Структурно-комунікативні ознаки неповноти речення: Автореф. дис… канд. філол. наук / Н.М. Дзюбак, Нац. пед. ун-т ім. М.П.Драгоманова. — К., 1999. —

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? I.I.Ae?AAIIAIIAA

AeCTHAAE Iaoae?y Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 811.161.2’367

NO?OEOO?II-EIIOI?EAOEAI? ICIAEE

IAIIAIIOE ?A*AIIss

10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? IETHU Ia??y
sse?aia,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?AAIEOeUeEA
I?ia Eaa?aio??aia,

A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/a
eaoaae?ith oe?a?inueei? iiae;

— eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

OAA*AIEI Ea?ena Eaii?ae?aia,

Oe?a?inueeee iiaii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee oiiae IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: — ??aiainueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “22” ethoiai 2000 ?. i 16-30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.053.04
a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
01030, i. Ee?a, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaioe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “19 ” n?/iy 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aaeueiia I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

No/ania e?iaa?noeea iii?oii ?icoe?th? ia’?eoe aea/aiiy, caeo/ath/e aei
ia?aaeeaie iaoeiaiai iiooeo i?iaeaie ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiaieo iaeeieoeue a
oiiaao ?aaeueiiai ni?eeoaaiiy. I???ioaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiue ia
eiioi?eaoeaio ae?yeuei?noue, iniiaia caaaeaiiy yei? iieyaa? o ia?aaea/?
iaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? c iaoith iia?aeiieaiiy /e aieeao ia ni?a?iciiaiee?a,
ni?ey? ia?aianaiith aeoeaioo c oi?iaeueiiai aiae?co eiino?oeoe?e ia
iiaeaethaaiiy iiaieo aeo?a c iaoith aea/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?icoi?iiy
iia?aeiieaiiy aae?anaoii. Oe? caaaeaiiy eiioi?eaoeaii? e?iaa?noeee
aenoaathoue ia ia?oee ieai iiao iaeeieoeth — aeneiaeaiiy. Iniaeeai
aaaeeeaei o cacia/aiiio aniaeo? ? c’ynoaaiiy oiai, ca yeeie naiaioe/ieie
i?aaeeaie oi?io?oueny no?oeoo?a ae?aeia?a (iie?eia?a), iiiieia?/iiai
iiaeaiiy, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue ia eeoa aeaiioaoeaio neooaoe?th, a e
eiioaeno naiiai iia?aeiieaiiy. Oaeee i?aeo?ae coiiaeth? ia?aaeyae
o?aaeeoe?eieo eiioeaioe?e. Cie?aia oea noino?oueny aeeneon?eiiai ieoaiiy
i?i iaiiaiioo ?a/aiiy, ui ? iane?aeeii ?ioaa?aoe?? aa?aaeueieo oa
iaaa?aaeueieo cania?a ae?aaeaiiy i?e oi?ioaaii? ci?noo iia?aeiieaiiy a
oiiaao ?aaeueii? eiioi?eaoeaii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aaaiiee aianie o ?ic?iaeo ieoaiue, ui iia’ycai? ?c c’ynoaaiiyi iciae
iaiiaiioe ?a/aiiy, c?iaeee oae? iiaiciaaoe?, ye I.I.I?oeianueeee,
A.A.Aaaaeoeaaa, Ae.O.Aa?aiiee, I.N.Aeoaeee, A.I.A?euaiei,
I.E.?aaieoeueea oa ?io? a/ai?.

sse e?iaa?noe/iee ia’?eo iaiiai? ?a/aiiy iinoathoue ia?aae
aeine?aeieeaie o aeaeyae? aaaaoianiaeoiiai yaeua, iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
yeiai ii-??ciiio o?aeoothoueny iiaiciaaoeyie. I?iaeaiieie ? ieoaiiy i?i
noaoon iaiiaieo oa ae?ioe/ieo no?oeoo? o neioaene/i?e ???a?o?? iiae.
?niothoue ??ci? iiaeyaee uiaei iaeiaioaaiiy ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
eiai eeaneo?eaoe??, ia anoaiiaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae
iaiiaieo no?oeoo?. Ia?ica’ycaieie caeeoathoueny ieoaiiy i?i caeaoi?noue
ae?oai?yaeieo /eai?a ?a/aiiy, cie?aia iai?yiiai aeiaeaoea oa ianoaaeie,
iaoiiaethaaoe iaiiaiioo neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue. Ona oea coiiaeei aea??
oaie aeena?oaoe??.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia e?eueeiia
/eiieeaie: iio?aaith iiaeeaeaiiai inieneaiiy iiaeaii?ai? naiaioeee
iaiiaieo ?a/aiue oa niaoeeo?ee ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy a no/ani?e
oe?a?inuee?e iia?; iaiao?aei?noth anaa?/iiai, eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy
eiino?oeoe?e ae?aeia?/iiai ? iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy oa ooi/iaiiy
ooieoe?e ae?ineno.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie. Iai?yi aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aea? iaoeia?e i?iaeai? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa —
iaoeiaiio iieno a?aiaoeee ? eaeneeieia?? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaiiai? oa ae?iniaai? eiino?oeoe?? a
no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?
no?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/ieo iniaeeainoae iaiiaieo eiino?oeoe?e a oiiaao
eiioi?eaoeaii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiao?aeii aoei ?ica’ycaoe oae?
caaaeaiiy:

1) c’ynoaaoe i?e?iaeo iaiiaiiai ?a/aiiy o naiaioe/iiio, eiioi?eaoeaiiio
oa oi?iaeueii-neioaene/iiio aniaeoao;

2) c’ynoaaoe a?aiaoe/io i?e?iaeo iaiiaieo ?a/aiue e iniiae i?aai?caoe??
iiaii? naiaioeee a eiino?oeoe?yo c iiouaieie iaeiei /e e?eueeiia /eaiaie
?a/aiiy;

3) ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe eiioi?eaoeai? oiiae ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaiiaieo ?a/aiue
o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?;

4) aeyaeoe no?oeoo?ii-eiioi?eaoeai? iciaee iaiiaieo ?a/aiue o
iiiieia?/iiio iiaeaii?;

5) anoaiiaeoe ooieoe?iiaeueii-noee?noe/i? iiaeeeaino? iaiiaieo ?a/aiue o
iiiieia?/iiio oaeno?;

6) iienaoe ooieoe?? ae?ineno a onii-?iciiaiiio ? ooaeiaeiueiio noeeyo
oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee oaenoe ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy,
oieueeei?o (i?ene?a’y, i?eeacee, eacee) oa ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e
O?O-OO no., a yeeo aeoeaii aeei?enoiaothoueny iaiiai? ?a/aiiy. Iaoiaeii
nooe?eueii? aea??ee c ieo aoei aeeo/aii o?e oeny/? a?aeiia?aeieo
iaeeieoeue.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. sse iniiaiee aoa canoiniaaiee
iieniai-aiae?oe/iee iaoiae. O ?yae? aeiaaee?a aeei?enoiaoaaeenue
ooieoe?iiaeueiee ? no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iee iaoiaee, ye? aeicaieeee
aeaoaeueii ?ic?a?aoenue o ni?aa?aeiioaii? eia?/ii? ? iiaii? naiaioeee a
no?oeoo?? ci?noo iaiiaieo ?a/aiue oa ?o ?ai?acaioaoe?? a oiiaao
eiioi?eaoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a eiiieaeniiio aeine?aeaeaii? iaiiaieo
?a/aiue o eiioi?eaoeaiiio, naiaioe/iiio ? oi?iaeueii-neioaene/iiio
aniaeoao ia iaoa??ae? oaeno?a oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ? ?iciiaiiai
iiaeaiiy, o noa?? yeeo iaeoe?oa aeyaey?oueny niaoeeo?ea ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aiae?ciaaieo eiino?oeoe?e. Iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? oaeiae o
?icoe?aii? iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy ooieoe?e iaiiaieo ?a/aiue ye nai???aeii?
naiaioeei-a?aiaoe/ii? eaoaai???, ui aa?a o/anoue o oi?ioaaii?
aeneiaeaiiy, ?aie?e ae?aeiao, oe?oa — o oaenoiooai?aii? a?aeiia?aeii aei
aeeiiaiiy eiioi?eaioaie i?aaiaoe/ii? ianoaiiae iiaeaiiy. Oei naiei
?ice?eoi a?aiaoe/io i?e?iaeo iiouaiiy /eai?a ?a/aiiy e ae?ineno ye yaeu
aeeiai?/iiai (aeni?aneaiiai) neioaeneno no/aniiai oniiai ? ienaiiiai
oe?a?inueeiai iiaeaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oiio, ui
iaea?aeai? aeai? ?icoe?ththoue oyaeaiiy i?i i?ioeane iiaii? eiii?an?? e
ae?inaoe??, ye? ii-??ciiio aeyaeythoueny o ooieoe?iioaaii? noee?a iiae.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iathoue cia/aiiy aeey iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy
aeeiai?/iiai neioaeneno ? oai??? iiaii? eiioi?eaoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy o aoc?anuee? i?ae?o/ieee c neioaeneno no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a eaeoe?eieo eo?nao,
niaoeeo?nao ? nai?ia?ao ia o?eieia?/ieo oaeoeueoaoao, aeey iaienaiiy
aeeieiiieo ? eo?niaeo ?ia?o nooaeaioaie aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe iia?aeiieyeeny o aenooiao
ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, cie?aia ia ca?oii-iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
aeeeaaea/?a oa ani??aio?a IIO ?i.I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (1997, 1998, 1999 ??.)
? ia ae?oa?e Anaoe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oa?an Oaa/aiei ? Iiae?eey”,
yea a?aeaoeanue o Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeiio iaaeaaia?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? a 1999 ?. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o
/ioe?ueio noaooyo.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, (238
iaeiaioaaiue), nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (48 iaeeieoeue), ia iniia?
yeeo i?iaiaeeeinue aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae iaiiaieo
?a/aiue. Ianya aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aac nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e — 185 n., iiaiee ianya ?iaioe — 203 n.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ?ice?eaa?oueny nooi?noue ? noai iaoeiai? i?iaeaie oa ??
cia/ou?noue, a oaeiae ia??oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie
aei-ne?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eaa?oueny ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie oa
ieaiaie, aecia/athoueny i?aaeiao, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaoa??ae, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?aecia/a?oueny
iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe oa oi?ie ??
ai?iaaoe??, cacia/a?oueny e?euee?noue oa ianya ioae?eaoe?e, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “Eiioi?eaoeaiee, naiaioe/iee ?
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/iee aniaeoe iaiiaiioe ?a/aiiy” – oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo iaoeiai? aeoiee c i?iaeaie neioaene/ii? iaiiaiioe
?a/aiiy, iiaea?oueny iaeyae iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??,
ia??oioiao?oueny aea?? iai?yie?a aei-ne?aeaeaiiy. O aeena?oaoe??
i?eeia?oueny caaaeueiiaeciaiee iiaeyae ia ?a/aiiy ye aaaaoianiaeoio
neioaene/io iaeeieoeth. Oaaaa a/aieo aei eiioi?eaoeaiiai aniaeoo
iiynith?oueny oei, ui a i?ioean? eiioi?eaoeaii-?ioaeaeooaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? iiaoe?a aeyaeythoueny iiaeeeaino? iiaeaethaaiiy
neioaene/ieo iiaoaeia, oneeaaeiaiiy oa ni?iuaiiy oi?iaeueii? no?oeoo?e
aeneiaethaaiue ? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo neioaene/ii? nenoaie iiae. Aiae?c
iaiiaieo ?a/aiue cae?eniaii a?aeiia?aeii aei no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e
aeine?aeaeaiiy neioaeneno, ui ia?aaeaa/athoue ia eeoa aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th,
a e ?ioaa?aoe?th eiioi?eaoeaiiai, naiaioe/iiai oa
oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiai aniaeo?a. Iniiaiee aeoeaio ?iaeoueny ia
eiioi?eaoeaiiio aniaeo?, ui a?aeia?aaea? nooi?noue iiae ye ciaeiai?
nenoaie o ae??, ia ui a na?e /an caa?ioa oaaao A. oii Aoiaieueaeo, a
i?ci?oa E.N.Aeaionueeee, I.I.Eaiioue?a, O.I.Aa?ac?i, A.A.Ii/aioeia oa
?io? iiaiciaaoe?. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? ?ioa?i?aooaaoe iiao ye
ae?yeuei?noue, aea ia ye naiino?eiee ??ciiaeae ae?yeueiino?, a ye
eiiiiiaio aoaeue-yei? ae?yeueiino? acaaae?.

