History of The Beatles (реферат)

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History of The Beatles

Пыхтина Сергея

9 «Б»

John Lennon………………………………………………………………………….….2

Paul McCartney………………………………………………………………………….5

George Harrison…………………………………………………………………………10

Ringo Starr………………………………………………………………………………..14

Early beginnings……………………………………………………………………..…. 15

The Beatlemania years………………………………………………………………….17

The psychedelic years…………………………………………………………………..18

The studio years…………………………………………………………………………..20

Breakup…………………………………………………………………………………….22

The end of touring……………………………………………………………………….22

Brian Epstein’s death……………………………………………………………………24

Beatles Ltd………………………………………………………………..………………24

The Get Back Sessions…………………………………………………………………24

Neglect of George Harrison’s songs…………………………………………..…….25

After the breakup…………………………………………………………………………25

Personnel………………………………………………………………………………….27

Supplement:

Songs……………………………………………………………………………………….29

Photos………………………………………………………………………………………32

The Beatles were a hugely successful band, consisting of John Lennon,
Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey), with
global sales exceeding 1.3 billion albums (as of 2004). This article
covers The Beatles’ extensive history from their earliest beginnings in
the 1950s until their breakup and beyond.

John Lennon

John Lennon was born on October 9, 1940 in Liverpool, England, to
Alfred Lennon and Julia Stanley Lennon. His full name was John Winston
Ono Lennon. Early in his life he suffered the loss of both his parents,
when his father left the family to become a seaman, and his mother,
unable to care for a child on her own, decided to leave him in the hands
of his aunt, Mimi. This early feeling of abandonment was to mark John
for the rest of his life, and his fear of rejection can be heard in his
lyrics, from his early work with The Beatles, all the way up to his
pleading 1970’s track «Mother. (John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band).

    With his aunt, Lennon experienced a quiet and undisturbed working
class upbringing that left him with many happy memories. Some of these
would later result in some of his best work. (Strawberry fields forever,
the masterpiece single released before Sgt. Pepper was based upon his
childhood recollections of happiness). Ever since his early childhood
his artistic side found a way up to the surface of his personality and
young Lennon began to express himself through sketches and artwork.   A
few   of his teachers were impressed with his work, and suggested The
Liverpool art school for the boy.  Although John Lennon was (even by his
own admission) a «child genius», he decided for this option, over a
regular academic schedule.   During this period, at fifteen years of
age, John met Paul McCartney, at a Wooten Parish Garden Fete. The result
of their conjoined musical talents was a band called «The Quarrymen»,
named after Quarry Banks, the school that they attended. Years later
this band would become the greatest musical influence of recent
recording history, and would define an entire generation. This would be
under another name, though:: The Beatles.

At age 18, John’s life underwent a drastic change, when, shortly after
having reunited with his son, Julia Stanley Lennon, died. She was hit by
a bus driven by an off -duty policeman in Liverpool. Lennon never fully
recovered from the loss of his mother, and he continued to seek for her
love in most of the women he met, finally finding comfort in the person
of Yoko Ono, many years later. In the meantime, he met a fellow student,
Cynthia Powell, and in spite of their many differences, they soon became
romantically involved. In 1959, he left his natal Liverpool for Hamburg,
Germany, along with Paul McCartney, guitarist George Harrison, longtime
friend Stuart Sutcliffe and drummer Pete Best. Their objective was to
have a shot at fame and fortune in Hamburg’s music scene. It was during
this trip that he and his fellow bandmasters met Astrid Kilcher and
Klaus Voorman; she, a visionary photographer who would document The
Beatles’ transition from Liverpool lads to full grown musicians, and
would suggest the now legendary «mop top» image. The later, was to
become John’s close friend, and later play bass on many of his solo
projects. Their trip ended when George was deported back to England for
being a minor, by which time they had already achieved a certain amount
of popularity. Lennon also lost Sutcliffe, his best friend. At the time,
Stuart had become a celebrated artist who died in Hamburg, after a short
marriage to Astrid Kilcher.

    Back in Liverpool, The Beatles were hired to play the «lunch shift»
on a little club, «The Cavern». Brian Epstein, a local record store
owner and business man, decided to hear them, after their records were
requested several times. It didn’t take him much to realize the
potential of the group. For the rest of his life he would make it his
mission to see the boys succeed, and his first step was to get them a
recording contract with EMI records. In 1962, The Beatles released «Love
me Do» Their first single, and started on the road of musical history.

     In August 23, 1962, shortly after the Beatles’ Big break, John
married longtime girlfriend Cynthia Powell, and she soon gave birth to
their son Julian. (April 8th, 1963): Because of the group’s increasing
popularity in both Britain and the U.S, his marriage was kept secret for
a relatively long time. It was Brian Epstein’s (the Beatles manager)
idea that a married «mop top» would surely be less appealing to their
targeted audience: mostly screaming teenage girls. John would later
admit to being a failure both as a husband to Powell and as a father to
Julian, mostly due to the war that he was still waging with his inner
demons, which continue to haunt him, in spite of his success.

    John Lennon and Paul McCartney close songwriting collaboration was
clearly always the driving force of the Beatles’ success. They also had
very definite roles within the group. John always wrote songs or
contributed with lyrics that highlighted his strong rock and roll roots
and surfaced his feelings and raw emotions. He was the strong minded and
outspoken genius. Paul was the directing part of the duo. He
orchestrated the signature catchy tunes that placed the band in the
charts. Although they differed vastly in their points of view, their
songwriting efforts produced more hit singles (59) and innumerable
masterpieces than any other musical partnership in recording history,
left as an enduring legacy of their work.

would return his MBE, citing Britain’s involvement in the Vietnam War as
reason. Unfortunately, he also mentioned his first solo single «cold
turkey» falling off from the charts, a comment that widely cheapened the
gesture.

    John’s disappointment with the music business can be witnessed by
listening to some of the songs he contributed to the Beatles’s albums
released in the period. After a the first fecund years of
boundary-pushing lyrics and melodies he stopped challenging his own
songwriting capabilities and simply gave up. Shortly after Sgt. Pepper,
his songs clearly reflect how much of his early enthusiasm was gone,
specially his contributions to the Yellow Submarine soundtrack and The
White album, although it contains some of his best compositions ever.

     In the mist of the sixties’ psychedelic, and after a great
disillusion with the spiritual world, John met the woman who was to
become his life partner: Yoko Ono. She was an avant-garde, Japanese
American artist, six years his senior. Soon after they met, and in spite
of public outrage they were inseparable. John decided to leave his wife
and marry Yoko, who was being dubbed by the press as «the dragon lady»,
the woman who had cast a spell on «prince charming». They didn’t seem to
care.  

   John married Yoko in March 20th 1969. In Gibraltar in the years to
come, she would be accused of creating tension between the Beatles, and
ultimately forcing John away from the group, thus inciting to their 1970
break up. They became close collaborators, not only artistically or
music, but also as peace promoters. They staged «bed-ins» during their
honeymoon in Amsterdam; elaborate press conferences conducted from their
honeymoon suite that centered on their peace efforts. Their marked
eccentricities quickly alienated them with the British public opinion,
and in the end they were force to seek refuge in America. And they fled
for New York City.

    John and Yoko settled in New York City, and he remained there for
the rest of his life. There were clearly a great number of qualities in
NYC that reminded John of his native Liverpool. He was also very
attracted to the city’s communication capabilities. In his opinion, New
York was capital of the world. He even went as far as saying «If I’d
lived in Roman times, I’d have lived in Rome. Where else? Today, America
is the Roman Empire, and New York is Rome itself».

Apollo, where they performed «Attica State», protesting in favor of the
infamous upraising in the prison and the Geraldo Rivera One to one
concert.

    The pressures of their hectic lifestyles, combined with the ones of
the outside world, finally affected the couple. After only three years
of marriage, John and Yoko decided to take a brake from each other. That
two year period would later be known as John’s infamous «lost weekend».
John took off May Pang, his assistant and with some of his old friends,
feeling carefree for the first time since he was 20. He reunited with
Ringo, and helped him work on his album, and also played with the likes
of David Bowie and Elton John. He was a bachelor once again, but only
enjoyed it for a short period, before he started to long for home.

    Yoko Ono developed into her own person, after being criticized for
so long, and being in the shadow of the genius of John. She became very
active in the Avant-garde New York scene, regaining her place as an
accomplished artist. She would often check in with May Pang, to catch up
with his life without him finding out.

John’s work during this 18 month period clearly reflect the pain that
being away from his beloved Yoko caused him. «What you got» «Nobody
loves you when you’re down and out» and «Sweet bird of paradox» share
the same theme: Fear of abandonment and isolation. Even «whatever» gets
you through the night, the peppy single that propelled him back to the
top of the charts, was based on the assumption that getting by alone is
not easy. Soon it became clear to everyone who knew him that Yoko was
not only the woman under John’s shadow; she was also indispensable to
him.

     John and Yoko finally got back together in 1974, after being set up
at an Elton John concert, where John was making a guest appearance. They
would remain together for the rest of his life. In 1975, John retired
from public life, after releasing his last album of new material. On
October 9 of that same year, Yoko gave birth to Sean Lennon, after
several miscarriages. John was delighted with his life as a «house
husband» and decided to stay home, to take care of Sean, while Yoko took
care of business. He felt no urge to record or release any music during
the next five years, although he continued to write songs as always.
From time to new he would release statements, or give interviews, but
amazingly he managed to regain his private person status and his inner
peace. Sean had given him a second chance at parenting just as Yoko had
given him a second shot at love. He kept away from the same music
business he had pursuit with so much enthusiasm before.

     With the release of 1980’s «Double Fantasy» John came back to the
public eye. In this album, at the age of 40 he targeted audience had
changed from screaming teenage girls to an entire generation: His
generation, his age group. «How did things turn out for you» he seemed
to asked the same persons he had moved to believe that «all you need is
love» and to Imagine. The album was an immediate success, mainly because
of the honesty of the songs it contained. The plans of a follow up album
were cut drastically short, as so was his life. In December 8, 1980, in
front of his NYC home, he was shot down by Mark David Chapman and died
instantly. The unfinished «Milk and Honey» was released in 1984 by Yoko
Ono.

 John Lennon’s legend lives on and will remain alive as long as his
vision of peace and love keep inspiring new generations of dreamers — To
Love and Imagine.

Paul McCartney

Paul McCartney was born in 1942 in Walton Hospital, which on the Rice
Lane. His parents was Jim and Mary McCartney. 7 January 1944 was born
his brother, called Pitter Michael McCartney. Together they recorded
some good songs.

In 1957 Paul joined Quarrymen, in 1960 re-named in Beatles. There he
was since 1970 with John Lennon, Gorge Harrison and Ringo Starr.

Out of all the former HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/beatles.htm» \t «_blank»
Beatles , Paul McCartney by far had the most successful solo career,
maintaining a constant presence in the British and American charts
during the ’70s and ’80s. In America alone, he had nine number one
singles and seven number one albums during the first 12 years of his
solo career. Although he sold records, McCartney never attained much
critical respect, especially when compared to his former partner John
Lennon.

Following his first marriage to Linda Eastman on March 12, 1969, Paul
McCartney began working at his home studio on his first solo album. He
released the record, «McCartney», in April 1970, two weeks before
HYPERLINK «http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/beatles.htm» \t
«_blank» the Beatles ‘ «Let It Be» was scheduled to hit the stores.
Prior to the album’s release, he announced that HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/beatles.htm» \t «_blank» the
Beatles were breaking-up, which was against the wishes of the other
members. As a result, the tensions between him and the other three
members, particularly George Harrison and John Lennon, increased and he
earned the ill-will of many critics. Nevertheless, «McCartney» became a
hit, spending three weeks at the top of the American charts. Early in
1971, he returned with «Another Day», which became his first hit single
as a solo artist. It was followed several months later by «Ram», another
home-made collection, this time featuring the contributions of his wife
Linda.

