OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO IE?EIEO EOEUeOO?

IIEssEIA IEAENAIAe? ?AAIIAE*

OAeE 633.854.78:631.5

AA?IA?IEIA?*I? INIAEEAINO? AE?IUOAAIIss

NI?O?A E?OIIIIE?AeIIAI NIIssOIEEO O

I?AAeAIIIIO NOAIO OE?A?IE

Niaoeaeuei?noue 06.01.09 — ?ineeiieoeoai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Caii??aeaey – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ie?eieo eoeueoo? Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai??
aa?a?ieo iaoe

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — — aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

I?E?O*EI ?iiai ?aaiiae/

?inoeooo ie?eieo eoeueoo? OAAI,

aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — — aeieoi? n?euenueeianiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

OE?OAeUe ?iiai ?aaiiae/

Ieeiea?anueea aeine?aeia noaioe?y OAAI, caa?aeoaa/

eaai?aoi??? ie?eieo eoeueoo?;

— aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

OEAEE* ?ai? Aeieo?iae/

?inoeooo ca?iiaiai ainiiaea?noaa OAAI, caa?aeoaa/

eaai?aoi??? ae?iuoaaiiy ?aii?o ca?iiaeo oa ie?eieo

eoeueoo?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 17 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 17. 370.01 i?e ?inoeooo? ie?eieo
eoeueoo? OAAI ca aae?anith: 332110, i. Caii??aeaey, nae. Niiy/ia, aoe.
Aaniyia, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ie?eieo
eoeueoo? OAAI ca aae?anith: 332110, i. Caii??aeaey, nae. Niiy/ia, aoe.
Aaniyia, 1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 15 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
EssO A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Eiiaeeoa?nueea i?iieneia?noue aenoaaey? ia?aae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeith iaoeith iaai? caaea/? — noai?aiiy ni?o?a
e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo c aa?ieie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie yeinoyie
ian?iiy, i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii a?eea a iueiio, c aenieeie oaoiieia?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie i?e ia?a?iaoe?, c eiao?oe??ioii oa?aooaaiiy (aeo?ae
/enoiai yae?a) ia ieae/a 0.6 — 0.7. Ian?iiy niiyoieeo iiaeia c oni?oii
aeei?enoiaoaaoue ye cai?iiee a?ao?na, eoiaeooo oa ai??o?a. Aea
aeei?enoaiith ian?iiy ?aeiiiaaieo nueiaiaei? ni?o?a oa a?a?eae?a
niiyoieeo ye ne?iaeie aeey eiiaeeoa?nueei? i?iieneiaino?
ia?aoeiaeaeathoue iacaaeia?euei? ?o o?ceei-iaoai?/i? yeino?.

Eiao?oe??io oa?aooaaiiy ian?iiy ni?o?a eiiaeeoa?nueeiai oeio — ia iaio
0.6 — 0.7. E??i oiai aiie iathoue aeia?a aeiiaiaia ian?iiy c ianith 1000
oo. ian?iei 130 — 170 a (iana 1000 oo. ian?iei a?a?eae?a ia ia?aaeuo? 65
— 75 a). Ai?no a?eea o ian?ii? ni?o?a eiiaeeoa?nueeiai oeio — aei 22 —
23 %, ui ia 3 — 4 % aeua, i?ae o aenieiie?eieo ni?o?a oa a?a?eae?a.
A?eie iiaeo aenieia?eeiaeo eiiaeeoa?nueeeo ni?o?a niiyoieeo Caii??cueeee
eiiaeeoa?nueeee oa Aeiinueeee e?oiiiie?aeiee oni?oii eiieo?o? c a?eeaie
oaa?eiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy. O ian?ii? oeeo ni?o?a oaeiae aenieee ai?no (
aei 43 % ) ?ineeiieo ie?e, ye?, ia a?aei?io a?ae oaa?eiieo, ai?uothoue
cia/io e?euee?noue iie?iaiane/aieo aee?ieo eeneio, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei
iacai?iieo oaeoi??a oa?/oaaiiy.

Ieoaiiy a?ieia?? oa iniaeeainoae aa?ioaoi?ee i?e ae?iuoaaii? ni?o?a
e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo aea/ai? aeoaea neaai. Aeaia ?iaioa ni?yiiaaia
ia aei?aaeaiiy oeueiai iaaeie?eo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aee ca
oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeiiai? a eaai?aoi??? oaoiieia??
ae?iuoaaiiy ie?eieo i?inaiieo eoeueoo? i?ioyaii 1995 — 1997 ??. ca?aeii
c iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith “Ca?iia? ? ie?ei? eoeueoo?e”,
i?aei?ia?aie “Oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy ca?iiaeo ? ie?eieo eoeueoo? a cii?
Noaio”, caaaeaiiy 04.01.02. “Aea/eoe aieea no?ie?a ? niinia?a n?aae ?
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo oa ii?i aen?ao ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue a?a?eae?a ? ni?o?a
niiyoieeo” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 01960014410).

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui ni?oe
e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo ca nai?th aaiaoe/iith iniiaith nooo?ai
ae??ciythoueny a?ae ?nioth/eo ni?o?a oa a?a?eae?a, ? i?aenoaaa
i?eionoeoe, ui i?eeiie ?o ae?iuoaaiiy iiaeooue iaoe nai? iniaeeaino?,
ye? ua ia aea/ai?. O ca’yceo c oeei iaie aoei iinoaaeaii caaaeaiiy
aea/eoe iniiai? aeaiaioe oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai
niiyoieeo c o?aooaaiiyi ?o a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie ia?aaeaa/aeinue: aecia/eoe aieea niinia?a iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo, no?ie?a iin?ao, aonoioe noiyiiy ?ineei ia
o?iaeaei?noue oa iano 1000 oo. ian?iei ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo.

