Голодомор 1932-1933 років на Харківщині: Автореф. дис… канд. іст. наук / Є.Ю. Яценко, Харк. держ. ун-т. — Х., 1999. — 18 с. — укp.

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

ssOeAIEI ?EECAAAOA TH???AIA

OAeE 94(477) «1932/1933»

Aieiaeiii? 1932 – 1933 ?ie?a ia Oa?e?auei?

07.00.01 – ?NOI??ss OE?A?IE

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

OA?E?A – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iie?oieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?ieini?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.?. AEoeianueeiai «OA?» I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eae?i?/aiei Aieiaeeie? A?eoi?iae/,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Oa?e?anueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeieo?i/aiei Ieoaeei Oaaei?iae/,
caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ?noi??? oa oe?a?iiciaanoaa Oa?e?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iai o?ainii?oo;

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?noi??? ?in??
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo Aieiniee TH??e Iao?iae/.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo
(eaoaae?a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie) I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 26 » aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 15.00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64. 051. 10 a Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (aae?ana: 310007, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee, 4,
aoae. IV-65).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «22» ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ioaa/ ?.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?oeee ? i?aeoeee oioae?oa?ieo
?aaeei?a iei? aeeeeea? iniaeeao oaaao a/aieo. ?aaeyinueea nenoaia aoea
caoe?eaaeaia a ooa?iie/aii? oaeo?a, ye? noia?a/eee io?oe?ei?e ?noi???. O
oeueiio eiioaeno? ? aeooaeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiy aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??.
a Oe?a?i?—iaei??? c iaeo?aa?/i?oeo noi??iie a?o/eciyii? ?noi???. Iiiaae
i?anoie?ooy ca ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee oey oaia aaaaeaeanue «cae?eoith». Ca
aoaeue-yeo ni?iao oi?eiooenue i?iaeaie aieiaeiii?o, a/ai?
caeioaa/oaaeenue ye iaeeaiieee, oe?a?inuee? «ao?aeoaci? iaoe?iiae?noe»
oiui. Aieiaeiii? 1932-1933??.—yaeua na?oiai? ?noi???, cei/ei i?ioe
ethaenoaa, yeee ia? ciaeoe i?aaaeeaa a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?noi?e/i?e iaooe?.
C iaoith eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy iio??aii aeine?aeeoe
aieiaeiii? 1932-1933??. ii eiaeiiio ?aa?iio. Eeoa ?ica`ycaaoe oea
aaaaoiieaiiaa caaaeaiiy, aoaea iiaeeeai o iiaiiio ianyc? oyaeoe ?
i?iaiae?coaaoe an? iane?aeee oyaeeiai eeoa, yea ni?oeaei iao ia?iae ia
ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a. Iaoeiaoe? i?eae?eythoue iaaeinoaoith oaaao
?aa?iiaeueiei aniaeoai i?iaeaie. Cie?aia, oaeiio aaaeeeaiio ?aa?iio ye
Oa?e?aueia, eio?a a iaaeao 1932-1933??. ioiiethaaea iaeaea anth
oa?eoi??th E?aiaa?aaeii? Oe?a?ie, ie??i ?? i?ai?/ieo iie?nueeeo ?aeii?a,
ye? oa?eoee aei neeaaeo *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?, ia i?enay/aii
niaoe?aeueieo i?aoeue. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??. ia? ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, ine?eueee ni?eyoeia oiio, uia ia aeiionoeoe
oaoaeueieo iiieeie, ye? i?ecaaee aei anoaiiaeaiiy ? ci?oeiaiiy
oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?.

Ia`?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe ? aieiaeiii? 1932-1933 ?ie?a ia
Oa?e?auei?.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy—1932-1933 ?iee.

Oa?eoi??aeuei? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy—Oa?e?aueia o iaaeao
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai iiae?eo 1932-1933??. Ia oa?eoi???
iaeano? i?iaeeaaea i`yoa /anoeia ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie. Iei? oea oa?eoi??y
no/anieo Iieoaanueei?, Noinueei? oa Oa?e?anueei? iaeanoae.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? iniiai? i?eioeeie ?noi?e/iiai
i?ciaiiy—ia`?eoea?ci oa ?noi?eci.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy—?ice?eoe i?e/eie, o?ae oa iane?aeee aieiaeiii?o
1932-1933??. ia Oa?e?auei?.

Iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?:

—c`ynoaaoe i?e/eie aieiaeiii?o ia Oa?e?auei?;

—aeine?aeeoe oi?ie iii?o naeyinoaa Oa?e?aueie aioeia?iaei?e aa?a?i?e
iie?oeoe? oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio;

—aena?oeeoe ia?aa?a aieiaeiii?o a Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano?, i?inoaaeeoe eiai
iinooiiaa ia?inoaiiy, ie?aneeoe ianooaae, anoaiiaeoe eaoaai???
aieiaeoth/iai ianaeaiiy;

—aecia/eoe ?aeiie Oa?e?aueie, ye? iaea?eueoa iino?aaeaeaee a?ae
aieiaeiii?o;

—aeyaeoe iane?aeee aieiaeiii?o o aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii?, cie?aia,
aeaiia?ao?/i? ao?aoe, aaci?eooeuei?noue, aoa/o naeyi o i?noa, ii?ooaiiy
iaioaeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o oiio, ui a i?e aia?oa a
?noi??ia?ao?? Oe?a?ie:

aeine?aeaeo?oueny niaoeeo?ea aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??. ia Oa?e?auei?;

i?iaiae?ciaaii i?e/eie aieiaeiii?o a aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii?, ye?
iieyaathoue o cae?eniaii? nooe?eueii? eieaeoea?caoe??, ui i?eaaea aei
aeaci?aai?caoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
?icnaeyithaaiiy ? e?ea?aeaoe?? iaecae?ai?oi? oe?ai?ianueei? aa?o?aee
naea, o anoaiiaeaii? ia?aaeueieo, iaaei??ii caaeuaieo, ieu?aieo ca
nai?th noooth ieai?a oe?aicaaio?aaeue ? cei/eiieo iaoiae?a aeeo/aiiy
oe?aa;

iieacaii iaoai?ci canoinoaaiiy ?ai?an?e ia Oa?e?auei? uiaei
aieiaeoth/iai n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy;

ia iaoa??aeao Oa?e?anueei? iaeano? c`yniaaii ieoaiiy i?i ii?? naeyinoaa
aioeia?iaei?e aa?a?i?e iie?oeoe? oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio;

i?inoaaeaii iinooiiaa ia?inoaiiy aieiaeo ia Oa?e?auei?, eiai aoaie,
?ice?eoi o?aaaae?th aieiaeoaaiiy a naeao ? i?noao, aecia/aii eaoaai???
aieiaeoth/iai ianaeaiiy, oa?eoi??? iaeano?, ye? iaea?eueoa iino?aaeaeaee
a?ae o?aaaae?? aieiaeiii?o;

anoaiiaeaii, ui aieiae 1932-1933 ?ie?a a Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano? iaa
ooo/iee oa?aeoa?; aeacaii aeiieo o nei?ii? oeueiai cei/eio;

?icaeyiooi iane?aeee aieiaeiii?o ia Oa?e?auei?, a oiio /ene? c?iaeaii
ni?iao i?ae?aooaaoe e?euee?noue aea?oa a?ae aieiaeo, c`yniaaii ieoaiiy
i?i aaci?eooeuei?noue, iiyao a?aeaioe?a, aoa/o naeyi o i?noa, caiaiaae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ?oeioaaiiy iaioaeueiino?
oe?a?inueeiai naeyinoaa (iaae?iiy ii?ae?, a oiio /ene? o?oaeiai?,
iioe?aiiy cei/eiiino? o oi?iao ceiae?enoaa, aaiaeeoecio oa ?ioeo
i?ioei?aaieo ae?e oiui).

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy.

Cai?iaaaeaeaiiy oioae?oa?iith nenoaiith iaaecae/aeieo caoiae?a
1928/1929?. o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ciaiaioaaei niaith
e?ea?aeaoe?th iaio ? ia?ao?ae aei iaoiae?a a?aee?eoiai iia?aaoaaiiy
naeyinueeeo ainiiaea?noa ia Oa?e?auei?. C ia?aoiaeii aei
ianeeueieoeueei? nooe?eueii? eieaeoea?caoe?? oe? iaoiaee noaee
o?aaeeoe?eieie. Ii/aany i?ioean ianiaiai ?icnaeyithaaiiy ? ?oeiaoe??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa o aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii?.

