Психологічні фактори психосоматичних розладів (на матеріалі виразкової хвороби): Автореф. дис… канд. психол. наук / Ю.А. Ващенко, Київ. ун-т ім. Т.Ш

Ee?anueeee oiiaa?neoao iiaii Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

OAeE 616.33-002.44-06+616.89-02

Aauaiei TH?ie Aiaoieieiae/

INEOIEIAI*II OAEOI?E INEOINIIAOE*IEO ?ICEAAeIA

(IA IAOA??AE? AE?ACEIAI? OAI?IAE)

19.00. 04. — iaaee/ia ineoieiaiy.

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiai/ieo iaoe.

Ee?a-1999.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio A?aanueea
??eia Aaeai?aia, Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a
ineoiae?aaiinoeee oa iaaee/ii? ineoieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/eo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
A?eia Aieiaeeie? Ieoaeeiae/, I?aeia?iaeiee iaoeiai-iaa/aeueiee oeaio?
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ? nenoai IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Inaaeueei Ieany TH???aia,
Ee?anueeee i?ae?aa?iiaeueiee ?inoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy a/eoae?a ?iai?
A.A?ei/aiea, eaoaae?a ineoieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
caaaeueii? ineoieia??, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 7 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.26 Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith :

252601, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 64, aoae..314.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 6 aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ee?eeaiei O.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy. C?inoath/ee ?iaaiue aeiia, ui
aenoaathoueny no/aniei aeeooyi aei ia?an?/ii? ethaeeie, eoeueoo?ii,
aeiiiii/ii oa nioeiaeueii o?ainoi?iaoei? aeiaaathoue aiae ia?
iaaecae/aeii? iiaieicaoei? eiaieoeaieo, aiioeieieo oa iniaenoinieo
?ano?nia, iinoieii? aioiaiinoi ae?iooaaoe aeeoo?ai i?iaeaie, ye?
aeieeathoue. O?iii/ia ia?aiai?oaa i aioo?ioiy ineoieiai/ia
eiioeieoiinoue ? iianyeaeaiiinoth no/anii? ethaeeie, ui a?ae/oaa? ia
niai iinoieiee oene c aieo nioeiaeueieo oa aeiiiii/ieo iinoeoooia.

Ana oea ? i?e/eiith cia/iiai iiaeaeuaiiy /enea o?iii/ieo caoai?thaaiue,
ao?ieia?y yeeo oinii iia’ycaia ic iniaeeainoyie ineoieiai/ii? noa?e; ca
aeayeeie aeaieie ?iciianthaeaeaiinoue ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia a
?iaeono?iaeueieo e?a?iao neeaaea? aiae 20 aei 30% ianaeaiiy. A Oe?a?ii
/enei eeoa ca?a?no?iaaieo oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao noaiiaeoue 5
iieueeiiia inia (A.A.Ia?aaea??e, N.I.Oea/). Noaiiaeua iiai?oo?oueny ca
aiaenooiinoi cae/ieo aaea aeey caoiaeiiai nioeioio iinoeoooia
ineoieiai/ii? aeiiiiiae, ooieoei? yeeo ianaiia?aae iia’ycaii ic
iiaeaeuaiiyi ineoieiai/ii? eoeueoo?e ianaeaiiy, iaa/aiiyi iaae/eai
naii?aaoeyoe??, ?ica’ycoaaiiy ineoieiai/ieo o?oaeiiuia. Ineoieiai/ii
i?iaeaie, ui iiaei ae c oniioii ae?ioeoe ineoieiai/ia eiinoeueooaaiiy,
aaaaoi a /iio i?iaieothoue ineoiniiaoe/ii aeenooieoei?. Eaaeioieiaaia
aeiiiiiaa ineoieiaa /anoi caiiith?oueny ao?o/aiiyi oeo, ooi ia ia?
aeinoaoiuei? iiaeaioiaee.

Ineoiniiaoe/ii ?iceaaee ciaoiaeyoueny o oeaio?i oaaae iaaee/ii?
ineoieiai? aaea ia iaeia aeanyoe?i//y. Inoaiiii /anii iniaeeai
iaaaeueiith noaea iaiaoiaeiinoue eiiieaeniiai, ioeueoeoaeoi?iiai
iiaeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy o?iii/ieo caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia aeeoaiiy,
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie oa nenoaie o?aaeaiiy i?aaiicio.

Neeaaeiinoue oaiiiaiia, ui aea/athoueny, iieacaea iaaaeaeaaoi?noue
?aaeoeoeieieo, ni?iuaieo i?e/eiii-ianeiaeeiaeo iiynithaaeueieo iiaeaeae
ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia. Ia’?eoeaia aeineiaeaeaiiy iaoaiiciia
ao?ieiai? e iaoiaaiaco ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia iiaeeeai eeoa c
aeei?enoaiiyi nenoaiieo eiioeaiooaeueieo iiaoaeia, c o?aooaaiiyi
aaaaoiii?iinoi oa aaaaoi?iaiaainoi yaeu, ui aea/athoueny.

A yeinoi ineoieiai/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, yei aecia/athoue eiiai?iinoue
aeieeiaiiy ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia aeineiaeaeoaaeeny iniaeeainoi
?aaaoaaiiy ia no?aniai «aeeoo?ai iiaei?» (A. Naeue?, O. Oiein), aeeaeiii
?io?aineoi/ii eiioeieoe, niaoeeoi/ii iniaenoinii i?ioiei (O.
Aeaenaiaea?, O. Aeaiaa?), ie?aii iniaenoinii ?ene (A.I. Neiaiaieia, I.O.
AEocaeaiia), iniaeeainoi o?ono?aoeieieo ?aaeoeie, iniaeeainoi
iniaenoinieo aeoeaiooaoeie (I.I. Oaeueiiaa, I.A. Eaiiuaa), oeie
nioeiaeueii-ineoieiai/ieo aeacaaeaioaoeie (O.A. Aeaacyi, TH.I. Aoaa/ia).
Nooo?ai iaoiaeieiai/ii ?icaiaeiinoi, noia?a/eeainoue aeaieo, iaaeinoaoiy
ii?aoeueiaaiinoue eaoaai??aeueiiai aia?aoo oneeaaeiththoue ocaaaeueiaiiy
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia oa ae?iaeaiiy aaeaeaaoii? eiioeaioei?, yea a
aeicaieeea ioeiieoe aeeaae ineoieiai/ieo /eiieeia a ao?ieia?th oa
iaoiaaiac ?iceaaeia i ?ic?iaeoe ?aeaaaioii aeiaaiinoe/ii oa oa?aiaaoe/ii
caniae ?iaioe ic ineoieiai/ieie iniaeeainoyie ineoiniiaoe/ieo
iaoe??ioia.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeueiinoue oei?? aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny
iaiao?aeiinoth aeey iaaee/ii? ineoieiai? aieueo aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy
ineoieiai/ieo iniaeeainoae ineoiniiaoe/ieo oai?eo, ?icoiiiiy
ineoieiai/ieo iaoaiiciia aeey aeai?o aaeaeaaoieo oi?i eieoaaiiy e
i?ioieaeoeee.

Ca’ycie oaie ic iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeineiaeaeaiiy
ineoieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia iia’ycaia ic iaoeiaith
i?iaeaiaoeeith, ui ?ic?iaey?oueny ia eaoaae?i ineoiaeiaaiinoeee i
iaaee/ii? ineoieiai? Ee?anueeiai oiiaa?neoaoo ?i. O.Oaa/aiea.
Iiaeia?iaeia iaa/aeueii-ina?oiy i?ia?aia «Oaiion-Oan?n», a yeie aa?a
o/anoue eaoaae?a, i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ineoieiai? caei?ia’y, aeiaaiinoeee
iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo aiaeiiiiinoae e ineoieiai/iiai eiinoeueooaaiiy inia,
ui iathoue ineoieiai/ii i?iaeaie. ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiaii a oiaei aeaiiai
aeineiaeaeaiiy, iiaeooue aooe ei?enieie aeey ?ic?iaee o/aiaeo i?ia?ai,
eo?nia eaeoeie, niaoeeo?nia, i?enay/aieo eeii?/iie ineoieiai? oa
ineoiniiaoe/iei ?iceaaeai.

Ia’?eoii aeineiaeaeaiiy ? ineoieiai/ii /eiieee, yei aieeaathoue ia
ao?ieiaith oa iaoiaaiac ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e iniaenoino?, ui
aecia/athoue ineoiniiaoe/iee niin?a ?aaaoaaiiy a oiiaao no?ano.

Oe?eue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaea o ?ice?eoo? /eiiee?a, ye?
iaoiiaeththoue ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? in?a, ui no?aaeaeathoue a?ae
ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaae?a.

Aiaeic iaoeiai? eioa?aoo?e, i?enay/aii? ineoiniiaoe/iei ?iceaaeai oa
ineoieiai/iei iniaeeainoyi ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??ioia, aeicaieea iai
noi?ioethaaoe ianooiii aiiioace:

1. Aeiy eiiieaeno ineoieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia ia
iia’ycaia aaciina?aaeiuei c iiaaaeiieiaeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iniaenoinoi,
a aecia/a?oueny iniaeeainoyie iioaa?aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee oeieiniinoi
iniaenoinoi.

