Структурні зміни в економіці України як фактор економічного зростання: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / Л.І. Симоненко, Київ. ун-т ім. Т.Шевченка. —

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Neiiiaiei Eany ?aai?aia

?iaeaen OAeE 338.92

No?oeoo?i? ci?ie a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie ye oaeoi? aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy

08.01.01 «Aeiiii?/ia oai??y»

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aeiiii?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy (?AI?) IAI
Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaanithe Ai?en ?aaaiiae/,

canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ?AI? IAIO, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy oa no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a aeiiii?oe?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?eieaiei TH??e Aaneeueiae/,

Aeaaeai?y ioi?oeeiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy i.Ee?a, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeiiii?/ii? oai???

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe AEae?ei ss?ineaa Aiaoie?eiae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee ?inoeooo no?aoaa?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? oa aeiiii?/ii? aaciaee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 14 » o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.13 o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252022, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aaneeuee?anueea, 90a, aeiiii?/iee oaeoeueoao, e.704.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Eeeanueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea: 252033, i.Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58, e. 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee « » ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Eaiiaiei I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?iaeaia aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy ?
oeaio?aeueiith i?iaeaiith aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co, ine?eueee ?icaeoie
aeiiii?ee — ? aa?aio i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeeooy ianaeaiiy. Aeiiii?/ia
c?inoaiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny no?eeei ca?eueoaiiyi ?aaeueiiai AAI oa eiai
aeioneo ia aeooo ianaeaiiy.

Aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy aaaea aei oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee. Aeey
?icaeiooi? aeiiii?ee oa?aeoa?ia, ii-ia?oa, ciaioaiiy a caaaeueiiio
ianyc? aeioneo ? caeiyoino? /anoee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa;
ii-ae?oaa, ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy /anoee
i?iieneiaiai naeoi?a ?, ia?aoo?, no??iea c?inoaiiy ieoiii? aaae noa?e
iineoa.

Iniaeea? i?iaeaie aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy oa no?oeoo?ieo ci?i aeieeathoue
a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo. Naia no?oeoo?i? ci?ie oi?iothoue
iioaioe?ae aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie. Oiio ae?ae
aaaeeeai aeine?aeeoe oiiae ae?iaieoeoaa, ?iciiae?eo oa aeei?enoaiiy
aaeiaiai aioo??oiueiai i?iaeoeoo (AAI) Oe?a?ie ia iia?e iaoiaeieia?/i?e
iniia? (eiioeaioe?? nenoaie iaoe?iiaeueieo ?aooie?a — NI?), yea
a?aeiia?aea? ?eieia?e i?aai?caoe?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?ee oa
aeicaiey? ?icoe?eoe ?icoi?iiy no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee.

NI? ? nenoaiith aca?iiiia‘ycaieo noaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a (oeaio?aeueiei
c yeeo ? AAI), yea yaey? niaith iaa?? ?aooie?a ? aaeainiaeo oaaeeoeue,
aeeth/ath/e i?aeaaeocaaee aaeain, ? oa?aeoa?eco? ?acoeueoaoe aeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? e?a?ie.

Ai?iaeiaae 1990-1997 ?ie?a iia??oaiiy aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee,
ciaioaiiy aeioiae?a ?inoeoooe?eieo naeoi??a, ii?ooaiiy
a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?iii?oe?e i?ae ieie, aaeueioaaiiy i?ioeano
o?ainoi?iaoe?? caiuaaeaeaiue a ?iaanoeoe??, ciaioaiiy ianya?a
eai?oaeiooai?aiiy i?ecaaei aei cia/iiai iaae?iiy ?aaeueiiai AAI.

Aea/aiiy ocaaaeueiaii? ?ie? no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a aeiiii?/iiio c?inoaii? ?
aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. O na?aaeei? 20 no. E.Eea?e
aenoioa oai??th o?ueio naeoi??a, ca?aeii c yeith aeey ?icaeoeo ?eieiaiai
ainiiaea?noaa oa?aeoa?ia noaae?ei?noue: a?ae noni?euenoaa, a yeiio
a?eueo?noue aeiiii?/ii aeoeaiiai ianaeaiiy caeiyoa aeiaoaaiiyi ?
ae?iaieoeoaii ne?iaeie (ia?aaeon?i o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?), aei
?iaeono??aeueiiai, a caoei aei iino?iaeono??aeueiiai noni?euenoaa, a
yeiio iniiaia /anoeia ianaeaiiy caae?yia o noa?? iineoa. Ci?ia
ni?aa?aeiioaiue i?ae naeoi?aie aeiiii?ee, aeiaoaiith ? ia?iaiith
i?iieneia?noth oa noa?ith iineoa noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny no?oeoo?ieie ci?iaie
a ieo. ?nio? o?niee ca‘ycie i?ae ??aiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie ?
naeoi?iith no?oeoo?ith ?? aeiiii?ee. Iiaeaeueoo ?ic?iaeo oai??? o?ueio
naeoi??a cae?enieee N.Eoci?oe, O.*aia??, ?.Noioi, Ae.Aaee oa ?i.

I?iaeaia aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy aoea iaei??th c i?ia?aeieo a aeiiii?/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? ?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo. Ieoaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, oaoi?/iiai
i?ia?ano oa iie?ioaiiy no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee ?icaeyaeaeeny o aca?iica‘yceo
ye oiiaa no?eeiai c?inoaiiy aeiiii?ee ? oaeineiiaeaiiy i?iii?oe?e ??
?icaeoeo. Uiaei caaaeueii? iinoaiiaee oeeo ieoaiue a oe?eiio, iaa?yae /e
iiaeia uinue caia?a/eoe. Aea i?aeoe/ia ao?eaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iieiaeaiue
cia/ii ?icoiaeeeiny c ?o aeaaeai?/iei o?aeooaaiiyi. Oaeaeea c?inoaiiy
ianya?a ?iaanoeoe?e na?ae/eei i?i ia?aaaaeaiiy aenoaineaiiai oeio
a?aeoai?aiiy, ine?eueee ia?iuoaaiiy ianooaa?a eai?oaeueiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa ia noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny aaeaeaaoiei i?enei?aiiyi IOI ?
oi?ioaaiiyi aoaeoeaii? no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee.

A inoaii? ?iee aiae?c iae?iaeiiii?/ii? no?oeoo?e, i?iieneiai? iie?oeee,
i??i?eoao?a aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo, i?iaeai aeoiaeo c e?ece,
?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano a Oe?a?i? oa ?i. i?iaeai cae?eniaii a iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo a?o/eciyieo o/aieo, na?aae yeeo iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe
i?aoe? Aa?oey A., Aa?anei/oea I., Aaeue/einueeiai A., Eaanithea A.,
Eieiiieoeaaa A., Eoe?iiaa ?., Iaoiaiea A., ?aaaiea A., O?e?iaiea A. oa
?i.

Iaeiae i?iaeaia no?oeoo?ieo ci?i ye oaeoi?a aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy a
oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie o a?o/eciyi?e
e?oa?aoo?? caeeoa?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaiith. O aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? aiia ?icaeyaea?oueny c aeaio aie?a. Aeine?aeaeothoueny
iniaeeaino? AAI ye iieacieea, ui a?aeia?aaea? no?oeoo?o oe?a?inueei?
aeiiii?ee o ia?ao?aeiiio ia??iae?, a oaeiae ?o aieea ia iioaioe?ei?
iiaeeeaino? aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy a Oe?a?i?.

Ioaea, aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia cia/aiiyi no?oeoo?ieo
ci?i a aeiiii?/iiio c?inoaii? oa iaaeinoaoi?ie oai?aoe/ieie ?ic?iaeaie
oe??? i?iaeaie.

Ca‘ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o a?aeae?eo aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy oa
no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a aeiiii?oe? ?inoeoooo aeiiii?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy IAI
Oe?a?ie «Iaoe?iiaeuei? caiuaaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie oa ?o aieea ia aeiiii?/ia
c?inoaiiy» (i?iaeaia 4.6.1., oeo? 3.1.7.5.)

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
? aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy noo? oa iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e AAI
Oe?a?ie(ia iniia? iaoiaeieia?? NI?), a oaeiae aieea neeaaeiaeo no?oeoo?e
AAI ia aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy oa ?? i?iaiici? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Cacia/aia iaoa aeiaaa? ae??oaiiy a ?iaio? eiiieaeno caaaeaiue:

?icaeyiooe oai??? no?oeoo?oaaiiy aeiiii?ee;

?ice?eoe no/ania o?aeooaaiiy eaoaai??? no?oeoo?e AAI (a?aeiia?aeii aei
NI?) oa aecia/eoe ?? i?noea a iae?iaeiiii?/iiio aiae?c?;

ioe?ieoe noai oa iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e AAI Oe?a?ie ca aaeocyie,
aeioiaeaie ? aeaeaoeaie, ?icaeyiooe ooai?aiiy a?aeoai?thaaeueieo
?ano?n?a o naeoi?ao oa i?iaiae?coaaoe i?aenaeoi?ii-aaeocaa? ca‘ycee a
iaoe?iiaeuei?e aeiiii?oe?;

aecia/eoe aieea ci?ie o no?oeoo?? AAI ia aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy a Oe?a?i?;

?ice?eoe ca‘ycie i?ae iaa?iiaaeaeaiiyi oa ?iaanooaaiiyi, iieacaoe
aeaea?aea ooai?aiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a;

cae?enieoe aiae?c no?oeoo?e ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeaeaoe?a o iniiaiee
eai?oae, aeeoei oa caiane ? aieeao a?ioiai-e?aaeeoii? iie?oeee oa
i?ioeano ?iaanooaaiiy a Oe?a?i? ia aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy;

aecia/eoe nooue oa cia/aiiy iae?iaeiiii?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy, a oaeiae
?ieue aeiiiiao?e/ieo iiaeaeae o i?iaiicoaaii? aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy;

cae?enieoe aiae?c iayaieo na?aaeiueino?ieiaeo ? aeiaaino?ieiaeo
i?iaiic?a no?oeoo?e AAI Oe?a?ie oa caoiae?a iie?oeee aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy.

I?aaeiao oa ia‘?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/i?, iaoiaeieia?/i? oa i?aeoe/i? aniaeoe
oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, ui a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii?
ia?aaeaa/a? ?icaeyae a ?ic??c? ?? aaeocae, aeioiae?a (a oiio /ene?
naeoi?ieo) oa aeaeaoe?a, a oaeiae aiae?c i?aenaeoi?ii-aaeocaaeo
aca?iica‘yce?a c iaoith aecia/aiiy ?o aieeao ia iiaeeeaino? aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy.

