Розробка та дослідження технології одержання залізного порошку засобом комбінованого відновлення дисперсної окалини з використанням синтетичного чавун

?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ?i. ?.I. O?aioeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie

?INEEE ??eia Aaiiaae??aia

OAeE: 621.762.

?IC?IAEA OA AeINE?AeAEAIIss

OAOIIEIA?? Iaea?aeaiiy CAE?CIIAI II?IOEO CANIAII EIIA?IIaaiiai
A?AeIIAEAIIss AeENIA?NII? IEAEEIE C AEEI?ENOAIIssI NEIOAOE*IIAI *AAOIO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.16. 06 – «Ii?ioeiaa iaoaeo?a?y oa

eiiiiceoe?ei? iaoa??aee»

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaai?e iaoaeo?a?ei?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie oa ia Eacaiiiio caaiae? ii?ioeiai?
iaoaeo?a?? (i. A?iaa?e)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

INO?EE Iao?i Ieeieaeiae/,

Aea?aeaaia iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith
ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a?? ? caoenoo iaoae?a.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

/e.-ei?. IAIO, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? AIIAeA?AIEI Ai?en ?aaiiae/, ?inoeooo aaco IAIO, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eii aacioa?i?/ieo i?ioean?a a iaoaeo?a??;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio NAI?I Aiaoie?e Oaaei?iae/,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
eaai?aoi???th o?ceee ? oaoiieia?? ni?eaiiy.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie “EI?”,
eaoaae?a aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo iaoa??ae?a ? ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a??,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_27___” ___aa?aniy_______1999 ?. i _14 .00___
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.207.03 a
?inoeooo? i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ?i. ?.I.O?aioeaae/a Iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252142, i. Ee?a-142, aoe.
E?aeeaeai?anueeiai, 3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo i?iaeai
iaoa??aeiciaanoaa Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
252142, i. Ee?a-142, aoe. E?aeeaeai?anueeiai, 3.

A?aecea ia aaoi?aoa?ao o aeaio i?ei??ieeao, cana?ae/aiee aa?aiaith
ia/aoeith onoaiiae, i?ineii iaaeneeaoe ca aae?anith 252142, ?inoeooo
i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ?i. ?.I.O?aioeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie,

niaoe?aaea Ae 26.207.03.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_23__” ___eeiiy_____1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.207.03, ae.o.i. ?.A. I?iaeiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aaaeeeaith caaea/ath o aaeoc? iaoaeo?a?? ?
i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ii?ioe?a oa ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a, a oaeiae cieaeaiiy
?oiuei? nia?aa?oino?. Aeo?aei? iaoaeaa? ii?ioee iiaeooue aooe iaea?aeai?
aaciina?aaeiuei ?c ?oae, eiioeaio?ao?a oa a?aeoiae?a iaoaeo?a?eiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa (ieaeeie, no?oaeee). A?ae iaoiaeo iaea?aeaiiy ? aeaeo
aeo?aeii? ne?iaeie o /eiae?e i??? caeaaeaoue aeanoeaino? ii?ioe?a oa
iaeanoue ?oiueiai canoinoaaiiy. O iei?oi?e /an ae?iaieoeoai cae?cieo
ii?ioe?a ia Oe?a?i? aaaeaoueny oeyoii ?icieeaiiy ?icieaa?a noaeae
aiaeith aenieiai oeneo, cae?eniaia ia Eacaiiiio caaiae? ii?ioeiai?
iaoaeo?a?? (ECII), a ieioeiio A?iaa?nueeee Aea?aeaaiee caaiae ii?ioeiai?
iaoaeo?a??. Oeae iaoiae aenieii?iaeoeoeaiee, caaacia/o? aenieo
a?aeiia?aei?noue o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ? no?oeoo?o ii?ioe?a. I?ioa oaeee
ii?ioie iaei i?eaeaoiee aeey iaea?aeaiiy ae?ia?a neeaaeii? oi?ie ?c-ca
iecueei? oi?i?aiino? ii?ioeo. Oiio iaei??th c iniiaieo caaea/
iaea?aeaiiy cae?cieo ?icieeaieo ii?ioe?a ? iaaeeaeaiiy ?oiuei? oi?ie aei
aeaiae?eoii? i?e caaaeueiiio iie?ioaii? ou?eueiaiino? oa oi?i?aiino?.
Oaeee ii?ioie iiaea aooe iaea?aeaiee eiia?iiaaiei iaoiaeii a?aeiiaeaiiy
ieneae?a cae?ca. O iei?oi?e /an ia Oe?a?i? a?aenooi? i?iieneiaa
ae?iaieoeoai cae?ciiai ii?ioeo aeaiei iaoiaeii. Aiae?c ne?iaeiii? aace
Oe?a?ie, aea?? ia?niaeoeaieo aeaea?ae ne?iaeie oa ii?aoethaaiiy
oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy cae?ciiai ii?ioeo iaoiaeii a?aeiiaeaiiy ?
iaei??th c aeooaeueieo caaea/ ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie,
?ica’ycoaaiiy yei? aeicaieeoue caaeiaieueieoe iio?aae e?a?ie a
i?iaeoeoe?? aeaiiai aeaeo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe ?c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeany o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaeacii I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ?68
a?ae 31.03. 92 ?. o ?aieao I?ia?aie ?21 I?iaoco Oe?a?ie » ?ic?iaea iiaeo
eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoaeaaeo iaoa??ae?a ? oaoiieia?e ?o ae?iaieoeoaa ia
iniia? aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo iaeiinoaae?eieo i?ioean?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi ne?iaeiii? aace oa oaoiiaaiieo a?aeoiae?a Oe?a?ie».