2. Oa?aeoa?enoeeith oeieiniinoi iniaenoinoi, yea iaoiiaeth? iniaeeainoi
ineoiniiaoe/iiai niiniao ?aaaoaaiiy ia no?aniai neooaoei?, aenooia?
iineaaeaia ii/oooy aai-iaeaioe/iinoi, ui ae?aaea?oueny o
iaocaiaeaeaiinoi ?icieo aniaeoia ss.

3. C oi/ee ci?o oaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae no?oeoo?a iniaenoinoi oai?eo ia
ae?aceiao oai?iao ? iaoeiiaith: ?? iniiai? eiiiiiaioe a?aeia?aaeathoue
eiioe?eooth/? iniaeno?ni? oaiaeaioe??, ye? iia’ycai? ?c o?ono?iaaiith
iio?aaith o caeaaeiino?.

Aiaeiiaiaeii c oeieeth oa aiiioacaie aeineiaeaeaiiy aoee iinoaaeaii
aeey ae?ioaiiy ianooiii caaaeaiiy:

1) i?iaiaeicoaaoe eiioeaioei? ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia, ui aeicaieeei a
aeaeieeoe caaaeueia oa niaoeeoi/ia o ineoieiai/ieo oaeoi?ao
ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia;

2) iiaoaeoaaoe iiaeaeue aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieiai/iiai aeineiaeaeaiiy
caaaeueieo oa niaoeeoi/ieo ineoieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia ineoiniiaoe/ieo
?iceaaeia;

3) ?ice?eoe iiaeeaiaeoaeuei? ineoieiai/i? iniaeeaino? ineoiniiaoe/ieo
oai?eo, ui aeicaieeoue aecia/eoe caaaeueii ineoieiai/ii oaeoi?e
ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia;

4) iaeaioeoieoaaoe iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-iniaeno?ni? iniaeeaino? oai?eo ia
ae?aceiao oai?iao aeey aecia/aiiy niaoeeoi/ieo ineoieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia.

Iaoiaeieiai/io iniiao aeineiaeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue iieiaeaiiy i?i
iaiaoiaeiinoue oeieiniiai, iioaa?iaaiiai iiaeoiaeo o aea/aiii
niiaoe/iiai oa ineoi/iiai caei?ia’y (C.Eiiianei, A.O. Eiiia),
eiiieaeniiai a?aooaaiiy aieeao iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-ineoieiai/ieo
iniaeeainoae ia aeieeiaiiy oa ?icaeoie ineoiniiaoe/ieo aeenooieoeie
(TH.I. Aoaa/ia, A.I. Iyneuaa, A.Ae. Ea?aana?nueeee), i?i ?ieue
iaoaiiciia caaaeueiiai aaeaioaoeieiiai neiae?iio o ?icaeoeo niiaoe/ieo
iaoieia?e (A. Naeue?, ?. Eaca?on); oyaeaiiy i?i iioaa?aoeieii ia?aiao?e
iniaenoinoi (A. Aiiii, Aeae. Iae-Aeaoaiee) oa aeeaeii? iio?aineoi/i?
eiioeieoe (O. Aeaenaiaea?, ?.N. ?enn) ye caaaeuei? oa niaoeeoi/i?
ineoieiai/i? oaeoi?e ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia.

Iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-iniaenoinieo
iniaeeainoae, aecia/aiiy ineoieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia ineoiniiaoe/ieo
?iceaaeia i?iaiaeeeiny ca aeiiiiiaith oaeeo ineoiaeiaaiinoe/ieo
i?ioeaaeo?: «Oinoiaaeoeyoeoaeoi?iee iniaenoiniee iieooaaeueiee
Eaooaeea», iiaeeoieiaaiee aa?iaio iioa?ia?niiaeueii? aeiaaiinoeee O.
Ei?i (o aeaio aa?iaioao), iaoiaeeea «Iniaenoiniee aeeoa?aioeiae» (o
o?ueio aa?iaioao), iaoiaeeea aea/aiiy iniaenoinieo naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?e
«Ooi ss?». Aeey aiae?co iniaeeainoae aai-iaeaioe/iino? aoee aeei?enoaii
niaoeiaeueii ia?aiao?e (eiaoioei?io eiiei?aeaioiinoi, iaia?aiao?e/iee
e?eoa?ie ?icieoei), ye? aeicaieythoue ioeiieoe nooiiiue iiaiaeaeaiinoi
aniaeoia ss a /aniaie ia?niaeoeai oa o iiaeiniaiaeo aca?ieiao.
Iniaeeainoi no?oeoo?e iniaenoinoi, ui coiiaeththoue niaoeeoi/ii
ineoieiai/ii /eiieee, aoee aeineiaeaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith oaeoi?iiai
aiaeico aeaieo (oaeoi?ecaoeiy iaoiaeii aieiaieo eiiiiiaio, iaa?oaiiy
«Aa?eiaen»).

Aeai?ea aeineiaeaeaiiy neeaea 105 inia, c ieo 37 inia — oai?i ia
ae?aceiao oai?iao, 35 inia — ethaee, ui no?aaeaeathoue aiae
ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia ?icii? iicieiai?, 33 iniae — eiio?ieueia
aeai?ea («oiiaia ii?ia»). Aeai?ee ia iathoue cia/eieo aiaeiiiiinoae ca
iieacieeaie noaoi, aieo oa inaioe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui aeiaaaeaia
caeaaei?noue oa?aeoa?enoee niiaoe/iiai caei?ia’y a?ae ia?aiao??a
oe?e?niino? oa ?ioaa?iaaiino? ss, ca’ycie i?ae aai-?aeaioe/i?noth oa
ineoiniiaoe/ieie ?aaeoe?yie iniaenoino?. Neiino?oeiaaia oa ai?iaiaaia
i?ea?iaeueia iaoiaeeea ioeiiee aai-iaeaioe/iino?. Aia?oa iieacaii, ui
aioo??oiy ineoieia?/ia eiioe?eoi?noue oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao
iaoiiaeaia no?oeoo?ieie iniaeeainoyie ?oiuei? iniaenoino?. Io?eiaii
aeai? i?i iaoeiia?noue no?oeoo?e iniaenoino? oai?eo ia ae?aceiao
oai?iao.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o eiiieaeniiio aiaeici ye
caaaeueieo, oae i niaoeeoi/ieo ineoieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia ineoiniiaoe/ieo
?iceaae?a. Ooi/iaii oa aeaoaeiciaaii no?oeoo?ii ia?aiao?e oeieiniinoi
iniaenoinoi, ui coiiaeththoue ineoiniiaoe/iee niinia ?aaaoaaiiy.
Iieacaii, ui ineoieia?/i? a?aei?iiino? ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??io?a
iaoiiaeai? ia?aiao?aie no?oeoo?e iniaenoino? ? neaai iia’ycai? ?c
iiaaae?ieiaeie i?iyaaie. Io?eiai? aeai? uiaei no?oeoo?e iniaenoino?
oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao noaaeyoue i?ae noii?a oi?aa?naeuei?noue
oaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae iniaenoino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oaeineiiaeaiii nenoaie
ineoiae?aaiinoe/ieo e?eoa?i?a iniaeno?nieo iniaeeainoae ineoiniiaoe/ieo
iaoe??ioia. Io?eiaii? aeaii iieaaoothoue i?ioean aeai?o aaeaeaaoieo
no?aoaaie i oaeoee ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? iioa?aaioei? oa ineoieiai/ii?
iiaeo?eiee inia, ui no?aaeaeathoue aiae ineoiniiaoe/ieo aeenooieoe?e. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie aeaii? ?iaioe noi?ioeueiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei iaaeaiiy
ineoieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia ineoiniiaoe/i? ?iceaaee, a yeeo
a?aoiaaii i?eoaiaiii ?i ineoieiai/ii iniaeeainoi oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaaii
oi?ie i iaoiaee ineoieiai/ii? ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee
aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? niaoeeo?n?a «Ineoieia?/ia eiinoeueooaaiiy»,
«Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ineoieia?? iniaenoino?».

Ai?iaaoeiy ?iaioe. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeiyo nooaeaioia oa ani??aioia
oaeoeueoaoo ineoieiai? oa nioeiieiai?, caniaeaiiyo Ineoieiai/iiai Eeoao
Ee?anueeiai oiiaa?neoaoo, eiioa?aioei? iieiaeeo a/aieo «I?iaeaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaenoino?» (Ee?a, 1998), oaiaoe/iiio nai?ia??
eiea?ia-ineo?ao??a aiaeaeieaiiy ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia 30-? eeii?/ii?
eiea?ii i. Ee?aa, caniaeaiiyo eaoaae?e ineoiae?aaiinoeee oa iaaee/ii?
ineoieiai? Ee?anueeiai oiiaa?neoaoo ?i. O. Oaa/aiea.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icaeieia, aeniiaeia, nieneo aeei?enoaii? eioa?aoo?e, aeiaeaoeia.
?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 177 noi?iieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 5
iaethieaie oa 12 oaaeeoeyie. Aiaeiia?aoiy aeeth/a? 197 ?ia?o
oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oaiaeieo aaoi?ia.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE.

O anooii iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeueiinoue i?iaeaie, aecia/aii iaoa, ia’?eo oa
i?aaeiao aeineiaeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaai? aiiioace i caaaeaiiy, ?ice?eoa
iaoiaeieiai/ia iniiaa aeineiaeaeaiiy, aena?oeaia iaoeiaa iiaecia,
oai?aoe/ia i i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaai? iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, aeeeaaeai? oi?ie ai?iaaoei? ?acoeueoaoia
aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icaeie «Aiaeic eiioeaiooaeueieo iiaeaeae, i?enay/aieo aeeaaeo
ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a a ao?ieia?th oa iaoiaaiac ineoiniiaoe/ieo
?iceaaeia» i?aaenoaaey? oe?ieee niaeo? eiioeaiooaeueieo iiaoaeoaaiue,
i?e/ei, ui noinothoueny /eiieeia ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia.

