Компенсація збурюючого впливу сонячного тиску при орієнтації космічних апаратів: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / Р.М. Науменко, НАН України. Ін-т к

Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoe?iiaeueia eini?/ia aaaionoai Oe?a?ie

?inoeooo eini?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue

Iaoiaiei ?iiai Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 629. 7. 0622

EIIIAINAOe?ss CAO?THTH*IAI AIEEAO NIIss*IIAI

OENEO I?E I???IOAOe?? EINI?*IEO AIA?AO?A

05. 07. 09 — Aeeiai?ea, aae?noeea oa ea?oaaiiy ?ooii e?oaeueieo
aia?ao?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai??
iaoe Oe?a?ie oa Iaoe?iiaeueiiai eini?/iiai aaaionoaa Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeiaoia Aiaoie?e Iao?iae/,

?inoeooo oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee,

caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii ?15.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe :

— aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe Cae?aeaanueeee Ieaenaiae? ?aaaiiae/, ?inoeooo
iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo
«Iie?aa?aaaoi? nenoaie»;

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Aieinia
A?eoi? A?eoi?iae/, ?inoeooo eini?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAIO oa IEAO,
noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo ?23 «Eini?/ieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e».

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie

«Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo»,

IIAe?II «?eoi»

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “23” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.205.01 a ?inoeooo? eini?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAI oa IEA Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:

Oe?a?ia, Ee?a-22, i?.Aeooeiaa, 40.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo eini?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAIO oa IEAO.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “21” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I.I. Eonnoeue

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?icaeoie ?aeaoii? oa eini?/ii? oaoi?ee i?ecaiaeeoue
aei ?ic?iaee oa noai?aiiy aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueieo eini?/ieo aia?ao?a
(EA), ui i?noyoue ia ai?oo oi?eaeueia oa aei?iaa onoaoeoaaiiy oa
i?eeaaee. Oneeaaeiaiiy eiino?oeoe?e EA, ui noai?ththoueny, ca?eueoaiiy
?o iane oa ?ici???a i?aeaeuo? aa?o?noue aia?ao?a ? ?o aeaaaeaiiy oa
iiiooaaiiy ia ?iai/?e i?a?o?. Iane?aeeii cacia/aieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo
eini?/ii? oaoi?ee ? aeiiaa i?aeaeuaiiy oa?i?i?a aeoeaii? aenieoaoaoe??
eini?/ieo aia?ao?a. Iaeiei ?c oaeoi??a, ui iaiaaeothoue oa?i?i ?nioaaiiy
aia?aoa, ? e?euee?noue iaeeaa aeey aeaeaoi?a nenoaie i???ioaoe??, yea
caianaia ia ai?oo. Iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaia nueiaiaei? nenoaia
i???ioaoe?? aeey aenieii?aioaeueieo eini?/ieo aia?ao?a i?noeoue
aeaeaoie-iaoiaeee oa nenoaio ?o ?icaaioaaeaiiy. Ia??iaee/ii iaiao?aeia
ciaioaiiy oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy iaoiaeea cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith
aaci?aaeoeaieo aeaeaoi?a. I?iaeaia ciaioaiiy oaeiai iaiaaeaiiy ia oa?i?i
aenieoaoaoe?? aia?aoa iiaea aooe ae??oaia aeaiia niiniaaie. Ia?oee
iieyaa? a ca?eueoaii? e?eueeino? iaeeaa, ui caiana?oueny ia ai?oo.
Ae?oaee, a?eueo ia?niaeoeaiee niin?a iieyaa? o ciaioaii? ciai?oi?o
cao?thth/eo iiiaio?a, ui ae?thoue ia aia?ao.

Aeey EA, ui ooieoe?iio? ia i?a?o? c aenioith ia?eaath iiiaae 1000 ei,
iaeiei ?c iaea?eueo ?noioieo ciai?oi?o iiiaio?a ? iiiaio nee oeneo
niiy/iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia iiaa?oith aia?aoa. ?iaioo i?enay/aii
ieoaiiyi i?i?i?caoe?? aieeao iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo ia i???ioaoe?th
aenieii?aioaeueieo, cie?aia aainoaoe?iia?ieo EA. ?ic?aooiee neeiaeo
oaeoi??a aca?iiae?? niiy/iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy c EA aeeiioaaee Eeain?,
I?o/aee, Ea?eiia, Iieyoiaa, E??i?/ieeia oa ?io? aaoi?e. Iaiao?aei?noue
ciaioaiiy iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo aeey eini?/ieo nenoai ??ciiai
i?ecia/aiiy a?aecia/aee Aaeaoeueeee, ?aooaiaao, Iiiia, Iiae?,
O??aanoaaa. Aeaeoiaiae??a, Een?eueia, Iaeaeueaaei oa ?io? aeine?aeieee
?icaeyaeaee i?iaeaie ciaioaiiy iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo oa ieoaiiy
ea?oaaiiy iieiaeaiiyi oeaio?a na?oeiaiai oeneo aeey aia?ao?a aeayeeo
eiio?ao?aoe?e. I?ioa, ocaaaeueiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy a iaaeaiiio iai?yieo
a?aenooi?. ?acii c oeei, aeooaeuei?noue aeacaii? i?iaeaie c?inoa? a neeo
oaeeo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo eini?/ii? oaoi?ee, ye i?iaeooaaiiy i?inoi?iai
?icaeiaieo eini?/ieo nenoai, aia?ao?a, ui i?noyoue ia ai?oo aeaiaioe
cia/ii? ieiu?, a oaeiae cieaeaiiy ieoiii? aaae eiino?oeoe?e, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy ?o ia?oniino? oa i?aeneeth? aieea niiy/iiai
oeneo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeanue a ?aieao aeine?aeaeaiue ca oaiith “?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo oa
iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue i?iaeoii-?ic?aooieiaeo ?ia?o ii noai?aiith
?aeaoii-eini?/ii? oaoi?ee» Iaoe?iiaeueii? eini?/ii? i?ia?aie Oe?a?ie
(1994-1996 ?.), a ?aieao ?ia?o ii eiio?aeoo ?inoeoooo oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee
c Iaoe?iiaeueiei eini?/iei aaaionoaii Oe?a?ie “Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
eini?/ii? aae?iaia?aaoeee a Oe?a?i?” (1997-1998 ?.), ui aeeiioaaeenue
a?aeae?eii aeeiai?ee ea?iaaieo iaoai?/ieo nenoai ?OI IAIO oa IEAO.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue. Iniiaiith iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ciaioaiiy
cao?thth/i? ae?? iiiaioo na?oeiaiai oeneo ia i???ioaoe?th
aenieii?a?oaeueiiai eini?/iiai aia?aoa aeia?eueii? eiio?ao?aoe??. Aeey
aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iaiao?aeii ?ica’ycaoe oae? caaea/?.