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo iniia oaoiieia??
iaea?aeaiiy cae?cieo ii?ioe?a iaoiaeii eiia?iiaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy
i?ieaoii? ieaeeie aeenia?niei iecueeie?aii?noei /aaoiii c iaoith
iaea?aeaiiy a?aeiiaeaiiai cae?ciiai ii?ioeo, ooee?caoe?? a?aeoiae?a
i?ieaoiiai ae?iaieoeoaa; aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue i?e
ni?eueiiio a?aeiiaeaii? i?ieaoii? ieaeeie aiaeiai oa aoaeaoeai, ui
aiineoueny aeenia?niei /aaoiii.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aea/ai? e?iaoe/i? caeiiii??iino? eiia?iiaaiiai
a?aeiiaeaiiy ieneaeii? cae?ci?oaeii? ne?iaeie aoaeaoeai aeenia?niiai
iecueeie?aii?noiai /aaoio. Cai?iiiiiaaiee oa iaaiai?aiee iaoai?ci
a?aeiiaeaiiy ieneae?a cae?ca oeaiaioeoii o i?enooiino? a?aeiiaii?
aaciai? oace. ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y iaea?aeaiiy a?aeiiaeaiiai cae?ciiai
ii?ioeo eiia?iiaaiei iaoiaeii ?c aeei?enoaiiyi o yeino? aeo?aeieo
iaoa??ae?a i?ieaoii? ieaeeie oa aeenia?niiai /aaoio. Iaa?oioiaaii
iioeiaeueiee neeaae oeooiaeo iaoa??ae?a. Iieacaia iiaeeea?noue
canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai cae?ciiai ii?ioeo aeey iaea?aeaiiy nia/aieo
ae?ia?a ?c i?aeaeuaieie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. ?ic?iaeaia aeiiii?/ia ?ano?ni-caa??aath/a
oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa cae?ciiai ii?ioeo iaoiaeii eiia?iiaaiiai
a?aeiiaeaiiy ieneaeii? cae?ciai?nii? ne?iaeie (Iaoaio Oe?a?ie ?17355A
a?ae 15.04.97), ui aeicaiey? i?e ooee?caoe?? ieaeeie eeiey/eo
aoaeaoeaaeo ia?ie noae? caaacia/eoe iaea?aeaiiy cae?ciiai ii?ioeo ? ia
eiai iniia? nia/aieo ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a ?c i?aeaeuaiei ??aiai
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae, aeiiii?th aia?a?? oa ne?iaeie, cia/ia
cieaeaiiy aa?oino? e?ioeaaiai i?iaeoeoo. Aeine?aeaeai? o?ce/i?, o?i?/i?
oa oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? a?aeiiaeaiiai cae?ciiai ii?ioeo, a oaeiae
aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee nia/aieo ae?ia?a ia eiai iniia?.
?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia i?ia?aia, ui aeicaiey? ia iniia? aeaieo
o?iiaoia?ao?/iiai aiae?co /eieoe ?icoeo?iaeo neeaaeiiai aaoa?iaaiiiai
a?aeiiaiiai i?ioeano.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Cae?eniaia aeine?aeieoeueea —
i?iieneiaa aei?iaoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy cae?ciiai
ii?ioeo a oiiaao Eacaiiiai caaiaeo ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a??, ae?iaeai? oa
aei?iaoaai? nia/ai? ae?iae oeio «noaoi?» ia iniia? a?aeiiaeaiiai ii?ioeo
?c aeiaeaoeaie aoaeaoeaaiai oa?io?iio. Iaaaaeaia o aeena?oaoe??
oaoiieia?y iieeaaeaia ca iniiao i?e i?iaeooaaii? OE?Ae?I?IIACii oeaoo
cae?cieo ii?ioe?a ia E??ianueeiio caaiae? ae?ia?a c iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. On? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa i?aeoe/i? aenia?eiaioe
i?iaaaeai? i?e aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? aaoi?a aai i?ae eiai ea??aieoeoaii.
Ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe i?iaaaeaia aaoi?ii naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe oa iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? aeieeaaeai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia Ananithcieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo «?ioaineo?eaoe?y iaoaeo?a?eieo i?ioean?a ? i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? iaoae?a oa nieaa?a» (i. Ooea, 1990), «I?iaeaie oai??? oa
oaoiieia?? i?aeaioiaee cae?ci?oaeii? ne?iaeie aeey aeiiaiiai i?ioeano oa
aaceieniai? iaoaeo?a??» (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1990), I?aeia?iaeii?
eiioa?aioe?? «Iia?oi? i?ioeane ? iaoa??aee o ii?ioeia?e iaoaeo?a?? »
(i. Ee?a, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 4 ?iaioe, iaea?aeaii
iaeei iaoaio.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa aeiaeaoe?a. I?noeoue 163 noi??iee, aeeth/ii 138
noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 46 ?enoie?a, 13 oaaeeoeue, 4 aeiaeaoee ?
a?ae?ia?ao?/iee nienie c 92 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ieoaiiy iaea?aeaiiy cae?cieo
ii?ioe?a iaoiaeii eiia?iiaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy. Noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa ?iaioe
oa iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny aei caoenoo. Iieacaia iaoeiaa
iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe.

AIAE?C NOAIO IEOAIIss OA CAAeA*? AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Aea/aiee noai ieoaiiy oa i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?ia?o uiaei aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa?iiaeeiai?ee oa e?iaoeee a?aeiiaeaiiy ieneaeii? cae?ciai?nii? ne?iaeie
aacaie oa oaa?aeei aoaeaoeai. Iieacaii, ui iaeiei ?c ia?niaeoeaieo
niinia?a iaea?aeaiiy cae?cieo ii?ioe?a ? iaoiae eiia?iiaaiiai
a?aeiiaeaiiy yeee aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe o?i?/ii /eno? cae?ci? ii?ioee
?c caaeia?eueieie oaoiieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c
??ciiiai?oieo i?iieneiaeo oaoiieia?e iaea?aeaiiy cae?cieo ii?ioe?a.
Iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy /aaoio o yeino? oaa?aeiai aoaeaoeaaiai
a?aeiiaieea aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe iaeii??aeio neieo oeooo ?c aeia?ei
aacii?iieeiaiiyi, i?e oeueiio onoaa?oueny iio?aaa ?? a?eeaooaaiiy.
Aeenia?niee /aaoi o ii??aiyii? c oaa?aeeie a?aeiiaieeaie , ui
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ?ai?oa (naaea, aea?aaia aoa?eey) ? iaoiene/iei
iaoa??aeii ?c aeineoue iecueeeie iieacieeaie ieeiooai?aiiy. Ona oea
i?eaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy oe?aeeeaiai aieeao ia ianeoaiaoth/ee ia?niiae
oa iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ii e?iaoeoe? a?aeiiaeaiiy ieneae?a
cae?ca aacaie oa oaa?aeei aoaeaoeai na?ae/eoue i?i cia/i? e?iaoe/i?
ia?aaaae eiia?iiaaiiai niiniao o ii??aiyii? c nooi aaciaei /e
aoaeaoeaaioa?i?/iei a?aeiiaeaiiyi. I?e eiia?iiaaiiio niinia?
a?aeiiaeaiiy niinoa??aa?oueny i?enei?aiiy i?ioeano aiane?aeie ?icaeoeo
?aaeoe?? aaceo?eaoe?? aoaeaoeth aiaeyiei ia?ii oa ooai?aiiy iiaeo
iieaeoe aiaeith oa iiiiieneaeo aoaeaoeth, i?eeiath/eo aeoeaio o/anoue o
a?aeiiaeaii? ieneaeieo oac.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue cai?iiiiiaaii
aeei?enoaiiy o neeaae? aeo?aeieo oeoo aeey iaea?aeaiiy a?aeiiaeaieo
cae?cieo ii?ioe?a o yeino? cae?ciai?nii? ne?iaeie — i?ieaoio ieaeeio, a
yeino? oaa?aeiai a?aeiiaieea -iecueeie?aii?noee /aaoi.

AEA?? AEO?AeII? NE?IAEIE AeEss AE?IAIEOeOAA A?AeIIAEAIIAI CAE?CIIAI
II?IOEO

Aea/aia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo ni?o?a ieaeeie, ui
ooai?th?oueny i?e ae?iaieoeoa? i?ieaoo ia i?ia?aeieo iaoaeo?a?eieo
i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie. Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ianoaaeaiiy i?ieaoieo
ae?iaieoeoa iaoaeo?a?eieo caaiae?a: Aei?i?ianueeiai iaoaeo?a?eiiai
eiia?iaoo (i. Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinuee), AAO «Caii??aenoaeue» (i.
Caii??aeaey), E?eai??cnueeiai aea?aeaaiiai a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai
eiia?iaoo «E?eai??aenoaeue» (EAeAIE i. E?eaee ??a), AO «Caaiae ?iai? A.
?. Iao?ianueeiai» (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee). Ia oeeo i?aei?e?inoaao c
a?aeno?eiee?a aoee a?ae?a?ai? ia?o?? ieaeeie aeey iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy
o?i?/iiai neeaaeo, o?ce/ieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae. Anoaiiaeaii,
ui iaea?eueo /enoo ii aeii?oeai ieaeeio aeathoue aaaaoiee?oueia? noaie
aa?y/i? i?ieaoee, ui i?ieaoothoue caaio?ae? c aoaeaoeaaeo noaeae o
oo?eine, oiieee eeno, ae??aiee ni?oaiaio. Oaeeie ia i?aei?e?inoaao , ui
ianoaaeoaaeeny ?: oiieieenoiaee noai 550 eiia?iaoo «Caii??aenoaeue» oa
oo?einiaee noai 300 eiia?iaoo «E?eai??aenoaeue». Ia ?ioeo ae?iaieoeoaao
i?ieaoo?oueny cia/ia /anoea eaaiaaieo noaeae, ui oneeaaeith? a?aea??
ieaeeie aoaeaoeaaeo ia?ie noaeae.

