Особливості формування структури та властивостей композитного листового прокату з високохромистої сталі: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / В.А. Молча

Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

?inoeooo /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? ?i.C.?.Iae?aniaa

OAeE
621.771.23/24:669.14.018.8

IIE*AIIA Aieiaeeie? Aiaoie?eiae/

INIAEEAINO? OI?IOAAIIss NO?OEOO?E OA AEANOEAINOAE EIIIICEOIIAI EENOIAIAI
I?IEAOO C AENIEIO?IIENOI? NOAE?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.16.01 “Iaoaeiciaanoai oa
oa?i?/ia

ia?iaea iaoae?a”

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee – 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? ?i.C.?.Iae?aniaa
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe

EAA*AIEI Aaiiaae?e Aaneeueiae/,

?inoeooo /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? ?i.C.?.Iae?aniaa

Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? NIE?EAeIIIAA ??eia Ieoaee?aia,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
iaoaeio?ceee

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe AAO?OOAAA A??a Na?a??aia,

Aea?aeaaiee o?oaiee ?inoeooo I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoth/a a?aeae?eii iaoa??aeiciaanoaa oa oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee iaoae?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaia iaoaeo?a?eia Aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “21”__o?aaiy_1999 ?. i_14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 08.231.01 a ?inoeooo? /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??

?i.C.?.Iae?aniaa IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320050, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
ie.Aeaaeai?ea Noa?iaeoaiaa, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo /i?ii?
iaoaeo?a?? IAI Oe?a?ie (320050, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, ie.Aeaaeai?ea
Noa?iaeoaiaa,1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 31”_aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?
A.A.Eaa/aiei

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Noai?aiiy iiaeo aeae?a ia?aeaa?th/iai i?ieaoo c
iaio eaaiaaieo ?, a?aeiia?aeii, a?eueo aeaoaaeo noaeae, i?e aeinyaiaii?
iio??aieo aeanoeainoae ? aaaeeeaith caaea/ath /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie.
Iaeiei c ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a ?? ae??oaiiy ? inai?iiy i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa eenoiaiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo c ia?aeaa?th/i? o?iienoi?
noae?.

?inoeoooii /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? IAI Oe?a?ie ?acii c iaoaeo?a?eieie
i?aei?e?inoaaie “Aei?i?iniaoenoaeue” oa “Caii??aenoaeue” ?ic?iaeaii
niin?a iaea?aeaiiy eiiiiceoiiai ceeaea, c? cieaeaiei ai?noii
aeao?oeeoieo eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a o aioo??oi?e cii?, oeyoii iine?aeiaiiai
?iceeaaiiy a iaeio aeeeaieoeth noaeae ??ciiai neeaaeo( . Canoinoaaiiy
oeueiai niiniao aeicaiey? cieceoe ia 10–15 % nia?aa?o?noue eenoiaiai
i?ieaoo c ia?aeaa?th/eo noaeae.

Iacaaaeath/e ia ia?niaeoeai?noue ieoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oaeiai
eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo, ioe?ithaaiiy eiai yeino? oa iiaeeeaeo aaeocae
aeei?enoaiiy aea/aii iaaeinoaoiuei.

A ca`yceo c oeei, aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae i?ioean?a
no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy aeanoeainoae o ia?aeaa?th/iio i?ieao?,
yeee io?eiaii c eiiiiceoii? noae?, a oaeiae ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
uiaei neeaaeo oa oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ae?iaieoeoaa eiiiiceoiiai
eenoiaiai i?ieaoo ??ciiai i?ecia/aiiy yaeythoue niaith aeooaeueio
caaea/o, yea ia? iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie ? ieaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue
a?aeiia?aeii c ieaiaie iaoeiai–aeine?aeieo ?ia?o IAI oa I?ii?iio
Oe?a?ie: “Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy oa oaciaeo
ia?aoai?aiue aaaaoioa?iaeo noaeae oa nieaa?a i?e oi?ioaaii? ?o c ??aeeeo
?icieaa?a”, “?ic?iaea ei?ic?eiino?eeeo aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo aaaaoioa?iaeo
noaeae c iie?ioaiei eiiieaenii aeanoeainoae aeey aaaii?a ??ciiai
i?ecia/aiiy”, “Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ia?aiao??a aaaaoioa?iaeo ceeae?a ?c
eiiiiceoe?e aenieio?iienoeo noaeae oa ?aaeei?a oa?iiia?iaee ia
o?ceei–iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? i?ieaoo”, “Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaea
aeine?aeii–i?iieneiai? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa aeaeo?icaa?ieo o?oa ?c
aaaaoioa?iai? noae? Ae?–117 oa ?o eiiieaeno o?ceei–iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoiiai eenoiaiai i?ieaoo ?c
aenieio?iienoi? noae?. Iioei?caoe?y ia oe?e iniia? oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a ae?iaieoeoaa aa?y/a– oa oieiaeiieaoaiiai eenoiaiai
eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo ??ciiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o aioo??oi?e cii? aa?y/aeaoaiiai oa
oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo c aenieio?iienoi? noae? caeaaeii
a?ae ai?noo aoaeaoeth oi?io?oueny iaeiioacia oa?eoia (N ( 0,09 %), aai
aeaioacia oa?eoi–ia?oaineoia (N( 0,09 %) no?oeoo?a.

Iieacaii, ui ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a (Cr, Mn, Si, Ti oa
?io?), yea iaea?aeaii o aioo??oi?e cii? eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo, i?e ai?no?
aoaeaoeth a?ae 0,08 aei 0,14 % ca?eueoo? nooi?iue “aeeeeithaaiiy”
(–iaeano?, i?e oeueiio e?i?? oaciai? ??aiiaaae ci?uai? i?aai?o/
ii??aiyii c a?aeiiith ae?aa?aiith Fe – 12 % Cr–C.

Aeyaeaii, ui oi?ioaaiiy “nioaanoino?” a aeaioaci?e aioo??oi?e cii?
eiiiiceoo ca’ycaii c? niaaeeiaei i?iyaeaiiyi o?i?/ii?
i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiino?, aeanoeai? eeoiio noaio.

Iieacaii, ui ca?ii oa?eoo aioo??oiuei? ciie eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo iaioa
noeeueia aei c?inoaiiy i?ae /an iaa??aaiiy, i?ae ca?ii oa?eoo
iiaa?oiaai? ciie. Caaaeueia oaiaeaioe?y aei c?inoaiiy ca?ia i?e
iaa??aaii? i?eaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy i?oeiinoieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa
a?aeiiniiai caeiaaeaiiy a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? 950–1150 0N aeey iaio
aa??aio?a eiiiiceoii? noae?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeniea ieanoe/i?noue oa?iiia?iaeaii? oieiaeiieaoaii?
eiiiiceoii? noae? oa ?? aeoyaei? aeanoeaino? ia ??ai? eaoaai??? NA
caaacia/othoueny oi?ioaaiiyi o aioo??oi?e cii? iaeiioacii? no?oeoo?e
oa?eoo c iecueeei nooiaiai aeaoaeoiino? oa oaenoo?ith, ui
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?aaaaith i???ioaoe?e ieoaaae?e/iiai oeio.
I?aeaeuai? i?oeiinoi? oa aeoyaei? aeanoeaino? ia ??ai? eaoaai??? AA
caaacia/othoueny oi?ioaaiiyi o aioo??oi?e cii? eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo
aeaiooacii? oa?eoi–ia?oaineoii? no?oeoo?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?o aeei?enoaii?:

– i?e ae?iaieoeoa? ia iaoaeo?a?eieo i?aei?e?inoaao “Aei?i?iniaoenoaeue”
oa “Caii??aenoaeue” i?iieneiaeo ia?o?e o?ueiooa?iaiai eenoiaiai i?ieaoo
?c aenieio?iienoi? ia?aeaa?th/i? noae? c iiaeaeueoei aeaioiaeaiiyi
aeaoaeae nenoaie a?aeaaaeaiiy a?aei?aoeueiaaieo aac?a aaoiiia?eae “AAC”,
a oaeiae aeaeo?icaa?ieo o?oa Iiaiiineianueeiai o?oaiiai caaiaeo;

