? ia
?aaeoeai?noue i?aai?cio, ?ioii? iaoai?cie caoenoo, ?aaeoe?? ??c-ieo
a?aeae?e?a ia?aiai? nenoaie, ia aca?iia?aeiineie i?aai?cio ethaee-ie c
i?e?ii?aai?ciaie ? ??cieie e?ea?nueeeie i?aia?aoaie. Aeie-eathoue
iaa?aeii? ?ai?oa iniaeeaino? i?io?eaiiy ? i?iya?a ??cieo ca-oai?thaaiue,
c’yaeythoueny iia? aa??aioe ?o i?io?eaiiy, iia? neiae?i-ie,
?icaeaathoueny yaeua iiaeeo?eiaaiiai iaoiii?oico.

Aea/aiiy aieeao aeieia?? ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie iniaeeai aeoo-aeueia,
ine?eueee aea? iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ?a-oe?iie
oa?/oaaiiy oa iaoiaeeee iioeiaeueiiai icaei?iaeaiiy oe?i-eeo aa?noa
ianaeaiiy c a?aooaaiiyi nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oa aei-eia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae ?aa?ii?a ?o i?iaeeaaiiy.

Aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie icaei?iaeaiiy ianaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie aaeeea cia/aiiy iathoue ai?aeai?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ae-a/aiiy ai?aeai?ieia?? ? iniaeeainoae ee?i?/iiai i?io?eaiiy o?ii?/-ieo
caoai?thaaiue a ??cieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie oa ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea
iioe?thaaiino? oeeo caoai?thaaiue, ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/ia
oa?ae-oa?enoeea iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ieo caoai?thaaiue, ?iaeoeiaaieo
?ii?-coth/ei aei?ii?ithaaiiyi aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e
aoiii?e aeaeo?inoaioe??. Oiio aea/aiiy ai?aeai?ieia?? oa niiaoe/ieo
aoaeo?a aeieia?/ii caeaaeieo ii?ooaiue, ui ? oaiith aeaii?
aeena?-oaoe??, ? iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiei ia o?eueee aeey ianaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie, a e aeey anueiai ethaenoaa a oe?eiio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia a ?aieao oaeeo aea?aeaaieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
i?ia?ai, ye? aeeiioaaeenue Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei ?inoe-oooii o?oioa?ai??
Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo:

i?ia?aia 01.02.0 «Noai?aiiy, aea/aiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo
ioi?iie caei?ia’y iiaeo aino?i iaiao?aeieo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a»
(AeIOI-141, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0193U019616);

i?ia?aia 01.09.05 «Iia? o?ceei-oaoi?/i? iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee oa
ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiue ae?yeueiino? i?aai?cio ia ee?oeiiiio oa
noa-ee?oeiiiio ??aiyo» (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U003271);

Oe?a?inueea aea?aeaaia i?ia?aia e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a
*i?ii-aeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe (?icae?e 3.1 «Ioi?iia caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy
a?ae iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN»; iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0194U031541);

i?ia?aia «Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoio?c?ieia?? i?iiaiaaiai o?aaeaiiy
oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo oa ?ic?iaea i?io?eaeoe/ieo ? e?eo-aaeueieo
aioei?iiaiaaeo cania?a» (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0193U019653);

i?ia?aia «I?ia?aia ?ic?iaea iaoeiai? eiioeaioe?? icaei?iaeai-iy
ianaeaiiy c aano?iaioa?ieia?/ieie caoai?thaaiiyie, aeeeeea-ieie aieeaii
?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy» (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U017267).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoith i?aaenoaaeaii? ?iaioe aoee ?ic?iaea oa ?aae?caoe?y i?i-a?aie
ai?aeai?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey aea/aiiy oa aiae?co aeeia-i?ee
caoai?thaaiino? o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN o caeaaeiino? a?ae
aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a aaia?ao?/ieo ?aa?ii?a (Noinueea iaeanoue,
E??i-aia?aaenueea iaeanoue, Caea?iaonueea iaeanoue), a?eo, io?eiaii?
aeice ii?ii?iaiiy; i?iniaeoeaia niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aeine?aeiei
eiioei-aaioii i?ioyaii 1986-1998 ?. ?. aeey aeyaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae
?icaeoeo niiaoe/ieo aoaeo?a oa ciaoiaeaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo iaoiae?a
icaei?iaeaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeee.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaoe ?iaioe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe ianooii?
caaea/?:

1. Aea/aiiy ia iniia? ui??/ieo i?io?eaeoe/ieo iaeyae?a
e?ea?-aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN ai?aeai?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a
caoai?thaaii-no?, onoaiiaeaiiy oaeoi??a ?eceeo, aea/aiiy aeieeiaiiy oa
?ic-aeoeo niiaoe/ieo aoaeo?a c ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th iiaeeeaeo
caeiiii??-iinoae oa iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy ?o i?io?eaeoeee.

2. Aeyaeaiiy caeaaeiino? aeieeiaiiy oa ?icaeoeo niiaoe/ieo aoaeo?a
a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy, a?eiaiai oeaico oa aeieia?/ieo oae-oi??a o
e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN.

3. Aiae?c eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo caoai?thaaiue o
aeine?aeaeo-aaiiai eiioeiaaioo e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN.

4. ?ic?iaea ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee oa
icaei?ia-eaiiy e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN c aeei?enoaiiy
iaoo?iiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy c a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae eiaeiiai c
aeine?aeaeo-aaieo aaia?ao?/ieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie.

5. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ia?aie icaei?iaeaiiy e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia
*AAN a i?aeoeeo caeeaae?a ioi?iie caei?ia’y.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia ai?aeai?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ca-oai?thaaiino?, aeeeeeaii? ?ii?coth/ei aei?ii?ithaaiiyi aiane?aeie
aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e aoiii?e aeaeno?inoaioe??. I?ia?aia
aei-ne?aeaeaiue ?aae?ciaaia a o?ueio ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie: E??iaia?aaenueea
ia-eanoue, Noinueea iaeanoue, Caea?iaonueea iaeanoue. I?iaaaeai?
ai?aeai?i-eia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy c aenieei nooiaiai aeinoia??iino?
iieacaee ii-oe?ai?noue caoai?thaaiue ??ciiai ieaio: iaoieia?th nenoai
i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy, iaoieia?th i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, na?oeaai-noaeeiii?
nenoaie, nenoaie niieo/ii? oa e?noeiai? oeaieie, na/iaeae?eueii? oa
aiaeie?ei-ii? nenoaie, cie?aia aaaaoi-noaeeiii? aeenoii??. Ii??aiyiiy
iioe?th-aaiino? caoai?thaaiue o aeine?aeaeaieo a?oiao cana?ae/eei
iaaaoeaiee aieea iaeeo aeic ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o a?aeaeaeai?
oa?i?ie ia an? nenoaie i?aai?cio ethaeeie c ??cieie e?euee?nieie
oa?aeoa-?enoeeaie iioe?thaaiino? caoai?thaaiue e?ea?aeaoi??a a
ii??aiyii? c iae?ea?aeaoi?aie. I?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia ii??aiyeueia
ioe?iea ia?-aeiii? niiaoe/ii? caoai?thaaiino? oa eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo
aeieeiai-iy caoai?thaaiue aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?aa?ii?a.

2. Ciaeaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueio caeaaei?noue niiaoe/ieo caoai?th-aaiue
a?ae a?eo ? aeice ii?ii?iaiiy (ia ?ioa?aae? aeic [10 nCa; 25 nCa]). Oey
caeaaei?noue iieno?oueny eaaae?aoe/iith ooieoe??th c ?iaeea?aeoaeue-ieie
cia/aiiyie eiao?oe??io?a aeey eiaeii? iicieia?? oa eiaeiiai ?aa?iio c
aanoeenaie aa?oei ia?aaie a oi/eao 10 nCa aai 20 nCa a caeaaeiino? a?ae
iicieia?? oa a?eo.

3. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ae aieeaii ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ith-aaiiy
aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN oa?aeoa?iee oe?i-eee
iie?ii?o?ci caoai?thaaiue, /anoi iiaoi?ia aeieeiaiiy ?ai?oa cieeeeo
neiioii?a, caoyaeia i?io?eaiiy a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a, ii-a?eueia
eiiiainaoe?y ii?ooaieo ooieoe?e. Ee?i?/ii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ia iniia?
aeaieo 2243 e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, ui noia?ia ae?y ?aae?aoe?? ia
i?aai?ci ethaeeie ? aaaaoioaeoi?iith, a aeeiai?ea ci?ie eiaeiiai
iieacieea yaey? niaith noioanoe/iee i?ioean c ?iaeea?aeo-aeueieie
iniaeeainoyie ci?ie eiaeiiai iieacieea. Aeyaeaii o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa???
ia *AAN aeenaaeain i?ae aeueoa?aoe?eieie ci?-iaie oa e?i?ooth/eie ?o
?icaeoie naioth/eie i?ioeanaie, ui ?iaeo-eo? iano?eeee o?ii?/ii
iaoieia?/iee noai, yeee a?aeiia?aea? caoai-?thaaiiyi ii?aeiaii?
iaoieia?? ??cieo nenoai i?aai?cio.

4. Aia?oa ?aae?ciaaii iii?oi??ia ee?i?ei-aaiaoieia?/ieo oa
?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN o
E??iai-a?aaenuee?e iaeano?. ?acoeueoaoe a?eo?iiiaco, eaeeiiiaco oa
ee?oei-iiai ? aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo aeyaeythoue iaoieia?th ia ??cieo
??a-iyo e?iaioai?aiiy oa ooieoe?thaaiiy ?ioiii? nenoaie (O- ? A-eaiie
?ioi?oaoo) c ?eceeii ?icaeoeo ?ioiiaeao?oeeoieo noai?a.

5. O E??iaia?aaenuee?e iaeano? aia?oa aeyaeai? o e?ea?aeaoi??a
aaa??? ia *AAN ia iniia? ii?aeiaiaii? iaoieia?? aoa?ineea?ico oa
i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy iieacaii, ui i?ae aieeaii ?ii?coth/iai
aei?i-i?ithaaiiy ii?ooo?oueny Na-Li-i?ioeo?ainii?o, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
ci?ie no?oeoo?iiai noaio iaia?ai a?eo?ioeeo?a.

6. O e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, o yeeo aeieeee niiaoe/i?
caoai?thaaiiy, aia?oa aeyaeai? ii?ooaiiy aiiainoaco i?aai?cio
(e?i?aeiiai, a?eeiaiai, oa?iaioiiai, i?aiaioiiai, eiaaoeyoe?eiiai,
?ioiiiai, a?oai?iiiai, i?ia?aeueiiai oiui).

7. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aioeioee?aeii? ?ioi-ii?
a?aeiia?ae?. Aeey canoiaoaaiiy iiaeae? a ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe? c ia-oith
aaeaeaaoiiai e?eoaaiiy in?a, ye? caciaee aieeao ?ii?coth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ?icaeyioo? /anoeii? aeiaaeee iiaeae?: ee?oeiia
ai-oeioee?aeia ?ioiia a?aeiia?aeue i?aai?cio ethaeeie, aoii?aeueia
aioe-ioee?aeia ?ioiia a?aeiia?aeue i?aai?cio ethaeeie. Anoaiiaeaii oiiae
no?eei? ??aiiaaae caei?iaiai i?aai?cio. Iieacaii, ui no?ee?noue
caei-?iaiai i?aai?cio i?e a?aeiia?ae? o?eueee O-nenoaie ?ioi?oaoo
aa?aioo? eiai no?ee?noue ? i?e noi?ni?e O-A-a?aeiia?ae?, ui a naith
/a?ao aeaco?: a) ia i?ia?aeio ?ieue O-nenoaie ?ioi?oaoo a
aioeioee?aeiiio caoeno?; a) a oiiaao A-?ioiiaeao?oeeoiiai noaio
O-nenoaia ?ioi?oaoo caeaoia caaacia/eoe ?nioaaiiy ?ioiieia?/iiai aa?’??o
aei ?aae?iioee?ae?a; a) a?aeeeth/aiiy e?ea?ii? ooieoe?? O-nenoaie
?ioi?oaoo iiaea ni?eyoe aecaei?iaeaiith; a) c oi/ee ci?o no?eeino?
caei?iaiai i?aai?cio i?i-o?eaiiy caoai?thaaiiy a oiiaao ii?iaeueii?
aoii?aeueii? a?aeiia?ae? ? O-?ioi?oaoo (iiaia aeieaaea O-nenoaie aai
e?ea?ia iaaeinoaoi?noue) iaeiaeiaa; ae) A-nenoaia ?ioi?oaoo caeaoia
caaacia/eoe ?ioiieia?/iee aa?’?? aei ?aae?iioee?ae?a a oiiaao iiaii?
aeieaaee O-nenoaie ?ioi?-oaoo.

8. ?ic?iaeaia iiaa aoaeoeaia iaoiaeeea ii?aeiaii? aaciai?
ii-o??eii? oa?ai?? c o?oioa?ai??th e?eoaaiiy ae?aceiai? oai?iae.

9. ?ic?iaeaia aenia?oia eiii’thoa?ia nenoaia aaoiiaoe/iiai
anoaiiaeaiiy ae?aaiico, i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo iaoieia?/iiai noaio oa
aeai?o iioeiaeueiiai e?eoaaiiy.

10. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii ia iniia? aeieia?/ii /enoeo e?ea?nueeeo
?ineei iiao a?ieia?/io aeiaaaeo, /ae «E?aoao?o», aeicaieaio aeey
ae-ei?enoaiiy Aieiaiei nai?oa?iei oi?aae?iiyi I?i?noa?noaa ioi?i-ie
caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie (aeniiaie OIAe? oa?/oaaiiy ?256 a?ae 03. 03. 1993;
aeniiaie aea?aeaaii? nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ii? aenia?oece ?5. 08. 07/801
a?ae 26.03.1998).

11. O e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeano?,
Noi-nueei? iaeano?, Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? aia?oa aea/ai? ci?ie
ia?aeen-iiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, e?i?aeiiai iai?io oa aoii?aeueiiai
?ioi?oaoo i?e o?ii?/iiio aaiaoeo?, oee?ic? ia/?iee, caoai?thaaiiyo
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie oa iieacaia iiaeeea?noue aoaeoeaii? ?o
ei?aeoe?? eiiieaenaie ia iniia? a?iaeiaaaee, /ath «E?aoao?o».

12. Aea/aia aoaeoeai?noue ii aeaaaeaiith c i?aai?cio ethaeeie
no?iioe?th nieaie o?oeo?a oa iai/?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Ia iniia? i?iniaeoeaiiai niinoa?aaeaiiy i?ioyaii 1986-1998 ?. ?.
anoaiiaeaii iniaeeaino? caeaaeiino? /anoioe caoai?thaaiiy a?ae aeice
ii?ii?iaiiy ia ?ioa?aae? aeic ii?ii?iaiiy [10 nCa; 25 nCa] o an?o
a?eiaeo eaoaai??yo ianoaaeaieo e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN — aeeoae?a
E??iaia?aaenueei?, Noinueei? oa Caea?iaonueei? iaeanoae; ii-eacaii, ui
aeaia caeaaei?noue iieno?oueny eaaae?aoe/iith ooieoe??th ae-aeo y=ax2
+bx + c (a > 0), aea eiao?oe??ioe a, b, c ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? aeey
eiaeii? a?eiai? eaoaai??? oa eaoaai??? an?o ianoaaeaieo.

2. I?iaiae?ciaaii eaoaioiee ia??iae aeieeiaiiy caoai?thaaiiy ii
eiaeiiio c aeine?aeaeaieo ?aa?ii?a, yeee yaey? niaith eieeaaiiy ci?iii?
aiie?ooaee oa ci?iii? e?oaiai? /anoioe.

3. Aeyaeaii, ui i?ae aieeaii ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iae-a?eueo
a?aceeaeie ? o?aaia nenoaia, nenoaia aeeoaiiy, e?noeiai-i’y-caaa
nenoaia, aaaaoi-noaeeiia aeenoii?y, na?oeaai-noaeeiia nenoaia c ??ciei
ia?aaaaeaiiyi a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aa?iio.

4. Niiaoe/i? caoai?thaaiiy iathoue caoyaeiee oa?aeoa? i?io?-eaiiy.
Iaoai?cie i?ia?anoaaiiy caoai?thaaiiy iaaoaathoue iiaeo, ye?nii
a?aei?iieo oi?i, i?e/iio ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiue o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia
*AAN nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ia?aa?ao aiaeia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue o
ethaeae, ye? ia caciaee ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ? caeaaeeoue a?ae
aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ??cieo aaia?ao?/ieo ?aa?ii?a.

