Правовий статус державного службовця як учасника трудових правовідносин: Автореф. дис… канд. юрид. наук / І.П. Лаврінчук, Київ. ун-т ім. Т.Шевченка.

EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

EAA??I*OE ??EIA IAO??AIA

OAeE 349.2

I?aaiaee noaoon aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey ye no/anieea o?oaeiaeo
i?aaia?aeiinei

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.05 — o?oaeiaa i?aai;

i?aai nioe?aeueiiai caaacia/aiiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

Aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a -1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? o?oaeiaiai oa nioe?aeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa
?inoeoooo caeiiiaeaanoaa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Caneoaeaiee

th?eno Oe?a?ie I?ieiiaiei Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
oeea?eueii-i?aaiaeo aeenoeeie?i *a?eanueeiai ?inoeoooo oi?aae?iiy
a?cianii.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? th?eaee/iee iaoe, i?ioani? I?ioeaanueeee

Ieaenaiae? ?aaiiae/, aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo aeiiii?ee ? i?aaa Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe Coa ?ai? Aieiaeeie?iae/, caa?aeoth/ee
a?aeae?eii c i?iaeai nioe?aeueiiai oa ainiiaea?nueeiai caeiiiaeaanoaa
Iaoeiai-aenia?oiiai oi?aae?iiy Nae?aoa??aoo Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN Oe?a?ie (i.Oa?e?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «10» aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.06 i?e Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252001 i.Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: i.Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 64.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «03» 08 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aiaeia? O.N.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?aae?caoe?y nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae, ?aoi?ioaaiiy noni?eueiiai ono?ith aeiaaa?
iineeaiiy aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee oa ?? no?oeoo? ye a oeaio??, oae ? ia
i?noeyo, a oaeiae oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaii? neoaeae, ui
ciaoiaeeoue i?iya o i?ioan?ei?e ae?yeueiino? iaaiiai eiea in?a, yeeie ?
aea?aeaai? neoaeaiaoe?.

C i?eeiyooyi Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i aea?aeaaio neoaeao» 16 a?oaeiy 1993
?ieo ?inoeooo aea?aeaaii? neoaeae aoa aecia/aiee ia ii?iaoeaiiio ??ai?.
C oeueiai iiiaioo ?icii/aeanue aeoeaia ii?iioai?/a ae?yeuei?noue c
ieoaiue ?aaoethaaiiy noni?eueieo a?aeiinei o oe?e noa??. Ia?aaaaeia
i?noea na?aae ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a c ieoaiue i?ioiaeaeaiiy aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae ye ??ciiaeaeo noni?eueii-ei?enii? ae?yeueiino? caeiathoue
i?aecaeiii? aeoe – iinoaiiae oa ?icii?yaeaeaiiy Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a
Oe?a?ie.

*eneaii?noue oa ?icii?ioai?noue ii?iaoeaiiai iaoa??aeo, iia?oi?noue
i?aaiaeo iieiaeaiue ? iiiyoue, a?aenooi?noue nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo oa
aecia/aiino? o caeiiiaeaanoa? uiaei ci?noo ae?yeueiino? ia aea?aeaai?e
neoaea?, a ca?aene ? noa?e ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy, coiiaeththoue ii?ooaiiy
ocaiaeaeaiino? i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy oeueiai noni?eueiiai ?inoeoooo,
aeieeiaiiy noia?a/iinoae i?e anoaiiaeaii? i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaiiai
neoaeaiaoey aeey iaaieo eaoaai??e i?aoe?aiee?a o athaeaeaoi?e noa??.

I?eeiyooy Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, iaoiiaeaia noni?eueieie iio?aaaie
iaiao?aei?noue caaacia/aiiy i?aa ? naiaiae a?iiaaeyi aeiaaa?
i?eaaaeaiiy o a?aeiia?aei?noue aei Iniiaiiai Caeiio iieiaeaiue
caeiiiaeaanoaa c ieoaiue aea?aeaaii? neoaeae, i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy
aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a cie?aia.

O?aaeeoe?eii ?icaeyae i?iaeai i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? neoaeaiaoe?a o
aea?aeaai?e noa?? cina?aaeaeoaaany a iaaeao nenoaie aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
i?aaa. Iniaeeaino? ?o i?aoe? oa i?aaiaiai noaoono ia i?aeaeaaaeenue
aeieeaaeiiio aeine?aeaeaiith.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea iciae o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? o oi?i? aea?aeaaii? neoaeae
oa neeaaeiaeo iiiyooy aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey, ui oi?iothoue ?o i?aaiaa
iieiaeaiiy ye ie?aii? eaoaai??? i?aoe?aiee?a, iathoue nai?i i?ecia/aiiyi
anoaiiaeaiiy e?eoa???a aeey oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiiai aecia/aiiy ?o
eiea oa iaeaaeiiai ??aiy caoenoo noa`?eoeaieo i?aa.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y ia? ca iaoo i?iaaaeaiiy
aiae?co oi?ioaaiiy iiiyooy aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey oa aecia/aiiy ci?noo
eiai i?aaiaiai noaoono, a oaeiae cania?a i?aaiaiai aieeao c iaoith eiai
caaacia/aiiy; eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie caeiiiaeaanoaa c
ieoaiue ?aaoethaaiiy i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a ia
i?ioyc? cae?eniaiiy neoaeaiai? ea?`??e (i?ioiaeaeaiiy neoaeae) oa
oi?ioaaiiy oeyo?a eiai aaeineiiaeaiiy.

Cacia/aia iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? oae? iniiai? eiai caaaeaiiy:

— ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co a?o/eciyiiai oa ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaii? neoaeae aecia/eoe ?? nooue, i?noea
oa iaae? ?? iioe?aiiy o noni?euei?e i?aai?caoe?? Oe?a?ie, noi?ioethaaoe
ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai i?aaiaa ?icoi?iiy ?? iiiyooy ye aeainoi?iii?o
i?aaia?aeiinei aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey c aea?aeaaiei i?aaiii,
onoaiiaith, i?aai?caoe??th ii aeeiiaiith o?oaeiaeo ooieoe?e ca
iinaaeith, ui ia?aaeaa/aia o ooaoiiio ?icien? aea?aeaaii? no?oeoo?e
(o?oaeia? i?aaia?aeiineie), iniaeea?noue yeeo coiiaeth?oueny
?aae?caoe??th i?aai?caoe?eii-aeaaeieo iiaiiaaaeaiue aai cae?eniaiiyi
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? a iaaeao eiiiaoaioe?? aea?aeaaieo no?oeoo?;

— aecia/eoe iniiai? iciaee aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ye noni?eueiiai yaeua oa
iciaee aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey ye ie?aii? eaoaai??? i?aoe?aiee?a, aeaoe
aecia/aiiy iiiyooy oa ci?noo i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey
o ?icoi?ii? eiiieaeno eiai i?aa oa iaia`yce?a, anoaiiaeaieo
caeiiiaeaanoaii, o?oaeiaei aeiaiai?ii, aeoaie aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a oa
onoaiia, ui aecia/athoue eiai i?noea, iiceoe?th a noni?euei?e
i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?, oa?aeoa?ieie neeaaeiaeie eiiiiiaioaie yeeo ?
iaoiiaeai? o?oaeiaith i?aainoa’?eoi?noth i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue i?ea?ea?a
oa aa?aio?e, a oaeiae iineeaia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, ui aacothoueny ia
aeio?eiaii? aeiia uiaei iaeaaeiiai aeey iaaii? iinaaee i?ioan?eiiai
??aiy;

— i?iaanoe iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaio eeaneo?eaoe?th aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a
ca iinaaeiaith oa iniaeno?niith iciaeith;

-aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey a
i?ioean? i?ioiaeaeaiiy neoaeae: i?aaia? caniae caaacia/aiiy ?o caeiiieo
i?aa oa ?ioa?an?a i?e anooi? ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao, anoaiiaeaiiy
aa?aio?e ?o caeiyoino?, iaoai?ci aeyaeaiiy iaeaaeieo yeinoae aeey
aeeiiaiiy neoaeaiaeo iaia`yce?a oa anoaiiaeaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?eieo
?ic?yae?a (?aia?a, eean?a, niaoecaaiue), oiia i?inoaaiiy ii neoaea?,
caoiae?a c i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee, ia?ai?aeaioiaee oa i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, aeio?eiaiiy aeenoeeie?ie oa
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ?? ii?ooaiiy, i?aaiaeo i?aenoaa ca?eueiaiiy;

— aianoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy oiia
i?aoe? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a i?e cae?eniaii? aea?aeaaii? neoaeae oa
anoaiiaeaiiy iaeaaeiiai ??aiy i?aaiaeo aa?aio?e ?o i?aaiaiai noaoono,
anoaiiaeaiiy ia`?eoeaii aecia/aiiai eiea iinaae aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a
o ?aeeiiio ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiio aeo?.

Ia`?eoii oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noeoii?noue i?aa oa iaia`yce?a
aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, ui aecia/athoue ?o i?noea, cia/aiiy ? ?ieue o
noni?euei?e i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?, neeaaeathoue ci?no ?o i?aaiaiai noaoono
oa neoaothoue caniaii eiai aeio?eiaiiy.