– i?e ?ic?iaoe? oaoi?/ieo oiia ia i?ieao oieiaeiieaoaiee o?ueiooa?iaee
c ei?ic?eiino?eeeie iiaa?oiaaeie oa?aie OOO 322–004–377–95.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caeiaoaa/ai aeine?aeaeai? iniaeeaino?
oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo c
aenieio?iienoi? noae? a iaeano? oaiia?aoo? aa?y/i? aeaoi?iaoe??.
Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao o?i?/iiai neeaaeo oa no?oeoo?e
aa?y/a– oa oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo ia eiai aeanoeaino?.
?aeiiaiaeiaai? ?aaeeie oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee aa?y/a– oa oieiaeiieaoaiiai
eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea no?oeoo?e ? oaenoo?e
ciai?oiuei? oa aioo??oiuei? cii eiiiiceoiiai oieiaeiieaoaiiai eenoiaiai
i?ieaoo c aenieio?iienoi? noae? ia ooaiiiaai?noue. Noi?ioeueiaai?
aeniiaee ? aeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy aa?y/a– oa
oieiaeiieaoaiiai eenoiaiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo. I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeia
aei?iaoaaiiy a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao.

A aeena?oaoe?? ia aeei?enoai? ?aea? oa ?ic?iaee ni?aaaoi??a, ye?
aeeeaaeai? a ni?eueii iioae?eiaaieo ?iaioao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a iioae?eiaai? a ni?aaaoi?noa? ?iaioe (o
ii?yaeeo, i?eaaaeaiiio a nieneo iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o):

1 – aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e, oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a;

2 – aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e, i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a, aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a;

3 – 6 – ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a, iaoaeia?ao?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiae?c iaea?aeaieo aeaieo, oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ? ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia eiioa?aioe?? “?ano?ni–,
aia?aicaa??aath/? oa aeieia?/ii /eno? oaoiieia?? o ae?iaieoeoa? aeaoaeae
c eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a”, 1996 ?., ia 1O I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai–iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aoae?aaeuei? iaoa??aee oa aoae?aaeuei?
eiino?oeoe??”, 1996 ?.; ia I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
no/aniiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa”, 1997 ?., ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao a?aeae?e?a
iaoaeiciaanoaa oa oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee noae? ?*I. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??
iioae?eiaaii 6 noaoae a iaoeiai–oaoi?/ieo aeo?iaeao.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 6
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai nieneo, aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? – noi??iie. Aeena?oaoe?y ai?uo?
?enoie?a,

oaaeeoeue, aeiaeaoe?a, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo

aeaea?ae ?c iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

E?oa?aoo?iee iaeyae.

Ia iniia? iaeyaeo a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e, a oaeiae
ae?iaie/iai aeina?aeo iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie noai?aiiy
oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa eiiiiceoiiai eenoiaiai i?ieaoo c o?iienoeo
noaeae oa?eoiiai eeano, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieith ei?ic?eii– oa
aea?ino?ee?noth i?e cieaeaiiio ai?no? aei?iaeo eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a.

A?aoiaoth/e ni?yiiaai?noue ?iaioe, ?icaeyiooi oaa?aeioaci?, ??aeeioaci?
oa ?io? niiniae iaea?aeaiiy eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo, a oiio /ene?
iaieaaeaiiyi, aeeooc?eiei caa?thaaiiyi, iaieeaiiyi. A?eueo?noue iaoiae?a
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oaeeie iaaeie?eaie, ye iaiaeii??aei?noue neeaaeo,
iayai?noue aeeth/aiue o i?ii?aeiiio oa??, ii?ooaiiy nooe?eueiino? oa
/enoioe iiaa?oi?. Ae?iaieoeoai iaoaeiae?ia?a oeeie niiniaaie iio?aao?
cia/ieo iaoa??aeueieo oa aia?aaoe/ieo aeo?ao.

A iaio?e i??? oe? iaaeie?ee aeanoea? iaeiiio c ??ciiaeae?a
??aeeioaciiai niiniao – iine?aeiaiiio ?iceeaaiith a iaeio aeeeaieoeth
iaoaeaaeo ?icieaa?a, ye? oi?iothoue eiiiiceoio noaeue. Oeae niin?a
aei?iaoaaii i?e ae?iaieoeoa? ni?oiaiai oa eenoiaiai i?ieaoo( .

A ca’yceo c iniaeeainoyie oi?ioaaiiy aioo??oiuei? ciie ceeaea niin?a,
ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue i?e
ae?iaieoeoa? eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo c aei?iaeo eaaiaaieo noaeae, cie?aia,
ia?aeaa?th/eo. Iaeiae, aeey eiai oe?ieiai i?iieneiaiai aaeeaaiiy,
i?iaeaia caaacia/aiiy yeino? ae?iaeaiiai i?ieaoo ua iaaeinoaoiuei
aea/aia.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy eiiieaeno
aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoiiai eenoiaiai i?ieaoo c ia?aeaa?th/i? noae?, yea
oiiaii iicia/aia ye Ae?–117, oa ?ic?iaea ia oe?e iniia? iioeiaeueieo
oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a eiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? iniiaieie caaea/aie
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaany o?ueiooa?iaee eenoiaee i?ieao
caaoiaoee 3,8–4,0 ii oa 1,0–2,0 ii, iaea?aeaiee ?c
aeine?aeii–i?iieneiaeo ia?o?e eiiiiceoieo ceeae?a, aeaioiaeaieo ia
caaiae? “Aei?i?iniaoenoaeue” ca iiaith oaoiieia??th. Ceeaee ianith
11,8–14,7 o io?eiaii oeyoii iine?aeiaiiai ?iceeaaiiy aeaio ia?ie noae?
o aeeeaieoe? c i?eaooeiaeie iaaenoaaeaie. sse iniiaiee iaoae
aeei?enoiaoaaeanue ei?ic?eiino?eea noaeue ia?ee 08O18O1, a iaiiaithaa/ai
aoee iaeiaoaeaoeaaa noaeue (oeio 08in) aai iecueeieaaiaaia (15OA).

Aecia/aii iioa?iai o?i?/iee neeaae aeine?aeiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo,
yeee aa??thaaany (ian.%): — a iiaa?oiaa?e cii? 0,07–0,08 C; 0,18–0,80
Mn; 0,31–0,80 Si; 17,0–18,4 Cr; 0,53–0,76 Ti; 0,35–0,60 Ni;o aioo??oi?e
cii? – 0,08–0,14 C; 0,22–0,56 Mn; 0,34–0,68 Si; 11,0–16,2 Cr; 0,26–0,68
Ti; 0,25–0,60 Ni.

C?acee aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeae?aeeny a?ae aa?y/a– oa
oieiaeiieaoaiiai eenoa a o?ueio oi/eao – ia e?ath, ia 1/4 oe?eie eenoa
oa a na?aaeei?, c iine?aeiaiei iioa?iaei o?i?/iei aiae?cii, aea/aiiyi
i?e?ino?oeoo?e oa ?ici?uaiiy oa??a ii ia?a??co.

Iioa?iaee o?i?/iee aiae?c i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith niaeo?ia?aoa ?NI–30
oa aaciaiae?caoi?a NS 244 o??ie “LECO”.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?ino?oeoo?e iaoaeo cae?enithaaee iaoiaeii na?oiai?
i?e?ineii?? ia i?e?ineii? “NAOPHOT” i?e ca?eueoaii? a?ae 100 aei 500
?ac?a. I?e?ino?oeoo?o aeyaeyee i?e o?aaeaii? oe?o?a o ?aaeoea? Eo??aia.

