Макромікроскопічна анатомія блідої кулі головного мозку людини в системі стереотаксичних координат: Автореф. дис… канд. мед. наук / В.В. Сидоренко,

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

NEAeI?AIEI Aeaaeeneaa Aeoae?eiae/

OAeE: 611.814.

IAE?II?E?INEII?*IA AIAOII?ss

AE?AeI? EOE? AIEIAIIAI IICEO ETHAeEIE

A NENOAI? NOA?AIOAENE*IEO EII?AeEIAO

14. 03. 01. — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a -1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? a?noieia??, oe?oieia?? oa aia??ieia??
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, IIC Oe?a?ie, i.
Oa?e?a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ianeianueeee Na?a?e TH??eiae/,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith
a?noieia??, oe?oieia?? oa aia??ieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Einoeeaiei TH??e Iao?iae/,Oe?a?inueea
iaaee/ia noiiaoieia?/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith aiaoii??
ethaeeie, i. Iieoaaa.

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oiii?ia Aaiiaae?e Ieeieaeiae/, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e aiaeineii??, iia?aoeaii? o??o?a?? oa oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii??
Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a, i. Oa?e?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Eoaainueeee aea?aeaao?e iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a iia?aoeaii?
o??o?a?? oa oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii??, IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Eoaainuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 26 » eenoiiaaea 1998 ?. i 11 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.600.03

i?e Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

(310022, i. Oa?e?a, i?.I?aaaee,12 )

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe?

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

(310022, i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee « 22 » aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?a-

e?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe AEoa??eiaa E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe I?IAEAIE. No/ania ooieoe?iiaeueia iae?io??o?a?y
aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? noa?aioaene/iiai iaoiaeo i?e iia?aoeaieo
ao?o/aiiyo, ye? ia iiaeeea? aac iiaeeaeaiiiai ciaiiy iae?iaiaoii??.

I?ieoei a?eueo i?ae i?aa?eo c o??? ii?e, ye aoea c?iaeaia ia?oa o na?o?
noa?aioaene/ia iia?aoe?y ia aeeaieeo no?oeoo?ao iiceo ethaeeie.
Noa?aioaene/iee iaoiae iaaeecea iae?io??o?a?th aei ?? caa?oii? iaoe —
iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii? iia?aoe?? i?e iaeiaio?e o?aai? iiceo Ca inoaii? 50
?ie?a o aaaaoueio e?a?iao na?oo c?iaeai? aeanyoee oeny/ noa?aioaene/ieo
iia?aoe?e. Oea iai?aaeaiiy aeyaeeiny i?eioeeiiai iiaei oa
aenieiaoaeoeaiei iaoiaeii e?eoaaiiy oyaeeeo caoai?thaaiue OeIN. Nienie
caoai?thaaiue, i?e yeeo noa?aioaene/i? iia?aoe?? iaea?eueo aoaeoeai?,
ia?aoiao? ia oeae /an a?eueoa i?ae 20 iicieia?/ieo oi?i, a?eueoa /anoeia
yeeo iia’ycaia c iaoieia??th i?aee??eiaeo ooai?aiue aieiaiiai iiceo.
A?aoiaoth/e a?aeiinii iecueeo nia?aa?o?noue oa aeiiii?/i?noue
ooieoe?iiaeueii? iae?io??o?a??, i/aaeaeii, ui noa?aioaene/i? ae??
iaaoaathoue iniaeeao cia/ou?noue o no/aniee /an o?iainoaaiiy a?o/eciyii?
iaaeeoeeie.

No/aniee aaaaoia?aiiee ?icaeoie ooieoe?iiaeueii? ? noa?aioaene/ii?
iae?io??o?a?? i?eca?a aei aeaeaoieo oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo
aeinyaiaiue. O?eueee caaaeyee noa?aioaene/iiio caniao noaee iiaeeea?
iia?aoeai? ao?o/aiiy ia aeeaieeo i?aee??eiai-noiaao?iaeo no?oeoo?ao
iiceo ethaeeie, ?ai?oa iiai?noth iaaeinyaeieo aeey iae?io??o?aa
(Eaiaeaeue A.E., A?oothiia A.E..1969; Aaooa??aa I.I.,1972; Aa?aeia E.A.,
1975; Aan?i I.ss., A?ioianueeee I.I,1980; ?iiiaeaiia A.I„ Eaiiiiaia
I.A.,1991; S??agal A., Wycis I.,1952; Iallaavirden J,1955; Talairach J.,
David I., Oiurnouo J, 1957; Nii?aa I. S.,1962; Aancaud J,1965 ? ?i.).
Iaea?eueo oe?iei noa?aioaene/i? iia?aoe?? canoiniaothoue aeey e?eoaaiiy
ii?acie aeno?ai??ai?aeii? nenoaie: ia?eeinii?cio (Eaiaeaeue A.E..1965 ?
?i.), oi?n?iiii? i’yciai? aeenoii??, aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/o
(Aanei I.ss., Nao?iiia A.A., Oaaaeia A.A., 1981 ? ?i.), nianoe/ii?
e?eaioe? (Eaiiiiaia I.A„ 1991 ? ?i.). Ca aeiiiiiaith oeueiai caniao
iiaeia onoaaoe aieth/? neiae?iie (A?ioianeee I.I., Aanei I.ss., 1980 ?
?i.), ?oeioaaoe aeeaeii? aioo??oiueiiiceia? iooeeie (?ankaa I., Scarabin
I., Arucher I.,1979 ? ?i.), cae?enithaaoe ae?aaiinoe/i? a?iin?? (Aaaeeia
N.A.. Ia?anaaeia A .A., 1981 ? ?i.), ee?ie?oaaoe aioo??oiuei/a?aii?
aiaa?ecie (Ne?yaei A.A., Naeiae/ A.I., 1980 ? ?i.) c i?i?iaeueiith
iia?aoe?eiith o?aaiith.

Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ooieoe?iiaeueii? ? noa?aioaene/ii? iae?io??o?a??
i?eionea? caaeeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo i?ciaiue a aiaoii?? aieiaiiai iiceo
ethaeeie, aea/aiiy eiai aeeaeiieo ooai?aiue. ?icaeoie noa?aioaene/ii?
iae?io??o?a?? ia?iceo/ii iia’ycaiee c ?iaiaie aeaeaoieo a?o/eciyieo
a/aieo. A?o/eciyiee aiaoii Ca?iia Ae.I. (1896)., aoa iaeiei c ia?oeo
a/aieo, yeee caeiyany oeeaaeaiiyi oiiia?ao?/ieo ea?o no?oeoo? aieiaiiai
iiceo ethaeeie aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue. Aeine?aeaeaiith
aiaoii?? aieiaiiai iiceo a nenoai? eii?aeeiao i?enay/ai? ?iaioe
a?o/eciyieo (Ei?ioeaae/ I.N., 1950; Aaaocia A.I., 1958; Ae?iiei I.N.,
1964; Oanoa?ieeia ?.I., 1972; Aaeiethe I.E., 1979; Ianeianeee N.TH.,
1986 ? ?i.) ? ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo (Spiegel E., Wysic I., 1952;
Schaltenbrand G., Aa?lao ?., 1959; Oalairach J., David M., Oounoux P. i
?i.). Ia caaaeath/e ia oa, ui ca aaaaoi ?ie?a aea/aiiy aiaoii??
aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie a nenoai? eii?aeeiao iaeiie/aiee aaee/aciee
oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae i?i ii?oieia?th ? ooieoe?iiaeueio i?aai?caoe?th
iiceiaeo ooai?aiue, aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/ai? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei, a?eiaei
? noaoaaei iniaeeainoyi no?oeoo? e?ioeaaiai iiceo ethaeeie c
aeei?enoaiiyi noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao ia/eneaii? ? aeooaeuei?. Oaia
aiaoii?? aieiaiiai iiceo a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao ciaeoea
i?iaeiaaeaiiy o aaaaoi/eneaiieo i?aoeyo a/aieo Oa?e?anueei? oeiee
aiaoii?a (Ianeianueeee N.TH., 1985; Iaoiiaa A.A.,1991; Oaaoeia AA.,
1994; *a?iia A.E., 1995 ? ?i.)

Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a iaaee/ii? ae?aaiinoeee iaaeathoue
iiaeeea?noue aeey a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai canoinoaaiiy noa?aioaene/iiai
iaoiaeo o e?eoaaii? oyaeeeo caoai?thaaiue oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai?
nenoaie. Aaea i?oeii aa?eoee aei iianyeaeaiiiai ee?i?/iiai aeeooy
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui a?oioothoueny ia ?io?a/a?aii?e oiiia?ao??,
oeueo?aniiia?ao??, eiii’thoa?i?e oa ssI?-oiiia?ao??, ui aeicaieythoue
iaea?aeaoe cia?aaeaiiy i?aai?a oa /anoei o?ea (Eaiaeaeue A.?.,1981;
Aeaen?ia E.A., 1983; Eaioeia A.I., 1983; E?ooa?iai E.A., 1983; ?aae?i
?.O.,1983; Iooa?eyiia I.I., 1987; Ambrose J., 1973; Alfidi R., Haada J.,
1977, ? ?i.). Iaeiae, iioe?aia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy no/anieo iaoiae?a
ae?aaiinoeee ia?aeiio?, ui io?eiai? o ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeai?.?o ioe?iea oa oeoia/aiiy iio?aaothoue eiaa?aioii? nenoaie
aecia/aiiy iieiaeaiiy aiaoii?/ii? no?oeoo?e o i?inoi??. O ca’yceo c
aeuaneacaiei, aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue o ni?anoaaeaii? oa aeyaeaii?
aca?iica’yceo oiiia?ao?/ii? aiaoii?? c cia?aaeaiiyi, iaea?aeaiei ca
aeiiiiiaith, iiaeo iaoiae?a a?coae?caoe?? (Aa?euaaei I.A., A?aa?ia E.E.,
Aaa?eia N.A., 1980 ? ?i.).

Ae??oaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie noa? iiaeeeaei caaaeyee iaeiiio ?c iai?yie?a.
Oea ? noaoenoe/ia iaa?oioiaaia ia’?iia eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy
no?oeoo?e, ui aea/a?oueny, c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao oaeoi??a, ui
aecia/athoueny i?e aeeoo?.

Aeineiiaea ciaiiy aiaoii?? ethaeeie, a cie?aia aacaeueieo no?oeoo?
aieiaiiai iiceo a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao, ?o eiii’thoa?ia
aeniiiiao?e/ia ?aeiino?oeoe?y c o?aooaaiiyi eii?aeeiaoieo cia/aiue,
aeicaieythoue aeyaeoe ei?aeyoe?th i?ae aiaoii?/iei c??cii oa
cia?aaeaiiyi, io?eiaiei o caaeai?e ieiuei?. Aea/aiith aiaoii?? iaeiiai c
aacaeueieo yaea? e?ioeaaiai iiceo ethaeeie a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo
eii?aeeiao i?enay/aia iaoa ?iaioa. Aeua aeeeaaeaia aeicaieeei
noi?ioethaaoe iaoo oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

CA’ssCIE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE , IEAIAIE, OAIAIE.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ? ? /anoeiith
caaaeueii? eaoaae?aeueii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie eaoaae?e a?noieia??,
oe?oieia?? oa aia??ieia?? «Ii?oieia?y aeeaieeo no?oeoo? aieiaiiai iiceo
ethaeeie ii a?aeiioaiith aei noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao».

IAOA ?IAIOE. Aea/eoe iieiaeaiiy ae?aei? eoe? a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo
eii?aeeiao, a oaeiae aecia/eoe caeiiii??iino? ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
ae?aei? eoe? a?ae aieeao i?eaeeoo?ai aecia/aieo oaeoi??a (a?eo, noao?,
aeiaaeeie i?aeniaeeiai? e?i?? iiceo, aiaoii?/ii? aeeneiao???, oi?ie
/a?aia).

INIIAI? CAAeA*? AeINE?AeAEAIIss.

1. O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaanoe ii?oiiao?e/i? aei??thaaiiy ae?aei?
eoe? a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao c o?aooaaiiyi a?eo, noao?,
aiaoii?/ii? aeeneiao??? ? oi?ie /a?aia.

2. I?iaanoe noaoenoe/iee aiae?c oa aeyaeoe caeiiii??i?noue
ii?oiiao?e/ieo iiaeeo?eaoe?e ae?aei? eoe? a?ae aeiaaeeie i?aeniaeeiai?
e?i?? a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao.

3. Neeanoe noaie ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aiaoii?/ii? i?ieeaino?, a?eiai? ?
noaoaai? aa??aaaeueiino? no?oeoo?e, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, ia iniia?
io?eiaieo o oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoenoe/ia iaa?oioiaaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

4. Noai?eoe a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao aeniiiiao?e/i?
eiii’thoa?i? iiaeae? ae?aei? eoe?.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA. Aia?oa i?aaenoaaeaia iae?ii?e?ineii?/ia aiaoii?y
ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
aiaoii?/ii? aa??aaaeueiino? a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao.
Noaoenoe/ii ia?iaeai? oa aea/ai? ii?oiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e ae?aei? eoe?
i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo i?aeniaeeiai? e?i??, ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae noao?,
a?eo, aiaoii?/ii? aeeneiao??? ? oi?ie /a?aia. ?ic?iaeai? noaie
?iaeea?aeoaeueii?, a?eiai? ? noaoaai? aiaoii?/ii? i?ieeaino?, noai?aia
eiii’thoa?ia aeniiiiao?e/ia iiaeaeue ae?aei? eoe? a nenoai?
noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao c o?aooaaiiyi io?eiaieo o oiae?
aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoenoe/ii ia?iaeaieo aeaieo. Cae?eniaiee ia?ao?ae a?ae
a?coaeueiiai iieno yae?a aei iiaeaethaaiiy eiai oi?ie ? ianyao o
i?inoi??, oaeiae c o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi??a, ui aea/athoueny, aoea noai?aia
eiii’thoa?ia ia’?iia iiaeaeue ae?aei? eoe? c aeei?enoaiiyi oaoiieia??
eiii’thoa?ii? a?ao?ee (3D Studio). Eii?aeeiaoe oi/ie i?oaiae ae?aei?
eoe?. ye? io?eiai? o oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe
iiiaeeiiee aea?? aeey aea??eiaiai iaaaaeaiiy ia caaeaio ae?eyieo
no?oeoo?e iiceo, ui iia?o?oueny.

OAI?AOE*IA ? I?AEOE*IA CIA*OU?NOUe ?IAIOE. Oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae i?i
e?i?ei? ia?aiao?e, oi?io, ianya, eii?aeeiaoe ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai
iiceo ethaeeie c o?aooaaiiyi a?eiaiai aniaeoo, noaoaaiai aeeii?o?cio,
/a?aiieo ?iaeaen?a, aiaoii?/ii? aeeneiao???, iaaaaeaiee a aeena?oaoe??,
iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a iae?io??o?a?/i?e i?aeoeoe? aeey ooi/iaiiy
?ic?aooie?a iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeinooio aei noa?aioaene/ii?
i?oai? ? iaeneiaeueii? oi/iino? iaaaaeaiiy ia caaeaio ae?eyieo no?oeoo?e
iiceo, ui iia?o?oueny.

