I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
______________________________________________________________

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

NIOAOeUeEEE Aiaoie?e Aaeaioeiiae/

OAeE 532.516

*ENAEUeIA IIAeAETHAAIIss OA AENIA?EIAIOAEUeIA

AeINE?AeAEAIIss A?EssAE?AIIEO OA*?E

01.02.05 — iaoai?ea ??aeeie, aaco oa ieacie

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? o?ainii?oieo nenoai ? oaoiieia?e
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeia? ea??aieee:

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeaaeai?e OA Oe?a?ie

Caneaanueeee A?ii?neaa Eaii?aeiae/ ;

— aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?eoiaeueei Ieaenaiae? Aiaoie?eiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

O?ou A?eoi? Eocueie/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aa?ia?ae?iiaoai?ee;

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Eaaoa TH?ie Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeooo oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee

IAI Oe?a?ie (i.Aeiii?iiao?ianuee),

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

— ?inoeooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «____» ________ 199 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.051.10. i?e
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 320625, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?. E. Ia?ena 35, ei?i 3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «____» ___________ 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aecthaa A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaiaoeee. Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iacaiiiai o?ainii?oo oa
noai?aiiy eiai iiaeo oei?a iaiiaeeeai aac o?aooaaiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo
i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny i?ae /an ?ooo. Iniaeeao caoe?eaaeai?noue
aeeeeeathoue aoaeoe ?icaeoeo eai?ia?ieo oa oo?aoeaioieo a?eyae?aiieo
oa/?e, ine?eueee oe? aeaee ?ooo ?aaeueii? ??aeeie ? nooo?aeie
neeaaeiaeie cacia/aieo i?ioean?a. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy a?eyae?aiieo
oa/?e ? aeooaeueiith oaiith no/anii? iaoai?ee ??aeei oa aac?a.

?aii? aenia?eiaioaeuei? oa oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iao?eaiiy o?e
iiaeeco iaae? ?icae?eo na?aaeiaeu aoee iia’ycai? c ?icaeoeii iia?o?yiiai
oa aiaeiiai o?ainii?oo. sse i?aaeei, aiie iaiaaeoaaeenue
aeine?aeaeaiiyie a?ae?iaeeiai?ee e?eea, ye iniiaiiai caniao ea?oaaiiy oa
i?aeo?eiee o?ainii?oiiai aia?aoo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy c aa?iaeeiai?ee
iacaiieo o?ainii?oieo cania?a iaee caeaa?eueoiai aii??e/iee oa?aeoa?.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aia?ao?a, ye?
ooieoe?iiothoue ia aeeiai?/ieo i?eioeeiao i?aeo?eiee, c’yaeeenue ?iaioe,
ui aacothoueny ia iaoiaeao aeene?aoieo aeoi??a, iniaeeainoae,
eaaae?oiieuei?e oai??? e?eea, iioaioe?aeo i?enei?aiue, c?iuaieo
aneiioioe/ieo ?icianaiue. I?e oeueiio aeei?enoiaothoueny ??ciiai ?iaeo
i?eiouaiiy, ye? ni?iuothoue caaea/o, aea ia caaaeaee iiaiii??ii
a?aeoai?ththoue o?ceeo yaeu.

I?e ?ica’ycaii? oaeeo caaea/ aeiaaeiny c?oeiooeny ?c ?yaeii o?oaeiiu?a.
Aeyaeeiny, ui oeyoii o?ce/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy a aa?iaeeiai?/i?e o?oa?
aaaeei iaea?aeaoe aaeaeaaoia a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?aaeueieo iaaeiaeo oiia ia
oaa?ae?e iiaa?oi?. Oiio iaoaiaoe/ia oa aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ioean?a iao?eaiiy o?ainii?oieo aia?ao?a oa cinoaaeaiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoaoia iaaoei iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino?. Iiaeaeueoa oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo AII
noi?ioaaei iiaee iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue — /enaeueiee aenia?eiaio.

Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui canoinoaaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aea?
iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe oae? iaoai?cie yaeu, ye? a o?ce/iiio aenia?eiaio?
?iiae? aoaathoue ne?eo? a?ae aeine?aeieea. Inoaii? iaaoei iniaeeaiai
ci?noo c oaeineiiaeaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oa /enaeueieo iaoiae?a.
Aeiiiaithth/e iaeia iaeiiai oa eiieo?oth/e i?ae niaith, o?ce/ia oa
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy iaaeathoue aeine?aeieeai iia? iiaeeeaino? aeey
aea/aiiy oa ?ic?aooieo neeaaeieo aca?iicaeaaeieo i?ioean?a.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o iaoaiaoe/iiio oa o?ce/iiio iiaeaethaaii? iao?eaiiy
o?e iiaeeco ae?aio c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeaeae ?aeaaeueii? oa a’ycei?
??aeeie, /enaeueiiio ?ica`ycaii? ??aiyiue Iaa’?-Noiena aeey eai?ia?iiai
oa oo?aoeaioiiai ?aaeei?a, aeine?aeaeaii? iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy oa
?icaeoeo oa/?e, ae?iaeaii? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei canoinoaaiiy
iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oa iaoiae?a iaoai?ee ??aeei oa aac?a, ?ica`ycaii?
aaaeeeaeo i?eeeaaeieo caaea/.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii iao?eaiiy
i?io?eth e?eea iiaeeco ae?aio oa aeeiiaii /enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy
i?ioean?a aa?iaeeiai?ee a?eyae?aiieo oa/?e, ui aaco?oueny ia iaoiae?
aeene?aoieo aeoi??a, ianoaoeiiia?ieo ??aiyiiyo Iaa’?-Noiena aeey
eai?ia?iiai oa oo?aoeaioiiai ?aaeei?a oa/?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

1. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii iniaeeaino? iao?eaiiy oiieiai i?io?eth
e?eea aeey iaeeo a?aenoaiae aei ae?aio.