Aiae?c ?iciiae?eo oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai E(–aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaiaio?a ii
ia?a??co i?ieaoo oa i?ae oacaie i?iaaaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith
i?e?i?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai iaoiaeo ia onoaiiaeao MS–46 “EAIAEA” oa
“EAIAAAEN”.

Aecia/aiiy ci?ithaaiiy ia??iaeo a?aoee oa?eoo ca ciiaie
aeine?aeaeoaaii? noae? cae?enithaaee ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iei iaoiaeii ia
ae?o?aeoiiao?? Ae?II–2,0 o iiiio?iiioeciaaiiio i?aeiiio
aei?ii?ithaaii?.

Aiae?c oaenoo?e c iaoith ioe?iee caeaoiino? aei aeoyaoaaiiy i?e
ooaiioaaii? eenoiai? oieiaeiieaoaii? eiiiiceoii? noae? i?iaiaeeee ia
?aioaai?anueeiio ae?o?aeoiiao?? Ae?II–OI1 iaoiaeii cai?ioieo iiethnieo
o?ao? (CIO).

I?e?iaeo ci?oeithth/i? no?oeoo?ii? neeaaeiai? aioo??oiuei? ciie i?ieaoo
oa aeeneieaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oa?eoo aea/aee ia oieueaao c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeaeo?iiiiai i?ina?/oth/iai i?e?ineiio OAIA–100A.

Aeoyaei? aeanoeaino? eenoiaiai oieiaeiieaoaiiai i?ieaoo ioe?ithaaee
oeyoii a?aie/iiai aeoyaoaaiiy oeee?iae?e/ieo eiaia/e?a ia i?eeaae?
eiino?oeoe?? OeIAe?AIao ca iaoiaeeeith “AaoiCAC”, yea i?aaenoaaey? iaeio
c iiaeeo?eaoe?e iaoiaeo Na?ooa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o ?iciiae?eo o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a oa no?oeoo?ieo
neeaaeiaeo o eiiiiceoiiio eenoiaiio i?ieao?

Iei? eiiiiceoiee i?ieao, io?eiaiee niiniaii iine?aeiaiiai ?iceeaaiiy,
ia ciaeoia oe?ieiai aaeeaaiiy a ianiaiio ae?iaieoeoa? aieiaiei /eiii
/a?ac a?aenooi?noue nenoaiaoe/ieo aeaieo, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
noaa?euei?noue iieaciee?a eiai no?oeoo?e oa yeino?. A ca’yceo c oeei,
iniiaiith caaea/ath oe??? ?iaioe ? i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue,
ni?yiiaaieo ia iaea?aeaiiy oaeeo aeaieo.

Aea/aii c?acee oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo, ae?iaeaiiai ca
i?eeiyoith oaoiieia?/iith noaiith i?ieaoee oa oa?iiia?iaee ia?aeaa?th/i?
noae? 08O18O1.

I?iaaaeaii iaoaeia?ao?/iee aiae?c c?ace?a eiiiiceoiiai oieiaeiieaoaiiai
i?ieaoo caaoiaoee 1,0–2,0 ii, aeyaeaia /?oei ae?aaeaia ciiaeueia
no?oeoo?a, yea neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio cii – aeaio iiaa?oiaaeo oa
aioo??oiuei?. Oiaueia iiaa?oiaai? ciie ieaee?oth/iai oa?o ciaoiaeeoueny
a iaaeao 120–200 iei, ui aei??aith? 12–20 % a?ae oiaueie i?ieaoo.

Aeyaeaii, ui o?i?/iee neeaae noae? iiaa?oiaaeo oa aioo??oiuei? cii ca
aeiaaeeiith ooaae ? ??aiii??iee. Ca aeiiiiiaith
i?e?i?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai iaoiaeo aea/aii ?iciiae?e aeaiaio?a ii
ia?a??co c?ace?a oieiaeiieaoaiiai i?ieaoo. Iaea?aeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue
i?i ciiaeueio iaeii??aei?noue o?i?/iiai neeaaeo eenoiaiai eiiiiceoiiai
i?ieaoo a iaaeao eiaeii? ie?aii? ciie.

Aeyaeaii, ui i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae iiaa?oiaaeo cii aei aioo??oiuei?
niinoa??aa?oueny no?eaeiiiae?aia ci?ithaaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? Cr,
Si,Ti.Oea, iaaii, iiynith?oueny iniaeeaith niaoeeo?eith oaoiieia??
iine?aeiaiiai ?iceeaaiiy, yea iia’ycaia c aoaeoii “coieiee” i?ioeano
e?enoae?caoe?? aioo??oiueiai ia’?io aeeeaea o?iienoi? noae? a ia??iae
“ia?ai?ooaaiiy” oa ae??aithaaiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo aeo?aeiiai oa
aeieeoiai ?icieaa?a. O ia?ao?aei?e cii? aoaeue–ye? aeeth/aiiy /e
no?oeoo?i? aiiiae?? a?aenooi?, ui ne?ae a?aeianoe aei iiceoeaieo yeinoae
niiniao io?eiaiiy eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo, yeee aeei?enoiao?oueny.

Iieacaii, ui iacaeaaeii a?ae neeaaeo noae?, yeo aeieeaathoue, ai?no
o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a iiaa?oiaaeo cii eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo a?aeiia?aea?
noae? ia?ee 08O18O1. A oie aea /an, o?i?/iee neeaae aioo??oiuei? ciie
ci?ith?oueny, aieiaiei /eiii, ca aoaeaoeai (a?ae 0,08 aei 0,14 %) oa
o?iio (a?ae 11,0 aei 16,2 %).

Aeyaeaii, ui i?e?ino?oeoo?a iiaa?oiaaeo cii (noaeue ia?ee 08O18O1)
iaeiioacia – ca?aiiee oa?eo. Uiaei aioo??oiuei? ciie, oi i?e ??
oi?ioaaii?, caeaaeii a?ae neeaaeo, iiaeeeai ooai?aiiy aeaio aa??aio?a
noo?eoo?e: iaeiioacii? oa?eoii? (1 aa??aio) aai aeaioacii? (II
aa??aio), yea oaea? niaith nioae oa?eoii? oa ?aeaioeo?eiaaii? iaaeae?
ye ia?oaineoii? neeaaeiai? , ui /a?aothoueny oa aeoyaioo? ocaeiaae
iai?yio i?ieaoee (?en.1).

Aieea oaciai–no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue ia iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?
aa?y/aaeaoi?iiaaii? noae?

C iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao o?i?/iiai neeaaeo aioo??oiuei? ciie
eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo ia oa?aeoa? oaciai–no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue a
oiiaao aa?y/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? i?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioe, ye? aeeth/athoue
iaa??a aei oaiia?aoo? 750–1200 0N oa iiaeaeueoa aa?ooaaiiy c?ace?a

?en.1. I?e?ino?oeoo?a oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo c

iaeiioaciith (a) ? aeaioaciith (a) no?oeoo?ith
aioo??oiuei?

ciie, o500

eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo aeaio aa??aio?a c ??ciei ai?noii o aioo??oi?e cii?
aoaeaoeth (a?ae 0,08 aei 0,14 %) ? o?iio (a?ae 11,0 aei 14,7 %).

Ci?anoaaeaiiy e?i?e oaciai? ??aiiaaae o a?aeii?e nenoai? Fe–(12 % Cr)–C
c aenia?eiaioaeueieie iieaco? ci?uaiiy inoaii?o i?aai?o/, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i ca?eueoaiiy “aeeeeithaaiiy” (–iaeano? ia ae?aa?ai? oa iiynith?oueny
aieeaii oaeoe/ii iaea?aeaiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a o
aioo??oi?e cii? eiiiiceoii? noae?.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeiioaci?noue aioo??oiuei? ciie
c?ace?a niinoa??aa?oueny i?e ai?no? aoaeaoeth aei 0,09 % aeeth/ii. I?e
iiaeaeueoiio eiai ca?eueoaii? aea/a?iee eiiiiceoiee i?ieao, ui
aea/a?oueny, o a?aeiia?aeieo oaiia?aoo?ieo ?ioa?aaeao oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aeaioaciith oa?eoi–aonoai?oiith no?oeoo?ith aioo??oiuei? ciie.