He wanted to be in a rock band. Within a year after HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/beatles.htm» \t «_blank» the
Beatles ‘ break-up, McCartney had formed Wings. In December 1971, Wings
released their first album, «Wings Wild Life.» However, the album was
greeted with poor reviews and was a relative flop. After they released
three singles: «Give Ireland Back to the Irish,» «Mary Had A Little
Lamb» and «Hi, Hi, Hi» in 1972, Paul McCartney & Wings released «Red
Rose Speedway» in 1973. Regardless of weak reviews, the album became
McCartney’s second American number one album, and generated his number
one hit single «My Love.» That same year they scored another Top 10 hit
with «Live and Let Die,» the theme to the James Bond movie. In December
1973, Paul McCartney & Wings released their best-reviewed album «Band on
the Run.» The album became a number one hit in the US and UK, eventually
going triple platinum.

Following the success of «Band on the Run,» Wings released «Venus and
Mars» in May 1975. The album also hit number one in the US and UK. As
for 1976’s «Wings at the Speed of Sound,» the album became a number one
hit in the US, and produced two Top 10 hits: «Silly Love Song» and «Let
‘Am In.» Following the release of those two albums, Wings embarked on
their first international tour which broke many attendance records;
their first US tour was captured on the 1976 live triple-album «Wings
over America.» The live album also became a Top 10 hit in the US and UK,
regardless of the live triple-album.

After the world tour completed, Paul McCartney released «Thrilling
ton,» an instrumental version of «Ram,» under the pseudonym of Percy
«Thrills» Thrilling ton in 1977. Later that year, Wings released «Mull
of Kindred,» which became the biggest-selling British single of all
time, selling over two million copies. It was followed several months
later by the 1978 album «London Town,» which became a Top 10 hit in the
US and UK. Later that year, Wings released their first Greatest Hits
album «Wings Greatest.» After its release, Wings released «Back to the
Egg» in 1979. But the album was a relative flop, though it became a Top
10 hit in the US and UK. Later in 1979, Wings embarked on their British
tour; early in 1980, Wings intended to embark on their first Japanese
tour; but McCartney was arrested for marijuana possession at Narita
Airport; he was imprisoned for 10 days and then released, without any
charges being pressed; but their first Japanese tour was cancelled.

career in the UK.

In 1984, McCartney released the soundtrack, «Give My Regards to Broad
Street,» which featured new songs and re-recorded Beatles tunes. Though
McCartney’s first feature film was a flop, the soundtrack became his
British number one album, generating a Top 10 hit single «No More
Lonely Nights.» Later that year, Paul had another British Top 10 hit
single «We All Stand Together,» the theme to the video «Rupert and the
Frog Song,» under the name of Paul McCartney And The Frog Chorus. The
following year, McCartney scored a Top 10 hit with «Spies like us,» the
theme to the film «Spies like us,» which is currently his last American
Top 10 single. With the release of «Press to Play» in 1986, his
commercial fortunes started to slip somewhat; in fact, the album was a
flop. In 1987, Paul released his second Greatest Hits album «All the
Best!» It spawned the Top 10 single «Once upon a Long Ago,» which is
currently his last British Top 10 single. In 1988, McCartney recorded a
collection of rock & roll oldies called «CHOBA B CCCP» for release in
the USSR; it was given official release internationally in 1991. After
he co-wrote several songs with Elvis Costello, Paul released «Flowers in
the Dirt» in 1989. The album received the strongest reviews of any
McCartney release since «Tug Of War,» which became the British number
one album. Later in 1989, Paul McCartney embarked on an extensive
international tour, which was a considerable success. The «Get Back
Tour» was captured on the 1990 live double-album «Tripping The Live
Fantastic.»

In 1991, McCartney released another live album in the form of
«Unplugged,» which was taken from his appearance on MTV’s acoustic
concert programme of the same name; it was the first «Unplugged» album
to be released. Later that year, he unveiled his first classical work,
«Liverpool Oratorio.» Early in 1993, McCartney released «Off the
Ground.» Though the album was mauled by the critics and was a flop, he
supported the album with his successful «New World Tour.» Later that
year, he released another live album «Paul Is Live»; he also released an
ambient techno album, «strawberries oceans ships forest», under the
pseudonym of the fireman. On March 23rd 1995, Paul premiered his
classical piece for solo piano, «A Leaf,» at St. James’s Palace. In
April 1995, he released the piece for solo piano in the UK. However, his
primary activity in 1994, as well as 1995, was HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/beatles.htm» \t «_blank» the
Beatles ‘ Anthology. After «Anthology» was completed, Paul McCartney
released «Flaming Pie» in 1997. «Flaming Pie» received the strongest
reviews of any McCartney release since «Flowers in the Dirt» and hit
number two in the US and UK. It was nominated for HYPERLINK
«http://www.grammy.com/» \t «_blank» a Grammy as «Album of the Year».
Later that year, Paul McCartney unveiled his second large-scale
classical work, the symphonic poem «Standing Stone» and became a number
one hit classical work in the US and UK.

In April 1998 Paul McCartney was bereaved of his beloved wife Linda
McCartney by reason of her disease: breast cancer. Later that year,
however, McCartney unveiled his second ambient dance album, » HYPERLINK
«http://www.fire-man.com/» \t «_blank» Rushes ,» under the pseudonym of
the Fireman. On the solo album from Linda McCartney, titled «Wide
Prairie,» he sings backing vocals and plays a variety of instruments;
Paul produced the album as the definitive collection of all the songs
recorded by Linda over the past 25 years. Beyond a total heartbreak,
Paul McCartney is getting back to where he should belong.

Paul McCartney was honored on March 15, 1999 with an induction into
HYPERLINK «http://www.rockhall.com/» \t «_blank» the Rock and Roll Hall
of Fame . In celebration, Capitol Records released the 25th Anniversary
remastered, limited edition reissue of Paul McCartney & Wings’
chart-topping, Grammy award-winning, and all time best-selling albums
«Band on the Run» in the US.

Paul McCartney had done his first exhibit: HYPERLINK
«http://www.siwikultur.de/pmc/indexb.htm» \t «_blank» the Painting of
Paul McCartney in Siegen, Germany from 1st May until 25th July 1999.

In October, 1999, » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/review14.html» \t «_blank»
Run Devil Run ,» Paul’s first album since Linda’s death in April 1998,
was released worldwide. Recorded in two quick-burst sessions at Studio
2, Abbey Road, from 1 March to 5 May, 1999, the 15-track album includes
his interpretations of 12 songs chosen not for musical merit but for
reasons of pure nostalgia that were his favorite ’50s rock’n’roll as a
teenager, as well as three new songs Paul wrote in a ’50s style. The
hand-picked band was the classic rock’n’roll line-up of bass, guitar and
drums. McCartney (bass, guitar, vocals) — accompanied by Pink Floyd’s
David Gilmour (guitar), Mick Green (guitar), Deep Purple’s Iran Piece
(drums), Pete Winfield (keyboards), Dave Mattacks (drums), Geraint
Watkins (keyboard) and Chris Hall (Accordion) — recreated that golden
age of rock’n’roll. Although recent Beatle myth has enshrined John
Lennon as the Beatles’ rocker and Paul McCartney as the Beatles’
balladeer, » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/review14.html» \t «_blank»
Run Devil Run » must remind you of Paul as the rocker. (You know Paul
composed not only the best-known ballade such as «Yesterday» and «Let It
Be» but punchy hard rock such as «I’m Down» and «Helter Skelter».)

On the other hand, Paul McCartney unveiled his third classical album,
titled «Working Classical,» in the UK on October 18, 1999. That’s just
two weeks after the release of » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/review14.html» \t «_blank»
Run Devil Run .» The album features McCartney’s first foray into chamber
music, including two pieces for small orchestra: «A Leaf» and «Spiral.»
The classical album became No.1 on the Billboard classical charts.

On Tuesday, December 14th, 1999, Sir Paul McCartney rocked the Cavern —
the Liverpool club where he and HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/beatles.htm» \t «_blank» the
Beatles found stardom — for the first time in 36 years. The show —
Paul’s first at the Cavern Club since HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/beatles.htm» \t «_blank» The
Beatles last played there on August 3rd, 1963 — was his 281st show at
The Cavern. His historic concert was a «one-off, end of the millennium
tribute to rock and roll». Due to the expected demand for tickets, and
in an attempt to be fair for all, however, tickets for «Paul at the
Cavern» were available through a national (UK) raffle. Therefore, only
150 fans picked from an international ballot could pack the Cavern. But
the concert was carried live in cyberspace too. As at least three
million people across the globe watched his performance through a live
web cast at one time, it set a new world record as the biggest musical
gig in the history of the Internet. A further 15,000 fans gathered in
wintry conditions in Liverpool’s Chavasse Park, where a huge video
screen showed the concert live. Thus, Paul and his band (Dave Gilmour
and Mick Green on guitars, Iran Piece on drums, Pete Wingfield on
keyboards and Chris Hall on Accordion) rocked out the end of the
century. They «rocked Liverpool and the world bopped too.» His 13-song
performance lasted a little over 40 minutes and included «I Saw Her
Standing There,» a Beatles song from the Cavern years. But other songs
were the classic rock and roll mostly from his album » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/review14.html» \t «_blank»
Run Devil Run «.

In February, 2000, «a Garland for Linda» was released; it features new
choral works by the nine contemporary British composers: John Tavener,
Michael Berkeley, Sir Richard Rodney Bennett, Giles Swayne, John Rutter,
Roxanna Panufnik, David Matthews, Judith Bingham and Sir Paul McCartney
and «Silence and Music» originally composed by Ralph Vaughan Williams
for «A Garland for the Queen,» in which ten leading British composers
contributed new works for a musical celebration of the coronation of
Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. The inspiration for «a Garland for Linda»
was certainly «A Garland for the Queen»; the raison dieter for the disc
is to commemorate the life of Linda McCartney and to promote The Garland
Appeal to raise money for non-animal-tested cancer research and British
music. Incidentally, Sir Paul McCartney’s own piece for «a Garland for
Linda» is entitled «Nova.»

On August 21, 2000, «Liverpool Sound Collage» was released in the UK.
McCartney created the piece at the request of Peter Blake, the artist
who helped designed HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/beatles.htm» \t «_blank» the
Beatles ‘ memorable cover for «Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Heart’s Club Band,»
as the soundtrack for his show «About Collage,» at Liverpool’s Tate
Gallery. Along with Super Furry Animals, producer/musician Youth also
collaborated with McCartney on the project. But what’s most likely to
get people’s attention was actually the inclusion of studio outtake
clips from recordings McCartney made with HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/beatles.htm» \t «_blank» The
Beatles between 1965 and 1969. «Liverpool Sound Collage» was nominated
for HYPERLINK «http://www.grammy.com/» \t «_blank» a Grammy as «Best
Alternative Music Album.»

Singing: Poems and Lyrics 1965-1999 .» It is McCartney’s first anthology
of poetry and lyrics. The book contains more than 100 poems written
between 1965 and 1999 as well as some of his best-known song lyrics. »
HYPERLINK «http://www.wwnorton.com/mccartney/welcome.htm» \t «_blank»
Blackbird Singing: Poems and Lyrics 1965-1999 » has sold more than
55,000 copies in the UK and USA.

In May 2001, Paul McCartney released «WINGSPAN — Hits and History -,»
the 40-song collection from Paul McCartney and Wings. «Wingspan» is the
soundtrack of a two-hour film of the same title that is a television
documentary about the formation and history of the band Wings. The
double-album not only made its debut at No.2 on the Billboard album
charts as of May 26, 2001, but marked the fastest-selling release of the
McCartney post-Beatles era; it went Gold, Platinum and double Platinum,
earning Paul his 21st gold record. Later that year, he released »
HYPERLINK «http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/review37.html» \t
«_blank» Driving Rain ,» the first studio album of new songs from Paul
McCartney since 1997’s «Flaming Pie.» Though the album peaked at No.26
on the Billboard album charts, » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/review37.html» \t «_blank»
Driving Rain » was certified gold on 29 April, 2002.

On April 1st, 2002, Paul McCartney kicked off DRIVING USA, a two-month
concert tour of America and his first in almost 10 years. Following his
second marriage to Heather Mills on June 11th, 2002, Paul McCartney
returned to North America for further 23 concerts on the Back In The
U.S. tour in late September and October. Following the second leg of the
U.S. tour, Paul McCartney performed in November in Mexico City, Tokyo
and, for the first time in Paul’s career, Osaka. The «DRIVING USA» tour
was captured on the 2002 live double-album » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/review50.html» \t «_blank»
Back In The U.S. — Live 2002 .» The live double-album made its debut at
No.8 on the Billboard album charts, eventually going platinum in the US.
According to concert trade publication HYPERLINK
«http://www.pollstar.com/» \t «_blank» Pollstar , by the way, Paul
McCartney is the runaway winner for biggest tour of the year. As Paul’s
tour grossed $103.3 million in 2002, Paul’s tour now ranks as the
all-time fourth biggest earner in the US and Canada, behind the Rolling
Stones, U2 and Pink Floyd.