2. Iiaoaeiaaii oa ?aae?ciaaii /enaeuei? iaoiaeeee, aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie
?ic?aooieo eai?ia?ieo oa oo?aoeaioieo a?eyae?aiieo oa/?e, ui aacothoueny
ia iaoiae? aeene?aoieo aeoi??a oa ianoaoeiiia?ieo ??aiyiiyo
Iaa’?-Noiena, caienaieo a e?eaie?i?ei?e iai?oiaiiaeuei?e nenoai?
eii?aeeiao, c aeei?enoaiiyi ainueie noai ne?i/aiii-??cieoeaai?
ai?ieneiaoe??: i?ioeiioi/ii?, a?a?eaeii?, Eaiia?aei ae?oaiai oa
o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo oi/iino?, iaoiaeo aa?oiuei? ?aeaenaoe??,
i?aaeeeoi?-ei?aeoi? c ?icuaieaiiyi ca /anii, ci?iieo iai?yie?a,
oaeoi?eciaaii? c aaeoi?iith oa neaey?iith i?iaiieaie. C?noaaeaii ?o
aoaeoeai?noue ? aea?aii iaea?eueo aeiiii?/i?.

3. Aeey ?ic?aooieo iiey oeneo a e?eaie?i?ei?e iai?oiaiiaeuei?e nenoai?
eii?aeeiao ?ic?iaeaii oa ?aae?ciaaii iaoiaeeee c aeei?enoaiiyi ??aiyiue
Ioanniia aeey oeneo oa ci?iii? Aa?ioee?, iaoiaeo SIMPLER, i?yiiai
?ioaa?oaaiiy ??aiyiue e?eueeino? ?ooo.

4. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa /enaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ae?iaeaii iaoiaeieia?th iiaeaethaaiiy iao?eaiiy o?e iiaeeco ae?aio c
aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeaeae ?aeaaeueii? oa a’ycei? ??aeeie. Aecia/aii iaae?
canoinoaaiiy aeei?enoaieo iiaeaeae, /enaeueieo iaoiaeee oa aeai?eoi?a.
Aea/aii iniaeeaino? iao?eaiiy i?io?eth e?eea, eieiaiai oeee?iae?a oa
aaoiiia?ey ia iaeeo a?aenoaiyo aei ae?aio.

Aeinoia??i?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny ?o
caaeia?eueiei ni?aiaaeaiiyi c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie, a?aeiieie
?ic?aooieaie oa oai?aoe/ieie iieiaeaiiyie ?ioeo aaoi??a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aenia?eiaioaeueii
aeine?aeaeaii iao?eaiiy oiieiai i?io?eth iiaeeco ae?aio. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeee, aeai?eoie, i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo iao?eaiiy o?e iiaeeco ae?aio,
ui a?oioothoueny ia iaoiae? aeene?aoieo aeoi??a oa ianoaoeiiia?ieo
??aiyiiyo Iaa’?-Noiena, aeicaieythoue ?ica’ycoaaoe caaea/? aeey
eai?ia?ieo ? oo?aoeaioieo oa/?e, caaacia/othoue ni?aiaaeaiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie a aeine?aeaeaiiio ae?aiacii?
aecia/ath/eo ia?aiao??a. Anoaiiaeaii caeaaeiino? aa?iaeeiai?/ieo
eiao?oe??io?a aeaiaio?a o?ainii?oieo cania?a a?ae eooa aoaee oa
a?aenoai? aei ae?aio.

Iiaoaeiaai? /enaeuei? iiaeae?, ?aae?ciaai? aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie,
?acoeueoaoe ?ica’ycaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaieie
i?e i?iaeooaaii? o?ainii?oieo cania?a, a oaeiae aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy
iiaeaeae ? iaoiae?a iaoai?ee ??aeeie oa aaco.

I?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue iathoue ?acoeueoaoe oanooaaiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo
iiaeaeae oa aeai?eoi?a, a oaeiae ii??aiyiiy iaea?aeaieo ia?aiao??a c
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie oa ?ic?aooieaie ?ioeo aaoi??a. Ana oea aoaea
ni?eyoe iaeiie/aiith aeina?aeo iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
aa?iaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a, /enaeueiiai ?ica`yceo ??aiyiue Iaa’?-Noiena,
i?aeaeuaiith yeino? oa aoaeoeaiino? ne?i/aiii-??cieoeaaeo noai ?
iiaeaeae aa?ia?ae?iaeeiai?ee, ooi/iaiith iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae neeaaeieo
aca?iicaeaaeieo i?ioean?a.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a eiino?oeoi?nueeeo oa
i?iaeoieo ?iaioao a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?, aaoiiia?euei?e, aa?aoe?ei?e oa
eini?/i?e oaoi?oe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. A i?ioean? aeineiaeaeaiue iieiaeaiiy oa
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue
ia:

— i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “*eneaiiua iaoiaeu a aeae?aaeeea e
aeae?iaeeiaieea “ (i. Aeiiaoeuee, 1994?.);

— i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo a/aieo ?in??, Oe?a?ie oa A?ei?on?
«I?eeeaaeiua i?iaeaiu iaoaieee aeeaeeinoe e aaca” (i. Naaanoiiieue,
1994?., 1995?., 1996?., !997?.);

— 2-io oa 3-io I?aeia?iaeieo neiiic?oiao oe?a?inueeeo
?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a (i. Euea?a, 1995?., 1997?.);

— i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “?icaeoie eaaeiiioi?ii? aaiaoei?”(i. Ee?a,
1995?.),

— IX i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaiu iaoaieee aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai
o?ainii?oa” (i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1996?.);

— iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeae?iay?iiaoaieea a eiaeaia?iie
i?aeoeea» (i. *a?eane, 1997?., i Ee?a 1998?. );

— VII i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “Iaoiaeu aeene?aoiuo iniaaiiinoae a
caaea/ao iaoaiaoe/aneie oeceee” (i. Oaiaein?y, 1997?.);

— i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1995?., 1996?., 1997?.);

— ia’?aeiaiiio nai?ia?? Iinoeoooo o?ainii?oieo nenoai i oaoiieiaie IAI
Oe?a?ie (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998?.);

