Фіскальне регулювання інвестицій в перехідній економіці України: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / О.О. Завгородня, Нац. гірн. акад. України. — Д., 1

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A??IE*A AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

CAAAI?IAeIss IEAIA IEAENAIAe??AIA

OAeE 339.725

O?NEAEUeIA ?AAOETHAAIIss ?IAANOEOe?E

A IA?AO?AeI?E AEIIII?Oe? OE?A?IE

08.01.01 — Aeiiii?/ia oai??y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee -1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iie?oe/ii? aeiiii?? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
iaoaeo?a?eii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( (i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee)(

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? OA?ANAAE* A?eoi? Ieeieaeiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueia iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie
(((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee), caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e iie?oe/ii? aeiiii??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaeueiee Eaii?ae THoeiiae/,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao((((((((((((((((((
Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? oai??? oa aeiiii?ee
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa;

— eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe Ieeeiaiei TH??e ?aaiiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueia
a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie (((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee), aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? oai??? oa iniia
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a), a?aeae?e oai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «((» ea?oiy 2000 ?. i (( aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E. 08.080.01 o Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( ca aae?anith:
49027, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?. E. Ia?ena, 19, e?i. ((((( .

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( (ca
aae?anith: 49027, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?. E. Ia?ena, 19.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «((» aa?aciy 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
I.I. A??ae?i

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe??

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iecueea ?iaanoeoe?eia aeoeai?noue noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy an?o oi?i aeaniino? ? iaeaaaii?oith c i?e/ei, ui
no?eiothoue ia?ao?ae iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie aei noaae??
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy ia canaaeao no?oeoo?iiai oa ye?niiai iiiaeaiiy
oiaa?ii?iaeoeoth/i? noa?e. Na?aae ?oei?aieo iane?aee?a ?? o?ii?/iiai
iaaei?iaanooaaiiy — ?icoe?aiiy ianooaa?a ii?aeueiiai oa o?ce/iiai
noa??iiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
iineeaiiy no?oeoo?ii? aeeni?iii?oe?eiino?, cieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ano?n?a, ii?iaeaeaiiy a?ae’?iiiai
ioeueoeie?eaoe?eiiai aoaeoo. I?eaaaeaiee o ae?th nenoaiaoe/iei
ciaioaiiyi ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?i’?eoe?e a oe?a?inueeo aeiiii?eo
ioeueoeie?eaoe?eii-aenaea?aoe?eiee iaoai?ci i?enei?th? niaae
ae?iaieoeoaa, ui, o naith /a?ao, ?icieaa? aeiiii?/io oa nioe?aeueio aaco
?aoi?i, nei?i/o? ?iaanoeoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? i?e?i??aiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee oa iineaaeth? iioeaaoe?th ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?
noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

O?eaaea caa?aaeaiiy oa iineeaiiy ?aa?aneaieo oaiaeaioe?e — oea neaiae
aei e?eoe/iiai ia?ainieneaiiy oai??? oa i?aeoeee ?aoi?ioaaiiy, ? ia oe?e
iniia? — ia?ai???ioaoe?? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee o iai?yieo iineeaiiy
oaaae aei ooiaeaiaioaeueieo a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?ioean?a. Ia?o ca ana
— i?ioean?a eai?oaeioai?aiiy, ye? i?ioyaii inoaiiueiai aeanyoe??//y a
cia/i?e i??? aeeoee c-i?ae aoaeoeaiiai noni?eueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, o
oiio /ene? ? aiane?aeie iaaeineiiaei? ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee
aea?aeaae. A oiiaao a?aenooiino? ?icaeiaieo aio/eeo oaeaeeiae?th/eo
iaoiae?a ?eieiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy naia ?? a?aeiia naiionoiaiiy a?ae o/ano?
a ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioeanao iicaaaeei aeiiii?eo iiaeeeaino? a/anii oa
aaeaeaaoii ?aaaoaaoe ia o?eaiaei? neaiaee, ui iaaeoiaeeee c
?iaanoeoe?eii? noa?e.

Iiaeieaiiy iaaaoeaieo yaeu oa i?ioean?a a ?iaanoeoe?ei?e noa??
iio?aao? oi?ioaaiiy aaeaeaaoiiai oiiaai ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo
iaoai?cio aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e. A?aoiaoth/e ae
niaoeeo?eo oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee, ianaiia?aae aeoeaia aea?aeaaia
ao?o/aiiy o noa?o ia?a?iciiae?eue/eo a?aeiinei ca aeiiiiiaith
o?neaeueieo aaaeae?a(iiaeaoe?a ? aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a) oa
?icaeiai?noue, ?ioaineai?noue ? ?icaaeoaeai?noue a?aeiia?aeieo
aca?iinoinoie?a «aea?aeaaa – noa’?eoe ainiiaea?thaaiiy iaaea?aeaaiiai
naeoi?o aeiiii?ee», i?ia?aeio ?ieue o iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaoai?ci?
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e iiaeiii a?ae?a?aaaoe o?neaeueia
?aaoethaaiiy. Eiai i?aai ia oea a?oioo?oueny ia o?e cia/i?e aeie?
iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeoeoo, yea iiaeaoeiai aeeo/a?oueny c i?eaooeo
(aeioiae?a) noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aeoioeth?oueny o aea?aeaaiiio
athaeaeao? oa a iiaeaeueoiio o oi?i? aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a
iiaa?oa?oueny aei ainiiaea?nueeiai iai?ioo.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ? cia/i?
aiinaieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae. Cie?aia, eiai ?iaanoeoe?eiee aniaeo oe?iei
aeine?aeaeoaaany ?aaeyinueeeie iaoeiaoeyie, a ?iaioao yeeo aecia/aeeny
?iaanoeoe?ei? i??i?eoaoe aea?aeaae, aiae?coaaeany ?ieue ?iaanoeoe?e a
noni?eueiiio a?aeoai?aii? oa no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiiyo. Iniaeeaa oaaaa
i?eae?eyeany aeine?aeaeaiith aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue, ye? a oiiaao oeaio?ae?ciaaii-ieaiiai? aeiiii?ee
aeeiioaaee ?ieue aaaeo/iai aaaeaey oi?ioaaiiy aaeocaaeo i?iii?oe?e oa
oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/iei c?inoaiiyi. Oi?ie ? iaoiaee ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a ca aeiiiiiaith o?neaeueieo ?ino?oiaio?a
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny o iaaeao oai??? ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio oa
o?iainiai? oai???.

?aoi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee aeyaeei iaaio iaaaeaeaaoi?noue
iayaieo a?o/eciyieo oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?iaie ?aaeuei?e i?aeoeoe?
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ine?eueee ? ia?ao?aeia, ? ?eieiaa iiaeae? aeiaaathoue
aeei?enoaiiy ia iae?i??ai? i?eioeeiiai iiaeo ?aaoeyoi??a ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ioean?a. Ona?aeiieaiiy oeeo ianoaaei i?ecaaei aei aeoea?caoe??
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeai oai??? oa i?aeoeee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e.

Cia/i? iaoeia? aeinyaiaiiy o eiiieaeniiio aiae?c? (aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?
iia’ycai? c ?iaiaie I.Aocaae?ia, A.Aa?oey, I.Aa?anei/oea, N.Aeac’?aa,
A.Eaanithea, ?.Eoe?iiaa, I.I?eiaa, A.?aaea?aa, A.*a?iyea, A.*ooii oa
?ioeo i?ia?aeieo oe?a?inueeeo ? ?in?enueeeo iaoeiaoe?a. Aaaiiee aeeaae
o ?ic?iaeo caaaeueieo oai?aoe/ieo iniia oa eiie?aoieo iaoai?ci?a ?
oi?i (o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aiinyoue N.Aeeiiy, I.Aaneeee,
I.Aa?iai/oe, I.Ca?oaa, A.Ceaoe?i, ?.Eoi?ia, ?.?aae?iiiaa, ?.?iciooaiei
oa ?io?.

?acii c oei, a?o/eciyia iaoeiaa ni?aoiaa?enoai ana /ano?o caa?oa?oueny
aei ?ia?o E.Aaeue?ana, Aeae.E.Aaea?aeoa, Aeae.I.Eaeina, A.Eaooa?a,
A.Ieeaia, A.I?ao, I.Naioaeueniia, Aeae. No?ae?oea, I.Oaeaenoaeia,
I.O??aeiaia, O.Oaea?a, Ae.O?ena oa ?ioeo i?ia?aeieo ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo,
a yeeo i?noeoueny cia/iee iaoa??ae uiaei aiae?co i?eioeei?a oi?ioaaiiy
? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?ci?a o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ioean?a. Cacia/ai? i?iaeaie caeiathoue /?eueia i?noea o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo iaoeiaoe?a Caoiaeo oa aeeiiothoue i?ia?aeio ?ieue o
iiooeao oeyo?a ? iai?yie?a aioee?eciaiai ei?eaoaaiiy aoaeoeaiiai iiieoo,
caaacia/aiiy iiaii? caeiyoino? e noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy.
I?ioa aeina?ae ?aoi?ioaaiiy ia?aeiio?, ui ?ic?iaee na?oiai?
aeiiii?/ii? aeoiee c ieoaiue o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e
aeyaeythoueny iaaaeaeaaoieie oiiaai ia?ao?aeii? oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee.
?aoeaioe aeoea?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ai?iaiaai? e?a?iaie
Caoiaeo, ao?aoeaoe ca’ycie c oaeoaie, ia canaae? yeeo aiie aoee
io?eiai?, iicaaaeythoueny nai?? i?aeoe/ii? neee, ? oiio ia iiaeooue
aooe o /enoiio aeaeyae? aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o a?o/eciyi?e i?aeoeoe?
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. A?aeiia?aeii, aeooae?cothoueny aeine?aeaeaiiy
niaoeeo?ee iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee a aniaeo? aecia/aiiy iiaeeeaeo
aa??aio?a aaeaioaoe?? aei ia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo.