C iaoith aea/aiiy oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e aioo??oiuei? aeaioacii? ciie oa
?? aieeao ia iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo a oe?eiio
i?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioe, ye? aeeth/athoue aenieioaiia?aoo?io (1000 0N)
aeo?eieo ia i?ioyc? 4–20 oa. c?ace?a eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo c noae?
Ae?–117 ?c ai?noii aoaeaoeth o aioo??oi?e cii? a?ae 0,10 aei 0,14 % c
ianooiiei ioieiaeaeaiiyi ia iia?o??.

Iaoiaeii ?ano?iai? aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii?? aecia/aii, ui oace, ye?
neeaaeathoue aioo??oith aeaioaciao ciio c?ace?a i?ney
aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? aeo?eiee, iiaeia eeaneo?eoaaoe ye oa?eo oa
ia?oaineo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iciiae?eo aeaiaio?a i?ae oacaie, yea i?iaaaeaii ca
aeiiiiiaith i?e?i?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co, iieacaei, ui
ca?eueoaiiy o?eaaeino? aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? aeo?eiee a ((( –iaeano?
i?eaiaeeoue aei aoaeoo aeeooc?eii–eiio?ieueiaaiiai ia?a?iciiae?eo
aoaeaoeth oa o?iio i?ae oa?eoii oa aonoai?oii c oniaaeeoaaiiyi
oa?aeoa?iiai aeey aeeeoi? no?oeoo?e oeio ?iciiae?eo (eiioeaio?aoe?ei?
a?aei?iiino? inueiaeo oa i?aeaeaiae?eoieo cii), aiane?aeie /iai oa?eo oa
aonoai?o (ia?oaineo i?ney ioieiaeaeaiiy c ((( –iaeano?) oi?iothoueny o
aeaeyae? nioa, ye? /a?aothoueny oa aeoyaioo? acaeiaae iai?yieo
i?ieaooaaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e i?aeaeuaii? o?eaaeino? aeo?eiee c 1 oa./1 ii aei 5
oa./1 ii oiaueie i?ieaoo aeinyaathoueny oiiae aeey a?eueo ??aiiaaaeiiai
oi?ioaaiiy e?ioeaai? no?oeoo?e aioo??oiuei? aeaioacii? ciie. Iieacaii,
ui ca?eueoaiiy aeo?eiee a aeine?aeiiio ae?aiacii? i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ca?eueoaiiy /anoee aonoai?oo (ia?oaineoo) VM a?ae 45 aei 62 % (C – 0,10
%) oa a?ae 0,66 aei 78 % (N – 0,14 %).

Iieacaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy VM o aioo??oi?e cii? a iaaeao iaeiiai neeaaeo
i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy i?oeiinoieo aeanoeainoae oa cieaeaiiy
ieanoe/iino? eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo.

C iaoith iioei?caoe?? ?aaeeio iaa??ao oa aa?y/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? noae?
i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao o?i?/iiai neeaaeo aioo??oiuei? ciie ia
oa?aeoa? oi?ioaaiiy ca?aiii? no?oeoo?e oa iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae iaoaeo
i?e aenieeo oaiia?aoo?ao.

A?aeiii, ui ia ye?noue oa oaoiieia?ei?noue i?e i?ieaooaaii? oa?eoieo
o?iienoeo noaeae iaaaoeaii aieeaa? caeaoi?noue oeeo noaeae aei
iaaei??iiai c?inoaiiy ca?ia i?e aenieeo oaiia?aoo?ao, i?e/iio iaea?aeaia
a i?ioean? aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? a?oaica?ieno?noue

aaaeei aei?aaia i?e iiaeaeueo?e oa?iiia?iaoe?. A?aoiaoth/e aaaeeea?noue
i?iaeaie, a ?iaio? aea/aii aieea oaiia?aoo?e (800–1100 0N) ia ?ici??
oa?eoiiai ca?ia a ciiao eiiiiceoii? noae?. Aeyaeaii, ui ia
o?ainoi?iaoe?th ca?aiii? no?oeoo?e iiaa?oiaai? ciie oaciaee neeaae
aioo??oiuei? ciie ia aeyaey? iii?oiiai aieeao – oaiia?aoo?ia
caeaaei?noue c?inoaiiy ca?ia oa?eoo aeyaey?oueny o iiiioiiiiio
ca?eueoaii? na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o ca?ia a iaaeao 40 — 85 iei a i?ioean?
iaa??ao a?ae 800 aei 950 0N oa ?ioaineaiiio, no?eaeiiiae?aiiio
c?inoaii? aei 115–160 iei i?e iiaeaeueoiio iaa??aaii? iiiaae 950 0N, ui,
iaaii iiynith?oueny ?ic/eiaiiyi aa?’??ieo /anoie, ye? aaeueiothoue
?ae?enoae?caoe?th. Oa?eoia ca?ii aioo??oiuei? ciie eiiiiceoii? noae?
ia?oiai aa??aioo, ia a?aei?io a?ae iiaa?oiaai? ciie, iaio i?aeaeaaeia
aenieioaiia?aoo?iiio c?inoaiith – na?aaei?e ?ici?? ca?ai o c?aceao, ye?
iaa??o? aei 800 0N oa iiiaae 950 0N noaiiaeoue (25-30 iei oa 55–115 iei,
a?aeiia?aeii. A?aoiaoth/e iaaaaeai? aeai?, i?e iioei?caoe??
oaiia?aoo?iiai ?aaeeio iaa??aaiiy oa aeaoi?iaoe?? eiiiiceoii? noae?,
o?aaa ea?oaaoeny, ianaiia?aae, iniaeeainoyie no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy
iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o, a yeiio ca?ia oa?eoo iaea?eueo i?aeaeaaei?
c?inoaiith.

Aei?iaoaaiiy aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? c?ace?a eiiiiceoiiai
i?ieaoo I oa II aa??aio?a iieacaee iiiioiiiia cieaeaiiy ye i?oeiinoieo,
oae ? ieanoe/ieo aeanoeainoae noae? i?e i?aeaeuaii? oaiia?aoo?e a?ae 950
aei 1150 0N. A?eueo aenieee ??aaiue iieaciee?a i?oeiino? oa?aeoa?iee
aeey noae? ae?oaiai aa??aioo, yea ia? aeaioacio aioo??oith ciio.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? 950–1050 0N
eiiiiceoia noaeue iaio aa??aio?a ia? a?eueoee caian ieanoe/iino?
ii??aiyii c? noaeeth ia?ee 08O18O1. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee,
ui c iaoith caiia?aaiiy iaaei??iiai c?inoaiiy ca?ia iiaa?oiaai? ciie
eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo aeioe?eueii caaacia/oaaoe cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e
iaa??aaiiy oa aa?y/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? Oei = 760 –

-780 0N ia iaia?a?aiiio oiieieenoiaiio noai? (IOEN–1680) IE
“Caii??aenoaeue”.

