1

CAII??CUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

I?Oss?A Ieaenaiae? Aiaoie?eiae/

OAeE 621.791.927.5:669.018.25

AeINE?AeAEAIIss, ?IC?IAEA OA AI?IAAAeAEAIIss

IAIEAAI*IIAI IAOA??AEO AeEss OIIA ?IOAINEAIIAI

AA?ACEAIIAI CIIOOAAIIss

05.02.01 – Iaoa??aeiciaanoai

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Caii??aeaey – 1998 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aie/ie ?aai
Iao?iae/, Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? iaoae?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Eaa?o?i Aae?i Aieiaeeie?iae/,
Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
o?ceee;

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oieeEiiae?aoia
?aai sseiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a ?inoeoooo
“Oe?IAe?niaoenoaeue”.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Aea?aeaaia iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
iaoaeiciaanoaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 29 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 15-30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae17.052.01 a Caii??cueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:

330063, i. Caii??aeaey, aoe. AEoeianueeiai, 64.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Caii??cueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:

330063, i. Caii??aeaey, aoe. AEoeianueeiai, 64.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Aie/ie ?.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Aaaaoi aeaoaeae a??ie/iaeiaoaii? oa ia?a?iaii?
oaoi?ee, aei?iaeiuei-aoae?aieo ? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei, ye?
aaciina?aaeiuei eiioaeoothoue c aa?aceaiei na?aaeiaeuai (?oaea, a?oio,
uaa?iue, i?nie ? o.i.), iathoue no?ie aeei?enoaiiy a 3…5 ?ac?a ieae/a,
i?ae inoaii? aocee e iaoai?cie. Ia?aae/aniee aeo?ae c eaaeo aeaoaeae,
ye? caciaee aieea aa?aceaii? iane, i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaiao?aeiino? ?o
/anoi? cai?ie, oiaoi aei coieiee oaoiieia?/iiai oeeeeo, ui aeeeeea?
cia/ia cieaeaiiy ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa e ca?eueoaiiy aeo?ao,
iia’ycaieo c ?aiiioii ? i?inoi?i iaeaaeiaiiy.

Aeo?aoe ia a?aeiiaeaiiy iaoei a ?acoeueoao? ciino aaeee? e ui??/ii
ca?eueoothoueny. Ia neiiic?oi?, yeee aoei i?iaaaeaii a NOA c ieoaiiy
cieaeaiiy ciino a oaoi?oe?, caaaeueia aeoiea caaeanue aei oiai, ui
oi?aae?iiy ciinii ? oeaio?aeueiith eaieith o ??oaii? oaeeo
iaoe?iiaeueieo i?iaeai, ye aeiiii?y aia?a??, nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao
iaoa??ae?a, caaacia/aiiy iaae?eiino? oa aaciaee iaoai?/ieo nenoai. Ia
neiiic?oi? oaeiae aoei cacia/aii, ui aeey i?iieneiaino? NOA iiaeeeaa
aeiiii?y ca ?aooiie aoaeoeaiiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a o?eaioaoi?ee
o i?aeoeeo neeaaea a?eueo ye 12…16 ie?ae. aeiea??a ia ??e.

O Aaeeeia?eoai?? i?ioyaii 50-o-60-o ?ie?a aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeinyaiaiue o?eaioaoi?ee neeaa a?eueo ye 500 iei. ooio?a
noa?e?ia?a, ui aea?aaeaioii 2 % aaeiaiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeoeoo.
Ao?aoe i?iieneiaino? O?I a?ae ciino iaoei ? iaoai?ci?a neeaaeathoue
a?eueo ye 100 ie?ae. ia?ie ia ??e, oiaoi a?eueo ye 1 % ??/iiai
athaeaeaoo.

I?iaeaia ciinino?eeino? aeey Oe?a?ie aeooaeueia, ia?o ca ana, o ca’yceo
c aeao?oeeoii eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a, cia/iei ciinii iaeaaeiaiiy ?
a?aenooi?noth eioo?a ia eiai a?aeiiaeaiiy ? ?aeiino?oeoe?th.

Iaeiei c iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo cania?a, yeee aeicaiey? a?aeiiaethaaoe e
caaacia/oaaoe iiia?aaei? ci?oeiaiiy aeaoaeae, ui i?aoeththoue a oiiaao
aa?aceaiiai ciino, ? iaieaaeaiiy ciinino?eeeie iaoa??aeaie, ye? i?noyoue
a nia? aenieioaa?ae? ciinino?ee? (ci?oeithth/?) oace. A iao /an a
Oe?a?i? oa ca ei?aeiiii ciaeoee aeei?enoaiiy iaieaai/i? iaoa??aee, a
yeeo ci?oeithth/ith oacith ? ea?a?aee, ea?aiai?eaee, ai?eaee e i?o?eaee,
ye? iathoue a?aeiia?aeii i?e?ioaa?ae?noue 12…14, 16…19, 20…24, 20,0…24,5
AIa. A inoaii? ?iee c’yaeeenue i?aoe?, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i iiaeeeaino?
io?eiaiiy a iaieaaeaiiio iaoae? ci?oeithth/eo oac oeio SiC, ye? iathoue
i?e?ioaa?ae?noue 29…34 AIa, ui ?iaeoue ia?niaeoeaiei ?ic?iaeo
ciinino?eeeo iaoa??ae?a c nee?eiea?a?aeiei ci?oeiaiiyi.

Iniiai? aoaie ?iaioe aeeiiai? ca?aeii c Iinoaiiaith ?I N?N? “I
aeiiieieoaeueiuo ia?ao ii ?acaeoeth i?iecaiaenoaa e ainnoaiiaeaiey
aeaoaeae e ecaeaeee n oi?i/iythueie iie?uoeyie ia 1986-1990 a.a.” ? 212
a?ae 11.02.1986 ?.; I?aeaoc?anueeith IOI “?ac?aaioaoue e aiaae?eoue
iaoa?eaeu e oaoi?ioeannu ecaioiaeaiey aeaoaeae iaoei e iai?oaeiaaiey n
iiauoaiiie eciininoieeinoueth”, iaeac ? 299 I?iaoco O?N? a?ae 29.12.1986
?.; Iinoaiiaith ?I O?N? ? 340 (aeiaeaoie ? 2) ?OeEI “Iaoa?eaeiaieinoue”
a?ae 02.11.1988 ?.; Oaiaoe/iei ieaiii aea?aeathaeaeaoieo ?ia?o CAeOO,
caoaa?aeaeaiei II Oe?a?ie. ?iaioa ? iiaeaeueoei ?icaeoeii iaoeiaiai
iai?yieo ii noai?aiith ciinino?eeeo iaoa??ae?a, ui ?icaeaa?oueny a CAeOO
I.I. A?eeiaei, A.I. Ai?ae??iei, N.I. Iiiiaei, A.I. Ooi?eiaei oa ?ioeie
i?ae ea??aieoeoaii A.N. Iiiiaa.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaiith iaoith ?iaioe aoei
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy a nieaaao c iayai?noth
e?aii?th a?ae 2,2 % aei 5,8 %, ?ic?iaea neeaaeo iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo c
nee?eiea?a?aeiei ci?oeiaiiyi.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? e ae??oai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— ia?aia e iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia eaaoaaiiy;

— aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e, ye? e?i?oothoue aenieoaoaoe?eio no?ee?noue
aeaoaeae, ci?oeiaieo iaoiaeii iaieaaeaiiy: oaa?ae?noue, i?oei?noue
nieaaeaiiy c iniiaith e ciinino?ee?noue iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo;

— c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo
io?eiai? caeaaeiino?, ye? iienothoue eiiieaeniee aieea eaaoth/eo
aeaiaio?a (1,4…2,6 % N, 0,7…4,3 % A, 2,2…5,8 % Si, 13 % Cr) ia iaoai?/i?
e aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeanoeaino? iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo;

— iioei?ciaaiee neeaae ciinino?eeiai nieaao, yeee iaiineoueny iaoiaeii
aeaeo?iaeoaiaiai iaieaaeaiiy;

— i?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae ? no?oeoo?ii-oaciaiai noaio
?ic?iaeaiiai nieaao;

— a?aei?aoeueiaaia e ai?iaaaeaeaia oaoiieia?y a?aeiiaeaiiy e ci?oeiaiiy
eiao?a aeaaaoi??a ACO Ae-597 c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoa??aeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Ae?noaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iaoeiaa
iaa?oiooaaiiy aieeao eiiieaeniiai eaaoaaiiy aoaeaoeai (1,4…2,6 %), ai?ii
(0,7…4,3 %), e?aii??i (2,2…5,8 %), o?iiii (13 %) ia i?e?ino?oeoo?o
ciinino?eeeo noii?a, e?euee?noue oa ?iciiae?e ci?oeithth/eo oac, ia
iaoai?/i? e aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeanoeaino? ciinino?eeeo noii?a.

Io?eiai? a?ao?/i? e ?aa?an?ei? caeaaeiino?, ui iienothoue aieea
eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a: aoaeaoeth, ai?o e e?aii?th ia oaa?ae?noue HRC,
ciinino?ee?noue iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A`???&??yyyy?????AyyyY??? ???? ???&?
?MathType??0????uAy??????Io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? na?ae/aiiy
ooai?aiiy o noiiao Fe-C-Cr-B-Si i?e aeaeo?iaeoaiaiio iaieaaeaii?
ae??aiiaeenia?nieo, ??aii ?iciianthaeaeaieo nee?eiea?a?aeieo
ci?oeithth/eo oac, ye? iathoue o ii??aiyii? c ai?eaeieie,
ea?aiai?eaeieie e ea?a?aeieie a?eueo aenieo i?e?ioaa?ae?noue, ni?eythoue
cae??aithaaiith inoaii?o oa i?aeaeuaiith ciinino?eeino? noii?a.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ? ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Io?eiai? i?ae
/an ?iaioe caeaaeiino? aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe iaieaai/iee aeaeo?iae
AI-240O13N5?2 aeey iaianaiiy ciinino?eeeo iie?eoo?a ia eiao? aeaaaoi?a
ACO Ae-597. Iaieaai/iee aeaeo?iae iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey
a?aeiiaeaiiy e ci?oeiaiiy ?ioeo aeaoaeae, ye? i?aoeththoue a oiiaao
?ioaineaiiai ciioaiiy aac cia/ieo oaea?ieo iaaaioaaeaiue (?iai/? eieana
e oe?oe ianin?a, aeaoae? iiaaii — e a?ae?io?ainii?oo, a?ioioe, aeieiae e
?io? aeaoae? a??ie/icaaaa/oaaeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy e
aoae?aaeueii-aei?iaeiuei? oaoi?ee).

Ia neeaae aeaeo?iaeiiai iie?eooy io?eiaia aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai N?N? ?
1731550.

Neeaae nieaao e oaoiieia?y eiai iaianaiiy ia eiao? aeaaaoi??a
aei?iaeiuei-aoae?aaeueii? oaoi?ee aeicaieeee ca?eueoeoe no?ie ?o
aeei?enoaiiy a 6,65 ?ace.

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe. Oaeoe/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ia iaei?e onoaiiaoe? ACO
Ae-597 Iae?oiiieuenueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa I?nueeAeAAe ca 11 i?nyoe?a
1996-1997 ?.?. neeaa 3,471 oen. a?i., i/?eoaaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo
neeaaea? 378,7 oen. a?i.

Aaoi? caoeua? io?eiai? a ?iaio?:

1. ?aa?an?eio iiaeaeue, yea iieno? aieea aoaeaoeth, ai?o, e?aii?th ia
iaoai?/i? e aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo nenoaie
Fe-C-Cr-B-Si.

2. Ooi/iai? oyaeaiiy i?i aieea eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a (N, A, Si) ia
oi?ioaaiiy ci?oeithth/eo oac o no?oeoo?? iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo.

3. Neeaae ciinino?eeiai nieaao, io?eiaiiai iaoiaeii aeaeo?iaeoaiaiai
iaieaaeaiiy.

4. Iaoa??aee i?iieneiaiai aei?iaoaaiiy e ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

1. Iaoiaeii aeaeo?iaeoaiaiai iaieaaeaiiy aeaioiaeai? noiie ca?aeii
iao?eoe? ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo, i?iaaaeai? ?o eaai?aoi?i?
aei?iaoaaiiy, io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai?.

2. Cae?eniaia ia?iaea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, io?eiaieo ?aa?an?ei? oa
a?ao?/i? caeaaeiino?, ye? iienothoue aieea o?i?/iiai neeaaeo
iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo ia iaoai?/i? oa neoaeaia? aeanoeaino?.

3. Noi?nii c N.I. Iiiiaei ? I.A. E?oae?eiaei iioei?ciaaii neeaae
ciinino?eeiai noiio oa ?ic?iaeaii neeaae aeaeo?iaeiiai iie?eooy (a.n. ?
1731550), ui caaacia/o? eiai io?eiaiiy.

4. Ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??, i?e?i?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai
oa ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai oaciaiai aiae?c?a, Iaea-niaeo?ineii?? aeeiiai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aoaeaoeth, ai?o, e?aii?th oa o?iio ia i?ioeane
no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy oa aeanoeaino? ciinino?eeeo noii?a.