5. Anoaiiaeai? aeii?ioth/? oaeoi?e aeieeiaiiy niiaoe/ieo
caoai?thaaiue.

6. Cae?eniaii iii?oi??ia ee?i?ei-aaiaoieia?/ieo oa ?ioiieia?/-ieo
iieaciee?a e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN.

7. O e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, o yeeo aeieeee niiaoe/i?
caoai?thaaiiy, aeyaeai? ii?ooaiiy aiiainoaco i?aai?cio (e?i?aeii-ai,
a?eeiaiai, oa?iaioiiai, i?aiaioiiai, eiaaoeyoe?eiiai, ?ioiiiai,
a?oai?iiiai, i?ia?aeueiiai oiui).

8. Aea/aii ?iceaaee ia?eoa??eii? e?ia?, ?iaeoeiaai? ?ii?coth/ei
aei?ii?ithaaiiyi oa anoaiiaeai? ?ioi?iaoeai? eiiiiiaioe a?aae??i-oa
aaeoi?a iieaciee?a ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? ye iaeiiai c iaoai?ci?a aeieeiaiiy
niiaoe/ieo caoai?thaaiue.

9. ?ic?iaeaii ia iniia? aeieia?/ii /enoeo e?ea?nueeeeo ?ineei iiao
a?ieia?/io aeiaaaeo, /ae «E?aoao?o», i?iaaaeaii aenia?eiai-oaeueia oa
ee?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy /ath «E?aoao?o», i?iaaaeaii
nai?oa?-ii-a?a??i?/io aenia?oeco Aieiaiei nai?oa?iei oi?aae?iiyi
I?i?-noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie.

10. Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? o?oioa?aiaaoe/i? iaoiaeeee oa iaoiaee-ee
eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy (c aeeth/aiiyi a?ieia?/ii aeoeaii? aei-aaaee,
/ath «E?aoao?o») aeieia?/ii caeaaeieo ii?ooaiue oa ee?i?/ii
i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?o aoaeoeai?noue i?e ianiaiio icaei?iaeaii?
e?ea?aeaoi-??a aaa??? ia *AAN a E?aia?aaenuee?e, Noinuee?e oa
Caea?iaonuee?e iaeanoyo.

11. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aioeioee?aeii? ?ioiii?
a?ae-iia?ae?, yea a?aeoai?th? an? /ioe?e oi?ie caoai?thaaiiy:
noaee?i?/io, aino?o c aecaei?iaeaiiyi, o?ii?/io ? eaoaeueio. Iiaeaeue
aeeth/a? oiiao no?eeino? noaio ethaenueeiai i?aai?cio ? aea?
iiaeeea?noue i?e-cia/aiiy aaeaeaaoiiai e?eoaaiiy.

12. ?ic?iaeaia eiii’thoa?ia i?ia?aia ae?aaiinoeee caoai?thaaiue ia
iniia? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a
iaa/aeueii-iaaeaai-a?/iiio i?ioean? ia eaoaae?? i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o
oai?ia Oaeai-?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iai-oe ai?iaaaeaeaii (c ioi?ieaiiyi Aeo?a
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy) a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo Caea?iaonueeiai iaeaniiai ee?i?/iiai
aano?iaioa?ieia?/-iiai aeeniaina?o oa Oaeai?iaenueei? oeaio?aeueii?
ee?i?/ii? i?nueei? e?-ea?i?, naiaoi???a oa naiaoi???a-i?io?eaeoi???a
ia’?aeiaiiy «Caea?-iaoeo?i?o», Eocaiainueeiai o?oioeaio?o Iooe?nueeiai
?aeiio Noi-nueei? iaeano?, Iiaioe?a?inueei? oeaio?aeueii? ?aeiiii?
e?ea?i? E??i-aia?aaenueei? iaeano?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aaoi? iniaenoi c?iaea i?aea?? oaie, aecia/ea iaoo ? caaaeaiiy
?iaioe, i?iaiaeea i?aea?? aeine?aeiiai eiioeiaaioo, ?ic?iaea
ai?aea-i?ieia?/io i?ia?aio ianoaaeaiiy e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN ?
cae?eniea ?? a o?ueio aaia?ao?/ieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie (Noinueea iaeanoue,
E??iaia?aaenueea iaeanoue, Caea?iaonueea iaeanoue) c ia-nooiiei
aiae?cii aeaieo ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ieo oa ?ino?oiaioaeue-ieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?ic?iaeith a?aeiia?aeieo e?eoaaeueii-i?i-o?eaeoe/ieo
caoiae?a, a?aa o/anoue a iaaiai?aii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
oa ai?iaaoe?? ?ic?iaeaiiai Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei ?inoe-oooii o?oioa?ai??
Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo a?ieia?/-ii aeoeaii?
aeiaaaee, /ath «E?aoao?o», ?ic?iaea noaie o?oioa?aiaa-oe/iiai e?eoaaiiy
i?e niiaoe/i?e iaoieia??. Ai?iaaaeea ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee a
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i? caeeaaee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ?
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia ui??/ieo i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-ae-eeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo iaaee/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeoi?-aa?neoaoo a 1992-1998 ?ieao; ia iino?eii
ae?th/eo nai?ia?ao Iaoei-ai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo o?oioa?ai??
Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?-aa?neoaoo; ia iino?eii ae?th/eo
nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia Oaeai?iaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo; ia ii-no?eii ae?th/eo oa?aiaaoe/ieo
oiaa?enoaao Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?, ia iino?eii ae?th/eo oiaa?enoaao
aano?iaioa?ieia?a Caea?iaonueei? iaea-no?, ia ee?i?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
Oi?aae?iiy ioi?iie caei?ia’y Ca-ea?iaonueei? iaeano?, ia Ia?o?e
oeie?-nai?ia?? aano?iaioa?ieia?a Oe?a?ie (eo?i?o Ea?iaoe, 1994); ia XXIV
/anueeiio ? neiaaoeueeiio eiia?an? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth (Bardejovske
Kupele, 1993); ia Aaiaoia?e?a?i?e oeie? (Ethaeyia, 1995); ia 25-iio
/anueeiio ? nei-aaoeueeiio aano?iaioa?ieia?/iiio eiia?an? (A?aaeaoeue
E?aeiaa, 1995); ia neiiic?oi? «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe??
aano?iaioa?ieia?/-ieo oai?eo» (*a?i?aoe?, 1996); ia eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/ai?e 20-??/-/th Oaeai?iaenueei? a?aeae?eeiai? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?
(Oaeai?iae, 1996); ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «A?aeaeaeai?
iane?aeee ii?ii?iaiiy a ?ioii?e oa aaiiiiaoe/i?e nenoaiao» (Ee?a, 1996);
ia Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iiaeeeaino?
aeei?enoaiiy ni??o-e?ie i?e e?eoaaii? aano?iaioa?ieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue» (Ioea/aai, 1995), ia c’?cae? aano?iaioa?ieia?a
Caea?iaooy (Oono, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??

Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 26 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o, c ieo
iniiaiei aaoi?ii — 13 ioae?eaoe?e, o oiio /ene? — 1 iiiia?ao?y.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??

?oeiien aeeeaaeaiee ia 351 noi??ieao iaa?aiiai eiii’thoa?iei
niiniaii oaenoo, aeeth/ath/e oaaeeoeue — 90, ?enoie?a — 197.
Aeena?-oaoe?y i?noeoue anooi, 5 aeaa (iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??aee ?
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo niinoa?aaeaiue oa ?o
iaaiai?aiiy), aeniiaee, i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e (38
noi??iie) neeaaea?oueny c 454 aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?e aeeiiaii? aeaii? ?iaioe iaie i?ioyaii 1986-1998 ?. ?. a
aee-iai?oe? anueiai ianoaaeaii 2243 aei?ineeo i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo, ye?
ca-ciaee aieeao aeieia?/ii iaaeaaii?e?iieo oaeoi??a, a oiio /ene?
?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?iiy aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? a o?ueio ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie (Caea?iaonueea
ia-eanoue, E??iaia?aaenueea iaeanoue, Noinueea iaeanoue). Eiio?ieueio
a?oio neeaaeaee 170 aeeoae?a Caea?iaooy, ui ia caciaee aieeao
aeiei-a?/ii iaaeaaii?e?iieo oaeoi??a, i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo c
?aeaioe/ie-ie caoai?thaaiiyie.

Aeine?aeia a?oia aeeth/aea a naaa a?aeiia?aeii ii ?aa?iiao:
Ca-ea?iaonueea iaeanoue — 672 iniae /ieia?/i? noao? a?eii 20-60 ?ie?a,
E??iaia?aaenueea iaeanoue — 714 in?a /ieia?/i? noao? a?eii 20-60 ?ie?a,
Noinueea iaeanoue — 857 in?a /ieia?/i? noao? a?eii 20-60 ?ie?a.
Iaoe??ioe Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? (n=672) aoee e?ea?aeaoi?aie aaa??? ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN a 1986-1988 ?. ?., ui i?aoethaaee a iaaeao
30-e?eiiao?iai? ciie; 714 in?a E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeano? (eieaini-ieee,
ia?aaaaeii iaoai?caoi?e ? aiae??) aoee e?ea?aeaoi?aie aaa??? ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN a 1986-1988 ?. a iaaeao 30-e?eiiao?iai? ciie; 857
in?a Noinueei? iaeano? aoee i?aoe?aieeaie i?aei?e?inoaa
«Iooe?-eaiaooiaac», ye? caeiaeeny ?ic?iaeith iieeaae?a iaooe, aaco ?
eiiaeainaoo ia 20 ?iaeiaeuao ? oaeiae aoee e?ea?aeaoi?aie aaa??? ia *AAN
a 1986-1988 ?. ?. a iaaeao 30-e?eiiao?iai? ciie.

O an?o aeine?aeieo a?oi e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN aoee aeacai? a
aeieoiaioao io?eiai? ieie aeice ii?ii?iaiiy a ae?aiacii? 1-25 nA?.

Ianoaaeaiiy aeine?aeieo a?oi oa eiio?ieueii? aeeth/aei iieooaai-iy
oa ia’?eoeaiee iaeyae, caaaeueiii?eeiyoee iaa?? ne?ei?iaiaeo
eaai?aoi?ii-?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoiaeee (caaaeueii-ee?i?/i? aiae?ce e?ia?
oa na/?, caaaeueii i?eeiyo? a?io?i?/i? oanoe e?ia?,
aeae-o?iea?ae?ia?ao?th, ?aiaaiineii?th eaaaiue, oeueo?acaoeiaa
ianoaaeaiiy i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ? ueoiaeaeii? caeice oa ?i.),
ethi?ia-noeaioiee aiae?c a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei (e?ia?, na/?, neeie).
Aeine?ae-aeaiiy iaoe??io?a i?iaiaeeeinue ui??/ii ca?aeii Iaeaco ?147
a?ae 09. 08. 1990 ?. I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie «I?e caoiaee
uiaei iie?ioaiiy iaaee/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? nioe?aeueiiai caaacia-/aiiy
in?a, ye? a?aee o/anoue o ?iaioao ii e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN» ? aeeth/aee i?e iaiao?aeiino? i?iaaaeaiiy
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a (noaoe?iia?ia e?eoaaiiy,
aiao-eaoi?ia e?eoaaiiy, naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oia e?eoaaiiy ia eo?i?oao oa
icaei?ia/eo eiiieaenao Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? oa aac? Eocaiai-nueeiai
o?oioeaio?o Noinueei? iaeano?). ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aea/a-eeny a
aeeiai?oe? (1986-1998 ?. ?.). Iaoe??ioe eiio?ieueii? a?oie
ia-noaaeoaaeeny a aiaoeaoi?ii-iie?ee?i?/ieo oa noaoe?iia?ieo caeea-aeao
Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?. I?e oeueiio caa?oaeany oaaaa ia iiyao oa ??no
ia?aeiii? caoai?thaaiiino?, a oiio /ene? ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?ic-eaae?a oa
niiaoe/ieo aoaeo?a, i?e?iaeia iinoa??iiy c a?aooaaiiyi eaoaioiiai
ia??iaeo aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iaoieia?/iiai noaio a caeaaeiino? a?ae
noaio aeieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua ?o i?noey i?iaee-aaiiy.

Iaaaaeaiee ae?aaiinoe/iee i?ioean ? aea?? iioeiaeueieo ??oaiue
ca-noiniaoaaany iaie ye a ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe?, oae ? i?e ?ic?iaoe? a
Ia-oeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeoooo o?oioa?ai?? Oaeai?iaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoo iiaith oo?aiianeaeue aa?n?? 7.0 eiii’thoa?ii?
i?ia?aie «Ae?aaiino», yea oni?oii i?ieoea aeine?aeio aenieoaoaoe?th ia
IBM PC 486 DX a iia?aoe?eiiio na?aaeiaeu? MS DOS 6.20.

O ca’yceo c iiaeeea?noth a?iia?oai?iico i?ae aieeaii oaeoi??a
o?i-i?/ii? iino/i?iiaeeuenueei? neooaoe?? aea/aany ??aaiue iniiaieo
a?oa-i?i?a o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oa na/? ianoaaeaiiai eiioeiaaioo.
Aecia-/aiiy a?oai?i?a i?iaiaeeeinue c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a
i?e?ia?ieia??, oiieioa?iai? o?iiaoia?ao??, ethi?ianoeaioe??,
aeaeo?ioioieiei?e-iao?oaaiiy.

Aeyaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? aai ci?ie aeoeaiino? ie?aieo a?ee?a ?
oa?iaio?a e?ia?, ye? i?eeiathoue o/anoue a i?ioeanao aaiieiaaoeyoe??,
cae?enithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith eiaaoeia?aie (i?io?iia?iiaee ?iaeaen ca I.
Ea?e, o?a??iiaai, o?a??iiaai-aaoa ca I. ?ooaa?a, /an
?aeaeueoee-o?eaoe??, o?a??iie?c ca I. Eioiaueeiaith oa ni?aaaoi?aie).

I?iaeoeoe a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (A?IE) —
ia?aeii?, ae??iia? eiiuethaaoe (AeE) oa i?ii?aei?, o???iia? eiiuethaaoe
(OE) — aecia/aee niaeo?iiao?oaaiiyi e?i?aeieo aeno?aeo?a c ne?i-aaoee
e?ia? i?e aeiaaeeiao oaeeue 220 ii, 232 ii ? 278 ii. A?aeiiniee ai?no
a?aeiia?aeieo i?iaeoeo?a ?ic?aoiaoaaee ye a?ae-iioaiiy A232/A220 oa
A278/A220. Ai?no iaeiiai c e?ioeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a A?IE — iaeiiiaiai
aeeaeueaeaa?aeo (IAeA), a ieI/e, aecia/aee ca eieuei?iaith ?aaeoe??th c
o?iaa?a?oo?iaith eeneioith, ca?aeii ?aei-iaiaeaoe?e ?. ?. E?ooeoea.
Aeoeai?noue NIAe anoaiiaethaaee niaeo?i-iao?e/iei iaoiaeii, ui
a?aoiaoaaa nooi?iue aaeueioaaiiy aeaiei oa?iaioii ieeneaiiy eaa?oeaoeio
a i?enooiino? oao?aiaoeeaia-oeeaiaeeai?io i?e ?I=10, ca W. F. Beyer, J.
Fridovich.

Eiioeaio?aoe?th na?aaeiueiiieaeoey?ieo iaioeae?a (NII) a
ne-?iaaooe? e?ia? ? na/? aea/aee iaoiaeii eieiiii? aaeueo?eueo?aoe?? a
iiaeeo?eaoe?? Eiceiaa A. A. ? ni?aaao. Na/iaee ee??ain na?aaei?o
iiea-eoe ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca noaiaea?oiith oi?ioeith. Na?aaei?e
aaiiaeeia-i?/iee a?oa??aeueiee oene aecia/aee ca oi?ioeith O?eaia.

Aeey ioe?iee ? i?iaiico ?aae?aoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee caa?oaeiaiiy
i?noeaaino? aoea i?iaaaeaia na?oeo?eaoe?y i?ia a?oio?a, aiae oa
aoae?-aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?aa?ii?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeoeaiino? aaia-aeoeaieo ioee?ae?a o a?ieia?/ieo
noano?aoao (e?ia?, na/?, neei?) i?iaaaeai? ia aac? a?aeae?eo
oioiyaea?-ieo i?ioean?a Oaeai?iaenueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo
aeae-o?iiii? o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo
yaea?-ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a), aea??eiaa aea/aiiy
ai?noo ?aae?ioeac?th a i?aai?ci? ia aia?aoao oeio «e?/eeueiee
aei?ii?ithaaiue ethaeeie» I?aeia?iaeiiai iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iai ia’?aeiaiiy
«Ni?aoe?y» (Ee?a).