C iaoith aea/aiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae aeo?aeii? ne?iaeie oa
aeai?o iioeiaeueii? oaoiieia?/ii? noaie ?? i?aeaioiaee aoa c?iaeaiee
a?aea?? ia?o?e i?ieaoii? ieaeeie c a?aeno?eiee?a oiieieenoiaiai noaia
eiia?iaoo AAO «Caii??aenoaeue» ? oo?einiaiai noaia EAeAIE
«E?eai??aenoaeue». A yeino? e?eoa??th ii??aiyiiy aeei?enoiaoaaee
i?ieaoio ieaeeio, ui ooai?th?oueny i?e i?ieaooe? aoaeaoeaaeo eeiey/eo
ia?ie noaeae o?oaicaa?thaaeueieo oeao?a Oaaai?ianueeiai o?oaiiai
caaiaeo, ui canoiniao?oueny i?e ae?iaieoeoa? a?aeiiaeaiiai cae?ciiai
ii?ioeo ia Noe?inueeiio iaoaeo?a?eiiio caaiae? (NIC). C io?eiaieo aeaieo
aeieeaa?, ui aeine?aeaeai? ieaeeie nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny ii nai?i
o?ceei-o?i?/iei aeanoeainoyi a?ae ieaeeie NIC. Ianeiia u?euei?noue aeey
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ieaeei i?eaeecii o 1.4 ?ace aeua, i?ae o
oaaai?ianuee?e. *anoea aaeeeeo /anoie o a?aioeiiao?e/iiio neeaae? oeeo
ieaeei o 3-3.5 ?ace aeua, i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e, ui ? iaaaoeaiei oaeoi?ii
c oi/ee ci?o a?aeiiaethaaiiy i?ieaoii? ieaeeie. Ci?iith
a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo ieaeeie iiaeia ?aaoethaaoe a?aioeiiao?e/iee
neeaae a?aeiiaeaiiai ii?ioeo. I?aeaeuaiee ai?no oiieeo o?aeoe?e a
ieaeei? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie oiia ?oeioaaiiy i?e ae?ia?ii? cae?cii?
a?aeiiaeaii? aoaee. ?? eaaoa ?iciaethaaoe ? ia iiaa?oi? cae?ciiai
ii?ioeo o iaio?e i??? ooai?th?oueny iaeeai. O ca’yceo c oeei ieaeeie, ui
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue, i?aeeyaaee aeiaeaoeiaiio ae??aiaiith. E?iaoeeo
?iciaethaaiiy a?ae?a?aieo ia ??cieo caaiaeao i?ia ieaeei aea/aee o
eaai?aoi?iiio eoeueiaiio ieei?. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
cai?iiiiiaaia ianooiia oaoiieia?/ia noaia i?aeaioiaee i?ieaoii? ieaeeie,
ui aeeth/a? iia?aoe?? nooee, i?ii?eaiiy, ?iciaeo oa ?icn?ao. Nooea
a?aeaoaa?oueny ia iia?o?? i?ioyaii 10 aiaeei; i?ii?eaiiy i?e oaiia?aoo??
573 – 773 E i?ioyaii aeaio aiaeei; ?iciae o eoeueiaeo ieeiao i?ioyaii
6-12 oaeeei a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaeo ieaeeie; ?icn?a ia a?a?ineoao ia
o?aeoe?th iaio 0.200 ii.

O yeino? aoaeaoeaaiai a?aeiiaieea i?e ae?iaieoeoa? cae?ciiai ii?ioeo
i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe iecueeie?aii?noee /aaoi. O aeai?e ?iaio?
aeei?enoiaoaaee iai?ai?iaeoeo aoaeaoeaaee (neioaoe/iee /aaoi) (OO
14-15-42 — 77), ui i?noeoue iaio 0.1% e?aii?th oa aei 0.2% ?ioeo
aeii?oie. Oaeee /aaoi iiaeia iaea?aeaoe ieenethaaeueiith ia?iaeith
cae?ciaoaeaoeaaiai ?icieaao ia iaoaeo?a?eieo caaiaeao Oe?a?ie. Aeey
aeai?o iioeiaeueii? oaoiieia?/ii? noaie i?aeaioiaee /aaoio ae?iaeyee
eiai ae??aiaiiy aeaiia iaoiaeaie: ?icieeaiiyi oa iaoai?/iei ae?ia?iiyi.
?icieeaiiy iecueeie?aii?noiai /aaoio cae?enithaaee aiaeith aenieiai
oeneo ia eiia?iiaai?e onoaiiaoe? Oe?IAe?niaoenoae?. Ii ae?oa?e
oaoiieia?? oiaoee /aaoio iaoai?/ii cae??aithaaee o iioioe?, ui
neeaaeaany c iieioeiai? ae?iaa?ee EAeI oa a?a?icae??aethaa/a. Ii
a?aioeiiao?e/iiio neeaaeo ?iciieioee /aaoi iaaeoi aeecueeee aei
cae??aiaiiai ? neeaa:

?ici?? /anoie, ii -0.20 +0.16 -0, 16+0, 05 -0, 05

ai?no o?aeoe??, % 5.4 57.3 37, 3

O?i?/iee neeaae ?icieeaiiai oa iieioiai /aaoio neeueii ia
a?ae??ciy?oueny ? neeaa: N — 3.8-4.0%; O -0.44 — 0.43%; S — 0.029 —
0.028%;

Si — 0.065-0.064%; P — 0.013-0.012%, ?ioa cae?ci. Iaoiaeaie
ii?iciiao??? oa iaoaeia?ao?/iiai aiae?co aecia/aee ieoiio iiaa?oith oa
oi?io /anoie. I?e?ineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?ioe?a /aaoio i?iaiaeeee ca
aeiiiiiaith ?ano?iaiai i?e?ineiio «JSM-35».

?icieeaiee /aaoi neeaaea?oueny c /anoie caeaa?eueoa noa?e/ii? oi?ie c
ieoiiith iiaa?oiath 338 ni2/a, /anoee iieioiai /aaoio iathoue neeueii
?icaaeoaeaio oi?io ?c ieoiiith iiaa?oiath 524 ni2/a (?en. 1). C oi/ee
ci?o a?aeiiaii? cae?aiino? a?eueoa ia?aaaaa iaaea?oueny iaoai?/ii
cae??aiaiiio /aaoio.

AeINE?AeAEAIIss E?IAOEEE EIIA?IIAAIIAI A?AeIIAEAIIss

AeENIA?NII? IEAEEIE ?C AEEI?ENOAIIssI NEIOAOE*IIAI *AAOIO

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?iaoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ii eiia?iiaaiiio
a?aeiiaeaiith i?ieaoii? ieaeeie ?c aeiaeaoeaie aeenia?niiai /aaoio a
?cioa?i?/ieo oa ia ?cioa?i?/ieo oiiaao.