On March 25th, 2003, Paul McCartney kicked off the «Back in the World»
tour, a three-month UK and European tour and his first in 10 years since
his New World Tour of 1993. It coincided with the release on March 17th
of the live double-album «Back in the World — Live» as a proper souvenir
of the European tour. After touring through Europe, including Russia,
Paul McCartney capped the tour with a hometown concert at Liverpool on
June 1st, 2003.

On May 25th, 2004, Paul McCartney kicked off the all-stadium «04 Summer
Tour.» It was highlighted with 7 first-time performance visits as well
as 5 concerts in cities that haven’t rocked with him since 1989’s «Get
Back World Tour» or 1993’s «New World Tour». After touring throughout
Europe, including a special performance in St. Petersburg’s Palace
Square, Paul McCartney concluded the tour with a special appearance at
The Glastonbury Festival on June 26th, 2004. That same year he released
a selection of his Animated Films called «Paul McCartney: The Music And
Animation Collection.» On September 20, 2004, he released his first
single for children in 20 years, «Tropic Island Hum,» the title track of
a new children’s animation film featured on the collection. Later that
year, he published a new book called «EACH ONE BELIEVING: ON STAGE, OFF
STAGE AND BACKSTAGE», an account of life on the road with Paul McCartney
during his recent Word Tour during which he played to over two million
people — his most successful tour since HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.co.jp/MusicStar/2373/beatles.htm» \t «_blank» The
Beatles .

Anyway, I recommend «All the Best» or «WINGSPAN — Hits and History -»
as a good introduction to Paul McCartney. Check it out!

George Harrison

The youngest of four children, George was born February 25, 1943 at
12:10 a.m. to Harold and Louise. George has a sister, Louise, and two
brothers, Harold and Peter. The Harrisons lived at 12 Arnold Grove,
Wavertree, Liverpool 15 until 1949 when the family moved to 25 Upton
Green, near, Liverpool.

George began his education at Dove dale Primary. In September 1954,
George began attending the Liverpool Institute where Paul McCartney was
already a student. They often met on the bus going home and soon became
friends.

Influenced by Carl Perkins, Lonnie Donegan and others, by age 13 George
had developed a strong interest in music. His wonderfully supportive
mother bought George a used guitar and encouraged him when he became
frustrated learning to play the more difficult chords. Long before Paul
met John Lennon, George and Paul spent many an afternoon going through
George’s chord manual together. In 1956, George, his brother and friends
performed once as the Rebels. After that, George sat in on gigs with
other groups, and worked Saturday mornings in a butcher shop. One of the
butcher’s assistants was in a group with whom George also played.
Through this group, George met Pete Best, future drummer for the
Beatles.

At this point, history gets a little shaky with contradictory accounts.
Possibly upon Paul’s suggestion, George saw the Quarrymen perform, and
met John backstage. With the hope of joining the Quarrymen, George
impressed John and Paul, who by now was also a member of the group, with
his rendition of «Raunchy.» John was unsure at first, George being three
years younger than him. But George’s ever-growing knowledge of chords
inspired John and Paul’s songwriting. By early 1958, in part possibly to
irritate his Aunt Mimi who saw George as a bad influence, John relented
and George became lead guitarist for the Quarrymen.

By August 1962, Pete Best was out, Ringo Starr was in, and the Beatles
were born.

On February 7, 1964, the Beatles — John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George
Harrison and Ringo Starr — arrived in America. Their music exhilarated
while their wit charmed. George’s often unsmiling, brooding demeanor
earned him the nickname The Quiet One.

On March 2, 1964, on the set of «A Hard Day’s Night,» George met
19-year-old model, Patricia Anne Boyd. Though she initially rejected
him, eventually they start dating. Just before Christmas of 1965, Patti
accepted George’s proposal of marriage, and they married on January 21,
1966.

It was Patti who opened George’s heart and mind to «all things Indian»
an ongoing passion that has not diminished for more than 30 years.

In summer 1966, George met classical guitarist Ravi Shankar. In
September, George visited India to study sitar and Eastern philosophy
with Ravi. To this day, George is the only Beatle who has studied music
formally and can read music (Indian notation). While many believe Paul
reads western musical notation, Paul himself has denied this many times
in many interviews over the years, and most recently and clearly in the
CD booklet accompanying his 1997 symphonic poem ‘Paul McCartney’s
Standing Stone.’

The next year, at Patti’s suggestion, the Beatles went to London to
attend a lecture on Transcendental Meditation given by the Maharishi
Mahesh Yogi. The Beatles were so intrigued, the next day they left for
Bangor, Wales to continue studying with the Maharishi. Their stay in
Bangor was cut short by manager Brian Epstein’s sudden death. In
February 1968, the Beatles and their entourage spent several weeks at
Rishikesh, India to begin a teacher’s training course at the Maharishi’s
ashram. George continues to support the Maharishi, now 81 years old, and
his Natural Law Party.

Late 1968 saw the release of the soundtrack to the film «Wonder wall,»
composed and produced by George. It was the first solo album by a
Beatle, and the first album issued on the Beatles’ Apple label. (While
Paul helped write the soundtrack to the film «The Family Way» the year
before, George Martin wrote the score. Paul wasn’t as extensively
involved in «The Family Way» as George Harrison was with «Wonder wall.»
However, the point is arguable :-))

Starting in 1968, George performed and recorded with friends he’d made
while a Beatle. After years of being eclipsed by the brilliant genius of
John and Paul, of having to fight for every song he wrote that was
included on an album, superstars such as Eric Clapton and Bob Dylan
treated George as an equal. No longer was second fiddle, George
recognized as a great musician in his own right.

In 1970, George bought the gothic and ornate Friar Park, complete with
a 120-room mansion, fantastical caverns (including a skeleton cave!),
underground lakes, stone-carved gnomes and gargoyles, acres of
meticulously cared-for gardens . . . and some say even the ghost of
Friar Park’s designer, Sir Frankie Crisp.

At Friar Park, George discovered another passion: gardening. It’s not
unusual for George to be hip-deep in fertilizer tending to his beloved
gardens.

How far George had come! The gawky 15-year-old who tagged along at the
heels of his idol, John, was now master of Friar Park estate and a
world-renowned rock star.

Long in coming, by April 1970 it was no longer a secret that the Beatles
had broken up. Though legal entanglements would maintain the Beatles’
existence on paper, they no longer functioned as a musically productive
entity.

On July 7, 1970, George’s mother died from brain cancer. A warm,
loving, jovial woman, Louise Harrison enjoyed hearing from George’s
fans, corresponding with them and sometimes inviting them into her home.
So dearly loved was George’s mother, after her death a group of George’s
American fans started the Louise F. Harrison Memorial Cancer Fund.

1971 was George’s year to shine! That year he was unquestionably the
most successful Beatle. On August 1, The Concert for Bangladesh,
organized by George and featuring an array of megastars, was held at
Madison Square Garden in New York City. Perhaps spurred by his
accomplishments and blooming self-confidence, George’s creativity
exploded like a supernova with the release of his first post-Beatles
record. The triple-album set, «All Things Must Pass,» flew to the Number
One spot on American and European charts, and was hailed as a
masterpiece.

In 1974, George went on a North American concert tour — the first
Beatle to have done so. On a personal level, his marriage to Patti was
at an all-time low. Years earlier, Eric Clapton had declared his love
for Patti. At first Patti put him off, but in time came to return his
love. On the plus side, George met his wife-to-be, Olivia Trinidad
Arias, an employee at A&M Records, the distributor for George’s Dark
Horse Records.

With the 1976 release of «Thirty-three & 1/3,» things started looking
up. That is, until George lost his copyright infringement case over «My
Sweet Lord.» Its melody and chord structure were similar to the 1963
song «He’s So Fine.» George was found guilty of «subconscious
plagiarism.»

On June 9, 1977, George and Patti’s divorce came through. Two years
later, Patti married Eric Clapton. George, Paul and Ringo were among the
guests/performers at the wedding celebration for George’s ex-wife and
his dearest friend.

In May 1978, George’s father died from emphysema. As did his wife, Mr.
Harrison enjoyed chatting with George’s fans, and by all accounts was a
delightful gentleman.

On August 1, 1978, George and Olivia’s son, Danni (pronounced
«DAH-nee») was born. On September 2, George and Olivia were married.

George’s new career as a film producer came about as the result of
generosity and friendship. In 1978, after the original backers backed
out, Handmade Films was formed to fund Monty Python’s movie «The Life Of
Brian.» Handmade Films made possible fascinating films that in time
became cult classics, as well as popular films which, if not for
George’s farsightedness, might never have seen the light of day. Among
them are «Time Bandits,» «Nuns On The Run,» and «Shanghai Surprise»
starring then-husband and wife Madonna and Sean Penn. Altogether,
Handmade Films produced about 26 movies. George made cameo appearances
in and wrote the soundtracks or songs for a few. In the late 1980s,
Handmade Films had a run of bad luck, and was acquired by Paragon
Entertainment Corp. in May 1994. Eight months later, George sued his
former business partner, Denis O’Brien, for $20 million for breach of
contract and fiduciary duties, and disposition of assets. George was
awarded $10.9 million by the court, but has yet to collect this money.

George’s autobiography, «I Me Mine,» was published on August 22, 1979,
first as a leather-bound collector’s edition, and later as a mass market
hardcover. George dedicated it «to gardeners everywhere.» Though not
especially informative, George’s conversational manner and Derek
Taylor’s side notes make «I Me Mine» a delightful read. George’s
commentaries on every song he composed up through 1978 make it «must
reading» for all George fans.

On December 9, 1980, George was awakened by Olivia. John Lennon had been
shot and killed. «All Those Years Ago» was George’s musical tribute to
John. (John died just after 11 p.m. on December 8 in New York City,
which made it December 9 in Europe.)

In 1988, George formed the Traveling Wilbur’s. The other Wilbur’s were
Tom Petty, Bob Dylan, Jeff Lynne and Roy Orison. Both albums were highly
successful. «The Traveling Wilbur’s, Vol. 1» went multi-platinum and won
a Grammy Award for Best Rock Performance.

In 1990, Olivia founded the Romanian Angel Appeal to aid Romanian
orphans. George and Olivia gave much of their time and money to this
most worthy cause.

In late 1991, George and Eric Clapton embarked on a tour of Japan. In
1992, a recording of some performances, «Live In Japan» was released.

Because he released no solo albums during the 90s, fans have the false
impression that, except for the Beatles’ «Anthology,» George was not
active professionally. Not true! As he had since the Beatles were still
together, George continued to work with many artists. All in all, George
has produced and performed on more non-solo albums than any other
Beatle. Between 1990 and 1999, George was involved with over two dozen
albums and singles.

[Please click here for the Discography of George’s work with other
artists]

George survived a knife attack and three occurrences of cancer. In 2001,
he and Olivia bought a villa near the ocean in the south of Switzerland.

George was in the final stages of recording a new solo album, as well as
a box set of demos, outtakes and other unreleased material. Wait,
there’s more! Ownership of his solo Dark Horse 1976-92 catalogue and the
two Traveling Wilbur’s albums were to have reverted back to George, and
he had been considering re-circulating these currently out-of-print CDs
with possible bonus tracks. All of this is now in Olivia’s (and maybe
Danni’s) more than capable hands.

On a U.S. morning news show aired June 12, 1997, George said, «For
every human is a quest to find the answer to, why are we here? Who am I?
Where did I come from? Where am I going? That to me became the only
important thing in my life. Everything else is secondary.»

On November 29, 2001, after a long battle with cancer, surrounded by
those he loved, George leaves his body and moves on to wherever his
spiritual journal will lead him.

Gardener, musician, composer, film producer, record producer,
philanthropist, car racing enthusiast, spiritual seeker and slide
guitarist extraordinaire, the multi-faceted George Harrison continues to
enrich our lives. His inner light will shine forever.