O oe?ieiio ?icoiiiii aei neeaaeo ineoiniiaoe/ieo aeenooieoe?e
(ineoiniiaoeee) a?aeiinyoue eiiaa?n?ei? neiioiie, ooieoeiiiaeueii
neiae?iie (i?aaii? iaa?ice), oeiaeeeai cae/ee, ye? aieeaathoue ia
niiaoe/ia caei?ia’y, iiaeeaiaeoaeueia noeeuei?noue aei o?aaiaoecio. A
aieueo aocueeiio ?icoi?ii? oa?iii «ineoiniiaoe/i? ?iceaaee»
(ineoiniiaoice) iicia/a? a?oio caoai?thaaiue, a iniiai yeeo eaaeeoue
ia?aeiii oieania ?aaeoeiy ia eiioeieoia ia?aaeeaaiiy, iia’ycaia ic
ii?oieiai/ii anoaiiaeaieie ciiiaie i iaoieia?/ieie ii?ooaiiyie a
i?aaiao. Aei ?oiueiai /enea aiaeiinyoue: a?iioiaeueio yaeoao, ae?aceiaee
eie?o, anaioe?aeueio aiia?oiiith, iae?iaea?iaoeo, ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo,
ae?aceiao oai?iao. A aeai?e aeena?oaoeieiie ?iaioi iiiyooy
«ineoiniiaoe/i? ?iceaaee» aaeeaa?oueny a inoaiiueiio, aieueo aocueeiio
cia/aiii.

Oa?iii «ineoiniiaoe/i? ?iceaaee», «ineoiniiaoeea» o iao /an aeciaiee
aaaaoueia aeineiaeieeaie iaaaeaeei, ineieueee iinoeoue o niai iayaia
i?ioenoaaeaiiy oieanieo e ineoieiai/ieo yaeu (C.Eiiianei). Ca?aeii ?c
nueiaiaei?oiiie iaoeiaeie iiceoeiyie iiae?e caoai?thaaiue ia
ineoiniiaoe/i?, niiaoe/i? oa ineoi/ii aeaeyaea? nii?iei e noia?a/eoue
oyaeaiiyi i?i oeieiniinoue oa ?aeiinoue ethaenueei? inoioe. Aeei?enoaiiy
oa?iiio «ineoiniiaoe/iee» ? aieueo aei?a/iei o iaoiaeieiai/iiio, iiae o
iicieia?/iiio naini, ye iicia/aiiy iiaeoiaeo, ui a?aoiao?
??ciiiai?oi?noue i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy oai?ia.

?icaeoie ineoiniiaoeee a yeinoi iaoeiaiai iiaeoiaeo ia? ca’ycie ic
oeieei ?yaeii ineoiaeeiai?/ieo eiioeaioeie: eiiaa?n?eieo iaoaiiciia (C.
O?aeae), iinoeue iaeiaioiai iii?o (A. Aaeea?), i?ioieia iniaenoinoi (O.
Aeaiaa?), niaoeeoi/ieo eiioeieoia (O. Aeaenaiaea?), ia?aaeeaaiue ao?aoe
ia’?eoo (I. Aiaae), aeaeneoei?? (I. Nioiaic). Ineoio?c?ieia?/i?
caeaaeiinoi aiaeicothoueny o ?iaioao I. Iaaeiaa (aieea aiioeie ia
oiciieiai/ii i?ioeane), A.Eaiiiia (?aaeoei? i?aaiicio a aeno?aiaeueieo
neooaoeiyo), A.Naeue? (caaaeueiee aaeaioaoe?eiee neiae?ii), A. Eieea
(ineoiiae?i?iioiieia?y). Ni?iae oeieiniiai, oie?noe/iiai ae??oaiiy
i?iaeaie i?aaenoaaeaii a nenoaiii-oai?aoe/ieo eiioeaioeiyo (A. Aaeonii,
?. Iaoo?aia), nioe?iineoiniiaoe/ieo iiaeaeyo (A. Oaoa?, A. Aeaeion). A
oeieiio iiaeia neacaoe, ui a/aiiy i?i ineoiniiaoe/i? caoai?thaaiiy
a?oioo?oueny ia /eneaiieo e ia?aeiieeaeo eeii?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiiyo,
i?ioa eiai ie?aii aeaiaioe iaeiaeinooii? aeieaciaei ?ic’yniaiiyi, aaaaoi
aiiioac ia iiaeoaa?aeaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueii (A. Ethaaai-Ieioeoea, A.
Iaeueaeiiaa?, O. E?aaa?).

Aiaeic eioa?aoo?e, i?enay/aii? i?iaeaiai ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia,
aeicaieea iai aeaeieeoe aeaa iniiaieo iiaeoiaee, a ?aieao yeeo
ii-?iciiio ae?ioo?oueny ieoaiiy i?i ?ieue, yeo aiaeia?athoue
ineoieiai/ii /eiieee a ao?ieia?? ineoiniiaoeee. O ?aieao ia?oiai c ieo,
yeee iiaea aooe iacaaiee niaoeeoi/iei, eiaeiiio caoai?thaaiith
aiaeiiaiaea? naie aeaniee oei ineoieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae, naie iaooa?i
aiioeieieo i?iyaia, ie?aia eiio?ao?aoe?y ?en iniaenoino?. Ae?oaee
iiaeoiae (caaaeueiee) aieueoo oaaao i?eaeiey? aea/aiith ineoieiai/ieo
oaeoi?ia, ui iathoue aieea ia ani aac aeiyoeo ineoiniiaoe/i? ?iceaaee. A
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aiae?cothoueny ye caaaeuei?, oae ? niaoeeo?/i?
ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e.

Iaeiei c ia?oeo, ooi aeineiaeea niaoeeoi/ii ineoieiai/ii /eiieee, aoa
i?iia? ineoiniiaoe/iiai iai?yio o iaaeeoeeii O. Aeaenaiaea?. Eiio
aaeaeiny anoaiiaeoe, ui iiyaa ae?aceiai? oai?iae i?iaieo?oueny
iniaeno?nieie eiioeieoaie, iia’ycaieie ic o?ono?iaaiith iio?aaith o
caeaaeiinoi (O. Aeaenaiaea?, 1950). Oai?? ia ae?aceiao oai?iao iiaeooue
aeaiiino?oaaoe aia?oe?ei?noue, iaiieaaeea?noue, aia?o?noue,
aa?aneai?noue, ? i?e oeueiio ia i?aena?aeiiiio ??ai? aiie aeaaeathoue
ethaia?, ii?ee, caeaaeiino?. ?io?aineo?/iee eiioe?eo coiiaeth?
iaoieia?/iee noa?aioei ae?yeueiino? oeoieo, ? oaeei /eiii, ?
ia?aaeoiiaith ae?aceiai? oai?iae. Aioo??oiy ineoieia?/ia eiioe?eoi?noue
ye aaciaa oa?aeoa?enoeea iniaenoino? oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao
a?aecia/a?oueny a oe?e?e iecoe? ?ia?o (E.Eaoaein, 1975; N.Oa?ia, 1974;
A.N.?enn ic ni?aaao., 1986). Iayai?noue iniaeno?niiai eiioe?eoo
i?inoaaeo?oueny ? a oa?aeoa?enoeoe? «ae?aceiaiai» i?io?eth iniaenoino?:
ciaii /anoiethaii, aiaioii, noieei e /anii oia?oi, aea o aeeaeii aeoo?
caeaaeii e iaaioue aeaui a?aceea? ?iaeea?aee (O. Aeaiaa?, 1948).

*eneai? aeai? ineoieia?/ieo ianoaaeaiue oai?eo ia ? iaeiicia/ieie.
Na?aae ?oi?o iniaeno?nieo iniaeeainoae a?aecia/athoue: i?aeaeuaio
aiioe?eio caoaeeea?noue, iaaei??io ni?ii’yceea?noue, ia?aceea?noue,
i?aeaeuaio /ooeea?noue ? aeiiaeea?noue aei naaa (O.A. Iai/ii, 1974),
?ene o?eaiaeiino?, caeaaeiinoi, iaaei??ii? ?io?iniaeoe??, noeeueiinoi
aei iia/aceeaino? e iaaeii?ii? aeiai?eeainoi (I.TH. Aoaa/ia, 1990),
ineoanoaiiiiae?ai? iniaeeaino? (I.A.Eai?uaa, 1976), ae?aaeaii o?eaiaeii
oa oia?/i? i?iyae (A.A. Aieianueeee, I.A. Iiaiia, 1982), ia?aaaao a
iniaeno?niiio i?ioiei iniaeeainoae ?iioiiae?e/iiai oa aeai?aneaiiai
oa?aeoa?o (I.I. Oaeueiiaa, 1977), iayai?noue ia?aii?aeaeueieo oa
?noa?ioi?iieo oaiaeaioe?e (I.O. AEocaeaiia, 1985).