— ia’?aeiaiiio nai?ia?? Iinoeoooo oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI
Oe?a?ie (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998?.);

— ia’?aeiaiiio nai?ia?? eaoaae? aa?ia?ae?iiaoai?ee oa i?eeeaaeii?
aaciai? aeeiai?ee ? oaieiianiiai?io Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998?.);

— nai?ia?? eaoaae?e aa?iaeeiai?ee Oa?e?anueeiai aa?aoe?eiiai
?inoeoooo (i. Oa?e?a, 1998?.);

— i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiio nai?ia?? Ee?anueeiai i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? (i. Ee?a, 1998?.);

— ?anioae?eainueeiio nai?ia?? ?inoeoooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI
Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a, 1998?.);

— i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy (i. Oa?nii,
1998?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 21 ?iaioi,
nienie yeeo iaaaaeaii a e?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (175 iaca), aeeiiaia
ia 147 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 68 ?enoieaie, iiaiee
ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 218 noi??iie.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

ANOOI. Iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue oaiaoeee,
ui aea/a?oueny, aeae?ey?oueny eiei iniiaieo caaea/, i?eaiaeeoueny
ei?ioeee ci?no aeena?oaoe??. Oi?ioeth?oueny iaoa ?iaioe.

?icae?e 1. AIAEIC NO*ANIIAI NOAIO I?IAEAIE. Aiae?co?oueny no/aniee noai
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iao?eaiiy o?e iiaeeco ae?aio. ?icaeyiooi iaoiaee oa aeeiiaii aiae?c
cania?a o?ce/iiai (1.1) oa iaoaiaoe/iiai (1.2) iiaeaethaaiiy iao?eaiiy
o?e iiaeeco ae?aio. ?icaeyaeathoueny iiaeae? oa iaoiaee ia/enethaaeueii?
aa?iaeeiai?ee, oaiiiaiieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei caieeaiiy nenoaie
ina?aaeiaieo ??aiyiue Iaa’?-Noiena, niinia?a o?ce/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
iaaeiaeo oiia ia oaa?ae?e iiaa?oi?.

A?aecia/a?oueny, ui na?aae ??ciiiai?oieo i?aeoiae?a aei ?ica`ycoaaiiy
i?iaeaie ?ic?aooieo iao?eaiiy o?e iiaeeco ae?aio aoaeoeaiei ?
eiiieaeniee iaoiae, yeee aaco?oueny ia o?ce/iiio oa iaoaiaoe/iiio
iiaeaethaaii?, ui aeeth/a? iiaeae? oa aeai?eoie ??ciiai ??aiy
neeaaeiino?. Noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo aeine?aeaeaiue.

?icae?e 2. AENIA?EIAIOAEUeIA AeINE?AeAEAIIss IAO?EAIIss I?IO?ETH IIAEECO
AE?AIO. A aa?iaeeiai?/i?e o?oa? O-3 caieiooiai oeio c a?aee?eoith
?iai/ith /anoeiith Oa?e?anueeiai aa?aoe?eiiai ?inoeoooo iaoiaeii
aeca?eaeueiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaeenue iniaeeaino? iao?eaiiy
oa aa?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?io?eth e?eea CLARK-Y-4% aeey iaeeo
a?aenoaiae aei caie?.

Aenia?eiaio i?iaaaeaii c iaoith aea/aiiy i?ioean?a iao?eaiiy o?e iiaeeco
caie?. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e oanooaaii?
?ic?iaeaieo /enaeueieo iaoiaeee.

, H — a?aenoaiue aei ae?aio, b — oi?aea i?io?eth) oa eoo?a aoaee (=
-0,5i, 0i, 0,5i, 1,0i. Iaea?aeaii eiao?oe??ioe i?aeeiiii? neee, eiaiaiai
iii?o, iicaeiaaeiueiai iiiaioo oa aa?iaeeiai?/ii? yeino?, ye ooieoe??
eooa aoaee oa a?aenoai? aei ae?aio (?en.1).

ia? a?ae’?iia cia/aiiy a aeine?aeaeaiiio ae?aiacii? a?aenoaiae aei
caie? oa eoo?a aoaee. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue iicaeiaaeiuei?
no?eeino?. Iaaeeaeaiiy i?io?eth aei caie? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icoe?aiiy
iaeano? i?aeaeuaiiai oeneo ia eiai ieaei?e iiaa?oi?. A ?acoeueoao?
oeaio? oeneo ci?uo?oueny aei caaeiuei? e?aeee i?ioieth i iicaeiaaei?e
iiiaio c?inoa?. Oae aeey eooa aoaee a 1( aii caieueoo?oueny ia 25,5%.

Ciaioaiiy aiaenoaii aei caiei c h=0,052 aei h=0,016 i?ecaiaeeoue aei
c?inoaiiy aa?iaeeiaii/ii? yeinoi i?ioieth a na?aaeiueiio ia 25%

I?iaaaeaia a?coae?caoe?y oa/?? a ?aeii? ia?aaeiuei? e?aeee i?io?eth
iieacaea, ui a aeine?aeaeaiiio ae?aiacii? a?aeiinieo a?aenoaiae aei
caie? oa eoo?a aoaee a?ae?ea oa/?? ia a?aeaoaa?oueny.

?icae?e 3. AeINE?AeAEAIIss IAO?EAIIss I?IO?ETH IIAEECO AE?AIO IAOIAeII
AeENE?AOIEO AEOI??A. ?icaeyaeathoueny iniaeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo
aeene?aoieo aeoi??a aeey iiaeaethaaiiy ieineiai iao?eaiiy o?e iiaeeco
ae?aio. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo, aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo iao?eaiiy
i?io?eth iiaeeco caie? iaoiaeii aeene?aoieo aeoi??a (IAeA) (3.1).

