Інформаційний бізнес як інноваційний засіб розвитку економіки України: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / Т.О. Дейнеко, НАН України. Ін-т регіон. досл

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO ?AA?IIAEUeIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

AeAEIAEI Oaoyia Ieaa?aia

OAeE 338.24

?IOI?IAOe?EIEE A?CIAN ssE ?IIIAAOe?EIEE CAN?A ?ICAEOEO AEIIII?EE OE?A?IE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.06.02 –

I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

EUeA?A – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a *a?i?aaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. TH.
Oaaeueeiae/a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeiea ?ai? Ieeieaeiae/,

*a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
i?aeia?iaeii? aeiiii?ee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caneoaeaiee
ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie

Eaeeoe/ Aai?a?e ?ee?/,

Oe?a?inueeee ?inoeooo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ? aeiiii?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??
I?iiaoee Oe?a?ie, ia?oee canooiiee aee?aeoi?a;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oauo? ?iiai Aaneeueiae/,

Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», aeioeaio
eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo oa i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo,

a?aeae?e iaoiaeieia?? ? iaoiae?a eiiieaeniiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a,
I?i?noa?noai aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny » 26 » aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 14 aiae.
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae35.154.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe a ?inoeooo?
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 290026, i.
Euea?a, aoe. Eicaeueieoeueea, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie: 290026, i. Euea?a, aoe.
Eicaeueieoeueea, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 23 » ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe AEiaoaiaoeueeee A.
?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aoiaey/e a na?oiaa aeiiii?/ia
ni?aoiaa?enoai, Oe?a?ia ?aaeueii noaea ia oeyo ?aoi?i. A oiiaao
aeiaaeueieo ia?aoai?aiue iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue ?ioi?iaoe?y oa
?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? (?O), aac yeeo iaiiaeeeai oyaeoe no/aniee
?icaeoie ae?iaieoeoaa, oi?aae?iiy, iaoee, aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino?.
Noai ni?aa a on?o aaeocyo aeiiii?ee aeaeaeee a?ae aeineiiaeino?, oiio
aeoaea aeooaeueiei noaa ?icaeyae ieoaiue a?aeiinii oeyo?a ??
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??, na?aae yeeo iiaeia aeae?eeoe ?iaanooaaiiy,
?iiiaaoe?eiee iioaioe?ae oa ?iiiaaoe?eiee iaiaaeaeiaio, neeaaeaiiy
iaa?oioiaaieo ? aoaeoeaieo a?cian-ieai?a, ea?oaaiiy i?iaeoaie,
a?aeie?aieaiiy iiaeo aaeocae aeiiii?ee a?ae o?aaeeoe?eieo oiui. Aea
aeiaeai ?c ieo ia aeanoue ?aaeueiiai ?acoeueoaoo aac ea?aeeiaeueiiai
ia?aaeyaeo e ?ioaineaiiai canoinoaaiiy oaeeo eaoaai??e, ye ?ioi?iaoe?y,
?ioi?iaoe?eiee a?cian (?A) oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoe?ei? oaoiieia??
(?EO). I?e iayaiino? aaeeei? a?i?? niaoe?ae?no?a ? a/aieo, aeina?ae/aieo
ea??aiee?a, aeoaea ??aeei eiio aaea?oueny aeinyaoe ea?aeeiaeueieo ci?i
neooaoe??, ui neeaeany. Iaoith oe??? ?iaioe noaei eiiieaenia
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeeo aaeocae, ye ?A oa ?EO, ?o no/aniiai noaio oa
ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo.

O iao /an aeiaaeueiiai iiaei?iae/aiiy oiaa??a ? iineoa, i?eaaaeaiiy ?o
aei na?oiaeo oe?i, eiii’thoa?e caeeoathoueny iaeiei c iaaaaaoueio
i?iaeoeo?a, aa?o?noue yeeo iino?eii ciaioo?oueny, a ei?enooaaoeuee?
yeino? iie?ioothoueny, ui aeeeeea? ?ioaineaiee ?icaeoie ?EO. ?A oa?eoia
o iaoa aeeooy iaiii?oii, i?aai?/ii, aea aeineoue oaeaeeeie oaiiaie. ?
naia oiio, ui ie noeea?iinue c on?ia aniaeoaie ?A, iaeaea eiaeii?
oaeeeie a iaoiio aeeoo? (?ioi?iaoe?y, eiii’thoa?e, eiii’thoa?i? ia?aae?,
aace ? aaiee aeaieo, oaeaeiioi?eaoe??), ie aaea ia ni?eeia?ii eiai
i?iyae ye eaoaai???, ye? iio??aii ?icaeyaeaoe c aeiiii?/ii? oa
aea?aeaaii? oi/ie ci?o.

Ia ?icaeoie i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? a aaeoc? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?
eiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e o iao?e e?a?i? ia’?eoeaii aieeaathoue oae?
oaeoi?e:

i?aeoe/ii iiaia a?aenooi?noue oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? i?aeoe/ieo
?ic?iaie c ieoaiue oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?iaeoeo?a ? iineoa;

caaaeueia a?aenoaaaiiy a?ae na?oiaiai ??aiy a ?icaeoeo oaoi?/ii? aace
ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??, cania?a ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee (IO), a
oaeiae i?ia?aiieo i?iaeoeo?a;

iiaia a?aenooi?noue aeaiaio?a ?eieiai? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e;

ia?icaeiai?noue iaoiaee/iiai, i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
caaacia/aiiy i?ioean?a oaeineiiaeaiiy eiiiiiaio?a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?
eiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e;

Ioaea, naia eiioeaioe?y i??i?eoao?a ?icaeoeo ?A oa ?EO ? oei
?iiiaaoe?eiei caniaii, yeee i?enei?eoue aoaeoeaia ?ica’ycaiiy
aeuaaeacaieo i?iaeai.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iaoeiaoe? aeiiii?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo caeiathoueny
aeine?aeaeaiiyie ieoaiue, iaoiae?a ? iaoai?ci?a noai?aiiy a?eueieo
aeiiii?/ieo cii (AAC), ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aeiiii?ee oa ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae aa?ooue o/anoue o iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaeao iniia,
iaoiae?a ? iaoai?ci?a oaeineiiaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie.
Ia?aiee iai?yiie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iia’ycaiee c
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie oaiaie: «Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?iaeaie aiae?co
iaoai?cio ?aae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee» (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01910034075) oa
«?aae?caoe?y iiaeo oi?i aeaniino? a iiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy»
(iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01910034076).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith oa caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
noai?aiiy eiiieaenii? nenoaie iaoai?ci?a uiaei ci?ie ?nioth/i? no?oeoo?e
?A oa ?EO a Oe?a?i? ia iniia? aiae?co ae?yeueiino? i?ia?aeieo o??i
a?aeiia?aeiiai i?io?eth.

?ioi?iaoe?eiee a?cian – oea noa?a i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?,
iia’ycaia c ?ic?iaeith, ae?iaieoeoaii ? ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi eiiiiiaio?a
?EO. Ioaea, iiaeaeueoa noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie eiai iaiiaeeea? aac
?ica’ycaiiy eiiieaeno oai?aoe/ieo ? iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?iaeai, aeeeeeaieo
iniaeeainoyie aeiiii?ee ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo, ?ie? oa i?noey aea?aeaae
a i?ioeanao ?icaeoeo eiia?oe?eieo no?oeoo?, ?ic?iaee iai?yie?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?io?ano?oeoo?e a?ciano.

Aei nooo?aeo ci?i o iioieao ?ioi?iaoe??, i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?iao,
iaoiaeao ia?iaee oa iiaeaiiy aeaieo i?ecaaee aeiei??ii? ia?aoai?aiiy a
aeiiii?/i?e noa??, ia?ao?ae a?ae aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeieo aei
aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy, ?icaeoie i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino? oa ?eieiaeo no?oeoo?, a oaeiae a?aenooi?noue i?aeoe/iiai
aeina?aeo, oi?eaeuei?noue neooaoe?? ? iaiao?aei?noue oaeaeeiai i?eeiyooy
??oaiiy. Ia?ae?e oeacaieo oaeoi??a iiaea aooe nooo?ai ?icoe?aiee. Ioaea,
noa?a ?A ? ?icaeoie a?aeiia?aeieo no?oeoo? aeiaaathoue i?iaaaeaiiy a
ia?oo /a?ao oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui caaacia/aoue:

aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy iaaooiai na?oiaiai aeina?aeo a /anoei? oi?ioaaiiy
oaoi?/ii? aace cania?a ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee oa ia?aaea/?
?ioi?iaoe??, a oaeiae a?aeiia?aeiiai i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy;

i???ioaoe?th ia e?au? na?oia? c?acee c iaoith noai?aiiy ia?aaeiai?
nenoaie ?A;

a?aooaaiiy niaoeeo?ee na?oiaiai ?eieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?iaeoeo?a ?
iineoa;

aaeaeaaoi?noue a?aeia?aaeaiiy i?ioean?a ia?aoai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? oiiaai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy eiiiiiaio?a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ? eiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e;

i?iiaaaiaea oa noai?aiiy aoaeoeaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai iaiaaeaeiaioo
(?NI) ? eiiieaenia ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy.

