Розроблення та дослідження системи керування рухом причіпної плодозбиральної машини: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / І.В. Тимошок, Нац. аграр. ун-т

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Oeiioie ?ai? Aaneeueiae/

OAeE
631.358.634.1

?IC?IAEAIIss OA AeINE?AeAEAIIss NENOAIE EA?OAAIIss ?OOII I?E*?III?
IEIAeICAE?AEUeII? IAOEIE

05.20.01 — Iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? naae?aieoeoaa Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai??
aa?a?ieo iaoe.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe i?ioani? Aeaieaeei Ieoaeei
Iiaeyiiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
aenieoaoaoe?? iaoeiii-o?aeoi?iiai ia?eo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe i?ioani? Aa?aiooaei ?naae
Ai?eniae/, E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei;

aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
iaoe i?ioani? Aeooianueeee Aeaaeeneaa Noai?neaaiae/, Eooeueeee
aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo iaoai?caoe?? oa aeaeo?eo?eaoe??
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, a?aeae?e iaoai?ciaaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa iai/?a
oa ei?aiaaoeueaiieiae?a, OAAI, nio. Aeaaaoa Aaneeuee?anueeiai ?aeiio
Ee?anueei? iae.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «28» aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 266.004.06 o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie ,15,
iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: i. Ee?a — 41, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie,
11, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «27» aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ___________________ Aieothe Ae.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Naae?aieoeoai iaeaaeeoue aei iaea?eueo
o?oaeii?noeeo oa iaeiaio iaoai?ciaaieo aaeocae n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa. ?ic?aooiee c aeei?enoaiiyi oeiiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo ea?o
iieacothoue, ui iaa?oue i?e iaeneiaeueiiio aeei?enoaii? no/anii? nenoaie
iaoei ieoiia aaaa iaoai?ciaaieo ?ia?o o caaaeueieo cao?aoao i?aoe? ia
ae?iaieoeoai ca?iyoeiaeo ieiae?a ia ia?aaeuo? 30%.

Iaea?eueo o?oaeii?noeith iia?aoe??th a ieiaeiaiio naae?aieoeoa? ?
cae?aiiy a?iaeath. Ia ia? i?eiaaea? 40-60% on?o o?oaeiaeo?ao, a oiio
ianoa/a niaoe?aeueieo aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo iaoei aeey cai?o ieiae?a ?
ya?ae ? iaeiei ?c no?eioth/eo oaeoi??a iiaeaeueoiai ?inoo ae?iaieoeoaa.

?noioiei iaaeie?eii iayaii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? oaoi?ee ? iaaeineiiae?
nenoaie i???ioaoe?? oa ea?oaaiiy ?o ?ooii a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa
?yaeo. A ?acoeueoao? aeo?a/a?oueny iaaei??o /ano ia i?iaaaeaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo iaiaa?oaaiue aeey onoaiiaeaiiy iaoeie a?aeiinii noiaao?a
aea?aaa o aecia/aiiio iieiaeaii? (iaiao?aeia oiiaa aeey aeeiiaiiy
ianooiii? oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe?? — aenoiaiiy aeiaethth/i? iiaa?oi? oa
caoiieaiiy no?oooaa/ai noiaao?a aea?aaa), ui ?noioii cieaeo? ??
i?iaeoeoeai?noue, a iaaeinoaoiy oi/i?noue ?ooo i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ooeiaeaeaiue ye ?ineei, oae ? naii? iaoeie. A?aeoae ?ic?iaeaiiy
a?aeiia?aeii? nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ? aeooaeueiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith
i?iaeaiith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie ? a?aeiia?aei?noue ianii?oo
niaoe?aeueiino?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??
aeeiiaii a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?inoeoooo
naae?aieoeoaa Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe a 1987-1998 ?ieao
ca?aeii c iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith AeEIO (caaaeaiiy 01 ca ?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 81050100) eieeoiueiai N?N?, aea?aeaaiith i?ia?aiith
«I?iaeiaieuenoai-95» (i?iaeoe «Ieiaee ? yaiaee» oa «Nenoaia iaoei»),
aea?aeaaiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith «Ooiaeaiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy» oa iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith OAAI «Naae?aieoeoai».

?iaioa a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai ianii?oo niaoe?aeueiino? 05.20.01.-
«Iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa» (ioieoe 1, 2, 3,
6), caoaa?aeaeaiiai I?aceae??th AAE Oe?a?ie a?ae 14.10.1998 ?ieo
?18-08/7.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue ? i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa yeino? ?iaioe
i?e/?iii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? iaoeie (III) ca ?aooiie caaacia/aiiy
oi/i?oiai ?ooo oa onoaiiaeaiiy iaoeie a iaiao?aeiiio iieiaeaii?
a?aeiinii /a?aiaiai noiaao?a aea?aaa ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiy nenoai
ea?oaaiiy ?ooii oa eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy a?aeiinii noiaao??a ?icoaoiaaieo
a ?yaeo aea?aa.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue:

1) aea/eoe iniiai? ia?aiao?e naaeo ye ia’?eoa iaoai?caoe?? cae?aiiy
a?iaeath;

2) i?iaanoe aiae?c oa iaa?oiooaaoe aeiiae, yeei iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe
nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii;

3) ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? III ye ia’?eoa ea?oaaiiy oa aeine?aeeoe
iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?? ?ooo;

4) oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeeoe caeiiii??iino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii, iaa?oiooaaoe
?? iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e oa ?aaeeie ?iaioe;

5) aecia/eoe oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy nenoai
ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III. Aeaioiaeoe eaai?aoi?i? c?acee oa i?iaanoe
iaiao?aei? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee i?iaaaeaii c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaoiae?a iaoai?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa noaoenoe/ii? aeeiai?ee
e?i?eieo nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ea?oaaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a eaai?aoi?ii-iieueiaeo oa iieueiaeo oiiaao c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a o?ce/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy. Aeine?aeaeoaai?
ia?aiao?e ?a?no?oaaeenue ye a?coaeueii, oae ? c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeaeo?iiaoai?/ieo aeaaa/?a ia?ai?noo, i?e oeueiio aeei?enoiaoaaeeny
noaiaea?oi? oa niaoe?aeueii aeaioiaeai? i?eno?i?. Io?eiai? aeai?
ia?iaeyeenue iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee c aeei?enoaiiyi AII.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, oa i?iaiae?ciaaii
iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?ooo III i?e ea?oaaii? ?? iieiaeaiiyi oeyoii
iiai?ioo aeeoea, a oaeiae iiai?ioo aeeoea oa eie?n (i?e iayaiino?
nenoaie eooiai? noaa?e?caoe?? ?ooo).

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aaee/eie iaiao?aeiiai aeiino
eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith aeey ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III a?aeiinii noiaao??a
aea?aa ?yaeo a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo oa aeiaaeeie /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a
i?eno?ith aeey eiio?ieth ca iieiaeaiiyi III a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa o
iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieo.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a III oa nenoaie ea?oaaiiy
?ooii c o?aooaaiiyi ?? aeeiai?/ieo yeinoae.

