Синтез вихрових головок з пружно-демпфуючими елементами: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / М.М. Зінь, Терноп. держ. техн. ун-т ім. І.Пулюя. — Т., 199

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia Ioethy

C?iue Ie?ineaa Ieoaeeiae/ /i?aeien/

OAeE621.9

Neioac aeo?iaeo aieiaie

c i?oaeii-aeaiiooth/eie aeaiaioaie

05.03.01 – I?ioeane iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee, aa?noaoe oa ?ino?oiaioe

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?iii?euenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? ?aaia Ioethy I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaai?iye Noaiai A?eai?iae/,

Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia Ioethy,
i?ioani?
eaoaae?e aa?noaoii-?ino?oiaioaeueieo nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aiaeue/ee Aeieo?i ?aaaiiae/,

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e ?ino?oiaioaeueieo nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eiaaeue/oe Na?a?e Noai?neaaiae/,

Oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao Iiae?eey,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie
“Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo” I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 20 aeiaoiy 1999?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E58.052.01 a Oa?iii?euenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?aaia Ioethy, 46001,
i.Oa?iii?eue, aoe. ?onueea,56

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia Ioethy, 46001,
i.Oa?iii?eue, aoe.?onueea,56

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 20 aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee /i?aeien/
Iao?ee I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A no/aniiio iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? aeey
aenieii?iaeoeoeaiiai o?aca?oaaiiy aaeioiaeo iiaa?oiiue canoiniaothoueny
aeo?ia? aieiaee, ??caeueieie ?ino?oiaioaie yeeo ? ??coe?, iniauai?
oaa?aeinieaaieie ieanoeiaie. I?e ?iaio? a?aeiieie aeo?iaeie aieiaeaie
iathoue i?noea ia?aaaioaaeaiiy ??coe?a a iiiaio ?o a??caiiy a o?ei
caaioiaee, ui ciaioo? ?o no?ee?noue. Iniauaiiy aeo?iaeo aieiaie
i?oaeii-aeaiiooth/eie aeaiaioaie (IAeA) aeicaiey? cieaeoaaoe ??aaiue
aeeiai?/ieo ia?aaaioaaeaiue ? caaaeyee oeueiio i?aeaeuoaaoe no?ee?noue
??coe?a.Oiio noai?aiiy aoaeoeaieo cania?a i?iaeooaaiiy aeo?iaeo aieiaie,
ye? iniauai? IAeA, a naia no?oeoo?ii-noaiiiai neioaco, iaoiaeee
?ic?aooieo, aeai?eoi?a ? i?ia?aiieo cania?a, a oaeiae oai?aoe/ia ?
aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy oeeo aieiaie ? aeooaeueiith caaea/ath,
oni?oia ?ica’ycaiiy yei? aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe aeiaaia?/i?noue ??coe?a
aeo?iaeo aieiaie ? oaeei /eiii caaacia/eoe aeiiii?th aei?iaeo
?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iia’ycaia c aea?athaeaeaoiith oaiith Ae? 40-94,
iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? ?0194U030608 “?ic?iaea aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo
??caeueieo ?ino?oiaio?a aeey ia?iaee ieineeo, oeee?iae?e/ieo ? aaeioiaeo
iiaa?oiiue ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?o i?iaeoeoeaiino?”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? i?aeaeuaiiy no?eeino?
??caeueieo eac aeo?iaeo aieiaie ia iniia? ?aaoethaaiiy e?iaiaoeee
eaciai? ia?iaee.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe oae? caaea/?:

— aeine?aeeoe aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e c??co ? aeeiai?eo i?ioeano
aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioo ? caaioiaee i?e aeo?iaiio o?aca?oaaii? aaeioiaeo
iiaa?oiiue;

— ?ic?iaeoe no?oeoo?ii-noaiiee neioac aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ye? iniauai?
IAeA, yeee aeicaieea ae ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy ?icaeyiooe an? iiaeeea?
aa??aioe ? ioe?ieoe ?o aoaeoeai?noue;

— ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaen ?ic?aooieiaeo ? iaoaiaoe/ieo cania?a (iiaeaeae,
aeai?eoi?a, i?ia?ai) aeey oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co i?ioeano o?aca?oaaiiy ?
aecia/aiiy eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ye? iniauai?
IAeA;

— i?iaanoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoo?iiai ac??oey aeo?iai?
aieiaee aeey aeyaeaiiy aieeao IAeA ia ??aaiue aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue
? no?ee?noue ??coe?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— a ?acoeueoao? ?aae?caoe?? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei noai?aiiy iiaeo
eiino?oeoeaieo noai ??caeueieo ?ino?oiaio?a ?ic?iaeaiee
no?oeoo?ii-noaiiee neioac aeo?iaeo aieiaie c IAeA;

— ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen iaoaiaoe/ieo cania?a (iiaeaeae, ?ic?aooieiaeo
aeai?eoi?a, i?ia?ai) aeey iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeei?a ?iaioe ? eiino?oeoeaieo
ia?aiao??a aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ye? iniauai? IAeA, aei yeeo aoiaeyoue:

a) noiniaii aiae?co aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a, ye? iathoue i?noea i?e
aeo?iaiio o?aca?oaaii? aaeioiaeo iiaa?oiiue – ia iniia? ?icaeyaeo
aia?aaoe/iiai aaeaino ? aeeiai?/ii? aca?iiae?? nenoaie AI?Ae (aa?noao –
i?enoinoaaiiy – ?ino?oiaio – aeaoaeue) ? aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a oa?o
iaoaeo, yeee c??ca?oueny i?e eacia?e ia?iaoe? aaeioiaeo iiaa?oiiue
aeo?iaei iaoiaeii, ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, aeai?eoie ? i?ia?aie,
a oaeiae aeaaaeaii aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?, ui o ii?aeiaii? aeicaieeei
ia/eneeoe eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/iino? i?e ?iaio? aeo?iaeie aieiaeaie, ye?
iniauai? IAeA, ? ioe?ieoe eiai ciaioaiiy o ii??aiyii? c aaciaeie;

a) noiniaii ?ic?aooieo ? /enaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ye?
iniauai? IAeA – ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee, aeai?eoie ? i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo
eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aeaiaio?a oeeo aieiaie (cie?aia, aeie
i?i?i?caoe?? ia??aiii??iino? ciiooaaiiy iai?yiieo anoaaii? aeoaiai?
??coeaai? aea?aeaaee a e?aei?o oi/eao);

— oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy iaoo?ieo aei?iaoaaiue aeine?aeiiai ac??oey aeo?iai?
aieiaee, yea iniauaia IAeA, a ?aaeueieo oiiaao ?? aenieoaoaoe??,
anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue no?eeino? ??coe?a a?ae eiao?oe??ioo aei?noeino?
IAeA, yeee aeeiio? ?ieue ia?aaeaaaeueii? eaiee i?ae oieiaeaeai aeo?iai?
aieiaee ? ??coeai.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii ? oai?aoe/ii
oa aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee no?oeoo?ii-noaiiiai neioaco,
?ic?aooieo ? aeine?aeaeaiiy (aeeth/ath/e i?ia?aie aeey AII) aeo?iaeo
aieiaie, ye? iniauai? IAeA, ye? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia i?aeoeoe?
i?e i?iaeooaaii? i?iieneiaeo ac??oe?a aeo?iaeo aieiaie c iaoith
iaea?aeaiiy a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo ca ?aooiie
ciaioaiiy aeo?ao aei?iaeo aieueo?aiii?noeeo ??caeueieo ?ino?oiaio?a.

Aeeeaaeaia a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii-noaiiiai
neioaco, iiaeaethaaiiy, ?ic?aooieo ? aeine?aeaeaiiy (c aeei?enoaiiyi AII
? iaoo?iiai aenia?eiaioo) aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ye? iniauai? IAeA,
aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaia c ?ic?iaeith iaoeiai? oaie ia caiiaeaiiy
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, a ?? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a
?iai/? i?ia?aie iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iai?yieo, ye?
/eoathoueny ia iaoai?ei-oaoiieia?/iiio oaeoeueoao? Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia Ioethy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a io?eiaii? iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a
oiio, ui an? iieiaeaiiy, ye? noaiiaeyoue nooue aeena?oaoe??, aoee
noi?ioeueiaai? oa ae??oai? naiino?eii. O ioae?eaoe?yo, iaienaieo o
ni?aaaoi?noa?, caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeeoue: a ?iaio? [1] – ?ic?iaea
ii?oieia?/ii? iao?eoe? aeey neioaco aeo?iaeo aieiaie c
e?eueoeaiiae?aieie ??coeao?eia/aie, i?iaaaeaiiy iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
oa iaea?aeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo caeaaeiinoae neee oaea??a i?ae /an
??caiiy oa no?eeino? ??coe?a a?ae ia?aiao??a IAeA, ye? anoaiiaeai? o
aeo?ia?e aieiaoe?; a ?iaio? [3] – ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio ?ic?aooieo
?aoe?iiaeueiiai oeaio?aeueiiai eooa i?ee??ieaiiy ??coey aei
??coeao?eia/a; a ?iaio? [4] – aeaaaeaiiy oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy
eiao?oe??ioo aeeiai?/iino? i?e aeo?iaiio o?aca?oaaii? aaeioiaeo
iiaa?oiiue; a ?iaio? [6] – ?ic?iaea ii?oieia?/ii? iao?eoe? iiaeeeaeo
aa??aio?a oi?iiooai?thth/eo ?oo?a i?e aeo?iaiio o?aca?oaaii? aaeioiaeo ?
iae?oaiaeo iiaa?oiiue; a ?iaio? [7] – aeiaaaeaiiy aeioe?eueiino?
aeei?enoaiiy o aeo?iaeo aieiaeao IAeA.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
“Oeiiaua iaoaieciu e oaoiieiae/aneay inianoea noaieia-aaoiiaoia, noaieia
n *IO e AIN” (i.Ee?a, 1992?.), “I?ia?aneai? oaoiieia?? ? iaeaaeiaiiy a
iaoeii- ? i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaii?” (i.Oa?iii?eue, 1992?.), “Aaoiiaoecaoeey e
aeeaaiinoeea a iaoaiiia?aaioea” (i.Eooeuee, 1993?.), “I?ia?aneai?
iaoa??aee, oaoiieia?? oa iaeaaeiaiiy a iaoeii- ? i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaii?”
(i.Oa?iii?eue, 1993?.), a oaeiae ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia Ioethy, a yeeo a?aee
o/anoue eaoaae?e aa?noaoii-?ino?oiaioaeueieo nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?
iaoai?ee.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a 10 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo, 4 c yeeo iaienai? aac ni?aaaoi??a, 4 — o iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
oa aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe (189 noi??iie
oaenoo) i?noeoue 140 noi??iie iniiaii? oaenoiai? /anoeie, aeeth/a? 37
?enoie?a, 7 oaaeeoeue oa 151 a?ae?ia?ao?/ia iaeiaioaaiiy ia 16
noi??ieao, a oaeiae 6 aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue,
noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa, aecia/aii iniiai? caaaeaiiy, iieacaia iaoeiaa
iiaecia oa ai?iaaoe?y iaoa??ae?a ?iaioe, ei?ioei aeeeaaeaii ci?no
aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeaii aiae?c a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo ioae?eaoe?e c
ieoaiue neioaco ??caeueieo ?ino?oiaio?a, aa?noaoii-?ino?oiaioaeueiiai
iniauaiiy, aeeiai?ee i?ioeano ??caiiy ? no?eeino? ??caeueieo
?ino?oiaio?a. A?aei?/ai? ?iaioe ?iae?ia I.?., ?aanueei? I.N.,
A?aiianueeiai A.?., A?a/?oi?eiaa A.A., ?iicaioeaaa A.A., E??naiiaa A.I.,
?aoaoiaa Ae.I., Aiae?a?aa A.N., ?icaiaa?aa I.I., ?icaiaa?aa I.I.,
Eoae?iiaa A.I., I?eeeiaa I.E., Eoci?oeiaa TH.I., Iaai?iyea N.A.,
Aiaeue/eea Ae.?., Eooe?aa ?.A., Caeainueeiai E.A., Eiaaeue/oea N.N.,
A?eniaia ?.N., E?a?ia A.A. ? ?i. A iaeano? eiino?othaaiiy aeo?iaeo
aieiaie a?aecia/ai? aaoi?nuee? na?aeioeoaa N?N? ??568509, 650743,
686837, 768579, 841823, 1593804 oa ca?oa?aei? iaoaioe DD?215718 (IAe?),
DE?3245174, DE?3232282 (O?I).