1. ?aae?coaaoe aeai?eoi ia/eneaiiy iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo aeey
eini?/iiai aia?aoa aeia?eueii? eiio?ao?aoe??.

2. I?iaiae?coaaoe, ?ic?iaeoe, oa eeaneo?eoaaoe an? iiaeeea? iaoiaee
ciaioaiiy oa eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo.

3. ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaen /enaeueii-aiae?oe/ieo iaoiaeee oa i?ia?aiia
caaacia/aiiy, i???ioiaai? ia aeei?enoaiiy a ?iaeaia?i?e i?aeoeoe? aeey
aecia/aiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ciaioaiiy cao?thth/iai iiiaioo oeneo
niiy/iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeey EA aeia?eueii? eiio?ao?aoe??.

4. Cai?iiiioaaoe iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? iaoiae?a eiiiainaoe??
iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o eeaneo?eaoe?? oa ocaaaeueiaii?
i?aeoiae?a aei ae??oaiiy caaea/? i?i?i?caoe?? iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo, a
?ic?iaoe? niinia?a ciaioaiiy aieeao iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo ia
i???ioaoe?th EA. I?eaiiaeuei?noue oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? o
iinoaiiaoe? caaea/? iioeiicaoe?? eiino?oeoe?? EA c iaoith ciaioaiiy
aieeao iiiaioo na?oeiaiai oeneo ia i???ioaoe?th aia?aoa. ?icaeiooi
?aeath eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo ca aeiiiiiaith noaoe?iia?iiai a?aeaeaa/a.
Aia?oa:

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeai?o iioeiaeueii? eiio?ao?aoe?? iiaa?oi?
noaoe?iia?iiai a?aeaeaa/a;

— cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ciaioaiiy iiiaioo oeyoii ea?oaaiiy iioe/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iiaa?oiiue aia?aoa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?i?
iaoiaee oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeey i?iaeooaaiiy nenoai ciaioaiiy
aieeao iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo ia ?oo EA aeia?eueii? eiio?ao?aoe??
a?aeiinii oeaio?a ian. Iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo neeiaeo oaeoi??a aca?iiae??
EA c iioieii niiy/ii? ?aae?aoe?? oa ei?aeoe?? eiio?ao?aoe?? EA c iaoith
ciaioaiiy aieeao niiy/iiai iiiaioo ia i???ioaoe?th aia?aoa
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny o IAe? aia?aaoeee AeAeO i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaoa??ae?a
ane?ciiai i?iaeoo EA «Eea?aeue».

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O aeeiiaii? ?ia?o, ui aeeeaaeai? a noaooyo
[1,2] ? a aeiiia?aeyo [4-7], caeiaoaa/ai c?iaeaii oaeee aeeaae —

[1]: aiae?oe/iee ?ica’ycie caaea/? iioei?caoe?? eiino?oeoe??
aainoaoe?iia?iiai EA, ui i?noeoue ieineee oa noa?e/iee aeaiaioe cia/ii?
ieiu?;

[2]: o/anoue a ?ic?iaoe? aeai?eoio ia/eneaiiy neeiaeo oaeoi??a
aca?iiae?? EA c iioieii niiy/iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, i?ia?aiia ?aae?caoe?y
aeai?eoio c iiaeeea?noth a?coae?caoe?? ii/aoeiaeo aeaieo oa ?acoeueoao?a
?ic?aooie?a;

[4]: ?ic?iaea eiino?oeoeaieo noai i?eeaae?a aeey ea?oaaiiy iioe/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ieinei? iiaa?oi?;

[5]: o/anoue a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeo eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo ca aeiiiiiaith
noaoe?iia?iiai a?aeaeaa/a, aecia/aiiy iaai?o a?aeaeaa/?a oeiiaeo
eiio?ao?aoe?e, ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee aeai?o iioeiaeueii? eiio?ao?aoe??
a?aeaeaa/a;

[6]: o/anoue a eeaneo?eaoe?? i?aeoiae?a aei ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/?
ciaioaiiy iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo, ?ica’ycie caaea/? ciaioaiiy iiiaioo
aeey EA ca i?iaeoii “Eea?aeue”;

[7]: iaoaiaoe/ia iinoaiiaea caaea/? iioei?coaaiiy eiino?oeoe?? EA c
iaoith ciaioaiiy iiiaioa niiy/iiai oeneo, ?ic?iaea i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy aeey ?ica’ycaiiy aeacaii? caaea/? /enaeueii aeey EA
aeia?eueii? eiio?ao?aoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia 2-e, 4-e oa 5-e oe?a?inueeeo
eiioa?aioe?yo c aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy «Aaoiiaoeea-95, 97, 98″ (i.
Euea?a, aa?anaiue, 1995 ?., i. *a?eane, /a?aaiue, 1997 ?., i. Ee?a,
o?aaaiue, 1998?.), ia iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? a?aeae?eo ea?iaaieo iaoai?/ieo
nenoai ?inoeoooo oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI oa IEA Oe?a?ie (i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, o?aaaiue, 1997), i?aaenoaaeaii ia 8-io
Ana?in?enueeiio nai?ia?? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth ii oi?aae?iith ?ooii
oa iaa?aaoe?? e?oaeueieo aia?ao?a (i. Naia?a, /a?aaiue, 1997), iiai?noth
?iaioo i?aaenoaaeaii ia can?aeaii? A/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo oaoi?/ii?
iaoai?ee IAI oa IEA Oe?a?ie (a?oaeaiue, 1998), ia iaoeiaiio nai?ia??
eaoaae?e “Nenoaie aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy” o?ceei-oaoi?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ioae?eaoei?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?noyoueny a noaooyo,
iioae?eiaaieo o iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio aeo?iae? [1] oa a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue [2,3], a oaeiae o aeiiia?ae? [4] oa oacenao aeiiia?aeae [5-7].

Ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? anooi, i’youe iniiaieo ?icae?e?a,
aeniiaee, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoee. Iiaiee ianya ?iaioe
neeaaea? 172 a?eooa, 58 iaethie?a ia 26 a?eooao, 2 oaaeeoe? ia 1
a?eooaa?, 2 aeiaeaoea ia 27 a?eooao. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
i?noeoue 118 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ia 12 a?eooao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iaaeaii noeneee iaeyae aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao oeneo
niiy/ii? oioiiii? ?aae?aoe?? ia ?oo eini?/ieo aia?ao?a. I?iaiae?ciaaii
aieea oeneo ia ia?aiao?e i?a?oaeueiiai ?ooo oa ia ?oo EA a?aeiinii
oeaio?a ian. ?icaeyiooi ?noi??th ?icaeoeo ieoaiue iiaoaeiae ianeaieo
nenoai i???ioaoe?? EA, ui aeei?enoiaothoue niiy/iee oene, ? ?ic?iaee
niinia?a iae?eo aieeao o?i? Caie? ia ?oo noiooiee?a Caie?. *eneaiieie
aeine?aeieeaie aecia/aii iaiao?aei?noue iae?eo oeneo niiy/iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy i?e ?ic?aooieao aeeiai?ee EA. Cacia/aii oaeiae
aaaeeea?noue ?icaeoeo niinia?a ciaioaiiy aieeao iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo
ia aia?ao, i?ioa i?aeoe/i? ?ic?iaee oe??? caaea/? iinyoue o?aaiaioa?iee
oa?aeoa?.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th ??cieo iiaeaeae aca?iiae??
niiy/ii? oioiiii? ?aae?aoe?? ?c iiaa?oiath eini?/iiai aia?aoa. Aaciaeie
iiaeaeyie aeey aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?ic?aooie?a ia?ai? iiaeae?
aeca?eaeueiiai oa aeca?eaeueii-aeeoociiai a?aeaeaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii oa
i?ia?aiii ?aae?ciaaii aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo aieiaiiai aaeoi?o oa aieiaiiai
iiiaioo nee oeneo aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia iiaa?oith aia?aoa, ui
iiaeaeth?oueny i?e oeueiio noeoii?noth ?aeaaeueieo iaoaiaoe/ieo
iiaa?oiiue ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo, a oaeiae aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy iieiaeaiiy
oeaio?a oeneo niiy/ii? ?aae?aoe?? ia eini?/iiio aia?ao?. Aecia/aiiy
aieiaiiai aaeoi?o oa iiiaioo cae?enith?oueny oeyoii /enaeueiiai
?ioaa?oaaiiy ii ina?oeai?e /anoei? iiaa?oi? EA ae?ac?a aeey neee oa
iiiaioo na?oeiaiai oeneo ia ieineo aeaiaioa?io ieiuaaeeo. ?ic?aooiie
aeeiio?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeaiai aca?iicao?iaiiy aeaiaio?a aia?aoa.
I?ia?aiia ?aae?caoe?y aeai?eoi?a ia?aaeaa/a? iiaeeea?noue aicoaeicaoei?
ii/aoeiaeo aeaieo, i?ii?aeieo oa e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a. Aicoaeicaoe?y
iieaaoo? eiio?ieue i?aaeeueiino? caaaeaiiy ii/aoeiaeo aeaieo oa
a??ia?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a, ui io?eiaii ia ??cieo aoaiao ?ic?aooieo.
?acoeueoaoe i?aaenoaaeythoueny o aeaeyae? a?ao?e?a oa cia?aaeaiue,
iiaoaeiaaieo ca i?aaeeaie iciiao?i? aai ae?iao?i?.

Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiai e?oa?aoo?iiai iiooeo oa ?ic?aooieiaiai aiae?co
aecia/aii ?yae oeiiaeo eiino?oeoeaii-eiiiiiiai/ieo noai eini?/ieo
aia?ao?a ??ciiiai?oiiai i?ecia/aiiy, ia?aii ae?aiaciie cia/aiue iioe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeey oeiiaeo aeaiaio?a aia?aoa. I?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiee
neeiaeo oaeoi??a aca?iiae?? EA oeiiaeo eiio?ao?aoe?e c iioieii niiy/iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ui aeicaieeei aeae?eeoe aeae?eueea ?o caaaeueieo
oa?aeoa?enoee :

1) aeo?aoe ?iai/iai o?ea aeey ?aaeoeaieo aeaeaoi?a nenoaie i???ioaoe??
coiiaeai? iayai?noth neeaaeiai? iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo wmetafile8?
??3??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy???‘?? ???&? ?MathType??2
) iiiaio niiy/iiai oeneo ? iaia?a?aia, aea a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo ia
aeaaeea ooieoe?y eoo?a, ui aecia/aoue iieiaeaiiy aia?aoa a?aeiinii
Niioey;