5. I?iaaaeai? i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai ciinino?eeiai
iaieaai/iiai iaoa??aeo ? eiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeaieioai? e
iaaiai?ai? ia III iaeani?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iieiae? a/ai? e niaoe?ae?noe —
?aae?caoe?? ?aa?iiaeueieo oe?eueiaeo i?ia?ai, i?enei?aiith
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, aeoea?caoe?? IOOI”, Caii??aeaey, 1988; ia
IV Caaaeueiinithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? eiino?oeoe?ei?
noae? e nieaae oa iaoiaee ?o ia?iaee c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? e
aeiaaio?eaaeino? ae?ia?a”, Caii??aeaey, 1989; ia VI ?anioae?eainuee?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaiaoaeaa? aeeth/aiiy e aace a eeaa?ieo
nieaaao”, Caii??aeaey, 1991; ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy a iaoeiiaoae?aieoeoa?”, Caii??aeaey, 1992; ia III
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaiaoaeaa? aeeth/aiiy
e aace a eeaa?ieo nieaaao”, Caii??aeaey, 1994; ia VI I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? eiino?oeoe?ei? noae? ? nieaae oa
iaoiaee ?o ia?iaee aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? e aeiaaia?/iino?
ae?ia?a”, Caii??aeaey, 1995; ia IV I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? ?NIA’96 “Aoae?aaeuei? iaoa??aee e aoae?aaeuei?
eiino?oeoe??”, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996; ia II ?anioae?eainueeiio
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio nai?ia?? c i?eaiaeo iie?ioaiiy iieaciee?a oaieiaeo
aeaeaoi?a e ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiith, Iae?oiiieue, 1996; ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo, ani??aio?a ?
nooaeaio?a OAeAOA, Iae?oiiieue, 1996; ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? eiino?oeoe?ei? noae? oa noiie ? iaoiaee ?o ia?iaee
aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? ae?ia?a”, Caii??aeaey,
1998; ia eaoaae?aeueieo ? i?aeeaoaae?aeueieo nai?ia?ao CAeOO.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 16 ?ia?o, io?eiaia
1 aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai ia aeiao?ae.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae e
aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 96 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
i?noeoue 21 ?enoiie, 17 oaaeeoeue, 3 aeiaeaoee. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe
neeaaea? 145 noi??iie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e neeaaea?oueny c 113 aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa e
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeeaaeaia iaoeiaa iiaecia, iaaaaeai? iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, aecia/aia i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue
aeeiiaii? ?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue o nia? iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, aea ?icaeyaeathoueny
oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aa?aceaii? no?eeino? aeaoaeae iaoei, ye? oaeaeei
ciioothoueny. Cacia/ai? ?nioth/? oi/ee ci?o ia i?ioeane aa?aceaiiai
ciino ? oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia aaee/eio ciino e ye? aecia/athoue
ciinino?ee?noue iaoa??ae?a. A?aecia/aii, ui a oiiaao ?ioaineaiiai
aa?aceaiiai ciino, iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiei iaoiaeii ? iaianaiiy
ciinino?eeeo iie?eoo?a aeaeo?iaeoaiaei iaieaaeaiiyi.

?icaeyioo? e?oa?aoo?i? aeai? i?i aieea eaaoaaiiy ia no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy,
aeae ? e?euee?noue iaaeeeoeiai? ci?oeithth/i? oace ciinino?eeiai oa?o.
Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?eaia ie?aiei ianenoaiaoeciaaiei a?aeiiinoyi i?i
iiaeeea?noue ooai?aiiy a nieaaao c ??ciei neeaaeii e?aii?th (1,6 %, 2,5
%, 3,8 %) nee?eiea?a?aeieo ci?oeithth/eo oac, ui iathoue a 1,5…1,8 ?ace
a?eueo aenieo i?e?ioaa?ae?noue I50=29…34 AIa, i?ae ea?a?aei?,
ea?aiai?eaei? e ai?eaei? oace. Oea ni?iiiaeia i?aeaeueoe ciinino?ee?noue
nieaa?a c nee?eiea?a?aeiith ci?oeithth/ith oacith.

Ia iniia? aiae?co ciinino?eeeo iaieaai/ieo iaoa??ae?a, ui iaea?eueo
oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny, ia?aia nenoaia eaaoaaiiy Fe-C-Cr-B, yea ia?
aenie?, ua ia aea/ai? aei e?ioey, iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino?. Iieacaia
aeioe?euei?noue ?? iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy, ia?aae on?i, ia i?aaeiao
aeiaeaoeiaiai eaaoaaiiy e?aii??i.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iiaeai? aeai? i?i aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee ? iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia iniia? aiae?co iiia?aaeiuei? ?ioi?iaoe??, ye ia’?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea ia?aia nenoaia Fe-C-Cr-B, yea aeiaeaoeiai eaaiaaia
e?aii??i a e?eueeino? a?ae 2,2 % aei 5,8 %.

Iaieaai/i? aeaeo?iaee aeaieo neeaae?a aeaioiaeyeenue iaoiaeii
ii?aniaoaaiiy ia noa?aeaiue c ae?ioo Na-08 A ae?aiao?ii 4 ii. Oeooa
aeaeo?iaeiiai iie?eooy i?noeea e?aaoo?o OOA-2 (OO-14-106-78),
o?ii iaoaeaaee O97 (AINO 5905-79), oa?inee?oe?e ON-75 (AINO 14-5-78),
ea?a?ae e?aii?th caeaiee SiC, a?ao?o N, ia?io? NaNI3, ieaaeeiaee oiao
NaF2.

Iaianaiiy ciinino?eeeo iie?eoue ia c?acee cae?enithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith
aeaeo?iaeoaiai? iaieaaee ia iino?eiiio no?oi? cai?ioii? iiey?iino?.
Aeaea?aeii aeeaeaiiy caa?thaaeueii? aeoae aoa AAeO-504.

Iaoaeia?ao?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e ciinino?eeeo iaieaaie
aeeiioaaeenue ia o?aaeaieo oe?oao ca aeiiiiiaith i?e?ineii?a I?I-7 ?
I?I-8 i?e ca?eueoaii? 100…450 ?ac, a oaeiae iaoiaeii iaoaeia?ao??
aenieiai ae??oaiiy ia ?ano?iaiio aeaeo?iiiiio i?e?ineii? “YSMT 300” c
ae?aiao?ii aeaeo?iiiiai ciiaeo 100 ii. Ca eiai aeiiiiiaith aeeiioaaeenue
oaeiae o?aeoia?ao?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaa?oi? ?oeioaaiiy ciinino?eeiai
nieaao.

Aea/aiiy i?ioean?a ooai?aiiy ci?oeithth/eo (oe??iethth/eo) oac,
?iciiae?eaiiy eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a i?ae oacaie, neeaaeo iao?eoe?
ciinino?eeeo nieaa?a a?aeaoaaeinue c caeo/aiiyi iaoiae?a
?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai i?e?iaiae?co (?NIA) no?oeoo?ieo neeaaeiaeo ia
i?e?iciiae? IA?-3. sse?nia e e?euee?nia ?iciiae?eaiiy aeaiaio?a
aecia/aeinue ia aeaeo?iiiiio Iaea-niaeo?iiao?? “LAS-2000” o?aioeocueei?
o??ie “Riber”.

?aioaaiino?oeoo?iee oaciaee aiae?c neeaaeiaeo iaoa??aeo iaieaaee
aeeiioaaee ia aeeo?aeoiiao?? HZG-4/A-2 ae?iaieoeoaa Ea?e-Oeaen-Eaia
(I?ia//eia) a Ni-E aei?ii?ithaaii?, a oaeiae c aeei?enoaiiyi oioiiaoiaeo
a eaia?? ?EAe o iiiio?iiaoe/iiio Fe-K aei?ii?ithaaii?.

Aei?iaoaaiiy ia oaa?ae?noue iaieaaeaieo c?ace?a i?iaiaeeeenue ca
noaiaea?oiith iaoiaeeeith c aeei?enoaiiyi oaa?aeii??a ?ieaaeea.
I?e?ioaa?ae?noue iniiaieo no?oeoo?ieo neeaaeiaeo aecia/aeanue ca
aeiiiiiaith i?e?ioaa?aeii??a IIO-3 i?e iaaaioaaeaii? ia ?iaeaioi? 50a.