I?iaaaeaii /enaeuei? ?ic?aooiee iao?eaiiy i?io?e?a CLARK-Y oa CLARK-YH o
aeiaaeeo aaciaaeii? ??aeeie oa iiaeeco ae?aio. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aiae?cothoueny oa ii??aiththoueny c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie (3.2).
Aeine?aeaeaii aieea aiaenoaii aei ae?aio ia oi/i?noue ?ic?aooieo
aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee (?en. 2).

?icae?e 4. *ENAEUeIA IIAeAETHAAIIss A’ssCEEO OA*?E. Iniiai? i?iaeaie
/enaeueiiai ?ica`yceo ianoaoeiiia?ieo ?iaiyiue Iaa`?-Noiena a ci?iieo
aeoi? — ooieoe?y oa/?? a e?eaie?i?ei?e iai?oiaiiaeuei?e nenoai?
eii?aeeiao iia`ycai? c iiaoaeiaith aaeaioeaii? n?oee, caaeaiiyi iaaeiaeo
oiia, ?ic?aooieii iiey oeneo, a oaeiae aeinyaiaiiyi a?aeiia?aeii?
ca?aeiino? ne?i/aiii-??cieoeaaiai aiaeiaa nenoaie aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo
??aiyiue.

Iaaiaeeoueny iinoaiiaea caaea/? /enaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa/?? a`ycei?
ianoeneeai? ??aeeie ia iniia? ianoaoeiiia?ieo ??aiyiue Iaa`?-Noiena aeey
eai?ia?iiai oa oo?aoeaioiiai ?aaeei?a (4.1). Aeey caieeaiiy ina?aaeiaieo
??aiyiue Iaa’?-Noiena aeei?enoaii aeaiia?aiao?e/io k-( iiaeaeue
oo?aoeaioiino?.

?en. 2. ?iciiae?eaiiy eiao?oe??ioa oeneo ia iiaa?oi? i?io?eth

e?eea iiaeeco ae?aio:

__ — ?ic?aooiie IAeA;

(, (- aenia?eiaio (Na?aa??enueeee ss. I.)

ieaeiy oa aa?oiy iiaa?oi?

Aeo?aei? ??aiyiiy caienai? a e?eaie?i?ei?e iai?oiaiiaeuei?e nenoai?
eii?aeeiao (4.1.1.). ?aaeiciaaii aeae?eueea iaoiae?a caaeaiiy iaaeiaeo
oiia (4.1.2).

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c oei?a oa iaoiae?a iiaoaeiae n?oie aeicaieea acyoe ca
iniiao aei/io no?oeoo?o (4.2). ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee iiaoaeiae n?oee
iaoiaeii aaaaoueio iiaa?oiiue (4.2.1.) oa oeyoii ?ica’yceo
aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue (4.2.2). I?eeeaae iiaoaeiae n?oie aeacaieie
iaoiaeaie iieacaii ia ?en.3-4.

?icaeyiooi iiaeeea? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?aooieo iiey oeneo (4.3.).
?ic?iaeaii oa ?aae?ciaaii /ioe?e iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy iiey oeneo a
e?eaie?i?ei?e iai?oiaiiaeuei?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao ca aeiiiiiaith
?ica’ycaiiy ??aiyiue Ioanniia aeey oeneo (4.3.1), ci?iii? Aa?ioee?
(4.3.2), i?yiiai iioaa?oaaiiy ?iaiyiue eieueeinoi ?ooo (4.3.3) oa ca
iaoiaeii “SIMPLER” (4.3.4).

Iaea?eueo aaaeeeaith eaieith /enaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy i?e ?ica`ycaii?
nenoaie aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue a /anoeiieo iio?aeieo ca aeiiiiiaith
ne?i/aiii-??cieoeaaeo iaoiae?a ? aeai?eoi ia?aoai?aiiy aeo?aeieo
??aiyiue a nenoaio aeaaa?a?/ieo ??aiyiue. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee,
aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie ?ica’yceo ianoaoeiiia?ieo ??aiyiue Iaa’?-Noiena ca
aeiiiiiaith ianooiieo noai: i?ioeiioi/ii?, a?a?eaeii?, Eaiia?aei
ae?oaiai oa o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo ai?ieneiaoe?? (4.4.1), aa?oiuei?
?aeaenaoe?? (4.4.5), i?aaeeeoi?-ei?aeoi? c ?icuaieaiiyi ca /anii
(4.4.2), iaoiaeii ci?iieo iai?yie?a (4.4.3) oa iao?e/ii? oaeoi?ecaoe??
(4.4.4).

?en. 3. ?ic?aooieiaa n?oea aeey oeee?iae?a iiaeeco ae?aio,

iiaoaeiaaia iaoiaeii aaaaoueio iiaa?oiiue

?en. 4. ?ic?aooieiaa n?oea aeey aaoiiia?ey, iiaoaeiaaia

oeyoii ?ica’yceo aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue

?icae?e 5. *ENAEUeIA AeINE?AeAEAIIss I?IOeAN?A A?Ae?IAA?IAeEIAI?EE I?E
IAO?EAII? O?E IIAEECO AE?AIO. I?iaaaeaii oanooaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee
/enaeueiiai ?ica`yceo ianoaoeiiia?ieo ??aiyiue Iaa’?-Noiena (5.1) ia
i?eeeaae? eai?ia?ii? oa/?? ??aeeie a eaaa?i? (5.1.1) oa iaaeiei
?cieueiaaiiai oeee?iae?a (5.1.2). Aeine?aeaeaii aoaeoeai?noue
?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo oeneo (5.1.3) c aeei?enoaiiyi n?oie, ye?
iiaoaeiaai? aeaaa?a?/iei niiniaii oa oeyoii ?ica’yceo aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo
??aiyiue.

Aeey oo?aoeaioiiai ?aaeeio oa/?? ?ic?aoiaaii iao?eaiiy ieanoeie (5.1.4)
oa eieiaiai oeee?iae?a (5.1.5).