C iiaaaith noaaey/enue aei aacia?a/ieo aeinyaiaiue a?o/eciyii? oa
ca?oa?aeii? aeiiii?/ii? iaoee a aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee
o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, cacia/eii, iaeiae, ui iica
oaaaith iaoeiaoe?a caeeoeeeny aeaye? ieoaiiy oai?aoe/iiai oa i?aeoe/iiai
ieaio. Cie?aia, a?ae/oaa?oueny aeao?oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ie? ?iaanoeoe?e
o anoaiiaeaii? aeeiai?/ii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae, aieeao
neia?aaoe/iiai aoaeoo aca?iiae?? o?neaeueieo aaaeae?a ia aeeiai?eo ?
no?oeoo?o ?aaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?e; aca?iica’yce?a o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e c ?ioeie ?ino?oiaioaie aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

Iniaeeaa aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaiaoeee o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e, ?? i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ? iaaeinoaoiy oai?aoe/ia
?ic?iaeai?noue aecia/eee aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, iaoiiaeee
?? iaoo oa eia?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. I?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeeny o iaaeao iaoeiai? oaie IIaoAO «Aiae?c,
i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo oa oaeineiiaeaiiy ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio /i?ii?
iaoaeo?a?? Oe?a?ie»(iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0194U006557).

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aecia/aii? nooiino? e
ci?noo o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, c’ynoaaii? niaoeeo?ee
eiai ?aae?caoe?? a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie oa ?ic?iaoe?
(i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iioth/iai
o?neaeueiiai iaoai?cio.

?aae?caoe?y iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enith?oueny /a?ac ae??oaiiy
ianooiieo iniiaieo caaaeaiue:

— c’ynoaaiiy oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo ia?aaeoiia aiae?co i?iaeai
oai??? oa i?aeoeee o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e;

— aeyaeaiiy aaiaoe/ieo aeaea?ae ? canaae ?icaeoeo o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, aecia/aiiy ci?noo oe??? eaoaai??? oa
i?eioeei?a oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?ci?a o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e;

— aiae?c niaoeeo?ee ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i? oa
?ice?eooy ?ie? o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy o nenoai? aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioeane noni?eueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy a
oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?iaie/? a?aeiineie i?ae aea?aeaaith
oa aeiiii?/ieie noa’?eoaie c i?eaiaeo iiaeaoeiaiai aeeo/aiiy /anoee ?o
aeioiae?a, o?ainoi?iaoe?? inoaii?o o aea?aeaai? aeioiaee ? aeaeaoee
oa aieea oeeo a?aeiinei ia aeeiai?eo ? no?oeoo?o ?aaeueieo
?iaanoeoe?e.

?ino?oiaioa??e aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c oaeeo caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo
iaoiae?a i?ciaiiy ye aano?aaoaaiiy, aiae?c oa neioac, ?iaeoeoe?y ?
aeaaeoeoe?y, iaoiae?a aaiaoe/iiai, nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai oa
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aiae?co oiui.

O ?iaio? oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny caeiiiaeaa/? oa ii?iaoeai? aeoe
Oe?a?ie, noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee, aeai? ? aeniiaee iiiia?ao?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue c i?iaeai oai??? oa
i?aeoeee o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e aeicaieeei io?eiaoe ianooii? iia?
?acoeueoaoe, aeianai? ia caoeno:

— aeyaeaii oi?ie oa oa?aeoa? aca?iica’yce?a i?iaeoeoeaii?,
aeioiaeioai?/i? oa no?oeoo?ioi?ioth/i? ooieoe?e ?iaanoeoe?e.
Iaa?oioiaaia ?oo?eii-ei?eaoth/a ?ieue ?iaanoeoe?e o anoaiiaeaii?
aeeiai?/ii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae;

— aia?oa aeae?eaii c oeaio?ae?ciaaieo o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a aea?aeaae
iaoa??aeueii-?a/iao iniiao o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee —
o?neaeuei? ?ano?ne. sse aeiiii?/ia eaoaai??y o?neaeuei? ?ano?ne
ae?aaeathoue a?aeiineie i?ae aea?aeaaith oa ?ioeie o/anieeaie
noni?eueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy c i?eaiaeo iiaeaoeiaiai aeeo/aiiy /anoee
aeioiae?a aeiiii?/ieo noa’?eo?a, ?? o?ainoi?iaoe?? o aea?aeaai?
aeioiaee ? aeaeaoee oa aeei?enoaiiy inoaii?o aea?aeaaith i?e aeeiiaii?
?aaoethth/eo ooieoe?e;

— iiaeeaeaii iaoeia? oyaeaiiy uiaei nooiino? oa ci?noo o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e. Cai?iiiiiaaii aecia/aiiy o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ye nenoaie aea?aeaaieo caoiae?a uiaei ci?i a
oiiaao iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, a ianyaao oa no?oeoo?? aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a c
iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy e?euee?nieo oa ye?nieo(no?oeoo?ieo) ia?aiao??a
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey ii?iaeueiiai i?io?eaiiy
?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ? caaacia/aiiy aeeiai?/ii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii?
??aiiaaae;

— ae?noaei iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae iiaaae?iee
aea?aeaae — noa’?eoa ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a oa
aea?aeaae-?iaanoi?a a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie. Cai?iiiiiaaii
iniiae aa??aioo iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaoai?cio o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e oa iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aca?iiae??
o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy c ?ioeie oi?iaie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e. Aecia/aii noai?thaaeueii-noeioethth/o ?ieue o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy o nenoai? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ioean?a a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a o ?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ui aeianai?
ia caoeno. Aeena?oaioii iniaenoi ?ice?eoi ?oo?eii-ei?eaoth/o ?ieue
?iaanoeoe?e o anoaiiaeaii? aeeiai?/ii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae;
aecia/ai? aaiaoe/i? aeaea?aea, canaaee ?icaeoeo oa nooi?noue
o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e; iaa?oioiaaii
noai?thaaeueii-noeioethth/o ?ieue o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy o nenoai?
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie,
?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaoai?cio o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe
iieyaa? o oiio, ui io?eiai? oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe oa aeniiaee
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?:

— o caeiiioai?/?e ae?yeueiino? oa ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a oeaio?aeueii?
aeaaee ? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy i?e ?ic?iaoe? oa ?aae?caoe??
caoiae?a uiaei ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a. ?yae a?aeiia?aeieo
i?iiiceoe?e aaoi?a aaea i?eeiyoi aei ?icaeyaeo Oi?aae?iiyi aeiiii?ee
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeanii? aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoe??, cie?aia i?e
?ic?iaoe? i?ia?aie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano? ia 1999 ??e a?aoiaai? cai?iiiiiaai?
aaoi?ii aeacaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaia iieaciee?a
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
aecia/aiiy ia iniia? ?o aeeiai?ee aoaeoeaiino? aea?aeaaieo
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a ?aa?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o(aeia?aeea ?5/12-802
a?ae 03.11.99);

— iaoeiaeie oa o/aiaeie caeeaaeaie o iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo
i?iaeai oai??? oa i?aeoeee o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, a
oaeiae ?aae?ciaoaaoeny o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e aeeeaaeaii?
ie?aieo oai eo?n?a «Aeiiii?/ia oai??y», «I?e?iaeiiii?ea»,
«Iae?iaeiiii?ea», «Iniiae oai??? oa i?aeoeee ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee»,
«Aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea», «Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee», «Athaeaeaoia
nenoaia» oa ?ioeo. A?aeiia?aei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aaoi?a cai?iaaaeaeaii?
o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean Iaoe?iiaeueii? iaoaeo?a?eii? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie(aeia?aeea ? 01-32/708 a?ae 26.10.99) oa Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
o?e?aeo Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia?
Oe?a?ie(aeia?aeea ?296 a?ae 12.10.99) ? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
eaeoe?eiiio iaoa??ae? oa ?iai/eo i?ia?aiao eo?n?a «Iniiae aeiiii?/ii?
oai???», » Iae?iaeiiii?ea», «I?iaeaie oai??? oa i?aeoeee ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee», «I?e?iaeiiii?ea ? aea?aeaaiee naeoi?», «Athaeaeaoiee i?ioean
? oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaieie o?iainaie».