Oe?iea canoinoaaiiy ?ai?an?e, iania? ii?ooaiiy caeiiiino?, naaa?eey,
ciouaiiy iaae naeyiaie aeeeeeaee oaeeth iii?o an?o aa?noa n?euenueeiai
ianaeaiiy Oa?e?aueie. O 1930?. ii?? iaa oaine ia?a?inoe o naeyinueea
iianoaiiy, aea aoa ceaiaiee ?ai?aneaiei aia?aoii, ui ciaoiaeeany o
?icii?yaeaeaii? noae?inueeiai oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio. ?iceo?eoeaiiy a
Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano? o?eaaei ? i?ney caaa?oaiiy, a e?ioe? 1931?.,
nooe?eueii? eieaeoea?caoe??. Aiii ia?aoai?eeinue a iaeei c
iaeaoaeoeai?oeo iaoiae?a oioaeueiiai oa?i?o i?ioe naeyinoaa.

Iie?oeea ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee Oa?e?aueie
i?eaaea aei ?icaaeo, aeaci?aai?caoe?? ? caiaiaaeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaaei??ii caaeuai? ieaie
oe?aicaaio?aaeue 1932/1933?. ia aoee aeeiiai?. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue
eieaeoeaieo ainiiaea?noa caeeoaeenue caeoeiaeie, o?iainiai, iaoa??aeueii
? oaoi?/ii ia caaacia/aieie. Ia iath/e iaoa??aeueii? caoe?eaaeaiino? o
iane?aeeao nai?? i?aoe?, aieiaei? eieainiieee iaaeaaei aeeiioaaee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? ?iaioe, aei anueiai eieainiiiai a?aeiineeenue,
ye aei /oaeiai, a ia aei naiai aeaniiai, oiio ia iaea iaeaaeiiai
aeiaeyaeo ooaeiaa ? ?aiaiaio, o caiaaeaaiiio noai? ia?aaoaaei
??eueieoeoai. Aieiaeoth/a naeyinoai Oa?e?aueie /eieei ii?? oioae?oa?iiio
?aaeeio a 1932-1933??. o aeaio iniiaieo oi?iao: ianeai?e (e?eoeea
caoiae?a ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, canoaeaeaiiy ??) ? aeoeai?e (naaioaae
oe?aicaaio?aaeueieo ieai?a, i?eoiaoaaiiy oe?aa, oa?i?enoe/i? aeoe,
iania? aenooie naeyinoaa c iaoith ?ic?a?aoe a?ae?a?aiee aea?aeaaith
oe?a).

Iniiaieie i?e/eiaie aieiaeiii?o o aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii? aoee:
cae?eniaia ianeeueieoeueeeie iaoiaeaie nooe?eueia eieaeoea?caoe?y
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, ui ni?e/eieea aei ?icnaeyithaaiiy, cieuaiiy
iaea?eueo aeaaeeeaeo ainiiaea??a, ye? iaee cia/iee aeina?ae o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?; aeaci?aai?caoe?y ? caiaiaae
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa aiane?aeie eieaeoea?caoe?? ? iaai?iiy
ea?oaaoe eieainiaie; iaaei??ii caaeuai? ieaie oe?aicaea/ 1932/1933?.;
cei/eii? iaoiaee oe?aicaaio?aaeue.

Ianaeaiiy Oa?e?aueie aaea c 1931?. ia?aaeeaaei cia/i? oa?/ia? o?oaeiiu?,
aaeeea e?euee?noue ethaeae caciaea aieiaeo. O 1932-1933??. ia oa?eoi???
Oa?e?anueei? iaeano? iaa i?noea ooo/ii noai?aiee aieiaeiii?.
?aaeyinueeee o?yae ia aeciaaaa oaeo aieiaeo, aenii?ooaaa i?eueeiie
ioae?a ca?ia, cei/eiii a?aeiiaeany a?ae aeiiiiiae aieiaeoth/iio
ianaeaiith c-ca ei?aeiio, na?aeiii i?e??eath/e ianaeaiiy ia io/aieoeueeo
nia?oue ? no?aaeaeaiiy a?ae aieiaeo. I?aai?caoi?aie cei/eio aieiaeiii?o
aoei ia?o?eia ? ?aaeyinueea ea??aieoeoai. Aaciina?aaei?ie
aeeiiaaoeyie—ia?o?ei? ? ?aaeyinuee? i?aaenoaaieee i?aai?a aeaaee, a
oaeiae an?, ooi na?aeiii, /e aoaeo/e aaaaeaieie a iiaio oa?enaenueeeie
eicoiaaie oa caeeeeaie io?oe?eii? i?iiaaaiaee, ni?eyee aioeia?iaei?e
iie?oeoe? a?eueoiaee?a ia nae?.

Iaeoyae/a iino?aaeaeaee a?ae aieiaeiii?o eaoaai??? n?euenueeiai
ianaeaiiy Oa?e?aueie. Iniiaio /anoeio caaeaeeo noaiiaeee eieainiieee.
Aeineoue na?eicii a?acea aieiae ? ianaeaiiy i?no, iniaeeai iaaaeeeeo,
?aeiiieo, aea iaeaea ia aoea ?icaeiaia i?iieneia?noue ? cia/io /anoeio
ianaeaiiy noaiiaeee ethaee, caeiyo? a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa?. O aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii? iaea?eueo a?aaeaiith
aieiaeiii?ii aoea oa?eoi??y, yea iei? ioiieth? no/anio Iieoaanueeo
iaeanoue.

Aieiaeiii? 1932-1933??. iaa aeey Oa?e?aueie oyaee? iane?aeee. Aiie
aeyaeeenue, ia?o ca ana, o cia/i?e e?eueeino? iiia?eeo a?ae aieiaeo. Ca
iaoeie i?ae?aooieaie caaaeuei? aeaiia?ao?/i? ao?aoe ii iaeano? a?ae
aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??. noaiiaeyoue 2iei. in?a. I?yi? ao?aoe ianaeaiiy
neeaaeathoue uiiaeiaioa 1,5iei. in?a c 5iei. iiia?eeo a Oe?a?i?.
Iane?aeeaie aieiaeiii?o ne?ae oaeiae aaaaeaoe caiaiaae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, aaci?eooeuei?noue,
a?iaeyaeieoeoai, aeaa?aoeoai, aoa/o naeyi o i?noa, iaae?iiy ii?ae?,
cie?aia, o?oaeiai?, cei/eii?noue, caaaeueia ii?ooaiiy i?aaina?aeiiino?
ianaeaiiy. Ia oa?eoi??? Oa?e?anueei? iaeano? a 1932-1933??. aoei a/eiaii
aeo aaiioeeaeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e /eoaii? caaaeueieo eo?n?a c ?noi???
Oe?a?ie, niaoe?aeueieo eo?n?a c ?noi??? naeyinoaa, i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
ocaaaeueithth/i? i?aoe? i?i aieiaeiii? 1932-1933??. a Oe?a?i?,
e?a?ciaa/i? e?oa?aoo?e, i?e aeniiceoe?? ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/eo ioca?a,
i?enay/aieo ina?oeaiith ?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo ?noi??? iaoi? aea?aeaae.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oaeno aeena?oaoe?? iaaiai?thaaany ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e iie?oieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai aa?aoe?eiiai ?inoeoooo.
Iniiai? ieoaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Neiaiaeaiueia. Aieiaeiii? 1932-1933 ?ie?a» (1993?.), ia
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oioae?oa?eci ? aioeoioae?oa?i? ?ooe
a Aieaa???, N?N? oa ?ioeo e?a?iao No?aeii? ?a?iie»(1993?.), ia XV
e?a?ciaa/?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo ?noi?ee?a (OAeO, 1997?.). Iniiaiee
ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaiee aaoi?ii o /ioe?ueio ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe—aecia/a?oueny ci?noii i?iaeaie, iaoith oa caaaeaiiyie
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa iaienaia o i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iiio ieai?,
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoe?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ? ?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, aeacaii ia`?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai o?iiieia?/i? ? oa?eoi??aeuei? ?aiee, aena?oeaii
iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao ?iaioe, ?? iaoo ? caaaeaiiy, iaoeiao iiaecio oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e?—»?noi??ia?ao?y oa aeaea?aeueia aaca»—?icaeyaea?oueny
noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?ey aeoie?a aea/aiiy
ieoaiue, iia`ycaieo c i?iaeaiith aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??. noiyoue aaoi?e
aeo?iaeueieo ? aacaoieo noaoae, ye? ii/aee ae?oeoaaoenue ia Caoiae? aaea
c ae?oai? iieiaeie 1932?.( A.Ooaei, I.Iaaaa??aeae, A.Aeaeiain,
N.Aa?o?eii, A.Eaia). Oe? iia?aeiieaiiy ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe iaeii/anii ? ye
aeaea?aea, ye? i?noyoue eiie?aoiee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, ? ye iaoeia?
i?aoe?, ine?eueee a ieo aea?oueny ioe?iea ? aiae?c oeo o?aa?/ieo
iiae?e.I?e/eiith aieiaeiii?o aaoi?e ?ia?o 30-o ?ie?a iaceaaee iini?oi?
oaiie ia?aaaaeaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ia nioe?ae?noe/i? ?aeee.