I?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiee iao?eaiiy o?e iiaeeco ae?aio (5.2): eieiaiai
oeee?iae?a (5.2.1), i?io?eth e?eea (5.2.2), aaoiiia?ey (5.2.3). Aeeiiaii
aiae?c no?oeoo?e iieae oa/?e oa iaea?aeaieo aa?iaeeiaii/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee.

sse iieacaa ?ic?aooiie, i?e iao?eaii? oeee?iae?a iiaeeco ae?aio
ooai?ththoueny aeaa ianeiao?e/ieo aeoi?iaeo caonoee, i?e oeueiio aa?oi?e
ia? a?eueo i?aaeeueio oi?io oa a?eueo? ?ici??e, i?ae ieaei?e. Oea
iia’ycaii c iayai?noth u?eeiiiai aoaeoo a i?noe? i?i?iaeueiiai caci?o
i?ae oeee?iae?ii oa ae?aiii, yeee i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui oa/?y a?ey
iiaa?oi? ae?aio aaciina?aaeiuei ca oeee?iae?ii o oa?? oiaueiith,
ni?eueiii??iith c ?ici??ii caci?o, ia? cia/ii a?eueoo oaeaee?noue. Oiio
/anoeia ??aeeie, ui iiiaaea? a oeth ae?eyieo oa/??, aeiineoueny ?c
i?eae?aiii? /anoeie aeiiii? iaeano? ca oeee?iae?ii. Ia?aaeiy oa caaeiy
e?eoe/i? oi/ee ?icoieaiiy ci?uothoueny ii iiaa?oii oeeeiiae?a aei
ae?aio. Iacia/i? ia?ai?uaiiy oi/ie a?ae?eao iiyniththoueny
noaa?e?coth/ei aieeaii ae?aio ia aa?iaeeiai?/iee ne?ae. Ae?ai aaeueio?
iiia?a/iee ?oo aeoi?iaeo caonoe?a a aaciina?aaei?e aeecueeino? ca
oeee?iae?ii ? oaeei /eiii noaa?e?co? iieiaeaiiy oi/ie a?ae?eao.
?iciiae?eaiiy oeneo ia oeee?iae?? iieacaii ia ?en. 5.

?en. 5. ?iciiae?eaiiy oeneo ia oeee?iae?? iiaeeco ae?aio:

__- ?ic?aooiie; ( — aenia?eiaio (Eiaaeaiei A.I)

Ii??aiyiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie oa
?ic?aooieaie ?ioeo aaoi??a aeey i?io?eth e?eea oa aaoiiia?ey iieacaii ia
?en. 6-8.

?en. 6. Eiao?oe??io oeneo ia i?io?e? e?eea iiaeeco ae?aio:

(, ( -aenia?eiaio (Na?aa??enueeee ss. I.), ieaeiy oa aa?oiy iiaa?oi?;

__ — ?ic?aooiie

?en. 7. Aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioa i?aeeiiii? neee aeey i?io?eth e?eea
CLARK-Y-4% iiaeeco ae?aio:

(-aenia?eiaio (aeaia ?iaioa);

_ _ — ?ic?aooiie (IAeA);

__ — ?ic?aooiie (?iaiyiiy Iaa’?-Noiena)

?en. 8. Eiao?oe??io oeneo ia iiaa?oi? aaoiiia?ey

C o?aooaaiiyi e?eaecie e?i?e oa/?e i?iaaaeaii /enaeueiee ?ic?aooiie
a?ae?eaii? oo?aoeaioii? oa/?? a aa?iaeeiai?/i?e o?oa? (?en. 9) (5.2.4).
Aeine?aeaeaii aieea eiao?oe??io?a aeeneiaoe?? aeaiia?aiao?e/ii? k-(
iiaeae? ia oi/i?noue ?ica’yceo aeaii? caaea/?. Aeey a?eyae?aiieo oa/?e
ciaeaeaii oa iaa?oioiaaii ?o aaee/eie. ?iciiae?eaiiy ?ic?aoiaaieo
ia?aiao??a iieacaii ia ?en. 10.

?en. 9. ?ic?aooieiaa iaeanoue aiae?eaii? oa/?? a aa?iaeeiai?/i?e o?oa?

AENIIAEE

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? iaoeiaith i?aoeath, a ye?e aenia?eiaioaeueii oa
/enaeueii aeine?aeaeaii iao?eaiiy o?e iiaeeco ae?aio, ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeee, aeai?eoie, i?ia?aie, ui a?oioothoueny ia iaoiae? aeene?aoieo
aeoi??a, ianoaoeiiia?ieo ??aiyiiyo Iaa’?-Noiena aeey eai?ia?iiai oa
oo?aoeaioiiai ?aaeei?a a ci?iieo aeoi? — ooieoe?y oa/??, yei caienaii a
e?eaie?i?ei?e iai?oiaiiaeuei?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao. Aeuaia?ae?/aia iiaeia
eaae?o?eoaaoe ye iiaee ?ica’ycie aeooaeueii? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ioean?a aa?iaeeiai?ee o?ainii?oieo caniaia oa ?o aeaiaioia iiaeeco
ae?aio.

Iniiai? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaathoue a
ianooiiiio.

1. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii iniaeeaino? iao?eaiiy oiieiai i?io?eth
e?eea aeey iaeeo a?aenoaiae aei ae?aio. Iaea?aeaii caeaaeiino?
aa?iaeeiai?/ieo eiao?oe??io?a a?ae eooa aoaee oa a?aenoai? aei ae?aio.
I?iaaaeaia a?coae?caoe?y oa/?? a ieie? ia?aaeiuei? e?aeee i?io?eth
aeicaieeea anoaiiaeoe ?? aaca?ae?eaio no?oeoo?o.

2. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee, aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie iiaoaeiae ?ic?aooieiaeo
n?oie ia iniia? aeaaa?a?/ieo iaoiae?a oa oeyoii ?ica’yceo
aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue. N?oee, ui iiaoaeiaai? ca aeiiiiiaith
?ica’yceo nenoaie aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue Ioanniia c ea?iaaiei
?iciiuaiiyi aoceia ana?aaeeii oice/ii? iaeanoi aeey a?eyae?aiieo oa/?e
? a?eueo aaeaioiaaieie aei no?oeoo?e oa/??.