Aecia/aiiy i?oeiino? nieaaeaiiy iaieaaeaiiai oa?o c iaoa??aeii iniiae
i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith ooeooiai? i?iae. I?oei?noue nieaaeaiiy
?ic?aoiaoaaee ca oi?ioeith:

nie=wmetafile8? ??3???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??/?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????P@????P???u y??????aea ? —
iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy ?oeioth/iai coneeey, II;

d — ae?aiao? oi?oey ooeooa, i.

Aeey aecia/aiiy a?aeiinii? ciinino?eeino? aeine?aeieo nieaa?a ?
ciaioaiiy iia??oiino? ?? ia/eneaiiy aecia/aee u?euei?noue iaieaaeaiiai
iaoaeo ca aeiiiiiaith i?eiiiao?e/iiai iaoiaeo. I?ae /an aecia/aiiy ian
aeei?enoiaoaaee aiae?oe/i? aaae AAeA-200, ia??o caaaeoaaiiy neeaaeaa
wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy???`??E?? ???&? ?MathType??
????u?th??????Ioe?iea ciinino?eeino? iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo a oiiaao
?ioaineaiiai aa?aceaiiai ciino aeeiioaaeanue ca AINO 23.208-79 “Iaoiae
aei?iaoaaiiy iaoa??ae?a ia ciinino?ee?noue i?ae /an oa?oy ia ia aei?noei
cae??ieai? aa?aceai? /anoee”.

Ciinino?ee?noue iaoa??aeo yeee aei?iaoaaany, ioe?ithaaee oeyoii
ii??aiyiiy eiai ciino c? ciinii aoaeiiiiai c?acea. A?aeiinio
ciinino?ee?noue aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iaoa??aeo ia/enethaaee ca oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8? ??N???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyy? ??)?? ???&? ?MathType??0
???u?????????»????-????? «??? u ???uAth??????aea
wmetafile8? ??I????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
AA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???h?? ???&?
?MathType??p????uAth??????wmetafile8? ??ae????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
AA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???h?? ???&?
?MathType??p????uAth??????wmetafile8? ??I????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
Aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??h?? ???&?
?MathType??p????uAth??????Ca aoaeii a?aeenue c?acee c? noae? 45 a
a?aeiaeaiiio noai? c IA 190…200.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? neeaaeo ciinino?eeiai nieaao e
ieoaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e e aeanoeainoae iie?eoo?a, ui
oi?iothoueny ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iaeoaiaiai iaieaaeaiiy, c iaoith
aeai?o iioeiaeueiiai neeaaeo iaoa??aeo aeey oiia ?ioaineaiiai
aa?aceaiiai ciino aac cia/ieo oaea?ieo iaaaioaaeaiue.

Ia iniia? ai??i?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? e ae?iaie/iai aeine?aeo aoee aecia/ai?
e?eoa??? ioe?ithaaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? e oaoiieia?/ii? i?eeiyoiino?
iaoa??ae?a, ye? caaacia/othoue iaae?eio aenieoaoaoe?th a oiiaao
?ioaineaiiai aa?aceaiiai ciioaiiy aac cia/ieo oaea?ieo iaaaioaaeaiue:

— oaa?ae?noue iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo HRC 55…65;

— a?aeiinia ciinino?ee?noue, ia ieae/a noaiaea?oieo iaieaaieo iaoa??ae?a
(OeN-1 “Ni?iaeo”, O-590, II-AI 170), ye? oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny,
oiaoi wmetafile8? ??°????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`????? ???&?
?MathType???????uAth??????- i?i?iaeueii i?eionoeia i?oei?noue
nieaaeaiiy iaieaaeaiiai oa?o c iniiaiith wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? A@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???h?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai
ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiinii
aeyaeaiiy aieeao e?aii?th ia aeanoeaino? nieaao Fe-C-Cr-B. O
aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeei?enoiaoaaee oeaio?aeueia eiiiiceoe?eia i?oiaiiaeueia
oi?oi?i ieaioaaiiy ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1 — Eiaeoaaiiy oaeoi??a i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy ciie iioeioia
ca aeiiiiiaith oeaio?aeueiiai i?oiaiiaeueiiai oi?oi?i ieaioaaiiy
ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo, k=3

?ioa?aaee aa??thaaiiy e ??ai? oaeoi??aOaeoi?e, ui
aea/athouenyO1(N)O2(A)O3(Si)Ioeueiaee ??aaiue: O=02,02,54,0?ioa?aaee
aa??thaaiiy: 1,00,51,51,51,2150,61,81,8Ieaei?e ??aaiue:
O=-11,51,02,5Aa?oi?e ??aaiue: O=+12,54,05,5C??eia? oi/ee:
O=-1,2151,40,72,2O=+1,2152,64,35,8

Ca iniiai? oaeoi?e, ui aieeaaee ia ia?aiao?e iioei?caoe??, aoee ia?ai?:
e?euee?noue aoaeaoeth, ai?o, e?aii?th a iaieaaeaiiio iaoae?. Ia?aiao?aie
iioei?caoe?? aoee: oaa?ae?noue HRC, a?aeiinia ciinino?ee?noue
wmetafile8? ??°????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`????? ???&?
?MathType???????uAth??????Ia iniia? aiae?co iiia?aaeiuei? ?ioi?iaoe??
ianiaa aeiey o?iio caeeoaeanue iino?eiith ? aei??aithaaeanue 13 %.

Ia?iaea io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ca eiiieaeniei aieeaii
aoaeaoeth, ai?o e e?aii?th ia ia?aiao?e iioei?caoe?? aeicaieeea, i?ney
aeeeth/aiiy noaoenoe/ii iacia/oueo eiao?oe??io?a, io?eiaoe oae? ??aiyiiy
?aa?an?? a iaoo?aeueieo ci?iieo:

HRC=24,72+20,22N+7,71A+1,82Si-1,17AN-4,08N2-0,61A2-0,23Si2;

wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????Ayyyj???@??J?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?y??????+0,51NSi-0,16BSi;

wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyyj??? ??J?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?y??????+52,80NSi+38,18ASi-13,45CBSi.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo iiaeaeae iieacaa, ui caeaaei?noue oaa?aeino?,
ciinino?eeino?, i?oeiino? nieaaeaiiy nieaao c i?aeeiaeeith a?ae
e?eueeino? aoaeaoeth, ai?o oa e?aii?th iienoaaeeny e?eaeie ae?oaiai
ii?yaeeo. Oaeiae, io?eiai? ??aiyiiy iieacaee iayai?noue aoaeoo
aca?iiae?? i?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie eaaoth/eie aeaiaioaie.

Aoaeaoeue ? ai? ni?eyee cia/iiio c?inoaiith oaa?aeino? e ciinino?eeino?
nieaa?a ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy aeie? iaaeeeoeiaeo ci?oeithth/eo oac
(ea?a?aeieo, ai?eaeieo, ea?aiai?eaeieo). Aieea ai?o ia aa?aaaoio
oaa?ae?noue aoa a?eueo cia/iei, i?ae aoaeaoeth. I?e oeueiio,
caeaaei?noue HRC a?ae e?eueeino? ai?o iaea i?aeoe/ii e?i?eiee oa?aeoa?:
c? ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? ai?o a?ae 0,7 % aei 4,3 %
oaa?ae?noue ci?ithaaeanue a?ae 53 HRC aei 64 HRC.