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?? aenooia? iaoai?ci i?aaiaiai aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy
oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a a
?aieao ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaii? neoaeae, i?aaia? caniae eiai ?aae?caoe??.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia oa oai?aoe/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. O iaoiaeieia?/io
iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy iieeaaeai? i?eioeeie ?noi?e/iiai oa ae?aeaeoe/iiai
aiae?co noni?eueieo, caeaa?eueoiai i?aaiaeo yaeu, caeiiii??iinoae ?o
noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo, ia i?aenoaa? ?o nioe?aeueii? iaoiiaeaiino?.
Aeei?enoai? oae? aeaiaioe no?oeoo?e iaoeiai-i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?
ye aiae?oe/iee, eia?/iee, nenoaiiee, noaoenoe/iee oa ii??aiyeueiee
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oioo?oueny ia aiae?c? oa aeei?enoaii?
iaoeiaeo oa ii?iaoeaieo aeaea?ae c ieoaiue ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiaeo
i?aaia?aeiinei oa ?o iniaeeaino? o neeaae? aea?aeaaii-neoaeaiaeo,
i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy noa`?eo?a oeeo i?aaia?aeiinei, a naia – aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a, ?aae?caoe?? ?o i?aaiaiai noaoono a ?aieao ?inoeooo?a
o?oaeiaiai i?aaa a i?ioean? i?ioiaeaeaiiy aea?aeaaii? neoaeae.

A iniiao aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieeaaeai?
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy a noa?? ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei
a/aieo-th?eno?a: Aa?aaaoa I.O., A?ae/aaa A.E., Aacoaei? ss.?.,
Aaiaaeeeoiaa A.A., A?ioeao?aa ss.I., ?aaiiaa N.A., Eaci? E.?., Iaoethea
A.?., Iaoeiaa N.A., I?ieiiaiea A.?., I?ioeaanueeiai I.?., ?ioaiy A.A.,
Oooi?yi I.I. A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee c ieoaiue
aea?aeaaii? neoaeae, a?aeia?aaeai? a iiiia?ao?yo, aeena?oaoe?yo,
iaa/aeueieo iin?aieeao, iaoeiaeo noaooyo Aeoyea TH.I., Aeoiyeiaa A.A.,
Ai?iaeiaa A.A., Iaiio?ia A.I., Iaoiiiaa ?.I., Iao?iaa A.?., ?icaiaaoia
TH.A.; c i?iaeai iiaoaeiae no/anii? aea?aeaaii? neoaeae — ?aea? oa
aeniiaee a i?aoeyo Aaa?`yiiaa A.A., Aao?aoa Ae.I., Aeoaaiei N. Ae.,
Eiaaey E.A., Eaca??aa A.I., Iao?eoeia I.A. oa ?ioeo; ?icaeyioo?
iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaii? neoaeae a e?a?iao
aeecueeiai oa aeaeaeiai ca?oa?aeaey: A?euenueeiai E.N., Ao?ia A.,
C?eea?a AE., ?aeoa A., Noa?eeiaa TH.I., Oa?aniai? I.I. oa ?ioeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. A aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa aeine?aeaeo?oueny
iniaeea?noue i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey a ?aieao
o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei, iiaea?oueny eiiieaeniee aiae?c eiai
?aae?caoe?? i?ioyaii i?ioiaeaeaiiy aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ye iaeiiai ?c
aeae?a noni?eueii-ei?enii? ae?yeueiino?.

Ia i?aenoaa? ?icaeyaeo aoai?a oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaiiai
neoaeaiaoey a iaaeao iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie noni?eueieo a?aeiinei oa
ca?oa?aeieo nenoai aea?aeaaii? neoaeae c?iaeai? aeniiaee uiaei
aoaeoeaiino? no/anii? ii?iaoeaii? aace c oeueiai ieoaiiy oa iiaeai?
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?? aaeineiiaeaiiy. Iai?aoeueiaaii nenoaio iciae, ui
oi?ioeththoue iiiyooy “aea?aeaaia neoaeaa” oa “aea?aeaaiee
neoaeaiaaoeue”, i?eaaaeaii ?o aecia/aiiy, iaa?oioiaaii ?o aeei?enoaiiy
ye e?eoa???a a?aeianaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a iaaieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? aei
eaoaai??? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei, ui neeaaeathoueny ia
aea?aeaai?e neoaea?, iniaeeainoae ?o aeieeiaiiy, i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy,
?aae?caoe?? i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a a ?o iaaeao,
aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie uiaei ?icaeyaeo o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?o c
aea?aeaaiei neoaeaiaoeai ye ie?aiiai eiai aeaeo.

Aeine?aeaeai? iniiai? /eiieee oa i?aaia? caoiaee, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei
iiiaeaiiy oa ci?ie ??aiy i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey a
i?ioean? eiai o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?, ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oiia
caaacia/aiiy i?aaiaeo canaae eiai caoenoo ii?iaie o?oaeiaiai i?aaa a
?aieao caaaeueiiai oa niaoe?aeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? c?iaea ?yae iaoeiaeo
aeniiae?a, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. Ni?yiiaai?noue aoai?a ?icaeoeo i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? — a?ae
iniaenoi? caeaaeiino? iniae (eiee aea?aeaaia neoaeaa aoea iaaiei aeaeii
iiaeiiino?), aocueeiaaei?i?no?aoeaii? caeaaeiino? (a neeo i?aeei?aiiy
iniae iaeiinoi?iii?e aie? aea?aeaaiiai i?aaio /e iinaaeiai? iniae) aei
noaiiaeua ??aiii?aaiiai o/anieea o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei ia
aea?aeaai?e neoaea?.

2. Noi?ioeueiaaii iiiyooy aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ye noeoiiino?
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, a?aaoeueiaaieo ii?iaie i?aaa, ui aeieeee ?c
canoinoaaiiy i?aoe? a noa?? aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino?. Ieie ?, ia?o ca
ana, aeainoi?iii? i?aaia?aeiineie aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey c
aea?aeaaiei i?aaiii, onoaiiaith, i?aai?caoe??th ii aeeiiaiith o?oaeiaeo
ooieoe?e ca iinaaeith, ui ia?aaeaa/aia o ooaoiiio ?icien? aea?aeaaii?
no?oeoo?e (o?oaeia? i?aaia?aeiineie). ?o iniaeea?noue coiiaeth?oueny
ci?noii i?aoe? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, ui iieyaa? o ?aae?caoe??
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeaaeieo iiaiiaaaeaiue aai cae?eniaii? i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a iaaeao eiiiaoaioe?? aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, onoaiia,
i?aai?caoe?e. O?oaeia? i?aaia?aeiineie ca o/anoth aea?aeaaiiai
neoaeaiaoey ia?aaeaa/athoue anoaiiaeaiiy ?ioeo i?aaia?aeiinei –
caeaa?eueoiai aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaeo (iaeiinoi?iii?o i?aaia?aeiinei,
caniiaaieo ia ca`yceao noai?i? noai?aeeiaoe??, ?iciaaeoaaiiy noa`?eo?a
«aeaaee» oa «i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy»).

3.Aecia/ai? iciaee aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey ye ie?aii? eaoaai???
i?aoe?aiee?a. Noi?ioeueiaaii eiai iiiyooy a iaoeiai-i?aaiio ?icoi?ii? ye
noa’?eoa i?aaa, c a?aeiia?aeieie aeaiaioaie oeea?eueii-i?aaiaiai
noaoono, yeee iaea?aeaa iaeaaeio ina?oo oa ia? i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae,
i?ieoia anoaiiaeaio i?ioeaaeo?o anooio ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao, cae?enith?
ca iinaaeith i?ioan?eio ae?yeuei?noue c aeeiiaiiy noni?eueii-iaiao?aeieo
aea?aeaaieo ooieoe?e, iaae?eaiee aeey oeueiai iaaiei ianyaii
iiaiiaaaeaiue, i?ioiaeeoue neoaeao ca?aeii anoaiiaeaieo eaae?o?eaoe?eieo
?ic?yae?a oa io?eio? ca?ia?oio ieaoo c aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo.

4. Oa?i?ie «aea?aeaaia neoaeaa» oa «aea?aeaaiee neoaeaiaaoeue»
aecia/athoueny ye e?eoa??? aeey anoaiiaeaiiy eiea iinaae aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a, iaaeaiiy noaoono aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey i?aoe?aieeai
oaeeo noa? aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino? ye a?enueeiaa neoaeaa, iaoeiaa,
ina?oyinueea noa?a, a caeeaaeao ioi?iie caei?ia`y, nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaae oa ?ioeo,
ui o?iainothoueny c aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo.

5. I?aaiaee noaoon aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey ye o/anieea o?oaeiaeo
i?aaia?aeiinei ?icaeyaea?oueny ye eiiieaen eiai i?aa oa iaia`yce?a,
anoaiiaeaieo caeiiiaeaanoaii, eieaeoeaiei oa o?oaeiaei aeiaiai?aie,
aeoaie aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a oa onoaiia, ye? aecia/athoue eiai noaiiaeua
a noni?euei?e i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?. Oa?aeoa?ieie eiiiiiaioaie eiai
i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy ? oaeiae iaoiiaeai? o?oaeiaith i?aainoa’?eoi?noth
i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue i?ea?ea?a oa aa?aio?e, a oaeiae iineeaia
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, ye? a?oioothoueny ia aeio?eiaii? aeiia uiaei
iaeaaeiiai aeey iaaii? iinaaee i?ioan?eiiai ??aiy, iaae?eythoue ?o, c
iaeiiai aieo, a?eueoeie caniaaie aieeao ia iiaaae?ieo ethaeae, a c
?ioiai — iaiaaeothoue ?o iniaenoo naiaiaeo ia?aaaaith ?iia?aoeaieo ii?i
?aaeaiaioaoe?? i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei ca ?o o/anoth.