?ic?iaeai? o oiae? ?iaioe noaie ? eiii’thoa?ia aeniiiiao?e/ia iiaeaeue
ae?aei? eoe? iiceo ethaeeie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a yeino?
iaaeyaeii? aeiiiiiae o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia eaoaae?ao aiaoii??
ethaeeie, ia?aiaeo oai?ia, iae?io??o?a?? i?e aea/aii? aacaeueieo
no?oeoo? aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie caeaaeii a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo,
a?eiaeo ? noaoaaeo iniaeeainoae oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, a oaeiae
aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy o?c?ieia?? ? iaoieia?? aeno?ai??ai?aeii? nenoaie.

IIEIAEAIIss, EIO?? AEIINssOUeNss IA CAOENO.

1. Iacia/ia ? ieaaia iiaeeo?eaoe?y oi?ie ae?aei? eoe?, aaeeea
e?euee?noue aa??aio?a iiaeeo?eaoe?? ?? eiio?ao?aoe?? ? iieiaeaiiy a
nenoai? eii?aeeiao, ui aecia/athoueny a?coaeueii, ia ? aeinoaoiuei
aeineiiaeeie ? iiaeooue aooe cai?iai? a?ao?/iei oa eiii’thoa?iei
ia’?iiei iiaeaethaaiiyi c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao i?eaeeoo?aeo oaeoi??a
(a?eo, noao?, aeiaaeeie i?aeniaeeiai? e?i?? iiceo, aiaoii?/ii?
aeeneiao???, oi?ie /a?aia), ui aecia/athoueny.

2. ?iaeea?aeoaeueia aiaoii?/ia i?ieea?noue ae?aei? eoe? i?aeaeaaeia
a??ia?aeiiio aieeao oaeeo oaeoi??a: aeiaaeeie ?ioa?eii?no?aeueii? e?i??
(45.9-59.8%), a?eo (14-34 %), aiaoii?/ii? aeeneiao??? (1.2-8.2 %).

3. Ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueio aiaoii?/io i?ieea?noue ae?aei? eoe? ia
aeyaeythoue a??ia?aeiiai aieeao oi?ia /a?aia ? noaoaaee aeeii?o?ci.

4. Oiiia?aoiaiaoii?/i? eii?aeeiaoe oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie ae?aei? eoe?
a?ae??ciythoueny a??ia?aeiith noaa?euei?noth ? iiaeooue caaacia/eoe
iaiao?aeio oi/i?noue iaaaaeaiiy ia i?oaiue i?e iia?aoeaiiio ao?o/aii?.

INIAENOEE AIANIE AeENA?OAIOA A IAeA?AEAII? IAOEIAEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A, UI
AEIINssOUeNss IA CAOENO. Iiooea/ai naiino?eii i?iaaaeaiee iaa??
iaoa??aeo, ii?oiiao??y, noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea iaea?aeaieo oeeo?iaeo
?acoeueoao?a, noai?ai? noaie aiaoii?/ii? i?ieeaino? ae?aei? eoe?
aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie. Aecia/aii iieiaeaiiy ae?aei? eoe? a nenoai?
noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao oa aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? ii?oiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a aeaieo yaea? a?ae aieeao oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoueny i?e
aeeoo? (noao?, a?eo, aeiaaeeie i?aeniaeeiai? e?i??, aiaoii?/ii?
aeeneiao??? oa /a?aiieo ?iaeaen?a). Aia?oa noai?aia eiii’thoa?ia
aeniiiiao?e/ia ?aeiino?oeoe?y ae?aei? eoe?, a oaeiae ?? eiii’thoa?ia
ia’?iia iiaeaeue.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?OAIOE. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny oa
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia ae?caei?e nan?? Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? iaoe
iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?ia?ano (i. Oa?iii?eue, 1997), ia iaoeiaeo /eoaiiyo,
i?enay/aieo 130-??//th c aeiy canioaaiiy eaoaae?e a?noieia??, oeeoieia??
oa aia??ieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (i.
Oa?e?a, 1997), ia II I?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an? c ?ioaa?aoeaii?
aio?iiieia?? (i. A?iieoey, 1998), ia IV eiia?an? I?aeia?iaeii?
Anioe?aoe?? ii?oieia?a (i. Ieaei?e Iiaai?iae, 1998), ni?eueiiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae? a?noieia??, oe?oieia?? ? aia??ieia??, aiaoii??
ethaeeie Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, /eai?a
oa?iaeieia?/ii? eii?n?? AeIAeOeEC (Oa?e?a, 1998), ia II Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
eiia?an? AAAO Oe?a?ie (i. Eoaainuee. 1998).

IOAE?EAOe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeue.

AI?IAAAeAEAIIss IAOEIAEO AeINssAIAIUe. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? o
oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy o aeaeyae? noai ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aiaoii?/ii?
i?ieeaino?, a?eiai? ? noaoaai? aa??aaaeueiino? ae?aei? eoe?,
eiii’thoa?ii? ia’?iii? iiaeae?, aeei?enoiaothoueny o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? ia eaoaae?ao: ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? oa ia?aiaeo oai?ia
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, a i?aeoe/i?e
ae?yeueiino? iae?io??o?a?/ieo a?aeae?eaiue OIEEOIIAe ?i. i?io.
Iauai?iiaa A.?.

NO?OEOO?A ? IA’?I AeENA?OAOe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo, ui oa?aeoa?eco? iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?icae?eo iieno io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ?o iaaiai?aiiy,
aeniiae?a oa aeiaeaoeo. Aeac?aiee e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 187 ?ia?o, a oiio
/ene? 144 a?o/eciyieo oa 43 ca?oa?aeieo ioae?eaoe?e. Aeena?oaoe?y
?ethno?iaaia 25 iaethieaie ( 7 oioia?ao?yie), 4 a?ao?eaie oa 24
oaaeeoeyie.

IAOA??AE ? CANIAE AeINE?AeAEAIIss.

Aeai?, io?eiai? i?e aea/aii? 107 i?aia?ao?a, aeaioiaeaieo c i?aeoeue
aaeeeiai iiceo ethaeeie, eyaee a iniiao iei?oiueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Iaa?? o?oiiiai iaoa??aeo a?ae o?oi?a /ieia?/i? ? ae?ii/i? noao? o a?oe?
a?ae 21 ?ieo ? noa?oa, i?e/eia nia?o? yeeo ia aoea iia’ycaia c
iaoieia??th oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, i?iaiaeeany ia aac? ii?ao
IANIA i. Oa?eiaa. Aieiaiee iicie aeeo/aee i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy ieaiiai?
naeoe??, caeaa?eueoiai i?ioyaii ia?oi? aeiae c iiiaioo nia?o?, aei iiyae
aeyaeaieo iae?ineii?/ieo o?oiieo ci?i. Aeey caaacia/aiiy ieaao/ino?
i?aia?aoo ? ciaioaiiy onaaeee, iicie i?ney caai?o iii?uaany a
o?ainii?oiee eiioaeia? c 5% ?ic/eiii oi?iae?io, iane/aiiai iiaa?aiith
n?eeth. A i?ioieie aeine?aeaeaiiy ia aoai? iaai?o o?oiiiai iaoa??aeo
aiineeeny: ianii?oi? aeai? o?oio, i?e/eia ? aeaoa nia?o?, aeaoa ?icoeio
? iiia? i?ioieieo ?icoeio. Iaoa??ae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa
?iciiae?eaiee c o?aooaaiiyi a?eo ? noao?, ui a?aeia?aaeaii o oaae. 1.
Aoee noi?iiaai? 7 a?eiaeo a?oi, ii/eiath/e c 21 ?ieo ? noa?oa, c
aeanyoe??/iei ?ioa?aaeii, ca?aeii c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie Naiaiiai? E. E.
(1970).

Oaaeeoey 1.