I/aaeaeia iaaia noia?a/eeainoue ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue: o oai?eo ia
ae?aceiao oai?iao aeyaeythoueny i?ioeeaaei?, /anoi ianoiinii
oa?aeoa?enoeee iniaenoinoi. Iaiaeiicia/i?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia,
neeaaei?noue ?oiuei? eiioeaiooae?caoe?? aeeeeea? iaaiee ianeiici uiaei
aeioe?eueiino? e ia?niaeoea aeineiaeaeaiue ineoieiai/ieo iniaeeainoae
iaoe??ioia, ye? no?aaeaeathoue aiae ae?aceiai? oai?iae (A.A.Ia?aaea??e,
N.I.Oea/, 1998). Ia iao iiaeyae noia?a/eeai ?acoeueoaoe coiiaeaii oei,
ui oaaaa aeineiaeieeia aoea caeaa?eueoiai i?eeooa aei iiaaae?ieiaeo
i?iyaia iniaenoinoi, i?ioa ?o iaaeinoaoiuei aeey ?icoiiiiy
ineoiniiaoe/ieo aca?iiaiaeiinei. ssnii, ui nooiiiue ae?aaeaiiino? ?en
iniaenoinoi /e iaaii ?oii eiioiao?aoei? naii ii niai ia iiaeooue
?icaeyaeaoeny a yeinoi ioneiaeo oaeoi?ia ae?aceiai? oai?iae, inoaiii
iia’ycaii ic aieueo aeeaieeie ineoieiai/ieie yaeuaie. sse ioneiaee
oaeoi? ae?aceiai? oai?iae iaie ?icaeyaea?oueny ?io?aineo?/iee eiioeieo,
noi?iiaie yeiai aenooiathoue o?ono?iaaia iio?aaa o caeaaeiinoi i
i?aaiaiiy aei aeiiiioaaiiy. Aeey oiai, uia aeyaeoe oeae eiioeieo,
iaaeinoaoiuei i?inoi iiii?yoe iiaaae?ieia? iniaenoini? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaoe??ioia, iaiaoiaeii oaeiae i?iaiaeicoaaoe no?oeoo?ii iniaeeainoi
iniaenoinoi.

Eiioeaioeiy caaaeueiiai aaeaioaoe?eiiai neiae?iio A. Naeue? ?
oeaio?aeueiith na?aae eiioeaiooaeueieo iiaeaeae, i?enay/aieo ?iei
caaaeueieo ineoieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia. *eneaiii aenia?eiaioaeueii oa
aiii?e/ii aeaii iiaeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui a oiiaao no?ano ?ecee aeieeiaiiy
ineoiniiaoe/iiai caoai?thaaiiy nooo?ai c?inoa? (A. Naeue?, Aeae.A?aeaei,
?.Eaca?on). I?ioa eiioeaioeiy caaaeueiiai aaeaioaoe?eiiai neiae?iio
i?eaeiey? iaaecae/aeii iaei oaaae oei ineoieiai/iei iniaeeainoyi /e oei
ineoieiai/iei iaoaiiciai, ui iiina?aaeeiaothoue ?oeiiaiee aieea
iani?eyoeeaeo oiia. Caiinoue oeueiai aeayeeie aeineiaeieeaie
i?iiiio?oueny a?aeoai?aiiy ?aia?a no?ani??a ca neeith ?oiueiai aieeao,
ca ?o aiaeiiniith cia/eiinoth (?.Eaca?on, 1991).

Oaeee iiaeoiae ia a?aoiao? iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-ineoieiai/ieo, eoeueoo?ieo
oa nioeiaeueieo iniaeeainoae. Aecia/aiiy caaaeueieo ineoieiai/ieo
/eiieeia ? iaiiaeeeaei aac caa?iaiiy aei ineoieiai/ieo iniaeeainoae, ye?
iaoiiaeththoue a?aceea?noue /e ?acenoaioi?noue no?ano, ui ?iaeyoue
iiaeeeaei naia ineoiniiaoe/iee niinia ?aaaoaaiiy ia no?an.

A yeinoi oaeeo iniaeeainoae aoee aeaeieaii aeayei oa?aeoa?enoeee ss,
ineoi/ii? iinoaioei?, iniiaia ooieoeiy yei? iieyaa? a aoaeoeaiie
aaeaioaoei?. «Neaaeinoue ss» aai «iaaiaaiai?noue ss», i?eoaiaiia
ineoiniiaoe/iei iaoe??ioai, i?iyaey?oueny o ciaiueoaii? caeaoiino? aei
?io?iniaeoe??, cieaeaii? o?ono?aoe?eii? oiea?aioiinoi, ii?ooaiii
«aacenii? aeiai?e» aei naaa, iiiiiaeueii? caeiaiino? aei iaaoooy iiaeo
aiioeieieo onoaiiaie (Ethaai-Ieioeoea A., Iaeueaeiiaa? A, 1996).
Eeii?oeenoe o yeinoi caaaeueii? iniaeeainoi ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??ioia
aecia/athoue aeiiiioaaiiy ia?aaeeaaiue «ao?aoe ia’?eoo» ic aiae/oooyi
«aeooaaii? ii?iaeia/?», aaoiiaoe/ii-iaoaii/iei oa?aeoa?ii ?icoiiaeo
i?ioeania, ciaioaiith ni?iiiaeiinoth aei ineoi/ii? ia?a?iaee.

Ineoiniiaoe/i? ?iceaaee iiaeooue aooe ?icaeyiooi ye ie?aiee iniaeno?niee
niinia ?aaaoaaiiy, coiiaeaiee a?aeii aai-?aeaioe/iino? aai ia/?oeeie
ei?aeiiaie oieaniiai aai (Ae. Iae-Aeaoaiee, A. Aiiii).

Ineoiniiaoe/iee neiioii ?icoiithoue ye caoenio ineoi/io ?aaeoeith,
ni?yiiaaio ia iiaeo?eieo iioaa?aoei? ss, caiia?aaiiy eiai ?iciaaeo aai
o?aaiaioae?caoe??. A?ae aai-?aeaioe/iino? ?icaeyaea?oueny ye no?oeoo?iee
aeaoaeo ss, aeoiee yeiai neiae ooeaoe ia ?aiiio noaaeiyo iioiaaiaco,
iia’ycaieo ic ineoieiai/iei neia?icii «iaoe-aeeoeia». Iacaaeiaieueii
aiioeieii noinoiee a oeueiio ineoieiai/iiio nithci, iaaeinoaoiy
iiaeo?eiea e i?eeiyooy aeeoeie iiaeooue nooo?ai caaaaeeoe noaiiaeaiith
?? ineoieiai/ii? aaoiiiiiinoi, aecia/aiith aeanieo ineoieiai/ieo
ei?aeiiia, ? o. /. ii?ooothoue i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aai-?aeaioe/iino?.

Iaaeinoaoiuei noaaieueiee ineoieiai/iee aacen aaoiiiiiinoi, neaaeinoue
?ioaa?aoe?eieo iaoaiiciia iniaenoinoi i?ecaiaeyoue aei oiai, ui
neooaoeith no?ano iiaeeaiae ni?eeia? ye caa?ico nai?e ineoieiai/iie
oeieiniinoi. Eiai ineoieiai/ieo ?ano?nia oa iaae/ie aeyaey?oueny
iaaeinoaoiuei aeey ineoi/ii? ia?a?iaee no?ano, aiioeieiiai
a?ae?aaaoaaiiy, i?eaaaeaiiy a aeith iaoaiiciia ineoieiai/iiai caoenoo oa
iiaioaaiiy neooaoe??th. Iaaaciaea na?eiciiai ineoi/iiai c?eao,
ineoioe/iiai ?iceaaeo aiaeaa?oa?oueny aeieeiaiiyi ineoiniiaoe/ieo
neiioii?a, «i?eiioeaieo ineoi/ieo neaiaeia o?eaiae oieo» (Ae.
Iae-Aeaoaiee, 1982). C oei?? oi/ee ci?o ineoiniiaoe/iee neiioii, ia
a?aei?io a?ae iaa?ioe/iiai, ia iana aeiaeiiai neiaiei/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy, ia iia’ycaiee ic ?ai?aniaaiei eiioe?eoiaaiiei
ineoieia?/iei iaoa??aeii. Aii ? i?eiioeaiith, aeiaa?aaeueiith ni?iaith
ineoi/iiai aiaeiiaeoe ii?ooaio oeieiniinoue ss, eiiiainoaaoe a?ae
ii/oooy aai-?aeaioe/iino? (A.Aiiii, 1979).

Ae?oaee ?icaeie aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe «A?ae aai-?aeaioe/iino? oa
aeeaeiiee ?io?aineo?/iee eiioe?eo ye ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e, ui
aieeaathoue ia ae?aceiao oai?iao» i?enay/aiee aeaoaeueiiio ?icaeyaeo
aeaeieaieo iaie o ia?oiio ?icaeiei ineoieiai/ieo iniaeeainoae.
Aai-?aeaioe/i?noue aecia/athoue ye ia?ac naaa, eiioeaio, aioo??oi?
ia?aeiiaiiy iniaenoino?, yea ? oe?e?niei ? a?eueo caaaeueiei noiniaii
aei ie?aieo ooieoe?e ? ?ieae, oaeeo ye ?aeaioe/i?noue o?ea, noaoaaa
?aeaioe/i?noue, nioe?aeueia ?aeaioe/i?noue (A.A??enii, 1956).
I?iaiaeiciaaii iniiaii aniaeoe, a?ai? aai-?aeaioe/iino?, na?aae yeeo —
no?oeoo?iee, aaiaoe/iee, nioeiaeueiee, aenia???ioaeueiee,
aaeaioaoe?eiee, aecenoaioe?aeueiee aniaeoe. Oaea aaaaoia?aiiinoue
nooo?ai oneeaaeith? iia?aoe?iiae?caoe?th ineoieia?/iiai eiino?oeoo,
i?aae’yaey? iniaeea? aeiiae aei ae?aaiinoe/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th.

