Синантропна рослинність території Великої Ялти: Автореф. дис… канд. біол. наук / О.Ф. Левон, НАН України. Центр. ботан. сад ім. М.М.Гришка. — К., 19

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

OeAIO?AEUeIEE AIOAI?*IEE NAAe ?i. I.I. A?EOEA

EAAII Ieaenaiae? Oaaei?iae/

OAeE 581. 9 (477. 75)

NEIAIO?IIIA ?INEEII?NOUe OA?EOI??? AAEEEI? ssEOE

03.00.05 — aioai?ea

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aea?aeaaiiio I?e?onueeiio aioai?/iiio naaeo

Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ei?aeaiaanueeee Aeaaeeneaa
Ay/aneaaiae/

Aea?aeaaiee I?e?onueeee aioai?/iee
naae,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo oei?e ?
?ineeiiino?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Nieiiaoa Aieiaeeie? Aiae??eiae/

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aioai?ee

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ieyieoeueea E?ae?y A?eai??aia

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i.

I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aioai?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ( 26 ( aa?aciy 1999 ?. i aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.215.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
i?e Oeaio?aeueiiio aioai?/iiio naae? ?i. I.I. A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 252014, Ee?a, aoe. O?i??yc?anueea, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oeaio?aeueiiai
aioai?/iiai naaeo ?i. I.I. A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie (252014, Ee?a, aoe.
O?i??yc?anueea, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ( 24 ( ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
Ioce/oe A.I.

ANOOI

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iineeaiiy aio?iiiaaiii? ae?yeueiino? a inoaii?
aeanyoe??//y noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe??th i?e?iaeiiai ?ineeiiiai
iie?iao c aeieeiaiiyi iiaiai oeio ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue, ia?aaaaeath/eie
na?aae yeeo ? naaaoaeuei? oa ?oaea?aeuei?. Iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiee oeae
i?ioean o i?noao, aea aieea ethaeeie iaaecae/aeii ?ioaineaiee oa
aaaaoia?aiiee ca e?euee?noth oaeoi??a. Caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua i?iieneiaeie a?aeoiaeaie, ?ae?aaoe?eia oa ?ioaineaia
ia?aoai?thth/a ae?yeuei?noue /anoi ciaoiaeyoue nai? iiaia a?aeia?aaeaiiy
o no?oeoo?? ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue, a aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ?ineeiiiai
eiioeiooia ia aaeeea /enei aeene?aoieo iaeeieoeue a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oa?aeoa?o oa nooiaiy ao?o/aiiy. Ioaea, neiaio?iiia i?nueea ?ineeii?noue
? nai???aeiei ?iaeeeaoi?ii aeieia?/ii? neooaoe??.

Neiaio?iiia ?ineeii?noue a?ae?a?a? aaeeeo ?ieue a iioei?caoe?? i?nueeiai
na?aaeiaeua, oi/a ? iinooia?oueny a oeueiio a?aeiioaii? eoeueoeaiaai?e
oa i?e?iaei?e. Oea i?iyaey?oueny o iiaeeiaii? ??ciiiai?oieo oiene/ieo
?a/iaei, ui ooai?ththoueny a ?acoeueoao? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
ethaeeie, o cae??ieaii? noano?ao?a, ia?aoeiae? a?ic?? oa aeaoeyoe??. ??
oioineioaoe/ia aeoeai?noue ni?ey? ciaioaiith aenieiai ai?noo
aoaeaeeneiai aaco a iia?o?? oa caaaa/aiith eiai eeniai.

I?ioa, aaeeea ? iaaaoeaia ?ieue neiaio?iiieo ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue. O
a?eueoino? c ieo i?enooi? ce?ni? cani?/oaa/? iin?a?a oa aacii?a, o oiio
/ene? ? ea?aioeii? ao?’yie, eio?? ? i?ii?aeieie oacy?iaie aeey
oe?aeiee?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, a oaeiae aeaee, ui
aeeeeeathoue aea?a?/i? ?aaeoe??.

C oeeo i?e/ei aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy neiaio?iiii? ?ineeiiino? iaaoaa?
aaeeeiai cia/aiiy, iniaeeai a ieai? neioaeniiii??, eio?a aeicaiey?
anoaiiaeoe ca’ycie i?ae ?oaea?aeueieie oa?oiiaaiiyie ?
yaeaoi-ee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie, oa?aeoa?ii aio?iiiaaiieo ii?ooaiue oa
aeeiai?eith a?aeiiaieo noeoean?e.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?ic??c? oaiaoe/iiai ieaio aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeae?eo
oei?e ? ?ineeiiino? AeIAN “Iaoeia? iniiae caa?aaeaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy
a?ieia?/ieo ?ano?n?a oa iioei?caoe?? aeieia?/ieo oiia o naae?aieoeoa?
i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe aoei aaiaioai?/ia
? oei?enoe/ia aea/aiiy neiaio?iiii? ?ineeiiino? Aaeeei? sseoe.
A?aeiia?aeii, aeey ?? ?aae?caoe?? aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aeyaeoe oei?o aio?iiiaaiieo yeioii?a ? aeaoe ?? oa?aeoa?enoeeo a
a?iaeieia?/iiio, nenoaiaoe/iiio oa aaia?ao?/iiio aniaeoao.

2. Neeanoe eeaneo?eaoe?th ?ineeiiino? aio?iiiaaiieo eaiaeoaoo?a ia
iniia? iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a aeieiai-oei?enoe/ii? eeaneo?eaoe?? AE.
A?aoi-Aeaiea.

3. Ia iniia? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo aecia/eoe i?noea aeae?eaieo neioaenii?a
o eeaneo?eaoe?ei?e nenoai? ?ineeiiino? Na?aaecaiiiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio oa
iana?aaecaiiiii?nueeeo e?a?i Cao?aeii? ?a?iie.

4. Ia ye?niiio ??ai? anoaiiaeoe caeaaei?noue ca’yceo eieae?caoe??
neioaenii?a aeieiai-oei?enoe/ii? eeaneo?eaoe?? c oeiii aio?iiiaaiiiai
yeioiio oa aeaai?noth aio?iiiaaiiiai ao?o/aiiy.

5. Neeanoe noaio aaia?ao?/iiai iioe?aiiy neioaeniiii?/ieo iaeeieoeue o
iaaeao i?noa sseoe (o ianooaa? 1 : 10000).

6. Ia iniia? io?eiaieo aeaieo ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c iioei?caoe??
aio?iiiaaiieo eaiaeoaoo?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. 1. Aia?oa cae?eniaii aeieiai-oei?enoe/io eeaneo?eaoe?th
?ineeiiino? aio?iiiaaiii ii?ooaieo yeioii?a Aaeeei? sseoe, aecia/aii ??
i?noea a eeaneo?eaoe?ei?e nenoai? ?ineeiiino? Na?aaecaiiiii?’y ?
iana?aaecaiiiii?nueeeo e?a?i Cao?aeii? ?a?iie. Neeaaeaii noaio, ui
iieaco? eieae?caoe?th neioaeniiii?/ieo iaeeieoeue ia oa?eoi??? i?noa
sseoe.

2. Aia?oa neeaaeaii iiaiee eiiniaeo oei?e aio?iiiaaiieo i?noeac?inoaiue
Aaeeei? sseoe, i?iaaaeaii ?? aiae?c o ??ciiiai?oieo aniaeoao
(a?iaeieia?/iiio, nenoaiaoe/iiio, aaia?ao?/iiio), aecia/aii
i?eo?i/ai?noue eiaeiiai aeaeo aei iaaieo cii aeine?aeaeoaaii? oa?eoi???.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieeaaeai? a
iniiao ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c iioei?caoe?? ie?aieo aio?iiiaaiieo eaiaeoaoo?a
sseoe, i?aeaioiaeaieo aei ia?aaea/? a i?nueea a?o?oaeoo?ii-ieaioaaeueia
oi?aae?iiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O iniia? ?iaioe eaaeaoue aeine?aeaeaiiy,
io?eiai? aaoi?ii i?ioyaii 1992-1995 ?. An? iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue
c?a?ai? e ia?iaeai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo, eio?? i?iaiaeeeenue o Aea?aeaaiiio
I?e?oneiio aioai?/iiio naaeo a 1993-1997 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 11 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, na?aae yeeo 8 noaoae oa oace 3-o aeiiia?aeae.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 7
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e (329 iaeiaioaaiue, ?c ieo 202 —
?iicaiieo), aeiaeaoea ? aeeeaaeaia ia 269 noi??ieao (iniiaiiai oaenoo
128 noi??iie); aeeth/a? 16 oaaeeoeue. Aeiaeaoie i?noeoue aiioiaaiee
eiiniaeo oei?e aio?iiiaaiieo yeioii?a, ae?aaiinoe/i? oaaeeoe? eean?a
neiaio?iiii? ?ineeiiino? oa noaio aaia?ao?/iiai iioe?aiiy
neioaeniiii?/ieo iaeeieoeue.

?icae?e 1

Iniiai? iai?yiee aea/aiiy ?ineeiiino? i?no

I?ioean neiaio?ii?caoe?? ?ineeiiino? i?eaa?ioa oaaao aioai?e?a ua a XIX
no. ? c oeo i?? aeine?aeaeo?oueny a ??cieo aniaeoao.

Aea/aiith i?e?iaeii? o?aaiioei?e i?enay/ai? ?iaioe I. Eaa?ii? (1953),
I. ?euei?inueeeo (1982), ?. Ao?aee (1982), A. Aaa?eeiaa, Oea?iane
(1986), Reidl (1984), Dierben (1989). O aaaaoueio ?iaioao iniaeeaa oaaaa
aeoeaioo?oueny ia o?oi?iaeeeaoe?ei?e ?ie? niiioaiii? oei?e (Sukopp,
Werner 1983; Frank, Klotz 1990; Jager, 1988; Schluter, 1984 ? ?i.).

Aaeaaioeaio oei?o i?no aeine?aeaeoaaee Ooeueoe (1977), Ia/a?aa (1975,
1976), Sudnik-Wojcikowska (1987) ? ?i. Cia/iee ?ioa?an noaiiaeyoue
?iaioe A. I?ioiiiiiai? (1991); A. ssa?iaie-Eieaeianueei? (1977); I.
Iaoa?ai? ? N. Eiaeaaieeiai? (1972), o yeeo aena?oeththoueny ?acoeueoaoe
aea/aiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo neiaio?iiieo oei? ? aiae?cothoueny ??ci? aniaeoe
?oi?o o?aaiio?eueieo aeaiaio?a.