Aeyaeaii, ui eiiiiceoiee i?ieao i?ney aa?y/iai i?ieaooaaiiy ia?
ianoaa?euei? iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? oa iecueeee ??aaiue oaea?ii?
a’yceino? (ENU–40 = 26–44 Aeae/ni2). A ca’yceo c oeei i?iaaaeaii
aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aeai?o iioeiaeueii? noaa?e?coth/i? oa?iiia?iaee
aa?y/aeaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao ??cieo ia?aiao??a
oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee ia no?oeoo?o oa aeanoeaino? aa?y/aeaoaii? eiiiiceoii?
noae? iieacaee, ui ye noaa?e?coth/o oa?iiia?iaeo iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe
iii’yeooth/a iaa??aaiiy a?ae oaiia?aoo?e 850 0N, aeinoaoi? aeey
caaacia/aiiy noaa?eueiiai ??aiy iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae oa oaea?ii?
a’yceino? ((a = 510–540 I/ii2, (5 = 26–28 %, ENU–40 (40 Aeae/ni2 oa (a
= 620–720 I/ii2 , (5 = 20–22 %, ENU–40 (100 Aeae/ni2 ) aeey
eiiiiceoii? noae? a?aeiia?aeii c iaeii– oa aeaioaciith aioo??oiueith
ciiith. Aa?y/aeaoaiee eiiiiceoiee i?ieao ?c aeaioaciith aioo??oiueith
ciiith, ui ia? a?eueo aenie? i?oeiinoi? aeanoeaino? oa oaea?io
a’yce?noue, aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye eiino?oeoe?eiee iaoa??ae aeey
cieaeaiiy iaoaei?ieino? ae?ia?a.

Iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e oa iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae

oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo

A ?iaio? aea/aii aieea aa?ooaaiiy a?ae ??cieo oaiia?aoo?
oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo ia eiai no?oeoo?o oa ??aaiue
iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieeee ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey oieiaeiieaoaiiai
eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo iaio aa??aio?a iioeiaeueio oaiia?aoo?o aa?ooaaiiy –
950 0N. I?e oeueiio caaacia/o?oueny ciyooy iaeeaio i?ney oieiaeii?
aeaoi?iaoe?? oeyoii ?ae?enoae?caoe??, caiia?aaiiy, aeae?eaiiy /anoie
ea?a?ae?a oa ea?aii?o??ae?a ii a?aieoeyo oa?eoieo ca?ai, ui i?ecaiaeeoue
aei e?eoeino? noae?, a oaeiae caeiaoooy iioeiaeueii? e?eueeino?
ci?oeithth/i? oace o eiiiiceoiiio i?ieao? c aeaioaciith no?oeoo?ith
aioo??oiuei? ciie.

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae i?e?ino?oeoo?e aioo??oiuei? ciie i?ney
oa?iiia?iaee, yea ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny, i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ca
aeiiiiiaith o?aini?n?eii? aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??. Iieacaii, ui aeey
iaeiioacii? aioo??oiuei? ciie noae? oa?aeoa?ia ??aiii??ia no?oeoo?a c
iie?aiiaeueiith aoaeiaith (–oace oa iaaenieith u?euei?noth aeeneieaoe?e
– 2 o 109 ni–2. A aeeo?aeoe?ei?e e?i?? i?enooi? Eeeo/?–e?i??, ye?
na?ae/aoue i?i ii??aiyii aenieo aeineiiae?noue e?enoae?/ii? aoaeiae
oa?eoo. Aecia/aii, ui i?aeca?aii? a?aieoe? a?oa?, c aenieith aca?iiith
?ici???ioaoe??th, ia i?noyoue yeeo iaaoaeue aeae?eaiue, noaca?aii?
a?aieoe? niinoa??aathoueny ??aeei.

No?oeoo?a oa?eoii? neeaaeiai? aioo??oiuei? ciie aeaioacii? aoaeiae, ca
aeaieie aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??, ?aeaioe/ia o?e, ui iienaia aeua aeey
iaeiioaciiai noaio, aeeth/ii Eeeo/?–e?i??. U?euei?noue aeeneieaoe?? a
oa?eo? aeaioacii? no?oeoo?e o?ioe aeua – 5 o 109 ni–2. Ae?oaa neeaaeiaa
oaca ia?, ye anoaiiaeaii, no?oeoo?o, ui oa?aeoa?ia aeey ia?oaineoo c
aenieith u?euei?noth aeeneieaoe?e – 1011 o 1012 ni–2. Aecia/ai? a
aeaieo c?aceao aeeo?aeoe?ei? ea?oeie a?ae noe/ieo ia?oaineoieo ieanoei –
oeiia? aeey ia?oaineoii? no?oeoo?e, a ye?e non?aei? aeaiaioe aoaeiae
i???ioiaai? ??cieie aa??aioaie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Eo?aethiiaa – Caena
[111](// [100]( oa [110]( // [111](.

A oe?eiio no?oeoo?a ia?oaineoo ?a?/ia. Aeyaeaii oae? aeaiaioe oiiei?
aoaeiae ia?oaineoo, ye “aea?eieee”, ye? oa?aeoa?i? aeey ia?oaineoo
caaa?oiaaieo na?aaeiueiaoaeaoeaaeo noaeae c ai?noii aoaeaoeth 0,4–0,6 %.

Aeai?, ye? io?eiaii aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineii?/iei iaoiaeii,
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aecia/athuee aieea no?oeoo?e aioo??oiuei? ciie ia
iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo a oe?eiio. Oae, aeey i?ieaoo
c iaeiioaciith no?oeoo?ith aioo??oiuei? ciie (N ( 0,09 %) oa?aeoa?i?
a?eueo aenie? iieacieee ieanoe/iino? – 40–47 % oa i?oei?noue ia ??ai?
460–480 I/ii2, a c aeaioaciith oa?eoi–ia?oaineoiith no?oeoo?ith oe???
ciie – cieaeaia ieanoe/i?noue – 24–28 % oa i?aeaeuai? i?oeiinoi?
aeanoeaino? – 550–650 I/ii2.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i iiaeeea?noue aeinyaiaiiy
iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoiiai oieiaeiieaoaiiai i?ieaoo,
a?aeiia?aeii aeiiaai niiaeeaa/a, oeyoii ?aaoethaaiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo
?, a?aeiia?aeii, no?oeoo?e aioo??oiuei? ciie iaoaeo.

A ?iaio? i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aecia/athoue caeaoi?noue
oieiaeiieaoaiiai eenoiaiai i?ieaoo c eiiiiceoii? noae? aei neeaaeiiai
aeoyaoaaiiy i?e ooaiioaaii? oa iiaeeea?noue cai?ie iei noae? ia?ee
08O18O1.

Aea/aii aeoyaei? aeanoeaino? oa oaenoo?i? iieacieee cae?aiino? aei
ooaiioaaiiy, ye? aecia/athoue caeaoi?noue aei oieiaeiiai ooaiioaaiiy
eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo, ii??aiyii c ia?aeaa?th/ith noaeeth 08O18O1.

Aecia/aii, ui cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo aeoyaoaaiiy ca Na?ooii En aeey
eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo c iaeiioaciith aioo??oiueith ciiith aeinoaoiuei
aenie? (oaae.1) ?, ia a?aei?io a?ae c?ace?a c aeaioaciith aioo??oiueith
ciiith, ciaoiaeyoueny ia ??ai? eaoaai??? aeoyaoaaiiy INA ca AINO 9045
aeey i?ieaoo c iaeiaoaeaoeaai? noae? ia?ee 08TH.

