Польові дослідження в музичній фольклористиці XIX-XX ст.: Автореф. дис… канд. мистецтвознав. / Г.Е. Чабанова-Ісхаак, Київ. держ. ун-т культури і мис

I?i?noa?noai eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa

OAeE 78(09)(477)

*aaaiiaa — ?noaae Aaiia Aaeoa?ae?aia

Iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy a ioce/i?e

oieueeei?enoeoe? O?O — OO no.

Niaoe?aeuei?noue

17.00.01- oai??y oa ?noi??y eoeueoo?e

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e
? ienoaoeoa, I?i?noa?noai eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie.

IAOEIAEE EA??AIEE: aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, i?ioani?

?aaieoeueeee Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/,

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa, caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e oieueeei?o ? aoiieia??.

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE: aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, i?ioani?

A?eoea Nio?y Einei?aia, ?inoeooo

ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, oieueeei?enoeee

oa aoiieia?? ?i.I.?eeuenueeiai IAI

Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a, i?ia?aeiee

iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

eaiaeeaeao ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, aeioeaio

?o?aiia ?aaai Aaneeueiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y

?i.I.*aeeianueeiai, eaoaae?a

ioce/ii? oieueeei?enoeee.

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

eaoaae?a a?e ia ioce/ieo
?ino?oiaioao,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 10 n?/iy 1999 ?ieo i 12 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.807.02 Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa ca aae?anith: i.Ee?a,
aoe. Ui?na, 36.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa, i.Ee?a, aoe. Ui?na, 36.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 10 a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.I.Caaaaea?/oe

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy Oieueeei? aoa ? caeeoa?oueny ie?aeiei
aeaea?aeii caaaa/aiiy no/anii? eoeueoo?e ? aiaeii?ac nea?aieoeath
i?ciaaaeueii-?noi?e/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??: aoiiaaiaco, aoeee, anoaoeee,
ioce/ieo niae?a oa iaaea?iaaiino? ia?iaeo. Oiio cae?aiiy (caien,
o?enaoe?y, oiiaeoaaiiy) c?ace?a oieueeei?o aenoaa?oueny ca?ac ia ia?oee
ieai. Iaiao?aeii anoeaiooe caienaoe, a?yooaaoe a?ae caaoooy iaeneioi
ia?iaeieo iaeiae?e, yeeie ua aaaaoa Oe?a?ia.

Aea a iao /an i?inoi caienaoe ia?iaeio i?nith, ia?yae — oeueiai caiaei.
Iio??aia iaoeiaa iaoiaeeea, aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?aeueieo caieoaeueiee?a,
canoinoaaiiy oi?i cae?aoeueei? aeieoiaioaoe??, iinoaiiaea iaoe caieno
(aeai?e, ?aa?iie oiui), aeei?enoaiiy iien?a, eiiaioa??a, a oaeiae ai?iiy
anooiaoe o eiioaeo c iin?yie ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e, iieooaaiiy ?,
cae/aeii, aeio?eioaaoeny aoe/ieo ii?i ni?eeoaaiiy. Aei no/aniiai cae?a/a
aenoaathoueny ??ciia?/i? aeiiae: ciaiiy oieueeei?o,
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? cae?aiino?, ciaiiy ?noi??? oa oai??? eoeueoo?e,
aieiae?iiy no/aniith aoae?i- oa a?aeaiaia?aoo?ith, ia?ciai?noue a
?noi??? oieueeei?enoeee (? ianaiia?aae — a iaoiaeeoe? iieueiai?, oiaoi
aeniaaeeoe?eii? ?iaioe iiia?aaeiee?a) ?, c?icoi?ea ??/, —
i?ioan?iiaeueii-ioce/ia ina?/ai?noue.

Iacaaaeath/e ia aeaa noie?ooy ?icaeoeo ioce/ii? oieueeei?enoeee, aein?
iaoea ia ia? i?aenoieiai? i?aoe? c oaoi?ee oa iaoiaeeee cae?aoeueei?
?iaioe. Neooaoe?y, ia ia?oee iiaeyae, aeaea?oueny aeaui
ia?aaeienaeueiith. Caienaii aeanyoee oeny/ c?ace?a ia?iaeii? ioceee,
c?a?aii cia/i? aea?aeaai? oa i?eaaoi? eieaeoe?? oieueeei?o, — a iaoiaee
iieueiai? ?iaioe caeeoathoueny ia aii??e/iiio ??ai?. Iaeiae iciaeiieaiiy
c ?noi???th oieueeei?enoeee, c /eneaiieie na?ae/aiiyie cae?a/?a
aeiaiaeeoue: i?ioyaii aeaionio ?ie?a aeina?ae iaeiie/oaaany. Oiio
caeiiii??ii iinoaea iio?aaa eiai ocaaaeueieoe. Oeei iaoiiaeaii
?noi?e/iee ?aeo?n aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaaeeeaith eaieith ia oeueiio oeyoo
aoei ?ioa?a SYMBOL 146 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 ’ thaaiiy no/anieo
cae?a/?a oieueeei?o. Iio?aae aeeaieiai i?ciaiiy ia?iaeii? ioce/ii?
eoeueoo?e caeiiii??ii aenoaathoue ia ia?oee ieai iaiao?aei?noue,
ii-ia?oa, ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aiae?co aeaionioe?oiueiai ia??iaeo
cae?aoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, ii-ae?oaa, aeaaaeaiiy ?? ia oai?aoe/iee oa
i?aeoe/ii-?aeiiaiaeaoe?eiee ??aaiue.

Ana neacaia aeua iaoiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iia SYMBOL 146 \f «Times New Roman
Cyr» \s 16 ’ ycaia c Aea?aeaaiith eiiieaeniith iaoeiaith oaiith
“Eoeueoo?a. I?ina?oieoeoai. Aeica?eey”, c “Eiioeaioe??th Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa ii i?aeaioiaoe? eaae??a
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?ii? noa?e”.

Iai?yiie ?iaioe a i?aeoe/iiio oa iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiio ci?noia? i?yii
iia SYMBOL 146 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 ’ ycaiee c oaeei
aeenoeeie?iaie iaa/aeueieo ieai?a eaoaae? oieueeei?o ? aoiia?ao??,
ia?iaeiiai ioce/iiai aeeiiaanoaa, ioce/ii? oieueeei?enoeee aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie, ye “Oieueeei?enoeea (iaoiaeieia?y ?
iaoiaeeea)”, “Iaoiaeeea caieno ? o?aine?eioe?? (?icoeo?iaee) ia?iaeii?
ioceee”, “Ioce/iee oieueeei?”, “Oieueeei?i? aeniaaeeoe??”, a oaeiae c
aea?aeaaieie oa aaeocaaeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie oieueeei?o (cie?aia
*i?iiaeeuenueeei oiiaeii, na?aae ieai?a yeiai ? caaaeaiiy caieno
ioce/iiai oieueeei?o ia?anaeaioe?a c ciie ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy).

Ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo caieno ioce/iiai oieueeei?o, ni?iaa noai?aiiy
oai?aoe/ieo iniia iieueiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oieueeei?o ye ie?aii?
aeenoeeie?ie ioce/ii? oieueeei?enoeee noaiiaeoue iaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ca SYMBOL 146 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 ’ yceo c iinoaaeaiith
iaoith ae??oothoueny oae? caaaeaiiy:

i?iaiae?coaaoe cae?aoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue i?ioyaii

O?O-OO no.;

ie?aneeoe iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo cae?aiiy oieueeei?o;

aeei?enoaoe aeinyaiaiiy aoiia?ao??, ineoieia??, nioe?ieia?? aeey iio?aa
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ioce/ii-oieueeei?enoe/ieo iieueiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue;

aena?oeeoe iniiai? oi?ie ? iaoiaee cae?aoeueei? ae?yeueiino?;

c iaoith ocaaaeueiaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeina?aeo iieueiai? ?iaioe
i?iaiae?coaaoe iaoa??aee iieooaaiiy no/anieo cae?a/?a ia?iaeii?
eoeueoo?e;

ii?aoethaaoe oi?ie cae?aoeueei? aeieoiaioaoe?? (ianii?o aeeiiaaoe?a,
ianii?o oieueeei?iiai oai?o, caieoaeueiee, eenoie cae?a/a, oi?ie
?a?no?aoe?? c?a?aieo iaoa??ae?a) c iaoith ?o aeiiiaiaiiy oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy;

noi?ioethaaoe i?aeoe/i? e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy c iaoith ?o
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a oai??th ? i?aeoeeo iieueiai? ?iaioe oa iaa/aeueiee
i?ioean (oieueeei?ia i?aeoeea).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ocaaaeueiaii?, aiae?c?,
?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii ai?iaaaeaeaiith a
iaoeiaee oa iaa/aeueiee ia?a oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue cae?aoeueei? ?iaioe,
ye? iathoue nooo?aa cia/aiiy aeey iiaeaeueoiai iiiiaiaiiy
aeieoiaioaeueiiai oiiaeo ioce/ii? oieueeei?enoeee. Aeena?oaoe?eia i?aoey
? iaeiei c ia?oeo aeine?aeaeaiue, aea i?aenoiiao?oueny cia/iee
eoeueoo?ii-a?iiaaenueeee oa ?noi?e/iee aeina?ae cae?aiiy ioce/iiai
oieueeei?o.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeth?oueny oei, ui ?? iaoa??aee ?
aeniiaee neoaoaaoeiooue iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo oa oaeineiiaeaiith
aeine?aeieoeueeiai aia?aoo cae?aoeueei? ?iaioe oa iiaeeaeaiiio
?icoi?iith oaiiiaio ia?iaeii? ioce/ii? eoeueoo?e. I?aenoieiaee iaeyae
?noi??? cae?aoeueei? ae?yeueiino? ca aeaa noie?ooy aeicaieeoue no/aniei
“iieueiaeeai” aeeaoa ona?aeiieoe oaiaeaioe?? iineeaiiy oaaae aei
?noi?e/iiai ci?noo aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeii? ioceee, iiaioaaoe ae??aeie
iaoiaeaie ni?eeoaaiiy, iieooaaiiy, eiiaiooaaiiy caien?a. ?iaioa iiaea
aooe aeei?enoaia o noai?aii? iaa/aeueiiai iin?aieea c i?aaeiaoo
“Iaoiaeeea cae?aiiy ? o?aine?eioe?y (?icoeo?iaea) ia?iaeii? ioceee”, a
oaeiae noaoe a i?eaiae? oe?ieiio eieo i?ioan?iiae?a oa aiaoi??a cae?aiiy
ia?iaeii? ioceee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aoei
ii?eethaeiaii o aenooiao ia Ae?oaiio anaoe?a?inueeiio nai?ia??
aeeeaaea/?a ioce/iiai oieueeei?o (Ee?a, 1993 ?.), ia iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa (1993 — 1998 ??.), o aeiiia?ae? ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
oieueeei?o ? aoiieia?? EAeOE?I (/a?aaiue, 1998 ?.), oa a iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia iaoith ? caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Aiia neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (307 iaeiaioaaiue), aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya aeena?oaoe??
noaiiaeoue 185 noi??iie, aeiaeaoee ianyaii 45 noi??iie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaaieioaii ia iaaeinoaoiueiio oai?aoe/iiio ii?aoethaaii?
i?aeoe/ieo aeinyaiaiue uiaei iaoiae?a caieno ioce/iiai oieueeei?o, /ei
iaoiiaeth?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie. Iicia/aii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy
oaeineiiaeaiiy iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaieioaii ia ?o
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ii

io oa iaa/aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiio cia/aii?. Aeacaii ia iaoeiao ? i?aeoe/io
iio?aao aeaii? ?iaioe, iacaaii ioae?eaoe?? aaoi?a.

?icae?e ia?oee “Noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue”.
Oa?i?i “iieueiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy” ca?ac ? caaaeueiii?eeiyoei. Cae?aoeueea
?iaioa “a iie?” (oiaoi, o ni?eeoaaii? c iin?yie oieueeei?o) noaiiaeoue
iniiao aoiia?ao?/ieo oa oieueeei?enoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iei
ioiieth?oueny iniiaia eiei i?iaeai: caaeey /iai ?icooeothoueny ?
caienothoueny c?acee ia?iaeii? ioce/ii? oai?/ino?; ye? ?niothoue iaoiaee
iiooeo ni?aae?a; ye a?aeaoaa?oueny iieooaaiiy; ye cae?enith?oueny
o?enaoe?y ni?ao (a?e) oa iien aeeiiaiiy; ui ? ?acoeueoaoii cae?aoeueei?
?iaioe.

Aaaaoia?aii?noue ia SYMBOL 146 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 ’ ?eoo
iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue — oieueeei?o coiiaeth? o?ueioaniaeoiee aiae?c:
1) iioieo ca??iee?a; 2) i?ia?ai iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a?ae e?ioey O
SYMBOL 86 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 V ??? no.; 3) ca ia?niiae?yie
(ae?yeuei?noue a?aeiieo cae?a/?a oieueeei?o).

Cae?a/? ??aeei ? caiaei caeeoaee na?ae/aiiy i?i nai? iaoiaee cae?aiiy
oieueeei?o ? ni?eeoaaiiy ?c ni?aaeaie. Oiio iioae?eiaai? caiene ?
ia?oeie aeaea?aeaie aeey aiae?co ye i?aeoeee, oae ? oai??? cae?aoeueei?
?iaioe.

Ia?o? caiene aoei c?iaeaii o O SYMBOL 86 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16
V ? no. (aaeaaea “Aeoiath, Aeoiath, /aio niooai oa/ao”), aea aac
iaeiae?e. C O SYMBOL 86 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 V ??? no.
?icii/eia?oueny aoai o?enaoe?? iani?a?a. C SYMBOL 146 \f «Times New
Roman Cyr» \s 16 ’ yaeythoueny ca??ieee A.O?ooianueeiai (1776-1795 ??.)
oa ?i. Ia??iae e?ioey O SYMBOL 86 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 V ??? —
ii/.O?O no. aa?eoia a ?noi??th ye ia??iae ie?aeii? iaoeiai? cae?aoeueei?
ae?yeueiino?.