Aaaaoi ioae?eaoe?e i?enay/aii neioaeniiii?? ?ineeiiino?. Ia aeoieo Klotz
(1987), oeae iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeiai aooe aieiaiei ii?yae ?c
aea/aiiyi aaeaaioeaii? oei?e. A?eueo?noue ?ia?o aeeiiaii o?oioeaiieiaaie
I?ia//eie ? *ao?? (Hetzel, 1989; Janssen, Brandes, 1984; Klotz,
1987,1994; Sauerwein, 1988, Kern, Werzel, Letschert, Gethardt, 1989 ?
?i.). O e?a?iao NIAe iaea?eueo i?aaenoaaeai? ioae?eaoe?? ooeinueei?
(I??e?i, 1985, 1986; Naoaiia, 1990; ?oa??ae?i, 1987, 1990, 1992;
Nieiiau, 1987 ? ?i.) oa oe?a?inueei? (Eo/a?yaee, Nieiiaoa,
Oaeya-Niniiei, 1982; Iaio//a, 1978 ? ?i.) aaiaioai?/ieo oe?e.

O iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy ? oae? ieoaiiy, ye
noeoean?? ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue, o?oioeaiioe/ia iica?ea,
aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae o?oioeaiicaie oa a?oioii (Gruszczynska, Symonides,
1989 ? ?i.), ieoaiiy iioei?caoe?? i?nueeiai na?aaeiaeua (Roo-Zelinska,
1982; Eociaanueeee, ?ieo, 1978 ? ?i.), a?ioiiia ea?oia?aooaaiiy (Asmus,
1980; Muller, 1982; Sucopp, Weiler, 1986 oiui).

I?ioa, iacaaaeath/e ia aenieee nooi?iue aea/aiino? ?ineeiiiai iie?eao
o?aai?ciaaieo oa?eoi??e, niinoa??aa?oueny iaaiee aeenaaeain o iai?yieao
aeine?aeaeaiue. Iniiaia e?euee?noue ioae?eaoe?e i?enay/aia neiaio?iii?e
oei??, aaeaaioeaiei aeaeai, i?iaeai? ioi?iie ie?aieo oei?enoe/ieo
aeaiaio?a o ca’yceo c o?aai?caoe??th. Neiaio?iiia ?ineeii?noue ii??aiyii
c oei?ith aea/aia iaaeinoaoiuei, aeai? ii neioaeniiii?/iiio
aeine?aeaeaiith i?no Oe?a?ie i?aaenoaaeai? iacia/iith e?euee?noth ?ia?o,
a ii i?noao E?eio aiie ? cian?i a?aenooi?. Oei /anii, aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaaaoi? e?einueei? o?aaiioei?e ? ?ineeiiino? i?aaenoaaey? cia/iee
?ioa?an aeey iii?oi?eiao caiino iiaeo aaeaaioeaieo aeae?a o i?e?iaei?
o?oioeaiice, o?oi?iaeeeaoe?? aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, iioei?caoe?? ie?aieo
i?nueeeo eaiaeoaoo?a.

?icae?e 2

O?aai?caoe?y ye oaeoi? aieeao ia ?ineeii?noue

O?aai?ciaai? oa?eoi??? yaeythoue niaith iniaeeaa aeieiai-aaia?ao?/ia
na?aaeiaeua ?nioaaiiy, yeiio aeanoea? aao?io?eaoe?y, caa?oaeiaiiy
i?iaeoeoaie aio?iiiaaiii? ae?yeueiino?, cai?ia i?e?iaeieo a?oio?a o
??ciiio nooiai? ci?iaieie i?nueeeie a?oioinoi?oaie ? a?eueo a?eaei? ?ene
ee?iaoo o ii??aiyii? c iaaeieeoi?ie ieiuaie. Cacia/ai? oaeoi?e
i?ecaiaeyoue aei ??ciiai nooiaiy aeaa?aaeaoe?? ? o?ainoi?iaoe??
i?e?iaeii? ?ineeiiino? c aeieeiaiiyi iiaeo oei?a i?noeac?inoaiue c
iiaeie oa?oiiaaiiyie. Iaea?eueo o?aaeeoe?ei? ?oaea?aeuei? oa?oiiaaiiy
aecia/athoue ye aeieia?/ii aeoaea aocueeee oei ?ineeiiino?:
o?oioeaiice, ui ooai?ththoueny ia ni?oo? ? caaeeuao. I?ioa, inoaii?i
/anii oa?i?i «?oaea?aeueia oa?oiiaaiiy» aeei?enoiao?oueny cia/ii oe?oa
aeey iicia/aiiy ?ineeiiino? ia o?eueee ni?oo?aeo i?noeue, aea ? oe?eiai
?yaeo aeieia?/ii aeoaea ??cieo i?noeac?inoaiue, ui aeieeee o ca’yceo c
aieeaii ethaeeie ye ia i?e?iaei?, oae ? ia aio?iiiaaii? eaiaeoaooe ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, ii ??ciiio o?aeoothoueny ie?aieie aaoi?aie
(Aei?iainoaenueea, 1972; Allaby, 1979; Schaefer, Timchler, 1983 ? ?i.).

An? a?aeii? iei? eeaneo?eaoe?? neiaio?iiii? ?ineeiiino? aoee aeeiiai?
aaiaioai?eaie Cao?aeii? oa Na?aaeiuei? ?a?iie ? iiaoaeiaai? ia
i?eioeeiao oeiee AE. A?aoi-Aeaiea. C neioaeniiii?/ii? oi/ee ci?o no/ani?
?oaea?aeuei? o?oioeaiice iinaeaiue aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo ia iaioa 4
eean?a ? 5 ii?yaee?a. A?eueo?noue aea iaaaaeaieo o e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?aeao iaeyae?a aeeth/a? 6 eean?a. O iaaeao eiaeiiai eeano
niinoa??aa?oueny caeiiii??ia i?eo?i/ai?noue aei iaaiiai oeio
i?noeac?inoaiue. Eean Bidentetea tripartiti ia’?aeio? o?oioeaiice
ia?acaieiaeaieo i?e?iaeieo ? ooo/ieo aeioii?a; aei ee. Chenopodietea
a?aeiinyoueny neiaio?iii? oa?oiiaaiiy iaeiie?oiee?a oa aeaie?oiee?a
iinaaeie i?inaiieo eoeueoo? ? caeeiooeo ooo/ieo i?noeac?inoaiue
ia?aaaaeii c i?ia?aeueiei a?oioii; ee. Artemisietea vulgaris aeeth/a?
aeeeth/ii aio?iiiaaii? o?oioeaiice aeniei?ineeo aeae?a, ui yaeythoue
ae?oao noaae?th ca?inoaiiy ?oaea?aeueieo aeioii?a ? i?eoiaeyoue ia ci?io
oa?oiiaaiiyi ee. Chenopodietea; ee. Plantaginetea majoris ia’?aeio?
o?oioeaiice, ui oi?iothoueny a oiiaao i?aeaeuaiiai aieeao oaeoi?o
aeoiiooaaiiy. Ee. Agropyretea repentis iaaiaeeoueny aeaeaei ia o an?o
noaiao, ui iaaiith i??ith iia’ycaii c ??ciei ?icoi?iiyi ie?aieie
aaoi?aie iiiyooy ?oaea?aeueii? ?ineeiiino?. Iaea?eueo oeiia? neiaio?iii?
o?oioeaiice eeano yaeythoue niaith i?ci? noaae?? a?aeiiaii? noeoean??,
ui i?eoiaeyoue ia ci?io oa?oiiaaiiyi eeano Artemisietea, ? /anii aoaa?
aaaeei i?iaanoe iaaeo i?ae ieie oa i?e?iaeiith ?ineeii?noth. Ii??aiyii
??aeei caaaeo?oueny oaeiae eean Galio-Urticetea, yeee /ano?oa ca ana
iaaiaeeoueny ye neiii?i aei iacae Artemisietea vulgaris. O aeayeeo
iaeyaeao aeacothoueny oaeiae eeane, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeaye?
niaoeeo?/i? oeie ?ineeiiino?: Robinietea, ui aeeth/a? neiaio?iii?
aea?aai? oa?oiiaaiiy, a oaeiae ee. Asplenietea trichomanis ?
Parietarietea judaicae, eio?? ia’?aeiothoue o?oioeaiice no?i aoaeeie?a
oa iai?iae.

?icae?e 3

Ia’?eoe ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue

Iniiao ?iaioe noaiiaeyoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo iaie
i?ioyaii 1992-1995 ?? ia oa?eoi??? Aaeeei? sseoe c ianooiiith
eaia?aeueiith ia?iaeith o Aea?aeaaiiio I?e?onueeiio aioai?/iiio naaeo oa
a ?inoeooo? aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai. Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoee
o?oioeaiice an?o oei?a aio?iiiaaiieo aeioii?a, aeae?eaieo o i?ioean?
iiia?aaeiuei i?iaaaeaieo ?aeiaiinoee?oaaeueieo ?ia?o. I?ioyaii o?ueio
iieueiaeo nacii?a aoei aeeiiaii a?eueoa 700 iien?a ?ineeiiino?, a iniiao
ia?iaee yeeo aoee iieeaaeai? iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie
aeieiai-oei?enoe/ii? eeaneo?eaoe?? AE. A?aoi-Aeaiea.

I?e aecia/aii? oaeniiii?/ii? iaeaaeiino? aeae?a ?ineei aoee aeei?enoai?
aa?aa?i? iaoa??aee eieaeoe?e ?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i. I. A. Oieiaeiiai ?
Aea?aeaaiiai I?e?onueeiai aioai?/iiai naaeo, aeaeaiiy ii oei?ao Oe?a?ie,
?a?iiaenueei? /anoeie N?N?, N?N?, ?a?iie ? Oo?a//eie, aecia/ieee aeueo
?ineei Oe?a?ie ? E?eio. Aiioiaaiee eiiniaeo oei?e i?eaaaeaiee
a?aeiia?aeii aei aeaeaiiy “Aeueo noaeeiieo ?ineei” N. *a?aiaiiaa (1995).