?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoeai? noaie nenoaie eooiai? noaa?e?caoe?? ?ooo III oa
/ooeeaeo i?eno?i?a aeey ea?oaaiiy ?ooii oa eiio?ieth ca iieiaeaiiyi III
a?aeiinii noiaao?a aea?aaa a iiia?a/iiio oa iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieao.
Iiaecia oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie ia
aeiao?ae ?1570668 oa 1699363.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo
nenoai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ??
aeei?enoaiiy caaaeyee ca?eueoaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino? (a 1,2 ?ace) oa
ciaioaiith e?eueeino? aeiaaee?a iaoai?/ieo iioeiaeaeaiue noiaao??a
aea?aa (ia 10%).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue i?e ?ic?iaoe?
i?e/?iieo ieiaeicae?aeueieo oa ?ioeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei,
eiino?oeoe?? yeeo ia?aaeaa/athoue iayai?noue nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?o ?ooii.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeyo, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue oai? aeena?oaoe??, aeiey caeiaoaa/a neeaaea? a?ae 60
aei 70%.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoei aeeeaaeaii, iaaiai?aii ? noaaeaii ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii?
eaai?aoi??? iaoai?caoe?? oa ?iaeaia?iiai oeaio?o ?inoeoooo naae?aieoeoaa
OAAI (1999 ?.), eaoaae?aeueiiio nai?ia?? oaeoeueoaoo iaoai?caoe??
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1999
?.). Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
can?aeaiiyo iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eii?n?? oa a/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo
naae?aieoeoaa OAAI, a oaeiae ia 4 iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
(?inoeooo naae?aieoeoaa, n. Iiain?eee — 1988, 1989, 1993 oa 1997?.),
Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? ( ?inoeooo iaoai?caoe??, i.
Iae?oiiieue — 1989 ?.), /ioe?ueio iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oa ani??aio?a (ONAA, i. Ee?a —
1991 ?., IAO, i. Ee?a — 1993, 1994 oa 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 9 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. Iiaecia ?ic?iaie caoeuaia aeaiia aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie ia
aeiao?ae. Iniiai? c ieo iaaaaeaii a ia?ae?eo iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia 160
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 2 oaaeeoe? oa 52 ?enoiee.
Caaaeueiee ia’?i ?iaioe neeaaea? 200 noi??iie, aeeth/a? anooi, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiaee, nienie 87 aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, c ieo 12
?iicaiiith iiaith, oa 16 aeiaeaoe?a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe ? aeeeaaeaii iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeianaii ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? («Noai ieoaiiy oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue»)
i?iaiae?ciaaii eiino?oeoeai? iniaeeaino? ieiaeicae?aeueieo iaoei,
niiniae oa caniae ea?oaaiiy. Inoaii? caaacia/othoue aeeiiaiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe?? ia?anoaaiiy iaoeie a?ae iioi/iiai aea?aaa aei
/a?aiaiai a iaaeao iaaii? a?aenoai? a?ae ?o noiaao??a oa coieieo a
iaiao?aeiiio iieiaeaii? c iaoith iaaaaeaiiy ? caoiieaiiy noiaao?a
no?oooaa/ai. I?e oeueiio aeae?eaii ?o eiino?oeoeai? iniaeeaino?,
iiceoeai? oa iaaaoeai? noi?iie. ?icaeyiooi ? i?iaiae?ciaaii oa?aeoa?i?
iniaeeaino? naaeo ye ia’?eoa iaoai?caoe?? cae?aiiy a?iaeath.

A ?acoeueoao? aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeiei ?c ?noioieo iaaeie?e?a iayaii?
ieiaeicae?aeueii? oaoi?ee ? iaaeineiiae? nenoaie i???ioaoe?? oa
ea?oaaiiy ?ooii a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa ?yaeo. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iaaei??ieo ao?ao /ano ia i?iaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo iaiaa?oaaiue, ui
cia/ii cieaeo? i?iaeoeoeai?noue, a iaaeinoaoiy oi/i?noue ?ooo
i?ecaiaeeoue aei iioeiaeaeaiue ye ?ineei, oae ? naii? iaoeie. E??i oiai,
aeyaeaii ?nioaaiiy aeayeeo i?ioe??/ i?ae aa?ioaoi?/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie
uiaei aeiaeyaeo ca naaeii oa aa?iaeiiaaie aei iueiai i?e canoinoaaii?
iaoai?ciaaieo cania?a cae?aiiy a?iaeath. A ?acoeueoao? /a?ac
iaa?aeiia?aei?noue ?nioth/eo ianaaeaeaiue aa?iaeiiaai aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy iayaii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? oaoi?ee, ia iaeaaeiaii?
niaoe?aeueieie nenoaiaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii, cieaeo?oueny a aeae?eueea
?ac?a.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, iinoa? iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueieo
nenoai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii ieiaeicae?aeueieo iaoei, ye? a ni?eyee ?o
aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaiith.

Ia iniia? aiae?oe/iiai iaeyaeo a caeeth/i?e /anoei? ?icae?eo
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? («Aeine?aeaeaiiy naaeo ye ia’?eoa iaoai?caoe??
cae?aiiy a?iaeath») i?iaiae?ciaaii oiiae ?iaioe i?e/?iii?
ieiaeicae?aeueii? iaoeie. I?e oeueiio aecia/aeenue ia?aiao?e naaeo ye
ia’?eoa iaoai?ciaaiiai cae?aiiy a?iaeath, a naia: a?aeoeeaiiy noiaao??a
aea?aa ?yaeo a?aeiinii eiai inueiai? e?i?? a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo oa
?iciiae?e eoo?a aa/aiiy iia?aoi?ii ae?eyiee noiaao?a aenioith 0,40 i, a
oaeiae oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? ?ooo o?aeoi?a ii i?ae?yaeaeth naaeo.

A ?acoeueoao? aoei c’yniaaii, ui ia?aaaaeia e?euee?noue noiaao??a aea?aa
?yaeo c ?iia??i?noth 0,90 ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao nioae oe?eiith (0,15 i
a?aeiinii eiai inueiai? e?i??, a iaeneiaeuei? a?aeoeeaiiy (?iia??i?noue
0,99) iiaeooue aeinyaaoe aaee/eie ( 0,18 i.

Ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue oiai, ui aeaa non?aei?o noiaao?e iathoue
iaeiaeia? cia/aiiy a?aeoeeaiue a?aeiinii inueiai? e?i?? ?yaeo neeaaea?
0,54, a e?euee?noue noiaao??a aea?aa, iieiaeaiiy yeeo ciaoiaeeoueny a
aeinoaoi?e ei?aeyoe?ei?e caeaaeiino?, ia ia?aaeuo? i’yoe, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i iecueeo ei?aeyoe?eio caeaaei?noue.

Io?eiaia ooieoe?y niaeo?aeueii? u?eueiino? na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue o
a??ia?aei?niiio i?ioean? ?icoaooaaiiy noiaao??a aea?aa oe?ieiai niaeo?o
eieeaaiue.