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia Ae?oa?e i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Oai??y oa i?aeoeea ??oaiue aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai o a??ie/i?oaei?e oa
iaoaeo?a?ei?e i?iieneiaino?» (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1995), ia
i?aeaoc?anuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «Noaiiaeaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie»(i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996), a?aee?eo?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th Aea?aeaaii? iaoaeo?a?eii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998), iaaiai?thaaeeny ia i?aeaoc?anueeiio
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio nai?ia?? «I?iaeaie o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee ?
oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iiaeae? Oe?a?ie» (i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996) oa can?aeaiiyo ? iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e
iie?oe/ii? aeiiii?? Iaoe?iiaeueii? iaoaeo?a?eii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii o 13
ioae?eaoe?yo caaaeueiei ianyaii 4 iae.-aeae. a?e., o oiio /ene? 7
noaooyo o aeo?iaeao ? ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 4 noaooyo o ca??ieeao
iaoa??ae?a iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia??a oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e, iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/i?e ?ic?iaoe?, aeiiia?ae?. Ianya
/anoee aeena?oaioa a iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeyo noaiiaeoue 3.3 iae.-aeae.
a?e.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny
?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, ui i?noyoue o?noue aeaa, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa o?noueio aeiaeaoe?a. Aiia aeeeaaeaia ia 194
noi??ieao, i?noeoue 13 oaaeeoeue, 10 ?enoie?a, nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae neeaaea?oueny c 131 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ?ice?eaa?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
eiai iaoa, caaea/?, ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao, iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ?o ai?iaaoe?y.

Ia?oee ?icae?e — «Oai?aoe/i? iniiae o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e» — i?enay/aiee aiae?co aiinaieia?/ieo oa iioieia?/ieo
i?aeaaeei o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, aeine?aeaeaiith eiai
aaiaoe/ieo aeaea?ae oa canaae, aecia/aiith nooiino? o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy oa eiai i?noey o nenoai? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

O ia?o?e aeaa? oeueiai ?icae?eo «Ia?aaeoiiae aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai
oai??? oa i?aeoeee o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e » ia iniia?
aiae?co iioieia?/ieo oa aiinaieia?/ieo i?aeaaeei o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e iaa?oioiaaii, ui aeinyaiaiith iinoaaeaii? o
?iaio? iaoe a iaea?eueo?e i??? ni?ey? canoinoaaiiy aeeiai?/ii? aa?n??
nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai iaoiaeo.

Oey aa?n?y aenooia? eiie?aoecaoe??th iaoiaeo iaoa??ae?noe/ii?
ae?aeaeoeee a?aeiia?aeii aei aeine?aeaeaiiy ia’?eo?a ye aeeiai?/ieo,
ianoaoe?iia?ieo oa ye?nii i?ieeaeo nenoai ? ia?aaeaa/a? a yeino?
iniiaieo iiiaio?a i?ciaaaeueiiai i?ioeano aeine?aeaeaiiy aoai?a oa
eia?ee ?icaeoeo nenoaie; aecia/aiiy ?? neeaaeo oa no?oeoo?e; aiae?c
caeiiii??iinoae iiaoaeiae ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia i?eioeeiao
aca?iicaeaaeiino?, aca?iiae?? oa aca?iiiaoiiaeaiino? aeaiaio?a; ?icaeyae
aioo??oiuei? aeeiai?ee nenoaie — noiaeaeaiiy a?ae aeeaeiii? nooiino?
/a?ac ?yae oi?i aei iiaa?oi? aeiiii?/iiai aeeooy, aei eiie?aoieo
iaoai?ci?a ? cai?ioi?e oeyo ?aaoethth/eo ae?e aea?aeaae, ?o aieea ia
aeeaeii? i?ioeane ? yaeua; aeyaeaiiy o aeiiii?/i?e nenoai? cii,
iaiaeiaeiaeo ca ianyaii, cia/ou?noth oa ?aoi?iaoe?eiith ieanoe/i?noth,
c’ynoaaiiy ?o niaoeeo?/ieo ?aaeoe?e ia iiaeai? aea?aeaaith ?aaoethth/?
?iioeuene. Oea aaaeeeai aeey aaeaeaaoiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e o ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie, ye?e
i?eoaiaii? oaoiieia?/ia iaiaeii??aei?noue, ?ooeea?noue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? no?oeoo?e, iae?iaeiiii?/ia ianoaa?euei?noue oa
ye?ni? o?ainoi?iaoe?ei? c?ooaiiy.

Aeei?enoaiiy aeeiai?/ii? aa?n?? nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai iaoiaeo oaeiae
a?aee?eaa? ia?niaeoeae aeyaeaiiy aaiaoe/ieo aeaea?ae oa canaae ?icaeoeo
o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e; aecia/aiiy eiai i?noey oa ?ie? o
nenoai? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a; c’ynoaaiiy
i?e?iaee oa niaoeeo?ee ca’yce?a i?ae o?neaeueieie aaaeaeyie(aea?aeaaieie
aeaeaoeaie ? iiaeaoeaie); aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy oa
i?eioeei?a ?aae?caoe?? o?neaeueieo iaoai?ci?a ?, ia oe?e iniia?,
?ic?iaee i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iioth/iai
o ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie iaoai?cio o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e.

O ae?oa?e aeaa? «Aaiaoe/i? aeaea?aea oa canaaee o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e» iaa?oioiaaii ?oo?eii-ei?eaoth/o ?ieue
?iaanoeoe?e o anoaiiaeai? oa i?aeo?eioe? aeeiai?/ii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii?
??aiiaaae, i?iaiae?ciaaii ?iaanoeoe?? ye iioaioe?eiee ia’?eo
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, aeyaeaii aaiaoe/i? aeaea?aea oa canaaee
?icaeoeo o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e.

Ae?yeuei?noue aea?aeaae-noa’?eoa ?aaoethaaiiy o i?aenoieo caiaeeoueny
aei i?aeo?eiee noaio aeeiai?/ii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae. Naia oiio
a?ae aea?aeaae aeiaaa?oueny eiioeaio?oaaoe na?e ?aaoethth/ee iioaioe?ae
ia oeo aeaiaioao aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie, aieea ia ye? aeicaiey? ?e
iaeneiaeueii iaaeeceoeny aei aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? oe?eueiai? ianoaiiae.
Aecia/aiiy ?ie? ?iaanoeoe?e o aeinyaiaii? aeiiii?/iith nenoaiith noaio
aeeiai?/ii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae oa iio?aeiiai a?ae oeueiai
«?iaeaeno i??i?eoaoiino?» ?iaanoeoe?e ye ia’?eoo aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy noa? iiaeeeaei caaaeyee aeine?aeaeaiith iniiaieo
ooieoe?e ?iaanoeoe?e — i?iaeoeoeaii?, aeioiaeioai?/i? oa
no?oeoo?ioi?ioth/i? — oa ?o aca?iica’yce?a.

I?iaeoeoeaia ooieoe?y ?iaanoeoe?e iia’ycaia c ae?iaieoeoaii
iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeoeoo/oi?ioaaiiyi noeoiii? i?iiiceoe??/, o/anoue
a yeiio ?iaanoeoe?? i?eeiathoue iiina?aaeeiaaii, i?ney o?ainoi?iaoe??
o i?aaeiaoe oa caniae i?aoe?. Caaaeath/e ae ia oa, ui
iaoa??aeueii-?a/iaa no?oeoo?a ae?iaeaiiai noni?euenoaii i?iaeoeoo
aecia/a?oueny no?oeoo?ith iaoe?iiaeueiiai oiaa?iae?iaieoeoaa, oiaoi oeie
i?iii?oe?yie, ye? neeaeeny i?ae ie?aieie i?ae?icae?eaie, naeoi?aie oa
aaeocyie aeiiii?ee aiane?aeie ae?? no?oeoo?ioi?ioth/i? ooieoe??
?iaanoeoe?e, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui inoaiiy a cia/i?e i??? ?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiith ca aaeaeaaoi?noue iaoa??aeueii-?a/iai? no?oeoo?e
noeoiii? i?iiiceoe?? no?oeoo?? noni?eueieo iio?aa /noeoiiiai iiieoo/.

Ca aeiiiiiaith ?iaanoeoe?e-iin??a aeioiaeioai?/i? ooieoe??, ye a?oioiaii
aeia?a Aeae.I. Eaein, ooai?th?oueny noeoiiee aeioiae/iiieo/, eio?ee
aeicaiey? i?aei?e?ioeth ?aae?coaaoe ae?iaeaio i?iaeoeoe?th, noai?th?
noeioee aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icoe?aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa cae?eniaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eieo aeo?ao; aeyaey? no?oeoo?o noni?eueieo iio?aa ? i???ioo?
?iaanoi??a a aeiiii?/iiio i?inoi??.

Noeoiiee aeioiae, io?eiaiee noa’?eoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ? aaee/eiith,
caeaaeiith o oiio /ene? ? a?ae no?oeoo?e ?iaanoeoe?e, yea, oi?ioth/e
no?oeoo?o aeiiii?ee ? a?aeiia?aeii cae?enithth/e aaciina?aaei?e aieea
ia ?iciiae?e aeiiii?/ii aeoeaiiai ianaeaiiy ii noa?ao oa aaeocyo
aeiiii?ee, aecia/a? no?oeoo?o caeiyoino?. Inoaiiy ae, caaaeath/e ia
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th na?aaeiuei? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ?ia?oiee?a oa
na?aaeiueiai i?aei?e?iieoeueeiai i?eaooeo ii aaeocyo i?iieneiaino? ?
noa?ao i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, ? iaeiei c iaeaaaii?oeo /eiiee?a
oi?ioaaiiy noeoiiiai aeioiaeo. Oeae oaeo oa aoi?eii?noue no?oeoo?e
caeiyoino? ii a?aeiioaiith aei no?oeoo?e ?iaanoeoe?e aeiaiaeeoue
?nioaaiiy aca?iica’yceo i?ae aeioiaeioai?/ith oa no?oeoo?ioi?ioth/ith
ooieoe?yie ?iaanoeoe?e.