Aeeth/aiee o iiaeaii?ao ae?yeuei?noue, eiaeiee iiaeaii?aee aeo a oni?e
oi?i? ? i?ioeanii ?icai?oaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a /an?, o neooaoe??
aaciina?aaeiueiai ni?eeoaaiiy c aae?anaoii. O eiioi?eaoeaiiio aeo? aa?a
o/anoue aanue eiiieaen iicaiiaieo /eiiee?a, ui caaacia/othoue
i?aai?caoe?th iiaeaiiy o no?oeoo??, a?aeiia?aei?e iaai?e i?aaiaoe/i?e
ianoaiia? iiaeaiiy. Iaiao?aei?noue aeyaeaiiy naiaioe/ieo oa a?aiaoe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iaiiaiiai ?a/aiiy aeieeaa? c aaaaoianiaeoii? i?e?iaee
naii? neioaene/ii? iaeeieoe?. Oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ia iaiiaiioa ?a/aiiy
iiaeiia ?icaeyaeaoeny ye no?oeoo?ii-nieneiaa iiaia eaoaai??y ia ??ai?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy o i?ioeanao iiaeaiiy.

O aea/aii? i?inoiai ?a/aiiy iaiao?aeii ?ic??ciyoe aiae?c i?ioeano eiai
oi?ioaaiiy ? noi?iiaaii? aaea iiaoeai eiino?oeoe??. Aaaeeeai a?aooaaoe,
ui oa?aeoa? aeoiee coiiaeth? aea?? no?oeoo?ii? noaie oa niinia?a
ae?aaeaiiy eiiiiiaio?a noaie. Oiio a?aiaoe/ia i?e?iaea iaiiaiiai ?a/aiiy
a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia o?eueee ia ??ai? iiaii?, a?aiaoe/ii? (neioaene/ii?
? ii?oieia?/ii?) naiaioeee, a e iiaeaii?ai?.

Iaoai?ci eiioi?eaoeaii? i?aai?caoe?? ?a/aiiy c?icoi?eee a oiiaao
?aaeueii? eiioi?eaoe??, ?acoeueoaoii yei? ? ae?aeia?/ia ?aei?noue /e
iiiieia?/iee oaeno. O oaeeo oi?iao ni?eeoaaiiy ia?aaea/a ?ioi?iaoe??, ye
i?aaeei, ia iaiaaeo?oueny eeoa aeaiaioa?iei iia?aeiieaiiyi, a
?aae?co?oueny eiioi?eaoeaiei aeieii, ca ?aooiie /iai eiaeia aeaiaioa?ia
nieneiaa iaeeieoey ? eeoa o?aaiaioii o caaaeueiiio eaioethao
ni?eeoaaiiy. Ie?ai? ?a/aiiy (?aie?ee) ye /anoeie a?eueo neeaaeiiai
iiaeaii?aiai eiiieaeno (iiiieiao /e ae?aeia?/ii? ?aeiino?)
aca?iiiia’ycai? neioaene/ieie a?aeiioaiiyie. C iaeiiai aieo, — oea
a?aeiioaiiy a?aiaoe/i?, a iniia? yeeo eaaeaoue ??ciiiai?oi? ca’ycee, a c
?ioiai — nieneia?, ye? aeieeaathoue ?c naii? ?ioi?iaoe?? iia?aeiieaiiy,
cia/aiue eiai eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo, ui oi?iothoue ci?no oaenoo.

?aei?noue ci?noo oeeo neeaaeieo neioaene/ieo ooai?aiue aeinyaa?oueny
aeio?eiaiiyi o/anieeaie eiioi?eaoe?? iaaieo ii?i ? i?aaee, caeeaaeaieo a
?eieooe?? iin??a eiie?aoii? iiae. O oaeeo oiiaao eiioi?eaoeaia iaoa
eiaeiiai ie?aiiai aeneiaethaaiiy a?aeia?aaea?oueny o eiai aeooaeueiiio
/eaioaaii?. Iiaaoeue o eiioi?eaoeaiiio aeo? iaiaaa?oueny ia?aaeon?i
ia?aaeaoe iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaii aaaeeeao aeey iueiai /anoeio, yea
i?noeoue iia? ciaiiy (?aio), oiae? ye oaia ? iaio cia/ouith ?
caaea?oueny caniaaie eiioaenoo, neooaoe?? /e ?iie?oeeoii. Oiio naia oaia
? aeaiaioii no?oeoo?e aeneiaeaiiy, yeee ii?aeio? eiai c iiia?aaei?i
oaenoii /e ?aie?eith.

Eiii?an?y ci?noo ciaoiaeeoue nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o a?aiaoe/i?e no?oeoo??
?a/aiiy: aeeo/a?oueny aoaeue-yeee /eai /e iae?aco e?eueea /eai?a
?a/aiiy, ye? ? oaiaoe/ieie aeaiaioaie iia?aeiieaiiy. Oea ni?e/eiy?
iaiiaiioo a?aeiia?aeii? eiino?oeoe??.

I?iaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiiaiioe ?a/aiiy a?aeaeaaia i?eaa?oaea oaaao ye
oe?a?inueeeo, oae ? ca?oa?aeieo iiaiciaaoe?a. O no/ani?e e?iaa?noeoe?
/?oei ?iciaaeiaothoueny aeaa iiaeyaee ia i?iaeaio iaiiaiiai ?a/aiiy.
Ia?oee a?aeia?aaea? o?aaeeoe?ei? eiioeaioe?? neioaene/ii? iaiiaiioe
?a/aiiy, i?aaenoaaeai? I.?.A?a/ai, I.I.I?oeianueeei, I.I.Oaoiaoiaei,
?.?.*a?aaeie/aieii, E.A.Aoeaoianueeei, A.I.Eoeeeii, I.N.Aeoaeeeii,
?.I.Oe?y?aei, ?.?.Aeoiaaioeai oa ?ioeie iiaiciaaoeyie. O ?o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo iaiiaiioa neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue o?aeoo?oueny ye
a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae ii?ie c iiouaieie iaeiei /e e?eueeiia /eaiaie, ui
i?aeeacothoueny eiioaenoii aai neooaoe??th iiaeaiiy. O ?ie? neaiae?a
iaiiaiioe ?a/aiiy aenooiathoue i?yia /e cai?ioia aaeaioi?noue
aa?aaeueii-ae?aaeaieo eiiiiiaio?a ?a/aiiy, yea a neeo oeo /e ?ioeo
i?e/ei caeeoa?oueny ia?aae?ciaaiith.