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui:

1)i?ioean aeo?iaiai o?aca?oaaiiy aaeioiaeo iiaa?oiiue noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
?ioaineaieie oaea?ieie iaaaioaaeaiiyie, ye? ni?e/eiththoue ia??iaee/i?
ia?aaaioaaeaiiy ??coe?a, ui ? iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei iieiiie ?
aee?eooaaiue ?o ??caeueieo ieanoei;

2)cieaeoaaoe ??aaiue aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue a cii? ??caiiy ? oaeei
/eiii i?aeaeuoaaoe aeiaaia?/i?noue ??coe?a iiaeia oeyoii canoinoaaiiy
aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ye? iniauai? IAeA, oae ye aiie caaacia/othoue
?aaoethaaiiy e?iaiaoeee eaciai? ia?iaee.

Aeniiaee i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co aeicaieeee noi?ioethaaoe iaoo ? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ia?aeoe aei ?o aeeiiaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a c??co oa aeeiai?ee aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioo ? caaioiaee i?e
aeo?iaiio o?aca?oaaii? aaeioiaeo iiaa?oiiue.

I?e ia?iaoe? aaeioiai? iiaa?oi? aeo?iaith aieiaeith, yea iniauaia
??coeyie iiaiiai i?io?eth, c??c ia? niaoeeo?/io na?iiiiae?aio oi?io.
Aeaaaeaii ? i?eaaaeaii o aeaeyae? ?ic?aooieiaiai aeai?eoio aiae?oe/i?
caeaaeiino? oiaueie a ? ieiu? f iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co c??co a?ae eooiaiai
iieiaeaiiy wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyy ??/?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u@th??????Aeo?iaa o?aca?oaaiiy aaeioiaeo iiaa?oiiue
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaea?aie ??coe?a ia caaioiaeo. Ia aaee/eio oaea??a,
ii?yae ?c ?ioeie /eiieeaie, aieeaathoue i?oaei?, aeaiiooth/? oa
?ia?oe?ei? aeanoeaino? ie?aieo aeaiaio?a nenoaie AI?Ae. O ca’yceo ?c
?icaeyaeii aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ye? iniauai? IAeA, aeieeea iio?aaa
oai?aoe/ii aeine?aeeoe, ye e?euee?nii ? ye?nii aieeaathoue ia?aiao?e
IAeA oa i?noea ?o ?icoaooaaiiy a aeo?ia?e aieiaoe? ia oaea?e a i?ioean?
??caiiy.

O aeo?ia?e aieiaoe?, yea iniauaia IAeA (?en.2, c iaoith iai/iino?
iaa?oiao aeeiai?/io iiaeaeue caaaeaii aei e?i?eii?), ??caoeue 2 iiaea
ia?ai?uoaaoeny a?aeiinii oieiaeaey 3, i?e/iio ?iai/a coneeey
ia?aaea?oueny ?c oieiaeaey ia ??caoeue /a?ac IAeA, yeee
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny eiao?oe??ioii aei?noeino? wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyyA??7?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????Ia iniia? ?icaeyaeo aia?aaoe/iiai aaeaino
nenoaie aeey iieiaeaiue ??coey I1 ? I2 aeaaaeaii oi?ioeo aeey aecia/aiiy
eiao?oe??ioa aeeiai?/iino? wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyy???7?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????

?en.1. A?ao?ee caeaaeiino? oiaueie ? ieiu? iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co c??co
a?ae eooa iiai?ioo ??coey a?aeiinii caaioiaee

?en.2. E?iaa?eciaaia aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue aeo?iai? aieiaee, iniauaii?
IAeA

aea wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyy@???? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??»????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyy???W?? ???&?
?MathType???????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??*????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyy???7?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??¶????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
AA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???h?? ???&?
?MathType???????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??»????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyyA???? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????Ae?ac (1) aeine?aeaeaii ia AII i?e
aeei?enoaii? aaaaoiooie- oe?iiaeueiiai iaeaoo MathCAD. I?e iino?eieo
ao?aeieo aeaieo wmetafile8? ??6???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyy ???? ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th??????Oaeei /eiii, oai?aoe/ii aeiaaaeaii, ui
iiae?e ?ooiii? /anoeie aeo?iai? aieiaee ia aeaa aeaiaioe ? ?icoaooaaiiy
i?ae ieie IAeA aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe ?aaoethaaiiy e?iaiaoeee eaciai?
ia?iaee ? caaaeyee oeueiio cieaeoaaoe eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/iino?, oiaoi
??aaiue aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia eaca ??caeueieo ?ino?oiaio?a. I?e
oeueiio c oi/ee ci?o aoaeoeaiino? iio??aii aeei?enoiaoaaoe IAeA c
iaioeie eiao?oe??ioaie aei?noeino?, a iiae?e ?ooiii? /anoeie aeo?iai?
aieiaee ia aeaa aeaiaioe aeeiioaaoe oaeei /eiii, uia oie aeaiaio, yeee
?icoaoiaaiee aeeae/a aei i?noey oaea?o (ciie ??caiiy), iaa ieae/?
?ia?oe?ei? aeanoeaino?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aaaaoiaa??aioiiai
no?oeoo?ii-noaiiiai neioaco, iie?auai? noaie, a oaeiae iaoiaee
?ic?aooieo aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ye? iniauai? IAeA.

Aaaaoiaa??aioiee no?oeoo?ii-noaiiee neioac aeo?iaeo aieiaie aaco?oueny
ia aeei?enoaii? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo ? aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a iiooeo iiaeo
oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue. Eiai iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye aeeiiaiiy ianooiieo
aoai?a:

1) iiia?a/iee ?icoei oieiaeaey aeo?iai? aieiaee ia aea? /anoeie ?
c’?aeiaiiy ?o ca aeiiiiiaith i?oaeii? eaiee c i?aeaeuaiei aeaiiooaaiiyi
— IAeA; an? ??coe? i?ee??ieththoueny aei iaei??? c iiaiooai?aieo /anoei
e?eueoeaiiae?aiiai ??coeao?eia/a;

2) iicaeiaaeiee ?icoei e?eueoeaiiae?aiiai ??coeao?eia/a ia ia?ia /enei
aeoaiiiae?aieo /anoei (/ioe?e aai a?eueoa); eiaeia ae?oaa /anoeia
onoaa?oueny; aei eiaeii? ?c /anoei, ye? caeeoeeeny, i?ee??ieth?oueny
iaeei aai aeae?eueea ??coe?a, oiaoi oe? /anoeie ia?aoai?ththoueny o
aeoaiiiae?ai? ??coeao?eia/?; i?ae eiaeiei ??coeao?eia/ai ? oieiaeaeai,
ye ? o iiia?aaeiueiio aeiaaeeo, iayaiee i?oaeiee ca’ycie;