O 40-70-o ??. a oe?a?inuee?e ae?anii?? aoei iioae?eiaaii aaeeeo
e?euee?noue ?ica?aeie oa iaoa??ae?a i?i aieiaeiii? (I.Aa?aeoeueeiai,
I.Ai?iiay, A.A?eoea, A.Aeaaeaeaiea, I.Cae/aeii?, I.Eaeeieea,
O.I?aaiaa?aaeiiai, Ae.Nieia`y). Aieiaia ieoaiiy, ia yea aeine?aeieee
iaiaaaeeny aeaoe a?aeiia?aeue—ooi aeiai ? ye? i?e/eie aieiaeiii?o. Aiie
?icaeyaeathoue o?aaaae?th aieiaeo 1932-1933??. ye yaeua, iaa?ae`?iii
iia`ycaia c iie?oeeith a?eueoiaeoeueeiai ea??aieoeoaa.

I?ia?aeiith aeoieith i?aoeue 80-o ??. ? aeciaiiy ooo/iiai oa?aeoa?o
aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??. a Oe?a?i?. Aeine?aeieee ioe?iththoue eiai ye
?ino?oiaio iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee a?eueoiaee?a ? aaiioeeae i?ioe
oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? (I.Ai?iiae, A.A?eoei, I.Ia?oi/ae, I.Oaiuiaee).

O ca?oa?aei?e ?noi??ia?ao?? iaea?eueo aaaiiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi
aieiaeiii?o ? i?aoey ?.Eiieaanoa. Aaoi? ioe?ith? eieaeoea?caoe?th ?
aieiae 1932-1933??. ye a?eio i?ioe o?oaeiaiai naeyinoaa, ui caiaeii
ia?a?inea o a?eio i?ioe anueiai oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

Cia/io oe?ii?noue i?aaenoaaeythoue aeniiaee I?aeia?iaeii? Eii?n?? ii
?icne?aeoaaiith aieiaeo a Oe?a?i? 1932-1933??., ooai?aii? a ethoiio
1988?. i?e Eiia?an? NOA. Oaeo ooo/iiai aieiaeo a Oe?a?i? o 1932-1933
?ieao aoei aeciaii ye aacnoii?aiee. Ea??aieoeoai N?N? aoei aeciaia
a?aeiia?aeaeueiei ca cei/ei aieiaeiii?o. Aieiae 1932-1933??. a Oe?a?i?
ca ii?iaie i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa ae?noaa aecia/aiiy aaiioeeaeo.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaia aieiaeiii?o a Oe?a?i? ie?aeii aea/a?oueny a/aieie
Caoiaeo ia i?ioyc? a?eueo ye oanoeaeanyoe ?ie?a. E?euee?noue iiia?eeo
a?ae aieiaeo 1932-1933??. a Oe?a?i? cao?aei? aeine?aeieee ioe?iththoue o
iaaeao a?ae 7 aei 10 iei.

?noi??ia?ao?y ?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo i?i aieiaeiii? a Oe?a?i?
iaaecae/aeii iaiaaeaia, ine?eueee oaeo aieiaeo o?eaaeee /an
caiia/oaaany. A ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe? 30-o-na?aaeei? 50-o ?ie?a
i?iaeaie aieiaeo 1932-1933??. oieeaee. Aa?a?i? ia?aoai?aiiy ia??iaeo
nooe?eueii? eieaeoea?caoe?? aena?oethaaeenue eeoa o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
?nioth/eie ia?o?eieie ianoaiiaaie (A.A.Aiiaea?aiei, N.I.?iooa,
?.I.Ieoaeeianueeee, I.?.Oeaiei oa ?io?) . A oeeo

i?aoeyo ii/aoie 30-o ?ie?a aecia/a?oueny ye ia??iae
anana?oiuei-?noi?e/ieo ia?aiia ? aeaeaoieo aeinyaiaiue nioe?ae?noe/iiai
aoae?aieoeoaa a on?o aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

C ae?oai? iieiaeie 50-o ?ie?a ii/eia?oueny ianooiiee ia??iae o
aeine?aeaeaii? ieoaiue, iia`ycaieo c i?iaeaiith aieiaeiii?o. C?ooaiiy
noaee iiaeeeaeie caaaeyee iaai?e e?aa?ae?caoe?? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy e?a?ie a ia??iae oae caaii? o?ouianueei? «a?aeeeae». Ii/aee
c`yaeyoeny ?iaioe, ye? i?noeee iaoyee i?i aieiae 1932-1933??., aea
a?aee?eoi i?i aieiaeiii? ia ienaee, eeoa caoaaaeoaaeinue, ui a
1931-1932??. iaa i?noea aeayeee niaae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. Oi?eath/enue ieoaiue aieiaeiii?o, iaoeiaoe? aeiooai? aoee
canoiniaoaaoe aaoai?noe/i? cai?ioe, cai?ithth/e iiiyooy «aieiae» ia
«i?iaeiaieue/? o?oaeiiu?», «oneeaaeiaiiy c oa?/oaaiiyi a ?yae? ?aeii?a»
oiui (E.A.Aon?aa, I.O.Eooe, A.ss.Iauaiei, O.Ae.I?aeaea?ee, ?.?.Neeiueei
oa ?io?)

I?e/eiaie oeeo yaeu iaceaaee oneeaaeiaiiy ia??iaeo nioe?ae?noe/ii?
?aeiino?oeoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, aeaye? «ia?aaeie» o
cae?eniaii? nooe?eueii? eieaeoea?caoe??, iaaei??ae, oe?aeieoeueeo
ae?yeuei?noue «eeaniaeo ai?ia?a». Iaea?aeii?oith i?aoeath c aa?a?ii?
i?iaeaiaoeee 50-o-e?ioey 80-o ??. ? ?iaioa N.I.O?aiaci?eiaa, o ye?e
eieaeoea?caoe?y aecia/a?oueny ye iaeaeeaoa ?aaiethoe?y, ui caaa?oeeanue
aeaeaoiith ia?aiiaith o?oaeyueo ? cia/iei i?aeianaiiyi ?oiueiai
aeia?iaooo.

C e?ioey 80-o ?ie?a ?icii/eia?oueny ye?nii iiaee aoai o aeine?aeaeaii?
i?iaeaie aieiaeo 1932-1933??. Io?oe?eia aeciaiiy aieiaeiii?o a Oe?a?i?
a?aeaoeiny o a?oaei? 1987?. I?eioeeiiai ci?ith?oueny i?aeo?ae aei
ioe?iie eieaeoea?caoe??, ina?oeththoueny «a?e? ieyie» a ?noi???
nioe?ae?noe/iiai aoae?aieoeoaa, aeaye? aniaeoe nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy a Oe?a?i? 20-30-o ?ie?a (TH.N.Eo?iinia, N.I.I?eieuenueeee,
A.?.No?aae oa ?io?).