Aeaui ?ioa o?aeooaaiiy iaiiaiioe ?a/aiue iia’ycaia c aeieeiaiiyi oai???
i?i aeaoa?i?iaioe (?? caii/aoeoaaea A.I.Cieioiaa), yeei noaee
i?eienoaaoe ooieoe?th aoi?eiiiai ?iie?oeeoii-i?aaeeeaoeaiiai iicia/aiiy
ae??, oiaoi iciaee iai?ai?aaeeeaoeaiino?. O oeueiio iai?yieo
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeiaaeeee A.I.Aeeiiaa, I.I.Eaeaio, I.TH.Oaaaeiaa,
N.ss.??iieaiei, I.A.Aao, ?.?.Neeiueei, I.A.Aoeaaithe, I.O.Eiaeeyinueea.
O ?o i?aoeyo on? ae?ioe/i? ?a/aiiy /e eeoa ie?ai? ?o ??ciiaeaee (cie?aia
aooo?a? aacae??ne?ai?) a?aeianaii aei aeaineeaaeieo iiaieo ?a/aiue, o
yeeo ae?oai?yaei? /eaie, cie?aia ianoaaeie ? aeiaeaoee, ooieoe?iiothoue
o i?aaeeeaoeai?e /e iai?ai?aaeeeaoeai?e ooieoe??, aai ae aei
iaeiineeaaeieo ?c eieaeueieie /e oaiii?aeueieie iioe?thaa/aie. Oaea
o?aeooaaiiy noaoono ae?ioe/ieo ?a/aiue noia?a/eoue o?aaeeoe?eiei
i?aeoiaeai ? niiioea? aei ia?aaeyaeo i?iaeaie ?iciaaeoaaiiy
iiaiioe/iaiiaiioe ia eeoa aeaineeaaeieo, a e iaeiineeaaeieo neioaene/ieo
iaeeieoeue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “No?oeoo?ii-eiioi?eaoeai? iciaee iaiiaiioe ?a/aiue
o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii?” – iiaea?oueny ei?ioea oa?aeoa?enoeea
ae?aeiaiai? oi?ie ni?eeoaaiiy oa aecia/athoueny iniiai? /eiieee, ui
aieeaathoue ia aa?aae?caoe?th/iaaa?aae?caoe?th ie?aieo eiiiiiaio?a
iia?aeiieaiiy (i?anoiiceoe?y iiaoe?a, ae?aeiaiaee oa?aeoa? ni?eeoaaiiy,
oaii ?iciiae, aeno?ae?iaa?noe/i? /eiieee). Ia iniia? aiae?co
eiioi?eaoeaii? ianoaiiae aae?anaioa oa aae?anaoa iieno?oueny
ooieoe?iiaeueia niaoeeo?ea iaiiaieo ?a/aiue a iniiaieo oeiao ae?aeia?a.

Iaeiei c iaeiioe?ai?oeo oei?a i?aai?caoe?? ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy ?
“ieoaiiy — a?aeiia?aeue”. Ca oaei? i?aai?caoe?? ni?eeoaaiiy
eiioi?eaoeaia ooieoe?y aae?anaioa iieyaa? a io?eiaii? (c’ynoaaii? /e
ooi/iaii?) ciaiue a?ae aae?anaoa, yeiai a?i niiioea? caeiyoe iiceoe?th
iiaoey aeey c’ynoaaiiy iaaieo ?aae?e. Ooieoe?iiaeueia niaoeeo?ea
a?aeiia?ae? ia ieoaiiy iieyaa? o oiio, ui a i?e aeooae?co?oueny e
aenie?eo?oueny i/?eoaaiee aae?anaioii ci?no — ?aiaoe/iee eiiiiiaio,
oiae? ye ?io? iiaeooue caeeoaoeny iaae?aaeaieie. Aae?anao, ea?oth/enue
ianoaiiaeith ni?a?iciiaieea, neiaanii iicia/a?, ye i?aaeei, iaea?eueo
aaaeeea?, iaiao?aei?, iia? eiiiiiaioe nieneo, caeeoath/e iaae?aaeaieie
oaea aa?aae?ciaai? a caieoaii? eiiiiiaioe, ia iniia? yeeo aoaeo?oueny
a?aeiia?aeue.

Iaiiaiioo ?aie?ee-a?aeiia?ae? ni?e/eiy? iiouaiiy i?enoaeea (aieiaiiai
/eaia iaeiineeaaeiiai ae??ne?aiiai ?a/aiiy). Iiae?aia yaeua iae/ano?oa
niinoa??aa?oueny o ae?aeia?/i?o ?aeiinoyo “ieoaiiy-a?aeiia?aeue”,
ni?yiiaaieo ia c’ynoaaiiy ianoaaeiii?, ??aeoa ia’?eoii? /e noa’?eoii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ae??, yeo ?aae?co? iaeei ?c o/aniee?a ni?eeoaaiiy /e
noi?iii?e noa’?eo, iai?eeeaae: — Aea oe aoa? — sse aea — ia ?iaio?.
(I.Eia?iueea). Oea??eoi. Eiai ae ae ni?aaae? /aea?oa? Eeaai/ea. Eiai ae,
ye ia a?aoa. (?.Ei/a?aa).

Iaio i?iaeoeoeaieie ? ae?aeia?/i? ?aeiino? “ieoaiiy — a?aeiia?aeue”, aea
i?inoaaeo?oueny ni?yiiaai?noue ia ooi/iaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, yeith aieiae??
aae?anaio, cie?aia oaeoo ae??, ia’?eoii?, ianoaaeiii? /e noa’?eoii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ae??, iai?eeeaae: I???ai. Iooo an?o ethaeoe? Ian?y. Oae,
an?o. (Eany Oe?a?iea). — ? aa?ii aoei ?oaoe? — ? aa?ii, ? i’yei.
(I.Noaeueiao). — On? i?eeoee? — An?. (I.Eioethaeinueeee).

Iiouaiiy i?aeiaoa ni?e/eiy? iaiiaiioo ?aie?ee — a?aeiia?ae? ia?aaaaeii
oiae?, eiee iiaa eaea i?i noi?iii?e noa’?eo, yeee ia aa?a o/ano? o
eiioi?eaoeaiiio aeo?. Oaea iiouaiiy iiaeeeaa ca oiiae, eiee aae?anaio
ni?yiiao? aae?anaioa ia ooi/iaiiy iiaeeeaino?
(?aaeueiino?/???aaeueiino?) aeeiiaiiy ae??, oaeoo ?nioaaiiy noi?iiiueiai
noa’?eoa, iai?eeeaae: — A Aeania ia aenioia, oaoo? — Oa ia aenioia.
(I.Aeiaaeaiei). — A uoee ?? — ?noue. (I.Eia?iueea). Cia/ii ??aeoa
i?aeiao iionea?oueny ca oiiae, eiee aae?anaio i?aaia eiie?aoecoaaoe
iaaio ae?th /e oe?eaaeoueny ?? ye?niith oa?aeoa?enoeeith: — A ca?ac ui
aiie ?iaeyoue? — Iieyaaee niaoe. (A.Ae?ia?ia). — sse oai oaiy iieiaeia
iiaeeaa?? — Nianea?! Aea?eeo?! (I.Eia?iueea).

O ?aie?eao — a?aeiia?aeyo iiaea iioneaoenue ? i?yiee, ??aeoa iai?yiee
aeiaeaoie, ae?aaeaiee ?iaiieeii a i?oaeiiio a?aei?ieo, yeee aoiaeeoue o
ae??ne?aia neiainiieo/aiiy ye aeaoa?i?iaio: iiouaiiy oeeo eiiiiiaio?a
niinoa??aa?oueny o ae?aeiaao, ni?yiiaaieo ia ooi/iaiiy oaeoo aeeiiaiiy
ae??: — Naiiaa? aai ianoaaeoe? — Ianoaa. (I.Eioethaeinueeee). Iaio
i?iaeoeoeaieie ? ae?aeia?/i? ?aeiino? “ieoaiiy — a?aeiia?aeue”,
naiaioe/ia ni?yiiaai?noue yeeo ia?aaeaa/a? c’ynoaaiiy ianoaaeiii? /e
noa’?eoii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ae??: — A aea ae a?cieea iiae?ee? — C’ycaee.
(I.Eia?iueea). — Iio?a! Ooi oia? eoiea io? /a?aii? e?nieee? — Eoiea
ooinue, oa ia neaaeo. (?.Ia/oe-Eaaeoeueeee).

Iiouaiiy ianoaaeie niinoa??aa?oueny ia?aaaaeii ca oiiae, eiee aae?anaio
i???ioo? ni?a?iciiaieea ia ooi/iaiiy oaeoo aeeiiaiiy ae??, ui
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?inoi?iaeie eii?aeeiaoaie:

— *e aeeaeao ii ia?ae? ia ioceee? — Aeeaeo! (?.Ia/oe-Eaaeoeueeee).

— A aei oeiee oiaeeo? — Ia?oiai aa?aniy i?aeo. (I.Noaoeaiei).

O ae?aeic? “iia?aeiieaiiy — i?iaeiaaeaiiy” eiioi?eaoeaiee aniaeo
aca?iiae?? iieyaa? o oe?eani?yiiaaiiio iai?i? iia?aeiieaiiyie i?i
yeeenue oaeo /e yaeua ae?eniino?, iiae?th oiui. I?e/iio ia?oa ?aie?ea
oaeiai ae?aeiao ia? oa?aeoa? caa?oaiiy — iia?aeiieaiiy, ui
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ye ?aaeueia ?ioi?iaoe?y. Ianooiia ?aie?ea ? ?aaeoe??th
aae?anaoa, yeee i?iaeiaaeo? ?iciiao ia caaeaio oaio ? i?noeoue aeac?aeo
uiaei ?noeiiino? iiia?aaeiuei? ?aie?ee. Iie?ath/enue ia iia?aeiieaiiy
ia?oia?a, aae?anao ae?aaea? naith nie-neiao iiceoe?th, aenie?eoth/e
iaea?eueo aaaeeea? ?ioi?iaoeai? eiiiiiaioe iia?aeiieaiiy. Iaeiae,
a?aoiaoth/e oaeo ni?eueiiai ?icai?oaiiy oaie iia?aeiieaiiy, aae?anao ia
iaiaaeo? naith ?aie?eo ii?oieia?/ieie iieacieeaie, ye? ae?aaeathoue
iiiyooy, a?aeii? c iiia?aaeiuei? ?aie?ee, aiane?aeie /iai ?aie?ea —
i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?aae?co?oueny, ye i?aaeei, iaiiaiei ?a/aiiyi.

Iae/ano?oa oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ia iaiiaiioa ae?aaea?oueny a iiouaii?
i?aeiaoa. Oea yaeua aeineoue iioe?aia o aeiaaeeo, eiee ni?a?iciiaieee
ni?eueieie coneeeyie ?icai?oathoue oe?e?nia iia?aeiieaiiy i?i iaeei ?
oie aea noa’?eo, yeee o iiia?aaei?e ?aie?oe? iiaea ni?eeiaoenue ? ye
i?aaeiaoiee aeoaio, iai?eeeaae: Ia?oaee. sseanue aaaa oaiie aiaeeoue.
Ae?a/aoa. Naia oaioeth?. (I.Noa?eoeueeee). Ea?oea. Iaia, iaia ??, y aaea
caa?aaa nthaee… Eoi?oaae/. Oi iaaii, ua aeiia, i?eeaea.
(I.Noa?eoeueeee).