?iciiae?e iaoa??aeo ca a?eii ? noaooth.

A?e

noaoue 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 61-70 71-80 81oa>

/ieia?/a 8 10 14 8 10 6 6

ae?ii/a 4 4 6 9 6 10 6

Aea/aeeny e?ai?iiao?e/i? iciaee, c iaoith aeyaeaiiy caeaaeiino? oi?ie,
?ici???a ? oiiia?ao?? aacaeueieo no?oeoo? aieiaiiai iiceo a?ae oi?ie
/a?aia. Ca aeiiiiiaith oianoioiiai oee?eoey aei ?icoeio /a?aiii? ei?iaee
ia o?oi? i?iaiaeeeiny aei??thaaiiy aeiaaeeie ? oe?eie iiceiaiai /a?aio.
Aaniethoi? ?ici??e iiceiaiai /a?aia io?eiai? i?e e?ai?iiao???,
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeey aecia/aiiy /a?aiiiai iieacieea (?iaeaeno).
?iciiae?e iaoa??aeo c o?aooaaiiyi /a?aiiiai ?aaeaeno a?aeiia?aeii
eeaneo?eaoe?? Martin R. (1928), a?aeia?aaeaii a oaae. 2.

Oaaeeoey 2.

?iciiae?e iaoa??aeo c o?aooaaiiyi iiia?a/ii-iicaeiaaeiueiai ?iaeaeno.

Oi?ia /a?aia E?euee?noue

Aeie?oie?ai 4

Iacie?ai 26

A?ao?e?ai 77

Aeey io?eiaiiy o a?aeiinii ei?ioeee oa?i?i e?eueeino? iaoa??aeo,
iaiao?aeiiai aeey iaea?aeaiiy noaoenoe/ia a??ia?aeieo aeaieo oa c iaoith
iaeneiaeueiiai caa?aaeaiiy i?e?iaeieo oiiia?aoiaiaoii?/ieo
ni?aa?aeiioaiue i?e aeaioiaeaii? aiaoii?/ieo i?aia?ao?a aoea aeei?enoaia
iaoiaeeea o?enaoe?? ? ia?iaee aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie,
cai?iiiiiaaia*a?iiaei A. E. (?aoei?iiiceoe?y OAeIO ?7 a?ae 15.06.95 ?.).

I?ney o?ainii?ooaaiiy iicie iaa?aaeii aeoyaaee c o?ainii?oiiai
eiioaeia?a ? caio?thaaee ia 1 aeiao a ?ie?noue c aiaeia?/iei ?ic/eiii.
Uia caaacia/eoe ieaao/?noue i?aia?aoo, u?euei?noue eiina?aaioa o ?ieino?
aeiaiaeeee aei u?eueiino?, ui a?aeiia?aea? u?eueiino? iiceiai? oeaieie.
I?e caio?aii? iiceo a i??o eiai ou?eueiaiiy aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy
iiaeeeai? aeaoi?iaoe?? oa aa?aioiaaiiai caaaeaiiai noaio i?aia?aoo,
/a?ac iiethne eiaieo aeieae oa aeiaaanoee iicie iiia?aaeiuei i?iae?aaee
oiano? ieoee. Eiioeaio?aoe?th oi?iae?io a ?ic/ei? /a?ac aeiao
ca?eueooaaee aei 10% , ? aeo?eioaaee iicie aei 5 ae?a. Iaiao?aeiee
nooi?iue ou?eueiaiiy i?aia?aoo aeinyaaany i?ney 6-aeaiii? o?enaoe??.
Iicie aeoyaaee c ?ic/eio ? c aeiiiiiaith ??aeo/iai iaeaaeiaiiy
a?eueeioeiiiai oeio (*a?iia A. E. ?aoei?iiiceoe?y OAeIO ? 8 a?ae 15.06.
95 ?.) ?icn?eaee ia aea? aai?noa?e. Aeiaeaoeiai o?enoaaei i?aia?ao i?ae
/an ?ooo iiaea canoinoaaiiy ??aeo/iai iieioia, aeeiiaiiai o oi?i?
“eano?a/aiiai oainoa”, ui aeicaieyei c?iaeoe ?ic??c oi/ii ii na?aaei?e
e?i?? c i?i?iaeueiith aeaoi?iaoe??th i?aia?aoo. I?ney oeueiai i?aeoe?
aieiaiiai iiceo aeeaaeaee ia iaae?aeueio iiaa?oith ? a?eueeioeiiei
iiaeai a?aen?eaee iioeee/io /anoeo, iiethne eiaii? aeie? ? iaaaeee?
ae?eyiee ei?e eiiaaeneoaeueii-naa?oaeueii? ae?eyiee c iaoith ciaioaiiy
?? aaae oa ia’?io. Aeae? i?aia?ao ciiao iii?uaee ia 5 aei?a a ?ie?noue c
10% ?ic/eiii oi?iae?io, aea a?i aeniiioaaany.

Iicie aeeo/aee c oi?iae?io, a?aeieaaee o i?ioi/i?e aiae?, aeeo/aee
noaeeie ? i’yeo iaieiieo aaciina?aaeiuei ia?aae i?iaaaeaiiyi na??eieo
c??c?a. Ia iaae?aeuei?e iiaa?oi? i?aeoe? iiceo neaeueiaeai i?iaiaeeee
e?i?th, ui c’?aeio? ia?aaeith (NA) ? caaeith (N?) eii?no?e iiceo, ?
aei??thaaee aeiaaeeio ?ioa?eii?no?aeueii? e?i??. A?aenoaiue i?ae caaei?i
e?a?i ia?aaeiuei? niaeee ? ia?aaei?i e?a?i caaeiuei? niaeee aieiaiiai
iiceo a?aeiia?aeaea cia/aiith e?i?? NA-N? (Amador L. 1959). Aeiaaeeia
e?i?? eieeaaeany a?ae 20 aei 27 ii, o ca’yceo c /ei iaoa??ae aoa
?iciiae?eaiee ia 8 a?oi c ?ioa?aaeii 1 ii., ui a?aeia?aaeaii o oaaeeoe?
3.

Oaaeeoey 3.

?iciiae?e iaoa??aeo c o?aooaaiiyi aeiaaeeie i?aeniaeeiai? e?i??.

Aeiaaeeia e?i??
NA-N? (ii)

A?oiia 20,0-

20,9 21,0-

21,9 22,0-

22,9 23,0-

23,9 24,0-

24,9 25,0-

25,9 26,0-

26,9 27,0-

28,0

E?euee?noue 6 18 16 24 20 10 11 2

Neaeueiaeai i?iaiaeeee ia?iaiaeeeoey? /a?ac na?aaeeio
?ioa?eii?no?aeueii? e?i??, caaeeaeaiee o aeaeyae? iaae??co. I?ney
oeueiai iicie iii?uaee o ii?iceeueio eaia?o. Iaoa??ae ioieiaeaeoaaee aei
iiiaioo e?enoaeiooai?aiiy, ui aecia/aeiny a?coaeueii.