3 ) ye i?aaeei, o eiino?oeoe?? EA iiaeia aeae?eeoe iiaa?oith, aai a?oio
iiaa?oiiue, oene na?oea ia ye? neeaaea? a?eueoo /anoeio niiy/iiai
iiiaioo, ui ae?? ia aia?ao. Eiioiao?aoe?y, ?icoaooaaiiy, oa iioe/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeeo iiaa?oiiue aecia/athoue oa?aeoa? ci?ie iiiaioo i?e
?on? EA oa aeii?ioth/o neeaaeiao iiiaioo, yeo iaiao?aeii eiiiainoaaoe.
*ano?oa anueiai oaeeie iiaa?oiyie ? iaiae? NA, aeca?eaea oaeaneii?a,
aioaie eini?/iiai ca’yceo.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi a?oio niinia?a ciaioaiiy iiiaioo, yea
iia’ycaia c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao iiiaioo ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy EA. I?e
oeueiio a ia?oo /a?ao ?icaeyaea?oueny iioei?caoe?y ii/aoeiai?
eiio?ao?aoe?? aia?aoa. Ia?aiao?e, ui iioei?cothoueny, ? eii?aeeiaoe, ye?
aecia/athoue ?icoaooaaiiy ie?aieo a?aeaeaath/eo iiaa?oiiue a?aeiinii
oeaio?a aia?aoa, eooe, ye? aecia/aoue i???ioaoe?th iiaa?oiiue uiaei
nenoaie eii?aeeiao, iia’ycaii? c oeaio?ii ian aia?aoa, ieiu?
a?aeaeaath/eo iiaa?oiiue oa iai?yiee ciai?oi?o ii?iaeae aei ieo (o
aeiaaeeo iaieineeo iiaa?oiiue, neeaaeia? ciai?oiuei? ii?iae? ?
ooieoe?yie eii?aeeiao), a oaeiae iioe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaa?oiiue.
Cia/aiiy cacia/aieo ia?aiao??a aa??ththoueny o oaoi?/ii oa
aenieoaoaoe?eii aeiionoeieo iaaeao. A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue aoa
ia?aiee e?eoa??e iioei?caoe??, ui aeicaiey? aeey iaoaiaoe/ii? iinoaiiaee
caaea/? iioei?caoe?? aeei?enoaoe iiiiiaeniee i?aeo?ae. Caaea/o
iioei?caoe?? iiaeia caienaoe a ianooiiiio aeae?