I?e aiae?c? neioaenii?a, a oaeiae i?e a?iii?oieia?/iiio oa
a?iaeieia?/iiio aiae?cao neiaio?iiii? oei?e aoee aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee
ii a?ieia?/i?e oei?? E?eio, neeaaeai? A.I. Aieoa?aei (1997).

?icae?e 4

I?e?iaei? oiiae ?aeiio aeine?aeaeaiue

Oa?eoi??y Aaeeei? sseoe yaey? niaith o?aai?ciaaio /anoeio I?aaeaiiiai
aa?aao E?eio, iaiaaeaio o?aaoii yeee c i?aii/?, ienii Na?e/ ?c caoiaeo ?
a. Ath-Aeaa c? noiaeo, caaaeueiith i?ioyaei?noth a?ey 60 ei ? oe?eiith 3
— 4 ei. ?aeue?o i?noeaaino? ia? a ??ciiio nooiai? ia?an?/aiee oa?aeoa?.
Caoeuai?noue sseoe ai?aie c i?aii/?, a a aaaaoueio i?noeyo ? c
i?ai?/iiai caoiaeo ? i?ai?/iiai noiaeo, a oaeiae ?? aeniiceoe?y (o
iai?yieo aei i?aaeaiieo a?o??a) caaacia/o? oi?ioaaiiy ooo oeiiai
na?aaecaiiiii?nueeiai ee?iaoo, ui, iacaaaeath/e ia iayai?noue e?n?a o
aa?oiueiio y?on?, iiaeia a?aeianoe aei ee?iaoo noao?ii?/ieo aea?eeo
noai?a ?c ceiiaeie aeiuaie ? nooei e?oii.

I?nuee? eaiaeoaooe oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ??ciei nooiaiai aio?iiiaaiii?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? — ii?yae ?c ciiaie u?eueii? caaoaeiae aaeee? ieiu?
caeiathoue i?eaaoiee naeoi?, naaeiai-ia?eia? ianeae, aeiia?aaeieee ?
ae?eyiee aeaa?aaeiaaii? i?e?iaeii? ?ineeiiino?. C oeeie iniaeeainoyie
iia’ycaia iayai?noue aaeeeiai ??ciiiai?ooy aio?iiiaaiieo yeioii?a ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, aaaaonoaa oei?e ? ?ineeiiino?.

?icae?e 5

Neiaio?iiia oei?a

Neiaio?iiio oei?o sseoe ie aea/aee noiniaii nenoaiaoe/ii?,
a?iaeieia?/ii? oa a?aaeia?/ii? no?oeoo?. Aei aiae?co aa?eoee an? aeaee
ii?ooaieo aeioii?a, ui c?inoathoue niiioaiii, o oiio /ene? e
?io?iaeooeaioe, eio?? iaoo?ae?coaaeenue ? caeiathoue o?eae? iiceoe?? a
?oaea?aeueieo o?oioeaiicao.

5.1. Nenoaiaoe/ia no?oeoo?a

Niiioaiia neiaio?iiia oei?a sseoe ia?aoiao? 1383 aeaee, eio??
a?aeiinyoueny aei 588 ?iae?a ? 112 ?iaeei, na?aae ieo o 20 ?iaeeiao
i?aaenoaaeai? eeoa aaeaaioeai? aeaee.

Iniiaia e?euee?noue aeae?a cina?aaeaeaia a ia?oeo 15 ?iaeeiao (981
aeae), o oie /an ye ?io? 97 ?iaeei ioiieththoue 402 aeaee. Aeanyoue
i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei ioiieththoue a?ey 62% oei?e, o?e ia?oeo ?iaeeie — a?ey
32%.

Aiae?c ia?oeo 10 ?iaeei o oei?? sseoe caeeaeo? ?? a?eueoa ia c
?a?iiaenueeeie eieaeueieie o?aaiioei?aie, a c oei?aie i?no Aa?iai?? oa
Aano???, aea a?aecia/a?oueny 58-60% aeae?a o ia?o?e aeanyooe?). ?iaeeie,
i?aaenoaaeai? 1 — 3 aeaeaie, neeaaeathoue a?ey 51%.

Iaea?eueo ia’?iiith ? ?iae. Asteraceae (176 aeae?a). Ae?oaa i?noea
caeia? ?iae. Fabaceae (131 aeae), ?? i?inoiaiiy cia/iith i??ith
iia’ycaia c ?iaeii Vicia, i?aaenoaaieee yeiai neeaaeathoue 19% aeae?a
?iaeeie. I?ney ?iae. Poaceae, ui caeia? o?ao? i?noea, ciaoiaeeoueny
?iaeeia Brassicaceae, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny a?eueoith ieoiiith aaaith o
?aa?iiaeueieo ?a?iiaenueeeo neiaio?iiieo oei?ao. Ie ciaoiaeeii iiyniaiiy
oeueiio a a?aenooiino? o oei?? i?noa aaaaoueio ?oaea?aeueieo oa
naaaoaeueiuo aeae?a, cae/aeieo aeey ??aieiii? /anoeie ?a?iie. I?eaeecii
ia iaeiaeiaiio ??ai? ciaoiaeyoueny Apiaceae (5-a i?noea, 67 aeae?a) ?
Lamiaceae (6-a i?noea, 65 aeae?a). Cia/iei i?inoiaiiyi a?ae??ciy?oueny
?iae. Rosaceae, 39% aeae?a yeiai cina?aaeaeaii a ia’?iieo ?iaeao:
Potentilla, Crataegus ? Rubus, aaaaoeo aeiaaeeiaeie aiio?oieie
aeaiaioaie.

Niaeo? aaeaaioeaii? o?aeoe?? a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae aiio?oii? i?inoiaiiyi
oeo ?iaeei, aea aeinoaoiuei aeniea /anoea aaeaaioeaieo aeae?a —
Brassicaceae (1-a i?noea, ii?yae ?c ?iae. Asteraceae); Apiaceae (3
i?noea), Nhenopodiaceae (6 i?noea).

?iciiae?e aeae?a ii i?ia?aeieo ?iaeao a?eueoa oa?aeoa?iee aeey
i?e?iaeii? oei?e IAE, ui coiiaeth?oueny ianaiia?aae o?niei non?aenoaii
aaaaoueio aio?iiiaaiieo i?noeac?inoaiue ?c ciiaie, caeiyoeie i?e?iaeiith
?ineeii?noth, ? iia’ycaieie c oeei ni?eyoeeaeie oiiaaie aeey caiino
ae?anii? aeeei?ineeo aeae?a. E??i oeueiai ia oa?eoi??? i?noa aaaaoi
iai?ai?e?iaeieo, iaeiii?ooaieo i?noeac?inoaiue aiane?aeie ?oiuei?
iai?enooiiino? aeey ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? (ineie, e?oo? noeee),
oaeiae i?aeaeaaeieo neiaio?ii?caoe??. O ca’yceo c oeei aaeeeo ieoiio
aaao iathoue ?iaee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?e?iaeio
?ineeii?noue:Hieracium, Centaurea, Carex, Potentilla, Alyssum,
Astragalus. I?ioa, a?eueo?noue aeae?a oeeo ?iae?a i?aaenoaaeai? o?eueee
a ie?aieo aio?iiiaaiieo aeioiiao (ye i?aaeei a ??ciiio nooiai?
aeaa?aaeiaaieo i?e?iaeieo i?noeac?inoaiiyo) ? iathoue iecuee? iieacieee
/enaeueiino?.

5.2. Aaia?ao?/ia no?oeoo?a

826 aeae?a oei?e (a?ey 60 %) a?aeiineoueny aei
aeaaiueina?aaecaiiiii?nueei? a?oie a?aae?a. Iaea?eueo i?aaenoaaeai? ooo
?a?iiaenueei-na?aaecaiiiii?nueei-ia?aaeiueiac?aonuee? aeaee (170 aeae?a,
12,3%), ?a?iiaenueei-na?aaecaiiiii?nuee? (163 aeaee, 11,8%) ?
na?aaecaiiiii?nueei-ia?aaeiueiac?aonuee? aeaee (129, 9,3%). Aenie?
iieacieee oaeiae ii aeania na?aaecaiiiii?nuee?e (86 aeae?a, 6,2%),
iiioe/i?e (53; 3,8%), no?aeii-na?aaecaiiiii?nuee?e (50; 3,6%) a?oiao. Ia
e?einueeee aiaeai?/iee aeaiaio i?eiaaea? 49 aeae?a (3,5%). Aiea?eoe/ia
a?oia neeaaea? 476 aeae?a (a?ey 34%). Iaea?eueo i?aaenoaaeaiee ooo
iaeaa?eoe/iee oei a?aaeo (109 aeae?a, 8%). Cia/ia i?noea o oei??
iaeaaeeoue aeaeai c iie??aa?iiaeueieie oeiaie a?aae?a (einiiiie?oe,
aai?einiiiie?oe oa ?a?iiaenueei-aia?eeainuee?) — onueiai 92 aeaee.

I?e ii??aiyii? a?aaeia?/ieo niaeo??a aiio?oii? oa aaeaaioeaii? o?aeoe?e
a?aei?iiino? iaoiiaeththoueny aieiaiei /eiii a?eueoith i?aaenoaaeai?noth
aiio?oii? o?aeoe?? a na?aaecaiiiii?nuee?e a?oi? a?aae?a — a?ey 65%, a
oaeiae aaeaaioeaiei iioiaeaeaiiyi aeae?a ?c iie??aa?iiaeueieie oeiaie
a?aae?a.

5.3. Iniaeeaino? a?iaeieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e

Ia?aaaaeia ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? neiaio?iiii? oei?e iaeaaeeoue
iie?ea?i?/iei o?aaai (41%). A?aenioie iaeiie?oiee?a ia aeoaea aenieee
(33%) ? caeeaeo? ?? c i?e?iaeiith oei?ith. Ia aea?aaii-eouiao
?ineeii?noue i?eiaaea? a?ey 16%. A aiio?oi?e o?aeoe?? c?inoa? ?ieue
iie?ea?i?/ieo o?aa, a aaeaaioeai?e aea o?aeoe?? aieiaia ?ieue iaeaaeeoue
iaeiie?oieeai, ui neeaaeathoue 57%.