Ia‘?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeieia?/iith
iniiaith ?iaioe noaee iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa i?eioeeie eiioeaioe?? NI?,
oai??? aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy, oai?aoe/i? iniiae iae?iaeiiii?/iiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy oa iaoiaeieia?y nenoaiiiai aiae?co. A ?iaio? aeei?enoaii
aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iee ? aano?aeoii-eia?/iee iaoiaee, a oaeiae iaoiae
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co.

Iniiai? aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??. Ieie noaee noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee
Aea?aeeiinoaoo, IAO, Iaoe?iiaeuei? ?aooiee Oe?a?ie, i?aeaaeocaaee aaeain
ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?iciiae?eo oiaa??a oa iineoa, ieao?aeiee aaeain,
iaoa??aee Na?oiaiai aaieo, i?iaiice ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, iaoeia?
i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy
noaee ianooii? iaea?eueo nooo?a? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? e yaeythoue niaith
oai?aoe/io iiaecio:

ia iniia? iniiaieo iaoeiaeo eiioeaioe?e no?oeoo?oaaiiy noni?eueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia ?eieiaeo canaaeao
anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iee ca‘ycie i?ae no?oeoo?ith aeiiii?ee oa ??aiai
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie;

ia iniia? iaoiaeieia?? nenoaie iaoe?iiaeueieo ?aooie?a, cie?aia aiae?co
AAI ca aeioiaeaie oa e?ioeaaei aeei?enoaiiyi, noi?ioeueiaai? ia?aaeoiiae
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy oeyoii ca?eueoaiiy /anoee aaeiaiai i?eaooeo oa
i?aeaeuaiiy ii?ie iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo;

ia aac? aiae?co i?aenaeoi?ii-aaeocaaeo aca?iica‘yce?a, iiaeaieo
i?aeaaeocaaei aaeainii, anoaiiaeaii ciaioaiiy o aeiaeai?e aa?oino?
ae?iaie/eo aaeocae ieoiii? aaae ca?ia?oii? ieaoe oa iaaei??ia c?inoaiiy
/enoeo iiaeaoe?a, iia‘ycaieo c ae?iaieoeoaii. Oe? i?ioeane iaoiiaeee
aeaoi?iaoe?th a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?iii?oe?e, oiio ?o iioei?caoe?y noa?
aaaeeeaei /eiieeii a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo;

aeyaeaii aca?iica‘ycie i?ae caiuaaeaeaiiyi oa ?iaanooaaiiyi ia iniia?
?icaeyaeo ?iciiae?eo AAI ? ooai?aiiy aaeiaiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeioiaeo
(AIAe) oa aaeiaiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai iayaiiai aeioiaeo (AIIAe);
anoaiiaeaii, ui iaae?iiy ianya?a ?iaanoeoe?e ni?e/eieei ciaioaiiy /anoee
aaeiaiai iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo a no?oeoo?? AAI;

iaa?oioiaaii, ui iaei??th c aieiaieo i?e/ei ciaioaiiy ?aaeueiiai AAI oa
iani?eyoeeaeo ci?i o eiai no?oeoo?? ? a?aenooi?noue iaoai?ci?a
o?ainoi?ioaaiiy caiuaaeaeaiue o ?iaanoeoe?? ia iae?i- oa i?e?i??aiyo;

i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee ? aecia/aii ?? ?iaanoeoe?ei?
iiaeeeaino?; anoaiiaeaii, ui ianyae ?iaanoeoe?e iaaeinoaoi? iaa?oue aeey
i?inoiai a?aeoai?aiiy;

?ice?eo? noai oa no?oeoo?a ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeaeaoe?a a iniiaiee eai?oae,
aeeoei ? caiane; aeiaaaeaii, ui ?acoeueoaoii ?iaanoeoe?eii? e?ece noaei
iia??oaiiy ye?niiai ? e?euee?niiai noaio iniiaieo oiiae?a oa no?oeoo?e
caian?a, a oaeiae caaino?aiiy aeeoeiai? i?iaeaie;

iaa?oioiaaii iai?yie i?iaiicoaaiiy iae?iaeiiii?/ii? no?oeoo?e oa
ocaaaeueiaii eiai iniiai? iaoiaee a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? ianoaa?eueiino?;

nenoaiaoeciaaii i?iaiice aaeocaai?, aeio?aeii? oa aeo?aoii? no?oeoo?e
AAI ia na?aaeiuei- oa aeiaaino?ieiao ia?niaeoeao; i?iaiae?ciaai?
aa??aioe aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o ?o aeei?enoaii?:

i?e ioae?eaoe?? iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a iaoeiaeo noaooyo;

aeey aeiiia?aeae ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo («Aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie a 1998 —
2000 ?ieao», Ee?a, ea?oaiue 1998 ?.; «Aeiiii?/ia aaciaea aea?aeaae oa
aia?aaoeea a ?? caaacia/aii?», Ee?a, aeiaoaiue 1998 ?.);

o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? a eo?nao «Iae?iaeiiii?ea» oa «Aeiiii?/ia oai??y»
(aeia?aeea aeiaea?oueny);

o i?iaeo? I?ia?aie no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee ia ia??iae 1999 —
2003 ?iee «Ia?aaeoiiae no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae a Oe?a?i?», ?ic?iaeaiiio
?inoeoooii aeiiii?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy IAI Oe?a?ie (aeia?aeea
aeiaea?oueny);

i?e iiaeaeueo?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeaie no?oeoo?ieo ci?i oa aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii ia
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo ? ia A/ai?e ?aae? ?inoeoooo aeiiii?/iiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy oa ?inoeoooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a 4
noaooyo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a (o ?o neeaae? 13 ioieo?a oa 5 i?aeioieo?a), aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa ia? oaeo no?oeoo?o.

ANOOI

?ICAe?E 1. No?oeoo?i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a iaoe?iiaeuei?e aeiiii?oe? oa
i?iaeaie ?o aei??thaaiiy.

Iniiai? iaoeia? eiioeaioe?? no?oeoo?oaaiiy noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ?
?icaeoie iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ao?aieoeoaa.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea AAI: iaoiaee ia/eneaiiy oa iai?yie eiai
aeei?enoaiiy aeey aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co.

Ioe?iea noaio oa iniaeeainoae iae?iaeiiii?/ii? aeeiai?ee no?oeoo?e AAI
Oe?a?ie.

Aaeocaaa no?oeoo?a aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

AAI Oe?a?ie ca aeioiaeaie.

No?oeoo?a e?ioeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy AAI Oe?a?ie.

Ooai?aiiy a?aeoai?thaaeueieo ?ano?n?a o naeoi?ao aeiiii?ee.

A?aeia?aaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo aca?iica‘yce?a o i?aeaaeocaaiio aaeain?
ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?iciiae?eo oiaa??a oa iineoa.

1.4. Aeniiaee

?ICAe?E 2. Aieea iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ia aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie a Oe?a?i?.

Iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy oa ?iaanooaaiiy a Oe?a?i?.

?iaanoeoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee.

No?oeoo?a ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeaeaoe?a.

Aieea a?ioiai-e?aaeeoii? iie?oeee ia i?ioean ?iaanooaaiiy a
Oe?a?i?.

2.5.Aeniiaee.

?ICAe?E 3. I?iaiicoaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue o AAI Oe?a?ie.

Nooue oa cia/aiiy iae?iaeiiii?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?y i?iaiicoaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai noaio a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?
Oe?a?ie.

Aiae?c i?iaiic?a no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie oa caaaeaiiy no?aoaa??
iie?oeee aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy.

3.4. Aeniiaee.

AENIIAEE

NIENIE AEEI?ENOAII? E?OA?AOO?E

Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 187 noi??iie, o oaeno? iayai? 49
oaaeeoeue. Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 105 aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «No?oeoo?i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a iaoe?iiaeuei?e
aeiiii?oe? oa i?iaeaie ?o aei??thaaiiy» aeiaaaeaii, ui ia?ao?ae aei
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i? ni?e/eiea iaiao?aei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueieo ?aooie?a o a?o/eciyio noaoenoe/io i?aeoeeo aeey
aaeaeaaoiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy i?ioean?a ? ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? e?a?ie
a iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao.

NI? aeoiaeeoue c oe?iei? eiioeaioe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, a yeo aoiaeyoue
aaeoc? c ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a ? iineoa, ae?iaieoeoai iao?iainiaeo
iineoa, ae?yeuei?noue o?iainiaeo onoaiia, i?aai?a aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy, ye? iaaeathoue ye ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?, oae ? eieaeoeai?
iineoae, ae?yeuei?noue iaeiia?oe?eieo i?aai?caoe?e, ui ianeoaiaothoue
aeiiiainiiaea?noaa, oa ?io? aeaee ae?yeueiino? uiaei iaaeaiiy iineoa.

Aiae?c ooai?aiiy AAI aea? caaaeueio ea?oeio aeiiii?/iiai e?oaiia?ao, ui,
a naith /a?ao, caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaiiy iaea?eueo nooo?aeo
oa?aeoa?enoee iae?iaeiiii?/ii? no?oeoo?e oa oaii?a aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy.

AAI oa?aeoa?eco? o?e aei??e iaoe?iiaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? iiaea
ia/enethaaoeny o?ueiia iaoiaeaie:

ae?iaie/ei, oa?aeoa?ecoth/e ao?eaio o aaeiaiio aeioneo aaeocaao
no?oeoo?o aaeiai? aeiaeaii? aa?oino? (AAeA);

?iciiae?eue/ei, oa?aeoa?ecoth/e no?oeoo?o ia?aeiieo aeioiae?a o/aniee?a
ae?iaieoeoaa;

iaoiaeii e?ioeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy, oa?aeoa?ecoth/e no?oeoo?o aeo?ao ia
niiaeeaaiiy oa iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy.

Ioe?ithth/e noai oa iniaeeaino? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? aeeiai?ee no?oeoo?e AAI
Oe?a?ie, iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee o 1990-1997 ??. oa?aeoa?ecoaaeinue:

ii-ia?oa, cia/iei nei?i/aiiyi ?aaeueieo ianya?a aaeiaiai aeioneo;

ii-ae?oaa, ciaioaiiyi /anoee AAI o no?oeoo?? aaeiaiai aeioneo /a?ac
ca?eueoaiiy /anoee i?ii?aeiiai niiaeeaaiiy.

Nei?i/aiiy aaeiaiai aeioneo coiiaeaia cia/iei niaaeii ae?iaieoeoaa
oiaa??a ? iineoa o aaeocyo aeiiii?ee oa iaae?iiyi ianya?a ?iaanoeoe?e.