A yeino? aeo?aeieo iaoa??ae?a aeei?enoiaoaaee i?ieaoio ieaeeio AAO
«Caii??aenoaeue», ui i?noeoue 75.1% Fe, 0.18% C, 0.08% Si, 0.01% S,
0.012% P, oa iieioee iecueeie?aii?noee /aaoi, ui i?noeoue 4.0% N oa
0.064% Si. Aeo?aei? oeooe aiooaaee aeey ianooiieo a?aeiioaiue eenith aei
aoaeaoeth (I/N): 1.8; 2.0 oa 2.2.

I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioe o na?aaeiaeu? a?aiio a ia ?cioa?i?/iiio ?aaeei?
c? oaeaee?noth iaa??aaiiy 6 iN / oaee. Iaea?aeai? aeai? iieacaee, ui
ii/aoie a?aeiiaeaiiy aeey an?o oeoo ciaoiaeeoueny o ?ioa?aae? 823 E –
873 E, ui aeia?a iiaiaeeoueny c aeeiiaieie oa?iiaeeiai?/ieie
?ic?aooieaie ii a?aeiiaeaiith iaaiaoeoo aei athnoeoo aoaeaoeai
oeaiaioeoii? oace. I?e aeinyaiaii? 1273 E aeey on?o oeoo niinoa??aaeiny
i?enei?aiiy a?aeiiaii – ciaaoaeaoeueiaoaaeueiiai i?ioeano.

I?iaaaeaia ?cioa?i?/ia a?aeiiaeaiiy aeo?aeieo oeoo i?e 1273 E. Iaea?eueo
iiaia aeeo/aiiy eenith ? aoaeaoeth niinoa??aaeiny /a?ac 0.5 aiaeeie a?ae
ii/aoeo aeine?aeo aeey oeoo ?c a?aeiioaiiyi I/N ??aiei 1.8 oa 2.0.
??cieoey o e?iaoeoe? a?aeiiaeaiiy oeoo ?c I/N ??aiei 1.8 oa 2.0
iaaaeeea. Aeey i?iieneiai? ia?aa??ee ?aeiiaiaeiaaia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy I/N
??aia 2.0, ui aeicaiey? ii?yae ?c caaacia/aiiyi aeinoaoiuei? oaeaeeino?
i?ioeano aeiiiieoe oaa?aeee a?aeiiaiee, oe?ia yeiai a?eueo i?ae o 10 ?ac
aeua oe?ie ia ieaeeio. I?aeaeuaiee ai?no aoaeaoeth, e??i cieaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a, iiaea i?ecaanoe aei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeaoeth o
e?ioeaaiio i?iaeoeo?.

O eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao aeine?aeaeaia e?iaoeea aoaeaoeaaioa?i?/iiai oa
eiia?iiaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ieaoii? ieaeeie aeenia?niei /aaoiii oeooe c
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi I/N, ??aiei 2.0, o ae?aiacii? oaiia?aoo? 1173-1323 E.
Ii??aithaaeueiee aiae?c e?iaoe/ieo aeaieo uiaei a?aeiiaeaiiy o
na?aaeiaeu? aiaeith oa a?aiio iieacaa, ui i?e i?iaaaeaii? i?ioeano a
aoiinoa?? aiaeith niinoa??aa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy

?en. 1 Oi?ia /anoie ?icieeaiiai aiaeith /aaoio (a) ?

?icae??aiaiiai (a), ?AI, o260.

a)

a)

oaeaeeino? a?aeiiaeaiiy o ii??aiyii? c aoaeaoeaaioa?i?/iei
a?aeiiaeaiiyi. O?eaae?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy nei?i/o?oueny ia 30-35% i?e
c?inoaii? iaeneiaeueii? oaeaeeino? a?aeiiaeaiiy o 2-3 ?ace.

Aeo?aei? iaoa??aee oa i?iae cae?ciiai ii?ioeo c ??ciei nooiaiai
a?aeiiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaee ia aeeo?aeoiiao?? Ae?II — 3I o E- SYMBOL 97
\f «Symbol» \s 14 a aei?ii?ithaaii? cae?ca ?c iiiio?iiaoi?ii (?en. 2).
Anoaiiaeaii, ui iniaeea?noth eiia?iiaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy ? cieaeaiiy
?ioaineaiino? aeeo?aeoe?eiiai iaeneioio FeO o ii/aoeia?e noaae?? i?e
a?aeiini?e iino?eiino? ieea Fe3C. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i ia?aaaaeia
a?aeiiaeaiiy ca ?aooiie aiaeith. Aeae? niinoa??aa?oueny ?iciaae
oeaiaioeoo ? a?aeiiaeaiiy athnoeoo ea?a?aeii oa aoaeaoeai aonoai?oo.
A?aeiiaeaiee cae?ciee ii?ioie ia? i?aeoe/ii iiai?noth e?i?? oa?aeoa?i?
SYMBOL 97 \f «Symbol» \s 14 a — Fe, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iiaiioo
a?aeiiaethaaeueii-ciaaoaeaoeueiaoaaeueiiai i?ioeano.

?acoeueoaoe oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a, ?aioaaiioaciaiai,
o?iiaoia?ao?/iiai oa e?iaoe/iiai aiae?c?a aeicaieeee cai?iiiioaaoe
ianooiiee iaoai?ci a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ieaoii? ieaeeie aoaeaoeai oeaiaioeoo.
Aiaeaiue aaciai? oace oeyoii aca?iiae?? c oeaiaioeoii ia iiaa?oi? oa a
ii?ao ooai?th? iaoai. Inoaii?e iiaea aca?iiae?yoe c aaciiiae?aieie
i?iaeoeoaie a?aeiiaeaiiy (NI2, I2I) c ooai?aiiyi aeoeaieo
a?aeiiaethaaeueieo aac?a (NI, I2), /e i?aeaa?aaoeny i??ie?co. Aoaeaoeue
?iciaaeo ?aaao? c aeeieneaeii aoaeaoeth ii ?aaeoe?? Aaea-Aiaeoa?a.
Eaoae?caoi?ii oeeo ?aaeoe?e ? na?aeia?aeiiaeaia aiaeiai cae?ci. Ooai?ai?
aaciiiae?ai? a?aeiiaieee aeeooiaeothoue /a?ac i?iaeoeoe a?aeiiaeaiiy o
/anoee ieaeeie aei a?aeiia?aeieo ?aaeoe?eieo cii (FeO SYMBOL 174 \f
«Symbol» \s 14 ® Fe ? Fe3O4 SYMBOL 174 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ® FeO).
Ianiia?aianaiiy aaciiiae?aieo i?iaeoeo?a a?aeiiaeaiiy cae?enith?oueny o
i?ioeeaaeiiio iai?yieo.

Aeey ?icoeo?oaaiiy aaoa?iaaiiiai i?ioeano eiia?iiaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy
?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia aeey AII ?ic?aooieo noia?ii? oaeaeeino? a?aeiiaeaiiy
? /anoee o/ano? aiaeith o a?aeiiaiiio i?ioean?. *anoea o/ano? aiaeith
neeaea 20-22% aeey oaiia?aoo?e 1273 E oa 17-20% aeey oaiia?aoo?e 1323 E.
Oe? aeai? aeia?a ei?aeththoue c ?acoeueoaoaie, ui c?iaeai? ia iniia?
aecia/aiiy caeeoeiaiai ai?noo aoaeaoeth.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a aoee ia?iaeai? ia AII ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?ai
«NUMERY» oa «Table curve» c aecia/aiiyi iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae i?ioeano.