Aieea e?aii?th aoa iaio nooo?aei, iaeia/a a?i, ?ic/eiyth/enue o iao?eoe?
nieaao, aeoeneaa aoaeaoeue, yeee iio?i a?eueo iiaii aeei?enoiaoaaany a
i?ioean? ooai?aiiy ea?a?aeii? e ea?aiai?eaeii? ci?oeithth/eo oac, ui
ni?eyei ca?eueoaiith ?o e?eueeino? e oaa?aeino?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e e?eueeino? aoaeaoeth aei 2 % ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino?
e?aii?th aei 5,8 % i?aeoe/ii ia aieeioei ia ciinino?ee?noue nieaa?a. I?e
e?eueeino? aoaeaoeth a?eueo ye 2,0 % ? c? ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe??
e?aii?th niinoa??aaeinue i?aeaeuaiiy ciinino?eeino? nieaa?a, yea
ia?aaeaa/ii aoei iia’ycaia c ii/aoeii ooai?aiiy nee?eiea?a?aeieo oac c
i?e?ioaa?ae?noth I50=29…34 AIa. C? ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? e?aii?th c
2,2 % aei 5,8 % i?aeaeuoaaeanue i?e?ioaa?ae?noue iniiae nieaa?a c
I50=7…8 AIa aei I50=10…14 AIa, ui iiaeia aoei iiynieoe eaaoaaiiyi
oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio, a oaeiae ooai?aiiyi ae??aiiaeenia?nieo (0,5…2,0 iei)
??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eaieo nee?eiea?a?aeieo oac o o?e? iao?eoe? nieaa?a.

Oa?aeoa? io?eiaieo caeaaeiinoae iieacaa, ui aoaeaoeue, ai? ? e?aii?e
cieaeothoue i?oei?noue nieaaeaiiy nieaa?a c i?aeeiaeeith wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? AA???&??yyyy?????AyyyY???????? ???&?
?MathType??0????uAy??????C iaoith aecia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?e aoaeaoeth,
ai?o e e?aii?th, i?e yeeo iieacieee aeanoeainoae iaee aeno?aiaeuei?
cia/aiiy, aoea ae??oaia nenoaia /anoeiaeo iio?aeieo a?ae io?eiaieo
??aiyiue ?aa?an?e. Iaeiae, ?? ??oaiiy ia aeicaieeei aecia/eoe
eiioeaio?aoe?th eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a, yea a?aeiia?aeaea a iaea?eueo
aenieei iieacieeaie HRC, wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyyj??? ??J?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?y??????O ca’yceo c oei, ui iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy HRC
? wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????Ayyyj???@??J?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?y??????Nieaa, yeee iaa iaeneiaeueio ciinino?ee?noue,
aoa oaeiai o?i?/iiai neeaaeo: 2,4 % N, 13 % Cr, 4,9 % Si, 2,4 % A.
Aeaeo?iaeo aeey iaieaaee nieaao oeueiai neeaaeo aoea iaaeaia ia?ea
AI-240O13N5?2. Iaea?eueo aeniea ciinino?ee?noue nieaao caaacia/oaaeanue,
ia?aaeaa/ii, cyaeaiiyi e??i ea?aiai?eaeieo ? ai?eaeieo ci?oeithth/eo
oac, ua e ae??aiiaeenia?nieo nee?eiea?a?aeieo oac. Aa?aaaoia oaa?ae?noue
nieaao neeaaeaea 60…63 HRC, a i?oei?noue nieaaeaiiy c iniiaith
wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyyj??? ??J?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?y??????Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aiiy a?aeiinii
ooai?aiiy nee?eiea?a?ae?a aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?oeithth/eo
oac o nieaa? 240O13N5?2 iaoiaeaie i?e?i?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai,
?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai, ye?niiai ? e?euee?niiai Iaea-aiae?c?a.

I?NA aeicaieea onoaiiaeoe, ui a oeiiaeo aaeeeeo aeeth/aiiyo
ci?oeithth/i? oace niinoa??aaeinue ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? o?iio e
cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? cae?ca e e?aii?th. Oea aeicaieeei ia?aaeaa/eoe, ui
aeeth/aiiy oaeiai oeio ? ea?a?aeaie ? ea?aiai?eaeaie c ai?eaeaie.
Neaioaaiiy /a?ac ae??ai? aeeth/aiiy aeyaeei i?ee eiioeaio?aoe?e
e?aii?th, a?aenoai? i?ae yeeie

a

a

a

?en. 1 Aieea ia a?aeiinio ciinino?ee?noue:

a — e?aii?th e aoaeaoeth; a — ai?o e aoaeaoeth; a — e?aii?th e ai?o.

i?eaeecii a?aeiia?aeaee a?aenoaiyi i?ae ie?aieie a?oiaie ae??aieo
aeeth/aiue aai i?ae iaea?eueoeie c ieo. A oe?eiio ?acoeueoaoe I?NA
iieacaee, ui ae??ai? aeeth/aiiy iathoue i?aeaeuaiee ai?no e?aii?th.

Aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?iiii? Iaea-niaeo?ineii?? (AIN) aeicaieeei aeeiiaoe
e?euee?niee ? ye?niee aiae?c uiaei aecia/aiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo
iaoaeaai? iao?eoe? e ci?oeithth/eo oac nieaao 240O13N5?2. I?ae /an
neaioaaiiy aaeeeeo aeeth/aiue aoee a?aecia/ai? ni?aiaaeath/? i?ee o?iio
e ai?o, a oaeiae cae?ca, o?iio e aoaeaoeth. Oea aeicaieeei i?eionoeoe,
ui aaeee? aeeth/aiiy o nieaa? i?aaenoaaeai? aaoaeoe/ieie ai?eaeaie oeio
I2A ? ea?aiai?eaeaie oeio I7(NA)3. ?acoeueoaoe e?euee?niiai aiae?co
iieacaee, ui aaoaeoe/i? ai?eaee o nieaa? iathoue neeaae (Fe, Cr)2B.
Io?eiaia ca aeiiiiiaith e?euee?niiai AIN na?aaei? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aaeaioiinoae aeey ea?aiai?eaeiiai aeeth/aiiy, ui aei??aith? (Fe, Cr)7
(CB)2,2, aeicaiey? c aeinoaoiueith nooiaith eiia??iino? aaaaeaoe, ui
ea?aiai?eaeia ci?oeithth/a oaca ae?enii iiaeaia niieo/aiiyi oeio
(Fe,Nr)7(CA)3. A aeayeeo aeiaaeeao ye?niee Iaea-aiae?c a?aecia/aa
/anoee, ye? i?eiaaeaee ia ae??aiiaeenia?nio oaco, iaeii/anii caaaa/ai?
aoaeaoeai ? e?aii??i i?e iecuee?e e?eueeino? ?ioeo eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a.
Iaeiae, e?euee?niee iaoiae AIN iaeii/anii ia i?aeoaa?aeea, ui aeeth/aiiy
? nee?eiea?a?aeaie. Oea iiaeia iiynieoe oei, ui ae?aiao? a?aeia?aaeaiiai
io/ea ciiaea, yeee iana ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i neeaae nieaao, aei??aithaaany
3…5 iei, i?e oe?ei? aeeth/aiiy 0,5…2,0 iei. Ioaea, i?e neaioaaii? /a?ac
ae??ai? aeeth/aiiy aiae?coaaany noia?iee neeaae oeeo aeeth/aiue e
iaoaeaai? iao?eoe?.