3. Aeine?aeaeaii aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee, aeai?eoi?a, i?ia?ai
?ica’yceo ??aiyiue Iaa’?-Noiena, yei caienaii a e?eaie?i?ei?e
iai?oiaiiaeuei?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao, c aeei?enoaiiyi ianooiieo noai ?o
ai?ieneiaoe??: i?ioeiioi/ii?, a?a?eaeii?, Eaiia?aei ae?oaiai oa
o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo, iaoiaeo aa?oiuei? ?aeaenaoe??, i?aaeeeoi?-ei?aeoi? c
?icuaieaiiyi ca /anii, ci?iieo iai?yie?a, oaeoi?eciaaii? c aaeoi?iith oa
neaey?iith i?iaiieaie ia caaea/ao ?aoee?eoeyoe?eii? oa/?? a eaaa?i? oa
a?ae?eaiiio iao?eaii? ?cieueiaaiiai oeee?iae?a. Noaie Eaiia?aei ae?oaiai
? o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo ai?ieneiaoe?? oa oaeoi?eciaaia noaia iieacaee
iaee?auo ?acoeueoaoeai?noue i?e ii??aiyii? ia oi/i?noue oa /an
?ic?aooieo.

4. ?ic?iaeaii oa ?aae?ciaaii iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo iiey oeneo a
e?eaie?i?ei?e iai?oiaiiaeuei?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao c aeei?enoaiiyi
??aiyiue Ioanniia aeey oeneo oa ci?iii? Aa?ioee?, iaoiaeo SIMPLER,
i?yiiai ?ioaa?oaaiiy ??aiyiue e?eueeino? ?ooo. Cinoaaeaiiy ?ic?aoiaaieo
ia?aiao?ia c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie iieacaei ia?aaaao SIMPLER
iaoiaeo oa i?yiiai iioaa?oaaiiy ?iaiyiue eieueeinoi ?ooo iaae iioeie.

Ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, iaoiaeo aeene?aoieo aeoi??a, iiaieo
oa ina?aaeiaieo ??aiyiue Iaa’?-Noiena, ui caieiai? aeaiia?aiao?e/iith
k-( iiaeaeeth oo?aoeaioiino?, aeine?aeaeaii iao?eaiiy eieiaiai
oeee?iae?o, i?io?eth e?eea oa aaoiiia?ey iiaeeco ae?aio. Aecia/aii iaae?
canoinoaaiiy aeei?enoaieo iiaeaeae, /enaeueieo iaoiaeee oa aeai?eoi?a a
caeaaeiino? a?ae eooa aoaee oa a?aenoai? aei ae?aio.

IIOAE?EIAAI? ?IAIOE CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Caneaaneee A.E., Iieioeia I.I., Nioaoeeee A.A. I iaoaiaoe/aneii
iiaeaee?iaaiee ay?iaeeiaie/aneeo i?ioeannia iaayceiai iaoaeaiey oae
aaeece ye?aia // EAOI. Ioaeaeaiea oeceei-oaoie/aneeo i?iaeai o?ainii?oa
ia naa?oi?iaiaeyueo iaaieoao.- Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1991.-20n. — Aeai. a
AEIEOE 31.10.91, ?4180-A91.

2. Nioaoeeee A.A. Ia iaeiii niiniaa aii?ieneiaoeee e?ueiaiai i?ioeey n
eniieueciaaieai eoae/aneeo nieaeiia // EAOI. Ioaeaeaiea
oeceei-oaoie/aneeo i?iaeai o?ainii?oa ia naa?oi?iaiaeyueo iaaieoao. —
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1991. -9n. — Aeai. a AEIEOE 15.01.91, ?140-A92 .

3. Nioaoeueeee A.A. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy iioaioe?aeueiiai iao?eaiiy
e?eeiaiai i?io?eth iiaeeco ae?aio iaoiaeii aeene?aoieo aeoi??a /?AOI.
A?aeae?eaiiy o?ceei-oaoi?/ieo i?iaeai o?ainii?oo ia iaaei?ia?aeieo
iaai?oao. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1992. — 11n. — Aeai. a Oe?. ?IO?
06.05.92?., ?582-Oe92.

4. Caneaaneee A.E., I?eoiaeueei A.A., Nioaoeeee A.A. *eneaiiia
iiaeaee?iaaiea e yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey ay?iaeeiaieee
yeaiaioia o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa aaeece iii?iuo iiaa?oiinoae// *eneaiiua
iaoiaeu a aeae?aaeeea e aeae?iaeeiaieea.- Aeiiaoee: AeiiAO, 1994.-C.32.

5. Caneaaneee A.E., I?eoiaeueei A.A., Nioaoeeee A.A. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua
enneaaeiaaiey e /eneaiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea iaoaeaiey o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa
iaae iii?iie iiaa?oiinoueth // I?eeeaaeiua i?iaeaiu iaoaieee aeeaeeinoe
e aaca.- Naaanoiiieue: Caa. AOO, 1994. — N.17.

6. Caneaanueeee A.E., I?eoiaeueei I.A., Nioaoeueeee A.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aa?iaeeiai?ee iacaiieo o?ainii?oieo cania?a // I?aoe? 2-ai
i?aeia?iaeiiai neiiic?oio oe?a?inueeeo ?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a.- Euea?a:
EAeO «Euea?anueea iieioaoi?ea», 1995.- N.176-177.

7. Caneaaneee A.E., I?eoiaeueei A.A., Nioaoeeee A.A. I?iaeaiu
iaoaiaoe/aneiai e yenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey aeicaoeiaiai
iaoaeaiey o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa aaeece i?ioeee?iaaiiie iiaa?oiinoe //
I?eeeaaeiua i?iaeaiu iaoaieee aeeaeeinoe e aaca.- Naaanoiiieue: Caa.
AOO, 1995. — C.105.