A ?iaio? aecia/ai? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ii?iaeueii? ieanoe/ii?
ai?cio?ii?? R (iieaciee Eaieoi?aea), yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae oaenoo?e
noae?. Aeei?enoiaoaaia ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue i?ae eiao?oe??ioii R oa
oaenoo?ieie iieacieeaie caeaoiino? aei ooaiioaaiiy ca Oaeoa?aiii (R) oa
?aeoii (I), ye? a?aoiaothoue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oa
iani?eyoeeaeo eiiiiiaio?a oaenoo?e aeey aeoyaoaaiiy i?e ooaiioaaii?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaenoo?e ca aeiiiiiaith CIO iieacaee, ui aeey
oieiaeiieaoaiiai i?ieaoo ?c noae? Ae?–117 c iaeiioaciith no?oeoo?ith
aioo??oiuei? ciie, ye ? aeey noae? 08O18O1, oa?aeoa?ia a?eueo aeniea
iiethnia u?euei?noue ni?eyoeeaeo eiiiiiaio?a oa iieaciee?a ooaiioaaiiy R
? I ii??aiyii c? noaeeth Ae?–117 c aeaioaciith aioo??oiueith ciiith
(oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeoyaei? aeanoeaino? oa oaenoo?i? iieacieee caeaoiino? aei

ooaiioaaiiy oieiaeiieaoaiiai i?ieaoo oiaueiith 1,2 ii

Ia?ea Eiao?oe??io

aeoyaaiiy Oaenoo?i? iieacieee ooaiioaaiiy

noae? ca Na?ooii,

ii i?noea ci?iaiiy ca Oaeoa?aiii,R ca ?aeoii,

H

08O18O1 2,22 iiaa?oiy

oeaio? 1,26

1,44 3,76

5,46

Ae?–117

(iaeiioacia

aioo??oiy ciia) 2,22 iiaa?oiy

oeaio? 1,30

1,56 3,35

8,23

Ae?–117

(aeaioacia

aioo??oiy

ciia) 2,10 iiaa?oiy

oeaio? 1,41

1,41 3,81

2,81

Oaeei /eiii, oieiaeiieaoaiee eiiiiceoiee i?ieao ?c noae? Ae?–117 c
iaeiioaciith no?oeoo?ith aioo??oiuei? ciie iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aeey
aeaioiaeaiiy aeaoaeae neeaaeiiai aeoyaoaaiiy (eaoaai??? NA ca AINO
9045), a c aeaioaciith no?oeoo?ith aioo??oiuei? ciie – aeey ianeeaaeieo
aeey aeoyaoaaiiy ae?ia?a (eaoaai??y AA ca AINO 9045), iaoaei?ie?noue
yeeo iiaeao aooe cieaeaia ia 12–15% ca ?aooiie eiai i?aeaeuaii?
i?oeiino?.

I?iieneiaa aei?iaoaaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe*

?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?iaaaeaieo a aeai?e ?iaio?, aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe? oaoi?/ieo oiia OO
O 322–004–377–95 “I?ieao oieiaeiieaoaiee o?ueiooa?iaee c
ei?ic?eiino?eeeie iiaa?oiaaeie oa?aie”.

A oiiaao caaiaeo “Aei?i?iniaoenoaeue” iaoiaeii iine?aeiaiiai ?iceeaaiiy
aoee iaea?aeai? eiiiiceoi? ceeaee ?c noae? Ae?–117, c yeeo ia IE
“Caii??aenoaeue” ae?iaeai? i?iieneia? ia?o?? eenoiaiai aa?y/aeaoaiiai
i?ieaoo.

Ia Iiaiiineianueeiio o?oaiiio caaiae? c eiiiiceoiiai oieiaeiieaoaiiai
i?ieaoo ae?iaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueio ia?o?th aeaeo?icaa?ieo o?oa ?ici??ii
33o1,2 ii. Ioe?iea yeino? io?eiaieo aeaeo?icaa?ieo o?oa iieacaea, ui ca
iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie, caa?thaai?noth oa ei?ic?eiith no?ee?noth aiie
iiai?noth a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai, ye? i?aae’yaeythoueny aei
aeanoeainoae aeaeo?icaa?ieo o?oa ?c noae? 08O18O1 aeey aaoiiia?eueii? oa
oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?.

Ia AAC? ?c oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo caaoiaoee 1,0–1,2 ii
ae?iaeaii i?iieneia? ia?o?? aeaoaeae nenoaie aeoeiio. Aei?iaiaoaaiiy
iieacaee aenieo ei?ic?eio no?ee?noue, aea?ino?ee?noue, caaeia?eueio
caa?thaai?noue ? i?aeaeuaio oaoiieia?ei?noue eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo.
Iieacaii aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy aa?y/aeaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai
i?ieaoo ?c noae? Ae?–117 c aeaioaciith aioo??oiueith ciiith, cie?aia,
aeey iaoeaee aaaii?a–i?ia?aeiaic?a.

Canoinoaaiiy oaoiieia?? iine?aeiaiiai ?iceeaaiiy i?e aeaioiaeai?
eiiiiceoieo ceeae?a caaacia/o? aeiiii?th aei 2–7 % o?iio oa cieaeo? ia
10–15 % nia?aa?o?noue aeaioiaeaiiy c ieo eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, aioiaeo ae?ia?a.

AENIIAEE

1. A iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? aeinoaoiuei iiaii aea/ai? no?oeoo?a, oacia?
ia?aoai?aiiy oa iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? ei?ic?eiino?eeeo o?iienoeo noaeae.
Iaa?oioiaaia ia?niaeoeai?noue a?eueo oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy
aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo o?iienoeo noaeae oa?eoiiai eeano. A oie aea /an
?ioi?iaoe?y i?i iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy, oacia? ia?aoai?aiiy oa
iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? eenoiaiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo c ei?ic?eiino?eeeie
oa?aie c o?iienoi? noae? oa?eoiiai eeano iaiaaeaia.

2. Aea/ai? iniaeeaino? ?iciiae?eo o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a oa aoaeiae
o?ueiooa?iaiai eenoiaiai i?ieaoo, ae?iaeaiiai c? ceeae?a, io?eiaieo
iaoiaeii iine?aeiaiiai ?iceeaaiiy ia?aeaa?th/i? aenieio?iienoi? noae?
oa?eoiiai eeano oa aoaeaoeaai?, aai iecueeieaaiaaii? a iaeio
aeeeaieoeth. Anoaiiaeaii /?oei aeyaeaio ciiaeuei?noue no?oeoo?e ii
ia?a??co i?ieaoo i?e ci?ithaaii? oiaueie iiaa?oiaai? ciie a iaaeao
120–200 iei.

?ici??e ia?ao?aeii? ciie iacia/i? – 10–20 iei, aeey ia? oa?aeoa?ia
a?aenooi?noue aeeth/aiue oa aoi?eiieo oac.

3. Iaoiaeii i?e?i?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co aeyaeaii ??aiii??iee
?iciiae?e o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a ii ia?a??co i?ieaoo a iaaeao iiaa?oiaai? oa
aioo??oiuei? cii, oa no?eaeiiiae?aiee – o aocueeiio ia?ao?aeiiio oa??
i?ae ieie. Ii o?i?/iiio oa oaciaiio neeaaeo iiaa?oiaaa ciia a?aeiia?aea?
oa?eoi?e noae? 08O18O1, a neeaae aioo??oiuei? ciie, iacaeaaeii a?ae
ia?ee noae?, yea aeieeaa?oueny, a?ae??ciy?oueny ci?iaiiyi ai?noo
aoaeaoeth – 0,08–0,14 % oa o?iio – 11,0–16,2 % i?e iacia/iiio
ci?ithaaii? ai?noo ?ioeo aeaiaio?a.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui no?oeoo?a iiaa?oiaai? ciie aa?y/a–oa
oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo ? iaeiioaciith (ca?aiiee oa?eo).
No?oeoo?a aioo??oiuei? ciie, caeaaeii a?ae ai?noo aoaeaoeth, iiaea aooe
iaeiioaciith oa?eoiith (N ( 0,09 %), aai aeaioaciith
oa?eoi–ia?oaineoiith (N ( 0,09 %).

5. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaciaiai neeaaeo eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo a
?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? 750 – 1200 0N, i?iaaaeaiiai iaoiaeii aa?ooaaiiy,
aeyaeaii, ui eiiiiiiaea eaaoth/eo aeaiaio?a, yea oa?aeoa?ia aeey
aioo??oiuei? ciie, i?e ai?no? aoaeaoeth a?ae 0,08 aei 0,14 % ciaioo?
nooi?iue “aeeeeithaaiiy” (–iaeano?, ? e?i?? oaciaeo ??aiiaaa
ci?uothoueny i?aai?o/ ii??aiyii c a?aeiiith ae?aa?aiith aeey /enoeo
Fe–(12 % Cr)–C nieaa?a.