?en. 2 Aeeo?aeoia?aia aeo?aeii? oeooe (a) oa ii?ioeo c ??ciith
noaiaith a?aeiiaeaiiy (a – 81%, a – 95 %, a – 100%) Oaeei /eiii,
i?iaaaeaiee eiiieaen aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeea iiaeeea?noue
iaea?aeaiiy a?aeiiaeaieo cae?cieo ii?ioe?a iaoiaeii eiia?iiaaiiai
a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ieaoii? ieaeeie aoaeaoeai aeenia?niiai /aaoio i?e
oaiia?aoo?ao 1273-1323 E o na?aaeiaeu? aiaeith.

?IC?IAEA OAOIIEIA?*IEO INIIA IAeA?AEAIIss CAE?CIIAI II?IOEO IAOIAeII
EIIA?IIAAIIAI A?AeIIAEAIIss

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe i?iieneiaiai aei?iaoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?? a
oiiaao ECII. Ia ae?th/iio iaeaaeiaii? o oeaoo ?1 i?iaaaeaia a?aeiiaeaiiy
oeoo ia iniia? i?ieaoii? ieaeeie ?c aeiaeaoeii ae?iaeaiiai oa
?icieeaiiai /aaoio. E?eoa???i ii??aiyiiy neoaeea ii?ioie — ne?aoeue,
iaea?aeaiee ?icieeaiiyi noae? aiaeith aenieiai oeneo. Oeooe
a?aeiiaethaaee o na?aaeiaeu? oaoi?/iiai aiaeith i?e oaiia?aoo?ao
1313-1323 E. Ii o?i?/iiio neeaaeo cae?ci? ii?ioee, iaea?aeai? ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi aeenia?niiai /aaoio, a?aeiia?aeathoue a?aeiiaeaiei
ii?ioeai ia?ie IAEA3 ? i?noyoue: N — 0, 013-0, 012%, I — 0.27-0.28%, S —
0.013-0.016%.

Oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? ii?ioe?a i?aaenoaaeai? o oaaeeoe?.

Neeaae

oeooe Ianeiia aonoeia,

a/ni3 Oaeo/?noue n/50a Ou?eueiai?noue

i?e 700 IIa, a/ni3 I?oei?noue ne?i? i?aniaee i?e 6,5 a/ni3,IIa

Ieaeeia+ae??aiee /aaoi 2,09 39 6,93 38,3

Ieaeeia+?icieea-iee /aaoi 2,39 32 6,94 35,9

Ii?ioie-ne?aoeue 2,79 28 7,08 21,6

Ii??aiyiiy aeanoeainoae aeine?aeieoeueeiai oa cae?cieo ii?ioe?a, ye?
aeioneathoueny nueiaiaei? ia Oe?a?i?, iieacaei, ui iaea?aeaiee ii
?ic?iaeai?e o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? cae?ciee ii?ioie iiaeia
?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey aeaioiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?eieo oa aioeo?eeoe?eieo
ae?ia?a neeaaeii? oi?ie.

IAeA?AEAIIss NIA*AIEO EIINO?OEOe?EIEO IAOA??AE?A IA INIIA? A?AeIIAEAIIAI
CAE?CIIAI II?IOEO

I?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeeeaiai
aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiiaeaiiai ii?ioeo aeey aeaioiaeaiiy nia/aieo
eiino?oeoe?eieo noaeae nenoaie cae?ci-aoaeaoeue, cae?ci-o?ii-aoaeaoeue.

O yeino? eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a aeei?enoiaoaaee a?ao?o ie?aoeaaee, ui
aaiaeeee aei oeooe c ?ic?aooieo 0.2; 0.4; 0.6 ? 0.8 % aoaeaoeth o
iaoa??ae?. Oa?io?ii ia?ee OO 800, ui i?noeoue 66.7% Cr ? 8.14 %N,
aaiaeeee o oae?e e?eueeino?, uia o?iienoa noaeue i?noeea 1, 3, 5 ? 7%
o?iio. C iaoith ?ic?iaee iioeiaeueii? oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy nia/aieo
eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? a?aeiiaeaiiai cae?ciiai ii?ioeo
aeine?aeaeai? an? oaoiieia?/i? iia?aoe??: i?eaiooaaiiy oeooe,
i?anoaaiiy, ni?eaiiy. O i?ioean? i?eaiooaaiiy oeooe aecia/aee ianeiio
u?euei?noue (AeANO 19440-74) oa ou?eueiai?noue (AeANO 25280-82)
aeo?aeieo oeoo. Aeo?aei? oeooe i?anoaaee ia a?ae?aae?/iiio i?an? IN-1000
i?e oeneo 400, 500, 600 ? 700 IIa. C?acee ni?eaee i?ioyaii 2-o aiaeei o
na?aaeiaeu? aiaeith ia eaai?aoi?i?e onoaiiaoe? i?ioi/iiai oeio i?e
oaiia?aoo?ao 1273 E aeey cae?ciaoaeaoeaaeo oa 1423E aeey
cae?cio?iiaoaeaoeaaeo noaeae. Iieacaii, ui a i?ioean? ni?eaiiy
a?aeaoaa?oueny ia’?iia onaaeea cae?ciaoaeaoeaaeo ii?ioeiaeo iaoa??ae?a
ii?yaeeo 1-2% a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeneo i?anoaaiiy oa ai?noo aoaeaoeth o
oeoo?. ?c c?inoaiiyi oeneo i?anoaaiiy ia’?iia onaaeea c?ace?a
cieaeo?oueny. C?acee, ui i?noyoue iaioo e?euee?noue a?ao?oo,
i?aeeyaathoue aei a?eueoi? onaaeee. Aeey cae?cio?ii?noeo ii?ioeiaeo
noaeae niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei c?inoaiiy c?ace?a. Iniaeeai aiia
iii?oia i?e aaaaeaii? 7% o?iio.

Aeine?aeaeai? oaa?ae?noue oa a?aieoey i?oeiino? ia ?ic?ea
cae?ciaoaeaoeaaeo oa cae?cio?iiaoaeaoeaaeo noaeae. O nia/aieo
cae?ciaoaeaoeaaeo noaeae, noai?aieo ia aac? a?aeiiaeaiiai cae?ciiai
ii?ioeo, iieacieee oaa?aeino? oa a?aieoe? i?oeiino? aeua, i?ae o
aiaeia?/ieo ii?ioeiaeo noaeae.

A oiiaao ECII ia iniia? a?aeiiaeaiiai ii?ioeo aeaioiaeaia
aeine?aeieoeueei-i?iieneiaa ia?o?y nia/aieo ae?ia?a — noaoi?e ie?eieo
ianin?a c iaoa??aeo NI65O3. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c oaa?aeino? oa
oei/aniaiai iii?o i?e ?icoyaiaii? iieacaa, ui oe? iieacieee aeey
ae?ia?a, ae?iaeaieo ia iniia? a?aeiiaeaiiai ii?ioeo, ia 10-15% aeua,
i?ae aeey na??eii ae?iaey?ieo.

AEIIII?*IA IAA?OIOOAAIIss IIAI? OAOIIEIA??