A oe?a?inuee?e ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe? aia?oa ieoaiiy i?i aieiae
1932-1933??. iinoaaea N.A.Eoeue/eoeueeee. Ioae?eothoueny i?aoe?,
i?enay/ai? i?ioeano ?icnaeyithaaiiy e?a?ie (N.N.Ae?a?iaa, A.A.?acoiia,
?.E.?eaaeea). A/ai? noaaeyoue ca iaoo aeyaeoe aeeaeii? i?e/eie
aieiaeiii?o, ?iaeyoue ni?iae aeaoe ioe?ieo oeueiio aaci?aoeaaeaioiiio
yaeuo a ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, aeacothoue aeioaaooe?a o?aaaae??,
ioe?iththoue ?? aeaoeea? iane?aeee (A.I.Aeaieeaiei,
I.I.??iae,A.A.Eanueyiia,N.A.Eoeue/eoeueeee,A.?.Ia?i/ei, I.Oaoae?ia).
Iaee?auith c oeeo ?ia?o ? aeine?aeaeaiiy N.A.Eoeue/eoeueeiai. Aaoi?
aea? oa?aeoa?enoeeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e iie?oeoe? ?ie?a ia?oi?
i’yoe??/ee, neeaaeiaith /anoeiith yei? noaea nooe?eueia eieaeoea?caoe?y
? aieiaeiii?. ae?iaieoeoaa. N.A.Eoeue/eoeueeee oa?aeoa?eco? iaaecae/aeio
oe?aicaai-o?aaeueio eii?n?th, yea ae?yea a Oe?a?i? i?ae ea??aieoeoaai
A.Iieioiaa, ye cei/eiieoeueeo.

O ?iaioao A.I.Aeaieeiaa, N.A.Eoeue/eoeueeiai, ?.A.Inie?ii?,
A.E.Ia?eianueeiai, N.?.Ie?iaeeiaa, A.A.Oeai-e?ia ?iaeyoueny ni?iae
ae/a?iii ioe?ieoe aeaiia?ao?/i? ao?aoe ianaeaiiy a?ae aieiaeo
1932-1933??. I?ioa a ioae?eaoe?yo cono??/a?oueny aeineoue cia/ia
?icoiaeaeaiiy a oeeo?ao—a?ae 3,5 aei 9iei. aea?oa ii Oe?a?i?, ui
iiynith?oueny ye neeaaei?noth i?iaeaie, oae ? iaaeinoaoiueith
aea/ai?noth aeaea?ae.

Aiae?c iayaii? e?oa?aoo?e aeaco?, ui aeey anaa?/iiai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie
iaiao?aeii i?iaanoe ?aa?iiaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aei nueiaiaei? ia
noai?aii ocaaaeueithth/i? i?aoe?, yea a aeaaaea oe?e?nio oyao i?i
o?aaaae?th aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??. a Oe?a?i?.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oia. Ca?aeii c iaoith ?
caaaeaiiyi aeena?oaoe?? ie aeei?enoaee:

— noaoo? ? i?iiiae ea??aieo ae?y/?a eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o?? ? ?aaeyinueei?
aea?aeaae;

— aeieoiaioe ? iaoa??aee oeaio?aeueieo ? i?noeaaeo ia?o?eieo i?aai?a
(ae?oeiaai?, a?o?ai?);

— aeieoiaioe ? iaoa??aee aeueo ? i?noeaaeo ?aaeyinueeeo i?aai?a aeaaee
(ae?oeiaai?, a?o?ai?);

— aeieoiaioe ? iaoa??aee ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeeo onoaiia ? i?aai?caoe?e,
aeeth/ath/e a oeth ?oa?eeo ? noaoenoe/i? aeai? (ae?oeiaai?, a?o?ai?);

— aeieoiaioe ? iaoa??aee a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e (ae?oeiaai?,
a?o?ai?);

— iaoa??aee ia??iaee/ii? i?ane;

— eenoe, nea?ae, cayae naeyi (ae?oeiaai?, a?o?ai?);

— niiaaaee (ae?oeiaai?, a?o?ai?).

Aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??. ia
Oa?e?auei? ? oe?eeii aeinoia??iith ? aeinoaoiueith.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e—«I?e/eie aieiaeiii?o»—aena?oeth? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
ia?aoai?aiiy ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee a e?ioe?
20-o–ia ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a, ye? i?ecaaee aei o?aaaae?? aieiaeiii?o ia
Oa?e?auei?, ? ii?? naeyinoaa aioeia?iaei?e aa?a?i?e iie?oeoe?
oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio. Eieaeoeaia oi?ia ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia iaaoea
iiioey?iino? na?aae naeyinoaa, aea iaaeaaaea ciiao iaea?aei?o?i aa?noaai
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy, ia’?aeiaaoenue, ainiiaea?thaaoe a?eueo
aoaeoeaii. Aei ii/aoeo nooe?eueii? eieaeoea?caoe?? ia Oa?e?auei?
ia’?aeiai? a eieainiao naeyie noaiiaeee 1,3% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio.

I?eionia?noue, iai?e?iaeiee ??no oaii?a, ianeeueieoeuee? iaoiaee,
?ai?an??, naaa?eey, naiioi?aanoai noaee oa?aeoa?ieie ?enaie
eieaeoea?caoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oa?e?aueie. Ia e?iaoeue
1931?. nooe?eueia eieaeoea?caoe?y iaeano? aaaaeaeanue caaa?oaiith.
Iie?oeea «e?ea?aeaoe?? eo?eoeuenoaa ye eeano» iiaeeaethaaea i?ioean
?icnaeyithaaiiy ? ?oeiaoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Naeyie Oa?e?aueie /eieee a?ae/aeaeooiee ii?? nooe?euei?e
eieaeoea?caoe??. Ca nai?i ?iciaoii a?i cia/ii ia?aaa?oea ii??
iaaecae/aeiei caoiaeai 1928/29?. O 1930?. ii?? naeyinoaa aeinya aiiaath,
aea aoa ceaiaiee ?ai?aneaiei aia?aoii oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio. ? ana ae,
ia aeayeee /an noae?inueea ea??aieoeoai aeiooaia aoei iineaaeoe oene ia
naeyinoai Oa?e?aueie, iaeii/anii ia?aeeaaeath/e i?iaeio ca
naieoe?iiiaai? cei/eie a oiae? nooe?eueii? eieaeoea?caoe?? ia
i?aoe?aiee?a ieciaeo eaiie oi?aae?iiy.

Ca nai?th noooth aa?a?ia iie?oeea a?eueoiaee?a aoea aioenaeyinueeith. A
Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano? o 1932-1933??. oe?eeii i/aaeaeiith noaea
aeaci?aai?caoe?y n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? eiai
caiaiaae. Oe? yaeua aeyaeeenue iane?aeeii i?iaaaeaiiy ianeeueieoeueei?
eieaeoea?caoe??, e?ea?aeaoe?? iaee?aueo, iaecae?ai?oeo ainiiaea??a,
aacainiiaea?iino?, iaai?iiy ea?oaaoe eieainiaie ? aoaeoeaii a ieo
ainiiaea?thaaoe. Aeaeiny aciaee ? a?aeaa?oa iaaaaeaiiy aieiaeoth/eo
eieainiiee?a i?aoethaaoe caaea?ia.

Ieaie oe?aicaea/ 1932/1933?. a Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano? iaee ia?aaeuei?,
ia?aa?eueoai? ianyae. Aeey ni?eyiiy aeeiiaiith oe?aicaea/ aoee
iia?e?ciaai? iaea?eueo a?aeaeai? ia?o?? eiioi?noe ? aacia?o?ei?,
i?ioni?eeiaa ? eiiniiieuenueea i?aai?caoe??, eiiiacaie. I?aoe?aieee, ye?
iaiaaaeeny aeiaanoe caoai?noue ia?aii? iie?oeee uiaei naea, /e oi/a a
i?aeaeaaaee ?? e?eoeoe?, caeioaa/oaaeenue a iii?ooi?ci?, iiniaieoeoa?
«eeaniaiio ai?iaia?» ? caciaaaee ia?ane?aeoaaiue oa ?ai?an?e. Ia?o?eia ?
?aaeyinueea ea??aieoeoai iaeano? ae?yei oe?eeii ? iiai?noth o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c ianoaiiaaie oa aeiiaaie aeueo nithcieo i?aai?a aeaaee.
Ie?ai? aenooie ea??aieo i?aoe?aiee?a aoee ??aee?nieie, ia??oo/eie, a
ioaea, i?/iai ci?ieoe ia iiaee.