Eiiiiiaioe ?EO a Oe?a?i? oa ?ioeo e?a?iao NIAe ?icaeaathoueny iica
iaaeaie ?aeeiiai eiiieaeno i?aai?caoe?eieo, i?aaiaeo ? aeiiii?/ieo
caoiae?a, yeee ? iaiao?aeiei aeey aoaeoeaiiai aoiaeaeaiiy a ?eieiao
aeiiii?eo a oiiaao ?iciiae?eo i?aoe? oa iineoa ia i?aeia?iaeiiio
?ioi?iaoe?eiiio ?eieo, /ei aecia/a?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeeiiaiiy
aeuaiaaaaeaieo caaaeaiue.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiue. I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooiathoue ?A oa ?EO, ?o aeiiii?/i?, i?aaia? e
i?aai?caoe?ei? aniaeoe ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy –
?io?ano?oeoo?a ?A oa ?eiee ?EO.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/ieie ?
iaoiaeieia?/ieie canaaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee aeina?ae ? aiae?c
ae?yeueiino? i?ia?aeieo o??i a?aeiia?aeiiai i?io?eth, nenoaiiee ?
eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae, ioae?eaoe?? a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo c
ieoaiue ooieoe?iioaaiiy, aeeiai?ee ? oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ?A oa ?EO. O
?iaio? aeei?enoai? noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee, aeia?aeee, i?aeia?iaei?
caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe oa caeiie Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue
oa oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?A ye aaaeeeaiai
aeaiaioo eiiieaeno i?aai?caoe?eii- aeiiii?/ieo oa ?aaeaiaiooth/eo
caoiae?a c iaoith aaeaioaoe?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie aei no/aniiai na?oiaiai
aeiiii?/iiai, iie?oe/iiai, i?aaiaiai ? nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?iiai
na?aaeiaeua.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iia? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?
aeniiaee, ye? i?aai?/ii aeieeaathoue c i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Ocaaaeueiaia iiiyooy ?ioi?iaoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith noaoenoe/iiai,
naiaioe/iiai, aeai?eoi?/iiai oa ye?niiai i?aeoiae?a, iaaaaeai? ??
oa?aeoa?enoeee, ooieoe??, iane?aeee ?? aeei?enoaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaiee
iiaee i?aeo?ae aei ?ioi?iaoe?? ye aei caniao ? i?aaeiaoa oi?aae?iiy
iaeii/anii, aena?oeai? iia? niaoeeo?/i? aeanoeaino? ?ioi?iaoe??, ye?
ae?aaeai? a aeiiii?/ieo eaoaai??yo, ?icaeyioo? iia? aaeoc? iaoee, oae?
ye ?ioi?iaoe?eia aeiiii?ea oa i?iieneiaa ?ioi?iaoeea.

2. Noi?ioeueiaai? caaaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

3. I?iaiae?ciaai? o?e nooiai? ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? noni?euenoaa
(eiii’thoa?ecaoe?y, ?ioi?iaoecaoe?y, ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?y) ? o?e a?oie
?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a (noeo?ei?, ?aaoeueiaai? oa aeaoa?i?iiaai?).

4. I?iaiae?ciaaia ?io?ano?oeoo?a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano a Oe?a?i?,
cai?iiiiiaai? oeyoe ?? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??. Aeine?aeaeai? ieoaiiy
aeioe?eueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa eiii’thoa??a a Oe?a?i?, oaeoe/i? ieaie,
e?eoa??? oni?oo, ?iaanoeoe?eia, ?iiiaaoe?eia oa ?aeeaiia iie?oeea oiui.

5. Aeaia ?icaaeoaeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea ??cieo aeae?a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai
ca aaeocyie ?o canoinoaaiiy, ieoaiiyie, ye? aiie ae??oothoue,
no?oeoo?iith oa iiaoaiiith iiaoaeiaith, aeiiii?/iei aoaeoii ?o
canoinoaaiiy. Iaaaaeai? aniaeoe noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy AAC o ??cieo
?aeo?nao aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

6. Aeine?aeaeai? ia’?eoe, caniae, na?aaeiaeua oa oiiae cae?eniaiiy
?aa?iiaeueii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee.

7. ?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ? oeyo?a ?icaeoeo e
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?A oa ?EO.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/ia
oe?ii?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiie
iiaeeaeththoue iiaeeeaino? a?eueo iiaiiai oa nenoaiiiai aiae?co
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?A. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeathoue
ciiao ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe neooaoe?th, yea neeaeany a ?A, ? ia oe?e
iniia? aea?aoe aeiiii?/io no?aoaa?th eiai ?icaeoeo.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa ?ino?oiaioa??e iaa?oiooaaiiy
i??i?eoaoo ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano ye ?iiiaaoe?eiiai caniao ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee;

c?iaeaiee i?iaiic ?icaeoeo ?A;

eiiieaenii ioa?aeoa?eciaaia a?aeiia?aeia ?io?ano?oeoo?a;

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea, iai?yiee ? caoiaee uiaei noai?aiiy ?NI.

Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? aea?aeaaii?
?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee a aaeoc? ?A oa ?EO. Iaoa??aee, aeniiaee oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy, io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e i?aeaioiaoe? eaeoe?eieo eo?n?a “Iniiae
?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai”, “?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie”, “I?aai?caoe?y
?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai” aeey nooaeaio?a aeiiii?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo *AeO, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii a?aeiia?aeiei aeieoiaioii (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? 2431
a?ae 01.06. 1998 ?.).

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?eniaii a
iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e o??i? «Oao??n Eoae» i. *a?i?aoe?, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
a?aeiia?aeiei aeieoiaioii (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? 6-24 a?ae 23.06. 1998
?.).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. An? iioae?eiaai? aaoi?ii iaoeia? i?aoe?
aeeiiai? iaeiiin?aii ? aeei?enoai? a aeena?oaoe??. Aei iniiaieo iaoeiaeo
?acoeueoao?a, ye? noaiiaeyoue iniaenoee caeiaooie aeena?oaioa ?
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno iaeaaeaoue:

iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aeoiaeo aei ?ioi?iaoe?? ye aei caniao oa i?aaeiaoa
oi?aae?iiy iaeii/anii;

aiae?c i?ioean?a ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? (e?aa?iaoecaoe??) noni?euenoaa;

aecia/aiiy nenoaie i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ? oeyo?a ?icaeoeo e
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e;

nenoaiaoecaoe?y aniaeo?a noai?aiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?NI;

ocaaaeueiaiiy caoiae?a uiaei cae?eniaiiy aoaeoeaii? ?aa?iiaeueii?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee;

?ic?iaea iaoiaeieia?/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c ieoaiue
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ?io?ano?oeoo?e ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano a Oe?a?i?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa noaaeai?:

ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? aeiiii?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo *AeO “I?iaeaie
noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i? oa na?oiaee aeina?ae
aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i” (*a?i?aoe?, 1994 ?.);

ia anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noaoenoe/ia
?ioi?iaoe?y, iaoiaee ?? aiae?co ? eiii’thoa?ia oaoi?ea a oi?aae?ii?
i?e?i- oa iae?iaeiiii?eith” (E??iaia?aae, 1995 ?.);

ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee o a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo ciiao” (*a?i?aoe?, 1995 ?.);

ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ia caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy eieaeueieo
(oi/eiaeo) a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii a Oe?a?i?” (*a?i?aoe?, 1996 ?.);

ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?iaanoeoe?eia
ae?yeuei?noue a Oe?a?i?: i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oa ?aaoethaaiiy» (*a?i?aoe?,
1997 ?.);

ia ui??/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “Ooiiaoa??anuee? /eoaiiy” (*a?i?aoe?,
1997–1998 ??.);

ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y
aeiiii?ee oa ?iaanoeoe?? a Oe?a?i?” (*a?i?aoe?, 1998 ?.);

ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?aa?iiaeueia iie?oeea
Oe?a?ie: iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee, iaoai?cie” (Euea?a, 1998 ?.);

ia iaoiaee/ieo oa iaoiaeieia?/ieo nai?ia?ao.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? o 13 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 5,47 ae. a., c yeeo on? aeeiiai? iaeiiin?aii,
cie?aia 1 noaooy, caaeaiiiiaaia o AeIOA Oe?a?ie, 3 oace aeiiia?aeae ia
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, 9 noaoae o iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny
c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoe?a, 2 oaaeeoeue, 16
?enoie?a. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue a nia? 194 iiceoe??.
Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe – 169 noi??iie eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

?icae?e 1. ?ioi?iaoe?eiee a?cian oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoe?ei?
oaoiieia?? ia no/aniiio aoai?.