Ii oeio aaaaoaoe?? a?eueo?noue aeae?a oei?e oea e?oiueicaeai? ?ineeie
(500 aeae?a, 36,1%). Aeoaea /eneaiia oaeiae a?oia
e?oiuei-ceiiuei-caeaieo ?ineei O caaaeuei?e aea noi?, ia aeieth aeae?a
?c o?eaaeei ia??iaeii aaaaoaoe?? i?eiaaea? 72,5 %.

Ca no?oeoo?ith ei?aiaai? nenoaie o an?o niaeo?ao ia?aaaaeathoue
no?eaeiaaiei?aiaa? ?ineeie, ia ye? i?eiaaea? a caaaeueiiio niaeo?? 70,5%
(975 aeae?a), a aiio?oi?e o?aeoe?? 66%, (673 aeaee), a aaeaaioeai?e —
82,1%; (299 aeae?a) I?e/iio, o an?o niaeo?ao iaeneioi i?eiaaea? ia
?ineeie ?c no?eaeiaaith aeeaieith ei?aiaaith nenoaiith.

Noiniaii na?oea a?eueo?noue aeae?a ? aae?io?oaie (55%, 760 aeae?a).
Aeae? a ii?yaeeo oaoaaiiy ?aeooue noeeiaae?io?oe (33; 456),
aae?inoeeio?oe (8; 112). Naio ia/eneaiio a?oio neeaaeathoue noeeio?oe
(4% ; 55 aeae?a). Niaeo?e aiio?oii? oa aaeaaioeaii? o?aeoe?e o ii?yaeeo
ia?oino? a?oi yeiii?o a?aeiia?aeathoue iniiaiiio niaeo?o, aea a
inoaiiueiio a?eueo a?ae/ooia ia?aaaaa o a?e aae?io?oii? i???ioaoe??.

Noiniaii oaeoi?a caieiaeaiiy a?eueoa /anoeia aeae?a — ?ineeie nooeo
i?noeac?inoaiue. Iaea?eueo /eneaiia a?oia ena?iiacio?o?a, ui ia’?aeio?
iieiaeio an??? oei?e (51%). ?io? a?oie «nooietha?a» cia/ii
iinooiathoueny ii /enaeueiino?. Oae, aei iaciena?io?o?a a?aeiinyoueny
16%, aoena?io?o?a onueiai 5% aeae?a. O oe?eiio 72% aeae?a iathoue
ena?io?oio i???ioaoe?th. Na?aae aeae?a aieiaeo i?noeac?inoaiue iaea?eueo
/enaeuei? iacio?oe, ui neeaaeathoue 21,6 % (299 aeae?a); aei a?a?io?o?a
a?aeiineoueny onueiai 6%, ? cian?i iacia/iei /eneii i?aaenoaaeai?
a?ae?io?oe — 9 aeae?a (0,7%). Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c niaeo?a a?a?iii?o
aaeaaioeaieo ? ?iaeeaaiieo aeae?a iieaco? iiae?aia i?ioeaioia
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a iaio o?aeoe?yo.

?icae?e 6

?ineeii?noue

No/ania ?ineeii?noue i?noa ia?aoiao? 43 anioe?aoe??, 3 aea?eaaoieo
oa?oiiaaiiy oa 2 aac?aiaia? iaeeieoe?, ui a?aeianai? aei 14 nithc?a, 9
ii?yaee?a ? 6 eean?a. 3 nithce ? 30 anioe?aoe?e aoee aeae?eai? aia?oa.

Neioaeniiii?/ia noaia neiaio?iiii? ?ineeiiino?

Cl. Artemisietea vulgaris Lochm., Prsg. et R. Tx. in R. Tx. 1950

Ord. Onopordetalia acanthii Br.-Bl. et Tx. 1943.

All. Dauco-Melilotion Gors 1966

Ass. Melilotetum albi-officinalis Siss. 1950

Ass. Echio-Melilotetum albae Tx. 1942

Ass. Plantago lanceolataa-Chondrilletum junceaa Levon 1997

Ass. Raphano maritimi-Rumicetum conglomerati Levon 1997

All. Medicago falcatae-Diplotaxion tenuifoliae Levon 1997

Ass. Calamintho macrae-Poterietum sanguisorbae Levon 1997

Ass. Bromo squarrosi — Teucrietum chamaedrycis Levon 1997

Ass. Eupatorio cannabini-Verbenetum officinalis Levon 1997

Ass. Lathyro tuberosi-Ornithogallietum pontici Levon 1997

Ord. Artemisietalia vulgaris Lohm. in R.Tx. 1947

All. Sambucion ebuli Elias 1979

Ass. Artemisio-Sambucetum ebuli (Felf. 1942) Elias 1979

All. Rorippo austriacae-Falcarion vulgaris Levon 1997

Ass. Beto trigynae-Urticetum dioicae Levon 1997

Ass. Inulo asperae-Centauretum diffusae Levon 1997

Ass. Anthemo ruthenicae-Echietum biebersteinii Levon 1997

Ass. Cirsio incani-Sisymbrietum orientale Levon 1997

Ass. Xanthietum californici-spinosi Levon 1997

Cl. Chenopodietea Br.-BL. 1951 em Lohm.,J. Et P.Tx. ex Matuszkiewicz
1962

Ord. Sisymbrietalia J. Tx. Matsz. 1962 em Gors 1966

All. Bromo-Hordeion murini (Allorge 1992) Lohm. 1950

Ass. Aegilopseto biuncialis-Avenetum persicae Kost. 1991

Ass. Brometum tectorum Bojko 1934

Subass. typicum

var. Cardaria draba

var Convulvulus arvensis

Ass. Aegilopsetum biuncialis-cylindricae Levon 1996

Ass. Onobricho miniati-Lathyrosetum tuberosi Levon 1996

Ass. Poo bulboso-Fumarietun schleicheri Levon 1996

All. Vicion cordati-varie Levon 1996

Ass. Atriplici prostratae-Chenopodietum urbici Levon 1996

Ass. Geranio rotundifolii-Anthriscetum caucali Levon 1996

Ass. Scleropoo rigidae-Lepidietum graminifolium Levon 1996

Ass. Fibigio clypeati-Buglossoidetum arvensi Levon 1996

Ass. Myosoto ramosissimi-Arabidetum rectae Levon 1996

Ord. Polygono-Chenopodietalia J.Tx. ex Matsz.1962

All. Polygono-Chenopodion polyspermii W. Koch. 1926 em. Siss. in
Westh. et al. 1946

D. c. Digitaria sanguinalis [Polygono-Chenopodion polyspermii]

D. c. Mercurialis annua [Polygono-Chenopodion polyspermii]

All. Panico-Setarion Siss. in Westh. et al. 1946

Ass. Amarantho blitoidi-retroflexi V. Sl. 1988

Ass. Echinochloo-Setarietum Krus et Vlieg. (1939) 1940

Ass. Papaveretum dubii-hybridum Levon 1996

Cl. Galio-Urticetea Passarge 1967

Ord. Galio-Alliarietalia Oberd. ex Gors. et Th. Mull

All. Galio-Alliarion (Oberd.1957) Lohm. et Oberd. 1967

Lamium amplexicaule + Geranium rotundifolium Comm.

Lamium purpureum + Mercurialis annua Comm.

Ass. Lepidio graminifolii-Parietarietum serbici Levon 1996

Ass. Geranio collini — Melissetum officinalis Levon 1996

Ass. Verbeno officinalis-Ornithogallietum pontici Levon 1996

Ord. Calystegietalia sepium Tx.1950

All. Convolvulion sepium Tx.1947 ap.Oberd. 1957

Ass. Polygono persicarii — Pulicarietum uliginosi Levon 1996

Ass. Ranunculo arvensi — Calepinetum irregularis Levon 1996

Cl. Agropyretea repentis Oberd., Th. Muller et Gors in Oberd. et al.
1967

Ord. Agropyretalia repentis Oberd., Th. Muller

Convolvulo-Agropyrion Gors 1966

Ass. Elytrigio nodosae-Xeranthemetum cylindracei Levon 1997

Ass. Acachmeno cuspidatae-Artemisietum austriaci Levon 1997

Ass. Poo pratensis-Festucetum orientalis Levon 1997

Cl. Bidentetea tripartiti Tx., Lohm. et Prsg. In Tx. 1950

Ord. Bidentetalia tripartiti Br.-Bl. et Tx. 1943

All. Bidention tripartiti Nordhagen 1940

Ass. Bidentetum tripartiti W. Koch.1926

Ass. Mentho-longifolii-Pastinacetum umbrosi Levon 1996

D.c. Nasturtia officinale+Ranunculus repens [Bidentetalia]

Cl. Plantaginetea majoris Tx. et Prsg. in Tx. 1950

Ord. Plantaginetalia majoris R. Tx. et Prsg. in R.Tx 1950

All. Polygonion avicularis Br.-Bl. 1931.

Ass. Plantagini-Polygonetum avicularis (Knapp. 1945) Pass. 1964

Ass. Medicago minimae-Erophiletum praecoccis Levon 1997

Ass. Sclerochloo-Polygonetum avicularis (Gams. 1927) Soo 1940

Ass. Poetum annuae Gams 1927

All. Agropyro-Rumicion crispi Nordh. 1940

Ass. Potentilletum anserinae Rap. 1927 em Pass. 1964

Ass. Glechomo hederaceae-Potentilletum reptantis Levon 1997

Eean Artemisietea vulgaris — iaeei c iaea?eueo iioe?aieo ? ia’?iieo
eean?a neiaio?iiii? ?ineeiiino?, o?c?iiii?/iee ae?aiacii yeiai ioiieth?
iae??ciiiai?oi?o? i?noeac?inoaiiy c ??ciei ?aaeeiii caieiaeaiiy e
ina?oeaiiy, ui ??aeei i?aeaeathoueny ii?ooaiith aai ye? i?aeaeaeenue
iaeiie?aoiiio cia/iiio aieeao e caeeoeeenue iaaeae? iaaeioi?eaieie ia
i?ioyc? o?eaaeiai i?ii?aeeo /ano.

Ii?yaeie Onopordetalia acanthii — ia’?aeio? oa?oiiaaiiy a?aee?eoeo,
aeia?a ina?oeaieo i?noeac?inoaiue ? aeeth/a? 2 nithce.