A ocaaaeueiaiiio aeaeyae? ?ieue ?iaanoeoe?e o oi?ioaaii? noeoiiiai
ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo oa noeoiii? i?iiiceoe?? i?aaenoaaeaii ia
?en.1.

?en.1. ?ieue ?iaanoeoe?e o oi?ioaaii? noeoiiiai iiieoo ? noeoiii?
i?iiiceoe??.

Ieoaiiy i?i aca?iica’ycie i?ae i?iaeoeoeaiith oa aeioiaeioai?/ith
ooieoe?yie ?iaanoeoe?e iineoue i?eioeeiiaee oa?aeoa?, ine?eueee o
i?aenoieo aiii caiaeeoueny aei ieoaiiy i?i aca?iica’ycie oa
aca?iia?aeiioaiiy i?ae i?iiiceoe??th oa iiieoii, ae?iaieoeoaii oa
niiaeeaaiiyi. Aeioiaeioai?/a ooieoe?y ?iaanoeoe?e aeii?io? o
ei?ioeino?ieiaiio ia??iae?, aea aenooia? iaeaaaeeea?oei /eiieeii
eieeaaiiy ??aiy caeiyoino? oa ca?eueoaiiy/ ciaioaiiy/ iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aeioiaeo. Naia oey aeanoea?noue ?iaeoue ?iaanoeoe?? — iin??
aeioiaeioai?/i? ooieoe?? iaaiith i??ith a?aeiia?aeaeueieie ca
iiaeieaiiy o ei?ioeino?ieiaiio ia??iae? oeeee?/ieo e?ec
«ia?aae?iaieoeoaa», ca anoaiiaeaiiy ? i?aeo?eieo iae?iaeiiii?/ii?
??aiiaaae /a?ac ei?eaoaaiiy noeoiiiai iiieoo, i?eaaaeaiiy eiai o
a?aeiia?aei?noue aei noeoiii? i?iiiceoe??.

O aeiaaino?ieiaiio ia??iae? a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?ia aeii?iaio, ?
?iaanoeoe??, aenooiath/e iin?yie naia i?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe??, noathoue
eeth/iaei oaeoi?ii ci?oeiaiiy ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo e?a?ie,
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ? i?enei?aiiy oaii?a aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy. Iaaeath/e aeiiii?/i?e nenoai? aeeiai?/iiai ?iioeueno oa
ii?oooth/e ?? a?aeiinio noaoe?iia?i?noue, aiie aeaiaeyoue
iaoe?iiaeueio aeiiii?eo ia ye?nii iiaee ??aaiue ooieoe?iioaaiiy.
Cae?enith?oueny ia?ao?ae aei iiaiai, a?aei?iiiai a?ae iiia?aaeiueiai
noaio iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae. Iaenooo?a?oeie a?aei?iiinoyie ?
c?inoaiiy ianyao, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa nooo?a? ci?ie no?oeoo?e
noeoiii? i?iiiceoe??.

I?ia?aeia ?oo?eii-ei?eaoth/a ?ieue ?iaanoeoe?e o anoaiiaeaii?
aeeiai?/ii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae aeiaaa? iaaeaoe ?i noaoon
i??i?eoaoo aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy a aeiiii?oe?, yea i?aaia
noaa?eueii i?inoaaoeny aia?aae oeyoii iino?iaeono??ae?caoe??.

Iiaeeea?noue ae??aiai ao?o/aiiy aea?aeaae o i?e?iaeiee o?ae
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a ca aeiiiiiaith o?neaeueieo aaaeae?a i?noeoueny
o iaoai?ci? i?iaeoeoaaiiy ?aaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?e aeiiii?/iith nenoaiith.
?iaanoeoe??, ia?iaeaeai? o ae?iaieoeoa?, ii/eiathoue na?e naiino?eiee
?oo ii cae?i/aii? i?ioean?a ?iciiae?eo, ia?a?iciiae?eo oa ae?iaie/iai
niiaeeaaiiy /anoeie aaeiaiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeoeoo, oiaoi aiie
iaaiith i??ith ? ?acoeueoaoii i?ioean?a, ia ye? aea?aeaaa ni?iiiaeia
cae?enithaaoe aaciina?aaei?e na?aeiiee aieea, iai?ioethth/e aeanieie
aeaeaoeaie oa iiaeaoeaie.

?aae?caoe?y oe??? iiaeeeaino? a no/ani?e aeiiii?oe? ? iaiao?aeiith
oiiaith ocaiaeaeaiiy oa eii?aeeiaoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia
iae?i??ai?, na?aeiii? i?aeo?eiee i?iii?oe?eiino? noni?eueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa oa caaeiaieaiiy noni?eue-ieo iio?aa, iia’ycaieo c
caaacia/aiiyi noaa?eueiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee ye oe?e?niiai i?aai?cio. Oea a?aeiia?aeue aea?aeaae ia a?aeii?
iaoa??aeueii-?a/ia? oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? c?ooaiiy o noni?eueiiio
ae?iaieoeoa?, ye oi: iiaeeaeaiiy noni?eueiiai iiae?eo i?aoe?,
aeieeiaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i a?aeie?aieaiiy, noaiiaeaiiy oa ci?oeiaiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo aei inoaii?o oi?i ononi?eueiaiiy oa aeaniino? ?, o
i?aenoieo, oneeaaeiaiiy noni?eueieo oi?i i?aai?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ioean?a oa iiaeeo?eaoe?th oi?i eii?aeeiaoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

O?neaeueia ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iniaeeaeie ii
a?aeiioaiith aei ?ioeo oi?i ?aaoethaaiiy ia?aaeoiiaaie ca?iaeaeaiiy,
?icaeoeo oa ?aae?caoe??. Eiai aaiaoe/ieie aeaea?aeaie ?: ii-ia?oa,
?nioaaiiy aea?aeaae ye niaoeeo?/iiai aeiiii?/iiai oa iie?oe/iiai
?inoeoooo-ae?acieea noni?eueieo ?ioa?an?a; ii-ae?oaa, iayai?noue oa
iino?eia c?inoaiiy noni?eueieo iio?aa, caaeiaieaiiy yeeo iio?aao?
aeoeaii? o/ano? aea?aeaae o i?ioeanao ?iciiae?eo, ia?a?iciiae?eo oa
niiaeeaaii? iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeoeoo ca aeiiiiiaith o?neaeueieo
aaaeae?a; ii-o?ao?, iniaeeaino? i?ioeano i?iaeoeoaaiiy aeiiii?/iith
nenoaiith ?iaanoeoe?e, aoaiaie yeiai ? ?iciiae?e, ia?a?iciiae?e oa
niiaeeaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeoeoo. Canaaeaie ?icaeoeo —
nioe?ae?caoe?y a?aeiinei aeaniino?, aca?iiae?y oiaa?ii-a?ioiaeo
a?aeiinei oa a?aeiinei ieaiii??iino?, noni?euei? ?ioa?ane a onueiio
??ciiiai?oo? oi?i (aeiiii?/i?, nioe?aeuei?, aeieia?/i?).

O o?ao?e aeaa? «Nooi?noue o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oa eiai i?noea o
nenoai? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a» aeeeaaeaii
iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy nooiino? oa iaoai?ci?a o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e. Cie?aia, i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ?nioth/eo
aa??aio?a aecia/aiiy nooiino? ? ci?noo oe??? niaoeeo?/ii? oi?ie
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui o no/ani?e
aeiiii?/i?e oa o?iainia?e iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? aeii?io? oyaa i?i
oioiaei?noue o?neaeueiiai oa athaeaeaoii-iiaeaoeiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy.
Ca?aene, — canoinoaaiiy iieaciee?a «/anoea athaeaeaoieo aeioiae?a o
AAI» oa «/anoea athaeaeaoieo aeaeaoe?a o AAI» aeey aecia/aiiy
e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee o?neaeueieo iia?aoe?e aea?aeaae.

Ioioiaeiaiiy iaoa??aeueiiai i?aea?oioy o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?c
athaeaeaoieie ?ano?naie ia?aaeaa/a?, ui o ?aaoethaaii?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a aaciina?aaeiuei caae?yi? aac
aoaeue-yeeo aeiyoe?a on? athaeaeaoi? aeioiaee oa aeaeaoee. I?ioa ia
eiaeia neeaaeiaa athaeaeaoieo ?ano?n?a iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia a ?ie?
aaaeaey ?aaoethaaiiy.