Iioa?ia? c??ce aieiaiiai iiceo iaea?aeoaaee caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith
niaoe?aeueiiai i?enoinoaaiiy (*a?iia A. E. ?aoei?iiiceoe?y OAeIO ? 9,
a?ae 15.09.95 ?.). Iicia/ai? ia canoeaeiio i?aia?ao?, e?i?y NA-N? ?
ia?iaiaeeeoey? aei oe??? e?i??, noi?uaeeny c eii?aeeiaoiith nenoaiith
i?enoinoaaiiy. O oaeiio iieiaeaii? i?aia?ao cae??iethaaany o?enaoi?aie
aei ieiueie, c iaianaiith eii?aeeiaoiith n?oeith. Ia??ceo i?aia?aoo
aeeiioaaee ca aeiiiiiaith aeoaiai? ieee, ??aeo/ee e?ae yei? — oea
e?i?eii caaino?aia iiae?aeiaa iieioii c ?ino?oiaioaeueii? noae?. C
i?i?iaeueiei oeneii ia i?aia?ao, oeyoii ??aeo/eo ?oo?a, eiacath/e
??aeo/ei e?a?i ieeee ii aa?oeeaeueieo no?eeao ?icoaoiaaieo
ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei ieiueie, ia ye?e o?eniaaii i?aia?ao, aeua aeacaiiai
i?enoinoaaiiy, iaea?aeoaaee c??c. Iaea?aeaiee a oaeiio iieiaeaii?
i?aia?aoo c??c, a?aeiia?aeaa ioeueia?e ai?eciioaeuei?e ieiuei?.
Ianooiiee c??c aeeiioaaee i?ney ia?ai?uaiiy ia?anoaiiai noieeea ia 3 ii,
ui aecia/aee ca i?e?iao?iaith oeaeith ea?eano. Eiaeiee c??c ia?eoaaany
?iaeaenii, ui neeaaea?oueny c aeaio neiaie?a: iiia?a oa ciaea «+» aai
«-». Ioia?aoe?y c??c?a ii/eia?oueny c ioeueiai? ai?eciioaeueii? ieiueie.
Iiia?e ?c ciaeii «+» iaee c??ce, ?icoaoiaai? aeua ieiueie, i?eeiyoi? ca
ioeue, c? ciaeii «-» — ieae/a aeacaii? ieiueie. Iaea?aeai? a i?ioean?
?iaioe oiie? ieao?aee iiceiai? oeaieie, oeeaaeaee ia i?aaeiaoi?
neaeueoey a?aeiia?aeiiai ?ici??o.

Aeey iineeaiiy eiio?anooaaiiy yaea?ieo ooai?aiue aeei?enoiaoaaee niin?a
caaa?aeaiiy ca Amador L. (1959).

Na??y c??c?a i?aeoeue aieiaiiai iiceo, io?eiaia a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?icoaoiaaia a nenoai? eii?aeeiao, iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeai?e a
noa?aioaene/i?e iae?io??o?a??. Ca ii/aoie eii?aeeiao i?eeiyoa oi/ea, ui
eaaeeoue ia na?aaeei? ?ioa?eii?no?aeueii? e?i?? (NA-N?), e?i??, yea
c’?aeio? caaei?e e?ae ia?aaeiuei? niaeee ? ia?aaei?e e?ae caaeiuei?
niaeee. Ioeueiaa ai?eciioaeueia (Io; Io;) ? naa?oaeueia (Oz; Io;)
ieiueie i?ioiaeyoue /a?ac e?i?th NA-N?, ioeueiaa o?iioaeueia (Oz; Io;)-
/a?ac 1/2 ?? aeiaaeeie. O iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeey aea/aiiy
ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ae?aei? eoe? aeei?enoiaoaaany can?a i?yii?
ieaieiao???, yeee aeaaaa a?eueo a??ia?aeiee ?acoeueoao. C aiaoii?/iiai
c??co, ?icoaoiaaiiai ia i?aaeiaoiiio nee?, ca aeiiiiiaith eiioaeoiiai
eii?thaaiiy ia iaaaoineii? ia?aiao?e ae?aei? eoe? ?c caa?aaeaiiyi
oiiia?aoiaiaoii?/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue o nenoai? eii?aeeiao ia?aiineeeny
ia i?e?iao?iaee iai?? ? aeieoiaiooaaeeny. Ia aiaoii?/iiio c??c? /a?ac
eiaei? 3 ii ii naa?oaeuei?e in? (Io;), ia o?iioaeuei?e ieiuei?
aecia/aeany oe?eia yae?a (h) ? eii?aeeiaoa oeaio?aeueii? oi/ee (n),
a?aeiia?aeia a?aenoai? a?ae naa?oaeueii? in? (Io;) aei oi/ee, na?aaeeie
yae?a ii aeai?e o?iioaeuei?e ieiuei?.

Aea?? aeaieo ia?aiao??a i?iaeeeoiaaiee ?oiueith i?aeoe/iith
cia/ei?noth: eii?aeeiaoa oeaio?aeueii? oi/ee ? oeaio?ii noa?aioaene/ii?
i?oai?, a oe?eia yae?a a?aeiia?aea? ae?aiao?o ina?aaeeo
e??iaeano?oeoe??. Iath/e eii?aeeiaoe oeaio?aeueieo oi/ie /a?ac 3 ii ia
an?o c??cao ? oe?eio yae?a, a?aeiia?aeii eiaei?e oi/oe?, iiaeeeaino?
noa?aioaene/iiai aieeao ia ??ciiiai?oi? ae?eyiee no?oeoo?e iiceo, ui
iia?o?oueny, ?noioii iioe?th-thoueny.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeaeaaaeeny noaoenoe/iiio aiae?co ca?aeii
c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie. A??ia?aei?noue aieeao oaeoi??a, ui
aea/athoueny, aecia/aeany iaoiaeii aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co (Ieioeinueeee
I.A.,1978, 1980). Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?ieoea iao?ieia?/io aenia?oeco
o Oa?e?anueeiio Aea?aeaaiiio Oeaio?? Noaiaea?oecaoe??, Iao?ieia?? oa
Na?oeo?eaoe??, yea anoaiiaeea, ui ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeany noaoenoe/ieie iaoiaeaie a?aeiia?aeii c ae?th/eie
ii?iaoeaieie aeieoiaioaie oaaeeiiiia ei?aeoii.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

A a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a o iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? ae?aea eoey (globus
pallidus Burdach’a) aoea a?aeia?aaeaia aeaiia iaae?aeueieie /eaieeaie
ni/aaeoeaiiae?aiiai yae?a (articuli nuclei lenticularis),
a?aeie?aieaieie a?ae oainoaoiai yae?a ? a?coaeueiiai ai?aa oa?ii a?ei?
?a/iaeie (i?iaeiaaeaiiyi i?aeee iiceo — capsula interna), a?ae
ciai?oiueiai /eaieea ni/aaeoeaiiae?aiiai yae?a oiieei i?ioa?eii a?ei?
?a/iaeie. Ae?aea eoey, ui ia? ia ai?eciioaeueiiio c??c? oi?io
iai?aaeeueiiai o?eeooieea, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith
i?ieea?noth nai?o eoo?a ? noi??i. Iaae?aeueia /anoeia eiai noaiiaeea
niaith c??caiee eoo, noi?iie, ui ooai?ththoue eiai, ni?yiiaothoueny
iaeia aei ae?oai? i?ae ??ciiiai?oiei a?aaeonii (a?ae 90 aei 120).
Eaoa?aeueia iaaea oaeiae aoea ?iaeea?aeoaeueii i?ieeaa ? iaaaaeoaaea
iioeeo iaciai? aeoao ??ciiiai?oiiai nooiaiy e?eaecie. O a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a ae?aea eoey caa??aaea o?eeooio oi?io, iaeiae aoea a?aecia/aia
??ciiiai?oia aeiaaeeia oe??? oi?iaoe??, aaeeea e?euee?noue aa??aio?a
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeiaaeeie ? oe?eie ??cieo a?aeae?e?a yae?a. Iacia/i?
ieaai? iiaeeo?eaoe?? oi?ie ae?aei? eoe?, aaeeea e?euee?noue aa??aio?a
iiaeeo?eaoe?? ?? eiio?ao?aoe?? ? iieiaeaiiy a nenoai? eii?aeeiao
noai?ththoue ia’?eoeai? neeaaeiiu? oi?ioaaiiy /?oeeo ? a??ia?aeieo
e?eoa???a, iaiao?aeieo aeey noai?aiiy eeaneo?eaoe??.