8. Nioaoeeee A.A. Iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa aeaaeaiey i?e ?aoaiee o?aaiaiee
Iaauea-Noiena a ia?aiaiiuo caaeo?aiiinoue ooieoeey oiea // I?eeeaaeiua
i?iaeaiu iaoaieee aeeaeeinoe e aaca.- Naaanoiiieue: Caa. AOO, 1995. —
C.102.

9. Nioaoeeee A.A. *eneaiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea iaoaeaiey i?ioeey aaeece
caiee n eniieueciaaieai o?aaiaiee Iaauea — Noiena// O?oaeu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee ”?acaeoea eaaeiiioi?iie aaeaoeee”.
Aaeaoeey iauaai iacia/aiey.- Eeaa: Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oieaa?neoao
a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee.- 1995.- ?9.- C.18.

10. Caneaaneee A.E., I?eoiaeueei A.A., Nioaoeeee A.A. Ia?niaeoeau
i?eiaiaiey iiaeaeae e iaoiaeia au/eneeoaeueiie ay?iaeeiaieee i?e
?ac?aaioea eaaeiiioi?iie aaeaoeee // O?oaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioeee ”?acaeoea eaaeiiioi?iie aaeaoeee”. Aaeaoeey iauaai
iacia/aiey.- Eeaa: Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oieaa?neoao a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee.-
1995.- ?9.-C.18.

11. Caneaaneee A.E., I?eoiaeueei A.A., Nioaoeeee A.A. Nia?aiaiiua
i?iaeaiu iaoaiaoe/aneiai e yenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey
ay?iaeeiaieee o?ainii?o-iuo n?aaenoa ia iaaieoiii iiaeaana // I?iaeaiu
iaoaieee aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa. O?oaeu IX iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioeee.- Aeiii?iiao?ianuee: Aea?aeaaiee oaoii/iee oiiaa?neoao
caeicie/iiai o?ainii?oo, 1996. -C.160.

12. Caneaanueeee A.E., Nioaoeueeee A.A., E?aaaoeue A.A., E?eoei ?.I. I?i
iaeei iiaeoiae iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?ooo aenieioaeaeeiniiai
caeicie/iiai aaaiio // I?iaeaiu iaoaieee aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai o?ainii?oa.
O?oaeu IX Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee.- Aeiii?iiao?ianuee.:
Aea?aeaaiee oaoii/iee oiiaa?neoao caeicie/iiai o?ainii?oo, 1996. —
C.161.

13. Caneaaneee A.E., I?eoiaeueei A.A., Nioaoeeee A.A. Iaeioi?ua aniaeou
iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey ay?iaeeiaieee iacaiiuo o?ainii?oiuo
n?aaenoa // I?eeeaaeiua i?iaeaiu iaoaieee aeeaeeinoe e aaca.-
Naaanoiiieue: Caa.AOO,1996.- C.17.

14. Nioaoeeee A.A. Ii?iaiyiiy iiaeo oa aiaeiieo iaoiaeee ?ica’yceo
?iaiyiue Iaa’?-Noiena a ciiiieo aeoi?-ooieoeiy oa/i? a e?eaieiiieiie
iai?oiaiiaeueiie nenoaii eii?aeeiao // I?eaeiii?ianueeee iaoeiaee
ainiee.- Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Aeiii?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee
oiiaa?neoao.- 1996. -?4.- C.20.

15. Nioaoeueeee A.A. Iayaia oaeoi?eciaaia noaia ai?ieneiaoe?? ??aiyiue
Iaa’?-Noiena a ci?iieo aeoi? — ooieoe?y oa/?? // I?eeeaaeiua i?iaeaiu
iaoaieee aeeaeeinoe e aaca.- Naaanoiiieue: Caa. AOO.- 1996. — C.51.

16. Caneaanueeee A.E., I?eoiaeueei I.A., Nioaoeueeee A.A. Canoinoaaiiy
/enaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeey aeai?o aa?iaeeiai?/ii? oi?ie o?ainii?oieo
cania?a // I?aoe? 3-ai i?aeia?iaeiiai neiiic?oio oe?a?inueeeo
?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a.- Euea?a: EAeO «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», 1997.-
C.191-192.

17. Caneaanueeee A.E., I?eoiaeueei I.A., Nioaoeueeee A.A. I?i /enaeueia
iiaeaethaaiiy iaoieaiiy o?ainii?oieo caniaia // O?oaeu II
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee «Aeae?iay?iiaoaieea a eiaeaia?iie
i?aeoeea». — Eeaa-*a?eannu : Ecae-ai IOOO,1997. — N. 84-85.

18. Caneaaneee A.E., I?eoiaeueei A.A., Nioaoeeee A.A. N?aaieoaeueiue
aiaeec i?eiaiaiey iaoiaea aeene?aoiuo aeo?ae e o?aaiaiee Iaauea-Noiena
aeey ?aoaiey caaea/ ay?iaeeiaieee oae aaeece iiaa?oiinoe caiee //
Iaoiaeu aeene?aoiuo iniaaiiinoae a caaea/ao ay?iaeeiaieee,
yeaeo?iaeeiaieee e oai?ee aeeo?aeoeee.- Eeaa: Einoeooo iaoaiaoeee IAI
Oe?aeiu, 1997. — C.78-81.

iiaeae? oo?aoeaioiino? aeey ?ic?aooieo iao?eaiiy eieiaiai oeee?iae?o
// Iaoiaeu aeene?aoiuo iniaaiiinoae a caaea/ao ay?iaeeiaieee,
yeaeo?iaeeiaieee e oai?ee aeeo?aeoeee. — Eeaa: Einoeooo iaoaiaoeee IAI
Oe?aeiu, 1997.-C.143-146.

20. Caneaaneee A.E., I?eoiaeueei A.A., Nioaoeeee A.A. ?an/ao iaoaeaiey
e?oaiaiai oeeeeiae?a n eniieueciaaieai k-( iiaeaee oo?aoeaioiinoe //
I?eeeaaeiua i?iaeaiu iaoaieee aeeaeeinoe e aaca.- Naaanoiiieue: Caa.
AOO, 1997. -C.80.