I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeai? oa aeiinyoueny ia caoeno oae?
iieiaeaiiy:

— cieaeaiiy aoaeoeai?no? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai
niiyoieeo ii aaca?aeaaeueiei oa iiaa?oiaaiio ia?ia?oeao o ii??aiyii? c
i?aieith;

— no?iee iin?ao;

— aonoioa noiyiiy ?ineei.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aia?oa ?icaeyiooi eiiieaeniee aieea niinia?a
iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo, no?ie?a iin?ao, aonoioe noiyiiy ?ineei ia
??no, ?icaeoie, i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa iano ian?iiy ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai
niiyoieeo ia i?aaei? Oe?a?ie oa ?ic?iaeaii ?aoe?iiaeueiee eiiieaen
aa?ioaoi?/ieo cania?a ?o ae?iuoaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. I?iaaaeai? eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaieeee c’ynoaaoe iniiai? oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?aae?caoe?th
iioaioe?eii? a?iaeaeiino? ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue noaee iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee aeaiaio?a oaoiieia??
ae?iuoaaiiy oa ia?aa??ee ?o o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao. Ae?iaieoeoao
?aeiiaiaeiaaiee eiiieaen aa?ioaoi?/ieo cania?a, ui aeicaiey?
io?eioaaoe aei 25 — 30 oe/aa ian?iiy ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo
c ianith 1000 oo. ian?iei iiiaae 100 — 120 a oa ai?noii a?eea 22 — 23
%.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ae?iaie/o ia?aa??eo
cae?enithaaee o ainiiaea?noaao Caii??cueei? iaeano?: AeA “Niiy/ia”
Caii??cueeiai ?aeiio, oiaa?enoa? “Iacaeaaeia aa?a?ia ?iaeono??y”, ENI ?i
Ea?ea Ia?ena Aoeyei?euenueeiai ?aeiio ia caaaeuei?e ieiu? 380 aa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?aaeao ?inoeoooo ie?eieo eoeueoo?
OAAI (1995 — 1997 ??.) ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii iaoa??aeao aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 10 iaoeiaeo
?ia?o.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ae?iaieoeoao, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e
oa aeiaeaoeo. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 188 noi??ieao eiii’thoa?iiai
oaenoo, ai?uo? 32 oaaeeoe?, 17 ?enoie?a, 3 oioia?ao??, 14 oaaeeoeue
aeiaeaoeo. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e ai?uo? 233 aeaea?aea, a oii /ene? 21
?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

IAOIAeEEA ? OIIAE I?IAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Iieueia? aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeeny a 1995 — 1997 ??. a AeA “Niiy/ia”
?inoeoooo ie?eieo eoeueoo? Caii??cueeiai ?aeiio Caii??cueei? iaeano?.

A?oio aeine?aeiiai iiey — oeiiaee cae/aeiee na?aaeiueii?oeiee
iaeiaoioniee /i?iicai. Ai?no a i?iiio oa?? a?oioo aoiono — 3.5 % ,
ai?no eaaeia?ae?ie?co?iiai acioo — 8.7-9.1 ia ia 100 a a?oioo; oinoi?o —
10.5-11.2 ia ia 100 a a?oioo; eae?th — 15.2-17.1 ia ia 100 a a?oioo.
?aaeoe?y a?oioiaiai ?ic/eio neaaieenea-iaeo?aeueia — pH 6.5-7.0.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue noaee ni?oe e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo:
Caii??cueeee eiiaeeoa?nueeee oa Aeiinueeee e?oiiiie?aeiee.

Noaia aeine?aeo c aea/aiiy niinia?a iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo aoea
i?aaenoaaeaia oaeeie aa??aioaie:

I?aiea: II-4-35 (25-27 ni);

Aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie: I?IA-5-50 (25-27 ni);

NEAEIY (25-27 ni);

EIY-3.8 (16-18 ni);

Iiaa?oiaaee ia?ia?oie: AAeO-7 (10-12 ni).

Noaia aeine?aeo c aea/aiiy no?ie?a iin?ao oa aonoioe noiyiiy ?ineei
ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo aoea iiaeaia oaeeie aa??aioaie:

No?iee iin?ao: ?aii?e (oaiia?aoo?a a?oioo 4-6 °N);

?aeiiaiaeiaaiee (oaiia?aoo?a a?oioo 8-10 °N);

i?ci?e (oaiia?aoo?a a?oioo 12-14 °N).

Aonoioa noiyiiy ?ineei: 20 oen. oo/aa;

25 oen. oo/aa;

35 oen. oo/aa;

45 oen. oo/aa.

Iiia?aaeiee — iceia ioaieoey.

Aoaeoeai?noue niinia?a iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo aea/aeanue i?ney
iaiaeii?aciaeo iiaa?oiaaeo ?icioooaaiue c iaoith i?aeo?eioaaiiy iiey o
/enoiio a?ae ao?’yi?a noai? i?ioyaii onueiai iiaeieaiiai ia??iaeo.
Iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo i?iaiaeeee o ae?oa?e iieiaei? aeiaoiy. O
aeine?ae? ii aea/aiith no?ie?a iin?ao oa aonoioe noiyiiy ?ineei iniiaiee
ia?ia?oie — iie?ioaiee cya.

I?eeiie aaniyiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo, a oaeiae aeiaeyae ca ?ineeiaie —
caaaeueiii?eeiyo? o cii?.

Iiaoi?i?noue — /ioe?e?aciaa; ?ici?uaiiy aa??aio?a o aeine?aeao —
nenoaiaoe/ia. Ieiua iae?eiai? ae?eyiee neeaaeaea 56 i2.

I?e caeeaaeaii? aeine?ae?a ea?oaaeenue iaoiaeeeaie iieueiaeo aeine?ae?a
ii aea/aiith aa?ioaoi?/ieo i?eeii?a ae?iuoaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? (Aeini?oia A.I., 1985).

Aieia?noue a?oioo aecia/aee ii oa?ao /a?ac 10 ni ia aeeaeio 1.5 i
oa?iinoaoii-aaaiaei iaoiaeii o o?e?aciaiio iiaoi?aii? — ia?aae iin?aii,
o oaco oea?o?iiy ? i?e cae?aii? o?iaeath.

U?euei?noue a?oioo a i?iiio ai?eciio? (0-30 ni) aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith
ao?a o oa?ao ii 10 ni.

Aa?aaaoiee neeaae a?oioo a i?iiio ai?eciio? aecia/aee iaoiaeii nooiai
i?in?thaaiiy.

Oaa?ae?noue a?oioo aecia/aee i?eeaaeii ?aa’ye?ia.

Ianoaiiy oac ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo aecia/aee i?ae?aooieii 50 ?ineei o aeaio
iiaoi?aiiyo.

