Стилістика роману М.О.Булгакова ‘Біла гвардія’: Автореф. дис… канд. філол. наук / С.О. Краснікова, Харк. держ. ун-т. — Х., 1999. — 19 с. — укp.

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

E?ani?eiaa Na?oeaia Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 8.08

NOEE?NOEEA ?IIAIO I.I.AOEAAEIAA

“A?EA AAA?Ae?ss”

10.02.02 – ?in?enueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? iiaiciaanoaa Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai ia-

aeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e
iiaiciaanoaa

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee

Aoeae Aiaoie?e Oeoiiiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e
caaaeueiiai

? i?eeeaaeiiai iiaiciaanoaa

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

Oa?ania Eaii?ae Oaieoenoiae/

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

aeioeaio eaoaae?e iiaii?
i?aeaioiaee

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee

Oii?e?i Ieaenaiae?
Ieoaeeiae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i.Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea,

eaoaae?a ?in?enueeiai
iiaiciaanoaa,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i.Eoaainuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 3 aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo i 14-00 aiaeei? ia

can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaiii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.051.07 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310077, Oa?e?a, ie.Naiaiaee, 4,
aoae. 2-37

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeuei?e
iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(310077, Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee, 4 )

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “2 ethoiai” 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
?.A.Io?iioeaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oai?/?noue I.I.Aoeaaeiaa o a?aeiinii iiaiiio ianyc?
noaea a?aeiia /eoa/aa? o?eueee a inoaii? aeanyoe??//y. O oeae aea /an
i?iaoaeeany ? noni?eueii-e?oa?aoo?iee ?ioa?an aei ienueiaiieea, eiai
iniaenoino?, eiai oai??a. C’yaeany oe?eee ?yae noaoae, iiiia?ao?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeena?oaoe?e, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeeoo?aee ? oai?/ee
oeyo I.I.Aoeaaeiaa, ?aeaeii-anoaoe/i? iiaeyaee ienueiaiieea,
nai???aei?noue ci?noo eiai oai??a oiui. Ooo ianaiia?aae ne?ae cacia/eoe
?iaioe ssiianueei? E. (1983), *oaeaeiai? I.I. (1988), Eaeoeia A. (1989),
I?i-oeaaa A.?. (1991), Nei?iiaiiai? ?.N. (1973), *aoaaioa?ueiai? A.A.
(1974), Iiiiai? I.A. (1981), Iaaiaeiaa TH.A. (1975), Oei/aiea ss. (1997)
oa ?i.

Aeiey ae aeania e?iaa?noe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui oi?eathoueny i?iaeai
iiae, noeeth, iiaoeee I.Aoeaaeiaa, o caaaeueiiio a?ae?ia?ao?/iiio nieneo
?ia?o, i?enay/aieo oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea, aeoaea iacia/ia. Na-?aae ieo
o ia?oo /a?ao a?aecia/eii noaoo? Eiaeaaieeiai? I.I. (1979, 1994),
Aeiieo? O.A.(1974), a oaeiae aeena?oaoe?th E?aniaeoeueei? E.?.(1996).

Iaenoa?i?noue Aoeaaeiaa — ieooey neiaa aeine?aeaeaii iaaeinoaoiuei.
Iaia? aei oeueiai /ano o o?eieia?/i?e iaooe? ? niaoe?aeueii? ?iaioe, o
ye?e aoei a ?icaeyiooi niaoeeo?eo no?oeoo?ii-noee?noe/ii? i?aai?caoe??
?i-iaio “A?ea aaa?ae?y”. Aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ye?ac ?
coiia-eaia iaiao?aei?noth anaa?/iiai no?oeoo?ii-noee?noe/iiai aiae?co
?iiaio I.I.Aoeaaeiaa “A?ea aaa?ae?y” — oai?o, ui caii/aoeoaaa na??th
ae-cia/ieo aoeaae?anueeeo ?iiai?a ? cana?ae/ea iiyao iiaiai aaeeeiai
oaeaioo a ?in?enuee?e e?oa?aoo??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny a ?aieao ieaio iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
iiaiciaanoaa OAeIO ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Iaoa ?iaioe. Aeyaeoe no?oeoo?io i?aai?caoe?th noee?noe/ii-iiaeaii?aeo
oi?i o ?o anoaoe/i?e ni?yiiaaiino?, o ?o ooieoe?iiaeueii-io cia/aii? a
?iiai? I.I.Aoeaaeiaa “A?ea aaa?ae?y”.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1) anoaiiaeaiiy aniaeo?a, o yeeo aeyaey?oueny
ia?ac noa’?eoa iiia?ae?, ? iiaoaeiaa “ii?oieia??” inoaiiueiai; 2)
aeaoaeueia noee?noe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea iiia?aeaeueii? neooaoe?? a ?iiai?
“A?ea aaa?ae?y”; 3) iien noee?noe/ieo i?eioeei?a ? i?eeii?a cia?aaeaiiy
ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo a ia?oiio aoeaae?anueeiio ?iiai?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny oei, ui aiia noaiiaeoue ia?oo
ni?iao aeaoe aeaoaeueiee aiae?c noee?noe/ii-iiaeaii?ai? i?aa-i?caoe??
?iiaio I.I.Aoeaaeiaa “A?ea aaa?ae?y”, anaa?/ii noa?aeoa?ecoaa-oe iaeaea?
aieiai? naiaioe/i? noa?e ai?/iiai oai?o — iiia?aeaeueio neooa-oe?th ?
cia?aaeaiee na?o, onoaiiaeoe ?o noee?noe/io niaoeeo?eo, i?eeiie ?o
aeooae?caoe??, ii/a?aiaiai aenoaaiiy ia ia?oee ieai .

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui niinoa?aaeaiiy, ye?
i?noyoueny a i?e, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o aoc?anueeeo eo?nao
noe-e?noeee ?in?enueei? iiae, ?noi??? ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, o
niaoeeo?nao ? niaoenai?ia?ao ?c oai?/ino? I.I.Aoeaaeiaa, c oai???
ooaeiae-iuei? iiae e aiae?co ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o, a oaeiae o oe?eueiiio
eo?n? na?oi-ai? e?oa?aoo?e — aeey iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy oai?/ino?
I.I.Aoeaaeiaa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a oiio, ui a ?iaio? cae?eniaii
anaa?/iee aiae?c noee?noe/ii-iiaeaii?ai? i?aai?caoe?? ?iiaio
I.I.Aoeaaeiaa “A?ea aaa?ae?y”, yeee aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe aaaeeea?
iniaeeaino? ooaeiaeiuei? iaenoa?iino? ienueiaiieea, iiai?oa aecia/eoe
ooaeiaeiuei-ia?aciee ci?no aoeaae?anueeiai oai?o.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?thaaeany ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
iiaiciaanoaa Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
A.N.Neiai?iaee. Ie?ai? ?icae?ee iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoeia?i nai?ia??
eaoaae?e ?in?enueei? iiae Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. C i?iaeai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei c?iaeaii
aeiiia?aeue ia I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a ?in?enueei? e
oe?a-?inueei? iiae aeui? oeiee (Oa?e?a, 1994).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 4 ?iaioe a
ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe noaiiaeoue 170
noi??iie. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae , yeee i?noeoue
214 iaeiaioaaiue (ianya – 15 noi??iie ).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/athoueny eiai iaoa oa caaea/?, eiai iaoeiaa iiaecia,
?ice?eaa?oueny i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe, iaaiaeyoueny iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

?icae?e 1.Iiia?aea/ ye iniiaia naiaioe/ia o?ao?a ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeathoueny oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeine?aeaeaiiy
noee?noe/ii? i?aai?caoe?? ?iiaio I.I.Aoeaaeiaa “A?ea aaa?ae?y”:
anoaiiaeththoueny iciaee, nooo?a? aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ia’?eoa, yeee ia?
aooe aea/aiee, ?c o?aooaaiiyi eiai niaoeeo?ee ye iaeaaaeeea?oiai
eiiiiiaioa i?iciaiai ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o, iniiaiiai oaeoi?a
aioo??oiueiai oii?yaeeoaaiiy, aioo??oiuei? oe?e?niino? oai?o. I?aeo?ae
aei ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo o ?iaio? caaaeaiue ae?iaeaii e iaa?oioiaaii c
o?aooaaiiyi iniiaiiieiaeieo ?ia?o iaeaecia/i?oeo aeine?aeiee?a anoaoeee
ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino? : Aeiia?aaeiaa A.A. (1959, 1971, 1976, 1990),
AEe?ioinueeiai A.I. (1928), Aeaionueeiai E.N. (1965), aia?eeainueeiai
o?eieiaa Oaeia Aooa, no/anieo aeine?aeiee?a: Oniai-nueeiai A.A. (1970,
1971), Iaeeioeiaa A.A. (1973, 1980), Eiaeaaieeiai? I.I. (1979, 1991),
A?aiaean I.I. (1971) oa ?i. Oea ia?aaeon?i iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui noa’?eo
iiia?ae? aenooia? ye “i?aai?caoe?eiee oeaio? oai?o” (Aeiia?aaeia A.A.).
Naia eiio aeia??aii aaoi?ii ?aae?caoe?th i?aaee no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe??
oai?o, a?ae iueiai caeaaeeoue aeooae?caoe?y oiai /e ?ioiai ai?/iiai
ieaio oai?o. O no?oeoo?? ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo aeae?eythoueny aeaa
iniiai? naiaioe/i? ieaie — aea? iniiai? ai?/i? ieiueie: cia?aaeaiee na?o
oa iiia?aeaeueia neooaoe?y. Iaeaeaa iacaaieo ieaie i?iyaeythoueny
iaeii/anii, aea ae?aci?noue eiaeiiai c ieo iiaea aooe aeoaea
??ciiiai?oiith: /ei ae?aci?oa ?aeue?o-i?noue no?oeoo?e cia?aaeaiiai
na?oo, oei a?eueoa i?eoiaaia naia neooaoe?y iiia?ae?, ? iaaiaee:
aeooae?caoe?y inoaiiuei? iaieio/a oyaia ca niaith ineaaeaiiy ae?aciino?
noa?e cia?aaeaiiai na?oo. I?ae iiia?aeaeueiith neooaoe??th ?icoi??oueny
ana iia’ycaia c i?iyaii o oaeno? ia?aco iniae, ui iiia?aea?, ? naiiai
i?ioeano iiia?ae?. Iiia?aea/ o oai?? aecia/a?oueny aieiaiei /eiii /a?ac
ia?aio no?aoaa?th iiia?ae? ? iia’ycaio c iath iiia?aeaeueio ia?niaeoeao.
No?aoaa?y iiia?ae? ioiieth? noeoii?noue oi/ie ci?o, ??ciiiai?oieo
iiceoe?e, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e cia?aaeaii? ooaeiaeiuei? ae?eniino?.
Aeey ooaeiaeiueiai no?ith oai?o aeoaea aaaeeeaei ? aea?? iiia?aea/ai
o??? oi/ee aai oeo oi/ie ci?o, c yeeo a?i aeeaeoueny ia cia?aaeaia, a
oaeiae noee?noe/i? i?eeiie ia?ai?uaiiy oi/ee ci?o ia iiae??, ui
iienothoueny. Iiia?aeaeueia ia?niaeoeaa iia’ycaia c
?aeaeii-i?ciaaaeueiith iiceoe??th uiaei cia?aaeaiiai na?oo,
i???ioiaaiith ia caaeaiiai /eoa/a. Noaaeaiiy noa’?eoa oe??? ia?niaeoeae
(“ia?aco aaoi?a”) aei noa’?eoa iiia?ae? (iiia?aea/a) oi?io?oueny
ii-??ciiio ? caeaaeeoue a?ae eiino?oeoeaieo iniaeeainoae iiia?aeaeueii?
neooaoe?? a aeaiiio oai??, ui eeoa oi?iaeueii aecia/a? iiceoe?th
iiia?aea/a uiaei cia?aaeaieo iiae?e. Iiia?aea/ o ooaeiaeiueiio oai??
iiaea aenoaaoeny ia ia?oee ieai (e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueith i?aeoeeith
ae?iaeaii oe?eee ?yae i?eeii?a, ui aeooae?cothoue oeae ia?ac), aea iiaea
ciaoiaeeoeny i?ae a cao?ieo, caeiath/e iaeo?aeueio iiceoe?th, i?aeoe/ii
ia aeyaeyth/e naaa. Onoiaiiy iiia?aea/a a?aeaoaa?oueny oiae?, eiee a?i
ia?anoa? ?ai?acaiooaaoe naiaioe/io ? na?oiaeyaeio iiceoe?th, oiaoi eiee
a?i ao?a/a? ao?eaooe noa’?eoa iiia?aeaeueii? ia?niaeoeae, ia?aaeath/e ?o
ia?niiaaeai oai?o aai ae iaiaaeoth/e nai? ooieoe?? nooi i?ioieieueiith
(“cciai?”) o?enaoe??th yaeu (oa, ui iaceaa?oueny “ae?aiaoe/iei
cia?aaeaiiyi”).