Cia/ii ??aeoa o ?aie?oe? — i?iaeiaaeaii? iionea?oueny i?enoaeie
(aieiaiee /eai iaeiineeaaeiiai ?a/aiiy). Iiouaiiy iiaeeeaa ca oiiae,
eiee ni?a?iciiaieee ?ioi?iothoue iaeei iaeiiai i?i aeani? ii/oooy,
ia?aaeeaaiiy, noai oeyoii c?noaaeaiiy i?aaeeeaoeaii? iciaee aae?anaioa c
o??th, yea aeanoeaa aae?anaoia?, aai ae ni?eueieie coneeeyie ieaiothoue
aeeiiaiiy yei?nue ae??: — sse oi/aoa, noa?oeii, y c iath ia aoaeo aeeoe!
— neacaa Aiao. — ? y c iei! — i?aeoiieea Ieaenaiae?a.
(I.Eioethaeinueeee). Aaaei?aeue: — A y i?eiano iaaeo ia caeoneo.
Ca?oeue. — A y eaionoe. (Eacea “Iai-Eioeueeee”).

Eiee ae iniaa, i?aaeiao /e yaeua ae?eniino?, yea ia?aaoaa? o oeaio??
oaaae iiaoe?a, aenooiathoue o ?ie? ia’?eoa, ia yeee ni?yiiaaii ae?th aai
i?ioean, oi o ?aie?oe? — i?iaeiaaeaii? iionea?oueny aeiaeaoie,
iai?eeeaae: — ss ia iouo Iano?, — iiio?i neacaa a?i. — Aa ionoeo.
(I.Eioethaeinueeee). — Iaei? ii/ae ia?ii, a oe e o? ?ic?a’?o. — sse
?ic?a’th, oi eoieoa ae?oa?, — iae?oaaea Iio?y. (?.Ia/oe-Eaaeoeueeee).

Iiouaiiy ianoaaeie o ?aie?oe? — i?iaeiaaeaii? — yaeua ??aee?nia. Aiii
iiaeeeaa ca oiiae, eiee eiioi?eaioe iaaiai?ththoue ae?th, ui
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?inoi?iaith ni?yiiaai?noth: — Ie ae cae?aeeny aei
ieeia ieiueee ?oaoe: oe?aa ae oaeiia iaia?. — Ii?aeaii caao?a.
(A.Ae?ia?ia).

O ae?aeic? “niiioeaiiy — a?aeiia?aeue” eiioi?eaoeaia caaaeaiiy aae?anaoa
iieyaa? o ae?aaeaii? iaaiiai aieaaeyaeaiiy: iaeaco, aeiiae, caeeeeo,
iiaaaeaiiy, ii?aaee, i?ioaiiy. Oaea oi?ia aca?iiae?? o a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a ia ia?aaeaa/a? neiaaniiai ?aaaoaaiiy aae?anaoa. Iaeiae ?iiae?
aae?anao iiaea aeneiaethaaoe naith caiaeo /e iacaiaeo aeeiioaaoe
cai?iiiiiaaio ae?th aai ia?aaae?anoaaoe niiioeaiiy ni?a?iciiaieeia?.
Aeneiaethth/e naith nieneiao iiceoe?th, aae?anaio nie?a?oueny ia aaea
a?aeii? iiiyooy ? oaeoe, ae?aaeai? o ?aie?oe? — niiioeaii?. Eiai ?aie?ea
caaaeii ? /anoeiaei ia?ao?acoaaiiyi ?aie?ee aae?anaoa, aiane?aeie /iai
aiia ?aae?co?oueny iaiiaieie ?a/aiiyie. Niaoeeo?ea ae?aeiao “niiioeaiiy
— a?aeiia?aeue” aeeeth/a? iiaeeea?noue ia?aae?caoe?? aae?anaoii noa’?eoa
(i?aeiaoa) ? cia/ii iaiaaeo? eiioi?eaoeaio coiiaeai?noue iiouaiiy
ae??neiaa-i?aaeeeaoa, yeee ia?aaea? niiioeaiiy. Oiio ?? neioaene/ia
iaiiaiioa ?aae?co?oueny oeyoii iaaa?aae?caoe?? ae?oai?yaeieo /eai?a
?a/aiiy.

Aeiaeaoie ia aa?aae?co?oueny ca oiiae, eiee aae?anaio niiioea?
ni?a?iciiaieea ni?yioaaoe iaaio ae?th ia iniao /e i?aaeiao, a aae?anao
ae?aaea? aeica?e aai caiaeo ia aeeiiaiiy oaei? ae??, /e ia?aaae?aniao?
?? aae?anaioia?: — A iai?, a?aooy, aeaeoa ??cio eociue. — Aa?e, —
caiaeeany Ieeoea. (N.Neey?aiei). — Naaoae, Ea?ia, Iaeaaeeo. — Oi e
naaoae, ye oia? o?aaa, — neacaa Ea?ii. (?.Ia/oe-Eaaeoeueeee). Aaeeia.
?aee e a?no! Aeieo?i. Iioe?eoe eeo, oi i?aeo. (I.Noa?eoeueeee).

Ianoaaeia o ?aie?oe? — a?aeiia?ae? iionea?oueny ia?aaaaeii oiae?, eiee
aae?anaio niiioea? ni?a?iciiaieea aei ia?ai?uaiiy o iaaiiio iai?yieo:
Niiy. Oiae?i aea iiee ui o oaoo. Eaeeiiae/. Oiae?i. (?.Ea?iaiei-Ea?ee).
— Aeeacue ?c oe?aa! — Io ? ia aee?co. (A.Ae?ia?ia).

Eiee ae aae?anao, ?aaaoth/e ia niiioeaiiy, aenie?eo? ia i?aaeeeao, a
ianoaaeiiee /e ia’?eoiee eiie?aoecaoi?, oi o ?aie?oe? — a?aeiia?ae?
iionea?oueny i?enoaeie (aieiaiee /eai iaeiineeaaeiiai ae??ne?aiiai
?a/aiiy), iai?eeeaae:— Eyaae, neieo, ai ia aenieony! — Ca?ac, iaii.
(A.Ae?ia?ia).

O ae?aeic? “caa?oaiiy — ia?aieooaaiiy” a?eueoa ?i?oe?aoeaa iaeaaeeoue
aae?anaoia?. Oaea oi?ia ni?eeoaaiiy iiaeeeaa o aeiaaeeo, eiee aae?anaio
aenie?eo? iaaeinoaoith aeey ni?a?iciiaieea ?ioi?iaoe?th, a inoaii?e
ciooaiee niiioeaoe eiai ?ice?eoe, ooi/ieoe /e aeiiiaieoe ci?no
iia?aeiieaiiy oeyoii aa?aae?caoe?? iaaeinoaoi?o aeaiaio?a. C oe??th
iaoith aae?anao aeei?enoiao? ieoaeuei? neiaa a ?ie? i?aeiaoa, aeiaeaoea,
ianoaaeie /e icia/aiiy, iaaeath/e ?aie?oe? ieoaeueiiai iiaeaeueiiai
cia/aiiy. O oaeeo oiiaao ?aie?ea — ia?aieooaaiiy ia? aeineoue
neiiaeainiaaiee aeaeyae ? ?aae?co?oueny iaiiaieie ?a/aiiyie.

Eiee aae?anaoa oe?eaaeoue ianoaaeiia, ia’?eoia /e noa’?eoia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ae??, oi o ?aie?oe? — ia?aieooaaii? iionea?oueny
i?enoaeie (aieiaiee /eai iaeiineeaaeiiai ae??ne?aiiai ?a/aiiy): — Eaee e
oe, iaaeioi?eaia! — Eoaee? — ia?caaeany Aea?ea. (Eany Oe?a?iea). — Ana
iiaiaeaeaii. — C eei? (N.Neey?aiei).

Iiouaiiy i?aeiaoa a?eueoith i??ith i?eoaiaiia ae?aeiaai “iia?aeiieaiiy —
ia?aieooaaiiy” ca oiiae, eiee aae?anao i?aaia ooi/ieoe iaaio
?ioi?iaoe?th, io?eiaio a?ae ni?a?iciiaieea, cie?aia i?aaeeeaoeaio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo noi?iiiueiai noa’?eoa, iai?eeeaae: — sse oia? niiaeiaaany
non?ae, ui neae?a a?ey oaaa. — sse niiaeiaaany? — aeeao?oueny Oaiy.
(A.Ae?ia?ia).

Eiee aae?anao i?aaia c’ynoaaoe /e ooi/ieoe i?aaeeeaoeaio iciaeo iaaiiai
noa’?eoa, yea cina?aaeaeaia o i?aaeeeao? oa ia’?eoiiio ? ianoaaeiiiio
eiie?aoecaoi??, aea aenie?eo? eeoa i?aaeeeao, oi ?aie?ea — ia?aieooaaiiy
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iiouaiiyi aeiaeaoea /e ianoaaeie: — Eenoie ae??caea y.
— Oe ae??caea? (A.Ae?ia?ia) — Oe ia i?aeao ia noae. — sse ia i?aeo?
(I.Aeiaaeaiei). Nieneiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy iiouaiiai eiiiiiaioa aeeiio?
eiioaeno, oiio oe? iaiiai? no?oeoo?e ? eiioaenooaeueieie eiino?oeoe?yie.
Iieacieeaie ?o iaiiaiioe aenooiathoue aenie?oeeoii i?aaenoaaeai?
eiiiiiaioe iia?aeiieaiiy, ui ia?aaoaathoue o nieneiaiio ca’yceo c
iiouaieie /eaiaie.

Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy ? o?nia aca?iiae?y ci?noo
aeneiaeaiiy c neooaoe??th iiaeaiiy, ui aecia/a? o/anoue iaaa?aaeueieo
cania?a o oi?ioaaii? ci?noo ?aie?e eiioi?eaio?a. O oaeeo oiiaao
a?coaeueia neooaoe?y a?eueoith i??ith aieeaa? ia oi?ioaaiiy ?aie?ee
aae?anaioa, aiane?aeie /iai aiia cacia? iaaii? eiii?an??, yea
aeyaey?oueny o iiouaii? oiai /e ?ioiai eiiiiiaioa ?a/aiiy.