I?e/eiaie ca?eueoaiiy ieoiii? aaae i?ii?aeiiai niiaeeaaiiy o aaeiaiio
aeioneo ? ia??aiii??ia aeeiai?ea nei?i/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa a aaeocyo , a
oaeiae aeia?aaeaeath/a c?inoaiiy oe?i ia ne?iaeii? ?ano?ne.

Iaea?eueo aaaiiith ci?iith o aaeocaa?e no?oeoo?? AAI ? ca?eueoaiiy
/anoee ae?iaieoeoaa iineoa. Aea oeae i?ioean i?ieoia i?ae aieeaii oaeeo
iaaaoeaieo /eiiee?a, ye iacaaeiaieaiee iiieo ia iineoae, aeia?aaeaeath/a
c?inoaiiy oa?eo?a ia ieaoi? iineoae, i?enei?aia iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa o
aaeocyo c ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a.

Ii?yae ?c ca?eueoaiiyi /anoee iineoa o noai?aii? AAI o eiai no?oeoo??
c?inea ieoiia aaaa iineoa o?iainiaiai iina?aaeieoeoaa, ui iia‘ycaii ?c
noaiiaeaiiyi o?iainiaeo ?eie?a.

Oi?iaeiaae 1991-1997 ??.c?inoaee /eno? iiaeaoee ia i?iaeoeoe. Oea
a?aeaoeiny /a?ac cia/ia nei?i/aiiy ianya?a noaneae?e.

Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c no?oeoo?ieo ci?i o ae?iaieoeoa? AAI iiaeia
cae?enieoe, ?icaeyioaoe aaeocaao no?oeoo?o AAeA. Aeeiai?ea ae?iaieoeoaa
AAeA i?iieneiaino? iineea oaeeaiiae?aiee oa?aeoa?. Caaaeii ca 1989-1997
??. ieoiia aaaa aaeoc? cieceeany c 39,3 % aei 34 % AAeA, oiae? ye
aaniethoia cia/aiiy niaaeo i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa neeaei iaeaea 52 %.
Oaeee noai iiynith?oueny ia??aiii??iei niaaeii o aaeocyo i?iieneiaino?.
Oae, iaea?eueo cieceeiny ae?iaieoeoai a aaeocyo c aeioneo i?iaeoeoe??
e?ioeaaiai oa ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ecia/aiiy, iaeiaioa — c aeaeiaooeo oa
ia?aeiii? ia?iaee ne?iaeie. ?acoeueoaoii oeueiai noaei iia??oaiiy
no?oeoo?e i?iieneiaino?, a ye?e c?inea ieoiia aaaa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee,
iaeeaii? i?iieneiaino?, /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? oa ciaioeeanue /anoea
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, eaaei? oa oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?.

*anoea aoae?aieoeoaa o AAeA cieceeany c 9,1 % aei 6 %, a niaae
ae?iaieoeoaa o aaeoc? neeaa 87,3 %. *anoea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
ciaioeeanue aaea?/?. Iaeiaioei niaae ae?iaieoeoaa aoa na?aae aaeocae c
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a ? neeaa 41,3 %. Oaeee noai iiaeia iiynieoe ??ciith
aeeiai?eith oe?i o aaeocyo.

O no?oeoo?? ae?iaieoeoaa iineoa (?o iiae?eythoue ia ?eieia? oa
ia?eieia?) o 1,5 ?aca ca?eueoeeany /anoea ieaoieo iineoa (aiane?aeie
aeia?aaeaeath/iai c?inoaiiy oe?i ia ieo) o aaeocyo o?ainii?oo ? ca‘yceo,
aeeoeiai-eiioiaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa?, o?iainao, ina?o?, ioi?ii?
caei?ia‘y oa ?i. E??i oeueiai, c‘yaeeeny iia? aeaee ae?yeueiino?,
iia‘ycai? c ?eieiaith i?aai?caoe??th ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?ee, a naia:
ae?yeuei?noue uiaei caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo, iia?aoe?? c
ia?ooiiei iaeiii oiui.

Oaeei /eiii, oi/a a 1990-1997 ??. o aaeocaa?e no?oeoo?? ae?iaieoeoaa AAI
a?aeaoeeny cia/i? ci?ie, aaeocaaa no?oeoo?a a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?ee
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae aiaeia?/ii? no?oeoo?e ?icaeiooeo e?a?i a?eueoith
/anoeith n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, aeiaoaii? i?iieneiaino?,
aoae?aieoeoaa oa iaioith ia?iaii? i?iieneiaino? ? ?eieiaeo iineoa.

O 1990-1997 ??. ?noioii ci?ieeeny oiiae oi?ioaaiiy AAI ca aeioiaeaie,
cie?aia /anoea iieaoe i?aoe? o aeioiaei?e no?oeoo?? eieeaaeany a?ae 58,8
% o 1991 ?. aei 38,5 % o 1993 oa 47,6% o 1996 ?. O 1989-1991 ??. aoa
ao?a/aiee eiio?ieue iaae ?ici??ii oiiaeo ca?ia?oii? ieaoe /a?ac
ca?eueoaiiy ii?iaoea?a nioe?aeueieo aiane?a. Ca oiia no?oeoo?e
aeiiii?ee, aeaoi?iiaaii? o a?e ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a i?iieneiaiai
i?ecia/aiiy, o ianaeaiiy iaa?iiaaeeeany cia/ia ?ioeyoe?eia a?ioiaa iana,
yea aoea aeo?a/aia ia oiaa?e oa iineoae ca i?aeaeuaieie oe?iaie. Naia
aei oaeiai e?ieo aaeaeany aea?aeaaa c iaoith caaeainoaaiiy oiaa?ii? oa
a?ioiai? iane.

O 1993 ?ioe? i?aei?e?inoaai aeiaaeiny ?ic?aoiaoaaoeny ca acyo? aeey
i?aeo?eiaiiy ??aiy ca?ia?oii? ieaoe e?aaeeoe, i?aeaeuaieie o aaaaoi
?ac?a a?aenioeiaeie noaaeaie.

O 1994-1997 ??. /anoea iieaoe i?aoe? o AAI ca?eueoeeany, aea aiane?aeie
cia/iiai iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa eiai ?aioaaaeueiino? iieaoa i?aoe?
ao?aoeea ca‘ycie c i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?aoe? ? noaea aeeiioaaoe oaeaeoa
nioe?aeueii i?aeo?eioth/?, ai?ae noeioethth/? ooieoe?? (?aaeueia
ca?ia?oia ieaoa neeaea eeoa o?aoeio ??aiy 1990 ?.).

sseui nei?eaoaaoe /anoeo iieaoe i?aoe? ia naeueaei iai?yieo iiaeaoe?a oa
noaneae?e (aiii c?inei a 2,7 ?aca) oa a?aooaaoe caaino?aiiy i?iaeaie
aeieaoe ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, oi ??aaiue iieaoe i?aoe? ? eiai aieea ia
noeoiiee iiieo ia ? oaeoi?ii aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy. ?ica‘ycaiiy aeaii?
i?iaeaie — aaaeeeaa ia?aaeoiiaa ia?aoiaeo ia o?a?eoi??th ?inoo
aeiiii?ee.

O no?oeoo?? AAI ca aeioiaeaie c?inea /anoea /enoeo iiaeaoe?a ia
ae?iaieoeoai oa ?iii?o. O 1990-1993 ??. oey /anoea aoea iacia/iith,
iaaaoeaia cia/aiiy /enoeo iiaeaoe?a o 1991 ?. iiynith?oueny
aaei?i?no?aoeaiei oo?eiaiiyi ?icae??aieo oe?i ia ??aiyo, ieae/eo ca
iioia?. O 1994-1997 ??. a?aeaoeiny c?inoaiiy iiaeaoe?a ? ciaioaiiy
noaneae?e. Ii??aiyii c 1993 ?ieii /eno? iiaeaoee c?inee ao?e/?.
Ca?eueoaiiy /anoee iiaeaoe?a i?e niaae? ae?iaieoeoaa icia/a? c?inoaiiy
iiaeaoeiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a ? iineoa, aei oiai ae
oea a?aeaoaa?oueny a oiiaao nei?i/aiiy aaeiaiai i?eaooeo. Iaaei??ia
iiaeaoeiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy ciaioo? a?aeoai?thaaeuei? iiaeeeaino?
ae?iaieoeoaa oa i?enei?th? i?ioeane aeiiii?/iiai niaaeo, niiioea? aei
ooeeaiiy a?ae iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, ni?e/eith? ia?aianaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aeoeaiino? a o?iue. Ana oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei athaeaeaoiiai aeao?oeeoo oa
iani?iiiaeiino? aea?aeaae aeeiioaaoe noni?euei? ooieoe??.

Ii??aithth/e no?oeoo?o AAI ca aeioiaeaie Oe?a?ie ? ?icaeiooeo e?a?i,
iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe oae? iniaeeaino? iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee:
iecueeee ??aaiue /anoee iieaoe i?aoe? oa i?eaooeiaino?, iaoii?noue
cia/iee ??aaiue iiiaeaoeoaaiiy. Oaea no?oeoo?a AAI ca aeioiaeaie ia
iiaea caaacia/eoe ia?ao?ae aei aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy ? iaa?oue coieieoe
niaae ae?iaieoeoaa.

Cia/io ?ieue o ?aaoethaaii? aeiiii?ee ia? no?oeoo?a e?ioeaaiai
aeei?enoaiiy AAI, a ye?e oaeiae a?aeaoeeny iani?eyoeea? ci?ie. O
1991-1996 ??. niinoa??aaeiny cia/ia ciaioaiiy /anoee e?ioeaaeo
niiaeea/eo aeo?ao aeiiiainiiaea?noa o AAI, ui iaoiiaeaia cia/iei
ciaioaiiyi ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo. I?e oeueiio a?aeaoeeny ci?ie a
no?oeoo?? aeo?ao: ca?eueoeeany /anoea aeaeaoe?a ia oa?/oaaiiy (i?e
iia??oaii? eiai no?oeoo?e) oa ia iieaoo iineoa, a?aeiia?aeii ciaioeeany
/anoea aeaeaoe?a ia iai?iaeiaieue/? oiaa?e ? ia caiuaaeaeaiiy, ye? a
oe?eiio ao?aoeee naith aeiiii?/io ?ieue.

O 1997 ?ioe? /anoea e?ioeaaiai niiaeeaaiiy aeiiiainiiaea?noa o AAI
ia?aaeueea ??aaiue 1990 ?ieo, i?e/eiith /iai ? c?inoaiiy aeioiae?a a?ae
iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo ainiiaea?noa oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa. ?aaeuei? niiaeea/? aeo?aoe aeiiiainiiaea?noa o 1997 ?.
neeaee 85,9% ??aiy 1990 ?.