Ringo Starr

Richard Starkey Jr. was born in the front room of 9 Madrid Street in
Liverpool’s Dingle area on July 7, 1940. His parents were Elise and
Richard Starkey Sr. Elise and Richard would soon divorce in 1943 and she
and her son moved to 10 Admiral Grove. Richard attended St. Silas
Infants’ School where he began to suffer the first of many illnesses
which seriously affected his education.

At the age of six he was taken to the Royal Children’s Infirmary
suffering from acute abdominal pains. A ruptured appendix was diagnosed
and this led to an inflamed peritoneum and the first of several
operations for the young Richard. He went into a coma for two months
during which several more operations were made. Richard was known to be
accident prone. After he woke up from the coma he tried to hand a toy
bus to the boy in the next bed. Richard fell over head first onto the
floor resulting in a concussion. He remained in the hospital for several
more months.

When he finally returned to school, he found himself far behind in his
school work which gave him an undeserved reputation of being stupid. In
1953, at the age of thirteen, Richard caught a cold which turned into
chronic pleurisy necessitating another stay at Myrtle Street Hospital.
The illness caused some lung complications which resulted in the youth
being sent to Howell Children’s Hospital where he remained until 1955.

By this time Elise had married Harry Graves, whom Richard referred to as
his «step ladder». For a short time he had a job as delivery boy for
British Rail. He next took on a job as barman on a ferry to New Brighton
before becoming a trainee joiner at Henry Hunt and Sons. Richard’s
stepfather, Harry, bought him a secondhand drum kit and Richard showed
promise of becoming a great musician.

Richard bounced around from band to band but he finally found a home
with «Rory Storm & the Hurricanes». Rory Storm was a showman and he
insisted that Richard add some flare to his act by renaming him Ringo
Starr. To which he eventually legally change his name. The Hurricanes
became one of the most popular groups in Liverpool and they topped the
bill at Hamburg’s Kaiser keller club, above The Beatles. Pete Best was
not always the most reliable drummer so Ringo would occasionally fill in
for Pete if he didn’t show up.

The Hurricanes were by now being out shown by The Beatles and Gerry &
the Pacemakers. Ringo had thought about leaving The Hurricanes and
joining another group called «The Seniors». After a brief lull period,
Ringo decided to fill the spot of drummer for The Hurricanes once again.
Ringo, feeling like he was going nowhere thought about taking up his
apprenticeship at Hunt’s again, when fate stepped in.’

The Beatles were now the top band in Liverpool and throughout most of
England. The Beatles had just signed with Parlophone and George Martin
didn’t like Pete as their drummer describing him bluntly as «not good».
The new task was to find a replacement drummer. Many considered Johnny
Hutchinson of «The Big Three» to be the best drummer in Liverpool but
then the idea was put around to ask Ringo if he would like to fill the
position.

When Ringo went to record with The Beatles for the first time George
Martin had already hired a session drummer, Andy White. Ringo was
devastated and the fact that at first the fans didn’t take kindly to him
didn’t help matters either. When Ringo first appeared with The Beatles
at The Cavern Club, the fans still upset over Pete getting fired,
started shouting «Pete forever, Ringo never!»

As it turned out, Ringo was perfect for The Beatles and at one time was
the most popular member of the group with American fans. He also proved
to be more of a natural actor than any other members of the group and
received favorable reviews for his performance in «A Hard Day’s Night».
Because of this, Ringo was placed in the center of the spotlight in The
Beatles second film «HELP!».

Ringo married his long-time girlfriend Maureen Cox on February 11, 1965
and the couple were to have three children: Zack, Jason, and Lee. The
couple would eventually divorce in July 1975 and Ringo was to marry
Barbara Bach. Ringo at first had the same problem as George did which
was getting his songs noticed. Mainly John and Paul would write a song
or two for him to sing on a particular album. Such songs were: »
HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Palms/MARCOS’%20BEATLES%20PAGE%20(
anterior)/pleaseme.html» \l «boys» Boys » on Please -Please Me, »
HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Palms/MARCOS’%20BEATLES%20PAGE%20(
anterior)/withthe.html» \l «iwanna» I Want Be Your Man » on With The
Beatles, » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Palms/MARCOS’%20BEATLES%20PAGE%20(
anterior)/forsale.html» \l «honeydont» Honey Don’t » on Beatles For
Sale, » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Palms/MARCOS’%20BEATLES%20PAGE%20(
anterior)/help.html» \l «actnaturally» Act Naturally » on HELP!, »
HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Palms/MARCOS’%20BEATLES%20PAGE%20(
anterior)/rubber.html» \l «whatgoes» What Goes On » which was
co-written by Starr on Rubber Soul, » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Palms/MARCOS’%20BEATLES%20PAGE%20(
anterior)/revolver.html» \l «yellowsubmarine» Yellow Submarine » on
Revolver and Yellow Submarine, and » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Palms/MARCOS’%20BEATLES%20PAGE%20(
anterior)/peppers.html» \l «alittle» A Little Help From My Friends » on
Sgt. Pepper’s.

While with The Beatles, Ringo had two songs that were «original Starr
compositions». They were » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Palms/MARCOS’%20BEATLES%20PAGE%20(
anterior)/white1.html» \l «dontpass» Don’t Pass Me By » on The White
Album and probably his most famous one » HYPERLINK
«http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Palms/MARCOS’%20BEATLES%20PAGE%20(
anterior)/abbey.html» \l «octopussgarden» Octopus’s Garden » on Abbey
Road. Following The Beatles break up, Ringo had a very successful solo
career which consisted of eight albums and thirteen singles. Ringo also
appeared in various TV shows, including his own special, «Ringo», and a
TV mini-series «Princess Daisy», with his wife Barbara.

After many years out of the limelight, during which he did voice-overs
for the children’s TV series «Thomas The Tank Engine» and experienced
drinking problems, which resulted in himself and Barbara attending a
drying out clinic. He reappeared on the scene sober with an All-Starr
Band to tour America and Japan.

This proved to be so successful that he formed another All-Starr Band
in 1992, which began an American and European tour in June 1992. Members
comprised his son Zack, guitarists Dave Edmunds, Nils Lofgren, Todd
Rundgren and Joe Walsh, saxophonist Tim Cappello, bassist Timothy B.
Schmit and keyboards player Burton Cummings.

Early beginnings

Lennon met McCartney on July 6, 1957 at the annual St. Peter’s Woolton
Parish Church Garden Fete. Lennon was in a skiffle group called The
Quarry Men who were performing at the event. Lennon was impressed by
McCartney as he knew the words to several rock ‘n’ roll songs (Lennon
would just make his own words up), and because he taught him some guitar
chords (Lennon only knew the banjo chords taught to him by his mother
Julia). McCartney subsequently joined the band, and brought Harrison
along soon after, on February 6, 1958. In 1958, The Quarry Men recorded
a demo of two songs; the first was an original Harrison/McCartney tune
called «In Spite Of All The Danger»; the other was a cover of Buddy
Holly’s «That’ll Be The Day». A number of songs that were later recorded
for Beatles records, were originally written at this time including
«I’ll Follow The Sun» (which McCartney had written independently), «When
I’m Sixty-Four» and «One After 909».

After a brief split, the Quarry Men regrouped in 1960 as The Fabulous
Silver Beatles, later shortened to The Beatles. The name was a tribute
to Buddy Holly’s band, The Crickets, combined with beat music, a common
British term for rock and roll at the time. In another tribute, they had
sometimes called themselves the Foreverly Brothers.

The reformed band consisted of Lennon, McCartney and Harrison, plus
Stuart Sutcliffe on bass. Allan Williams served as their first manager.
They were offered a gig in Hamburg, West Germany, but they had no
drummer. Pete Best, who had played occasionally with the Quarry Men, was
auditioned on August 12th, 1960. Four days later, the group (with new
member Pete Best) left for Hamburg. Hamburg was a wild place for the
young men. They were featured at a small club and were playing to
Germans who often didn’t understand English. They were uninhibited on
stage, drinking alcohol, sometimes goading the crowd and acting unruly,
but such was the club’s atmosphere. The Beatles playing together in
Hamburg had the group becoming more tight-knit, better musicians and
better showmen. When Harrison was deported for being underage, they
returned to Liverpool.

In March 1961, the Beatles played their first gig at Liverpool’s ‘Cavern
Club’ before returning to the lucrative Hamburg scene with a now legal
Harrison. During their stay in Germany they were hired by Bert Kaempfert
to record backing for the singer Tony Sheridan. A single, «My Bonnie»,
was released in Germany on the Polydor label in August 1961, credited to
Tony Sheridan and the Beat Boys. It was the Beatles’ first commercial
release.

In the Spring of 1961, while still in Hamburg, Sutcliffe decided to
leave the band in order to concentrate on his art studies. While
Sutcliffe had had little musical impact on the group, he had influenced
their appearance and sense of style. McCartney, who had been playing
guitar, replaced him on bass.

In their early days, the Beatles composed and rehearsed their songs at
20 Forthlin Road, Liverpool, the home of Paul McCartney, and now a
National Trust property open to the public.

The Beatles, as individuals and as a group, soaked up influences from
performers enjoying popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s. Besides the
previously mentioned Buddy Holly and Everly Brothers, both John Lennon
and Paul McCartney were enamored with early Elvis Presley recordings.
George Harrison liked American “rockabilly” guitar styles. The Beatles
were also directly influenced by Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Carl
Perkins, the Isley Brothers, and the Motown stars and groups. The
Beatles were an opening act for Roy Orbison during one of Orbison’s
overseas tours, and his influence can be heard in some of McCartney’s
early melodies. Ringo Starr had a fondness for straight-ahead country &
western music. Guitar-based American blues had little influence on them
until the late ‘60s, although they recorded the old Blind Lemon
Jefferson song “Matchbox Blues” (but in a country & western style). By
the mid sixties, Bob Dylan’s “folk rock” was an influence on John
Lennon’s lyrical attitudes and content. Still later, American mainstream
amplified-guitar blues had an influence on the Beatles, but probably
more by way of Eric Clapton and Cream, and other British bands that had
been steeped in that influence for years, by this point.

On December 10, 1961, Brian Epstein agreed to become the band’s
full-time manager, after receiving requests for the band’s music two
months earlier in his record store («My Bonnie by The Beatles» — Epstein
couldn’t find it) and watching them perform at the Cavern Club on
November 9, 1961. Epstein arranged for the Beatles to audition for Decca
Records on January 1, 1962. Decca, in one of the most embarrassing
business decisions in music history, rejected the band, on the grounds
that guitar music was «on the way out». The Decca audition has
subsequently accumulated significant legend.

The Beatles auditioned for EMI’s Parlophone label on June 6, 1962.
George Martin, who was at first unimpressed by the band’s demos, liked
them as people when he met them, and they were signed. Not only did he
feel that they had musical talent, but he also felt that their wit and
humor made them extremely «likeable.» When he asked them if there was
anything they wanted to change, Harrison said, «I don’t like your tie».
Martin informed the Beatles that he was signing them in late July.

Martin, unaware of this personnel change, hired session drummer Andy
White to play drums on the Beatles’ first studio session on September 4,
1962. Andy would be the session drummer during their 3rd EMI session on
September 11, 1962.

The Beatlemania years

The Beatles’ first single, «Love Me Do», was released on October 5, 1962
and became a minor hit. The Beatles recorded their first full length
album, often «live» in the studio, on February 11, 1963 in one 12 hour
session; it was released as Please, Please Me in March. On February 22,
1963 the Beatles’ second single, «Please Please Me» went straight to No.
2 in the U.K. «From Me to You» and «She Loves You» (with its instantly
memorable «Yeah, yeah, yeah» refrain) followed to the top of the U.K.
charts.

Beatlemania as a chaotic cultural phenomenon began in Britain on October
13, 1963 with a televised appearance at the London Palladium.

Meet the Beatles, the first Beatles album in the United States, was
released on January 20, 1964. On February 7, 1964 The Beatles traveled
to New York for a number of U.S. television appearances and
performances. Upon arriving at JFK airport, The Beatles noticed
thousands of kids screaming and awaiting the plane’s arrival. They
assumed that there must have been someone important on the plane with
them and were a bit shocked to learn that the crowds were actually there
for them.