A?eueo?noue cia/aiue aca?iieo a?aeoeeaiue o iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo
noiaao??a noi?aeieo aea?aa c ?iia??i?noth 0,90 eaaeeoue o i?ii?aeeo a?ae
0 aei 0,18 i, a iaeneiaeuei? a?aeoeeaiiy (?iia??i?noue 0,99) iiaeooue
aeinyaaoe 0,25 i.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ii c’ynoaaiith iiaeeeaino?
a?coaeueiiai niiniao eiio?ieth ca iieiaeaiiyi III na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui
eoo aa/aiiy ae?eyiee noiaao?a aenioith 0,40 i iaae iiaa?oiath a?oioo c
?iia??i?noth 0,68 ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao naeoi?a a?ae 6 aei 200 aei
ai?eciioo, a i?e ?iia??iino? 0,16 a?eee ?icoaoiaai? ieae/a ? c o??th ae
?iia??i?noth aeua aeacaiiai naeoi?a. Iia?aoi?, noiy/e ia iiaa?oi?
a?oioo, aa/eoue aeacaio ae?eyieo noiaao?a i?ae eooii 18-200. A oaeeo
oiiaao noiaao? aoaea /anoeiai aai iiai?noth cae?eoei, a, cia/eoue, ?
ea?oaaiiy ?ooii cae/aeiei niiniaii aoaea cia/ii oneeaaeiaii.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyi oa?aeoa?o ?ooo o?aeoi?a i?e eiai ia?a?cae? ia
a?aenoaiue, yea ca ?ici??ii aei??aith? na?aaeiueiio cia/aiith a?aenoai?
i?ae noi?aeieie aea?aaaie (4,00 i), c’yniaaii, ui aaee/eia iiaeeeaiai
iaeneiaeueiiai iiia?a/iiai a?aeoeeaiiy in? i?e/?iii? neiae a?aeiinii
inueiai? e?i?? ?yaeo aea?aa c ?iia??i?noth 0,99 iiaea aeinyaaoe 0,26 i,
a eooia? a?aeoeeaiiy eiai inueiai? e?i?? eaaeaoue o i?ii?aeeo a?ae 0 aei
1,4 a?aaeona. Eooiaa noae?noue ?ooo o?aeoi?a noaea i?aenoaaith aeey
i?eiouaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaoe eiai ?aio ye aaciaee aeaiaio
aeey eooiai? noaa?e?caoe?? ?ooo III.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? («Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy noaie oa iioeiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III») ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co
?acoeueoao?a iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue noi?ioeueiaaii aeiiae aei nenoai
ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao eiino?oeoeaieo
ia?aiao??a iaoeie oa nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii ia oa?aeoa? ?ooo III c
ea?iaaiei aeeoeii, a oaeiae c ea?iaaiei aeeoeii oa eieanaie. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aaee/eie aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith, iaoiaeeeo
iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a III oa nenoaie ea?oaaiiy iath c a?aooaaiiyi ??
aeeiai?/ieo yeinoae.

Aeey io?eiaiiy aeo?aeiiai ??aiyiiy ?ooo III c ea?iaaiei aeeoeii aoei
?icaeyiooi ni?iuaio noaio iaoeie o aeaeyae? iaeiia?niiai a?cea.
A?aoiaoth/e iaeo oaeaee?noue ?ooo aa?aaaoo ? iacia/i? eooia? a?aeoeeaiiy
iaoeie a?ae iai?yieo ?ooo, aaaaeaee, ui aaeoi?e oaeaeeino? oeaio??a
eie?n ia?iaiaeeeoey?i? in? iaa?oaiiy. ?icaeyioaoe ieineiia?aeaeueiee ?oo
a?cea, noi?ioethaaee ae?ac (1), yeee aeicaiey? aecia/aoe iieiaeaiiy
a?cea a aoaeue-yeee iiiaio ?ooo, ciath/e eiai ii/aoeiaa iieiaeaiiy ((0)
oa oeyo (S), i?ieaeaiee oi/eith i?e/aio.

( = 2 arctg [ tg ((0 / 2 ) e
-S/l ], (1)

aea ( — eoo i?ae inueiaith e?i??th a?cea oa iai?yieii ?ooo
eiai oi/ee i?e/aio; l — a?aenoaiue a?ae oi/ee i?e/aio aei in? eie?n.

Uia aeeeth/eoe iiaeeea?noue ia?caeo iaoeie ia noiaao? aea?aaa, aoei
aecia/aii iaiao?aeia cia/aiiy aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith (u, yea
aecia/a?oueny aeiaaeeiith a?ae??ceo ia?iaiaeeeoey?a, iiouaiiai c
iieiceiaiai /ooeeaiai aeaiaioa 1 eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith ia aa?oeeaeueio
ieiueio, ui i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac aieiaee ia?en aeiaethth/i? iiaa?oi? iaoeie
5 (?en. 1) a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?? eiino?oeoeaieo iniaeeainoae oa
oa?aeoa?enoee naaeo. C oe??th iaoith ?oo III aoei ?icae?eaii ia
aeae?eueea aoai?a (?en.2). Ii/eia?oueny a?i c aeo?aeiiai iieiaeaiiy
(?en.2a) ? o?eaa? iiee ia?aaeiy /anoeia iaoeie (oi/ea A) ia
ii??aiy?oueny c oiiaiei noiaao?ii /a?aiaiai aea?aaa (oi/ea G2) (?en.2a).
Ae?oaee aoai ii/eia?oueny i?ney ci?uaiiy nenoaiith ea?oaaiiy
ia?aaeiuei? /anoeie iaoeie aei ca?ao oi/ee A c oiiaiei noiaao?ii aea?aaa
(?en. 2a).

?en. 1. Noaia eii?th- th/iai i?eno?ith: 1,2 — a?aeiia?aeii iieiceiaee oa
ooaiaiaee /ooeea? aeaiaioe; 3 — iaoai?ci o?enoaaiiy /ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a o
aeo?aeiiio iieiaeaii?; 4 — aeaaa/ iieiaeaiiy iieiceiaiai /ooeeaiai
aeaiaioa; 5 — aeiaethth/a iiaa?oiy; 6 — noiaao?

a — ciia iiaeeeaiai ?ici?uaiiy noiaao??a aea?aa

Iaiao?aeio aaee/eio aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith ciaeaeaii c ae?ac?a:

(u = ( — ymin
(2)

aea ( — e?i?eia aaee/eia, iaiao?aeia aeey caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeii?
caoenii? ciie i?ae iaoeiith oa noiaao?ii aea?aaa (( = 0,05…0,10 i);

ymin — cia/aiiy iiaeeeai? i?i?iaeueii? a?aenoai? a?ae oiiaiiai noiaao?a
aea?aaa aei ia?eno aeiaethth/i? iiaa?oi? iaoeie a i?ioean? ?? ?ooo ia
a?ae??ceo oeyoo 0 ( S ( 2b.

ymin = yB + (d — S) Sin (,
(3)

aea yB = l tg( + Sin (0 (S + a — b — c — d) — c — Sin (( — (2) + (g,

aea ( = 2 arctg (tg (2/2 e-S/ l2)

?en. 2. Noaia ci?ie iieiaeaiiy III ia ??cieo aoaiao ?? ?ooo

C iaaaaeaieo a?ao?e?a aeaeii, ui aaee/eia aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith
?noioii caeaaeeoue a?ae a?aenoai? i?ae inyie oa?i??a iiai?ioo aeeoea
(oi/ea A) oa eie?n ? a iaio?e i??? — a?ae ?ioeo ia?aiao??a (?en. 3).

Aeey aea?aieo aaciaeo ia?aiao??a (d = 4,00 i, b = 3,00 i, a = 5,00 i,
(g = -0,20 i, a (0 = -3,40 ) cia/aiiy aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith
iiaeiii aooe a iaaeao a?ae 0,18 aei 0,20 i.

Aeoiaey/e c i?eeiyoi? ?iai/i? a?iioace i?i iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
nenoaiith eooiai? noaa?e?caoe?? ?aie o?aeoi?a ye aaciaee aeaiaio, ?oo
III aeine?aeaeoaaee o aeiaaeeo, eiee iiai?io iii?ieo eie?n
a?aeaoaa?oueny neio?iiii c iiai?ioii aeeoea ia eoo (. Inoaii?e caaaeaee
i?iii?oe?eiee eooo ( i?ae inueiaith e?i??th iaoeie oa iai?yieii ?ooo
o?aeoi?a (( = n().

A ?acoeueoao? aoei noi?ioeueiaaii ae?ac:

S cos n( d(

— ( = ( (((((( ,
(4)

l sin [( n + 1) ( ]

yeee o caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? aeaiaioa?ieie ooieoe?yie ia
ae?aaea?oueny. Aoei ?icaeyiooi ie?ai? aeiaaeee i?e n = 0, 0,5, 1 ? 2.