1) Dauco-Melilotion i?aaenoaaeaiee 4-ia anioe?aoe?yie. Ass. Melilotetum
albi-officinalis ? Echio-Melilotetum albae eeane/i? ? ia iathoue
aecia/aii? aeieia?/ii? i?eo?i/aiino?, cono??/ath/enue ia aaaaoeo
a?oioao; ass. Plantago lanceolati-Chondrilletum juncei oyae?? aei
i?ia?ae?ciaaieo noano?ao?a; ass. Raphano maritimi-Rumicetum conglomerati
— aei a ??ciiio nooiai? canieaieo a?oio?a.

2) Cithc Medicago falcati-Diplotaxion tenuifolii ia’?aeio? oa?oiiaaiiy
a?aee?eoeo ina?oeaieo i?noeac?inoaiue, ??aeei i?aeaeaaeieo ii?ooaiiyi,
ye? ooai?eeeny, ye i?aaeei, aiane?aeie aio?iiiaaiii? aeaa?aaeaoe??
i?e?iaeieo o?oioeaiic?a. I?aaenoaaeaiee 4-ia anioe?aoe?yie. C ieo
Calamintho macrae-Poterietum sanguisorbae ? Eupatorio
cannabini-Verbenetum officinalis a?aeaeathoue ia?aaaao i?ia?ae?ciaaiei
noano?aoai; anioe?aoe?? Bromo squarrosi — Teucrietum chamaedrycis oa
Lathyro tuberosi-Ornithogallietum pontici a?aecia/ai? a ciiao ?ai?oa
caeiyoeo i?e?iaeiith ?ineeii?noth.

Ii?yaeie Artemisietalia vulgaris aeeth/a? oa?oiiaaiiy, ye? ii?yae c
a?aee?eoeie eieae?oaoaie cono??/athoueny oaeiae a oiiaao ii?iaeueiiai
cao?iaiiy. I?aaenoaaeaiee 2-ia nithcaie:

1) Nithc Sambunion ebuli c iaeiith eeane/iith ?oaea?aeueiith
anioe?aoe??th Artemisio-Sambucetum ebuli

2) Nithc Rorippo austriaci-Falcarion vulgaris, ui i?aaenoaaey?
oa?oiiaaiiy iia?aie/ieo eieae?oao?a, ye? cono??/athoueny ia oca?//yo
aei??a, ieieeoeyo aacii?a oa ai?iae?a, a?aeaaeao caie?. I?aaenoaaeaiee 5
anioe?aoe?yie. Ia?o? o?e c ieo i?eo?i/ai? aei ia?aeiaiaeo
i?noeaia?aaoaaiue; aea? inoaii? cono??/athoueny aieiaiei /eiii ia
caeeiooeo ai?iaei?o caieyo oa aeiia?aaeieeao.

Eean Chenopodietea — ia’?aeio? oa?oiiaaiiy, ui oi?iothoueny a yeioiiao,
aea iaee i?noea ciyooy, ia?ai?uaiiy oa iioiaaiiy aa?oiueiai ai?eciioo
a?oioo. sse i?aaeei aiie yaeythoue niaith ii/aoeia? noaae?? a?aeiiaii?
noeoean?? ? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny i?ieea?noth oei?enoe/iiai neeaaeo. Eean
aeeth/a? aeaa ii?yaeee.

Ii?yaeie Sisymbrietalia ia’?aeio? oa?oiiaaiiy ii/aoeiaeo noaae?e
a?aeiiaii? noeoean?? a i?noeac?inoaiiyo, i?aeaeaaeieo /anoei, aea
ia?aaoey?iei ii?ooaiiyi. Ia? 2 nithce:

1) Nithc Bromo-Hordeion murini i?aaenoaaey? ena?io?euei? i?iia?i?
o?oioeaiice, ui a?aee?eaathoue aeaiooaoe?eiee i?ioean ? ooai?ththoue
nooe?eueiee iie?ea ia caeeiooeo iieyo, ai?iaeao oa eeoiaao, a?aeaaeao
caie? a?ey aei??a. I?aeii?yaeeiaai? eiio 5 anioe?aoe?e caeiathoue noiaea
iieiaeaiiy ia yaeaoi-ee?iaoe/iiio a?aae??io?, eeoa inoaiiy Poo
bulboso-Fumarietun schleicheri ia? aocueeee aeieia?/iee ae?aiacii,
cono??/ath/enue ia i?ia?ae?ciaaieo eai’yienoeo noano?aoao: o i?ii?aeeao
i?ae eaiaiyie, ui ooai?ththoue i?aei??i? no?ie, o u?eeiao oeaaaeueieo
nii?oae, ia a?aeaaeao aoae?aaeueiiai ni?ooy.

2) Nithc Vicion cordati-varia ioiieth? oa?oiiaaiiy i?noeac?inoaiue,
aea inoaii?e cia/iee aieea ia a?oioiaee iie?ea (i?iiieea, ?icioooaaiiy)
iaa i?noea 3-4 ?iee oiio, a a aeaiee /an a?aeaoaathoueny eeoa ae??ai?
ii?ooaiiy. Ia noeoean?eiiio o?aiae? caeiai? ieie eieae?oaoe iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye i?ii?aeio noaae?th i?ae ia??iaee/ii ii?oooaaieie
i?noeac?inoaiiyie (ai?iaee, eeoiae, i?enaaeeai? ae?eyiee) oa ionoe?yie
(ciiaie, aea aeeeth/aiee yeee-iaaoaeue ianooaaiee aieea ia a?oio
i?ioyaii aaaaoueio ?ie?a i?ney inoaiiueiai ii?ooaiiy). O iaaeao nithco
aeae?eaii o?noue anioe?aoe?e, ui oei?enoe/ii a?aeia?aaeothoue yaeao?/io
niaoeeo?eo caeiaieo yeioii?a, nooi?iue aeecueeino? ianea?a c i?e?iaeiith
?ineeii?noth oa iieiaeaiiy a noeoean?eiiio ?yae?. Oae oa?oiiaaiiy
anioe?aoe?? Geranio rotundifolii-Anthriscetum caucali oi?iothoue
o?aa’yienoee iie?ea i?ae iieiaii aoee/ieo oa ia?eiaeo ianaaeaeaiue ?
yaeythoue iaaio noaae?th neiaio?ii?caoe?? aacii?a; oa?oiiaaiiy
anioe?aoe?? Scleropoo rigidae-Lepidietum graminifolium ooai?ththoueny ia
uaaienoeo, iae/ano?oa i?ia?ae?ciaaieo noano?aoao, ui i?aeeyaathoue
iii??iiio aieeao oaeoi?a aeoiiooaaiiy, oa?oiiaaiiy Fibigio
clypeati-Buglossoidetum arvensi oyae?thoue aei iniia aeieeeeo aeae?eueea
?ie?a oiio aaiiyeiaeo inei?a o aei??a, a o?oioeaiice anioe?aoe?? Myosoto
ramosissimi-Arabidetum rectae a?aecia/ai? ia ina?oeaieo iiaa?oiyo
aeeienoeo inei?a ? cnoa?a.

Ii?yaeie Polygono-Chenepodietalia ia’?aeio? oa?oiiaaiiy i?noeac?inoaiue,
ui i?aeeyaathoue paaoey?iei /anoei oa cia/iei ii?ooaiiyi a?oioiaiai
iie?eao. sse i?aaeei oea oa?oiiaaiiy aa?io?oioeaiic?a, ui caciathoue
?aaoey?iiai aieeao ?aeoeueoeaaoe?eieo caoiae?a. Aeeth/a? aeaa nithce,
ye? a?ae??ciythoueny aieiaiei /eiii aeieia?/ii ii a?aeiioaiith aei
oaeoi?a caieiaeaiiy a?oioo. Oa?oiiaaiiy nithco Polygono-Chenopodion
?olyspermii i?eo?i/ai? aei ?aaoey?ii c?iooaaieo aa?io?oioeaiic?a ?
i?aaenoaaeai? 2-ia aea?eaaoieie iaeeieoeyie. O?oioeaiice nithco
Panico-Setarion oi?iothoueny ia ina?oeaieo i?noeac?inoaiiyo, ui aeia?a
i?ia??aathoueny niioeai, a oiiaao iaaeinoa/? aieiae. I?aaenoaaeaiee 3-ia
aeieia?/ii iiae?aieie anioe?aoe?yie, aea? c eio?eo oaea ?ai?oa iienai?.

Eean Galio-Urticetea ia’?aeio? iai?ai?e?iaei? oa aio?iiiaaii?
i?o?io?euei? oa?oiiaaiiy , ui oi?iothoueny a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiai
ina?oeaiiy (a ia?eao, aea?aaieo ianaaeaeaiiyo), aea aiie neeaaeathoue
o?aa’yienoee y?on. Aeeth/a? 2 ii?yaeee.

Ii?yaeie Calistegietalia sepium c ?aeeiei nithcii Convolvulion sepium
yaey? oa?oiiaaiiy neaaeiina?oeaieo i?o?io?eueieo i?noeac?inoaiue, ui
oi?iothoueny a oiiaao i?aeaeuaiiai caieiaeaiiy. Ia?oa c anioe?aoe?e
nithco Polygono persicarii -Pulicarietum uliginosi a?aei?/aia a o?ienoeo
i?o?io?eueieo i?noeac?inoaiiyo ii aa?aaao no?oie?a, eaiaa, aiaeinoie?a;
ae?oaa Ranunculo arvensi — Calepinetum irregularis oyae?? aei
aa?io?oioeaiic?a, ui ??aeei i?aeaeathoueny ?aeoeueoeaaoe?eiei caoiaeai.

Ii?yaeie Galio-Alliarietalia oaeiae ?c ?aeeiei nithcii Galio-Alliarion
yaey? a ??ciiio nooiai? aieiaiethai? oa?oiiaaiiy: 3 anioe?aoe?? ? 2
aac?aiaia? iaeeieoe?. C ieo anioe?aoe?? Geranio collini — Melissetum
officinalis ? Verbeno officinalis — Ornitogallietum pontici i?eo?i/ai?
aei caieiaeaieo i?noeac?inoaiue ia?e?a oa naae?a; anioe?aoe?y Lepidio
graminifolii- Parietarietum serbici a oaeiae 2 aac?aiaia? iaeeieoe?
a?aei?/ai? caeaa?eueoiai ia i?aei??ieo no?iao aai a?ey ?o i?aei?aeae?a.