O neooaoe?? iiaeaiiy, ye i?aaeei, a?aeii? noa’?eoiee ? ia’?eoiee
eiiiiiaioe, ui ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c i?aeiaoii aai aeiaeaoeii, ??aeoa
icia/aiith ? ae?y, yea ?iie?eo?oueny i?enoaeeii (aieiaiei /eaiii
iaeiineeaaeiiai ae??ne?aiiai ?a/aiiy), ? aeoaea ??aeei — ianoaaeia,
iai?eeeaae: — Iice/aiee? — eaaea Iaaei, e?ath/e oe?a. (Ia?ei Aia/ie). —
Aea oe ae?noaea! — cacae?i iaeyaeaea THey ei?ioea, iiaeii iioeoa
iaeueoa/ei Iaae?eee. (A.Eaoei). Oo?ioia aa?ea ii iie??i i?ni/eo,
caaieaeaeany. — Eoaee? — I?inoi ia niioea. (I.Eioethaeinueeee). Oaaeueei
coieiea eiiy, i?ae?eoia aei nano?e, caiaoioany aaoiaii. — N?aeae eaaeo!
(A.Ae?ia?ia).

Aeinyaiaiith eaeii?/iino? ? aeiaa?oaiino? aeneiaethaaiue ni?ey?
neooaoeaia iaiiaiioa ?aie?e ae?aeiao, o yeeo oaiaoe/i? aeaiaioe
iia?aeiieaiiy ia?aaeathoueny caniaaie neooaoe??, oiae? ye ?aiaoe/i?
cia/aiiy iaia’yceiai aenie?eothoueny eiioi?eaioii.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “No?oeoo?ii-eiioi?eaoeai? iciaee iaiiaiioe
naiaioe/ieo no?oeoo? iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy” aea?oueny ei?ioea
oa?aeoa?enoeea iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny ooieoe?iiaeuei?
iniaeeaino? iaiiaieo ?a/aiue o oe?e oi?i? i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano
eiioi?eaoe??, aeyaeythoueny oiiae i?iioneo ie?aieo /eai?a ?a/aiiy o
no?oeoo?ao iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy ? anoaiiaeththoueny iciaee ?o
iaiiaiioe, a oaeiae ooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ae?ioe/ieo no?oeoo?.

O iiiieia?/iiio iiaeaii? iaiiaiioa neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue neoaeeoue
caniaii ii?aeiaiiy ie?aieo ?a/aiue o neeaaeiiio neioaene/iiio oe?eiio. O
oaeee niin?a ci?noia? ca’ycee i?iieeathoue o no?oeoo?o ?a/aiiy ?
iia’ycothoue ?o i?ae niaith, aiane?aeie /iai o iaiiaiiio ?a/aii?
eiioi?eaio cina?aaeaeo? ia?aaaaeii iiao aeey iia?aeiieaiiy ?ioiiaoe?th,
oiaoi aa?aae?co? ?aio, a oaia caaea?oueny eiioaeoii /e aeenoaioe?eii
?icoaoiaaieie iiia?aaei?ie aai ia-nooiieie neioaene/ieie no?oeoo?aie
oaenoiaiai ianeao.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae ae?aeiao, a?aiaoe/io iaiiaiioo neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue
iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ni?e/eiy? iiouaiiy
i?aeiaoa. Aiii iiaeeeaa ca oiiae, eiee eiioi?eaio aenie?eo? ?ioi?iaoe?th
i?i iaeei ? oie aea naiaioe/iee noa’?eo, ui o iiia?aaeiueiio eiioaeno?
iiaea ni?eeiaoeny ye ia’?eo ae??, /e eaeaoueny i?i iaeiioeii? noa’?eoe,
iai?eeeaae: Eiee caoi/a eica n?ia, oi aei aica i?eeaea. (“Ia?iaeia
ioae??noue”). sse n?ii einyoue, oi aeiu?a ia i?inyoue, nai? eaeooue.
(“Ia?iaeia ioae??noue”). Oia?a iii/aeanue eoaeenue, iieeoath/e ca niaith
a?iaiao oeoo a oao?, a ca oaeeeio i?eeao?ea ae?oaa. (I.Eiaeeyinueea).
Iieacieeaie iaiiaiioe oeeo no?oeoo? aenooiathoue aenie?oeeoii ae?aaeai?
ae??neiai-i?enoaeie oa icia/aiiy, ui eiie?aoeco? cia/aiiy i?aeiaoa.

O i?iciaiio iiiieia?/iiio iiaeaii? iiouaiiy ie?aieo /eai?a ?a/aiiy
coiiaeth?oueny ia?aaaaeii caeiiaie i?aai?caoe?? ca’yciiai oaenoo, o iia?
iiac?? — oaeiae ? ?eoiiiaeiae?eieie caniaaie.

O iiiieia?/iiio iiaeaii? iiouaiiy i?aeiaoa ia? noee?noe/io
aiioeaiaai?noue ? neoaeeoue aeey aeae?eaiiy a?eueo aaaeeeaeo aeaiaio?a
oaenoo, eiai ci?noiaeo a?aeo?ie?a, noai?th? a?aaeaiiy oe?e?niiai
iia?aeiieaiiy i?i iaaiee noa’?eo, i?aee?aneth? aeeiai?ci neooaoe?? oiui.

Cia/ii ??aeoa iaiiaiioo no?oeoo? iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy ni?e/eiy?
iiouaiiy i?enoaeea. Oaea iio?aaa aeieea? ca oiiae, eiee eiioi?eaio
c?noaaey? /e i?ioenoaaey? naiaioe/i? noa’?eoe ca iaeiaeiaith ae??th,
iieno? i?ioean aeeiiaiiy ae?? e?eueeiia noa’?eoaie, ieei /ano,
iai?eeeaae: ??aea ?noue cae?ci, a ai?a — na?oea. (“Ioae??noue
ia?iaeia”). I?oea aaaa o oaiaoeue, a ca iath ai?iaaoeue. (O.Oaa/aiei).
Iieacieeaie iaiiaiioe oaeeo neioaene/ieo ooai?aiue ? aa?aaeueii
ae?aaeai? i?aeiao, aeiaeaoie i?e ia?ao?aeiiio ae??neia? /e ianoaaeiiee
eiiiiiaio, ui eiie?aoeco? i?aaeeeao. Noee?noe/ia ?ieue no?oeoo? iieyaa?
o aeae?eaii? iniaeeaino? /e oa?aeoa?enoeee iienoaaiiai noa’?eoa
(noa’?eo?a). O oaeee niin?a iiaaoeue cina?aaeaeo? oaaao ?aoeei??ioa ia
ii??aithaaieo iiiyooyo, i?aee?anethth/e anioe?aoeaiee ca’ycie /e
eiio?ano i?ae ieie.

O no?oeoo?ao iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy iiaea iioneaoenue ? aieiaiee /eai
iaeiineeaaeiiai ae??ne?aiiai ?a/aiiy. Oaea yaeua a?eueoith /e iaioith
i??ith i?eoaiaiia on?i ??ciiaeaeai iaeiineeaaeieo ae??ne?aieo ?a/aiue.

O neioaene/ieo no?oeoo?ao iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy caniaaie eiioaenoo
iiaeooue ae?aaeaoeny e ae?oai?yaei? /eaie ?a/aiiy. Iae/ano?oa iiouaiiy
i?yiiai aeiaeaoea a?aeaoaa?oueny oiae?, eiee eiioi?eaio ?icai?oa?
iia?aeiieaiiy i?i iaeiiai /e e?eueeio noa’?eo?a, ye? aeeiiothoue iaai?
ae?? noiniaii iaeiiai e oiai ae /e iaeiioeiieo ia’?eo?a, iai?eeeaae:
*oaeo a?aeo ia aiae? ?icaaaeo, a nai?e ? e?ioey ia ciaeaeo. (“Ioae??noue
ia?iaeia”). Ia iai? oaia? noa?iio aoeaao iineoe. Iaoae iineoue Iaeeaaeei
eicaeai ia neaao. (O.Oaa/aiei). Iieacieeaie iaiiaiioe oeeo no?oeoo?
aenooiathoue ia?ao?aei? ae??neiaa-i?enoaeee, ye aeiaeaoeiaa iciaea iiaea
aooe icia/aiiy, ui eiie?aoeco? ia’?eo ae??.

Iiouaiiy iai?yiiai aeiaeaoea ia caaaeaee iiaea ni?e/eiyoe iaiiaiioo
neioaene/ii? eiino?oeoe??. Iaiiaieie aiie aaaaeathoueny eeoa o oiio
aeiaaeeo, eiee i?aaeeeao ae?aaeaiee iaia?ao?aeiei ae??neiaii, yea aeey
?aae?caoe?? nai?? naiaioeee iio?aao? iai?yiiai ia’?eoa, ui
ni?aa?aeiineoueny c iai?yiei aeiaeaoeii. Oae? ?aieeee caeaoi?
?aae?coaaoe a?aeiia?aeio naiaioeeo /a?ac niieo/aiiy c ?ioeie
no?oeoo?ieie eiiiiiaioaie /e i?aeeacoaaoenue iiia?aaei?i eiioaenoii.

Iaiiaiioa neioaene/ieo no?oeoo? iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy iiaea
ni?e/eiyoenue ? iiouaiiyi ianoaaeie. Aiia niinoa??aa?oueny o aeiaaeeo,
eiee ae??, i?i ye? aaaea iiao eiioi?eaio, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ni?eueiith
i?inoi?iaith ni?yiiaai?noth: Eaeaeaoeoa e ni?aaae? ii?oaea ia y?ia?ie.
Iio?y i?ineeanue ? nia?, aea naae?ooa ?? ia acyea.
(?.Ia/oe-Eaaeoeueeee). ? a aeaeo iieiei, oa aieiaa ia ae?ca.
(“Ioae??noue ia?iaeia”). Iaeiae iiouaiiy ianoaaeie ia caaaeaee noai?th?
neioaene/io iaiiaiioo ?a/aiiy, a eeoa ca oiiae, ui ianoaaeiiee eiiiiiaio
aaeaioii coiiaeaiee ? ia? cia/aiiy iai?yieo ?ooo i?e ae??neia? c?
cia/aiiyi ?ooo, ia?ai?uaiiy, ??aeoa aoooy, ?nioaaiiy, a oaeiae ae??,
iia’ycaii? c eiie?aoiei ni?yioaaiiyi. Cia/ii ??aeoa iaia’yceia?noue
ianoaaeie i?e ae??neia?-i?enoaeeo iiaea aooe iaoiiaeaia iiia?aaei?i
eiioaenoii.