Aiae?c niaeo??a i?yii? oioiethi?ianoeaioe?? a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei
ethaeeiecae?enithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai a
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeii-io ?inoeooo? o?oioa?ai?? Oaeai?iaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aei??thaaeueiiai eiiieaeno.

E?euee?niee ai?no O-e?ioioeeo?a o e?ia? aeyaeyee a ?aaeoe??
niiioaiiiai ?icaoeiooai?aiiy c a?eo?ioeeoaie aa?aia (A-?OE), e?euee?noue
A-e?ioioeeo?a — ca ?aaeoe??th ?icaoeiooai?aiiy c a?eo?ioee-oaie aa?aia,
nainea?e?ciaaieie aaiie?oe/iith ne?iaaoeith ? eiiiea-iaioii (AAN-?OE).
Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai O-nenoaie ?ioi?oaoo ioe?-ithaaee a ?aaeoe??
aeanoo?ainoi?iaoe?? e?ioioeeo?a (?AOE) ca?aeii ?. ?. Eiiaeyi, I. I.
A?eai?ue?ai? i?e noeioeyoe?? aioeaaiii o?oiaaia-aethoei?iii (OAA)
oai?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa (o??ia «?aaiae»). I?i ooieoe?iiaeueio
aeoeai?noue A-e?ioioeeo?a noaeeee ca ??aiai ?ioii-aeiaoe?i?a eean?a A,
I, G o ne?iaaooe? e?ia?, ye? aecia/aee iaoiaeii ?aae?aeueii?
?ioiiaeeooc?? ca Mancini et al.

Aeiee?i?/i? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aei?iaoaaiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaii?
aeiaaaee, /ath «E?aoao?o» (aea/aiiy iaoe?aeeeaino?, oiene/iino?,
iiaeeeai? aea?a?coth/i? ae??, oa?aoiaaiiiai aieeao, aeyaeaiiy
iooa-aaiieo aeanoeainoae oiui) i?iaiaeeeinue ia noaoaaic??eeo a?eeo
uo?ao, ii?nueeeo naeieao oa e?ieeeao, ye? ciaoiaeeeenue ia cae-/aeiiio
oa?/iaiio ?aoe?ii? a?aa??th. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia eaoaae??
a?io?i?? ? oa?iaeieia?? Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?-neoaoo.

Aino?o oiene/i?noue i?aia?ao?a aea/aee ii iaoiaeo
E?o/o?eaea-O?ee?iniia a iiaeeo?eaoe?? I. E. Aaeaiueeiai. ?iaeee ciai?oi?
oa ii?oieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aai?cio uo??a oa eiai i?aai?a ?
nen-oai, ioe?ieo ee?oei ia?eoa??eii? e?ia?, ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai na?oey
? aeeoaiiy. Aea/aiiy iiaeeeaiai aea?a?coth/iai ? nainea?e?coth/iai
aoaeoo i?aia?ao?a aacoaaeinue ia iieacieeao ?aaeoe?e ee?oeiii? ?ioiii?
a?aeiia?ae? i?aai?cio eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei o a?aeiia?aeue ia aaa-aeaiiy
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai i?aia?aoo. I?iaiaeeeanue eaeeiiai?/ia i?iaa, ?aaeoe?y
aaeiia?aoe?? eaeeioeeo?a oa ae?aaeaiino? iai?yii? aeaa?aio-eyoe?? oo/ieo
ee?oei. Aia??ioiene/ia ae?y a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo aeiaaaee, /ath
«E?aoao?o» aecia/aeanue ii e?eueeino? aeeaeo ? ia?oaeo ieiaeee?a uo?yo,
i?noeue ?aci?aoe??, e?eueeino? aeiaoeo o?e o y?/ieeao ? e?eueeino?
i?noeue ?iieaioaoe?? a iaooe? aaa?oieo oaa?ei. Iieacieeii oa?aoiaaiii?
aeoeaiino? aoei i?ioeaioia a?aeiioaiiy c ae?iaeeaie, aiiiae?yie
aioo??oi?o i?aai?a, aeine?aeaeaia ii iaoiaeo A?eueniia. Aeey ioe?iee
iooaaaiieo aeanoeainoae i?aia?aoo aeei?enoiaoaaeanue /aoa/ia
iiaeeo?eaoe?y iaoiaeo Aeina.

I?e aea/aii? aioeoiene/ieo aeanoeainoae a?ieia?/ii aeoeaii?
aeiaaaee, /ath «E?aoao?o» canoiniaoaaee iiaeaeue aeciaaiiiai oiene/-iiai
aieeao. I?e oeueiio aea/aee ci?ie a i?aai?ci? oaa?ei oa noai i?aai?a ?
nenoai, a oiio /ene? ia/?iee, a oaeiae aeeao/?noue oaa?ei ia oii?
i?eeiio a?ieia?/ii aeoeaii? aeiaaaee, /ath «E?aoao?o» ? aac ia?. Oaeiae
aeine?aeaeoaaee ?acoeueoaoe ae?? a?ieia?/ii aeoeaii? aeiaaa-ee, /ath
«E?aoao?o» ia o?eaae?noue aaenaiaeiaiai nio, iaoaaie?/i? i?ioeane, o o.
/. ia aeoeai?noue ieenii-a?aeiiaieo oa?iaio?a ia/?iee. Aea/aany oaeiae
aieea a?ieia?/ii aeoeaii? aeiaaaee, /ath «E?aoao?o» ia aeaye? ooieoe??
i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy (iioi?ii-aaaeoaoi?ia ooieoe?y eeoie, e?euee?niee oa
ye?niee neeaae oeoieiaiai nieo, aeia/i-aeae?eaiiy oiui) oa
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie.

Aeey aea/aiiy ee?oeiieo iaoai?ci?a ae?? a?ieia?/ii aeoeaii? aeiaaaee
«E?aoao?o» ia a?ieia?/i? iaia?aie a aenia?eiaio? in vitro aea/aeenue
??ci? no?oeoo?ii-aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaia?ai oa ?o ci?ia i?ae
aieeaii ae?? «E?aoao?oo». Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia aac? a?aeae?eo
a?io?i?/ii? oa?iaeieia?? ?inoeoooo oa?iaeieia?? ? oieneeieia?? AII
Oe?a?ie. Aea/aeanue ae?y «E?aoao?oo» ia iiaeaeuei? iaia?aie,
oinoie?i?aei? a?ii?ioa?ee, a oaeiae ia eiiiiiaioe iai-a?ai (e?iiniie c
caaaeueieo e?i?ae?a a?eo?ioeeo?a, eaoeeoeio ? no?iai-i??e?io), ae/a/ee
ne?iaaoeiaee aeueaoi?i (ANA) oa aeaciene?e-aiioeea?iiao eeneioo (AeIE),
?o caeaoi?noue aei eiiieaeniooai?aiiy, aei aioeieneaeaioiiai aieeao oa
i?ioeae?? ?aaeeeaeueiei ?aaeoe?yi a iaoieia?/ieo oiiaao.

O ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaee caaaeuei? e?i?aee a?eo?ioeeo?a (10% ?ic/ei
o nie?o?), eaoeeoei-noaiaea?o (10% ?ic/ei o nie?o?) oa no?i-aii??e?i (5%
?ic/ei o oei?ioi?i?), aeaioiaeai? ia Oa?e?anueeiio caaiae?
aaei?aia?ao?a, a oaeiae ANA oa AeIE o??ie «Serva» (I?ia/-/eia). E?iiniie
aiooaaee ca a?aeiiith iaoiaeeeith I. ?. Eaaaaey ? ni?aaao.
Oeueo?acaoeiao ia?iaeo i?iaiaeeee ia aeenia?aa?aoi?? OCAeI-2A (22 eAoe,
10 oaeeei). ?ici??e e?iinii aecia/aee ca aeiii-iiaith niaeo?iiao?a
iioe/iiai ci?uaiiy «Malwern» (Aiae?y), ?ic-n?yia na?oei a?aiiiaiai
eaca?a ?a?no?oaaee i?ae eooii 900. Ci?ia i?e?ia’yceino? e?iinii i?ae
aieeaii i?aia?aoo aea/aeanue ca aeiii-iiaith oeoi?anoeaioiiai ciiaeo
i??aio.

I?e aea/aii? aioe?aaeeeaeueieo aeanoeainoae a yeino? noaa?eue-iiai
?aaeeeaeo canoiniaoaaeenue neioaciaai? a ?inoeooo? i?aai?/ii? o?i?? IAI
Oe?a?ie o?eoai?eaa?aeacei (OOA) aai aeeoai?ei?e-?eea?ae?acee (AeOIA).
Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaea o ci?ooaaii? nie?oiaiai ?ic/eio
noaa?eueiiai ?aaeeeaeo oa «E?aoao?oo» c iiaeaeue-oei caienii iioe/ii?
u?eueiino? ia aea?ai?e aeiaaeei? oaee? 520 ii o /an? a ?aaeei? 4 ni/oa.
Aecia/aee ci?io iioe/ii? u?eueiino? (D) a?eueiiai ?aaeeeaeo aiane?aeie
aeiaaaeaiiy «E?aoao?oo», a oaeiae noo-i?iue ca’ycoaaiiy noaa?eueiiai
?aaeeeaeo () a % a?ae caaaeueii? e?eue-eino?. Aieea «E?aoao?oo» ia noai
iiey?ecaoe?? ioi/aiiy a?iiaia?ai aea/aee ca aeiiiiiaith oeoi?anoeaioiiai
ciiaeo ae?acii?ii?eo?iaeeea?-aioe?ii?io (dis-C3-5). Aeey oeueiai ciiae,
aiiioiaaiee o a?ii?ioa?ie c eaoeeoeio, oeo?oaaee aeno?aeoaie aeine?aeieo
cania?a o aooa?iiio na?aaeiaeu?. A?ae?ioiai? aeanoeaino? iieaeoee
dis-C3-5 aecia/athoue aenieee eiao?oe??io ?iciiae?eo oe??? niieoee i?ae
iaia?aiith ? aiaeiith oacith. O neeo iiceoeaiiai ca?yaeo oa?aieea i?e
a?ia?iiey?ecaoe?? eiai iieaeoee iiaeii? eiioeaio?oaaoeny ia aa?oi?e
iiaa?oi? iai-a?aie, a ine?eueee aeiaaeeie oaeeue caoaeaeaiiy ?
oeoi?anoeaioe?? ciiaeo aeecuee? (658 ii ? 676 ii a?aeiia?aeii), oi oeae
i?ioean noi?iaiae-aeo?oueny ??ceei ciaioaiiyi oeoi?anoeaioe?? ciiaeo.
Oaeei /eiii, nooi?iue iiey?ecaoe?? ioi/aiiy a?ii?ioa?eo i?ae aieeaii
aeine?aeiiai i?aia?aoo iiaeia ioe?ieoe ca a?aeiiniith ci?iith
?ioaineaiino? (F/F) oeoi?anoeaioe?? ciiaeo dis-C3-5.

E?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i? caoiaee aeeth/aee ??ci? caniae
o?oii?-ia?aeiei?aeoe??, ?ic?iaeai? Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei ?inoeoooii
o?oioa?a-i?? Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, a oiio /ene?
a?ieia?/ii aeoeaio aeiaaaeo, /ae «E?aoao?o», eiiieaen «E?aoao?o» & n?e
iei-ae?a iae?ieoe e?ooeiiaeaeii?, iaoo?aeuei? niee (n?e /i?ii?
nii?iaee-ie, n?e /a?aiii? nii?iaeeie, n?e ii?eae, n?e yaeoe, n?e
aiaeuenei?a, n?e noieiaiai ao?yea, n?e ea?oiie?, n?e oii?iaiao?a) oa
ne?iie, aeaioiaeai? c aeieia?/ii /enoeo e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei Caea?iaooy,
ye? aoiaeyoue aei Oa?iaeiia? X ? XI aeaeaiue, a oaeiae i?ia?aeuei? aiaee
Ca-ea?iaooy, cie?aia Oayinuee? i?ia?aeuei? aiaee (naa?aeeiaei ?2, ?4 oa
?242), ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei iaeii?ia?ae?ciaaieo aoaeaeeneeo
a?ae?iea?aiiaoii-oei?eaeii-iao???aeo aiae c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii
e?aii??ai? eeneioe.

A?ieia?/ii aeoeaia aeiaaaea, /ae «E?aoao?o» a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai
OOO-46.12.061-94 oa oaoi?/iei oiiaai ? ae?iaeythoueny ii oaoii-eia?/i?e
?ino?oeoe?? ? ?aoeaioo??, caoaa?aeaeaieie a onoaiiaeaiiio ii?yaeeo c
aeio?eiaiiyi nai?oa?ieo ii?i ? i?aaee, caoaa?aeaeaieo I?i?noa?noaii
ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie.

Eo?n o?oii?ia?aeiei?aeoe?? iai?aaeaiee ia?o ca ana ia aeaa-aeaiiy c
i?aai?cio oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei, iai?eeeaae, ?aae?iioee?ae?a oa i?aeaeuaiiy
caoenieo iiaeeeainoae ?iaeea?aeoia. A?i iieacaiee oe-?ieei aa?noaai
aei?ineiai oa aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, ui ca-ciaei iani?eyoeeaiai
aieeao oaeoi??a *i?iiaeeuenueei? aaa???, a oa-eiae an?i ethaeyi ia oii?
?ioeo aeciaeieia?/ieo oa ae?iaie/eo ii-?ooaiue. Aaceniee o?oieo?n
aeeth/aa canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a, ?ic-?iaeaieo Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei
?inoeoooii o?oioa?ai?? Oaeai?iaenueei-ai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, oa
o?oinie?a ? o?oine?ii?a c aeiaeaaai-iyi aoaeoeaiiai a?eeiai-a?oai?iiiai
eiiieaeno «Spirulina platen-tis». Ae?iaiee ni??oe?ie o??ia «ABEC».

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

Iaie ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
eii-oeiaaioo in?a, ui caciaee aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ca
o/ano? a e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN.

I?ia?aia ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeth/aea:

I. I?io?eaeoe/i? iaeyaee.

1. Iania?noue iaeyae?a.

2. Aeniea i?ioan?ei?noue iaaee/ieo eii?n?e.

a) I?e aiae?c? nea?a caa?oaoe oaaao ia:

1. A?e i?e aieea? ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

2. Io?eiaio aeico ii?ii?iaiiy.

3. Aeniiceoe?th aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

4. ?aae?iiao??th o?ea ianoaaeoaaiiai.

5. I?ioan?ei? oaeoi?e ?eceeo.

6. Iiaooia? oiiae.

7. Oe?aeeea? cae/ee.

8. Niaaeeia? oa aaiaoe/ii coiiaeai? /eiieee.

9. Ee?iaoi-aaia?ao?/i? iniaeeaino?.

10. Ni?yiiaai?noue nea?a ii nenoaiao i?aai?a.

a) Ia’?eoeaiee iaeyae ca eeane/iith noaiith c ianooiiei

a?oioaaiiyi iicieia?/ieo a?oi oai?eo.

a) Eaai?aoi?ii-?ino?oiaioaeueia ianoaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a.

a) Nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ia ina?oa ianoaaeoaaiiai eiioeiaaioo.

1. ?aoe?iiaeueia oa?/oaaiiy.

2. ?aaeeie i?aoe? oa a?aeii/eieo.

3. Aeeeth/aiiy oe?aeeeaeo cae/ie ye oaeoi? ?eceeo

aeey ?icaeoeo iaoieia?/iiai noaio.

4. Aan?aea i?i i?e?iaeo ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy

oa eiai aieea ia aeeaee i?aai?ci.

5. Aan?aea i?i aaaeeea?noue oa iaiao?aei?noue
i?io?eaeoe/-

ieo iaeyae?a.

ae) Iiaoi?iee iaeyae ianoaaeoaaieo i?e ?ino?oiaioaeueii-eaai-

?aoi?iiio i?aeoaa?aeaeaii? iiia?aaeiueiai ae?aaiico.

a) Ii iaiao?aeiino? iai?aaeaiiy a niaoe?ae?ciaai? e?eoaaeueii-

i?io?eaeoe/i? caeeaaee aeey iiaeeaeaiiai ianoaaeaiiy ?

aa?eo?eaoe?? ae?aaiico oa a?aeiia?aeiiai e?eoaaiiy.

?) ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? caoiaee, aaeaioiaai? aeey e?ea?aeaoi??a
aaa???

ia *AAN (o?oioa?ai?y, naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oia e?eoaaiiy).