C iaoith i?eioneoe naeyi Oa?e?aueie i?aoethaaoe a eieainiao ? iacaaaeaee
iie?i/eoe c ?o iii?ii ia?aoai?aiiyi ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee ia nae?,
a?eueoiaeee canoinoaaee ?icai?iooee i?ae aeaeyaeii oe?aicaaio?aaeue
oa?i? aieiaeii. Oe?aicaaio?aaeueia eaiiai?y 1932/1933?. ia Oa?e?auei?
iaea a?aeaa?oi ?ai?aneaiee oa?aeoa?. Iineeaiiy oeneo ia naeyinoai
iaeano? a?aeaoeiny c i?eaoooyi a Oe?a?io A.Iieioiaa. A?i ea?oaaa
iaaecae/aeiith oe?aicaaio?aaeueiith eii?n??th, yea ae?yea a Oe?a?i? o
eenoiiaae? 1932—ethoiio 1933 ?ieao. Cei/eii? iaoiaee oe?aicaaio?aaeue
aeyaeeenue o oaoi?oe? oioaeueiiai aeeo/aiiy aoaeue-yeeo i?iaeoeo?a
oa?/oaaiiy. ?ai?an?? ?iciianthaeaeoaaeenue ? ia eieainiiee?a, ? ia
iaeiiin?aiee?a.

O 1932-1933??. ii?? oioae?oa?i?e nenoai? cae?enithaaee an? eaoaai???
naeyinoaa Oa?e?aueie. No?ao aieiaeii? nia?o? noaa iniiaiith i?e/eiith
naeyinueeeo aenooi?a. Aea ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue naeyi aaea ia iaea i?
nee, i? cania?a i?ioenoiyoe noae?inueeiio ?aaeeio, oiio ii?? ii/aoeo
30-o ?ie?a ia iaa?aa oaeeo ianooaa?a ? ?iciaoo, ye o ?iee
a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie. Aieiaeiii?, ui ioiiea Oa?e?aueio ? anth Oe?a?io,
iaaoa ?en iaoe?iiaeueii? eaoano?ioe.

O?ao?e ?icae?e—«Ia?aa?a aieiaeiii?o»—i?enay/aii ia?inoaiith aieiaeo ia
Oa?e?auei? c aecia/aiiyi eiai aoai?a oa ?ice?eooyi ea?oei aieiaeoaaiiy a
naeao ? a i?noao o 1932-1933??. Ianaeaiiy Oa?e?anueei? iaeano? oyaeei
iino?aaeaeaei a?ae aieiaeiii?o. ?aaeyinueea aea?aeaaa iaea o nai?io
?icii?yaeaeaii? aeinoaoiuei iiaeeeainoae ? cania?a, uia caiia?aoe
aeaoeea?e o?aaaae??, aai oi/a a a/anii iaaeaoe aeiiiiiao aieiaeoth/iio
ianaeaiith. I?ioa i?yeeo nai?/anieo, aoaeoeaieo caoiae?a aaeeoi ia aoei.
Iaaiaee—?aaeyinueea ea??aieoeoai ia aeciaaaei oaeo aieiaeo ? noaaeeinue
aei iueiai i?aeoe/ii aaeaeoaea. Iia?aeiieaiiy i?i aieiaeiii? cao?aeieie
caniaaie ?ioi?iaoe?? ?icoe?ithaaeenue ye iaeeai ia nioe?ae?noe/io
ae?eni?noue. Ia iiie?ath/eo aieiaeiith nia?oth naeyi io?oe?eia
i?iiaaaiaea a?oaea y?eeee «eo?eoeuenoaa», «eeaniaeo ai?ia?a», «ai?ia?a
nioe?ae?cio», eaaea??a, ye? ia oioyoue i?aoethaaoe a eieainiao,
naaiooth/e aaia?aeueio e?i?th ia?o??.

Aieiaeiii? ia Oa?e?auei? iaa e?eueea aoai?a. Ia?oee aoai aieiaeiii?o
1932-1933??. ii/eia?oueny c aanie-e?oa 1932?. ? o?eaa? aei eenoiiaaea
1932?. Ianaeaiiy ana a?eueoa a?ae/oaaei a?aenooi?noue iaiao?aeieo aeey
ii?iaeueiiai oa?/oaaiiy i?iaeoeo?a. Ae?oaee aoai aecia/a?oueny c
eenoiiaaea 1932?. ii aa?acaiue 1933?.—eaea i?ioean iinooiiaiai
ia?inoaiiy aieiaeiii?o ? iioe?aiiy eiai ianooaa?a. O?ao?e aoai—c aa?aciy
1933?. ii eeiaiue 1933?.—i?e aieiaeiii?o. *aoaa?oee aoai ?icii/eia?oueny
c eeiiy 1933?. ? cae?i/o?oueny i?ciuei? inai? 1933?. I?ney aeiea
caaacia/ai?noue i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy iie?ioeeanue. A?aeaoaa?oueny
iia?eueia caanaiiy aieiaeiii?o. A 1932-1933??. ia Oa?e?auei? iaa i?noea
ooo/ii noai?aiee aieiaeiii?.

Aeey aieiaeieo ethaeae iaeoyae/ei ia??iaeii noaea aania ? ii/aoie e?oa
1933?. Ia oa?eoi??? iaeano? aeyaeeenue oaeoe ethaeiaea?noaa. A ia?oo
/a?ao aea?oaaie oeueiai aeaoeeaiai yaeua noaaaee ae?oe. Aieiaeoth/?
ioneee aeei?enoiaoaaoe a ?aeo iaeii?eaeaoi? no?iaaoe, e?oie, niaae,
uo??a, ?aeae?a, ai?iaoe?a oiui. Cai?noue oe?aa aei?eaee «ei?ae?»,
aeaioiaeai? c onueiai, ui iiaei ce?ieoenue aeieoie. Oa?/oaaoenue
aeiaiaeeeiny ??ciith o?aaith, i/a?aoii, eenoyi, ei??ioeyie, oea?oii
aeaoe??, eeie, aieeeie oi??oi?ie iai/aie. A?ae aieiaeo aeie?aee oe?e?
n?i’?, oooi?e, naea.

Iaeoyae/a a?ae aieiaeiii?o ia Oa?e?auei? iino?aaeaeaei n?euenueea
ianaeaiiy, a ia?oo /a?ao ?yaeia? eieainiieee ? iaeiiin?aieee, iio?i
i?aoe?aieee ?aaeaini?a, n?euenueea ?ioae?aaioe?y. A i?noao aieiae ia
iaaoa oaeeo aeaoath/eo ianooaa?a, ye ia nae?. Iniiaieie eaoaai??yie
aieiaeoth/iai ianaeaiiy a i?noao aoee: ?ia?oieee, iniaeeai a ae??aieo oa
na?aaei?o i?noao, ae??ai? e na?aaei? neoaeaiaoe?, o/i?, nooaeaioe,
oo?eiaioe? (?o caaacia/ai?noue i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy caeaaeaea a?ae
oiai, aei yei? eaoaai??? a?aeiineeenue o?, ooi ?o oo?eioaaa). Iaea?eueoa
aieiaeoaaei ianaeaiiy iaaaeeeeo, ?aeiiieo i?no ?c neaai ?icaeiaiith
i?iieneia?noth oa naeeu i?nueeiai oeio.