Na?aaeeia O?O no. ciaiaio?oueny, c iaeiiai aieo, oe?ieei ?icai?oaiiyi
cae?aoeueei? oa aeaeaaie/i? ae?yeueiino?, c ae?oaiai aieo — iineeaiiyi ?
noaa?aeaeaiiyi ia iiioey?ecaoi?nueeeo (ye aoei aeioe), a
iaoeiai-aoiia?ao?/ieo canaae.

A?ae e?ioey O SYMBOL 86 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 V ??? aei
na?aaeeie O?O no. ie niinoa??aa?ii ?icaeoie ieoaiiy “aeey /iai?”
caienoaaoe oieueeei? ? io?eio?ii a?aeiia?aeue: a?ae iiaooiaiai ?ioa?ano
aei ii/aoe?a ?icoi?iiy eiai ?noi?e/ii? oe?iiino?. O oeueiio ?yaeo
ca??iee A.Eioe?i?inueeiai “I?ni?, aeoiee ? ooiee ?onueeiai ia?iaeo ia
Iiaeie?, Oe?a?i? ? a Iaei?in??” (1861 ?.), “Oe?a?inuee? ia?iaei? i?ni?”
I.Aaee?ii? (caiene I.Iioaai?, 1863 ?.), I.Aoeaea-A?oaiianueeiai
“Ia?iaei? i?ni? c aieinii” (1868 ?.) oa ?i. ?

ia?oeie, aea aoei noai?aii iaoiaeeeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiue oieueeei?o.

Iinooiiai oaeineiiaethaaeany iaoiaeeea caieno, c?inoaee aeiiae aei
ianii?oecaoe?? oa ?icoi?iiy ia?iaeii? ioce/ii? oai?/ino? ye ?noi?e/iiai
aeaea?aea. Iaeii/anii i?iaeiaaeoaaeany e?i?y iioae?eoaaiiy ia?iaeieo
i?naiue a ia?iaeao.

O?eueee ia ceai? O?O-OO noie?oue inoaoi/ii noaa?aeaeo?oueny ia?aeiiaiiy
a eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/i?e naiiaeinoaoiino? ioae?eaoe?? ia?iaeieo iaeiae?e
aac ia?iaie — ye ?noi?e/ieo aeieoiaio?a. Ianaiia?aae oea iia SYMBOL 146
\f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 ’ ycaii c ae?yeuei?noth I.Eenaiea,
O.Eieanne, E.Ea?oee.

?icaeyae cae?aoeueei? ?iaioe oa ?? iane?aee?a — ioae?eaoe?e ca??iee?a
ioce/iiai oieueeei?o cana?ae/o? ea?aeeiaeuei? c?ooaiiy o noaaeaii? aei
ia?iaeii? ioce/ii? o?aaeeoe?eii? eoeueoo?e. Ia ii/aoeo OO no.
oi?io?oueny iaoeiai-aoiia?ao?/ia iaoiaeeea caien?a oa ioae?eaoe?e
ioce/iiai oieueeei?o, aieiaiei e?aaei yei? ? aeieoiaioaeuei?noue, ii
iiaeeeaino? iaeneiaeueia oi/i?noue o?enaoe?? ye ia?iaeii? iaeiae??, oae
? ianoaaei ?? aeeiiaiiy.

A aeine?aeaeaii? aaoi? iaiaeii?aciai iineea?oueny ia ?iaioo ?.Eaaa?iaa
“Caaaeaiiy oa iaoiaeeea aoiia?ao??” (E., 1928), a ye?e aeacaii ia
iniiai? niiniae cae?aiiy aoiia?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a: eaai?aoi?iee oa
iieueiaee — “iaoa??aee cae?athoueny ia i?noeyo, na?aae aeo/oaaiiai
ia?iaeo, aai nioe?aeueii? a?oie”. (Caaaeaiiy oa iaoiaee aoiia?ao??. -E.,
1928. -N.27)

A e?ioe? O SYMBOL 86 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 V ??? no. aia?oa a
?a?ii? (1779 ?.) aoei ?ic?iaeaii iaoeiao aoiia?ao?/io i?ia?aio Oaaei?ii
Ooiainueeei naia a Oe?a?i?. Aiia iaeaaeaea aei a?eueo aeineiiaeiai oeio
aieao, ?ic?aoiaaieo ia oe?iea eiei ?aniiiaeaio?a; oaaaa i?eae?eyeanue ?
ineoieia?/i?e noi?ii? ieoaiiy (oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aniiiaeaio?a,
anoaiiaeaiiy c ieie a?aeiia?aeiiai eiioaeoo). Ie?ai? aniaeoe neeaaeaiiy
aieaoe caa??aathoue i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ? ca?ac. Aeaiith i?ia?aiith
ei?enooaaeeny I.*oaeinueeee, I.Oaoiinueeee, ss.Ia?eiae/ oa ?i.

Iinooiiai ?icoe?th?oueny eiei i?iaeai iieueiaiai ianoaaeaiiy. C SYMBOL
146 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 ’ yaeythoueny i?ia?aie oeio
?ino?oeoe?e (I.I.Ia?eia “?onneia iaoeeiiaeueiia ianiiiaiea”, 1809 ?.),
aieaoe oa ca?oe (iai?eeeaae, aeaoaeueiee ca?o aeniaaeeoe?? Aa?oa
“Iooaoanoaea a a.*a?aeuiue e Nieeeaine aeey ecuneaiey enoi?e/aneeo
ae?aaiinoae” (1821 ?.)).

A e?ioe? O?O-OO noie?ooy oi?io?oueny iiaa, a?eueo aeineiiaea iaoiaeeea
— eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei cae?aiiy oieueeei?o. C?aceiaith o oeueiio
?icoi?ii? ? ooiaeaiaioaeueia i?aoey E.Ea?oee “I?ioan?iiaeuei? ia?iaei?
ni?aoe? oa ioceeaioe ia Oe?a?i?” (E., 1927).

I?iaiae?coaaaoe ?noi??th iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeena?oaio aecia/ea
o?e iniiaieo aoaie: aiaoi?nueeee, ioce/ii-i?eeeaaeiee
(“eiiiiceoi?nueeee”) oa iaoeiaee (ioce/ii-aoiia?ao?/iee).