*anoea e?ioeaaeo niiaeea/eo aeo?ao naeoi?a caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy(CAeO) c?inea, iniaeeai oeo aeo?ao, ui caaeiaieueiythoue
iio?aae naiiai naeoi?a. Iaaei??ia aea?aeaaia niiaeeaaiiy aeieo?
aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy /a?ac iineeaiiy iiaeaoeiaiai oeneo ia aeiiii?/ieo
aaaio?a oa iaiao?aeiino? o?iainoaaiiy athaeaeaoiiai aeao?oeeoo.

Ca?eueoaiiy /anoee aaeiaiai iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy a no?oeoo?? AAI 1992-1994
??. a?aeaoeiny ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy /anoee oaeoe/iiai e?ioeaaiai
niiaeeaaiiy, aea oea ia ni?eyei i?ecoieiaiith niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa,
iaaiaee, ni?e/eieei iaae?iiy ??aiy ?iaanooaaiiy /a?ac aeia?aaeaeath/a
c?inoaiiy oe?i a ?iaanoeoe?ei?e noa?? oa caaaeueii? iacaaeainiaaiino?
aeiiii?ee.

O 1995-1997 ??. /anoea aaeiaiai iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ciaioeeany. Oea
a?aeaoeiny c oaeeo i?e/ei: ca?eueoaiiy /anoee ae?iaieoeoaa iineoa o AAI,
iio?aaa a eai?oae? yeeo iaioa ca ?iaanoeoe?ei? iio?aae ?icaeoeo aaeocae
c ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a; a?aenooi?noue eioo?a aeey o?iainoaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e. Ciaioaiiy /anoee aaeiaiai iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy o neeaae? AAI
icia/a? cai?oaiiy aaaaeaiiy a ae?th iniiaieo oiiae?a ? na?ae/eoue i?i
iani?iiiaei?noue ainiiaea?thth/eo noa‘?eo?a i?enoinoaaoeny aei ?eieiaeo
oiia, iiiaoa?ieo ?ino?oiaio?a iae?iaeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy oa
a?aenooi?noue iioeaaoe?e aei ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. Ana oea
aeiaaa? nooo?ai? ei?aeoe?? aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i a Oe?a?i?.

*anoea caian?a iaoa??aeueieo iai?ioieo eioo?a o AAI Oe?a?ie (?o ianyae
? o?aaeeoe?eii caaeuai? ii??aiyii c ?ioeie e?a?iaie) o 1991-1994 ??.
c?inea ua e aiane?aeie a?ia??ioeyoe??, eiee i?aei?e?inoaa
iaa?iiaaeaeoaaee oiaa?ii-iaoa??aeuei? oe?iiino?. O 1996-1997 ??. /anoea
caian?a ciaioeeany, aea ia /a?ac i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa, a /a?ac iiaeaeueoa iia??oaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
neooaoe?? — o?oaeiiu? caooo, a?aenooi?noue ia?aiaeo eioo?a, iaieaoaae?
oiui.

Iia??oo?oueny neooaoe?y uiaei oaeiai aaaeeeaiai eiiiiiaioa AAI, ye
/enoee aenii?o. Oae, o 1993-1997 ??. ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeueia naeueaei
iaei iaaaoeaia cia/aiiy, i?e/iio eiai /anoea o AAI ca?eueoeeany.
Iineeaiiy ciai?oiuei? ni?yiiaaiino? icia/a? oi?ioaaiiy iieiaeie AAI ca
na?oiaeie oe?iaie, iaiiaiaiiy niiaeea/iai ?eieo ?iii?oieie oiaa?aie, ui
iaaiei /eiii aeieo? ae?yeuei?noue iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee.

Ii??aithth/e no?oeoo?o e?ioeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy AAI Oe?a?ie c oaeith ae
no?oeoo?ith ?icaeiooeo e?a?i, iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui a Oe?a?i? /anoea
i?eaaoiiai niiaeeaaiiy ? iaeiaioith, aei oiai ae no?oeoo?a a?o/eciyiiai
niiaeeaaiiy a iniiaiiio ni?yiiaaia a a?e aeaeaoe?a ia oa?/oaaiiy.
I?eaaoi? niiaeea/? aeo?aoe a Oe?a?i? iaioith i??ith, i?ae o ?icaeiooeo
e?a?iao, aecia/athoueny iieaoith i?aoe?, a ?noioii caeaaeaoue a?ae
iaaeoiaeaeaiue i?iaeoeoe?? c iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo ainiiaea?noa.
Iaoii?noue Oe?a?ia e?aee?o? uiaei iieacieea /anoee niiaeeaaiiy naeoi?a
CAeO, ui iia‘ycaii ?c cia/ii caaeuaiith ?ieeth aea?aeaae o
ia?a?iciiae?e? aeioiae?a. *anoea ?iaanoeoe?e o no?oeoo?? AAI ?
iaeiaioith, a aenii?oii-?iii?oieo iia?aoe?e o aeae?eueea ?ac?a ia?aaeuo?
oeae iieaciee a ?ioeo e?a?iao.

Oaeei /eiii, ci?ie o no?oeoo?? e?ioeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy AAI Oe?a?ie iiee
ui ia ni?eythoue noai?aiith oiia aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy.

I?iaiae?coaaoe ooai?aiiy a?aeoai?thaaeueieo ?ano?n?a oa ioe?ieoe
?iaanoeoe?eieo iioaioe?ae iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee iiaeia ?icaeyioaoe
i?ioean ?iciiae?eo ? ia?a?iciiae?eo ia?aeiieo aeioiae?a, ooai?aiiy AIAe,
AIIAe oa aaeiaeo caiuaaeaeaiue, ye? ? /anoeiith iayaieo aeioiae?a, ia
aeei?enoaieo ia e?ioeaaa niiaeeaaiiy oiaa??a ? iineoa oa aeaea?aeii
o?iainoaaiiy eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao. O 1990-1991 ??. AIAe oa AIIAe
ia?aaeuoaaee ianyae AAI. C 1992 ?. AIAe oa AIIAe ? iaioeie, i?ae AAI,
aei oiai ae /anoea a ieo iaoe?iiaeueieo caiuaaeaeaiue iino?eii
ciaioo?oueny. E??i oiai, i?iaeaiith oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee ?
iaa?aeiia?aei?noue ??aiy ?iaanoeoe?e ??aith iaoe?iiaeueieo caiuaaeaeaiue
(iiyniaiiyi oaeiai noaio iiaea aooe iaaeineiiae?noue noaoenoe/iiai
iae?eo i?ioean?a eai?oaeiooai?aiiy, aoa/a eai?oaeo, iacia/ia caeo/aiiy
caiuaaeaeaiue aaie?anueeith nenoaiith oiui).

I?ioean iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo aaco?oueny ia /enoiio
caiuaaeaeaii?, ianyae yeiai o AAI ciaioeeeny o 10 ?ac?a. C 1993 ?ieo
aeey o?iainoaaiiy iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy e?a?ia aaea?oueny aei /enoiai
caiice/aiiy, /anoea yeiai uiaei AAI c?inoa?.

Oaeei /eiii, aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie iinoaaeaia a oiiae, eiee iaiiaeeeaa
iaa?oue i?inoa a?aeoai?aiiy; ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?ee a?aeaoaa?oueny ia
iniia? caeo/aiiy e?aaeeoieo eioo?a oa c?inoaii? caai?aiaaiino?.

C iaoith iiaeeaeaiiy aiae?oe/ieo iiaeeeainoae, a?eueo oi/iiai
a?aeia?aaeaiiy i?ioean?a a?aeoai?aiiy iaiao?aeii ?icaeyiooe
i?aeaaeocaaee aaeain ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?iciiae?eo oiaa??a ? iineoa(IAA),
yeee a?aeia?aaea? aca?iica‘ycee i?ae aaeocyie ? naeoi?aie aeiiii?ee, a
oaeiae iaeaaaeeea?o? aeiiii?/i? i?iii?oe??. Aiae?c IAA aeicaiey?
aecia/eoe no?oeoo?i? ci?ie, ui a?aeaoeeny a aeiiii?oe?, caeaaei?noue
aeiiii?ee a?ae aenii?oo oa ?iii?oo, aeo?aoii?noe?noue aeiiii?ee, aieea
ia ia? iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee, caeaaei?noue noaio aeiiii?ee e?a?ie a?ae
ie?aieo aaeocae oa ?i. A?aeiia?aeii aei NI?, IAA o a?o/eciyi?e
noaoenoeoe? ?ic?iaey?oueny c 1994 ?.

O IAA aeae?eythoue o?e aieiai? ?icae?ee, ia?oee c yeeo oa?aeoa?eco?
aca?iica‘ycee i?ae aaeocyie. Oae, a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie o 1994-1997 ??.
aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? ca?eueoeeeny o an?o aaeocyo,
iniaeeai a i?iieneiaino?.

Aeei?enoaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? i?iieneiaino? ? aoae?aieoeoaa ciaioeeiny o an?o
aaeocyo iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa (e??i n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa oa
oi?a?ae?). Oaeee noai ni?e/eieee ye iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa o
i?iieneiaino? oa aoae?aieoeoa?, oae ? aeia?aaeaeath/a c?inoaiiy oe?i ia
i?iaeoeoe?th oeeo aaeocae. *anoea i?iaeoeoe?? n?euenueeiai, e?niaiai oa
?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny o i?iieneiaino?, oi?a?ae?,
caaio?aeyo, iinoa/aii? oa caoo?, ciaioo?oueny, a a nai?e aaeoc? c?inoa?.
Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aaeocue naia caeia?oueny ia?a?iaeith oa
?aae?caoe??th nai?? i?iaeoeoe??. Ianya aeei?enoaiiy iineoa o?ainii?oo ?
ca‘yceo, oi?a?ae? a aaeocyo noa?e iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa c?inoa?
(e??i aoae?aieoeoaa) ? ciaioo?oueny a aaeocyo noa?e iaiaoa??aeueieo
iineoa.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iieacaia aa?o?nia no?oeoo?a ?iciiae?eo AAeA.
Cieaeaiiy /anoee iieaoe i?aoe? o AAI ca aeioiaeaie ii??aiyii c 1990 ?.
a?aeaoeiny o aaeocyo c ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a (iniaeeai o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? oa aoae?aieoeoa?). Oi/a /anoea iieaoe i?aoe? a oeeo
aaeocyo o 1994-1996 ??. aeaui ca?eueoeeany, aea ?? ??aaiue 1990 ?.
caeeoa?oueny iaaeinyaeiei. *anoea iieaoe i?aoe? o aaeocyo c ae?iaieoeoaa
iineoa o AAI c?inea, iniaeeai a oeo, ui iaaeathoue ia?eieia? iineoae: a
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aae?ii?, nioe?aeueiiio caaacia/aii?, iai?ii?, ina?o?
oiui. O 1996 ?. /anoea aaeocae c ae?iaieoeoaa iineoa ia?aaeueea a iieao?
i?aoe? /anoeo aaeocae c ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a.

Iiaeaoeiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy c?inei o an?o aaeocyo aeiiii?ee, aea iaea?eueoa
c?inoaiiy /anoee iiaeaoe?a a?aeaoeiny a aaeocyo c ae?iaieoeoaa ?eieiaeo
iineoa (iiaeaoeia? aeeo/aiiy c ieo aaea?/? ia?aaeuothoue ?o aaee/eio
uiaei aaeocae c ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a). Oea o?ainii?o ? ca‘ycie, oi?a?aey
? a?iiaaenueea oa?/oaaiiy, iiaooiaa ianeoaiaoaaiiy, o?iaine, e?aaeeo,
no?aooaaiiy, iain?eia caaacia/aiiy oa ?i. aaeoc?. Na?aae aaeocae c
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a iaea?eueoith ? /anoea iiaeaoe?a o aoae?aieoeoa?,
iaeiaioith — o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

Ciaioaiiy /anoee aaeiaeo i?eaooe?a, ci?oaieo aeioiae?a o AAI
a?aeaoaaeiny ca ?aooiie no??ieiai nei?i/aiiy i?eaooeiaino? i?iieneiaino?
? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. *anoea i?eaooe?a aaeocae noa?e iineoa
(iniaeeai ?eieiaeo) ia?aaeuo? ?? aaee/eio o aaeocyo c ae?iaieoeoaa
oiaa??a.

O?ao?e ?icae?e IAA iieaco? no?oeoo?o e?ioeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy AAI ca
aaeocyie. Oae, o e?ioeaaiio niiaeeaaii? aeiiiainiiaea?noa ciaioo?oueny
/anoea niiaeeaaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? aaeocae noa?e iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
(i?iieneiaino?, aoae?aieoeoaa, oi?a?ae?, a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy
oiui). Ciaioaiiy aaeiaiai iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy a?aeaoeiny o an?o aaeocyo.

Ie?aii o IAA a?aeia?aaea?oueny aenii?o oa ?iii?o. *anoea aenii?oo oa
?iii?oo a no?oeoo?? AAI c?inea, aea oaiie c?inoaiiy ?iii?oo ia?aaeueee
oaiie c?inoaiiy aenii?oo. O no?oeoo?? aenii?oo ciaioeeanue /anoea
i?iaeoeoe?? i?iieneiaino? oa aoae?aieoeoaa, iaoii?noue a ?iii?o? /anoea
i?iieneiaino? oa ?i. aaeocae c?inea. Oea i?ecaaei aei iia??oaiiy oiia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?ee.

Oaeei /eiii, aeai? IAA aeathoue ciiao aeiiiaieoe aiae?c no?oeoo?e AAI oa
eiai aieeao ia aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy.

Ioaea, a ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea AAI, iaoiaee
eiai ia/eneaiiy oa ioe?iea noaio ? iniaeeainoae iae?iaeiiii?/ii?
aeeiai?ee no?oeoo?e AAI Oe?a?ie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Aieea iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ia aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie a
Oe?a?i?» aeine?aeaeo?oueny aca?iica‘ycie i?ae iaa?iiaaeaeaiiyi oa
?iaanooaaiiyi. ?iaanoeoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue oa?aeoa?eco?oueny:

Aaniethoiei niaaeii ianya?a eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue(EA) (ia 79 %
ii??aiyii c 1990 ?.) ca an?ia oi?iaie aeaniino? oa aeaea?aeaie
o?iainoaaiiy.

A?aeiiniei ciaioaiiyi /anoee EA o AAI c 23 % o 1990 aei 11,2 % o 1997
?ioe? (oiaoi a 2 ?ace).

Iia??oaiiyi oaoiieia?/ii?, a?aeoai?thaaeueii? oa aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e EA.

Aiane?aeie iaaaoeaieo c?ooaiue ieoiia aaaa iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy,
i?iieneiaino? aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a, aoae?aieoeoaa, n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa oa eaaei? i?iieneiaino? o EA cia/ii cieceeany. Iaoii?noue
ca?eueoeeany /anoea o EA iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiai oa ne?iaeiiiai
eiiieaen?a, ui cae??ieth? ne?iaeiia ni?yioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee
oa iia??oo? no?oeoo?o i?iieneiaino?.

Iaae?iiy ianya?a ?iaanoeoe?e i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiaeaeueoiai iaae?iiy AAI,
a oea, a naith /a?ao, aaaea aei nei?i/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a,
i?e/eiith /iai ? ianoa/a aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy EA.

Aioo??oi?i aeaea?aeii iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo oa ?iaanooaaiiy
? aeani? eiooe i?aei?e?inoa, caeo/ai? eiooe (aaie?anuee? e?aaeeoe, eiooe
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, ianaeaiiy oiui). ?o ciai?oi?i aeaea?aeii ?
i?yi? ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe??.

Ciaioaiiy /anoee aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue (iniaeeai o 1994 —
1995??.) a ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?nao iiynith?oueny ye ?o aaniethoiei
ciaioaiiyi, oae ? a?aenooi?noth ae?th/eo iaoai?ci?a aea?aeaaiiai
eiio?ieth iaae oe?eueiaei aeei?enoaiiyi oeeo eioo?a, aiane?aeie /iai
cia/ia ?o /anoea ni?yiiao?oueny ia oe?e?, ia iia‘ycai? c ?iaanooaaiiyi.
Ne?ooia o?iainiaa noaiiaeua oa ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? caeoeiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa oiaiiaeeeaeth? ?iaanooaaiiy ca ?aooiie i?eaooe?a.

Oaeei /eiii, aeoiaey/e c ?aaeueiiai noaio ni?aa a aeiiii?oe?, iaiao?aeii
aeciaoe, ui a iaeaeeae/?e ia?niaeoea? aeani? eiooe i?aei?e?inoa ia
ciiaeooue aooe iniiaiei aeaea?aeii o?iainoaaiiy EA. Oiio o?eueee
i?eieiaiiy niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa aeoea?co? iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoaaie
aeanieo eai?oae?a aeey ?o iiaeaeueoiai ?iaanooaaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai.

Aaaeeeaei aioo??oi?i aeaea?aeii o?iainoaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ? e?aaeeoe
aaie?a oa ?ioeo o?iainiaeo no?oeoo? ? ai?n?y oe?iieo iaia??a
i?aei?e?inoaaie. A Oe?a?i? /anoea aeiaaino?ieiaeo e?aaeeo?a o EA
ciaioeeany, c iaeiiai aieo, /a?ac cia/i? ?eceee ? iecueeo aoaeoeai?noue
oaeeo aeeaaeaiue, iayai?noue oaeeo noa? aeeaaeaiiy eai?oae?a, ye ?eiie
aea?aeaaieo oe?iieo iaia??a oa aaethoe, ui i?ecaaei, iaeiae, aei
o?iainiai? e?ece; c ?ioiai aieo, a?o/eciyiee e?aaeeoiee ?eiie aaco?oueny
ia iaiaaeai?e o?iainia?e aac? e?aaeeoieo onoaiia ? neaai-?icaeiai?e
nenoai? iaaaie?anueeeo o?iainiaeo i?aai?caoe?e.

??ciiaeaeii e?aaeeoo (a oiaa?i?e oi?i?) ? iniaeeaei niiniaii
?iaanooaaiiy ? e?ceia. A Oe?a?i?, c i?eeiyooyi niaoe?aeueiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i oeae aeae i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, e?ceia
ciiaea noaoe iii?oiei aeaea?aeii ?iaanooaaiiy.

?ieue eioo?a a?ae ?ici?uaiiy oe?iieo iaia??a o naiio?iainoaaii?
i?aei?e?inoa, ia aeeaey/enue ia cia/i? ianooaae noi?iiaaiiai a
?acoeueoao? i?eaaoecaoe?? ei?ii?aoeaiiai naeoi?a, iaaecae/aeii iaea
/a?ac iae?ea?aei?noue oe?iieo iaia??a a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa.

Aea?aeaaia ?iaanooaaiiy cae?enith?oueny ca caeeoeiaei i?eioeeiii, aei
oiai ae aea?aeaaa iani?iiiaeia caaacia/eoe nai?/ania o?iainoaaiiy
iaa?oue caieaiiaaieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a.

Aaaeeeaei aioo??oi?i aeaea?aeii o?iainoaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeaeaoe?a ?
caiuaaeaeaiiy ianaeaiiy, ye? iiaeooue c‘yaeoeny o?eueee i?ney
ca?eueoaiiy ?aaeueieo aeioiae?a eiai iniiaii? iane oa c?inoaiiy
e?ioeaaiai niiaeeaaiiy, ui i?eaaaea, a naith /a?ao, aei ?inoo
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Oaeei /eiii, ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? aioo??oi?o aeaea?ae EA iiaeeeaa
o?eueee c ii/aoeii aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy oa iaeaaiaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiiai
iaoai?cio caeo/aiiy eioo?a o a?o/eciyia ae?iaieoeoai.

Ciai?oi?i aeaea?aeii o?iainoaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ? ?iicaiiee eai?oae, yeee
iaaeoiaeeoue a Oe?a?io o oi?i? aeiaaino?ieiaeo e?aaeeo?a, i?yieo oa
ii?ooaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?e oiui. Iaeaoaeoeai?oeie aeey aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo ? i?yi? ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe??, ianyae yeeo a Oe?a?i? iiee ui
iacia/i?. Ca?eueoaiiy i?yieo ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e iiaeeeaa o?eueee
i?ney ii/aoeo a e?a?i? aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy.

O oai??? iae?iaeiiii?ee ?iaanoeoe?ei? aeaeaoee ?iciiae?eythoueny ia oae?
a?oie: ?iaanoeoe?? a iniiai? oiiaee, a aeeoei oa a caiane.

?acoeueoaoii ?iaanoeoe?eii? e?ece noaei iia??oaiiy noaio iniiaieo
oiiae?a Oe?a?ie (iniaeeai a i?iieneiaino? oa n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?). ?iaanoeoe?eii i?eaaaeeaeie ? o?eueee iniiai? oiiaee
oaeeo aaeocae, ye ca‘ycie, iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia iinoa/aiiy ? caoo,
oi?a?aey oa a?iiaaenueea oa?/oaaiiy.

?iaanoeoe?? o aeeoeiaa aoae?aieoeoai oaeiae nei?ioeeeny, aea ?o
nei?i/aiiy aoei ia oaeei ?ioaineaiei, ye caaaeueia iaae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?e,
oiio /anoea ?iaanoeoe?e o aeeoei a ?o caaaeueieo ianyaao aeaui
ca?eueoeeany, aea aeeoeiaa i?iaeaia ua a?eueoa caaino?eeany.

O no?oeoo?? iai?ioieo eioo?a a?aeaoeeny iani?eyoeea? ci?ie: ciaioeeanue
/anoea caian?a ? a?ioiaeo eioo?a, iaoii?noue c?inea /anoea
caai?aiaaiino?. Ciaioaiiy /anoee caian?a ? ci?ia ?o no?oeoo?e
a?aeaoaa?oueny ia ca noeaia???i ?aoe?iiaeueiino? caian?a, a noeo?eii,
i?ae aieeaii iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a. Iaeiei c iane?aee?a aeiiii?/ii?
e?ece noaei ciaioaiiy caian?a ieae/a ??aiy, ui caaacia/o? a?aeoai?aiiy
iaa?oue a eiai caoaeaieo ianooaaao.

Ia i?ioean ?iaanooaaiiy aieeaa? a?ioiai-e?aaeeoia iie?oeea IAO. Ianya
?iaanoeoe?e c?inoa? c i?iiiceoe??th a?ioae ? cieaeaiiyi a?aenioeiaeo
noaaie. Iice/eia? eiooe ca?eueoothoueny caeaaeii a?ae a?ioiaiai
ioeueoeie?eaoi?a, yeee iia‘ycaiee c ii?iith ?aca?aoaaiiy. I?iiiceoe?y
a?ioae aecia/a?oueny aaee/eiith iiiaoecaoe?? aeiiii?ee, ianyae yei? a
Oe?a?i? cieceeeny aei ??aiy, ui ?ioaineo?eoaaa niaae ae?iaieoeoaa oa
i?eca?a aei aeo?niaiiy caaaeueiiaeciaieo ieao?aeieo cania?a aa?oa?ii,
iaieaoaaeaie oa ?i. aeoeaaie. E??i oeueiai, iia??oeeany no?oeoo?a
a?ioiai? iane — a i?e ca?eueoeeany /anoea aio?aee, yea ia ioeueoeie?eo?
? ia?ai?uo?oueny o o?iueiao aeiiii?eo. Iaoii?noue /anoea eioo?a o aaieao
ciaioeeany, ui cieceei ?iaanoeoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? aaie?anueeiai naeoi?a.
Iecueeee ??aaiue ioeueoeie?eoth/iai aieeao ia aeiiii?eo na?ae/eoue i?i
oa, ui a?i ia ? aecia/aeueiei i?e oi?ioaaii? i?iiiceoe?? a?ioae.
Iia?aoe?? ia a?aee?eoiio ?eieo IAO uiaei i?iaeaaeo aea?aeaaieo
athaeaeaoieo ciaia‘ycaiue i?ecaiaeyoue aei ciaioaiiy a?ioiai? aace,
ioaea, ? iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia icaei?iaeaiiy aeiiii?ee. Iniiaia
i?iaeaia a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?ee a iaaeineiiaeino? no?oeoo?e o?iainiaeo
iioie?a, ui aaaea aei caaino?aiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? e?ece, ieao?aeii? e?ece
oa iiaeaeueoiai niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa.

Oaeei /eiii, o ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeo?oueny aieea iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy
oa ?iaanooaaiiy ia aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie Oe?a?ie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «I?iaiicoaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue o AAI»
aiae?co?oueny i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy iae?iaeiiii?/ieo
a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?iii?oe?e, yea iieyaa?:

o aeyaeaii? aieiaieo oaiaeaioe?e, iniiaieo e?eoe/ieo cii, ?ecee?a ci?i,
iaea?eueo neeaaeieo i?iaeai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo;

o ?ic?iaoe? aa??aio?a no?aoaa?? oa ioe?ioe? ?o ia?aaaa ? iaaeie?e?a.

I?iaiicoaaiiy iiaea cae?enithaaoeny ia iniia? noeaia???a aai iiaeaeae /e
?o ii?aeiaiiy.

Iniiaiiieiaei? ?iaioe o noai?aii? aeiiiiao?e/ieo iiaeaeae i?iaiicoaaiiy
AAI, ?iaanoeoe?e oiui ? aieeao aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ia oe? ci?ii?
iaeaaeaoue aia?eeainueeiio aeiiii?noo, eao?aaoo Iiaae?anueei? i?ai??
1980 ?ieo Eio?aino Eeaeio.

On? iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy iio?aaothoue ioe?iieo noaeaeaiue i?iaiicenoa
ye i?e aeai?? iaoiaeo, oae ? i?e i?eeiyoo? /e a?aeoeeaii? io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a. Ii??aiyiiy ni?iaiiciaaieo cia/aiue c oaeoe/ieie
?acoeueoaoaie ? niin?a ia?aa??ee aeiiiiao?e/ii? iiaeae?. Iioeaee
i?iaiic?a aecia/athoue c o?ueio aeaea?ae: iioeaee iiaeaeae, iioeaee o
ia?aaeaa/aii? aeciaaiieo ci?iieo oa iioeaee o i?ioean? ei?aeoe??
i?iaiic?a.

A oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee
cia/iee ?ioa?an a?o/eciyieo iaoeiaoe?a ni?yiiaaiee ia ?ic?iaeo iaoiaeee
i?iaiicoaaiiy iioeiaeueieo a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?iii?oe?e aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy, a oaeiae ia ?ic?iaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

Oae, a ?inoeooo? aeiiii?/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy (?AI?) IAI Oe?a?ie
?ic?iaeai? ?icoe?aia aeiiiiao?e/ia iiaeaeue o?iainiaiai i?iaiicoaaiiy oa
aeo?aei? iieiaeaiiy iie?oeee aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy a oiiaao o?iainiai?
ianoaa?eueiino?.

O Iaoe?iiaeueiiio ?inoeooo? no?aoaa?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeyoueny
?iaioe, ni?yiiaai? ia ?icaeoie oa canoinoaaiiy o i?aeoeoe? i?iaiicoaaiiy
nenoaiiiai aiae?co. Ia iniia? oe??? iaoiaeieia?? aea?oueny aiae?oe/ia
ioe?iea iai?yi?a oa caoiae?a iie?oeee iae?iaeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe??.

A ?inoeooo? e?aa?iaoeee (?E) IAI Oe?a?ie ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iaoaiaoe/ieo
iiaeaeae na?aaeiueino?ieiaiai i?iaiicoaaiiy AAI Oe?a?ie ia iniia?
oi?ioaaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy aeueoa?iaoeaieo noeaia???a ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee.

?ic?iaeai? a Oe?a?i? i?iaiice aeineoue ??ciiiai?oi? ? ??ciyoueny
aaaaoiaa??aioi?noth ?icaeoeo iiae?e.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iiaoaeiaaiiai a ?AI? na?aaeiueino?ieiaiai i?iaiico
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie c?inoaiiy AAI caeaaeeoue a?ae ca?eueoaiiy aaeiaiai
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo oa aaeiaeo ?iaanoeoe?e. Aeey
caeo/aiiy a aeiiii?eo EA iaiao?aeia ?aae?caoe?y aeoeaii?
athaeaeaoii-?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee a iai?yi? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
aeaeaoe?a athaeaeaoo ? ca?eueoaiiy aea?aeaaieo athaeaeaoieo EA,
noai?aiiy iaoai?cio iiaa?iaiiy oe?a?inueeiai eai?oaeo, yeee
ciaoiaeeoueny ca ei?aeiiii, ca?eueoaiiy aioo??oi?o caiuaaeaeaiue
ianaeaiiy ? caeo/aiiy ?o aei ?iaanooaaiiy aeiiii?ee. E??i oiai,
iaiao?aeia eiioeaio?aoe?y ?iaanoeoe?e o oaeeo ae?iaieoeoaao, ye?
caaacia/aoue noai?aiiy ia?aaeoiia aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy, iaiao?aei?
no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a i?iieneiaino? uiaei oi?ioaaiiy aenieiaoaeoeaieo oa
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeieo ae?iaieoeoa.

Ca?aeii c io?eiaieie ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaiicieo ?aooie?a ?E aoee
noi?iiaai? i?i?iaeueiee oa iii??iee aa??aioe ?icaeoeo iae?iaeiiii?/ii?
neooaoe??. Ca i?i?iaeueiei aa??aioii niaae iiaea o?eaaoe aei 2000 ?ieo,
ui a?oioo?oueny ia i?eiouaii? iia??oaiiy no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee,
iaaeinoaoiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, aeao?oeeoiino? athaeaeaoo,
iayaiino? ?ioeyoe??. Ca iii??iei aa??aioii o 1999 ?. iiaeeeaee ii/aoie
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy i?e oiia? ni?eyoeeaeo no?oeoo?ieo ci?i, noai?aii?
iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue, aeinyaiaii? iii??iiai aeao?oeeoo athaeaeaoo,
ni?eyoeeaeo oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?thth/eo noa‘?eo?a.

A?aeiia?aeii aei i?iaiicieo ?ic?iaie IAeA? I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie,
iniiaieie /eiieeaie aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy iiaeooue noaoe ni?eyoeea?
no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a aaeocyo aeiiii?ee iniaeeai o oa?/ia?e i?iieneiaino?
oa aaeocyo c ae?iaieoeoaa ?eieiaeo iineoa.

I?iaiic aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie aei 2000 oa 2010
??. i?aeaioiaeaiee o?yaeii ? aaco?oueny ia aeeiiaii? caoiae?a I?ia?aie
ae?yeueiino? Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie. Ca?aeii c oeei i?iaiicii
aeiaeaoeiaei /eiieeii c?inoaiiy ianya?a AAI iiaeiia noaoe nei?i/aiiy
i?ii?aeiiai niiaeeaaiiy o aaeiaiio aeioneo. Iie?ioaiiy no?oeoo?e AAeA
ni?eyoeia ca?eueoaiith o i?e /anoee aaeocae ae?iaieoeoaa iineoa, aea a
no?oeoo?? i?iieneiaino? iaea?eueoo /anoeo caa??aaoeiooue o
na?aaeiueino?ieia?e ia?niaeoea? aaeoc? iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiai oa
iaoaeo?a?eii-ne?iaeiiiai eiiieaen?a.

Ca?eueoaiiy ?aaeueiiai e?ioeaaiai niiaeeaaiiy aeiiiainiiaea?noa
a?aeaoaaoeiaoueny ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy ?aaeueii? iieaoe i?aoe?, ?acii
c oeei i?e??no e?ioeaaiai niiaeeaaiiy ana ua caaacia/oaaoeiaoueny ca
?aooiie aeioiae?a a?ae i?aeniaieo ainiiaea?noa oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa.

C?inoaiiy aaeiaiai iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo ni?eyoeia
ca?eueoaiith EA a?aeiinii AAI, ui aaaeeeai aeey caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano
?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy.

Aeinyaiaiiy i?iaiicieo ioe?iie caeaaeeoue ye a?ae ciai?oi?o (aeiiii?/i?
a?aeiineie c ?in??th, noai na?oiaeo o?iainiaeo ? oiaa?ieo ?eie?a oiui),
oae ? aioo??oi?o ianoaaei (ianeoaiaoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao oa
ae??oaiiy i?iaeai iaieaoaae?a).

Aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi ia aeiaaino?ieiao ia?niaeoeao iiaeiia noaoe
?aae?caoe?y ia?aaaa ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee aeey aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy ?
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeeooy a e?a?i?. Iaeiei c /eiiee?a caaaeueiiai
i?ia?ano o a?o/eciyi?e aeiiii?oe? noaiooue no?oeoo?i? ci?ie o oi?ioaaii?
AAI o iai?yi? iino?iaeono??aeueii? no?oeoo?e ?icaeiooeo e?a?i.

Ioaea, o o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iieacaia iaiao?aei?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy
no?oeoo?ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue o AAI Oe?a?ie c iaoith aecia/aiiy
iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy.

AENIIAEE

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie ye
oaeoi?a aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy aeicaiey? c?iaeoe oae? iniiai? aeniiaee:

1. AAI ? ocaaaeueithth/ei iieacieeii NI?.

AAI aeei?enoiao?oueny ye aeey e?euee?niiai aiae?co ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee,
oae ? ye ?ino?oiaio a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?? no?oeoo?e — aaeocaai?, aeioiaeii?
oa aeo?aoii?. I?ine?aeeiao?oueny oaeiae aieea neeaaeiaeo AAI ia
aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, no?oeoo?a AAI aea? iaea?eueo
caaaeueia oyaeaiiy i?i noai aeiiii?ee e?a?ie, a oaeiae i?i no?oeoo?i?
ci?ie, ui a i?e a?aeaoaathoueny. No?oeoo?a AAI, ie??i aecia/aiiai, ?
aacith aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy. Oiio ?icaeyae
i?eioeei?a oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e AAI Oe?a?ie a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai aieeao ia
iiceoeai? ci?ie a aeiiii?oe?.

2. Oi?iaeiaae 1990-1997 ??. o no?oeoo?? AAI Oe?a?ie a?aeaoeeny
iani?eyoeea? aeey aeiiii?/iiai ?inoo ci?ie.

O aaeocaa?e no?oeoo?? AAI iaea?eueo ciaioeeanue /anoea ae?iaieoeoaa
oiaa??a, a ?acoeueoao? /iai /anoea ae?iaieoeoaa iineoa ca?eueoeeanue.
Aei oeueiai i?ecaaei nei?i/aiiy aaeiaiai aeioneo o aaeocyo, ciaioaiiy o
iueiio /anoee aeiaeaii? aa?oino? (/a?ac c?inoaiiy i?ii?aeiiai
niiaeeaaiiy), iia??oaiiy no?oeoo?e i?iieneiaino?.

O aeioiaei?e no?oeoo?? AAI ciaioeeany /anoea iieaoe i?aoe? oa
i?eaooeiaino?, iniaeeai a aaeocyo c ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a. Iaoii?noue
cia/ii c?inea /anoea iiaeaoe?a.

O no?oeoo?? aeei?enoaiiy AAI ?aaeueia niiaeeaaiiy aeiiiainiiaea?noa,
iaae?iiy ianya?a ?iaanoeoe?e cieceeeny aei ??ai?a, ye? ia iiaeooue
caaacia/eoe iaa?oue i?inoa a?aeoai?aiiy. Ca?eueoaiiy /anoee e?ioeaaeo
niiaeea/eo aeo?ao naeoi?a caaaeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy oa
iaaaoeaiiai naeueaei /enoiai aenii?oo ? ua iaei??th i?e/eiith
aaeueioaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy.

Aaaeeeaei no?oeoo?iooai?thth/ei /eiieeii ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ? aaeiaa
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo.

O ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao caaaeueiith oaiaeaioe??th inoaiiueiai aeanyoe??//y
? cieaeaiiy ??aiy iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy a neeaae? AAI. C?inoaiiy AAI i?e
cieaeaii? ??aiy ?iaanoeoe?e iia‘ycaia c ae??th oaeeo oaeoi??a: 1)
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e; 2) ci?ia no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee
?icaeiooeo e?a?i, o iai?yi? aeia?aaeaeath/iai c?inoaiiy aaeocae c
ae?iaieoeoaa iineoa, iio?aae yeeo a ?iaanoeoe?yo iaio?, i?ae aaeocae c
ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a, a oaeiae a?eueoa oaeaee?noue ?o iai?ioo; 3) ci?ia
aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e i?iieneiaino?, a naia: ciaioaiiy /anoee
eai?oaei?iieo, ianaiia?aae aeiaoaieo ? ne?iaeiieo aaeocae o i?iieneiaiio
ae?iaieoeoa?.

I?iaeiaaeaiiy niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa o 1990-1997 ?ieao i?e a?aeiinii
aenie?e ii?i? iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo a Oe?a?i? iiynith?oueny
iecueeith aoaeoeai?noth ?iaanoeoe?e.

I?e/eiith oaeiai noaio ? iia??oaiiy aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e i?iieneiaino? a
a?e eai?oaei?iieo aaeocae iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiai oa ne?iaeiiiai
eiiieaeno, aaeoc? ae c ae?iaieoeoaa niiaeea/eo oiaa??a, ye? ? iaio
eai?oaei?iieie, caciaee iaea?eueoiai niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa.

5. Iniaeeaa cia/aiiy o o?iainoaaii? ?iaanoeoe?e a ia??iae ia?aoiaeo aei
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iathoue iaoe?iiaeuei? caiuaaeaeaiiy.

Aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy o?nii iia‘ycaia c ??aiai caiuaaeaeaiue a
aeiiii?oe?. Ieoiia aaaa /enoeo caiuaaeaeaiue o AAI Oe?a?ie cieceeany aei
ianya?a, iaaeinoaoi?o aeey ii/aoeo iiceoeaieo ci?i o ae?iaieoeoa?. Oaeei
/eiii, iniaeeai aaaeeeaei caaaeaiiyi ? caioi/aiiy aioo??oi?o
caiuaaeaeaiue oa ?icaeoie ?eieo eai?oaeo.

Iaeiei c aieiaieo caaaeaiue aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ia
na?aaeiueino?ieiao ia?niaeoeao iiaeiii aooe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e i?iieneiaino?.

Oeaio? ?icaeoeo iaiao?aeii ia?aianoe c aeiaoaieo ? ne?iaeiieo aaeocae,
iio?aae yeeo o eai?oae? aeiiii?ea caaeiaieueieoe ia a ciic?, a ia?iaio
i?iieneia?noue, aei yei? aoiaeyoue no/ani? aaeoc? ae?iaieoeoaa c iaioeie
iio?aaaie a eai?oae?. Oiaoi, coneeey iaiao?aeii cina?aaeeoe ia o?eueee
ia iiooeo iiaeo aeaea?ae ?iaanoeoe?e ? ca?eueoaii? ?o e?eueeino?, a e ia
noai?aii? iaoai?ci?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o ?iaanooaaiiy.

7. *eiieeii aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy iiaeii? noaoe no?oeoo?i? ci?ie o AAI.

Aeiiii?/iee i?ia?an iiaeeeaee i?ney ci?ie aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee
(ia ei?enoue aaeocae c aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? e?ioeaaiai oa ?iaanoeoe?eiiai
i?ecia/aiiy), no?oeoo?e ia?aeiieo aeioiae?a (cia/iiai nei?i/aiiy
iiaeaoeiai? neeaaeiai? AAI ia ei?enoue /anoee aaeiaeo i?eaooe?a aeey
caaacia/aiiy iiaeeeainoae naiio?iainoaaiiy a?aeoai?aiiy oa ?icaeoeo
ae?iaieoeoaa) oa no?oeoo?e e?ioeaaiai aeei?enoaiiy AAI (o iai?yi?
caaacia/aiiy ??aiy ?iaanooaaiiy, aeinoaoiueiai aeey ii/aoeo aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy).

8. Iniiaiei iai?yiii ci?ie no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie o
aeiaaino?ieia?e ia?niaeoea? iiaea aooe ?? iaaeeaeaiiy aei
iino?iaeono??aeueii? no?oeoo?e aeiiii?/ii ?icaeiaieo e?a?i.

Noiae?noue no?oeoo? ia icia/a? ?o ?aeaioe/iino?, a ? iciaeith
aeecueeino? oaoiieia?/ieo ??ai?a ?icaeoeo, a?eueo-iaio iaeiaeiaeo oiia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? a?aeiinei aeaniino?. Iaaeeaeaiiy aei
iino?iaeono??aeueii? no?oeoo?e aoaea neeaaeiei. Oea coiiaeaii iayaieie
aeaoi?iaoe?yie a aeiiii?oe?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA ?ACOEUeOAOAIE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

1. Neiiiaiei E. No?oeoo?i? ci?ie a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie ye oaeoi?
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy // Oe?a?inueeee aeo?iae «Aeiiii?no». — 1998. — ?
7-9. — N. 42-45.

2. Neiiiaiei E.?. ?iaanoeoe?eiee i?ioean a Oe?a?i? a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee // «O?iaine Oe?a?ie». — 1998. — ? 5. — N. 112-115.

3.Eaanithe A., Neiiiaiei E. Aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy a e?a?iao c
ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith // Oe?a?inueeee aeo?iae «Aeiiii?no». — 1998. —
? 5. — N. 22-29.

4.Neiiiaiei E.?. I?iieneiaa iie?oeea a Oe?a?i? oa aeina?ae ??
cae?eniaiiy o ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao // I?iaeaie aeei?enoaiiy na?oiaiai
aeina?aeo aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee: Ca, iaoe. i?. ?i-o
aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, E., 1997. — N. 80-88.

AIIOAOe?ss

Neiiiaiei E.?. No?oeoo?i? ci?ie a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie ye oaeoi?
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.01.01 — «Aeiiii?/ia oai??y». — Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, 1999.