3) neioac iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a oi?i ??coeao?eia/?a, i?ee??ieaiiy ??coe?a
aei ??coeao?eia/?a, ?icoaooaaiiy IAeA oa ?i.;

4) caianaiiy neioaciaaieo ? ?nioth/eo aei oaia??oiueiai /ano noai
aa??aio?a aeeiiaiiy ie?aieo aeaiaio?a aeo?iaeo aieiaie o ii?oieia?/i?
oaaeeoe?;

5) eiiiiioaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aa??aioo aeo?iai? aieiaee ia iniia?
ia?aai?o aa??aio?a noai, ye? i?noyoueny o ii?oieia?/ieo oaaeeoeyo, oa
aeai?o iaee?aueo ?c ieo, aeoiaey/e ?c aeiia, ye? noiyoue ia?aae
i?iaeooaaeueieeii.

A oaaeeoe? 1 iiaeaii ?acoeueoaoe neioaco noai ie?aieo aeaiaio?a aeo?iaeo
aieiaie, ??coeao?eia/? yeeo iathoue ?ic?ieiaio oi?io. ??coeao?eia/?
iiaeooue aooe aac iaco (A1), c iacii (A2), i?yi? (A1) ? aeoaiiiae?ai?
(A2). Aacoth/eie aeaiaioaie ??coeao?eia/?a iiaeooue aooe eenoia?
i?oaeeie (A1) aai iai?yii? ??cieo oei?a: ciai?oi? (A21) aai aioo??oi?
(A22), eiacaiiy (A221) aai ei/aiiy (A222). ??cieie iiaeooue aooe oaeiae
aa??aioe ?icoaooaaiiy ??coey: a?i iiaea aooe i?ee??ieaiee ia ii/aoeo
(A1), iina?aaeei? (A2) aai a e?ioe? (A3) ??coeao?eia/a. ?aae?on
rwmetafile8? ??A oaaeeoe? 2 iiaeaii ?acoeueoaoe neioaco noai ie?aieo
aeaiaio?a aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ??coeao?eia/? yeeo iathoue caieiaio
(e?eueoeaiiae?aio) oi?io. ??coeao?eia/ iiaea aacoaaoenue ca aeiiiiiaith
iaei??? (A1) aai aeaio (A2) iii? (i?aeoeiiee?a) eiacaiiy (A1) aai
ei/aiiy (A2), i?e/iio iaeia c e?eaoeue i?aeoeiieea iiaea aooe
cao?eniaaia aai o ia?ooiiiio ei?ion? (A1), aai o oieiaeae? (A2),
iaa?oath/enue ?acii ?c iei. Iii?e ??coeao?eia/a iiaeooue ?icoaoiaoaaoeny
aai ana?aaeei? (A1), aai caieo (A2) ii a?aeiioaiith aei iii? oieiaeaey.
IAeA iiaeooue ciaoiaeeoenue aai ciai? (Ae1), aai ana?aaeei? (Ae2), aai
caieo (Ae3) ??coeao?eia/a. Aaaeaiee oe?a eeeiiianiai? ia?aaea/?, /a?ac
yeee iaaea?oueny iaa?oaiiy oieiaeaeth aeo?iai? aieiaee, iiaea aooe aai
c? noi?iie ??coeao?eia/a (A1) (a cii? ia?aaeiuei? /anoeie oieiaeaey),
aai c i?ioeeaaeii? aei ??coeao?eia/a noi?iie (A2) (a cii? caaeiuei?
/anoeie oieiaeaey).

Oaaeeoey 1

Ii?oieia?/ia oaaeeoey aa??aio?a aeeiiaiiy ? eiiiiioaaiiy aeaiaio?a
aeo?iaeo aieiaie c ??coeao?eia/aie ?ic?ieiaii? oi?ie

Oaaeeoey 2

Ii?oieia?/ia oaaeeoey aa??aio?a aeeiiaiiy ? eiiiiioaaiiy aeaiaio?a
aeo?iaeo aieiaie c e?eueoeaiiae?aieie ??coeao?eia/aie

No?oeoo?a noai, ye? i?eaaaeai? a oaaeeoeyo 1 ? 2, aeicaiey? oaeaeei
ia?aaeyiooe ??ci? aa??aioe aeeiiaiiy ie?aieo aeaiaio?a aeo?iaeo aieiaie,
ioe?ieoe ia?aaaae ? iaaeie?ee eiaeiiai ?c ieo, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue a
eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo i?e i?iaaaeaii? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co
aea?aoe iaee?au? aa??aioe noai ? a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo ni?iaeooaaoe
iae?aoe?iiaeuei?oo aeo?iao aieiaeo, yea iniauaia IAeA.

?icaeyiaii aeae?eueea cai?iiiiiaaieo aa??aio?a aeo?iaeo aieiaie.

Aeo?iaa aieiaea c ??coeao?eia/aie ?ic?ieiaii? oi?ie (?en.3) i?noeoue
??coe? 1, ye? cai?aniaai? o ??coeao?eia/? 2. Iai?yiieie ??coeao?eia/?a ?
oeee?iae?e/i? ? oi?oeueia? iiaa?oi? e?eaoeue 3 ? 4. Ia?ai?uaiiy
??coeao?eia/?a a eieiaiio iai?yieo iaiaaeo?oueny oii?aie 5 /a?ac aieiai?
6 ? aeiiii?aei? 7 IAeA. Oii?e 5 ? e?eueoea 4 i?ee??ieai? aaeioaie 8 aei
oi?oey oieiaeaey aeo?iai? aieiaee, i?e/iio iinaaeea e?eueoey
cae?enith?oueny ii eii?/i?e iiaa?oi?. O oeee?iae?e/i?e /anoei? e?eueoey
3 aeeiiaii iane??ci? iace, a yeeo iiaeooue a?eueii ia?ai?uoaaoeny
??coe?. E?eueoey 3 ? 4 c’?aeiai? aaeioaie. Iienaia eiino?oeoe?y
a?aecia/a?oueny i?inoioith ? aeicaiey? aoaeoeaii cieaeoaaoe ??aaiue
oaea??a i?e ??caii?.