6. Iaa?oioiao?oueny aeniiaie uiaei ?icaeyaeo aeiaiai?o i?i aea?aeaaio
neoaeao ie?aiei aeaeii o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?o. Aecia/aii eiai iiiyooy ye
oeeaaeaio ia i?aenoaa? aeoo i?ecia/aiiy, ia?aiiy aai i?i i?ioiaeaeaiiy
eiieo?no oaiaeo i?ae iniaith, yea ia? iaiao?aeio ina?oo e i?ioan?eio
i?aeaioiaeo, noiniaii yei? a?aenooi? iaiaaeaiiy, iia`ycai? c
i?eeiyooyi ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao, ? aea?aeaaiei i?aaiii, onoaiiaith,
i?aai?caoe??th, ca?aeii yei? iniaa ciaia`yco?oueny aeeiioaaoe neoaeaia?
iaia`ycee ca iinaaeith, ia?aaeaa/aiith ooaoiei ?icienii, a aeaniee /e
oiiaiiaaaeaiee iei i?aai ciaia`yco?oueny aeiea/oaaoe ?e ca?ia?oio
ieaoo ? caaacia/oaaoe iaiao?aei? oiiae i?ioiaeaeaiiy neoaeae,
ia?aaeaa/ai? caeiiiaeaanoaii i?i i?aoeth oa niaoe?aeueieie ii?iaoeaieie
aeoaie, eieaeoeaiei aeiaiai?ii oa oaiaeith noi??i.

7. I?iaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y iinaae aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, ui
aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe ?o ?iciiae?e ia aeaee (i?aaeiaoii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee
e?eoa??e — ca iai?yiaie ae?yeueiino?), oeie (i?ioan?iiaeueia
eiiiaoaioe?y ca iinaaeith), ??ai? iinaae (caeaaeii a?ae ia`?io
i?aai?caoe?eii-?icii?yae/eo ooieoe?e). ?iciaaeoaaiiy aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a ca iniaenoeie yeinoyie (eaae?o?eaoe?y, ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
cae?aiino? oiui) a?aeia?aaea?oueny o i?enai?ii? eaae?o?eaoe?eieo
?ic?yae?a.

8. Cai?iiiiiaai? ia`?eoeai? oiiae aecia/aiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a oeyoii noai?aiiy eiieo?nieo, aoanoaoe?eieo eii?n?e;
?icoe?aiiy aeiaia??ieo canaae oi?ioaaiiy ia?niiaeueiiai neeaaeo
aea?aeaaii? neoaeae; canoinoaaiiy aeeniiceoe?eieo ii?i o?oaeiaiai i?aaa
oa caeo/aiiy i?ioni?eie aei ae??oaiiy ieoaiue, iia`ycaieo ?c
caaacia/aiiyi iaiao?aeieo oiia i?aoe? ia aea?aeaai?e neoaea?.

9. Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue cai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ECiI Oe?a?ie
ii?iaoeaieo iieiaeaiiue uiaei aeciaiiy aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a ie?aiith
eaoaai???th i?aoe?aiee?a, i?aaa ? iaia`ycee yeeo anoaiiaeththoueny
niaoe?aeueieie ii?iaoeaieie aeoaie.

10. Aeciaia aeioe?euei?noue aeeth/aiiy o ECiI Oe?a?ie iiiyooy
iaii?iiaaiiai ?iai/iai aeiy (/ano), ii?iaoeaiiai aecia/aiiy eiea
i?aoe?aiee?a c oaeei ?aaeeiii ?iaioe; cae??ieaiiy iaia’yceo
i?aoeaaeaaoey iia?aeiieyoe i?aoe?aieea i?e i?eeiyoo? ia ?iaioo i?i
anoaiiaeaiee ia iaai?e iinaae? ii?yaeie ? ?aaeei i?aoe?; o aeaeyae?
eiiiainaoe?? ca aeiaeaoeia? iaaaioaaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/i ia?aaeaa/eoe
iiaeeea?noue aeiaeaoeiai? iieaoe i?aoe? oaeiai eiea i?aoe?aiee?a.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe?
iaoeiaiai ?icoi?iiy i?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?? i?aaiaiai
noaiiaeua ie?aii? eaoaai??? noa`?eo?a o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei —
aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeaii? ?iaioe iaaeathoue
iiaeeea?noue nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?aaoethaaiiy oiia i?aoe? ia
i?aenoaa? coiiaeaiino? ci?noii ?o i?aaiaiai noaoono, anoaiiaeaiiy
iaeaaeiiai ??aiy aa?aio?e ?aae?caoe?? noa`?eoeaieo i?aa oa iaia`yce?a,
ia?aaeaa/aieo ii?iaie o?oaeiaiai i?aaa.

Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey
oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/i? aace c ieoaiue i?ioiaeaeaiiy aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae: i?e ?ic?iaeaii? ? ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?? caaaeueieo canaae, a oaeiae
niaoe?aeueieo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a aeey ie?aieo ?? aeae?a; i?e canoinoaaii?
ii?iaoeaieo iieiaeaiue ia i?aeoeoe?; o iaoeia?e oa
iaa/aeueii-iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? aeniiaee ? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o ?yae? iaoeiaeo noaoae, iioae?eiaaieo o
aeo?iae? “I?aai Oe?a?ie”, ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo noaoae ?inoeoooo
caeiiiaeaanoaa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, i?aaenoaaeai? ia aeaio
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo caeiiiaeaanoaa
Oe?a?ie“ oa “Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaa ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i?“; ciaeoee nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o i?iiiceoe?yo ii aaeineiiaeaiith caeiiiaeaanoaa, ui
?aaoeth? aeaiee aeae i?aaia?aeiinei oa iaoai?cio eiai canoinoaaiiy;
aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? Eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie ia
ia??iae 1997 – 2005 ?iee, Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo caeiiiaeaanoaa
aei 2002 ?ieo, Eiioeaioe?? aea?aeaaii-i?aaiai? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?i?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/eee
no?oeoo?o aeena?oaoe??, yea neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
10 i?ae?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (anueiai 135
iaeiaioaaiue). Ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea?: 176 noi??iie.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? aena?oeth?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe, ui neeaaea? ia?oo
/anoeio aaoi?aoa?aoo: iaa?oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe??, ??
aeooaeuei?noue, aecia/a?oueny iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai i?aaeiao oa
caaaeaiiy, oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i? iniiae; oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaoeiaa
iiaecia, iaoiaeieia?y ?iaioe; aeeeaaeathoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno; cacia/a?oueny oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy,
ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaiiai
neoaeaiaoey oa oa?aeoa?enoeea eiai iniiaieo iciae» a ?noi?e/iiio
?ic??c? ?icaeyiooi ?icaeoie oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a, ui iaaea? iiaeeea?noue iaea?eueo iiaii aecia/eoe e no/ani?
aniaeoe i?iaeaie. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ie?aieo iieiaeaiue noaiiaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? aeicaieea aaoi?ia? ae?eoe aeniiaeo i?i
nai???aei?noue oa iaiaeiicia/i?noue noaoono aeeiiaaoe?a aea?aeaaieo
ooieoe?e ia iaaieo eiai aoaiao.

Caaaeii ia i?aenoaa? ?icaeyiooeo iaoa??ae?a iiaeia aecia/eoe
oaiaeaioe?th ?icaeoeo i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua aeine?aeaeoaaii? eaoaai???
i?aoe?aiee?a — a?ae iniaenoi? caeaaeiino? a?ae noa`?eoa aeaaee a oiiaao
?aiiueioaiaeaeueiiai noni?euenoaa, aocueeiaaei?i?no?aoeaii? caeaaeiino?
a?ae aeueo iinaaeiaeo in?a a ???a?o?? aea?aeaaiiai aia?aoo aei
??aiii?aaiiai iieiaeaiiy noi??i o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei, ui
neeaaeathoueny a aea?aeaai?e noa?? ae?yeueiino?.

Aecia/aiiy oaei? ianoaaeie ye aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue ? ooieoe?e aea?aeaae
iniaeeaith ?enith aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, ui a?ae??ciy? ?o a?ae
?ioeo eaoaai??e i?aoe?aiee?a, iaaea? iiaeeea?noue caa?iooe oaaao a
aeine?aeaeaii? ia iaai? a?oie ethaeae o ??ci? ia??iaee ?noi??? Oe?a?ie,
ye? ca no/aniei ?icoi?iiyi iaeaaeaoue aei eiea cacia/aii? eaoaai??e
i?aoe?aiee?a. Oa?aeoa?i? iciaee aea?aeaaii? neoaeae a ??cieo
noni?eueieo a?aeiineiao coiiaethaaee e i?aaiaa iieiaeaiiy oeueiai eiea
neoaeaiaoe?a.

A oiiaao oaiaeaeueiiai noni?euenoaa aea?aeaai? (noni?euei?) ?ioa?ane
ii?aeioaaeenue c i?eaaoieie ?ioa?anaie i?aaey/eo aeeiano?e, aeaaea yeeo
?aae?ciaoaaeany /a?ac i?aeaeaieo ?i in?a ( ia canaaeao iniaenoi?
caeaaeiino? – ?o neoa, aai ia a?aeiineiao aanae?oaoo-nthca?ai?oaoo c
iaioeie oaiaeaeaie); aeeiiaiiy aea?aeaaieo ooieoe?e aoei naiai ?iaeo
iiaeii?noth e iineei iai?ai?eaaoiee oa?aeoa?.

C ?icaeoeii aea?aeaaiiai aia?aoo e oeaio?ae?caoe??th aa?oiaii? aeaaee,
ooaa?aeaeaiiyi aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino? (/a?ac ae?yeuei?noue ie?aiiai
aia?aoo) ye oa?aeoa?ii? iciaee aea?aeaaii? i?aai?caoe?? noni?euenoaa
a?aeaoaa?oueny oi?ioaaiiy iniaeeaiai ca noaoonii eiea in?a, ia yeeo
iieeaaeaii naia cae?eniaiiy aea?aeaaieo ooieoe?e. Iaeiae, aecia/aiiy ?o
iiceoe?? a?aeaoaaeiny ?acii ?c iiaoaeiaith aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie
aea?aeaaieo ?inoeoooe?e oa a oiiaao aaniethoii? iiia?o?? (a ia??iae
aoiaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei neeaaeo ?in?enueei? ?iia???) noi?ioaaeiny ye
noaoon, ui oa?aeoa?ecoaaany aocueeiaaei?i?no?aoeaiith caeaaei?noth
neoaeaiaoe?a a?ae aie? aeueo iinaaeiaeo in?a. Eeoa ca /an?a i?aae?iiy
Eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae aeeiiaaoe? aea?aeaaieo ooieoe?e iaee iacaeaaeiee
noaoon, ui aacoaaany ia canaaeao naiioi?aae?iiy ianaeaiiy.