A ?acoeueoao? c’yniaaii, ui c i?aeaeuaiiyi ia?aaeaoeiaiai eiao?oe??ioa n
?ioaineai?noue ciaioaiiy cia/aiue eooa ( c?inoa?. Io?eiaiee iaoa??ae
aea? oyaeaiiy i?i aeeiai?eo ci?ie iieiaeaiiy III a eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio
aeiaaeeo.

?en.3. Caeaaei?noue cia/aiiy aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith ((u) a?ae
a?aenoaiae i?ae oa?i??ii iiai?ioo aeeoea oa a?nnth eie?n — d (1), i?ae
oa?i??ii iiai?ioo aeeoea oa na?aaeeiith caoaaoa no?oooaa/a — b (2), i?ae
noi?aeieie aea?aaaie — a (3)

Iaoiaeeeo iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a III oa ?? nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii
?ic?iaeyee c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a noaoenoe/ii? aeeiai?ee e?i?eieo
nenoai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ea?oaaiiy. I?e oeueiio aeine?aeaeoaaee
aeenia?n?th aeo?aeiiai ia?aiao?a Dy, yea oa?aeoa?eco? ?icn?thaaiiy aai
a?aeoeeaiiy aeo?aeiiai ia?aiao?a a?aeiinii iaoaiaoe/iiai i/?eoaaiiy
o?a?eoi??? i???ioaoe??, a, ioaea, aea? ioe?ieo iioeaee eii?thaaiiy ?yaeo
ieiaeiaeo aea?aa.

A?aeiii, ui (

Dy = 2 ( Sy(() d(,
(5)

(

aea Sy(() = (O(i()(2 Sx(() — niaeo?aeueia u?euei?noue aeo?aeiiai
ia?aiao?a,

aea O(i() = W(i() / [1 + W(i()] — /anoioia oa?aeoa?enoeea nenoaie,

aea W(i() — ia?aaeaoeiaa ooieoe?y nenoaie,

So(() — niaeo?aeueia u?euei?noue ao?aeiiai ia?aiao?a.

C iaaaaeaieo ae?ac?a aeaeii, ui iioeaea eii?thaaiiy o?a?eoi???
i???ioaoe?? caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaio aaee/ei: u?eueiino? ao?aeiiai
ia?aiao?a oa iiaeoey /anoioii? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Ia?oo c ieo aecia/athoue
oaeaee?noue ?ooo oa oiiae ?iaioe, a ae?oaa caeaaeeoue a?ae i?eioeeiiai?
noaie oa ia?aaeaoeiaeo ooieoe?e ie?aieo eaiie, a, ioaea, a?ae ia?aiao??a
oa ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aa?aaaoo.

?icaeyiooi aeaa niiniae ea?oaaiiy ?ooii: ca aeiiiiiaith iiai?ioo aeeoea
aai iiai?ioo aeeoea c iaeii/aniei iiai?ioii iii?ieo eie?n. Aeey
aecia/aiiy ia?aaeaoeiaeo ooieoe?e nenoai ea?oaaiiy aoei iiaoaeiaaii ?o
no?oeoo?i? noaie oa aecia/aii ia?aaeaoeia? ooieoe?? ?o ie?aieo eaiie.

No?oeoo?i? noaie nenoai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii iaoeie i?aaenoaaeaii ia
?en. 4, a ?o ia?aaeaoeia? ooieoe?? ?ic?ieiooeo nenoai (W(S)) iathoue
aeaeyae:

W(S)1 = W1(S) W2(S) W31(S) W41(S) W5(S) W6(S) ;
(6)

W(S)2 = W1(S) W2(S) [W31(S) W41(S) W5(S) W6(S) +
(7)

+ W32(S) W42(S) W7(S) W8(S)] .

?en. 4. No?oeoo?i? noaie nenoai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III: a — ca aeiiiiiaith
iiai?ioo aeeoea; a — ca aeiiiiiaith iiai?ioo aeeoea c iaeii/aniei
iiai?ioii eie?n: 1- oiiaia ao?aeia eaiea; 2 — /ooeeaee aeaiaio; 3 —
aeaeo?ia?ae?iia?aoai?thaa/; 4, 5 — a?ae?ioeee?iae?e iiai?ioo
a?aeiia?aeii aeeoea oa eie?n; 6 — aeeoei; 7 — eieana; 8, 9 — ia’?eoe
ea?oaaiiy (eoo iiai?ioo in? III a?aeiinii inueiai? e?i?? ?yaeo aea?aa oa
a?aenoaiue i?ae caaeaiith ia iaoei? oi/eith ? o?a?eoi???th i???ioaoe??)

I?aenoaaeaoe a (5) iaiao?aei? cia/aiiy oa aeeiiaaoe iaoaiaoe/i?
ia?aoai?aiiy c aeaiaioaie iia?aoe?eiiai ia/eneaiiy, io?eiaee ae?ace
aeenia?n?e aeo?aeieo ia?aiao??a. I?e ea?oaaii? ?ooii iaoeie ca
aeiiiiiaith iiai?ioo aeeoea :

2Dx ( k2(k-T1T2(2)2 + k2T12(2 (1- T22(2)2 ( d(

Dy = (( ( ((((((((((((((( (((( . (10)

( ( [(k — T1T3(2)2 + T12(2 (1 — T22(2)2]2
((2 + (2)

aea Dx — cia/aiiy aeenia?n?? ao?aeiiai ia?aiao?a; k — ia?aaeaoeiaee
eiao?oe??io; T1, O2, O3, — noae? /ano; ( — noaea.

Io?eiai? ae?ace aeine?aeaeoaaeenue iaoiaeaie /eneiaiai ?ioaa?oaaiiy. Ca
iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e i?eeiaee o?, ui caaacia/othoue i?i?iaeuei?
cia/aiiy aeenia?n?? aaee/eie a?aeoeeaiiy iaoeie a?ae o?a?eoi???
i???ioaoe??. A ca’yceo c oei, ui ?yae ia?aiao??a i?eeiaee iaaeeaeaia
cia/aiiy, aecia/aeinue a?aeiinia cia/aiiy aeenia?n??.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co c’ynoaaeinue, ui ?noioiee aieea ia aeeiai?/i?
yeino? iaoeie, a, ioaea, ? ia oi/i?noue o?a?eoi??? i???ioaoe??
ni?aaeythoue oae? ia?aiao?e, ye ciia ia/ooeeaino? /ooeeaiai aeaiaioa
eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith (h0 (ciia, a iaaeao yei? /ooeeaee aeaiaio
ciaoiaeeoueny a iaeo?aeueiiio iieiaeaii?) (aeea. ?en. 1), oaeaee?noue
ci?ie iieiaeaiiy a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo ia?aaeiuei? /anoeie iaoeie
(oi/ee A, ?en. 2) Vi a ?acoeueoao? ni?aoethaaiiy aeeiiaa/i? nenoaie
(ocaaaeueiaiee ia?aiao?) oa ia?aaeaoeiaa a?aeiioaiiy iaoai?cio iiai?ioo
eie?n (n).