?en.3. Noaia aeo?iai? aieiaee c aeoaiiiae?aieie ??coeao?eia/aie

Aeo?iaa aieiaea c e?eueoeaiiae?aiei ??coeao?eia/ai (?en.4) i?noeoue
??coeao?eia/ 1, aei yeiai i?ee??ieai? o?e ??coe? ? yeee anoaiiaeaii o
aioo??oi? e?eueoea i?aeoeiieea 2, yeee a naith /a?ao ?ici?uaii o
e?eueoe? 3, yea i?ee??ieaia aei oieiaeaey 4. Iaeii?yaeiee ?aae?aeueiee
eoeueeii?aeoeiiee 2 ? iai?yiiei aoceii ??coeao?eia/a 1 aeey ia?ai?uaiiy
eiai a eieiaiio iai?yieo. I?iaa?oaiiy ??coeao?eia/a a?aeiinii oieiaeaey
iaiaaeo?oueny oii?aie 7 /a?ac aeiiii?aeiee 5 ? aieiaiee 6 IAeA. Caoeno
i?aeoeiieea a?ae no?oaeee ? ieeo cae?enith?oueny c iaei??? noi?iie
eaa??eioiei, a c ?ioi? noi?iie — naeueieeiaei ou?eueiaiiyi, a aeae?aiiy
?aae?aeueiiai i?ii?aeeo a iueiio — ca aeiiiiiaith iinaaeee c iaoyaii
??coeao?eia/a 1. Iienaia eiino?oeoe?y a?aecia/a?oueny aenieith
iaae?ei?noth ? ?aiiioicaeaoi?noth.

?en.4. Noaia aeo?iai? aieiaee c e?eueoeaiiae?aiei ??coeao?eia/ai

Aeo?ia? aieiaee, ye? iniauai? IAeA, i?noyoue niaoeeo?/i? aocee, aeey
?ic?aooieo yeeo cai?iiiiiaaii a?aeiia?aei? iaoiaeeee. ?icaeyiaii iaeio
?c ieo.

O aeo?ia?e aieiaoe? c ??coeao?eia/aie ?ic?ieiaii? oi?ie oeaio?aeueiee
eoo wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy ??°?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u@th??????

?en.5. Noaia ae?? nee ia ??coeaaee aeie

(7)

?ica’ycoaaiiy nenoaie (7) o ii?aeiaii? c oioiaeiinoyie wmetafile8?
??A???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? Aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy ??p?? ???&? ?MathType??

A caaaeueiiio oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeeeaaeai? a o?aoueiio
?icae?e?, ? aacith aeey noai?aiiy aaeeei? e?eueeino? aa??aio?a aeo?iaeo
aieiaie, ye? iniauai? IAeA. Aiie aeicaieythoue ia?aaeyiooe ?
i?iaiae?coaaoe ??ci? noaie ie?aieo aeaiaio?a oeeo aieiaie ? a
?acoeueoao? aea?aoe iae?aoe?iiaeuei?o? ?c ieo, aeeiiaoe ?o ?ic?aooiie,
oiaoi iaea?aeaoe ae/a?iio oaoi?/io ?ioi?iaoe?th aeey i?aeaioiaee ?iai/eo
e?aneaiue i?iieneiaeo ac??oe?a. Cie?aia, aiie noaee iniiaith aeey
i?iaeooaaiiy iaoo?iiai ac??oey aeo?iai? aieiaee, i?i aeine?aeaeaiiy
yeiai eaeaoueny a ianooiiiio ?icae?e?.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iienaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoo?iiai
ac??oey aeo?iai? aieiaee, yea iniauaia IAeA, oa iiaeaii ?o ?acoeueoaoe.

A yeino? iniiaieo aeine?aeieo ia?aiao??a aenooiaee oaiaaioe?aeueia
neeaaeiaa neee ??caiiy ? ia??iae no?eeino? ??coe?a. Ia ??caoeue
a?aeiia?aeiei niiniaii iaeeathaaeenue oaici?acenoi?e, ye?
i?ae’?aeioaaeenue /a?ac ?ooii? eiioaeoe aei aei??thaaeueiiai eiea.
?acoeueoaoe aei??thaaiue iieacaee, ui ia?aaeaaaiiy iniiaii? iiooaeiino?
??caiiy ia ??caoeue /a?ac IAeA ni?ey? cieaeaiith ??aiy oaea??a. Cie?aia,
i?ae /an ia??caiiy ??c? ia?ee I36wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy???@??Aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe c
aecia/aiiy ia??iaeo no?eeino? ??coe?a, ye? iaaaaeaii o aeaeyae? a?ao?e?a
ia ?en.6, na?ae/aoue i?i ianooiia: ??coe? aeo?iai? aieiaee, yea iniauaia
IAeA (i?iaeoiee aa??aio), iathoue a 1.5wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy0???@??Oaeei /eiii, aenia?eiaioaeueii
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? iaaaaeaii a ae?oaiio
?icae?e?: aeo?iaa aieiaea, yea iniauaia IAeA, i?aoeth? c iaioeie
oaea?aie i?e a??caii? ??coe?a a o?ei caaioiaee. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii oaeiae
i?eeiyoi?noue iaoiae?a no?oeoo?ii-noaiiiai neioaco ? ?ic?aooieo, ye?
iienai? a o?aoueiio ?icae?e?, oae ye i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy
aenia?eiaio?a iaoo?iee ac??aoeue aeo?iai? aieiaee iieacaa aeia?o
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue. E??i oiai, aeine?aeiei oeyoii aeiaaaeaii ei?enio aeey
i?aeoeee c oi/ee ci?o aeiiii?? no?aoaa?/ieo iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a
oaoi?/io ia?aaaao cai?iiiiiaaii? aeo?iai? aieiaee, yea iieyaa? a oiio,
ui aieueo?aiii?noe? oaa?aeinieaai? ??coe?, ye? anoaiiaeai? o i?e,
i?aoeththoue aeiaoa, i?ae o cae/aei?e aeo?ia?e aieiaoe?.

?en.6. Caeaaei?noue no?eeino? ??coe?a a?ae eiao?oe??ioo eooiai?
aei?noeino? IAeA, /a?ac yeee ia?aaea?oueny iiooaei?noue ??caiiy

AENIIAEE

1. A ?acoeueoao? ?aae?caoe?? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo ? aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a
iiooeo iiaeo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue ?ic?iaeaii no?oeoo?ii-noaiiee neioac
aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ye? iniauai? IAeA, yeee aeicaiey? ia noaae??
i?iaeooaaiiy ?icaeyiooe an? iiaeeea? aa??aioe aeeiiaiiy aeaiaio?a oaeeo
aieiaie.