No/aniee e?aa?iaoe/iee na?oiaeyae ica?i?a ethaenoai caniaaie i?ciaiiy
i?e?i- oa iae?iaeiiii?ee, aaiiie?oeee, caii/aoeoaaa iaoaiaoe/i?
i?aeoiaee aea/aiiy caeii?a iaaeoaeaeei? aaoiiaoe/ii? ia?iaee, ia?aaea/?,
aiae?co ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iaaaee. I?eeeaae i?ia?aeieo aea?aeaa na?oo
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeeeth/io ?ieue e?aa?iaoe/iiai na?oiaeyaeo o aeinyaiaii?
aacnoii?aieo ia?aaaa o aaeoc? aeiiii?ee, ci?oeiaii? iie?oe/iiai
i?anoeaeo oa aeia?iaooo ianaeaiiy. Ioaea, naia e?aa?iaoecaoe?y
(?ioi?iaoecaoe?y) noni?euenoaa caeaoia caaacia/eoe ?icaoaeiao aea?aeaae
oa ? aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii aeoiaeo Oe?a?ie c e?eciaiai noaio. Ona?aeiieaiiy
aiaeia?? i?ioean?a ia?aoai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, i?aai?caoe?? oa oi?aae?iiy
o neeaaeieo aeeiai?/ieo nenoaiao aeia?eueii? i?e?iaee (oaoi?/ieo,
a?ieia?/ieo, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiui) aeicaieeei iiaoaeoaaoe
eiioeaioe?th caaaeueii? iaoee i?ciaiiy oa oi?aae?iiy oaeeie nenoaiaie –
oaeoieia?? – iaoee i?i caaaeueio i?aai?caoe?th oa iiaaae?ieo an?eyeeo
aeeaeo ? iaaeeaeo i?aai?caoe?e, nenoai, oi?i ? ni?eueiinoae.

?ioi?iaoe?y – oea iaeia c iniiaieo neeaaeiaeo (ii?yae c iaoa???th e
aia?a??th) na?oo, aeanoeaee aaniethoii an?i ia(?eoai aniaeo
iaoa??aeueii? ?aeiino?. Caaaeueia aeeiai?/ia oai??y ?ioi?iaoe??
?icaeyaea? ??ci? i?aeoiaee aei ?icaycaiiy ?? ea?aeeiaeueieo i?iaeai:
noaoenoe/iee, naiaioe/iee, aeai?eoi?/iee, ye?niee oa ?i. ?ioi?iaoe?y
aeeiio? o?e ooieoe??: ne?iaeie (noaoenoe/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y), i?iaeoeoo
(eieaeee, iiaeie) oa cania?a ae?yeueiino? (eiii’thoa?i? i?ia?aie), a
?icaeyaeaoe ?? aaaeeeai a?aeiinii ?? iane?aee?a. sse oaoiieia?/iee
oaiiiai ?ioi?iaoe?y aaciina?aaeiuei iia(ycaia c ?iaeono???th ?ioi?iaoeee
? a?ae?a?a? ae??oaeueio ?ieue o no/ani?e aeiiii?oe?, yea aaco?oueny ia
?icaeiaieo oaoiieia?yo.

C(yaeeanue iiaa aaeocue aeiiii?ee – ?ioi?iaoe?eia aeiiii?ea oa
a?aeiia?aeia aaeocue ?ioi?iaoeee – i?iieneiaa ?ioi?iaoeea, ye?
?ioaineaii aeei?enoiaothoue ?ioi?iaoe?th o ae?iaieoeoa?.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo i?iaeai, ye? noiyoue ia?aae no/aniith aeiiii?/iith
iaoeith, ? aecia/aiiy aieeao ?ioi?iaoe?? ia aeiiii?/ia aeeooy oa
ae?aaeaiiy eiai o o?iainiaeo eaoaai??yo. Iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
aeiaaaeaia aa?o?noue ?ieiee ? ?acoeueoaoii canoinoaaiiy ia o?eueee
i?aoe?, aea e ?ioi?iaoe??.

Aiae?coth/e i?ioean ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? noni?euenoaa, aa?oi aeae?eeoe o?e
?? nooiai?: eiii’thoa?ecaoe?th, aeania ?ioi?iaoecaoe?th,
?ioaeaeooae?caoe?th, a oaeiae 3 a?oie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a:
noeo?ei?, ?aaoeueiaai?, aeaoa?i?iiaai?. A Oe?a?i?, c ?? neeaaeiith
aeiiii?/iith oa nioe?aeueiith neooaoe??th, iiceoeai? iane?aeee iiaea
aeaoe o?eueee ?aaoeueiaaia ?ioi?iaoecaoe?y.

Aaaeei ia?aioe?ieoe ?ieue ?ioi?iaoe?? oa iaoiae?a ?? c?a?aiiy e ia?iaee
a i?ioean? oi?aae?iiy i?e?i- oa iae?iaeiiii?eith. Aea i?e?iaeii
?icaeyiooe e ?iaa?nia ieoaiiy: oi?aae?iiy ?ioi?iaoe??th oa
?ioi?iaoe?eieie oaoiieia?yie ia i?e?i- oa iae?iaeiiii?/iiio ??aiyo.
No/ania noni?euenoai iaceaathoue ?ioi?iaoe?eiei, a ?ioi?iaoe?th aaea
i?e?aeiaee aei iniiaieo eiai ?ano?n?a. Oiio nueiaiaei? oi?aae?iiy
iio?aao? ia?aae on?i naia ?ioi?iaoe?y.

Oa?i?i ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iaiaaeaeiaio (?I) iiaeia ?iciianthaeeoe ia
i?iaeaio oi?aae?iiy aoaeue-yeith no?oeoo?ith. Ia i?aei?e?inoa? a?i
caaacia/o? ia?iaeo ?ioi?iaoe??, io?nio aaoiiaoecaoe?th, th?eaee/io oa
nioe?aeueio i?aeoeeo, ca’ycie, ?icaeoie oaoiieia?e, eiinaeo?ia,
c?inoaiiy i?ioan?eiiai ??aiy eaae??a. I?aai?caoe?y ?I ia i?aei?e?inoa?
cae?enith?oueny oeyoii aeeiiaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo aaei?i?no?aoeaieo e
iia?aoeaieo caaaeaiue. Caaaeaiiy ?I ia ??ai? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy
iaaoaathoue ?ioiai nooiaiy aeaoae?caoe?? oa iio?aaothoue aeey naiai
aeeiiaiiy ia?a?iaee iaaaaaoi a?eueoiai ianyao ?ioi?iaoe??. Neeaaei?noue
?ic?iaee aaoiiaoeciaaieo i?ioeaaeo? oi?aae?iiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui, ia
a?aei?io a?ae ??aiy i?aei?e?inoaa, ia’?eo oi?aae?iiy ia ia? /?oeeo iaae,
a ooieoe?? oi?aae?iiy /anoi iiai?noth ia aecia/ai?.

?A i?aaenoaaey? niaith iiao noa?o i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? o
aeaeyae? iaee?oii?oiai aaaaoiaaeocaaiai eiiieaeno c oaea neeaaeaiith
?io?ano?oeoo?ith ?, c iaeiiai aieo, aoiaeeoue aei ?io?ano?oeoo?e an???
nenoaie i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, c ?ioiai aieo, ? naiino?eiith
noa?ith a?ciano. Ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiino?oeoeaio noaio ?A iaaaaeaii ia
?en.1.

?ioi?iaoe?eiee a?cian

?en. 1. Ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiino?oeoeaia noaia ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano

Ao?eaiiy iiaeo oi?i ?ioaa?aoe?? oa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ?EO a?aeiia?aea?
?aaeeeaeueiei ci?iai a i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo?ao oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaaie, ye? ni?eythoue oaeaee?e ? aio/e?e ?aaeoe?? ia
eiieo?oth/a ioi/aiiy. Oea ia o?eueee aeiiii?/iee ? i?aai?caoe?eiee
aieea, aea e ci?ia nioe?aeueieo a?aeiinei.