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue
aeena?oaio aeei?enoiao? noeoii?noue ??cieo iaoiae?a, a naia:

?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue;

oai?aoe/iee aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
oieueeei?eno?a, aoiia?ao?a, ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa ia iniia?
a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e;

aea/aiiy oa aiae?c aeieoiaioaoe??, ca??iee?a, i?naiiee?a, ye? i?noeee
oaeoe i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? cae?a/?a oieueeei?o;

aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa ii noai?aiith, ai?iaaoe?? oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiith iaoiae?a iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a ia??iae
aeniaaeeoe?eii? ?iaioe;

aii??e/iee iaoiae cae?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe??;

aiae?c i?iaaaeaiiai ?ioa?a’thaaiiy c aeine?aeieeaie ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?;

ai?iaaoe?y ie?aieo iieiaeaiue oa iaoiaeeee cae?aoeueei? ?iaioe i?ae /an
i?iaaaeaieo oieueeei?ieo aeniaaeeoe?e.

?icae?e ae?oaee “Iai?yie ? iaoiaee cae?aoeueei? ae?yeueiino?». Iaoiaee
iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a ioce/i?e oieueeei?enoeoe? aein? iaaeinoaoiuei
nenoaiaoeciaai? ? oai?aoe/ii ii?aoeueiaai?. Oiio iaoiaeeea iieueiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue iio?aao? eiie?aoecaoe?? ? oai?aoe/iiai ocaaaeueiaiiy,
oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiaiai oacao?ono (ciaiue, oi?iue, iaae/ie) oa
a?aeiia?aeiiai ?ino?oiaioa??th.

Iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy o ioce/i?e oieueeei?enoeoe? caeiathoue iniiaia
iieiaeaiiy, a iane?aeee oaei? ae?yeueiino? (i?naii? c?acee) ? iniiaiith
aeaea?aeueiith aacith aeey iaoee (a oiio ? a?aei?ii?noue ioce/ii?
oieueeei?enoeee a?ae ?ioeo iaoe aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth). Ia a?aei?io
a?ae cae?aoeueei? ae?yeueiino? oieueeei?eno?a-neiaaniee?a, aoiia?ao?a,
?iaioa “a iie?” oieueeei?eno?a-ioceeiciaaoe?a cia/iith i??ith
a?ae??ciy?oueny ye a i?iaaaeaii? iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, oae ? a
ii?aoethaaii? caeiaooiai iaoa??aeo. Aeine?aeaeoth/e i?naii? aeai?e
oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?, aaoi? oi?ea?oueny ieoaiue cae?aiiy oa
ii?aoethaaiiy oieueeei?o i?ia?aeieie oao?aoeyie (N.A?eoea, ?.?o?aiia,
A.?aaieoeueeee, I.Io?c?ia oa ?i.).

I?aeaioiaea ioceeiciaaoe?a-oieueeei?eno?a ?iciiae?ey?oueny ca aeaiia
niaoe?ae?caoe?yie. sse iieacaea i?aeoeea iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, caien
i?naiiiai oieueeei?o aaaaoi a /iio a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae caieno
?ino?oiaioaeueii? ioceee. A aeaiiio iai?yieo i?aoeththoue oieueeei?enoe
— ?ino?oiaioiciaaoe? ?.Iaoe??anueeee, I.Oae, A.ss?aiei oa ?i.

Aaoi? iaiaeii?aciai iineea?oueny ia ?iaioe cae?a/?a oieueeei?o ?ioeo
iaoe?iiaeueiinoae: ?in?yi, iieye?a, /ao?a, a?ei?on?a, ye? caeiaeeny
aea/aiiyi i?naiiiai oieueeei?o (?.Ae?en??a, C.Iiaeaeei,A.*aeaiianueea oa
?i.). I?noea ? ?ieue oieueeei?o a nenoai? eoeueoo?e, eiai
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo ca SYMBOL 146 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 ’ yce?a
a?aei?aoeueiaoaaeinue a ?iaioao A.Nioi?a, ??aee ?oaea/ee, ssia
Uaiainueeiai oa ?i.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoaii aeinyaiaiiy noi?aeieo iaoeiaeo aeenoeeie?i, a
naia: aoiia?ao??, ineoieia??, nioe?aeueii? ineoieia??, aoiinioe?ieia??,
nioe?ieia??. Aeine?aeaeoth/e ca’ycie ioce/ii? oieueeei?enoeee c ?ioeie
aeenoeeie?iaie, aaoi? caa?oaany, cie?aia, aei ?iaioe A.Aioianueeiai
“Nioeeieiae/aneee aniaeo iocueaeueiie yoiia?aoee”. Aeine?aeiee ?iaeoue
ni?iao i?enoinoaaoe ??ci? iaoiaee c aeua caaaeaieo iaoeiaeo aeenoeeie?i
aei cae?aoeueei? ?iaioe a ioce/i?e oieueeei?enoeoe?.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eaa?oueny nooi?noue iniiaieo iaoiae?a, ye?
ciaaeiaeyoueny oieueeei?enoai-cae?a/ai a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? ? yeeie
ei?enooaaany nai aaoi?: ?noi?e/iee, ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiee, aii??e/iee,
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee, aenia?eiaioaeueiee, nioe?ieia?/iee, oa
aeiiii?aeieo: aaciina?aaei? niinoa?aaeaiiy, aan?aea, ?ioa?a SYMBOL 146
\f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 ’ thaaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, iaoiae aenia?oieo
ioe?iie oiui.

Aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui niinoa?aaeaiiy — oea iniiaiee iaoiae iieueiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue a oieueeei?enoeoe?. A aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii?
?ice?eoi eiai aeaee, iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ia i?aeoeoe?, eiee
cae?enith?oueny aaciina?aaeiy ?iaioa c iin?yie i?naiiiai oieueeei?o
(a?ae iiiaioo cono??/? aei caieno oaeoe/iiai i?naiiiai iaoa??aeo).
Noiniaii aeae?a niinoa?aaeaiiy aaoi?ii c?iaeaii ocaaaeueiaiiy, a yeeo
/?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny ieai ae?e, iaoiaee/i? i?eeiie, eiio?ieue
?acoeueoao?a oiui.

Aeena?oaio oi?ea?oueny ieoaiiy aenia?eiaioo, cacia/ath/e, ui iieueia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy — oea caaaeaee aenia?eiaio, yeee ii/eia?oueny a?aeoiae?,
eiee cae?a/ iio?aiey? a ?ioa nioe?aeueia na?aaeiaeua. C?icoi?ei, ui
ia?aae oei, ye aanoe niinoa?aaeaiiy, oieueeei?eno iiaeiai caio?eoeny a
oieueeei?ia na?aaeiaeua oeo iin??a, aea caa?aaeany i?naiia oai?/?noue.
Noaio aoiaeaeaiiy cae?a/?a a oieueeei?ia na?aaeiaeua i?aaenoaaeaii a
aeine?aeaeaii?.