Ianaiia?aae, ia oaac? iathoueny o? eiiiiiaioe athaeaeaoieo aeioiae?a
oa aeaeaoe?a, ii a?aeiioaiith aei yeeo aea?aeaaa /anoeiai iicaaaeaia
i?aaa ?icii?yaeaeaiiy. Na?aae ieo: ii-ia?oa, aeioiaee oa aeaeaoee
athaeaeaoieo oe?eueiaeo oiiae?a — ieaoaae?, iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy
eio?eo ai??i?ii aecia/aii oa aei?noei ?aaeaiaioiaaii, ? ii a?aeiioaiith
aei yeeo aea?aeaaa ia?aaaaeii aeeiio? ooieoe?? o?iainiaiai iina?aaeieea;
a ii-ae?oaa, — iaia’yceia? aeo?aoe, iia’ycai? c iie?eooyi
aioo??oiueiai ai?ao oa ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? caai?aiaaiino?. Ae?oaith ca
cia/ou?noth a?oiith athaeaeaoieo ?ano?n?a, ye? ia i?eeiathoue
aaciina?aaeiuei? o/ano? a ?aaoethth/eo i?ioeanao, ? ieaoaae? ?
cai?e, ui iiina?aaeeiaothoue a?aeiineie, ye? aeieeathoue i?ae
aea?aeaaith — aeanieeii cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ei?enieo eiiaeei ?
i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a oa ie?aieie noa’?eoaie i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino?, oa aiane?aeie oeueiai a?aeia?aaeathoue aniaeoe aeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaae-aeanieea oa i?aei?e?ioey, a ia aea?aeaae —
noa’?eoa ?aaoethaaiiy.

Aeeo/aiiy aeacaieo ??ciiaeae?a aea?aeaaieo aeioiae?a oa aeaeaoe?a c
noeoiiino? athaeaeaoieo ?ano?n?a aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe oo ?o /anoeio, yea
ca aeiiii?/iith noooth ? aaeaeaaoiith ?aaoethth/?e ae?yeueiino?
aea?aeaae, oa aiane?aeie oeueiai io?eiaoe ia’?eoeaio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
?? ?aaoethth/ee iioaioe?ae. Nei?eaiaai? a?aeiia?aeiei /eiii athaeaeaoi?
?ano?ne aeioe?eueii aecia/eoe ye o?neaeuei? ?ano?ne. sse aeiiii?/ia
eaoaai??y o?neaeuei? ?ano?ne ae?aaeathoue a?aeiineie i?ae aea?aeaaith
oa ?ioeie o/anieeaie noni?eueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy c i?eaiaeo iiaeaoeiaiai
aeeo/aiiy /anoee aeioiae?a aeiiii?/ieo noa’?eo?a, ?o o?ainoi?iaoe?? o
aea?aeaai? aeioiaee ? aeaeaoee oa aeei?enoaiiy inoaii?o aea?aeaaith
i?e aeeiiaii? ?aaoethth/eo ooieoe?e.

O?neaeueiei ?ano?nai i?eoaiaiia aeanoea?noue o caaaeueiiaeiiii?/iiio
ianooaa? aieeaaoe ia i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa ia noeioee uiaei o?ainoi?iaoe?? ?o o ?aaeuei?
?iaanoeoe??.

Aieea ia noeeuei?noue aei ?iaanooaaiiy noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy
aeinyaa?oueny /a?ac anoaiiaeaiiy aaciina?aaeiueiai aai iai?yiiai ca’yceo
o?neaeueieo iia?aoe?e aea?aeaae c aeaoa?i?iaioaie ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ooieoe?? i?e?i??aiy ( aeeneiioiaaieie o /an? ii?iith /enoiai i?eaooeo,
i/?eoaaiiai a?ae ?aae?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?iaeoo, oa noaaeith
a?aenioeo). Iniiai? ??ciiaeaee oaeiai ca’yceo oe?iei a?aeii?. Oea oae
caaia eaein?ainueea noaia aai o?neaeueiee iaoai?ci aieeao ia
?iaanoeoe?ei? i?ioeane c aieo niiaeeaaiiy/iiieoo/: «c?inoaiiy
aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a(ianaiia?aae aea?aeaaieo ?iaanoeoe?e) ( ca?eueoaiiy
noeoiiiai iiieoo ( iiaeaaaeaiiy eii’thieoo?e oiaa?iiai ?eieo ( c?inoaiiy
??aiy oe?i ( c?inoaiiy i/?eoaaiue i?eaooeo a?ae ?aae?caoe??
?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?iaeoo» oa ?ic?iaeaiee ? i?aeoe/ii ai?iaiaaiee
i?aaenoaaieeaie no/aniiai iaieiina?aaoecio o?neaeueiee iaoai?ci aieeao
ia ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?ioeane c aieo i?iiiceoe??/caiuaaeaeaiue/: «ciaioaiiy
aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a oa iiaeaoe?a ( c?inoaiiy aeioiae?a noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy iaaea?aeaiiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee( iaai?n?eia ?icoe?aiiy
i?iiiceoe?? ia ?eieo e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a( ciaioaiiy noaaee a?aenioeo».

Eiaeiee c cacia/aieo o?neaeueieo iaoai?ci?a ni?iiiaeiee aeoea?coaaoe
a?aeiia?aeio ooieoe?th ?iaanoeoe?e. Cie?aia, o eiiiaoaioe?? iaoai?cio
aieeao ia ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?ioeane c aieo niiaeeaaiiy/iiieoo/
ciaoiaeeoueny aea?eueiaiiy aeioiaeioai?/iai iioaioe?aeo ?iaanoeoe?e.
Iiaa eaea i?i oa, ui aea?aeaaa, caaaeyee o?neaeuei?e aeniain??
noeioethth/e niiaeeaaiiy oa aeeeeeath/e oaeaeea ?icoe?aiiy ?iiino?
aioo??oi?o ?eie?a caooo, i???ioo? aeiiii?/io nenoaio ia aenoaineaia
aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy oa aenoaineaiee oei a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaiiai
eai?oaeo, niaoeeo?ea yeiai iieyaa? o aeii?ioaaii? i?ioean?a /enoiai
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy, a?aenooiino? cia/ieo ci?i o oaoiieia?/iiio ??ai?
cania?a i?aoe?. Nooo?aee i?e??no /enoeo ?iaanoeoe?e, ui ia? i?noea
i?ney iiaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy iayaieo ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae, coiiaeth?
c?inoaiiy caeiyoino? oa aeioiae?a/noeoiiiai iiieoo/

Aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoai?ci aieeao ia ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?ioeane c aieo
i?iiiceoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a, aea?aeaaa aeoea?co? i?iaeoeoeaio
ooieoe?th ?iaanoeoe?e. Ciaiooth/e ianyae o?neaeueieo ?ano?n?a, ui
i?ioiaeyoue ii eaiaeao athaeaeaoii? nenoaie, nei?i/oth/e aeania
niiaeeaaiiy, aea?aeaaa ia?a?iciiae?ey? o?iainia? ?ano?ne e?a?ie ia
ei?enoue iaaea?aeaaiiai naeoi?o oa ni?ey? iineeaiith o
aeiiiainiiaea?noa noeeueiino? aei caiuaaeaeaiiy. Coiiaeaia oeei
nei?i/aiiy noeoiiiai iiieoo oa a?aeiinia iaae?iiy ii?ie i?eaooeo
niiioea? noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy ooeaoe caniae i?aeaeuaiiy
?aioaaaeueiino? ia oeyoao c?inoaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa,
ae??ooaaoe caaea/? oaoiieia?/iiai iiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iioth/iai iniiaiiai
eai?oaeo ia canaaeao aaoiiaoecaoe??, ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? oa
?ano?nicaiuaaeaeaiiy, i?enei?thaaoe ia?a aeeaaeaiiai eai?oaeo oeyoii
noai?aiiy iiaeo iio?aa o iieoioe?a oa iiaiiaoaaoe aeione ye?nii iiaeo
aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??. A caaaeueiiaeiiii?/iiio ianooaa? caeeaaeathoueny
iniiae aeey ?ioaineaiiai (?iiiaaoe?eiiai) oeio aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy
? ia?aoiaeo aeiiii?ee ia ?ioaineaiee oei a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaiiai
eai?oaeo, niaoeeo?eith yeiai ? ?icoe?aia a?aeoai?aiiy cania?a i?aoe? ia
ca e?euee?nieie, a ca ye?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie (i?iaeoeoeai?noth,
ei?eni?noth iiainoai?aieo niiaeea/eo aa?oinoae oiui).

Iiaeeea?noue aeoea?caoe?? no?oeoo?ioi?ioth/i? ooieoe?? ?iaanoeoe?e
i?noeoueny o iaio ?icaeyiooeo aeua iaoai?ciao. Aiia ?aae?co?oueny /a?ac
naeaeoeaiee(aea??eiaee) i?aeo?ae, eio?ee ia?aaeaa/a? eiioeaio?aoe?th
iaoa??aeueieo, o?oaeiaeo, o?neaeueieo oa e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a ia
i??i?eoaoieo iai?yieao nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa ia
ia’?eoao (aaeocyo, i?aei?e?inoaao), i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy yeeo ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? oa
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee a oe?eiio.