Iia? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? aeieeee nii/aoeo o?eueee ye eiioeaioe?y, a
iio?i c’yaeeenue i?iaeoeoe aeey iiaoaeiae nenoai, ci???ioiaaieo ia
a?cian. Aeai? oaoiieia?? iio?aaothoue iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue, a?eueoi?
aaciaee, aeniei? yeino? aeeooy; aiie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey
?icaeoeo iiaeo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?, ?ic?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ia?aae,
iii?oi?eiaiaeo nenoai, iie?ioaiiy ae?yeueiino? aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?
noni?eueieo neoaea, i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aaciaee,
ni?iuaiiy aaaaoueio aniaeo?a iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy ethaeae. ?O ia ?eieo
aenooiathoue ? ye i?iaeoeo niiaeeaaiiy ? ye can?a ae?iaieoeoaa,
ine?eueee a?ae ieo caeaaeeoue ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy ?eieo ?, ioaea,
eiai ii?iaeueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Cae?enithth/e nooo?aee aieea ia
oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?iaeoeo?a ? iineoa, nenoai aeaeo?iiii?
ia?iaee aeaieo ? oaeaeiioi?eaoe?e (?eieo ?EO), nai?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? ciaoiaeyoueny a a?eueo?e
caeaaeiino? a?ae iieiaeaiiy ia oeueiio ?eieo (aeea. ?en. 2).

?en. 2. Aca?ii?ioaa?aoe?y ?EO oa ?eieo ?EO

Aieiaiei ?ioi?iaoe?eiei aeaea?aeii ? ?eiie ? eiai no?oeoo?e, a ioaea
aeiiii?/i? noa’?eoe caoe?eaaeai? a io?eiaii? ?aaeueieo aeaieo i?i oe?ie,
iiieo ia ie?ai? oiaa?e ? o. ?i. Oiio iiaa iiaeiia ?oe ia i?i ianeaio
?ioi?iaoe?th, a i?i ae?yeueiee oaeoi? ia?aoai?aiiy aeiiii?ee.

O ?eieiaiio ainiiaea?noa? aeae?eythoue /ioe?e iae?inaeoi?e: niiaeea/eo
cania?a, cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa, i?aoe?, a?ioae ? oe?iieo iaia??a, aei
yeeo aeiaea?oueny i’yoee naeoi? – ?eiie ?ioi?iaoe??.

?eiie o neeo eiai neeaaeiino? oa aaaaoianiaeoiino? iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe a
aeae?eueeio ?ic??cao: ca ia’?eoaie, a i?inoi?iaiio ?ic??c?, ca
iaoai?ciii ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ca ??aiai iane/aiino?. I?iiiiothoueny i’youe
iae?inaeoi??a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ?eieo: iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia i?iaeoeoe?y,
ia’?eoe ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e, oi?aae?inuee? aeai? oa iia?aeiieaiiy,
iiaooiaa ?ioi?iaoe?y, iineoae ina?oe.

Iniiaieie oaiaeaioe?yie a ?icaeoeo ?eieo ?EO ?:

aei?noiea eiieo?aioe?y oa oe?iia? a?eie;

ci?ie a i?aeoeoe? a?ciano;

aaaaoi?aciaa aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aiieo i?iaeoeo?a.

Aiae?c no/anieo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo ?EO aeyaey? iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy
eiiieaeno caaea/, iia’ycaieo c aeine?aeaeaiiyi i?aaiaeo, i?aai?caoe?eieo
? aeiiii?/ieo aniaeo?a oaeineiiaeaiiy ?A. Iaaaaeai?:

noaoenoe/iee aiae?c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?EO ? AAI o ianooaaao na?oiaiai
?eieo;

no?eioth/? oaeoi?e aieeao ia i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy ?eieo i?ia?aiieo
i?iaeoeo?a;

aiae?c iniaeeainoae ?eieo a Oe?a?i?, e?a?iao NIAe ? eieeoiueiai N?N?;

iai?yiee ?icaeoeo eiioeaioe?? ?A ia ??ai? i?aei?e?inoa ? aea?aeaae a
oe?eiio;

eeaneo?eaoe?y i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i ?A (ca eeanaie ia/enethaaeueii?
oaoi?ee, ca nooiaiai oeaio?ae?caoe?? ?ici?uaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy, ca
iiooaei?noth ia?eo iniiaieo iaoei), ui aeicaiey? ocaaaeueieoe oa
aeae?eeoe eeaneo?eaoe?ei? iciaee iiaeo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i ?A.

Anooi ia ?eiie iiaeo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i ?A iia’ycaii c ?ic?iaeith ?
aecia/aiiyi no?aoaa?? eiai inai?iiy: i?yi? caei?aeiii? ?iaanoeoe??,
aeeeth/ia e?oeaicoaaiiy, iiiaeeiia e?oeaicoaaiiy, noai?aiiy NI,
eiia?iiaaia noai?aiiy NI oa e?oeaicoaaiiy a ??cieo oi?iao. Iaea?eueo
i?eaooeiaith i?e noai?aii? a?aeiia?aeieo ni?eyoeeaeo oiia ? ia?oa
no?aoaa?y (i?yia ?iaanooaaiiy), a iaea?eueo aio/eith – inoaiiy
(eiia?ioaaiiy).

No/ania ?iaeono??y ?EO yaey? niaith ?ioaa?iaaiee eiiieaen ae?iaie/i?,
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei?, ?ioi?iaoe?eii?, eiinoeueoaoe?eii?,
ia?eaoeiaiai? e oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?. Ianya ae?iaieoeoaa naeoi?o
?O na?ae/eoue i?i aenieee iioaioe?ae ?O ? iiaeeeao i?eaaaeea?noue aeey
iioaioe?eieo ?iaanoi??a. ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ?EO aeoaea o?nii iia’ycaiee c
ae?iaieoeoaii AAI oa ?iaanoeoe?yie a eiaei?e ie?ai?e e?a?i?. Noaoenoe/i?
aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i no?eea c?inoaiiy ?eieo oaoiieia?e: ?eiie IC ?
iaea?eueo no?eeei a aaeoc? ?O, oaeaeei c?inoa? ?eiie i?ioan?eieo iineoa.

?icae?e 2. Iniaeeaino? e i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano oa
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.

Aiae?c iieaciee?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano aea?
iiaeeea?noue io?eiaoe anaa?/io ea?oeio noaio ni?aa o oe?e aaeoc?. Iiaa
oaeoeea noai?aiiy ?aeoeiao ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e aaco?oueny ia
aecia/aii? oaeoi?o aieeao o??? /e ?ioi? eiiiai?? ia ?icaeoie ?iaeono???,
aeine?aeaeaiiy yeiai a?aoiao? ca?oe aeciaieo ia eiii’thoa?iiio ?eieo
ia?eaoeiaiaeo o??i, a a yeino? ?ino?oiaioa??th i?iaaaeaiiy
i?aeia?iaeiiai ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co aeei?enoiaothoueny oi?o?eiaai?
eeth/ia? ?iaeeeaoi?e ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?A.

O?eaaeee /an ia aeciaaaany naiee oiaa?iee oa?aeoa? ?ioi?iaoe?? a noa??
oaoiieia?/iiai iai?io, ? ?eiee ?nioaaee aeey an?o oiaa??a ? iineoa, e??i
?ioi?iaoe??, oe?ia yei? i?e??aithaaeanue aei ioey, ? ?iaeeinue
i?eiouaiiy, ui ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ciaiue a?aeaoaa?oueny aaciieaoii.

Aei /enea iaea?eueo aeeneon?eieo o no/ani?e aeiiii?oe? a?aeiineoueny
ieoaiiy i?i oe?io i?iaeoeo?a oaoi?/ii? oai?/ino? oa i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy, cie?aia. I?aeo?ae aei oe?iiooai?aiiy ia
?ioi?iaoe?eii-ia/enethaaeuei? iineoae, ni?yiiaaiee ia cai?io
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo iaoiae?a oe?iiooai?aiiy a?eueo aio/eeie, aeiiii?/ieie
aeicaieea aenoiooe i?eiouaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue caaeainoaaoe ?ioa?ane
ae?iaieea oa ei?enooaa/a e onoiooe aeeeoao iaei??? noi?iie ii
a?aeiioaiith aei ?ioi?.

Aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae ia?eaoeiao a aaeoc? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy aeicaieeei c’ynoaaoe niaoeeo?eo ia?eaoeiaiaiai
?ino?oiaioo a aeai?e aaeoc?. ?icaeyioo? iao?eoe? ao?eaooeaii?
eeaneo?eaoe?? aeae?a ia?eaoeiao oa ia?eaoeiaiaiai ?ino?oiaioa??th c
o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ?eieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?iaeoeo?a ? iineoa,
ine?eueee, yeui aeey i?iieneiaeo ae?ia?a ?nio? ?ic?iaeaia ? aei?iaoaaia
oai??y ia?eaoeiao, oi aeey i?ia?aiieo i?iaeoeo?a aiia o?eueee
oi?io?oueny.

?ic?iaeyth/e iniiae ia?eaoeiao II, iaiao?aeii aeoiaeeoe c eiie?aoieo
oiia c o?aooaaiiyi anueiai eiiieaeno, i?ae yeei ?icoi??oueny noeoii?noue
aca?iiiia’ycaieo aeaiaio?a, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey caaeiaieaiiy
i?ia?aiieie i?iaeoeoaie iio?aa iaaiiai ?eieo aai eiai /anoeie (naaiaioo)
c o?aooaaiiyi aeaiiai ioi/aiiy (iie?oe/iiai, eoeueoo?iiai, aeiiii?/iiai,
?inoeoooe?eiiai).