Ia i?aenoaa? i?aeoiae?a aei cia?aaeaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai na?oo iiaeia
aeae?eeoe aeaa oeie iiia?aea/?a: iiia?aea/a, ui caeia?
ia’?eoeaii-?ioi?iaoeaio iiceoe?th, ? iiia?aea/a
?ioa?i?aoaoe?eii-ioe?iiiai ieaio. O ia?oiio aeiaaeeo noai?aiee
iiia?aea/ai ia?ac na?oo aa/eoueny “ia’?eoeaiei”, “i?aaaeeaei”, ia
caaa?aeaiei noa’?eoea?ciii iina?aae-ieea. ?noioia ?ieue o i?iaaaeaii?
aaoi?nueeeo “?eoi?e/ieo” ono?aie?iue iaeaaeeoue o oeueiio aeiaaeeo
iiaoaeoaaiith cia?aaeaiiai na?oo (a?aeai?ia? e a?oioaaiith oaeo?a,
??ciiiai?oiei a?aeiineiai ? ca’yceai i?ae “i?aaeiaoaie” ana?aaeei?
oe?eiai, ni?aa?aeianaiiyi ??ciiiai?oieo iiiai-o?a cia?aaeaiiy oiui).

O ?acoeueoao? aeei?enoaiiy ae?oai? iiceoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny nai???aeia
?icoe?aiiy ai?/iiai einiino oeyoii c?noaaeaiiy na?oo, cia?aaeaiiai o
oai??, c iae?ieiniii ae?eniino? aai c i?e?ieiniii aeanii? iniaenoino? /e
c iaiia iacaaieie ieiueiaie. Ine?eueee ai?/iee na?o o oeueiio aeiaaeeo ?
i?ae “iaa?yiei” noa’?eoeaiith aeni?an??th iiia?aea/a, iiaeaio ooo oi?io
iiia?ae? iiaeia iacaaoe “noa’?eoeaiith” (ia a?aei?io a?ae “ia’?eoeaii?”
a 1-io aeiaaeeo). E?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueith i?aeoeeith ?in?enueeeo
ienueiaiiee?a ae?iaeaii ??ciiiai?oi? niiniae noa’?eoea?caoe?? iiia?ae?.
Oea ? ae?aieaiiy a iiia?aeaeueio oeaieio ie?aieo aeaiaio?a “/oaei?
iiae”, ? aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo no?oeoo?ieo oi?i iaaeania i?yii?
iiae, ? aa??thaaiiy aeni?aneaieo oi?i naii? iiia?ae?, ye? iai?yiei,
“iaoii?i?/iei” niiniaii neiaie?cothoue iano?i? ? ia?aaeeaaiiy
ia?niiaae?a, ? aenoaaiiy ia ia?oee ieai iiia?aea/a ye aaciina?aaeiueiai
niinoa??aa/a, noa’?eoa iiia?aeaeueii? ia?niaeoeae, ui ?ai?acaioo?
aiioe?eii-naiaioe/io ? na?oiaeyaeio iiceoe?? oiui.

Ia?ac iiia?aea/a a oiio /e ?ioiio ooaeiaeiueiio oai?? ? iaiiaiei aac
ia?aco /eoa/a, ia ni?eeiyooy yeiai i???ioiaaia eiai iia?aeiieaiiy. *eoa/
iaei eiee aenooia? (iniaeeai a e?oa?aoo?? XX noie?ooy) ye
aaciina?aaeiuei iiaeaiee o oaeno? ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o aae?anao.
Iae/ano?oa a?i ooieoe?iio? ye iioaioe?eiee aae?anao, ia yeiai
i???ioo?oueny ienueiaiiee. Iiia?aea/ ia iiaea ia a?aoiaoaaoe iiaeeeaeo
?aaeoe?e ?iia??iiai /eoa/a ? ia niiae?aaoeny ia eiai ie?aeia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai. Aea a?i, cae/aeii, ia iiaea ? ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia
iaeiaeiaee o an?o a?aeaoe. Oiio a?i ?iiae? iaiaaa?oueny ia?aeiiaoe
/eoa/a oeyoii iaa’ycoaaiiy eiio ??ciiiai?oieo aeeneon?e. Anyea iai?oaa,
ui aeieea? o a?aeiineiao i?ae iiia?aea/ai ? /eoa/ai, ni?ey?
aeooae?caoe?? iaio ia?ac?a o oai??.

Aeey aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ii-iiaeaii?ai? no?oeoo?e oai?o iaiao?aeiei ?
iaaiee iaa?? noee?noe/ieo eaoaai??e, ui aeicaieythoue iiaeaoe
neeaaei?noue ?? eiiiiceoe?eii-iiaeaii?ai? i?aai?caoe??. Ooo ia ia?oee
ieai aenoaathoueny noee?noe/i? oaeoe ia ??ai? ?icaeiaieo neeaaeieo
neioaene/ieo eiiieaen?a, oaeeo, ye iiia?aeue, iien, i??eoaaiiy, ae?aeia,
ui eiino?oththoue nieneiao caieioo?noue no?oeoo?e ? ye? “nai? o naith
/a?ao aeyaeythoueny no?oeoo?aie ? na?e oe?e?niee niene io?eiothoue ?c
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy no?oeoo?ieo oi?i o ?o iaaeao”11 Aeiia?aaeia A.A. I ycuea
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u. – I.:AEOE,1959.- N.94. . Caaaeaiiy iieyaa?
a oiio, uia ia eeoa aeae?eeoe aieiai? eiiiiceoe?eii-noee?noe/i?
?aeiino?, c yeeo neeaaea?oueny ooaeiaei?e i?iciaee oaeno, ? iienaoe ?oi?
aieiai? ?ene, aea e aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? aca?iiae?? oaeeo ?aeiinoae o
iaaeao anoaoe/iiai ia’?eoa, anoaiiaeoe ?oi? ooieoe?iiaeuei? ca’ycee e
?ioa?oa?aioe??. O caeaaeiino? a?ae ia?aii? iiia?aea/ai iiceoe?? noiniaii
oiai, ui cia?aaeo?oueny, o ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno? aeei?enoiaothoueny
??cii-iai?oi? aa??aioe iiia?aeaeueiiai iiaeaiiy. Iiey?i? iiaeeeaino? ooo
i?aae-noaaeythoue, c iaeiiai aieo, iiia?aeue, i?aai?ciaaia oi/eith ci?o
anaa?aea-th/iai iiia?aea/a, c ?ioiai aieo — ia?niiaeueia iiia?aeue.
?noioiei aeey i?aai?caoe?? oaenoo ? oaeiae oa, yeeo ooaeiaei?o
i?eioeei?a aeio?eio?oueny iiia?aea/: ?iciia?aea? a?i i?i oa, ui
o?aieeiny, /e a?aeoai?th? oea a noea-iao. Noeai?/i?noue cia?aaeaiiy
ia?aaeaa/a? aeii?ioaaiiy a oaeno? ia?ni-iaeueii? iiia?ae?, oe?iea
canoinoaaiiy ae?aeiao e o ca’yceo c oeei iaia-aeaiiy ooieoe?e
iiia?aea/a. Oe?eani?yiiaaia i?aai?caoe?y iiaieo cania?a, ui ia? ia iao?
iineeaiiy, aeae?eaiiy, i?aee?aneaiiy, aiioe?eia iane/aiiy oaenoo, eiai
anoaoe/ia ioi?ieaiiy, i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeieeiaiiy noee?n-oe/iiai
i?eeiio. Ooaeiaei? aoaeoe noai?ththoueny ia eeoa ie?aieie noee?noe/ieie
i?eeiiaie, aea e oe?eeie na??yie oaeeo i?eeii?a – eii-aa?aaioe?yie, ca
oa?i?iieia??th aia?eeainueeiai aeine?aeieea I.??ooaoa?a22 ?eooaoa?
I.E?eoa?ee noeeenoe/aneiai aiaeeca //Iiaia a ca?oaaaeiie eeiaaenoeea.-

Aui.9.-I.:I?ia?ann,1980.-N.90.. Iniiao noee?noe/iiai aiae?co ?
neeaaea? “i?ioean aeya-eaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai i?eeiio ? aecia/aiiy eiai
ooieoe?? a aeai?e neiaanii-ooaeiaei?e iiaoaeia?”3 Iaeeioeia A.A.
Noeeenoeea oaenoa .- I.:Iaoea, 1980. – N.64.. Aeey a?aeoai?aiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? nenoaie noeeth ienueiaiieea iaiao?aeii i?aeaeaoe
iiia?aaeiueiio ?aoaeueiiio ?iaiaioii-noee?noe/iiio aiae?cia? ie?ai? eiai
e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaei? oai?e. I???ioaoe?y ia ie?aiee ooaeiaei?e oa?? ye
oe?e?nio, caieiooo a nia? neiaanii-ooaeiaeith no?oeoo?o ? aeii?ioth/ith
a no/anieo o?eieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo. Aeyaeaiiy aeeiai?ee oa
ae?aeaeoeee iiceoe?e iiia?aea/a, a?aeaeoeo a a?o?oaeoii?oe? neiaanieo
?yae?a, oa?aeoa?enoeea aeei?enoaiiy neiaanii? noeo??,
cia?aaeoaaeueii-ae?aaeaeueieo cania?a aeey ia?aaea/? nthaeaoiiai
?icaeoeo, aeey noai?aiiy ia?ac?a ia?niiaae?a, ?icaeyae oeeo cania?a o
?oi?e aca?ii?e ocaiaeaeaiino?, o ?oi?e caaaeuei?e ni?yiiaaiino? aei
ao?eaiiy aaoi?nueeiai caaeoio — ona oea ? aeoaea aaaeeeaei aeey
?icoi?iiy aeaii? ooaeiaeiuei? no?oeoo?e.