2. A ?acoeueoao? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co aeeiai?/ii? aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioo
? caaioiaee c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia AII
anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?aaeaaaiiy iniiaii? ?iai/i? iiooaeiino? a?ae oieiaeaey
aeo?iai? aieiaee aei ??coeao?eia/a c ??coeai /a?ac i?oaeii-aeaiiooth/ee
aeaiaio aeicaiey? cieceoe eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/iino? i?e i?io?eaii?
ii/aoeiaiai aoaio a??caiiy ??coey a o?ei caaioiaee a aeae?eueea ?ac?a.

3. A ?acoeueoao? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a c??co
anoaiiaeaii, ui:

 iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy ieiu? iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co c??co aeia?aaeaea?
iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy oiaueie c??co ia 12-29%, aea ca 100% i?eeiyoi
aeiaaeeio aeoae c??co;

 caeiie ci?ie oiaueie ? ieiu? iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co c??co nooo?ai
a?ae??ciythoueny;

 caaaeyee ooi/iaiith caeiio ci?ie ieiu? iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co c??co
oi/i?noue aecia/aiiy iaeneiaeueiiai ?? cia/aiiy i?aeaeuo?oueny ia
10-12%.

4. A ?acoeueoao? ?ic?iaee ? ?icaeyaeo ?ic?aooieiai? noaie ae?? nee ia
??caoeue c ??coeao?eia/ai, yeee a?eueii ?ici?uaiee a e?eueoeaa?e
i?ioi/oe? oieiaeaey aeo?iai? aieiaee, io?eiaii caeaaei?noue aeey
aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai oeaio?aeueiiai eooa ?icoaooaaiiy ??coey o
??coeao?eia/? a?aeiinii eiai e?ioe?a c oiiae caaacia/aiiy ??aiiciino
eiai oeee?iae?e/ieo eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue a e?aei?o oi/eao.

5. A ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoo?iiai ac??oey
aeo?iai? aieiaee a ?aaeueieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiiaao anoaiiaeaii, ui ca
?aooiie ia?aaeaaaiiy iniiaiiai ?iai/iai coneeey a?ae oieiaeaey aeo?iai?
aieiaee ia ??caoeue /a?ac IAeA aeeiai?/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ??caeuei?
eaca i?e i?io?eaii? ii/aoeiaiai aoaio a??caiiy ??coey a o?ei caaioiaee
ciaioothoueny a 1.7-2.1 ?ace.

6. Aeei?enoaiiy o aeo?iaeo aieiaeao IAeA aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe
no?ee?noue ??coe?a a 1.5-2.7 ?ace.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CAeIAOAA*A CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Iaai?iye N.A., C?iue I.I.. Neioac aeo?iaeo aieiaie aeey o?aca?oaaiiy
??cae ia aeaoaeyo iaoei // A?niee Oa?iii?euenueeiai i?eeaaeiaoae?aiiai
?inoeoooo. – 1996. — ?2. — N.66-72.

2. C?iue I.I.. Iiaeaethaaiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a c??co i?e aeo?iaiio
o?aca?oaaii? aaeioiaeo iiaa?oiiue // A?niee Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – 1998. – O.3, /enei 1. — N.38-41.

3. Iaai?iye N.A., C?iue I.I.. ?ic?aooiie aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ye? iniauai?
i?oaeii-aeaiiooth/eie aeaiaioaie // A?niee Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – 1998. – O.3, /enei 1. — N.41-44.

4. Iaai?iye N.A., C?iue I.I.. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee aeo?iaiai
o?aca?oaaiiy aaeioiaeo iiaa?oiiue // A?niee Oa?iii?euenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – 1999. – O.4, /enei 1. —
N.103-107.

5. Ii?aaeaeaiea ieiuaaee iiia?a/iiai na/aiey n?aca i?e aeo?aaie
ia?aaioea ?acueau / Ceiue I.I.. – Eeaa, 1993. –11n. – ?on. — Aeai. a
AIOA Oe?aeiu 22.05.93, ?985 — Oe93.

6. Iiiaiaa?eaioiay no?oeoo?a aeo?aaie ia?aaioee aeioiauo e iae?oaiauo
oeeeeiae?e/aneeo iiaa?oiinoae / Iaai?iye N.A., Ceiue I.I. –Eeaa, 1993.
–10n. – ?on. — Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 22.05.93, ?987 — Oe93.

7. Iaai?iye N.A., Caeaineee E.A., Ceiue I.I.. Iiauoaiea noieeinoe
nai?iuo oi?oeiauo o?ac e aeo?aauo aieiaie n oi?oai-aeaiioe?othueie
yeaiaioaie // Oacenu aeiee. eiio. “Oeiiaua iaoaieciu e oaoiieiae/aneay
inianoea noaieia-aaoiiaoia, noaieia n *IO e AIN”. – Eeaa: ?AeYIOC. —
1992. — N.3.

8. C?iue I.I.. Aiae?c eiino?oeoe?e aeo?iaeo aieiaie aeey
aenieioaeaee?niiai ia??caiiy ??cae // Oace aeii. ia?oi? iaoe.-oaoi.
eiio. “I?ia?aneai? oaoiieia?? ? iaeaaeiaiiy a iaoeii- ?
i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaii?”. – Oa?iii?eue: OI?. — 1992. — N.152.

9. Iaai?iye N.A., E?eaue I.Ae., Ceiue I.I.. Neioac aeo?aauo aieiaie n
oi?oai-aeaiioe?othueie yeaiaioaie // Oacenu aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. eiio.
“Aaoiiaoecaoeey e aeeaaiinoeea a iaoaiiia?aaioea”. – Eooee: E??. — 1993.
— N.21.

10. C?iue I.I. I?i aieea iaoiaeo aeo?iaiai o?aca?oaaiiy ??cae ia
ieiuo c??co // Oace aeii. ae?oai? iaoe.-oaoi. eiio. “I?ia?aneai?
iaoa??aee, oaoiieia?? oa iaeaaeiaiiy a iaoeii- ? i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaii?”. –
Oa?iii?eue: OI?. — 1993. -N.32.