Aeey aecia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? aenioe ?ineei, e?eueeino? eenoy, ieiu?
eenoiai? iiaa?oi?, aeeaiao?a eioeea ? noaaea aei??yee ii 25 ?ineei ia
eiaei?e ae?eyioe? o ia?oiio oa o?aoueiio iiaoi?aiiyo. Ii oeeo ?ineeiao
aecia/aee i?iaeoeoeai?noue, a oaeiae e?euee?noue ian?iiy o eioeeo.

Iaoaiaoe/iee ia?ia?oie ei?aeyoe?eii? iao?eoe? ? aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co
i?iaiaeeee ia AII o i?ia?ai? MSTAT.

Iieacieee a?iaia?aaoe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aecia/aee
?ic?aooieiaei oeyoii ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith ia iniia? oaoiieia?/ii?
ea?oe.

I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe ? AIAeINIIAEEAAIIss NI?O?A E?OIIIIE?AeIIAI NIIssOIEEO
A CAEAAEIINO? A?Ae NIINIA?A INIIAIIAI IA?IA?OEO A?OIOO

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui niiniae iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo
ii-??ciiio aieeaaee ia aa?io?ce/i? aeanoeaino? o i?iiio oa??.
Iaeneiaeueia e?euee?noue aa?iiii?/ii oe?iieo aa?aaao?a (0.25-10 ii)
iaia?aaeiaei? ceie aoea ia i?aioe? (61.2-64.9 %). I?e aaca?aeaaeueieo
ia?ia?oeao I?IA-5-50 ? NEAEIY iieacieee cieaeoaaeenue aei 50.0-52.2
% ? 52.6-53.0 % a?aeiia?aeii. Aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie EIY-3.8 oa
iiaa?oiaaee AAeO-7 ni?eyee ca?eueoaiith aa?aaao?a > 10 ii ? < 0.25 ii ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy aa?iiii?/ii oe?iii? o?aeoe??. Aei iiiaioo iin?ao e?euee?noue aa?iiii?/ii oe?iieo aa?aaao?a aoea a?eueoith ia ia?ia?oeao cia?yaeaeyie II-4-35, I?IA-5-50, NEAEIY ? noaiiaeee 50.4-52.5 %. I?e oeeo aea ia?ia?oeao niinoa??aa?oueny ? a?eueoee eiao?oe??io no?oeoo?iino? - 1.02-1.11 (oaae. 1). Oaaeeoey 1. Aa?io?ce/i? aeanoeaino? a?oioo ia?aae iin?aii (1995 - 1997 ??.) Niin?aIa’?iia iana, a/ni3Oaa?ae?noue, ea/ni2Eiao.iniia. ia?i-a?oeo 0-10 10-20 20-30 0-30 0-10 10-20 20-30 0-30no?oe-oo?-iino?1*1.051.041.091.060.61.42.71.61.0221.051.081.101.081. 02.83.72.51.0231.041.091.141.091.33.03.62.61.1141.081.131.251.151.63.74. 93.40.9851.081.201.241.172.56.69.06.00.99I?ei?oea: * 1 - i?aiea (II-4-35); 2 - aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (I?IA-5-50); 3 - aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (NEAEIY); 4 - aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (EIY-3.8); 5 - iiaa?oiaaee ia?ia?oie (AAeO-7). Ia?aae iin?aii iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue aiaeino?eeeo aa?aaao?a ?ici??ii 0.25-3 ii aoea ia i?aioe? ? neeaea 64.5 %. Ia aaca?aeaaeueieo aeaeao ia?ia?oeo iieacieee aiaeino?eeino? cieaeothoueny: ia I?IA-5-50 - 62.1 %; ia NEAEIY - 61.3 %; ia EIY-3.8 - 58.9 %. Iaeiaio? cia/aiiy io?eiai? i?e iiaa?oiaaiio ia?ia?oeo a?oioo cia?yaeaeyi AAeO-7 (57.4 %). Cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? aiaeino?eeeo aa?aaao?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy o?aeoe?? < 0.25 ii. Oae, oeae iieaciee iaeiaioei aoa ia i?aioe? 32.8 % o oa?? 0-30 ni, i?e oiio ye ia iiaa?oiaaiio ia?ia?oeo 40.6 %. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?aae iin?aii iaea?eueo iecueea u?euei?noue niinoa??aaeany o oa?? 0-30 ni ia i?aioe? (aeea. oaae. 1). O?ioe aeueie aoee iieacieee ia aaca?aeaaeueiiio ia?ia?oeo I?IA-5-50 oa NEAEIY ? iaea?eueo u?eueiee a?oio o aa??aioao c ia?ia?oeaie EIY- 3.8 ? AAeO-7. U?euei?noue a?oioo o iin?aiiio oa?? (0-10 ni) ia?aae iin?aii ia on?o ia?ia?oeao ae??ciyeanue iacia/ii ? ciaoiaeeeany o iaaeao 1.04-1.08 a/ni3. Ca?eueoaiiy u?eueiino? o i?iiio oa?? i?e ia?ia?oeao EIY-3.8 ? AAeO-7 a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie oa?o 10-30 ni. O iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oaa?ae?noue a?oioo ia?aae iin?aii ii ??cieo niiniaao ia?ia?oeo cia/ii ae??ciyeanue (aeea. oaae. 1). Iaeiaioeie ii on?o oa?ao aoee oe? iieacieee ia i?aioe?. Ia ia?ia?oeo I?IA-5-50 oa NEAEIY cia/aiiy aeae?eueea ca?eueooaa- eenue. Cia/ii ae??ciyeanue, o a?e i?aeaeuaiiy, oaa?ae?noue a?oioo ia iiaa?oiaaiio ia?ia?oeo (6.0 ea/ni2). Niiniae iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ni?eyee iaeiie/aiith ??cieo caian?a aieiae a oa?? a?oioo 0-150 ni. O na?aaeiueiio ca ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue a?eueoeie aoee caiane aieiae ia i?aioe? ? neeaee 267.1 ii. I?e aaca?aeaaeueiiio ia?ia?oeo I?IA-5-50 ? NEAEIY caiane aieiae aoee iaio? ? neeaaeaee 254.0 ? 251.6 ii a?aeiia?aeii. Iaeiaioeie aoee caiane aieiae i?e ia?ia?oeo EIY-3.8 - 237.6 ii ? AAeO-7 - 232.2 ii. Iaea?eueo? noia?i? aeo?aoe aieiae o?iaea?i ye o a?a?eaea, oae ? o ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo aoee ia i?aioe? ? neeaaeaee o a?a?eaea Cono??