Eiino?oeoe?? iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy c iiouaieie e?eueeiia /eaiaie iiaeia
?icae?eeoe ia /ioe?e a?oie. Aei ia?oi? iaeaaeaoue iaiiai? ?a/aiiy c
iiouaieie i?aeiaoii /e ae?oai?yaeieie /eaiaie a?oie i?enoaeea.
Iaia’yceiaei eiiiiiaioii no?oeoo?e oaeeo ooai?aiue ?
ae??neiai-i?enoaeie, ui caeia? iniiaio neaiae?coth/o iiceoe?th uiaei
iiouaieo /eai?a. Ae?oao a?oio noaiiaeyoue no?oeoo?e c iiouaieie
i?aeiaoii ? ae?oai?yaeieie /eaiaie a?oie aeiaeaoea. ?o iaiiaiioa
aecia/a?oueny ca ia?aae?ciaaieie naiaioeei-aaeaioieie iiaeeeainoyie
ae??neiaa-i?aaeeeaoa, ui neaiae?co? iacai?uai? iiceoe?? i?aeiaoa /e
aeiaeaoea. Iiaeeea?noue oaaaeaiiy a ?a/aiiy icia/aiiy i?aeeaco?oueny
eiioaenooaeueii. Aei o?aouei? a?oie iaeaaeaoue iaiiai? ?a/aiiy c
iiouaiei i?enoaeeii oa ae?oai?yaeieie /eaiaie a?oie i?enoaeea.
A?aeoai?aiiy a?aiaoe/ii? no?oeoo?e a?aeaoaa?oueny iiaoaiii. Nii/aoeo ca
naiaioeei-aaeaioieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aenie?oeeoii ae?aaeaiiai i?aeiaoa
(ae?oai?yaeieo /eai?a a?oie i?enoaeea) anoaiiaeth?oueny iiaeeea?noue
?nioaaiiy ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea, a aeae? oeyoii aiae?co eiai
naiaioeei-aaeaioieo iioaioe?e aecia/a?oueny iayai?noue caeaaeieo a?ae
iueiai aeiaeaoe?a /e ianoaaei. Aei /aoaa?oi?, a?oie iaeaaeaoue
aeaineeaaei? oa iaeiineeaaei? no?oeoo?e c iiouaiei i?aaeeeaoeaiei
oeaio?ii ?acii c ae?oai?yaeieie /eaiaie /e aac ieo. sse ? o iiia?aaei?e
a?oi?, a?aeoai?aiiy a?aiaoe/ii? no?oeoo?e oeeo ooai?aiue cae?enith?oueny
iiaoaiii. Nii/aoeo ca naiaioeei-aaeaioieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aa?aaeueii
ae?aaeaieo ae?oai?yaeieo /eai?a anoaiiaeth?oueny ae??neiai-i?aaeeeao, a
aeae? aecia/a?oueny iiaeeea?noue ?nioaaiiy i?aeiaoa oa ?ioeo no?oeoo?ieo
eiiiiiaio?a a?oie i?enoaeea.

Iniaeeaei ??ciiaeaeii eiino?oeoe?e ?c oi?iaeueii ia ae?aaeaieie
eiiiiiaioaie nieneo ? ae?ioe/i? no?oeoo?e. ?o aioo??oiueineioaene/ia
aoaeiaa aeyaey? iciaee, aeanoea? eiino?oeoe?yi iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy,
oi/a aiie i?eoaiaii? e ae?aeiao. Iae/ano?oa neioaene/io iaiiaiioo oeeo
ooai?aiue ni?e/eiy? iiouaiiy ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea c naiaioeeith aoooy,
iayaiino?, ?nioaaiiy, niiniao ?ici?uaiiy a i?inoi??, ni?eeiyooy, ?ooo,
aia?a?eii? ae??, iiaeaiiy, ia?ai?uaiiy a i?inoi??, caieoaiiy, niiioeaiiy
aei ae??, a?oaiiy, iiaaaeaiiy oiui. Cia/ii ??aeoa oea yaeua noino?oueny
?iaiieo /anoei iiae, ui ooieoe?iiothoue o ?ie? i?aeiaoa /e aeiaeaoea.

Aeniiaee. O i?ioean? eiioi?eaoe?? iiouaiiy iaeiiai /e e?eueeio
oi?iaeueieo eiiiiiaio?a ?a/aiiy /e a?aenooi?noue ?o o aeneiaeaii? —
aeanoea?noue eiino?oeoe?e ca iaaieo oiia “ia cai?uoaaoe” neioaene/io
iiceoe?th oiai aai ?ioiai naiaioe/iiai eiiiiiaioa, — ? caeiiii??iei
yaeuai, ui aeyaey?oueny a eiii?an?? iiaeaiiy oeyoii ?ioaa?aoe??
aa?aaeueieo oa iaaa?aaeueieo cania?a i?e oiioaaii? ci?noo iia?aeiieaiiy.
A aeoao eiioi?eaoe?? aeyaey?oueny iaoe?iiaeueia niaoeeo?ea
no?oeoo?oaaiiy ??cieo oei?a ae?aeia?/iiai ? iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy.
Iaia’yceiaeie oiiaaie aioo??oiuei? i?aai?caoe?? no?oeoo?e iaiiaiiai
?a/aiiy o eiioi?eaoe?? ?: 1) ?nioaaiiy eeoa iaei??? iniae, i?aaeiaoa,
yaeua, ae?? oiui, ui ia?aaoaathoue o oeaio?? oaaae eiioi?eaioa /e
eiioi?eaio?a ? ieneyoueny ye ia’?eoe iaaiai?aiiy; 2) aeinoaoiy
e?euee?noue cania?a aeey ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? neooa/ai ia’?eoa iia?aeiieaiiy.
Iaa?aeiia?aei?noue aa?aaeueieo oa iaaa?aaeueieo cania?a ni?e/eiy?
iaiiaiioo neioaene/ii? eiino?oeoe??. Ine?eueee aoaeue-yea aeneiaeaiiy
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iiaiioith ae?aaeaiiy ci?noo, oi oe? o?ainoi?iaoe??
ae?thoue eeoa a iaaeao no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae ?a/aiiy ? ni?e/eiythoue eiai
neioaene/io iaiiaiioo.

Iniiaieie iieacieeaie iaiiaiioe ? ia?aae?ciaai? i?yi? /e cai?ioi?
aaeaioi? iioaioe?? aenie?oeeoii ae?aaeaieo /eai?a ?a/aiiy, ui na?ae/aoue
i?i ii?ooai? neioaene/i? ca’ycee oa a?aeiioaiiy i?ae ie?aieie eiai
eiiiiiaioaie. Iiaeeeaino? caiiaiaiiy iiceoe?e eiiiiiaio?a ?a/aiiy a
?aaeueieo oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy coiiaeththoueny ye
aioo??oiueineioaene/ieie, oae ? ciai?oiueineioaene/ieie /eiieeaie.

Ooieoe?iiaeueia niaoeeo?ea iaiiaieo ?a/aiue aeyaey?oueny o eiie?aoieo
iiaeaii?aeo aeoao ? caeaaeeoue a?ae oi?ie ni?eeoaaiiy. Iaiiaiioa ?a/aiue
o ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? coiiaeth?oueny iniaeeaith ooieoe??th
ii?iaeaeaiiy ? iaeaaiaeaeaiiy niene?a o i?ioean? ni?eeoaaiiy aae?anaioa
? aae?anaoa oa aecia/a?oueny i?aaeeaie ae?aeiaiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy,
i?anoiiceoe??th eiioi?eaio?a, /anii, a?aeaaaeaiei aeey ?iciiae, oeiii
iiaeaiiy, oi?iith ae?aeiaiai? aca?iiae??, aeno?ae?iaa?noe/ieie
/eiieeaie.

Eiaeai aeae ae?aeiao aeyaey? naith niaoeeo?eo a i?aai?caoe??
eiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo. O ae?aeic? “ieoaiiy-a?aeiia?aeue” iiaaoeue
i?aeeaco?, ye? nienee aeey iueiai ? aaaeeeaeie, a aae?anao ?icai?oa? oe?
iaeaaaeeea?o? eiiiiiaioe ci?noo; o ae?aeia?/ieo ?aeiinoyo
“iia?aeiieaiy-i?iaeiaaeaiiy”, “niiioeaiiy-a?aeiia?aeue”,
“noeioe-ia?aieooaaiiy” aae?anao naiino?eii ieaio? niene nai?? ?aie?ee.
Eiaeia ianooiia ?aie?ea-?aaeoe?y aeiiiaith? iiia?aaeith ?
i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny ?e no?oeoo?ii, ooieoe?iiaeueii oa ?ioiiaoe?eii.
Iiaiioa ci?noo oaeeo ae?aeia?/ieo ?aeiinoae aeinyaa?oueny /a?ac
eiioaeno, yeee aeeiio? ooieoe?th cai?uaiiy iiaoi?thaaiiai ci?noo ?
aeicaiey? ia aa?aae?coaaoe aaea i/aaeaei? oaeoe /e a?coaeueii /ooo?ao
neooaoe?th, yea noi?iaiaeaeo? iiaeaiiy. O ?ie? iaaa?aaeueieo cania?a
iiaeooue aenooiaoe eeoa o? ia’?eoe ?aaeueii? ae?eniino?, ye? iiaoe?
caeaoi? ni?eeiaoe i?aaiaie /oooy. Oiio iae/ano?oa caniaaie neooaoe??
ae?aaea?oueny i?aeiao, i?enoaeie (aieiaiee /eai), i?yiee aeiaeaoie,
aeaye? ??ciiaeaee iai?yiiai aeiaeaoea. Iaaia iaiaaeai?noue oa?aeoa?ia
aeey eieaoeaieo oa oaiii?aeueieo iioe?thaa/?a, ye? ooieoe?iiothoue ye
ianoaaeie aai iai?yi? aeiaeaoee. O ienaiiiio ae?aeic? iaaa?aaeuei?
caniae ciaoiaeyoue ?aae?caoe?th o aa?aaeueieo caniaao.