A?ae aai-?aeaioe/iino? aoa ?icaeyiooee, ianaiia?aae, ic
aenia???ioaeueii? oi/ee ci?o, ye iaaeinoaoiuei /ioea aiae/oooy
oioiaeiinoi naaa naiiio niai. Aenia?i?ioaeueia ia?niaeoeaa aeoeaioo?
oaaao ia iniaeeainoyo aioo?ioiueiai ineoieiai/iiai aeinaiaeo,
iia’ycaiiai ic aiaenooiinoth ooiaeaiaioa, no?eaeiy aai. Noa’?eoeaiiio
aeinaiaeo ia aeinoa? aiae/oooy naaa ye oiieaeueiiai oa iaiiaoi?iiai
ooai?aiiy, ui caa?iaa? oeieiniinoue oa ?ioaa?iaai?noue a onio aeeoo?aeo
o?ainoi?iaoeiyo i eieiciyo. Aiaenooiinoue oe??? yeinoi iineaaeth?
iiaeeaiaeoaeueii aaeaioeaii iiaeeeainoi oa ?iaeoue noa’?eoa aieueo
a?aceeaei o no?aniaaiieo neooaoeiyo.

I?iaiaeiciaaii ia?aaaae oa iaaeieiee oaeeo iaoiaeia aeii?o
aai-?aeaioe/iino? ye Q-ni?ooaaiiy, iieooaaeueieee i iai?ano?oeoo?iaaia
iioa?a’th. I?i a?ae aai-?aeaioe/iino? iiaeia noaeeoe ii oiio, ianeieueee
ocaiaeaeaii iiiiae niaith ?icii aniaeoe ss, aai ianeieueee aeeaieeie ?
inioth/i iiiiae ieie ?icaiaeiinoi (A.Aio?i, 1976). Iiaeeeaoi?ii
iiaiaeaeaiinoi iiaea neoaeeoe eiaoioeiaio ?ioa?ei?aeyoe??
(eiiei?aeaioiino?) iiae iiaeeaiaeoaeueieie naiiioe?ieaie, ye?
noinothoueny ?icieo ia?iiaeia /ano (ss a ieioeiio, ss o iaeaooiueiio, ss
o oaia?ioiueiio). A yeinoi iieacieea iaocaiaeaeaiino? ?icieo aniaeoia ss
i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe e?eoa?ie aiaeiiiiinoi iiae ss ?aaeueiei
oa ss nioeiaeueiei.

Aioo??oiy ineoieia?/ia eiioe?eoi?noue ye ioneiaee oaeoi?, ia?aaeoiiaa
ae?aceiai? oai?iae aoea i?aaeiaoii aaaaoueio aeine?aeaeaiue. Aaiac
iniaeno?niiai eiioe?eoo iia’ycoaaee ?c o?ono?iaaiith iio?aaith a
caeaaeiino? (O.Aeaenaiaea?, 1950), iacaaeiaieaiith aiioe?eiith
i?eo?euei?noth oa eiiiainaoi?iei e?aea?noaii o nioe?aeueieo a?aeiineiao
(?.N. ?enn, 1986), i?ioe??//yi i?ae iniaeno?nieie i?aaiaiiyie oa
iiaeeeainoyie (TH.I.Aoaa/ia, 1990), «iaoieia?/iei noa?aioeiii
aiioe?eiiai ?aaaoaaiiy», ui ? iane?aeeii ?aiiuei? aiioe?eii?
aeai?eaaoe??, aee?eaeaiiyi noaoo?ai?ieaai? iiaaae?iee (?.N.?enn ?c
ni?aaao., 1986), aeenaaeainii «noaoo?ai?ieaai? no?oeoo?e», ui
i?iyaey?oueny ye i?ioe??//y i?ae «ianeoe?iiei oanaaeii oa aioo??oiueith
oai?ii?noth» (A.N. Ei/a?yi, 1996). Caaaeaiiy aeaiii? ?iaioe iieyaa? ia
i?inoi o aeyaeaii? oa iien? ?io?aineo?/iiai eiioe?eoo iniaeeaiai oeio o
oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao, a o aecia/aii? ca’yceo ineoieia?/ii?
eiioe?eoiino? ?c iniaeeainoyie no?oeoo?e iniaenoino?. sseei /eiii
iayai?noue i?ioeeaaeieo iniaeno?nieo oaiaeaioe?e a?aeaeaa?oueny ia
no?oeoo?? iniaenoino? oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao? A /iio a?aei?ii?noue
neeaaeiaeo no?oeoo?e a?ae oaei?, ui ? oeiiaith c oi/ee ci?o oaeoi?ieo
iiaeaeae iniaenoino??

Aeoiaey/e c iniaeeainoae aeaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy, aoea ?ic?iaeaia
i?ia?aia eiai aiii?e/ii? /anoeie. Aeey aecia/aiiy ye caaaeueieo, oae i
niaoeeoi/ieo ineoieiai/ieo /eiieeia o aeine?aeaeaii? aoee aeei?enoai?
o?e aea??ee: iaoe??ioe, ui no?aaeaeathoue aiae ineoiniiaoe/ieo
?iceaaeia, oai?? ia ae?aceiao oai?iao oa eiio?ieueia aeai?ea (oiiaia
ii?ia). Aea??ea ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??io?a neeaaea?oueny c oai?eo ia
a?iioiaeueio yaeoao, ae?aceiaee eie?o, anaioe?aeueio aiia?oiiith,
iae?iaea?iaoeo, ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo. Oi/a ae?aceiao oai?iao oaae
a?aeiinyoue aei neeaaeo ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaae?a, ie aeae?eeee ie?aio
aeai?eo oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao. Oaea aeae?eaiiy ciaaeiaeeiny iai,
uia aeaoaeue?oa aeine?aeeoe niaoeeo?/i? oaeoi?e, ineoieia?/i?
a?aei?iiino? oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao ye a?ae eiio?ieueii? aea??ee,
oae ? a?ae aea??ee ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??io?a.

A yeinoi aeiaaiinoe/iiai iino?oiaioa?ith aoee ia?aii oae? iaoiaeeee:
«O?noiaaeoeaoeoaeoi?iee iniaeno?niee iieooaaeueiee» Eaooaeea (16 PF),
iaoiaeeea «Aeiaaiinoeea i?aeiniaiaeo aca?iei» (oano Ei?i), iaoiaeeea
«Iniaeno?niee aeeoa?aioeiae» (naiiioe?iea ca iaoiaeii naiaioe/iiai
aeeoa?aioeiaeo), iaoiaeeea «Ooi ss?» (aecia/aiiy naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?e).

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei «Aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia aiii?e/iiai aeineiaeaeaiiy
ineoieiai/ieo /eiieeia ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia» iaaiaeyoueny io?eiaii
aiii?e/ii aeaii oa ?oiy iioa?i?aoaoeiy.

O oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao oa ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??ioia ii-?iciiio
i?iyaey?oueny a?ae aai-?aeaioe/iino? ye ia?aaeeaaiiy iaaeinoaoiuei?
noaaieueiinoi, oioiaeiinoi ss naiiio niai (aeea.oaa.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Iniaeno?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa e?eoa??? aai-?aeaioe/iino?.

Iieacieee iaoiaeee 1

I. 2

I. 3

I.

16 PF (oano Eaooaeea)

A (Aooaeoioei?y) 7.88 7.13 6.84*

N (Neea «ss») 7.88 5.90* 7.51**

A (Aeii?iaioi?noue) 5.58 4.67* 6.19**

I (Ni?eea?noue) 7.60 6.63* 7.32

I (A?iioei?y) 6.00 8.07* 6.68**

Q1 (?aaeeeae?ci) 8.09 6.63* 7.14*

Q4 (O?ono?iaai?noue) 5.70 6.50 5.46**

AeII (noee? ?ioa?ia?niiaeueii? iiaaae?iee)

? ieo., aeaaeiee-e?aea? 7.09 4.77* 6.14**

?? ieo., iacaeaaeiee-aeii?ioth/ee 5.67 4.20* 5.65**

V ieo., iie??iee-ni?ii’yceeaee

5.12 6.67* 5.14

VII ieo., eiiaaioe?aeueiee 6.97 6.07 5.49*

Iniaeno?niee aeeoa?aioe?ae

Iioaioi?noue a iaeaooiueiio 11.2 8.33* 9.27

Aeoeai?noue a iaeaooiueiio -2.81 -4.46 -5.32*

Aeoeai?noue a oaia??oiueiio -0.39 -1.60 -3.08*

Iieacieee aai-?aeaioe/iino?

EA1 (e?eoa??e a?aei?iiino?) 0.90 1.21 1.20*

EA2 (eiao-o eiiei?aeaioiino?) 0.58 0.35* 0.65**

* — cia/eia ??cieoey c iieacieeii eiio?ieueii? aea??ee;

**- cia/eia ??cieoey c iieacieeii aea??ee ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??io?a.

1 — eiio?ieueia aea??ea;

2 — aea??ea ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??io?a;

3 — aea??ea oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao.