/ 351.6 ii, o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai ? Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai 364.3 ? 361.5 ii a?aeiia?aeii. Ia ?ioeo ia?ia?oeao a?oioo noia?i? aeo?aoe aieiae o?iaea?i cieaeoaaeeny ? iaeiaioeie aiie aoee ia iiaa?oiaaiio ia?ia?oeo a?oioo: o a?a?eaea Cono??/ 334.9 ii, o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai 345.0 ii ? Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai 344.1 ii. Noia?i? aeo?aoe aiaee o?iaea?i ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo aoee aeua, i?ae a?a?eaea C?no??/ ia 9.1-12.7 ii ia an?o ia?ia?oeao (oaae. 2). Iaeiae e?eoa???i aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy a?oioiai? aieiae ? eiao?oe??io aiaeiniiaeeaaiiy. Eiao?oe??io aiaeiniiaeeaaiiy iii?oii ae??ciyany a caeaaeiino? a?ae niiniao iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo. Iaeiaioei ye o a?a?eaea Cono??/, oae ? o ni?o?a Caii??cueeee eiiaeeoa?nueeee ? Aeiinueeee e?oiiiie?aeiee a?i aoa ia i?aioe? ? neeaaeaa a?aeiia?aeii: 101.9, 118.7 ? 188.5 i3/oe. Ia ?ioeo ia?ia?oeao a?i i?aeaeuoaaany ? iaea?eueoei aoa i?e iiaa?oiaaiio ia?ia?oeo AAeO-7 - 119.2, 131.7, 134.4 i3/oe. Ca ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue a?eueoith aoaeoeai?noth o ai?iouea? c ao?’yiaie oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue i?aiea. E?euee?noue ao?’yi?a ia?aae ia?aaeiin?aiith eoeueoeaaoe??th neeaaeaea: ii i?aioe? II-4-35 - 31 oo/i2; ii aaca?aeaaeueiiio ia?ia?oeo: ia I?IA-5-50 - 39 oo/i2, ia NEAEIY - 43 oo/i2, ia EIY-3.8 - 48 oo/i2; ii iiaa?oiaaiio ia?ia?oeo AAeO-7 - 53 oo/i2. Ni?oe e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo o ii??aiyii? c a?a?eaeii Cono??/ a?eueo eiieo?aioini?iiiaei? aei ao?’yi?a. E?euee?noue ao?’yi?a ia iin?aao e?oiiiie?aeieo ni?o?a iaioa o an? ia??iaee aaaaoaoe??: ia?aae i?ae?yaeiei ia?ia?oeii ia 0.1-0.6 oo/i2, o oaco oea?o?iiy ia 0.6-1.7 oo/i2, ia?aae cae?aiiyi ia 0.6-1.8 oo/i2. Oey ia?aaaaa aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee e?euee?noth ao?’yi?a, aea e o a?eueoiio nooiai? ?o i?eai?/ai?noth. Oae iia?o?yii-nooa iaca ao?’yi?a o aa??aioao c e?oiiiie?aeieie ni?oaie iaioa, i?ae o aa??aioao c a?a?eaeii ia an?o niiniaao iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ia 2.0-3.5 a/i2. Oiiae, ui neeaaeaeenue i?e ??cieo ia?ia?oeao a?oioo, ii-??ciiio aieeaaee ia ?icaeoie ? ??no ?ineei niiyoieeo. E?au? iieacieee c ii?oieia?/ieo iciae (aenioa ?ineei, ieiua eenoiai? iiaa?oi?, ae?aiao? eioeea oa ?io?) aoee ii i?aioe?. Oea a?aecia/e- Oaaeeoey 2. Aiaeiniiaeeaaiiy niiyoieeo i?e ??cieo niiniaao ia?ia?oeo a?oioo (1995 - 1997 ??.) Ni?o, a?a?eaeAiaeii?iie-ei?noue, ni/nCaiane aeinooiii? aieiae ia?aae iin?aii, iiNoia?i? aeo?aoe aieiae a?iaea?i, iiO?iaeae-i?noue, oe/aaEiao?oe. aiaeinii-aeeaai-iy, i3/oeI?aiea (II-4-35)Cono??/0.102267.1351.634.5101.9Cai. eiiae.0.102267.1364.330.7118.7Aeii. e?oi.0.102267.1361.530.5118.5Aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (I?IA-5-50)Cono??/0.090254.0345.832.1107.7Cai. eiiae.0.090254.0357.528.9123.7Aeii. e?oi.0.090254.0358.228.6125.2Aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (NEAEIY)Cono??/0.083251.6339.030.5111.1Cai. eiiae.0.083251.6350.627.8126.1Aeii. e?oi.0.083251.6350.027.5127.3Aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (EIY-3.8)Cono??/0.065237.6336.328.1119.7Cai. eiiae.0.065237.6345.426.2130.3Aeii. e?oi.0.065237.6345.826.1132.5Iiaa?oiaaee ia?ia?oie (AAeO-7)Cono??/0.050232.2334.928.1119.2Cai. eiiae.0.050232.2345.026.2131.7Aeii. e?oi.0.050232.2344.125.6134.4 I??05, oe/aa ii ia?ia?oeao 0.95 - 1.09 ii ni?oao ? a?a?eaeo 0.74 - 0.85 einue ia iieacieeao i?iaeoeoeaiino? (oaae. 3). Iana 1000 oo. ian?iei cia/iith aoea ye o a?a?eaea, oae ? o ni?o?a ii i?aioe? ? neeaaeaea: o Cono??/? 52.4 a, o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai 115.6 a, o Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai 110.8 a. I?e aaca?aeaaeueiiio ia?ia?oeo I?IA-5-50 ? NEAEIY iana cieaeoaaeany aei 51.6-50.2 a, 114.6-112.9 a, 108.1-107.0 a, a?aeiia?aeii. Ia?ia?oee EIY-3.8 ? AAeO-7 i?ecaiaeeee aei ua a?eueo cia/iiai cieaeaiiy iane ian?iiy. Oaaeeoey 3. Aieea niinia?a iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ia a?iaeaei?noue oa ye?ni? iieacieee ian?iiy niiyoieeo (1995-1997 ??.) Ni?o, a?a?eaeIana 1000 oo. ian?-iei, aIana 1000 oo. yaea?, aEooiei- i?noue, %Ie?ei?noue ian?iiy, %Ai?no a?eea o ian?ii?, %O?iaeae-i?noue, oe/aaAeo?ae a?eea, ea/aaI?aiea (II-4-35)Cono??/52.440.822.251.414.334.5434Cai. eiiae.115,678,432,243,114,930,7403Aeii. e?oi.110,876,730,843,715,430,5413Aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (I?IA-5-50)Cono??