AIIOAOe??

C?iue I.. Neioac aeo?iaeo aieiaie c i?oaeii-aeaiiooth/eie aeaiaioaie.
-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.03.01 — i?ioeane iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee, aa?noaoe oa
?ino?oiaioe, — Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
?aaia Ioethy, Oa?iii?eue, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi i?iaeooaaiiy aeo?iaeo aieiaie, ye?
i?ecia/athoueny aeey aenieioaeaee?niiai o?aca?oaaiiy aaeioiaeo
iiaa?oiiue. A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii no?oeoo?ii-noaiiee neioac aeo?iaeo
aieiaie, ye? iniauai? i?oaeii-aeaiiooth/eie aeaiaioaie (IAeA). A?i
a?oioo?oueny ia ?icaeyae? aeo?iai? aieiaee ye nenoaie, yea neeaaea?oueny
c ie?aieo aeaiaio?a, eiaeiee ?c yeeo iiaea iaoe ??ci? aa??aioe
aeeiiaiiy. Oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaii ? aeine?aeaeaii ia AII iaoiaee aiae?co ?
?ic?aooieo aeo?iaeo aieiaie. A ?acoeueoao? io?eiaii ?yae noai aieiaie,
ca iaei??th c yeeo aeaioiaeaii iaoo?iee ac??aoeue. Eiai
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?aaeueieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiiaao
iieacaee, ui ia?aaeaaaiiy iniiaii? iiooaeiino? ia ??caoeue /a?ac IAeA
aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe no?ee?noue ??caeueiiai ?ino?oiaioo a 1.5-2.7 ?ace.
Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aoe? iiaeooue ciaeoe i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?e
i?iaeooaaii? aeo?iaeo aieiaie, eiino?oeoe?? yeeo c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy
aeiaaia?/iino? ??caeueiiai ?ino?oiaioo i?noyoue IAeA.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: neioac, aeo?ia? aieiaee, i?oaeii-aeaiiooth/? aeaiaioe,
o?aca?oaaiiy, aaeioia? iiaa?oi?, no?ee?noue ??caeueiiai ?ino?oiaioo.

Zin M.. Synthesis of rotational heads with elastic — damps elements. —
Manuscript.

Thesis for a degree of Candidate of Scienses (Engineering) on a
speciality 05.03.01 — processes of machining, machine tools and tools, —
Ternopil State Engineering University named after Ivan Puluj, Ternopil,
1999.

The thesis is devoted to problems of projection of rotational heads
intended for high-duty milling of screw surfaces. In a thesis the
structural-circuit synthesis of rotational heads equipped by the elastic
— damps elements (EDE) is developed. It is based on reviewing of the
rotational head as systems consisting of the separate elements, each of
which can have various design versions. Also it is offered and
investigated with the help of COMPUTER methods of the analysis and
calculation of rotational heads. In an outcome it is offered the scheme
of such heads. On one of them is made the full-scale sample. The
experimental researches of this sample in actual operating conditions
have shown, that the transmission of a basic potency on a cutter by
means of EDE allows to increase the wear resistance of the cutting tool
at 1.5-2.7 times. The basic outcomes of work can find introduction in an
industry at projection of rotational heads, which constructions with the
purpose of a raise of longevity of the cutting tool contain EDE.

Key words: synthesis, rotational heads, elastic — damps elements,
milling, screw surfaces, wear resistance of the cutting tool.

Ceiue I.. Neioac aeo?aauo aieiaie n oi?oai-aeaiioe?othueie yeaiaioaie. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.01 — i?ioeannu iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioee, noaiee e
eino?oiaiou, — Oa?iiiieueneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao
eiaie Eaaia Ioethy, Oa?iiiieue, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai i?iaeoe?iaaiey aeo?aauo aieiaie,
i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey aunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueiiai o?aca?iaaiey aeioiauo
iiaa?oiinoae. A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaii no?oeoo?ii-noaiiue neioac
aeo?aauo aieiaie, iniauaiiuo oi?oai-aeaiioe?othueie yeaiaioaie (OAeY).
Ii iniiaai ia ?anniio?aiee aeo?aaie aieiaee eae nenoaiu, ninoiyuae ec
ioaeaeueiuo yeaiaioia, eaaeaeue ec eioi?uo iiaeao eiaoue ?acee/iua
aa?eaiou eniieiaiey. I?aaeeiaeaii e enneaaeiaaii ia YAI iaoiaeu aiaeeca
e ?an/aoa aeo?aauo aieiaie. A ?acoeueoaoa iieo/aii ?yae noai aieiaie, ii
iaeiie ec eioi?uo ecaioiaeaii iaoo?iue ia?acaoe. Aai yenia?eiaioaeueiua
enneaaeiaaiey a ?aaeueiuo yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo oneiaeyo iieacaee, /oi
ia?aaea/a iniiaiie iiuiinoe ia ?acaoe iin?aaenoaii OAeY iicaieyao
iiauneoue noieeinoue ?aaeouaai eino?oiaioa a 1.5-2.7 ?aca. Iniiaiua
?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iiaoo iaeoe i?iiuoeaiiia aiaae?aiea i?e
i?iaeoe?iaaiee aeo?aauo aieiaie, eiino?oeoeee eioi?uo n oeaeueth
iiauoaiey aeieaiaa/iinoe ?aaeouaai eino?oiaioa niaea?aeao OAeY.

I?e nei?inoiii o?aca?iaaiee n ia?aiaiiie oieueiie n?aca, eaeiaui
yaeyaony aeo?aaia o?aca?iaaiea aeioiauo iiaa?oiinoae, ?aaeouee
eino?oiaio, a?ie?iaaiiue ieanoeieie ec oaa?aeiai nieaaa, /anoi auoiaeeo
ec no?iy aneaaenoaea iieiiie e aue?aoeaaiee ?aaeoueo e?iiie.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, eiatho ianoi ia?aa?ocee eino?oiaioa, iaeiie ec i?e/ei
eioi?uo yaeyaony aeeiaie/iinoue i?ioeanna. Ia iniiaaiee ?acoeueoaoia
enneaaeiaaiey ?ac?aaioaiiuo iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae nenoaiu NIEAe
(noaiie — i?eniiniaeaiea — eino?oiaio — aeaoaeue) onoaiiaeaii, /oi anee
?acaoe i?ee?aieyoue e oieiaeaeth aeo?aaie aieiaee ia aeanoei, a
iin?aaenoaii oi?oaiai caaia n aieueoei aeaiioe?iaaieai (OAeY), oi
aeeiaie/aneea iaa?ocee a ciia ?acaiey oiaiueoaony a ianeieueei ?ac.
Enneaaeiaaiey oaeaea iieacaee, /oi ?aoathuaa aicaeaenoaea ia
eiyooeoeeaio aeeiaie/iinoe a ciia ?acaiey i?iecaiaeeo aeanoeinoue OAeY e
ianna aaaeiiiai caaia (?acoea n ?acoeaaea?aeaoaeai), eioi?iio
ia?aaeaaony iiuiinoue io OAeY, — aeey aai oiaiueoaiey iie aeieaeiu auoue
ieieiaeueii aiciiaeiuie.