Aenia?eiaio, ye oi?io i?iaaaeaiiy iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?aaenoaaeaii a ?iaioao A.Aa?oiea, A.?eaoiaa, E.Eoeaeianueeiai,
A.Oeoea?iaia oa ?i. Iiiyooy “aenia?eiaio” ? “niinoa?aaeaiiy”
iaiaeii?aciai ?icaeyaeaeeny a ioce/i?e oieueeei?enoeoe? oa
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia eiioa?aioe?yo. Aeoiee c oeueiai i?eaiaeo A.?eaoiaa
caeaeeny ei?enieie ? aenooieee i???ioe?ii aeey aaoi?a a iiaeaeueoiio
?ice?eoo? ?o nooiino?, a naia: aeaa aieiai? aeaee aenia?eiaioo —
iaoo?iee oa eaai?aoi?iee. Aeena?oaio aeiaeaa aei oeueiai ?yaeo ua iaeei
c aeae?a aenia?eiaioo, yeee aoei iacaaii iaoo?ii-eaai?aoi?iee.

Aeine?aeiee aeaoaeueii ioa?aeoa?ecoaaa iaoiaee iieooaaiiy, aan?aee, ye?
oieueeei?eno aeei?enoiao? a ?iaio? c iin?yie i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy
iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aiae?coth/e iaoiaee, ?ice?eaath/e ?o
nooi?noue, aaoi? i?ea’ycoaaa aeai? iaoiaee aei i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?
oieueeei?eno?a, a ?iaioe a?aeiieo ineoieia?a A.Aa?aiaiea, A.Aiaiue?aa,
A.Ae?en??aa, E.Aeaionueeiai, Ae.Ea?iaa? aeiiiiiaee yne?aa?oa
i?ine?aeeoaaoe aeaiee i?ioean. Ne?ae i?aee?aneeoe, ui niinoa?aaeaiiy,
iieooaaiiy, iaeaaea/e aei o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a cai?o iaoeiai?
?ioi?iaoe??, aeioe?euei? aeey cae?aoeueei? ?iaioe a ioce/i?e
oieueeei?enoeoe? ? iathoue nai? iniaeeaino? a canoinoaaii? ia i?aeoeoe?.
Iaiaeii?aciai iaoiae niinoa?aaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaee TH.A?iieae, I.E?theia,
A.Eicuei?i oa ?i. Aei ?a/?, iaoiae niinoa?aaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaee
oieueeei?enoe ieioeiai. Oae, iai?eeeaae, o?aioeocueeee aeine?aeiee
ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? A.Aai-Aaiiai ia ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy anioe?thaaa
iaoiae niinoa?aaeaiiy c ?iaioith oieueeei?enoa “ia i?noe?”. Aac aeaiiai
iaoiaeo, yeee aoaeo?oueny ia eiioaeo? cae?a/a c iin??i, ia iiaeia
io?eiaoe ?acoeueoaoeai? aeai? c aeieoiaiooaaiiy ia?iaeii? ioceee.
Noiniaii iaoiaeee iieooaaiiy ?yae caaaeueieo iieiaeaiue oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aoei iaie caiice/aii c nioe?ieia??, nioe?aeueii?
ineoieia??, aoiiineoieia??. Aea aeey oieueeei?eno?a-ioceeiciaaoe?a oe?
iaoiaeeee noaiooue a?eueo aoaeoeaieie i?e oiia? canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeee
iieooaaiiy, ye? ca?ac ?ic?iaeythoueny aeine?aeieeaie ia?iaeii?
oai?/ino?. Cie?aia, aeeoee c ae?oeo “I?ia?aie, caieoaeueieee oa
iaoiaee/i? ii?aaee aeine?aeieeai ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie /Oii?.
E.ss.I?ae, E.A.I?uaiei. -E.:?NAeI, 1995. -232 n./, ye? ciaaeiaeyoueny ?
cae?a/ai i?naiiiai oieueeei?o.

Nie?ath/enue ia inoaii? ?ic?iaee i?ia?aiieo aeiia aoiia?ao?a oa
nioe?ieia?a (A.Iiiiia?ueiaa, A.Aiae?ouaiei, I.Ai?ea/a), aeena?oaio
cai?iiiioaaa aeiiae, no?oeoo?o, i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?ia?ai
iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a ioce/i?e oieueeei?enoeoe?.

Eiaeia iieooaaiiy iin??a i?aeii?yaeeiaaia cacaeaeaa?aeue caaioiaeaiiio
caieoaeueieeo (oaiaoe/iiio, aeai?iaiio oa.?i.), yeee cae?a/ naiino?eii
neeaaea? ca?aeii iaoe ? caaaeaiue iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ie
ciaoiaeeii oaeiai ?iaeo caieoaeueieee o E.Ea?oee, TH.E?oaeiaa,
A.Oaioeth?e, A.?aaieoeueeiai, A.Eoeaithea oa ?i.

Aaoi?ii i?aaenoaaeaii o aeiaeaoeo aei aeena?oaoe?? aeani?
caieoaeueieee, ye? noaiiaeyoue iniiao iieooaaiiy aeey cae?a/?a i?naiiiai
oieueeei?o.

Iieooaaiiy ?ioi?iaio?a — oea i?ioean, caaaeyee yeiio cae?a/ ia o?eueee
io?eio? iaiao?aeio ?ioi?iaoe?th, aea e ia? ciiao aeinyaoe no?eei? oi?ie
ni?eeoaaiiy c iin?yie, a a?ae oeueiai ? caeaaeeoue oni?o i?ioeano
iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue (cae?aoeueei? ?iaioe).

Aeei?enoiaoth/e a aeine?aeaeaii? oa?i?iieia?/iee aia?ao, a naia: ?iaioa
“a iie?”, “iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy”, “cae?aoeueea ?iaioa (aai
aeine?aeaeaiiy)”, “aeniaaeeoe?eia ?iaioa”, aaoi? o?aeoo? ?o ye
neiii?i?/i? iiiyooy, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue a
ioce/i?e oieueeei?enoeoe?.

Aeena?oaio i?iaiaeeoue ii??aiyiiy aeae?a iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a
ioce/i?e oieueeei?enoeoe? c naiai ?iaeo aiaeiaaie a aaeoc? aoiia?ao??,
nie?ath/enue ia aei?iaie i?ia?aeieo iaoeiaoe?a (?.Eaaa?ia, TH.A?iieae,
A.A?iiia, A.Iiiiia?ueia, I.Oiaeueiaa oa N.Aaeiooaei).

A ?iaio? aeei?enoaii aeinyaiaiiy a?aeiieo cae?a/?a i?naiiiai
oieueeei?o, ye? ioi?ieee nai? niinoa?aaeaiiy, aeani? aeoiee,
oa?aeoa?enoeeo ni?aae?a ? o.?i. o aeaeyae? ooaeiaeiueiai iieno
(A.?eaoia, E.Eoaa, ?.Caioeianueeee, A. Eenoiiaaeia oa ?i.). O?enoth/e a
uiaeaiieeiaeo caienao nai? niinoa?aaeaiiy, a oaeiae aeiaeaoeia?
a?aeiiino?, oieueeei?enoe i?ae?eoee aei ?icoi?iiy ?o ye iaeiiai c
iaoiae?a cai?o iaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? (E.Ea?oea, I.Aaeaeae, A.Oaioeth?a oa
?i.). Aeieoiaioaeueiei iienai a?ae O?O no. iaaeaaaeiny aaeeeiai
cia/aiiy, ? oiio aei ian ae?eoee i??caeua ia o?eueee oaeaiiaeoeo
cae?a/?a, aea e iaaea?iaaieo ni?aae?a (i?eeeaae, ni?ai?aoey Aiaoa
Oaioeth?e c ssaaeioith Co?oith, aeaoaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ni?aa/ee).