?c anoaiiaeaiiyi ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee aea?aeaai? neoaeaiaoe? io?eiaee
oi?iaeueii ??aiii?aaia iieiaeaiiy ye o/anieee o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei,
aea a oiiaao ?icaeoeo ia?aaaaeii aaei?i?no?aoeaieo iaoiae?a i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy a?aeiinei a noni?euenoa? ?o o?oaeia? i?aaa ? iaia`ycee
cia/iith i??ith caeaaeaee a?ae i?aai?caoe?eieo (ia?o?eieo) ??oaiue
i?aaey/i? nenoaie. ?aeaieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy, e??i oiai, i?iaieineee
oaiaeaioe?th ia cieeiaiiy a?aei?iiinoae i?ae oiiaaie i?aoe? ?ia?oiee?a
oa neoaeaiaoe?a. Iaeiae oiiae i?aoe? neoaeaiaoe?a a aea?aeaai?e noa??
ae?yeueiino? aeiaaaee niaoe?aeueiiai ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, ui
ao?ethaaeinue o aeaeaiiy ?ic??ciaieo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a.

C aeciaiiyi ?ie? aea?aeaaii? neoaeae o ?icaoaeia? iacaeaaeii?,
nioe?aeueii iai?aaeaii? aea?aeaae a no/aniee ia??iae aeieeea
iaiao?aei?noue iaa?oioiaaiiai aecia/aiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a oa aii?yaeeoaaiiy ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?o
ae?yeueiino?.

O ii??aiyeueiiio aiae?c? i?aaiaiai noaoono i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo ia
aea?aeaai?e neoaea?, ei?ioei aeine?aeaeothoueny o?aaeeoe?? i?aaiaeo
nenoai o oe?e noa?? ?yaeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i ( ?a?iiaenueeiai
Ni?aoiaa?enoaa, NOA, ssiii?? oa aeayeeo ?ioeo), ui aeicaieeei aecia/eoe
iai?yiee i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy noaoono aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a o
na?oia?e i?aeoeoe?.

I?aaa ? iaia`ycee i?aoe?aiee?a ?aae?cothoueny o o?oaeiaeo a?aeiineiao,
i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy yeeo cia/iith i??ith caaacia/o? ?o i?aaiaee
noaoon. ?icaeyae aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ye aeaeo noni?eueii? ei?enii?
ae?yeueiino?, aecia/aiiy ?? oa?aeoa?ieo ?en oa noa?e ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aea? i?aenoaae aeey a?eueo iaa?oioiaaiiai aecia/aiiy eiea aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a oa niaoeeo?/ieo iciae ?o i?aaiaiai noaoono, oeyo?a
aaeineiiaeaiiy eiai ii?iaoeaiiai caaacia/aiiy.

Noi?ioeueiaaii iiiyooy aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey ye noa`?eoa i?aaa,
iaae?eaiiai a?aeiia?aeieie aeaiaioaie oeea?eueiiai noaoono (a?iiaaeyiei
Oe?a?ie, yeee io?eiaa a?aeiia?aeio ina?oo oa ia? i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae,
i?ieoia i?ioeaaeo?o anooio ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao), iaaieie
iiaiiaaaeaiiyie ca iinaaeith, ca?aeii yei? a?i cae?enith? i?ioan?eio
ae?yeuei?noue ii aeeiiaiith noni?eueii-iaiao?aeieo (aea?aeaaieo)
ooieoe?e c i?enai?iiyi eiio eaae?o?eaoe?eieo ?ic?yae?a (?aia?a, eeanieo
/ei?a, oiui) oa iioe?aiiyi ia eiai ae?yeuei?noue ia?aaaaeii
?iia?aoeaieo ii?i aieeao, ui iaaea? i?aenoaae a?aeiineoe eiai aei
ie?aii? eaoaai??e i?aoe?aiee?a, aei yeeo canoiniaothoueny ii?ie
niaoe?aeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

A?aoiaoth/e o?aaeeoe?eiee ?icaeyae iiiyooy aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a
/a?ac oa?aeoa?enoeeo iinaaeiaeo in?a oa iaoi/ia oi?ioethaaiiy iiiyooy
inoaii?o o Caeii? Oe?a?ie “I?i aea?aeaaio neoaeao”, i?iiiio?oueny aeania
aecia/aiiy iinaaeiaeo in?a ye iaaiiai eiea aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, a
naia oeo, ye? caeiathoue iinaaeo ea??aiiai neeaaeo aea?aeaaiiai i?aaio,
onoaiiae, i?aai?caoe??, aai aeeiiothoue i?aai?caoe?eii-?icii?yae/?, a
oaeiae iia`ycai? c aeaaeiei aieeaii ia ethaeae ooieoe??. ?io? ae
aea?aeaai? neoaeaiaoe? iiaeooue aeeiioaaoe ooieoe?? c ie?aieie
aeaiaioaie aeaaeieo iiaiiaaaeaiue, ui ia aea? i?aenoaa a?aeiineoe ?o aei
iinaaeiaeo in?a. ?acii c oei, i?aeaeuai? aeiiae aei ?o i?ioan?eiiai
??aiy oa caeaoiino? oni?oii aeeiioaaoe neoaeaia? iaia`ycee oiui
na?ae/aoue i?i niaoeeo?eo ?o i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy a noni?eueiiio
?iciiae?e? i?aoe?.

?icaeyae oa?aeoa?o ca`yce?a aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey c ?ioith noi?iiith
i?aaia?aeiinei, yeith aenooia? aea?aeaaa a inia? nai?o i?aai?a,
onoaiia, i?aai?caoe?e aeicaiey? cacia/eoe, ui i?aaiaee noaoon oe???
eaoaai??e i?aoe?aiee?a noaiiaeoue noeoii?noue ?o i?aa oa iaia`yce?a,
i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue aa?aio?e oa i?ea?eae, a oaeiae iineeaia
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, anoaiiaeai? caeiiiaeaanoaii, o?oaeiaei aeiaiai?ai,
aeoaie aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a oa onoaiia, ui aecia/athoue ?o i?noea a
noni?euei?e i?aai?caoe??.

A?aeiia?aeii iniaeeaino? i?aoe? oa i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a aeiaaathoue canoinoaaiiy niaoe?aeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.
Iaeiae, aeey iaeaaeiiai caaacia/aiiy o?oaeiaeo i?aa ? aa?aio?e ?o i?aoe?
aaaeeeai o caeii? ia?aaeaa/eoe iaiao?aei?noue ocaiaeaeaiiy iieiaeaiue
niaoe?aeueieo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a c ii?iaie o?oaeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Eeaneo?eaoe?y aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a ca iinaaeiaith oa
eaae?o?eaoe?eiith (iniaeno?niith) iciaeith coiiaeoue, ia aeoieo aaoi?a,
iaeaaeiee ??aaiue i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?o o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? oa
anoaiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo nioe?aeueieo aa?aio?e.

Eiie?aoiee ci?no i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a oa i?iaeaie
eiai ?aae?caoe?? iiaeia aeine?aeeoe ia i?ioyc? i?ioiaeaeaiiy ieie
neoaeae a eiie?aoieo i?aaia?aeiineiao.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/aii aiae?co oiia oa oi?i anooio
ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao, i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny (ia?
a?aeaoaaoeny) c o?aooaaiiyi noni?eueieo (aea?aeaaieo) iio?aa o
i?aoe?aieeao c a?aeiia?aeieie i?ioan?eieie ? iniaenoeie yeinoyie oa
noai?aiith oiia caaacia/aiiy noa`?eoeaieo i?aa oeeo i?aoe?aiee?a ia an?o
aoaiao neoaeaiai? ea?`??e.

Oiiae aeinooio aei aea?aeaaii? neoaeae iieeeeai? aiaeii/an aa?aiooaaoe
i?ioan?eio i?eaeaoi?noue iaeaooi?o aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a oa iaiaaeeoe
oia?aaeaeai?noue i?e ?o aeiai??. Oiio, ia iaoo aeoieo, aaaeeeai
caeiiiaeaa/i caaacia/eoe oaeee ii?yaeie i?eeiio ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao,
oa?aeoa? yeiai uiiaeiaioa caeeoaa ae naiaiaee i?e ioe?ioe? eaiaeeaeaoa
aeey i?aaio, ia yeee iieeaaeaii cae?eniaiiy ia?aa??ee eiai
a?aeiia?aeiino? iinaae?, ia yeo a?i i?aoaiaeo?.

Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui iniiaieie oiiaaie anooio o o?oaeia?
i?aaia?aeiineie ? iayai?noue iaeaaeii? i?aaiae??caeaoiino? o in?a,
a?aeiia?aeii? i?aaiai? ii?ie oa th?eaee/iiai oaeoo ye i?aenoaae aeey ?o
aeieeiaiiy, iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui aeey anooio ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao
iaiao?aeia aeio?eiaiiy iaaieo iaiaaeaiue. Na?aae oaeeo iaiaaeaiue o
Caeii? Oe?a?ie “I?i aea?aeaaio neoaeao”, cie?aia, cacia/a?oueny i?i
iaaeiionoei?noue i?eeiyooy iniae, aeciaiith iaae??caeaoiith. A?aoiaoth/e
aenie? aeiiae oa a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, ye? iieeaaeathoueny ia
aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, aaaaea?ii ca iaiao?aeia ia?aaeaa/eoe
iaaeiionoei?noue anooio ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao oaeiae ? iaiaaeaii
ae??caeaoieo in?a, cacia/eaoe a Caeii? aeiiao uiaei iayaiino?
ae??caeaoiino? iniae acaaae? (a ia cacia/aoe ye ie?aia iaiaaeaiiy uiaei
iaae??caeaoieo in?a). A?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia aeio?eiaiiy ?aaeeio
caeiiiino? a no/aniiio noni?euenoa? iaiao?aeii ia?aaeaa/eoe iaiaaeaiiy
aeinooio aei neoaeae in?a, ye? ia o?eueee iathoue noaeei?noue, a e
i?eoyaaeeny aei aaei?i?no?aoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, iai?eeeaae, ca
ei?oioe?ei? ae?yiiy.

C caoaa?aeaeaiiyi Eeaneo?eaoi?a i?ioan?e, yeee a?aoiao? i?aeia?iaei?
noaiaea?oe uiaei iaca i?ioan?e, ?icii/aeanue ?iaioa c ?ic?iaee Oeiiaeo
eaae?o?eaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee iinaae aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a (OOEAeN)
– neeaaeiai? /anoeie caaaeueii? nenoaie caeiiiaeaanoaa c ieoaiue
caaacia/aiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a oa i?ioiaeaeaiiy
ieie aea?aeaaii? neoaeae. Ca?aeii ?c cacia/aiei eeaneo?eaoi?ii
eaae?o?eaoe?y aecia/a?oueny ??aiai ina?oe, niaoe?ae?caoe??th oa
eaae?o?eaoe?eiei ??aiai ?ia?o, yeee anoaiiaeth?oueny caeaaeii a?ae aeiia
ina?oe, i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy oa i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo i?aoe?aiee?a.

C o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae i?aoe? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a
(oi?aae?inueea oa ?io? aeaee noni?eueii? ae?yeueiino?, iia`ycaii? ?c
aieeaii ia ethaeae, aieiae?iiyi oa iia?oaaiiyi iniaeeaei i?aaeiaoii
i?aoe? – ?ioi?iaoe??th) neooiei ? i??eoaaiiy, uiaei iaiao?aeiino?
caaaeueii-aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe aeey aeaii? eaoaai??e i?aoe?aiee?a.
Aeeiiaiiy ae aocueeii?ioan?eieo ooieoe?e aeiaeaoeiai aeiaaa? ?
niaoe?aeueii? ina?oe. O?aooaaiiy cacia/aieo aeiia a Oeiiaeo
eaae?o?eaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoeeao iinaae aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, ia
iaoo aeoieo, caaeiaieueieei a ye ?ioa?ane aea?aeaae /a?ac iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy a?eueo oe?ieiai eiea oao?aoe?a aeey cai?uaiiy iinaae
caaaeueiiai ea??aieoeoaa, oae ? caaacia/eei a i?aai neoaeaiaoe?a ia
oni?oia i?inoaaiiy ii neoaeaia?.

Noiniaii ia`?eoeaii? i?ioeaaeo?e ia?aa??ee iaiao?aeieo i?ioan?eieo
yeinoae aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a neooieie ? aeniiaee uiaei
aeioe?eueiino? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiieo?nieo eii?n?e ca o/anoth
i?aaenoaaiee?a aeanieea, o?oaeiaiai eieaeoeao oa iacaeaaeieo oao?aoe?a
ca iai?yieii ae?yeueiino? a?aeiia?aeii? no?oeoo?e.

Caaaeii, i?ioan?eia aeeiiaiiy aea?aeaaieo ooieoe?e, iaiao?aei?noue
aeio?eiaiiy aeiia uiaei eaae?o?eaoe?? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a,
iaia`yceia?noue ?? anoaiiaeaiiy i?e aeieeiaii? o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei
ia aea?aeaai?e neoaea? oa ia??iaee/ia ?o ia?aa??ea a i?ioean? ??
i?ioiaeaeaiiy ? oa?aeoa?ieie ?enaie aea?aeaaii-neoaeaiai? ae?yeueiino?,
ui coiiaeththoue e a?aeiia?aeiee ci?no i?aa oa iaia`yce?a i?aoe?aiee?a.
?o aeio?eiaiiy aecia/a? ??aaiue caaacia/aiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono
aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a a i?ioean? oaeeo i?aaiaeo cania?a ioe?iee
iaeaaeieo yeinoae ye eiieo?n, aeai?e, aei?iaoaaiiy i?e aeieeiaii?
o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei, noaaeoaaiiy, i?e ?aae?caoe?? caoiae?a,
ia?aaeaa/aieo aeey ?iaioe c eaae?iaei ?aca?aii.

Aea/aiiy oa aeieeaaeiee aiae?c oiia anooio ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao,
iniaeeainoae i?aenoaa aeieeiaiiy o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei o cacia/ai?e
noa?? noni?eueii-ei?enii? ae?yeueiino? aecia/eee iniiai? iciaee
aeiaiai?o i?i aea?aeaaio neoaeao ca oi?iith, ci?noii, noa?ith ae??,
ii?yaeeii oeeaaeaiiy oiui, ye? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aaaaeaoe eiai
ie?aiei aeaeii o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?o.

Oaeee aeniiaie noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ia?o ca ana, oa?aeoa?enoeeith noi??i
oeueiai aeiaiai?o i?i i?aoeth. C iaeiiai aieo, iayai?noue niaoe?aeueieo
aeiia aei i?aoe?aieea (iaea?aeaa iaeaaeio ina?oo ? i?ioan?eio
i?aeaioiaeo, i?ieoia eiieo?niee a?aea?? aai ?ioo i?ioeaaeo?o anooio ia
aea?aeaaio neoaeao, ia ia? iaiaaeaiue aeey anooio o o?oaeia? a?aeiineie
ia aea?aeaai?e neoaea?). C ?ioiai aieo, iayai?noue o ?ioi? noi?iie
oaiaee, yeith ? aea?aeaaa a inia? nai?o i?aai?a oa onoaiia, a?eueoiai
ianyao iiaiiaaaeaiue uiaei aecia/aiiy oiia o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?o .

Oiiae o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a /e ia iaea?eueoa
?aaeaiaioiaai? oeaio?ae?ciaaii aeaeaieie ii?iaoeaieie aeoaie, ui
caeeoathoue iaioa aeai?o noi?iiai o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?o i?e aecia/aii?
eiai ci?noo. E??i oiai, a th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ni?aaaaeeeai
cacia/aeiny, ui iniaeeaino? i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiiy i?aai?a aea?aeaaii?
aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy, ye? iathoue nai?ie iiaiiaaaeaiiyie aeeiiaiiy
aea?aeaaieo ooieoe?e, iaoiiaeththoue e iniaeeaee oa?aeoa? o?oaeiaeo
i?aaia?aeiinei a?iiaaeyi, ye? iinooiathoue ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao. Oiaoi
i?aaeiaoii i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiai? oaiaee c aea?aeaaiei
neoaeaiaoeai ? niaoeeo?/i? i?aaia?aeiineie, ui neeaaeathoueny a
i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy iniaith nai?o o?oaeiaeo ooieoe?e.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe oaeiae iniaeeaee ii?yaeie oeeaaeaiiy o?oaeiaiai
aeiaiai?o c aea?aeaaiei neoaeaiaoeai, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia aeo? iaaiiai
aea?aeaaiiai i?aaio (ui /anoi ia ? noi?iiith o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei)
i?i i?ecia/aiiy, aeai?e, i?ioiaeaeaiiy eiieo?no , ui ooai?th? neeaaeiee
oaeoe/iee th?eaee/iee neeaae ye i?aenoaao aeieeiaiiy o?oaeiaeo
i?aaia?aeiinei ia aea?aeaai?e neoaea?.

C o?aooaaiiyi iaaaaeaiiai noi?ioeueiaaii iiiyooy o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?o c
aea?aeaaiei neoaeaiaoeai ye oeeaaeaia ia i?aenoaa? aeoo i?ecia/aiiy,
ia?aiiy, i?ioiaeaeaiiy eiieo?no oaiaea i?ae iniaith, yea ia? iaiao?aeio
ina?oo e i?ioan?eio i?aeaioiaeo, ia aeinyaea a?aie/iiai a?eo ia?aaoaaiiy
ia neoaea? oa noiniaii yei? a?aenooi? ?io? iaiaaeaiiy i?e i?eeiyoo? ia
aea?aeaaio neoaeao, oa aea?aeaaiei i?aaiii, onoaiiaith, i?aai?caoe??th,
ca?aeii yei? iniaa ciaia`yco?oueny aeeiioaaoe neoaeaia? iaia`ycee ca
iinaaeith, ia?aaeaa/aiith ooaoiei ?icienii, aeio?eioaaoenue anoaiiaeaieo
iaiaaeaiue i?e i?ioiaeaeaii? neoaeae, a aeaniee /e oiiaiiaaaeaiee iei
i?aai ciaia`yco?oueny aeiea/oaaoe ?e ca?ia?oio ieaoo ? caaacia/oaaoe
oiiae i?aoe?, ia?aaeaa/aieie o?oaeiaei caeiiiaeaanoaii oa niaoe?aeueieie
ii?iaoeaieie aeoaie, eieaeoeaieie aeiaiai?aie oa oaiaeith noi??i.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea
neoaeaiai? ea?`??e ye oi?ie i?ioiaeaeaiiy aea?aeaaii? neoaeae,
aena?oeththoueny iniaeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe? i?ioyaii ?? i?ioiaeaeaiiy, cacia/athoueny oeyoe
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai iaoai?cio eiai caaacia/aiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy o oeueiio ?icae?e? cia/iith i??ith coiiaeaia
iniiaiith nooi?noth i?ioiaeaeaiiy neoaeaiai? ea?`??e, a naia –
caaacia/aiiy noa`?eoeaiiai i?aaa aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a ia i?inoaaiiy
ii neoaea?. Iniiaieie iai?yieaie i?inoaaiiy ii neoaea? ? iinaaeiaa oa
eaae?o?eaoe?eia c?inoaiiy i?aoe?aieea, ia?aaeoiiaaie yeeo aenooiathoue
???a?o?y iinaaeiaeo, i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eieo noaoon?a,
i?aaenoaaeaieo ae?th/ei caeiiiaeaanoaii 7 eaoaai??yie iinaae oa 15
?aiaaie aeey neoaeaiaoe?a o noa?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeeiiaa/i? a?eee
aeaaee oa a?aeiia?aeieie a?aaeaoe?yie o ?ioeo noa?ao
aea?aeaaii-neoaeaiai? ae?yeueiino?. Aeey oni?oiiai i?ioiaeaeaiiy
neoaeaiai? ea?`??e aaaeeeai caaacia/eoe ye aenieee ??aaiue
caoe?eaaeaiino? aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey o i?inoaaii? (/a?ac
anoaiiaeaiiy a?eueoiai ianyao i?ioan?eieo iiaeeeainoae oa
nioe?aeueii-iaoa??aeueieo ia?aaaa), oae ? a iaaiiio iaoai?ci? eiai
caaacia/aiiy (oeyoii iiaoaeiae oaeiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iinaae, ui
caaacia/oaaei a ia?niaeoeao iaeoaeaeoiai caeiyooy aeui? ca eaoaai???th
iinaaee).