I?ia?aiith ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ioiieai? o?e
aaeee? ?aa?iie Oe?a?ie: Noinueea iaeanoue, E??iaia?aaenueea iaeanoue,
Caea?iaonueea iaeanoue. Aei o/ano? a e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia
*AAN an? aeine?aeaeoaai? i?ioiaeeee iaaee/i? eii?n?? i?e a?enueei-iaoao
? ca aeniiaeaie eii?n?? aoee caei?ia? ? i?eaeaoi? aeey aeeiiai-iy ?ia?o
a 30-e?eiiao?ia?e cii? *AAN.

Iaoe??ioe caciaee aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeicith 1-25
nCa, aeeiioth/e ?iaioe ii e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? a
30-e?eiiao?ia?e cii? *AAN. I?ney caaa?oaiiy ?ia?o e?ea?aeaoi?e
ii-aa?ioeeny ia i?noey naiai iino?eiiai i?iaeeaaiiy, ye? io?oe?eii ia
aaaaeathoueny ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiaieie (eiio?ieueiaaieie) oa?eoi-??yie
(na?oeo?eaoe ?aae?aoe?eii? yeino? a?oio?a, aiae oa aoae?aaeueieo
iaoa??ae?a, aeaeai? Caea?iaonueeith iaeaniith
nai?oa?ii-ai?aeai?iei-a?/iith noaioe??th).

Aeey ni?anoaaeaiiy oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaiiai
ia-oeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo aaia?ao?/ieo ?aa?ii?a iaia’yceiaei ?
iaeneiaeueia noaiaea?oecaoe?y ianiaeo ianoaaeaiue. Iaie ?ic?iaeai? ?
aeei?enoai? noaiaea?oi? iaaee/i? oi?ie, e?eoa??? ae?aaiinoeee,
?ic-?iaeai? i?ia?aeieie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie onoaiiaaie oa eaoaae?aie
aeueo o/aiaeo caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie, canoiniaai? ?aeei? aeey an?o
eaai-?aoi?i? iaoiaeeee, i?iaaaeai? iaa/aiiy e?ea??a, ui a?aee o/anoue
i?e ianoaaeaii? eiioeiaaio?a oa ?ic?iaeai? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i?
caoiaee ii icaei?iaeaiith ianaeaiiy i?e ??cieo niiaoe/ieo
caoai-?thaaiiyo c a?aooaaiiyi aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia
i?aai?ci. I?ney ia?aaoaaiiy a 30-e?eiiao?ia?e cii? *AAN e?ea?aea-oi?e
aaa??? i?aeeyaaee iaia’yceiaiio ui??/iiio i?io?eaeoe/iiio iaeyaeo, ia
a?aoiaoth/e a?ceo aei e?ea?y a ca’yceo c oai?iaith. Ianoa-aeaiiy, ye
i?aaeei, i?iaiaeeeiny a iie?ee?i?oe? ?c caienii iaaee/ii?
aeieoiaioaoe??. Ae?aaiic anoaiiaethaaee ca?aeii caaaeueii i?eeiyoeo
ae?aaiinoe/ieo e?eoa???a ia iniia? aeaieo aiaiiaco, ee?i?/iiai oa
eaai?aoi?ii-?ino?oiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?e iaiao?aeiino? ?c
ca-eo/aiiiyi noi?aeieo niaoe?ae?no?a oa aeei?enoaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo
ia-oiae?a ianoaaeaiiy. Ii iio?aa? oai?eo aini?oae?ciaoaaee aai
iai?aa-eyee a e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i? caeeaaee.

I?ney iaaiiai eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo o cia/ii? /anoeie e?ea?aeaoi??a
aoee aeyaeai? niiaoe/i? aoaeoe. I?e aiae?c? niiaoe/ieo aoaeo?a
anoaiiaethaaeeny caeiiii??iino? ?o ?icaeoeo oa iaa?oioiaoaaeeny
a?aei?iiino? o ?o aeieeiaii? a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a
ianoaaeoaaieo ?aa?ii?a. I?iaiaeeeiny niinoa?aaeaiiy ca eiioeiaai-oaie
oai?eo aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeanoae o 1986-1998 ?. ?.

A?oioaaiiy oai?eo ca iicieia?/ieie iaeeieoeyie oa aaaaoioae-oi?iee
aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ee?i?/ieo oa eaai?aoi?ii-?ino?oiaioaeue-ieo aeaieo
aeaaaee iiaeeea?noue ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe ?acoeueoaoe i?iaa-aeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?e aeyaeaii? niiaoe/iiai caoai?thaaiiy o iaoe??ioa a?i a
iai-a’yceiaiio ii?yaeeo iai?aaeyany ia noaoe?iia?ia ianoaaeaiiy a
nia-oe?ae?ciaai? a?aeae?eaiiy aai iaeaoe aeey e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia
*AAN, aea e iaea?aeoaaa a?aeiia?aeia e?eoaaiiy. I?e oeueiio aecia/aany
?ecee caoai?thaaiiy oa anoaiiaethaaeanue iayai?noue ca’yceo oai?iae c
aieeaii ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Ae?aaiic caoai?thaaiiy
anoa-iiaethaaany eieaa?aeueii ca o/anoth i?ioani?a, noa?oiai iaoeiaiai
ni?a?ia?oieea, aoa aa?eo?eiaaiee ia iniia? ?aeeieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo
e?eoa???a. I?ney e?eoaaiiy oai?? iai?aaeyeeny a ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei?
i?io?euei? oeaio?e.

I?e i?iniaeoeaiiio niinoa?aaeaii? ca eiioeiaaioaie e?ea?aea-oi??a
aaa??? ia *AAN iaie a?aoiaoaaany aiae?c a?oioo oa aiaee aai-a?ao?/ii?
?aa?iiaeueii? iaeeieoe?.

An? o?e eiioeiaaioe c ianoaaeoaaieo ?aa?iiao aoee i?aeoe/ii a
iaeeiaeiaeo oiiaao aieeao ?ii?coth/iai ii?ii?iaiiy.

A E??iaia?aaenuee?e iaeano? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii ia 714
iaoe?-?ioao /ieia?/i? noao?. O 467 in?a aoei i?iaaaeaii ?aae?iiao?e/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ea: ai?no 137Cs aoa o iaaeao (56,2-198,3) eAe, 134Cs —
(70,7-128,1) eAe. Ia iiiaio ia?aaoaaiiy a cii? aaa-??? ia *AAN a?e
oai?eo neeaaeaa 20-40 ?ie?a. *aniaee ia??iae nii-noa?aaeaiiy 1986-1997
?. ?. O 150 in?a (21%) ca /an niinoa?aaeaiiy iaoieia?? ia aoei aeyaeaii,
o 564 iaoe??io?a (79%) aoee aeyaeai? caoai?thaaiiy ??ciiai ieaio.

Eieaeuei? iaeneioie ia?aeiii? caoai?thaaiino? aoee cao?eniaa-ii a
1990 ?ioe? (17,9%), oa o 1993 ?ioe? (14,8%). I?ioyaii ia?oiai ?ieo
i?ney aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy nenoaiaie-i?oa-iyie noaee
nenoaia e?iaiia?ao, aeeoaeueia nenoaia, o?aaia nenoaia, iniaeeai
cia/iiai aieeao caciaea e?noeiai-i’ycaaa nenoaia. O no?oeoo?? ia?aeiii?
caoai?thaaiino? iaea?eueo iioe?ai? oai?iae i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy (n=502;
21,6%), e?noeiai-i’ycaai? nenoaie (n=494; 21,2%), aaaaoi-noaeeiia
aeenoii?y (n=476; 20,5%), caoai?th-aaiiy i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, cie?aia
a?iio?oe (n=320; 13,6%), nenoaie e?iaiia?ao (n=216; 9,3%). Iaioeie
/eneaie oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue caoai?thaaiiy o?ii?/ieie oa??ia?oaie oa
iacioa?eia?oaie (n=144; 6,2%), oe??e (n=88; 3,9%), ueoiaeaeii? caeice
(n=42; 3,7%).

A in?a, ui caciaee aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o a?oe? 20-30
?ie?a i?e i?iniaeoeaiiio niinoa?aaeaii? o 318 in?a (56,4%) aoee aeyaeai?
oai?iae ??ciiai ieaio, a o eiioeiaaio? 31-40 ?ie?a o?eueee o 246 in?a
(43,7%). Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue oai?eo caciaea iaeneiaeueiiai (21-25
nCa) aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy (n=366; 64,9%). C ieo 228 in?a
(62,3%) o a?oe? 20-30 ?. ?. Ioaea, caoai?thaaiiy aeieeee a in?a a?eii
20-30 ?ie?a (ia iiiaio aieeao) o 77,9%, a o a?eia?e eaoaai??? 31-40
?ie?a o 80,4%. I?inoaaeothoueny /?oea caeaaei?noue ?inoo ia?aeiii?
caoai?thaaiino? o e?ea?aeaoi??a ia *AAN a?eii 20-30 ?ie?a caeaaeii a?ae
aeice (66,7%; 71,4%; 89,6%) — ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeice ii?ii?iaiiy /anoioa
caoai?thaaiue an?o nenoai ca?eueoo?oueny, oiae? ye o noa?o?e a?eia?e
eaoaai??? (31-40 ?ie?a) niinoa??aa?oueny eieeaaeueiee i?ioean o an?o
nenoaiao caoai?thaaiue — niaae /anoioe caoai?thaaiue ia ?ioa?aae? aeic
ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae 10 nCa aei 11-20 nCa c ianooiiei ?? c?inoaiiyi ia
?ioa?aae? aeic ii?ii?iai-iy a?ae 11-20 nCa aei 21-25 nCa. O?aaa
a?aei?oeoe, ui caoai?thaaiiy inoaioiiae?icii o 55% niinoa??aa?oueny a
in?a, ui caciaee aieeao

?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o a?oe? 20-30 ?ie?a, c ieo 38% a aeic?
21-25 nCa. Oaea naia ea?oeia niinoa??aa?oueny ? a a?oi? caoai?thaaiue
i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy, cie?aia o?ii?/iee aano?eo c i?aeaeuaiith
nae?a-oi?iith ooieoe??th oeoieo a?aei?/aii a 55% in?a, ui caciaee
aiee-ao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o a?oe? 20-30 ?ie?a, 39% —
aiane?aeie io?eiaii? aeice 21-25 nCa. A?eueo a?aceeaeie aei ?icaeoeo
o?i-i?/iiai a?iio?oo aeyaeeenue e?ea?aeaoi?e, ui caciaee aieeao
?ii?co-th/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o a?oe? 31-40 ?ie?a (75,6%). Aeiciai?
caeaae-iino? o ?icaeoeo oai?iae ia i?inoaaeo?oueny. Aeai? iaoiai
aeine?ae-aeaiiy ni?aiaaeathoue c aeaieie aeine?aeaeaiue aaaaoueio
a/aieo, iaeiae ??aaiue caoai?thaaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice o
aeine?aeaeoaaiiio eiioei-aaio? iaaaaaoi ieae/ee. Oai?iae i?aai?a
o?aaeaiiy, e?noeiai-i’yca-ai? nenoaie, aaaaoi-noaeeiia aeenoii?y,
caoai?thaaiiy i?aai?a aeeoai-iy ia?aaaaeathoue o no?oeoo?? ia?aeiii?
caoai?thaaiino? na?aae e?ea?-aeaoi??a iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN.
Eaoaioiee ia??iae aeieeiaiiy caoai?thaaiue an?o aea/aieo iaie iaoieia?e
yaey? niaith caanath/? eieeaaiiy ci?iii? /anoioe, aiie?ooaea yeeo /a?ac
10 ?ie?a i?ney aeyaeaiiy caoai?thaaiiy i?aeoe/ii aei??aith? ioeth. Oi/ee
eieaeue-ieo iaeneioi?a oa ?o cia/aiiy ooieoe?e eaoaioieo ia??iae?a
nooo?ai caeaaeaoue a?ae iaoieia?? caoai?thaaiiy ? ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie
aeey eiae-iiai caoai?thaaiiy. Ooieoe?y eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo aeieeiaiiy
caoai-?thaaiue o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN — aeeoae?a
E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeano? ia? o?e eieaeuei? iaeneioie a oi/eao 2 ?iee, 4
?iee, 6 ?ie?a c? cia/aiiyie 16,25%, 17,71%, 16,68% a?aeiia?aeii.

E?euee?noue caoai?thaaiue a eiaei?e iiciieia?/i?e a?oi? nooo?ai
caeaaeeoue a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy oa a?eo. I?e oeueiio ooieoe?y
caeaae-iino? e?eueeino? caoai?thaaiue a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy ? a?eo ?:

a) iiiioiiii c?inoath/ith ooieoe??th ia ?ioa?aae? aeic ii?ii?-iaiiy
[0; 25] nCa aeey aano?eoo ? oieaoeenoeoo o a?eiaiio ae?aiacii? 31-40
?ie?a; na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue o a?eiaiio ae?aiacii? 20-30
?ie?a;

a) eieeaaiiyi ci?iii? aiie?ooaee ia ?ioa?aae? aeic ii?ii?iaiiy [0;
25] nCa aeey aano?eoo, oieaoeenoeoo, caoai?thaaiue na?oeaai-noaeei-ii?
nenoaie o a?eiaiio ae?aiacii? 31-40 ?ie?a; aeey o?ii?/iiai aaiaoeoo,
ae?aceiai? oai?iae, o?ii?/iiai iaie?aaoeoo, inoaioii-ae?ico,
aeaoi?ioth/iai inoaia?o?ico, aaaaoi-noaeeiii? aeenoii??, caoai-?thaaiue
a?iioi-eaaaiaai? nenoaie o a?eiaiio ae?aiacii? 20-40 ?ie?a.

I?e aiae?c? e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaiaio?a ia?eoa??eii? e?ia?
a?aecia/aeeny ??ciiiai?aaeai? yaeua. Iaie i?iaiae?ciaai?

aeai? in?a, o yeeo aoee aeyaeai? niiaoe/i? aoaeoe ca ia??iae 1986-1997
?. ?. (n=564), oa aeai? e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, o yeeo ca /an
niinoa?aaeaiiy iaoieia?? ia aoei aeyaeaii (n=150).

Caaaeueiith caeiiii??i?noth ? ciaioaiiy /eneiaeo cia/aiue eiae-iiai
iieacieea. Iniaeeai a?ae/oaa?oueny ??cieoey i?ae aeaieie aei
ia-i?aaeaiiy ia ?iaioe ii e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??? ia *AAN oa aeaieie
i?ney-e?ea?aeaoe?eiiai ianoaaeaiiy. Oae, cia/aiiy iieacieea aaiiaeia?io
ciaiooaaeiny a?ae cia/aiiy aeie?ea?aeaoe?eiiai ianoaaeaiiy 138,263,29
a/e aei i?i?iaeueieo cia/aiue 129,790,63 a/e ? 129,460,81 a/e, ye?
niinoa??aaeeny a 1990 oa 1992 ?ieao. C 1993 ?ieo a?ae-cia/a?oueny
iacia/iee ??no /eneiaeo cia/aiue iieacieea aaiiaei-a?io, oi/a oe?
cia/aiiy ia iiiaaeathoue a ?ioa?aaee ii/aoeiaeo cia-/aiue oeueiai
iieacieea a 1986 ?ioe? aeie?ea?aeaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo.

I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui a ii??aiyii? c?
cia/aiiyie iieaciee?a aaiiaeia?io ? a?eo?ioeeo?a o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa???
ia *AAN, o yeeo aeyaeai? niiaoe/i? caoai?thaaiiy, a ia?o? ?iee i?ney
aaa??? ia *AAN ??cei ciaioothoueny, a oie /an, ye o e?e-a?aeaoi??a
aaa??? ia *AAN, o yeeo ia aeyaeai? niiaoe/i? caoai-?thaaiiy cia/aiiiy
aeacaieo iieaciee?a o oeae ia??iae /ano ciai-oothoueny iacia/ii ?
ia?ao?ae aei iaioeo cia/aiue a?aeaoaa?oueny ieaa-ii. Aiae?o aeaieo
ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? 150 e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, o yeeo ia aeyaeaii
niiaoe/io iaoieia?th. I?e oeueiio cia-/aiiy iieaciee?a ia?eoa??eii?
e?ia? o aeeiai?oe? 1986-1987 ?. ?. ia niaaeathoue, a cia/aiiy
e?ioioeeo?a iaa?oue iacia/ii c?inoathoue, nii-noa??aathoueny oaeiae
eieeaaiiy cia/aiue a?eo?ioeeo?a oa eaeeioeeo?a.

Cia/aiiy o?iiaioeeo?a ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? oeeo e?ea?aeaoi??a
aeinyaa-thoue i?i?ioio a 1992 ?ioe? ? aei??aiththoue 164,152,01, a
/eneia? cia-/aiiy aaiiaeia?io i?i?iaeuei? a 1990 oa 1995 ?ieao.