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/February_9» \o «February 9» February 9 ,
HYPERLINK «/wiki/1964» \o «1964» 1964 The Beatles performed on The Ed
Sullivan Show for the first time. Their appearance made their popularity
explode across the country. To this day it remains one of the highest
rated television programs of all time, with 73 million people tuning in.
The Beatles made four more live appearances on the show in months to
come. Two days later, on February 11 in the HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Washington_Coliseum» \o «Washington Coliseum» Washington
Coliseum , The Beatles made their first live stage appearance in the
United States.

On April 4, 1964, The Beatles set a record that has yet to be broken
when they occupied all five top positions on Billboard’s Hot 100 (they
first appeared on Billboard on January 18th that year). Their single
«Can’t Buy Me Love» was at number one. In August of that year, The
Beatles’ first motion picture was released, A Hard Day’s Night. They
started filming their second film, Help! on February 23, 1965 in the
Bahamas.

The
psychedelic years

From mid HYPERLINK «/wiki/1964» \o «1964» 1964 all the band members
became habitual smokers of HYPERLINK «/wiki/Marijuana» \o «Marijuana»
marijuana after reportedly being introduced to it when they met
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Bob_Dylan» \o «Bob Dylan» Bob Dylan for the first
time in New York. In mid HYPERLINK «/wiki/1965» \o «1965» 1965 ,
according to Lennon and Harrison, they were unwittingly ‘dosed’ with
HYPERLINK «/wiki/LSD» \o «LSD» LSD at a party by their dentist. (The
dentist, however, never admitted that he had put anything unusual in
Lennon’s or Harrison’s tea).

Nevertheless, in the ensuing years, the Beatles met with HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Psychedelic» \o «Psychedelic» psychedelic HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Counterculture» \o «Counterculture» counterculture icon
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Timothy_Leary» \o «Timothy Leary» Timothy Leary , and
began experimenting with the psychedelic drug — though McCartney claims
today he only took the drug once. Two albums released during this
period, HYPERLINK «/wiki/Revolver_%28album%29» \o «Revolver (album)»
Revolver and HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Sgt._Pepper%27s_Lonely_Hearts_Club_Band» \o «Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely
Hearts Club Band» Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band were both
clearly influenced by the band’s experimentation with LSD. Around this
same time, Geoff Emerick took over as the new recording engineer at the
beginning of the Revolver sessions. With Emerick’s help, the group
incorporated a new sound into these two groundbreaking albums, one which
represented a radical alteration compared to their previous studio work.
A key innovation in their recording was the use of HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Automatic_double_tracking» \o «Automatic double tracking»
automatic double tracking , invented by Abbey Road staff engineer
HYPERLINK «/w/index.php?title=Ken_Townshend&action=edit» \o «Ken
Townshend» Ken Townshend , which allowed the group to automatically
‘double’ their vocals in recordings. Townshend reportedly came up with
the technique because of Lennon’s well-known dislike of tracking
sessions. In 1966 McCartney worked with George Martin on the film score
for » HYPERLINK «/w/index.php?title=The_Family_Way&action=edit» \o «The
Family Way» The Family Way » that allowed him to use orchestration,
another element that featured in the following albums, and he
subsequently won an HYPERLINK «/wiki/Ivor_Novello» \o «Ivor Novello»
Ivor Novello award for the score.

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/June_12» \o «June 12» June 12 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1965» \o «1965» 1965 , HRH Queen Elizabeth II created each
Beatle HYPERLINK «/wiki/British_honours_system» \o «British honours
system» Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBE). This
appointment is bestowed by the monarch (under advisement by the
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Prime_Minister» \o «Prime Minister» Prime Minister )
for important services rendered to the nation. Many opposed the
decision, and some recipients of the Order returned their own honours in
protest, claiming that the honorary title had been «devalued.» It should
be remembered that at the time, many were veterans of World War II.
Lennon would return his own in 1969 with the note:

«Your Majesty, I am returning my MBE in protest against Britain’s
involvement in the Nigeria-Biafra thing, against our support of America
in Vietnam and against ‘Cold Turkey’ slipping down in the Charts.

«With love,

«John Lennon of Bag»

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/August_15» \o «August 15» August 15 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1965» \o «1965» 1965 , The Beatles started their second
HYPERLINK «/wiki/North_America» \o «North America» North American tour
at HYPERLINK «/wiki/Shea_Stadium» \o «Shea Stadium» Shea Stadium ,
which was the first rock concert to be held in a venue of that size. The
concert also set two new world records, one for attendance (55,600+) and
one for revenue.

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/March_4» \o «March 4» March 4 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1966» \o «1966» 1966 , in an interview for the HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Evening_Standard» \o «Evening Standard» London Evening Standard
with HYPERLINK «/w/index.php?title=Maureen_Cleave&action=edit» \o
«Maureen Cleave» Maureen Cleave , John Lennon made the following
statement:

«Christianity will go. It will vanish and shrink. I needn’t argue with
that; I’m right and I will be proved right. We’re HYPERLINK
«/wiki/John_Lennon» \l «.22More_popular_than_Jesus.22_controversy» \o
«John Lennon» more popular than Jesus now; I don’t know which will go
first? rock ‘n’ roll or Christianity. Jesus was all right but his
disciples were thick and ordinary. It’s them twisting it that ruins it
for me.»

The statement was part of a two page interview and went virtually
unnoticed in Britain. In July of that year, Lennon’s words were
reprinted in the United States fan magazine HYPERLINK
«/w/index.php?title=Datebook&action=edit» \o «Datebook» Datebook ,
leading to a backlash by conservative religious groups mainly in the
rural South and Midwestern states. Radio stations banned the group’s
recordings, and their albums and other products were HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Book_burning» \o «Book burning» burned and destroyed.
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Spain» \o «Spain» Spain and the HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Holy_See» \o «Holy See» Vatican denounced Lennon’s words and
HYPERLINK «/wiki/South_Africa» \o «South Africa» South Africa banned
Beatles music from the radio. On HYPERLINK «/wiki/August_11» \o
«August 11» August 11 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1966» \o «1966» 1966
Lennon held a press conference in HYPERLINK «/wiki/Chicago» \o
«Chicago» Chicago in order to address the growing furor. He told
reporters:

«I suppose if I had said television was more popular than Jesus, I would
have gotten away with it. I’m sorry I opened my mouth. I’m not anti-God,
anti-Christ, or anti-religion. I was not knocking it. I was not saying
we are greater or better.»

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/June_5» \o «June 5» June 5 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1966» \o «1966» 1966 , The Beatles returned to HYPERLINK
«/wiki/The_Ed_Sullivan_Show» \o «The Ed Sullivan Show» The Ed Sullivan
Show , this time with a taped appearance, where they introduced their
two new music videos, «Rain» and «Paperback Writer». In later years, The
Beatles would appear on the show to introduce more music videos for the
songs «Hello Goodbye», » HYPERLINK «/wiki/Penny_Lane» \o «Penny Lane»
Penny Lane «, » HYPERLINK «/wiki/Strawberry_Fields_Forever» \o
«Strawberry Fields Forever» Strawberry Fields Forever «, «Two Of Us»,
and » HYPERLINK «/wiki/Let_It_Be_%28song%29» \o «Let It Be (song)» Let
It Be «.

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/July_2» \o «July 2» July 2 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1966» \o «1966» 1966 , The Beatles became the first musical
group to perform at the HYPERLINK «/wiki/Nippon_Budokan_Hall» \o
«Nippon Budokan Hall» Nippon Budokan Hall in HYPERLINK «/wiki/Tokyo»
\o «Tokyo» Tokyo . The performance ignited a lot of protest from local
citizens who felt that it was inappropriate for a rock-and-roll band to
play at Budokan.

By the end of July, the band headed to the HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Philippines» \o «Philippines» Philippines for a series of
shows. The Beatles, while relaxing in their hotel room, read in the
newspaper that they would visit the HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Malacanang_Palace» \o «Malacanang Palace» Malacanang Palace of
President HYPERLINK «/wiki/Ferdinand_Marcos» \o «Ferdinand Marcos»
Ferdinand Marcos . This came as news to the Beatles, who were tired from
the tour and otherwise had a strict policy of keeping their rare days
off to themselves so as to be consistent about their obligations. They
spent a relaxing evening in the hotel, and awoke the next morning to
death threats and newspaper headlines like «Imelda stood up!» and «The
Beatles snub the First Lady!». Epstein attempted to make a televised
apology for the incident, but none of the local stations would air it.
The following day, armed guards attempted to keep the band from leaving
the country until they paid a fee of some kind. The Beatles, who hadn’t
been paid for their shows in the country, paid out of their own pockets.
The Beatles literally had to fight their way to the airplane. Decades
later with the fall of the Marcos regime and the full exposure of its
abuses, the members of the band took some pride that they stood up to
the Marcos’ in some small way.

Events like those in the Philippines, in addition to the fact that the
fans screamed so loud at their concerts that they couldn’t even hear
themselves perform, led to the band deciding to quit touring altogether.
The band performed their last concert (at least on a large scale) at
HYPERLINK «/wiki/San_Francisco» \o «San Francisco» San Francisco ‘s
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Candlestick_Park» \o «Candlestick Park» Candlestick
Park on HYPERLINK «/wiki/August_29» \o «August 29» August 29 ,
HYPERLINK «/wiki/1966» \o «1966» 1966 .

The studio years

With the distractions of touring behind them, The Beatles began
recording HYPERLINK «/wiki/Sgt._Pepper%27s_Lonely_Hearts_Club_Band» \o
«Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band» Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts
Club Band on HYPERLINK «/wiki/November_24» \o «November 24» November
24 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1966» \o «1966» 1966 . The album took so much
time to record (for a Beatles record anyway) that the press started to
suggest that the Beatles had «lost it» and had run out of creativity.
Three early tracks, » HYPERLINK «/wiki/Strawberry_Fields_Forever» \o
«Strawberry Fields Forever» Strawberry Fields Forever «, » HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Penny_Lane» \o «Penny Lane» Penny Lane «, and » HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Only_A_Northern_Song» \o «Only A Northern Song» Only A Northern
Song «, were left out of Sgt. Pepper as it was not then customary to
include singles releases on albums. Some were saved for later albums:
the latter song becoming part of the «Yellow Submarine» film, but George
Martin still refers to the omission of «Penny Lane» and «Strawberry
Fields Forever» from Sgt. Pepper as the greatest regret of his career.
Ironically, the «Penny Lane» / «Strawberry Fields Forever» double A side
was the first Beatles single not to make UK number 1 since their first
release. It was kept from the top spot by HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Engelbert_Humperdinck_%28singer%29» \o «Engelbert Humperdinck
(singer)» Engelbert Humperdinck ‘s «Release Me».

Nonetheless, Sgt. Pepper’s release on HYPERLINK «/wiki/June_1» \o
«June 1» June 1 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1967» \o «1967» 1967 , was a high
point both for the band and for all of rock music, for it was the
first-ever widely-popular HYPERLINK «/wiki/Concept_album» \o «Concept
album» concept album (built around a particular theme) and helped to
launch what we know today as the «Classic Rock» format.

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/June_25» \o «June 25» June 25 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1967» \o «1967» 1967 The Beatles performed «All You Need Is
Love» for the HYPERLINK «/wiki/Our_World» \o «Our World» Our World
television special. It was the first television special to air
worldwide. Singing backup for the Beatles were a number of artists
including HYPERLINK «/wiki/Eric_Clapton» \o «Eric Clapton» Eric
Clapton , and members of the HYPERLINK «/wiki/Rolling_Stones» \o
«Rolling Stones» Rolling Stones and HYPERLINK «/wiki/The_Who» \o
«The Who» The Who .

Manager HYPERLINK «/wiki/Brian_Epstein» \o «Brian Epstein» Brian
Epstein died of a drug overdose on HYPERLINK «/wiki/August_27» \o
«August 27» August 27 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1967» \o «1967» 1967 ,
while the Beatles were in HYPERLINK «/wiki/Bangor%2C_Wales» \o
«Bangor, Wales» Bangor, Wales , attending a weekend conference given by
the HYPERLINK «/wiki/Maharishi_Mahesh_Yogi» \o «Maharishi Mahesh Yogi»
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi . The death was officially ruled accidental,
although it has often been speculated that it was a suicide. Epstein had
managed every aspect of the Beatles’ career, and his absence was
immediately noticeable. The Beatles’ business affairs began to unravel.