II c oi/ee ci?o ia?eaoeiao ia? aeeoo?aee oeeee. Ci?ia oiia
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo aiineoue iaai? ooi/iaiiy a
iaoiaeieia?th oi?aae?iiy aeeoo?aei oeeeeii i?iaeoeoe??, oi/a iiaeaeue
eiai i?aaenoaaey? niaith aeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaio eiioeaioe?th. Aeae?eaiiy
/ioe?ueio noaae?e o AEOe (aeieeiaiiy, c?inoaiiy, iane/aiiy ? niaae)
coiiaeei aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy i?eioeei?a aeaiiai i?aeoiaeo ia
o?eueee o noa?? ae?iaieoeoaa, aea ? ia?eaoeiao.

Ci?no ia?eaoeiaiai? no?aoaa?? iieyaa? a iaiaaeaii? ae?iaie/iai oa
?eieiaiai ?eceeo oa caaeiaieaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa ei?enooaa/?a.
A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui noeioethaaoe ?ic?iaeo IC iiaeiai ye i?eaooie, oae ?
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ?O, io?eio?ii ia?eaoeiaiao eiioeaioe?th.

Aeaa iniiaieo eiiiiiaioe, ia ye? nie?a?oueny ia?eaoeiaiaa no?aoaa?y, –
oea oe?eueiaee ?eiie ? ia?eaoeiaiaee eiiieaen. Naaiaiooaaiiy ?eieo,
oiaoi iiae?e ia a?oie iaeii??aeieo ei?enooaa/?a a?ae?a?a? aieiaio ?ieue
i?e aecia/aii? oe?eueiaiai ?eieo. Ia?eaoeiaiaee eiiieaen aeeth/a? /ioe?e
eiiiiiaioe, ui ea?othoueny: i?iaeoeo, oe?io, ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oa
noeioethaaiiy. I?eeiath/e ??oaiiy i?i aeo?ae ia ?eiie c iiaei oeiii II,
o?aaa iaoe ia oaac? no?aoaa?? ia?eaoeiao: ianiaee ia?eaoeia,
oiaa?ii-aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee ia?eaoeia ? oe?eueiaee ia?eaoeia.

Ia?eaoeia o?nii iia’ycaiee c i?iaeaiith aea/aiiy ?eieo caooo oa
iioaioe?eieo ei?enooaa/?a, yea iiaea aooe ?ica’ycaia oeyoii aecia/aiiy
iiaeeeainoae ?eieo, i?noey i?iaeoeoo ia ?eieo, ianyao ?eieo, /anoee
?eieo eiieo?aio?a, iiaeeeaeo ae?e c iaoith caaacia/aiiy
eiieo?aioicaeaoiino?, nooiaiy caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa ei?enooaa/?a.

Iaoith ae ia?eaoeiao ? io?eiaiiy ia?aaaa ia?aae eiieo?aioaie ca ?aooiie
iaeneiaeueiiai iaaeeaeaiiy aei ei?enooaa/?a oa ?o caieo?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy a aaeoc? ia?eaoeiao i?ecaaee aei noai?aiiy iiai?
eiioeaioe?? – oaeai?iniaeoeiao, nooi?noue yeiai iieyaa? a iieooaaii?
iioaioe?eieo ee??io?a ii oaeaoiio c iaoith aecia/aiiy ?o eoi?aaeueii?
ni?iiiaeiino?, iio?aa ? ianya?a caeoiie.

C ?icaeoeii oai??? oa i?aeoeee ia?eaoeiao iaaoa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
aaoiiaoeciaaiee ia?eaoeia ia aac? ia?niiaeueieo AII. Aaoiiaoeciaaiee
ia?eaoeia (AI) aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey aeinyaiaiiy eiieo?aioiicaeaoiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa oeyoii nei?i/aiiy oaoiieia?/iiai oeeeeo, i?aeaeuaiiy
aio/eino? ae?iaieoeoaa, iaeneiaeueiiai caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo ei?enooaa/?a,
ui oaeaeei ci?ith?oueny. E?eoa??yie aoaeoeaiino? AI ? iioeiaeuei?noue
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e o??ie, nenoaie ieaioaaiiy ? eiio?ieth,
niaoeeo?ee ae?yeueiino? o??ie.

?ioi?iaoe?eiee a?cian aeineoue aino?i iio?aao? cania?a, ye? caeaoi?
caaacia/eoe caaa?oaiee oeeee “aeine?aeaeaiiy – ?ic?iaea – i?iaiee
ia?eaoeia – ae?iaieoeoai – ?eiie”.

?icae?e 3. Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/i? no?oeoo?e oa ?io?ano?oeoo?e
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e a
Oe?a?i?.

Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy ?A aeioe?eueii ?icaeyaeaoe a iaaeao i?aaiaiai,
oaoi?/iiai, i?aai?caoe?eiiai e aeiiii?/iiai aniaeo?a.

Iaaaeueia iaiao?aei?noue o ea??aieoeoa? oaeaeeic?inoath/ei ? neeaaeiei
ae?iaieoeoaii oa ia’?eoaie c eiiieaeniith no?oeoo?ith aac nooo?aiai
ca?eueoaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oi?aae?inueeiai ooaoo c iaeii/aniei
ca?eueoaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? oa yeino? ae?iaieoeoaa, ?acoeueoaoeaiino?
i?aoe? ea??aiee?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icaeyaeo oaeiai iiiyooy, ye
?ioi?iaoe?eia nenoaia iaiaaeaeiaioo (?NI).

?NI – oea ?ioaa?aoe?y nenoai ia?iaee aeaieo, aaoiiaoecaoe?? io?no oa
nenoai i?aeo?eiee ??oaiue. I?aenenoaiaie ?? ? aeeiiaa/? ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
nenoaie, ?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie ia?eaoeiao, ae?iaie/? ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
nenoaie oa o?iainia? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie.

C eiaeiei aeiai caaea/? oa aeiiae, ye? noaaeyoueny ia?aae ?NI,
i?ecaiaeyoue aei iineeaiiy eiieo?aioe?? a noa?? noai?aiiy i?ia?aiieo,
nenoaiieo ? oaoi?/ieo cania?a ?NI, ui neoaeeoue iiooiaoii aeey ?o
oaeaeeiai ?icaeoeo.

Eiiiiiaioaie ?NI ? eiii’thoa?ia oaoi?ea, caaaeueia nenoaiia ? i?ia?aiia
caaacia/aiiy (IC), i?eeeaaeia IC, aenieieaae?o?eiaaiee ooao
niaoe?ae?no?a, c?o/ii noi?iiaai? aace aeaieo, a aoaiaie ?icaeoeo ?NI ?:

1. Aiae?c aeiia ? i?iaeooaaiiy.

2. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? iaeaaiaeaeaiiy.

3. Aaciina?aaei? aeei?enoaiiy.

Oeaio?aeueiith i?iaeaiith noai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie noa?
?ic?iaea eiiieaeno iia?aoe?e, ye? iio??aii i?i?iaeoe iaae aeaieie aeey
oiai, uia aiie ia?aeoee ia ??aaiue ei?enii? ?ioi?iaoe?? (iaeiie/aiiy,
ia?iaea, i?aeo?eiea ? caa?aaeaiiy aeaieo, iaoai?ci io?eiaiiy e?ioeaaeo
?acoeueoao?a ? aeieoiaio?a).

?NI aiaeia?a? ?ieue no?oeoo?e aeey niaoeiaeiciaaieo iiaenenoai, yei
ia?iaeythoue aeaii, aeeiiothoue i?ioeaaeo?e aaoiiaoecaoei? ioino oa
caaacia/othoue iiaeo?eieo ?ioaiue oeyoii ca?oo, caieoo oa neioeyoe??.
Ioaea, aeey aeinyaiaiiy oniioo iio?iaia iioaa?aoeiy oai?i?
iaiaaeaeiaioo, iaoaiaoe/ieo ciaiue i aenieiai ?iaiy eiii’thoa?ii?
a?aiioiinoi.