I?e oeueiio 1986 ??e oa?aeoa?eco?oueny eaeeioeeoa?iith oa
e?i-oioeeoa?iith ?aaeoe?yie. O 10,64% e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN
(n=60) niinoa??aathoueny yaeua eaeeioeeoico ? o 45 in?a — yaeua
e?ioioeeoiiai??. Eaeeiiai?y niinoa??aaeanue a 29 in?a (5,14 %) o 1990
?ioe?, e?ioioeeoiiai?y — 49 in?a a 1991 ?ioe?.

Ioaea, ia?aeiii aoee aeyaeai? yaeua eaeeioeeoico oa
e?ioi-oeeoiiai?? a ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? in?a, ui caciaee aieeao
?ii?-coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Iaie o 1998 ?ioe? i?iaaaeaii iii?oi??ia ee?i?ei-aaiaoieia?/ieo oa
?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN ca ?a-coeueoaoaie
ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy (n=714). Eiio?ieueio a?o-io neeaee
/ieia?ee oaeiai ae a?eo, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oe?e aea oa?e-oi???
(n=100), aea ia i?eeiaee o/ano? o e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia
*AAN. Ianoaaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue nooe?eueiei iaoiaeii i?e
ae-niaaeeoe?eieo ae?caeao. O 23% ?ai?acaioaoeaii? aea??ee aecia/ai?
iieacieee ee?oeiiiai oa aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co
a?eo?iiiaco, eaeeiiiaco oa ee?oeiiiai ? aoii?aeueiiai ?io-i?oaoo aeyaeee
iaoieia?th ia ??cieo ??aiyo e?iaioai?aiiy oa ooie-oe?iioaaiiy ?ioiii?
nenoaie (O- ? A-eaiie ?ioi?oaoo) c ?eceeii ?icaeoeo ?ioiiaeao?oeeoieo
noai?a. Iaie aea/aii noai iaia?aiii? i?iieeeino? a e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa???
ia *AAN i?e ii?aeiaii? aoa?ineea?ico c iaoieia??th i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy.
Noai ee?oeiieo iai-a?ai ioe?ithaaany ca iaeneiaeueiith oaeaee?noth
Na-Li-i?ioeo?ai-nii?oo a a?eo?ioeeoao c aeei?enoaiiyi
aoiiii-aani?aoe?eiiai niae-o?ioioiiao?a Ca-455 ca iaoiaeeeith Canessa et
al. Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui i?ae aieeaii
?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ci?ith?oueny no?oeoo?iee noai iaia?ai
a?eo?ioeeo?a. I?e ii?aeiai?e iaoieia?? aoa?ineea?ico ? caoai?thaaiue
oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo oaeaee?noue Na-Li-i?ioeo?ainii?oo a?eueoa,
i?ae o caei?iaeo ethaeae. A?aecia/aii oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy iaia?aiii?
i?iieeiino? a in?a c ii-?aeiaiith iaoieia??th: aoa?ineea?ico c
ae?aceiaith oai?iaith; aoa?i-neea?ico c caoai?thaaiiyie
oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo o ii??a-iyii? c a?aeiia?aeiith iicieia??th aac
aoa?ineea?ico.

Cia/eoue, iaia?aii? ii?ooaiiy a neiaioe/ieo ee?oeiao e?ea?-aeaoi??a
aaa??? ia *AAN a?ae?a?athoue iaaio ?ieue a ao?ieia?? ? iaoi-aaiac?
aoa?ineea?ico, a ci?ie i?iieeeeaino? iaia?aiieo ee?-oei nenoaie
o?aaeaiiy i?iyaeythoueny a iaoieia?? oeoieiai-eeo-eiaiai o?aeoo.

Oaeei /eiii, i?ae aieeaii ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iiae-eea?
ii?aeiai? iaoieia?? oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo c aoa?ineea-?icii. I?e
oeueiio oaeaee?noue Na-Li-i?ioeo?ainii?oo a a?eo?ioeeoao o e?ea?aeaoi??a
aaa??? ia *AAN c aoa?ineea?icii, ae?aceiaith oai-?iaith oeoiea ?
12-iaei? eeoee, o?ii?/iei aano?eoii a?eueoa, i?ae o caei?iaeo ethaeae, ?
aeacaia oaiaeaioe?y ua a?eueo yne?aai ae?aaeaia i?e ii?aeiai?e iaoieia??
aoa?ineea?ico c caoai?thaaiiyie oeoiei-ai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo. A
?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiia-eaii, ui i?ae aieeaii
?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ii?ooo?oueny o?a??iie?oe/ia i?aenenoaia
nenoaie aiiainoaca ethaeeie.

Aiae?c ?iiia?aie e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN iieacaa, ui o ia?o?
aeaa ?iee i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN cia/aiiy ai?noo a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? Na, K,
Cl, Ca iaeaaeaoue a?aeiia?aeiei ?ioa?aaeai caei?iaeo ethaeae, a oie /an
ye o 1996 ?ioe? ai?no oei?o o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ia?aaeuo? ii?io. Inoaii?
na?ae/eoue i?i ii?ooaiiy iniioe/iiai oeneo iicaee?oeiii? ??aeeie o
e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN o a?aeaeaeaiee i?neyaaa??eiee ia??iae.
Oaeiae niinoa??aaeenue aeeni?i-oa?iai??. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
ee?i?/iei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi ae?? noia?ii? ae?? aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia
an? i?aaie ? nenoaie ethae-nueeiai i?aai?cio, aeeeeeath/e caoai?thaaiiy
ii?aeiaii? iaoieia??, a aeeiai?ea ci?ie eiaeiiai iieacieea yaey? niaith
noioanoe/iee i?i-oean c ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie iniaeeainoyie ci?ie eiaeiiai
iieacieea.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii Noinuee?e iaeano? i?iaaaeaii ia 857 iaoe??ioao
/ieia?/i? noao?. O 467 in?a aoei i?iaaaeaii ?aae?iiao?e/ia
aeine?ae-aeaiiy o?ea: ai?no 137Cs aoa o iaaeao (57,8-197,5) eAe, 134Cs
— (71,5-129,3) eAe. Ia iiiaio ia?aaoaaiiy a cii? aaa??? ia *AAN a?e
oai?eo neeaaeaa 20-50 ?ie?a. *aniaee ia??iae niinoa?a-aeaiiy 1986-1997
?. ?. O 37 in?a (4,3%) ca /an niinoa?aaeaiiy iaoieia?? ia aoei aeyaeaii,
o 820 iaoe??io?a (95,7%) aoee aeyaeai? caoai?thaaiiy ??ciiai ieaio.
Eieaeuei? iaeneioie ia?aeiii? caoai-?thaaiino? aoee cao?eniaaii a 1990
?ioe? (17,0%) oa o 1993 ?ioe? (19,0%). O no?oeoo?? ia?aeiii?
caoai?thaaiino? iaea?eueo iioe?ai? oai?iae e?noeiai-i’ycaai? nenoaie
(n=744; 22,3%), aaaaoi-noaeeiia aeenoii?y (n=677; 20,3%), caoai?thaaiiy
ueoiaeaeii? caeice (n=597; 17,9%), caoai?thaaiiy i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy
(n=547; 16,4%), nenoaie e?iaiia?ao (n=394; 11,8%). Iaioeie /eneaie
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue caoai?thaaiiy eaaaiaai? nenoaie (n=158; 4,7%),
ioiei??iaieia?/ii? iaoieia?? (n=136; 4,1%). *anoioa caoai?thaaiue
i?aaenoaaey? niaith eieeaaeueiee i?ioean c 3 eieaeueieie iaeneioiaie o
1990 ?ioe?, 1992 ?ioe?, 1995 ?ioe? c? cia/aiiyie 16,93%, 18,96% ? 6,88%
a?ae-iia?aeii. Ia /aniaiio ?ioa?aae? [1996 ??e; 1997 ??e] /anoioa
ca-oai?thaaiue ciiao c?inoa? a?ae 3,53% aei 10,17%. A in?a, ui caciaee
aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o a?oe? 20-30 ?ie?a, i?e
i?iniaeoeaiiio niinoa?aaeaii? o 303 in?a (37%) aoee aeyaeai? oai?iae
??ciiai ieaio, a o eiioeiaaio? 31-40 ?ie?a o 410 in?a (50%). Ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue oai?eo caciaea aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aei 10
nCa (n=503; 66%). C ieo 332 iaoe??ioe (81%) o a?oe? 31-40 ?. ?. *?oei
i?inoaaeo?oueny oie oaeo, ui i?e iaei?e ? o?e aea aeic? ii?ii?iaiiy aei
10 nCa /anoioa caoai?thaaiue i?aai?a o?aa-eaiiy o iieiaeo?e a?oi? 20-40
?ie?a iaeaea a o?e ?ace ia?aaaaea? /anoioo oeeo caoai?thaaiue o a?eia?e
eaoaai??? 41-50 ?ie?a (n=293 ? n=103 a?aeiia?aeii), ie??i aano?eoo c
i?aeaeuaiith nae?aoi?iith ooie-oe??th oeoieo. Uiaei caoai?thaaiue
i?aai?a e?iaiia?ao, oi a?ia?-oii?/ia oai?iaa a?aei?/a?oueny o a?eueo
iieiaeiio a?oe? (iniaeeai o a?eia?e eaoaai??? 31-40 ?ie?a), a ?oai?/ia
oai?iaa na?oey — o noa?o?e a?eia?e eaoaai??? (41-50 ?ie?a).
Caoai?thaaiiy e?noeiai-i’ycaai? nenoaie oaeiae a?eueo oa?aeoa?i? aeey
a?eiai? eaoaai??? 31-40 ?ie?a (n=423) o ii??aiyii? c a?eiaith
eaoaai???th 20-30 ?ie?a (n=254). Iae?oa?oth/ee aoa?ineea?ic ieaei?o
e?ioe?aie oa?aeoa?iee aeey e?ea?aeaoi??a iieiaeoi? a?eiai? eaoaai??? ?
i?e aeicao ?ii?coth/iai ii?ii?iaiiy, ye? ia?aaeuothoue 10 nCa. A aeaiiio
?aa?ii? oaeiae a?aecia/a?oueny aenieee iieaciee iaoieia?? ueoiaeaeii?
caeice, ui, ye a?aeiii, ca aeaieie aaaaoueio a/aieo, ? i?ia?aeiith
iaoieia??th o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN. Oai?iae e?noeiai-i’ycaai?
nenoaie, aaaaoi-noaeeiia aeenoii?y, caoai?thaaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice,
i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy ia?aaaaeathoue o no?oeoo?? caoai?thaaiino?.
E?ea?aeaoi?e, ye? ia iiiaio aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, iaee
20-30 ?i-e?a ia?aaaaeii iaee caoai?thaaiiy i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy oa
ueoiaeaeii? caeice, a o a?eia?e eaoaai??? 31-40 ?ie?a — ?oai?/io oai?iao
na?oey. Aaaaoi-noaeeiia aeenoii?y aeii?ioaaea o a?eia?e eaoaai??? 20-40
?ie?a. Eaoaioiee ia??iae aeieeiaiiy caoai?thaaiue an?o aea/aieo iaie
iaoieia?e yaey? niaith caanath/? eieeaaiiy ci?iii? /anoioe, ai-ie?ooaea
yeeo /a?ac 10 ?ie?a i?ney aeyaeaiiy caoai?thaaiiy cia/ii ciaioo?oueny,
aea /a?ac 11 ?ie?a ciiao aiie?ooaea eieeaaiiy ca?eue-oo?oueny ii an?o
a?oiao caoai?thaaiue, ui na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ?nio-th/? iaoiaee
e?eoaaiiy ia ni?iiiaei? caaacia/eoe noai no?eei? ?ai?n?? caoai?thaaiue,
aeeeeeaieo ?ii?coth/ei aei?ii?ithaaiiyi. Oi/ee eieaeueieo iaeneioi?a oa
?o cia/aiiy ooieoe?e eaoaioieo ia??iae?a nooo?ai caeaaeaoue a?ae
iaoieia?? caoai?thaaiiy ? ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie aeey eiaeiiai
caoai?thaaiiy. Ooieoe?y eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo aeieeiai-iy caoai?thaaiue o
e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN — aeeoae?a Noinueei? iaeano? ia? o?e
eieaeuei? iaeneioie a oi/eao 2 ?iee, 4 ?iee, 6 ?ie?a c? cia/aiiyie 430
(12,86%), 415 (12,41%), 405 (12,11%) a?aeiia?aeii. Eieaeueiee i?i?ioi
aeinyaa?oueny a oi/oe? 10 ?ie?a, eiai cia/aiiy aei??aith? 118 (3,52%).
E?euee?noue caoai?thaaiue a eiaei?e iiciieia?/i?e a?oi? nooo?ai
caeaaeeoue a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy oa a?eo. I?e oeueiio:

a) iaie?aaoeo, ae?aceiaa oai?iaa, aaiaoeo, oieaoeenoeo
ia?a-aaaeathoue o a?eiaiio ae?aiacii? 20-30 ?ie?a;

a) a?ia?oii?/ia oai?iaa na?oey, a?iioieaaaiaa? caoai?thaaiiy,
aano?eo, aaaaoi-noaeeiia aeenoii?y, inoaioiiae?ic oa aeaoi?ioth/ee
inoaia?o?ic iaea?eueo iioe?ai? o a?eiaiio ae?aiacii? 31-40 ?ie?a;

a) ?oai?/ia oai?iaa na?oey aeieeaea o?eueee o a?eia?e eaoaai???
41-50 ?ie?a, aeinyaath/e eieaeueieo iaeneiaeueieo cia/aiue 49 ? 29
a?aeiia?aeii i?e aeicao ii?ii?iaiiy 10 nCa ? 20 nCa.

I?e aiae?c? e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaiaio?a ia?eoa??eii? e?ia?
caaaeueiith caeiiii??i?noth ? eieeaaiiy ?c ci?iiith aiie?oo-aeith oa
/anoioith eiaeiiai iieacieea, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ii?ooaiiy no?eeino?
noaio caei?iaiai i?aai?cio.

Oae, cia/aiiy iieacieea aaiiaeia?io ciaiooaaeiny a?ae cia/ai-iy
aeie?ea?aeaoe?eiiai ianoaaeaiiy 138,052,72 a/e aei iaeiaioiai cia/aiiy
117,900,54 a/e, yea niinoa??aaeiny a 1997 ?ioe?. sse ? a E?aia?aaenuee?e
iaeano?, ??cea ciaioaiiy ai?noo aaiiaeia?io a Noinuee?e iaeano?
a?aeaoaa?oueny c?aco ae 1986 ?ieo i?ney ae?? ?ii?-coth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, a a ianooii? ?iee cia/aiiy oeueiai iieac-ieea iacia/ii
eieeaathoueny, ia iiiaaeath/e a ?ioa?aae ii/aoeiaeo cia/aiue oeueiai
iieacieea a 1986 ?ioe? aeie?ea?aeaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo.

E?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? neeaaeaea a 1986 ?ioe?
i?ney iiaa?iaiiy c ciie (3,870,02)1012/e. A 1987 ?ioe?
niinoa-??aa?oueny c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a ia?eoa??eii? e?ia?
aei cia/aiiy (3,960,03)1012/e. A 1997 ?ioe? cao?eniaaii iaeiaioa
cia/aiiy oeueiai iieacieea.

E?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a o e?ia? e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN
Noinueei? iaeano? i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN eieeaa?oueny a ?ioa?aae?
[(4,420,05)109/e; (6,640,08)109/e], a oie /an ye o e?ea?aeaoi??a
E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeano? cia/aiiy oeueiai iieacieea ci?ithaaeenue a
?ioa?aae? [(4,620,07)109/e; (5,140,06)109/e].

Aeeiai?ea ci?ie oaeaeeino? in?aeaiiy a?eo?ioeeo?a a e?ia?
e?e-a?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, o yeeo aeyaeai? niiaoe/i? aoaeoe,
caneoaiao? ia iniaeeao oaaao: ??ceee niaae ia ?ioa?aae? [1986 ??e; 1997
??e] a?ae cia/aiiy 7,830,14 ie/aiae aei cia/aiiy 2,730,07 ie/aiae, c
ianooiiei c?inoaiiyi ia ?ioa?aae? [1987 ??e; 1990 ??e] aei cia/aiiy
5,000,13 ie/aiae o 1990 ?ioe?, i?ney /iai ciiao niaaea? ia ?ioa?aae?
[1990 ??e; 1995 ??e] aei cia/aiiy 4,000,06 ie/aiae o 1995 ?ioe?,
iae?iaoeue ia [1995 ??e; 1997 ??e] ciiao c?inoa? aei cia-/aiiy 4,850,14
ie/aiae o 1997 ?ioe?. *eneia? cia/aiiy e?eueeino? o?iiaioeeo?a
ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, ??cei niaaeathoue ia
?ioa?aae? /ano [1986 ??e; 1987 ??e] a?ae cia/aiiy 277,228,50 aei
200,166,16, eieeaath/enue a ?ioa?aae? cia/aiue [183,455,64; 209,61] a
ianooii? ?iee.