Aeyaeaii cia/ei? ?icaiaeiinoi ca nooiaith iiaiaeaeaiinoi aniaeoia ss a
/aniaie ia?niaeoeai (ss o ieiioiueiio, ieioeiio, iaeaooiueiio) iiiiae
na?aaeiiie cia/aiiyie e?eoa?i?a ?aeaioe/iino? o ineoiniiaoe/ieo
iaoe??ioia oa eiio?ieueii? aeai?ee, iniaenoini? naiiaecia/aiiy
ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??ioia iaio iiaiaeaeaii (EA1, p<0. 05). Aiaeiiiiinoi iiiiae ss-nioeiaeueiei oa ss-?aaeueiei oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao ? a?eueo nooo?aeie, aiiae oaei ae ?icaiaeiinoi a ianoaaeaieo eiio?ieueii? aeai?ee. Na?aaeii cia/aiiy, ui aiaeaeaathoue nooiiiue oeeo ?icaiaeiinoae o oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao, cia/ii ia?aaeuothoue na?aaeii cia/aiiy eiio?ieueii? aeai?ee (EA2, p<0.5). Iiaeia neacaoe, ui aeey ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??ioia aieueo aaaeeeaei aeyaeany aniaeo aai-?aeaioe/iino?, iia'ycaiee ic ia?aaeeaaiiiyi aeaniiai ss a /aniaie ia?niaeoeai, a aeey inia, ui no?aaeaeathoue ia ae?aceiao oai?iao, aieueo aaaiiei ? aniaeo aai-?aeaioe/iinoe, iia'ycaiee ic nioeiaeueiei naiiaecia/aiiyi oa eiioiao?aoei?th nioeiaeueieo ?ieae. Ca nai?ie iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-ineoieiai/ieie ia?aiao?aie ineoiniiaoe/i? iaoe??ioe aiae?iciythoueny aieueo ae?aaeaiith aiioeieiith ia??aiiaaaith (p<0.01, ii?iaiyii ic eiio?ieueiith aeai?eith), iani?eea?noth (p<0.05), eiioi?ii?noth (p<0.05), noeeueiinoth aei ii/oooy i?iaeie (p<0.01), aiae/oooyi a?aeo neee o iaeaooiueiio (p<0.05), aeey ieo oa?aeoa?iee iiei?ii-ni?ii’yceeaee noeeue ?ioa?ia?niiaeueii? iiaaaeiiee (p<0.05) ic iaaiei aeaoioeeoii aeaaeieo, aeiiiioth/eo oaiaeaioe?e (p<0.01). Ia iao iiaeyae, oaea ii?aeiaiiy iniaeno?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaoiiaeth?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei /ioeei aecia/aiiyi ei?aeiiia aeaniiai ss, iaae?aciei aiae/oooyi naiioioiaeiino?. Aeey iniaeno?niiai i?ioieth oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao oa?aeoa?ii oaei iniaeeainoi ye a?aeie?aieai?noue, a?ae/oaeai?noue (p<0.05), iecueea naiiioe?iea aeoeaiinoi o oaia??oiueiio oa iaeaooiueiio (p<0.05), eiiaaioe?aeueiee noeeue i?aeiniaenoi? iiaaaeiiee (p<0.05); ii?iaiyii ic ineoiniiaoe/ieie iaoe??ioaie oai?i ia ae?aceiao oai?iao aiioeieii a?eueo noae? (p<0.01), iaiieaaeeai (p<0.01), oiaaiaii o niai (p<0.05), iaio o?ono?iaai? (p<0.05), o noinoieao ic ioi/oth/eie iiaeooue i?iyaeyoe aieueoa aeaaeiinoi oa iacaeaaeiinoi (p<0.05). Oaea eiia?iaoe?y iniaeno?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ia iaoo aeoieo, ? i?iyaii i?eoaiaiiiai oai?ei ?io?aineo?/iiai eiioe?eoo; a oeeo oa?aeoa?enoeeao ciaoiaeeoue nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy iaeia ?c noi??i iniaeno?niiai eiioe?eoo, a naia - na?aeiia i?aaiaiiy aei aaoiiii??. Aei /enea iniaeno?nieo iniaeeainoae aeaio a?oi iaoe??ioia aiaeiinyoueny oaeiae iiaeaeuaia ?ea?aei?noue e eiina?aaoeci (p<0.05). Oea ?aeeiee iniaeno?niee ia?aiao?, yeee ii?aeio? aea? a?oie oa a?ae??ciy? ?o a?ae eiio?ieueii? aea??ee. I?aeaeuaiiy ?ea?aeiino?, ia iao iiaeyae, iiaea aooe iaoiiaeaia iaaieie o?oaeiiuaie o ?ici?ciaii? oa ae?aaeaii? aiioe?e, ye? a?ae/oaathoue iniae ?c ineoiniiaoe/ieie ?iceaaeaie. Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao iayai?noue cia/ieo a?aei?iiinoae i?ae a?oiaie ineoiniiaoe/ieo oai?eo oa oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao. Ca nai?ie iniaeno?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oai?? ia ae?aceiao oai?iao iathoue a?eueoa ni?eueiiai ?c eiio?ieueiith aea??eith, ai?ae ?c aea??eith ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??io?a. Oea caea?oueny iac?icoi?eei, aaeaea ae?aceiao oai?iao aecia/athoue ye ineoiniiaoe/iee ?iceaae. Ie aaaaea?ii, ui oeae oaeo iiaeia iiynieoe ye na?ae/aiiy oiai, ui ie?ai? iiaaae?ieia? iniaeno?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee aai ?o eiio?ao?aoe?? ia iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny o yeino? ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaae?a. Ineoiniiaoe/i? oa niiaoiineo?/i? aca?iiae?? iia’ycai? ?c a?eueo aeeaieeie ineoieia?/ieie a?aei?iiinoyie, ai?ae ?ene iniaenoino?, noee? ?ioa?ia?niiaeueii? iiaaae?iee, ia?aiao?e naiiioe?iee, iniaeeaino? aeoeaiooaoe?? oiui. Aeey a?eueo aeieeaaeiiai aecia/aiiy ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaae?a aoa i?iaaaeaiee oaeoi?iee aiaeic io?eiaieo aeaieo (cia/aiiy ca oanoii 16 PF). ?acoeueoaoii aiaeico ? oaeoi?i? iiaeae? iniaenoinoi aeey o?ueio aeai?ie. Io?eiai? oaeoi?i? iiaeae? iniaenoino? ii??aithaaeenue oa ni?anoaaeyeenue c a?aeiieie no?oeoo?aie iniaenoino?, ye? aoee ?icaeioo? a ?aieao oae caaii? ioeueoeoaeoi?ii? ia?aaeeaie iniaenoino? (Ae.A?a?in, 1996). Eaeaoueny i?i no?oeoo?o iniaenoino? ?.Eaooaeea (aoi?eii? oaeoi?e - «aena?y-?ia?y», «i?enoiniaai?noue- o?eaiaei?noue), iniaeno?nio no?oeoo?o A.Aecaiea (aeno?aaa?n?y-?io?iaa?n?y, iae?ioeci-noaa?euei?noue, ineoioeci- neea noia?aai), i’yoeoaeoi?io iiaeaeue iniaenoino? (iae?ioeci, aeno?aaa?n?y, a?aee?eo?noue, eaa?aei?noue,ona?aeiieai?noue). Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui oaeoi?i? iiaeae? aoee io?eiai? ca aeiiiiiaith i?oiaiiaeueiiai iaa?oaiiy, oiaoi ei?aeyoe?? i?ae oaeoi?aie iniaenoino? aei??aiththoue ioeth. Oaeoi?ia iiaeaeue iniaenoino?, yea aoea io?eiaia aeey eiio?ieueii? aea??ee, a oe?eiio a?aeiia?aea? a?aeiiei oaeoi?iei ??oaiiyi (aeea. oaa.2). Ie ciaoiaeeii a i?e aeaa iniiaieo eiiiiiaioe oaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae: o?eaiaei?noue-i?enoiniaai?noue (iae?ioeci) oa ?io?iaa?n?th-aeno?aaa?n?th. ?aooa oaeoi??a ca nai?i ci?noii aeecueea aei neeaaeiaeo i’yoeoaeoi?ii? iiaeae?. I’yoee oaeoi? - «aaciina?aaei?noue» iaaaaeo? oaeoi? «a?aee?eo?noue», iecueeee naiieiio?ieue oa iaaenie? ii?aeuei? yeino? ii?aeiothoueny ?c ?ioaeaeooaeuei?ie cae?aiinoyie, i?inoioith oa ia?ai?noth. O?ao?e oaeoi? «aaioeaio?e/i?noue» iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe ye iaaaoeaiee iiethn oaeoi?a «eaa?aei?noue», neeaaeiaeie yeiai ? i?aeic??e?noue oa aeii?iaioi?noue. No?oeoo?a iniaenoinoi oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao ia aeeaaea?oueny a ?aiee iayaieo oaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae iniaenoinoi. A iie ia aeaeieaii aeaa iniiaieo eiiiiiaioe, aeaa oaeoi?e ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo (o oa?iiiieiai? ?.Eaooaeea), aeai noia??ene (o oa?iiiieiai? A. Aecaiea) aai aeaa noia?oaeoi?e (o oa?iiiieiai? i’yoeoaeoi?ii? iiaeaei iniaenoinoi). Eaeaoueny i?i oaeoi?e «aeno?aaa?n?y-?io?iaa?n?y» oa «o?eaiaei?noue-i?enoiniaai?noue» (iae?ioeci). ?oi? iinoea caeiathoue eiiiiiaioe no?oeoo?e, iicia/ai? iaie ye «iio?aaa o caeaaeiinoi» oa «aeii?iaioi?noue». No?oeoo?o