Eean Agropyretea repentis ia’?aeio? oa?oiiaaiiy c ia?aaaaeaiiyi ceae?a,
ui oi?iothoueny ia aio?iiiaaiieo oa i?e?iaeieo i?noeac?inoaiiyo ia
i?aeaeaaeieo /anoei ii?ooaiiyi. Iioe?ai? ia i?eii?nueeeo noeeao, iniiaao
inei?a acaeiaae aei??a, ieieeoeyo ionoe??a, caeeiooeo aaciiao ?
ai?iaeao. Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith o?oioeaiic?a eeano ? ianoaa?euei?noue
oei?enoe/ii? eiiiiceoe??, ui aecia/a?oueny aieiaiei /eiii
yaeaoi-ee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie caeiyoeo ieie i?noeac?inoaiue oa oa?aeoa?ii
iaaeieeoiuei? ?ineeiiino?. I?aaenoaaeaiee 3-ia anioe?aoe?yie. Ia?o? aea?
i?eo?i/ai? aei ?oaea?ae?ciaaieo iieiaeenoeo i?e?iaeieo noee?a ?c
neaaeeie yaeuaie aeaioaeaoe??; 3-y oyae?? aei ia?eiaeo cii i?noa, aea
a?aei?/aia ia iii??ii cao?iaieo i?noeac?inoaiiyo ia ieieeoeyo aea?aaieo
? /aaa?ieeiaeo iinaaeie, iath/e iia?aie/iee oa?aeoa? ?c a?aee?eoeie
oa?eoi??yie.

Eean Plantaginetea majoris ia’?aeio? oa?oiiaaiiy ia?aaaaeii a?aee?eoeo
i?noeac?inoaiue, ui oi?iothoueny i?ae aieeaii aeoiiooaaiiy a oiiaao
na?aaeiueiai ? iaaei??iiai caieiaeaiiy. O?oioeaiice eeano
a?ae??ciythoueny a?aei?noth oa noaa?euei?noth oei?enoe/iiai neeaaeo, ui
iaoiiaeaii aeno?aiaeueieie oiiaaie ?nioaaiiy. I?aaenoaaeaiee ?aeeiei
ii?yaeeii Plantaginetalia, ?c 2-ia nithcaie. Aei ia?oiai nithco
Polygonion avicularis a?aeiinyoueny /ioe?e aeieia?/ii iiae?aieo
anioe?aoe??, ui oi?iothoueny a oiiaao iii??iiai caieiaeaiiy i?e
?ioaineaiiio aieea? oaeoi?o aeoiiooaaiiy ia oca?//yo aei??a, noaaeie,
ieieeoeyo nii?oiaeaeai/ee?a. Ae?oaee nithc Agropyro-Rumicion crispi
yaey? oa?oiiaaiiy aai?e?eioio?o?a, ui oi?iothoueny a ia?acaieiaeaieo
yeioiiao, i?aeaeaaeieo iii??iiio aeoiiooaaiith. O?oioeaiice anioe?aoe??
Potentilletum anserinae a?aei?/ai? ia aa?aaao ? aetha?aeueieo
a?aeeeaaeaiiyo ??/ie, ia i?noeac?inoaiiyo, i?aeaeaaeieo aieeao iaaiaee?a
oa ia??iaee/iiai aeoiiooaaiiy. Anioe?aoe?y Glechomo
hederaceae-Potentilletum reptantis oyae?? aieiaiei /eiii aei aacii?a, ui
i?aeaeathoueny /anoiio iieeao c iaeii/aniei aieeaii iaiii??iiai
neiooaaiiy oa aeoiiooaaiiy.

Eean Bidentetea tripartiti yaey? oa?oiiaaiiy a?ae?io?o?a, i?o?eo?eiaaieo
ia?acaieiaeaieo i?noeac?inoaiue ii aa?aaao ??/ie oa no?oie?a. Eeane/ia
anioe?aoe?y Bidentetum tripartiti ioiieth? iaea?eueo oe?ieee ae?aiacii
ia?acaieiaeaieo eieae?oao?a; anioe?aoe?y Mentho-longifolii-Pastinacetum
umbrosi a?aei?/aia aieiaiei /eiii a?ey i?aei?aeae?a i?aei??ieo no?i, ui
ia?aiiaothoue aeieeie ??e, aea?eaaoi? oa?oiiaaiiy Nasturtia
officinale+Ranunculus repens oi?iothoueny a?ey naii? e?iiee aiaee.

O aaia?ao?/iiio aniaeo? a?eueo?noue anioe?aoe?e o iaaeao Aaeeei? sseoe
iathoue cia/io oe?ioo a?aaeo. Aea aiaeii/an a?aecia/a?oueny aaaaoi
neioaenii?a, ui oyae?thoue aei yei?-iaaoaeue iaaii? ciie i?noa c iaeyaeo
ia niaoeeo?eo nai?? aeieia??. Oae, a?eueo?noue iien?a onueiai eeano
Bidentetea tripartiti aeeiiai? ia aetha?aeueieo a?aeeeaaeaiiyo ??/ie
Aea?aeieee oa O/ai-No, an. Raphano maritimi-Rumicetum conglomerati
i?eo?i/aia aei i?eii?nueei? ciie i?noa aiane?aeie aaeio?eueii?
i???ioaoe??. A iaaieo ciiao i?noa neiioeaio?iaai? oaeiae aaaaoi
neioaenii?a oe?ieiai niaeo?o aeieia??. Cie?aia, 90% iien?a an. Eupatorio
cannabini-Verbenetum officinalis, iioe?aii? ia i?ia?ae?ciaaieo
noano?aoao iiaeeco aoae?aieoeoa aeeiiaii a ieieeoeyo E?aaae?? oa Aani?e,
iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui iiae?ai? eieae?oaoe aeoaea cae/aei? a onueiio
i?no?.

I?e ii??aiyii? iaoi? noaie c aiaeia?/ieie ?acoeueoaoaie caei?aeiiieo
aeine?aeaeaiue o ?aieao Na?aaecaiiiii?neiai ?aa?iio oa
iana?aaecaiiiii?nueeeo e?a?i Cao?aeii? ?a?iie iiaeia a?aecia/eoe aenieee
nooi?iue a?aeiia?aeiino? ia ??ai? aeueo iaeeieoeue. Oae, on? eeane,
ii?yaeee, a oaeiae a?eueo?noue nithc?a iienai? cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeie
o?oioeaiieiaaie. C 14 nithc?a iaaaaeaii? noaie aia?oa iienai? onueiai
o?e. Caaaeii caa??aa?oueny e aeieia?/ia i?eo?i/ai?noue aaeeei?aiaiaeo
neioaenii?a aei iaaieo oei?a aio?iiiaaiieo yeioii?a. Ia ??ai?
anioe?aoe?e oaeiae a?aecia/athoueny iiae?ai? ?ene. Oae, oe?iei
i?aaenoaaeai? oae? o?aaiio?euei? iaeeieoe? ye Echio-Melilotetum albae,
Melilotetum albi-officinalis, Artemisio-Sambucetum ebuli, Bidentetum
tripartiti, iienai? a a?eueoino? cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo noai. Aaaaoi
anioe?aoe?e, iienai? aia?oa ? iathoue aenieee nooi?iue nii??aeiaiino? c
?ai?o iaaaaeaieie aiaeiaaie. Aiaeii/an niinoa??aathoueny ? niaoeeo?/i?
iniaeeaino? ?ineeiiino? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aeiio. Ae?aaiinoe/i? aeiee
aeueo iaeeieoeue ianooue ?ene ?aa?iiaeueieo a?aei?iiinoae — a aaaaoueio
c ieo i?enooi? aeaee, ye? ia iaaiaeyoueny aeey ieo ?a?iiaenueeeie
aaoi?aie.

A?aenooi? oae? oe?ieii?aaenoaaeai? a Cao?aei?e ?a?ii? eeane ye
Asplenietea trichomanis, Parietarietea judaicae, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
oa?oiiaaiiy no?i, ?o?i aoaeeie?a; eeane Robinietea ? Sambucetea, ui
i?aaenoaaeythoue neiaio?iiio aea?aaio ?ineeii?noue. Iaea?eueo iieaciaa
?aa?iiaeueia niaoeeo?ea ?ineeiiino? ia ??ai? anioe?aoe?e oa
noaanioe?aoe?e. A?eueo?noue ?c ieo iienai? aia?oa ? iathoue /?oe?
a?aei?iiino? ye o oei?enoe/iiio neeaae?, oae ? a aeieia?/i?e
i?eo?i/aiino? aei iaaiiai oeio i?noeac?inoaiue.

?icae?e 7. Aeieia?/ia ciioaaiiy oa?eoi??? i?noa ia iniia?
aeieiai-oei?enoe/ii? eeaneo?eaoe?? oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c iioei?caoe??
aio?iiiaaiieo eaiaeoaoo?a.

Aeei?enoaiiy aeieiai-oei?enoe/ii? eeaneo?eaoe?? aeicaieeei aeae?eeoe
aieiai? aio?iiiaaii? oa i?e?iaei? oaeoi?e aieeao ia ?ineeii?noue,
aeyaeoe caeiiii??iino? ?? ?iciiae?eo ? ia iniia? oeueiai ?ic?iaeoe
caoiaee uiaei iioei?caoe?? ie?aieo aio?iiiaaiieo eaiaeoaoo?a.

O ?yae? aeieia?/ieo cii (ionoe??, aeaa?aaeiaai? i?e?iaei? yeioiie c
iiaiei cieuaiiyi i?e?iaeii? ?ineeiiino?), aieiaiei iioei?caoe?eiei
caoiaeii ? icaeaiaiiy, aea iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ?iaeeeaoi?ia ooieoe?y
neioaenii?a i?e i?aeai?? ani?oeiaioo aenaaeaeoaaieo ?ineei. Oae,
oa?eoi???, caeiyo? anioe?aoe?yie Melilotetum albi-officinalis,
Echio-Melilotetum albae, ui ae?aaiinoothoue aaaaonoai a?oioo, iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iinaaeee a?eueoino? eoeueoo?; A naith /a?ao
oa?oiiaaiiy anioe?aoe?e Scleropoo rigidi-Lepidietum graminifolium,
Anthemo ruthenici-Echietum biebersteinii, Calamintho macrae-Poterietum
sanguisorbae, ui ae?aaiinoothoue ca?aeiaiiy oa uaaaieno?noue
noano?ao?a, na?ae/aoue i?i ??cea caoaeaiiy niaeo?o aeae?a, ui
aaiaeyoueny a eoeueoo?o. Anioe?aoe?y Raphano maritimi-Rumicetum
conglomerati, ui i?eo?i/aia aei oei?eaeii-iao??eiaicanieaieo a?oio?a,
aeaco? ia iiaio iai?eaeaoi?noue ?o aeey c?inoaiiy a?eueoino? aeae?a.