?icae?e 2 “Noee?noe/ia i?aai?caoe?y iiia?ae? a ?iiai? I.I.Aoeaaeiaa
“A?ea aaa?ae?y” neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1-io “Iniiai? no?oeoo?ii-noee?noe/i? i?eioeeie
i?aai?caoe?? ?iiaio “A?ea aaa?ae?y” anaa?/ii ?icaeyaeathoueny
noee?noe/ii-iiaeaii?a? aeaiaioe, ui ?aae?cothoue ia?ac iiia?aea/a a
?iiai? ? a?ae iueiai iioiaeyoue, oa aecia/a?oueny ?o
anoaoeei-eiino?oeoeaia ?ieue o no?oeoo?? ooaeiaeiueiai oe?eiai.

“A?ea aaa?ae?y”- aeaatho Aoeaaeiaa-?iiai?noa. O oeueiio ?iiai? yne?aai
aeyaeeany ooaeiaeiy neea iieiaeiai ienueiaiieea, iayai?noue yei?
a?ae/oaa?oueny a aoaeue-yeiio i?noe? oaenoo oai?o. Nie?ath/enue ia
i?euaieaio Iooe?iei ?in?enuee?e e?oa?aoo?? aaaaoiieaiia?noue iiia?ae? oa
ia iooe?inueeo iaia?o cia?aaeaiiy aioo??oi?o noai?a aa?i?a oeyoii
iai?yii?, iia?/ii? neiaie?caoe??, Aoeaaeia o oie aea /an oneeaaeith?
oeae iooe?inueeee i?eeii (o aeon? e?oa?aoo?ieo i?eioeei?a XX noie?ooy,
iniaeeai ?in?enueei? i?iaiaioaeueii? i?ice) — ca ?aooiie ?icoe?aiiy
ieaio ia?niiaaea, ca?eueoaiiy noeai?/iino? aeeeaaeaiiy a eiiiiceoe??
?iiaio. I?e oeueiio oneeaaeith?oueny ? noee?noe/ia no?oeoo?a naiiai
iiia?aea/a. Iiia?aea/ o “A?e?e aaa?ae??” ? aeecueeei aei na?oo aieiaieo
aa?i?a ?iiaio. A?i i?ae ciaoiaeeoueny a eie? in?a ? iiae?e, ui
cia?aaeothoueny, oi ni?a/oaath/e nai?i aa?iyi, oi iaceiaeai ??ii?coth/e
iaae ieie. A?i ia?aaoaa? a o?e aea aiioe?eii-naiaioe/i?e noa??, ui ?
aa?i?, ni?eeiyooy iei ciai?oiueiai na?oo ? aeecueeei ni?eeiyooth na?oo
oei aai ?ioei ia?niiaaeai, a ia??aeei iaa?oue ceeaa?oueny c iei.

Iiia?aea/ o ?iiai? Aoeaaeiaa /anii i?ae a?aee?eoi anooia? o na?o, ui iei
cia?aaeo?oueny. Eiiiiceoe?eii oea ae?aaeaii, cie?aia, ia?aoiaeii
ia’?eoeaii-?ioi?iaoeaii? ?iciia?ae? a noa’?eoeaii-caaino?aio iiia?aeue,
ui iaaaaeo? aioo??oi?e iiiieia ae?eiai? iniae, ao?eaiee o oi?io iaaeania
i?yii? iiae (III): “A iaaeuo aeacao Oa?aeineiai iy/eeaie cai?uaaea
?aaeinoue i?e ecaanoee ia en/aciiaaiee Oaeueaa?aa. Iaeaiueeee oeai n?aco
ii/oanoaiaae, /oi ii, eae ieeiaaea, a aieina, e ?iciaaoay ainoeiay
iaiieieeanue aeaenoaeoaeueii /oaeiaeuiui o?aaaiii caoeia, iae Oa?aeineee
yieoaeaio aiao Aeiaiath, e eae iae! Aea, iiaeaeoe, ana acaei? ia naaoa,
e?iia oaeiai aieina, eae o Oa?aeineiai”. Iiia?aea/ o “A?e?e aaa?ae??”
aaeeaa? ??ciiai ?iaeo naiaioe/i? neaiaee, ?ic?aoiaai? ia aeoea?caoe?th
/eoaoeueeeo anioe?aoe?e. Oae? neaiaee aai aeeiai?cothoue, aai
ae?aiaoecothoue cia?aaeoaaio neooaoe?th aai neoaeaoue caniaii e??ecaoe??
aeeeaaeaiiy. O neioaene/iiio ieai? oe? neaiaee ioi?ieththoueny iaiiaieie
aai iaceaieie eiino?oeoe?yie: “?ac — e ieii/aoaeueiue ooiai! Ooiai,
ainiiaea. Ieeieea, auieaoee o?e aieaea, aaaae e naaa ca ieaoeii e a
ia?aaeiae (eiaaea ieeoi ia aeaeeo, iiaeii auoue naiei niaie) i?eiae e
aaoaeea. E?eaay oaoea Oa?aeineiai ni naa?eathuae cieioii ?oeiyoueth.
Iiaea?ee ia?neaeneee i?eioe. Eeeiie aeaianneee. E i?eioe ia aea?ee, e
eeeiie ia aeaianneee, ii aa?ii — e?aneaay e aei?iaay. I?a/iue iaoca? ia
?aiiyo a eiao?a, Ea?anaa “noaea?” — ai?iiaiia aeoei. Ieeieea i?eiae e
oieiaeiiio aea?aao eiao?u, o?iaae iaeueoeaie oeuiue iaoca?ia iin e /ooue
ia caieaeae io aieiaiey. Caoioaeinue ae?aoueny nae/an aea, neth ieiooo,
oai, ca Iinoii, ia niaaeiuo iieyo. Aaaeue nouaeii! Iaeiaei … Caeanue
aiaeea e oaiei, a oai i?ae, ao?ai, auethaa, caia?catho thiea?a. *oi aea
iie aeoiatho oai a ooaaao? Y, ae?oaeeia aua ia aioiaa, nooaeaiou ia
iao/aiu, a neiaaeacia ana iao e iao, aa?iyoii, iie, eae naiiae, /a?iua…
Ii aaaeue iie aea caeanue iiia?cioo, e naeiueyi? Iie aaaeue i?eaueee e
aea?eiio eeeiaoo?”.

Ooo ?ooathoueny ? ia?aie?oathoueny aeaa ?yaee neiaanii-noee?noe/ieo
oi?i: iaei? — aeeaiei iniaeno?, aeeiai?/i? aeni?aneaii-nieneia? oi?ie
iiae ? na?aeiiino? Ieeieee Oo?a?ia, yeee aino?i ni?eeia? ie?ai? oaeoe
ae?eniino? ? a?ae?aco aaciina?aaeiuei ?aaao? ia ieo; ?io? eaeooue a?ae
iiia?aea/a, ni?aa?aeianai? c eiai ia?acii, iinyoue
ia’?eoeaii-?ioi?iaoeaiee oa?aeoa?. Ia oii? ia’?eoeaieo eiinoaoaoe?e
iiia?aea/a c iniaeeaith neeith aeae?eythoueny o?ea/ano?,
noa’?eoeaii-aeni?aneai? oi?-ie, ui eaeooue a?ae ia?niiaaea ?
ia?aaeathoue noaeeueiaaiee, eia?/ii ia oii?yaeeiaaiee aioo??oi?e iiiieia
inoaiiueiai. Aea e oi?ie iiae iii-a?aea/a, ui iicia/athoue yaeua
ae?eniino? i?ae ioieoe?ii, i???ioiaai? ooo ia ia “?iciia?aeue” i?i
aioo??oi?e noai aa?iy, a ia “iieac” oeueiai noaio.

O ?iiai? Aoeaaeiaa aeii?io? ia?niiaeueia iiia?aeue. Iiia?aea/ ia o?eueee
aeeaeoueny ia ioi/oth/ee na?o i/eia aa?iy a ieai? i?inoi?iai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, aea e ia??aeei i?iieea? a ineoieia?th inoaiiueiai,
i???iooth/enue ia eiai iiao. Iaaeania i?yia iiaa aenooia? iaeiei ?c
i?ia?aeieo cania?a ia?aaea/? aeoiie ? ia?aaeeaaiue aa?iy. Ia?niiaeueia
iiia?aeue ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaia c III. Iiia?aeue o “A?e?e aaa?ae??”, ui
eaea i?ae ia a?ai? aeaio na?aeiiinoae (iiia?aea/a ? ia?niiaaea), oaanue
/an “c?eaa?oueny” a III, ui caeeth/a? a nia? iniaeeaino? iiae ? ieneaiiy
aa?iy. Aeaoaeueiee aiae?oe/iee iien noaio aeoo? aa?iy, oa?aeoa?iee aeey
noeeth E.I.Oienoiai, o Aoeaaeiaa i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi?e; cai?noue iueiai —
cia?aaeaiiy /a?ac ni?eeiyooy aa?iy, ia?aaea/a eiai ii/ooo?a ? aeoiie ca
aeiiiiiaith aioo??oi?o iiiieia?a, ioi?ieaieo i?yiith aai — /ano?oa —
iaaeania i?yiith iiaith, yea caa??aa? caaa?aeaiiy iniaenoiai
oaeethaaiiy, caoaeaeaiiy naiiai noa’?eoa. I?e cia?aaeaii? aioo??oiueiai
noaio aa?iy aeei?enoiao?oueny, ye i?aaeei, e?oiiee ieai.
Canoiniaothoueny noee?noe/i? oi?ie aeeiai?/iiai iieno, caaa?aeai?
noa’?eoeaieie a?aeo?ieaie aeni?an??. Aioo??oi? iiiieiae iaio oei?a
aoi?aathoueny a iiia?aeue, ci?ithth/e iaeei iaeiiai oa iineethth/e
aeni?a-neai?noue a?aeoai?aii? noeaie. Ii??ai. ia?aaea/o ii/ooo?a ?
aeoiie Ieeieee Oo?a?ia i?ae /an aoa/? a?ae ai?ia?a: “*oanoaoy aoaeaiea a
aieiaa e iaeueeaiea a aeacao, Ieeieea iiaaaeae e ai?ioai…

I, eeeiaaiea! E iie caia?ou, ii eaeie acaei?! Neaiciay oci?iay ?aoaoea.
Ieeieea, eae iiaea?iue, iieac ii iae, ia?aeac, nionoeeny e ieacaeny ia
?acuacaeae oeeoea. Oaeaeae, /oi iia auea niaa?oaiii ionoa, ie aeooe.
“*aoaa?oue ieiooee iiaeuoo, ia aieaa, a oi na?aeoea eiiiao”,- aeoiae
Ieeieea e aeioae ?aneaeaiiue aicaeoo. “Aea…aeieoiaioe…” Ieeieea auoauee
ec ea?iaia aeocu ia/eo caianeaiiuo oaeinoiaa?aiee e eci?aae eo. E iie
?aceaoaeenue, eae niaa. Oneuoae, /oi ncaaee ni noi?iiu oiai ia?ae?anoea,
ia eioi?ii ii inoaaee Iae-Oo?na, caa?aiae ioeaiao e aio ioicaaeenue
ioeaiaou e ?oaeaeiua caeiu aia?aaee Ieeieee, ioooaea, ec Ai?iaea. Aio
iii /oi. Ai?iae caoaaoeee. A Ai?iaea aie. Eaoano?ioa. Ieeieea, ana aua
caaeuoaynue, iaaeie ?oeaie n/euae niaa. Eieueo a?ineoue? Iae-Oo?nia
eieueo? Iao, ie ca /oi. Aainue oaeanony i?inei/eoue. Aaaeue ia iiaoo aea
iie auoue iianthaeo n?aco”.

Ia?ao?ae ia iiceoe?th ia?niiaaea cae?enith?oueny ooo ??ceei c?ooaiiyi o
ieiueio eiai na?aeiiino?. Oea c?ooaiiy iicia/aii ?ioiiaoe?eii —
aeeth/aiiyi aeaio aeaoe?a, ui eaeooue ii?yae ? a yeeo /o?oueny
aaciina?aaei?e aiein aa?iy. Aeeiai?eo iiia?aeaeueieo oi?i ooo oaeiae
i?aeii?yaeeiaaii ia?aaea/? noaeeueiaaiiai noaio ia?niiaaea, eiai
ni?eeiyooth e ioe?ioe? ia?aaeeaaiiai iiiaioo. Oae, o
eaeii?/ii-?ioi?iaoeai?e eiino?oeoe?? “Oaeaeae, /oi iia auea niaa?oaiii
ionoa, ie aeooe” iaaeeeoeiaee aeaiaio-i?e/?iea “ie aeooe” ia/aaoi
neiaie?co? aioo??oi?e aeano naiiai aa?iy — ii/oooy oaeeeiiiai
iieaaoaiiy. ? aeae? iaca’yci? aeaiaioe aioo??oiuei? iiae Ieeieee Oo?a?ia
(“Aea … aeieoiaiou”) — nai???aeiee naiaioe/iee eiiaeainao — oyaiooue ca
niaith iien aeaiaioa?ieo ? a oie aea /an iiaieo ineoieia?/ii? ae?aciino?
ae?e, ui ?ice?eaathoue aoaeoeaiee ci?no aioo??oiuei? ?aie?ee aa?iy
(“Ieeieea auoauee ec ea?iaia aeocu ia/eo caianeaiiuo oaeinoiaa?aiee e
eci?aae eo”). Iio?i, i?ae ia?aaeaa/ath/e ia?ao?ae a?ae iiae iiia?aea/a
aei noa?e aioo??oiueiai iiiieiao aa?iy, aei ?ioi?iaoeaii? iiia?ae?,2
aeeth/a?oueny iecea ooi/iaiue (“aia?aaee Ieeieee, ioooaea, ec Ai?iaea”),
ui iai?oaeothoue noa’?eoeaio aeni?an?th. Iaaeania i?yia iiaa a?aeoai?th?
noaeeueiaaii ioeuenoth/o aeoieo Ieeieee (“Aio iii /oi. Ai?iae caoaaoeee.
A Ai?iaea aie. Eaoano?ioa”), a i?ney ia?aaeaaiiy iiia?aeaeueiith
eiino?oeoe??th, ui iaoii?i?/ii cia?aaeo? neeaaeio ai?ioueao ii/ooo?a o
aeoo? iieiaeoiai Oo?a?ia (“Ieeieea, ana aua caaeuoaynue, iaaeie ?oeaie
n/euae niaa”), III ia?aaea? “aioo??oith” aeeiai?/ii-iai?oaeaio ?iciiao
aa?iy ?c naiei niaith (“Eieueo a?ineoue? Iae-Oo?nia eieueo? Iao, ie ca
/oi. Aainue oaeanony i?inei/eoue. Aaaeue ia iiaoo aea iie auoue
iianthaeo n?aco”). Oaeei /eiii, a aiae?ciaaiiio o?aaiaio? /a?aothoueny,
caeeaeathoueny, nie?oathoueny ??ciiiai?oi? aeaee iiia?ae?, noai?thth/e
neeaaeiee ? nai???aeiee noee?noe/iee iaethiie. Naaiaioe iiae, ui eaeooue
a?ae iiia?aea/a, i?noyoue ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ciai?oi? ae?? ia?niiaaea,
o?enothoue oa, ui a?i aa/eoue ? /o? (i?e oeueiio, iaaeeaeath/enue aei
e?ioey, oae? naaiaioe noa’?eoea?cothoueny, i?ae iano?ith-th/e ia
ia?ao?ae o noa?o na?aeiiino? ia?niiaaea, a ioaea , aei ia?niiaeueii?
iiia?ae?). Naaiaioe oaenoo, i?aai?ciaai? oi/eith ci?o ia?niiaaea,
ia?a-aeathoue eiai aeoiee, eiai noii?ae, eiai iai??e, aena?oeaiiy oaeo?a
/a?ac eiai ni?eeiyooy, aaaaoi a /iio /a?ac aeanoea? eiio oi?ie iiae.

Ia?niiaeueia iiia?aeue o ?iiai? ?iiae? ao?eth?oueny o oi?io iaaeania
i?yiiai ae?aeiao, ui aenooia? ye “caaa?oaeueia e?eueoea o oiio eaioethc?
ia?aoai?aiue, yeei i?aeaeathoueny ??ci? eiino?oeoeai? aeaiaioe oai?o, ui
caciathoue aieeao oi/ee ci?o ia?niiaaea” Eiaeaaieeiaa I.A.
Ianianoaaiii-i?yiie aeeaeia a ooaeiaeanoaaiiie i?ica // Neioaenen

e noeeenoeea. –I.:Iaoea, 1976.-N.283.. Aoeaaeia aeei?enoiao?
??aee?nio oi?io iiaoaeiae ae?aeiao — ae?aeia c iiouaieie ?aie?eaie.

O aeii?ioth/o a aoeaae?anueeiio ?iiai? ia?niiaeueio iiia?aeue
aaaaoi?aciai ao?o/a?oueny ?ioee iiia?aea/, ui iia?o? yeui ia
anaa?aeaiiyi, oi a onyeiio ?ac? ?ioei ciaiiyi, a?eueo “aenieei”, i?ae
oa, yeei iia?o? iiia?aea/-iina?aaeiee.

O ?iiai? aeae?eythoueny aea? i?ia?aei? noee?noe/i? e?i??: iaeia –
noe-e?noe/ii-i?aeianaia, iia’ycaia c iiia?aea/ai, ui ciaoiaeeoueny iaae
na?oii cia?aaeaieo aa?i?a ? iiae?e; ?ioa — noee?noe/ii-iaeo?aeueia,
/anii iaa?oue aeaui “cieaeaia”, ui eaea a iniiaiiio a ?one?
ia?niiaeueii? iiia?ae?. Iaeaea? e?i?? aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c
ai?a?aoaie, a?eueo oiai – aeoi-aeyoue ?c ieo. Aeni?aneai? ithaine
ai?a?ao?a iaoiiaeththoue aeii?ioth/ee ia o?e aai ?io?e ae?eyioe? ?iiaio
oii iiia?ae?. Ai?a?ao c “Aiieae?inena nayoiai ?iaiia Aiaineiaa”
iaoiiaeth? aenieo oiiaeuei?noue aeeeaaeo, ai?-a?ao ?c “Eai?oainueei?
aei/ee” — iaeo?aeueio ? cieaeaii-?iciiaio. Ai?a?ao ?c “Eai?oainueei?
aei/ee” ia o?eueee neiaie?/ii aena?oeth? cia?aaeai? a ?iiai? Aoeaaeiaa
iiae??, aea e noaaeoue ?o o ia?aeaeue ?c iiae?aieie ae iiae?yie a
“Eai?oainuee?e aei/oe?”. Ai?a?ao c “Aiieae?inena” aeooae?co? oaio
aenieiai — a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ia?aae Aiaii ca ae?ea nai?. Ai?a?aoe
“A?ei? aaa?ae??” aeae?eythoue, aeoeaioothoue eaeoiioeae nthaeaoo.

?c i?aeianaiei a?ae?eiei oiiii ocaiaeaeo?oueny a ?iiai? oii iiia?aea/a,
ui a?aeoai?th? ae?oaee nii Ieaen?y Oo?a?ia — aaee/io ea?oeio-iaii?aio
I?noa, yeei aiii aoei a ie?iee ? uaneeaee aeey Oo?a?ieo /an. Oaeo ae
ai?/ii-o?i/enoo oiiaeuei?noue i?noyoue naaiaioe ?iiaio, ye?
I.I.Eiaeaaieeiaa Eiaeaaieeiaa I.A. I oeiao iiaanoaiaaiey a niaaoneie
i?ica // Aii?inu ycuea nia?a-

iaiiie ?onneie eeoa?aoo?u.- I.:Iaoea, 1971.- N.115. eaae?o?eo? ye
“o?aaiaioe i?iaiaioaeueii-neaciai? iiia?ae?”. Oie aea oii — a aiioe?eii
iane/aieo oaa?aeaeaiiyo-ocaaaeueiaiiyo iiia?aea/a, aeecueeiai aei
anaa?aeaiiy.

Noee?noe/ii-i?aeianaiith oiiaeuei?noth oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ? iaecaae o
“A?e?e aaa?ae??”. Iaecaae o oeueiio ?iiai? iaeaea caaaeaee neiaie?/iee.
A?i ia o?eueee e??e/ii cia?aaeo? ae??, aea e neiaie?/ii ia?aaea?ua?
iaai? iiae??. Iaecaae o “A?e?e aaa?ae??” ia??aeei i?ae i?aee?aneth?
aiioe?eiee eiio?ano i?ae i?e?iaeith ? iaii?yaeieie ethaenueeeie ae?yie.
Oeae eiio?ano oienia iineeaii o o?iae? ?iiaio, aea iaecaae iineoue ia
o?eueee neiaie?/iee, aea e o?einionueei-e??e/iee oa?aeoa?.

Iiceoe?y iiia?aea/a, ui ciaoiaeeoueny iaae cia?aaeaiei na?oii,
aeya-ey?oueny a aoi?enoe/ieo aeneiaeaiiyo, ye? a ocaaaeueiai?e, caouai?e
oi?i? iiaeathoue aeeoo?aee ? ineoieia?/iee aeina?ae iiia?aea/a. Aiie, ye
i?aaeei, ia?aaeothoue iia?aeiieaiiyi i?i ia?aa?a iiae?e, yeee naia ?
i?ae-oaa?aeaeo? ?noeie, ui a ieo i?noyoueny. No?oeoo?i? oi?ie ?o aeoaea
??cii-iai?oi?. Aiie iiaeooue aooe /anoeiith (i?aaeeeaoeaiith
iaeeieoeath) neeaae-iiai ?a/aiiy, iiaeooue noaiiaeoe niaith ?icai?iaio
neioaene/io eiino-?oeoe?th, iiaeooue ?icai?oaoeny a na??th
aiie?o?eiaaieo aiioe?eii-ioe?iieo ii??aiyiue, ui aaiaeyoueny
aiaoi?e/iith a?oiith. Aoi?enoe/i? aeneia-eaiiy aeeiiothoue aaaeeeao
ooieoe?th a ?iiai?: aiie aeooae?cothoue iiia?-aeaeueio neooaoe?th,
a?aee?eaathoue caa?iaiee iaee//yi aei /eoa/a ia?ac iiia?aea/a.

Iiceoe?y anaa?aeaiiy (aai aeecueea aei ia?) aeyaey?oueny oaeiae o
aeaoaeuei?e oei?coth/?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? “iiauo i?eoaeueoeaa,
ono?aieyaoeony ia Ai?iae” (ia??aeei aeiiiaiai?e ioe?ii/ieie
caoaaaeaiiyie). Iiceoe?y anaa?aeaiiy aeyaey?oueny e o oeo o?aaiaioao
?iiaio, o yeeo cia?aaeaii ieioea aa?i?a, a oaeiae o oe?ieiio,
iaii?aiiiio ioiieaii? cia?aaeaiiai na?oo c ?ice?eooyi oa?iieo caaeoi?a
caeo/aieo aei ae?? ia?niiaae?a. Iiia?aea/, yeiio aeineiiaeueii a?aeiia
neooaoe?y, ui iieno?oueny, ?iiae? iiaea? ?? a ae?aiaoeciaai?e oi?i?:
iiia?aeue aoaeo?oueny ye iecea ia?ica’ycieo ieoaiue, iieeeeaieo
i?aeoaa?-aeeoe aacaiaeyoe?eia oaa?aeaeaiiy iiia?aea/a. Iiceoe?y
anaa?aeaiiy aeya-ey?oueny ? oiae?, eiee ia ?aie?eo aioo??oiuei? iiae
ia?niiaaea, ioi?ieaii? III, iae?aco ne?aeo? aeeaa ?aaeoe?y iiia?aea/a —
eiai aeaoe, yeee na?ae/eoue, ui eiio (iiia?aea/aa?) cacaeaeaa?aeue
a?aeiia oaoaeueia iiieeea ia?niiaaea. Iiceoe?y anaa?aeaiiy
aenie?eo?oueny a ?iiai? neiainiieo/aiiyie “a naiii aeaea”, “ia naiii
aeaea”, i?ene?aieeaie /ano c ocaaaeueithth/ei cia/aiiyi “anaaaea”,
“ieeiaaea”, caia?a/ieie caeiaiieeaie “ieeoi”, “ie/aai”, aiioe?eiei
aeaoeii “oau” a aeoeaiooth/?e ooieoe??.

Anaa?aeaiiy iiia?aea/a “A?ei? aaa?ae??” aeyaey?oueny oaeiae o
a?aeoai?aii? ni?a aa?i?a ?iiaio. Nie oe? ??ciiiai?oi? ye ca ci?noii, oae
? ca noee?noeeith. Iiae?? a ?iiai? i?ae ia?aaeaa/athoueny o niao aa?i?a.
Ia?ace c ??cieo ni?a aeoeeiaothoueny o nai???aeiee
aeni?aneaii-neiaie?/iee ?yae: Oooeinuee? Ceiae?? c a?aeie/eaie, *a?aiaee
aaeao ?c i?noieaoii, ui ieth? o aona Aaneeen? ? no??ey? ai?eooe —
eioia?, ui ini?oa?oueny, a ooaiyo o e?oiio ee?oeo — ia?inoath/a
iaaooeiiy, ui i?aeae?a?oueny aei naiiai iaee//y Ieeieee, o yeiio iiaeia
caaeeoiooeny, — a?oceee o?iooa?, aei yeiai i?eeeiathoue iiae Ieaen?y, ui
iaiaaa?oueny aoaeoe a?ae oeo, ui no??eythoue, — caeeoa e?ia’th oey
Ieeieee ? a?i/ee c ?eiieaie ia /ie? — ?iaeaa?, no?aoi? ii?inyoa c
i?oaeeiaie ana?aaeei? ? aino?eie ?eeaie, ui iiiaioaeueii c?eee nai?ie
i’yoa/eiaeie ii?aeaie aeiaeyioo? caeai? a?yaeee ? iia?iaeothoue aeeooth
Aaneeene. Oe? aeni?aneaii-neiaie?/i? ia?ace aoi?aathoueny o no?ieaoee
iaethiie iiia?ae?, noath/e aeaea?aeii aino?eo aiioe?eii-naiaioe/ieo
aoaeo?a, ui iineeththoue caaaeueio o?eaiaeio aoiinoa?o a ?iiai?. Aiie
i?oeieie ieoyie iia’ycai? ?c nthaeaoiith eiiiiceoe??th oa yne?aaeie
niaeaoaie aena?oeththoue iiia?aeaeueio ia?niaeoeao.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2-io “Aca?iiae?y ae?aaeaeueii-cia?aaeoaaeueieo cania?a o
?iiai? “A?ea aaa?ae?y” ?icaeyaeathoueny niaoe?aeuei? iiai? caniae
aeni?aneaii? ooaeiaeiuei? aeooae?caoe??, iia’ycai? iii?ae niaith
neeaaeiith nenoaiith ni?aa?aeiioaiue ? i?ioenoaaeaiue, ui “iaaea? ?
eiaeiiio aeaiaioia? cie?aia, ? on?e eiino?oeoe?? caaaeii cian?i
iniaeeaiai naiaioe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy” Eioiai TH.I. Aiaeec iiyoe/aneiai
oaenoa. – I.:Eneonnoai, 1970.- N.36.. ?iiai Aoeaaeiaa “A?ea aaa?ae?y”
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaiei nooiaiai i?iaiaioaeueiino?. Iiaoi?aiiy,
ooieoe?iiaeuei? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neiaanieo ia?ac?a, ui ?icaeaathoueny a
neeaae? oe?e?niiai anoaoe/iiai ia’?eoo, ?o (ia?ac?a) ooaeiaei?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? a aeeiai?oe? neiaaniiai iioieo — ona oea iai?oaeo?
aii-oe?eii-ooaeiaeith neeo oai?o. Aanue inoaii?e ?icae?e ?iiaio
oa?aeoa-?eco?oueny i?aeaeuaiith ia?aci?noth, i?eoyaiaiiyi o eiaei?e
“a?aeaeaoe?” oe?eeo na??e aca?iiae?th/eo, ooieoe?iiaeueii ia’?aeiaieo
noee?noe/ieo i?eeii?a — eiiaa?aaioe?e. O i?ae?icae?e? ia eeoa
aeyaeythoueny oe? eiiaa?aaioe??, a e anoaiiaeththoueny ?o
ooaeiaeiuei-noee?noe/i? ooieoe??.

Noee?noe/iee iaethiie iiia?ae? a “A?e?e aaa?ae??” ? neeaaeiei, no?ieaoei
? aeeiai?/ii ci?ith?oueny a eiiiiceoe?? ooaeiaeiueiai oe?eiai. Aeii?io?
ia?niiaeueia iiia?aeue, ui cia?aaeo? ae?eni?noue c
i?ciaaaeueii-ioe?ii/ii? ia?niaeoeae ie?aieo ia?niiaae?a ? iane/aia
aeni?aneaii-nieneiaeie oi?iaie ?oiuei? iiae ? na?aeiiino?. C iath
ii?aeio?oueny iiia?aeue, i?aai?ciaaia oi/eith ci?o iiia?aea/a, yeee nai
i?ae iaoiaeeoueny na?aae iienoaaieo iei in?a ? iiae?e, a oaeiae
anaa?aeath/iai iiia?aea/a. O ?iiai? niinoa??aa?oueny iino?eia ci?ia
aniaeoo iiia?ae? ? iaaecae/aeia ieeii?noue ia?aoiae?a i?ae
ia?niiaeueiith iiia?aeaeth e iiia?aeaeth iiia?aea/a, ui ciaoiaeeoueny
iaae cia?aaeaiei na?oii aai ana?aaeei? oeueiai na?oo.

?icae?e 3 “Noee?noe/ia no?oeoo?a cia?aaeaiiai na?oo a ?iiai? “A?ea
aaa?ae?y” neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a. I?ae?icae?e 1-e —
“No?oeoo?a ia?aco ia?niiaaea ye i?iaeaia noee?noeee ooaeiaeiueiai
oaenoo” i?noeoue o nia? ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iniiai? i?aeoiaee aei
o?aeooaaiiy ia?aco aa?iy a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??. I?ioyaii aaaaoueio
aeanyoee?oue i?e aiae?c? ooaeiaei?o oai??a iiaa eoea aieiaiei /eiii i?i
i?aaaeiiiae?ai?noue ? ?ai?acaioaoeai?noue cia?aaeaieo o oai?ao
oa?aeoa??a, a oaeiae i?i ?o i?ea?iaeuei?noue ? ia?aeiieea?noue a i/ao
/eoa/a. Iaeiae iinooiiai ?icaeaaany ?ioa?an ? aei oaoi?ee ao?eaiiy
ia?ac?a e?oa?aoo?ieo aa?i?a (?iaioe Ae?aae?ona A., Aaoo?ia I.I.,
Oiiaoaanueeiai A.A., Aeiia?aaeiaa A.A., Aa?oa ?., Eioiaia TH.I.,
Iaeeioeiaa A.A. oa ?i.). E?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueith i?aeoeeith ae?iaeaii
??ciiiai?oi? niiniae cia?aaeaiiy ia?niiaae?a. Iae/ano?oa aieiai? ae?eia?
iniae ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o cia?aaeothoueny ye “cciai?” (c oi/ee ci?o
noi?iiiueiai niinoa??aa/a), oae ? “cna?aaeeie” (c oi/ee ci?o naiiai
aa?iy aai c iiceoe?? anaciath/iai iiia?aea/a — oeyoii a?aeoai?aiiy
ci?noo na?aeiiino? aa?iy). Iaoii?noue ae?oai?yaei? ia?niiaae?
aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny, ye i?aaeei, ca aeiiiiiaith i?eeiio ciai?oiuei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee. Eiiiiceoe?ei? ooieoe?? e?oa?aoo?ieo ia?ac?a iiaeooue
aooe ??ciiiai?oieie: aiie (ia?ace) iiaeooue aenooieoe o oai?? ? ye
ia’?eoe cia?aaeaiiy, ? ye noa’?eoe ni?eeiaiiy, o /e?e na?aeiiino?
a?aeaeaa?oueny aeeiai?ea nthaeaoo, oi?ie eiai ?icaeoeo, ?io? ia?ace
oiui.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2-io “Noee?noe/i? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae ia?ac?a ia?niiaae?a
o ?iiai? “A?ea aaa?ae?y” ?icaeyaeathoueny iniiai? i?eeiie iiaoaeiae
e?oa?aoo?ieo ia?ac?a o noee? aoeaae?anueeiai ?iiaio. O “A?e?e aaa?ae??”
Aoeaaeia i?aaia aei aeni?aneaii-iiaeeaeaiiai, ineoieia?/ii ia?aeiieeaiai
cia?aaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?. Ienueiaiiee aeei?enoiao? ye i?eeii
?icn?yii? ii?o?aoii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia?niiaaea, c ?icae??aiai?noth
iica?/ieo oeaie?a, ca yeeie a?aeoai?th?oueny oe?e?niee ia?ac, oae ?
i?eeii eieaeueiiai, ?icai?iooiai ii?o?aoiiai iieno, cae?eniaiiai aai c
iiceoe?? iiia?aea/a, yeee ia/aaoi ciaoiaeeoueny iac?eii na?aae
cia?aaeaieo in?a, aai c? neeaaeii? iiceoe??, eiee aei noa?e iiia?ae?
i?ei?oo?oueny noa?a na?aeiiino? oiai aai ?ioiai ia?niiaaea (aai
ia?niiaae?a). Iiia?aea/ o “A?e?e aaa?ae??”, ye i?aaeei, o?eno? oaaao ia
ye?enue ciai?oi?e, iai/i?e, ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e i?eeiao? ia?niiaaea, yea
iaeaea iino?eii “noi?iaiaeaeo?” aenooi inoaiiueiai.

C iaoith noai?aiiy naoe?e/ii? ii?o?aoii? oa?aeoa?enoeee (iai?eeeaae,
Oiieyinueeiai) I.Aoeaaeia aeei?enoiao? a?aee?eoee Iooe?iei ?
oaeineiiaeaiee Aiaieai i?eioeei i?e?aeioaaeueiiai niieo/aiiy ne?a ?
o?ac, aeaeaeeo ca ci?noii, aea i?e ianiiae?aaiiio caeeaeaii?
ooai?thth/eo neeaaeiee, noia?a/eeaee, iaeueiaie/ee, yne?aaee ia?ac
ia?niiaaea. Uii?aaaea, ia a?aei?io a?ae Aiaiey, o Aoeaaeiaa iaia?
eii?/iiai iaeiie/aiiy iiaooiaeo aeaoaeae o ii?o?aoiiio aeeaiieno, aea
iii?oii iineeaia ?aee?noue naoe?e/iiai a?aeoai?aiiy. I?e cia?aaeaii?
aeayeeo ia?niiaae?a (Oaeueaa?aa) ii?o?ao ? oa?aeoa?enoeea
ia?aie?oathoueny. Aeei?enoiao?oueny eiia?iiaaia oi?ia — ?c caeo/aiiyi ia
o?eueee ciai?oiuei-ci?iaeo, aea ? ineoieia?/ieo aecia/aiue, c iienii
oa?aeoa?enoe/ieo ?oo?a, ae?e, iic, c??aeea i?i?ee.

O ?iiai? c?iaeaii ni?iao noai?eoe ia?ac ?aeaaeueiiai ?in?enueeiai
io?oea?a, aei e?ioey a??iiai nai?io a?enueeiaiio ? ethaenueeiio
iaia’yceo. A?aeoai?thth/e ia?ac Iae-Oo?na, Aoeaaeia oe?iei canoiniao?
i?eeii ia?aa?aeieo iia?aeiieaiue, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai anoaiiaeththoueny
oi?ie eiiiiceoe?eiiai a?oioaaiiy oaeo?a ?c caaeaiith aeni?an??th ? c
iaeaaeiei aena?oeaiiyi. I?e noai?aii? ia?aco Iae-Oo?na
aeei?enoiaothoueny noe-e?noe/i? i?eioeeie, oa?aeoa?i? aeey ?eoi?e/iiai
oai?o, aea naiaioeea aa?i?a “caaaeaee i?yiie?i?eia ? aeaeaea a?ae
aeni?aneaii? “noia?a/-eeaino?” Aeiia?aaeia A.A. I ycuea ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
i?icu.- I.:Iaoea, 1980. — N.138..

Iaeiiai?oa ??ciiiai?oi? i?eeiie oa?aeoa?enoe/ii? ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe??
ia?aco i?aaenoaaeai? a cia?aaeaii? aieiaieo ia?niiaae?a ?iiaio — a?ao?a
Oo?a?ieo. ?oi? ia?ace aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny iiia?aea/ai ia o?eueee ca
aeiiiiiaith o?enaoe?? ciai?oi?o ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo i?eeiao, aea e oeyoii
?ice?eooy a ae?aiaoe/ieo oi?iao neiaa ?ooeeaiai, noia?a/eeaiai na?oo
?oiuei? na?aeiiino?, a?aeoai?aiiy i?ieeaiai no?ith ?o i?yieo aai
a?aeaeca?eaeaieo i?iiia. Aoeaae?anueeee iiia?aea/, ia a?aei?io a?ae
oienoianueeiai, ia aiae?co? aiioe?? ae?eiaeo in?a. A?i iia?aeii
eiiaioo? ?o o ineoieia?/iiio ieai? ? a?ae?aco iinooia?oueny i?noeai
aa?ith: ??cei nei?i/o?oueny i?inoi?iai-/aniaa aeenoaioe?y, aaiaeeoueny
iaaeania i?yia iiaa, yea i?noeoue o nia? iniaeeaino? iiae ? ieneaiiy
aa?iy (i?e oeueiio iiaa aa?iy — “/oaea iiaa” — aeii?io?, aiia ?
neeuei?oith e aeoeai?oith ca iiao iiia?aea/a, iiia?aeue aeaea?oueny
caaeeaeaiith a no?oi?iue na?aeiiino? aa?iy), — iiia?aeue iaaoaa?
ia?niiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o. Ii??ai. cia?aaeaiiy aioo??oiueiai noaio
Ieaen?y Oo?a?ia i?ae /an a?aea?aeei iei ??aeii? Ieaenaiae??anueei?
a?iiac?? /a?ac a?n?i ?ie?a i?ney ?? cae?i/aiiy: “Aai na?aeoea cauaieei
ii/aio-oi io no?aoa. Aio iieacaeinue aae?oa, /oi /a?iay oo/a caneiieea
iaai, /oi iaeaoae eaeie-oi aeo?ue e niue anth aeeciue, eae no?aoiue aae
niuaaao i?enoaiue. I, ainaiue eao o/aiey! Neieueei a ieo auei iaeaiiai e
a?onoiiai e io/ayiiiai aeey iaeue/eoaneie aeooe, ii neieueei auei
?aaeinoiiai. Na?ue aeaiue, na?ue aeaiue, na?ue aeaiue, oo eiinaeooeaoi,
Eae THeee Oeaca?ue, eie ii einiia?aoee e aa/iay iaiaaenoue e ano?iiiiee
ni aeiy yoiai eiea. Ii caoi e aania, aania e a?ioio a caeao, aeiiacenoee
a caeaiuo ia?aaeieeao ia aoeueaa?a, eaooaiu e iae, e, aeaaiia, aa/iue
iaye aia?aaee – oieaa?neoao, cia/eo, aeeciue naiaiaeiay, — iiieiaaoa ee
au, /oi cia/eo oieaa?neoao? Caeaou ia Aeiai?a, aiey, aeaiueae, neea,
neaaa. E aio ii yoi i?ioae. Aa/ii caaaaei/iua aeaca o/eoaeae, e
no?aoiua, aei neo ii? aua niyueany, aannaeiu, ec eioi?uo aa/ii
aueeaaaony e ieeae ia iiaeao aueeoueny aiaea, e neiaeiua ?annoaeaeaiey i
oii, /ai Eaineee ioee/aaony io Iiaaeia, e eae aacia?acai Nie?ao, e
eiaaea iniiaai i?aeai eacoeoia, e aunaaeeeny Iiiiae, e aua eoi-oi
aunaaeeeny, e aunaaeeeny e aunaaeeaaeny a oa/aiea aeaoo ouny/ eao…”.
Ia?oa ?a/aiiy oeueiai o?aaiaioo eaea a ieai? anaa?aeath/iai iiia?aea/a.
O ianooii?i oaea ae?acii iicia/eany ia?ao?ae o noa?o na?aeiiino? Ieaen?y
Oo?a?ia: oi/ea ci?o aa?iy aaiaeeoueny ooo iiia?aaeiueith aeac?aeith “Aio
iieacaeinue…”. Iiia?aeue ii/eia? iai?oaoeny noa’?eoeaieie
aeni?aneaii-nieneiaeie a?aeo?ieaie, ia?aaeath/e nai???aeiee ce?iie
aioo??oiueiai noaio ia?niiaaea. I?ney oeueiai ne?aeo? c?ea o aioo??oi?e
iiiieia aa?iy, ioi?ieaiee iaaeania i?yiith iiaith. C?ea oeae iicia/aii
?ioiiaoe?eii – ?eoi?e/iei aeaoeii “I, ainaiue eao o/aiey!”. Aeae?
ne?aeo? aaceaaeiee aeo?iaee ?oo ae?ioe/ii? aioo??oiuei? iiae, yea
a?aeaeca?eaeth? no?oi?iue na?aeiiino? aa?iy. III aenooia? a
aoeaae?anueeiio ?iiai? ye iaeei ?c i?ia?aeieo niinia?a ia?aaea/?
oaioe/ii-noaeeueiaaiiai ineo?/iiai noaio aa?iy,
ia?a?ea/anoi-iaiine?aeiaiiai ?icaeoeo eiai aeoiie. C oe??th iaoith
ia??aeei aaeeaathoueny eiino?oeoeaii oneeaaeiai? oi?ie III, yea
aoaeo?oueny aai ye ae?aeia ia?niiaaea ?c naiei niaith, aai ye ae?aeia ?c
a?aenooi?i ni?a?iciiaieeii. I?yia iiaa aeei?enoiao?oueny iaei, aieiaiei
/eiii o aeaeyae? ie?aieo, o?ea/anoeo aeaiaio?a — ye can?a
aiioe?eii-aeni?aneaiiai iineeaiiy cia?aaeoaaiiai. Aeeiai?ea a?aeoai?aiiy
noaeeueiaaiiai ineo?/iiai noaio aa?iy iineeth?oueny a “A?e?e aaa?ae??”
i?aeeeth/aiiyi aei aioo??oiueiai iiiieiao, ioi?ieaiiio III,
iaoaoi?eciaaii? iiia?ae?, ui ?icaeaa? oo ae oaio ? eaea a?ae
anaa?aeath/iai iiia?aea/a.

O “A?e?e aaa?ae??” ia?aaaaea? ia ?iciia?aeue, a iieac, aaciina?aaei?
ine-oieia?/ii oi/ia a?aeoai?aiiy ii/ooo?a ? aeoiie aa?i?a “cna?aaeeie” ?
iean-oe/ii-aeaeeia cia?aaeaiiy ?oi?o ae?e, ?oiuei? iiaaae?iee —
“cciai?”. Oi/a i?eeiie iai?yii?, iia?/ii? neiaie?caoe?? ia?aaeeaaiue
aa?i?a caeiathoue o no?oeoo?? oaenoo ?iiaio a?aeiinii ne?iiia i?noea,
aiie aeoaea ae?aci? ? ??ciiiai?oi?.

I?ae?icae?e 3-e “Noee?noe/i? i?eeiie a?aeoai?aiiy ianiaeo ia?anoaaiue ?
ae?e o ?iiai? “A?ea aaa?ae?y” i?noeoue aiae?c cia?aaeaiiy ni?oiiai
a?enueeiaiai iaa/aiiy nooaeaio?a ? thiea??a ia ieaoeo ? i?ae neeai?iiyi
Ieaenaiae??anueei? a?iiac?? oa aeeiiaiiy ieie no?ieiaeo i?naiue. I?e
a?aeoai?aii? a ?iiai? ianiaeo ia?anoaaiue ? ae?e Aoeaaeia nie?a?oueny ia
aeina?ae cia?aaeaiiy iiae?aieo noeai o ?in?enuee?e eeane/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? XIX noie?ooy (ianaiia?aae ia aeina?ae Iooe?ia ? Oienoiai),
caaaa/oth/e eiai iiaeie i?eeiiaie, iiaeie eiiiiceoe?eii-iiaieie
“oiaeaie”, ui a?aee?eaathoue iiaeeea?noue a?eueo iiaiiai e aeni?aneaiiai
aena?oeaiiy ae?eniino?. Ienueiaiiee aaea?oueny aei e?iaiaoia?ao?/ii?
iaia?e cia?aaeaiiy. A?aeoai?aia ea?oeia neeaaea?oueny c e?eueeio ci?iaeo
eaae??a, ye? i?iieeaathoue ia?aae i/eia aa?iy, ui iineeth? a?aaeaiiy
aaciina?aaeiueiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino?. E?iaiaoia?ao?/ia iaia?a
iiia?ae? aeyaey?oueny ye o “i?ieo noeaiao”, aea aeii?io? aeeiai?/iee
iien, oae ? a ae?aiaoe/ieo aeoao, ae?acieo ? no??ieeo. Oi/ea ni?eeiyooy
? a?aeoai?aiiy ooaeiaeiuei? ae?eniino? iino?eii ia?anoaa?oueny c iaei???
noa’?eoii? noa?e aei ?ioi?, o ca’yceo c /ei a?aeaoaa?oueny aacia?anoaiia
eieeaaiiy /aniai? ia?niaeoeae.

Aeniiaee. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei c?iaeoe oae?
ocaaaeueiaiiy.

Iiia?aea/ ? oeaio?aeueiith naiaioe/iith o?ao?ith a ooaeiaeiueiio oai??.
A?ae iueiai eaeooue ? aei iueiai oyaiooueny an? caniae neiaanii?
i?aai?caoe?? e on? i?eeiie cia?aaeaiiy ooaeiaeiuei-?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
na?oo. Ia?ac iiia?aea/a aeyaey?oueny a nenoai? noee?noe/ii-iiaeaii?aeo
cania?a ? i?eeii?a, aeei?enoaieo iei o oai??, o aea?aiiio iei niinia?
aeeeaaeaiiy, o no?i? oa aca?iiae?? iiia?ae? e ae?aeiao – ye
ooaeiaeiuei-?iaee-a?aeoaeueia iniaeno?noue.

Ia?ac iiia?aea/a a ?iiai? “A?ea aaa?ae?y” ia? neeaaeio
noee?noe/ii-iiaeaii?ao no?oeoo?o. Nie?ath/enue ia aeinyaiaiiy eeane/ii?
?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e XIX noie?ooy, cie?aia ia i?euaieaio Iooe?iei
?in?enuee?e e?oa?aoo?? aaaaoiieaiia?noue iiia?ae?, Aoeaaeia o oie aea
/an oneeaaeith? oeae iooe?inueeee i?eeii – ca ?aooiie ?icoe?aiiy ieaio
ia?niiaaea, ca?eueoaiiy noeai?/iino? cia?aaeaiiy a eiiiiceoe?? ?iiaio. O
?iiai? Aoeaaeiaa aeii?io? ia?niiaeueia iiia?aeue, yea cia?aaeo?
ae?eni?noue c i?ciaaaeueii-nieneiai? ia?niaeoeae ie?aieo ia?niiaae?a ? ?
iane/aiith aeni?aneaii-nieneiaeie oi?iaie ?o iiae oa na?aeiiino?. C iath
ii?aeio?oueny iiia?aeue, i?aai?ciaaia oi/eith ci?o iiia?aea/a –
aacii-na?aaeiueiai niinoa??aa/a, a oaeiae anaa?aeath/iai iiia?aea/a. O
?iiai? niinoa??aa?oueny iino?eia ci?ia aniaeoo iiia?ae? oa iaaecae/aeia
ieeii?noue ia?aoiae?a i?ae ??cieie oeiaie iiia?ae?.

O “A?e?e aaa?ae??” aeae?eythoueny aea? i?ia?aei? noee?noe/i? e?i??:
noee?noe/ii-i?aeianaia, iia’ycaia c anaa?aeath/ei iiia?aea/ai, ?
noee?noe/ii-iaeo?aeueia, i?noeyie iaa?oue aeaui “cieaeaia”, ui eaea
aieiaiei /eiii o ?one? ia?niiaeueii? iiia?ae?. Iaeaea? e?i??
aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c ai?a?aoaie, aeni?aneai? ithaine yeeo
coiiaeththoue aeii?ioth/ee o o?i /e ?io?i i?noe? ?iiaio oii iiia?ae?.

O “A?e?e aaa?ae??” aeii?io? ia ?iciia?aeue, a iieac, aaciina?aaei?
ineoieia?/ii oi/ia a?aeoai?aiiy ii/ooo?a ? aeoiie aa?i?a “cna?aaeeie” ?
ieanoe/ii-aeaeeia cia?aaeaiiy ?oi?o ae?e, ?oiuei? iiaaae?iee – “cciai?”.
Iaea?eueo yne?aai aena?oeth? ia?ac aeni?an?y aioo??oiuei? iiae naiiai
aa?iy – iae/ano?oa o oi?i? iaaeania i?yii? iiae. III aenooia? a
aoeaae?anueeiio ?iiai? ye iaeei c i?ia?aeieo niinia?a ia?aaea/?
aioo??oiueiai noaio aa?iy. ?c oe??th iaoith ia??aeei aeei?enoiaothoueny
eiino?oeoeaii oneeaaeiai? oi?ie III, yea aoaeo?oueny aai ye ae?aeia
ia?niiaaea ?c naiei niaith, aai ye ae?aeia ?c a?aenooi?i
ni?a?iciiaieeii..

?iiai Aoeaaeiaa — “a?aee?eoee oa??”. Eiai oa?aeoa?iith ?enith ?
a?aenooi?noue caaaeueii? oaaoeueii? ?ica’ycee e iaeiicia/iino? a
iiaeaeueoiio (iiaeeeaiio) ?icaeoeia? aeieue aa?i?a, a oaeiae i?ae
cai?ioaiiy /eoa/a naiiio aeiaeoiaoe e?iaoeue oai?o, ui iii?oii
a?aeaeaa?oueny ia iiaoeoe? oa noee?noeoe? caeeth/ieo /anoei
ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o. Ooo iniaeeai a?ae/ooia ?ieue iiia?aea/a ye
“?iciiae?eueieea” cia/aiue, ui eiino?oththoue cia?aaeoaaiee na?o,
iiia?aea/a, yeee aeaiiino?o? naith aeaaeo iaae cia?aaeoaaiei ? aiaeii/an
i???ioo?oueny ia /eoa/a, ui i?aeoi “i?iaeoo?” ?acii c iei ii?aeueio
ia?niaeoeao cia?aaeaiiy.

Nienie i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. E?anieeiaa N.A. Noeeenoe/aneee ?enoiie iiaanoaiaaiey a ?iiaia
I.A.Aoeaaeiaa “Aaeay aaa?aeey // ?onneay oeeieiaey. – 1998. — ? 1-2. –
N.7-12.

2. E?anieeiaa N.A. Iiaanoaiaaoaeue eae oeaio?aeueiay naiaioe/aneay
oeao?a ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai i?icae/aneiai oaenoa // Iaoeia? caienee OAeIO
?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee. Na?. E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. Aei. 3(14).- Oa?e?a: OAeIO,
1998. – N.3-6.

3. E?anieeiaa N.A. Noeeenoeea niia a ?iiaia I.A.Aoeaaeiaa “Aaeay
aaa?aeey”// Iaoeia? caienee OAeIO ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee. Na?.
E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. Aei. 9(20).- Oa?e?a: OAeIO, 1998. – N. 114-118.

4. E?anieeiaa N.A. Noeeenoe/aneea i?eaiu nicaeaiey ia?aca
ia?niiaaea a ?iiaia I.A.Aoeaaeiaa “Aaeay aaa?aeey” // Iaoeia? caienee
OAeIO ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee. Na?. E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. Aei. 9(20).- Oa?e?a:
OAeIO, 1998. – N.119-121.

AIIOAOe??

E?ani?eiaa N.I. Noee?noeea ?iiaio I.I.Aoeaaeiaa “A?ea aaa?ae?y”. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.02 – ?in?enueea iiaa. – Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith noee?noe/ii-iiaeaii?ai?
no?oeoo?e ?iiaio I.I.Aoeaaeiaa “A?ea aaa?ae?y”. O ?iaio? aia?oa
aeaoaeueii i?iaiae?ciaaii noee?noe/io i?aai?caoe?th ia?oiai
aoeaae?anueeiai ?iiaio, anaa?/ii noa?aeoa?eciaaii iniiai? naiaioe/i?
noa?e ai?/iiai oai?o – iiia?aeaeueio neooaoe?th ? cia?aaeaiee na?o.
Aeyaeaii aeeiai?eo ? ae?aeaeoeeo iiceoe?e iiia?aea/a, iienaii
aeei?enoaiiy neiaanii? noeo??, ae?aaeaeueii-cia?aaeoaaeueieo cania?a
aeey ia?aaea/? ?icaeoeo nthaeaoo, aeey noai?aiiy ia?ac?a ia?niiaae?a,
?icaeyiooi oe? caniae o ?oi?e aca?ii?e ocaiaeaeaiino?, o ?oi?e
caaaeuei?e ni?yiiaaiino? aei ao?eaiiy aaoi?nueeiai caaeoio – ? oei naiei
anoaiiaeaii noee?noe/io niaoeeo?eo ?iiaio “A?ea aaa?ae?y”.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiia?aeue, iiia?aea/, iiia?aeaeueia neooaoe?y,
cia?aaeaiee na?o, noee?noe/ii-iiaeaii?aa no?oeoo?a, noa’?eoea?caoe?y,
iaaeania i?yia iiaa, ae?aaeaeueii-cia?aaeoaaeuei? caniae, oi/ea ci?o.

E?anieeiaa N.A. Noeeenoeea ?iiaia I.A.Aoeaaeiaa “Aaeay aaa?aeey”. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.02 – ?onneee ycue. – Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth noeeenoeei-?a/aaie no?oeoo?u
?iiaia I.A.Aoeaaeiaa “Aaeay aaa?aeey”. A ?aaioa aia?aua aeaoaeueii
i?iaiaeece?iaaia noeeenoe/aneay i?aaiecaoeey ia?aiai aoeaaeianeiai
?iiaia, ananoi?iiia ioa?aeoa?eciaaiu iniiaiua naiaioe/aneea noa?u
yie/aneiai i?iecaaaeaiey – iiaanoaiaaoaeueiay neooaoeey e ecia?aaeaiiue
ie?. I?ineaaeaii, eae, iie?aynue ia i?eaeooth Iooeeiui ?onneie
eeoa?aoo?a iiiaiieaiiainoue iiaanoaiaaiey e ia iooeeineoth iaia?o
ecia?aaeaiey aioo?aiieo ninoiyiee aa?iaa iooai einaaiiie, iiai/iie
neiaieecaoeee, Aoeaaeia a oi aea a?aiy oneiaeiee yoio iooeeineee i?eai (
a aeooa eeoa?aoo?iuo i?eioeeiia OO aaea, iniaaiii ?onneie
i?iaiaioaeueiie i?icu) ca n/ao ?anoe?aiey ieaia ia?niiaaea, oaaee/aiey
noeaie/iinoe eceiaeaiey a eiiiiceoeee ?iiaia, /oi iiaeaeei ca niaie
oneiaeiaiea noeeenoe/aneie no?oeoo?u naiiai iiaanoaiaaoaey.
Iiaanoaiaaoaeue a “Aaeie aaa?aeee” aeecie e ie?o aeaaiuo aa?iaa ?iiaia.
Ii eae au a?auaaony a e?oao ecia?aaeaaiuo eeoe e niauoee, oi ni/oanoaoy
naiei aa?iyi, oi aacceiaii e?iiece?oy iaae ieie. Ii iia?oaeai a oo aea
yiioeeiiaeueii-naiaioe/aneoth noa?o, /oi e aa?ie, aai aini?eyoea
aiaoiaai ie?a aeecei aini?eyoeth ie?a oai eee eiui ia?niiaaeai, a
ia?aaeei aeaaea neeaaaony n iei. A “Aaeie aaa?aeee” auaeaeythony aeaa
iniiaiua noeeenoe/aneea eeiee: iaeia – noeeenoe/anee-aicauoaiiay,
naycaiiay n iiaanoaiaaoaeai, iaoiaeyueiny ia ie?ii ecia?aaeaiiuo aa?iaa
e niauoee; ae?oaay – noeeenoe/anee-iaeo?aeueiay, a?aiaiaie aeaaea
ianeieueei “nieaeaiiay”, eaeouay a iniiaiii a ?onea ia?niiaeueiiai
iiaanoaiaaiey. Iaa eeiee iaiin?aaenoaaiii naycaiu n yiea?aoaie, aieaa
oiai – enoiaeyo ec ieo. Yeni?anneaiua ithainu yiea?aoia
i?aaeii?aaeaeytho aeiieie?othuee ia oii eee eiii o/anoea ?iiaia oii
iiaanoaiaaiey. Yiea?ao ec “Aiieaeeinena” iaoneiaeeaaao aunieoth
oiiaeueiinoue eceiaeaiey, yiea?ao ec “Eaieoaineie aei/ee” –
iaeo?aeueioth e nieaeaiii-?acaiai?ioth. Yiea?ao ec “Eaieoaineie aei/ee”
ia oieueei inaauaao ecia?aaeaiiua a ?iiaia Aoeaaeiaa niauoey, ii e
noaaeo eo a ia?aeeaeue n iiaeiaiuie aea niauoeyie a iooeeineii
i?iecaaaeaiee. Yiea?ao ec “Aiieaeeinena” aeooaeece?oao oaio aunieiai –
ioaaonoaaiiinoe ia?aae Aiaii ca aeaea naie. Yiea?aou “Aaeie aaa?aeee”
auaeaeytho, aeoeaioe?otho eaeoiioeau nthaeaoa. A ?aaioa auyaeaia
aeeiaieea e aeeaeaeoeea iiceoeee iiaanoaiaaoaey, iienaii eniieueciaaiea
neiaaniie noeoee, ecia?aceoaeueii-au?aceoaeueiuo n?aaenoa aeey ia?aaea/e
aeaeaeaiey nthaeaoa, aeey nicaeaiey ia?acia ia?niiaaeae, ?anniio?aiu yoe
n?aaenoaa a eo acaeiiii niaeaniaaiee, a eo iauae ono?aieaiiinoe e
aiieiuaieth aaoi?neiai caiunea. Iiaanoaiaaiea a “Aaeie aaa?aeee” ana
a?aiy neieueceo eae au ia a?aie aeaoo niciaiee – iiaanoaiaaoaey e
ia?niiaaea, iinoiyiii naeaeaaynue, a ia?aaeei n?uaaynue a ieai
ia?niiaaea, io?aaeay iunee, iano?iaiey, yiioeee iineaaeiaai,
iaia?oaeeaay oai naiui aanue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue ia?ac ia?niiaaea.
Aoeaaeianeee iiaanoaiaaoaeue, a ioee/ea io oienoianeiai, ia aiaeece?oao
yiioeee, ia?aaeeaaiey aeaenoaothueo eeoe. Ii i/aiue aaaei eiiiaioe?oao
eo a ineoieiae/aneii ieaia (eiiaaea ia?aie/eaaynue i?yiui iacuaaieai
aeooaaiuo aeaeaeaiee) e ooo aea onooiaao ianoi aa?ith. A “Aaeie
aaa?aeee” i?aiaeaaeaao ia ?anneac, a iieac, iaiin?aaenoaaiiia
ineoieiae/anee oi/iia aini?iecaaaeaiea /oanoa e iuneae aa?iaa “ecioo?e”
e ieanoe/anee-c?eiia ecia?aaeaiea eo aeaenoaee, eo iiaaaeaiey — “ecaia”.
Aieiaiea e aioo?aiiaio ie?a ia?niiaaea, e au?aaeaieth eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo
ia?aaeeaaiee ai anae eo iaiin?aaenoaaiiinoe e i?ioeai?a/eaie neiaeiinoe,
e ecia?aaeaieth i?eoioeeaiai aeaeaeaiey iuneae ai aioo?aiiae ?a/e a
yeno?aiaeueiuo neooaoeeyo – ana yoi iiaeaeei ca niaie oaeoaeaiioth
ineoieiaecaoeeth iiaanoaiaaiey, ?anoe?aiea ieaia ia?niiaaea a
eiiiiceoeee i?iecaaaeaiey, oe?ieia eniieueciaaiea ia?niiaeueiiai
iiaanoaiaaiey, ecia?aaeathuaai aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue n
iiciaaaoaeueii-ioeaieaathuae ia?niaeoeau ia?niiaaea e ioaaouaathuaai e
iaia?oaeeaathuaai aanue aai eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue ia?ac. I?e
aini?iecaaaeaiee a ?iiaia ianniauo aeaeaeaiee e aeaenoaee Aoeaaeia
i?eaaaaao e eeiaiaoia?aoe/aneie iaia?a ecia?aaeaiey. Aini?iecaiaeeiay
ea?oeia neeaaeuaaaony ec ianeieueeeo c?eoaeueiuo eaae?ia, i?iieuaathueo
ia?aae aeacaie aa?iy, /oi oneeeaaao aia/aoeaiea iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai
io?aaeaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Eeiaiaoia?aoe/aneay iaia?a iiaanoaiaaiey
i?iyaeyaony eae a “iaiuo noeaiao”, aaea aeiieie?oao aeeiaie/aneia
iienaiea, oae e a ae?aiaoe/aneeo aeoao, au?aceoaeueiuo e no?aieoaeueiuo.
Oi/ea aini?eyoey e aini?iecaaaeaiey i?ienoiaeyuaai iinoiyiii
ia?aaeaeaaaony ec iaeiie noauaeoiie noa?u a ae?oaoth, a nayce n /ai
i?ienoiaeeo iai?anoaiiia eieaaaiea a?aiaiiie ia?niaeoeau. Onoaiiaeaii,
/oi noeeenoe/aneee ?enoiie iiaanoaiaaiey a “Aaeie aaa?aeee” neiaeiue,
iano?ue, aeeiaie/anee iaiythueeny a eiiiiceoeee ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
oeaeiai. A ?iiaia iaaethaeaaony iinoiyiiia eciaiaiea aniaeoa
iiaanoaiaaiey e iaiau/aeiay oaeo/anoue ia?aoiaeia iaaeaeo ia?niiaeueiui
iiaanoaiaaieai ( eioi?ia aeiieie?oao ) e iiaanoaiaaieai ?anneac/eea,
iaoiaeyuaainy iaae ecia?aaeaiiui ie?ii eee aeeth/aiiiai a yoio ie?.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiaanoaiaaiea, iiaanoaiaaoaeue, iiaanoaiaaoaeueiay
neooaoeey, ecia?aaeaiiue ie?, noeeenoeei-?a/aaay no?oeoo?a,
noauaeoeaecaoeey, ianianoaaiii-i?yiay ?a/ue,
ecia?aceoaeueii-au?aceoaeueiua n?aaenoaa, oi/ea c?aiey.

Krasnikova S.A. Stylistics of the I.A.Bulgakov’s novel “White Guards”. —
Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 10.02.02 — Russian
language. — Kharkov state university, Kharkov, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to research of the stylistic speech
structure of I.A.Bulgakov’s novel “White Guards”. In the work for the
first time the stylistic organization of the first Bulgakov’s novel is
analyzed in detail, the basic semantic spheres of epic work of art —
narrative situation and represented world — are characterized
comprehensively. Dynamics and dialectics of narrator’s positions are
revealed, the use of verbal elements, expressive means for the plot
movement, for creation of characters’ images is described; these means
are examined in their mutual coordination, in their common trend to the
realization of author’s idea — and this way the stylistic specificity of
the novel “White Guards” is established.

Key words: narration, narrator, narrative situation, represented world,
stylistic speech structure, subjectivization, free direct speech,
expressive means, point of view.

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