/51,640,022,451,114,532,1409Cai. eiiae.114,677,632,342,914,828,9376Aeii. e?oi.108,175,030,643,315,828,6398Aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (NEAEIY)Cono??/50,539,222,450,514,230,5381Cai. eiiae.112,977,231,643,914,827,8362Aeii. e?oi.107,074,130,743,415,627,5378Aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (EIY-3.8)Cono??/48,938,022,150,914,328,1354Cai. eiiae.108,974,332,042,014,726,5343Aeii. e?oi.102,471,130,642,915,726,1361Iiaa?oiaaee ia?ia?oie (AAeO-7)Cono??/48,737,822,350,814,328,1353Cai. eiiae.108,473,931,842,414,826,2341Aeii. e?oi.103,871,930,842,915,825,6356 I??05, oe/aa ii ia?ia?oeao 0,95 - 1,09 ii ni?oao ? a?a?eaeo 0,74 - 0,85 Ca an? ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeaia oaiaeaioe?y i?aeaeuaiiy o?iaeaeiino? a?a?eaea ? ni?o?a ii i?aioe?. O?iaeaei?noue a?a?eaea Cono??/ neeaea o na?aaeiueiio 34.5 oe/aa, ni?oo Caii??cueeee eiiaeeoa?nueeee 30.7 oe/aa, ni?oo Aeiinueeee e?oiiiie?aeiee 30.5 oe/aa. Cai?ia i?aiee aaca?aeaaeueieie oa iiaa?oiaaei ia?ia?oeaie i?ecaiaeeea aei cieaeaiiy a?iaeaeiino? ian?iiy o Cono??/? ia 2.4-6.4 oe/aa, Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai ia 1.8-4.5 oe/aa, Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai ia 1.9-4.9 oe/aa. Caaaeath/e, ui e?oiiiie?aei? ni?oe iathoue i?aeaeuaiee ai?no a?eea, oi iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo iieaciee?a ?o i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? aeo?ae eiai c aaeoa?a. O?aoiaoth/e oa, ui niiniae iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo ia aieeioee ia ai?no a?eea o ian?ii?, aeo?ae eiai c aaeoa?a ciaoiaeeany o i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiy a?iaeaeiino? ? aoa iaeaeuei ia i?aioe?. AIEEA NO?IE?A IIN?AO OA AONOIOE NOIssIIss ?INEEI IA II?OIEIA?*I? ICIAEE OA I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe NI?O?A E?OIIIIE?AeIIAI NIIssOIEEO I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui no?iee iin?ao ? aonoioe noiyiiy ?ineei ii-??ciiio aieeaaee ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? ye?ni? iieacieee ian?iiy ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo. No?iee iin?ao aieeaaee ia o?eaae?noue aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. Iaeo?eaae?oee aaaaoaoe?eiee ia??iae aoa i?e ?aiiueiio no?ieia? iin?ao ? o?eaaa o a?a?eaea Cono??/ 111-121 aeaiue, o ni?o?a Caii??cueeee eiiaeeoa?nueeee 116-141 aeaiue oa Aeiinueeee e?oiiiie?aeiee 116-142 aei?. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oa?aeoa?ii aeo?a/aiiy a?oioiai? aieiae, iiaiaeieie oiiaaie oa ?ici??ii o?iaeath ian?iiy ci?ithaaany ? eiao?oe??io aiaeiniiaeeaaiiy. I?e ?aiiueiio oa ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio no?ieao iin?ao aeo?aoe aiaee ia ooai?aiiy iaeeieoe? a?iaeath ye o ni?o?a, oae ? o a?a?eaea i?eaeecii iaeiaeia? (Cono??/ 102,3-103,2 i3/oe; Caii??cueeee eiiaeeoa?nueeee 118,0-122,4 i3/oe; Aeiinueeee e?oiiiie?aeiee 118,1-123,0 i3/oe). Ca?eueoaiiy eiao?oe??ioo aiaeiniiaeeaaiiy niinoa??aaeiny i?e i?ciueiio no?ieia? iin?ao ? neeaaeaei o Cono??/? 103,2 i3/oe, o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai 125,9-128,6 i3/oe, o Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai 125,7-129,1 i3/oe. Oea coiiaeaii ia i?yiei aeo?a/aiiyi ?ineeiaie a?eueoi? e?eueeino? aiaee, a cieaeaiiyi a?iaeaeiino?. Aieiaiei /eiii, ci?iaiiyi ??aiy a?iaeaeiino? iiaeia, iaaii, iiynieoe ? ci?iaiiy eiao?oe??ioo aiaeiniiaeeaaiiy i?e ??cieo aonoioao noiyiiy ?ineei. Iaeiaioei a?i aoa o ni?o?a o ??ci? no?iee i?e aonoio? 25-35 oen.oo/aa: o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai i?e ?aiiueiio 118,8-120,6 i3/oe; i?e ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio 118,0-119,6 i3/oe; i?e i?ciueiio 125,9-126,9 i3/oe; o Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai i?e ?aiueiio 118,7 i3/oe; i?e ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio 118,1-119,2 i3/oe; i?e i?ciueiio 125,7-126,7 i3/oe. I?e ci?iaii? aonoioe o a?eueoee aai iaioee a?e eiao?oe?aio aiaeiniiaeeaaiiy c?inoaa. O caeaaeiino? a?ae no?ie?a iin?ao aeae?eueea ci?ithaaeeny ii?oieia?/i? iciaee ?ineei. Aenioa ?ineei i?e iin?a? o ?aii?e, ?aeiiaiaeiaaiee ? i?ci?e no?iee caeiiii??ii cieaeoaaeanue ? o na?aaeiueiio neeaea a?aeiia?aeii o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai, Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai ? Cono??/?: i?e ?aiiueiio no?ieia? iin?ao 216,2, 220,8, 177,0 ni; i?e ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio - 215,0, 218,7, 176,4 ni; i?e i?ciueiio - 208,7, 209,5, 166,3 ni. Cia/ii ae??ciyeenue ii?oieia?