IAeA?AEAIIss CAE?CIEO II?IOE?A

?ic?aoiaaii aeiiii?/iee aoaeo i?e ae?iaieoeoa? cae?ciiai ii?ioeo
eiia?iiaaiei a?aeiiaeaiiyi i?ieaoii? ieaeeie aeenia?niei /aaoiii. *enoee
??/iee i?eaooie i?e ianyc? ae?iaieoeoaa 3 oen. o ia ??e neeaaea 566978
a?i. Nia?aa?o?noue ii?ioeo ii oaoiieia??, ui i?iiiio?oueny, cieaeo?oueny
ia 180-190 a?i/o (16-20%). I?e/eia cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? iieyaa? o
ciaioaii? aa?oino? ia ne?iaeio ? aia?aaoe/i? aeo?aoe. No?ie ieoiiino?
aeo?ao neeaaea? aeecueei 5.5 ?ie?a. Aeiiii?/i? ?ic?aooiee aeeiiai?
aeoiaey/e c ?nioth/i? ia ECII oe?ie ia cae?ciee ii?ioie o aa?aci? 1998
?ieo. A?aoiaoth/e, ui ye?noue ae?ia?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi iiaiai ii?ioeo
i?aeaeuo?oueny ia 10-15%, iiaeia i/?eoaaoe ia ca?eueoaiiy i?eaooeo ia
i?aei?e?inoa? ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy oe?ie ia ii?ioie ?c iie?ioaieie
ye?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oa nei?i/aiiy no?ieo ieoiiino? ?iaanoeoe?e o
iiao oaoiieia?th.

INIIAI? AENIIAEE

Aieiaiei i?aenoieii aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea, aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
i?iieneiaa aei?iaoaaiiy iiai? aeiiii?/ii? ?ano?nicaa??aath/i? oaoiieia??
iaea?aeaiiy cae?cieo ii?ioe?a iaoiaeii eiia?iiaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy
i?ieaoii? ieaeeie aeenia?niei /aaoiii. I?iaaaeaiee eiiieaen oai?aoe/ieo
oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieea c?iaeoe ?yae
ocaaaeueithth/eo aeniiae?a:

1. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo niinia?a iaea?aeaiiy a?aeiiaeaieo
cae?cieo ii?ioe?a. Iieacaia ia?aaaaa iaoiaea eiia?iiaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy.
Aeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy o yeino? oaa?aeiai a?aeiiaieea
iecueeie?aii?noiai /aaoio, o yeino? cae?ci?oaeiiai eiiiiiaioa — i?ieaoio
ieaeeio.

2. Iaa?oioiaai? iioeiaeuei? oaoiieia?/i? noaie i?aeaioiaee ieaeeie oa
iecueeie?aii?noiai /aaoio. Iieacaii, ui a?eueo ia?aaaaeii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe o yeino? oaa?aeiai a?aeiiaieea aeenia?niee /aaoi,
iaea?aeaiee iaoiaeii iaoai?/iiai cae??aithaaiiy, yeee i?e iaeiaeiaiio
a?aioeiiao?e/iiio neeaae? ia? i?eaeecii o 1.5 ?ace a?eueoo ieoiio
iiaa?oith o ii??aiyii? c ?icieeaiei ?, a?aeiia?aeii, a?eueo aenieo
?aaeoe?eio cae?ai?noue.

C iaoith aecia/aiiy aeaea?aea cae?ci?oaeii? ne?iaeie, aeeiiaia
eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae ieaeei /enoiaeo ee?oae i?ieaoieo
noai?a i?ia?aeieo iaoaeo?a?eieo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie: AAO
«Caii??aenoaeue» (i. Caii??aeaey), E?eai??aenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai eiia?iaoo «E?eai??aenoaeue» (i. E?eaee ??a), AO
«Caaiae ?iai? A. ?. Iao?ianueeiai (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee),
Aei?i?ianueeiai iaoaeo?a?eiiai eiia?iaoo (i. Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinuee). Ca
?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue oa aiae?co ne?iaeiii? aace e?a?ie
anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo i?eaeaoieie aeey i?aai?caoe?? i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa cae?ciiai ii?ioeo ii o?i?/iiio neeaaeo oa o?ce/iei
oa?aeoa?enoeeai ? /enoiaa ieaeeia, ui ooai?th?oueny o aeinoaoiueiio
ianyc? ia iaoaeo?a?eieo eiia?iaoao «E?eai??aenoaeue» oa
«Caii??aenoaeue».

4. A ?cioa?i?/iiio oa ia ?cioa?i?/iiio ?aaeei? aeine?aeaeai? e?iaoe/i?
caeiiii??iino? a?aeiiaeaiiy ieaeeie ?c aeei?enoaiiyi a yeino? oaa?aeiai
a?aeiiaieea iaoai?/ii cae??aiaiiai /aaoio. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iioeiaeueiei
a?aeiioaiiyi i?ae eeniai cae?ci?oaeii? /anoeie oeooe ? aoaeaoeai, yeee
aiineoueny oaa?aeei a?aeiiaieeii, ? a?aeiioaiiy I/N, ui aei??aith?
1.8-2.0.

5. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci eiia?iiaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy ieaeeie oeaiaioeoii
aeenia?niiai /aaoio ? aiaeiai aaciai? oace. Oeaiaioeo ? aeoeaiei
a?aeiiaieeii ? aa?a o/anoue o i?yiiio a?aeiiaeaii? ieneae?a cae?ca aei
/enoiai cae?ca. E??i oiai, a?aeaoaa?oueny aca?iiae?y eiai ?c aiaeiai
aaciai? oace c ooai?aiiyi iaoaio ? cae?ca. Iaoai aiane?aeie nai??
aeano?oeoe?? ooai?th? aeoeaia a?aeiiaia na?aaeiaeua, ui i?noeoue
iiiiieneae aoaeaoeth ? aiaeaiue.

6. Oa?iiaeeiai?/ieie ?ic?aooieaie iieacaii, ui aaciina?aaei?
a?aeiiaeaiiy ieneae?a cae?ca oeaiaioeoii iiaea i?io?eaoe i?e
oaiia?aoo?ao aeua 858 E aeey iaaiaoeoo oa aeua oaiia?aoo?e 914 E aeey
athnoeoo.

7. Aeine?aeaeai? ?c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aioaaiioaciaiai iaoiaeo aiae?co
neeaae aeo?aeieo oeooiaeo iaoa??ae?a, e?ioeaaiai oa i?ii?aeieo
i?iaeoeo?a a?aeiiaeaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo oiiaao
a?aeiiaeaiiy aoaeaoeue oeaiaioeoo i?aeoe/ii iiai?noth aeo?a/o?oueny ia
a?aeiiaiee i?ioean.

8. ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aia aeey ?icoeo?iaee e?iaoeee eiia?iiaaiiai oa
aoaeaoeaaioa?i?/iiai a?aeiiaeaiiy ieneae?a ieaeeie ia i?aenoaa? neeaaeo
aaciiiae?aieo i?iaeoeo?a ?aaeoe?? oa ?icoiaeo a?aeiiaiiai aaco.
?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iieacaee, ui /anoea o/ano? aoaeaoeth oeaiaioeoo
o a?aeiiaiiio i?ioean? i?e ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo ?aaeeiao neeaaea? ia iaio
i?ae 80%.

9. Ia i?aenoaa? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaiee oaoiieia?/iee
i?ioean iaea?aeaiiy cae?ciiai ii?ioeo iaoiaeii eiia?iiaaiiai
a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ieaoii? ieaeeie aeenia?niei iecueeie?aii?noei /aaoiii o
na?aaeiaeu? oaoi?/iiai aiaeith. Aecia/ai? eiai iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e:
a?aioeiiao?e/iee neeaae aeo?aeieo iaoa??ae?a, ?aaeei ci?ooaaiiy,
oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei a?aeiiaeaiiy — iaacaoaeaoeueiaoaaiiy.