Iiia?aaei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui noinothoueny ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? i?ieeaino?
oi?ie, ?ici???a ? iieiaeaiiy ae?aei? eoe? iinyoue iieniaee oa?aeoa? c
aeac?aeith e?aei?o iaae aa??aaaeueiino?: aeiaaeeia, oe?eia, aenioa,
a?aenoaiue yaea? a?ae iiethn?a ? iiaa?oiiue i?aeoeue (Oa?noaiieeia A.
I., 1972), a?aeiioaiiy e?aei?o oi/ie aei aioo??oiueiiiceiaeo i???ioe??a
(ssoeoe N. E„ 1966). Oe? ia?aiao?e aeicaieythoue io?eiaoe caaaeueia
oyaeaiiy i?i oiiia?ao?th iiceiai? no?oeoo?e, aea ia aeathoue iniiae aeey
aiaaiaiiai aeai?o iaiao?aeieo cia/aiue eii?aeeiao o eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio
aeiaaeeo,ui ? iaaeinoaoi?i aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy o
noa?aioaenen?.

Neeaaeia aaiiao?e/ia o?ao?a, o aeaeyae? yei? iienaia oi?ia yae?a,
iineoue noa’?eoeaiee oa?aeoa?. O ca’yceo c aeeeaaeaiei, a aeai?e ?iaio?
cae?eniaii ia?ao?ae a?ae a?coaeueiiai iieno oi?ie yae?a aei noaoenoe/ii
iaa?oioiaaiiai ia’?iiiai iiaeaethaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao oaeoi??a, ui
aea/athoueny. E?ie o 3 ii i?e aeine?aeaeaii? eii?aeeiaoieo cia/aiue iaae
yae?a aeicaiey? ?aeiino?othaaoe oi?io ae?aei? eoe? iaea?eueo a??ia?aeii.

Oiiia?ao?y ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie a nenoai?
noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao aea/aeany ia ai?eciioaeueieo c??cao c
aecia/aiiyi i?yiieooieo eii?aeeiao ? iiaeaeueoei iiaeaethaaiiyi ia
ia?niiaeueiiio eiii’thoa?? ?AI PC Pentium 133.

*a?ac eiaei? 3 ii acaeiaae naa?oaeueii? a?n? ia an?o c??cao aecia/aeany
oe?eia no?oeoo?e o o?iioaeueiiio iai?yio ? eii?aeeiaoe oeaio?aeueii?
oi/ee yae?a.

Eii?aeeiaoi? cia/aiiy ae?aei? eoe? aecia/aeeny ia 6 c??cao: a?ae «-2»
aei «+3» (i?e ?iia??iino? ? < 0.95) ? ia c??c? «0» (i?e ?iia??iino? ? >
0.95). Oaeei /eiii, ia?aaeiy iaaea eieeaaeany a?ae +27.0 aei +30.0 ii (?
< 0.95) ? a?ae +12.0 aei +15.0 ii (?> 0.95) a?aeiinii ioeueiai?
o?iioaeueii? ieiueie. Caaeiy iaaea yae?a ci?ithaaeany a?ae -12 aei -15
ii, (? < 0.95) ? a?ae 0.0 aei -3.0 ii (? > 0.95) a?aeiinii ioeueiai?
o?iioaeueii? ieiueie. Aa?oiy iaaea yae?a ciaoiaeeeany a iaaeao a?ae +9.0
aei +12.0 ii (? < 0.95) ? aei +3.0 ii (? > 0.95) aeua ioeueiai?
ai?eciioaeueii? ieiueie. Ieaeiy iaaea eieeaaeany a?ae -6.0 aei-9.0 ii (?
< 0.95) aei -3.0 ii (? > 0.95) ieae/a ioeueiai? ai?eciioaeueii? ieiueie.

Eii?aeeiaoe oeaio?aeueieo oi/ie ?ici?uai? a?ae na?aaeeiii? naa?oaeueii?
ieiueie ia a?aenoai? a?ae 11.51 ± 0.0 aei 29.80 ± 2.48 ii (? < 0.95) ? a?ae 16.63 ± 0.21 aei 4.02 ± 0.21 ii (P > 0.95). Oe?eia yae?a aa??thaaea
a?ae 0.50 ± 0.0 aei 12.22 ± 0.36 ii (P < 0.95) ? a?ae 7.11 ± 0.25 aei 12.22 ± 0.36 ii (P > 0.95).

A?oiooth/enue ia io?eiaieo eii?aeeiaoieo cia/aiiyo ae?aei? eoe?
aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao aeey
iai/iino? aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ae?aei? eoe? ia
aiaoii?/ieo c??cao a?ae “-2” aei “+3” a?ao?/ii ocaaaeueiaiee o aeaeyae?
noai ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? i?ieeaino? (?en. 1). Noaia cia?aaeaia o aeaeyae?
i?iaeoe?? ae?aei? eoe? c ianooaaii 1:1 ia o?iioaeueio ? ai?eciioaeueio
ieiueie, c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aa??aaaeueiino?. Ia
cia?aaeaii?, ieiua yae?a iiae?eaia ia o?e ciie, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
??ciei nooiaiai ?iia??iino?: iaei? (a?ae 0 aei 0.5), na?aaeiuei? (a?ae
0.5 aei 0.95) ? aeniei? (0.95 ? aeua).

A A

?en. 1. Noaia ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aiaoii?/ii? i?ieeaino? ae?aei? eoe?.

A — i?iaeoe?y ia ai?eciioaeueio ieiueio;

A — i?iaeoe?y ia o?iioaeueio ieiueio.

Iaie oaeiae aoea noai?aia eiii’thoa?ia ia’?iia iiaeaeue ae?aei? eoe?
aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie c aeei?enoaiiyi oaoiieia?? eiii’thoa?ii?
a?ao?ee (3D Studio) yea cia?aaeaia ia ?en.2.

?en.2. Eiii’thoa?ia ia’?iia iiaeaeue ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai iiceo
ethaeeie (aeniiiiao?e/ia ?aeiino?oeoe?y).

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey aeei?enoaiiy a ?ic?aooieao i?e
iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiiyo ia ae?ae?e eoe? aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie io?eiai?
eii?aeeiaoi? cia/aiiy c aenieei nooiaiai ?iia??iino?.

I?e aea/aii? caeaaeiino? ia’?io ae?aei? eoe? a?ae aioo??oiueiiiceiaeo
i???ioe??a aoei aeyaeaii, ui aeiaaeeia ?ioaa?eii?no?aeueii? e?i?? iiceo
ethaeeie aeyaey? a??ia?aeiee aieea c ?iia??i?noth ia iaioa 0.95 ia ia’?i
ae?aei? eoe? (a?ae 45.9 % aei 59.8 %). Aeyaeaiee o oiae? ?iaioe neeueiee
i?yiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie (+0.96) c ?iia??i?noth o?aoueiai nooiaith
(0.999), ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy yaea? i?ii?aeiiai iiceo
(Ianeianeee N.TH., 1986, 1988), ie?aieo yaea? e?ioeaaiai iiceo (ssioe N.
E., 1966, 1983,*a?iia A. E., 1995) aeicaieeee aeyaeoe caeiiii??i?noue
ca?eueoaiiy ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a i?aee??eiaeo ooai?aiue ?c
c?inoaiiyi aeiaaeeie i?aeniaeeiai? e?i??.