O ca`yceo c oei, ui iinaaeiaa ea?`??a cia/iith i??ith iaiaaeaia
anoaiiaeaiith ooaoiei ?icienii e?euee?noth iinaae oa iayai?noth
aaeain?e, iaaio oaaao ne?ae i?eae?eeoe caoe?eaaeaiino? i?aoe?aieea o
i?ioan?eiiio c?inoaii? oa aecia/aii? iaeaaeii? ioe?iee eiai
eaae?o?eaoe?? /a?ac i?enai?iiy a?aeiia?aeiiai eaae?o?eaoe?eiiai ?ic?yaeo
(?aiao, eeaniiai /eio, eaoaai??? oiui). C oeueiai i?eaiaeo
caoaaaeo?oueny i?i aeioe?euei?noue cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ii?yaeeo i?enai?iiy
?aia?a (/a?aiaeo oa iica/a?aiaeo) a iaaeao a?eueoiai iinaaeiaiai
i?inoi?o, i?ae anoaiiaeaiiai, iai?eeeaae, Caeiiii Oe?a?ie «I?i
aea?aeaaio neoaeao» — 7-e eaoaai??? iinaae a?aeiia?aeathoue 13,14,15
?aiae, 6-e – 13,12,11 ? o.ae. Iaiao?aeii anoaiiaeoe iaia`yceia?noue
?icaeyaeo ieoaiiy i?i i?enai?iiy /a?aiaiai ?aiao aea?aeaaiiio
neoaeaiaoeth c ianoaiiyi a?aeiia?aeiiai oa?i?io. Oaeiae aaaeeeai
ia?aaeaa/eoe eiie?aoi? i?aenoaae aeey i?enai?iiy iica/a?aiaeo ?aia?a
aea?aeaaiei neoaeaiaoeyi, iai?eeeaae, a ?acoeueoao? a?aei?iiiai
iaa/aiiy, oni?oiiai aeeiiaiiy neoaeaiaeo caaaeaiue, ?i?oe?aoeaiino?,
aeniei? ioe?iee a ia??iae aoanoaoe?? oiui.

I?aaiaei caniaii ia?aa??ee iaiao?aeieo yeinoae aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a
oa oiiaith oni?oiiai i?inoaaiiy ?o ii neoaea? ? aoanoaoe?y,
aoaeoeai?noue yei? a cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae iiaiiaaaeaiue
eiieo?nii? eii?n?? oa iaoai?cio ?o ?aae?caoe??. Cacia/a?oueny
aeioe?euei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?eoaoieo canaae oi?ioaaiiy ?? neeaaeo
?c i?aaenoaaiee?a ea??aieoeoaa, o?oaeiaiai eieaeoeao, iacaeaaeieo
oao?aoe?a o eiie?aoi?e aaeoc? ae?yeueiino? oa anoaiiaeaiiy
iaia`yceiaino? ?? ??oaiiy aeey ea??aieea.

I?aaia? ii?ie o?oaeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa aenooiathoue aa?aio??th
?aae?caoe?? i?aaa ia i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a /a?ac
nenoaio i?euea ? ia?aaaa a i?ioean? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?. Caaacia/aiiy
oeueiai i?aaa aeey aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a ? o??th oiiaith, ui iiaea
ia?aaeaa/aoenue eiie?aoii aeey eiaeiiai i?aoe?aieea ia canaaeao
aeiaia??iiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aaia?aeiinei c aea?aeaaiith onoaiiaith
(i?aaiii) – oeyoii ia?aaeaa/aiiy o aeiaiai?? no?ie?a iai?aaeaiiy ia
iaa/aiiy c a?ae?eaii a?ae ae?iaieoeoaa oa noai?aiiy oiia i?aeaeuaiiy
i?ioan?eiiai ??aiy ia ?iai/iio i?noe?. Aaaeeeai o oeueiio ca`yceo
?icaeyaeaoe i?ioan?eia iaa/aiiy ia ?iai/iio i?noe? ye /anoeio neoaeaiai?
ae?yeueiino? (aeey oeueiai o I?aaeeao aioo??oiueiai o?oaeiaiai
?icii?yaeeo ia?aaeaa/eoe eiai o?eaae?noue ia i?ioyc? ?iai/iai aeiy,
c?iaeoe eiai iaia`yceiaei oa aacia?a?aiei).

Ne?ae oaeiae cacia/eoe, ui iaaeaaaeaiith, ia iao iiaeyae, ? aeneiaeaia
o th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? iiceoe?y uiaei ioe?iee ye aeene?ei?iaoe?eii?
ii?ie Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i aea?aeaaio neoaeao » i?i ia?aaaaeia i?aai ia
i?inoaaiiy ii neoaea? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, ye? iino?eii
i?aeaeuothoue na?e i?ioan?eiee ??aaiue (no.27). Caeiiiaeaa/i cae??ieaia
??aia i?aai i?aoe?aiee?a, a o./. ? aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, ia
i?aeaeuaiiy naiai i?ioan?eiiai ??aiy, ia?aaaaeia i?aai ia i?inoaaiiy ii
neoaea? o oeueiio ca`yceo ia? ?icaeyaeaoenue ye iaeei ?c caoiae?a
noeioethaaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? oa o yeino? iiceoeaiiai
i?aaiaiai iane?aeeo aeey aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey i?e anoaiiaeaii?
iaeaaeiiai i?aaiaiai noaoono.

Iniiaiith oiiaith o?oaeiai? oaiaee aenooia? aeiiaa aeio?eiaiiy
i?aoe?aieeii i?aaee aioo??oiueiai o?oaeiaiai ?icii?yaeeo a i?ioean?
aeeiiaiiy o?oaeiaeo ooieoe?e. Oiio aeey aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey
oni?oia i?inoaaiiy ii neoaea? cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae
noie?iiiai aeeiiaiiy cacia/aiiai iaia`yceo ye neeaaeiai? eiai i?aaiaiai
noaoono. Aeey iaeaaeiiai cae?eniaiiy neoaeaiai? ae?yeueiino?, ia?o ca
ana, aaaeeeai caaacia/eoe aecia/ai?noue ii?iaoeaieo iieiaeaiue, ui
i?noyoue iaai? aeiiae, yeeo iiaeiai aeio?eioaaoenue i?aoe?aiee. Na?aae
oaeeo, ui noinothoueny aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a, iio?aaothoue
ii?iaoeaiiai ooi/iaiiy oa aecia/aiiy ieoaiiy anoaiiaeaiiy iaii?iiaaiiai
?iai/iai aeiy (yeee aaoi? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iiiio? ?icaeyaeaoe ye
iniaeeao oiiao i?aoe? iaaieo eaoaai??e i?aoe?aiee?a, ui a ie?aieo
aeiaaeeao ia?aaeaa/a? aeeiiaiiy o?oaeiaeo ooieoe?e a iaaeao a?eueoiai
i?ii?aeeo /ano, i?ae ia?aaeaa/aii ii?iaeueiith o?eaae?noth ?iai/iai
/ano»), aeeiiaiiy ?icii?yaeaeaiue ea??aieoeoaa oa iiaeeea?noue
noaeiaiai caoenoo o?oaeiaeo i?aa an?o i?aoe?aiee?a ia aea?aeaai?e
neoaea?.

I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy i?eieiaiiy o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei ia aea?aeaai?e
neoaea? cia/iith i??ith coiiaeth?oueny oa?aeoa?ii i?aoe? aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a, ii?yaeeii caeiyooy eiie?aoii? iinaaee. Aeoiaey/e c
iaiao?aeiino? aeio?eiaiiy anoaiiaeaiei caeiiiaeaanoaii aeiia oa
iaiaaeaiue i?e anooi? ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue
ia?aaeaa/eoe ii?iaie o?oaeiaiai i?aaa ii?yaeeo ca?eueiaiiy aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a c iineeaiiyi ia no. 7 ECiI Oe?a?ie (ii?ooaiiy i?aaee
i?eeiio) oa ii?io niaoe?aeueiiai ii?iaoeaiiai aeoo (iai?eeeaae, no.30
Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i aea?aeaaio neoaeao»), aeciaoe iaaeioe?eueiei
noaneae?a?iiai canoinoaaiiy ii?i oeea?eueiiai i?aaa noiniaii aeciaiiy
o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?o iaae?eniei. Aeioe?eueii caeiiiaeaa/i cae??ieoe ye
i?aenoaae aeey ca?eueiaiiy ca iciaeith ii?ooaiiy i?aaee i?eeiyooy ia
aea?aeaaio neoaeao iaaeio?eiaiiy aeiia uiaei iaiaaeaiiue noiniaii in?a,
ye? i?eoyaaeenue aei a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca a/eiaiiy ei?oioe?eieo
ae?yiue, aai aoee aeciai? iaiaaeaii ae??caeaoieie.