Aiae?c ?noi?e/ieo oiia, a yeeo a?aeaoaaeiny oi?ioaaiiy aeacaieo
o?neaeueieo iaoai?ci?a ia?aeiio?, ui oi?ioaaiiy oiai /e ?ioiai
iaoai?cio coiiaeth?oueny ae??th ianaiia?aae oaeoi??a aeiiii?/iiai
ii?yaeeo. Oae, aieiaiei oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iei /eiieeii ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iaaiiai iaoai?cio ? noaae?y ?icaeoeo oaoiieia?/iiai niiniao
ae?iaieoeoaa. Naia aiia, aeaoa?i?ioth/e oa?aeoa? ? nooi?iue ci?i o
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/i?e aac? noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, «i?ia?aio?»
aeiiii?eo ia eiie?aoiee oei aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy(ia?aaaaeii
aenoaineaiee /e ia?aaaaeii ?ioaineaiee) oa aecia/a? aeii?ioth/o o
eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ieo oiiaao ooieoe?th ?iaanoeoe?e, ia noeioethaaiiy yei?
? iiaeii? ni?yiiaoaaoeny ?aaoethth/? coneeey aea?aeaae. A?aeiia?aeii c
iiaeeeainoyie aeeiiaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy ? iae?a?oueny o?neaeueiee
iaoai?ci aieeao ia ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?ioeane.

Oi?ia ae ?aae?caoe?? ia?aiiai o?neaeueiiai iaoai?cio aecia/a?oueny
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie /eiieeaie. Cie?aia, a?aeiineie aeaniino?,
?iciaaeiaoth/e nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? naeoi?e aeiiii?ee, ii-ia?oa,
anoaiiaeththoue a?aeiia?aei? ciie aaciina?aaeiueiai oa iai?yiiai
ao?o/aiiy aea?aeaae o i?ioeane eai?oaeioai?aiiy e aecia/athoue
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aaei?i?no?aoeaii-aeiiii?/ieie oa aeiiii?/ieie
iaoiaeaie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy. A ii-ae?oaa, — caaaeath/e ia oa,
ui noa’?eoai ie?aieo naeoi??a aeiiii?ee ?iaiaioi? niaoeeo?/i?
aeiiii?/i? ?ioa?ane, aeaoa?i?iiaai? a?aeiia?aeieie a?aeiineiaie
aeaniino?, coiiaeththoue aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th eiie?aoieo iaoiae?a aieeao
ia ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?ioeane ii eiaeiiio nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio
oeeaaeo.

C iaeyaeo ia aeuaaeeeaaeaia, o?neaeueia ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e iiaea
aooe aecia/aii ye nenoaia aea?aeaaieo caoiae?a ii aeeo/aiith,
iia?e?caoe?? oa aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaiith o?neaeueieo ?ano?n?a,
ni?yiiaaieo ia anoaiiaeaiiy e?euee?nieo oa ye?nieo(no?oeoo?ieo)
ia?aiao??a ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey ii?iaeueiiai
i?io?eaiiy ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ? caaacia/aiiy aeeiai?/ii?
iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae.

Ia aeeeeea? noii?ao oie oaeo, ui nooi?iue aieeao aea?aeaae-noa’?eoa
?aaoethaaiiy ia ?iaanoeoe?eio noa?o ia aecia/a?oueny aeeeth/ii
aoaeoeai?noth o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy. ?acoeueoaoeai?noue
aea?aeaaieo caoiae?a caeaaeeoue a?ae neia?aaoe/iiai aoaeoo aca?iiae??
an?o ooieoe?iioth/eo neeaaeiaeo nenoaie ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ioean?a(eiieo?aioii-?eieiai? i?aenenoaie, i?aenenoai aea?aeaaiiai oa
a?iiaaeyinueeiai ?aaoethaaiiy). Cia/aiiy, ?ieue ? i?noea o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy a oe?e nenoai? caeaaeeoue a?ae o?ueio iniiaieo /eiiee?a:
ii-ia?oa, ?ie? aea?aeaae o ?aaoethaaii? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a;
ii-ae?oaa, ni?eeiyoeeaino? aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua aei ci?i o
noa?? o?neaeueieo a?aeiinei; ii-o?ao?, a?ae o??? /anoee
iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeoeoo, ?oo yei? iiina?aaeeiao?oueny aea?aeaaith ca
aeiiiiiaith o?neaeueieo aaaeae?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy naia oeeo ianoaaei ?
a?aei?aaiei ioieoii aeey aiae?co i?iaeai o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy a
ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie»
aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?cio o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, aecia/aii oa
iaa?oioiaaii iai?yiee eiai aaeineiiaeaiiy.

O ia?o?e aeaa? oeueiai ?icae?eo » Iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa
no?oeoo?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaoai?cio o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e» cae?eniaii aiae?c ?iaanoeoe?eii? neooaoe?? oa o?neaeueieo
a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?. Ca eiai i?aenoieaie aecia/a?oueny, ui iiaeeaeaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? e?ece a Oe?a?i? ? iaeii/anii i?e/eiith ? iane?aeeii
caaaeueiiai iia??oaiiy aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe??, aieiaiei /eiieeii
aaeueioaaiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueieo a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?ioean?a oa
aoaeoeaieo ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue.

Iiaeieaiiy ?aa?aneaieo oaiaeaioe?e a ?iaanoeoe?ei?e noa?? iio?aao?
oi?ioaaiiy ae??aiai iaoai?cio aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e,
aaeaeaaoiiai oiiaai ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo. Caaaeath/e ia niaoeeo?eo
oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee, cie?aia iniaeeao ?ieue aea?aeaae-noa’?eoa
?aaoethaaiiy oa ?ioaineai?noue aea?aeaaiiai ao?o/aiiy o noa?o
?iciiae?eue/eo oa ia?a?iciiae?eue/eo a?aeiinei ca aeiiiiiaith
o?neaeueieo aaaeae?a, /?eueia i?noea o oeueiio iaoai?ci? iaeaaeeoue
o?neaeueiiio ?aaoethaaiith.

Iaoai?ci o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, aaeaeaaoiee oiiaai
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, iiaeiai a?aeiia?aeaoe aeaii iniiaiei oiiaai:
ii-ia?oa, noeioethaaoe iaeii/anii i?iaeoeoeaio, aeioiaeioai?/o oa
no?oeoo?ioi?ioth/o ooieoe?? ?iaanoeoe?e, a ii-ae?oaa, — a?aoiaoth/e, ui
no?eaeiaaith i?iaeaiith iiaeaaaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a
Oe?a?i? ? i?iaeaia iioeaaoe??, cae?enithaaoe iiaea?eiee oene ia
noeioee aei ?iaanooaaiiy, caaacia/oth/e iiaiaeaeai? o /an? i?aeaeuaiiy
ii?ie i/?eoaaiiai i?eaooeo oa cieaeaiiy ?aaeueii? noaaee a?aenioeo.
I?eaaaeaiiy ooieoe?iioth/iai o?neaeueiiai iaoai?cio o a?aeiia?aei?noue
aei aeacaieo aeiia aeinyaa?oueny /a?ac nei?i/aiiy iiaeaoeiaiai oyaa?y
ia noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy ?aaeueiiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee oa
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a o iai?yieo iineeaiiy
o?iainiai? i?aeo?eiee ?aaeueiiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee.

Iiaeeea?noue cae?enieoe iio??ai? ci?ie o iiaeaoeiaiio oa aeo?aoiiio
aeaiaioao o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy iia’ycaia, ii-ia?oa, c iayai?noth
cia/ieo iaiiaeaoeiaeo aeaea?ae aea?aeaaieo aeioiae?a. Cie?aia, cia/iee
iioaioe?ae ?icoe?aiiy aeioiaeii? aace caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo aea?aeaae
i?noeoueny o iiaeeeainoyo aea?aeaae ?aae?coaaoe nai? i?aai aeanieea
cia/ii? /anoeie cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa oa io?eioaaoe /anoeio i?eaooe?a
i?aei?e?inoa, na?aae ni?aaeaniee?a yeeo ? aea?aeaaa; o noai?aii?
aaeaeaaoiiai ia?ao?aeiei oiiaao iaoai?cio ?aae?caoe?? ?aioieo a?aeiinei
oa aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie ?aioieo ieaoaae?a c i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a.
Ii-ae?oaa, — c aeoea?caoe??th iioaioe?eieo ?aca?a?a i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iayaieo o?neaeueieo ?ano?n?a, ianaiia?aae ia
oeyoao ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a o iai?yieo ciaioaiiy
eioo?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia o?iainiao i?aeo?eieo iaaoaeoeaii ooieoe?iioth/eo
i?aei?e?inoa ? aaeocae, oa ieaiii??ii? ia?ai???ioaoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo
iioie?a a?ae o?aaeeoe?eieo noaaioth/eo aaeocae aei iiaeo
iino?iaeono??aeueiiai oeio. Ii-o?ao?,(-( c aeei?enoaiiyi noeioethth/iai
iioaioe?aeo aeoeaii? oi?ie o?neaeueiiai aeao?oeeoo.