Aiae?coth/e a?eia? iiaeeo?eaoe??, iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui iaeneiaeueia
cia/aiiy ia’?io ae?aei? eoe? (1673.0 ± 70.26) a?aeiia?aea? a?eia?e a?oi?
a?ae 21 aei 30 ?ie?a, ? iinooiiai ciaioo?oueny a i?ioean? ?iaiethoe??
iiceo. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iayai?noth neeueiiai cai?ioiiai
ei?aeyoe?eiiai ca’yceo (- 0.82) c ?iia??i?noth ia?oiai nooiaith (0.95).
Aieea a?eo ia ianya ae?aei? eoe? i?e ?iia??iino? ? > 0.95 neeaaea? ia
iaioa 14% ? ia a?eueoa 34% o caaaeueiiio aieea? an??? noie oaeoi??a.

Aeyaeaiee aca?iica’ycie oe?eeii caeiiii??iee ? a?aeia?aaea? iaeio c
iniiaieo iniaeeainoae a ?icaeoeo iiceo.

Io?eiai? a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ? ye?nii
aeiiiaiththoue iiia?aaei? niinoa?aaeaiiy (Aeeieia N.I., Aeaca? E.E.,
1964; Aiaieaiiaa E. I., 1982; Aiaieaiiaa E. I., Aioioe A.A.,
I?aeaoianeay I. N., IaeioaaaaE.E., 1984, 1985; Iaoiiaa ?.A„ 1990;
Oaaoeia A. A., 1992, 1993; *a?iia A. A., 1995).

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aieeao aiaoii?/ii? aeeneiao??? ia ia’?i ae?aei? eoe?
i?ae inoaii?ie aoa aeyaeaiee a??ia?aeiee ca’ycie. O aea??eiaiio
eiiieaen? aaee/eia aeaiiai ca’yceo i?e a??ia?aeiino? P > 0.95 neeaaea?
ia iaioa 1.2% ? ia a?eueoa 8.2% a?ae caaaeueiiai aieeao an??? noie
oaeoi??a. I?e oeueiio ia’?i ae?aei? eoe? o i?aa?e aai?noa?? iaioa
aiaeia?/iiai ia’?io a e?a?e.

I?e aea/aii? aieeao noao? ia ii?oiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e ooai?aiue, ui
aeine?aeaeothoueny aoei aeyaeaii, ui ia’?i ae?aei? eoe? (1404.7 ± 52.3)
o in?a /ieia?/i? noao? ia?aaeuo? ia’?i aiaeia?/ii? no?oe?o?e (1263.4 ±
53.8) o ae?iie i?e ?iia??iino? ? > 0.95. Iaeiae, io?eiaiee e?eoa??e
a??ia?aeiino? ??cieoe? ia ia?aaeuo? ia?oee ii??a iaae?eiino? i?e ? —
0,95, ? ia i?aeoaa?aeaeo? a??ia?aei?noue aeaiiai aeneiaethaaiiy o
aea??eiaiio eiiieaen?.

Ca’ycie i?ae ianyaii ae?aei? eoe? ? iicaeiaaeiuei-iiia?a/iei iieacieeii
oaeiae ? iaa??ia?aeiei.

Oaeei /eiii, aacoth/enue ia aeaieo ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy yaea?ieo ooai?aiue i?ii?aeiiai iiceo, yaea? ? caeaei
e?ioeaaiai iiceo ethaeeie i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui o
o?eiaaiaoe/ii a?eueo iiaeo oi?iaoe?yo iiceo aa??aaaeuei?noue ae?aaeaia
a?eueoa, i?ae o noa?eo (Aecoaaaaa N.A., Eueaiae/ A. E., Aeueoiaa E.N.,
Ni?ieei A. A., 1984; Ianeianueeee N.TH.,1984; Iaiiaa A.A., 1991;
OaaoeiaA.A., 1994; *a?iia I.E., 1995).

Aeei?enoaiiy a no/ani?e noa?aioaene/i?e iae?io??o?a?? eii?aeeiaoieo
cia/aiue ae?aei? eoe? a noa?aioaene/i?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao c aenieei
nooiaiai a??ia?aeiino? ? a?aooaaiiy aieeao oaeoi??a, ui aeyaeythoue
ae?aaeaiee aieea ia ii?oiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e ae?aei? eoe?, aeiiiiiaeooue
i?aeaeueoe aaciaeo ? aoaeoeai?noue iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue ia
aeine?aeaeoaai?e no?oeoo?? iiceo, a oaeiae iiia?aaeeoe iaaacia/i?
i?neyiia?aoe?ei? oneeaaeiaiiy ia no/aniiio iaoeiaiio ??ai?.

aeniiaee

1. Eii?aeeiaoi? cia/aiiy oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai
iiceo ethaeeie a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao ? aeinoaoiuei
noaa?eueieie c aenieei nooiaiai a??ia?aeiino? (? > 0.95) ? iiaeooue aooe
?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey aeei?enoaiiy a ?ic?aooieao i?e noa?aioaene/ieo
iia?aoe?yo.

2. A??ia?aeiee aieea aeyaey? aeiaaeeia ?ioa?eii?no?aeueii? e?i?? iiceo
ethaeeie, c ?iia??i?noth ia iaioa 0.95, ia ianya ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai
iiceo (a?ae 45.9% aei 59.8 %).

3. Neeueiee i?yiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie (+0.96), aeyaeaiee a oiae?
?iaioe c ?iia??i?noth o?aoueiai nooiaith (0.999) aeicaieea aeyaeoe
caeiiii??i?noue ca?eueoaiiy ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ae?aei? eoe?
aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie ?c c?inoaiiyi aeiaaeeie i?aeniaeeiai? e?i??.

4. A?eia?e a?oi? a?ae 21 aei 30 ?ie?a a?aeiia?aea? iaeneiaeueiee ia’?i
ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie ? iinooiiai ciaioo?oueny a
i?ioean? ?iaiethoe?? iiceo, oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iayai?noue neeueii?
cai?ioii? ei?aeyoe?? (-0.82) c ?iia??i?noth ia?oiai nooiaith (0.95).

5. A??ia?aeiee aieea ia ia’?i ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie
a?ae 14% aei 34% caaaeueiiai aieeao an??? noie oaeoi??a aeyaey? a?e, c
?iia??i?noth aaciiieeeiaiai i?iaiico ia iaioa 0.95.

6. Ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie
caeaaeaoue a?ae aiaoii?/ii? aeeneiao???. Noi?iia iiceo aeyaey?
a??ia?aeiee aieea ia ia’?i ae?aei? eoe? c ?iia??i?noth aaciiieeeiaiai
i?iaiico ia iaioa 0.95 a?ae 1.2% aei 8.2% a?ae caaaeueiiai aieeao an???
noie oaeoi??a.

7. Noaoaaee aeeii?o?ci ? oi?ia /a?aia a??ia?aeiiai aieeao ia
iiaeeo?eaoe?? iniiaieo ia?aiao??a ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie
ia aeyaey?.

8. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ? aaciaee aeeiiaiiy noa?aioaene/ieo
iia?aoe?e ia ae?ae?e eoe? aieiaiiai iiceo ethaeeie, a oaeiae oieeiaiiy
i?neyiia?aoe?eieo oneeaaeiaiue iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe aeiaaeeio
i?aeniaeeiai? e?i??, a?e, aiaoii?/io aeeneiao??th.

NIENIE IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe,

IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??.

1 .Ianeianeeee N.TH., Neaei?aiei A.A. Aeooaeueiinoue eco/aiey aiaoiiee
aeaaeiiai oa?a aieiaiiai iicaa /aeiaaea a nenoaia eii?aeeiao n o/aoii
aeeyiey aiaoiie/aneie aeenneiiao?ee. //Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e
iaaeeoeeiu.-Iieoaaa — Oa?ueeia.- 1997.-A.16.-N. 29-30.

2.Ianeianeee N.TH.,Neaei?aiei A.A. E aii?ino ia aiaoiiee aeaaeiiai oa?a
aieiaiiai iicaa /aeiaaea a nenoaia noa?aioaene/aneeo eii?aeeiao.//A?niee
ii?oieia?? .-A?iieoey. -1998. -?4. — N. 96 — 97.