?io? ciie (aetha?aeuei? a?aeeeaaeaiiy aeieei ??/ie, /anoeiai ii?ooai?
ae?eyiee i?e?iaeii? ?ineeiiino?) noaiiaeyoue ?ioa?an c i?e?iaeiioi?iiii?
oi/ee ci?o. C iioei?caoe?eieo caoiae?a ooo aeioe?euei? eiina?aaoe?y aai
ae iaiaaeaiiy aio?iiiaaiiiai ao?o/aiiy, ine?eueee a i?ioean?
noeoean?eiiai /ano a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy /anoee i?e?iaeieo aeae?a.

Neiaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee neioaenii?a iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ?
aeey iioei?caoe?? aeayeeo naaeiai-ia?eiaeo eaiaeoaoo?a, aea iaai?
o?oioeaiice (iai?eeeaae, anioe?aoe?y Eupatorio cannabini-Verbenetum
officinalis) yaeythoue eeoa ei?ioei/anio noaae?th ?oaea?ae?caoe?? ?
noeoean?eiee o?aiae ni?yiiaaiee aei ooai?aiiy iiiiaeii?iaioieo
oa?oiiaaiue neiaio?iiieo aea?aaieo aeae?a. Oea, a?aeiia?aeii, ?
iieacaiiyi aeey nai?/aniiai i?iaaaeaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ieo ?oaie aeiaeyaeo.

Aeniiaee

1. Aaaaonoai no/anii? neiaio?iiii? oei?e Aaeeei? sseoe iaoiiaeaii
niaoeeo?eith i?e?iaeieo oiia aeine?aeaeoaaii? oa?eoi??? (oeiiai
na?aaecaiiiii?nueeee ee?iao; iaaenieee ??aaiue o?aai?caoe??; iayai?noue
aaeeeeo ieiu, caeiyoeo i?e?iaeiith ?ineeii?noth ? iiaeeeaino? , ui
aeieeaathoue ca?aene aeey i?a?aoe?? aeiaaeeiaeo aiio?o?a; ??ciiiai?ooy
eoeueoeaiaaieo aeae?a, aaaaoi c eioi?eo caeaoi? aei iaoo?ae?caoe??).

2. Ii?yae c ?enaie neiaio?ii?caoe?? (cina?aaeaeaiiy a?eueoino? aeae?a a
e?eueeio ?iaeeiao, aaeeea ieoiia aaaa ?iaeei, i?aaenoaaeaieo 1-3
aeaeaie, aaeeea /anoea ?iaeei, ui i?noyoue eeoa aaeaaioeai? aeaee oa
aenieee a?aenioie aaeaaioeaii? o?aeoe??) i?nueea neiaio?iiia oei?a
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?yaeii ?en, ui caeeaeothoue ?? c i?e?iaeiith oei?ith
IAE (aeniea ?ai?acaioiaai?noue ?iae?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iano?eeo
aiio?oio o?aeoe?th, a?aenooi?noue o ia?o?e aeanyooe? aaaaoi?
aio?iiio?eueieie aeaiaioaie ?iaeeie Nhenopodiaceae oa i?inoiaiiy
i?e?iaeieo ?iaeei — Rosaceae oa Liliaceae).

3. I?i ae?aaeaiee na?aaecaiiiii?nueeee oa?aeoa? neiaio?iiii? oei?e
na?ae/aoue aenie? iieacieee a niaeo?? a?iii?o ii aaaaoaoe?? ia ei?enoue
aeiaaiaaaaooth/eo aeae?a, aaeeeee a?aenioie a?/iicaeaieo ?ineei, cia/ia
ia?aaaaeaiiy aeae?a ?c no?eaeiaaith ei?aiaaith nenoaiith; O oie aea /an
ia?aaaaeaiiy a yeiii?oieia?/iiio niaeo?? aeae?a ena?io?oii? i???ioaoe??
na?ae/eoue i?i aieea noaiiaeo cao?aeii-ac?aonueeeo oei?.

4. Aeai? aaia?ao?/iiai aiae?co, aenieee ??aaiue oa?io?oecaoe??
aeicaieythoue ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe i?nueeo oei?o ye
aeaaiueina?aaecaiiiii?nueeo, ia neiaio?ii?caoe?th yei? ii?yae ?c
cao?aeii-ac?aonueeeie aeaiaioaie ni?aaeythoue ?noioiee aieea
oe?ieia?aaeuei? aeaee, ui ? aieiaiith neeaaeiaith aaeaaioeaii? o?aeoe??.

5. ??ciiiai?ooy aio?iiiaaiieo yeioii?a, a oaeiae oei?enoe/ia aaaaonoai
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aeiio iaoiiaeee aenieee nooi?iue aaoa?iaaiiino?
?ineeiiino?. Iaaaaeaia neioaeniiii?/ia noaia a?aeiia?aea?
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeei aiaeiaai ia ??ai? aeueo iaeeieoeue, iath/e
?aa?iiaeuei? a?aei?iiino? ia ??ai? neioaenii?a iecueeiai ?aiao
(anioe?aoe?e, noaanioe?aoe?e ?, /anoeiai, nithc?a).

7. Eieae?caoe?y neioaeniiii?/ieo iaeeieoeue ?ineeiiino? aeicaieeea
aeae?eeoe iniiai? oeie aio?iiiaaiieo oa i?e?iaeieo oaeoi??a, ui
aieeaathoue ia ?ineeiiee iie?ea i?noa. Aieiaiei oaeoi?ii, ui caaacia/o?
oi?ioaaiiy no/anii? aaie oa?oiiaaiue, ? nooi?iue aeaaieie ii?ooaiiy
a?oioiaiai iie?eao. Aeiaeaoeiaeie oaeoi?aie aenooiathoue o?i?ci a?oioo,
?aaeeie caieiaeaiiy e ina?oeaiino?, nooi?iue aeecueeino? aei i?e?iaeieo
o?oioeaiic?a.

8. Aeai? aeieiai-oei?enoe/ii? eeaneo?eaoe?? aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe caoiaee
uiaei iioei?caoe?? ie?aieo aio?iiiaaiieo eaiaeoaoo?a, a iniia? yeeo
eaaeaoue ?iaeeeaoi?ia oa neiaeeiai?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeee neioaenii?a.

Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 11 ?ia?o:

1. Eaaii A.O. Neioaeniiiiey ?oaea?aeueiie ?anoeoaeueiinoe sseou. I.
Eeann Galio-Urticetea. // Oe?. o?oioeai. ca.. Na?. A.- Ee?a, 1996 — ?
1. — N. 78 — 87.

2.Eaaii A.O. Neioaeniiiiey ?oaea?aeueiie ?anoeoaeueiinoe sseou. II Eeann
Nhenopodietea. // Oe?. o?oioeai. ca.. Na?. A.- ? 2. Ee?a, 1996. — N. 93
— 107.

3. Eaaii A.O. Neioaeniiiiey ?oaea?aeueiie ?anoeoaeueiinoe sseou. III
Eeann Bidentetea tripartiti. // Oe?. o?oioeai. ca.. Na?. A.- Ee?a, 1996.
— ? 3. N. 104 — 107. . 4. Eaaii A.O. Neioaeniiiiey
?oaea?aeueiie ?anoeoaeueiinoe sseou. IV Eeann Artemisietea vulgaris. //
Oe?. o?oioeai. ca.. Na?. A.- Ee?a, 1997. — ? 1. N. 57 — 75. .
5. Eaaii A.O. Neioaeniiiiey ?oaea?aeueiie ?anoeoaeueiinoe sseou. V Eeann
Plantaginetea majoris. // Oe?. o?oioeai. ca.. Na?. A. — Ee?a, 1997 — ?
1. N. 75 — 81.

6. Eaaii A.O. Neioaeniiiiey ?oaea?aeueiie ?anoeoaeueiinoe sseou. VI
Eeann Agropyretea repentis. // Oe?. o?oioeai. ca.. Na?. A. — Ee?a, 1997.
— ? 1. N. 81 — 85.

.7. Eaaii A.O. I iaeioi?uo aaeaaioeaiuo aeaeao ai?iaea sseoa. //
Eiioa?aioe?y iieiaeeo o/aieo ? niaoe?ae?no?a. Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
aioai?ee ? aeieia??: Oace. aeii. — Ee?a, 1993.- N. 78.

8. Eaaii A.O. I iaeioi?uo oaiaeaioeeyo iaoo?aeecaoeey aeaeia eoeueoo?iie
aeaiae?ioei?u a ?oaea?aeueiuo oeoioeaiicao sseou // Oacenu iaaeaeoia?.
eiio. iieiaeuo o/aiuo. I?iaeaiu aeaiae?ieiaee, naaeiaiaenoaa e
oeaaoiaiaenoaa. — sseoa, 1994. — N. 10 — 11.

9. Eaaii A.O. I iaoo?aeecaoeee aeaeia eoeueoo?iie aeaiae?ioei?u a
?oaea?aeueiuo oeoioeaiicao a sseoa. // I?iaeaiu aeaiae?ieiaee,
naaeiaiaenoaa e oeaaoiaiaenoaa, Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?. eiio. iieiaeuo
o/aiuo. — sseoa, 1994. — N. 13 — 16.

10. Eaaii A.O. Iiaua aeaeu aeey oei?u E?uia. // I?iaeaiu aeaiae?ieiaee,
naaeiaiaenoaa e oeaaoiaiaenoaa: Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?. eiio. iieiaeuo
o/aiuo. — sseoa, 1995. — N. 135.