I?ae aieeaii ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o ia?eoa??ei?e e?ia? ??cei
ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue e?ioioeeo?a: a?ae cia/aiiy 40,240,48 o 1986
?ioe? aei cia/aiiy 26,560,57 o 1987 ?ioe?, a a ianooii? ?iee cia/aiiy
oeueiai iieacieea eieeaathoueny a ?ioa?aae? [27,490,63; 33,780,86]. I?ae
ae??th ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN
Noinueei? iaeano? o 1987 ?ioe? a ii??aiyii? c 1986 ?ieii cia/ii
ciaioeeeny e?euee?noue o?iiaioeeo?a, ia 13,68% e?eue-e?noue
e?ioioeeo?a, ia 5,10 ii/aiae oaeaee?noue in?aeaiiy a?eo?ioeeo?a. Aeey
e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN aeaiiai ?aa?iio a?eueo oa?aeoa?i? ?iceaaee
ii oeio eaeeioeeoico, ca?eueoaiiy cia/aiue a?ae 8,700,91 aei 10,370,64.
Iaea?eueo aaaaoi/eneai? ci?ie aeaiiai oeio a 1987 ?ioe? (7,31%), 1989
?ioe? (9,63%) oa 1997 ?ioe? (7,44%) aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiioeiaaioo.
Eaeeiiaia/iee noai niinoa??aa?oueny a 1991 ?ioe? (8,17%), 1993 ?ioe?
(5,98%) oa a 1997 ?ioe? (3,17%) c oaiaeaioe??th aei ciaioaiiy e?eueeino?
oai?eo oa eieeaaiiyi ai?noo eaeeioeeo?a a ?ioa?aae? [(3,290,17)109;
(3,810,76)109].

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN —
aeeoae?a Noinueei? iaeano? (n=820) caa?iaii oaaao ia aenieee i?ioeaio
e?ioioeeoiiai?e oa e?ioioeeoic?a. O e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN
Noinueei? iaeano?, ye ? e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN E??i-aia?aaenueei?
iaeano?, ii?ooo?oueny o?a??iie?oe/ia i?aenenoaia nen-oaie aaiinoaco
ethaeeie.

Aiae?coth/e aeai? ?iiia?aie, a?aecia/a?ii noai a?ia?eae??i?? a 1993
?ioe?, a?ia?oei?ai??, a?iieaeueoe??i?? o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN
oeueiai ?aa?iio, ye? c /anii ua a?eueoa ?icaeaathoueny.
Oaeei /eiii, anoaiiaeaii ? ee?i?/ii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui
i?ae ae??th ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy a i?aai?ci? ethaeeie
ii?ooo?oueny aeae-o?ie?oia oa eeneioii-eoaeia ??aiiaaaa.

A Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano? ai?aeai?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii
ia 672 iaoe??ioao /ieia?/i? noao?. O 482 e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN
aoei aecia/aii ieoiio aeoeai?noue -aeoeaieo ioee?ae?a. Ia iiiaio
ia?aaoaaiiy a cii? aaa??? ia *AAN a?e oai?eo neeaaeaa 20-50 ?ie?a.
*aniaee ia??iae niinoa?aaeaiiy 1986-1997 ?. ?. O 32 in?a (4,76%) ca /an
niinoa?aaeaiiy iaoieia?? ia aoei aeyaeaii, o 640 iaoe??io?a (95,24%)
aoee aeyaeai? caoai?thaaiiy ??ciiai ieaio. Iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy ia?aeiii?
caoai?thaaiino? aeinyaa?oueny o 1994 ?ioe? (23,25%). Ia?oee ??e i?ney
o/ano? o e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN aeey aeeoae?a
Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? a?aecia/a?oueny aeyaeai-iyi aaaaoi-noaeeiii?
aeenoii?? o 63 in?a, caaaeueia e?euee?noue iaoe??i-o?a, o yeeo aeyaeaii
oea caoai?thaaiiy i?ioyaii 1986-1997 ?. ?., noaiiaeoue 412 in?a. O
no?oeoo?? ia?aeiii? caoai?thaaiino? iaea?eueo iioe?ai? oai?iae i?aai?a
o?aaeaiiy (n=906; 36,39%), aaaaoi-no-aeeiia aeenoii?y (n=412; 16,55%),
caoai?thaaiiy nenoaie e?iaiia?ao (n=290; 11,65%), e?noeiai-i’ycaai?
nenoaie (n=213; 8,55%), caoai-?thaaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice (n=149;
5,99%).

A in?a, ui caciaee aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy i?e
i?i-niaeoeaiiio niinoa?aaeaii? aeyaeai? caoai?thaaiiy ??ciiai ieaio o
eiioeiaaio? e?ea?aeaoi??a a?eii 20-30 ?ie?a aeyaeaii 964 caoai-?thaaiiy
(39,67%), a?eii 31-40 ?ie?a — 1079 caoai?thaaiue (44,40%), a?eii 31-50
?ie?a — 457 caoai?thaaiue (18,80%). Ia?aaaaeia a?eue-o?noue oai?eo
caciaea iaeneiaeueiiai (21-25 nCa) aieeao ?ii?co-th/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy
(e?euee?noue caoai?thaaiue 1345; 55,35%), 716 caoai?thaaiue (29,47%) i?e
ii?ii?iaii? aeicith aei 10 nCa, 439 ca-oai?thaaiue (18,07%) i?e
ii?ii?iaii? aeicith 11-20 nCa. Eaoaioiee ia??iae /anoioe aeieeiaiiy
caoai?thaaiue yaey? niaith eieeaaiiy ci?iii? aiie?ooaee oa ci?iii?
e?oaiai? /anoioe. *anoioa caoai?th-aaiue aeinyaa? iaea?eueoiai cia/aiiy
(16,15%) /a?ac 7 ?ie?a, a iae-iaioiai cia/aiiy (1,48%) /a?ac 2 ?iee
i?ney o/ano? o e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN.
Aano?iaioa?ieia?/ia iaoieia?y aeine?ae-aeoaaiiai eiioeiaaioo
Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? aeeth/a? a ii?yaeeo cieaeaiiy ieoiii? aaae:
o?ii?/i? aaiaoeoe (n=281; 27,9%), o?i-i?/i? oieaoeenoeoe (n=268; 26,6%),
o?ii?/i? aano?eoe c i?aeaeuaiith nae?aoi?iith ooieoe??th (n=203; 20,2%),
o?ii?/i? aano?eoe c ii-ieaeaiith nae?aoi?iith ooieoe??th oeoieo (n=27;
2,7%), ae?aceiaa oai?iaa (n=116; 11,5%), o?ii?/i? iaie?aaoeoe (n=111;
11,0%).

I?e aiae?c? e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaiaio?a ia?eoa??eii? e?ia?
a?aecia/aeeny ??ciiiai?aaeai? yaeua. Iaie i?iaiae?ciaai? aeai? in?a, o
yeeo aoee aeyaeai? niiaoe/i? aoaeoe ca ia??iae 1986-1997 ?. ?. (n=640),
aeai? e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, o yeeo ca /an niinoa?aaeaiiy
iaoieia?? ia aoei aeyaeaii (n=32) aoee a iaaeao ii?-ie. Caaaeueiith
caeiiii??i?noth ? eieeaaiiy /eneiaeo cia/aiue eiae-iiai iieacieea.
Iniaeeai a?ae/oaa?oueny ??cieoey i?ae aeaieie aei ia-i?aaeaiiy ia ?iaioe
ii e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??? ia *AAN oa aeaieie i?n-eye?ea?aeaoe?eiiai
ianoaaeaiiy.

Oae, cia/aiiy iieacieea aaiiaeia?io eieeaath/enue ciaiooaaei-ny a?ae
cia/aiiy aeie?ea?aeaoe?eiiai ianoaaeaiiy 150,411,04 a/e aei
i?i?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy 130,421,12 a/e, yea niinoa??aaeiny a 1986 ?ioe?.
A 1987-1991, 1994-1996, 1998 /eneia? cia/aiue iieacieea aaiiaeia?io, ye
? a aeiaaa??eiee ia??iae, ia?aaeuothoue cia/aiiy ii?ie 130-140 a/e.
Oaeei /eiii, i?ae aieeaii ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ii?ooo?oueny
neioac aaiiaeia?io ? o ia?o? ?iee ??cei ci?ith?oueny oaeaee?noue ci?ie
oaeeo iieaciee?a e?ia?: aaiiaei-a?io, oaeaeeino? in?aeaiiy e?ia?,
o?iiaioeeo?a, e?ioioeeo?a. Cia/eoue, ?ii?coth/a aei?ii?ithaaiiy,
ii?oooth/e ieenii-a?aeiiai? ?aaeoe?? a a?eo?ioeeoao, aeaiyei ae?? ia
aaiiaeia?i, c iaei??? noi?iie, i?yii aieeaa? ia aaiiaeia?i, c ?ioi?
noi?iie ni?ey? eiai ieeneaiith.

Aiae?c aeaieo e?ea?aeaoi??a iieaco?, ui /anoioa aeieeiaiiy
eae-eioeeoic?a oa eaeeioeeoiiai?e aeinoaoiuei aaeeea aaea o ?aii?e
i?ney-aaa??eiee ia??iae, oiaoi o 1986 ?ioe?. Iaea?eueoiai cia/aiiy
/anoioe eaeeioeeoic?a, eaeeiiai?e, e?ioioeeoic?a, e?ioioeeoiiai?e
aeinyaathoue o 1997 ?ioe?.

Oaeei /eiii, aeieia?/ii caeaaei? caoai?thaaiiy i?io?eathoue ye
/a?aoaaiiy caaino?aiue ? ?ai?n?e. I?e oeueiio i?iaaaeai? iaie
aeine?ae-aeaiiy iieacaee, ui o oac? ee?i?/ii? ?ai?n?? iaoai?cie
i?ia?a-noaaiiy caoai?thaaiiy iaaoaathoue iiaeo, ye?nii a?aei?iieo oi?i,
ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiue o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN nooo?ai
a?ae??c-iy?oueny a?ae ia?aa?ao aiaeia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue a in?a, ye? ia
caciaee aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. O e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia
*AAN ?c Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? aiaeia?/ii, ye ? a e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa???
ia *AAN c Noinueei? oa E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeanoae ii?ooo?oueny
o?a??-iie?oe/ia eaiea aaiinoaco, niinoa??aathoueny yaeua a?ia?iao???i??
(1988 ??e), a?ia?oei?ai?? (1986, 1996 ?iee).

Iaie i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ne?iaaoee e?ia? 96 e?ea?aeaoi??a
aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN c aano?iaioa?ieia?/ieie caoai?th-aaiiyie,
aeyaeai? ca?eueoai?, ii??aiyii c ii?iith, a?aeiioaiiy ia?-aeiieo ?
aoi?eiieo i?iaeoeo?a e?i?aeii? ia?ieneaeaoe?? o 25% e?e-a?aeaoi??a
aaa??? ia *AAN: ci?ie ia?aeiieo > 0,641 i?e ii?i? 0,380 — 0,640, ci?ie
aoi?eiieo > 0,151 i?e ii?i? 0,050 — 0,150. I?e oeueiio a?aecia/a?oueny
ca?eueoaiiy ye ia?oiai a?aeiioaiiy A232/A220 > 0,34 i?e ii?i? 0,23 —
0,33, oae ? ae?oaiai a?aeiioaiiy A278/A220 > 0,09 i?e ii?i? 0,03 — 0,08.

Cia/eoue, noia?ia ae?y ?aae?aoe?? ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie caeaaeeoue
a?ae aaaaoueio oaeoi??a, a aeeiai?ea ci?ie eiaeiiai iieacieea yaey?
niaith noioanoe/iee i?ioean c ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie iniaeeainoyie ci?ie
eiaeiiai iieacieea. Oaeei /eiii, i?ae ae??th ?ii?coth/iai
aei?ii?-ithaaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny o?ii?caoe?y iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano —
c?ea ?aao-eyoi?ieo iaoai?ci?a ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio, oiaoi ii??iino?
i?-aai?cio aei ae?? iaoiaaiieo oaeoi??a oa oaeoi??a iaae?eiino?
i?-aai?cio, ui iiaeeeaa o?eueee a oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee an??? noeoiiino?
?aaoeyoe?eieo, ieanoe/ieo, eiiiainaoi?ieo ? ?aca?aieo iiaeeeai-noae, a
oaeiae niaoe?aeueieo naii-aaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a aeine?aeaeaieo
iaoe??io?a iaaeinoaoiuei aeey e?ea?aeaoe?? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Oaea
neooaoe?y aeieea? a oiiaao iaia?a?aiiai ooeiaeaeoth/iai aaaioa aai i?e
ae?? aoi?eiieo aai i?e?aeiaieo iaoiaaiieo oaeoi??a. Ca?aene aeieeaa?, ui
no/ania oa?ai?y ia caaacia/o? iiaiiai aeaaaeaiiy ?a-ae?iioee?ae?a c
i?aai?cio ethaeeie — i?ioean yaea?iiai ?iciaaeo oa o?i?/-ieo
ia?aoai?aiue o??? /anoeie ?aae?iioee?ae?a, yea caeeoeeanue a i?aai?ci?,
eaea iaia?a?aii, ii?oooth/e ooieoe?? no?oeoo?ieo aea-iaio?a i?aai?cio.
I?e oeueiio ia anoaiiaeth?oueny aaeain i?ae aeue-oa?aoe?eieie ci?iaie oa
e?i?ooth/eie ?o ?icaeoie naioth/eie i?i-oeanaie, ui ?iaeoeo? iano?eeee
o?ii?/ii iaoieia?/iee noai, yeee a?aeiia?aea? caoai?thaaiiyi ii?aeiaii?
iaoieia?? ??cieo nenoai i?aai?cio e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN. O
e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN ii?ooaia nenoaia ?aaoeyoe??
a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy, a naia a?aeaoaa?oueny iaeiie/aiiy
i?iaeoeo?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a a iaia?aiao, ui iiaea
ni?e/eieoe /anoeiao aai iiaio aea-a?aaeaoe?th iaia?aiieo no?oeoo?.
Ca?aene aeieeaa?, ui i?aia?aoe, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
icaei?iaeaiiy e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, iathoue i?noeoe ?ia?a?oi?e ?
i?iiioi?e a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueieo i?ioean?a.

I?iaaaeai? ai?aeai?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy c aenieei nooiaiai
aei-noia??iino? iieacaee iioe?ai?noue caoai?thaaiue ??ciiai ieaio:
ia-oieia?th nenoai i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy, iaoieia?th i?aai?a aeeoaiiy,
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, niieo/ii? oa e?noeiai? oeaieie c iai-oith
/anoioith caoai?thaaiiy na/iaeae?eueii? oa aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie.
Ii??aiyiiy iioe?thaaiino? caoai?thaaiue o aeaieo a?oiao na?ae/eoue, i?i
iaaaoeaiee aieea iaeeo aeic ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy (o a?aeaeaeai?
oa?i?ie) ia an? nenoaie i?aai?cio c ??cieie e?euee?nieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie (o e?ea?aeaoi??a iioe?thaai?noue caoai?thaaiue
ia-?aaaaea? a?eueoa, i?ae o 2 ?ace a ii??aiyii? c iae?ea?aeaoi?aie).

Ee?i?/ii i?aeoaa?aeaeaia iiaeeea?noue e?eoaaiiy caoai?thaaiue,
?i-aeoeiaaieo aieeaii iaeeo aeic ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy,
o?oi-i?ia?aeieiiiiceoe?yie.

Aeey ei?aeoe?? aeieia?/iicaeaaeieo caoai?thaaiue ?ic?iaeaia
a?i-eia?/ii aeoeaia aeiaaaea, /ae «E?aoao?o».

A ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue in vitro oa ia
ea-ai?aoi?ieo oaa?eiao anoaiiaeaii:

— /ae «E?aoao?o» iaeaaeaoue aei iaeioiene/ieo ?a/iaei, eiai
ia?aaeicoaaiiy ia aeeeeea? iia?/ieo i?iya?a;

— o?eaaea canoinoaaiiy /ath «E?aoao?o» ia i?iyaey? iaaaoeaiee aieea
ia oaa?ei, no?oeoo?o ? ooieoe?th ?o i?aai?a, eoioeyoeaieo aoaeo?a ia
niinoa??aaeiny;

— aeiaaino?ieiaa aaaaeaiiy /ath «E?aoao?o» ia aeeeeea?
aia??i-oiene/io oa oa?aoiaaiio ae?th;

— iooaaaii? oa eaioea?iaaii? aoaeoe i?e canoinoaaii? /ath
«E?a-oao?o» ia aeyaeai?;

— «E?aoao?o» ? aoaeoeaiei aioeieneaeaioii c yne?aai ae?aaea-ieie
aioe?aaeeeaeueieie aeanoeainoyie, i?iyaey? iaia?aiinoaa?-e?coth/o ae?th,
ia? caeaoi?noue iiey?ecoaaoe iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua a?ii?ioa?e?a.