Ia Oa?e?auei? iaea?eueoa iino?aaeaeaea oa?eoi??y no/anii? Iieoaanueei?
iaeano?, yea a 1932-1933??. aoiaeeea aei neeaaeo Oa?e?anueei?. Iniaeeai
oyaeei o?aaeai? aieiaeii aoee i?aaeaii?, i?aaeaiii-no?aei?, no?aei? ?
oeaio?aeuei? ?aeiie iaeano?. A naeao oeueiai ?aa?iio ciaioaiiy
ianaeaiiy, aiane?aeie nia?o? a?ae aieiaeo, a na?aaeiueiio aeinyaaei
50-80%.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e?—»Iane?aeee aieiaeiii?o»—?icaeyaeathoueny o?aa?/i?
?acoeueoaoe ooo/iiai aieiaeo ia Oa?e?auei?. Aieiaeiii? 1932-1933 ?ie?a a
Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano? iaa oyaee? iane?aeee. Aeey aecia/aiiy
aeaiia?ao?/ieo ao?ao a?ae aieiaeo o aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii? ie
nei?enoaeeny iaoiaeeeith i?ae?aooie?a a?aeiiiai ?aaeyinueeiai aeaiia?aoa
A.ss.Aiy?nueeiai. Oea iaoiae aeaiia?ao?/ii? aeno?aiieyoe??. Iaie
aeei?enoai? aeai? ia?aien?a 1926 ? 1937 ?ie?a ? a?aeiiino? i?i
i?e?iaeiee ?oo ianaeaiiy Oa?e?aueie a i?iieeyo. Ia?an?/ii ca
1924-1928??. i?e??no ianaeaiiy ia Oa?e?auei? noaiiaea 22,6 i?iieeue.
Canoinoaaaoe iaoiae aeaiia?ao?/ii? aeno?aiieyoe??, ie iaea?aeaee
?acoeueoaoe, ca yeeie o aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii? a 1937?. iaei a
i?iaeeaaoe aeecueei 7,4iei. in?a. Aea ca aeaieie ia?aieno 1937?. ia
Oa?e?auei? a iaaeao ii/aoeo 30-o ??. i?iaeeaaei 5,1iei. in?a.
A?aoiaoth/e aenaeaiiy ca iaae? iaeano?, iie?oe/i? ?ai?an??, i?a?aoe?ei?
i?ioeane, i?e?iaeia cieaeaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino?, iiaeia aaaaeaoe, ui
caaaeuei? (i?yi? ? iiina?aaeeiaai?) ao?aoe ianaeaiiy Oa?e?anueei?
iaeano? noaiiaeee aeecueei 2iei. in?a. C ieo uiiaeiaioa 1,5iei. noaee
aaciina?aaei?ie aea?oaaie aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??. Ca i?ae?aooieaie
N.A.Eoeue/eoeueeiai aeaiia?ao?/i? ao?aoe a?ae aieiaeiii?o a Oe?a?i?
neeaaeathoue 5iei. in?a. Ine?eueee a Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano? i?iaeeaaei
aeecueei 20% ianaeaiiy ?anioae?ee, oi iao? i?ae?aooiee (1,5iei. i?yieo
aea?oa) a?aeiia?aeathoue i?ae?aooieai N.A.Eoeue/eoeueeiai.

Iane?aeeii o?aaaae?? aieiaeiii?o aoea ianiaa aeeoy/a aaci?eooeuei?noue.
Aeecueei iieiaeie an?o caaeaeeo a?ae aieiaeo ia Oa?e?auei? noaiiaeee
ae?oe. Aieiaeiii? a Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano? iaa ? ?yae ?ioeo iane?aee?a,
cie?aia, iiaeeaethaaa caiaiaae ? aeaci?aai?caoe?th
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ni?e/eiea aei ianiai? aoa/?
naeyi o i?noa, c’yaeeanue oaea eaoaai??y ianaeaiiy ye a?aeaioe?.
Aieiaeiii? ni?eya ?iciianthaeaeaiith a?iaeyaeieoeoaa, aeaa?aoeoaa,
cei/eiiino?, aaiaeeoecio, oe?ei? iecee i?ioei?aaieo ae?e. Cia/iiai
iioe?aiiy iaaoee ?ioaeoe?ei?, a??oni? oa ia?aia? caoai?thaaiiy.
Niinoa??aaeenue iaaaoeai? ci?ie a ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiio noai?
ianaeaiiy Oa?e?aueie. A?aeaoaaeenue caaaeuei? ii?ooaiiy iaioaeueiino?
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Aieiae 1932-1933??. iaaaoeaii aieeioa ia an?
noa?e aeeooy noni?euenoaa. Ia oa?eoi??? Oa?e?aueie a 1932-1933??. iaa
i?noea aeo aaiioeeaeo.

O aeniiaeao—i?aeaaaeaii iniiai? i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oa?e?anueea
iaeanoue, ye noiee/ia, aoea ia?aia nai???aeiei iie?aiiii aeey
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. Oeae
?aa?ii noaa aoaeiiii a?eueoiaeoeueei? aa?a?ii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i? ia
ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a. Oa?e?a aoei ia?aoai?aii ia aeeiiaa/ee ooaa
aieiaeiii?o.

I?e/eiaie aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??. aoee: i?eioniaa nooe?eueia
eieaeoea?caoe?y n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa; e?ea?aeaoe?y iaee?aueo,
iae?i?oe?aoeai?oeo ainiiaea??a a oiae? ?iceo?eoeaiiy; aeaci?aai?caoe?y ?
caiaiaae n?euenueeiainii-aea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa a iane?aeie
eieaeoea?caoe??; iaaei??i? ianyae oe?aicaaio?aaeue 1932/1933?.; cei/eii?
iaoiaee aeeo/aiiy oe?aa a oiiaao oe?ieiianooaaieo ?ai?an?e uiaei
naeyinoaa. Ia aeeeth/aii, ui noai?thth/e neooaoe?th aieiaeiii?o a
Oe?a?i?, oioae?oa?iee ?aaeei oaeiae ea?oaaany iioeaaie, iia’ycaieie ?c
cai?iaaaeaeaiith a?eueoiaeeaie iie?oeeith aeaiaoe?iiae?caoe??.

Ii?? aioeia?iaei?e aa?a?i?e iie?oeoe? aia?oi /eieee an? eaoaai???
naeyinoaa Oa?e?aueie. A?i ciaeoia aeya ? a ianeai?e, ? a aeoeai?e
oi?iao—a?ae e?eoeee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee oe ?? caoiae?a, naaiooaaiiy
caaio?aaeue ? i?eoiaoaaiiy oe?aa aei oa?i?enoe/ieo aeo?a ? ianiaeo
i?aai?ciaaieo aenooi?a, a oiio /ene? iaiaae?a aieiaeieo ethaeae ia
aea?aeaai? ca?iia? neeaaee, eiii?e oiui.

Oaeo ooo/iiai aieiaeiii?o a 1932-1933??. ia Oa?e?auei? anoaiiaeaii ye
aacnoii?aiee. I?e aieiaeiii?o i?eiaaea? ia aanio ? ii/aoie e?oa 1933?.
Oa?e?anueea iaeanoue noaea iaei??th c oeaio?aeueieo cii aieiaeiii?o. Iei
aoea ioiieaia any oa?eoi??y iaeano?. N?euenueea ianaeaiiy iaea?eueoa
iino?aaeaeaei a?ae oe??? o?aaaae??, iniaeeai ?yaeia? eieainiieee.
Oa?eoi??y no/anii? Iieoaanueei? iaeano?, yea a 1932-1933??. aoiaeeea aei
neeaaeo Oa?e?anueei?, aeyaeeanue iaeneeuei?oa o?aaeaiith aieiaeii.
Aieiaeiii? 1932-1933??. ia Oa?e?auei? ? aeoii aaiioeeaeo.

Aeiieie o nei?ii? oeueiai cei/eio ne?ae aaaaeaoe ia?o?eia ? ?aaeyinueea
ea??aieoeoai N?N?, iniaenoi E.Noae?ia, A.Iieioiaa, E.Eaaaiiae/a,
ia?o?eia ? ?aaeyinueea ea??aieoeoai Oe?a?ie—I.Iinoeoaaa, A.*oaa?y,
N.Ein?i?a, ?.Oa?aoiaa, A.Iao?ianueeiai, I.Oaoa?ae/a, A.Aaeeoeueeiai,
I.Etha/aiea, I.Aeai/aiea, nae?aoa??a iaeii?a, oa ?aeeii?a, aie?a
?aeaeeiieii?a, i?noeaaeo ooieoe?iia??a on?o ??ai?a, aeoea?no?a—an?o, ooi
aoee i?e/aoieie aei cae?eniaiiy ia nae? aa?a?ii? iie?oeee, ui i?ecaaea
aei o?aaaae?? aieiaeiii?o.

Iane?aeee aieiaeo-aaiioeeaeo a?aeaeeeny ia an?o noa?ao aeeooy
noni?euenoaa—iie?oe/i?e, aeiiii?/i?e, nioe?aeuei?e, eoeueoo?i?e. *anoeia
c ieo caeeoeeeny iaiiaeieaieie ua e aei iei?. Aiie ? iaeiith c i?e/ei
oeo o?oaeiiu?a, ye? iinoaee ia?aae oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii ia oeyoo aei
ooai?aiiy iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae ? iiaoaeiae aeaiie?aoe/iiai
noni?euenoaa.