11. Eaaii A.O. Iiaua oei?enoe/aneea iaoiaeee a E?uio. // I?iaeaiu
aeaiae?ieiaee, oeaaoiaiaenoaa, ieiaeiaiaenoaa. Iaoa?eaeu V iaaeaeoia?.
eiio. *anoue 1. Aeaiae?ieiaey, aeaei?aoeaiia naaeiaiaenoai. — sseoa,
1997. — N. 113 — 116.

Eaaii I.O. Neiaio?iiia ?ineeii?noue oa?eoi??? Aaeeei? sseoe. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.05 — aioai?ea. Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae
?i. I.I. A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie. Ee?a, 1999.

Neeaaeaii aeieiai-oei?enoe/io eeaneo?eaoe?th ?ineeiiino? aio?iiiaaiii
ii?ooaieo aeioii?a Aaeeei? sseoe, aecia/aia ?? i?noea a eeaneo?eaoe?ei?e
nenoai? ?ineeiiino? Na?aaecaiiiii?’y oa iana?aaecaiiiii?nueeeo e?a?i
Cao?aeii? ?a?iie. Neeaaeaii noaio, ui iieaco? eieae?caoe?th
neioaeniiii?/ieo iaeeieoeue ia oa?eoi??? i?noa sseoe. Iaaaaeaii iiaiee
eiiniaeo neiaio?iiii? oei?e Aaeeei? sseoe, i?iaaaeaiee ?? aiae?c o
??ciiiai?oieo aniaeoao (a?iaeieia?/iiio, nenoaiaoe/iiio, aaia?ao?/iiio),
aecia/aia i?eo?i/ai?noue eiaeiiai aeaeo aei iaaieoo cii aeine?aeaeoaaii?
oa?eoi???. Iaaaaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii iioei?caoe?? ie?aieo
aio?iiiaaiieo eaiaeoaoo?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: neiaio?iiia ?ineeii?noue, neiaio?iiia oei?a,
neioaeniiii?/ia iaeeieoey, aeioii, aio?iiiaaiiee eaiaeoaoo,
iioei?caoe?y.

Eaaii A.O. Neiaio?iiiay ?anoeoaeueiinoue oa?eoi?ee Aieueoie sseou. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.05 — aioaieea. Oeaio?aeueiue aioaie/aneee naae
ei. I.I. A?eoei IAI Oe?aeiu. Eeaa, 1999.

Ninoaaeaia yeieiai-oei?enoe/aneay eeanneoeeaoeey ?anoeoaeueiinoe
aio?iiiaaiii ia?ooaiiuo yeioiiia Aieueoie sseou, ii?aaeaeaii aa ianoi a
eeanneoeeaoeeiiiie nenoaia ?anoeoaeueiinoe N?aaeecaiiiii?uey e
ian?aaeecaiiiii?neeo no?ai Caiaaeiie Aa?iiu. Ninoaaeaia noaia,
iieacuaathuay eieaeecaoeeth neioaeniiiie/aneeo aaeeieoe ia oa??eoi?ee
ai?iaea sseou. I?eaaaeai iieiue eiiniaeo neiaio?iiiie oei?u Aieueoie
sseou, i?iaaaeai aa aiaeec a ?acee/iuo aniaeoao (aeiyeieiae/aneii,
nenoaiaoe/aneii, aaia?aoe/aneii), ii?aaeaeaia i?eo?i/aiiinoue eaaeaeiai
aeaea e ii?aaeaeaiiui ciiai enneaaeoaiie oa??eoi?ee. Aeaiu
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii iioeiecaoeee ioaeaeueiuo aio?iiiaaiiuo eaiaeoaooia.

A ia?aie aeaaa (Iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey eco/aiey ?anoeoaeueiinoe ai?iaeia(
i?eaiaeyony aeaiiua ii nia?aiaiiiio ninoiyieth eco/aiiinoe
?anoeoaeueiiai iie?iaa o?aaieciaaiiuo oa??eoi?ee. ?anniio?aiu iniiaiua
iai?aaeaiey enneaaeiaaiee (aaeaaioeaiay oei?a, niiioaiiay neiaio?iiiay
oei?a, aeeiaieea ?ani?ino?aiaiey ioaeaeueiuo aeaeia, ioiioaiey iaaeaeo
oeoioeaiicaie e ii/aie, oeoioeaiioe/aneay iicaeea, aeioiiiia
ea?oia?aoe?iaaiea, noeoeannee ?anoeoaeueiuo niiauanoa, neioaeniiiiey
?anoeoaeueiinoe, eiiieaeniua oei?i-aaiaioaie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey).
Ioaeaeueii ?anniao?eaathony ?aaiou caiaaeiiaa?iiaeneeo aaoi?ia e
niaoeeaeenoia no?ai auaoaai NNN?. A eoiaa oeene?oaony iaee/ea
ii?aaeaeaiiiai aeenaaeaina a noaiaie eco/aiiinoe: neiaio?iiiay
?anoeoaeueiinoue ai?iaeia n?aaieoaeueii n oei?ie eco/aia iaaeinoaoi/ii,
a ii ai?iaeai E?uia neioaeniiiie/aneea aeaiiua e aiana ionoonoaotho.

Ai aoi?ie aeaaa(O?aaiecaoeey eae oaeoi? aicaeaenoaey ia
?anoeoaeueiinoue( iienaiu iniiaiua ia?aiao?u yeieiae/aneie n?aaeu
o?aaieciaaiiuo oa??eoi?ee (iniaaiiinoe aicaeooiie n?aaeu, oaiia?aoo?iiai
e naaoiaiai ?aaeeia, yaeaoe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee), i?eaiaeyuea e
aicieeiiaaieth niaoeeoe/aneeo ?anoeoaeueiuo niiauanoa. A ?aciuo aniaeoao
?anniio?aiu iiiyoey (?oaea?aeueiia niiauanoai( e (?oaea?aeueiia
ianoiiaeoaiea(, i?eaaaeaiu o?aeoiaee eo ioaeaeueiuie aaoi?aie.
I?eaaaeai e?aoeee iaci? iniiaiuo eeannia ?oaea?aeueiie ?anoeoaeueiinoe
N?aaeecaiiiii?neiai ?aaeiia e ian?aaeecaiiiii?neeo no?ai Caiaaeiie
Aa?iiu.

A o?aoueae aeaaa (Iauaeou e iaoiaeeea enneaaeiaaiee( iienaiu iniiaiua
iieiaeaiey iaoiaea yeieiai-oei?enoe/aneie eeanneoeeaoeee ?anoeoaeueiinoe
AE. A?aoi-Aeaiea. I?eaaaeaiu nnueee ia iniiaiua oei?enoe/aneea ecaeaiey
e aa?aa?iua eieeaeoeee, eniieueciaaiiua a ?aaioa.

*aoaa?oay aeaaa (I?e?iaeiua oneiaey ?aeiia enneaaeiaaiee( iinayuaia
eeeiaoe/aneie, yaeaoe/aneie e aeae?ieiae/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeea Aieueoie
sseou.

Ioaeaeueii i?eaaaeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaiuo oeiia aio?iiiaaiiuo
yeioiiia, auaeaeaiiuo a i?ioeanna i?aaeaa?eoaeueii i?iaaaeaiiuo
?aeiaiinoee?iai/iuo ?aaio.

A iyoie aeaaa (Neiaio?iiiay oei?a( i?eaaaeai aiaeec oei?u
aio?iiiaaiii-ia?ooaiiuo yeioiiia ai?iaea a nenoaiaoe/aneii,
aaia?aoe/aneii e aeiyeieiae/aneii aniaeoao. Iiae/a?eioou aa iniaaiiinoe
a ieaia ?iaenoaa n anoanoaaiiie oei?ie THAE, iauyniyaiua niaoeeoeeie
enneaaeoaiiai ?aeiia.

A oanoie aeaaa (?anoeoaeueiinoue( aeaia neioaeniiiie/aneay noaia
neiaio?iiiie ?anoeoaeueiinoe e oa?aeoa?enoeea anao auaeaeaiiuo
aaeeieoe. Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeaii iienaieth neioaeniiia ieceiai ?aiaa
(annioeeaoeee, aea?eaaoiuo niiauanoa), i?eaaaeaiu eo neiyeieiae/aneea,
neiii?oieiae/aneea, neiaeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee, ?ani?ino?aiaiea ia
oa??eoi?ee Aiueoie sseou.

A naaeueiie aeaaa (Yeieiae/aneia ciie?iaaiea oa??eoi?ee ai?iaea ia
iniiaa yeieiai-oei?enoe/aneie eeanneoeeaoeee e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
iioeiecaoeee aio?iiiaaiiuo eaiaeoaooia( i?eaaaeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
iioeiecaoeee ioaeaeueiuo eaiaeoaooia ai?iaea, aaea iiaoo auoue
eniieueciaaiu eiaeeeaoi?iua e neiaeeiaie/aneea ooieoeee neioaeniiia.

I?eeiaeaiea aeenna?oaoeee aeeth/aao aeeaaiinoe/aneea oaaeeoeu eeannia
neiaio?iiiie ?anoeoaeueiinoe, aiiioe?iaaiiue eiiniaeo oei?u
aio?iiiaaiiuo yeioiiia e ea?oo ?ani?aaeaeaiey aaeeieoe
yeieiai-oei?enoe/aneie eeanneoeeaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: neiaio?iiiay ?anoeoaeueiinoue, neiaio?iiiay oei?a,
neioaeniiiie/aneay aaeeieoea, yeioii, aio?iiiaaiiue eaiaeoaoo,
iioeiecaoeey.

A.F. Levon. The synanthropic vegetation of the territory of GreatYalta.
— Manuscript.

Thesis is submitted to the degree of Candidate of Biology.
Specialization 03.00.05 — Botany. Central Botanic Garden of NAS of
Ucraine named after M. Hryshko. Kyiv, 1998.

Eco-floristical classification of the anthropogenic ecotopes vegetation
of Great Yalta was composed and its place in classifical system of
mediterranean region and unmediterranean West Europe’s countris was
determined. The scheme, demonstrated localization of the syntaxonomical
units was composed. The full synanthropic flora inventory of Great
Yalta was brought and floristical analysis in different aspects
(bio-ecological, geographical, systematical) was accomplished.
Referencing of every species to determined zones of investigate
territory was determined. The recommendation for optimization of various
anthropogenic landscape was brought.

Key-words: synanthropic vegetation, synanthropic flora, syntaxonomical
unit, ecotop, anthropogenic landscape, optimization.

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