In January HYPERLINK «/wiki/1968» \o «1968» 1968 , The Beatles
launched HYPERLINK «/wiki/Apple_Corps%2C_Ltd.» \o «Apple Corps, Ltd.»
Apple Corps , a disastrously mismanaged entertainment company that
included a recording studio, a record label ( HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Apple_Records» \o «Apple Records» Apple Records ), a film
division and clothing store. In addition to Beatles records, Apple
released albums by HYPERLINK «/wiki/James_Taylor» \o «James Taylor»
James Taylor , HYPERLINK «/wiki/Mary_Hopkin» \o «Mary Hopkin» Mary
Hopkin , HYPERLINK «/wiki/Billy_Preston» \o «Billy Preston» Billy
Preston , HYPERLINK «/wiki/Badfinger» \o «Badfinger» Badfinger ,
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Ravi_Shankar_%28musician%29» \o «Ravi Shankar
(musician)» Ravi Shankar and other artists.

Towards the end of the HYPERLINK «/wiki/1960s» \o «1960s» 1960s ,
members of the band began to pursue their own musical interests and were
writing together less and less. This became more and more obvious on
releases like 1968’s HYPERLINK «/wiki/The_Beatles_%28album%29» \o «The
Beatles (album)» The Beatles (a.k.a. «The White Album»), and
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Let_It_Be_%28album%29» \o «Let It Be (album)» Let It
Be . HYPERLINK «/wiki/The_Beatles_%28album%29» \o «The Beatles
(album)» The Beatles was largely written during the band’s visit to
HYPERLINK «/wiki/India» \o «India» India , where they stayed at the
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Maharishi_Mahesh_Yogi» \o «Maharishi Mahesh Yogi»
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi ‘s retreat. With the exception of Harrison, the
Beatles eventually rejected the Maharishi, particularly after he was
publicly disgraced. Lennon, disillusioned, wrote the song «Sexy Sadie»
(originally titled «Maharishi») about their former teacher. A number of
unreleased songs from the Let It Be sessions also make reference to the
Maharishi. The Beatles went on to become their biggest selling LP in the
United States and one of the US top ten selling albums of all time. The
double album has often been criticised for its varying quality and
including too many tracks on what should have been a single LP release.
The Beatles released two albums in order to be free of their EMI
contract which stipulated a total number of recorded songs. However, in
the words of McCartney: «It sold, it was the bloody Beatles’ White
Album, shut up!»

It was during sessions for The Beatles that the band recorded »
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Hey_Jude» \o «Hey Jude» Hey Jude «, a seven-minute
magnum opus which turned out to be the biggest-selling single of the
group’s entire career.

In January of HYPERLINK «/wiki/1969» \o «1969» 1969 , The Beatles
began rehearsals for a new album project (at the time entitled Get
Back). The rehearsals at HYPERLINK «/wiki/Twickenham_Film_Studios» \o
«Twickenham Film Studios» Twickenham Film Studios made it the first
album the group had made away from Abbey Road and without the guidance
of George Martin. The recording sessions at HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Apple_Studios» \o «Apple Studios» Apple Studios were filmed for
what would eventually become the Let It Be movie. Many ideas had been
thrown around for the Get Back album, including the idea of recording it
live during a surprise concert performance on top of a submarine, in an
amphitheatre, or in a dance hall. None of these happened, but they did
end the project with a live performance on top of the HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Apple_Corps%2C_Ltd» \o «Apple Corps, Ltd» Apple Corps building
in HYPERLINK «/wiki/Savile_Row» \o «Savile Row» Savile Row ,
HYPERLINK «/wiki/London» \o «London» London , which was cut short when
a local bank manager called the police to complain about the noise. This
impromptu concert, held on HYPERLINK «/wiki/January_30» \o «January
30» January 30 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1969» \o «1969» 1969 , was to be
the Beatles’ last public performance. An edited version of the
performance can be seen in the HYPERLINK «/wiki/Documentary_film» \o
«Documentary film» documentary film » HYPERLINK «/wiki/Film» \o
«Film» Let It Be «. Eventually the band gave up on the project. After
the release of «Abbey Road», Lennon turned the Get Back sessions over to
producer HYPERLINK «/wiki/Phil_Spector» \o «Phil Spector» Phil
Spector , with controversial results. Spector’s signature «Wall of
Sound» production was in direct opposition to the original intent of the
record, which had been to bring the band full circle, and record a
stripped-down live studio performance just as their first album had
been. McCartney in particular was critical of the results, particularly
on tracks like » HYPERLINK «/wiki/The_Long_and_Winding_Road» \o «The
Long and Winding Road» The Long and Winding Road «.

The Beatles began recording their final album in July of HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1969» \o «1969» 1969 , entitled HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Abbey_Road_%28album%29» \o «Abbey Road (album)» Abbey Road ,
returning to the EMI studios in West London and the production team led
by George Martin. It proved to be a relatively smooth and peaceful
production and a highly acclaimed album. Lennon announced to the other
Beatles that he was leaving the band just before that album’s release
but was persuaded to remain quiet in public.

In September of HYPERLINK «/wiki/1969» \o «1969» 1969 , Russell Gibb,
a radio DJ in HYPERLINK «/wiki/Detroit» \o «Detroit» Detroit ,
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Michigan» \o «Michigan» Michigan , announced that Paul
McCartney was dead. Other DJs, television news reporters, newspapers and
magazines picked up on the story and began to look for clues. This
snowballed into what is commonly referred to today as the HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Paul_Is_Dead» \o «Paul Is Dead» Paul Is Dead hoax. People that
believed the rumors, claimed that McCartney had died in a car accident
and was replaced by a HYPERLINK «/wiki/Look-alike» \o «Look-alike»
look-alike named William Campbell. Numerous clues were supposedly
hidden in album artwork, lyrics, and recordings themselves (fans even
went so far as to play Beatles records backwards, for instance the words
«number nine, number nine» on the song «Revolution#9» on HYPERLINK
«/wiki/The_Beatles_%28album%29» \o «The Beatles (album)» The Beatles
(a.k.a. «The White Album») became «turn me on, dead man, turn me on,
dead man» when played counterclockwise). Another key clue apparently was
the cover of the album HYPERLINK «/wiki/Abbey_Road_%28album%29» \o
«Abbey Road (album)» Abbey Road in which Paul held a cigarette with
his right hand, indicating his becoming reduced to ashes. Paul is
left-handed. The legendary hoax has been the subject of several books.

The band HYPERLINK «/wiki/Breakup_of_the_beatles» \o «Breakup of the
beatles» officially broke up in HYPERLINK «/wiki/1970» \o «1970»
1970 . The last Beatles studio session that included all four band
members took place on HYPERLINK «/wiki/August_20» \o «August 20»
August 20 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1969» \o «1969» 1969 . The song they had
finished had a fitting title: «The End». The final Beatles session was
on HYPERLINK «/wiki/January_4» \o «January 4» January 4 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1970» \o «1970» 1970 , with Paul, Ringo, and George recording «I
Me Mine».

HYPERLINK «/wiki/EMI» \o «EMI» EMI released Let It Be, the result of
the Spector rework of the Get Back sessions, in May of HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1970» \o «1970» 1970 , and the film of the same name shortly
after (for the main purpose of fulfilling the group’s contract with
United Artists).

Breakup

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/April_10» \o «April 10» April 10 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1970» \o «1970» 1970 , McCartney announced that the band had
officially broken up. The cause of the breakup has been debated by fans
and historians ever since that day, and ultimately they came up with
several factors that could have easily contributed to the breakup. It is
likely that the world will never know what caused the break-up,
following are some theories.

The end of touring

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/August_29» \o «August 29» August 29 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1966» \o «1966» 1966 , the Beatles played their final live
concert at HYPERLINK «/wiki/Candlestick_Park» \o «Candlestick Park»
Candlestick Park in San Francisco. It was the concluding concert in a
series of short tours in the summer of 1966 that had several unhappy
incidents. Viewed in hindsight, the occurrences were perhaps not as
grave as they seemed at the time, but for a band that had toured almost
without negative incident throughout 1964 and 1965 (although FBI files
reveal an extortion threat in HYPERLINK «/wiki/Denver» \o «Denver»
Denver , Colorado on August 26, 1964 HYPERLINK «» \l «_note-0» \o «»
[1] ), the existence of troubles during their tours was a straw that
broke the camel’s back. Performing live was becoming a stressful chore
rather than the satisfying experience it had been in their earlier days.

The problems started during their tour of HYPERLINK «/wiki/Japan» \o
«Japan» Japan , where they were scheduled to play at the famous
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Nippon_Budokan» \o «Nippon Budokan» Budokan Hall ,
despite the large protests against it. The performance was in front of a
very quiet audience. This was a change from the band’s usual, in front
of fans that couldn’t hear the music.) Due to the sudden ability to hear
the band, it seemed that their ability to perform had degraded; a
majority of the fans who have the bootleg of the show agree with this.

Philippines. Problems started with the band being denied permission to
leave the hotel by the police. Then, shortly after their concert, the
First Lady HYPERLINK «/wiki/Imelda_Marcos» \o «Imelda Marcos» Imelda
Marcos ‘invited’ them to a social event for her family and friends;
however, neither the band nor manager HYPERLINK «/wiki/Brian_Epstein»
\o «Brian Epstein» Brian Epstein had been informed of this invitation
in advance, and Epstein sent away the guards sent to escort the band to
the First Lady. This was perceived as a snub by Marcos.

The next morning the local newspaper headlines proclaimed that the
Beatles had stood up the First Lady. Angry riots broke out as the band
tried to escape the country, and drummer HYPERLINK «/wiki/Ringo_Starr»
\o «Ringo Starr» Ringo Starr received rib injuries trying to reach
their airplane. Numerous other Beatles touring crew members were also
injured. Their instruments were lost, they were ‘taxed’ all the money
they were due to have received from their concert, and several members
of the touring party were left behind in the airport scuffles.

After the band’s summer tour of the US ended, HYPERLINK
«/wiki/George_Harrison» \o «George Harrison» George Harrison by some
accounts informed Epstein that he was quitting the band. If this
conversation did occur, his decision was obviously rescinded. The
thought behind it may be attributed to the growing discontent arising
from the conflict between the desire to create music and the technical
limitations of playing music live in the mid-1960s owing to the
primitive amplification equipment of the era. The Beatles decided to
make a wholesale change in their lives.

Instead of continuing the standard pattern of an endless succession of
recording and touring, they decided to give up live performance in favor
of focusing on recording and other projects. Given the growing
sophistication in their composing and recording, as evidenced by the
albums » HYPERLINK «/wiki/Rubber_Soul» \o «Rubber Soul» Rubber Soul »
and » HYPERLINK «/wiki/Revolver_%28album%29» \o «Revolver (album)»
Revolver «, they regarded this as a step forwards — an opportunity to
devote whatever time was needed to creating music in the studio, without
the usual pressures to record swiftly in order to meet commercial
deadlines, or to have ‘product’ ready to promote on tour. The first
results of this new philosophy were the single «Strawberry Fields
Forever»/»Penny Lane» and their 1967 album » HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Sgt._Pepper%27s_Lonely_Hearts_Club_Band» \o «Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely
Hearts Club Band» Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band «. The new
music resulting from this commitment to spend unlimited time on creating
music in the studio was both critically acclaimed and commercially
successful.

The decision to give up live performance was quite a revolutionary step
for successful musical performers in the 1960s, and was probably
alarming to those who had a traditional view of how entertainers should
conduct their careers. However the Beatles were clearly forging a new
path as creative artists in which fulfilling their artistic urges was
more important than toiling unhappily just because it was expected of
them, or simply to make money. This approach was followed by many
musical artists in the late 1960s and thereafter.

Eventually, the lack of live performance did lead to strains within the
band. Paul McCartney in particular started to miss the positive aspects
of playing live. This led to conflicts, especially with George Harrison,
who came to believe that the Beatles iconic status with pop fans was
incompatible with the band being able to play live as serious musicians
in the same way as some of the newer progressive rock bands. Harrison
wanted the Beatles to be appreciated for their newer music. He felt that
live performances would be marred by fans screaming for their ‘moptop’
era pop songs. McCartney, however, felt that the essence of the band lay
in live performance. Lennon and Starr vacillated between support of
McCartney’s and Harrison’s viewpoints. After the issue of a possible
return to live performance first surfaced, in late 1968, there was never
a time that all four Beatles were in agreement on the topic. This factor
probably contributed to their eventual break-up.