10. A oiiaao ECII i?iaaaeaia i?iieneiaa ai?iaoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii?
oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy a?aeiiaeaiiai cae?ciiai ii?ioeo. Io?eiaia
aeine?aeieoeueei-i?iieneiaa ia?o?y a?aeiiaeaiiai cae?ciiai ii?ioeo.
Aecia/ai? eiai oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? (ianeiia aonoeia 2.1-2.2 a/ni3,
oaeo/?noue 39 n/50a, i?oei?noue ne?i? i?aniaee 38,3 IIa, ou?eueiai?noue
6.93 a/ni3) oa o?ce/i? aeanoeaino?. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacothoue, ui oaeee ii?ioie iiaea aooe oni?oii aeei?enoaiee i?e
ae?iaieoeoa? eiino?oeoe?eieo, aioeo?eeoe?eieo oa ?ioeo ae?ia?a ?c
i?aeaeuaieie i?oei?noieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.

11. ?ic?aoiaaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo i?e ae?iaieoeoa? cae?ciiai ii?ioeo
eiia?iiaaiei a?aeiiaeaiiyi i?ieaoii? ieaeeie aeenia?niei /aaoiii
neeaaea? 180-190 a?i/o. Cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? cae?ciiai ii?ioeo
aeinyaiooa ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy aeaeaoe?a ia ne?iaeio oa aia?aaoe/i?
aeo?aoe. No?ie ieoiiino? aeo?ao neeaaea? 5.5 ?ieo. Aeiiii?/i? ?ic?aooiee
aeeiiai? aeoiaey/e ?c ?nioth/i? ia ECII oe?ie ia cae?ciee ii?ioie o
aa?aci? 1998 ?ieo.

12. A oiiaao ECII io?eiaia aeine?aeieoeueea ia?o?y aeaoaeae oeio noaoi?
NI 65O3 ?c aeei?enoaiiyi a?aeiiaeaiiai ii?ioeo. Aeey aeine?aeieoeueeeo
aeaoaeae oaa?ae?noue neeaea 1300-1400 IA (aeey caaiaenueeeo
aeaoaeae-1100-1200 IA); oei/aniaee ii?? i?e ?icoyaiaii? neeaa 400-450
IIa (aeey caaiaenueeeo aeaoaeae — 350-400 IIa).

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o oaeeo ?iaioao:

?ineee E. A., Ino?ee I.I. . Oeceei — oeie/aneea naienoaa ieaeeiu e
aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey aa a i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa aeaeaciuo
ii?ioeia // Oai?ey e i?aeoeea iaoaeeo?aee.-1998.- ?3.- N. 15-17.

?ineee E.A., Ino?ee I.I. Iieo/aiea ainnoaiiaeaiiuo aeaeaciuo ii?ioeia ec
i?ieaoiie ieaeeiu e aeenia?niiai iaeie?aiienoiai /oaoia // Oai?ey e
i?aeoeea iaoaeeo?aee.-1998.- ?2.- N. 36-37.

Iao. 17355 A, UA IEE A 22 F 9/20 Niin?a iaea?aeaiiy cae?ciiai ii?ioeo /
Ino?ee I.I., A?eai?/oe ?.?., ?ineee ?.A., ?iiaiia N.I. ( UA)-
AeIaoAO — ? 95041593; Cayae. 10.04.95. Iioae.31.10.97; I?iieneiaa
aeani?noue. Io?oe?eiee athe. ?5. –N. 3.1.125-3.1.126.

Aaniaeei E.A., ?ineee E.A., Aaeai N.E. Iieo/aiea aeaeaciuo ii?ioeia ia
iniiaa aeaeaci?oaeiiai nu?uey // Oacenu aeieeaaea Ananithciie
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/aiuo «Eioaineoeeaoeey
iaoaeeo?ae/aneeo i?ioeannia e iiauoaiea ea/anoaa iaoaeeia e nieaaia». –
Ooea. – 1990. – N.81.

Ino?ee I.I., Aaniaeei E.A., ?ineee E.A. Iieo/aiea iaoaeeeciaaiiie aoaee
ia iniiaa aeaeaci?oaeiuo noia?eiioeaio?aoia // Oacenu aeieeaaea
Ananithciie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee «I?iaeaiu oai?ee e
oaoiieiaee iiaeaioiaee nu?uey aeey aeiiaiiiai i?ioeanna e aaneieniaie
iaoaeeo?aee» .- Aeiai?iiao?iane. – 1990. –N. 226-227.

AIIOAOe?ss

?ineee ?.A. ?ic?iaea oa aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy cae?ciiai
ii?ioeo caniaii eiia?iiaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy aeenia?nii? ieaeeie c
aeei?enoaiiyi neioaoe/iiai /aaoio. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.16.06 – Ii?ioeiaa iaoaeo?a?y oa eiiiiceoe?ei?
iaoa??aee, — ?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ?i. ?.I. O?aioeaae/a IAI
Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi iaea?aeaiiy cae?ciiai ii?ioeo iaoiaeii
eiia?iiaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ieaoii? ieaeeie ? nia/aieo iaoa??ae?a ia
eiai iniia?. I?iaaaeai aiae?c ne?iaeiii? aace Oe?a?ie oa aea?aia
aeo?aeia ne?iaeia aeey ae?iaieoeoaa cae?ciiai ii?ioeo caniaii
eiia?iiaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? oaoiieia?/i? noaie i?aeaioiaee
aeo?aeii? ne?iaeie oa aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e i?ioeano.
Aeine?aeaeai? e?iaoeea oa iaoai?ci a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ieaoii? ieaeeie
aeenia?niei iecueeie?aii?noei /aaoiii o na?aaeiaeu? aiaeith. Aecia/ai?
iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e i?ioeano a?aeiiaeaiiy ? i?iaaaeaia
aeine?aeieoeueei-i?iieneiaa aei?iaoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia??
iaea?aeaiiy a?aeiiaeaiiai cae?ciiai ii?ioeo.

Ia iniia? a?aeiiaeaiiai cae?ciiai ii?ioeo aeaioiaeai? iecueeieaaiaai?
nia/ai? noae?, i?iaaaeaia iioei?caoe?y ?oiueiai aeaioiaeaiiy.
?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaai? o i?iieneiaeo oiiaao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?aeiiaeaiiy, cae?ciee ii?ioie, i?ieaoia ieaeeia,
aeenia?niee /aaoi, e?iaoeea, aeanoea?noue, eaaiaai? noae?.

ABSTRACT

Roslik I.G. Development and research of technology of deriving of an
iron powder by a method of the combined restoration mill scale with the
use of synthetic pig iron. — Manuscript.

Thesis for an engineering science candidate’s degree by speciality
05.16.06 — Powder metallurgy and composite materials. Frantsevich
Institute for Problems of Materials Science, Ukraine, Kiev, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to problems of deriving of an iron powder by a
method of restoration and sintered constructional materials on its
basis. The analysis of a source of raw materials of Ukraine is conducted
and the initial raw materials for production of an iron powder by a
method of the combined restoration are chosen. The technological
circuits of its preparation are developed and the optimum parameters of
process are determined. The kinetics and mechanism of restoration
rolling scale by disperse pig iron in a hydrogen atmosphere are
investigated. The optimum parameters of process of restoration are
determined and the trial approbation of the developed technology of
deriving of a restored iron powder is conducted.