I???ioiaai? ia caaacia/aiiy i?ioean?a ieaioaaiiy, eiio?ieth ?
iii?oi??iao ?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo ooieoe?iiothoue o
?icaeiaieo e?a?iao ? io?eiaee iacao aaia?ao?/ieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai,
ye? aeiiiiaaathoue ae??ooaaoe ?aa?iiaeuei? i?iaeaie. Iai?eeeaae,
ia?ao?ae aei a?eueii? aeiiii?/ii? ciie ?icai?oa? oe?ieee niaeo?
iiaeeeainoae aeiiii?/iiai, iie?oe/iiai, aeieia?/iiai, aniaeo?a
ae?yeueiino? ?aa?iio. ?aae?caoe?y ?o ia?aaeaa/a? /?oea ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aaea ?nioth/eo ia?iaie, ui a no/anieo oiiaao iaiiaeeeai aac ?NI,
ao?eaooaie ? caniaaie yeeo ? aaciaia?iaa oaoiieia?y, eiii’thoa?e,
eiii’thoa?i? ia?aae?, ?ioaeaeooaeuei? nenoaie, oaeaeiioi?eaoe?? oiui.
?aeaoueny i?i eiiieaenio aaoiiaoecaoe?th anueiai i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy,
oiaoi i?i caaaeueio ia?aaeo ?NI.

? ? aeaye? i?iaeaie uiaei neacaiiai, ine?eueee iio??aii iaoe ?aeeio
?ioi?iaoe?eio ia?aaeo ia oa?eoi??? a?eueii? aeiiii?/ii? ciie, yea aoaea
aenooiaoe a yeino? aaceno aeey noai?aiiy ?NI. Iio??aii iaoe iaeno/ani?oo
eiii’thoa?io oaoi?eo oa eaae?o?eiaaieo oao?aoe?a, ye? ciiaeooue
ia’?aeiaoe an? iaiao?aei? eiiiiiaioe a /?oei caaeainiaaio e aio/eo
nenoaio c aeia?a ie?aneaiith ?io?ano?oeoo?ith.

Aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e nueiaiaei?
iaiao?aei?:

i?aeo?eiea i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e;

caaacia/aiiy noi?niino? oa aca?iiae?? nenoai ? ia?aae c o?aooaaiiyi
i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a;

aeei?enoaiiy ?aeeiiai o?ainii?oiiai oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eiiai na?aaeiaeua.

?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano oa
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e – oea a?aooaaiiy ??aiy no/anii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e aaeoc? oa ?? aaeineiiaeaiiy, noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai
“a?aiaeo”, ia?ao?ae a?ae nioiaiai aei na??eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, aio/ea
?iaanoeoe?eia iie?oeea, ye?nia ia?aaoaeiaa ae?iaieoeoaa, iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaiee ?iiiaaoe?eiee iaiaaeaeiaio, noai?aiiy iiaeo ?iai/eo
i?noeue, aeioe?eueia ?aeeaiia i?aeo?eiea.

Iacaaaeath/e ia an? «aea», ii/aea oi?ioaaoeny nai???aeia «ia?aiaa»
nenoaia i?aai?cio ethaenueeiai noni?euenoaa – ?ioa?ia?aae?, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeeo noai?th?oueny a??ooaeueiee i?ino?? aac a?aenoaiae,
ei?aeii?a ? o?yae?a, a noiooieeiaee ca(ycie ? iaeiei c iaea?eueo
aeaiie?aoe/ieo niinia?a ?ica’ycaiiy oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo i?iaeai.

AENIIAEE

?acoeueoaoii ?iaioe iiaeia aaaaeaoe noai?aiiy eiioeaioe?? i??i?eoaoiiai
?icaeoeo ?A oa ?EO ye ?iiiaaoe?eiiai caniao ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.
I?i oea na?ae/aoue oae? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i? aeniiaee:

1. Neeaaeia? /anoeie ?A eiai oi?ie oa ci?no iino?eii ci?iththoueny
a?aeia?aaeath/e neeaae iaoeiaeo ? i?eeeaaeieo ?ic?iaie, aeiia
ei?enooaaoeueeiai na?aaeiaeua ? o. ?i. Oiio naia eiiieaeniee ?icaeyae
eiiiiiaio?a ?A c o?aooaaiiyi aeeiai?ee ?o ?icaeoeo aeicaieea io?eiaoe
ae/a?iio oyao oa iiaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?A ? canoiniaoaaoe eiai ye
aoaeoeaiee ?iiiaaoe?eiee can?a ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

2. A?aoiaoth/e aeiaaeueio ia’?ii?noue oa anai?iieeiai?noue eiiiiiaio?a
?A oa ?EO, a?aenooi?noue ?i aeueoa?iaoeae a aeena?oaoe?? aeooae?co?oueny
i?iaeaia ?ic?iaee eiioeaioe?? ?o ?icaeoeo. Oe?iea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
eiiiiiaio?a ?A oa ?EO noeioeth? oaeaeeee ?icaeoie iia?oi?o oaoiieia?e,
cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, a?eueo aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy
aia?aaoe/ieo iaoa??aeueieo ? ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
ae?yeueiino? noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio, noai?aiiy oiia aeey ?icaeoeo iiaeo
aaeocae.

3. Ocaaaeueiaii iiiyooy ?ioi?iaoe?? ye caniao ? i?aaeiaoa oi?aae?iiy
iaeii/anii ca aeiiiiiaith noaoenoe/iiai, naiaioe/iiai, aeai?eoi?/iiai oa
ye?niiai i?aeoiae?a; iaaaaeai? ?? oa?aeoa?enoeee, ooieoe??, iane?aeee ??
aeei?enoaiiy; aena?oeai? iia? niaoeeo?/i? aeanoeaino? ?ioi?iaoe??, ye?
ae?aaeai? a aeiiii?/ieo eaoaai??yo; ?icaeyioo? iia? aaeoc? iaoee –
?ioi?iaoe?eia aeiiii?ea oa i?iieneiaa ?ioi?iaoeea.

4. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaii, ui iaeaaaeeea?oei eiiiiiaioii
aoaeue-yeiai aeaeo ae?yeueiino? iiaeiia noaoe ?ioi?iaoe?eia
?io?ano?oeoo?a, yea i?aaenoaaey? niaith noeoii?noue ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
?ano?n?a ? i?ia?aiii-aia?aoieo cania?a IO, ?O oa
?ioi?iaoe?eii-ia/enethaaeueieo ia?aae ? nenoai. ??aaiue no/anii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e aecia/a?oueny:

aeinooii?noth iaea?aeaeaeai?oeo aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe??;

caaacia/aiiyi aeaeo?iiiiai ca’yceo;

noai?aiiyi iniaeeaiai noeeth aeeooy ethaeeie;

?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiii’thoa?iei na?aaeiaeuai aeeooy.

5. Aeyaeaii, ui eeth/ai aei ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai noai?aiiy oa ?icaeoeo
iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ? eiioi?eaoe?eieo nenoai ? ia?aae o aea?aeaaiiio
naeoi?? ?:

i?aaeeueii ci???ioiaaia oaoi?/ia ? oaoiieia?/ia iie?oeea, yea aea? ciiao
ocaiaeaeaii i?aoethaaoe ??ciei i?i?noa?noaai ? a?aeiinoaai;

oieeiaiiy aeoaethaaiiy noaiaea?o?a ? i?ioieie?a, noai?aieo aac aeaieo;

aoaeoeaia aca?iiae?y ?aa?iiaeueieo nenoai o ?aaeei? ?aaeueiiai /ano;

noai?aiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, aeinooi aei yeeo
cae?enith?oueny ii oaeaoiiieo ia?aaeao caaaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy;

iiaoaeiaa aoaeoeaii ae?th/eo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai oa ?NI;

aeinooi aei a?aeaeaeaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, caei?aeiiieo ia?aae,
caaacia/aiiy i?yiiai aeoiaeo a Internet.

6. Aiae?c iieacaa, ui aaaiieie noeioeaie ?icaeoeo ?eieo ?EO ? no??ieee
?icaeoie ? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y iiieoo ia an? aeaee iaoeiai?, oaoi?/ii? e,
iniaeeai, aeiiii?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, i?aeaeuaiiy aeiia aei ci?noo ? oi?i
iiaeaiiy aeaieo, a ia?aae i?aei?e?inoaaie iiai? noa?e – noa?e ?A iinoa?
aeooaeueia caaaeaiiy: caaeiaieaiiy c?inoath/eo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa
ei?enooaa/?a.

7. Ia iniia? aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iaaooiai na?oiaiai aeina?aeo a
/anoei? oi?ioaaiiy oaoi?/ii? aace cania?a IO ? ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa
a?aeiia?aeiiai i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aeioe?eueii:

i???iooaaoenue ia e?au? na?oia? c?acee c iaoith noai?aiiy ia?aaeiai?
nenoaie ?A;

a?aoiaoaaoe niaoeeo?eo na?oiaiai ?eieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?iaeoeo?a ?
iineoa;

aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aaeaoe i?ioeane ia?aoai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? oiiaai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?A oa ?EO.