/i? iciaee ?ineei i?e iin?a? o i?ci?e no?ie. O oeae no?ie ?ineeie iaee iaioee aaa?oon o ii??aiyii? c ?ineeiaie, ye? aoee iin?yi? o a?eueo ?aii? no?iee. On? iciaee, ye? aea/aee, iaee iaioa cia/aiiy. Oae, o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai aenioa ?ineei i?e ??cieo aonoioao noiyiiy ?ineei cieaeoaaeanue ia 2,1-10,4 ni, ae?aiao? eioeea ciaiooaaany ia 1,3-2,1 ni, ae?aiao? noaaea ia 0,1-0,3 ni. Aonoioa noiyiiy ?ineei iaea a?eueoee aieea ia ci?iaiiy ieiu? eenoiai? iiaa?oi? iaei??? ?ineeie ? iaio aieeaaea ia ieiuo eenoiai? iiaa?oi? ia aaeoa??. Aei oiai ae, aieea aonoioe noiyiiy ia oe? aeaa iieacieee aoa ??ciei. sseui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aonoioe ieiua eenoiai? iiaa?oi? iaei??? ?ineeie oaanue /an ciaiooaaeanue (o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai i?e ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio no?ieia? c 12148 ni2 aei 5800 ni2; o Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai - c 11951 ni2 aei 5733 ni2), oi ieiua eenoiai? iiaa?oi? ia aaeoa?? ciaoiaeeeanue a ?io?e caeaaeiino?. Aiia aei iaaiiai iiiaioo ca?eueooaaeanue (25-35 oen/aa), a iio?i cieaeoaaeanue. Iana ian?iiy ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineei ciaoiaeyoueny o i?yi?e aaeee?e caeaaeiino? a?ae iniiaieo iieaciee?a ?inoo ?ineei. I?e i?ciueiio no?ieia? iin?ao cieaeoaaeany ye caaaeueia nooa iana ?ineeie e?oiiiie?aeieo ni?o?a, oae ? iana ian?iiy c iaei??? ?ineeie ia an?o aonoioao noiyiiy. Ca on? ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue i?e ?aiueiio ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio no?ieao iin?ao caaacia/oaaeinue io?eiaiiy a?eueoi? o?iaeaeiino? e?oiiiie?aeieo ni?o?a oa a?a?eaea (oaae. 4.). Iieacieee o?iaeaeiino? i?e oeeo no?ieao aoee i?eaeecii iaeiaeia?. O na?aaeiueiio ca ?iee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a o?iaeaei?noue i?e iin?a? o i?ci?e no?ie a??ia?aeii cieceeanue o ii??aiyii? c ?aeiiaiaeiaaiei (eiio?ieue) ia 2,3 oe/aa o a?a?eaea Cono??/, ia 3,0-3,7 oe/aa o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai ? ia 2,6-3,4 oe/aa o Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai. Cieaeaiiy a?iaeaeiino? ian?iiy o i?oeieo, aenieeo e?oiiiie?aeieo ni?o?a i?e oeueiio aeyaeeinue o a?eueoiio nooiai?, i?ae o a?a?eaea Cono??/. I?e on?o no?ieao iin?ao iaea?eueoa o?iaeaei?noue io?eiaia i?e aonoio? noiyiiy ?ineei 25-35 oen.oo/aa. Oae, i?e ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio no?ieia? iin?ao aiia aoea o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai 30,5 oe/aa, o Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai 30,4-30,5 oe/aa. Aeaiaioe ni?oiai? aa?ioaoi?ee, ye? aea/aeenue, ii-??ciiio aieeaaee ia iano 1000 oo. ian?iei ? yaea?. Oae, i?e ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio no?ieia? iin?ao cieaeaiiy u?eueiino? noiyiiy ?ineei c 45 aei 20 oen. oo/aa i?ecaiaeeei aei ca?eueoaiiy iane ian?iiy o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai c 103,4 aei 128,6 a, a o Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai c 96,6 aei 122,4 a. Ia on?o aonoioao iana ian?iiy o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai aoea a?eueoa, i?ae o Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai. ?aii?e no?ie iin?ao i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaaa ia iano 1000 oo. Oaaeeoey 4. Aieea no?ie?a iin?ao oa aonoioe noiyiiy ?ineei ia a?iaeaei?noue oa ye?ni? iieacieee ian?iiy niiyoieeo (1995-1997 ??.) Aonoi-oa, oen/aaNi?o, a?a?eaeIana 1000 oo. ian?i., a Iana 1000 oo. yaea?, a Eoo-iei-i?noue,%Ie?e-i?noue, %Ai?no a?eea o ian?i.%Ai?no a?eea o yae??,%O?iaeaei?noue, oe/aaAeo?ae a?eea, ea/aa?aii?e no?ie20C. eii.131,688,632,643,114,822,0128,9376Ae. e?. 123,985,530,943,315,822,8528,639825C. eii.123,783,332,743,214,421,4530,5386Ae. e?.116,380,430,843,615,422,1930,741635C. eii.110,975,332,142,814,721,5830,9400Ae. e?.103,872,730,143,015,722,4931,343245C. eii.103,470,232,542,814,821,9129,6386Ae. e?.96,966,831,343,115,823,030,0417Cono?.54,142,122,150,914,218,2834,2427 ?aeiiaiaeiaaiee no?ie20C. eii.128,687,032,343,214,821,8328,6372Ae. e?.122,484,830,843,515,722,6328,239025C. eii.122,883,232,243,214,220,9930,5381Ae. e?.115,980,430,843,615,322,0830,440935C. eii.111,075,132,342,414,521,4530,5389Ae. e?.104,172,030,843,215,322,1730,541045C. eii.103,470,531,942,914,421,0829,5374Ae. e?.96,666,930,843,115,722,6329,4406Cono?.53,341,921,551,214,518,4333,843 1I?ci?e no?ie20C. eii.114,677,132,742,914,721,7825,6331Ae. e?.106,874,030,743,215,722,7225,635425C. eii.107,672,532,643,014,821,9526,8349Ae. e?.102,470,930,743,515,822,8427,037535C. eii.100,567,832,542,714,521,4827,2347Ae. e?.92,364,030,643,415,522,5727,638145C. eii.91,861,632,842,614,521,6326,3336Ae. e?.87,460,630,643,015,922,9426,2367Cono?.48,237,821,650,814,518,5231,540 2 I??05, oe/aa ii no?ieao 0,48 - 0,60 ii aonoioao 0,55 - 0,69 ii ni?oao ? a?a?eaeo 0,39 - 0,49 ian?iei o iaio ni?o?a. I?e i?ciueiio no?ieia? a?aei?