iniaenoino? oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao iiaeia aaaaeaoe iaoeiiaith, aaeaea aiia ia a?aeiia?aea? oaeoi?iei iiaeaeyi iniaenoino?, ye? c oni?oii a?aeoai?thaaeenue o /eneaieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo (I. Einoa, ?. Iae-A?a, 1995). Neeaaeia? oaeoi?ii? no?oeoo?e ia iia'ycaii i?ae niaith, ineieueee aoee io?eiaii iaoiaeii i?oiaiiaeueiiai iaa?oaiiy, ?oii cia/aiiy iiaeooue ciiithaaoeny iacaeaaeii. Oea icia/a?, ui no?oeoo?a iniaenoinoi oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao aeiionea? ii?aeiaiiy aenieeo cia/aiue ca aeaiia oaeoi?ai. Oaea iniaenoinoue iaeii/anii ciaoiaeeoueny iiae aieeaii aeaio i?ioeeaaeieo oaiaeaioeie: i?aaiaiiy aei aeiiiioaaiiy oa iio?aae a caeaaeiinoi (ia?oee oa ae?oaee oaeoi? no?oeoo?e iniaenoino?). Oaaeeoey 2. No?oeoo?e iniaenoinoi, io?eiaii ca ?acoeueoaoaie oaeoi?iiai aiaeico Iacae oaeoi??a no?oeoo?e; oa?aeoa?enoeee, ui aoiaeyoue aei ?o neeaaeo 1 2 3 1.I?enoiniaai?noue- o?eaiaei?noue. Aiioe. noaa?euei?noue N ?icneaaeai?noue Q4- Naiiaiaaiai?noueI- Ni?eea?noue I I?aeaeuaia naiiioe?iea ID Naiieiio?ieue iiaaae?iee Q3 1.I?enoiniaai?noue- o?eaiaei?noue. Aiioe. noaa?euei?noue N Ni?eea?noue I Naiiaiaaiai?noue I- I?aeaeuaia naiiioe?iea MD ?icneaaeai?noue Q4- I?aeoe/i?noue M- 1.Iio?aaa a caeaaeiino?. Aeia??eea?noue L- I?aeaeuaia naiiioe?iea MD Caeaaei?noue a?ae a?oie Q2- Na?aea/i?noue A I?aeoe/i?noue M- Aacoo?aioi?noue F 2.Aeno?aaa?n?y-?io?iaa?n?y. Na?aea/i?noue A Aacoo?aioi?noue F I?iieeeea?noue N 2.E?eoe/i?noue-?aae?noe/i?noue. Aio/e?noue Q1 Aeia?ina?aea/i?noue I Iaaeia?inia?ni?noue G- Iaiieaaeea?noue E Iani?eea?noue H- 2.Aeii?iaioi?noue. Iaiieaaeea?noue E Ni?eea?noue H Aiioe. noaa?euei?noue C Na?aea/i?noue A 3.Aaioeaio?e/i?noue. I?aeic??e?noue L Aeii?iaioi?noue E Ni?eea?noue H I?aeaeuaia naiiioe?iea MD 3.Aeno?aaa?n?y-?io?iaa?n?y. Na?aea/i?noue A Caeaaei?noue a?ae a?oie Q2- Aacoo?aioi?noue F 3.Ei?eneea?noue-i?inoioa. I?iieeeea?noue N I?aeoe/i?noue M- Iai?oaeai?noue Q4 Ia?icoiiee B- Aeniea noie?ii?noue G 4.I?aeoe/i?noue I??eeea?noue M Aio/e?noue Q1 Aeia?ina?aea/i?noue I 4.?aoe?iiaeuei?noue. ?icoiiee B Aenieee naiieiio?ieue Q3 4.I?eai?/ai?noue. Noeeuei?noue aei ii/oooy i?iaeie O Ia?icoiiee B- Caeaaei?noue a?ae a?oie Q2- Iai?oaeai?noue Q4 5.Aaciina?aaei?noue. ?icoiiee A- Iaaeia?inia?ni?noue G- Ia?ai?noue N Iecueeee naiieiio?ieue Q3 5.Aaioeaio?e/i?noue. I?aeic??e?noue L I?aeoe/i?noue M- Aacoo?aioi?noue F Iaaeia?inia?ni?noue G- 5.Ii?iaoeai?noue. Aenieee naiieiio?ieue Q3 Noo?aiaai?noue F- Aeniea noie?ii?noue G 6.Naiino?ei?noue. Naiino?ei?noue Q2 I?iieeeea?noue N ?ea?aei?noue Q1- 6.Neeaaei?noue-aaciina?aaei?noue. I?iieeeea?noue N Naiino?ei?noue Q2 Iai?oaeai?noue Q4 6.*ooeea?noue. Aeia?ina?aea/i?noue I Aeniea noie?ii?noue G Na?aea/i?noue A Aiioe. noaa?euei?noue C Aacoo?aioi?noue F 7.?ea?aei?noue. ?ea?aei?noue Q1- 1 - eiio?ieueia aea??ea; 2 - aea??ea ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??io?a; 3 - aea??ea oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao. Naia a oeueiio no?oeoo?iiio i?ioe?i//i - iioaioeieia aeaea?aei ?io?aineo?/ii? eiioe?eoiino?. Naia no?oeoo?a iniaenoinoi oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao a?aeaeaa? iiaeeeainoue aeieeiaiiy ?io?aineo?/iiai eiioeieoo; eiai aino?ioa oa aeeaeia caeaaeaoue aiae iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo cia/aiue ca aeaiia oaeoi?aie no?oeoo?e iniaenoinoi. O oaeoi?iiio ??oaii? aeey aea??ee ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoee?io?a i?enooi? ye o?eaiaei?noue-i?enoiniaai?noue, oae ? aeno?aaa?n?y-?io?iaa?n?y. Iaeiae caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao aioo?ioiy noia?a/eeainoue aeayeeo oaeoi?ia no?oeoo?e iniaenoinoi ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??ioia. Iai?eeeaae, a ae?oaiio oaeoi?i (e?eoe/i?noue-?aaeenoe/i?noue) iani?eea?noue (H -) ii?aeio?oueny ic iaiieaaeeainoth (E), aei neeaaeo i'yoiai oaeoi?a (aaioeaio?e/i?noue) aoiaeyoue aiaeii/an oaei iniaenoi oa?aeoa?enoeee ye i?aeic??e?noue (L) oa aacoo?aioiinoue (F). Ia iao iiaeyae, oei i?ioe?i//y iiaeooue aooe iaeiei c /eiieeia, ui oneeaaeiththoue aeinyaiaiiy aai-?aeaioe/iino?. ?icaiaeiinoi iiae io?eiaieie no?oeoo?aie iniaenoinoi oa o?aaeeoeieieie ioeueoeoaeoi?ieie iiaeaeyie iniaenoinoi iaoiiaeththoue ineoieiai/ii /eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia ao?ieia?th oa iaoiaaiac ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia. Naia caaaeyee aiae?co no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae iniaenoino? iiaeia c?icoi?oe iaoai?cie ineoiniiaoe/ieo aca?iei. A e?ioe? ?iaioe i?aeaeoi iiaenoiee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai iiaeoaa?aeeee aenoiooi aei caoenoo aiiioace, ie?aneai? ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeineiaeaeaiiy noi?ioeueiaai? oae? aeniiaee: Iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-ineoieiai/ii iniaeeainoi ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??ioia aecia/athoueny aeeiaii/iith aca?iiaei?th ineoieiai/ieo /eiieeia aeaio aeaeia. Caaaeueii ineoieiai/ii oaeoi?e iia'ycaii ic iiaeeaiaeoaeueieie ineoieiai/ieie ?ano?naie ?acenoaioiino? no?ano; nooiiiue aeyaeaiino? oeeo oaeoi?ia aecia/a? noeeuei?noue aei ineoiniiaoe/iiai niiniao ?aaaoaaiiy ia iani?eyoeeai nioeiaeueii-ineoieiai/ii neooaoei?. Aeiy niaoeeoi/ieo ineoieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia iaiaaeo?oueny ?aieaie iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-ineoieiai/ieo iniaeeainoae i?e ie?aieo ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeao. Noia?a/eeainoue ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue ineoieiai/ieo /eiieeia ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia ni?e/eiaia oei, ui i?iyae oeeo /eiieeia neaai iia'ycaii ic ie?aieie ?enaie iniaenoinoi /e iiaaae?ieiaeie i?iyaaie. Ineoieiai/ii oaeoi?e ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaaeia aecia/athoueny iioaa?aeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oeieiniinoi oa ?aeiinoi iniaenoinoi. Ineoieiai/iei oaeoi?ii, yeee aecia/a? iiaeeeainoue aeieeiaiiy ineoiniiaoe/ieo neiioii?a, aenooia? iineaaeaia ii/oooy aai-?aeaioe/iino?, iaaeinoaoiie nooiiiue iioaa?aoei? ss. A?ae aai-?aeaioe/iinoe o ineoiniiaoe/ieo iaoe??ioia iia'ycaiee ic iaocaiaeaeai?noueth ss-ia?acia o ieioeiio, oaia??oiueiio, iaeaooiueiio. Neaaeinoue ?ioaa?aoe?eieo iniaeno?nieo iaoaiiciia o oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao ciaoiaeeoue nai? ae?aaeaiiy a nooo?aiio ?icoiaeaeaiii oyaeaiue ss-?aaeueia oa ss-nioeiaeueia. No?oeoo?a iniaenoinoi oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao ? iaoeiiaith c oi/ee ci?o oaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae iniaenoinoi. Caiinoue oaeoi?ia «?io?iaa?n?y-aeno?aaa?n?y» oa «iae?ioeci» eiiiiiaioaie no?oeoo?e ? oaeoi?e «aeii?iaioi?noue» oa «iio?aaa o caeaaeiinoi». Ii?aeiaiiy oaeoi?ia aeii?iaioiino? oa iio?aae a caeaaeiinoi o no?oeoo?i iniaenoinoi oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao aiaeaeaa? aeeaeiiee ?io?aineo?