A?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaee ii?yaeie anoaiiaeaiiy o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei ia
aea?aeaai?e neoaea? ia i?aenoaa? iiia?aaeiuei aeaeaiiai aeoo
aea?aeaaiiai i?aaio, onoaiiae i?eieiaiiy aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ia iiaea
aooe aaoiiaoe/iei ca iaeiiin?aiei aieaaeyaeaiiyi i?aoe?aieea. Oiio
ca?eueiaiiy c aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ca ?i?oe?aoeaith i?aoe?aieea iiaeiii
i?iaaaeeoenue c iineeaiiyi ia i.1 no.36 ECiI Oe?a?ie – ca oaiaeith
noi??i, c aeaeaiiyi aeoo a?aeiia?aeiiai i?aaio /e onoaiiae i?i
ca?eueiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey.

Iaea?aeaiiy i?aoe?aieeaie iaeaaeiiai i?ioan?eiiai ??aiy, iaiao?aeiiai
aeey aeeiiaiiy aea?aeaaii-neoaeaiaeo ooieoe?e, iio?aao? iaaiiai /ano oa
iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao. A?aenooi?noue niaoe?aeueii? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee
niaoe?ae?no?a aeey aea?aeaaii? neoaeae a Oe?a?i? i?ecaaei aei
iaaeinoaoiuei? e?eueeino? oao?aoe?a, ye? caeaoi? eaae?o?eiaaii
aeeiioaaoe iieeaaeai? ia ieo iaia`ycee. Oae? ianoaaeie coiiaeththoue
iaiao?aei?noue o cai?iaaaeaeaii? aeey aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a
aeiaeaoeiaeo aa?aio?e i?e ca?eueiaii? o aeiaaeeo ci?ie i?aai?caoe??
i?aoe?, e?ea?aeaoe??, ?ai?aai?caoe?? aai ia?ai?io?ethaaii? aea?aeaaiiai
i?aaio /e onoaiiae, cae?i/aiiy oa?i?io ?o iiaiiaaaeaiue, ye? a
ia?aaeaa/aee aeei?enoaiiy iiaiiai ianyao iiaeeeainoae iaaeaiiy
i?aoe?aieeia? ??aiioe?iii? iinaaee o oeueiio /e ?ioiio i?aai? (
onoaiia?, i?aai?caoe??), i?ioiaeaeaiiy o ?ac? iio?aae ia?ai?aeaioiaee c
iiaeaeueoei i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiyi, ca?aooaaiiyi aei eaae?iaiai ?aca?ao
aea?aeaaii? neoaeae aei iiyae aaeaioii? iinaaee, ui a?aeiia?aea? eiai
?aiao (?c caa?aaeaiiyi i?euea ca?aeii eiai i?aaiaiai noaoono), iaaeaiiy
i?aaa aeino?ieiaiai aeoiaeo ia iain?th.

O aeniiaeao cacia/athoueny caaaeuei? i?aenoiee aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ei?ioei noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy,
ia i?aenoaa? yeeo ?ic?iaeai? aeniiaee, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.
Cie?aia, aaoi? iaaiaeeoue iieiaeaiiy uiaei iaiao?aeiino? aeciaiiy
aea?aeaaieo neoaeaiaoe?a ie?aiith eaoaai???th i?aoe?aiee?a — noa`?eo?a
o?oaeiaiai i?aaa c iaoith iaeaaeiiai aecia/aiiy ?o i?aaiaiai noaoono,
caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy ?aae?caoe?? ?o noa`?eoeaieo i?aa a
i?ioean? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?; iniaeea?noue i?aaiaiai noaoono
cacia/aii? eaoaai??? i?aoe?aiee?a oa i?aenoaae iioe?aiiy eiai ia
i?aoe?aiee?a oaeeo iai?yie?a aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino? ye ina?oyinueea,
iaoeiaa, ioi?iia caei?ia`y, nioe?aeueia oiui coiiaeththoueny neeaaeiaeie
iciaeaie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue o?oaeiao ae?yeuei?noue o oi?i? aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae oa iiiyooy aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey; iaa?oioiaaii aecia/aiiy
o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?o c aea?aeaaiei neoaeaiaoeai ie?aiei aeaeii
aeiaiai?o i?i i?aoeth.

Ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoaeoeaiiai iaoai?cio i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiaeo
i?aaia?aeiinei ia aea?aeaai?e neoaea?, caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeieo aeey
?aae?caoe?? neoaeaiaeo iiaiiaaaeaiue i?aa oa iaia`yce?a iiaeeeaa /a?ac
aeio?eiaiiy anoaiiaeaieo ii?iaie o?oaeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa aa?aio?e oa
i?eaaaeaiiy o a?aeiia?aei?noue c ieie iieiaeaiue niaoe?aeueiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii iioae?eiaai? oae? ?iaioe:

1.I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a aeey aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae // Aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie a no/anieo oiiaao.
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae. ?inoeooo caeiiiaeaanoaa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee
Oe?a?ie. – Aei.1. – E.,1996. – N.171-176.

2.Aeaye? ieoaiiy eiinoeoooe?eiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aea?aeaaii-neoaeaiaeo
a?aeiinei// Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie – iniiaa iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
caeiiiaeaanoaa. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. ?inoeooo caeiiiaeaanoaa
Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie. – Aei.2. – E.,1997. – N. 276-284.

3.Iniaeeaino? i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioiaeaeaiiy neoaeae aea?aeaaieie
neoaeaiaoeyie // I?aai Oe?a?ie. – 1998. — ? 3. – N.64-69.

4.Aecia/aiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey ye o/anieea
o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei // Eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie.
Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. O?aaaiue 1996 ?ieo, i.Ee?a. –
E.,1996. – N.308,309.

5.Eiinoeoooe?ei? canaaee ?aaoethaaiiy aea?aeaaii? neoaeae // Oai?aoe/i?
oa i?aeoe/i? ieoaiiy ?aae?caoe?? Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie:i?iaeaie,
aeina?ae, ia?niaeoeae. 25 /a?aiy 1997 ?ieo,i.Ee?a. – Oa?e?a:I?aai,1998.
– N.41-43.

6.sse?niee neeaae aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ye oiiaa ?aae?caoe??
aea?aeaaii-i?aaiai? ?aoi?ie // Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaa ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i?.
Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. Eenoiiaae 1997 ?ieo,i.Ee?a. –
E.,1997. – N.234-237.

Eaa??i/oe ?.I. I?aaiaee noaoon aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey ye o/anieea
o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.05. – o?oaeiaa i?aai; i?aai nioe?aeueiiai
caaacia/aiiy. – Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy iiai? caeiiiaeaa/i? aace
aeine?aeaeo?oueny nooi?noue oa ci?no i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a ye noa`?eo?a o?oaeiaiai i?aaa — ??aiii?aaieo o/aniee?a
o?oaeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei, a oaeiae iniaeeaino? ?aaeaiaioaoe?? oeeo
i?aaia?aeiinei ca ?o o/anoth ii?iaie o?oaeiaiai oa niaoe?aeueiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa.

I?iaaaeaii ?noi?e/iee oa ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiaiai
iieiaeaiiy oe??? eaoaai??? i?aoe?aiee?a. Aecia/aii neeaaeia? iiiyooy
aea?aeaaii? neoaeae ye oi?ie o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ii aeeiiaiith
aea?aeaaith noni?eueii-iaiao?aeieo ooieoe?e. ?icaeyioo? iciaee iiiyooy
aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey, ui aenooiathoue e?eoa??yie ia`?eoeaiiai
aecia/aiiy eiea i?aoe?aiee?a c oeei noaoonii. I?aaiaee noaoon
aea?aeaaiiai neoaeaiaoey noi?ioeueiaaii ye noeoii?noue iaeaaeieo ?i
i?aa oa iaia`yce?a, aeiaeaoeiaeo i?euea ? aa?aio?e, i?aeaeuaiiai ??aiy
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, ui coiiaeai? ?o ?ieeth a aea?aeaai?e i?aai?caoe??
noni?euenoaa ? ui anoaiiaeththoueny ii?iaie o?oaeiaiai oa niaoe?aeueiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa, eieaeoeaiei aeiaiai?ii oa o?oaeiaith oaiaeith. Aeiaia??
i?i aea?aeaaio neoaeao aecia/aii ye ie?aiee aeae o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?o.
Ia i?aenoaa? oai?aoe/ieo aeniiae?a oa aiae?co /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa
?ic?iaeai? oa aianai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai
iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ieoaiue i?ioiaeaeaiiy aea?aeaaii? neoaeae
i?aoe?aieeaie, caaacia/aiiy ?o i?aaiaiai noaoono, noa`?eoeaieo o?oaeiaeo
i?aa oa iaia`yce?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?aaiaee noaoon, aea?aeaaiee neoaeaiaaoeue, o?oaeia?
i?aaia?aeiineie, caaacia/aiiy noa`?eoeaieo i?aa, aeiaia?? i?i aea?aeaaio
neoaeao.