?iaioa aena?oeth? i?iaeaie no?oeoo?ieo ci?i ye oaeoi?a aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy a Oe?a?i?. O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny iiaee iai?yi
no?oeoo?oaaiiy a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?ee, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia nenoai?
iaoe?iiaeueieo ?aooie?a. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?acoeueoaoii aeiiii?/ii? e?ece
?acii ?c iaae?iiyi ?aaeueiiai AAI noaei iia??oaiiy eiai no?oeoo?e, ui, a
naith /a?ao, i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiaeaeueoiai iia??oaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
neooaoe?? a e?a?i?. I?iaiae?ciaai? iaoiaee oa iiaeae? iae?iaeiiii?/iiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy, a oaeiae i?iaiice no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy iiaeeeaa i?ney ci?ie aaeocaai?
no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee (ia ei?enoue aaeocae c aeioneo i?iaeoeoe??
e?ioeaaiai oa ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ecia/aiiy), no?oeoo?e ia?aeiieo
aeioiae?a (cia/iiai nei?i/aiiy iiaeaoeiai? neeaaeiai? AAI ia ei?enoue
/anoee aaeiaeo i?eaooe?a aeey caaacia/aiiy iiaeeeaino? naiio?iainoaaiiy
a?aeoai?aiiy ? ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa) oa no?oeoo?e e?ioeaaiai
aeei?enoaiiy AAI (o iai?yi? caaacia/aiiy ??aiy ?iaanooaaiiy,
aeinoaoiueiai aeey ii/aoeo aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy).

Eeth/ia? neiaa: no?oeoo?a AAI, iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo AAI, NI?, aaeiaa
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy, ?iaanoeoe?? a iniiaiee eai?oae, i?iaiicoaaiiy,
aeiiiiao?e/i? iaoiaee, aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Neiiiaiei E.E. No?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey a yeiiiieea Oe?aeiu eae oaeoi?
yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.01.01 — «Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey». — Eeaaneee
oieaa?neoao ei. Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, 1999.

?aaioa iinayuaia i?iaeaiai no?oeoo?iuo eciaiaiee eae oaeoi?a
yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa a Oe?aeia. A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaaaony iiaia
iai?aaeaiea no?oeoo?e?iaaiey ioa/anoaaiiie yeiiiieee, eioi?ia aace?oaony
ia nenoaia iaoeeiiaeueiuo n/aoia (NIN). Iniiaiui iae?iyeiiiie/aneei
iieacaoaeai NIN, oa?aeoa?ecothuei ?acaeoea iaoeeiiaeueiie yeiiiieee,
yaeyaony AAI. Aai eniieuecotho eae aeey eiee/anoaaiiiai aiaeeca ?acaeoey
yeiiiieee, oae e a ea/anoaa eino?oiaioa ioia?aaeaiey aa no?oeoo?u —
io?aneaaie, aeioiaeiie e ?anoiaeiie. E?iia oiai, n aai iiiiuueth iiaeii
ii?aaeaeeoue aeeyiea ninoaaeythueo no?oeoo?u AAI ia yeiiiie/aneee ?ino.

?acoeueoaoii yeiiiie/aneiai e?ecena, aianoa n iaaeaieai ?aaeueiiai AAI,
noaei oooaeoaiea no?oeoo?u iineaaeiaai, /oi, a naith i/a?aaeue, i?eaaei
e aeaeueiaeoaio oooaeoaieth yeiiiie/aneie neooaoeee a no?aia. Oae, a
io?aneaaie no?oeoo?a AAI cia/eoaeueii oiaiueoeeanue aeiey i?iecaiaenoaa
oiaa?ia, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai i?ioeaio i?iecaiaenoaa oneoa oaaee/eeny. Yoi
iaoneiaeaii nieaeaieai aaeiaiai auionea a io?aneyo, oiaiueoaieai a iai
aeiee aeiaaaeaiiie noieiinoe (ec-ca ?inoa i?iiaaeooi/iiai iio?aaeaiey),
oooaeoaieai no?oeoo?u i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

A no?oeoo?a AAI ii aeioiaeai oiaiueoeeanue aeiey iieaou o?oaea e
i?eaueueiinoe, iniaaiii a io?aneyo, i?iecaiaeyueo oiaa?u. A oi aea a?aiy
cia/eoaeueii oaaee/eeanue aeiey iaeiaia.

A no?oeoo?a eiia/iiai eniieueciaaiey AAI aai ?aeueiia iio?aaeaiea
aeiiaoieie oicyenoaaie, iaaeaiea iauaiia eiaanoeoeee nieceeenue aei
o?iaiae, eioi?ua ia iiaoo iaania/eoue i?inoia aini?iecaiaenoai.
Oaaee/aiea i?ioeaioa eiia/iuo iio?aaeoaeueneeo ?anoiaeia naeoi?a
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey e io?eoeaoaeueiiai naeueaei /enoiai
yenii?oa noaee aua iaeiie i?e/eiie oi?iiaeaiey yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa.

I?e/eiie onei?aiiiai iaaeaiey AAI a Oe?aeia noaee nieaeaiea
yooaeoeaiinoe eiaanoe?iaaiey, eciaiaiea no?oeoo?u yeiiiieee a
?acoeueoaoa niaaea i?iecaiaenoaa a io?aneyo ii auioneo oiaa?ia;
oooaeoaiea io?aneaaie no?oeoo?u i?iiuoeaiiinoe a noi?iio eaieoaei?ieeo
io?aneae oiieeaii-yia?aaoe/aneiai e nu?ueaaiai eiiieaenia. Iaiaa
eaieoaei?ieea io?anee ii auioneo oiaa?ia ia?iaeiiai iio?aaeaiey
i?aoa?iaee iaeaieueoaai iaaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaa.

Yeiiiie/aneee ?ino oanii naycai n o?iaiai naa?aaeaiee a yeiiiieea,
eioi?ua aunooiatho enoi/ieeii oeiaine?iaaiey eiaanoeoeee. Oaeaeueiue aan
/enouo naa?aaeaiee a AAI Oe?aeiu nieceeny aei o?iaiae, iaaeinoaoi/iuo
aeey ia/aea iieiaeeoaeueiuo eciaiaiee a yeiiiieea. Oaeei ia?acii,
iniaaiii aaaeiui caaeaieai noaiiaeony noeioee?iaaiea aioo?aiieo
naa?aaeaiee e ?acaeoea ?uiea eaieoaea.

I?iaiaeece?iaaiu iaoiaeu e iiaeaee iae?iyeiiiie/aneiai i?iaiice?iaaiey,
a oaeaea i?iaiicu no?oeoo?u yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
yeiiiie/aneee ?ino aiciiaeai iinea eciaiaiey io?aneaaie no?oeoo?u
yeiiiieee (a iieueco io?aneae ii auioneo i?iaeoeoeee eiia/iiai e
eiaanoeoeeiiiiai iacia/aiey), no?oeoo?u ia?ae/iuo aeioiaeia
(cia/eoaeueiia nie?auaiea iaeiaiaie ninoaaeythuae AAI a iieueco aeiee
aaeiaie i?eauee aeey iaania/aiey aiciiaeiinoe naiioeiaine?iaaiey
aini?iecaiaenoaa), no?oeoo?u eiia/iiai eniieueciaaiey AAI (a iai?aaeaiee
iaania/aiey o?iaiy eiaanoe?iaaiey, aeinoaoi/iiai aeey ia/aea
yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa).

Iaeia ec aeaaiuo caaea/ yeiiiie/aneie iieeoeee ainoaea?noaa ia
n?aaeian?i/ioth ia?niaeoeao — iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe io?aneaaie
no?oeoo?u i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Oeaio? ?acaeoey iaiaoiaeeii ia?aianoe ec
aeiauaathueo e nu?ueaauo io?aneae, iio?aaiinoe eioi?uo a eaieoaea
yeiiiieea oaeiaeaoai?eoue ia iiaeao, a ia?aaaouaathuoth i?iiuoeaiiinoue,
e eioi?ie ioiinyony nia?aiaiiua io?anee i?iecaiaenoaa n iaiueoeie
iio?aaiinoyie a eaieoaea. Yoi cia/eo, /oi oneeey iaiaoiaeeii
nin?aaeioi/eoue ia oieueei ia iienea iiauo enoi/ieeia eiaanoeoeee e
oaaee/aiee eo eiee/anoaa, ii e ia nicaeaiee iaoaieciia iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe eiaanoe?iaaiey.

Iniiaiui iai?aaeaieai eciaiaiey no?oeoo?u yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu ia
aeieiain?i/ioth ia?niaeoeao iiaeao auoue aa i?eaeeaeaiea e no?oeoo?a
yeiiiie/anee ?acaeouo no?ai, a eiaiii: iiaeiaea oaoiieiae/aneeo o?iaiae
?acaeoey, oneiaee oicyenoaiaaiey e ioiioaiee nianoaaiiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: no?oeoo?a AAI, iaoiaeu ?an/aoa AAI, NIN, aaeiaia
iaeiieaiea, eiaanoeoeee a iniiaiie eaieoae, i?iaiice?iaaiea,
yeiiiiao?e/aneea iaoiaeu, yeiiiie/aneee ?ino.

ANNOTATION

L.Simonenko. Structural changes in Ukrainian economy as factor of
economic growth. — Manuscript.

Thesis for academic degree of Candidate of Economic Sciences on
speciality 08.01.01 — economic theory. Kyiv Taras Shevchenko University,
1999.

The work is devoted to the problems of structural changes as factor of
economic growth in Ukraine. The author investigates a new line of
structuring this country‘s economy based on the System of National
Accounts. It is proved that the result of the economic crisis, together
with the drop of real GDP, is aggravation of GDP structure, which trend,
in its turn, further worsens this country‘s economic condition. The
author also analyses methods and models of macroeconomic forecasting, as
well as forecasts of this country‘s economic structure. It is
established that economic growth is possible after alteration of
sectoral structure of the economy (in favour of the sectors producing
final consumption and investment commodities), structure of primary
incomes (considerable reduction of tax share in GDP in favour of the
share of gross profits for reproduction self-financing ), and structure
of final use of GDP (towards the level of investment that is sufficient
for starting economic expansion).

Keywords: GDP structure, method of GDP calculation, SNA, gross
accumulation, investments in fixed capital, forecasting, econometric
methods, economic growth.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo .04.99.

Oiiaii-ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a 1,0

Oi?iao 60 O 90 / 16

Iaeeaae 100 i?ei.

Aea?aeaaia aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

Aeaeaaie/i-iie?a?ao?/iee oeaio?

262001, i. AEeoiie?, Noa?ee aoeueaa?, 7

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