8. Noai?aia eiiieaenia nenoaia iaoai?ci?a uiaei ci?ie ?nioth/i?
no?oeoo?e ?A oa ?EO a Oe?a?i? ia iniia? aiae?co ae?yeueiino? i?ia?aeieo
o??i a?aeiia?aeiiai i?io?eth:

i?aeo?eiea i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo ?O;

caaacia/aiiy noi?niino? oa aca?iiae?? nenoai ? ia?aae c o?aooaaiiyi
i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a;

aeei?enoaiiy ?aeeiiai o?ainii?oiiai oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eiiai na?aaeiaeua.

9. ?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ? oeyo?a ?icaeoeo,
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa ?ino?oiaioa??e iaa?oiooaaiiy i??i?eoaoo
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano.

10. Aecia/ai? iniaeeaino? ia?eaoeiao a aaeoc? oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo
i?ia?aiieo i?iaeoeo?a ? iineoa, c’yniaaia niaoeeo?ea ia?eaoeiaiaiai
?ino?oiaioa??th a aeai?e aaeoc?, i?eae?eaia oaaaa ieoaiiyi
oe?iiooai?aiiy ?ioaeaeooaeueii? i?iaeoeoe??.

11. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea, iai?yiee ? caoiaee, uiaei noai?aiiy ?NI.

12. Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
aea?aeaaii? ?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee a aaeoc? ?A oa ?EO, aeey aeaoaeueii?
?ic?iaee oeyo?a ?icaeoeo ?A, ?EO oa ?o eiiiiiaio?a a Oe?a?i?.
Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?O c oi/ee ci?o aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo ia ia? aeueoa?iaoeae.
?ic?iaeythoueny iia?, ?icoe?ththoueny oa aaeineiiaeththoueny ?nioth/?
eiiiiiaioe ?A oa ?EO, a nai?/aniee ?o ?icaeoie – iino?eia caaaeaiiy
noni?euenoaa Oe?a?ie, caii?oea ?? aeinoieiiai i?noey a na?oiaiio
ni?aoiaa?enoa?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

Aeaeiaei O.I. Ia’?eoe, caniae, na?aaeiaeua ? oiiae cae?eniaiiy
?aa?iiaeueii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee //?aa?iiaeueia iie?oeea
Oe?a?ie: iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee, iaoai?cie. – *anoeia ??. – Euea?a:
?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie. – 1998. – N. 393–398.

Aeaeiaei O.I. ?ioi?iaoe?eiee a?cian ? eiai iniiai? neeaaeia? c iiaeyaeo
?iaanoeoe?e ? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy //Iaoeiaee a?niee
*a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Aeione 28. Aeiiii?ea. –
*a?i?aoe?: *AeO. – 1998. – N. 43–53.

Aeaeiaei O. I. ?ioi?iaoe?y, i?ioean ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? oa ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oaoiieia?? ye ??ci? aniaeoe e?aa?iaoe/iiai na?oiaeyaeo ? iiooaeiee can?a
oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?eith //Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Aeione 25. Aeiiii?ea. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO. – 1998. –
N. 161–169.

Aeaeiaei O.I. Neeaaeia? /anoeie ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo
//Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Aeione
10. Aeiiii?ea. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO. – 1997. – N. 134–141.

Aeaeiaei O. I. ?io?ano?oeoo?a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano ? oeyoe ??
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? //?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aeiiii?ee oa ?iaanoeoe?? a
Oe?a?i?. – *anoeia 1. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO. – 1998. – N. 52 – 58.

Aeaeiaei O.I. Noaoenoe/iee aiae?c na?oiaeo ?iaanoeoe?e a ?icaeoie
aaeoc? eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai //?iaanoeoe?eia
ae?yeuei?noue a Oe?a?i?: i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oa ?aaoethaaiiy. – *anoeia 2.
– *a?i?aoe?: *AeO. – 1997. – N. 135–142.

Aeaeiaei O.I. ?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie iaiaaeaeiaioo o AAC //I?iaeaie
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee o a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo ciiao. – *anoeia 3. –
*a?i?aoe?: *AeO. – 1995. – N. 68–71.

Aeaeiaei O.I. Iaoiaee ?ic?iaee ? canoinoaaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeeo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai ? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai iaiaaeaeiaioo //Iai?yiee
aaeineiiaeaiiy iae?eo, eiio?ieth, aiae?co oa aoaeeoo a oiiaao ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO. – 1995. – N. 52–58.

Aeaeiaei O.I. C ?noi??? aaoiiaoecaoe?? aooiae?eo //Aooaaeoa? – i?ioan?y
ii/ania. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO. – 1995. – N. 29–31.

Iauea naaaeaiey i i?eeeaaeiie noa?a iaoee aacao aeaiiuo e aacao ciaiee
/Aeaeiaei O.I.; *a?iiaeoe. oi-o. – *a?iiaoeu, 1994. – 10 n. –
?on. – Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 17.10.94, ? 2006. – Oe. 94.

Aeaeiaei O.I. Aeaye? aniaeoe noai?aiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy AAC a ??cieo
?aeo?nao aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai iaiaaeaeiaioo //Iaoeia?
aeiiia?ae? oa iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?? «I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ia
caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy eieaeueieo (oi/eiaeo) AAC a Oe?a?i?». –
*anoeia 2. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO. – 1996. – N. 104–105.

Aeaeiaei O.I. Aaoiiaoeciaai? nenoaie ia?iaee aeiiii?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa
?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie – oaoiieia?y nueiaiaeaiiy ? iaeaooiueiai //Oace
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? aeiiii?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo «I?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i? oa na?oiaee aeina?ae aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i». –
*a?i?aoe?: *AeO. – 1994. – N. 66–67.

Aeaeiaei O.I. ?ioi?iaoe?y ye can?a ? i?aaeiao oi?aae?iiy //Oace
aeiiia?aeae anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Noaoenoe/ia
?ioi?iaoe?y, iaoiaee ?? aiae?co ? eiii’thoa?ia oaoi?ea a oi?aae?ii?
i?e?i-oa iae?i-aeiiii?eith». – E??iaia?aae: E?NI. – 1995. – N. 12.

Aeaeiaei O.I. ?ioi?iaoe?eiee a?cian ye ?iiiaaoe?eiee can?a ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.02 – I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia. – ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, Euea?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii eiiieaeniiio aea/aiith iniaeeainoae
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ?o
aeeiai?ee ?icaeoeo, ?io?ano?oeoo?e, ?eie?a ? ?ie?, yeo aiie
a?ae?a?athoue o no/ani?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie.

Iaaaaeaiee eiiieaeniee aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano oa
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e. Aeine?aeaeai? ia’?eoe, caniae,
na?aaeiaeua e oiiae cae?eniaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
iie?oeee. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa ?ino?oiaioa??e
iaa?oiooaaiiy i??i?eoaoo ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano ye ?iiiaaoe?eiiai
caniao ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. Noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? iai?yiee
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/i? ?io?ano?oeoo?e ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?ciano oa
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e a Oe?a?i?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ioi?iaoe?eiee a?cian, ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??, ?io?ano?oeoo?a, ?iiiaaoe?eiee can?a, ?ino?oiaioa??e,
i??i?eoao.

DeynekoT.O. Informational business as innovational mean for the
development of the economy of Ukraine. – Manuscript.

The dissertation for the academic degree of the candidate of economic
sciences in the speciality 08.06.02 – Enterpreneurship, management and
marketing. – Institute of Regional Research of the National Academy of
Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, 1999.

The dissertation deals with complex investigation of peculiarities of
the informational business and information-communicational technologies,
dynamic of their development, markets, and the role that they play in
the modern economy of Ukraine.

The complex analysis of the informational business and
information-communicational technologies was made. The objects, means,
environment and conditions for the realization of the regional
scientific and technical politics were investigated. Method approaches
and tools of the basis of informational business priority as an
innovational means of Ukraine economy development. The main ways for the
improvement of the infrastructure of informational business and
information-communicational technologies in the Ukraine were formulated.

Key-words: informational business, information-communicational
technologies, infrastructure, innovational mean, tools, priority.

Aeaeiaei O.I. Eioi?iaoeeiiiue aecian eae eiiiaaoeeiiiia n?aaenoai
?acaeoey yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02 – I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio e
ia?eaoeia. – Einoeooo ?aaeiiaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eueaia,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eiiieaeniiio eco/aieth iniaaiiinoae e aeeiaieee
?acaeoey eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeciana e eioi?iaoeeiiii-eiiioieeaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee, eo eio?ano?oeoo?u, ?uieia e ?iee, eioi?oth iie ea?atho a
nia?aiaiiie yeiiiieea Oe?aeiu.