/aii ciaiueoaiiy oeueiai iieacieea ia on?o aonoioao: o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai ia 10,5-15,2 a, o Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai ia 9,2-15,6 a. Aiaeia?/i? caeiiii??iino? niinoa??aathoueny ? ii ian? 1000 oo. yaea?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui no?iee iin?ao oa aonoioe noiyiiy ?ineei i?aeoe/ii ia iaee aieeao ia oae? iieacieee yeino? ian?iiy, ye eooieii?noue, ai?no ie?? ? a?eea. Ca ai?noii a?eea o yae?? ia?aaaaa e?oiiiie?aeieo ni?o?a iaae a?a?eaeii aeoaea a?ae/ooia, a oea caiaaeoi aaaeeeai i?e aeei?enoai? ian?iiy oeeo ni?o?a. Oae, ai?no a?eea o yae?? neeaa: o Caii??cueeiai eiiaeeoa?nueeiai 20,99-22,01 %, o Aeiinueeiai e?oiiiie?aeiiai 22,08-23,00 %, ui a?eueoa, i?ae o a?a?eaea Cono??/ ia 2,47-3,49 % ? 3,56-4,48 % a?aeiia?aeii. AE?IAIE*A IA?AA??EA ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeINE?AeAEAIUe Ae?iaie/? aeine?aee cae?enithaaee o 1997 - 1998 ?ieao c ni?oii Caii??cueeee eiiaeeoa?nueeee. Aeine?aee ii aeyaeaiith iioeiaeueiiai niiniao iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo i?iaiaeeee a ENI ?i Ea?ea Ia?ena Aoeyei?euenueeiai ?aeiio Caii??cueei? iaeano?, AeA ”Niiy/ia” Caii??cueeiai ?aeiio Caii??cueei? iaeano?. ?acoeueoaoe oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui ? o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao ii i?aioe? aoee io?eiai? iaeaeu? iieacieee o?iaeaeiino? ian?iiy, iane 1000 oo. ian?iei oa aeo?ae a?eea c aaeoa?a. Ae?iaie/? aeine?aee ii aeyaeaiith no?ie?a iin?ao a oiaa?enoa? “Iacaeaaeia aa?a?ia ?iaeono??y” i. Caii??aeaey oa AeA “Niiy/ia” i?aeoaa?aeeee aoaeoeai?noue iin?ao a ?aii? oa ?aeiiaiaeiaai? no?iee. ?acoeueoaoe ae?iaie/eo aeine?ae?a o oeeo ainiiaea?noaao iieacaee, ui iioeiaeueiith aonoioith noiyiiy ?ineei aoea aonoioa 25-35 oen. ?ineei ia aaeoa?. Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe iaea?aeai? o aeine?aeao aoee iiai?noth i?aeoaa?aeaeai? o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao. AEIIII?*IA OA A?IAIA?AAOE*IA AOAEOEAI?NOUe Ca ?iee aeine?aeaeaiue iaea?eueo aeiiii?/ii aoaeoeaiei iniiaiei ia?ia?oeii a?oioo aoea i?aiea. I?e oeueiio ia?ia?oeo ye o a?a?eaea, oae ? o ni?o?a io?eiaia iaeiaioa nia?aa?o?noue ian?iiy (oaae. 5). Cai?ia i?aiee aaca?aeaaeueieie oa iiaa?oiaaei ia?ia?oeaie i?ecaiaeeea aei cieaeaiiy aia?aaoe/iiai eiao?oe??ioo ? ca?eueoaiiy nia?aa?oino? ian?iiy. I?e on?o no?ieao iin?ao iaea?eueo aeiiii?/ii aea?aeii ae?iuoaaoe ni?oe e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo i?e aonoio? noiyiiy ?ineei 25-35 oen. oo/aa. I?e oe?e aonoio? aeo?aoe ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe?? oa nia?aa?o?noue ian?iiy iaeiaio? i?e iaea?eueoiio aia?aaoe/iiio eiao?oe??io?. Oaaeeoey 5. A?iaia?aaoe/ia oa aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy niiyoieeo a caeaaeiino? a?ae niinia?a iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo (1995 - 1997 ??.) Ni?o, a?a?eaeO?iaeae-i?noue, oe/aaAeo?aoe noeoiii? aia?a??, IAeae/aaAeo?aoe aia?- a?? ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??, IAeae/aaAia?aaoe/-iee eiao?-oe??ioNia?aa?o?noue ian?iiy, a?i/oeI?aiea (II-4-35)Cono??/34.517132496.64.0116.55Cai. eiiae.30.716695543.83.6618.13Aeii. e?oi.30.516672546.63.6418.22Aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (I?IA-5-50) Cono??/32.116665519.23.8317.31Cai. eiiae.28.916297563.93.5318.80Aeii. e?oi.28.616262568.63.5018.95Aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (NEAEIY)Cono??/30.516564543.13.6618.10Cai. eiiae.27.816253584.63.4019.49Aeii. e?oi.27.516219589.83.3719.60Aaca?aeaaeueiee ia?ia?oie (EIY-3.8)Cono??/28.115564553.93.5918.46Cai. eiiae.26.515380580.43.4319.35Aeii. e?oi.26.115334587.53.3919.58Iiaa?oiaaee ia?ia?oie (AAeO-7)Cono??/28.115530552.73.6018.42Cai. eiiae.26.215311584.43.4019.48Aeii. e?oi.25.615242595.43.3419.85 I?e ?aiueiio ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio no?ieao iin?ao o ii??aiyii? c i?ci?i oe? iieacieee iaea?eueo aeiiii?/ii aea?aei? ? ciaoiaeyoueny i?aeoe/ii ia iaeiiio ??ai?. INIIAI? AENIIAEE 1. Aa?io?ce/i? aeanoeaino? a?oioo iaee aaeeeee aieea ia ??no ? ?icaeoie ?ineei niiyoieeo. 2. E?au? iieacieee aa?io?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae a?oioo a?aei?