A aeine?aeaeaii? ie?aneaii iniiai? aoaie i?aeaioiaee aei ?iaioe “a
iie?”, ye? iieyaathoue o aeai?? ? iaa?oiooaaii? iaoe ? caaaeaiiy
ianoaaeaiiy, o aeai?? ?aa?iio ianoaaeaiiy, a ii?aoethaaii? aeaea?aeueii?
aace (noaoo?, iioi? ca??ieee, ae?yeuei?noue iiia?aaei?o cae?a/?a,
a?o?ai? iaoa??aee, ?noi?e/i? a?aeiiino?, aaia?ao?/i? aoeane ? o.?i.),
i?aeaioiaea aei ae?caeo (ioi?ieaiiy a?ae?yaeaeaiiy, neeaaeaiiy
io?oe?eieo eeno?a aei i?aoe?aiee?a aeaaee, eoeueoo?ieo caeeaae?a c
iaoith ni?eyiiy oa iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae i?e i?iaaaeaii? aeniaaeeoe?eii?
?iaioe), i?aeaioiaea aei ?iaioe c iin?yie i?naiiiai oieueeei?o
(neeaaeaiiy caieoaeueiee?a, ?ic?iaea ieaio iieooaaiiy c i?ei??iei
ia?ae?eii caieoaiue, aiae?c io?eiaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? a?ae ?aniiiaeaio?a),
i?aeaioiaea oaoi?/ii? aia?aoo?e, a oaeiae ?a/ae, iaiao?aeieo a ?iaio?
(uiaeaiieee, caaioiaea ?a?no??a, iaia?o, ?o/ie, ie?aoe?a, aoiie oa ?i.),
neeaaeaiiy ia?ae?eo ?a/ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ei?enooaaiiy oiui.

A ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi ua iaeio c eaiie i?aeaioia/i? ?iaioe — oea ?iaioa c
aenia?oaie (eenooaaiiy, ia?aaiai?e), ye? ? iinoa/aeueieeaie ?ioi?iaoe??
noiniaii iin??a i?naiiiai oieueeei?o, a oaeiae ?nioaaiiy ia?yae?a,
o?aaeeoe?e eoeueoo?e, i?naiieo c?ace?a, ui iiaooothoue a
aeine?aeaeoaaiiio na?aaeiaeu? oiai /e ?ioiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie. Ca
aeiiiiiaith aenia?o?a (a?ae?a?athoue aaaeeeao ?ieue o i?aeaioiaoe? aei
aeniaaeeoe??) oieueeei?eno io?eio? aeai?, a io?eiaia a?ae ieo
?ioi?iaoe?y iiaeiia aooe ia’?eoeaiith ? eiiiaoaioiith.

Aeena?oaio ?ice?eaa? i?ioean aaciina?aaeiueiai aoiaeaeaiiy
oieueeei?enoa a ?ioa nioe?aeueia na?aaeiaeua. Oea ii/aoie ?iaioe “a
iie?”, ia i?noe? ianoaaeaiiy. C?icoi?ei, ui o ni?eeoaaii? c iin??i
(?ioi?iaioii) aeine?aeiee i?naiiiai oieueeei?o caoe?eaaeaiee o
iiceoeaiiio ae??oaii? oi?i aca?iiae?? c oieueeei?enoii. Aaoi? i?iiiio? ?
cai?ioi? noaaeaiiy — ni?aae?a (?aoeei??io?a) aei cae?a/a, aea?
oa?aeoa?enoeeo oei?a a?aeiioaiue, ye? iiaeooue neeaaeaoeny a i?ioean?
iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, a naia: aeoeaii-iiceoeaia, iiceoeaia,
iaeo?aeueia, iaaaoeaia, aeoeaii-iaaaoeaia, ? cacia/a?, ui iiaeia
caaaeyee coneeeyi cae?a/a ae?eoe a?ae aeoeaii-iaaaoeaiiai noaaeaiiy aei
iiceoeaiiai.

Caii?oeith iiceoeaiiai noaaeaiiy aoaeooue: caoe?eaaeai?noue ni?aaith
cae?a/a c? noi?iie iin?y, aeania noaaeaiiy aei iniae oieueeei?enoa
(neiiao?y aai aioeiao?y), iioya ?ioi?iaioa aei aca?iiae??, aaaeaiiy
aeiiiiiaoe.

Ni?eeoaaiiy cae?a/a i?naiiiai oieueeei?o c ?ioi?iaioaie (ni?aaeaie ?
ciaaoeyie ia?iaeii? i?naiiino?) iiaea a?aeaoaaoeny caaaeyee
??ciiiai?oiei aeaeai iieooaaiiy.

Nioe?ieiae oa aoiia?aoe aeaaii ei?enoothoueny ia i?aeoeoe?
??ciiiai?oieie oi?iaie ?ioa?a’th, eeaneo?eoaaaoe ?o ca oeiaie
(A.AEo?aaeueiaa, A.Cae?aaiieneia, A.Iiiiia?ueia, A.ssaeia). Aaoi?,
acyaoe ca iniiao eeaneo?eaoe?th, cai?iiiiiaaio nioe?ieiaaie
(?ioa?a’th-iiooe, ?ioa?a’th-?ica?aeea, ?ioa?a’th o oi?i? aan?aee),
iaaeaa ?i aeanii? oa?aeoa?enoeee, a?aoiaoth/e niaoeeo?eo ?iaioe
oieueeei?enoa-cae?a/a a ia??iae i?iaaaeaiiy iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Eiaeai oei ?ioa?a’th a?aeiia?aea? ie?aiiio aoaio ?iaioe cae?a/?a c
iin?yie ? oiio ia? nai? iniaeeaino?, iaoo ? caaaeaiiy.

Aeey io?eiaiiy iaiao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??, yea i?aeaiaeeoue oieueeei?enoa
aei iniiaiiai iiiaioo — caieno i?ni? a?ae ni?aaea (aai a?oie ni?aae?a),
iaoiae ?ioa?a’th, iiaoaeiaaiee ca i?eioeeiii ?iaioe
“ieoaiiy-a?aeiia?aeue”, ?ieiee noa? ie?aiei caniaii cae?aiiy i?naiiiai
iaoa??aeo. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui aeine?aeieee ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?
i?iaiaeyoue ?ioa?a’thaaiiy c ethaeueie, ??cieie ca a?eii, i?ioan??th,
nioe?aeueiei iieiaeaiiyi, noaooth. Aeine?aeieee oieueeei?o ia caaaeaee
iaaeaaaee iaeaaeii? oaaae inia? iin?y, eiai oa?aeoa?enoeoe?. ?iaioa
oaeiai ieaio aeiaaa? a?ae oieueeei?eno?a ii?aeiaiiy i?ioan?eieo ioce/ieo
cae?aiinoae oa ciaiue c ineoieia?? ethaenueeeo a?aeiinei.