Iaiauaii iiiyoea eioi?iaoeee i?e iiiiue noaoenoe/aneiai,
naiaioe/aneiai, aeai?eoie/aneiai e ea/anoaaiiiai iiaeoiaeia; i?eaaaeaiu
aa oa?aeoa?enoeee, ooieoeee, iineaaenoaey aa eniieueciaaiey;
noi?ioee?iaai iiaue iiaeoiae e eioi?iaoeee eae e n?aaenoao e iauaeoo
oi?aaeaiey iaeiia?aiaiii; ioia?aaeaiu iiaua niaoeeoe/aneea naienoaa
eioi?iaoeee, eioi?ua au?aaeaiu a yeiiiie/aneeo eaoaai?eyo; ?anniio?aiu
iiaua iaeanoe iaoee, oaeea eae eioi?iaoeeiiiay yeiiiieea e i?iiuoeaiiay
eioi?iaoeea; noi?ioee?iaaiu caaea/e eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaiaaeaeiaioa.

I?iaiaeece?iaaiu o?e nooiaie eioi?iaoecaoeee iauanoaa
(eiiiuethoa?ecaoeey, eioi?iaoecaoeey, eioaeeaeooaeecaoeey) e o?e a?oiiu
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia (noeoeeiua, ?aaoee?oaiua e
aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiua).

Noi?ioee?iaaiu oaeoi?u aeeyiey ia yeiiiieeo i?aaei?eyoee, naycaiiuo n
yenieoaoaoeeae au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee e i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey, a
oii /enea e oaeea, eioi?ua naea?aeeaatho i?ioeann noaiiaeaiey ?uiea
i?ia?aiiiuo i?iaeoeoia.

I?iaiaeece?iaaiu iauaeoeaiua i?e/eiu, io?eoeaoaeueii aeeythuea ia
iieiioeaiiia aiaae?aiea e niaa?oainoaiaaiea nia?aiaiiuo iai?aaeaiee
?acaeoey eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeciana a no?aiao NIA e iooe, noeioee?othuea
?acaeoea eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeciana e eioi?iaoeeiiii-eiiioieeaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee.

Iaicia/aiu aiciiaeiua no?aoaaee inaiaiey ?uiea a eeth/a eiioaeoia n
ca?oaaaeiuie ia?oia?aie a noa?a i?iecaiaenoaa au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee,
oneoa, nicaeaiey i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey e o.ae.

Noi?ioee?iaaia caaeneiinoue i?ioeanna aiaae?aiey e niaa?oainoaiaaiey
eioi?iaoeeiiii-eiiioieeaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee io ?aaeeeaeueiuo eciaiaiee a
i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo no?oeoo?ao oi?aaeaiey, niinianoaothueo auno?ie e aeaeie
?aaeoeee ia eiieo?e?othuaa ie?oaeaiea.

Ioa?aeoa?eciaaiu iniaaiiinoe ia?eaoeiaa a iaeanoe oi?ie?iaaiey ?uiea
i?ia?aiiiuo i?iaeoeoia e oneoa, aeaoaeece?iaaia niaoeeoeea
ia?eaoeiaiaiai eino?oiaioa?ey a aeaiiie iaeanoe.

Oaeaeaii aieiaiea aii?inai oeaiiia?aciaaiey ia iaiaoa?eaeueiua
i?iaeoeou, e eioi?ui ioiinyony ii?aaeaeaiiua aeaeu oneoa e i?iecaiaenoai
eioaeeaeooaeueiie i?iaeoeoeee.

A ?aaioa i?eaaaeai iauaiiue noaoenoe/aneee iaoa?eae i ooieoeeiie?iaaiee
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeciana e eioi?iaoeeiiii-eiiioieeaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee
ii ?aaeiiai ie?a, a?oiiai no?ai, ioaeaeueiui no?aiai e aaaeouei
i?iecaiaeeoaeyi, /oi iicaieeei naeaeaoue auaiaeu i iieneao aiciiaeiuo
iooae eioaa?aoeee Oe?aeiu a iaaeaeoia?iaeiue eioi?iaoeeiiiue ?uiie.

I?eaaaeai eiiieaeniue aiaeec eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeciana e
eioi?iaoeeiiii-eiiioieeaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee e iieacaoaeae eo
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey. Naeaeai aeoeaio ia oi, /oi ninoaaiua /anoe
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeciana, aai oi?iu e niaea?aeaiea ioia?aaeatho niune
iao/iuo e i?eeeaaeiuo ?ac?aaioie, o?aaiaaiee iieueciaaoaeueneie n?aaeu e
o. i.

I?iaaaeaia ?acaaoaeaiiay oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aciuo aeaeia eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
nenoai n o/aoii noa? eo eniieueciaaiey, aii?inia, eioi?ua iie ?aoatho,
no?oeoo?iuo e iiyoaiiuo iino?iaiee, yeiiiie/aneiai yooaeoa io eo
eniieueciaaiey.

I?eaaaeaiu aniaeou nicaeaiey e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey naiaiaeiuo
yeiiiie/aneeo cii a ?aciuo ?aeo?nao eniieueciaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
nenoai iaiaaeaeiaioa.

Enneaaeiaaiu iauaeou, n?aaenoaa, n?aaea e oneiaey inouanoaeaiey
?aaeiiaeueiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie iieeoeee.

Nenoaiaoece?iaaiu aeaiiua i aeaenoaothueo e ieaie?oaiuo i?iaeoao (a oii
/enea n o/anoeai Oe?aeiu) i?eiaiaiey niooieeiauo oaoiieiaee aeey ?aoaiey
nia?aiaiiuo oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo i?iaeai.

Iainiiaaii, /oi aaaeiaeoae ninoaaeythuae ethaiai aeaea aeayoaeueiinoe
aeieaeia noaoue eioi?iaoeeiiiay eio?ano?oeoo?a, eioi?ay i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie niaieoiiinoue eioi?iaoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia e i?ia?aiiii-aiia?aoiuo
n?aaenoa au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee, eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee e
eioi?iaoeeiiii-au/eneeoaeueiuo nenoai e naoae, o?iaaiue eioi?ie
ii?aaeaeyaony aeinooiiinoueth ioaeaeaiiuo enoi/ieeia eioi?iaoeee,
iaania/aieai yeaeo?iiiie nayce, nicaeaieai iniaiai noeey aeecie
/aeiaaea, eioi?iaoeeiiii-eiiiuethoa?iie n?aaeie aeecie.

Noi?ioee?iaaiu iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey oniaa?oainoaiaaiey e i?aaeeiaeaiu
iooe ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee eio?ano?oeoo?u eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeciana e
eioi?iaoeeiiii-eiioieeaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee ia Oe?aeia, enneaaeiaaiu
aii?inu oeaeaniia?aciinoe i?iecaiaenoaa eiiiuethoa?ia, oaeoe/aneea
ieaiu, e?eoa?ee oniaoa, eiaanoeoeeiiiay, eiiiaaoeeiiiay e ?aeeaiiay
iieeoeea.

?ac?aaioaiu no?oeoo?a i?ei?eoaoiuo iai?aaeaiee, iooae ?acaeoey
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeciana, iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoiaeu e eino?oiaioa?ee
iainiiaaiey i?ei?eoaoa eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeciana eae eiiiaaoeeiiiiai
n?aaenoaa ?acaeoey yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eioi?iaoeeiiiue aecian,
eioi?iaoeeiiii-eiiioieeaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee, eio?ano?oeoo?a,
eiiiaaoeeiiiia n?aaenoai, eino?oiaioa?ee, i?ei?eoao.

Na?aaeiaeua

I?aaiaa

Iie?oe/ia

I?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/ia

Oaoiieia?/ia

Nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?ia

Aeiiii?/ia

Ooieoe??

Oi?aae?iiy o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueeith ae?yeuei?noth

Oi?aae?iiy eaae?aie

Iina?aaeieoeoai oa caoo

I?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

Ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy

E?ceiaia? iia?aoe??

Eiinoeueoaoe?eia ianeoaiaoaaiiy

No?aooaaiiy iaeia oa ?ioi?iaoe??

Na?a?nia ianeoaiaoaaiiy

I?aai?caoe?y neoaeae ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aaciaee

?eiee

O?iaine

O?oaeia? ?ano?ne

?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa eiioi?eaoe?ei? oaoiieia??

Oiaa?e

Iineoae

?IOI?IAOe?EI? OA EIIOI?EAOe?EI? OAOIIEIA??

?EIIE ?EO

Nenoaie aeaeo?iiii? ia?iaee aeaieo

?ioi?iaoe?ei? i?iaeoeoe ? iineoae

Oaeaeiioi?eaoe??

AACIA? OAOIIEIA??

Oaoiieia?y i?ia?aiiiai caaacia-/aiiy

Oaoiieia?y oaoi?/iiai caaacia-/aiiy

Oaoiieia?y i?e?i-aeaeo?iiieo eiiiiiaio?a

Oaoiiei-a?y oaeaei-ioi?eaoe?e

A?o?oaeoo?a ia/enethaaeueieo nenoai ? ia?aae

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