21. I?eoiaeueei I.A., Nioaoeueeee A.A. Aei ?ic?aooieo aiae?eaiiai
iaoieaiiy eieiaiai oeeeiiae?a iiaeeco ae?aio //Oeceei-oaoie/aneea e
oaoiieiae/aneea i?eeiaeaiey iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey. — Eeaa:
Einoeooo iaoaiaoeee IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998. — N.207-210.

A iioae?eiaaieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo [1, 4-8, 10-13, 16-18, 20-21] aianie
ni?aaaoi??a iieyaa? a ni?euei?e iinoaiiaoe? caaea/?, a [12] a aeai??
iaoiaeeee, ioe?ioei ?? aoaeoeaiino? oa iaae canoinoaaiiy.

AIIOAOe?ss

Nioaoeueeee A.A. *enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueia
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?eyae?aieo oa/?e. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.02.05 — iaoai?ea ??aeei,
aaco oa ieacie. — Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998.

iiaeae? oo?aoeaioiino? c o?aooaaiiyi e?eaecie e?i?e oa/??. Iiaoaeiaaii
oa ?aae?ciaaii aoaeoeai? /enaeuei? iaoiaeeee oa aeai?eoie ?ic?aooieo
i?ioean?a a?ae?iaa?iaeeiai?ee c aeei?enoaiiyi ??ciiiai?oieo noai
ai?ieneiaoe?? ??aiyiue Iaa’?-Noiena aeey ianoeneeai? ??aeeie:
i?ioeiioi/ii?, a?a?eaeii?, Eaiia?aei ae?oaiai oa o?aoueiai ii?yaeeo
oi/iino?, iaoiaeii aa?oiuei? ?aeaenaoe??, i?aaeeeoi?-ei?aeoi? c
?icuaieaiiyi ca /anii, ci?iieo iai?yie?a, oaeoi?eciaaii? c aaeoi?iith oa
neaey?iith i?iaiieaie.

Iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
/enaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy a?eyae?aiieo oa/?e ia i?eeeaae? iao?eaiiy
eieiaiai oeee?iae?o, i?io?eth e?eea oa aaoiiia?ey, a?ae?eaii? oa/?? a
aa?iaeeiai?/i?e o?oa?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?eyae?aii? oa/??, aa?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee,
aa?iaee-iai?/i? o?oae, /enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy, aeene?aoi? aeoi?e,
??aiyiiy Iaa’?-Noiena.

AIIIOAOeEss

Nioaoeeee A.A. *eneaiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea e yenia?eiaioaeueiia
enneaaeiaaiea ieieiye?aiiuo oa/aiee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.02.05 — iaoaieea
aeeaeeinoae, aaca e ieaciu. — Aeiai?iiao?ianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue
oieaa?neoao, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998.

iiaeaee oo?aoeaioiinoe n o/aoii e?eaeciu eeiee oiea. Iino?iaiu e
?aaeeciaaiu yooaeoeaiua /eneaiiua iaoiaeeee e aeai?eoiu ?an/aoa
i?ioeannia aeae?iay?iaeeiaieee n eniieueciaaieai ?aciiia?aciuo noai
aii?ieneiaoeee o?aaiaiee Iaauea-Noiena aeey ianaeeiaaiie aeeaeeinoe:
i?ioeaiiioi/iie, aea?eaeiie, Eaiia?aei aoi?iai e o?aoueaai ii?yaeea
oi/iinoe, iaoiaea aa?oiae ?aeaenaoeee, i?aaeeeoi?-ei??aeoi? n
?anuaieaieai ai a?aiaie, ia?aiaiiuo iai?aaeaiee, oaeoi?eciaaiiie n
aaeoi?iie e neaey?iie i?iaiieaie.

I?eaiaeyony ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey e /eneaiiiai
iiaeaee?iaaiey ieieiye?aiiuo oa/aiee ia i?eia?a iaoaeaiey e?oaiaiai
oeeeeiae?a, i?ioeey e?uea e aaoiiiaeey, io?uaiiai oa/aiey a
ay?iaeeiaie/aneie o?oaa .

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ieieiye?aiiua oa/aiey, ay?iaeeiaie/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee, ay?iaeeiaie/aneea o?oau, /eneaiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea,
aeene?aoiua aeo?e, o?aaiaiey Iaauea-Noiena.

ABSTRACT

Sokhatsky A.V. Numerical modeling and experimental study of flat
nearground flows. — A manuscript.

A thesis for a competition of physics and mathematics candidate’s
degree at 01.02.05 speciality (liquid-gas-and plasm mechanics).
Dniepropetrovsk State University, Dniepropetrovsk, 1997.

The thesis is devoted to physical and mathematical modeling of
body flows in ground proximity. A complex approach is used based on
discrete vortex method and Navier-Stoke’s equations for laminar and
turbulent flow regimes using the curvilinear nonorthogonal coordinate
system. The completing of the equation system is performed on the base
of two-parameter k-( model of turbulence subject to a curvature of a
streamline. Effective numerical methods and computational algorithms
are developed and realized for computing the hydroaerodynamic process
using the different approximation scheme for Navier-Stokes equations in
the case of incompressible flow: opposite-flow scheme, hybrid scheme,
Leonardo second-and-third-order scheme, upper relaxation scheme,
splitting-with-time-predictor-corrector scheme, variable direction
scheme, factorised scheme with vector and scalar runs.

Nearground flow experimental study and computational modeling
results are given in imitation the flows around the circular cylinder,
airfoil, car and separated flow in a wind tunnel.

Key words: nearground flows, aerodynamic characteristics, wind
tunnels, numerical modeling, discrete vortexes, Navier-Stokes
equations.

Noiiea

Y

A

D

C

B

Iiaa?oiy a?aeniieooaaiiy i?eiaaeiaiai oa?o

Ao?aeia iaaea

X

Aeo?aeia iaaea

Ieaeiy no?iea aa?iaeeiai?/ii? o?oae

Похожие записи