O iiiieia?/iiio oaeno? iacai?uai? neioaene/i? iiceoe?? o
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/i?e no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy ? niaoeeo?/ieie caniaaie
ca’yceo, ui caaacia/othoue ?aei?noue aeoiee, aeeiiothoue aeaeeoe/io
ooieoe?th ? a?aecia/athoueny noee?noe/iith aiioeaiaai?noth.

Iniaeeaei no?oeoo?iei ??ciiaeaeii ? ae?ioe/i? ooai?aiiy, i?eoaiaii? ye
ae?aeia?/iiio, oae ? iiiieia?/iiio iiaeaiith. C iaeiiai aieo, eiii?an?y
ci?noo oeeo eiino?oeoe?e noai?th? a?aiaoe/io iaiiaiioo, a c ?ioiai,
cia/aiiy a?aenooiuei? eaiee i?aeeaco?oueny naiaioeeith aenie?oeeoii
ae?aaeaieo eiiiiiaio?a, aiane?aeie /iai ci?no ae?ioe/ieo ?a/aiue
c?icoi?eee iica eiioaenoii /e o a?ae?ea? a?ae eiie?aoii? neooaoe??
iiaeaiiy, ui a?ae??ciy? ?o a?ae eiioaenooaeueieo oa neooaoeaieo ?a/aiue.
Iciaeaie ae?ioe/ieo ooai?aiue ? iiouaiiy ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea c
naiaioeeith aoooy, iayaiino?, ?nioaaiiy, niiniao ?ici?uaiiy a i?inoi??,
ni?eeiyooy, ?ooo, aia?a?eii? ae??, iiaeaiiy, ia?ai?uaiiy a i?inoi??,
caieoaiiy, niiioeaiiy aei ae??, a?oaiiy, iiaaaeaiiy oiui. Iii?oii
iaiaaeaieie ? aeiaaeee ae?ineno i?aeiaoa /e aeiaeaoea. O iia? iiac??
ae?inen aecia/a?oueny ? ?eoiiiaeiae?eieie caniaaie.

Iciaeaie iaiiaieo ?a/aiue, oaeei /eiii, ? ia eeoa i?iione iaaiiai /eaia
?a/aiiy, yeee eaaei anoaiiaeth?oueny c neooaoe?? /e eiioaenoo, a e
a?aenooi?noue yeiainue eiiiiiaioa ye ?acoeueoao iacai?uaii? neioaene/ii?
iiceoe??, ui aecia/a?oueny ci?noii naiino?eiiai aeneiaeaiiy /e
?noi?e/iei eiioaenoii. Aeniiaee i?i ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaiiaieo ?a/aiue ye
nai???aeii? naiaioeei-a?aiaoe/ii? eaoaai???, ui aa?a o/anoue o
oi?ioaaii? aeneiaeaiue (o oaenoiooayyi?aii?) a?aeiia?aeii aei aeeiiaiiy
eiioi?eaioaie i?aaiaoe/ii? ia-noaiiae iiaeaiiy, iineoaeaoue iiaeaeueoiio
aea/aiith aeeiai?/iiai neioaeneno ? inieneaiith yaeu eiii?an?? iiaeaiiy
a oaenoao ??cieo noee?a oa aeai??a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aecthaae I.I. Iaiiai? ?a/aiiy c ae?inenii ae??neiaa-i?enoaeea a
iiac?? E?ie Einoaiei //Nenoaia ? no?oeoo?a no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iia:
I?aeeaoaae?aeueiee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — E.: OAeIO, 1997. – N.
105-108.

2. Aecthaae I.I. Eiioi?eaoeai? oiiae ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaiiaieo ?a/aiue o
ae?aei-a?/iiio iiaeaii? //Nenoaia ? no?oeoo?a no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iia:
I?aeeaoaae?aeueiee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — E.: IIO ?i. I.I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 1998. — N. 237-242.

3. Aecthaae I.I. Ooieoe?iiaeueia niaoeeo?ea iaiiaieo ?a/aiue o
iiiieia?/iiio iiaeaii? //Nenoaia ? no?oeoo?a no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iia:
I?aeeaoaae?aeueiee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – E., 1999. – N. 28-32.

4. Aecthaae I.I. Eiioi?eaoeaia coiiaeai?noue eiioaenooaeueii-iaiiaieo
neioa-ene/ieo no?oeoo? o ae?aeia?/ieo ?aeiinoyo
“niiioeaiiy-a?aeiia?aeue”//Iaoea ? no/an-i?noue. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa. — E.: Eiain, 1999: Aeione 2. *. 1. — N. 191-198.

Aecthaae I.I. No?oeoo?ii-eiioi?eaoeai? iciaee iaiiaiioe ?a/aiiy. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa. — Iaoe?iiaeueiee
iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa
no?oeoo?ii-a?aiaoe/ieo iniaeeainoae iaiiaieo oa ae?iniaaieo
eiino?oeoe?? a oiiaao eiioi?eaoeaii? ae?yeueiino? (ae?aeia?/iiai oa
iiiieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy). Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiiaieo no?oeoo? i?iaaaeaii o
eiioi?eaoeaiiio, naiaioe/iiio ? oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiio aniaeoao ia
iaoa??ae? oaeno?a ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy, oieueeei?o oa oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e, o noa?? yeeo aeyaey?oueny niaoeeo?ea aiae?ciaaieo
eiino?oeoe?e. O ?iaio? c’yniaaii ooieoe?iiaeueio niaoeeo?eo iaiiaieo
?a/aiue ye nai???aeii? naiaioeei-a?aiaoe/ii? eaoaai???, ui aa?a o/anoue
o oi?ioaaii? aeneiaeaiue, ?aie?e ae?aeia?a, oe?oa — o oaenoiooai?aii?
a?aeiia?aeii aei aeeiiaiiy eiioi?eaioaie i?aaiaoe/ii? ianoaiiaee
iiaeaiiy. Oei naiei ?ice?eoi a?aiaoe/io i?e?iaeo iiouaiiy /eai?a ?a/aiiy
e ae?ineno ye yaeu aeeiai?/iiai (aeni?aneaiiai) neioaeneno no/aniiai
oniiai ? ienaiiiai iiaeaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaiiaia eiino?oeoe?y, iaiiaia ?a/aiiy, eiioae-nooaeueia
?a/aiiy, neooaoeaia ?a/aiiy, ae?ioe/ia ?a/aiiy, iacai?uaia iiceoe?y,
i?yia aaeaioi?noue, cai?ioia aaeaioi?noue.

Aecthaae I.I. No?oeoo?ii-eiiioieeaoeaiua i?eciaee iaiieiiou
i?aaeeiaeaiey. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01. – oe?aeineee ycue. – Iaoeeiiaeueiue
iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa, 1999.

Enneaaeiaaiea iinayuaii ooieoeeiiaeueiui e no?oeoo?ii-a?aiiaoe/aneei
iniaaiiinoyi iaiieiuo e yeeeioe/aneeo eiino?oeoeee a oneiaeyo
eiiioieeaoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe (aeeaeiae/aneie e iiiieiae/aneie ?a/e).
Aiaeec iaiieiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee i?iecaaaeai n o/aoii nia?aiaiiuo
oaiaeaioeee enneaaeiaaiey neioaenena, eioi?ua i?aaeoniao?eaatho ia
oieueei aeeooa?aioeeaoeeth, ii e eioaa?aoeeth aniaeoia aeey aai
iienaiey:

1) eiiioieeaoeaiiai, /oi io?aaeaao onoaiiaeo niiauaiey;

2) naiaioe/aneiai, eioi?ue ninoaaeyao niuneiaoth i?aaiecaoeeth
i?aaeeiaeaiey;

3) oi?iaeueii-neioaene/aneiai, /oi i?aaenoaaeyao oei, a?aiiaoe/aneoth
no?oeoo?o i?aaeeeaoeaiie eiino?oeoeee.

Iniiaiie aeoeaio aeaeaaony ia eiiioieeaoeaiii aniaeoa ycuea, eioi?ue
i?aaeoniao?eaaao iaee/ea aaeeiie no?oeoo?u ycueiauo aaeeieoe iauaiey,
iauaaeeiaiiuo ia?ac?uaiie naycueth niuneiaie e oi?iaeueiie noi?ii. Anee
i?e oi?ie?iaaiee ?acee/iuo ycueiauo iiaeaeae auaeaeyaony oi eee eiia
ea/anoai aaeeieoeu ycuea, oi eco/aiea eaeie-eeai ycueiaie aaeeieoeu eae
yeaiaioa ?aaeueiie eiiioieeaoeee o?aaoao ia ?acaeaeaiey yoie aaeeieoeu
ia aa yeaiaiou eee ea/anoaa, a, iaiai?io, eiiieaeniiai eco/aiey anao
noi?ii iauaeoa enneaaeiaaiey, iai?aaeaiiiai ia ?ane?uoea nouiinoe
eiiioieeaoeaiiai aeoa. Oaeie iiaeoiae iicaieyao ?anniao?eaaoue
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/aneoth iaiieiioo i?aaeeiaeaiey eae
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneoth ycueiaoth eaoaai?eth ia o?iaia
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey a i?ioeannao iauaiey.

A oaeii ?aeo?na iaiieiua i?aaeeiaeaiey iuneyony eae ?acoeueoao
no?aieaiey eiiioieeaioia e i?inoioa e oi/iinoe auneacuaaiey, eioi?ua
aeinoeaathony iooai eioaa?aoeee aa?aaeueiuo e iaaa?aaeueiuo n?aaenoa
au?aaeaiey. I?e yoii ia?aua neoaeao iaoa?eaeueiie iniiaie aeey
au?aaeaiey niiauaiey, a aoi?ua auiieiytho eeoue aniiiiaaoaeueioth
aeaeeoe/aneoth ooieoeeth, oiio?aaeythony i?e niiauaiee iiaoi?ythuaainy
niunea.

Iaycaoaeueiui oneiaeai aeey oaeiai acaeiiaeaenoaey anoue:

1) nouanoaiaaiea iaeiiai e oieueei iaeiiai eeoea, i?aaeiaoa, yaeaiey,
aeaenoaey, eioi?ua iaoiaeyony a oeaio?a aieiaiey eiiioieeaioia e
iuneyony eae iauaeou ianoaeaeaiey (aeiioneaaony iaee/ea eaeaioe/iuo
iauaeoia);

2) aa?aaeece?iaaiiia aiai?yuei niiauaiea eiaao aeinoaoi/ii n?aaenoa aeey
eaeaioeoeeaoeee neooathuei oaeiai iauaeoa.

Iniiaiui iieacaoaeai iaiieiiou aunooiatho ia?aaeeciaaiiua i?yiua eee
ia?aoiua aaeaioiua iioaioeee yenieeoeeoii au?aaeaiiuo /eaiia
i?aaeeiaeaiey, eioi?ua naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i ia?ooaiee neioaene/aneeo
naycae e ioiioaiee iaaeaeo aai eiiiiiaioaie. I?e yoii aaeaioiua naienoaa
i?aaeeiaeaiey a ?aaeueiuo oneiaeyo ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iiaoo ?anoe?youeny
eee, iaiai?io, noaeaoueny iiae aicaeaenoaeai aiaoianeioaene/aneeo
oaeoi?ia. Iiyoiio i?e auyaeaiee iiouaiiiai /eaia i?aaeeiaeaiey
iaiaoiaeeii ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny eae aioo?aiieie iieacaoaeyie
i?aaeeiaeaiey, oae e aiaoianeioaene/aneeie.

Ooieoeeiiaeueiay niaoeeoeea iaiieiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee iaia?oaeeaaaony a
eiie?aoiuo ?a/aauo aeoao. A nayce n yoei ?acee/athony iaiieiua
eiino?oeoeee aeeaeiae/aneie e iiiieiae/aneie ?a/e. A ia?aii neo/aa
iaiieiioa neioaene/aneeo aaeeieoe iaoneaaeeaaaony i?aaeeaie
aeeaeiae/aneiai iauaiey, i?anoiiceoeeae eiiioieeaioia, a?aiaiai,
ioaaaeaiiui aeey iauaiey, oeiii ?a/e e oi?iie aeeaeiae/aneiai
acaeiiaeaenoaey: “aii?in – ioaao”, “niiauaiea – i?iaeieaeaiea”,
“iiaoaeaeaiea – ioaao”, “ia?auaiea – ia?ani?in” e ae?. Ia?aaeei
eiiioieeaoeaio ooieoeeth o/anoieeia aeeaeiaa iiiiaaao ?aaeeciaaoue
aecoaeueii-/oanoaaiiay neooaoeey, eioi?ay nii?iaiaeaeaao iauaiea.
?acoeueoaoii aicaeaenoaey yoeo oaeoi?ia aunooiatho eiioaenooaeueiua e
neooaoeaiua i?aaeeiaeaiey aeeaeiae/aneie ?a/e.

A iiiieiae/aneie ?a/e eiiioieeaoeaiay aeayoaeueiinoue aiai?yuaai
aini?eieiaaony eae oaeno, ninoiyuee ec naycaiiuo iaaeaeo niaie
i?aaeeiaeaiee. Eo acaeiinaycue iaania/eaaaony aaeeinoaii iunee a oaeaea
niaoeeoe/aneeie n?aaenoaaie nayce, ?aciiaeaeiinoueth eioi?uo aunooiatho
iacaiauaiiua iiceoeee a oi?iaeueii-a?aiiaoe/aneie noaia i?aaeeiaeaiey.
Iie caiieiythony i?aeiouanoaaiii ec eiioaenoa, /oi iaania/eaaao
i?iieeiiaaiea niuneiaie nayce a no?oeoo?o i?aaeeiaeaiey e acaeiinaycue
i?aaeeiaeaiee a oaenoa. Iiyoiio a iiiieiaa aicieeiiaaiea iaiieiuo
i?aaeeiaeaiee iaoneaaeeaaaony i?aeiouanoaaiii iae?i- eee
iee?ieiioaenoii, /oi niinianoaoao aicieeiiaaieth eiioaenooaeueiuo e
yeeeioe/aneeo i?aaeeiaeaiee iiiieiae/aneie ?a/e.

Iaiieiioo oi?iaeueii-neioaene/aneiai ninoaaa eiioaenooaeueiuo
i?aaeeiaeaiee eae aeeaeiae/aneie, oae e iiiieiae/aneie ?a/e iiaoo
aucuaaoue iacaiauaiia iiceoeee iiaeeaaeauaai, neacoaiiai (aeaaiiai /eaia
iaeiininoaaiiai aeaaieueiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey), aeiiieiaiey,
ianoiyoaeuenoaa eee n?aco ianeieueeeo /eaiia i?aaeeiaeaiey. A
neooaoeaiuo no?oeoo?ao iaeioi?ua ia?aie/aiey nouanoaotho aeey einaaiiiai
aeiiieiaiey e ianoiyoaeuenoaa. A yeeeioe/aneeo no?oeoo?ao /aua anaai
iioneathony aeaaieu n naiaioeeie auoey, iaee/ey, nouanoaiaaiey e eo
aa?eaiou ni cia/aieai io?eoeaiey eee aeaeaeneeaeece?iaaiiua
(eaeneeaeece?iaaiiua) aeaaieu n naiaioeeie niiniaa ?aniieiaeaiey a
i?ino?ainoaa eee aini?eyoey a ooieoeee auoeeiiai aeaaiea. Iaiieiioa
i?aaeeiaeaiee yoiai oeia iiaeao aeinoeaaoueny e iooai iaaa?aaeecaoeee
aeaaieia ni cia/aieai ia?aiauaiey a i?ino?ainoaa, aeaeaeaiey,
eioaineaiiai aeaenoaey., aiai?aiey, iiaoaeaeaiey e aeaenoaeth, aii?ina,
iicae?aaeaiey, iiaeaeaiey e ae?. Yoe aeaaieu, eae i?aaeei, auiieiytho
neioaene/aneoth ooieoeeth neacoaiiai eee aeaaiiai /eaia iaeiininoaaiiai
aeaaieueiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey. Cia/eoaeueii ?aaea yaeaiea yeeeinena
aucuaaaony iiouaieai nouanoaeoaeueiiai a ?iee iiaeeaaeauaai eee
aeiiieiaiey. Ii?aaeaeaiea aea ia i?aaeiieaaaaony oi?iaeueiuie
iieacaoaeyie iaiieiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey, oi anoue ooieoeeiie?oao eae
oaeoeueoaoeaiue /eai i?aaeeiaeaiey. Aai iiouaiea ia nicaeaao
neioaene/aneie iaiieiiou eaeiai-eeai oeia i?aaeeiaeaiey.

Eiiioieeaoeaiay i?aaiecaoeey iaiieiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey au?aaeaaony a aai
aeooaeueiii /eaiaiee, iai?aaeaiiii ia au?aaeaiea aeooaeueiie a aeaiiue
iiiaio eioi?iaoeee (?aiu), oiaaea eae oaia caaeaaony eiioaenooaeueii,
neooaoeaii eee iin?aaenoaii eiieeeaoeee.

Oaeie iiaeoiae e i?iaeaia iicaieyao cia/eoaeueii ?anoe?eoue iao/iia
iiciaiea ooieoeee iaiieiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee eae naiaioeei-i?aaiaoe/aneie
eaoaai?ee, eioi?ay o/anoaoao a oi?ie?iaaiee auneacuaaiee aeeaeiae/aneie
e iiiieiae/aneie ?a/e niioaaonoaaiii e auiieiaieth eiiioieeaioaie
i?aaiaoe/aneie onoaiiaee iauaiey. Oai naiui ?ane?uoi a?aiiaoe/aneoth
i?e?iaeo iiouaiey /eaiia i?aaeeiaeaiey e yeeeinena eae yaeaiee
aeeiaie/aneiai neioaenena.

Enneaaeiaaiea i?iaaaeaii ia iaoa?eaea oaenoia oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?u e
?acaiai?iie ?a/e, eioi?ua iaeaieaa y?ei i?aaenoaaeytho niaoeeoeeo
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aiaeece?iaaiiuo eiino?oeoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaiieiay eiino?oeoeey, iaiieiia i?aaeeiaea-iea,
eiioaenooaeueiia i?aaeeiaeaiea, neooaoeaiia i?aaeeiaeaiea, yeeeioe/aneia
i?aaeeiaeaiea, iacaiauaiiay iiceoeey, i?yiay aaeaioiinoue, ia?aoiay
aaeaio-iinoue.

Dzubak N.M. Structural-communicative indications of the incompleteness
of the sentence. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for getting a seintific degree of Candidate of
Philological Science. — Specialized field 10.02.01— Ukrainian language.
— National Pedagogical University of M.P. Dragomanov, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is dedicated to the questions of functional and
structural-grammatical peculiarities of incomplete and elleptic
constructions under conditions of communicative activity (dialogical and
monological speech). The research of the incomplete structures is
conducted from the point of communicative semantical and
formal-grammatical aspects based on the material of the colloqual
speech texts, folklre, and Ukrainian literature, in the sphere of which
the specific features of the analysed constructions is manifested. In
the thesis the functional aspects of the incompleted sentences as a
specific semantico-grammatical category, which takes part in statement
formation dialogical replies and text-formation correspondingly to the
performing of the pragmatical orientation of the speech by the
communicants are dislinguished. So, the grammatical nature of onciting
of the parts of the sentence and ellipsys as phenomena of dynamic syntax
of modern oral speech and writing is clesred up.

Key words: incomplete construction, incomplete sentence, situational
sentence, elliptic sentence, nonsubstituted position, direct valency,
opposite valency.

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