?acoeueoaoe ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai aiae?co ?acii c ?ioeie iaoiaeaie
aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui iao?eoey nieaao 240O13N5?2 ? -oaca —
ia?oaineo c iacia/iith e?euee?noth (3…5%) caeeoeiaiai aonoai?oo.

O neeaae? ci?oeithth/i? oace aeyaeai? aeeth/aiiy c ia?aiao?aie
e?enoae?/ii? ?ao?oee ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue niieo/aiiyi oeio Cr7C3, I2A oa
SiC.

?acoeueoaoe eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaee, ui
ci?oeithth/a oaca nieaao 240O13N5?2 neeaaea?oueny c ai?eae?a oeio
(Fe,Cr)2B, ea?aiai?eae?a (Fe,Cr)7(CA)3 oa nee?eiea?a?ae?a SiC.

O?aeoia?ao?/iee aiae?c iiaa?oi? c?oeioaaiiy iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo ? ciie
nieaaeaiiy iieacaa iayai?noue ia?aaaaeii /anoei e?eoeiai ?oeioaaiiy.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea ciinino?eeino? ?ic?iaeaiiai nieaao
240O13N5?2, yea i?iaaaeaia ca?aeii c aeiiaaie AINO 23.208-79, iieacaea,
ui a?aeiinia ciinino?ee?noue nieaao a 1,15…1,4 ?ace aeua, i?ae o
noaiaea?oieo iaieaai/ieo iaoa??ae?a nenoaie Fe-C-Cr-B ( OeN-1 “Ni?iaeo”,
AI-EON01, AI-O590, II-AI170 ) ? ia 10…11 % aeua o ii??aiyii? c
aenia?eiaioaeueiei iaoa??aeii AI-150O13?3O (a. n. 1587804).

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeai? a?aeiiino? noiniaii i?iieneiai? ia?aa??ee
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaee e ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano iaieaaeaiiy eiao?a aeaaaoi??a anoaeueoici?ooaaeueii? onoaiiaee
Ae-597 i?iaeoeoeai?noth 25 oii aioiai? noi?o? ca aiaeeio ia
Iae?oiiieuenueeiio i?aei?e?inoa? I?nueeAeAAe.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiith ia?aaeoaaee eaai?aoi?i? e iaoo?i? aei?iaoaaiiy.
?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiue iieacai? a oaae. 2, c yei? aeaeii, ui
aeei?enoaiiy nieaao 240O13N5?2 ? oaoiieia?? eiai iaianaiiy caaacia/eei
ca?eueoaiiy no?ieo aeei?enoaiiy eiao?a aeaaaoi??a a 6,65 ?ac.

Oaeoe/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ca 11 i?nyoe?a 1996-97 ?.?. o ?ic?aooieo ia
iaeio onoaiiaeo ACO Ae-597 neeaa 3,471 oen. a?i. I/?eoaaiee ??/iee
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo o ?ic?aooieo ia 100 onoaiiaie oeio Ae-597, ye?
aenieoaoothoueny a Caii??cuee?e iaeano?, neeaaea? 378,7 oen. a?i.

Oaaeeoey 2 — A?aeiinia ciinino?ee?noue aei?iaoaaieo iaoa??ae?a

Aei?iaoaaiee iaoa??ae (iaieaaea)

Oaa?ae?noue HRCA?aeiinia ciinino?ee?noue, wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a????&??yyyy?????Ayyyj???@??J?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?y??????(Oei I?I – O30O28I4N3)

YI-O590 AINO 10051-75 57…59 5,8
5,4

(Oei Y-320O25N2A?)

II-AI 170 OO 14-4-800-77 60…63 6,1
5,8

(Oei 80O20?3O)

YI-EON 01 OO19-4206-35-75 59…62 5,5
5,0

(Oei Y-350O34?)

YI-150O13?3O 62…64
6,5 6,1

(a.n. 1587804)

YI-240O13N5?2 60…62
6,9 6,65

(a.n. 1731550)

___________________________________

*aoaeii noaeue 45 a?aeiaeaia, IA 190…200

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

1. Ca?aeii c e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie, o i?iieneiaino? ciaoiaeyoue
aeei?enoaiiy iaieaai/i? iaoa??aee, a yeeo iniiaieie ci?oeithth/eie
oacaie ? ea?a?aee e ai?eaee, ye? iathoue i?e?ioaa?ae?noue 12…14 AIa ?
19…24 AIa a?aeiia?aeii. A oie aea /an o e?oa?aoo?? ? na?ae/aiiy i?i oa,
ui o aenieiaoaeaoeaaeo nieaaao, c ai?noii e?aii?th a?eueo ye 2,0 %,
iiaeeeaa ooai?aiiy nee?eiea?a?ae?a oeio FenSiC ? SiC c i?e?ioaa?ae?noth
aei 34 AIa. Oea ?iaeoue ia?niaeoeaiith ?ic?iaeo ciinino?eeeo iaieaai/ieo
iaoa??ae?a c nee?eiea?a?aeiith ci?oeithth/ith oacith.

2. C canoinoaaiiyi aeoeaiiai aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aenia?eiaioo ae?oaiai
ii?yaeeo io?eiaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, yea iieno? aieea aoaeaoeth, ai?o
e e?aii?th ia ci?io oaa?aeino?, i?oeiino? nieaaeaiiy ? ciinino?eeino?
Fe-C-Cr-B-Si nieaa?a. C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a aiae?oe/ii? e a?ao?/ii?
iioei?caoe?? cai?iiiiiaaiee neeaae iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo: 2,4…2,5 % N,
12…14 % Cr, 4,8…5,0 % Si, 2,4…2,5 % A (nieaa 240O13N5?2), ui aieiae?? a
aeine?aeaeoaaiiio oaeoi?iiio i?inoi?? iaeneiaeueiith aa?aceaiith
ciinino?ee?noth. ?ic?iaeaii neeaae aeaeo?iaeiiai iie?eooy (a.n. N?N? ?
1731550), ui caaacia/o? io?eiaiiy nieaao 240O13N5?2.

3. Iaoiaeaie i?e?i?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai, ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai, ye?niiai
? e?euee?niiai Iaea-aiae?c?a onoaiiaeaii, ui e?aii?e o e?eueeino? 4…6 %
caaacia/o? ooai?aiiy a iaieaaeaiiio iaoae? nee?eiea?a?ae?a oeio SiC, a
oaeiae cae??aiaiiy ea?aiai?eaeii? e ai?eaeii? ci?oeithth/eo oac.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aeaeo?iaeoaiaiio iaieaaeaii? nieaao 240O13N5?2,
?acii c ea?aiai?eaeiith oa ai?eaeiith ci?oeithth/eie oacaie,
ooai?th?oueny ae??aiiaeenia?nia (aei 0,5…2,0 iei)
nee?eiea?a?aeia oaca (aeecueei 50 % a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?). ??
iiyaa ni?eyea i?aeaeuaiith i?e?ioaa?aeino? iniiae nieaao c I50 = 7,0…9,0
AIa aei I50 = 10,0…13,5 AIa, ui o ii?aeiaii? c ?icae??aiaiiyi
ea?aiai?eae?a i?ecaaei aei i?aeaeuaiiy ciinino?eeino? a 1,15…1,4 ?ace a
ii??aiyii? c noaiaea?oieie iaieaai/ieie iaoa??aeaie nenoaie
Fe-C-Cr-B-Si: 320O25N2A? (O-590), 80O20?3O (II-AI 170) oa ?i.