Ee?i?/ia ai?iaaoe?y a?ieia?/ii aeoeaii? aeiaaaee, /ath «E?aoao?o»
iieacaea eiai aioeneea?ioe/io oa ?ioiiei?aaoth/o ae?th. «E?aoao?o»
iie?auo? e?i?aeiee oa aoaeaaiaeiee iai?i, i?ioeane iaoaaie?cio.

Eo?niaee i?eeii a?iaeiaaaee «E?aoao?o» iie?auo? iieacieee
ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, eoaeii? oinoaoace ne?iaaoee e?ia? ?
aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN i?e an?o
aeine?aeaeaieo ee?i?/ieo oi?iao caoai?thaaiue aaiaoia?e?a?ii? ne-noaie.
Eiiieaen «E?aoao?o» & n?e ieiae?a iae?ieoe e?ooeiiaeaeii? i?aeaeuo?
aia?aaoe/io caeaoi?noue i?aai?cio e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, ia
ii?oooth/e oeyoe ee?oeiiiai iai?io, ui ae?aaea?oueny a a?eueoiio
i?e?ino? o?eaaeino? iaaaioaaeaiiy oa aeeiiaii? ?iaioe a ii??aiyii? c
ieaoeaai. I?e o?eaaeiio canoinoaaii? eiiieaeno «E?a-oao?o» & n?e ieiae?a
iae?ieoe e?ooeiiaeaeii? eiai e?eoaaeueiee aoaeo i?aeneeth?oueny i?ioyaii
2 oeaei?a ? a iiaeaeueoiio onoaiia-eth?oueny no?eeee noai i?aai?cio. I?e
o?eaaeiio canoinoaaii? eii-ieaeno a in?a c a?ia?oieanoa?eiai??th
a?aecia/a?oueny cieaeaiiy ??a-iy caaaeueiiai oieanoa?eio, e?iii?ioa?ae?a
iecueei? u?eueiino?. Ee?i?/-ii aeiaaaeaii aoaeoeai?noue a?ieia?/ii
aeoeaii? aeiaaaee, /ath «E?aoa-o?o» i?e e?eoaaii? ii?aeiaieo iaoieia?e
aoa?ineea?ico ? i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy.

Canoiniaaia iaoiaeeea ii?aeiaiiy aaciai? iio??eii? oa?ai?? c
o?-oioa?ai??th e?eoaaiiy ae?aceiai? oai?iae aeyaeeanue aoaeoeaiith, ui
i?aeoaa?aeeeinue ? aiaeineii?/ii, caoeua? aeaoaeo neeciai? iai-eiiee
a?ae ae?? aa?aneaieo oaeoi??a oeyoii ca’ycoaaiiy eiai c a?e-eaie,
iaineiii, ai?aea?iaeueiei oaeoi?ii ?inoo, noeioethth/e eiai
?aaaia?aoe?th oa aaeni?aoe?th aeia/ieo eeneio, i?iaeoeoe?th neeco, eiai
a?ae?ioiai?noue, a oaeiae i?eieea e?ia? oa iaoaaie?ci neeciaeo oa
ia???oaeueieo ee?oei, ii?iae?coth/e ?o ae?yeuei?noue oa ciaiooth/e
ca-n?thaaiiy neeciai? iaieiiee Hp.

E?eoaaiiy aeacaiith iaoiaeeeith caaacia/oaaei o?eaaeo ?ai?n?th.
*anoioa ?aoeeaeea?a i?ney a?aei?ie e?eoaaiiy a iaeaeeae/? 4 i?nyoe? a
na?aaeiueiio aeinyaaea 30%, ui caaaeaee aoei iia’ycaii c
ia?nenoai-oe??th a neeciao iaieiieo Hp.

AENIIAEE

1) Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaii? i?ae?aa?iiaeueii? ai?aeai?ieia?/ii?
i?i-a?aie ianoaaeaiiy o/aniee?a e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN aeyaeai?
aeinoia??i? ?iceaaee niiaoe/iiai ieaio: iaoieia?th nenoaie i?aai?a
o?aaeaiiy, i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie,
e?noeiai-i’ycaai? nenoaie, aaaaoi-noaeeiii? aeenoii?? c ??cieie
ia?aaaaeai-iyie a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aa?iio: a) caoai?thaaiiy i?aai?a
o?aaeaiiy, e?noeiai-i’ycaai? nenoaie, aaaaoi-noaeeiii? aeenoii?? c
aenieei ??a-iai iieaciee?a oa?aeoa?i? aeey an?o aeine?aeaeaieo ?aa?ii?a;
a) o?aaa a?aecia/eoe, ui a no?oeoo?? aano?i-aioa?ieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue
aeey Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? ia?aaaaea? iaoieia?y aaiaoia?e?a?ii?
nenoaie, a aeey E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeano? — aano?eoe c i?aeaeuaiith
nae?aoi?iith ooieoe??th oeoiea; a) o?eueee aeey E??iaia?aaenueei?
iaeano? oa?ae-oa?ia aeniea ieoiia aaaa caoai?thaaiue i?aai?a aeeoaiiy a
no?oeoo?? caaaeueii? caoai?thaaiino?, ui ia niinoa??aa?oueny a ?ioeo c
aeine?ae-aeaieo ?aa?ii?a.

2) I?e aiae?c? eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo aeieeiaiiy niiaoe/ieo aoae-o?a
aeey Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? a ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie aeine?aeaeaieie
?aa?iiaie oa?aeoa?iee a?eueo i?ci?e ?icaeoie iaoieia?e ??ciiai ieaio, ui
iiaeia iiynieoe i?iaaaeaiiyi aoaeoeaii? i?io?eaeoeee c aeeth/aiiyi
o?oioa?aiaaoe/ieo cania?a oa eaae?o?eiaaiei iaoei-ai iaa?oioiaaiei
niinoa?aaeaiiyi, aea ia iiaeia aeeeth/eoe aoeii-a?noue i?io?eaiiy
caoai?thaaiue oa a?aaeoeai? noaie ia oii? iaaooiai ?ioiiaeao?oeeoo.

3) Ciaeaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueio caeaaei?noue niiaoe/ieo caoai?th-aaiue
a?ae a?eo oa aeice ii?ii?iaiiy (ia ?ioa?aae? aeic [10 nCa; 25 nCa]. Oey
caeaaei?noue iieno?oueny eaaae?aoe/iith ooieoe??th c ?iaeea?aeoaeue-ieie
cia/aiiyie eiao?oe??io?a aeey eiaeii? iicieia?? oa eiaeiiai ?aa?iio c
aanoeenaie aa?oei ia?aaie 10 nCa aai 20 nCa a caeaaeiino? a?ae iicieia??
oa a?eo.

4) Cae?eniaii iii?oi??ia aaiaoieia?/ieo oa ?ioiieia?/ieo
ii-eaciee?a o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN: a) ia iniia? aea/aiiy
aeeiai?ee ?iceaae?a ia?eoa??eii? e?ia?, ?iaeoeiaaieo ?ii?coth/ei
aei?ii?ithaaiiyi, anoaiiaeai? ?ioi?iaoeai? eiiiiiaioe a?aae??ioa aaeoi?a
iieaciee?a e?ia?, ye iaeei c iaoai?ci?a aeieeiaiiy niia-oe/ieo
caoai?thaaiue (oaeaee?noue ci?i ??aiy o?iiaioeeo?a, e?ioi-oeeo?a,
aaiiaeia?io, OIA); a) i?iaiae?ciaai? ii?ooaiiy aiiainoaco i?aai?cio.

5) ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aioeioee?aeii? ?ioiii?
a?ae-iia?ae?, yea oa?aeoa?eco? /io?e?e oi?ie caoai?thaaiiy: noaee?i?/io
(ia?aaeiaoieia?/iee noai), aino?o c ianooiiei aecaei?iaeaiiyi,
o?i-i?/io, eaoaeueio. ?icaeyioo? aeaa oeie aioeioee?aeii? ?ioiii?
a?aeii-a?ae?: ee?oeiii? oa aoii?aeueii?.

6) ?ic?iaeaia iaie a?ieia?/ii aeoeaia aeiaaaea, /ae «E?aoao?o» i?e
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio oa ee?i?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii?, canoinoaaii? ia
aaeeeeo eiioeiaaioao iaoe??io?a aeiaaea iiaeeea?noue aoaeoeaii?
ei?aeoe?? aeieia?/iicaeaaeieo ii?ooaiue i?aai?cio i?e aeinoia??i?e
ii?iae?caoe?? ??ai?a iieaciee?a. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue i?io?eaeoeee oa
?aaoeyoe?? ii?ooaiue aiiainoaco i?e ii?aeiai?e niiaoe/i?e iaoieia??
(o?ii?/ieo aaiaoeoao, ?oai?/i?e oai?ia? na?oey, a?ia?oii?/i?e oai-?ia?,
aaaaoi-noaeeii?e aeenoii??).

7) Aeiaaaeaii oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii aoaeoeai?noue aeaaaeaiiy c
i?aai?cio ethaeeie ?iei?ii?iaaieo ?aae?iioee?ae?a, cie?aia no?iioe?th,
nieaie o?oeo?a oa iai/?a ye ie?aii, oae ? a eiiieaen? c o?oi/a?i
«E?aoao?o».

8) ?ic?iaeaia eiii’thoa?ia aenia?oia ae?aaiinoe/ia nenoaia
aei-iiiaaa? i?aeoe/iiio e?ea?aa? anoaiiaeoe iiia?aaei?e ae?aaiic oa
i?enei?eoe i?ecia/aiiy aaeaeaaoiiai e?eoaaiiy.

9) Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? o?oioa?aiaaoe/i? iaoiaeeee oa iaoiaeeee
eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy (c aeeth/aiiyi a?ieia?/ii aeoeaii? aeiaaa-ee,
/ath «E?aoao?o») aeieia?/ii caeaaeieo ii?ooaiue oa ee?i?/ii
i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?o aoaeoeai?noue i?e ianiaiio icaei?iaeaii?
e?ea?aea-oi??a aaa??? ia *AAN a E?aia?aaenuee?e, Noinuee?e oa
Caea?iaonuee?e iaeanoyo.

I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

1. ?ic?iaeaia iaie ai?aeai?ieia?/ia i?ia?aia ianiaeo ianoaaeaiue
e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia i?e niinoa?aaeaii?
ca eiioeiaaioaie in?a ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a, ui caciaee aieeao aeieia?/ii
iaaeaaii?e?iieo oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?a-aeiaeua. Aeyaeai? oa
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo niiaoe/ii? iaoieia??
aeiiiiiaeooue e?ea?aa? i?aaeeueii ioe?ieoe oai?iaeeaee noai
ianoaaeoaaiiai oa i?ecia/eoe a?aeiia?aeia e?eo-aaiiy c a?aooaaiiyi
aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aieeao iaaeieeoiueiai na?a-aeiaeua ia i?aai?ci.

2. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ?ioiii? aioeioee?aeii? a?aeiia?ae? aea?
iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe noai ianoaaeoaaiiai ia noaae??
ia?aaeiaoiei-a?/iiai noaio ? oei naiei iiia?aaeeoe ?icaeoie niiaoe/ii?
ia-oieia??, a i?e caoai?thaaii? iioeiaeueii ae??oeoe caaaeaiiy aeey
i?ecia/aiiy aaeaeaaoiiai e?eoaaiiy.

3. ?ic?iaeaia eiii’thoa?ia aenia?oia ae?aaiinoe/ia nenoaia
aeiiiiiaea i?aeoe/iiio e?ea?th anoaiiaeoe iiia?aaei?e ae?aaiic oa
i?enei?eoue i?ecia/aiiy aaeaeaaoiiai e?eoaaiiy. Aiae?c anoa-iiaeaieo
noaoenoe/ii aeinoia?pieo eipaeyoe?ei?o ca’yce?a i?ae
niae-opiethi?ianoeaioieie oapaeoapenoeeaie a?ieia?/ieo p?aeei oa
nooia-iai iaoieia?/ieo ci?i a ipaai?ci? aeaco? ia aeioe?euei?noue
aeeth/aiiy ethi?ianoeaioiiai aiae?co a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei ethaeeie a
i?ia?aio ee?-i?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo ?c caoai?thaaiiyie aioo??oi?o
i?aai?a.

4. Canoinoaaiiy o?oioa?aiaaoe/ieo cania?a a eiiieaeni? c
a?i-aeiaaaeith, /a?i «E?aoao?o» aea? iiaeeea?noue aoaeoeaii? ei?aeoe??
i?e ii?aeiai?e niiaoe/i?e iaoieia?? (o?ii?/iiio aaiaoeo?, ?oai?/i?e
oai?ia? na?oey, a?ia?oii?/i?e oai?ia?, aeene?i?aeai?/ieo noaiao,
aaaa-oi-noaeeii?e aeenoii??). A anioe?aoe?? c nieaie o?oeo?a oa iai/?a
i?e-nei?th?oueny i?ioean ae?i?iaoe?? ?aae?iioee?ae?a, iie?auo?oueny
no?oe-oo?a iaia?ai a?eo?ioeeo?a e?ia? ui iiaea aooe aeei?enoaii c
i?i-o?eaeoe/iith iaoith aeey e?ea?aeaoi??a c ?iei?ii?aoe??th
?aae?iioee?ae?a. Oe?ii?noth cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoo?iiaoe/ieo noai ? (ii?yae
c ?o aeni-eith ee?i?/iith aoaeoeai?noth) aeinooii?noue ?o oe?ieiio
caaaeo.

Ae?OEIAAI? ?IAIOE CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ai?eaiei I. I. ?aae?aoe?eiee aieea, niiaoe/i? aoaeoe,
o?-oioa?ai?y. — Oaeai?iae: AAO «Iaoaio», 1998. — 312 n.

2. Ai?eaiei I. I. I?noeaa? o?oii?ioeaaeo?e aeey oii?coaaiiy oe??e
iaee//y //?iaeeia: Iiee/ea «Ea?iaonueeiai e?ath», ?14, 1994. — n. 31-32.

3. Ai?eaiei I. I., Aaie/ O. I. A?io?i?/iee neiae?ii o oai?eo c
*i?iiaeeuenueeei ?ioiiaeao?oeeoii //Iaoeiaee a?niee Oaeai?iaenueei-ai
oi?aa?neoaoo, na??y Iaaeeoeeia, aei. 3. — 1996. — N. 173-175.

4. *aaa?aa I. I., Oeiii E. E., Eioethaiye E. A., Aaie/ O. I.,
Ai?eaiei I. I., Aaie/ I. I., ?inoiea E. I. I?i aeaye? ae?aaii-noe/i?
iiaeeeaino? ethi?ianoeaioe?? a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei ethaeeie //Iao-eiaee
a?niee Oaeai?iaenueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo, na??y Iaaeeoeeia, aei. 3. — 1996.
— N. 271-273.

5. Ai?eaiei I. I. Aiae?c aeayeeo niiaoe/ieo aoaeo?a ?ii?-coth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy o e?ea?aeaoi??a iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *AAN //I?aeoe/ia
iaaeeoeeia. — 1997, ?5-6. — N. 78-81.

6. Aaie/ I. I., Naie?io I. N., Aaie/ O. I., Ai?eaiei I. I. Ee?i?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue L-e?ceio aaeeae?iaoo i?e e?eoaaii? o?i-i?/iiai aaiaoeoo
//I?aeoe/ia iaaeeoeeia. — 1998, ?1-2. — N. 22-24.

7. Ai?eaiei I. I. Iiaeeeaino? o?oioa?ai?? i?e ei?aeoe??
a?eue-ii?aaeeeaeueieo i?ioean?a //I?aeoe/ia iaaeeoeeia. — 1998, ?5-6. —
N. 77-79.

8. Ai?eaiei I. I. O?oioa?aiaaoe/ia e?eoaaiiy «E?aoao?oii» i?e
ii?ooaii? e?i?aeiiai iai?io o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN //I?aeoe/ia
iaaeeoeeia. — 1998, ?5-6. — N. 60-62.

9. Ai?eaiei I. I. Ei?aeoe?y ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a oa
aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN a?iaeiaaaeith,
/a?i «E?aoao?o» //I?aeoe/ia iaaeeoeeia. — 1998, ?7-8. — N. 33-35.