An? caeaaeiino? iathoue /?oei ae?aaeaio i?i?iaeueio ciio (?en.5). I?ney
ia?aoiaeo /a?ac a?aieoeth ii/aoeo aaoieieeaaiue (i?e (h0 < 0,020 i oa i?e Vi > 0,25 i/n ), ui icia/a? ao?aoo aeeiai?/ii? no?eeino?,
cia/aiiy aeenia?n?? ??cei c?inoa?. A naith /a?ao ca?eueoaiiy ia?aiao?a
(h0 ((h0 > 0,40 i) oa ciaioaiiy Vi (Vi < 0,10 i/n ) i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy oi/iino? ?iaioe nenoaie ea?oaaiiy - cia/aiiy aeenia?n?? oaeiae c?inoathoue. ?en. 5. Caeaaei?noue oa?aeoa?enoeee oi/iino? eii?thaaiiy oi/eith N (na?aaeeia caoaaoo no?oooaa/a) o?a?eoi??? i???ioaoe?? a?ae ciie ia/ooeeaino? /ooeeaiai aeaiaioa - (h0 ? oaeaeeino? ci?ie iieiaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? /anoeie iaoeie - Vi i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo ia?aaeaoeiaiai eiao?oe??ioa iaoai?cio iiai?ioo eie?n - n I?e ca?eueoaii? ia?aaeaoeiaiai a?aeiioaiiy iaoai?cio a?ae 0 aei 2 oi/i?noue eii?thaaiiy o?a?eoi??? i???ioaoe?? c?inoa?, aea oaii c?inoaiiy aiia?eueith?oueny. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey ?icaeyiooeo ia?aiao??a iioeiaeueieie ? oae? ae?aiaciie ?o cia/aiue: (h0 = 0,025...0,035 i, Vi = 0,10...0,20 i/n, n = 1,5...2,0. A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? («Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy») iaaaaeaii i?ia?aio, iaoiaeeeo oa ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aiie aeeiiai? c iaoith aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a nenoai ea?oaaiiy, ooi/iaiiy ?yaeo iieiaeaiue, io?eiaieo a ?acoeueoao? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, oa anoaiiaeaiiy aaeaeaaoiino? ?ic?iaeaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ?ooo. I?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiue aeeth/aea: - aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai cia/aiiy a?aenoai? iiaeeeaiai eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy iaoeie a?aeiinii noiaao?a aea?aaa a iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieo (a?aenoaiue, yeo i?ioiaeeoue iaoeia a oeueiio iai?yieo a?ae ii/aoeo aei cae?i/aiiy aca?iiae?? /ooeeaiai i?eno?ith c? noiaao?ii aea?aaa), yea ? iniiaiei ia?aiao?ii a?aeiia?aeiiai /ooeeaiai i?eno?ith; - anoaiiaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue oaeaeeino? ci?ie iieiaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? /anoeie iaoeie a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo (Vi) , oa aaee/eie ciie ia/ooeeaino? eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith ((h0); - aecia/aiiy e?iaiaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee III, iaeaaeiaii? ??cieie nenoaiaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii. E?eoa???i ioe?iee oi/iino? coieiee aoea i?i?iaeueia aaee/eia ?iia??iiai a?aeoeeaiiy iaaii? oi/ee iaoeie (oiiaiiai oeaio?o no?oooaa/a) a?aeiinii inueiai? e?i?? noiaao?a aea?aaa a iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieo. Ci?iieie ia?aiao?aie aoee: niin?a ea?oaaiiy, oaeaee?noue ?ooo oa a?aenoaiue iiaeeeaiai eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy iaoeie - a (?en. 6). ?en. 6. Noaia aenia?eiaioaeueiiai c?acea /ooeeaiai i?eno?ith: 1 - ooaiaiaee uoi; 2 - aeaeo?iiaoai?/iee aeaaa/ ia?a- i?uaiiy; 3 - caoenea/? no?oooaa/a; 4 - ?aia; 5 - noiaao?; a - a?aenoaiue iiaeeeaiai eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy iaoeie A ?acoeueoao? c’ynoaaeinue, ui iaeiaioa oi/i?noue coieiee niinoa??aa?oueny i?e a?coaeueiiio niinia? ea?oaaiiy (?en.7). I?e aeei?enoaii? /ooeeaiai i?eno?ith oi/i?noue coieiee c?inoa? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?aenoai? iiaeeeaiai eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy iaoeie, iaeiae oaii ?inoo aeaiiai iieacieea ciaioo?oueny ?, ii/eiath/e c aaee/eie 0,7 i, oi/i?noue coieiee ?noioii ia iie?ioo?oueny. Aeoiaey/e c oi/ee ci?o eiino?oeoeaii?, oaoiieia?/ii? oa ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeioe?eueiino?, ne?ae aeciaoe ca aeinoaoith aeiaaeeio a?ae??ceo oeyoo iiaeeeaiai eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy iaoeie a 0,7 i. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III a?aeiinii noiaao?a aea?aaa a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe, ui i?e oaeaeeino? ci?ie iieiaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? /anoeie iaoeie aei 0,20 i/n i?ioean i?io?ea? noaa?eueii, aaoieieeaaiiy ia niinoa??aathoueny. C ?inoii oaeaeeino? ni?aoethaaiiy aeeiiaa/iai iaoai?cio oa ?c ciaioaiiyi ciie ia/ooeeaino? c?inoa? ? noeeuei?noue nenoaie aei aaoieieeaaiue (oaae.1). Aeoiaey/e c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iioeiaeueieie ne?ae aaaaeaoe cia/aiiy (h0 = 0,025...0,035 i, Vi = 0,15...0,20 i/n. ?en. 7. Aieea oaeaeeino? ?ooo (V) ia eiia??i? ( ? = 0,99) a?aeoeeaiiy (L) i?noey coieiee III a?aeiinii noiaao?a aea?aaa a iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieo i?e ??cieo niiniaao ea?oaaiiy: 1 - a?coaeueii; 2, 3 oa 4 - i?e aeei?enoaii? i?eno?ith eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy iaoeie a?aeiinii noiaao?a aea?aaa ia a?ae??ceo oeyoo a?aeiia?aeii 0,4, 0,7 oa 1,0 i. Oaaeeoey 1. Aieea ia?aiao??a nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii iaoeie ia a?aenooi?noue (+) oa iayai?noue (-) iciae eieeaiiai i?ioeano Aaee/eia ciie ia/ooeeaino? ((h0), i Iai?yiie ci?uaiiy Oaeaee?noue ci?uaiiy ia?aaeiuei? /anoeie iaoeie (Vi), i/n 0,10 0,20 0,30 0,40 0,02 a?ae aea?aaa + + - - aei aea?aaa + - - - 0,03 a?ae aea?aaa + + + - aei aea?aaa + + - - 0,04 a?ae aea?aaa + + + + aei aea?aaa + + + - Aeine?aeaeaiiy e?iaiaoeee ?ooo III i?e ??cieo niiniaao ea?oaaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue c aeei?enoaiiyi aenia?eiaioaeueiiai onoaoeiaaiiy, yea aoei iiaeaeeth III a iaoo?aeueio aaee/eio (?en. 8). Aaeaeaaoi?noue iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ?ooo III aecia/aeanue ca aeiiiiiaith ii??aiyiiy aaniethoieo cia/aiue ??cieoeue i?ae oai?aoe/ieie oa aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie c na?aaei?i cia/aiiyi ii/aoeiaiai iieiaeaiiy iaoeie a?aeiinii aaciai? i?yii? i?ney ni?aoethaaiiy aeeiiaa/iai iaoai?cio. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy oaeiai ii??aiyiiy noaiiaeoue 4,5% (a aaniethoiiio ae?aaeaii? 0,017 i), iaeneiaeueia - 12,7% (a aaniethoiiio ae?aaeaii? 