3. Neaei?aiei A.A. Aeooaeueiinoue eco/aiey caaeneiinoe
ii?oi-iao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia aeaaeiiai oa?a aieiaiiai iicaa /aeiaaea io
aioo?eiicaiauo i?eaioe?ia a nenoaia eii?aeeiao. // A?niee ii?oieia??. —
A?iieoey. -1998a. -?4. -N. 134-135.

4. Ianeianeee N.TH., Neaei?aiei A.A., Aa?oiei I.A. Eiiiuethoa?iay
aecoaeecaoeey aeaaeiiai oa?a aieiaiiai iicaa /aeiaaea. // Ii?oieiaey. —
Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a.-1998.-O. 113, ? 3. -N. 77.

5. Neaei?aiei A.A. Iae?iiee?ineiie/aneay aiaoiiey aeaaeiiai oa?a
aieiaiiai iicaa /aeiaaea a nenoaia noa?aioaene/aneeo eii?aeeiao.
//Iaoeia? caienee c ieoaiue iaaeeoeeie, a?ieia??, o?i??, aa?a??? oa
no/anoieo oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy.- Ee?a. -1997. -A.1.,*. 2.-N. 445.

6. Ianeianeee N.TH., Neaei?aiei A.A. Caaeneiinoue ii?oiiao?e/aneeo
ia?aiao?ia aeaaeiiai oa?a aieiaiiai iicaa /aeiaaea io aioo?eiicaiauo
i?eaioe?ia a nenoaia eii?aeeiao.//Aeooaeuei? ieoaiey ii?oieia??. Oaoiaa
aeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aoeue 2 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai eiia?ano AAAO Oe?a?ie. —
Eoaaine. -1998. -N. 183-184.

7. Neaei?aiei A.A. Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay aa?eaaaeueiinoue aeaaeiiai oa?a
aieiaiiai iicaa /aeiaaea a nenoaia noa?aioaene/aneeo eii?aeeiao.
//Aenoieiaey eae iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneee aacen iiaeaioiaee iaaeeoeeineeo
eaae?ia. Nai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio thaeeaeiuo /oaiee, iinayuaiuo 130-eaoeth
eaoaae?u aenoieiaee, oeeoieiaee e yia?eieiaee OAIO. -Oa?ueeia.-1997. —
N. 123-125

8.*a?iia A.E., Neaei?aiei A.A. Iaoiaeeea oeenaoeee e ia?aaioee
aieiaiiai iicaa /aeiaaea aeey ecaioiaeaiey na?eeiuo n?acia e eco/aiey
aai a nenoaia eii?aeeiao. //Aenoieiaey eae iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneee aacen
iiaeaioiaee iaaeeoeeineeo eaae?ia. Nai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio thaeeaeiuo
/oaiee, iinayuaiiuo 130-eaoeth eaoaae?u aenoieiaee, oeeoieiaee e
yia?eieiaee OAIO. -Oa?ueeia.- 1997.- N. 144-145.

AIIOAOe?ss

Neaei?aiei A.A. Iae?ii?e?ineii?/ia aiaoii?y ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai
iiceo ethaeeie a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao. ?oeiien.
Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe.
14.03.01. — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee
oi?aa?neoao. Oa?e?a, 1998.

Caoeua?oueny ?iaioa, oo?eioth/a aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?aei? eoe? aieiaiiai
iiceo ethaeeie a nenoai? noa?aioaene/ieo eii?aeeiao c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao
i?eaeeoo?ai aecia/aiieo oaeoi??a: a?e, noaoue, aeiaaeeia i?aenia?/ii?
e?i?? iiceo, aiaoii?/ia aeeneiao??y, oi?ia /a?aia. Anoaiiaeaii:
eii?aeeiaoi? ca/aiiy oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie ae?aei? eoe? aeyaeythoueny
noaa?eueieie, ui aeicaiey? ?o ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey i?aeoe/iiai
aeei?enoaiiy o noa?aioaene/i?e iae?io??o?a?? i?e iia?aoeaieo ao?oo/aiiyo
ia aea/a?i?e no?oeoo??; ia ii?oiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e ae?aei? eoe? aeyaey?
aeinoia??iee aieea aeiaaeeia i?aenia?/ii? e?i??, a?e, aiaoii?/ia
aeeneiao??y; oi?ia /a?aia ? noaoue iaaiiai aieeao ia aeine?aeaeo?i?
ia?aiao?e ae?aei? eoe? ia /eieoue. Cae?eniaii oi?iaaaeaeoaaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aiaoii?y, ae?aea eoey, aieiaiee iicie, ethaeeia,
noa?aioaene/i? eii?aeeiaoe.

AIIIOAOeEss

Neaei?aiei A.A. Iae?iiee?ineiie/aneay aiaoiiey aeaaeiiai oa?a aieiaiiai
iicaa /aeiaaea a nenoaia noa?aioaene/aneeo eii?aeeiao. ?oeiienue.
Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.01. — ii?iaeueiay aiaoiiey. Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao. Oa?ueeia,1998.

Caueuaaony ?aaioa, niaea?aeauay enneaaeiaaiea aeaaeiiai oa?a aieiaiiai
iicaa /aeiaaea a nenoaia noa?aioaene/aneeo eii?aeeiao n o/aoii
i?eaeeciaiii ii?aaeaeyaiuo oaeoi?ia: aic?ano, iie, aeeeia iaaeniaa/iie
eeiee iicaa, aiaoiie/aneay aeenneiiao?ey, oi?ia /a?aia. Onoaiiaeaii:
Eii?aeeiaoiua cia/aiey oeaio?aeueiie /anoe aeaaeiiai oa?a yaeythony
noaaeeueiuie, /oi iicaieyao eo ?aeiiaiaeiaaoue aeey i?aeoe/aneiai
eniieueciaaiey a noa?aioaene/aneie iae?ioe?o?aee i?e iia?aoeaiuo
aiaoaoaeuenoaao ia eco/aaiie no?oeoo?a; ia ii?oiiao?e/aneea ia?aiao?u
aeaaeiiai oa?a ieacuaaao aeinoiaa?iia aeeyiea aeeeia iaaeniaa/iie eeiee,
aic?ano, aiaoiie/aneay aeenneiiao?ey; oi?ia /a?aia e iie aeinoiaa?iiai
aeeyiey ia enneaaeoaiua ia?aiao?u aeaaeiiai oa?a ia ieacuaaao.
Inouanoaeaii aiaae?aiea ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiey a i?aeoe/aneoth
aeayoaeueiinoue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aiaoiiey, aeaaeiue oa?, aieiaiie iica, /aeiaae,
noa?aioaene/aneea eii?aeeiaou.

ABSTRACT

Sidorenko V.V.Iacromicroscopic Anatomy of Globus Pallidus of Brain in
Stereotaxic Coordinate System. Ma-nuscript. Dissertation to obtain
Scientific Degree of Candidate of Medicine Science, speciality 14.03.01.
— Normal Anatomy. Kharkov State Medical University, 1998.

The author defends the work which contains investigation of the
globus pallidus of the brain in stereotaxic coordinate system with the
account of the factors which can be established during lifetime: age,
sex, length of interadhesion line, anatomic dissymetry and cranium
shape. Reference values of the central part of globus pallidus have been
established to be stable and can be recommended for practical
application in stereoxic neurosurgery and other surgical intervention
into the structure under discussion; the morphometric parameters of
globus pallidus are influenced significantly by the length interadhesion
line, age and anatomic dissymetry; the cranium shape and sex do not
influence significantly the investigated parameters of the globus
pallidus. The results of the study have been introduced into practice.

Key words: anatomy, cerebrum, globus pallidus, humen, stereotaxis
coordinates.

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