Aeioe?eueiei aaa/a?oueny i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??. a Oe?a?i? ? noai?aiiy ocaaaeueithth/i? i?aoe? c
oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee. Aea/aiiy iie?oeee ? i?aeoeee oioae?oa?iiai ?aaeeio a
N?N? ia? neoaoaaoe ia?anoi?iaith no/aniei ? i?eeaeaoi?i iieie?iiyi,
aeicaieeoue ia aeiionoeoe o?aaaae?e, iiae?aieo aieiaeiii?o 1932-1933??.,
o iaeaooiueiio.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?? AEEEAAeAIEE O OAEEO IOAE?EAOe?ssO AAOI?A:

Aieiae ia Oa?e?auei? a 1932-1933 ?ieao // Iaea?eueoee cei/ei ?iia???:
Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Neiaiaeaiueia. Aieiaeiii?
1932-1933 ?ie?a».—E.,1993.—N.35-38 (0,4 ae?. a?e.).

Noae?i?ci ? aieiae 1933?. a Oe?a?i? (ia iaoa??aeao Neiaiaeaiueie) //
Oioaeeoa?eci e aioeoioaeeoa?iua aeaeaeaiey a Aieaa?ee, NNN? e ae?oaeo
no?aiao Ainoi/iie Aa?iiu (20-80 aiaeu OO aaea): Iaoa?eaeu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/iie eiioa?aioeee a 2-o o.—Oa?ueeia,
1994.—O.1.—N.223-230 (0,5 ae?. a?e.)

Canoinoaaiiy iaaecae/aeieo caoiae?a ii aeeo/aiith oe?aa ia Oa?e?auei? o
1928-1929??. //Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie a?o/eciyii? oa anana?oiuei?
?noi???.—Oa?e?a, 1997.—N.170-173 (0,4 ae?. a?e.).

Ii?? naeyinoaa Oa?e?aueie oioae?oa?iiio ?aaeeio a 1932-1933??.//A?niee
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.—Oa?e?a,
1998.—?413.—Aei.30—N.197-204. (0,5 ae?. a?e.).

ssoeaiei ?.TH. Aieiaeiii? 1932-1933 ?ie?a ia Oa?e?auei?.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01—?noi??y Oe?a?ie. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny aeena?oaoe?y, iniiai? iieiaeaiiy yei? aeeeaaeai? a
/ioe?ueio iaoeiaeo ?iaioao. A i?e eiiieaenii aeine?aeaeo?oueny
aieiaeiii? 1932-1933 ?ie?a ia Oa?e?auei?. A ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaai?
i?e/eie aieiaeiii?o, iieacaii ia?aa?a oeueiai yaeua, aeyaeai? eiai
iane?aeee. Ianaeaiiy Oa?e?anueei? iaeano? a 1932-1933??. oyaeei
iino?aaeaeaei a?ae ooo/ii noai?aiiai aieiaeiii?o. A ia?oo /a?ao oea
noino?oueny naeyinoaa. I?yi? aeaiia?ao?/i? ao?aoe ca oeae ia??iae ia
Oa?e?auei? neeaaeathoue ia iaioa 1,5 iei. in?a. Iane?aeee aieiaeiii?o
a?aeaeeeny ia an?o noa?ao aeeooy noni?euenoaa. A 1932-1933??. ia
oa?eoi??? Oa?e?anueei? iaeano? iaa i?noea aeo aaiioeeaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aa?a?ia iie?oeea, eieaeoea?caoe?y, ?ai?an??, aieiaeiii?.

ssoeaiei A.TH. Aieiaeiii? 1932-1933 aiaeia ia Oa?ueeiaueia.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01—enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Caueuaaony aeenna?oaoeey, iniiaiua iieiaeaiey eioi?ie eceiaeaiu a
/aou?ao iao/iuo ?aaioao. A iae eiii-eaenii enneaaeoaony aieiaeiii?
1932-1933 aiaeia ia Oa?ueeiaueia. A ?aaioa i?iaiaeece?iaaiu i?e/eiu
aieiaei-ii?a, iieacai oiae yoiai yaeaiey, auyaeaiu aai iineaaenoaey.
Ianaeaiea Oa?ueeianeie iaeanoe a 1932-1933 aa. oyaeaei iino?aaeaei io
eneonnoaaiii nicaeaiiiai aieiaeiii?a. A ia?-aoth i/a?aaeue yoi eanaaony
e?anoueyinoaa. I?yiua aeaii-a?aoe/aneea iioa?e ca yoio ia?eiae ia
Oa?ueeiaueia ninoaaeytho ia iaiaa 1,5 iei. /aeiaae. Iineaaenoaey
aiei-aeiii?a io?aceeenue ia anao noa?ao aeecie iauanoaa. A 1932-1933 aa.
ia oa??eoi?ee Oa?ueeianeie iaeanoe eiae ianoi aeo aaiioeeaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aa?a?iay iieeoeea, eieeaeoeaecaoeey, ?ai?annee,
aieiaeiii?.

Yatsenko E.Y. 1932-1933 Kharkov region famine.

The thesis for scientific degree of candidate of historical science in
the specialty 07.00.01—the History of Ukraine. Kharkov State University,
Kharkov, 1999.

The thesis the principal proposition of which are stated in 4 scientific
works, is defended. The carrying out of 1932-1933 Kharkov region famine
is researched in it. The reasons of famine, the cornet of this evidence
is showed, its consequences are disguised in the work. The population of
Kharkov region in the years of 1932-1933 suffered hard, from
artificially, made famine. It touches the peasantry first of all.

Direct demographic losses for this period of time make no less than
1,5mln people in Kharkov region. The famine consequences reflected on
all spheres of life society.

The genocide act took place in 1932-1933 on the territory of Kharkov
region.

Key words: agrarian policy, collectivization, repression, famine.

Ia?oi/ae I.A. Iaoe?y a ai?iouea? ca nai? ?nioaaiiy 1932 ? 1933 a
Oe?a?i? ? ae?anii??.—A?ii?iaa, 1985.—N.23, 26, 27,32; Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay
Eiienney ii ?anneaaeiaaieth aieiaea ia Oe?aeia 1932-1933 aiaeia.
Eoiaiaue io/ao 1990 aiae. .— E., 1992. .— N.16.

Aa?aeoeueeee I. Iaea?eueoee cei/ei E?aiey. Caieaiiaaiee ooo/iee aieiae
a Oe?a?i? 1932-1933?ie?a.—Eiiaeii, 1952; Ai?iiae I. A aeaa`yo?i
e?oc?.—Eiiaeii, 1953; A?eoei A.?. Iineaa neueicai ia a??eoue O?aaaae?y
Oe?a?ie 1933 ?ieo c ia?niaeoeae 30-??//y (1933-1963).—Iueth-Ei?e,
1963; Eiai ae. Oe?a?inueeee «aieieino», 1933.—Iueth-Ei?e; Oi?iioi,
1978; Aeaaeaeaiei A. Ni?iea??//y aaeeeiai aieiaeo 1932 — 33?.
//Aeueiaiao Oe?a?inueeiai Ia?iaeiiai Nithco ia 1973 ??e.—Aeaea?n?-N?o?;
Iueth-Ei?e, 1973; Cae/aeia I. Ie?ai?iaenueeee y?ia?ie.—Ithioai, 1953;
Eaeeiiee I. Ui iana c niaith eiioi?ci? Aeieoiaioe i?i
?in?enueei-eiioi?noe/iee oa?i? a Oe?a?i?.—Ithioai; Oi?iioi, 1954;
I?aaiaa?aaeiee O. 8000 000. 1933-e ??e ia Oe?a?i?.—A?ii?iaa, 1951;
Nieiaae Ae. Aieaioa Oe?a?ie. *.1. Iineianueei-a?eueoiaeoeueeee
ieoiaoe?eiee oa?i? a O?N? i?ae ia?oith ? ae?oaith na?oiaith
a?eiith.—Ae?iaiae/, 1993; Noaeeinueei-o?ouianueea ioa?noy.—Iueth-Ei?e;
*eeaai, 1964.