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aei eiino?oeoe?? aia?aoa niaoe?aeueiiai a?aeaeaa/a, ui anoaiiaeth?oueny
noaoe?iia?ii. Iiiaio nee oeneo na?oea ia a?aeaeaa/ aeayeei /eiii
eiiiaino? iiiaio, ui aeieea? a?ae oeneo na?oea ia ?ioo iiaa?oith
aia?aoa. ?ica’ycie caaea/? iiaoaeiae eiiiainaoe?eiiai noaoe?iia?iiai
a?aeaeaa/a i?iaiaeeoueny a aeaa aoaie. Ia ia?oiio aoai? ?aae?co?oueny
aea?? iioeiaeueii? eiio?ao?aoe?? iiaa?oi? a?aeaeaa/a c aeayeiai iaai?o
noaiaea?oieo a?aeaeaa/?a, a ia ae?oaiio — ?ica’yco?oueny caaea/a
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Aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai a?aeaeaa/a iiaea aooe c?iaeaii oeyoii ?ica’yceo
caaea/? iioei?caoe?? eiino?oeoe?? aia?aoa c aeiaeaoeiaei a?aeaeaa/ai
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iathoue ieineo oa noa?e/io iiaa?oi?, ye iaea?eueo i?inoei o oaoi?/i?e
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wmetafile8? ??<??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyyA??N?? ???&? ?MathType???? ???u?????????"????-???????@??????O???u@th?????? aea - wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyyA??N?? ???&? ?MathType???? ???u?????????"????-?????  ??? c ???u@th??????wmetafile8? ??„??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? aA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???’?? ???&? ?MathType??@???uue????A caaea/?, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, eean ooieoe?e wmetafile8? ??%??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ``???&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyy ?? ?? ???&? ?MathType??wmetafile8? ??F??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? aA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?????? ???&? ?MathType??A????uBue????*enaeueiei eiao?oe??ioii, ui oa?aeoa?eco? aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy a?aeaeaa/a j-ai oeio aeey aia?aoa, ui ?icaeeaey?oueny, ? cia/aiiy wmetafile8? ??A???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy!yyy ??!?? ???&? ?MathType???????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??I??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? aa ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy!yyy  ??Oaeei /eiii, caaea/a aeai?o iioeiaeueiiai a?aeaeaa/a neeaaea?oueny c ??oaiiy caaea/ i?i?i?caoe?? ooieoe?? aaaaoueio ia?ai?iieo aeey eiaeiiai oeio a?aeaeaa/a oa ianooiiiai aeai?o i?i?iaeueiiai c iaea?aeaieo eiao?oe??io?a aoaeoeaiino?. O yeino? iioeiaeueiiai iae?a?oueny a?aeaeaa/, aeey yeiai eiao?oe??io aoaeoeaiino? ? iaeiaioei : wmetafile8? ??U??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy  ??H?? ???&? ?MathType??  ???u?????????"????-?????–E???–U???u8ue????Ie?aii ?icaeyiooi eiiiainaoe?th iiiaioo a?aeiinii iaei??? c eii?aeeiaoieo inae aeey aa??aioo, eiee a oi?ioe? (1) n = 1 oa iiiaio nee oeneo na?oea ia a?aeaeaa/ iiaea aooe caienaiee oi?ioeith wmetafile8? ??[??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????   ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy`??N?? ???&? ?MathType???????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??<??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `????&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy@???? ???&? ?MathType??`???uy????Iieaciee aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy j-ai a?aeaeaa/a ia/eneth?oueny o oaeiio aeiaaeeo ca oi?ioeith wmetafile8? ??°??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?  ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy!yyy` ??!?? ???&? ?MathType??0 ???u?????????"????-?????4=???4[ ???u@th??????I?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiee aeey iiaoaeiae noaoe?iia?iiai a?aeaeaa/a aeey EA ca i?iaeoii “Eeaiaeue” eini?/ii? i?ia?aie Oe?a?ie. Aaee/eio oa oa?aeoa? ci?ie iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo, ui ae?? ia aia?ao, aeaiiino?o? ?en.1. E?eaa 1 a?aeiia?aea? aeiaaeeo, eiee aei aia?aoa aeiaeaii a?aeaeaa/ ?c noa?e/iith iiaa?oiath, e?eaa 2 - aa??aioo, eiee aei aia?aoa aeiaeaii ieineee a?aeaeaa/, e?eaa 3 oa?aeoa?eco? iiiaio aeey ii/aoeiai? eiio?ao?aoe?? noiooieea. Iiceoeai? ?ene ianeaieo niinia?a i?noyoueny a i?inoio? ?o oaoi?/ii? ?aae?caoe?? oa o a?aenooiino? iaiao?aeiino? aeiaeaoeiaeo aia?aicao?ao i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe?? aia?aoa. Aei iaaeie?e?a oaeeo niinia?a iiaeia a?aeianoe cieaeaiiy ?o aoaeoeaiino? o aeiaaeeo a?aei?ie ?aaeueii? i???ioaoe?? aia?aoa a?ae i?ia?aiii?, i?e iaooaoieo oa aaa??eieo neooaoe?yo. Oae? niiniae oaeiae iiaeooue aooe iaaoaeoeaieie, yeui eiio?ao?aoe?y EA ci?ith?oueny i?ioyaii iieueioo, aai aeeiiaiiy caaea/ aia?aoii aeiaaa? ci?ie ?aaeei?a i???ioaoe??, oae ui ci?iththoueny oiiae ina?oeaiino? aia?aoa Niioeai. ?en.1 Iiiaio niiy/iiai oeneo, ui ae?? ia EA “Eea?aeue” *aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iaoiaeai aeoeaii? eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo ?ic?iaie oa aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee aeae?eeoe ianooii? i?aeoiaee aei cae?eniaiiy aeoeaii? eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo : 1. O?aaeeoe?eiee niin?a eiiiainaoe?? (nenoaia aeaeo?iiaoiae/ieo aeaeaoi?a c aaci?aaeoeaiith nenoaiith ?o ?icaaioaaeaiiy). 2. Iiaoaeiaa nenoaie oi?aae?iiy iieiaeaiiyi oeaio?a niiy/iiai oeneo ia EA c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeiiai c ianooiieo i?eioeei?a : · iiai?io ea?oth/i? iiaa?oi? (EI) a?aeiinii na?oeiaiai iioieo; · ia?ai?uoaaiiy EI a?aeiinii oeaio?a ian EA; · ci?ia ?ici???a EI; · ci?ia eiio?ao?aoe?? EI; · ci?ia iioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee EI; · ci?ia iai?yieo ?iciianthaeaeaiiy na?oeiaeo iioie?a ui a?aeaeaathoueny ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie aeca?eae aai ia iniia? na?oeiaiaeii? oaoi?ee. 3. Iiaoaeiaa nenoaie oi?aae?iiy iieiaeaiiyi oeaio?a ian EA. 4. Eiiiainaoe?y iiiaioo ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?i?aeaoieo aeaeaoi?a. 5. Eiia?iiaaiee i?aeo?ae. O ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeo?oueny iiaeeea?noue eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie oi?aae?iiy iieiaeaiiyi oeaio?a niiy/iiai oeneo. O aeaeyae? aeeiiaa/eo i?aai?a oaei? nenoaie aeei?enoiaothoueny a?aeaeaath/e iiaa?oi?, iieiaeaiiy yeeo iiaea aooe ci?iaii ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a. Caeiie oi?aae?iiy aoaeothoueny ia i?aenoaa? i?i?i?caoe?? iiiaioo wmetafile8? ??