Eaa?ei/oe E.I. I?aaiaie noaoon ainoaea?noaaiiuo neoaeaueo eae o/anoieeia
o?oaeiauo i?aaiioiioaiee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00. 05. – o?oaeiaia i?aai; i?aai
nioeeaeueiiai iaania/aiey. – Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao Oa?ana Oaa/aiei,
Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee aia?aua a oneiaeyo oi?ie?iaaiey iaiiaeaiey
iaoeeiiaeueiie caeiiiaeaoaeueiie aacu i?iecaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea
iniaaiiinoae i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiiai neoaeauaai eae
ioaeaeueiie eaoaai?ee ?aaioieeia. I?iaaaeai aiaeec noaiiaeaiey eo
i?aaiaiai noaoona ia i?ioyaeaiee oi?ie?iaaiey oe?aeineie
ainoaea?noaaiiinoe, /oi aeaei aiciiaeiinoue ioa?aeoa?eciaaoue aai
?acaeoea a oeaeii io iieiaeaiey ee/iie caaeneiinoe ?aaioieea a
oaiaeaeueiii iauanoaa, ocei-aaeieieno?aoeaiie caaeneiinoe io aunoeo
aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe a oneiaeyo aaniethoiie iiia?oee aei oi?iaeueii
?aaiii?aaiiai iieiaeaiey eae noi?iiu o?oaeiauo i?aaiioiioaiee. Ioia/aii
ianiioaaonoaea oai?aoe/aneeo iieiaeaiee a ia?eiae iino?iaiey
nioeeaeenoe/aneiai iauanoaa ia oo?aoa iaiaoiaeeiinoe a oi?aaeai/aneii
o?oaea, ionoonoaee ioee/ee io ae?oaeo aeaeia o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe e
i?aeoeee i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ainoaea?noaaiiie neoaeau iooai ecaeaiey
niaoeeaeueiuo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia, o/eouaathueo iniaaiiinoe
ainoaea?noaaiii-neoaeaaiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ia iniiaaiee oa?aeoa?enoeee iniiaiuo i?eciaeia ainoaea?noaaiiie neoaeau
eae iniaie oi?iu o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe e ainoaea?noaaiiuo neoaeaueo
aeaiu ii?aaeaeaiey eo iiiyoey, i/a?/aiu e?eoa?ee oai?aoe/anee
iainiiaaiiiai ii?aaeaeaiey e?oaa ?aaioieeia ni noaoonii
ainoaea?noaaiiuo neoaeaueo a neeo i?ioanneiiaeueiiai auiieiaiey eie
ainoaea?noaaiiuo ooieoeee (iaoneiaeaiiuo iauanoaaiii-iaiaoiaeeiuie
iai?aaeaieyie aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noaa), i?aaeinoaaeaiey ei aeanoiuo
(ii?aaeaeaiiie /anoe aeanoiuo) iieiiii/ee, i?ioiaeaeaiey neoaeau a
niioaaonoaee onoaiiaeaiiui eaoaai?eyi aeieaeiinoae e eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiuo
?ac?yaeia (?aiaia, eeannia, niaoeeaeueiuo caaiee e o.i.), ?aaoee?iaaiey
eo o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe ii?iaie o?oaeiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, a
oaeaea iieiaeaieyie niaoeeaeueiuo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia n i?aiaeaaeaieai
eiia?aoeaiuo ii?i aicaeaenoaey, iieaou o?oaea ec athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa.

Eeanneoeeaoeey ainoaea?noaaiiuo neoaeaueo ii aeieaeiinoiuie e
eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiui i?eciaeai i?ecaaia aeaoue iauaeoeaiia eo ?aca?aie/aiea
n oeaeueth onoaiiaeoue iainiiaaiiua iiaeoiaeu e ii?aaeaeaieth
iaaeeaaeauaai i?aaiaiai noaoona, ia? aai iaania/aiey, i?aaeinoaaeaiey
iaiaoiaeeiuo eueaio e aa?aioee, iaaeeaaeauae ioaaonoaaiiinoe.

Ioia/aia iaiaoiaeeiinoue ii?aaeaeaiey a o?oaeiaii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa
iniaaiiinoae eo i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiey, iaoneiaeaiiiai niaieoiiinoueth
i?aaeinoaaeaiiuo ei i?aa e iaycaiiinoae aeey auiieiaiey caaeaiee e
ooieoeee ainoaea?noaa, aeiiieieoaeueiuo aa?aioee e eueaio, a oaeaea
iiauoaiiiai o?iaiy ioaaonoaaiiinoe, enoiaey ec eo ?iee ainoaea?noaaiiie
i?aaiecaoeee iauanoaa, oeacaiey aiciiaeiinoe niaoeeaeueiiai ii?iaoeaiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey aii?inia i?ioiaeaeaiey eie ainoaea?noaaiiie neoaeau n
niaethaeaieai iniiaiuo i?eioeeiia o?oaeiaiai i?aaa e iaania/aiey
noauaeoeaiuo i?aa aeaiiie eaoaai?ee ?aaioieeia.

Iniaaiiinoe o?oaeiaiai niaeaoaiey n ainoaea?noaaiiui neoaeauei,
iniiaaiiua ia iniaii ii?yaeea aai caeeth/aiey e i?ae?auaiey (ia
iniiaaiee neiaeiiai th?eaee/aneiai ninoaaa), niaea?aeaiee oneiaee,
iai?aaeaiiuo ia onoaiiaeaiea ainoaea?noaaiii-neoaeaaiuo ioiioaiee,
i?aaiaia iieiaeaiea aai noi?ii – ?aaioieea, niioaaonoaothuaai
onoaiiaeaiiui a caeiia o?aaiaaieyi e ia?aie/aieyi, e ainoaea?noaa a
eeoea aai i?aaiia e o/?aaeaeaiee, oiieiiii/aiiiai onoaiaaeeaaoue oneiaey
niaeaoaiey a ii?iaoeaiii ii?yaeea n iauaiaycaoaeueiie neeie aeaenoaey,
i?aaeinoaaeyao aiciiaeiinoue ii?aaeaeeoue aai eae ioaeaeueiue aeae
o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a – aeiaiai? i ainoaea?noaaiiie neoaeaa.

O?oaeiaay aeayoaeueiinoue ainnoaea?noaaiiuo neoaeaueo n iiae/eiaieai
aioo?aiiaio o?oaeiaiio ?anii?yaeeo ai iiiaeo neo/ayo i?ioiaeeo a
?aaeeia iaii?ie?iaaiiiai ?aai/aai aeiy, /oi aea/ao iaiaoiaeeiinoue
aeaoue aai caeiiiaeaoaeueiia ii?aaeaeaiea, ii?iaoeaii ii?aaeaeeoue e?oa
?aaioieeia n oaeei ?aaeeiii ?aaiou, cae?aieoue iaycaiiinoue
?aaioiaeaoaey noaaeoue ?aaioieea a ecaanoiinoue i?e i?eaia ia ?aaioo ia
onoaiiaeaiiii ia eiie?aoiie aeieaeiinoe ii?yaeea e ?aaeeia o?oaea, a
aeaea eiiiainaoeee ca aeiiieieoaeueiua iaa?ocee i?aaeoniio?aoue
aeiiieieoaeueioth iieaoo.

Ii?aaeaeaiea eaaeeoeeaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiuo neoaeaueo eae oneiaea eo
iinooieaiey ia aeieaeiinoue e aeaeueiaeoaa i?ioiaeaeaiea
ainoaea?noaaiiie neoaeau o?aaoao aaaaeaiey iaycaoaeueiinoe
iauaaoiaieoa?iiai ia?aciaaiey, a oaeaea niaoeeaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey aeey
caiyoey aeieaeiinoae a niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo ainoaea?noaaiiuo no?oeoo?ao;
aianaiu i?aaeeiaeaiey a ii?iaoeaiua aeou, eioi?ua ?aaeaiaioe?otho
i?ioeaaeo?o i?enaiaiey ?aiaia ainnoaea?noaaiiui neoaeauei, n oeaeueth
onoaiiaeaiey iauaeoeaiuo ia/ae i?iaaaeaiey ioeaiee iaiaoiaeeiuo
ea/anoa ?aaioieeia; ?ac?aaioaiu oaeaea ae?oaea i?aaeeiaeaiey ii
niaa?oainoaiaaieth ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe
ainoaea?noaaiiuo neoaeaueo n oeaeueth iaania/aiey eo i?aaiaiai noaoona.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?aaiaie noaoon, ainoaea?noaaiiue neoaeauee, o?oaeiaua
i?aaiioiioaiey, iaania/aiea noauaeoeaiuo i?aa, aeiaiai? i
ainoaea?noaaiiie neoaeaa.

Lavrinchuk I.P. The legal status of civil servants as participants of
labour legal relations – Ianuscript.

Thesis is submitted for a candidate’s degree in law science, speciality
12.00.05 – Labour law; Social security law – Kyiv Taras Shevchenko
University, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation investigates for the first time the notion and content
of the legal status of civil servants as subject to labour law as equal
rights participants of labour legal relations, as well as the specifics
of regulating relations by labour and specific legislation. The thesis
provides historical and comparative analysis of evolution of the legal
status of this category of employees. It defines the components of civil
service as a type of labour activity involving performance of socially
required functions. It also indicates the special traits of this
position which can be used as subjective criteria for defining employees
with this status. This status can be formulated as a set of rights and
duties, additional guarantees and the high level of responsibilities,
which is caused by their role in the state structure of society and as
those that are stipulated by labour agreement. The civil service
agreement is defined as a form of Labour agreement. Based on the
theoretical conclusions and analysis of current legislation, there are
developed and introduced proposals regarding the improvement of legal
procedure dealing with regulation of civil service by employees and
securing their subjective rights and duties.

Key words: legal status, civil servant, labour legal relations, civil
service agreement, securing subjective rights.

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