2

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?inoeooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue

NO?AEAOeUe Ieaenaiae? Aiaoie?eiae/

OAeE 33+009.12(669.015)

AEIIII?*IA IOe?IEA EIIEO?AIOINI?IIIAEIINO? I?IAeOEOe?? AE?IAIE*IAI
I?ECIA*AIIss

(ia i?eeeaae? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.01 – Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana –1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie (i.Iaeana).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie,
aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Ao?eeinueeee Ai?ec
Aieiaeeie?iae/, ?inoeooo
i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-
aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,
aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaiue Oa?an A?eai?iae/,

Iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iia?eia Aaeaioei Ia?eiae/,

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee
oi?aa?neoao

I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee

i?aei?e?inoaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «__11__”____06_____ 1999 ?. i_14__ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 41.177. 01 a ?inoeooo?
i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 270044, i.Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo i?iaeai
?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
270044, i.Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «__7__”______05________ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,ae.a.i., i?ioani?
Noaiaiia
A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaeoie ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei i?ea?a
aei e?aa?ae?caoe?? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa ciyooy
aaaaoueio aa?’???a i?iieeiaiiy ?iii?oieo oiaa??a ia aioo??oi?e ?eiie
Oe?a?ie. Iaae?iiy i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a e?a?i?, aaaeea o?iainiaa
iieiaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoa, ? a ca’yceo c oeei oe?iea ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
aa?oa?ieo iia?aoe?e, iecueeee ??aaiue ieaoini?iiiaeiino? ianaeaiiy
noeioeththoue a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieea ia?aeeth/aoeny ia ciai?oi? ?eiee
caooo. O ?acoeueoao? oe?a?inuee? oiaa?e cono??eenue c aei?noieith
eiieo?aioe??th ye a iaaeao e?a?ie, oae ? iniaeeai ia ca?oa?aeieo
?eieao, ye? ia?aiane/ai? aiaeia?/iith i?iaeoeoe??th aeniei? yeino?.

O oeeo oiiaao iniaeeao aino?ioo iaaoaa? i?iaeaia i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? a?o/eciyieo oiaa??a. Ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie
ia?aaeaa/a? iaiao?aei?noue a ia?oo /a?ao iaea?aeaiiy ia’?eoeaii?
ioe?iee ??aiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? a?aeiia?aeii? i?iaeoeoe??
oe?a?inueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?? ca?oa?aeieo aiaeia?a.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c a?aeiieo iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy iieacaa, ui aiie iathoue o cia/i?e
i??? iaeiinoi?iii?e oa?aeoa?, a oaeiae iathoue ?yae iaaeie?e?a, eio??
cieaeothoue aeinoia??i?noue iaea?aeaiiy ioe?iie ??aiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, ia aeicaieythoue a?aeia?aceoe aaaaoi nooo?aeo
?? iniaeeainoae.

Aeacai? aeua oaeoi?e aecia/athoue aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe.

Iaeaaaeeea?oa cia/aiiy ieoaiiy ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? iathoue aeey aaeocae, ye? iaea?eueoa i???ioiaai? ia ciai?oi?
?eiee caooo, oae? ye aaaeea iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, o?i?/ia i?iieneia?noue.
Iaeiae o ia?oo /a?ao a oeueiio /ene? iaiao?aeii iacaaoe /i?io
iaoaeo?a?th Oe?a?ie.

Ca inoaii? 5 ?ie?a aaee/eia aenii?oieo iinoaaie i?iaeoeoe?? oe??? aaeoc?
c?inea (o a?ioiaiio aea?aaeaio?) iaeaea o aeaa ?ace. Cia/ii c?inee
a?aeiini? iieacieee aenii?oo. O 1997 ?ioe? ?c caaaeueiiai ianyao
?aae?ciaaieo 19,77 iei.o iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? ii ?ioi?iaoe?? I?i?noa?noaa
i?iieneiai? iie?oeee e I?i?noa?noaa noaoenoeee Oe?a?ie aioo??oi?
niiaeeaaiiy noaiiaeei o?eueee

5,57 iei.o aai 28%. Ca aeaieie iacaeaaeieo aenia?o?a, ye? a nai?io
aiae?c? a?aoiaothoue ia o?eueee io?oe?ei?, a e iaca?a?no?iaai?
i?iaeaae?, ?aaeueia aioo??oi? niiaeeaaiiy, o oiio /ene? e ia iio?aae
naii? iaoaeo?a?eii? aaeoc?, aoei i?eaeecii ia 2 iei.o iaioei.
Oaeei /eiii, ca i???ioiaieie ioe?ieaie a

1997 ?ioe? a?eueoa 80% i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? ?aae?ciaoaaeinue ia
ciai?oi?o ?eieao, i?e oeueiio ?aioaaaeuei?noue aenii?oieo iinoaaie o
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aoea a?ae’?iiith.

Iaiao?aeii oaeiae cacia/eoe, ui iaeiei ?c i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a,
aecia/aieo o Iaoe?iiaeuei?e i?ia?ai? ?icaeoeo a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai
eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie ia ia??iae aei 2010 ?ieo, ? i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa iia’ycaia
c aea?aeathaeaeaoiith oaiith 3.1.8.1/A “Iaoiaee/i? iniiae
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa”, yea aeeiio?oueny a
?inoeooo? i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?icaeoie
iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia ? iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oa
aiae?co eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy ia
i?eeeaae? aaeoc? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie.

A?aeiia?aeii aei aeacaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? noaaeyoueny ?
ae??oothoueny oae? caaaeaiiy:

aeeiiaoe aiae?c a?aeiieo iaoiae?a ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy;

noi?ioethaaoe caaaeuei? i?eioeeie aecia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny;

?ic?iaeoe e iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei eiiieaenii?
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai
i?ecia/aiiy, yeee a?aoiao? ?? ??ciiiai?oi? aniaeoe;

aeyaeoe i?iaeaie eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??
Oe?a?ie;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo eiiieaenii? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? c o?aooaaiiyi
niaoeeo?ee ?? ae?iaieoeoaa e ?aae?caoe??;

aeeiiaoe eiiieaenio aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo oa aiae?c eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??, yea noaiiaeoue iniiao aenii?oieo iinoaaie aaeoc?.

Ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoiaee
ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy.
I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaeaoue iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae e iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee aecia/aiiy e aiae?co eiiieaenii? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy ia i?eeeaae?
/i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia
ia iniia? aea/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e c ieoaiue ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ??cieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??, ia?eaoeiao e
eiieo?aioe?? ia na?oiaeo ?eieao, aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ?
?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoiaee e iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co ae?iaieoeoaa, oai??? aeiiii?/ii?
ei?eniino? oa ae?iaie/eo ooieoe?e, aeaiaioe aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy.

?ioi?iaoe?eieie aeaea?aeaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iineoaeeee aeai?
aea?aeaaii? noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino? e ca?oi? iaoa??aee i?aei?e?inoa
/i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie, iaoeia? ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o ?icaeoeo e iiaeeaeaii? iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia ?
iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei eiiieaenii? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oa aiae?co
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy iiaecie iieyaathoue o ianooiiiio:

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie eiiieaenii? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue ??ciiiai?oi? aniaeoe ?? oi?ioaaiiy ? aieeaiai? ae?? ia
iniiai? noa’?eoe aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei;

ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iieiaeaiue oai??? a?aie/ii? ei?eniino? oa
ae?iaie/eo ooieoe?e ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny, c
iiceoe?e ei?enooaa/?a, cai?iiiiiaaii e iaa?oioiaaii oi?io a?aeiia?aeiiai
iieacieea ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?;

iiaoaeiaaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ioe?iee oa aiae?co
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?;

?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iieaciee?a eiiieaenii? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oa aiae?co
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy;

?ic?iaeaii e ai?iaiaaii iaoiaeeeo eiiieaenii? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oa
aiae?co eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee oa aiae?co
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoaeiae?ia?a /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??. Aeei?enoaiiy
oe??? iaoiaeeee aeey ioe?iee ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? ye
ia ??ai? ie?aiiai i?aei?e?inoaa, oae ? o aaeoc? a oe?eiio, aeicaiey?
ni?anoaaeoe ?? eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue c aiaeia?/iith i?iaeoeoe??th
?ioeo ae?iaiee?a ?, ui iniaeeai aaaeeeai, aeyaeoe oaeoi?e
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, e?euee?nii aecia/eoe nooi?iue ?o aieeao ia
i?eaaaeea?noue i?iaeoeoe?? c iiceoe?e ei?enooaa/?a ? ae?iaieea, iai?oeoe
oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy ?? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?.

Iaea?aeai? iieacieee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?aaenoaaeythoue cia/iee
?ioa?an aeey i?aeoeee ye ae?iaie/i?, oae ? eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino?
iaoaeo?a?eii? aaeoc? e ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa, aeicaieythoue iaa?oioiaaii
cai?iaaaeaeoaaoe oe?iiao iie?oeeo i?e ?aae?caoe?? a?aeiia?aeieo aeae?a
i?iaeoeoe?? ia eiie?aoieo ?eieao caooo.

O ?iaio? aeeiiaii eiiieaenio aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo oa aiae?c
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??, yea a cia/i?e i??? noaiiaeoue
iniiao aenii?oo a?o/eciyii? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeicaieeee aecia/eoe iai?yiee i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ??
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?.

Iacaaia aeua iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoaeiae?ia?a
/i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? aoea aeei?enoaia ia ?yae? oe?a?inueeeo iaoaeo?a?eieo
i?aei?e?inoa (AAO “Acianoaeue”, IE ?i.?ee?/a) ? iaea?aeaea aeia??
ioe?iee.

Iaiao?aeii oaeiae a?aecia/eoe, ui ?ic?iaeaiee o aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? iaoiaeieia?/iee ? iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei eiiieaenii?
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue
aeey aiae?co ia o?eueee iaoaeo?a?eii?, a e ?ioeo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??
ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy a ??cieo aaeocyo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaea?aeaee iiceoeai? ioe?iee ia
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo oa nai?ia?ao, ui a?aeaoaaeeny a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai
?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie (1997?.),
Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (1997?.), ?inoeooo?
aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie (1998?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iioae?eiaaii

5 i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii o 6,7 ae.a., c eio?eo iniaenoi aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue 6,2 ae.a.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? aeeeaaeaia ia 157 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, ui
aeeth/a? 25 oaaeeoeue ia 23 noi??ieao, 9 ?enoie?a ia 9 noi??ieao, nienie
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (83 iaeiaioaaiiy) ? 1 aeiaeaoie ia 3 noi??ieao.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aii caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy e iaoeiao iiaecio eiai ?acoeueoao?a, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii
i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ? ?aaeecaoe?th iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny iaoiaee/i? ieoaiiy
ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy:
aeae?eaii aeaa i?aeoiaee (o aocueeiio e oe?ieiio cia/aii? neiaa) aei
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? aeaeo, ui
?icaeyaea?oueny, i?iaiae?ciaaii e aeyaeaii iaaeie?ee ?nioth/eo iaoiaeee
aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?. E??i oiai, o oeueiio
?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny no/aniee noai aaeoc? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie,
aiae?cothoueny ieoaiiy eiieo?aioe?? a iaoaeo?a?ei?e i?iieneiaino?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeythoueny iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy
eiiieaenii? ioe?iee oa aiae?co eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?. O oeueiio
?icae?e? noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae nenoaie ioe?iie
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, ?icaeaa?oueny i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy ??aiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy, a iniiao
yeiai iieeaaeaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oai??e a?aie/ii? ei?eniino? oa
ae?iaie/eo ooieoe?e, iiaoaeiaaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
aecia/aiiy e aiae?co eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio
iieaciee?a ?? eiiieaenii? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oa aiae?co.

O?ao?e ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ena’y/o?oueny
i?eeeaaeiei ieoaiiyi aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oa aiae?co
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy ia i?eeeaae?
iaoaeii?ieaoo. Aiae?cothoueny i?iaeaie eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??, ye? oa?aeoa?i? aeey iaoaeo?a?eii? aaeoc? a oe?eiio,
iiaoaeiaaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee oa aiae?co eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia
??ai? ie?aieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??, ia aac? aeei?enoaiiy
oe??? iaoiaeeee aeeiiaii aiae?c eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iniiaieo
aenii?oieo aeae?a iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? a?o/eciyieo ? ?yaeo ca?oa?aeieo
ae?iaiee?a.

O aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? iaea?aeai? o
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?.

O aeiaeaoeo iaaaaeaii aeaeio?? ia?aiao?e ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe??
iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo ae?iaiee?a ? aenia?oi?
ioe?iee oeeo ia?aiao??a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Aeine?aeaeaii ieoaiiy eiieo?aioe?? a iaoaeo?a?ei?e i?iieneiaino? e
c?iaeaii aeniiaee i?i aenieo ?ioaineai?noue eiieo?aioieo a?aeiinei ye ia
aioo??oiueiio, oae ? na?oiaiio ?eieo iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??.

A?aeiii, ui noai eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aaeathoue
oae? iieacieee, ye na?aaeiy ?aioaaaeuei?noue aiaeeco?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
?eieia? aeie? eiieo?aio?a, oaiie c?inoaiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai ?eieo.

Na?aaei?e ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? iaoaeo?a?eieo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie ca
inoaii? ?iee iino?eii cieaeo?oueny. sseui a 1992 ?ioe? a?i noaiiaea
30,3%, oi a 1994 — 24,7%, a 1996 — 2,3%, a a 1997 ?ioe? (ca iiia?aaei?ie
?ic?aooieaie) noaiiaeoue oaea a?ae’?iio aaee/eio:-0,7%.

Ianyae ?aae?caoe?? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo a inoaii?
?iee iino?eii cieaeothoueny, ui ni?e/eiy?oueny i?iaeiaaeaiiyi iaae?iiy
ae?iaieoeoaa a iniiaieo aaeocyo-ei?enooaa/ao. O 1996 ?ioe? c
caaaeueiiai caooo a ?ici???

16,9 iei.o ni?oiaiai i?ieaoo (aeeeth/ath/e o?oae), eenoa e
iieooaa?eeao?a aioo??oi? aeei?enoaiiy noaiiaeei 4,1 iei.o. O 1997 ?ioe?
ca aeaieie iacaeaaeieo aenia?o?a ?aaeueia aioo??oi? aeei?enoaiiy
noaiiaeei 1,8-1,9 iei.o. Oea icia/a?, ui a?o/eciyiee ?eiie
iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? ia iiaeia a?aeianoe aei ?ic?yaeo c?inoath/eo.

Ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? ae?thoue 14 iaoaeo?a?eieo
i?aei?e?inoa, c eio?eo a?eueo?noue iathoue ni?anoaai? ianyae
ae?iaieoeoaa iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??.

Ca?aeiiii oai??? eiieo?aioe?? cia/aiiy aeacaieo iieaciee?a na?ae/aoue
i?i aenieo ?ioaineai?noue eiieo?aioieo a?aeiinei ia ?eieo
iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? Oe?a?ie, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeiiii?/iith
i?aeoeeith.

O ieai? icia/aieo oa?aeoa?enoee aiaeia?/ia neooaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ? ia
na?oiaiio ?eieo i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??.

Iaaaaeai? o ?iaio? oeeo?e na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ?eiie, yeee
?icaeyaea?oueny, ia ? iiiiiie?noe/iei — cia/ia /enei e?a?i-ae?iaiee?a
iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? iathoue aeecuee? aeie? o caaaeueiiio ae?iaieoeoa?. Oey
neooaoe?y ? oa?aeoa?iith aeey ?eie?a c aenieith ?ioaineai?noth
eiieo?aioieo a?aeiinei.

Ca ?nioth/eie aeaieie na?aaeiuei??/iee i?e??no na?oiaiai aeei?enoaiiy
iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??? ca 1980-1993 ??. noaiiaeoue aeecueei 0,5%. I?iaiic
aaee/eie oeueiai iieacieea ia 1990-2000 ??. noaiiaeoue 0,6%,
na?aaeiuei??/iee i?e??no ?aaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy aioiai? noaeueii?
i?iaeoeoe?? ca oie aea ia??iae i/?eo?oueny ia ??ai? 0,4%. Oea icia/a?,
ui na?oiaee ?eiie i?iaeoeoe??? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? oi/a ? ?icaeaa?oueny,
aea ia ? oaeei oaeaeeic?inoath/ei, uia ciyoe i?iaeaie eiieo?aioieo
a?aeiinei ae?iaiee?a.

Ioe?ieoe na?aaeith ?aioaaaeuei?noue ?aae?caoe?? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? ia
na?oiaeo ?eieao aeinoaoiuei neeaaeii, oae ye i?aei?e?inoaa ??cieo e?a?i
iaiaaathoueny ia ao?ooaaoe nai? i?eaooee oa aeo?aoe. Iaeiae o? aeai?, ui
?niothoue, i?i aaee/eio ?aioaaaeueiino? ?yaeo cao?aeieo ae?iaiee?a aeey
aeayeeo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? (0,0 — 7,1%) aeicaieythoue iaa?oioiaaii
aeiionoeoe, ui ?aae?caoe?y i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? a oe?eiio ia
i?eiineoue iaaecae/aeii aenieeo aeioiae?a, ye? a aeicaieeee oieeiooe
eiieo?aioe??.

Oaeei /eiii, ciai?oi?e ?eiie iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? oaeiae oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aenieei ??aiai eiieo?aioe??.

I?eaaaeai? ianoaaeie na?ae/aoue i?i aino?o iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? a?o/eciyii? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??.

Noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy eiiieaenii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy.

I?iaaaeaiee o ?iaio? aiae?c ci?noo iiiyooy “eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue”
aeicaieea noi?ioethaaoe ianooii? i?eioeeie ?? ioe?iee aeey i?iaeoeoe??
ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy:

· eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ? neeaaeiith, aaaaoiieaiiaith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith ?? niaoeeo?/ieo aeanoeainoae, aeey aaeaeaaoiiai
a?aeia?aaeaiiy eio?eo iiaeiai aeei?enoiaoaaoenue oe?eee eiiieaen
a?aeiia?aeieo iieaciee?a;

· i?ia?aeia iieiaeaiiy o nenoai? ioe?iie eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
caeiathoue ?? aeiiii?/i? iieacieee;

· ioe?iea eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? iiaeiia oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ia
o?eueee ?? i?eaaaeea?noue aeey ei?enooaa/a, a oaeiae aeeiioaaoenue c
iiceoe?e ae?iaieea, a?aeia?aaeath/e eiai ?ioa?ane i?ae /an ae?iaieoeoaa
oa ?aae?caoe?? oe??? i?iaeoeoe??;

· i?e iiaoaeia? iieaciee?a eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??
iaiao?aeii a ia?oo /a?ao i???iooaaoenue ia ia ia?aiao?e aiaeia?/ii?
i?iaeoeoe??, a ia oa?aeoa?enoeee iio?aae iioaioe?eieo iieoioe?a;

· ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? aeey iaei??? ? o??? ae i?iaeoeoe?? ia
? noaoe/ieie, a iiaeii? ci?ithaaoeny o caeaaeiino? a?ae eiie?aoieo oiia
?? ?aae?caoe?? (iai?eeeaae, aeey ??cieo ?eie?a caooo).

A?aeiia?aeii aeacaiei i?eioeeiai ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue
iiaeiia a?aeia?aaeaoe:

a) yeino? naiiai ia’?eoa ioe?iee, ui iiaeooue iaoe ??ciiiai?oio i?e?iaeo
(oaoiieia?/io, aeieia?/io, anoaoe/io ? oaea ?ioa);

a) nooi?iue caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo ei?enooaa/a;

a) aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe eoi?ae? e aenieoaoaoe?? (ei?enooaaiiy) oeueiai
ia’?eoa;

a) ?ioa?ane ae?iaieea e o ia?oo /a?ao aeiiii?/io yoaeoeai?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??;

ae) eiai iieiaeaiiy (aeinyaioo? iiceoe??) o a?aeiia?aei?e nenoai?
ae?iaiee-ei?enooaa/.

Ci?no ioieo?a (a) — (a) i?ecia/a?oueny oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ia’?eo ioe?iee oa
eiai i?eaaaeea?noue ?c iiceoe?e ae?iaieea ? ei?enooaa/a.

Ioieo (ae) iiaeiai a?aeia?aaeaoe oaeoe/io nooi?iue i?eciaiiy ia’?eoa, ui
aiae?co?oueny, o nenoai? ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ?c o?aooaaiiyi ?nioth/iai
ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo e eiieo?aioe?? c aieo oiaa??a-aiaeia?a.

I?iaiae?ciaaii a?aeii? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy, aeyaeaii ?o iaaeie?ee, ye?
cieaeothoue ia’?eoeai?noue ? aeinoia??i?noue a?aeiia?aeieo ioe?iie
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, ye? io?eiothoueny ia iniia? ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

Aiae?c iaoiae?a ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? aeicaieea
aeae?eeoe aeaa i?aeoiaee aei ?? aecia/aiiy.

O ?aieao ia?oiai c ieo ioe?ith?oueny iane?eueee i?iaeoeoe?y, ui
?icaeyaea?oueny, e?aua /e a??oa (o ieai? nai?o aeanoeainoae aeey
ei?enooaa/?a ? aeo?ao ia ?? eoi?aeth ? aeei?enoaiiy /e aenieoaoaoe?th)
eiieo?oth/iai aiaeiaa.

A?aeiia?aeii ae?oaiio i?aeoiaeo aei ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue
iiaeiia oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ni?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe?? aooe ?aae?ciaaiith ?c
aecia/aiei i?eaooeii.

sseui ?acthioaaoe aeacai? i?aeoiaee, oi iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe, ui
ae?oaee ?c ieo ? a?eueo caaaeueiei, oae ye a?aeiia?aea? aieiaiiio,
ooiaeaiaioaeueiiio caaaeaiith ae?iaieea – ae?iaeoe oaeee oiaa?, yeee
iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaiei c i?eaooeii aeey i?aei?e?inoaa. Oiio ne?ae
?icaeyaeaoe eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe??, a?aeiia?aeii, o
aocueeiio e oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? neiaa.

?nioth/? iaoiaee ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? aeei?enoiaothoueny
aieiaiei /eiii aeey aecia/aiiy ?? iieaciee?a o ia?oiio ?c oeacaieo
aniaeo?a.O ?acoeueoao? aiae?co oaeeo iaoiae?a aeyaeaii ?yae ?o
iaaeie?e?a, aei iniiaieo c yeeo iaiao?aeii a?aeianoe ianooii?:

· iaiaaaiiy caanoe aecia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? aei
iaea?aeaiiy ? aiae?co o?eueee iaeiiai iieacieea, yeee a?aeia?aaea?
??aaiue niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae ? aeo?ao ia eoi?aeth ? aeei?enoaiiy
a?aeiia?aeii? i?iaeoeoe??. Aeei?enoaiiy oaeiai i?aeoiaeo i?ecaiaeeoue
aei iaea?aeaiiy ioe?iie, eio?? iathoue iaeiia?/iee oa?aeoa?, ui iiaea
niioai?thaaoe ?aaeueio eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??.

· i?e ioe?ioe? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia i?eae?ey?oueny iaiao?aeii?
oaaae aei ?? aeiiii?/ieo aniaeo?a, ui cae/aeii caiaeyoueny eeoa aei
aeei?enoaiiy oe?ie niiaeeaaiiy i?iaeoeoe??.

· oi?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey e?euee?niiai aecia/aiiy ??aiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny o an?o iaoiaeeeao, ?
oaeith, ui aaee/eia eiai a?aeiia?aeii? ioe?iee i?e cieaeaii? niiaeea/eo
aeanoeainoae (iaa?oue i?e ?o aaniethoiiio cieeiaii?) iaeiiai aai
aeae?eueeio oaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?iaeoeoe?? iiaea iiai?noth
eiiiainoaaoeny ca?eueoaiiyi aaee/ei ?ioeo. Oaeo neooaoe?th iaa?yae /e
iiaeia aeciaoe aaeaeaaoiith ?aaeueiei aeiiaai ei?enooaa/a.

· oi?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey e?euee?nii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? aeiionea? iaiaiaaeaio ci?ithaai?noue ?? aaee/ei i?e
ca?eueoaii? aai ciaioaii? (a caeaaeiino? a?ae iai?yieo ae??) cia/aiue
on?o ia?aiao??a i?iaeoeoe??. ?acii c oei, i/aaeaeii, ui ci?ia aaee/eie
ia?aiao??a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue oiaa? (i?iaeoeoe?th), iiaea ia
i?ecaiaeeoe aei a?aeiia?aeiiai iie?auaiiy ??aiy caaeiaieaiiy iio?aae, ui
aiae?co?oueny, a oaeiae a?eueo oiai — aooe aaniethoii ia ei?eniith. O
?acoeueoao? ioe?iea eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iiaea aooe cia/ii caaeuaia.

· iaoiaee ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai
i?ecia/aiiy i???ioothoueny a nueiaiaeaii? o?eueee ia a?aooaaiiy
?ioa?an?a ei?enooaa/a.

Oaeei /eiii, i?eaaaeaiee aiae?c i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie
?acaeoeo iaoiae?a aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai
i?ecia/aiiy.

Ia iniia? iieiaeaiue oai??? aeiiii?/ii? ei?eniino? oa ae?iaie/eo
ooieoe?e noi?ioeueiaaii aeanoeaino? e cai?iiiiiaaii eiie?aoio oi?io
iieacieea ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? niiaeea/eo yeinoae i?iaeoeoe??
ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy.

C oi/ee ci?o aeei?enoaiiy aoaeue-yeiai ae?iao aaaeeeaeie ? ia no?eueee
o? /e ?io? eiai ooieoe?iiaeuei?, aai ?io? aeanoeaino? (?o aaniethoia
aaee/eia) ne?eueee oa, o ye?e i??? aiie caaeiaieueiythoue a?aeiia?aei?
iio?aae (? ei?enieie).

A ?iaio? ca aiaeia??th c iniiaieie iieiaeaiiyie aeiiii?/ii? oai???
ei?eniino? aeiionea?oueny, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aaee/ei ia?aiao??a ?? ,
ye? iienothoue niiaeea/? aeanoeaino? i?iaeoeoe??, ?o a?aie/ia
ei?eni?noue u? ciaioo?oueny (i — ?iaeaen ia?aiao?a i?iaeoeoe??).

Aeey a?aeia?aaeaiiy ci?ie aaee/eie ei?eniino? niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae o
caeaaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie a?aeiia?aeiiai ia?aiao?a aaiaeeoueny ooieoe?y
ei?eniino? ui(pi). Ei?eni?noue iiaea aei??thaaoeny ca oeaeith
aoaeue-yei? c?o/ii? ?ici??iino? uh. C iaoith ni?anoaaeaiiy ei?eniino?
iaiao?aeii o?eueee, uia aiia aoea ?aeeiith aeey ??cieo ia?aiao??a
ae?iao, ui icia/a? ui [0, uh] aeey on?o “i”. sseui ui(pi) = 0, oi oea
icia/a?, ui oey niiaeea/a aeanoea?noue “?” a oeueiai ae?iao a?aenooiy ?
a?i (ae??a) ia iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey caaeiaieaiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
iio?aae. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi (ciaioaiiyi) ia?aiao?a, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny,
eiai ooieoe?y ei?eniino? ui(pi) ca?eueoo?oueny a?ae 0 aei uh. I?e
ui(pi) = uh ei?eni?noue ia?aiao?a ? iaeneiaeueiith ? eiai iiaeaeueoa
ca?eueoaiiy ia ia? ?aoe??.

Ooieoe?? ui(pi) iiaeooue caaeaaaoeny aiae?oe/ii, aai ae oaaee/ii.

Ia iniia? ioe?iie ei?eniino? ie?aieo ia?aiao??a u1, u2, …, un
iaiao?aeii iaea?aeaoe aeayeo ?ioaa?aeueio ioe?ieo U, yea oa?aeoa?eco?
ei?eni?noue on?o ia?aiao??a (niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae) ae?iao a
noeoiiino? ( o ca’yceo c oeei U ne?ae iacaaoe ?ioaa?aeueiith ei?eni?noth
niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae ae?iao, a ui – eiai eieaeueiith ei?eni?noth).
C ae?oaiai aieo aecia/aiiy ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee U iiaea aooe caaaeaii
aei ciaoiaeaeaiiy oaei? ooieoe?? F, ui U = F(u1, u2, …, un).

Aeey aecia/aiiy aeaeo ooieoe?? F o aeena?oaoe?? noi?ioeueiaaii ?yae
ci?noiaieo aeiia (?o iaoaiaoe/i? aiaeiae), ye? aiia iiaeiia
caaeiaieueiyoe. Aiae?c oeeo aeiia iieacaa, ui /anoeia c ieo aecia/a?
eean oe?iei a?aeiieo o aeiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ae?iaie/eo ooieoe?e.
C oeueiai aeoiaeeoue, ui ooieoe?th F iaiao?aeii ciaoiaeeoe na?aae
iiiaeeie a?aeiieo ae?iaie/eo ooieoe?e, aeei?enoiaoth/e i?e oeueiio aanue
iaa?? aeiia aeey ooi/iaiiy ?? eiie?aoiiai aeaeo.

A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo noi?ioeueiaaiei aeiiaai
a?aeiia?aea? ae?iaie/a ooieoe?y ?c iino?eiith aeanoe/i?noth cai?ie, a a
i?aeoeoe?, a?aoiaoth/e i?inoioo ia/eneaiiy, i?iiiio?oueny
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?? ie?aiee aeiaaeie – noaiaiaao ae?iaie/o ooieoe?th

F = u11u22 … unn , (1)

aeey yei? /anoi aeiionea?oueny, ui

1 + 2 + … + n = 1,

i > 0, i = 1, 2, …
n. (2)

Iieacieee noaiaith i i?e ci?iieo ui iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny ye aaaa
cia/oueno? a?aeiia?aeieo ia?aiao??a (niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae)
i?iaeoeoe??.

Eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue ae?iao ca noeoii?noth eiai niiaeea/eo
aeanoeainoae ? aaaeeeaei, aea ia ?aeeiei oaeoi?ii, eio?ee a?aoiao?
ei?enooaa/ i?e ii??aiyii? ae?ia?a-eiieo?aio?a. Aeey oiai, uia ioe?ieoe
i?eaaaeea?noue ae?iao, iieoioeth iaiao?aeii ni?anoaaeoe ??ai? eiai
ei?eniino? U c aeiiii?/ieie oaeoi?aie.

A yeino? oaeeo oaeoi??a o aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaeathoueny oe?ia
?aae?caoe?? (Cp), aai oe?ia aeei?enoaiiy (niiaeeaaiiy) (Ci)
i?iaeoeoe??, ui ioe?ith?oueny. Iieaciee Ni, ye a?aeiii, a?eueo iiaii
oa?aeoa?eco? aeo?aoe, ye? iia’ycai? c eoi?aeath, aenieoaoaoe??th /e
aeei?enoaiiyi ae?iao, ? a oeueiio ieai? ? a?eueo aaaiiei. Iaeiae, aeey
aecia/aiiy Ci iaiao?aeia a?eueo aeaoaeueia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i oiiae
aeei?enoaiiy ae?iao, iaea?aeaoe yeo ia caaaeaee iiaeeeai. Oiio iiaea
aooe ei?eniei aeei?enoaiiy oe?ie ?aae?caoe?? N?.

Oaeei /eiii aeey ioe?iee ??aiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ae?iao c iiceoe?e
ei?enooaa/a aeinoaoiuei ?icaeyaeaoe aeaa iieacieea

E? = U / C? (3) , Ei = U / Ci. (4)

Oiae?, /ei a?eueoa aaee/eie E? ? Ei, oei ??aaiue
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ae?iao ? aeuei.

Iiaoaeiaaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, aiae?c yei? aeicaiey? ?icaaeyiooe ??ci? aniaeoe
oi?ioaaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeae? aeicaieeei cai?iiiioaaoe nenoaio oa?aeoa?enoee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? c iiceoe?e ae?iaieea, yea aeeth/a?
ianooii? iieacieee:

I(n*) – i?eaooie a?ae ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? ca iioeiaeueiith oe?iith
n*;

?(n*) – ianya ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? (o iaoo?aeueiiio ia/eneaii?) ca
oe?iith n*;

n — aaee/eia, ia yeo iiaeeeai cieceoe iioeiaeueio oe?io n* aei ??aiy
nmin, i?e yeiio aeioiae a?ae ?aae?caoe?? c oi/i?noth ? ??aiei aeo?aoai
ia ae?iaieoeoai ? ?aae?caoe?th i?iaeoeoe??;

rc – a?aeiiniee iieaciee iiaeeeaiai cieaeaiiy oe?ie n* aei ??aiy nmin;

?(nmin) — ianya ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? ca a?aie/iith oe?iith nmin;

? — aaee/eia, ia yeo iiaeia ca?eueoeoe ianya ?aae?caoe?? ca ?aooiie
cieaeaiiy oe?ie aei ??aiy nmin;

rp – a?aeiiniee iieaciee iiaeeeaiai ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a ?aae?caoe??
i?iaeoeoe?? ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy oe?ie.

?acii c oei iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui iiaeaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee oa
aiae?co eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ia? aieiaiei /eiii
oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy (aeaco? iai?yiie ioe?iee oa aiae?co
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?) ? oiio iio?aao? iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oa
iiaeeaeaiiy o ieai? ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a ae??oaiiy i?eeeaaeieo caaaeaiue
aecia/aiiy ??aiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??.

?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iieaciee?a eiiieaenii? ioe?iee oa aiae?co
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii o?e a?oie iieaciee?a eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy. Aei ia?oi? a?aeiinyoueny iieacieee,
eio?? oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?eaaaeea?noue ae?iao c iiceoe?e ei?enooaa/a.
Ae?oaa a?oia i?noeoue oa?aeoa?enoeee, ye? aecia/athoue aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? e oiio i?aaenoaaeythoue ?ioa?an
aeey ?? ae?iaieea (i?iaeaaoey). Iieacieee o?aouei? a?oie
a?aeia?aaeathoue oaeoe/ia iieiaeaiiy ae?iao ia oiio /e ?ioiio ?eieo
caooo. Cacia/eii oaeiae, ui iieacieee ia?oi? a?oie oa?aeoa?ecothoue
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue ae?iao o aocueeiio cia/aii? neiaa, a ae?oai? ?
o?aouei? – iienothoue eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue o oe?ieiio cia/aii?
neiaa. Iniiai? c oeacaieo iieaciee?a ?acii ?c ?o ei?ioeith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith i?aaenoaaeaii aoaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Iniiai? iieacieee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?

?Oei iieaciee?aCi?no iieacieea1. UA?aeia?aaea? ?ioa?ane ei?enooaa/a-
oa?aeoa?eco? ?ioaa?aeueio ei?eni?noue i?iaeoeoe??, nooi?iue caaeiaieaiiy
iio?aa iieoioey;2. Ei- aecia/a? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ioaa?aeueii? ei?eniino?
i?iaeoeoe?? e oe?ie aeei?enoaiiy;3. u12, ?12 , i12- a?aeiini? iieacieee,
ui oa?aeoa?eco-thoue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iieaciee?a U, E? , Ei aeaio
eiieo?oth/eo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??;4. Ei?, Eii- na?aaeiueiaaaiia aaee/eia
iieacieea Ei ia ?eieao aea a?aeaoaa?oueny caoo i?iaeoeoe??; aaaith
“aenooiathoue” ianyae ?aaeecaoe?? ia eiaeiiio ?eieo ? eiai caaaeueia
aaee/eia a?aeiia?aeii;5. P’Oa?aeoa?eco? ?ioa?ane — ianya i?iaeaae?
i?iaeoeoe?? ia an?o ?eieao caooo;6. r’r

ae?iaieea- na?aaei?e ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ia an?o
?eieao;7. r’c- na?aaeiy aaee/eia a?aeiiniiai iieacieea aaccaeoeiaiai
cieaeaiiy oe?ie ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? (oa?aeoa?eco? oe?iiao
no?ee?noue);8. piOa?aeoa?eco? — ianya ?aae?caoe?? ia ?eieo “?”;9. rRi

iieiaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? ia — aeiey ?eieo “?”, yea a?aeiia?aea? aeaiiio
aeaeo i?iaeoeoe??; 10. rciaeayeiio ?eieo- a?aeiiniee iieaciee
iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaiai cieaeaiiy oe?ie ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? ia ?eieo
“?”.

Iaiao?aeii i?aee?aneeoe, ui aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo iieaciee?a aai
iieaciee?a o?eueee iaei??? a?oie ia iiaea aeaoe iiaiiai oyaeaiiy i?i
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe??. Oiio ne?ae iaiaaaoeny aei
aeei?enoaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno oa?aeoa?enoee, ye? iaaaaeaii a oeueiio
i?ae?icae?e?. Oea aeicaieeoue ia o?eueee io?eiaoe anaa?/io ioe?ieo ??aiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??, a e i?iaanoe ?? aiae?c, ia iniia?
eio?iai iiaeia iaa?oioiaaii aecia/eoe i?e/eie iacaaeia?eueiiai noaio
ni?aa c ?aae?caoe??th i?iaeoeoe??, iae?aneeoe iia? ia?niaeoeai? ?eiee
caooo, noi?ioethaaoe oeyoe oo?eiaiiy aeinyaiooeo iiceoe?e ?/aai
ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a ?aae?caoe?? ia inai?ieo ?eieao ? o.?.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oa aiae?co
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??, yea a?aoiao?
iniaeeaino? ?? ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?aae?caoe??.

Iniaeea?noue iaoaeo?a?eii? i?iaeoeoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? ye?noue
?aaeaiaioo?oueny /eneaiieie noaiaea?oaie e oaoi?/ieie oiiaaie. I?e
oeueiio a nueiaiaeaii? iniaeeaa cia/aiiy iathoue na?oeo?eaoe yeino?
i?aeia?iaeieo eeaneo?eaoe?eieo oiaa?enoa. Oey ianoaaeia aeicaiey? i?e
ioe?ioe? niiaeea/eo yeinoae i?iaeoeoe?? iaoaeo?a?eii? aaeoc? a ia?oo
/a?ao i???iooaaoeny ia ??aaiue aeiia, ye? ? o a?aeiia?aeieo noaiaea?oao
? na?oeo?eaoao. Oiio i?e ?ioaa?aeuei?e ioe?ioe? ??aiy niiaeea/eo
aeanoeainoae iaoaeo?a?eii? i?iaeoeoe??, /e oi/i?oa, ??aiy caaeiaieaiiy
caieo?a ei?enooaa/?a iaiao?aeii a a?eueo?e (i?ae aeey i?iaeoeoe??
ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy ?ioeo aaeocae) i??? i???iooaaoeny ia na?a?ni?
oaeoi?e, eio?? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ia no?eueee ye?noue (niiaeea/?
aeanoeaino?) a?aeiia?aeii? i?iaeoeoe?? (eiai ??aaiue ?aaeaiaioo?oueny
noaiaea?oaie ? na?oeo?eaoaie), ne?eueee eiiieaen ??cieo iiaeeeainoae i?e
aeeiiaii? caieoo iieoioey.

A?aoiaoth/e oea, o ?iaio? aeae?eaii ianooii? caaaeuei? oaeoi?e
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??: /enei
i?aeia?iaeieo na?oeo?eao?a yeino?, oiiae a?aea?ocee, no?ie aeeiiaiiy
caiiaeaiiy, oiiae iieaoe, ae?th/a nenoaia yeino?, no?ie i?eeiyooy
i?aoaic?e, i?i?iaeueiee ianya caiiaeaiiy.

Oeacai? oaeoi?e i?e aiae?c? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? eiie?aoiiai aeaeo
iaoaeiae?iao iiaeii? aeiiiaithaaoenue eiai niaoeeo?/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? aeicaiey? oaeiae i?e iaiao?aeiino? aeaoaeueii
a?aoiaoaaoe ia?aiao?e ?? iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae, o?i?/iee neeaae,
aeiiae aei oi/iino? ii “aaiiao???” ? o.i.

Caaaeueia noaia iaoiaeeee ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en.1.

1.Oi?ioaaiiy ia?ae?eo eiieo?oth/eo ae?iaiee?a aeaeo iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??

+

2.Oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ia?aiao??a yeino? aeaeo i?iaeoeoe?? 3.Oi?ioaaiiy
noeoiiino? na?a?nieo oaeoi??a eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?4.Ioe?iea
aaaeeeaino? ie?aieo oaeoi??a eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?5.Aecia/aiiy
cia/aiue oaeoi??a eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? aeey ??cieo ae?iaiee?a ? ?o
ioe?iea6.?ic?aooiee nenoaie iieaciee?a eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? aeaeo
i?iaeoeoe?? ??cieo ae?iaiee?a7.Aiae?c iieaciee?a eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ??cieo ae?iaiee?a8.?ic?aooiee ? aiae?c na?aaei?o aaee/ei
iieaciee?a eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? aeey a?oi ae?iaiee?a ?/aai aeae?a
i?iaeoeoe??9Aecia/aiiy iniiaieo iai?yie?a i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? aeae?a iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??

?en.1. Noaia iaoiaeeee ioe?iee e aiae?co
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??

Aeeiiaii ioe?ieo oa aeiiii?/iee aiae?c eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iniiaieo
i?aaenoaaiee?a iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? aaeoc? ia ciai?oieo ?eieao,
noi?ioeueiaaii iai?yiee ?? i?aeaeuaiiy.

Eiiieaeniee aiae?c iniiaieo aeae?a aenii?oii? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??
a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa iieacaa, ui iaea?eueo neaaeith iiceoe??th ??
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ? iecueeee na?aaei?e ??aaiue niiaeea/eo
aeanoeainoae iaoaeiae?ia?a, iiaeeeainoae iaoaeo?a?eieo i?aei?e?inoa
caaeiaieueiyoe iiieo iieoioe?a ia aoaiao ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe??.
A?aeia?aaeaiiyi oe??? neooaoe?? ? aaee/eia iieacieea
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? U aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??, yea aeey oe?a?inueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa ia 20-37% ieae/a, i?ae o ca?oa?aeieo ae?iaiee?a.

Oea icia/a?, ui iniiaiei iai?yieii i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
a?o/eciyii? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? ? iie?auaiiy ?? niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae
(yeino?) ? ?icoe?aiiy iiaeeeainoae i?aei?e?inoa o ?iaio? c iieoioeyie a
ieai? iaaeaiiy inoaii?i a?eueoiai ianyao ??ciiiai?oieo iineoa o noa??
ae?iaieoeoaa e ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? oa aeeiiaiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai
caiiaeaiiy.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c noaio iaoaeo?a?eii? aaeoc? Oe?a?ie aeicaieea oaeiae
aeyaeoe e ?io? ?? eiieo?aioi? iaaeie?ee. Aei ieo a ia?oo /a?ao
iaiao?aeii a?aeianoe aenieo nia?aa?o?noue iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?? a ca’yceo c
?? aaeeeith aia?ai- ? iaoa??aei?ie?noth. Oaeei /eiii, iie?auaiiy
niiaeea/eo iiaeeeainoae i?iaeoeoe?? iaoaeo?a?eii? aaeoc? iiaeiii
noi?iaiaeaeoaaoeny caoiaeaie ii cieaeaiith ?? nia?aa?oino?. O?eueee
eiiieaeni? ae?? a oeacaieo iai?yieao aeicaieyoue i?aeiyoe ??aaiue
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? a?o/eciyii? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??, c?iaeoe ??
aeiiii?/ii aoaeoeaiith aeey ae?iaieea e no?eeith aei eieeaaiue
eii’thieoo?e na?oiaiai ?eieo.

AENIIAEE

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aeeiiaii a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aeicaieeee
io?eiaoe ianooii? iniiai? iaoeia? oa i?eeeaaei? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ??aiy eiieo?aioe?? a iaoaeo?a?ei?e i?iieneiaino?,
yeee aeyaea aenieo ?ioaineai?noue eiieo?aioieo a?aeiinei ye ia
aioo??oiueiio, oae ? ciai?oiueiio ?eieao iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??.

2. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy ??cieo aniaeo?a eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iaoiaee/i?
i?eioeeie ?? ioe?iee oa aiae?co.

3. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy, a iniiao yeiai iieeaaeaii
iieiaeaiiy oai??e a?aie/ii? aeiiii?/ii? ei?eniino? oa ae?iaie/eo
ooieoe?e; cai?iiiiiaaii e iaa?oioiaaii oi?io iieacieea
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? c iiceoe?e ei?enooaa/a.

4. Iiaoaeiaaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, yea ia oai?aoe/iiio ??ai? aeicaiey? ?icaeyiooe
??ci? aeaee eiieo?aioe?? (oe?iiaa, iaoe?iiaa), i?iaiae?coaaoe iiaeeea?
iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??.

5. Ia iniia? noi?ioeueiaaieo o ?iaio? caaaeueieo i?eioeei?a aecia/aiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iieaciee?a
eiiieaenii? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??
ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy.

6. Ia aac? ?ic?iaeaiiai a aeena?oaoe?? caaaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei
aecia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy
iiaoaeiaaii iaoiaeeeo aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oa aiae?co
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoaeiae?ia?a /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??, yea a?aoiao?
niaoeeo?eo ?o ae?iaieoeoaa e ?aae?caoe??.

7. Iaea?aeaii aeiiii?/i? ioe?iee e i?iaaaeaii aiae?c
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeii-

no? iniiaieo aenii?oieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? a?o/eciyieo
ae?iaiee?a ? ca?oa?aeieo eiieo?aio?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o ianooiieo i?aoeyo :

1.Ao?eeineee A.A., No?aeaoe A.A. Yeiiiie/aneay ioeaiea
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe. — Iaeanna: Einoeooo i?iaeai ?uiea e
yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998. — 45 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei
eiiieaenii? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??
ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy.

2.No?aeaoe A.A. Ioeaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee /a?iie
iaoaeeo?aee. – Aeiiaoee: Einoeooo yeiiiieee i?iiuoeaiiinoe IAI Oe?aeiu,
1999. – 36 n.

3.Ineiia A.I., No?aeaoe A. A. I niaea?aeaiee iiiyoey
“eiieo?aioiniinia-iinoue”. // Yeiiiie/aneea eiiiaaoeee. Auione 3.
Niaa?oainoaiaaiea nenoa-iu oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaii. Nai?iee
iao/iuo ?aaio. — Iaeanna: Ei — o i?iaeai ?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo
enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998. — C. 75 — 79.

Caeiaoaa/ai aeae?eaii e i?iaiae?ciaaii iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee
aei aecia/aiiy ci?noo e e?euee?nii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy.

4.No?aeaoe A. A. Yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ioeaiee o?iaiy
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe // Yeiiiie/aneea eiiiaaoeee. Auione
3.Niaa?oainoaiaa-iea nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaii. Nai?iee
iao/iuo ?aaio. — Iaeanna: Ei — o i?iaeai ?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo
enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998. — C. 90 — 95.

5.No?aeaoe A. E., No?aeaoe A. A. e ae?. Yeiiiie/aneea e?eoa?ee
ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey ni?oaiaioa oienoieenoiauo noaiia i?e eo
?aeiino?oeoeee e iiaea?iecaoeee // Noaeue. — 1992. — ?12. — N. 69 — 72.

Iniaenoi aaoi? ?ac?iaea aeiiii?/i? e?eoa??? iiaea?i?caoe?? i?ieaoieo
noai?a

AIIOAOe?ss

No?aeaoeue I.A. Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??
ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy (ia i?eeeaae? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie). –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.07. 01 — aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?. — ?inoeooo
i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei — aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,
Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia ?icaeoeo iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia ?
iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy. O aeena?oaoe?? noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??. Ia
iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iieiaeaiue oai??e aeiiii?/ii? ei?enoiino? oa
ae?iaie/eo ooieoe?e noi?ioeueiaaii iiaee iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae ?
iaea?aeaii eiie?aoia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy ??aiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? niiaeea/eo aeanoeainoae oiaa?o, ?o i?eaaaeeaino?
aeey iioaioe?eiiai iieoioey. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iieaciee?a eiiieaenii?
ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy.
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??,
yea a?aoiao? niaoeeo?eo ?? ae?iaieoeoaa e ?aae?caoe??. I?iaaaeaii
eiiieaenio ioe?ieo oa aiae?c eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iniiaieo aenii?oieo
aeae?a a?o/eciyii? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??. Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoaeiae?ia?a aeei?enoiao?oueny ia ?yae?
i?aei?e?inoa /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie.

?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iieaciee?a eiiieaenii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??, yea
a?aoiao? niaoeeo?eo ?? ae?iaieoeoaa e ?aae?caoe??. I?iaaaeaii eiiieaenio
ioe?ieo oa aiae?c eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iniiaieo aeae?a a?o/eciyii?
iaoaeii?iaeoeoe??. Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
iaoaeiae?ia?a aeei?enoiao?oueny ia ?yae? i?aei?e?inoa /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??
Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: /i?ia iaoaeo?a?y Oe?a?ie, eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue,
aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea, i?iaeoeoe?y ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy,
iaoaeii?iaeoeoe?y.

AIIIOAOeEss

No?aeaoe A. A. Yeiiiie/aneay ioeaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey (ia i?eia?a io?anee /a?iie iaoaeeo?aee
Oe?aeiu). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.01 — yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — Einoeooo
i?iaeai ?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu,
Iaeanna, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia ?acaeoeth iaoiaeieiae/aneeo iniia e
iaoiaee/aneeo iieiaeaiee yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee e aiaeeca
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey ia
i?eia?a io?anee /a?iie iaoaeeo?aee Oe?aeiu.

A ?aaioa ia iniiaa aiaeeca oaeeo iieacaoaeae eae n?aaeiyy
?aioaaaeueiinoue, ?uii/iua aeiee eiieo?aioia, oaiiu ?inoa
niioaaonoaothuaai ?uiea enneaaeiaaiu aii?inu eiieo?aioeee a
iaoaeeo?ae/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe e naeaeaiu auaiaeu i aunieie
eioaineaiinoe eiieo?aioiuo ioiioaiee eae ia aioo?aiiai, oae e ie?iaii
?uiea iaoaeeii?iaeoeoeee.

I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec niaea?aeaiey iiiyoey “eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue”
iicaieee noi?ioee?iaaoue iniiaiua iaoiaeieiae/aneea iieiaeaiey aa
ioeaiee, a iniiaa eioi?uo eaaeao i?aaenoaaeaiey i eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
i?iaeoeoeee eae neiaeiie, iiiaiieaiiaie oa?aeoa?enoeee aa niaoeeoe/aneeo
naienoa. Aeey aaeaeaaoiiai iienaiey aeaiiuo naienoa iaiaoiaeeii
eniieueciaaoue oeaeue eiiieaen niioaaonoaothueo iieacaoaeae, aaaeouaa
iieiaeaiea a eioi?ii caieiatho yeiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe. Oeacaiiua iieacaoaee aeieaeiu io?aaeaoue
eioa?anu ia oieueei iio?aaeoaey, ii e i?iecaiaeeoaey aiaeece?oaiie
i?iaeoeoeee.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey aiaeiaee ec
oai?ee yeiiiie/aneie iieaciinoe, iieiaeaiee yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneie
oai?ee i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ooieoeee noi?ioee?iaaiu naienoaa e no?iai
iainiiaaia eiie?aoiay oi?ia eioaa?aeueiiai iieacaoaey ioeaiee
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe iio?aaeoaeueneeo naienoa i?iaeoeoeee
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey. I?aaeeaaaaiue iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey
oeacaiiiai iieacaoaey eeoai iaaeinoaoeia, eioi?ua auee auyaeaiu i?e
aiaeeca nouanoaothueo iiaeoiaeia e ioeaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe.

Iino?iaia yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe, aiaeec eioi?ie iicaieyao ?anniio?aoue ?acee/iua
aniaeou

oi?ie?iaaiey e enneaaeiaaiey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe niioaaonoaothueo
aeaeia i?iaeoeoeee.

?acaeaay eiiieaeniue iiaeoiae e ioeaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe a
aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaiu o?e a?oiiu iieacaoaeae eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
i?iaeoeoeee i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey. E ia?aie ioiinyony
iieacaoaee, eioi?ua oa?aeoa?ecotho i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoue ecaeaeey n
iiceoeee iio?aaeoaey. Aoi?ay a?oiia niaea?aeeo oa?aeoa?enoeee,
ii?aaeaeythuea yeiiiie/aneoth yooaeoeaiinoue ?aaeecaoeee
?anniao?eaaaiiai aeaea i?iaeoeoeee e iioiio i?aaenoaaeyao eioa?an aeey
aa i?iecaiaeeoaey (i?iaeaaoea). Iieacaoaee o?aoueae a?oiiu io?aaeatho
oaeoe/aneia iieiaeaiea i?iaeoeoeee ia oii eee eiii ?uiea nauoa. A ?aaioa
iiae/a?eeaaaony, /oi eniieueciaaiea ioaeaeueiuo iieacaoaeae eee
iieacaoaeae oieueei iaeiie a?oiiu ia iiaeao aeaoue iieiiai
i?aaenoaaeaiey i eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee, aeey aa aaeaeaaoiiai
iienaiey, neaaeoao no?aieoueny e i?eiaiaieth anaai eiiieaena
?ac?aaioaiiuo iieacaoaeae.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea yeiiiie/aneie
ioeaiee e aiaeeca eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee /a?iie iaoaeeo?aee.
O/eouaay iniaaiiinoe iaoaeeo?ae/aneie i?iaeoeoeee, eioi?ua ninoiyo a
oii, /oi aa ea/anoai aeanoei ?aaeaiaioe?oaony iiiai/eneaiiuie
na?oeoeeaoaie, noaiaea?oaie e oaoie/aneeie oneiaeyie iniaia aieiaiea a
?aieao aeaiiie iaoiaeeee oaeaeaii io?aaeaieth na?aeniuo oaeoi?ia
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe (oneiaey ioa?ocee, n?ie auiieiaiey caeaca, oneiaey
iieaou, aeaenoaothuay nenoaia ea/anoaa, n?ie i?eiyoey i?aoaicee e o.
i.). Oeacaiiua oaeoi?u i?e aiaeeca eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe eiie?aoiiai
aeaea iaoaeeii?iaeoeoeee aeiiieiythony aai niaoeeoe/aneeie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Aianoa n oai iaoiaeeea ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
iaoaeeii?iaeoeoeee iicaieyao aeaoaeueii o/eouaaoue ia?aiao?u aa
iaoaie/aneeo naienoa, oeie/aneee ninoaa, o?aaiaaiey e oi/iinoe ii
“aaiiao?ee” e o. i.

I?iaaaeaiu eiiieaeniay ioeaiea e yeiiiie/aneee aiaeec
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe iaeioi?uo i?aaenoaaeoaeae i?iaeoeoeee /a?iie
iaoaeeo?aee Oe?aeiu ia aiaoieo ?uieao, eioi?ue iieacae, /oi iaeaieaa
neaaie iiceoeeae a eo eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe yaeyaony ieceee a n?aaeiai
o?iaaiue iio?aaeoaeueneeo naienoa aeaiiie i?iaeoeoeee, aiciiaeiinoae
iaoaeeo?ae/aneeo i?aaei?eyoee oaeiaeaoai?youe cai?inu iieoiaoaeae ia
yoaiao aa i?iecaiaenoaa e ?aaeecaoeee. Io?aaeaieai oeacaiiie neooaoeee
yaeythony cia/aiey niioaaonoaothueo iieacaoaeae eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
?anniao?eaaaiuo aeaeia i?iaeoeoeee, eioi?ua aeey ioa/anoaaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee ia 20 — 37% ieaea, /ai o ca?oaaaeiuo i?iecaiaeeoaeae. A
?aaioa aeaeaaony auaiae i oii, /oi ?aaiou ii oeo/oaieth aeaiiuo naienoa
iaoaeeii?iaeoeoeee oe?aeineiai i?iecaiaenoaa aeieaeiu oaeaea
iaycaoaeueii nii?iaiaeaeaoueny ia?ii?eyoeyie, iai?aaeaiiuie ia nieaeaiea
aa naaanoieiinoe.

Iaoiaeeea yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee e aiaeeca eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
iaoaeeii?iaeoeoeee eniieuecoaony e iieo/eea iieiaeeoaeueioth ioeaieo ia
?yaea i?aaei?eyoee /a?iie iaoaeeo?aee Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: /a?iay iaoaeeo?aey Oe?aeiu, eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue,
yeiiiie/aneay ioeaiea, i?iaeoeoeey i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey,
iaoaeeii?iaeoeoeey.

ANNOTATION

Strelets A.A. Economic appraisal of competitive capacity of the
production for industrial purposes (on the example of Ukraine’s ferrous
metallurgy). – Manuscript.

Thesis aims to obtain an academic degree of the Candidate of Economic
Sciences by speciality 08.07.01 — Economy of industry. – The Institute
for Market problems and Economic-Ecological Researches of the National
Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Odessa, 1998.

The thesis is devoted to the development of the methodological and
methodical basics of economic appraisal of competitive capacity of the
production for industrial purposes. The methodological principles of the
appraisal of competitive capacity of the considered production were
formulated in the thesis. New methodical approaches were formulated on
the basis of utilization of the theory of economic utility theses and a
concrete correlation for the determination of the level of the
competitive capacity of good’s consumer qualities and their
attractiveness for prospective customers was achieved. There was
elaborated a system of targets for the complex appraisal of the
competitive capacity of the production for industrial purposes. A method
of the evaluation of competitive capacity of the production, taking into
account specific features of its manufacturing and realization, was
worked out. A complex evaluation and analysis of competitive capacity of
the main export variety of domestic production was carried out. There is
used a method of the determination of the competitive capacity of metal
products at some of the Ukrainian Iron & Steel Works.

Key words: black metallurgy of Ukraine, competitive capacity, economic
appraisal, production for industrial purposes, metal products.

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