Aaeeeee aieiae a Oe?a?i? 1932-33. Ca??iee na?ae/aiue, niiaaae?a,
aeiiia?aeae oa noaoae, aeaieioaieo oa iaae?oeiaaieo o i?an? a 1983 ?ioe?
ia a?aecia/aiiy 50-e?ooy aieiaeo a Oe?a?i? a 1932-33 ?ieao.—Oi?iioi,
1988; Ai?iiae I. Iineae? a Oe?a?i? i?ae /an ooo/iiai aieiaeiii?o 1932-33
?ie?a// Aeueiaiao «Aii?i Oe?a?ie» ia 1983?.—Oi?iioi, 1983; A?eoei A.
Caiao ia aeeooy iaoe??.—Aeao?ieo, 1983; Ia?oi/ae I. A. Iaoe?y a
ai?iouea? ca nai? ?nioaaiiy 1932 ? 1933 a Oe?a?i? ?
ae?anii??.—A?ii?iaa, 1985; Naiaoei A. A?ae?ia?ao?y aieiaeo a Oe?a?i?
1932-1933.—Iooaaa; Iii?aaeue, 1983; Oaiuiaee I. 50-oe ??//y o?aa?/iiai
aieiaeo a Oe?a?i?.—A?ii?iaa, 1983.

Eiieaano ?. AEieaa nei?aioe: ?aaeyinueea eieaeoea?caoe?y ?
aieiaeiii?.—E., 1993

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay Eiienney ii ?anneaaeiaaieth aieiaea ia Oe?aeia
1932-1933 aiaeia. Eoiaiaue io/ao 1990 aiae.—E., 1992.

Aiiaea?aiei A.A. ?acaeoea iauanoaaiiiai oicyenoaa eieoicia Oe?aeiu a
aiaeu aeiaiaiiuo iyoeeaoie.—E.,1957; Eiooa N.I. Ai?ueaa
Eiiioienoe/aneie ia?oee ca eieeaeoeaecaoeeth naeueneiai oicyenoaa
(1928-1934 aa.); Ia iaoa?eaeao *a?ieaianeie iaeanoe : Aaoi?ao. aeen.
…eaiae. eno. iaoe.—E., 1953; Ieoaeeianeee E.I. Ai?ueaa EINN ca
iiaeaioiaeo oneiaee nieioiie eieeaeoeaecaoeee naeueneiai oicyenoaa a
NNN? ( ia iaoa?eaeao ONN?. 1928-1929aa.): Aaoi?ao. aeen…. eaiae. eno.
iaoe.—Eueaia, 1955; Oeaiei I.E. Ai?ueaa aieueoaaeeia Oa?ueeiaueiu ca
eieeaeoeaecaoeeth naeueneiai oicyenoaa (1928-1932): Aaoi?ao. aeen. …
eaiae. eno. iaoe.—E.,1952.

?noi??y naeyinoaa Oe?a?inueei? ?N?. A 2-o
o.—E.,1967.—O.2.—N.166,167,177,178; Enoi?ey Oe?aeineie NN?. A 10-oe
o.—E., 1984.—O.7.—N.277-280, 286, 287.

Aon?aa E.A. Eieainiia aoae?aieoeoai ia Oa?e?auei? (1917-1932)
//O?oaeyu? Oa?e?aueie a ai?iouea? ca iiaoaeiao eiioi?cio.—O.,1958; Eooe
I.O. Ieoaiiy eieainiiiai aoae?aieoeoaa ia Oe?a?i?
(1929-1941??.).—Euea?a, 1965; IauaieiA.ss. I?iaaaeaiiy nooe?eueii?
eieaeoea?caoe?? oa i?aai?caoe?eii-ainiiaea?nueea ci?oeiaiiy eieaini?a
(1929-1937??.).—.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1961; I?aeaea?ee O.Ae. Ae?yeuei?noue
Eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o?? Oe?a?ie ii noai?aiith ? ci?oeiaiith eieainiiiai
eaaeo (1927-1937??.).—O.,1973; Neeiueei ?.?. Nioe?ae?noe/ia ia?aaoaeiaa
? oaoi?/ia ?aeiino?oeoe?y n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie
(1927-1932??.).—E.,1961.

O?aiacieeia N.I. Eaieieci e aa?a?ii-e?anoueyineee aii?in. A 2-o
o.—E.,1983.

Eoeue/eoeueeee N.A., Oaoae?ia ?.I. Aeaea?aea i?i eieaeoea?caoe?th ?
aieiae ia Oe?a?i? /ca iaoa??aeaie OeAeAAE? O?N? 1929-1933??. //A?o?ae
Oe?a?ie.—1990.-?6.—N.39.

Eo?iinia TH.I. Noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeeooy ia Oe?a?i? a 20-30-o ??.//
Oe?.?noi?. aeo?iae.—1989.-?12.—N.89-95; Ieeieuenueeee N.TH.
Aaeieieno?aoeaii-ath?ie?aoe/aneay nenoaia e eieeaeoeaecaoeey//Aii?inu
oeeinioee.-1988.-?12.—N.85-95; No?aae A.?.N?euenueea ainiiaea?noai
Oe?a?ie: o?iee ieioeiai ? no/aniee aa?a?iee eo?n.—E.,1991.

Eoeue/eoeueeee N.A. Aei ioe?iee noaiiaeua a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
ON?? o 1931-1933??. //Oe?. ?noi?. aeo?iae.—1988.—?3.—N.15-27.

Ae?a?iaa N. Ia?aeii: (Iaoe. aiae?c ie?aieo noi??i eieaeoea?caoe??,
i?iaeiaieue/eo o?oaeiiu?a ? aieiaeo o 1932-1933??.)//Iaoea ?
noni?euenoai.—1989.—?1.—N.14-19; ?acoiia A.A.
«?ane?anoueyieaaiea»—oa?iei e niaea?aeaiea, a?aiaiiua ?aiee (1920-1930-a
aa.// Aii?inu enoi?ee EINN.—1989.—?10.—N.64-71; ?eaaeea ?.E. Noae?iueia
e ?icnaeyithaaiiy e?a?ie//Oe?. ?noi?. aeo?iae.—1989.—?10.—N.10-21;
?11.—N.3-12.

Aeaieeaiei A.I., Eanueyiia A.A., Eoeue/eoeueeee N.A. Noae?i?ci ia
Oe?a?i?: 20-30-o? ?iee.—E.,1991; ??iae I.I. Oe?ia «aaeeeiai ia?aeiio»
//Eieaeoea?caoe?y n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? aieiae ia Iieoaauei?.
1929-1933: Ca??iee aeieoiaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a. .—Iieoaaa, 1997.—N.5-52;
Eoeue/eoeueeee N.A., Oaoae?ia ?.I. Noaiiaeua ae?oae ia Oe?a?i? o
1931-1933 ?ieao//Ieioea Oe?a?ie: A?aeiiaeai? noi??iee.—E.,
1991.—N.198-190; Ia?i/ei A.?. Aaiioeeae a Oe?a?i? (1932-1933 ?iee):
o?ii?ea cei/eio//Iaea?eueoee cei/ei ?iia???: Iaoa??aee
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Neiaiaeaiueia. Aieiaeiii? 1932-1933
?ie?a.»—E.,1993. — N.18-20.

Eoeue/eoeueeee N.A.1933: O?aaaae?y aieiaeo.—E.,1989.

Aeaieeia A.I. Eieeaeoeaecaoeey naeueneiai oicyenoaa a NNN?//Enoi?ey
NNN?.—1990.—?5.—N.28,29; Eoeue/eoeueeee N.A. Ua ?ac aei ieoaiiy i?i
aeaiia?ao?/i? iane?aeee aieiaeo 1932-1933??. a Oe?a?i?//Oe?. ?noi?.
aeo?iae 1995.—?5.—N.137-141; Inieeia A.A. AEa?oau 1933 aiaea; neieueei
eo?/ Aiaeec aeaiia?aoe/aneie noaoenoeee OeAAIO NNN?// Enoi?ey
NNN?.-1991.-?5.-N.18-26; Ia?eianueeee A.E., Ie?iaeeia N.?. Aeaiia?ao?/i?
ao?aoe Oe?a?inueei? ?N? o 30-o? ?iee//Oe?. ?noi?.
aeo?iae.—1989.—?8.—N.24-26; 33-e: Aieiae. Ia?iaeia
Eieaa-Iaii??ae.—E.,1991.—N.578-583; Oeaieei A.A. Noaoenoeea aea?oa
noaeeiecia a 30-a aiaeu//Aii?inu enoi?ee.—1989.—?4.—N.175-181.

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *