Соціальна адаптація старших підлітків в умовах спеціалізованої школи гуманітарного профілю: Автореф. дис… канд. пед. наук / І.І. Цимбал, Луган. держ

EOAAINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Oeeiaae ??eia ?aai?aia

OAeE 373.035

NIOe?AEUeIA AAeAIOAOe?ss NOA?OEO I?AeE?OE?A

A OIIAAO NIAOe?AE?CIAAII? OEIEE AOIAI?OA?IIAI I?IO?ETH

13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Eoaainuee-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Eoaainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai?
?iaioe, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e nioe?aeueii? iaaeaaia?ee Eoaainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Oa?/aiei Na?a?e sseiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aee?aeoi?
e?oeath i?e Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

Aeo?iia Aaeaioei Ieeieaeiae/

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee
Neia’yinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo

Nei/aiei Aaea??e ?aaiiae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 28 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 15-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.29.053.01 o Eoaainueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca
aae?anith: 348011, i.Eoaainuee, aoe.Iai?iiia, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Eoaainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 27 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

O*AIEE NAE?AOA?

NIAOe?AE?CIAAII? A*AII? ?AAeE E.AOOAIEI

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?Enoeea aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aeooaeuei?noue ? nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino? i?iaeaie. Ei??ii?
ia?aoai?aiiy, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio,
iie?oe/iiio, eoeueoo?iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie a inoaii? ?iee, i?ecaaee aei
ci?ie na?oiaeyaeo oa ineoieia?? ethaeeie, ui iaoiiaeei ?aoi?ioaaiiy
nenoaie ina?oe e aeoiaaiiy. O Aea?aeaai?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e i?ia?ai?
“Ina?oa” (Oe?a?ia OO? noie?ooy) aecia/aii aieiaio iaoo iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aeoiaaiiy: caeiaoooy iieiaeei iieie?iiyi nioe?aeueiiai aeina?aeo,
iane?aeoaaiiy aeooiaieo aeinyaiaiue oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, aeniei?
eoeueoo?e i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo noinoie?a. Aecia/aii e i??i?eoaoi? iai?yiee
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?: oi?ioaaiiy o oeiey??a a?iiaaeyinueei?
naiina?aeiiino?, oi?iue i?aeiniaeno?niiai ni?eeoaaiiy, aeoiaaiiy
oaiiaeeaiai noaaeaiiy aei eoeueoo?e, cae/a?a, o?aaeeoe?e on?o ia?iae?a,
ye? iaoeathoue ia Oe?a?i?, aei ?noi??? ??aeiiai ia?iaeo; caeo/aiiy aei
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae, ?icaeoie ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo cae?aiinoae
? oaeaio?a, caaacia/aiiy aeooiaii? ?aeiino? iieie?iue.

?aae?caoe?y oe??? iaoe i?e noai?aii? iaaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia
caaacia/eoue iiceoeaio nioe?ae?caoe?th o/i?a. ?ica’ycaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie
ia?aaeaa/a? aea/aiiy an?o aoai?a nioe?ae?caoe??, o oiio /ene? e
aaeaioaoe?? (E.Aaoeueoaiiaa-Neaanueea, ?.Eii, ?.Ieeineaaiaa,
I.Oaaaiae??i oa ?i.). I?iaeaia aaeaioaoe?? iniaenoino? ?icaeyaea?oueny o
o?einionuee?e, nioe?ieia?/i?e, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?e ? iaaeaaia?/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? a ??ciiiai?oieo aniaeoao: nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiio
(I.Aiaeaeueia, E.Aiaeiae/, ?.Eii, I.Oaaaiae??i), nioe?ieia?/iiio
(I.Aiae?a?ieiaa, A.Noaeaeia, O.Oeaooai?), o?einionueeiio (A.Aiaiue?a,
A.Aoaianue?a, E.Ao?aa, A.Aa?iaaenueeee, A.Neiai?iaea, A.Nieiaeia,
I.TH?eaae/), nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiio (E.Eiaaeue, I.Iaeneiiaa,
A.I?aeaoianueea, I.Ieeeiaiei, O.Nouaiei, A.Oo?iai oa ?i.).

Oae, iaea?eueo ?ic?iaeaieie ?: i?iaeaia aaeaioaoe?? aei i?aoe?
(A.Ai?ene?i, A.Iiaeia?eia); aaeaioaoe?y iieiaeiai niaoe?ae?noa o
iaoeiaiio eieaeoea? (?.Aaneeue?a, A.Eaieoaa, ?.sseoaa); i?ioean
aaeaioaoe?? iieiaeeo ai?i?a aei a?i?enueeeo eieaeoea?a (E.?ai?ia,
A.ssaeiiei) ? aaeaioaoe?y nooaeaionueei? iieiae? aei oiia aoco
(Ae.Aiae?a?aa, I.Aeieo???aa, O.Eo?eeaiei, ?.Iaoi/aiei oa ?i.).

Ieoaiiy aaeaioaoe?? oeiey??a ?icaeyaeaeeny oaeiae i?e aea/aii? i?iaeai
oi?ioaaiiy oe?eueiiai eieaeoeao oa eiai ?ie? a ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?
(I.Eaiioue?a, A.Iaea?aiei, A.Iao?ianueeee, A.Nooiieeinueeee), aieeao
i?aeiniaeno?nieo noinoie?a a o/i?anueeiio eieaeoea? ia iiaaae?ieo
iniaenoino?, ?? aeoeai?noue, oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? (A.A?o?ian, N.Aannai,
Ae.Aeueeii?i, Ae.Oaeueaeooaei oa ?i.), i?aai?caoe?? i?io?eaeoe/ii?
?iaioe c nioe?aeueii aeacaaeaioiaaieie ae?oueie (I.Iaeneiiaa,
A.I?aeaoianueea), aoiai?caoe?? e aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? oeiee. Aoiai?caoe?th
?icoi??ii ye “iethaeiaiiy” iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano, iino?eiee
naii?icaeoie iniaenoino? o/iy i?e aeiiiiic? a/eoaey (I.Aeiinueeee,
E.Aeaionueeee, A.Nooiieeinueeee, N.Oaoeueeee). Aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?e ca
aeaiith i?iaeaiith iieaco?, ui iae/ano?oa aeine?aeieee ?icaeyaeathoue
nioe?aeueio aaeaioaoe?th o ca’yceo c i?ioeanii nioe?ae?caoe??.
Nioe?ae?caoe?y — oea i?ioean aoiaeaeaiiy aeeoeie a nioe?aeueia
na?aaeiaeua, yea iieyaa? o canai?ii? iniia ni?eeoaaiiy, o?aaeeoe?e, ii?i
? ac??oe?a iiaaae?iee, nenoaie oe?iiinoae — anueiai oiai, ui aecia/a?
eoeueoo?o noni?euenoaa. I?ioean aoiaeaeaiiy aeeoeie a nioe?aeueia
na?aaeiaeua i?ae ea??aieoeoaii aei?ineiai, yeee ia?aaea? aeeoei?
ii?aeuei? oe?iiino? e ii?ie iiaaae?iee, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai
noni?euenoaa o iaai?e neooaoe??, e iaeii/anii “oiniaeth? aeey aeeoeie
nioe?oi a oe?eiio” (I.Iaeneiiaa), ? ni?yiiaaiith nioe?ae?caoe??th. sseui
aeeoeia ia canaith? iiceoeaiee nioe?aeueiee aeina?ae, ia iiaea
aaeaiooaaoeny aei ac??oe?a iiaaae?iee oa aeiia noni?euenoaa, oi i?ioean
nioe?ae?caoe?? ii?ooo?oueny, a iiaaae?iea aeeoeie noa? nioe?aeueii
aeacaaeaioiaaiith. Oaea i?iaeaia iaaoaa? iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? a
noa?oiio i?aee?oeiaiio a?oe?. Oea iaoiiaeth?oueny ii?oieia?/ieie oa
o?c?ieia?/ieie ci?iaie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a ioaa?oaoiiio ia??iae?, ?
?iaeyoue i?aai?ci i?aee?oea a?aceeaei, aeeeeeathoue i?aeaeuaio
noiiethaai?noue ? iiaaia naiia?ae/oooy. Naia a i?aee?oeiaiio a?oe?
?icoe?th?oueny noa?a nioe?aeueieo noinoie?a, ye? aeathoue i?aee?oeo
iiaee nioe?aeueiee aeina?ae, oi/a e ia caaaeaee iiceoeaiee. Canai?iiy
oeueiai aeina?aeo aeeeeea? o i?aee?oe?a iaai? i?iaeaie. A?ae oiai, a
ye?e i??? nai?/aniith ? oe?eaa?aeiia?aeiith aoaea aeiiiiiaa, yea
i?iiiio?oueny i?aee?oeo, caeaaeeoue eiia??i?noue iiceoeaii? eiai
nioe?ae?caoe?? oa nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??. Ia iao iiaeyae, iioeiaeuei?
iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aeey nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a
iiaeia noai?eoe o niaoe?ae?ciaaiiio iaa/aeueiiio caeeaae? aoiai?oa?iiai
i?io?eth, iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi yeiai ? ?icaeoie ?ioa?an?a ? cae?aiinoae
o/i?a, iiaeeaeaia aea/aiiy o/iyie aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i, ?aae?caoe?y
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei iaa/aiiy e aeoiaaiiy (?.Cycthi,
TH.Iaeueiaaiee, A.Iaeaia?/oe oa ?i.). I?e i?iaeoeoeaiiio aeei?enoaii?
aa??aoeaii? /anoeie aaciaiai iaa/aeueiiai ieaio, iayaiino? aoaeoeaii?
nenoaie ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaoiieia?e aoaeooue noai?ai?
iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aeey iiceoeaii? nioe?ae?caoe?? ? nioe?aeueii?
aaeaioaoe?? iniaenoino? oeiey?a.

Aeooaeuei?noue ? cia/ei?noue i?iaeaie nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??
iniaenoino?, ?? iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaeai?noue aecia/eee oaio iaoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy: “Nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? oeiee aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth”.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?ioean nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo
i?aee?oe?a.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??
noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a o niaoe?ae?ciaai?e oeie? aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — ia??oiooaaoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe
aoaeoeai?noue iiaeae? nenoaie iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, yea
noai?th? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aeey nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo
i?aee?oe?a o niaoe?ae?ciaai?e oeie? aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy — nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a a
oiiaao iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano niaoe?ae?ciaaii? oeiee
aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth iiaea aooe aoaeoeaiith, yeui aoaea noai?aii oaeo
nenoaio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, yea i?aai?/ii ii?aeio?:

— ?ioaa?iaaiee i?iiaaeaaoe/iee (N.Aannai) eo?n ethaeeiiciaa/i?
ni?yiiaaiino?, ui ia?aaeo? nenoaiaoe/iiio eo?no “Ethaeeia ?
noni?euenoai”, i???ioiaaiee ia noai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo, ci?noiaieo,
iniaeno?nii-i???ioiaaieo ia?aaeoiia nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo
i?aee?oe?a;

— iicaeeani? oi?ie aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, ni?yiiaai? ia ?icaeoie oaeeo
iniaeno?nieo yeinoae noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a, ye? a caaacia/oaaee ?oith
nioe?aeueio aaeaioaoe?th o na?o? aei?ineeo oa aeinyaiaiiy i?aee?oeaie
oni?oo a cia/ei?e aeey ieo oa noni?euenoaa ae?yeueiino?;

— ?ioaa?iaai? i?ia?aie, ni?yiiaai? ia eii?aeeiaoe?th aca?iiae?? oeiee c
?ioeie ?inoeoooaie nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. ?ice?eoe ci?no iiiyooy “nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y” noiniaii noa?oiai
i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo.

2. Ia??oiooaaoe e?eoa??? oa ??ai? nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo
i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao no/aniiai iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? oeiee aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth.

3. ?ic?iaeoe oa ai?iaaaeeoe aenia?eiaioaeueio iiaeaeue nenoaie
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, yea noai?th? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aeey
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a o niaoe?ae?ciaai?e oeie?
aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?einio?y ?aeiino? na?oo e
ethaeeie (A.Aa?iaaenueeee, A.Neiai?iaea, A.Nieiaeia, I.TH?eaae/), a/aiiy
i?i iniaeno?noue ? oaeoi?e ?? ?icaeoeo (A.Aiaiue?a, E.Ao?aa,
E.Aeaionueeee), i?i naiioe?ii?noue iniaenoino? (A.A?o?ian, E.Ao?aa,
N.Aannai, A.Eooae), i?i caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano nioe?ae?caoe??
iniaenoino? (E.Aaoeueoaiiaa-Neaanueea, ?.Eii, E.Eiaaeue, A.Ioae?ee,
?.I?iia), caeiiiaeaa/? oa ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe, cie?aia, Caeii Oe?a?ie
“I?i ina?oo”, Eiioeaioe?y iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: aiae?c o?einionueei?, iaaeaaia?/ii?,
ineoieia?/ii? oa nioe?ieia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, iiaeaethaaiiy,
ocaaaeueiaiiy, nenoaiaoecaoe?y; aii??e/i? iaoiaee: iieooaaiiy,
aieaooaaiiy, aan?aea, naiiioe?iea, aiae?c noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo,
niinoa?aaeaiiy; eiinoaooth/ee oa oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaioe.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny o o?e aoaie.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1991-1992??.) aea/aeanue o?einionueea, iaaeaaia?/ia,
nioe?ieia?/ia, ineoieia?/ia e?oa?aoo?a; c’yniaoaaany noai
aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie a iaaeaaia?/i?e oai??? e i?aeoeoe?;
aecia/aeenue ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi?ioethaaeenue a?iioaca,
iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy; aea/aany ia?aaeiaee iaaeaaia?/iee
aeina?ae.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (1992-1997??.) ?ic?iaeyeanue ? ia??oioiaoaaeanue
iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy, oe?eaa?aeiia?aei?noue oa iaiao?aei?noue
canoinoaaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo aii??e/ieo ? oai?aoe/ieo iaoiae?a,
iiaeaethaaeanue nenoaia iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? o
niaoe?ae?ciaai?e oeie? aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth; i?iaiaeeeenue
eiinoaooth/ee oa oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaioe.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? (1997-1999??.) ia?iaeyeeny e ocaaaeueithaaeeny aeai?,
ye? aoee io?eiai? a oiae? aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe;
aecia/aeany noa?a canoinoaaiiy io?eiaieo aeniiae?a; i?iaiaeeeinue
e?oa?aoo?ia ioi?ieaiiy ?iaioe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia oa oai?aoe/ia cia/ei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio,
ui:

— ?ice?eoi ci?no iiiyooy “nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y” noiniaii noa?oiai
i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo;

— noi?ioeueiaaii oa oai?aoe/ii ia??oioiaaii e?eoa??? oa ??ai?
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a;

— ?ic?iaeaii iniiai? eiiiiiaioe aenia?eiaioaeueii? iiaeae? nenoaie
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? oeiee aoiai?oa?iiai
i?io?eth, yea noai?th? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aeey nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??
noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a;

— aecia/aii iia? aeeaeaeoe/i? iniiae i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no, aei yeeo
iaeaaeaoue: a) aeeaeaeoe/i? iniaeeaino? i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no; a)
aeeaeaeoe/i? aeiiae aei aeai?o oi?i ? iaoiae?a, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny a
oiae? aeeeaaeaiiy i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no; a) oeiieia?y aeia?aaeaeath/eo
iaa/aeueii-oai?/eo caaaeaiue; a) aeeaeaeoe/i? oiiae noai?aiiy oa
aoaeoeaii? ?aae?caoe?? i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo i?inoaaiiy o/i?a ia a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue
aaeaioaoe?? oa ?ioaa?iaai? i?ia?aie, ni?yiiaai? ia eii?aeeiaoe?th
aca?iiae?? oeiee c ?ioeie ?inoeoooaie nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui oai?aoe/ii
ia??oioiaaia e cai?iaaaeaeaia a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe iiaeaeue nenoaie
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? o niaoe?ae?ciaai?e oeie? aoiai?oa?iiai
i?io?eth aeicaiey? noai?eoe iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aeey nioe?aeueii?
aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a. Iiaeaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
iaaeaaiaai uiaei i?aai?caoe?? i?iaaaeaiiy i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no
ethaeeiiciaa/i? ni?yiiaaiino?. Ia??oioiaaii ci?io ci?noo ?iaioe
iicaeeanieo aeoiaieo oi?i ae?yeueiino? c iaoith noai?aiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo
oiia aeey nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a. ?ic?iaeaia
iaoiaeeea i?inoaaiiy o/i?a ia a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue aaeaioaoe??
aeicaieeoue eeaniei ea??aieeai aianoe ci?ie a i?aai?caoe?th
i?io?eaeoe/ii? ?iaioe c nioe?aeueii aeacaaeaioiaaieie i?aee?oeaie.
Aecia/aii oeyoe aca?iiae?? oeiee c ?ioeie ?inoeoooaie nioe?ae?caoe??
iniaenoino?.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a ia??oiooaaii? oa i?aeoe/i?e
?aae?caoe?? iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaciina?aaeiueiio ea??aieoeoa?,
i?aai?caoe?? e i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe a NNO ?5
i.Eoaainueea, NNO ?1 i.?iaaiueie, NNO ?3 i.?oa?aeiiai; ai?iaaoe??
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?iaio? iino?eii ae?th/iai nai?ia?o
caa?aeoth/eo iaoiaee/ieie eaa?iaoaie Eoaainueei? iaeano?.

A??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a oa aeniiae?a caaacia/o?oueny
nenoaiiei i?aeoiaeii aei aiae?co iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeo?a, ??oiooaaiiyi ia
no/anieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee, a?aeiia?aei?noth
aeei?enoaieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai iao? e caaea/ai, ai?iaaoe??th
iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeoe? ?iaioe oe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeany oeyoii ?ic?iaee
e ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeae? nenoaie iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe aoee i?aaeiaoii iaaiai?aiiy ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?e o?einio?? oa nioe?ieia??
ina?oe e can?aeaiiy A/aii? ?aaee Eoaainueeiai ?inoeoooo i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe, ia iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aaeao NNO ?5 i.Eoaainueea, NNO ?1 i.?iaaiueie
Eoaainueei? iaeano?, iaaiai?thaaeenue ia iaeanieo nai?ia?ao canooiiee?a
aee?aeoi??a c aeoiaii? ?iaioe, ia iino?eii ae?th/iio iaeaniiio nai?ia??
caa?aeoth/eo iaoiaee/ieie eaa?iaoaie “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe a Eoaainuee?e iaeano?”. Iaoeia? aeiiia?ae? oa
aenooie i?ioyaii 1992-1998??. aoei c?iaeaii ia iaeanieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Iaaeaaia?ea aeeoo?oai?/ino? ye
eiioeaiooaeueia iniiaa ?icaeoeo ina?oe Eoaaiueie” (1997?.),
“I?ioan?iiae?ci o/eoaey ye oiiaa ?icaeoeo ina?oe ia Eoaaiuei?” (1997?.),
“Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae nioe?ae?caoe?? o/i?anueei? iieiae?”
(1998?.), ia nai?ia?? a/eoae?a oe?e Oe?a?ie, ye? ai?iaaaeaeothoue
aenia?eiaioaeueiee eo?n “Ethaeeia ? noni?euenoai” (Eooeuee, 1992?.),
i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?ainoi?iaoe?y aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe a
Oe?a?i?” (Eooeuee, 1996?.), Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? iaaeaaia?/i? oaoiieia?? a eiioaeno? no/anieo
eiioeaioe?e ci?noo ina?oe” (Eoaainuee, 1998?.), ia i?acaioaoe??
aeina?aeo ?iaioe iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a Eoaainueei? iaeano? “Ina?oa
Eoaaiueie a eiioaeno? iaaeaaia?ee aeeoo?oai?/ino?” a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e
ia?eaiaionuee?e a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1998?.).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eoi o 6 ioae?eaoe?yo
aaoi?a a iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao, oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao ? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
iaoa??aeao Eoaainueeiai ?inoeoooo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

1. E?eoa??? oa ??ai? nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a.

2. Iiaeaeue nenoaie iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, yea noai?th? oiiae
aeey nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??: aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (187 iaeiaioaaiue), 7
aeiaeaoe?a, 9 oaaeeoeue, 4 noai. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii
ia 147 noi??ieao.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii
i?aaeiao oa iaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii a?iioaco oa caaaeaiiy,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iaoiaeieia?/io e oai?aoe/io iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/io oa i?aeoe/io cia/ei?noue, aecia/aii
iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, a oaeiae aeeeaaeaii a?aeiiino?
i?i o?ae aenia?eiaioo, a??ia?aei?noue, ai?iaaoe?th oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a ye
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia i?iaeaia” ioa?aeoa?eciaaii nooi?iue
aeine?aeaeaiino? i?iaeaie, ?? o?einionueea, nioe?ieia?/ia, ineoieia?/ia
e iaaeaaia?/ia ia??oiooaaiiy, aecia/aii e?eoa??? oa ??ai? nioe?aeueii?
aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a, ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino?
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano niaoe?ae?ciaaii? oeiee aoiai?oa?iiai
i?io?eth.

O?einionueeith iniiaith aeey ?icoi?iiy i?ioeano nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??
? aoiai?noe/ia o?einio?y, yeo ?ice?eoi o i?aoeyo A.Aa?iaaenueeiai,
A.Neiai?iaee, A.Nieiaeiaa, I.TH?eaae/a. ?aea?th, yea iiynith? oaiiiai
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? iniaenoino?, ? ?aeay anoaiiaeaiiy ?aeiino? i?ae
iniaeno?noth e ioi/oth/ei na?oii, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy
na?aeiiino?, eiee ciai?oiy ?aei?noue ia?aoai?th?oueny ia aioo??oith.

O a?o/eciyi?e nioe?ieia?? nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
ia?oee aoai i?ioeano nioe?ae?caoe??, a oiae? yeiai a ?acoeueoao?
aca?iiae?? iniaenoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai na?aaeiaeua a?aeaoaa?oueny
ocaiaeaeaiiy aeiia oa i/?eoaaiue iaio aca?iiae?th/eo noi??i.
Aeae?eythoueny oaeiae e iniiai? aoaie nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??
iniaenoino?: a?ae o??aiiaaaeaiiy aei oiiae?aiaiiy (?.Ieeineaaiaa).

O ?yae? ineoieia?/ieo aeaea?ae aiae?co?oueny aca?iica’ycie i?ioean?a
nioe?ae?caoe?? ? nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??, aeae?eythoueny
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? iaoai?cie oeeo i?ioean?a, aea/athoueny
??ciiiai?oi? i?io?eaiiy oeeo i?ioean?a o aei?ineeo ? ae?oae
(I.Oaaaiae??i). Aiae?cothoueny i?e/eie nioe?aeueii aeacaaeaioiaaii?
iiaaae?iee, iaoiaee ?? ae?aaiinoeee, ieoaiiy ei?aeoe?eii? oa
i?io?eaeoe/ii? ?iaioe c ae?oueie, ye? iathoue iaoee aei aeaa?aioii?
iiaaae?iee (I.Iaeneiiaa, A.I?aeaoianueea oa ?i.).

Na?aae i?iaeai, ye? ?icaeyaeathoueny o iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe?, aaaeeeaith
? i?iaeaia aca?iiae?? ??ciiiai?oieo ?inoeooo?a nioe?ae?caoe?? (n?i’?,
aeioe?eueiiai caeeaaeo, oeiee, iaoi?iaeueieo ia’?aeiaiue, cania?a
ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, iicaoe?eueieo caeeaae?a oa ?i.), aoaeoeaia
aca?iiae?y yeeo iiaea noai?eoe iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aeey iiceoeaii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? oa nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??, a oaeiae aoiai?caoe?y oa
aoiai?oa?ecaoe?y ina?oe, ye? iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ? ye oaeoi?e, ? ye oiiae
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? iniaenoino? o/i?a.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aeyaeaii e?eoa??? nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??
noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a, i?e oeueiio a?aoiaoaaeenue nooi?noue i?ioeano
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? oa a?eia? iniaeeaino? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a.

Noa?oee i?aee?oeiaee a?e — oea /an aeiaaio?eaaeiai ia?aoiaeo aeeoeie aei
aei?ineino?. A?i oa?aeoa?eco?oueny o?c?ieia?/ieie ci?iaie, ?ioaineaiei
i?ioeanii ineo?/iiai oa iniaeno?niiai ?icaeoeo. Ci?ie, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny c i?aee?oeii, iei ona?aeiieththoueny oa
ia?aaeeaathoueny. O i?aee?oea oi?io?oueny iiaa noaaeaiiy aei naaa,
ci?ith?oueny naiiioe?iea. A oeae ia??iae ?icaeoeo iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy
aeey i?aee?oea iaaoaa? ni?eeoaaiiy c iaeiie?oeaie, i?ioa aeooaeueiei
caeeoa?oueny aeaaiiieo//y a noinoieao ?c aei?ineeie, oa, iane?eueee aiie
?icoi?thoue eiai, i?eeiathoue eiai. Iaeaaaeeea?oee ci?no i?aee?oeiaiai
a?eo iieyaa? a ia?aoiae? a?ae aeeoeinoaa aei aei?ineino?, ioaea iniiaiei
ineoieia?/iei iiaiooai?aiiyi aeaiiai a?eo ? ii/oooy aei?ineino?. Oea
iiaiooai?aiiy aecia/a? an? noa?e aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? i?aee?oea e
ii?iaeaeo? aaeeeo e?euee?noue i?iaeai ? i?ioe??/, ye? aieeaathoue ia
i?ioean eiai nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??. Aeey i?aee?oea aaaeeeai ia eeoa
ciaoiaeeoenue o na?aaeiaeu? iaeiie?oe?a, aea e caeiaoe o ?oiueiio
na?aaeiaeu? noaiiaeua, yea a eiai caaeiaieueiyei.

Aieeaa? ia noaiiaeua i?aee?oea o a?oi? iaeiie?oe?a ? nooi?iue eiai
caeo/aiiy aei “i?aee?oeiai? noaeoeueoo?e” (Ae.Eioeiai), oiaoi
oa?aeoa?ieo aeey i?aee?oe?a ii?i iiaaae?iee, noeeth ni?eeoaaiiy, iaeyao,
?ioa?an?a, iiaeyae?a, i??i?eoao?a. I?aee?oee, ye? aac iniaeeaeo i?iaeai
? eiioe?eo?a caeo/athoueny aei ia?, ia aeoieo ieo naieo, iathoue ?yae
aecia/aeueieo yeinoae: naiino?ei?noue, aiaaiai?noue o nia?,
i?ea?iaeuei?noue oa ?i. O ieo iaia? i?iaeai o noa?? ni?eeoaaiiy c
iaeiie?oeaie ? iaa?oue ?c aei?ineeie, a oaeiae aiie caaeiaieai?
noaiiaeuai, yea caeiathoue o a?oi? iaeiie?oe?a.

Ii/oooy aei?ineino? iiaea aeieeaoe o noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a o ?acoeueoao?
ona?aeiieaiiy oa ioe?iee ci?i o ?oiueiio o?ce/iiio oa noaoaaiio
?icaeoeo. Oea aieeaa? ia ni?eeiyooy i?aee?oeii naiai “ni?aaaeiueiai
“ss” ? oiai, a ye?e i??? aiii a?aeiia?aea? “oaioanoe/iiio “ss” (?.Eii).
Iiaa eaeaoueny i?i ?icaeoie oaeiai eiiiiiaioo no?oeoo?e naiina?aeiiino?
iniaenoino?, ye naiiioe?iea. Iayai?noue aaeaeaaoii? naiiioe?iee noa?oiai
i?aee?oea aaaeeeaa aeey i?ioeano iiceoeaii? nioe?ae?caoe?? oa
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? iniaenoino?, ai i?aee?oie o oaeiio aeiaaeeo
i?aaeeueii ni?eeia? aieea ioi/oth/eo, ye? aaaeathoue eiio aeiiiiiaoe
aei?aaeoe eiai iiieeee oa iaaeie?ee.

Oa?aeoa?ecothoue nioe?aeueio neooaoe?th ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? noa?oiai
i?aee?oea (E.Aeaionueeee) eiai aca?iinoinoiee c aei?ineeie. I?aee?oee
a?ae/oaathoue aino?o iio?aao a ni?eeoaaii? c aei?ineeie “ia ??aieo”, a
aei?ine? iae/ano?oa ia noai?ththoue oiia aeey ?aae?caoe?? i?aee?oeaie
oe??? iio?aae. O i?aee?oeiaee ia??iae aecia/a?oueny i?ioe??//y: c
iaeiiai aieo i?aee?oee ?icoi?thoue iaiao?aei?noue ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c
aei?ineeie, a c ae?oaiai — i?aaiooue aei ana c?inoath/i? naiino?eiino?.

Nioe?aeueia aeoeai?noue noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a oaeiae ia? naith
iniaeea?noue, yea iaoiiaeth?oueny ?icoi?iiyi noa?oei i?aee?oeii oiai, ui
a?i “oaea ia?aeoia iaaeo aeeoeinoaa, yea aecia/a? eiai ia?ai???ioaoe?th
c iaeieo ii?i ? oe?iiinoae ia ?io? — c aeeoy/eo ia aei?ine?”
(A.Aeaaeaeia).

Iniiao nioe?aeueii? neooaoe?? ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? noa?oiai i?aee?oea
noaiiaeoue oa, ui a?i ? o/iai. O noa?oiio i?aee?oeiaiio a?oe?
aeyaeythoueny iia? iioeae iaa/aiiy, iia’ycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi aeeoo?ai?
ia?niaeoeae e i?ioan?eieo iaiaaaiue. Iaiao?aei?noue o iiaeo ciaiiyo
caaeiaieueiy?oueny i?aee?oeaie ia o?eueee a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy o oeie?, a
oaeiae ? oeyoii naiiina?oe.

Aiae?coth/e no/anio nioe?aeueio neooaoe?th ?icaeoeo i?aee?oe?a, ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe, ui ia noa?oee i?aee?oeiaee a?e “ii noo? cnoioeanue i?iaeaia
i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy — ye iaeneioi, ? i?iaeaia aeai?o iiaeaeueoi?
ina?oe — ye i?i?ioi“ (?.Aeoa?ia?ia). I?ioan?eia naiiaecia/aiiy
iniaenoino? i?ioiaeeoue aeae?eueea aoai?a. Ia i?aee?oeiaee a?e i?eiaaea?
eiai o?ao?e aoai — iiia?aaei?e aea?? i?ioan?? (?.Eii).

Iniaeea?noth noa?oiai i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo ? eaae?noue aeieeiaiiy
aiioe?eii? iai?oae oa ineoieia?/iiai no?ano. Noia?a/i? ineoieia?/i?
i?aaiaiiy, ye? aeineoue /anoi cono??/athoueny a i?aee?oeiaiio a?oe?, ua
a?eueoa iineeththoue ianoaa?eueiee aiioe?eiee oii ? i?ecaiaeyoue aei
/anoeo ? aeineoue caoyaeieo aoaeo?a. Aiioe?eia ianoaa?euei?noue ?aaeoe?e
i?aee?oea aieeaa? ia eiai nioe?aeueio aaeaioaoe?th, oiio aeoaea
aaaeeeaei ? oi?iiy i?aee?oea aieiae?oe nai?i aiioe?eiei noaiii, oiaoi
eiai caeaoi?noue aei naii?aaoeyoe??.

Nioe?aeueio aaeaioaoe?th noiniaii noa?oiai i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo ie
?icaeyaea?ii ye i?ioean i?eaaaeaiiy o noai ocaiaeaeaiino?
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? eieaeoeaieo aeiia, ii?i, oe?iiinoae ?c
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie ii?iaie, i?aaeeaie, oe?iiinoyie ? ni?yioaaiiy
oeueiai i?ioeano ia ?icaeoie o iniaenoino? nioe?aeueii cia/eieo yeinoae,
ye? aeicaieyoue i?aee?oeo ciaeoe nai? i?noea o na?o? aei?ineeo ?
aeinyaoe oni?oo a cia/ei?e aeey iueiai oa noni?euenoaa ae?yeueiino?.

I?ioean nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a, ia iao iiaeyae,
i?noeoue oae? iai?yiee: aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a o noa??
ni?eeoaaiiy c iaeiie?oeaie, aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a o noa??
aca?iinoinoie?a ?c aei?ineeie, aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a aei
aeaniiai “ss”, aaeaioaoe?y aei nioe?aeueii cia/eii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, ie aeae?ey?ii oae? e?eoa??? nioe?aeueii?
aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a: caaeiaieai?noue noaiiaeuai, yea caeia?
i?aee?oie o a?oi? iaeiie?oe?a; aaeaeaaoia naiiioe?iea; nooi?iue
naiino?eiino? noa?oiai i?aee?oea; nioe?aeueia aeoeai?noue, ni?yiiaaia ia
canai?iiy nioe?aeueii cia/oueo oe?iiinoae oa iniaeno?nieo yeinoae;
naiiina?oa; iiia?aaei?e aea?? i?ioan??; caeaoi?noue noa?oiai i?aee?oea
aei naii?aaoeyoe??.

Ia iniia? aecia/aieo e?eoa???a nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo
i?aee?oe?a oa aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo iaie aoei
aeae?eaii 4 ??ai? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a.

Ia?oee ??aaiue — ??aaiue noaa?eueii? aaeaioaoe??. I?aee?oee, ye?
ciaoiaeyoueny ia aeaiiio ??ai? aaeaioaoe??, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny no?eeith
caaeiaieai?noth noaiiaeuai, yea aiie caeiathoue o a?oi? iaeiie?oe?a,
iathoue aenie? iieacieee eieon eiio?ieth, aaeaeaaoio naiiioe?ieo,
aenieee nooi?iue naiino?eiino? a cia/oueo aeey ieo aeaeao ae?yeueiino?,
iino?eii caeiathoueny naiiina?oith ? naiiaeoiaaiiyi. O i?aee?oe?a, ye?
iaeaaeaoue aei aeaiiai ??aiy aaeaioaoe??, niinoa??aa?oueny aenieee
nooi?iue aeoeaiino? a ?icaeoeo a naaa nioe?aeueii cia/oueo iniaeno?nieo
yeinoae. Aeey ieo oa?aeoa?ia aeciaiiy e i?eeiyooy iniiaieo
naieoe?iiiaaieo noni?euenoaii oe?iiinoae, ii?i iiaaae?iee. A?eueo?noue
i?aee?oe?a ?c noaa?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th iathoue no?eeee ?ioa?an aei
iaaii? i?ioan??, aaaeooue caei?iaee niin?a aeeooy e iaaaoeaii
noaaeyoueny aei i?iya?a aaeeeoeaii? ? e?ei?iaeueii? iiaaae?iee.

Ae?oaee ??aaiue — ??aaiue aea??eiai? aaeaioaoe??. Noa?o? i?aee?oee, ye?
ciaoiaeyoueny ia oeueiio ??ai? aaeaioaoe??, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny, ia iao
iiaeyae, caaeiaieai?noth nai?i noaiiaeuai o a?oi? iaeiie?oe?a, i?ioa i?e
oeueiio a ieo iiaea niinoa??aaoeny iecueeee iieaciee oeaee
?ioa?iaeueiino? o i?aeiniaeno?nieo noinoieao. Naiiioe?iea i?aee?oe?a,
ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia ??ai? aea??eiai? aaeaioaoe??, ? aaeaeaaoiith.
Aenieee nooi?iue naiino?eiino? aiie aeyaeythoue o yeiionue iaeiiio aeae?
ae?yeueiino?, ia?aiiio naieie i?aee?oeaie. Oae? i?aee?oee aea??eiai
noaaeyoueny aei ?ioi?iaoe??, yeo aiie io?eiothoue o oeie? oa iica iath,
aiie “o ?ac? iaiao?aeiino?” caeiathoueny naiiina?oith ? naiiaeoiaaiiyi.
Aeey o/i?a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia oeueiio ??ai?, oa?aeoa?ia “onoaiiaeaiiy
??aiiaaae” i?ae na?aaeiaeuai oa ?iaeea?aeii, eiee aiie aeyaeythoue
“aca?iio oa?iei?noue” aei nenoaie oe?iiinoae ? noa?aioei?a iaeei
iaeiiai. A?eueo?noue i?aee?oe?a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia ??ai? aea??eiai?
aaeaioaoe?? cae?enieee iiia?aaei?e aea?? i?ioan??, i?ioa ?ioa?an aei ia?
iaiiaeia iacaaoe no?eeei. Aiie iae/ano?oa aaaeooue caei?iaee niin?a
aeeooy, a aei i?iya?a ?ioeie aaeeeoeaii? iiaaae?iee iaaaoeaiiai
noaaeaiiy iiaeooue ? ia aeyaeyoe. I?iyae e?ei?iaeueii? iiaaae?iee oae?
i?aee?oee canoaeaeothoue.

O?ao?e ??aaiue — i?eoiaaia aeacaaeaioaoe?y. I?aee?oee, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny
ia oeueiio ??ai?, iathoue iaaaeaeaaoio naiiioe?ieo, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
iaocaiaeaeai?noth noinoie?a, aeyaeythoue iaaaeaeaaoi? ?aaeoe?? ia
iaoni?o o cia/eieo aeey ieo noa?ao aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. I?aee?oee c
i?eoiaaiith aeacaaeaioaoe??th iae/ano?oa iaeaaeaoue aei aeenaa?iii?eieo
n?iae, o ieo iiaeooue niinoa??aaoeny a?ia?o?ioiaai? ii/oooy i?iaeie,
ni?iio, iaoe i?noea cae/ea oae caaii? aaoiiaoe/ii? a?aoi?. Aiie
ciai?oiuei i?enoiniaothoueny aei ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua, caeeoath/e
aioo??oi? iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy aei eiai ii?i ? aeiia, oiaoi aeyaeythoue
eiioi?i?ci. O naiiina?o? oa naiiaeoiaaii? iaiao?aeiino? /ano?oa ia
aaa/athoue.

*aoaa?oee ??aaiue — aeaa?aioiee. I?aee?oee, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia oeueiio
??ai? aaeaioaoe??, noeeuei? aei i?iya?a aaeeeoeaii? oa e?ei?iaeueii?
iiaaae?iee. Iaocaiaeaeai?noue noinoie?a coiiaeth? ?oith aiaaiai?noue o
i?aaio? nai?o ae?e oa ii?aeueieo i?eioeei?a, iai?eeiyooy onoaiiaeaieo
noni?eueieo ii?i. A?eueo?noue ?c ieo ia? iecueeee ??aaiue noa’?eoeaiiai
eiio?ieth. Aiie, ye i?aaeei, ia caeiathoueny naiiina?oith e
naiiaeoiaaiiyi, oi/a i?aaiooue ?icaeiooe a nia? aieueia? yeino?, iath/e
i?i ieo aeineoue niioai?aia oyaeaiiy. Oae? i?aee?oee ia iia’ycothoue
iaeaooi?e aeeoo?aee oni?o ?c i?ioan?eiith ae?yeuei?noth, oiio aeoiathoue
i?i i?ioan?th aeoaea ??aeei. Iath/e aiioe?eio ianoaa?euei?noue, ia
ai?thoue ciaoiaeeoe i?iaeoeoeaiiai aeoiaeo c eiioe?eoo.

Aiae?c ??ai?a nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? iieaco?, ui i?aee?oee /anoi ia
aioia? aei oiai, uia noaoe /anoeiith na?oo aei?ineeo. I?i oea na?ae/aoue
oae? aeai? Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo ioi?iie
caei?ia’y ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a, Oi?aae?iiy o ni?aaao n?i’? oa iieiae?
Eoaainueei? iaeaea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??: c?inoaiiy i?aee?oeiai? aaa?oiino?
(eiaeia i’yoa aaa?oi?noue — i?aee?oeiaa); iioe?aiiy ia?eieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue na?aae i?aee?oe?a Oe?a?ie neeaaea? 2,34% ia 10 oen. in?a;
1100 iaiiaiie?oi?o Eoaainueei? iaeano? neeaaeathoue a?oio ?eceeo,
ciaoiaeyoueny ia aeeniaina?iiio iae?eo; o 1997 ?ioe? 725 cei/ei?a
cae?eniaii a iaeano? iaiiaiie?oi?ie i?ae aieeaii aeeiaieth, 20 — o noai?
ia?eioe/iiai caoaeaeaiiy. Oae? i?iyae aeacaaeaioiaaii? iiaaae?iee
i?aee?oe?a i?aee?aneththoue nioe?aeueio cia/ei?noue i?iaeaie
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? i?aee?oe?a ? aeiaaathoue aeey ?? ?ica’ycaiiy
aca?iiae?? an?o ?inoeooo?a nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, yea caaacia/o? nioe?aeueio
aaeaioaoe?th noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a” iiaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, a oiae? yei? i?ioiaeeea ai?iaaoe?y
oaeoeueoaoeaiiai i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no “Ethaeeia — i?e?iaea —
noni?euenoai”, i?aaeiaoii yeiai ? ethaeeia, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny a
?aeiino? c ioi/oth/ith i?e?iaeith, o aca?iiae?? c ?ioeie ethaeueie, o
??ciiiai?oieo i?iyaao ?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, noaaeaii? aei na?oo ?
naiiai naaa.

Noi?ioeueiaaii caaea/? eo?no, aecia/aii i?aai?caoe?ei?, ?ioi?iaoe?ei?,
iniaeno?nii-i???ioiaai?, iaoiaee/i? e ci?noiai? iniaeeaino?
i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no. Aeyaeaii aeeaeaeoe/i? aeiiae aei ci?noo
i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no oa aeeaeaeoe/i? oiiae eiai aoaeoeaii? ?aae?caoe??
ia iniia? a?aooaaiiy a?eiaeo iniaeeainoae o/i?a, ?oi?o iio?aa o
io?eiaii? ??ciiiai?oii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?? aeei?enoaiiy a
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino?, oa?aeoa?i?e aeey i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo.

Ni?yiiaai?noue i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no ia noai?aiiy oiia aeey
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a ia?aaeaa/a? oi?ioaaiiy o ieo
iniaeno?nieo yeinoae, ye? aeiiiiiaeooue ?i aaeaiooaaoeny o na?o?
aei?ineeo. Aeoiaey/e c noo? iiiyooy “nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo
i?aee?oe?a”, aeae?eaii aea? oiiai? a?oie oaeeo iiceoeaieo yeinoae. Aei
ia?oi? oiiaii? a?oie iaeaaeaoue yeino?, ye? eaaeaoue a iniia? aeeoo?aiai
oni?oo iniaenoino?. Aei ae?oai? oiiaii? a?oie iaeaaeaoue yeino?, ye?
aeicaieythoue i?aee?oeai aaeaiooaaoeny a eieaeoea?, aeiiiiaaathoue
iaeaaiaeeoe aa?i? noinoiee c ioi/oth/eie ethaeueie.

?ic?iaeaii oaeiae aeeaeaeoe/i? aeiiae aei aeai?o oi?i ? iaoiae?a, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aeeeaaeaii? ?ioaa?iaaiiai i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no
a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe ? caaea/ iaa/aiiy, ci?noo nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??
noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a, iniaeeainoae i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no.

I?iiaaeaaoe/iee eo?n “Ethaeeia — i?e?iaea- noni?euenoai” ? eiiiiiaioii
iiaeae? nenoaie iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? oeiee aoiai?oa?iiai
i?io?eth, ni?yiiaaii? ia noai?aiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia aeey iiceoeaii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? e nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a. Aaaeeeaei
eiiiiiaioii nenoaie ? oaeiae iicaeeani? oi?ie aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? oeiee aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth, ye? i?aai?/ii ci?noiaii
ii?aeiothoueny c i?iiaaeaaoe/iei eo?nii, noai?ththoue oiiae e
?ice?eaathoue ia?aae o/iyie ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ? canoinoaaiiy
cae?aiinoae i?aee?oe?a, caaeiaieaiiy ?oi?o ?ioa?an?a ? iio?aa,
oi?ioaaiiy iiceoeaieo ia?aeiiaiue, ii/ooo?a oa aiioe?e, canoinoaaiiy
io?eiaieo ia caiyooyo ciaiue ? iaae/ie o noa?? iiaaae?iee. Oea
aeinyaa?oueny /a?ac iiiaeaiiy ci?noo ae?yeueiino? oaeeo o?aaeeoe?eieo
aeey oeiee oi?i iicaeeanii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe, ye eeoae oa oe?eueiee
iocae, a oaeiae iao?aaeeoe?eieo oi?i — oai?/? ca?oe ia?aae aaoueeaie oa
ineoieia?/i? o?ai?iae. I?aai?/ia ii?aeiaiiy iacaaieo eiiiiiaio?a iiaeae?
nenoaie iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? iiaeeeaa ia iniia? ?oiuei?
caaaeueii? ni?yiiaaiino? ia aoiai?caoe?th noinoie?a,
?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?th iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano oeiee aoiai?oa?iiai
i?io?eth; ia iniia? i?aaiaiiy noai?eoe oiiae aeey naiii?ciaiiy,
naiiooaa?aeaeaiiy e naii?aae?caoe?? iniaenoino? aeeoeie oa caeo/aiiy ??
aei caaaeueiiethaenueeeo ? iaoe?iiaeueieo oe?iiinoae, ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii cia/eieo iniaeno?nieo yeinoae, eiioi?eaoeaieo iaae/ie, oiaoi
anueiai oiai, ui aeiiiiiaea i?aee?oeo aaeaiooaaoeny o na?o? aei?ineeo oa
aeinyaoe oni?oo a ae?yeueiino?, cia/ei?e aeey iueiai e noni?euenoaa.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei ?ic?iaeaii e ai?iaiaaii iaoiaeeeo i?inoaaiiy
o/i?a ia a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue aaeaioaoe??. Iaoa oe??? iaoiaeeee
iieyaa? a i?aai?caoe?? noi?nii? ae?yeueiino? a/eoae?a, aaouee?a, o/i?a,
ni?yiiaaii? ia ei?aeoe?th, i?eaaaeaiiy o a?aeiia?aei?noue iiaaae?iee,
oe?iiinoae, yeinoae oa?aeoa?o i?aee?oe?a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia ??ai?
i?eoiaaii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? oa aeaa?aioiiio ??ai?, aei nioe?aeueii
oe?iieo, noni?eueii i?eeiyoeo ii?i. Nooi?noue iaoiaeeee iieyaa? a
i?iaeooaaii? oa ?aae?caoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo i?ia?ai i?inoaaiiy o/i?a
ia a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue aaeaioaoe??. ?ic?iaeaii no?oeoo?o ? ci?no
oaei? i?ia?aie. Oaeiae aoee ?ic?iaeai? oa ai?iaiaai? oaiaee i?i
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai oa ?ioaa?iaai? i?ia?aie, ni?yiiaai? ia eii?aeeiaoe?th
aca?iiae?? oeiee c ?ioeie ?inoeoooaie nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?.

Oaeei /eiii, iaaeaaiaai iiaeooue aooe iaaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
noai?aiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia aeey nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? o/i?a ?c
o?aooaaiiyi ?nioth/iai aeina?aeo oa iniaeeainoae eiie?aoiiai
iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui a
oiae? i?iaaaeaiiy oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo a ?yae? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo oe?e
aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth Eoaainueei? iaeano? aoee noai?ai? iaaeaaia?/i?
oiiae aeey nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a. O iaaaaeaieo o
aeena?oaoe?? 6 oaaeeoeyo ae?oaiai ?icae?eo iieacai? ci?ie iieaciee?a
e?eoa???a nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? o noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a, a neeo yei?
a?aeaoeiny i?inoaaiiy o/i?a ia a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue aaeaioaoe??. Oae,
iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? o/i?a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia
??ai? noaa?eueii? aaeaioaoe?? oa aea??eiai? aaeaioaoe?? (54% — aei
aenia?eiaioo, 77,5% — i?ney iueiai), cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? noa?oeo
i?aee?oe?a, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia ??ai? i?eoiaaii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? oa
aeaa?aioiiio ??ai? (46% — aei aenia?eiaioo, 22,5% — i?ney iueiai) a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo eeanao. O eiio?ieueieo eeanao oaiaeaioe?y aei
noaa?eueii? oa aea??eiai? aaeaioaoe?? o/i?a iayaia, aea cia/ieo ci?i ia
niinoa??aaeinue, ui aeiaiaeeoue aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaie
iiaeae? nenoaie iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? o niaoe?ae?ciaai?e
oeie? aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth.

?c i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai i?aeoaa?aeeee aenoiooo
a?iioaco, iiaeia c?iaeoe oae? ocaaaeueithth/? aeniiaee.

1. I?iaeaia nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? iniaenoino? iae/ano?oa
?icaeyaea?oueny o ca’yceo c i?ioeanii nioe?ae?caoe??. Nioe?ae?caoe?th
ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye i?ioean aoiaeaeaiiy aeeoeie a nioe?aeueia
na?aaeiaeua, yeee iieyaa? o canai?ii? iaae/ie ni?eeoaaiiy, o?aaeeoe?e,
ii?i, ac??oe?a iiaaae?iee, nenoaie oe?iiinoae, oiaoi anueiai oiai, ui
noaiiaeoue eoeueoo?o noni?euenoaa. sseui aeeoeia ia canaith? iiceoeaiee
nioe?aeueiee aeina?ae, ia iiaea aaeaiooaaoeny aei ac??oe?a iiaaae?iee e
aeiia noni?euenoaa, i?ioean nioe?ae?caoe?? ii?ooo?oueny, a iiaaae?iea
aeeoeie noa? nioe?aeueii aeacaaeaioiaaiith. Aeaia i?iaeaia ? iniaeeai
aeooaeueiith aeey noa?oiai i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo, ui iaoiiaeaii
o?c?ieia?/ieie, ineoieia?/ieie, nioe?aeueieie ci?iaie, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny c? noa?oeie i?aee?oeaie, oa iaeaaaeeea?oei ineoieia?/iei
iiaiooai?aiiyi oeueiai a?eo — ii/oooyi aei?ineino?.

2. Nioe?aeueio aaeaioaoe?th noiniaii noa?oiai i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo ie
?icaeyaea?ii ye i?ioean i?eaaaeaiiy o noai ocaiaeaeaiino?
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? eieaeoeaieo aeiia, ii?i, oe?iiinoae ?c
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie ii?iaie, i?aaeeaie, oe?iiinoyie ? ni?yioaaiiy
oeueiai i?ioeano ia ?icaeoie o iniaenoino? nioe?aeueii cia/eieo yeinoae,
ye? aeicaieythoue i?aee?oeai ciaeoe nai? i?noea o na?o? aei?ineeo ?
aeinyaoe oni?oo a cia/ei?e aeey ieo ? noni?euenoaa ae?yeueiino?.

3. Nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a i?noeoue oae? iai?yiee:

— aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a o noa?? ni?eeoaaiiy c iaeiie?oeaie;

— aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a o noa?? aca?iinoinoie?a ?c aei?ineeie;

— aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a aei aeaniiai “ss”;

— aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a aei nioe?aeueii cia/eii? ae?yeueiino?.

4. E?eoa??yie nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a ? :

— caaeiaieai?noue noaiiaeuai, yea caeia? i?aee?oie o a?oi? iaeiie?oe?a;

— aaeaeaaoia naiiioe?iea;

— nooi?iue naiino?eiino? noa?oiai i?aee?oea;

— nioe?aeueia aeoeai?noue noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a, ni?yiiaaia ia canai?iiy
ieie nioe?aeueii cia/eieo oe?iiinoae ? ?icaeoie o ieo nioe?aeueii
cia/eieo yeinoae;

— naiiina?oa;

— iiia?aaei?e aea?? i?ioan??;

— caeaoi?noue noa?oiai i?aee?oea aei naii?aaoeyoe??.

5. I?ioean nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a o nai?e
aeeiai?oe? ia? /ioe?e ??ai?:

— ??aaiue noaa?eueii? aaeaioaoe??;

— ??aaiue aea??eiai? aaeaioaoe??;

— ??aaiue i?eoiaaii? aeacaaeaioaoe??;

— aeaa?aioiee ??aaiue.

6. Aeey iiceoeaiiai i?ioeano nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a
o niaoe?ae?ciaai?e oeie? aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth iaiao?aeiei ? noai?aiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, ye? caaacia/othoueny oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no “Ethaeeia — i?e?iaea
— noni?euenoai”, oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie aeoiaieo oi?i ae?yeueiino?
o/i?a, ?ic?iaee e ?aae?caoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo i?ia?ai i?inoaaiiy o/i?a
ia a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue aaeaioaoe??, nenoaie iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii?
?iaioe c iaaeaaia?/iei eieaeoeaii ca aeaiith i?iaeaiith, eii?aeeiaoe??
oeieith aca?iiae?? “ciai?oi?o” noiniaii ia? ?inoeooo?a nioe?ae?caoe??.
Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeei i?aaii??i?noue
aenoiooi? a?iioace.

7. Iniiaieie oai?aoe/ieie ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?:

— aecia/aii ci?no iiiyooy “nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y” noiniaii noa?oiai
i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo;

— aeyaeaii e?eoa??? oa ??ai? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a,
ia??oioiaaii aeeaeaeoe/i? aeiiae aei i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no oa
aeeaeaeoe/i? oiiae eiai aoaeoeaii? ?aae?caoe??;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo i?inoaaiiy i?aee?oe?a ia a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue
aaeaioaoe??.

8. I?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaathoue o oiio, ui: aoei
?ic?iaeaii e cai?iaaaeaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueio iiaeaeue nenoaie
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, yea noai?th? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aeey
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a; aoei ?ic?iaeaii e
ai?iaiaaii i?ia?aio i?iiaaeaaoe/iiai eo?no “Ethaeeia — i?e?iaea —
noni?euenoai”, iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?iaaaeaiiy ?ioaa?iaaieo
o?ie?a, iaoiaeeeo ?aae?caoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo i?ia?ai i?inoaaiiy o/i?a
ia a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue aaeaioaoe??, iiiaeaii ci?no ae?yeueiino?
iicaeeanieo aeoiaieo oi?i, ni?yiiaaieo ia noai?aiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia
aeey iiceoeaii? nioe?ae?caoe?? oa nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo
i?aee?oe?a, aecia/aii oeyoe aca?iiae?? oeiee c ?ioeie ?inoeoooaie
nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Oeeiaae ?.?. A?eia? iniaeeaino? oa e?eoa??? nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??
noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a // Aoiai?caoe?y iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano:
iaoe.-iaoiae. ca. Aei. V / Ca caa. ?aae. Eaaaiueeiai A.?. oa Nei/aiea
A.?. — Neiayinuee: ?CII-NAeI?, 1999. — N.231-237.

2. Oeeiaae ?.?. Nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a: e?eoa??? oa
??ai? // Ina?oa ia Eoaaiuei?. — 1999. — ?2. — N.59-61.

3. Oeuiaae E.E. Cia/aiea eioaa?e?iaaiiuo iauanoaiaaae/aneeo eo?nia a
oeieueiii ia?aciaaiee // Ca??iee noaoae ca iaoa??aeaie Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Iaaeaaia?/i? oaoiieia?? a eiioaeno?
no/anieo eiioeaioe?e ci?noo ina?oe”. — Eoaainuee, 1998. — N.143-145.

4. Oeeiaae ?.?. E?eoa??? aaeaioiaaiino? noa?oieeaniee?a a oiiaao
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? oeiee aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth // Ina?oa ia Eoaaiuei?. —
1998. — ?3. — N.79-82.

5. Oeuiaae E.E. Nioeeaeueiay aaeaioaoeey noa?oaeeannieeia a eiioaenoa
iaaeaaiaeee aeeciaoai?/anoaa // Ca??iee noaoae ca iaoa??aeaie
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Iaaeaaia?ea aeeoo?oai?/ino? ye
eiioeaiooaeueia iniiaa ?icaeoeo ina?oe Eoaaiueie”. — Eoaainuee, 1997. —
N.161-164.

6. Oeuiaae E.E. Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey i?aiiaeaaaoaeae
oaeoeueoaoeaiiai eo?na “*aeiaae — I?e?iaea — Iauanoai” . — Eoaaine:
AEAAeEN, 1997. — 42n.

Aiioaoe?y

Oeeiaae ?.?. Nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? oeiee aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee —
Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
Eoaainuee, 1999.

Aeine?aeaeoaaany i?ioean nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a a
oiiaao niaoe?ae?ciaaii? oeiee aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth. Ia??oioiaaii
e?eoa??? oa ??ai? nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? noa?oeo i?aee?oe?a.
?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue nenoaie iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, yea
i?aai?/ii ii?aeio? i?iiaaeaaoe/iee eo?n “Ethaeeia — i?e?iaea —
noni?euenoai”, nenoaio iicaeeanieo aeoiaieo oi?i ae?yeueiino? e
eii?aeeio? aca?iiae?th oeiee c ?ioeie ?inoeoooaie nioe?ae?caoe??
iniaenoino?. Aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??aii aoaeoeai?noue iiaeae?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nioe?ae?caoe?y, nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y, e?eoa??? oa
??ai? nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??, i?iiaaeaaoe/iee eo?n, nenoaia
iicaeeanii? aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aiiioaoeey

Oeuiaae E.E. Nioeeaeueiay aaeaioaoeey noa?oeo iiae?inoeia a oneiaeyo
niaoeeaeece?iaaiiie oeieu aoiaieoa?iiai i?ioeey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. —
Eoaaineee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana
Oaa/aiei, Eoaaine, 1999.

Enneaaeiaaeny i?ioeann nioeeaeueiie aaeaioaoeee noa?oeo iiae?inoeia a
oneiaeyo niaoeeaeece?iaaiiie oeieu aoiaieoa?iiai i?ioeey. ?ane?uoi
niaea?aeaiea iiiyoey “nioeeaeueiay aaeaioaoeey” ioiineoaeueii noa?oaai
iiae?inoeiaiai aic?anoa. Iainiiaaiu e?eoa?ee nioeeaeueiie aaeaioaoeee
noa?oeo iiae?inoeia: oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue iieiaeaieai, eioi?ia caieiaao
iiae?inoie a a?oiia naa?noieeia; aaeaeaaoiay naiiioeaiea; noaiaiue
naiinoiyoaeueiinoe noa?oaai iiae?inoea; nioeeaeueiay aeoeaiinoue,
iai?aaeaiiay ia onaiaiea nioeeaeueii cia/eiuo oeaiiinoae e ea/anoa
ee/iinoe; naiiia?aciaaiea; i?aaeaa?eoaeueiue auai? i?ioannee;
niiniaiinoue noa?oaai iiae?inoea e naii?aaoeyoeee.

Ia iniiaa e?eoa?eaa nioeeaeueiie aaeaioaoeee e aiaeeca ?acoeueoaoia
eiinoaoe?othuaai yenia?eiaioa auee auaeaeaiu /aou?a o?iaiy aaeaioaoeee
noa?oeo iiae?inoeia: o?iaaiue noaaeeueiie aaeaioaoeee, o?iaaiue
ecae?aoaeueiie aaeaioaoeee, o?iaaiue ne?uoie aeacaaeaioaoeee,
aeaaeaioiue o?iaaiue. ?ac?aaioaia iiaeaeue nenoaiu
o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, eioi?ay i?aaie/ii niaaeeiyao:

— eioaa?e?iaaiiue i?iiaaeaaoe/aneee eo?n /aeiaaeiaaae/aneie
iai?aaeaiiinoe, i?aaeaa?ythuee nenoaiaoe/aneee eo?n “*aeiaae e
iauanoai”, i?eaioe?iaaiiue ia nicaeaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo,
niaea?aeaoaeueiuo, ee/iinoii-i?eaioe?iaaiiuo i?aaeiinueie aeey
nioeeaeueiie aaeaioaoeee noa?oeo iiae?inoeia;

— aiaeeanniua oi?iu ainieoaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, iai?aaeaiiua ia
?acaeoea ee/iinoiuo ea/anoa noa?oeo iiae?inoeia, iaania/eaathuea eo
aaeaioaoeeth a ie?a ac?ineuo e aeinoeaeaiea iiae?inoeaie oniaoa a
cia/eiie aeey ieo e iauanoaa aeayoaeueiinoe;

— eioaa?e?iaaiiua i?ia?aiiu, iai?aaeaiiua ia eii?aeeiaoeeth
acaeiiaeaenoaey oeieu n ae?oaeie einoeoooaie nioeeaeecaoeee ee/iinoe.

A naiae niaieoiiinoe iie aunooiatho iaiaoiaeeiuie iaaeaaiae/aneeie
oneiaeyie nioeeaeueiie aaeaioaoeee noa?oeo iiae?inoeia.

Ii?aaeaeaiu iiaua aeeaeaeoe/aneea iniiaaiey i?iiaaeaaoe/aneiai eo?na:
aeeaeaeoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe i?iiaaeaaoe/aneiai eo?na; aeeaeaeoe/aneea
o?aaiaaiey e auai?o oi?i e iaoiaeia, eniieuecoaiuo a oiaea i?aiiaeaaaiey
i?iiaaeaaoe/aneiai eo?na; oeiieiaey iia?aaeathueo o/aaii-oai?/aneeo
caaeaiee; aeeaeaeoe/aneea oneiaey nicaeaiey e yooaeoeaiie ?aaeecaoeee
i?iiaaeaaoe/aneiai eo?na. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea i?iaeaeaeaiey o/aueony
ia aieaa aunieee o?iaaiue aaeaioaoeee.

Yenia?eiaioaeueii i?iaa?aia yooaeoeaiinoue iiaeaee nenoaiu
o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe niaoeeaeece?iaaiiie oeieu
aoiaieoa?iiai i?ioeey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nioeeaeecaoeey, nioeeaeueiay aaeaioaoeey, e?eoa?ee e
o?iaie nioeeaeueiie aaeaioaoeee, i?iiaaeaaoe/aneee eo?n, nenoaia
aiaeeanniie ainieoaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Annotation

Tsimbal I.I. Social adaptation of senior teenagers in condition of
specialized humanities type of school. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for a Candidate’s degree of Pedagogical Sciences on
speciality 13.00.01 — Theory and History of Pedagogics. — Pedagogical
University named after Taras Shevchenko, Lugansk, 1999.

It was investigated a process of social adaptation of senior teenagers
in condition of specialized humanities type of school.

The criterion and levels of social adaptation of senior teenagers were
substantiated. It was worked out the model system of non-class teaching
and educational activity joining organically introductory course “Man —
nature — society”, the activity of non-class educational form system,
and co-ordinate the interaction of school with other institutes of
person socialization. The efficiency of model has been examined
experimentally.

Key words: socialization, social adaptation, criterion and levels of
social adaptation, introductory course, system of non-class teaching
educational activity.

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