I?aenoieii ae?oaiai ?icae?eo aeena?oaoe?? noaee noi?ioeueiaai? aaoi?ii
aeiiae aei cae?a/?a i?naiiiai oieueeei?o a ia??iae i?iaaaeaiiy iieueiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue: aeia??a, aeia?ice/eeaa noaaeaiiy, oi?iiy iaeaaiaeeoe
eiioaeo o ni?eeoaaii?, uaae??noue, ii?yaei?noue, a?aeaa?o?noue,
aeiieoeea?noue, noie?iia noaaeaiiy aei ?iaioe, aaeeea i?aoeacaeaoi?noue,
a?oaeeoe?y ? eiiiaoaioi?noue.

?icae?e o?ao?e “No/aniee noai cae?aoeueei? ae?yeueiino? oa
aeieoiaiooaaiiy iieueaeo aeine?aeaeaiue”.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aii i?iaeaiai nueiaiaeaiiy, noaio cae?aoeueei?
ae?yeueiino? ia no/aniiio aoai?. Aeey io?eiaiiy ia’?eoeaii? ea?oeie
iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o oi?i, iaoiae?a, ci?noo aoei ?ic?iaeaii
niaoe?aeueio “Aieaoo-?ioa?a’thaaiiy aeine?aeiee?a ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e”.
Aiae?c a?aeiia?aeae a?aeiieo oao?aoe?a-cae?a/?a (N.A?eoee, I.Aaeaeay,
A.?aaieoeueeiai, ?.?o?aiiaa, I.Eo?i/e?ia, A.Ua?a?y, oa ?i.) aeicaieea
caiiaieoe o? i?iaaeeie, ui ?nioaaee a oai??? iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?ae?eoe aei ?ica’ycaiiy ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo i?iaeai cae?aoeueei?
ae?yeueiino?, ye? ia caaaeaee iaee aeinoaoi? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?nioth/?e
ioce/ii-oieueeei?enoe/i?e e?oa?aoo??. Cie?aia, oea oiieiu? ni?eeoaaiiy
cae?a/?a c iin?yie, aea?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai oa aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai
i?aeoiaeo aei ?ioi?iaio?a, iniaeeaino? ni?ai?aoe? c ae?ieaie,
/ieia?eaie, ae?oueie ? o.?i. Aieaoa i?noeea oae? aeiee caieoaiue:
a?aeiiino? i?i cae?a/a, oeie aeniaaeeoe?eii? ?iaioe, iaoa ianoaaeaiiy,
aecia/aiiy ioieo?a ?aa?iiaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiooe ?ioi?iaio?a,
anoaiiaeaiiy aeia??e c aeeiiaaoeyie, caien oieueeei?iiai iaoa??aeo,
caeeth/iee aoai caieno.

I?aeoe/io ia?aa??eo ci?noo aieaoe aoei cae?eniaii aeena?oaioii a
aeniaaeeoe?eieo oiiaao, i?ae /an caieno i?naiiiai oieueeei?o ia
Ee?auei?. Aeine?aeiee aoa ia o?eueee o/anieeii aeniaaeeoe??, aea
iaeii/anii aenooiaa, oae ae iiaeoe, a ?ie? “o?aoueiai”, o?enoth/e
iaoiaeeeo iieooaaiiy oieueeei?enoee A.Ei?iiie/aiei. A aeena?oaoe?? aoei
i?i?ethno?iaaii eiaeai aoai ?iaioe i?eeeaaeaie aeuacaaaeaii?
aeniaaeeoe?? (naea ?aaie?anueeiai ?-io, Ee?anueei? iaeano?). Iane?aeee
ioi?ieaii ye neooaoeaiee i?aeo?ae aei cae?aiiy i?naiii? oai?/ino? a?ae
aoaio “Cono??/” aei aoaio “?ica’ycea”. Aaoi?ii aia?oa aoei cae?eniaii
eeaneo?eaoe?th aoai?a i?iaaaeaiiy aeniaaeeoe?eii? ?iaioe c iin?yie
i?naiiiai oieueeei?o (“Cono??/”, “?ica?aeea”, “Ciaeiinoai”,
“?ica’ycea”). Ii eiaei?e neooaoe?? noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo, caaaeaiiy,
c?iaeaii aeniiaee, iaaaaeaii i?eeeaaee i?ei??ieo caieoaiue cae?a/a aei
iin??a ca eiaeiei aoaiii, aeaii i?aenoieia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Aeae? aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? iane?aeee i?iaaaeaiiai ?ioa?a’th c?
cae?a/aie o?aaeeoe?eii? ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e, ?iaeoue aiae?c oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy.

Aeaiee aeae ?iaioe iiaeia aaaaeaoe ca ia?oee e?ie a i?iaaaeaii? oaeiai
?iaeo aenia?eiaioo a Oe?a?i?, yeee i?aeoaa?aeea i?aaii??i?noue
iieiaeaiue, ui aoee aena?oeai?, aea ia nenoaiaoeciaai? o
oieueeei?enoe/i?e e?oa?aoo??. I?iaaaeaiiy oaeiai ?iaeo aenia?eiaioo —
?ioa?a’thaaiiy iaeaaeeoue aei iaoiae?a nioe?ieia??. Canoinoaaiiy eiai o
oieueeei?enoeoe?, a oaeiae a eoeueoo?ieia?? aeiiiiaaa? ia’?eoeaii
ioe?ieoe ?ioa?ane, iiooeiao ae?yeuei?noue, iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?a/?a-i?aeoee?a.

A e?ioe? o?aoueiai ?icae?eo aaoi?ii aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeeo, ?ic?iaeaio a
ineoieia??, aea ei?enio ? a ieai? ?iaioe cae?a/?a c iin?yie oieueeei?o
a i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. Oea — niinoa?aaeaiiy
iaae aeanoaie, i?i?eith, iiaaae?ieith ni?aae?a (a nii/aoeo
ni?a?iciiaiee?a) oiui — iaae oeie yaeuaie, ye? iaeaaeaoue aei
iaaa?aaeueieo neeaaeiee?a eiioi?eaoe??.

Oai?aoe/i? oa aiae?oe/i? iiceoe?? caeeth/iiai ?icae?eo aeena?oaoe??
ni?eythoue oaeineiiaeaiith iaoiaeeee iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ? iiaeooue
aooe ei?enieie nooaeaioai, aeeeaaea/ai, oe?ieiio eieo aiaoi??a oa
i?ioan?iiae?a, ye? aeine?aeaeothoue ia?iaeio o?aaeeoe?eio eoeueoo?o
Oe?a?ie.

Aeniiaee.

Aeina?ae cae?aoeueei? ?iaioe O?O-OO noie?oue aeaa ciiao c SYMBOL 146 \f
«Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 ’ ynoaaoe oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo iieueiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue a ioce/i?e oieueeei?enoeoe? a?ae iaiiaieo aii??e/ieo
aeaieo aei iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieo iieiaeaiue.