/ai? ia i?aioe?. 3. Niiniae iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo iii?oii aieeaaee ia iaeiie/aiiy aieiae o a?oio? a in?iiuei-ceiiai-?aiiueiaaniyiee ia??iaee. Iaea?eueo aieiaiiaeiie/oth/ee aa?ii?eeii - i?aiea ia aeeaeio 25-27 ni. 4. O ai?iouea? c ao?’yiaie iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo i?iaaaeaiee ii oeio iie?ioaiiai cyao. 5. Ni?oe e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo a?eueo eiieo?aioini?iiiaei? aei ao?’yi?a o iin?aao, i?ae a?a?eaee. 6. Iin?a o a?eueo i?ci? no?iee aaaea aei ciaioaiiy ia??iaeo iin?a-noiaee ? aei nei?i/aiiy caaaeueii? o?eaaeino? aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. Ia o?eaae?noue ia??iaeo iin?a-noiaee iniiaiee aieea ia? oaiia?aoo?a a?oioo. 7. Aonoioa noiyiiy ?ineei iaea a?eueoee aieea ia ci?iaiiy ieiu? eenoiai? iiaa?oi? iaei??? ?ineeie ? iaio aieeaaea ia ieiuo eenoiai? iiaa?oi? ia aaeoa??. 8. E?aueie no?ieaie iin?ao i?e ae?iuoaaii? ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo o i?aaeaiiiio Noaio Oe?a?ie ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaiee (8-10 °N a?oioo) ? ?aii?e (4-6 °N a?oioo). 9. Aeey io?eiaiiy ian?iei c a?eueoith ianith (iiiaae 100 a) ia oii? aeniei? o?iaeaeiino? aonoioa noiyiiy ?ineei ni?o?a e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo iiaeiia neeaaeaoe 25-35 oen. oo/aa. 10. I?ci?e no?ie iin?ao ia? a?eueoee aieea ia cieaeaiiy o?iaeaeiino? e?oiiiie?aeieo ni?o?a, i?ae o a?a?eaea /a?ac iniaeeaino? ii?oia?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa iaaaoeaiee aieea e?oiuei? iinooe. 11. Iaea?eueoee aeo?ae a?eea aoa ii i?aioe? ia ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio ? ?aiiueiio no?ieao iin?ao i?e aonoio? noiyiiy 25-35 oen. oo. ?ineei ia aaeoa??. ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO I?ae ni?oe e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo Caii??cueeee eiiaeeoa?nueeee ? Aeiinueeee e?oiiiie?aeiee aeey io?eiaiiy aaeeeeo ian?iei (c ianith iiiaae 110-120 a.) ia oii? aeniei? o?iaeaeiino? iniiaiee ia?ia?oie a?oioo iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe ii oeio iie?ioaiiai cyao (iaiaeii?acia? iiaa?oiaa? ?icioooaaiiy c iaoith caiia?aaiiy i?i?inoaiiy ? can?ao ao?’yi?a, i?aiea o e?ioe? iioeiaeueieo no?ie?a ia aeeaeio 25-27 ni). Iin?a o?aaa i?iaiaeeoe o ?aii? (i?e no?eeiio i?ia??aaii? a?oioo ia aeeaei? ca?iaee ian?iiy aei oaiia?aoo?e 4-6 °N) oa ?aeiiaiaeiaai? (i?e no?eeiio i?ia??aaii? a?oioo ia aeeaei? ca?iaee ian?iiy aei oaiia?aoo?e 8-10 °N) no?iee. Aonoioa noiyiiy ?ineei iiaeiia aooe 25-35 oen. oo. ?ineei ia aaeoa??. I?e iaiao?aeiino? cieuaiiy ae??aieo ao?’yi?a ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny canoiniaoaaoe ai?iioaaiiy aei ? i?ney noiae?a ?ineei niiyoieeo. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? Nikitchin D.I., Aksyonov I.V., Polyakov A.I. Eefect of stand density and sowing dates on yield of confectionary sunflower varieties grown in the soutn of Ukraine // Proceedings of the symposium EUCARPIA freeding of oil and protein crops. Zaporozhye, Ukraine. 5 - 8 August 1996.- P. 170 - 173. I?e?o/ei Ae.?., Aenueiiia ?.A., Iieyeia I.?. ?ieue iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo o oi?ioaaii? a?iaeaeiino? niiyoieeii // Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee atheaoaiue ?IE OAAI.- 1997.- Aei. 2.- N. 203 - 206. Ieeeo/ei Ae.E., Iieyeia A.E., Oieia/aa A.A. O/eouaaoue o?aaiaaiey ni?oa.- Caii?iaeuea, 1997.- 4 n.- (Eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie / COeIOYE; N 38 - 97). I?e?o/ei Ae.?., Aenueiiia ?.A., Iieyeia A.?. I?iaeoeoeai?noue e?oiiiie?aeiiai niiyoieeo // Caiey ? ethaee Oe?a?ie.- 1997.- N 4.- C. 7 - 8. Ieeeo/ei Ae.E., Iieyeia A.E. Ia?aaioea ii/au iiae e?oiiiieiaeiue iiaenieia/iee // Caieaaeaeea.- 1997.- N 6.- N. 28 - 29. Iieyeia A.E., Ieeeo/ei Ae.E. Iniaaiiinoe aa?ioaoieee ni?oia e?oiiiieiaeiiai iiaenieia/ieea.- Caii?iaeuea, 1997.- 4 n. (Eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie / COeIOYE; N 51 - 97). Iieyeia A.E., Ieeeo/ei Ae.E. Aeeyiea iniiaiie ia?aaioee ii/au ia cani?aiiinoue iiaenieia/ieea.- Caii?iaeuea, 1997.- 4 n. (Eioi?iaoeeiiiue eenoie / COeIOYE; N 53 - 97). Ieeeo/ei Ae.E., Aenaiia E.A., Iieyeia A.E. Iiaenieia/iee aeey eiiaeeoa?neie i?iiuoeaiiinoe // Caieaaeaeea.- 1998.- N 3.- C. 45. Iieyeia I.?., I?e?o/ei Ae.?. Aa?io?ce/i? aeanoeaino? a?oioo ia?aae iin?aii niiyoieeo // Iaoeiai- oaoi?/iee atheaoaiue ?IE OAAI.- 1998.- Aei. 3.- N. 223 - 228. Iieyeia I.?., I?e?o/ei Ae. ?. Cani?/ai?noue iin?a?a e?oiiiie?aeieo ni?o?a niiyoieeo // Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee atheaoaiue ?IE OAAI.- 1998.- Aei. 3.- N. 229 - 233.

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