Low carbon sintered steels are made on the basis of the restored iron
powder. The optimisation of their deriving is conducted. The outcomes of
researches are tested in industrial conditions.

Key words: restoration, iron powder, rolling scale, disperse pig-iron,
kinetics, property, alloy steels.

AIIIOAOeEss

?ineee E.A. ?ac?aaioea e enneaaeiaaiea oaoiieiaee iieo/aiey aeaeaciiai
ii?ioea iaoiaeii eiiaeie?iaaiiiai ainnoaiiaeaiey aeenia?niie ieaeeiu n
eniieueciaaieai neioaoe/aneiai /oaoia. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.16.06 — Ii?ioeiaay iaoaeeo?aey e eiiiiceoeeiiiua
iaoa?eaeu, Einoeooo i?iaeai iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiey ei. E.I. O?aioeaae/a IAI
Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iieo/aiey aeaeaciiai ii?ioea iaoiaeii
eiiaeie?iaaiiiai ainnoaiiaeaiey i?ieaoiie ieaeeiu niaianoii oaea?iaeii
aeenia?niiai /oaoia e ainnoaiiaeoaeueiie aaciaie n?aaeie. Aeaii
iainiiaaiea eniieueciaaiey a ea/anoaa oaa?aeiai ainnoaiiaeoaey
iaeie?aiienoiai /oaoia, a ea/anoaa aeaeaci?oaeiiai ninoaaeythuaai –
i?ieaoioth ieaeeio.

?ac?aaioaiu iioeiaeueiua oaoiieiae/aneea noaiu iiaeaioiaee ieaeeiu e
iaeie?aiienoiai /oaoia. Iieacaii, /oi i?aaeii/oeoaeueiae a ea/anoaa
oaa?aeiai ainnoaiiaeoaey eniieueciaaoue aeenia?niue /oaoi, iieo/aiiue
iaoiaeii iaoaie/aneiai eciaeue/aiey, eioi?ue i?e iaeeiaeiaii
a?aioeiiao?e/aneii ninoaaa eiaao i?eia?ii a 1,5 ?aca aieueooth
oaeaeueioth iiaa?oiinoue ii n?aaiaieth n ?aniueaiiui e, niioaaonoaaiii,
aieaa aunieoth ?aaeoeeiiioth niiniaiinoue.

N oeaeueth ii?aaeaeaiey enoi/ieea aeaeaci?oaeiiai nu?uey, i?iaaaeai
aiaeec nu?ueaaie aacu Oe?aeiu. Auiieiaii eiiieaeniia eco/aiea naienoa
ieaeei /enoiauo eeaoae i?ieaoiuo noaiia aaaeoueo iaoaeeo?ae/aneeo
i?aaei?eyoee no?aiu: IAI «Caii?iaenoaeue» (a. Caii?iaeuea),
E?eai?iaeneiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai ai?ii — iaoaeeo?ae/aneiai eiiaeiaoa
«E?eai?iaenoaeue» (a. E?eaie ?ia), AI «Caaiae eiaie A.E.Iao?ianeiai (a.
Aeiai?iiao?iane), Aeiai?ianeiai iaoaeeo?ae/aneiai eiiaeiaoa (a.
Aeiai?iaeca?aeeine). Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaeaieaa i?eaiaeiuie ii
oeie/aneiio ninoaao e oece/aneei oa?aeoa?enoeeai yaeyaony /enoiaay
ieaeeia, ia?acothuayny a aeinoaoi/iii iau?ia aeey i?aaiecaoeee
i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa aeaeaciiai ii?ioea eiiaeiaoia »
E?eai?iaenoaeue» e «Caii?iaenoaeue».

Ia iniiaa oa?iiaeeiaie/aneeo ?an/?oia, ?aioaaiioaciaiai e
o?iiaoia?aoe/aneiai aiaeeca i?aaeeiaeai iaoaieci eiiaeie?iaaiiiai
ainnoaiiaeaiey i?ieaoiie ieaeeiu oaea?iaeii aeenia?niiai /oaoia a
ainnoaiiaeoaeueiie aoiinoa?a.

?ac?aaioaia i?ia?aiia aeey ?anoeo?iaee eeiaoeee eiiaeie?iaaiiiai e
oaeaoa?ie/aneiai ainnoaiiaeaiey ieneaeia ieaeeiu ia iniiaaiee ninoaaa
aaciia?aciuo i?iaeoeoia ?aaeoeee e ?anoiaea ainnoaiiaeoaeueiiai aaca n
eniieueciaaieai IYAI. ?acoeueoaou ?an/aoia iieacaee, /oi aeiey o/anoey
oaea?iaea oeaiaioeoa a ainnoaiiaeoaeueiii i?ioeanna i?e ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiuo
?aaeeiao ninoaaeyao ia iaiaa 80 %.

Ia iniiaaiee auiieiaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee ?ac?aaioai oaoiieiae/aneee
i?ioeann iieo/aiey aeaeaciiai ii?ioea iaoiaeii eiiaeie?iaaiiiai
ainnoaiiaeaiey ieaeeiu aeenia?niui iaeie?aiienoui /oaoiii a n?aaea
oaoie/aneiai aiaei?iaea. Ii?aaeaeaiu aai iioeiaeueiua ia?aiao?u:
a?aioeiiao?e/aneee ninoaa enoiaeiuo iaoa?eaeia, ?aaeei niaoeaaiey,
oaiia?aoo?iue ?aaeei ainnoaiiaeaiey — iaacoaea?iaeeaaiey.

A oneiaeyo ECII i?iaaaeaii i?iiuoeaiiia ii?iaiaaiea ?ac?aaioaiiie
oaoiieiaee iieo/aiey ainnoaiiaeaiiiai aeaeaciiai ii?ioea. Iieo/aia
iiuoii-i?iiuoeaiiay ia?oey ainnoaiiaeaiiiai aeaeaciiai ii?ioea.
Ii?aaeaeaiu aai oaoiieiae/aneea naienoaa (ianuiiay ieioiinoue
2.1-2.2 a/ni3, oaeo/anoue 39 n/50a, oieioiyaiinoue 6,93 a/ni 3,
i?i/iinoue nu?ie i?anniaee 38.3 IIa) e oece/aneea naienoaa.

Ia iniiaa ainnoaiiaeaiiiai aeaeaciiai ii?ioea ecaioiaeaiu
ieceioaea?iaeenoua nia/aiiua noaee, i?iaaaeaia iioeiecaoeey eo
iieo/aiey. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee ii?iaiaaiu a i?iiuoeaiiuo oneiaeyo.
Iieacaii, /oi yenieoaoaoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee iiauoathony ia 10-15%.

?ann/eoai yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo i?e i?iecaiaenoaa aeaeaciiai ii?ioea
eiiaeie?iaaiiui ainnoaiiaeaieai i?ieaoiie ieaeeiu aeenia?niui /oaoiii e
ninoaaee 180-190 a?i/o. I?e/eia nieaeaiey naaanoieiinoe ninoieo a
oiaiueoaiea nu?ueaauo e yia?aaoe/aneeo cao?ao.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ainnoaiiaeaiea, aeaeaciue ii?ioie, i?ieaoiay ieaeeia,
aeenia?niue /oaoi, eeiaoeea, naienoai, eaae?iaaiiua noaee.

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