Brian Epstein’s death

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/August_27» \o «August 27» August 27 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1967» \o «1967» 1967 , the group’s longtime manager HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Brian_Epstein» \o «Brian Epstein» Brian Epstein died of an
overdose of HYPERLINK «/w/index.php?title=Carbitol&action=edit» \o
«Carbitol» Carbitol , a sleeping pill.

This marked the end of an era for the band; he had kept them together
through the years of touring, and kept them doing something. From the
time of his death onwards, the band was mostly aimless and drifted apart
as a power vacuum was left open for who decided what the Beatles did,
and when. This resulted in a struggle between Paul McCartney and John
Lennon. Lennon himself stated that this was a major factor in the
breakup of the band in a series of interviews for HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Rolling_Stone» \o «Rolling Stone» Rolling Stone magazine
(1970):

«We got fed up with being side men for Paul, after Brian died that’s
what began to happen to us you know … after Brian died we collapsed.
Paul took over and supposedly led us, but what is leading us when we
went around in circles. We broke up then»

Beatles Ltd. was a company founded by HYPERLINK «/wiki/The_Beatles» \o
«The Beatles» The Beatles and their manager HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Brian_Epstein» \o «Brian Epstein» Brian Epstein , to handle
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Merchandising» \o «Merchandising» merchandising and
other business affairs for the band. The company was dissolved in
HYPERLINK «/wiki/1968» \o «1968» 1968 to form HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Apple_Corps» \o «Apple Corps» Apple Corps Ltd. and its record
division HYPERLINK «/wiki/Apple_Records» \o «Apple Records» Apple
Records .

Shortly after its founding, due to the band’s lack of experience at
business matters, John Lennon announced that in his opinion it would go
broke in six months. The level of work required to run the company
resulted in a lot of stress, frustration, and fracturing of their
friendships as the company wasted money almost nonstop.

When they decided to find someone experienced enough to run Apple, the
band was divided. Paul McCartney wanted to hire HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Lee_Eastman» \o «Lee Eastman» Lee Eastman , but the other three
wanted to hire HYPERLINK «/wiki/The_Rolling_Stones» \o «The Rolling
Stones» The Rolling Stones ‘ manager, the notorious HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Allen_Klein» \o «Allen Klein» Allen Klein . Klein won, but it
was evidently too little and too late as the company stopped releasing
records in HYPERLINK «/wiki/1975» \o «1975» 1975 . Aside from the
release of a few Beatles disks in the 1990s, the company remained
unproductive.

The Get Back Sessions

In January of HYPERLINK «/wiki/1969» \o «1969» 1969 , Paul McCartney
came up with the idea for the band to spend hours in Twickenham Studios
being filmed rehearsing material for what would become the HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Let_It_Be_%28album%29» \o «Let It Be (album)» Let It Be album.
They originally planned a TV special, a live performance, and other
things but these were never realised and after a month of work the
original project ended in failure. The band was forced to work together
as relationships strained to the breaking point, George Harrison’s songs
were thoroughly ignored, and at one point he stormed out of the sessions
claiming he was quitting.

Neglect of George Harrison’s
songs

Often cited as a large factor of the breakup is when Lennon and
McCartney limited Harrison’s song contributions to one or two tracks per
album. By 1967, Harrison was writing songs of finer quality than his
earlier 1963-5 efforts. However Lennon and McCartney had been
established as the group’s primary songwriters since its earliest days —
and they were astonishingly prolific. Though they acknowledged the
considerable growth in the quality of Harrison’s songwriting they
continued to allocate him just a token presence on most Beatles records.
The three tracks he was accorded on the 1966 album HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Revolver» \o «Revolver» Revolver was an improvement on his
average one-song per album.

An example of this is when Harrison contributed songs like «Hear Me
Lord» and «Let It Down» during the 1969 Get Back sessions. The bootlegs
show that he ran through the songs on a guitar a few times and then it
was dropped when band members decided to do something else. A similar
thing happened to «All Things Must Pass» when they performed it several
times during the sessions and then completely dropped it.

Though he was only a very occasional composer — Ringo Starr was treated
in a similar way, and he was given only rare opportunities to have any
of his songs included. According to him, he had written «Don’t Pass Me
By» as shown by the HYPERLINK «/wiki/Top_Gear_%28radio_show%29» \o
«Top Gear (radio show)» Top Gear program on the BBC promoting A Hard
Day’s Night. The chatter introduction to «And I Love Her» includes an
exchange between McCartney and Starr in which McCartney sings an early
and unmistakable rendition of the song, as well as Starr chiding
McCartney for promising to record it. He asked the band to record it
every time a new album was recorded. It wasn’t recorded until the White
Album. Study of the Get Back session bootlegs reveals that the band
expressed scant interest in another Starr song, » HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Octopus%27s_Garden» \o «Octopus’s Garden» Octopus’s Garden »
finally recorded for HYPERLINK «/wiki/Abbey_Road_%28album%29» \o
«Abbey Road (album)» Abbey Road .

Starr did not regard himself as a songwriter so the neglect of his
occasional compositions was not a major issue to him. But Harrison, who
had growing pride in his development as a songwriter became frustrated
that Lennon and McCartney tended to still treat him as the ‘baby’ of the
band and were not giving him the respect he believed he deserved as a
songwriter.

After the breakup

A jam session between John Lennon and Paul McCartney was recorded on
HYPERLINK «/wiki/March_31» \o «March 31» March 31 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1974» \o «1974» 1974 , when McCartney visited Lennon in
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Los_Angeles%2C_California» \o «Los Angeles, California»
Los Angeles, California . They played with a number of other musicians,
including HYPERLINK «/wiki/Stevie_Wonder» \o «Stevie Wonder» Stevie
Wonder . Believed to be the last time the pair recorded together, this
tape has been released on HYPERLINK «/wiki/Bootleg_recording» \o
«Bootleg recording» bootleg as HYPERLINK
«/wiki/A_Toot_and_a_Snore_in_%2774» \o «A Toot and a Snore in ’74» A
Toot and a Snore in ’74 .

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/December_8» \o «December 8» December 8 ,
HYPERLINK «/wiki/1980» \o «1980» 1980 , John Lennon was murdered in
front of his HYPERLINK «/wiki/New_York_City» \o «New York City» New
York City apartment by a mentally deranged fan, HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Mark_David_Chapman» \o «Mark David Chapman» Mark David Chapman ,
thus forever crushing any hope of a Beatles reunion. His death was
mourned by millions of fans around the world.

In February of HYPERLINK «/wiki/1981» \o «1981» 1981 , the then-three
surviving Beatles reunited for the first time since the break-up for
George Harrison’s tribute to fallen Beatle John Lennon, » HYPERLINK
«/wiki/All_Those_Years_Ago» \o «All Those Years Ago» All Those Years
Ago «. It was expressly a Harrison single off his album, Somewhere In
England, but in a series of recording sessions McCartney contributed
bass guitar and vocals [wife Linda also contributed vocals], and Starr
played the drums, all of which was mixed into the final recording.

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Singer» \o «Singer» Singer HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Michael_Jackson» \o «Michael Jackson» Michael Jackson bought
the publishing rights for most of the Beatles’ music, on HYPERLINK
«/wiki/August_10» \o «August 10» August 10 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1985»
\o «1985» 1985 , for $47 million. McCartney, who had been attempting to
purchase the rights himself, had told Jackson that he should get into
publishing. McCartney did not expect Jackson to purchase the Beatles’
music. «I wrote a couple of letters and I said, Michael, don’t you think
that even if I was just a writer on the payroll after 30 years of being
reasonably successful to this company that you now own, don’t you think
I could have a raise?» said McCartney. «And he said ‘Oh Paul, that’s
just business’. He won’t even answer my letters, so we haven’t talked
and we don’t have that great a relationship. The trouble is I wrote
those songs for nothing and buying them back at these phenomenal sums…
I just can’t do it.» This is an example of how future royalties of an
entertainment work are difficult to value and how creators should be
cautious in making business decisions. However, McCartney is not short
of a few bucks: He has always received his standard songwriter’s share
of the royalties to those songs and is by far the richest musician in UK
history.

In HYPERLINK «/wiki/1988» \o «1988» 1988 , The Beatles were inducted
into the HYPERLINK «/wiki/Rock_and_Roll_Hall_of_Fame» \o «Rock and
Roll Hall of Fame» Rock and Roll Hall of Fame . Lennon, McCartney, and
Harrison were also inducted separately in later years ( HYPERLINK
«/wiki/1994» \o «1994» 1994 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1999» \o «1999» 1999
, and HYPERLINK «/wiki/2004» \o «2004» 2004 , respectively).

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/November_30» \o «November 30» November 30 ,
HYPERLINK «/wiki/1994» \o «1994» 1994 , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Apple_Records» \o «Apple Records» Apple Records released a 2 CD
collection of early Beatles performances on the HYPERLINK «/wiki/BBC»
\o «BBC» BBC , entitled Live At The BBC.

In February of HYPERLINK «/wiki/1994» \o «1994» 1994 , the then-three
surviving Beatles reunited again (since the recording of «All Those
Years Ago») to produce and record additional music to a few of Lennon’s
old unfinished demos, with HYPERLINK «/wiki/Jeff_Lynne» \o «Jeff
Lynne» Jeff Lynne co-producing. The first new song, «Free As A Bird»,
premiered HYPERLINK «/wiki/November_19» \o «November 19» November 19
, HYPERLINK «/wiki/1995» \o «1995» 1995 as part of HYPERLINK
«/wiki/The_Beatles_Anthology» \o «The Beatles Anthology» The Beatles
Anthology series of television specials on the HYPERLINK
«/wiki/American_Broadcasting_Company» \o «American Broadcasting Company»
ABC network in the HYPERLINK «/wiki/United_States_of_America» \o
«United States of America» US and HYPERLINK «/wiki/ITV» \o «ITV»
ITV in the HYPERLINK «/wiki/United_Kingdom» \o «United Kingdom» UK .
The song was also included on a CD with the same title, which was
released on HYPERLINK «/wiki/November_21» \o «November 21» November
21 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1995» \o «1995» 1995 . The following year, a
second «new» track was released, entitled «Real Love», on HYPERLINK
«/wiki/March_4» \o «March 4» March 4 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1996» \o
«1996» 1996 . That song was also included on the second Anthology
collection which was released on HYPERLINK «/wiki/March_18» \o «March
18» March 18 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1996» \o «1996» 1996 . A third
Anthology collection followed on HYPERLINK «/wiki/October_12» \o
«October 12» October 12 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/1996» \o «1996» 1996 ,
but did not include any new material. At least one other song, entitled
«Now And Then», was worked on during these sessions, but remains
unreleased.

In HYPERLINK «/wiki/2000» \o «2000» 2000 , The Beatles released a
best of collection, entitled 1. The CD included 27 number one hits by
the band and, within five weeks, became the best selling album of the
year. Later that year, The Beatles released the HYPERLINK
«/wiki/The_Beatles_Anthology» \o «The Beatles Anthology» Anthology
book, which included interviews with all four band members and others
involved, plus rare photos. The book went straight to the top of the
HYPERLINK «/wiki/New_York_Times» \o «New York Times» New York Times
bestsellers list.

Following the HYPERLINK «/wiki/September_11%2C_2001_attacks» \o
«September 11, 2001 attacks» September 11, 2001 attacks , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Radio» \o «Radio» radio conglomerate HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Clear_Channel_Communications» \o «Clear Channel Communications»
Clear Channel Communications reportedly sent out of a list of 150 songs
that were recommended to be pulled from airplay. Four Beatles songs were
on the list: » HYPERLINK «/wiki/A_Day_in_the_Life» \o «A Day in the
Life» A Day in the Life «, » HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Lucy_in_the_Sky_with_Diamonds» \o «Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds»
Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds «, «Ticket To Ride», and «Ob-La-Di,
Ob-La-Da». John Lennon’s » HYPERLINK «/wiki/Imagine_%28song%29» \o
«Imagine (song)» Imagine » was also listed.

George Harrison fought a long battle with lung and brain cancer
throughout the HYPERLINK «/wiki/1990s» \o «1990s» 1990s , finally
succumbing and passing away on HYPERLINK «/wiki/November_29» \o
«November 29» November 29 , HYPERLINK «/wiki/2001» \o «2001» 2001 .