10. Ai?eaiei I. I. Ai?aeai?ieia?y oa niiaoe/i? aoaeoe a in?a, ui
caciaee aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy //I?aeoe/ia iaaee-oeeia. —
1998, ?7-8. — N. 48-50.

11. Ai?eaiei I. I., Oo?yieoea Y. N., A?e/ I. A., Oeiaea-Oeuey-iiaa
I. A. Eiiieaeniay aioeaiiioiene/aneay oa?aiey n ia?nenoe-?othuei
aaiaoeoii a oaca iaino?aiey //Aeieiae/aneay oa?aiey (Aurelia-Verlag
GmbH, Baden-Baden, Germany ISBN 0340-8671). — 1999, ?1. — N. 19-22.

12. Ai?eaiei I. I. Iii?oi??ia ee?i?ei-aaiaoieia?/ieo oa
?ioii-eia?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN o 1998 ?ioe?
//Ao-eiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee. — 1999, ?1. — N. 238-241.

13. Ai?eaiei I. I. Noai iaia?aiii? i?iieeeino? o e?ea?aeaoi??a
aaa??? ia *AAN i?e ii?aeiaii? aoa?ineea?ico c iaoieia??th i?aai?a
o?aaeaiiy (ca aeaieie ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy) //I?aeoe/ia
iaaeeoeeia. — 1999, ?3-4. — N. 26-27.

14. Ai?eaiei I. I. Caeaaei?noue a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy aieeao
eii-ieaeno «E?aoao?o» & n?e ieiae?a iae?ieoe e?ooeiiaeaeii? ia
iieac-ieee e?i?aeiiai iai?io o e?ea?aeaoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN //I?aeoe/ia
iaaeeoeeia. — 1999, ?3-4. — N. 22-24.

15. Ai?eaiei I. I. Iaoieia?/i? iane?aeee oae?eiaaeoa?ii? ?ioae-oe??
a e?ea?aeaoi??a ia *AAN oa iaoiaeeea e?eoaaiiy ae?aceiai? oai-?iae
//Iaoeiaee a?niee Oaeai?iaenueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo, na??y Iaaee-oeeia, aei.
7. — 1999. — N. 106-108.

16. Ai?eaiei I. I. Ee?i?/ia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? e?eo-aaiiy
caoai?thaaiue, ?iaeoeiaaieo aieeaii iaeeo aeic ?ii?coth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, o?oii?ia?aeieiiiiceoe?yie //Iaoeiaee a?niee
Oaeai?iaenueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo, na??y Iaaeeoeeia, aei. 9. — 1999. — N.
61-64.

17. Ca?aiaa ?. O., Naae?a I. I., Aaeae I. I. ?aaiaoeci ?
o?ii?inainen //Ca??iee noaoae iieiaeeo a/aieo. Euea?anueeee
iaae?i-noeooo. — Euea?a, 1992. — N. 19-21.

18. Ca?aiaa ?. O., Naae?a I. I., Aaeae I. I. Aeeoa??ioe?aeueia
ae?aaiinoeea o?ii?/ieo ianiaoeeo?/ieo caoai?thaaiue eaaai?a //Ca??-iee
noaoae iieiaeeo a/aieo. Euea?anueeee iaae?inoeooo. — Euea?a, 1992. — N.
36-38.

19. Gorlenko O. M. Phytotherapeutic treatment of the patients with
somatic disturbances, caused by Chornobyl APS Catastrophe. Modern
studees in ecology. May 13-16. — 1997. — Uzhorod. — P. 109-113.

20. Ganich O., Gorlenko O., Ganich T., Zeltwaj V., Zaiac K. The ways
of immune forses renewal in the organism under the influence of
postchornobyl situation //Proceedings of the international regional
seminar. Modern studied in Ekology and Microbiology. May 13-16 1997. —
Uzhorod. — Vol. 2. — P. 114-117.

21. Aaie/ I. I., Iaeei A. ?., Ai?eaiei I. I., Aeaaeaeaiei A. N.
?ic?iaea oeaio?oini?aaioo aeey e?eoaaiiy ? i?io?eaeoeee a?iceaieo
ooeiaeaeaiue oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo, ye? aeeeeeai? iaeeie aei-caie
?aae?aoe?? //Iaoa?. aeii. 47-i? i?aenoieiai? iaoe. eiio. i?io.-aeee.
neeaaeo OaeAeO. — Oaeai?iae. — 1993. — N. 31-33.

22. Turyanitsa E., Ganitch O., Popovitch E., Matso M., Fedo-rovitch
T., Gorlenko O., Semirot M., Longraf J. Problems of staged treatment of
gastric and duodenal ulcers //XXIV Kongres sloven-skych a ceskych
gastroenterologov s medzenarodnov ucastou. — Barde-jovske Kupele, 23-26.
09. 1993. — Bardejovske Kupele. — P. A26.

23. Ai?eaiei I. I., Aaie/ I. I., Eiaaeue A. TH., Iiiiae/ A. N.,
Aaeae A. I. I?iaeaie a e?eoaaii? ae?aceiai? oai?iae o oai?eo, ui caciaee
aieeao iaeeo aeic ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy //The Ist
Hungarian-Ukrainian conference on Carpathian Euroregion ecology. — T. 1.
— Uzhorod. 30 May-2 June. — 1994. — P. 56.

24. Koval V., Ganich O., Horlenko O., Kish P. The Influence of
Treatment by the Method of Fasting Dietary Therapy and Phy-toteraphy on
the Determination of Chlorous Dissolvable Mucoprotein among Patients
with Diseases of Hepatobiliary System, who have got small Doses of
ionizing Radiation //The Ist Hungarian-Ukrainian conference on
Carpathian Euroregion ecology. T. 1. — Uzhorod 30 May — 2 June 1994,
Uzhorod. — P. 57.

25. Ai?eaiei I. I., Aaie/ I. I., Eioethaiye E. A. Aeoeai?noue
o?ainai?iac o oai?eo c /i?iiaeeuenueeei ?ioiiaeao?oeeoii //Iaoa?. eiio.
«Aeieia?y oa noai caei?ia’y o no/anieo oiiaao». — Oaeai?iae. — 1996. —
N. 186-187.

26. Aaie/ I. I., Aaie/ O. I., AEaeoaae A. A., Cayoeue E. I., Naie?io
I. N., Ai?eaiei E. I., Eioethaiye E. A., A. Eoaa. Aei ieoaiiy
?ioiiei?aeoe?? i?e naiioa?ai?? a o/aniee?a e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a
aaa??? ia *AAN oa ianaeaiiy, ui iioa?i?ei aiane?aeie aaa??? //Iaoa?.
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. «A?aeaeaeai? iane?aeee ii?ii?-iaiiy a ?ioii?e oa
aaiiiiaoe/i?e nenoaiao». — Ee?a, 7-10 aeiaoiy 1996 ?. — Ee?a. — N.
136-137.

Ai?eaiei I. I. Ai?aeai?ieia?y ? niiaoe/i? aoaeoe
aeieia?/-iicaeaaeieo caoai?thaaiue. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe
c niaoe?aeueiino? 14.01.02 — aioo??oi? oai?iae. Ee?anueea iaaee/ia
aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?iai? I. E. Ooieea I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie
caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny 26 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ? aeena?oaoe?y, a yeeo i?noyoueny
?acoeueoaoe ai?aeai?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o?ueio aaia?ao?/ieo
?a-a?ii?a Oe?a?ie (Noinueea iaeanoue, E??iaia?aaenueea iaeanoue,
Caea?-iaonueea iaeanoue). I?iaiae?ciaaii a aeeiai?oe? i?ioyaii 1986-1998
?. ?. ?icaeoie ? iioe?ai?noue niiaoe/ieo aoaeo?a o 2243 iaoe??io?a, ye?
caciaee aieeao ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aiane?aeie aaa??? ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN. I?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueia aea/aiiy ae?? ?
ee?i?/ia ai?iaaoe?y o?oieiiiiceoe?e ye ia?niaeoeaieo cania?a
?aaa?e?oaoe?? a oiiaao iani?eyoeeai? ae??. Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? aoae-oeai?
iaoiaeeee ei?aeoe?? aeieia?/iicaeaaeieo caoai?thaaiue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ai?aeai?ieia?y, niiaoe/i? aoaeoe, aeieia?y, iae? aeice
?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ?aae?iioee?aee, aiiainoac, o?oioa?ai?y,
ei?aeoe?y.

Horlenko O. M. Epidemiology and somatic effects of effects of
diseases caused by ecological factors. — Manuscript.

The thesis for a doctor’s degree in speciality 14.01.02 — internal
diseases. Kyiv Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education named after P.
L. Shupyk of Health Ministry of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

26 scientific publications and thesis are defended, which include
the results of epidemiological investigation of three regions of
Uk-raine (Sumska region, Kirovogradska region and Transkarpathion
re-gion). In the our own investigationes analisated the development and
spreading of somatic effects in the persons (n=2243) caused by Chornobyl
APS Catastrophe among 1986-1998 years.

Experimental study of action and clinical approbation of the
dif-ferent phytomineral compositions as a perspective means of
reabi-litation in the conditions of unfavourable ecological influence
were carried out. New methods of treating have been proposed. Somatic
effects available in the clinical picture of internal diseases resulting
from radiation and their correction with the help of phytotherapy.

Key words: epidemiology, somatick effects, ecology, small doses of
ionizing radiation, radionuclides, homeostas, phytotherapy, cor-rection.

Ai?eaiei I. I. Yieaeaieieiaey e niiaoe/aneea yooaeou
yei-eiae/aneecaaeneiuo caaieaaaiee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeei-neeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.02 — aioo?aiiea aieacie. — Eeaaneay
iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey eiaie I. E. Ooieea
Ieienoa?noai cae?aaiio?aiaiey Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Caueuaaony 26 iao/iuo o?oaeia e aeenna?oaoeey, a eioi?uo
niaea?aeaony ?acoeueoaou yieaeaieieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee o?ao
aai-a?aoe/aneeo ?aaeiiia Oe?aeiu (Noineay iaeanoue, Ee?iaia?aaeneay
iaeanoue, Caea?iaoneay iaeanoue). I?iaiaeece?iaaii a aeeiaieea ia
i?ioyaeaiee 1986-1998 a. a. n o/aoii iniaaiiinoae ieoaiey,
nioee-aeueii-auoiauo e aaiaoe/aneeo oaeoi?ia ?acaeoea e
?ani?ino?aiai-iinoue niiaoe/aneeo yooaeoia o 2243 iaoeeaioia,
iiaeaa?aoeony aee-yieth iaeuo aeic eiiece?othuaai eceo/aiey aneaaenoaea
aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN. Iaeaeaia ooieoeeiiaeueiay caaeneiinoue
niia-oe/aneeo caaieaaaiee io aic?anoa e aeicu eceo/aiey (ia eioa?aaea
aeic [10 nCa; 25 nCa]). ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue eiioi-iiai
aioeioeeeaeiiai ioaaoa, /oi iicaieyao ioeaieoue ninoiyiea en-neaaeoaiiai
ia noaaeee i?aaeiaoieiae/aneiai ninoiyiey e oai naiei i?aaeoi?aaeeoue
?acaeoea niiaoe/aneie iaoieiaee, a i?e caaieaaaiee iioeiaeueii ?aoeoue
caaea/e aeey iacia/aiey aaeaeaaoiiai ea/aiey.

Eco/aii ninoiyiea, iaoiaaiaoe/aneia cia/aiea e iaoaieci ?a-aoeyoeee
eaeee?aeiiaie, eiaeaeoi?iie, oea?eiieeoe/aneie e ae?o-aeo nenoai e?iae o
eeeaeaeaoi?ia aaa?ee ia *AYN, ia iniiaaiee /aai ia ycuea a?aaeeaioa
aaeoi?a aeioeie/aneeo iieacaoaeae e?iae noi?ioee?iaaiu oneiaey
aicieeiiaaiey niiaoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee o eeeaeaeaoi?ia aa?ee ia *AYN.

Iieacaii, /oi iiae aeeyieai eiiece?othuaai eceo/aiey a
eee-aeaeaoi?ia aaa?ee ia *AYN Ee?iaia?aaeneie iaeanoe, Noineie iaeanoe,
Caea?iaoneie iaeanoe ia?ooaiu: i?ioeannu ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia,
aoii?aeueiue eiioieoao, Na-Li-i?ioeaio?ai-nii?o, aiiainoac.

Eco/aii aeeyiea iaoiaaiaoe/aneeo oaeoi?ia *a?iiaueueneie aaa?ee ia
?acaeoea aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueiuo caaieaaaiee e noaiaiue eieiiecaoeee
Helicobacter pylori. I?e yoii onoaiiaeaia ?ieue ii?-oiooieoeeiiaeueiuo
naeaeaia a ?aaoeyoi?iuo nenoaiao aeayoaeueiinoe aeaeoaei/ii-eeoa/iiai
o?aeoa a i?ioeannao ?acaeoey e caaeeaeaiey ycaaiiiai ii?aaeaiey. Eco/aiu
iaoiaaiaoe/aneea iaoaieciu aaia-oiaaiiiai ycaiia?aciaaiey a aeaeoaeea e
aeaaiaaeoeaoeia?noiie eeoea. Iieo/aiu aeaiiua, naeaeaoaeuenoaothuea ia
o/anoee ?acee/iuo oa?-iaioiuo nenoai neecenoie iaiei/ee aeaeoaeea a
?ac?ooaiee oeaie neecenoie ia ?acee/iuo yoaiao oi?ie?iaaiey ycau.
Ooi/iaia ?ieue oaeoi?ia aa?annnee e caueou i?e ycaaiiie aieacie, eco/aiu
iniaaiiinoe eeeie/aneeo, ii?oieiae/aneeo e ooieoeeiiaeueiuo i?iyaeaiee
ycaaiiie aieacie a caaeneiinoe io ianoa eieaeecaoeee ycaaiiai aeaoaeoa
neecenoie aeaeoaeea a ieaia auyaeaiey
aeeooa-?aioeeaeueii-aeeaaiinoe/aneeo i?eciaeia, aiciiaeiiai
i?ia?anne?i-aaiey e enoiaea caaieaaaiey.

I?aaeeiaeaia iiaay iaoiaeeea ea/aiey ycaaiiie aieacie
aeaaiaaeoea-oeia?noiie eeoee e ycaaiiie aieacie aeaeoaeea, aace?othuayny
ia ni/aoaiee o?ieiie oa?aiee e oeoioa?aiee. Yooaeoeaiinoue iaoiaee-ee
iioaa?aeaeaia eae eeeie/anee, oae e yiaeineiie/anee.

Auyaeaiu e i?iaiaeece?iaaiu ni/aoaiiua iaoieiaee aoa?i-neea?ica e
caaieaaaiee aaiaoiaeeea?iie nenoaiu e i?aaeeiaeaiu yo-oaeoeaiua
iaoo?iiaoe/aneea iaoiaeu eo ea/aiey.

?ac?aaioaia eiiiuethoa?iay yenia?oiay aeeaaiinoe/aneay nenoaia.
Onoaiiaeaiiay noaoenoe/anee aeinoiaa?iay ei?aeyoeeiiiay naycue iaaeaeo
niaeopiethieianoeaioiuie oapaeoapenoeeaie aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae e
noaiaiueth iaoieiae/aneeo eciaiaiee a ipaaiecia oea-cuaaao ia
oeaeaniia?aciinoue aeeth/aiey ethieianoeaioiiai aiaeeca aeieiae/aneeo
aeeaeeinoae /aeiaaea a i?ia?aiio eeeie/aneiai ia-neaaeiaaiey aieueiuo n
caaieaaaieyie aioo?aiieo i?aaiia.

I?iaaaeaii yenia?eiaioaeueiia eco/aiea aeaenoaey e eeeie/aneay
ai?iaaoeey oeoieiiiiceoeee eae ia?niaeoeaiuo n?aaenoa ?aaaeee-oaoeee a
oneiaeyo iaaeaaii?eyoiiai yeieiae/aneiai aicaeaenoaey. I?aaeeiaeaiu
iiaua yooaeoeaiua iaoiaeeee ei??aeoeee yeieiae/a-neecaaeneiuo
caaieaaaiee, o/eouaathuea eiee/anoaaiiua e ea/a-noaaiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee
yeieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia e eiaeeaeaeo-aeueiua iniaaiiinoe i?aaiecia
/aeiaaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yieaeaieieiaey, niiaoe/aneea yooaeou, yei-eiaey, iaeua
aeicu eiiece?othuaai eceo/aiey, ?aaeeiioeeeaeu, aiiainoac, oeoioa?aiey,
ei??aeoeey.

Похожие записи