6. Iieacaii, ui ca?ii oa?eoo iiaa?oiaai? ciie eiiiiceoii? noae?,
a?eueoa cacia? c?inoaiiy, i?ae ca?ii oa?eoo aioo??oiuei? ciie, oiio
oaiia?aoo?i? ?aaeeie iaa??aaiiy oa aa?y/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? o?ueiooa?iaiai
i?ieaoo iiaeii? aecia/aoeny ianaiia?aae c o?aooaaiiyi no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy
a iiaa?oiaa?e cii?.

7. I?iaaaeai? aei?iaoaaiiy aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? c?ace?a
aa?y/aeaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo c iaeii– oa aeaioaciith no?oeoo?ith
aioo??oiuei? ciie iieacaee iiiioiiia cieaeaiiy ye eiai i?oeiinoieo, oae
? ieanoe/ieo aeanoeainoae i?e i?aeaeuaii? oaiia?aoo?e a?ae 950 aei 1150
0N. A?eueo aenieee ??aaiue iieaciee?a i?oeiinoieo aeanoeainoae
oa?aeoa?iee aeey i?ieaoo, yeee ia? aeaioacio no?oeoo?o aioo??oiuei?
ciie.

8. Iieacaia aeioe?euei?noue cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e iaa??ao neya?a c
eiiiiceoii? noae? Ae?–117 oa oaiia?aoo?e ?o aa?y/i? aeaoi?iaoe?? ia IOEN
c iaoith caaacia/aiiy aeiiii?? aia?ai?ano?n?a i?e caa?aaeaii? iieaciee?a
yeino?.

9. Noaa?e?coth/ith oa?iiia?iaeith aa?y/aeaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo
?aeiiaiaeiaaii iii’yeooth/ee iaa??a aei oaiia?aoo?e 850 0N, c
iine?aeiaiei ioieiaeaeaiiyi aiaeith, ye oaeee, ui caaacia/o? aeinoaoi?e
??aaiue iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae oa oaea?ii? a’yceino?.

10. Inoaoi/iith oa?iiia?iaeith oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo
?aeiiaiaeiaaii caaa?ooaaiiy o aiae? c oaiia?aoo?ith iaa??ao 950 0N, yea
caaacia/o? ?ae?enoae?caoe?th oa?eoiiai ca?ia, caiia?aaiiy aeae?eaiiy
e?eoeeo oac ii a?aieoeyo ca?ai oa iaea?aeaiiy iioeiaeueii? e?eueeino?
ci?oeithth/i? oace a eiiiiceoiiio i?ieao? c aeaioaciith no?oeoo?ith
aioo??oiuei? ciie.

11. Iaoiaeii o?aini?n?eii? aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii?? aeyaeaii, ui o
oieiaeiieaoai?e eiiiiceoi?e noae? i?ney oa?iiia?iaee, ui
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny oa?eo iaeiioacii? aioo??oiuei? ciie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iecueeith u?euei?noth aeeneieaoe?e. O oa?eo? aeaioacii? aioo??oiuei?
ciie u?euei?noue aeeneieaoe?e aeua, a ci?oeithth/a oaca yaey? niaith,
caeaa?eueoiai, ?aeeiaee ia?oaineo. E?enoaee aieue/anoiai ia?oaineoo, ye?
niinoa??aathoueny ia ie?aieo ae?eyieao, i/aaeaeii, c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii
aoaeaoeth, iathoue aea?eieeiao aoaeiao.

12. Iieacaii, ui a?eueo ni?eyoeea? aeey aeoyaoaaiiy oaenoo?o oa
oaenoo?i? iieacieee caeaoiino? aei ooaiioaaiiy ia? eiiiiceoia noaeue c
iaeiioaciith no?oeoo?ith aioo??oiuei? ciie. ?aeiiaiaeiaaii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe oieiaeiieaoaiee eiiiiceoiee i?ieao c iaeiioaciith
no?oeoo?ith aioo??oiuei? ciie aeey aeaioiaeaiiy aeaoaeae eaoaai???
aeoyaoaaiiy NA iaoiaeii oieiaeiiai ooaiioaaiiy. Oie aea i?ieao c
aeaioaciith no?oeoo?ith aioo??oiuei? ciie iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey
aeei?enoaiiy i?e ooaiioaaii? ianeeaaeieo aeey aeoyaoaaiiy ae?ia?a c?
ciaioaiiyi iane aeaoaeae ca ?aooiie eiai i?aeaeuaieo i?oeiinoieo
aeanoeainoae.

13. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? aieeao
no?oeoo?e aa?y/a– oa oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo ia eiai
i?oeiinoi? oa ieanoe/i? aeanoeaino?. Iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue ea?oaaiiy
no?oeoo?ith oa aeanoeainoyie aa?y/a– oa oieiaeiieaoaiiai i?ieaoo oeyoii
?aaoethaaiiy neeaaeo aioo??oiuei? ciie i?e caeiaoaaii? eiiiiceoiiai
ceeaea.

14. ?ic?iaeaii oaoi?/i? oiiae OO O 322–004–377–95 “I?ieao
oieiaeiieaoaiee o?ueiooa?iaee c ei?ic?eiino?eeeie iiaa?oiaaeie oa?aie”.

15. Iaa?oioiaaii oa i?aeoaa?aeaeaii i?iieneiaith ia?aa??eith a oiiaao
oaeeo i?aei?e?inoa, ye AAC, IOC, aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy cai?noue
ia?aeaa?th/i? noae? 08O18O1 eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo, yeee ia? i?aeaeuaiee
eiiieaen iaoai?/ieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae i?e cieaeaii? eiai
nia?aa?oino? ia 10–15 %.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

Iiuo i?iecaiaenoaa iaoaeeii?ieaoa ec iiiaineieiuo noaeae / O.I.Oeoiaa,
A.I.Eiiae?aoaiei, N.I.Iieyeia, A.A.Iie/aiia // I?ioeannu eeooy. –
E.–1997. – ? 4. – N.23-26.

Eiiae?aoaiei A.I., Iie/aiia A.A., A?a/iay E.ss. Naa?eaaaiinoue
eiiiiceoiie noaee AeE–117 // Aaoiiaoe/aneay naa?ea. –1998. –? 1. –
N.47-48.

Eaa/aiei A.A., Iie/aiia A.A., Ianoa?aiei A.I. Enneaaeiaaiea oaciaiai
ninoaaa e iaoaie/aneeo naienoa aunieio?iienoie eenoiaie eiiiiceoiie
noaee i?e aunieeo oaia?aoo?ao // Oai?ey e i?aeoeea iaoaeeo?aee. – 1998.
– ? 3. –N.35–37.

Ianoa?aiei A.I., Eaa/aiei A.A., Iie/aiia A.A. Aeeyiea oeie/aneiai
ninoaaa, ia?aiao?ia ca?aiiie no?oeoo?u e oaenoo?u ia naienoaa
aunieio?iienoie eiiiiceoiie noaee // Iaoaeeioeceea e iiaaeoea
oaoiieiaee. – 1998. – o.20 – ? 12. –N.30–36.

Iie/aiia A.A., Eaa/aiei A.A., Ianoa?aiei A.I., Oiaeaa TH.N. Aeeyiea
oeie/aneiai ninoaaa e no?oeoo?u aioo?aiiae ciiu ia iaoaie/aneea naienoaa
eiiiiceoiiai eenoiaiai i?ieaoa // Oai?ey e i?aeoeea iaoaeeo?aee. –
1998. – ? 3. –N.39–42.