/iee eiioeieo, iia'ycaiee ic i?ioenoiyiiyi iniaeno?nieo oaiaeaioeie caeaaeiinoi oa naiinoieiinoi. Iniaeno?nia oaiaeaioeiy naiinoieiinoi i?iyaey?oueny o aeaeyaei eiioiao?aoei? oaeeo iiaaae?ieiaeo iniaeno?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee ye iaiieaaeeainoue, naiiaiaaiai?noue, a?aeie?aieai?noue, aieueo iacaeaaeiee oa aeiiiioth/ee noeeue ?ioa?ia?niiaeueieo aca?iei. I?ioeeaaeia iniaeno?nia oaiaeaioeiy ia aeyaeea ca'yceo ic iiaaae?ieiaeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei? aiaeia?aaeaii o oaeeo ioaeieaoeiyo: Aauaiei TH.A. I?e/eiu ineoiniiaoe/aneeo ?anno?ienoa (Ineoiaiaeeoe/aneay oi/ea c?aiey) // I?aeoe/ia ineoieia?y oa nioe?aeueia ?iaioa. - 1998. - ? 2. - N. 21-24. Aauaiei TH.A. sscaaiiay aieaciue: ineoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe iaoeeaioia // I?aeoe/ia ineoieia?y oa nioe?aeueia ?iaioa. - 1998. - ? 9. - N.34-38. Aauaiei TH.A. Caaaeuei? oa niaoeeo?/i? ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e a ao?ieia?? iaioe/ii? ae?acee // A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. - 1998. - Aei.6. - N.47-50. Aiioaoe?y: Aauaiei TH. A. «Ineoieiai/ii oaeoi?e ineoiniiaoe/ieo ?iceaae?a (ia iaoa?iaei ae?aceiai? oai?iae)». - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19.00.04 - iaaee/ia ineoieiaiy. - Ee?anueeee oiiaa?neoao iiaii Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. - Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoeey i?enay/aia aecia/aiith ineoieiai/ieo iniaeeainoae, ui coiiaeththoue ineoiniiaoe/iee niinia ?aaaoaaiiy iniaenoinoi o no?ania?e neooaoei?. Aeaeieythoueny caaaeueii oa niaoeeoi/ii ineoieiai/ii /eiieee. Ia?oi iia'ycaii ic iineaaeaiei ii/oooyi aai-?aeaioe/iinoe, inoaii? ?c aeeaeiieie ?io?aineo?/ieie eiioe?eoaie. A?ae aai-?aeaioe/iino? oneeaaeith? i?ioeane ?iciiciaiiy oa ae?aaeaiiy aiioeie, ciaioo? ni?iiiaeiinoue aei ineoi/ii? ia?a?iaee no?ano, iiaeeeainoue oi?aaeiiiy iioaineaieie iaaaoeaieie ia?aaeeaaiiyie. Iieacaii, ui no?oeoo?a iniaenoinoi oai?eo ia ae?aceiao oai?iao ae?aaea? ?io?aineo?/iee eiioeieo, iia'ycaiee ic o?ono?iaaiith iio?aaith o caeaaeiinoi. Eeth/iai neiaa: ineoiniiaoe/i? ?iceaaee, ?io?aineo?/iee eiioeieo, aai-?aeaioe/i?noue, oaeoi?e iniaenoinoi, no?oeoo?a iniaenoinoi. Aiiioaoeey: Aauaiei TH.A. «Ineoieiae/aneea oaeoi?u ineoiniiaoe/aneeo ?anno?ienoa (ia iaoa?eaea ycaaiiie aieacie)». - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.04 - iaaeeoeeineay ineoieiaey. - Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei. - Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ii?aaeaeaieth ineoieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae, eioi?ua iaoneiaeeaatho ineoiniiaoe/aneee niinia ?aaae?iaaiey ee/iinoe a no?anniaie neooaoeee. Auaeaeythony iauea e niaoeeoe/aneea ineoieiae/aneea oaeoi?u. Ia?aua naycaiu n ineaaeaiiui /oanoaii yai-eaeaioe/iinoe, n ia?ooaiiuie eioaa?aoeeiiiuie iaoaieciaie ss, iineaaeiea - n aeoaeiiuie eio?aineoe/aneeie eiioeeeoaie. Iaaeinoaoie yai-eaeaioe/iinoe cao?oaeiyao i?ioeannu ?aniiciaaaiey e au?aaeaiey yiioeee, oiaiueoaao niiniaiinoue e ineoe/aneie ia?a?aaioea no?anna, aiciiaeiinoue oi?aaeaiey eioaineaiuie iaaaoeaiuie ia?aaeeaaieyie. Ineoiniiaoe/aneee neiioii aunooiaao eae naiaia?aciay ineoe/aneay caueoa, iai?aaeaiiay ia ainnoaiiaeaiea oeaeinoiinoe ss. Ineoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe aieueiuo ycaaiiie aieaciueth naycaiu n aeaenoaeai aeoaeiiiai eio?aineoe/aneiai eiioeeeoa, aucaaiiiai o?ono?aoeeae iio?aaiinoe a caaeneiinoe. Iiaaaeai/aneea ee/iinoiua oa?aeoa?enoeee, ecia?yaiua n iiiiuueth ineoiaeeaaiinoe/aneeo iaoiaeee, ia anaaaea io?aaeatho iaee/ea eiioeeeoa, /oi yaeyaony i?e/eiie i?ioeai?a/eainoe ?acoeueoaoia ineoieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee aieueiuo. Eio?aineoe/aneee eiioeeeo iiaeao auoue iaia?oaeai ia no?oeoo?ii aieaa aeoaieeo o?iaiyo i?aaiecaoeee ee/iinoe. A enneaaeiaaiee auee i?eiaiaiu neaaeothuea ineoiaeeaaiinoe/aneea iaoiaeu: 16 PF (oano Eyooaeea), iiaeeoeeaoeey iaoiaeeee Ee?e, ee/iinoiue aeeooa?aioeeae, iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey ee/iinoiuo naiieaeaioeoeeaoeee. Iieacaoaeyie yai-eaeaioe/iinoe neoaeeee noaiaiue niaeaniaaiiinoe ?acee/iuo aniaeoia ss e e?eoa?ee ?acee/ey iaaeaeo ieie. ?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiiai yiie?e/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi o ineoiniiaoe/aneeo iaoeeaioia ineaaeaii iuouaiea yai-eaeaioe/iinoe. No?oeoo?a ee/iinoe aieueiuo ycaaiiie aieaciueth yaeyaony iaoeie/iie n oi/ee c?aiey oaeoi?iuo iiaeaeae ee/iinoe. Ianoi oaeoi?ia «eio?iaa?ney-yeno?aaa?ney», «o?aaiaeiinoue-i?eniiniaeaiiinoue» a iae caieiatho oaeoi?u «iio?aaiinoue a caaeneiinoe» e «aeiieiaioiinoue», /oi naycaii n aeaenoaeai aeoaeiiiai eio?aineoe/aneiai eiioeeeoa. ?ac?aaioaia i?ia?aiia ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneie iiaeaea?aeee eeoe, no?aaeathueo io ineoiniiaoe/aneeo ?anno?ienoa, a eioi?ie o/oaiu i?enouea ei ineoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ineoiniiaoe/aneea ?anno?ienoaa, eio?aineoe/aneee eiioeeeo, yai-eaeaioe/iinoue, oaeoi?u ee/iinoe, no?oeoo?a ee/iinoe. Annotation: Vashchenko Y.A. «Psychological factors of psychosomatic disorders (on the sample of peptic ulcer)» (manuscript). Dissertation for a scientific degree of the Candidate of Psychological Science on speciality 19.00.04 - medical psychology. Kyiv University named after Taras Shevchenko. -Kyiv, 1999. Dissertation is devoted to determination of psychological peculiarities which stipulate the psychosomatic way of personality’s reaction in a stressful situation. General and specific psychological factors are singled out. The first one are connected with a weakened feeling of ego-identity, disordered integration mechanisms. The last one are determined by intrapsychic conflicts. The shortage of ego-identity hinders the processes of recognition and expression of emotions, reduces an ability to psychological stress processing, ability of intensive negative excitement control. It is shown that the structure of a personality suffering from ulcer expresses the intrapsychological conflict, which is related to a frustrated need in dependence. Key words: psychosomatic disorders, intrapsychic conflict, ego-identity, personality factors, structure of personality. PAGE 3

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