Aiae?c iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a a aaeoc? iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeaa ciiao
aeei?enoaoe aei?iaee ?ioeo iaoeiaeo aeenoeeie?i — aoiia?ao??,
aoiiineoieia??, nioe?ieia??, ineoieia?? oa eii?aeeioaaoe ?o ca iio?aaaie
oieueeei?enoeee.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?noi?e/iiio ?aeo?n? aeaei iiaeeea?noue
ocaaaeueieoe aeinyaiaiiy oieueeei?eno?a ieioeiai oa no/aniiai ? iieacaoe
ia?niaeoeae ?ooo aeine?aeieoeueei? aeoiee o iaeaooi?.

Cia/iee iiaee iaoa??ae aoei caeiaooi iaoiaeii iieooaaiiy
(aieaooaaiiy-?ioa?a SYMBOL 146 \f «Times New Roman Cyr» \s 16 ’ thaaiiy)
a?aeiieo no/anieo cae?a/?a ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?.

Cai?iiiiiaai? oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee oa ia?aa??ea aenia?eiaioaeueiei
oeyoii ?o aeinoia??iino? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ?o
canoinoaaiiy aeiiiiiaea caaacia/eoe i?aeaioiaeo oao?aoe?a-cae?a/?a
aenieiai i?ioan?eiiai ??aiy.

Ie?ai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oaeiae iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? o
cae?aoeuee?e ae?yeueiino? oieueeei?eno?a-neiaaniee?a oa aoiia?ao?a.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie oai?aoe/ii? aace iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a
ioce/i?e oieueeei?enoeoe? ? ?oo??i iiaeaeueoiai iiaeeaeaiiy ?icoi?iiy
ia?iaeii? ioce/ii? eoeueoo?e ye oe?a?ioe?a, oae ? ?ioeo aoiin?a.

Iieueiaa ?iaioa (iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy) ? aieiaiei aeaea?aeii
iaeiie/aiiy iaoa??ae?a aeey i?ciaiiy ?noi??? ? oai??? ia?iaeii?
o?aaeeoe?eii? eoeueoo?e. Oeei iaoiiaeth?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey noai?aiiy
iaa/aeueiiai iin?aieea a eo?n? “Iaoiaeeea cae?aiiy ? o?aine?eioe??
(?icoeo?iaea) ia?iaeii? ioceee”, i?e aeeeaaeaii? aeenoeeie?i: “Ioce/iee
oieueeei?”, “Oieueeei?ia i?aeoeea” oa “Iaoiaeeea ?iaioe c oieueeei?iei
ainaiaeai”.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii aeeeaaeaii o ianooiieo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

*aaaiiaa-?noaae A.A. C? noi??iie ?noi??? caieno ioce/iiai
oieueeei?o//Ca??iee iaoeiaeo oa iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo i?aoeue eaoaae?e
oieueeei?o oa aoiia?ao??. -E.:EAe?E, 1995. -N.116-124.

*aaaiiaa-?noaae A.A. Uiaei no?oeoo?e nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o
oieueeei?enoeoe?//Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ieoaiiy eoeueoo?ieia??. Ca.
no. *. ??. -E.: II Oe?a?ie, 1997. -N.150-152.

*aaaiiaa-?noaae A.A. Neooaoe?eiee i?aeo?ae aei cae?aiiy i?naiiiai
oieueeei?o//Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ieoaiiy eoeueoo?ieia??. Ca. no. *.
??. -E.: II Oe?a?ie, 1997. -N.184-188.

*aaaiiaa-?noaae A.A. Iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ye ?noi?e/ia ia?aaeoiiaa
caa?aaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o a eiioaeno? ?icaeoeo
eoeueoo?e//Aeeiai?ea eoeueoo?e ia ceai? oeny/ie?oue. Ca. no. -E.:
EAeOE?I, 1998. -N.85-94.

*aaaiiaa A.A. Iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
oieueeei?o//Anaoe?a?inueea iaoeiai-oai?/a eiioa?aioe?y “I?iaeaie
?icaeoeo ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e”. -E.:EAe?E. 1994. -N.189-190.

*aaaiiaa-?noaae Aaiia Aaeoa?ae?aia.

Iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy a ioce/i?e oieueeei?enoeoe? O?O-OO no. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa ?c niaoe?aeueiino? 17.00.01. — Oai??y oa ?noi??y
eoeueoo?e. Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa,
Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?noi??? ?icaeoeo iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a
ioce/i?e oieueeei?enoeoe?. Ia iniia? aiae?co, nenoaiaoecaoe?? oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy oaeoe/ieo aeaieo ae??oothoueny iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? i?iaeaie
cae?aoeueei? ?iaioe. Aecia/aii niaoeeo?eo iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o
i?aeoe/io cia/ei?noue o aea/aii? ia?iaeii? o?aaeeoe?eii? eoeueoo?e,
cie?aia i?naiiiai oieueeei?o.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, cae?aoeueea ?iaioa,
oieueeei?enoe-cae?a/?, iin?? i?naiiiai oieueeei?o.

*aaaiiaa-Enoaae Aiia Yaeoa?aeiaia.

Iieaaua enneaaeiaaiey a iocueaeueiie oieueeei?enoeea OIO-OO a.
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
eneonnoaiaaaeaiey ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 17.00.01. — oai?ey e enoi?ey
eoeueoo?u. Eeaaneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao

eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa,Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enoi?ee ?acaeoey iieaauo enneaaeiaaiee a
iocueaeueiie oieueeei?enoeea. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca, nenoaiaoecaoeee e
iaiauaiey oaeoe/aneeo aeaiiuo ?aoathony iao/ii-oai?aoe/aneea i?iaeaiu
niae?aoaeueneie ?aaiou. Ii?aaeaeaia niaoeeoeea iieaauo enneaaeiaaiee, eo
i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea a eco/aiee ia?iaeiie o?aaeeoeeiiiie eoeueoo?u, a
/anoiinoe ianaiiiai oieueeei?a.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iieaaua enneaaeiaaiey, niae?aoaeueneay ?aaioa,
oieueeei?enou-niae?aoaee, iineoaee ianaiiiai oieueeei?a.

Anna Chabanova-Isaak.

Field researches in musical folklore OIO-OO in. The manuscript.

Dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate
artdirection on a speciality 17.00.01. — theory and history of culture.
The Kyiv state university culture and arts, Kyiv, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to a history of development of field
researches in musical folklore. On the basis of the analysis, ordering
and the generalizations of the fact sheet are decided is scientific —
theoretical problems collective of work. The specifity of field
researches, their practical meaning in study of national traditional
culture, namely song of folklore is certain.

Key words: field researches, nillective work, folk-collectors, carriers
songs of folklore.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 14.12.1998 ?. Oi?iao 60o90/16

Oiiai.ae?.a?e. 1.0. Iaeeaae 100. Cai ? 65

Ae?oea?iy Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa

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