?iioeuen, iiaeaiee aea?aeaaith ca aeiiiiiaith o?neaeueieo aaaeae?a,
ii?iaeeoue a oe?a?inuee?e aeiiii?oe? ioeueoeie?eaoe?eii-aenaea?aoe?eio
oaeeth, aiie?ooaea yei? eiia??ii aoaea aeaui iaioith, i?ae aoea a ca
aiaeia?/ieo ianoaaei a e?a?iao ?icaeiaii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. I?e/eia
iieyaa? o oiio, ui a Oe?a?i? i?e??no noeoiiiai iiieoo, ?i?oe?eiaaiee
aea?aeaaith, ia ciiaea aeaoe cia/iee ?iioeuen aei ca?eueoaiiy noeoiii?
i?iiiceoe??, aaeaea ?? ?ici?? ? no?oeoo?a o?nii iia’ycai? c oaoi?/ieie
iiaeeeainoyie ae?iaieoeoaa. Ia nueiaiaei? ae a?o/eciyia
oiaa?iae?iaieoeoai ua ia ia? iaiao?aeii? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace
aeey aeioneo oiaa??a, ye? a iiai?noth caaeiaieueiyee no?oeoo?o
iiieoo. I?ioean ?? ia?a?iaeaeaiiy ia iia?e oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/i?e
iniia? aoaea o?eaaeei, oiio iai?aaii??ia ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia oaeaee?
iiceoeai? c?ooaiiy a ?iaanoeoe?ei?e noa??.

Iaaia i?aeaeuaiiy ae??aino? cai?iiiiiaaiiai o?neaeueiiai iaoai?cio
iiaeeeai ca oiia eiai aeei?enoaiiy o iaaeao oe?e?niiai eiiieaeno
i?aai?/ii aca?iiae?th/eo ?aaoethth/eo caoiae?a, yeee ia?aaeaa/a?
iaeiini?yiiaaiee oene ia noeioee aei ?iaanooaaiiy c aieo iniiaieo
aeoeaieo ?ino?oiaioaeueieo oi?i(iiiaoa?iiai, ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iiai,
aioeiiiiiieueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oiui).

O nenoai? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie o?neaeueia ?aaoethaaiiy i?ecia/aia aeeiioaaoe
noai?thaaeueii-noeioethth/o ?ieue, aeei?enoiaoth/enue, c iaeiiai aieo,
aeey noeioethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? aeoeaiino? noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy
oa ?icaiio ioeueoeie?eaoe?eii-aenaea?aoe?eii? oaee? ii aaeocyo ?
naeoi?ao aeiiii?ee; a c ae?oaiai, — aeey caiia?aaiiy ?oeioaaiiy
?io?ano?oeoo?ieo eiiieaen?a oa ?ioeo ae?iaieoeoa noni?eueieo aeaa ?
iineoa, cae?eniaiiy ?o aaciina?aaeiuei? ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee,
noai?aiiy ia?aaeoiia aeey c?inoaiiy iniiaieo iin??a iiaiai
oaoiieia?/iiai oeeaaeo oa ?icaeoeo aieiaii? neeaaeiai? iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aaaaonoaa — ethaeeie.

Ae?oaa aeaaa «?ieue aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a a aeoea?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?» i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a oa i?aeaeuaiith ?o
aoaeoeaiino? uiaei ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a. Ia iniia?
aiae?co e?euee?nii? oa no?oeoo?ii? aeeiai?ee aeo?aoii? oi?ie o?neaeueieo
?ano?n?a a?aoiaioo?oueny aeioe?euei?noue:

— iiaa?iaiiy aei a?naiaeo ?ino?oiaio?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oaeiai
aaaeaey ye aea?aeaai? aeaeaoee ia i?eaeaaiiy a?o/eciyieo oiaa??a ?
iineoa oa aeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy eiai aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e
noeoiiiai iiieoo;

— i?aai?caoe?? aea?aeaaith noni?eueieo ?ia?o oa caeo/aiiy aei ieo
i?aoeacaeaoii? /anoeie a?iiaaeyi, ye? iio?aaothoue nioe?aeueii?
aeiiiiiae. Ia i?ioeaaao a?ae o?ainoa?o?a, nioe?aeueiee aoaeo yeeo
nooo?ai a?aeaeaeaiee o /an? a?ae aeiiii?/iiai, noni?euei? ?iaioe iathoue
aeiaeaoeia? ia?aaaae o oiio ieai?, ui, caaacia/oth/e a aaaaoueio
aeiaaeeao noai?aiiy ia’?eo?a ?io?ano?oeoo?e, aeicaieythoue io?eioaaoe
ia?aeaeueii nioe?aeueiee oa aeiiii?/iee aoaeoe;

— caeiiiaeaa/ee caoeno a?ae nei?i/aiiy no?aoaa?/ieo aea?aeaaieo
?iaanoeoe?e a ina?oo oa o noa?o IAeAeE?;

— i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai ? i?iaeo?a, ui
o?iainothoueny c aea?aeaaiiai oa i?noeaaeo athaeaeao?a. A aeena?oaoe??
cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio iieaciee?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
?aa?iio oa ?ic?iaeaii i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aecia/aiiy ia
iniia? ?o aeeiai?ee aoaeoeaiino? aea?aeaaieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a
i?noeaaiai oa ?aa?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o;

— a?aeiiaeaiiy ea?iaaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieie i?ioeanaie o aea?aeaaiiio
naeoi?? aeiiii?ee. I?eeeaaeaie caoiae?a, noeioethth/eo ?iaanoeoe?eio
ae?yeuei?noue o aea?aeaaiiio naeoi?? oa ia i?aei?e?inoaao,
ni?aaeanieeii yeeo ? aea?aeaaa, iiaeooue neoaoaaoe: a) anoaiiaeaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eiiai ii?iaoeao — o?eniaaii? /anoee i?eaooeo, ia iaioa
yei? noa’?eo ainiiaea?thaaiiy iiaeiai ni?yiiaoaaoe a ?iaanoeoe??; a)
iaaeaiiy aea?aeaaith i?aei?e?inoaai a yeino? aaca?aenioeiaiai
oe?eueiaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai e?aaeeoo /anoee io?eiaieo iath
aeea?aeaiae?a; a) eiio?ieue ?iiiaaoe?eii? yeino? ?iaanoeoe?e c
iaoith i?enei?eoe aeoeneoaaiiy oaoiieia?/ii canoa??eiai iaeaaeiaiiy oa
iiiaeaiiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace ae?iaieoeoaa.

O o?ao?e aeaa? «Iiaeaoeia? iaoiaee ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ioean?a» aecia/athoueny iioaioe?ei? ?aca?ae c?inoaiiy aeioiae?a
athaeaeaoo ca oiia nei?i/aiiy caaaeueiiaeiiii?/iiai ??aiy
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy (aeioiaee a?ae aeaniino?, ?aioi? ieaoaae?, ?icoe?aiiy
iiaeaoeiai? aace oiui) oa eiie?aoecothoueny caoiaee ii ?aoi?ioaaiith
/eiii? iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie. Na?aae i?iiiceoe?e:

— cieaeaiiy iiaeaoeiaiai oyaa?y ia oiaa?ii?iaeoeoth/o noa?o oa
anoaiiaeaiiy aa?aaiaaii? noaaee iiiaeaoeoaaiiy noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ?aaeueiiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee ia ??ai? 30-35 a?aenioe?a;

— aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y noaaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae iai?yieo
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa oa a?ae oa?aeoa?o ? iaoe aeei?enoaiiy
i?eaooeo;

— ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ae??aiai iaoai?cio ?iaeaenaoe?? iniiaieo oiiae?a o
i?ioeaaeo?o ?ic?aooie?a aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue oa ia/eneaiiy aace
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, uia o ?ac? ?ice?o/oaaiiy ?ioeyoe?eii? ni??ae? a?i
ii/eiaa i?aoethaaoe aaoiiaoe/ii, ia i/?eoth/e ??oaiiy caeiiiaeaa/i?
aeaaee;

— iineeaiiy noeioethth/iai iioaioe?aeo ?iaanoeoe?eii i???ioiaaieo
iiaeaoeiaeo i?euea, cie?aia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeaoeiaiai e?aaeeoo ia
i?e??no ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeo?ao, yeee ni?eyoeia aeeiai?caoe??
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a, ine?eueee ?ici?? aea?eueiaiiai a?ae
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo aecia/aoeiaoueny ia a caeaaeiino? a?ae
caaaeueii? noie ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeo?ao, a a?ae ?o i?e?inoo;

— o ca’yceo c iaiao?aei?noth caae?yoe iioaioe?ae o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii?
nenoaie aeey aeoea?caoe?? a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?ioean?a aaaaea?ii
aeioe?eueiei aaaaeaiiy ii?yaeeo, ca yeei noaaea iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooe?a
aaieo aoaea eieeaaoeny a caeaaeiino? a?ae /anoee aeiaaino?ieiaeo
ae?iaie/eo ?iaanoeoe?e a eiai «e?aaeeoiiio ii?ooae?».

— iineeaiiy o ianaeaiiy noeeueiino? aei ?iaanooaaiiy oa caioi/aiiy eiai
aei aca?iiae?? c o?iainiai-e?aaeeoiith nenoaiith in?a iiaea aooe
?aae?ciaaii /a?ac iiiaeaoeoaaiiy ca caieaeaieie noaaeaie o??? /anoee
aeioiae?a a?iiaaeyi, eio?a i?ioyaii ca?oiiai ia??iaeo o?ainoi?ioaaeany
a ?iaanoeoe?? (cie?aia ia aeeoeiaa aoae?aieoeoai) oa/aai i?eueaiaa
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy a?aenioeiaiai aeioiaeo.