Iiiaineieiay ei??iceiiiay noaeue oa??eoiiai eeanna aeey aaaiiino?iaiey /
N.I.Iieyeia, N.N.Eacaeia, A.A.Iie/aiia, O.A.Aeaaeeiaa //
Iaoaeeo?ae/aneay e ai?ii?oaeiay i?iiuoeaiiinoue. – 1999. – ? 1. –N.

Iie/aiia A.A. Iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e oa aeanoeainoae
eiiiiceoiiai eenoiaiai i?ieaoo c aenieio?iienoi? noae?. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.16.01 “Iaoaeiciaanoai oa oa?i?/ia ia?iaea
iaoae?a”. – ?inoeooo /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? IAI Oe?a?ie, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aoaeoeaiino? iaea?aeaiiy
eenoiaiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo c aenieio?iienoi? noae? c aeei?enoaiiyi
niiniao iine?aeiaiiai ?iceeaaiiy a iaeio aeeeaieoeth noaeae ??ciiai
neeaaeo.

Aea/ai? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e oa ci?ie iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoii? aenieio?iienoi? noae? a iaeano? oaiia?aoo?
aa?y/i? aeaoi?iaoe??. Anoaiiaeai? ae?aiaciie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo, ye?
aeicaieythoue caaacia/eoe o aioo??oi?e cii? eiiiiceoiiai eenoiaiai
i?ieaoo iaeiioacio oa?eoio aai aeaioacio oa?eoi–ia?oaineoio no?oeoo?o.

?aeiiaiaeiaai? iioeiaeuei? oaiia?aoo?i? ?aaeeie oa?i?/ii? ia?iaee
aa?y/a– oa oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo. Aeine?aeaeai?
iaoai?/i? oa aeoyaei? aeanoeaino?, eiai aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Iieacaia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaiiai oieiaeiieaoaiiai
eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoo aeey aeaioiaeaiiy aeaoaeae iaoiaeii oieiaeiiai
ooaiioaaiiy. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeii–i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy ?ic?iaie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aenieio?iienoa noaeue, eiiiiceoiee eenoiaee i?ieao,
no?oeoo?a, oa?i?/ia ia?iaea, iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?.

Iie/aiia A.A. Iniaaiiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey no?oeoo?u e naienoa
eiiiiceoiiai eenoiaiai i?ieaoa ec aunieio?iienoie noaee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.16.01 “Iaoaeeiaaaeaiea e oa?ie/aneay ia?aaioea
iaoaeeia” – Einoeooo /a?iie iaoaeeo?aee IAI Oe?aeiu, Aeiai?iiao?iane,
1999 a.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa oai?aoe/anee e yenia?eiaioaeueii iainiiaaia
ia?niaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey eiiiiceoiiai eenoiaiai i?ieaoa,
iieo/aiiiai ec neeoeia, i?iecaiaeeiuo niiniaii iineaaeiaaoaeueiie
?aceeaee a iaeio eceiaeieoeo noaeae ?acee/iiai ninoaaa.

Iaoaeeia?aoe/aneei e iee?i?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiui aiaeecii eco/aiu
iniaaiiinoe ?ani?aaeaeaiey oeie/aneeo yaiaioia e no?iaiey o?aoneieiiai
eenoiaiai i?ieaoa.

I?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey ii eco/aieth aeeyiey oeie/aneiai ninoaaa
aioo?aiiae ciiu eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoa ia oa?aeoa? oaciai–no?oeoo?iuo
i?aa?auaiee e iniaaiiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey no?oeoo?u e naienoa a iaeanoe
oaiia?aoo? ai?y/ae aeaoi?iaoeee.

Onoaiiaeai aeeaiacii oeie/aneiai ninoaaa, iicaieythuee iaania/eoue ai
aioo?aiiae ciia eiiiiceoiiai eenoiaiai i?ieaoa iaeiioacioth oa??eoioth
eee aeaoooacioth oa??eoi–ia?oaineoioth no?oeoo?o n iaania/aieai ?aciuo
o?iaiae i?i/iinoe enneaaeoaiiai i?ieaoa a oeaeii.

Iieacaii, /oi oi?ie?iaaiea iiein/aoinoe a aeaoooaciie aioo?aiiae ciia
eiiiiceoa naycaii n ianeaaenoaaiiui i?iyaeaieai oeie/aneie
iee?iiaiaeii?iaeiinoe, naienoaaiiie eeoiio ninoiyieth.

I?iaaaeaiiue eiiieaen enneaaeiaaiee iieacae oeaeaniia?aciinoue
nieaeaiey oaiia?aoo?u iaa?aaa neyaia ec eiiiiceoiie noaee e oaiia?aoo?u
eo ai?y/ae aeaoi?iaoeee.

?aeiiaiaeiaaiu iioeiaeueiua oaiia?aoo?iua ?aaeeiu oa?ie/aneie ia?aaioee
ai?y/a– e oieiaeiieaoaiiai eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoa, iicaieythuea oeo/oeoue
eiieaen iaoaie/aneeo e yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo naienoa.

N iiiiuueth o?ainienneiiiie yeaeo?iiiie iee?ineiiee onoaiiaeaiu
iniaaiiinoe iee?ino?oeoo?u aioo?aiiae ciiu eiiiiceoiiai oieiaeiieaoaiiai
i?ieaoa iinea ?aeiiaiaeoaiie oa?iiia?aaioee, i?aaeii?aaeaeythuea
iiauoaiiua ieanoe/aneea eee iiauoaiiua i?i/iinoiua naienoaa eiiiiceoiiai
i?ieaoa a oeaeii.

A ?aaioa i?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey ii?aaeaeythueo niiniaiinoue e
oieiaeiie ooaiiiaea auoyaeiuo naienoa e oaenoo?u oieiaeiieaoaiiai
eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoa, iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue caiaiu ei noaee ia?ee
08O18O1.

Aeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eniieueciaaieth ai?y/a– e oieiaeiieaoaiiai
eiiiiceoiiai i?ieaoa. I?iaaaeaii iiuoiia ii?iaiaaiea a i?iiuoeaiiuo
oneiaeyo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aunieio?iienoay noaeue, eiiiiceoiue eenoiaie i?ieao,
no?oeoo?a, oa?ie/aneay ia?aaioea, iaoaie/aneea naienoaa.

V.A.Molchanov “Features of structure and properties formation of
composit rolled sheet from high-chrome steel”

The manuscript.

The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of candidate of
engineering science

On a speciality 05.16.01 — physical metallurgy and thermal processing of
metals, — Iron and steel institute NAS of Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to research of efficiency of composit
rolled sheet from high-chrome steel producing using the method of
consecutive pouring in one mould. The features of structure formation
and mechanical properties change of composit high-chrome steel are
investigated in the field of temperatures of hot deformation. The range
of the contents of elements of chemical structure allowing is
established to ensure in an internal zone of composit sheet
single-phase ferrite or biphase ferrite-martensite structure. The
optimum temperature modes of thermal processing of hot-and cold-rolled
composit sheet are recommended.

The operational characteristics of hot- and cold rolled sheet from
high-chrome steel are investigated so as mechanical and drawing
properties. The efficiency of use the cold rolled composit cold rolled
sheet for manufacturing the details by method of cold punching is shown.
The trial tests of development sare carried out.

Key words: high-chrome steel, composit rolled sheet, structure, thermal
processing, mechanical properties.

( Aaoi?aie niiniao yaeythoueny: Eiiae?aoaiei A.I., Aei?o???a TH.A.,
I?ethoaiei A.E. oa ?io? (iaoaio ? 158228, Oe?a?ia, A 22 Ae19/00, A 22
Ae7/02).

( I?iieneiaa aei?iaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue i?ae ea??aieoeoaii
e.o.i.A.I.Eiiae?aoaiei.

* I?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy aeeiioaaeenue i?ae ea??aieoeoaii
e.o.i.A.I.Eiiae?aoaiei

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