I?e aeo?aaii o?aca?iaaiee aeioiauo iiaa?oiinoae oieueia e ieiuaaeue
iiia?a/iiai na/aiey n?aca aic?anoaao io ioey aei iaeneioia, a iioii
niiaa iaaeaao aei ioey. Ooi/iaiu caaeneiinoe, niaeanii eioi?ui
eciaiythony oeacaiiua ia?aiao?u. Yoe caaeneiinoe iicaieeee onoaiiaeoue,
/oi a neo/aa ano?a/iiai aeo?aaiai o?aca?iaaiey aiieeooaeiia cia/aiea
ieiuaaee iiia?a/iiai na/aiey n?aca ianooiaao ia 12-29% auno?aa, /ai
aiieeooaeiia cia/aiea oieueiu n?aca, aaea ca 100% i?eiyoi iauoth aeeeio
aeoae n?aca. Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou eniieueciaaiu i?e aiaeeca
aeeiaie/aneeo i?ioeannia i?e aeo?aaii o?aca?iaaiee aeioiauo
iiaa?oiinoae.

Auiieiaii ii?oieiae/aneee aiaeec aeo?aauo aieiaie, iniauaiiuo OAeY.
Ii?oieiae/aneea iao?eoeu i?aaenoaaeaiu a aeaea oaaeeoe, a eaaeaeie
no?iea eioi?uo iiiauaiu noaiu aiciiaeiuo aa?eaioia eniieiaiey
ii?aaeaeaiiiai yeaiaioa aeo?aaie aieiaee. Nenoaiiue iiaeoiae e
enneaaeiaaieth e eniieueciaaiea yooaeoeaiuo iaoiaeia iienea iiauo
oaoie/aneeo ?aoaiee iicaieeee iaeoe aa?eaiou yeaiaioia, eioi?ua ia
iaia?oaeaiu ie a iaeiie ecaanoiie ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue eiino?oeoeee.
Iiyoiio iienaiiue ii?oieiae/aneee aiaeec yaeyaony aacie aeey nicaeaiey
iiiaeanoaa iiauo aeo?aauo aieiaie, oi anoue aacie aeey i?iaaaeaiey eo
iiiaiaa?eaioiiai no?oeoo?ii-noaiiiai neioaca. I?aaeeiaeaii ianeieueei
noai eiino?oeoeee aeo?aauo aieiaie, ?ac?aaioaiiuo ia iniiaaiee
auiieiaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee, a oaeaea iaoiaeu eo ?an/aoa. I?e yoii iniaia
aieiaiea oaeaeaii ?an/aoo OAeY e nii?yaeaiiuo n ieie caaiueaa —
eieaaethueony ?acoeaaea?aeaoaeae e eo iai?aaeythueo.

A i?ioeanna i?iaaaeaiey yenia?eiaioia n iaoo?iui ia?acoeii aeo?aaie
aieiaee enneaaeoaiuie ia?aiao?aie yaeyeenue oaiaaioeeaeueiay
ninoaaeythuay neeu ?acaiey e noieeinoue eino?oiaioa e eciaoeaaieth e
iieiieai. A ia?aii neo/aa a ea/anoaa /oanoaeoaeueiuo yeaiaioia auee
eniieueciaaiu oaici?acenoi?u, iaeeaeaaaiua iniaui ia?acii ia ?acoeu.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi OAeY niinianoaoao oiaiueoaieth a 1.5-2.7 ?aca oie/ea
oaiaaioeeaeueiie ninoaaeythuae neeu ?acaiey i?e i?ioaeaiee ia/aeueiiai
yoaia a?acaiey ?acoea a caaioiaeo. ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioia iicaieytho
n/eoaoue, /oi i?eiaiaiea a aeo?aauo aieiaeao oi?oai-aeaiioe?othueo
yeaiaioia niinianoaoao oeo/oaieth aeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeanna
e iiauoaieth noieeinoe ?aaeouaai eino?oiaioa e aue?aoeaaieyi e iieiieai
?aaeoueo e?iiie.

Aeaaiaea?y i?eiaiaieth aeo?aauo aieiaie, iniauaiiuo OAeY,
i?iiuoeaiiinoue iiaeao ecaea/ue cia/eoaeueiue yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo ca
n/ao oiaiueoaiey ?anoiaea aei?iainoiyuaai a ianoiyuaa a?aiy
aieueo?aiiniaea?aeauaai ?aaeouaai eino?oiaioa. Oai?aoe/aneea e
yenia?eiaioaeueiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iiaoo auoue iaiauaiu e ia ae?oaea
iaoaieciu e ono?ienoaa, ?aaioathuea a oneiaeyo eioaineaiuo oaea?iuo
iaa?ocie, n oeaeueth iiauoaiey aeieaiaa/iinoe eo ?aai/eo i?aaiia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: neioac, aeo?aaua aieiaee, oi?oai-aeaiioe?othuea
yeaiaiou, o?aca?iaaiea, aeioiaua iiaa?oiinoe, noieeinoue ?aaeouaai
eino?oiaioa.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 07.09.99.Oi?iao
60picscalex1000100090000038800000002001200000000000500000009020000000004
00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005
0000000b0200000000050000000c02800160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010
000000c0ffffff4800000020010000c80100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970
650000200010000000fb0200fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c00
02040000002d01000008000000320a4001180001000000b4000a00000026060f000a00ff
ffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222537973
74656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000084 1/16

Iai?? ae?oe. ?2. Oiiai.ae?oe a?e. 1.29.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

A?aeae?oeiaaii ia aeaeaaie/?e nenoai? RISOGRAPH 4300

O Oa?iii?euenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

?iai? ?aaia Ioethy

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