In HYPERLINK «/wiki/2002» \o «2002» 2002 , the Let It Be film was
being restored and prepared for future release on HYPERLINK
«/wiki/DVD» \o «DVD» DVD , but due to continuing legal issues, its
release has been delayed for some years, and no firm release date has
been announced. It is expected that this DVD, if is ever released at
all, will include additional footage, not seen in the original film. The
album HYPERLINK «/wiki/Let_It_Be…_Naked» \o «Let It Be… Naked»
Let It Be… Naked , featuring stripped-down (but intended) versions of
the original album, was released in November, HYPERLINK «/wiki/2003»
\o «2003» 2003 .

In January, HYPERLINK «/wiki/2003» \o «2003» 2003 , following an
investigation by HYPERLINK
«/wiki/The_International_Federation_of_the_Phonographic_Industry» \o
«The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry» The
International Federation of the Phonographic Industry and London
detectives, police raids in HYPERLINK «/wiki/England» \o «England»
England and the HYPERLINK «/wiki/Netherlands» \o «Netherlands»
Netherlands recovered nearly 500 original Beatles studio tapes,
recorded during the HYPERLINK «/wiki/Let_It_Be_%28album%29» \o «Let It
Be (album)» Let It Be sessions. Five people were arrested. The tapes
have been used for bootleg releases for years.

In March, HYPERLINK «/wiki/2003» \o «2003» 2003 , the HYPERLINK
«/wiki/The_Beatles_Anthology» \o «The Beatles Anthology» Anthology
television series was released on DVD with additional bonus material.

Several individuals who played an important role in the history or
promotion of the band have at various times been called, or called
themselves, the » HYPERLINK «/wiki/Fifth_Beatle» \o «Fifth Beatle»
fifth Beatle «.

On HYPERLINK «/wiki/December_15» \o «December 15» December 15 ,
HYPERLINK «/wiki/2005» \o «2005» 2005 , Paul and Ringo along with the
families of John and George sued EMI in a HYPERLINK «/wiki/Royalties»
\o «Royalties» royalties dispute in which Apple claimed EMI owes The
Beatles F30 million.

Personnel

The following were regular members of the band:

HYPERLINK «/wiki/John_Lennon» \o «John Lennon» John Lennon — guitar,
piano, harmonica, bass, vocals (1960 — 1970)

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Paul_McCartney» \o «Paul McCartney» Paul McCartney
— bass, piano, guitar, vocals (1960 — 1970)

HYPERLINK «/wiki/George_Harrison» \o «George Harrison» George
Harrison — guitar, vocals (1960 — 1970)

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Ringo_Starr» \o «Ringo Starr» Ringo Starr — drums,
vocals (1962 — 1970)

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Stu_Sutcliffe» \o «Stu Sutcliffe» Stu Sutcliffe —
bass, vocals (1960 — 1961)

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Pete_Best» \o «Pete Best» Pete Best — drums (1960 —
1962)

Original drummer HYPERLINK «/wiki/Pete_Best» \o «Pete Best» Pete Best
was asked to leave the group in August HYPERLINK «/wiki/1962» \o
«1962» 1962 just before it started recording, and was replaced by
Starr. Earlier, in January HYPERLINK «/wiki/1961» \o «1961» 1961 ,
original bass player HYPERLINK «/wiki/Stu_Sutcliffe» \o «Stu
Sutcliffe» Stu Sutcliffe had decided to leave the band and remain in
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Hamburg» \o «Hamburg» Hamburg , HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Germany» \o «Germany» Germany with his girlfriend, HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Astrid_Kirchherr» \o «Astrid Kirchherr» Astrid Kirchherr where
the Beatles had played several long engagements; McCartney took over the
bass role. Sutcliffe would later die of a HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Brain_hemorrhage» \o «Brain hemorrhage» brain hemorrhage . His
life, and his friendship with John Lennon, was fictionalised in the
HYPERLINK «/wiki/1993» \o «1993» 1993 movie HYPERLINK
«/wiki/Backbeat_%28movie%29» \o «Backbeat (movie)» Backbeat .

Only primary instruments are listed; at one time or another, each of the
four Beatles played other instruments on record as well.

The following individuals were irregular members of the band before the
Beatles achieved international success:

Chas Newby — Temporary bassist in Liverpool, after band returned from
Hamburg in December 1960. Left the group to return to college, replaced
on bass by McCartney January 1961.

Tommy Moore — drummer for the Silver Beetles for one month in
HYPERLINK «/wiki/1960» \o «1960» 1960 . Quit the band, claiming to have
had «just about enough of Lennon».

Norman Chapman — drummer for the Silver Beetles for a few weeks in
HYPERLINK «/wiki/1960» \o «1960» 1960 . Left when conscripted into the
Army for two years service in HYPERLINK «/wiki/Kenya» \o «Kenya»
Kenya and HYPERLINK «/wiki/Kuwait» \o «Kuwait» Kuwait .

The following individuals have played a role in the studio when Beatles
records were recorded:

HYPERLINK «/wiki/George_Martin» \o «George Martin» George Martin —
Their producer, who translated their musical ideas into studio
productions, and also did some HYPERLINK «/wiki/Harmonium» \o
«Harmonium» harmonium or HYPERLINK «/wiki/Piano» \o «Piano» piano
work on, for example «In My Life»

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Jeff_Lynne» \o «Jeff Lynne» Jeff Lynne —
Co-producer for The Beatles Anthology and HYPERLINK «/wiki/1994» \o
«1994» 1994 — HYPERLINK «/wiki/1995» \o «1995» 1995 sessions

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Geoff_Emerick» \o «Geoff Emerick» Geoff Emerick —
Studio Engineer

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Mal_Evans» \o «Mal Evans» Mal Evans — Roadie and
Assistant

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Neil_Aspinall» \o «Neil Aspinall» Neil Aspinall —
Assistant, Road Manager

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Andy_White_%28drummer%29» \o «Andy White (drummer)»
Andy White — Drummer on the Beatles’ first single, «Love Me Do»

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Billy_Preston» \o «Billy Preston» Billy Preston —
Organist player on «Let It Be», player on «Get Back» and «Don’t Let Me
Down», first met them in their Hamburg days while touring with
HYPERLINK «/wiki/Little_Richard» \o «Little Richard» Little Richard

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Eric_Clapton» \o «Eric Clapton» Eric Clapton — Lead
guitarist on «While My Guitar Gently Weeps»

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Alan_Civil» \o «Alan Civil» Alan Civil —
HYPERLINK «/wiki/French_horn» \o «French horn» French horn Soloist on
«For No One»

HYPERLINK «/wiki/David_Mason» \o «David Mason» David Mason — Piccolo
trumpet soloist on «Penny Lane»

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Nicky_Hopkins» \o «Nicky Hopkins» Nicky Hopkins —
Piano on «Old Brown Shoe» and «Revolution»

Others have been associated with the Beatles in several ways. These
include:

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Allan_Williams» \o «Allan Williams» Allan Williams
— Original manager

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Brian_Epstein» \o «Brian Epstein» Brian Epstein —
The manager who took them from Hamburg to the world stage

HYPERLINK «/w/index.php?title=Tony_Barrow&action=edit» \o «Tony
Barrow» Tony Barrow — Press Officer 1963-1968

HYPERLINK «/wiki/Derek_Taylor» \o «Derek Taylor» Derek Taylor —
Press Officer 1968-1997

Help!: Английский

Help, I need somebody,

Help, not just anybody,

Help, you know I need someone, help.

When I was younger, so much

younger than today,

I never needed anybody’s help

in any way.

But now these days are gone,

I’m not so self assured,

Now I find I’ve changed my mind

and opened up the doors.

Chorus:

Help me if you can, I’m

feeling down

And I do appreciate you

being round.

Help me, get my feet back on

the ground,

Won’t you please, please help me?

And now my life has changed in

oh so many ways,

My independence seems to vanish

in the haze.

But every now and then I feel so

insecure,

I know that I just need you like I’ve

never done before.

Спаси меня!: русский

Спаси меня, мне нужен кто-то,

Но не первый встречный!

Спаси меня, ты знаешь как мне

нужен хоть кто-нибудь!

Когда я был моложе, намного моложе,

чем сейчас

Мне был никто не нужен.

Но прошли те времена и я

уже не так уверен в себе,

Я понимаю, что изменился, а мои двери

распахнуты.

Припев:

Спаси меня, если можешь, мне

так плохо.

Я буду очень благодарен, если ты

останешься со мной.

Спаси меня, дай ощутить почву под

ногами.

Неужели, ах неужели ты меня не спасёшь?

Теперь моя жизнь во многом

изменилась.

Моя независимость исчезла

как дым.

То и дело я чувствую себя таким

беззащитным.

Я знаю, что сейчас ты мне нужна мне как

никогда раньше.

Drive my car: Английский

Asked a girl what she wanted to be

She said baby,

can’t you see

I wanna be famous, a star on the screen

But you can do something in between

Chorus:

Baby you can drive

my car

Yes I’m gonna be a star

Baby you can drive my car

And maybe I’ll love you

I told a girl that my prospects

were good

And she said baby, it’s understood

Working for peanuts is all very fine

But I can show you a

better time

Chorus.

Beep beep’m beep beep yeah

Chorus.

I told a girl I can start right away

And she said listen babe I got

something to say

I got no car and it’s breaking

my heart

But I’ve found a driver and

that’s a start

Садись за руль: русский

HYPERLINK «http://perevod.pesenki.ru/?p=team&id=9» (c) AndyMan
andyman80@mail.ru ( HYPERLINK «mailto:andyman80@mail.ru»
andyman80@mail.ru )

Я спросил у девчонки, кем она хочет стать,

Она сказала: Парень, неужели ты

не понимаешь?

Я хочу быть знаменитой, звездой экрана,

Но пока и тебе может кое-что перепасть.

Припев:

Парень, ты можешь сесть за руль

моей машины.

Да, я собираюсь стать звездой.

Парень, ты можешь сесть за руль,

И, может быть, я тебя полюблю.

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Я сказал этой девчонке, что у меня

хорошее будущее,

Она сказала: Само собой!

Совсем неплохо работать за гроши,

Но я подскажу тебе как провести

время лучше.

Припев.

Би-би!

Припев.

Я сказал ей, что мы можем отправиться

прямо сейчас.

Она ответила: Парень, я хочу кое-что

сказать тебе.

У меня нет никакой машины, и

это ужасно,

Но я нашла себе водителя и

это неплохое начало.

Припев.

Back in the USSR : Английский

Flew in from Miami Beach BOAC

Didn’t get to bed last night

On the way the paper bag was

on my knee

Man I had a dreadful flight

Chorus:

I’m back in the U.S.S.R.

You don’t know how lucky you are boy

Back in the U.S.S.R.

Been away so long I hardly knew the place

Gee it’s good to be back home

Leave it till tomorrow to unpack my case

Honey disconnect the phone

Chorus:

Well the Ukraine girls really knock me out

They leave the West behind

And Moscow girls make me sing and shout

The Georgians always on my mind.

Chorus:

Show me round your snow peaked mountains way

down south

Take me to your daddy’s farm

Let me hear your balalaika’s ringing out

Come and keep your comrade warm.

Снова в СССР: русский

HYPERLINK «?p=team&id=9» (с) AndyMan andyman80@mail.ru ( HYPERLINK
«mailto:andyman80@mail.ru» andyman80@mail.ru )

Лечу я рейсом из Майами Бич

Всю прошлую ночь не спал.

Всю дорогу держал на коленях бумажный

пакет,

Старик, мой полёт был ужасным.

Припев:

я вернулся в СССР,

Ты даже не подозреваешь, как тебе повезло.

Вернулся в СССРЕ

я так давно здесь не был, что ничего не узнаю.

Просто здорово снова оказаться дома!

Чемоданы подождут до завтра.

Дорогая, отключи телефон.

Припев:

Украинки сводят меня с ума;

Западу до них далеко.

Видя москвичек, мне хочется петь и танцевать,

Грузинки не выходят у меня из головы.

Припев:

Проведи меня по южным склонам твоих

заснеженных гор,

Покажи мне деревню твоего отца.

Поиграй мне на своей весёлой балалайке.

Согрей своего товарища!

Припев:

PAGE

PAGE 34

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