0,047 i). Oaeei /eiii, io?eiai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ?ooo III c ??cieie niiniaaie ea?oaaiiy iiaeia aaaaeaoe aaeaeaaoieie ? i?eeiyoieie aeey aeei?enoaiiy a iaiao?aeieo ?ic?aooieao. ?en. 8. Noaia aenia?eiaioaeueiiai onoaoeiaaiiy: 1,2,3 - /ooeea? aeaiaioe i?eno?ith aeey aecia/aiiy iieiaeaiiy onoaoeiaeie a?aeiinii aaciai? i?yii?; 4 - /ooeeaee i?eno??e nenoaie eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy onoaoeiaeie a?aeiinii noiaao?a aea?aaa a iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieo; 5 - eii?thth/ee i?eno??e nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii onoaoeiaeie a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo; 6 - aeeoei; 7 - oa?i??-i?eno??e (?aaoethaa/ ia?aaeaoeiaiai a?aeiioaiiy iaoai?cio iiai?ioo eie?n); 8 - eiiiainoth/ee (caiia?aeiee) i?oaeiee aeaiaio; 9 - ceo/iee (?aaoethaa/ aeo?aeiiai iieiaeaiiy eie?n); 10 - a?ae?i?iciiae?eueiee; 11 - ioeueo ea?oaaiiy; 12 - i?e/?iiee i?eno??e; 13 - ?a?no?oth/a iaeaaeiaiiy. O i’yoiio ?icae?e? («Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue o ae?iaieoeoa?, ?o oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue») iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee oa ioe?iee oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaoiiai c?acea ieiaeicae?aeueiiai eiiaaeio IIE-2 a ainiiaea?noaao Ee?anueei? oa Oa?e?anueei? iaeanoae. Aei?iaoaaiiy iieacaee, ui nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii i?aoeththoue noaa?eueii a ae?aiacii? oaeaeeinoae a?ae 0 aei 0,7 i/n. Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii o ii??aiyii? c? cae/aeiei a?coaeueiei iaoiaeii ea?oaaiiy aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue ?ooo oa onoaiiaeaiiy iaoeie a iaiao?aeiiio iieiaeaii? a?aeiinii eiaeiiai c noiaao??a aea?aa ?yaeo a iiacaeiaaeiueiio oa iiia?a/iiio iai?yieao a?aeiia?aeii a 3,0 oa a 2,2, a iieaciee iaia?aeaeueiino? (eoo i?ae inueiaeie e?i?yie iaoeie oa ?yaeo aea?aa) i?e oeueiio ciaioo?oueny a 1,2 ?ace. A aaniethoiiio ae?aaeaii? cia/aiiy iiaeeeaiai a?aeoeeaiiy iieiaeaiiy iaoeie a?ae caaeaiiai c ?iia??i?noth 0,95 ia iiaeii? ia?aaeuoaaoe cia/aiue a?aeiia?aeii (7,4(10-2 i, (6,0(10-2 i oa (1,70 i?e canoinoaaii? nenoai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii. I?e cae/aeiiio niinia? ea?oaaiiy o? ae iieacieee iathoue cia/aiiy (22,0 (10-2 i, (13,0(10-2 i oa (2,10. ?ic?iaeai? nenoaie ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ea?oaaiiy aeicaieythoue nei?ioeoe aeo?aoe /ano ia aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?? i?ae’?caeo oa anoaiiaeaiiy III a caaeaiiio iieiaeaii? a?aeiinii /a?aiaiai noiaao?a aea?aaa a 1,7 ?ace, ui iaoiiaeth? i?aeaeuaiiy caaaeueii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaoeie a 1,2 ?ace. Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo nenoai ea?oaaiiy aeicaiey? nei?ioeoe aeiaaeee iioeiaeaeaiiy noiaao??a aea?aa ia 90 ? ciaioeoe ao?aoe ieiae?a /a?ac iaaeinoaoith u?euei?noue noeeoaaiiy aeaio naeoe?e ia 0,3%. ?ic?aooieiaee ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ia iaeio iaoeio neeaaea? 2200 a?i. (noiniaii oe?i 1998 ?.) AENIIAEE 1. Iaei??th c i?e/ei iia?eueiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaeiaiai naae?aieoeoaa ? aaeeea o?oaeii?noe?noue i?ioeano cae?aiiy ieiae?a. Noai?ai? ieiaeicae?aeuei? iaoeie ia ciaeoee oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoa? /a?ac iaaeinoaoiuei aenieo ?o i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa ye?noue ?iaioe. Oaeee noai iiynith?oueny, cie?aia, a?aenooi?noth a ieiaeicae?aeueieo iaoeiao aoaeoeaii? nenoaie ea?oaaiiy, yea a caaacia/oaaea ?i iaiao?aeio oi/i?noue ?ooo. 2. A ?acoeueoao? aea/aiiy oiia ?iaioe ieiaeicae?aeueii? iaoeie anoaiiaeaii: - a ia??iae cae?aiiy ieiae?a a?eee cae?eaathoue noiaao? aea?aaa, ui iaoiiaeth? iaiiaeeea?noue a?coaeueiiai ea?oaaiiy ?? ?ooii; - a?aeoeeaiiy noiaao??a aea?aa a?aeiinii inueiai? e?i?? ?yaeo aeinyaathoue ( 0.18, a aca?iia a?aeoeeaiiy noiaao??a noi?aeieo aea?aa o iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo nyaa? 0,25 i; - i?e ia?a?cae? o?aeoi?a (iaoeie) ia a?aenoaiue, yea ca aaee/eiith aei??aith? a?aenoai? i?ae noi?aeieie aea?aaaie (4 i), e?i?ei? a?aeoeeaiiy eiai oi/ee i?e/aio a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo aeinyaathoue 0,26 i, a eooiaa a?aeoeeaiiy in? o?aeoi?a a?aeiinii in? ?yaeo i?e oeueiio ia ia?aaeuo? 1,40; Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co io?eiaieo aeaieo anoaiiaeaii, ui aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iiaeeeaa i?e ea?oaaii? iieiaeaiiyi III a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa ?yaeo a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo a aaoiiaoeciaaiiio ?aaeei? ca aeiiiiiaith iiai?ioo aeeoea aai iiai?ioii aeeoea c iaeii/aniei iiai?ioii eie?n (i?e aeei?enoaii? nenoaie eooiai? noaa?e?caoe?? ?ooo). Ea?oaaiiy iieiaeaiiyi iaoeie a iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieo aeeiio?oueny o?aeoi?enoii i?e caaacia/aii? iiaeeeaino? eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy inoaiiuei? a?aeiinii noiaao?a aea?aaa ia iaai?e ae?eyioe? oeyoo ?? ?ooo. 3. A ?acoeueoao? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue noi?ioeueiaaii iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ?ooo iaoeie i?e ea?oaaii? ?? iieiaeaiiyi a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa ?yaeo ye ca aeiiiiiaith iiai?ioo aeeoea, oae ? eiia?iiaaii - iiai?ioii aeeoea c iaeii/aniei iiai?ioii eie?n. ?o aiae?c iieacaa, ui iniiaiee ia?aiao?, yeee caaacia/o? aacia/iee ?oo iaoeie - aaee/eia aeiino eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith ((u), caeaaeeoue a?ae eiino?oeoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaoeie (a?aenoaiae a?ae in? oa?i??a aeeoea aei in? eie?n oa a?ae in? oa?i??a aeeoea aei na?aaeeie no?oooaa/a) ? oa?aeoa?enoee naaeo (a?aenoai? i?ae noiaao?aie noi?aeieo aea?aa oa ?o iaeneiaeueiiai aca?iiiai a?aeoeeaiiy a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo). Aeey na?aaei?o cia/aiue oa?aeoa?enoee iaoeie oa naaeo aeaiee ia?aiao? iiaeiai ciaoiaeeoenue o iaaeao a?ae 0,18 aei 0,20 i. 4. Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ?iaioe nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii iaoeie a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa ?yaeo iieacaa, ui ?? iaiao?aeia ye?noue (oi/i?noue eii?thaaiiy o?a?eoi??? i???ioaoe??) caaacia/o?oueny i?e oaeeo cia/aiiyo iniiaieo ia?aiao??a: - ciia ia/ooeeaino? eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith (ciia, a iaaeao yei? /ooeeaee aeaiaio i?eno?ith ciaoiaeeoueny a iaeo?aeueiiio iieiaeaii?) - (h0 = 0,025...0,035 i; - oaeaee?noue ci?ie iieiaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? /anoeie iaoeie a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo a ?acoeueoao? ni?aoethaaiiy aeeiiaa/iai iaoai?cio - Vi = 0,10...0,20 i/n; - eiao?oe??io ia?aaea/? iaoai?cio iiai?ioo eie?n (i?e aeei?enoaii? nenoaie eooiai? noaa?e?caoe??) - n = 1,5...2,0. 5. Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii: - ia ye?noue ?iaioe i?eno?ith eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy iaoeie a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa o iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieo ?noioii aieeaa? ia oaeee ia?aiao?, ye aeiaaeeia a?ae??cea oeyoo iiaeeeaiai eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy iaoeie. Eiai iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy noaiiaeoue 0,70 i; - iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii: ciie ia/ooeeaino? eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith ((h0 = 0,025...0,035 i), oaeaeeino? ci?ie iieiaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? /anoeie iaoeie (Vi = 0,15...0,20 i/n) ca?aathoueny ? aeaui ooi/iththoue aiaeia?/i? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a, ciaeaeaieo aiae?oe/ii; - i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aaeaeaaoi?noue iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ?ooo III. 6. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii III a oaeiae iaiao?aei? aeey ?o ?iaioe /ooeea? i?eno?i?. Aeaioiaeaii oa aei?iaoaaii o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao iaeaoi? c?acee nenoai ea?oaaiiy i?aoeththoue noaa?eueii a ae?aiacii? oaeaeeinoae a?ae 0 aei 0,7 i/n. A ii??aiyii? c? cae/aeiei iaoiaeii ea?oaaiiy oi/i?noue ?ooo oa onoaiiaeaiiy iaoeie a iaiao?aeiiio iieiaeaii? a?aeiinii eiaeiiai c noiaao??a aea?aa ?yaeo c?inoa? a iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieo a 3,0, a a iiia?a/iiio a 2.2 ?ace. Aiaeii/an iaia?aeaeuei?noue (eoo i?ae inueiaeie e?i?yie iaoeie oa ?yaeo aea?aa) ciaioo?oueny a 1,2 ?ace. 7. Canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo nenoai ea?oaaiiy ?ooii caaacia/o? ca?eueoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaoeie a 1,2 ?ace oa i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ?? ?iaioe ca ?aooiie nei?i/aiiy aeiaaee?a iaoai?/ieo iioeiaeaeaiue noiaao??a aea?aa ia 10%. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe Noaoo? a iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo 1. O?eoaa N.A., Oeiioie ?.A., Aaa?e A.I., Iaaeaiei A.A. Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy ye?nieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaoeie aeey cae?aiiy yaeoe // Naae?aieoeoai. I?aea?aeii/ee oaiaoe/iee iaoeiaee ca??iee. E.: Aa?a?ia iaoea. 1998.- Aei. 46.- N. 207- 209. (Iniaenoee aianie - ?ic?iaeaiiy nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii). 2. Aeaieaeei I.I., Oeiioie ?.A. Eii?thth/ee i?eno??e aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii i?e/?iii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? iaoeie a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa ?yaeo a iiia?a/iiio iai?yieo // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. «Iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa». Oii 4.- Ee?a: IAO.- 1988.- N. 100- 102. (Iniaenoee aianie - ?ic?iaeaiiy eiino?oeoe??). 3. Oeiioie ?.A. Iaa?oiooaaiiy i?noey anoaiiaeaiiy eii?thth/iai i?eno?ith aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie ea?oaaiiy i?e/?iiith ieiaeicae?aeueiith iaoeiith // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. «Iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa». Oii 4.- Ee?a: IAO.- 1988.- N. 322- 325. 4. Aeaieaeei I.I., Oeiioie ?.A. Oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ooo i?e/?iii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? iaoeie c ea?iaaiei aeeoeii oa eieanaie // Iaoeiaee a?niee Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Aei.- 4.- Ee?a: IAO.- 1998.- N.- 165- 169. (Iniaenoee aianie - ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue). Aaoi?nuee? na?aeioeoaa 5. A.N. 1570668 NNN?, IEE A 01 D 46/24. Ono?ienoai aeey aaoiiaoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey i?eoeaiiie ieiaeioai?i/iie iaoeiie / Aeaieaeei I.A., Oeiioie E.A., Ia?ouoei A.I., Aaaee A.I., Iaiyeei A.E. (NNN?).- ? 4399031/30-15; Cayaeaii 29.03.1988; Iioae. 15.02.1990.- 4 n. 6. A.N. 1699363 NNN?, IEE A01 A69/04. Eiie?othuaa ono?ienoai aeey ?aaiou a iaaeaeo?yaeueyo ?anoaiee/ Oeiioie E.A., Aeaieaeei I.A., Aaaee A.I., Ia?ouoei A.I., Iaiyeei A.E. (NNN?).- ?4683762/15; Cayaeaii 25.04.1989; Iioae. 22.08.1991.- 3 n. Oace aeiiia?aeae 7. Oeiioie E.A. Oi?aaeaiea ieiaeioai?i/iuie iaoeiaie // Oac. aeiee. ?anioae. iao/i.-i?ieca. eiio.« I?iaeaiu nia?aiaiiiai naaeiaiaenoaa», /. 1.- OIEEN.- Eeaa.- 1989.- n.29. 8. Oeiioie ?.A., Aaa?e A.I. Aaoiiaoeciaaia nenoaia ea?oaaiiy i?e/?iiith ieiaeicae?aeueiith iaoeiith // Oace aeii. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio... - Ee?a: IAII «Naae-ae?oa». - 1993.- N. 144- 145. (Iniaenoee aianie - ?ic?iaeaiiy eiino?oeoe??). 9. Aeaieaeei I.I., Oeiioie ?.A. Ea?oaaiiy iieiaeaiiyi i?e/?iii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? iaoeie a?aeiinii ooaiaa aea?aaa a iiacaeiaaeiueiio iai?yieo // Iaoa??aee aeii. iaoe. eiio ... «I?iaeaie aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno: iiooe, aeinyaiaiiy» .- Ee?a: IAO.- 1994.- N. 10. (Iniaenoee aianie - ?ic?iaeaiiy eiino?oeoe??). Oeiioie ?.A. ?ic?iaeaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii i?e/?iii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? iaoeie. ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 05.20.01 - iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaeaiiy nenoaie ea?oaaiiy ?ooii i?e/?iii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? iaoeie. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaa?oioiaaii oa ?ic?iaeaii nenoaie eiio?ieth iieiaeaiiy oa ea?oaaiiy ?ooii i?e/?iii? ieiaeicae?aeueii? iaoeie a?aeiinii noiaao??a aea?aa ?yaeo a iiacaeiaaeiueiio oa iiia?a/iiio iai?yieao. ?ic?iaeai? nenoaie aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe caaaeueio i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaoeie a 1,2 ?ace oa ?noioii ciaioothoue aeiaaeee iioeiaeaeaiue aea?aa o ii??aiyii? c? cae/aeiei a?coaeueiei niiniaii ea?oaaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaeaii? oa aeaioiaeaii? iaeaoiiai c?acea i?e/?iiiai ieiaeicae?aeueiiai eiiaaeia. Eeth/ia? neiaa: naae, noiaao?e aea?aa, a?aeoeeaiiy, i?e/?iia ieiaeicae?aeueia iaoeia, ea?oaaiiy ?ooii, oi/i?noue. Oeiioie E.A. ?ac?aaioea e enneaaeiaaiea nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey aeaeaeaieai i?eoeaiiie ieiaeioai?i/iie iaoeiu. ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.20.01- iaoaiecaoeey naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999. Naaeiaiaenoai ioiineony e iaeaieaa o?oaei?ieei e iaeiaiaa iaoaiece?iaaiiui io?aneyi naeueneiai oicyenoaa. Ionoonoaea a aeinoaoi/iii eiee/anoaa niaoeeaeueiuo aunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo iaoei aeey oai?ee o?iaeay yaeyaony iaeiei ec naea?aeeaathueo oaeoi?ia ?acaeoey i?iecaiaenoaa. Iaeei ec iniiaiuo iaaeinoaoeia nouanoaothuae ieiaeioai?i/iie oaoieee- ianiaa?oaiiua nenoaiu i?eaioaoeee e oi?aaeaiey aeaeaeaieai. A ?acoeueoaoa oa?yaony a?aiy ia i?iaaaeaiea aeiiieieoaeueiuo iaiaa?e?iaaiee n oeaeueth onoaiiaeaiey iaoeiu ioiineoaeueii ooaiaa aea?aaa a caaeaiiii iieiaeaiee, /oi nouanoaaiii nieaeaao a? i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue. E?iia oiai, iaaeinoaoi/iay oi/iinoue aeaeaeaiey i?eaiaeeo e iia?aaeaeaieyi eae ?anoaiee, oae e naiie iaoeiu. Oeaeue enneaaeiaaiee - iiauoaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe e ea/anoaa ?aaiou i?eoeaiiie ieiaeioai?i/iie iaoeiu (III) ca n/?o iaania/aiey aieaa oi/iiai aeaeaeaiey e onoaiiaeaiey a? a iaiaoiaeeiii iieiaeaiee ioiineoaeueii ooaiaa aea?aaa ioo?i ?ac?aaioee nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey aeaeaeaieai e eiio?iey iieiaeaiey ioiineoaeueii ooaiaia aea?aaueaa, ?aniieiaeaiiuo a ?yaeo. A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaiu aii?inu, aicieeathuea i?e ?ac?aaioea nenoai oi?aaeaiey III, n iiiiuueth eioi?uo iaania/eaaaony a? aeaeaeaiea a i?aaeaeao caaeaiiuo a?aieoe ?annoiyiey io ooaiaia ?aniieiaeaiiuo a ?yaeo aea?aaueaa a oaeaea iaiaoiaeeiay oi/iinoue inoaiiaee a caaeaiiii iieiaeaiee ioiineoaeueii i/a?aaeiiai ooaiaa aea?aaa. Eco/aiu iniiaiua oa?aeoa?enoeee naaea eae iauaeoa iaoaiecaoeee oai?ee o?iaeay e iainiiaaiu o?aaiaaiey, eioi?ui aeieaeiu oaeiaeaoai?youe nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey aeaeaeaieai ieiaeioai?i/iie iaoeiu. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee aeaeaeaiey III i?e ?acee/iuo niiniaao eciaiaiey a? iieiaeaiey (iiai?ioii aeuoea, a oaeaea iiai?ioii iineaaeiaai n iaeiia?aiaiiui iiai?ioii iii?iuo eie?n i?e iaee/ee nenoaiu oaeiaie noaaeeecaoeee aeaeaeaiey). A ?acoeueoaoa ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey cia/aiey aaee/eiu iaiaoiaeeiiai auiina eiie?othuaai ono?ienoaa aeey oi?aaeaiey aeaeaeaieai iaoeiu a iiia?a/iii iai?aaeaiee, a oaeaea iaiaoiaeeiie aeeeiu /oanoaeoaeueiuo yeaiaioia ono?ienoaa aeey eiio?iey ca iieiaeaieai iaoeiu ioiineoaeueii ooaiaa aea?aaa a i?iaeieueiii iai?aaeaiee a caaeneiinoe io a? eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia e oa?aeoa?enoee naaea. Oaeaea enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea iaeioi?uo eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia iaoeiu ia eioaineaiinoue eciaiaiey a? iieiaeaiey ioiineoaeueii aaciaie i?yiie. Eniieuecoy ecaanoiua ia?aaioee a iaeanoe iaoaiecaoeee, aaoiiaoecaoeee e oai?ee aa?iyoiinoe, ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea iioeiecaoeee ia?aiao?ia III e nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey ath n o/?oii aeeiaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee iaoeiu. A ea/anoaa e?eoa?ey iioeiecaoeee i?e yoii auei acyoi ieieiaeueiia cia/aiea ioiineoaeueiie aeenia?nee ioeeiiaiey iaoeiu io o?aaeoi?ee i?eaioaoeee. A ?acoeueoaoa auee ii?aaeaeaiu iaeaieaa cia/eiua ia?aiao?u e eo iioeiaeueiua cia/aiey. Yenia?eiaioaeueiuie enneaaeiaaieyie ii?aaeaeaii iioeiaeueiia cia/aiea aeeeiu io?acea iooe aiciiaeiiai eiio?iey ca iieiaeaieai iaoeiu ioiineoaeueii ooaiaa aea?aaa a i?iaeieueiii iai?aaeaiee, /oi yaeyaony iniiaiui ia?aiao?ii niioaaonoaothuaai ono?ienoaa, a oaeaea iiaeoaa?aeaeaia aaeaeaaoiinoue ?acoeueoaoia oai?aoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee. Ia iniiaaiee oai?aoe/aneeo e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee ?ac?aaioaiu nenoaiu eiio?iey ca iieiaeaieai e oi?aaeaiey aeaeaeaieai III ioiineoaeueii ooaiaia ?aniieiaeaiiuo a ?yaeo aea?aaueaa. ?ac?aaioaiiua nenoaiu iicaieytho oaaee/eoue iauoth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue iaoeiu a 1,2 ?aca e nouanoaaiii nie?auatho neo/ae iia?aaeaeaiey aea?aaueaa a n?aaiaiee n iau/iui, aecoaeueiui niiniaii oi?aaeaiey. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu eae i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee i?eoeaiiuo ieiaeioai?i/iuo iaoei e eo nenoai oi?aaeaiey, oae e ae?oaie i?eoeaiiie naeueneioicyenoaaiiie oaoieee, e oi/iinoe aeaeaeaiey eioi?ie i?aaeuyaeythony iiauoaiiua o?aaiaaiey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: naae, noaieu aea?aaueaa, ioeeiiaiey, i?eoeaiiay ieiaeioai?i/iay iaoeia, oi?aaeaiea aeaeaeaieai, oi/iinoue. Timoshok I.V. Elaboration and investigation of the tractor-hook apple harvester steering system. The thesis for the scientific degree of Candidate of technical sciences on speciality 05.20.01- Mechanization of farming; National Agrarian University, Kiev, 1999. The thesis presents the scientific elaboration and investigation of the steering system for hooking fruit-gathering machine (HFGM). The systems for position control and moving management of HFGM with regard to tree trunks in longitudinal and cross directions have been substantiated and elaborated on the basis of theoretical and experimental researches. Elaborated systems permit to increase the total machine productivity at 1, 2 times and essentially decrease trees damage cases as compared to ordinary management method. Research results have been used when the model of HFGM was elaborated and produced. Key words: orchard, tree trunks, deviation, hooking fruit-gathering machine, moving management, precision. PAGE PAGE 3

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