§???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ? ???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyya??F?? ???&? ?MathType?? ? ???u?????????"????-?????e?@????e?I???u@th??????Oiiaa iiaii? eiiiainaoe?? ina?aaeiaiiai iiiaioo ia? aeaeyae: wmetafile8? ??L??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy ??aea wmetafile8? ?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy????? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u¶uey??????icaeyiooi aeiaaeie i?ia?aiii? eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo aeey aa??aioo iaeiiai ea?oth/iai aieeao. Caeii oi?aae?iiy, iaea?aeaiee aiane?aeie ??oaiiy ??aiyiiy (3), iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaiee o aeaeyae?. wmetafile8? ??F??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  `???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyy ??C?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th??????C o?aooaaiiyi iaiaaeaiue aeaeo wmetafile8? ??e??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??O?? ???&? ?MathType??p????u‹y????wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a?!???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA ??”?? ???&? ?MathType??A???u th??????C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe a?aeaeaath/e iiaa?oi? c ia?ai?iiei caaaeueiei eiao?oe??ioii a?aeaeaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoeai? noaie i?eeaae?a, ye? iathoue aeaeyae a?aeaeaath/i? iiaa?oi?, ui i?noeoue aeaiaio aeaethciiai aai aeiao?aaiaiiai oeio, anoaiiaeaiee c iiaeeea?noth ci?ie iieiaeaiiy a?aeiinii iiaa?oi?. A?aeiinia ia?ai?uaiiy iiaa?oi? oa aeaiaioo, ye? iathoue iie?eooy c ??cieie iioe/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy na?oeiaeo iioie?a, ui a?aeaeaathoueny oa iiaeeiathoueny i?eeaaeii. Oea aieeaa? ia cia/aiiy caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeaaiiy aei?ii?ithaaiiy i?eeaaeii. Oaeee i?eeaae aeicaiey? i?e aeayeeo eooao ina?oeaiiy aia?aoa Niioeai ci?ieoe iai?yiie caaaeueii? neee oeneo na?oea ia a?aeaeaa/ ia eoo aei 90 a?aaeon?a oa ?? iiaeoeue o 2 ?ace. Aeei?enoaiiy aeoeaii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy iieiaeaiiyi oeaio?a na?oeiaiai oeneo aeiaaa? aeiaeaoeiaeo aia?aicao?ao o ia??iae aenieoaoaoe?? aia?aoa. I/aaeaeii, ui iaiao?aeiei ? aiae?c aeioe?eueiino? canoinoaaiiy oaei? nenoaie o ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eieie niiniaaie eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo. O i'yoiio ?icae?e? iienaii cai?iiiiiaaio caeiaoaa/ai iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo nenoai cieaeaiiy aieeao iiiaioo oeneo niiy/iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia EA. Iaoiaeeea aeicaiey? aeaoe e?euee?nio ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie, ui canoiniao?oueny. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?oe/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue aoaeothoueny iaaee aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ??cieo niinia?a eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo. Aeey e?euee?nii? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? niiniao, ui canoiniao?oueny, ?ic?aoiaothoueny eiao?oe??ioe wmetafile8? ??±???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy????? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??o??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy@??N?? ???&? ?MathType???????u@th??????wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy ??N?? ???&? ?MathType???????u@th??????aea wmetafile8? ??o???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy@???? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th??????Eiao?oe??io aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie eiiiainaoe?? aecia/a?oueny ??ci?noth : m wmetafile8? ??·???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@???&??yyyy????????q?????q?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u@th?????? ?en. 2 - Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo. AENIIAEE 1. A ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th i?aeoiae?a aei ae??oaiiy caaea/? ciaioaiiy iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo, ui ae?? ia eini?/iee aia?ao. ?ic?iaeaii ianeai? oa aeoeai? niiniae i?i?i?caoe?? iiiaioo oeneo niiy/iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. 2. Noi?ioeueiaaii caaea/o iioeiicaoe?? eiino?oeoe?? EA c iaoith ciaioaiiy aieeao iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo ia i???ioaoe?th aia?aoa. ?ica'ycaiiy oaei? caaea/? ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aea? ciiao o?aooaaoe ae?th iiiaioo i?ae /an i?iaeooaaiiy EA. 3. ?icaeiooi ?aeath eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo ca aeiiiiiaith noaoe?iia?iiai a?aeaeaa/a, ?ic?iaeaii e?eoa??e aeai?o iioeiaeueii? eiio?ao?aoe?? iiaa?oi? a?aeaeaa/a aeey aeia?eueii? eiino?oeoe?? aia?aoa. 4. ?ic?iaeaii aeoeai? niiniae cieaeaiiy aieeao iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo, ui i?eioneathoue oi?aae?iiy iieiaeaiiyi oeaio?a niiy/iiai oeneo ia eini?/iiio aia?ao? i?ioyaii iieueioo. Ae?th/eie i?aaiaie i?e oaeiio oi?aae?ii? ? niaoe?aeuei? a?aeaeaath/e iiaa?oi?, iieiaeaiiy yeeo a?aeiinii EA iiaea aooe ci?iaii ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a. 5. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy iieiaeaiiyi oeaio?a oeneo niiy/iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy a?aeaeaath/e iiaa?oi? ?c ci?iiei caaaeueiei eiao?oe??ioii a?aeaeaaiiy. 6. ?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoeai? noaie i?eno?i?a aeey ci?ie caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeaaiiy ieinei? iiaa?oi?. Oae? i?eno?i? ca?eueoothoue aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiiiainaoe?eiiai a?aeaeaa/a, a a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao aeathoue ciiao a?aeiiaeoenue a?ae a?aeaeaa/?a, ui cia/ii ni?iuo? neeaae oa eia?eo nenoaie ea?oaaiiy. 6. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo niinia?a ciaioaiiy iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo. Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee iiaeia aeaoe e?euee?nio ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo iaoiae?a eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo aeey ii??aiyiiy ?o iii?ae niaith, a oaeiae ciaeoe iaaee aoaeoeaiino? eiaeiiai c iaoiae?a. 7. ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeey IAII, yea i?ecia/aia aeey aeei?enoaiiy i?e i?iaeooaaii? nenoai ciaioaiiy aieeao iiiaioo aeey EA aeia?eueii? eiio?ao?aoe??. I?ia?aiii ?aae?ciaaii iiaeeea?noue aicoaeicaoei? ii/aoeiaeo aeaieo, i?ii?aeieo oa e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aeiaoia A.I., Iaoiaiei ?.I. Iioeiecaoeey aainoaoeeiia?iiai einie/aneiai aiia?aoa, niaea?aeauaai aeaa yeaiaioa aieueoie ia?oniinoe // Eini?/ia iaoea ? oaoiieia?y. - 1997. - ? 5-6. - n. 11-14. 2. Aeiaoia A.I., Iaoiaiei ?.I., Naeoueia TH.Ae., Oi?ioeeia A.N., Oe/aiei A.I. Ieieiecaoeey iiiaioa nieia/iiai aeaaeaiey a caaea/ao i?eaioaoeee einie/aneiai aiia?aoa // Iaaeaaaeiinoaaiiue nai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio “Oaoie/aneay iaoaieea”.- Aeiai?iiao?iane : ?ENI EOI.- 1998.- aui.7 – n. 27-33. 3. Iaoiaiei ?.I. Niiniau eiiiainaoeee iiiaioa naaoiaiai aeaaeaiey // Iaaeaaaeiinoaaiiue nai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio “Oaoie/aneay iaoaieea”.- Aeiai?iiao?iane : ?ENI EOI.- 1997.- aei. 6.- n. 52-59. 4. Aeiaoia A.I., Iaoiaiei ?.I. Ono?ienoaa oi?aaeaiey iieiaeaieai oeaio?a aeaaeaiey nieia/iie ?aaeeaoeee ia einie/aneii aiia?aoa // I?aoe? i’yoi? oe?a?inueei? eiioa?aioe?? c aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy “Aaoiiaoeea-98”.- *anoeia 2, Ee?a : Aeaeaaieoeoai IOO “EI?”.- 1998.- n.6-11. 5. Aeiaoia A.I., Iaoiaiei ?.I., Naeoueia TH.Ae., Oi?ioeeia A.N., Oe/aiei A.I. Ieieiecaoeey iiiaioa nieia/iiai aeaaeaiey n iiiiuueth eiiiainaoeeiiiiai io?aaeaoaey // O?aoy oe?a?inueea eiioa?aioeuy c aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy (“Aaoiiaoeea-96”), Naaanoiiieue, 9-14 aa?aniy, 1996.- I?aoe?, oii 3, Naaanoiiieue : NaaAOO.- 1996.- n.65-66. 6. Aeiaoia A.I., Iaoiaiei ?.I., Naeoueia TH.Ae., Oi?ioeeia A.N., Oe/aiei A.I. Iaoiaeu ieieiecaoeee iiiaioa nieia/iiai aeaaeaiey, aeaenoaothuaai ia einie/aneee aiia?ao i?iecaieueiie eiioeao?aoeee // Oacenu e aiiioaoeee aeieeaaeia Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee “Iao/ii-oaoie/aneea i?iaeaiu einiiiaaoeee e ?aeaoino?iaiey”. - I.-1996.-n.78-79. 7. Aeiaoia A.I., Iaoiaiei ?.I., Oe/ai?i A.I. I?eioeeiu oi?aaeaiey iieiaeaieai oeaio?a nieia/iiai aeaaeaiey e iooe eo oaoie/aneie ?aaeecaoeee // Ae?oaa oe?a?inueea eiioa?aioe?y c aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy (“Aaoiiaoeea-95”).-I?aoe?.- Oii 5.- Euea?a : Iaoeiai-ae?iaie/ee oeaio? “IOIN”.- 1995.- n.3-4. AIIOAOe?ss Iaoiaiei ?.I. Eiiiainaoe?y cao?thth/iai aieeao niiy/iiai oeneo i?e i???ioaoe?? eini?/ieo aia?ao?a.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.07.09 - aeeiai?ea, aae?noeea oa ea?oaaiiy ?ooii e?oaeueieo aia?ao?a. - ?inoeooo eini?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI oa IEA Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? niinia?a ciaioaiiy aieeao iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo ia i???ioaoe?th eini?/ieo aia?ao?a. O ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaii ianeai? oa aeoeai? niiniae eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo. ?icaeyiooi iiiiiaeniee i?aeo?ae aei ae??oaiiy caaea/? iioeiicoaaiiy ii/aoeiai? eiioiao?aoei? eini?/iiai aia?aoa c iaoith ciaioaiiy cao?thth/i? ae?? iiiaioo niiy/iiai oeneo ia i???ioaoe?th aia?aoa. ?icaeiaii niin?a eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo ca aeiiiiiaith noaoe?iia?iiai a?aeaeaa/a oa ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo aeai?o iioeiaeueii? eiioiao?aoei? a?aeaeaa/a. I?iaiae?ciaaii ??ci? i?aeoiaee aei oi?aae?iiy iieiaeaiiyi oeaio?a na?oeiaiai oeneo ia aia?ao?. Aeine?aeaeaii iiaeeea?noue eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo oeyoii ci?ie iioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaa?oiiue aia?aoa. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeae?eueea noai i?eeaae?a oi?aae?iiy eiao?oe??ioii a?aeaeaaiiy na?oea ieineith iiaa?oiath. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo niinia?a eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo. Iaoiaeeeo i?ecia/aii aeey ii??aiyiiy aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo niinia?a eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo oa iiaoaeiae iaaee ?o aoaeoeaiino?. Eeth/ia? neiaa : eini?/iee aia?ao, i???ioaoe?y, iiiaio niiy/iiai oeneo, oeaio? na?oeiaiai oeneo, iioe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, niiniae eiiiainaoe?? iiiaioo. AIIIOAOeEss Iaoiaiei ?.I. Eiiiainaoeey aiciouathuaai aicaeaenoaey nieia/iiai aeaaeaiey i?e i?eaioaoeee einie/aneeo aiia?aoia. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.07.09 - aeeiaieea, aaeeenoeea e oi?aaeaiea aeaeaeaieai eaoaoaeueiuo aiia?aoia. - Einoeooo einie/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee IAI e IEA Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea niiniaia oiaiueoaiey aicaeaenoaey iiiaioa nieia/iiai aeaaeaiey ia i?eaioaoeeth einie/aneeo aiia?aoia. Iaeia ec iniiaiuo oeaeae ?aaiou ninoieo a oiaiueoaiee eiee/anoaa ?aai/aai aauanoaa, ?anoiaeoaiiai aeaeaaoaeyie nenoaiu i?eaioaoeee aiia?aoa aeey eiiiainaoeee iiiaioa nieia/iiai aeaaeaiey. A ?aaioa enneaaeiaaiu ianneaiua e aeoeaiua iaoiaeu eiiiainaoeee iiiaioa. I?ia?aiiii ?aaeeciaai /eneaiiue aeai?eoi ii?aaeaeaiey neeiauo oaeoi?ia acaeiiaeaenoaey aiia?aoa i?iecaieueiie eiioeao?aoeee n iioieii nieia/iiai eceo/aiey. Au/eneaiea neeiauo oaeoi?ia aace?oaony ia iiaeaee ca?eaeueii-aeeooociiai io?aaeaiey naaoa iiaa?oiinoueth e i?iecaiaeeony n o/aoii acaeiicaoaiaiey iiaa?oiinoae aiia?aoa e aiciiaeiiai ia?aio?aaeaiey naaoiauo iioieia iaaeaeo yeaiaioaie aai eiino?oeoeee. ?anniio?ai ieieiaeniue iiaeoiae e iinoaiiaea e ?aoaieth caaea/e iioeiecaoeee enoiaeiie eiioeao?aoeee einie/aneiai aiia?aoa n oeaeueth oiaiueoaiey aiciouathuaai aeaenoaey iiiaioa nieia/iiai aeaaeaiey ia i?eaioaoeeth aiia?aoa. I?ia?aiiii ?aaeeciaai iaoiae ieieiecaoeee ooieoeee iaeneioia aeey ?aoaiey oaeie caaea/e a neo/aa aiia?aoa i?iecaieueiie eiioeao?aoeee. Aeey ?yaea aainoaoeeiia?iuo aiia?aoia i?inoaeoeo eiioeao?aoeee caaea/a ?aoaia aiaeeoe/anee. ?acaeo iaoiae eiiiainaoeee iiiaioa n iiiiuueth noaoeeiia?iiai io?aaeaoaey. A ?acoeueoaoa ?an/aoiiai aiaeeca auaeaeai ?yae oeiiauo eiioeao?aoeee io?aaeaoaey e ?ac?aaioaia /eneaiii-aiaeeoe/aneay iaoiaeeea auai?a iioeiaeueiie eiioeao?aoeee io?aaeaoaey. I?iaaaeaia eeanneoeeaoeey aeoeaiuo niiniaia eiiiainaoeee iiiaioa. Iniiaiia aieiaiea oaeaeaii niiniao oiaiueoaiey iiiaioa, iniiaaiiiio ia oi?aaeaiee iieiaeaieai oeaio?a naaoiaiai aeaaeaiey ia aiia?aoa. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu ?acee/iua iiaeoiaeu e inouanoaeaieth oi?aaeaiey iieiaeaieai oeaio?a naaoiaiai aeaaeaiey ia aiia?aoa. Enneaaeiaaia aiciiaeiinoue eiiiainaoeee iiiaioa iooai eciaiaiey iioe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaa?oiinoae aiia?aoa. I?aaeeiaeaii ianeieueei eiino?oeoeaiuo noai ono?ienoa oi?aaeaiey eiyooeoeeaioii io?aaeaiey naaoa ieineie iiaa?oiinoueth. Ono?ienoaa iicaieytho iiauneoue yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey eiiiainaoeeiiiuo io?aaeaoaeae. A ?yaea neo/aaa niaaaeaiea oaeeie ono?ienoaaie enoiaeiuo iiaa?oiinoae aiia?aoa iicaieyao ioeacaoueny io eniieueciaaiey io?aaeaoaeae, /oi cia/eoaeueii oi?iuaao ninoaa e eiaeeo nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey iieiaeaieai oeaio?a aeaaeaiey naaoa. I?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe ?acee/iuo niiniaia eiiiainaoeee iiiaioa. Iaoiaeeea i?aaeiacia/aia aeey n?aaiaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ?acee/iuo niiniaia eiiiainaoeee iiiaioa e iino?iaiey a?aieoe eo yooaeoeaiinoe. ?ac?aaioai iaeao i?eeeaaeiuo i?ia?aii, iauaaeeiythuee i?aaeeiaeaiiua iaoiaeeee, e i?aaeiacia/aiiue aeey i?iaeoe?iaaiey nenoai oiaiueoaiey iiiaioa aeaaeaiey nieia/iiai eceo/aiey aeey einie/aneiai aiia?aoa i?iecaieueiie eiioeao?aoeee. ?aaeeciaaia aiciiaeiinoue aecoaeecaoeee enoiaeiuo aeaiiuo e ?acoeueoaoia, iieo/aaiuo ia ?acee/iuo yoaiao ?aoaiey caaea/e, /oi iaeaa/aao ?aoaiea e aeaeaao aai aieaa iaaeyaeiui. ?ac?aaioaiiua iaoiaeeee e i?ia?aiiu eniieueciaaiu i?e ?aoaiey caaea/e oiaiueoaiey iiiaioa nieia/iiai aeaaeaiey aeey ?yaea nia?aiaiiuo e ia?niaeoeaiuo einie/aneeo aiia?aoia, a /anoiinoe, aiia?aoa ii i?iaeoo “Euaeaeue” Iaoeeiiaeueiie einie/aneie i?ia?aiiu Oe?aeiu. Eeth/aaua neiaa: einie/aneee aiia?ao, i?eaioaoeey, iiiaio nieia/iiai aeaaeaiey, oeaio? naaoiaiai aeaaeaiey, iioe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee, niiniau eiiiainaoeee iiiaioa. ABSTRACT Naumenco R.N. Compensation the solar radiation pressure influences during the spacecraft orientation. - Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate degree by speciality 05.07.09 - dynamics, ballistics and mission control of flight vehicles. - Space Research Institute of NAS and NSA of Ukraine, Kyev, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to development of methods of decreasing of a solar radiation pressure torque influence on the spacecraft orientation. The passive and active methods of a moment compensation are investigated. The minimax approach to the solution of a problem of an initial spacecraft configuration optimization is considered with the purpose of decreasing a spacecraft orientation disturbing torque. The method of a moment compensation with the help of fixed reflector is advanced and the engineering technique of an optimum reflector configuration selection is developed. The various approaches to control a position of centre of sun pressure on the spacecraft are analyzed. The capability of a disturbing torque compensation by change of the optical characteristics of spacecraft surfaces is investigated. It is offered some schemes of devices for control of the flat surface reflection coefficient. The technique of an evaluation of effectiveness of various methods of a moment compensation is developed. The technique is designed for a comparison of effectiveness of different methods of a torque compensation and determine of the boundaries of their effectiveness. Key word: a spacecraft, orientation, solar radiation pressure torque, centre of light pressure, optical characteristics, methods of a moment compensation. I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 15.04.99. Oi?iao 60o84wmetafile8? ??§???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ? ???&??yyyy?????Ay?y`? ???&? ?MathType??Oiia.ae?oe.a?e. 2,0. Iae?e aeae a?e. 2,2. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ?02/99. I?ea?iaeiaeao i?aeaioiaeaii caeiaoaa/ai. Iaae?oeiaaii a ?inoeooo? oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI oa IEA Oe?a?ie, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe.Eaoei-Iiiaey,15.

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