5. No?oeoo?a ?ic?iaeaiiai nieaao 240O13N5?2 neeaaea?oueny c Fe iao?eoe?
c iacia/iith e?euee?noth (aei 5 %) -oace oa 55…60 % ea?aiai?eaeii?,
ai?eaeii? oa nee?eiea?a?aeii? ci?oeithth/eo oac. Nieaa ia? oaa?ae?noue
60…63 HRC, i?oei?noue nieaaeaiiy c iniiaith (noaeue 45) wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyyj??? ??J?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?y??????6. C aeei?enoaiiyi nieaao 240O13N5?2
?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y ca?eueoaiiy oa?i?io aeei?enoaiiy eiao?a aeaaaoi??a
aeey o?ainii?ooaaiiy neio/eo aa?aceaieo iaoa??ae?a. Oaoiieia?y
aei?iaoaaia ? ai?iaaaeaeaia ia onoaiiaoe? Ae-597 Iae?oiiieuenueeiai
i?aei?e?inoaa I?nueeAeAAe. No?ie aeei?enoaiiy eiao?a aeaaaoi??a
ca?eueoeany o 6,65 ?ace.

7. Oaeoe/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ca 11 i?nyoe?a 1996-97 ??. o ?ic?aooieo
ia iaeio onoaiiaeo Ae-597 neeaa 3,471 oen. a?i. I/?eoaaiee ??/iee
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? ciinino?eei? iaieaaee
eiao?a aeaaaoi??a o ?ic?aooieo ia 100 onoaiiaie oeio ACO Ae-597, ui
aenieoaoothoueny a Caii??cuee?e iaeano?, neeaaea? 378,7 oen. a?i.

INIIAI? Ae?OEIAAI? I?AOe?

1. Ieoyaa A.A. O?iiai?e?aiienoua nieaau aeey ?aaiou a oneiaeyo
eioaineaiiai aa?aceaiiai eciaoeaaiey // I?iaeaie o?eaieia??. (Problems
of Tribology). — 1997. — ? 1. — N.20-24.

2. Ieoyaa A.A., Aie/ie E.I., Iiiia N.I. Iiauoaiea aa?aceaiie noieeinoe
eiaoae yeaaaoi?ia aei?iaeii-no?ieoaeueiie oaoieee // I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee. — 1997.- ? 8 (19). — N. 23-28.

3. Iiiia N.I., Ieoyaa A.A. Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea e ?ac?aaioea
aunieieciininoieeeo ?aai/eo iie?uoee aeiaoa?eaeia ia aaca nenoaiu
eaae?iaaiey Fe-C-Cr-B-Si // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee.-1998.- ?12 (79).- N. 9-14.

4. A.n. 1731550 NNN?, IEE2 A23E 35/365. Ninoaa yeaeo?iaeiiai iie?uoey
/ N.I. Iiiia, A.A. Ieoyaa, A.A. E?oaeeeia (NNN?).
— ? 4777651/08; Cayaeaii 04.01.90; Iioae. 07.05.92, Athe. ? 17. — 6 n.

5. Ieoyaa A.A., Iiiia N.I., Aie/ie E.I. Enneaaeiaaiea
no?oeoo?ii-oaciaiai ninoiyiey eciininoieeiai nieaaa 240O13N5?2 // Iia?
eiino?oeoe?ei? noae? oa noiie ? iaoiaee ?o ia?iaee aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? ae?ia?a: Ca. iaoe. i?. CAeOO. —
Caii??aeaey: CAeOO, 1998. – N. 171-172.

6. Iiiia N.I., Ieoyaa A.A. Iaieaai/iua iaoa?eaeu nenoaiu Fe-N-Cr-B aeey
caueou aeaoaeae, ?aaioathueo a oneiaeyo eioaineaiiai aaciaa?aceaiiai e
aa?aceaiiai eciaoeaaiey // Iiauoaiea iaaeaaeiinoe e aeieaiaa/iinoe
aeaoaeae iaoei e eiino?oeoeee: Na. iao/i. o?. CIE. — E.: OIE AI, 1988. —
N.8-11.

7. Iiiia N.I., Ai?aeeaiei A.I., Ieoyaa A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea
caeiiiia?iinoae aa?aceaiiai eciaoeaaiey iaoa?eaeia a oneiaeyo
yenieoaoaoeee ?aai/eo i?aaiia anoaeueoinianeoaeae // Iiauoaiea
eciininoieeinoe e aeieaiaa/iinoe aeaoaeae iaoei e iai?oaeiaaiey: Na.
iao/i. o?. CIE.- E.: OIE AI, 1989.-N.76-84.

8. Ieoyaa A.A., Aeeiia E.A. Iaoa?eaeu aeey aeaoaeae, ?aaioathueo a
oneiaeyo aa?aceaiiai eciina: Na. iao/i. o?. OAAOA. – Iaeeoiiieue: OAAOA,
1996. — N.58-60.

9. Ieoyaa A.A., Iiiia N.I. Eciininoieeea nieaau nenoaiu Fe-C-Cr-B-Si //
O?oaeu OAAOA. Oii. 1. Auione 3. Iaoeiiaaaeaiea. – Iaeeoiiieue: OAAOA,
1997. — N.32-36.

10. Iiiia N.I., Ieoyaa A.A., Oaiaaae I.A. Enneaaeiaaiea eciininoieeinoe
nieaaia n ?acee/iui no?oeoo?ii-oaciaui ninoiyieai a oneiaeyo ?aaiou
?aai/eo i?aaiia anoaeueoinianeoaeae //Oac. aeiee. III iae. iao/i. —
oaoi. eiio. “Iieiaeua o/aiua e niaoeeaeenou — ?aaeecaoeee ?aaeiiaeueiuo
oeaeaauo eiiieaeniuo i?ia?aii, onei?aieth iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna,
aeoeaecaoeee IOOI”.-Caii?iaeuea: CIE. — 1988.-N.46-47.

11. Iiiia N.I., Ieoyaa A.A. Oaoiieiaey e iaoa?eaeu aeey
ainnoaiiaeoaeueiie iaieaaee ?aai/eo i?aaiia anoaeueoinianeoaeae // Oac.
aeiee. IV Ananithci. iao/i. — oaoi. eiio. “Iiaua eiino?oeoeeiiiua noaee
e nieaau e iaoiaeu eo ia?aaioee aeey iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe e
aeieaiaa/iinoe ecaeaeee”. – Caii?iaeuea: CIE. — 1989. — N.285.

12. Iiiia N.I., Ieoyaa A.A. Eniieueciaaiea iai?aaeaiiie e?enoaeeecaoeee
oi?i/iythuae oacu aeey iiauoaiey n?iea neoaeau iaieaaeyaiuo aeaoaeae //
Oac. aeiee. V iao/i. – oaoi. eiio. “Iiaua eiino?oeoeeiiiua noaee e
nieaau e iaoiaeu eo ia?aaioee aeey iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe e
aeieaiaa/iinoe ecaeaeee”. –Caii?iaeuea: CIE. — 1992. — N. 225-226.

13. Iiiia N.I., Ieoyaa A.A. Auai? noaiaea?oiuo iaieaai/iuo iaoa?eaeia
aeey caueoiuo aeaoaeae anoaeueoinianeoaeae // Oac. aeiee. V iao/. —
oaoi. eiio. “Iiaua eiino?oeoeeiiiua noaee e nieaau e iaoiaeu eo
ia?aaioee aeey iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe e aeieaiaa/iinoe ecaeaeee”. –
Caii?iaeuea: CIE. — 1992. — N. 229-230.

14. Iiiia N.I., Ieoyaa A.A. Aeeyiea nei?inoe e?enoaeeecaoeee ia
ia?aciaaiea ecauoi/iuo oac a eciininoieeeo nieaaao nenoaiu Fe-C-Cr-B-Si
// Oac. aeiee. III iao/i. — oaoi. eiio. “Iaiaoaeee/aneea aeeth/aiey e
aacu a eeoaeiuo nieaaao”. – Caii?iaeuea. — 1994. — N.72.

15. Iiiia N.I., Ieoyaa A.A. Ia?niaeoeau nicaeaiey aeiaoaeea n
aunieieciininoieeei ?aai/ei neiai // Iao. VI Iaaeaeoia?. iao/i. — oaoi.
eiio. “Iiaua eiino?oeoeeiiiua noaee e nieaau e iaoiaeu eo ia?aaioee aeey
iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe e aeieaiaa/iinoe ecaeaeee”. — *anoue 2.-
Caii?iaeuea: CAOO. — 1995.- N. 25.

16. Ieoyaa A.A. Aunieieciininoieeea iaoa?eaeu aeey aeaoaeae
iai?oaeiaaiey ii i?iecaiaenoao no?ieoaeueiuo iaoa?eaeia // Iao. IV
Iaaeaeoia?. iao/i. — iaoiae. eiio. ICMB’96 “No?ieoaeueiua iaoa?eaeu e
no?ieoaeueiua eiino?oeoeee”. – Aeiai?iiao?iane: IAANA. — 1996. — N.99.

AIIOAOe?ss

I?oy?a I.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaieaai/iiai
iaoa??aeo aeey oiia ?ioaineaiiai aa?aceaiiai ciiooaaiiy. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.02.01 “Iaoa??aeiciaanoai” – Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Caii??aeaey, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? ia aac? nenoaie eaaoaaiiy Fe-C-Cr-B-Si
aenieiciinino?eeiai iaieaai/iiai iaoa??aeo c nee?eiea?a?aeiei
ci?oeiaiiyi aeey aeaoaeae, ye? aenieoaoothoueny a oiiaao ?ioaineaiiai
aa?aceaiiai ciino aac cia/ieo oaea?ieo iaaaioaaeaiue.

?ic?iaeaiee neeaae aeaeo?iaeiiai iie?eooy, ui aeicaiey? i?ae /an
aeaeo?iaeoaiaiai iaieaaeaiiy io?eiaoe aenieiciinino?eeee nieaa
240O13N5?2. Aea/aiee aieea aoaeaoeth, ai?o e e?aii?th ia oaa?ae?noue
iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo, i?oei?noue nieaaeaiiy c iniiaith, ciinino?ee?noue.
Iaoiaeaie i?e?i?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai, ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai aiae?c?a ?
e?euee?nii? Iaea-niaeo?ineii?? o nieaa? 240O13N5?2 aeyaeai? o?e
ci?oeithth/? oace: ea?a?aee I7N3, ai?eaee I2A ? nee?eiea?a?aee SiC.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?ieoee i?iieneiao ai?iaaoe?th e
ai?iaaaeaeai? c iaoith ca?eueoaiiy no?ieo aeei?enoaiiy eiao?a aeaaaoi??a
aeey o?ainii?ooaaiiy neio/eo aa?aceaieo iaoa??ae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaieaai/i? iaoa??aee, ea?a?aee, ai?eaee, nee?eiea?a?aee,
ci?oeithth/? oace, oaa?ae?noue, i?e?ioaa?ae?noue, i?oei?noue nieaaeaiiy,
ciinino?ee?noue.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ieoyaa A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea, ?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aiea iaieaai/iiai
iaoa?eaea aeey oneiaee eioaineaiiai aa?aceaiiai eciaoeaaiey. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.02.01-“Iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea”.-Caii?iaeneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Caii?iaeuea, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea ia aaca nenoaiu eaae?iaaiey
Fe-C-Cr-B-Si aunieieciininoieeiai iaieaai/iiai iaoa?eaea n
neeeeiea?aeaeiui oi?i/iaieai aeey aeaoaeae, yenieoaoe?othueony a
oneiaeyo eioaineaiiai aa?aceaiiai eciaoeaaiey aac cia/eoaeueiuo oaea?iuo
iaa?ocie.

?ac?aaioai ninoaa yeaeo?iaeiiai iie?uoey, iicaieythuee i?e
yeaeo?iaeoaiaie iaieaaea iieo/eoue aunieieciininoieeee nieaa 240O13N5?2.
Eco/aii aeeyiea oaea?iaea, ai?a e e?aiiey ia oaa?aeinoue iaieaaeaiiiai
iaoaeea, i?i/iinoue nieaaeaiey n iniiaie, eciininoieeinoue. Iaoiaeaie
iee?i?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai, ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai aiaeecia e
eiee/anoaaiiie Iaea-niaeo?ineiiee a nieaaa 240O13N5?2 iaia?oaeaiu o?e
oi?i/iythuea oacu: ea?aeaeu I7N3, ai?eaeu I2A e neeeeiea?aeaeu SiC.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee i?ioee i?iiuoeaiioth ai?iaaoeeth e aiaae?aiu
aeey oaaee/aiey n?iea neoaeau eiaoae yeaaaoi?ia aeey o?ainii?oe?iaee
nuio/eo aa?aceaiuo iaoa?eaeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaieaai/iua iaoa?eaeu, ea?aeaeu, ai?eaeu,
neeeeiea?aeaeu, oi?i/iythuay oaca, oaa?aeinoue, iee?ioaa?aeinoue,
i?i/iinoue nieaaeaiey, eciininoieeinoue.

SUMMARY

Mityayev A.A. Investigation, development and reduction to practice of
facing material for severe abrasive wear conditions. – Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Technical Sciences on
speciality 05.02.01-“Material science”-Zaporozhye State Technical
University, Zaporozhye, 1998.

The dissertation concerns the development of highly wear-resistant
facing material on basis of Fe-C-Cr-B-Si alloying system with silicon
carbide reinforcement for parts used in severe abrasive wear conditions
without substantial impact loading.

Electrode luting composition has been developed which enables to produce
highly wear-resistant alloy 240X13C5P2 as a result of electric arc
facing. The influence of carbon, boron and silicon on hardness of
deposited material, strength of mutual fusion of the deposited and base
materials and wear resistance has been studied. Three reinforcing
phases: carbides M7C3, borides M2B and silicon-carbides SiC-have been
revealed by means of X-ray spectrum microprobe analysis, X-ray structure
analysis and quantitative Auger spectroscopy.

The result of the investigation have passed evaluation tests and have
been reduced to practice to increase service life of elevators’ dippers
for conveying of free-flowing abrasive materials.

Key words: facing materials, carbides, borides, silicon-carbides,
reinforcing phase, hardness, microhardness, strength of mutual fusion,
wear resistance.

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