AENIIAEE OA ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

1. No?eaeiaaa ?ieue ?iaanoeoe?e o ?icoe?aiiio a?aeoai?aii? oa
aeinyaiaii? aeiiii?/iith nenoaiith noaio iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae
ia?aeiio? o iaiao?aeiino? iaaeaoe ?i noaoon i??i?eoaoo aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie.

2. Caaaeath/e ia niaoeeo?eo oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee, ianaiia?aae aeoeaia
aea?aeaaia ao?o/aiiy o noa?o ia?a?iciiae?eue/eo a?aeiinei ca
aeiiiiiaith o?neaeueieo aaaeae?a(iiaeaoe?a oa aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a)
i?ia?aeio ?ieue o iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaoai?ci? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e iiaeiii a?ae?a?aaaoe naia o?neaeueia ?aaoethaaiiy.

3. Iaoa??aeueii-?a/iaith iniiaith o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?
o?neaeuei? ?ano?ne. sse aeiiii?/ia eaoaai??y o?neaeuei? ?ano?ne
ae?aaeathoue a?aeiineie i?ae aea?aeaaith oa ?ioeie o/anieeaie
noni?eueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy c i?eaiaeo iiaeaoeiaiai aeeo/aiiy /anoee
aeioiae?a aeiiii?/ieo noa’?eo?a, ?o o?ainoi?iaoe?? o aea?aeaai? aeioiaee
? aeaeaoee oa aeei?enoaiiy inoaii?o aea?aeaaith i?e aeeiiaii?
?aaoethth/eo ooieoe?e.

4. O?neaeueia ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ? nenoaiith aea?aeaaieo
caoiae?a uiaei ci?i a oiiaao iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, a ianyaao oa no?oeoo??
aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a c iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy e?euee?nieo oa
ye?nieo(no?oeoo?ieo) ia?aiao??a ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a, iaiao?aeieo
aeey ii?iaeueiiai i?io?eaiiy ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ? caaacia/aiiy
aeeiai?/ii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae. O nenoai? aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie
o?neaeueia ?aaoethaaiiy a?ae?a?a? noai?thaaeueii-noeioethth/o ?ieue.

5. Ine?eueee no?eaeiaaith i?iaeaiith iiaeaaaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i? ? i?iaeaia iioeaaoe??, iaoe?iiaeueiee iaoai?ci
o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e iiaeiai cae?enithaaoe iiaea?eiee
oene ia noeioee aei ?iaanooaaiiy, caaacia/oth/e iiaiaeaeai? o /an?
i?aeaeuaiiy ii?ie i/?eoaaiiai i?eaooeo oa cieaeaiiy ?aaeueii? noaaee
a?aenioeo.

6. I?eaaaeaiiy ooieoe?iioth/iai o?neaeueiiai iaoai?cio o
a?aeiia?aei?noue aei aeacaieo aeiia i?iiiio?oueny cae?enieoe /a?ac
nei?i/aiiy iiaeaoeiaiai oyaa?y ia noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy
?aaeueiiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee oa ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th aea?aeaaieo
aeaeaoe?a o iai?yieo iineeaiiy o?iainiai? i?aeo?eiee ?aaeueiiai naeoi?o
aeiiii?ee. Iiaeeea?noue cae?enieoe iio??ai? ci?ie o iiaeaoeiaiio oa
aeo?aoiiio aeaiaioao o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy iia’ycaia c
aeei?enoaiiyi aeoeaii? oi?ie athaeaeaoiiai ? o?neaeueiiai aeao?oeeo?a
oa c iayai?noth cia/ieo ?aca?a?a ?icoe?aiiy aeioiaeii? aace aea?aeaaiiai
athaeaeaoo.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeooaeueieo i?iaeai oaeineiiaeaiiy
ooieoe?iioth/iai a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie iaoai?cio o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a ? i?aeaeuaiith ?o
aoaeoeaiino? a yeino? aaaeae?a ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a oa
iaa?oioiaai? i?iiiceoe?? ii ?aoi?ioaaiith /eiii? iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Caaai?iaeiy I.I. ?aoi?ioaaiiy iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie ye /eiiee
iiaeieaiiy aeiiii?/ii? e?ece //A?niee Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (Na??y «Aeiiii?ea»). -1999. — ?3(14).- N.74-78.

2. Caaai?iaeiy I.I., Caaeiy A.I. A?ioiai-e?aaeeoi? aaaeae? aeoea?caoe??
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?// Aaie?anueea ni?aaa. — 1999.- ?5. — N.
11-13.

3. Caaai?iaeiy I.I. Aei ieoaiiy i?i aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e
// Aeaaeai?/iee iaeyae( — 1999. — ? 2. — N. 57-60.

4. Caaai?iaeiy I.I. Aea?aeaaia eiio?aeoia nenoaia: iai?yiee ?icaoaeiae
oa ia?niaeoeae aeei?enoaiiy na?oiaiai aeina?aeo// Ca??iee i?aoeue
a/aieo. Aei. 23. — Ee?a: ?inoeooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei IAI Oe?a?ie, 1999.- ?23. — N.23-27.

5. Caaai?iaeiy I.I. Iniaeeaino? iiaaae?iee aea?aeaae-?iaanoi?a a
ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee
(Na??y «Aeiiii?ea») — 1998.- ? 94(161).- N.21-23.

6. Caaai?iaeiy I.I. Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? aea?aeaaieo ?iaanoeoe?e//
I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee(Na??y «Aeiiii?ea»)- 1998.- ? 94(161).-
N.83-88.

7. Caaai?iaeiy I.I. ?iaanoeoe?? ye i??i?eoaoiee ia’?eo aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie // I?e?iaea ethaeeie ?
aeeiai?ea nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a, aeione 1: Ca??iee noaoae. —
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, «Iaoea ? ina?oa», 1998. — N. 41-46.

8. Caaai?iaeiy I.I. Aeaye? aniaeoe aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e
a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie// Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie», i?enay/aii?
100-??//th Aea?aeaaii? iaoaeo?a?eii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie.-
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: N?/, 1998.-N. 31-38.

9. Caaai?iaeiy I.I. O?neaeueia ?aaoethaaiiy: ci?no, iniiai? oi?ie oa
iai?yiee aieeao ia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? i?ioeane// Iaoa??aee
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie», i?enay/aii? 100-??//th Aea?aeaaii? iaoaeo?a?eii? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: N?/, 1998.-N. 136-139.

10. Caaai?iaeiyy A.A. I i?eioeeiao no?oeoo?ii-eiaanoeoeeiiiie
iieeoeee// Nai?iee iaoa?eaeia iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneiai naieia?a «I?iaeaiu
o?ainoi?iaoeee aeiiiieee e oi?ie?iaaiey nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie
iiaeaee Oe?aeiu»- Aeiai?iiao?iane: AeAeO, 1996. — N.77 — 82.

11. Yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey. Eiiniaeo eaeoeee(/anoue 4)/ Iiae ?aae.
A.I.Oa?anaae/a.(Aao. eieeaeoea: Caaai?iaeiyy A.A, Eacaeia E.I.,
Eaiieaeia E.E., Ieeeiaiei A.I., ?iiaiaiei TH.E., Oea/aiei I.E.)-
Aeiai?iiao?iane: AIaoAO, 1999. — 83 n.

12. Caaai?iaeiyy A.A. Iaeiaiaay ?aoi?ia: eiii?iienn ainoaea?noaaiiiai e
/anoiiai eioa?ania//Noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee: Iaoa??aee
i?ae-aoc?anueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.-Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1996. — N.46.

13. Caaai?iaeiyy A.A. Oeneaeueiia ?aaoee?iaaiea i?e?iaeiio?aiiuo
eiaanoeoeee//Aoi?ay iaaeaeoia?iaeiay iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneay eiioa?aioeey
«Oai?ey e i?aeoeea ?aoaiee yeieiae/aneeo i?iaeai a ai?iiaeiauaathuae e
iaoaeeo?ae/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe» (oacenu aeieeaaeia)/ Aeiai?iiao?iane:
AIaoAO, 1995. — N. 115-116.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a aei i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ?c ni?aaaoi?aie:

[2] — aecia/aiiy aa??aio?a aca?iiae?? o?neaeueiiai ?
a?ioiai-e?aaeeoiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oa iniiaieo iai?yie?a oeneo iiiaoa?ieo
aaaeae?a ia noeioee aei ?iaanooaaiiy on?o a?oi iioaioe?eieo ?iaanoi??a;

[11] — iaoa??aee uiaei nooiino? o?neaeueii? iie?oeee, ci?noo, no?oeoo?e
oa iai?yie?a aaeineiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iioth/iai iiaeaoeiaiai iaoai?cio.

AIIOAOe?ss

Caaai?iaeiy I.I. O?neaeueia ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e a ia?ao?aei?e
aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.01.01 — aeiiii?/ia oai??y. — Iaoe?iiaeueia
a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? cae?eniaiee aa??aio eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?
Oe?a?ie. ?ice?eoi i?iaeoeoeaio, aeioiaeioai?/o oa no?oeoo?ioi?ioth/o
ooieoe?? ?iaanoeoe?e. Aeae?eaii c oeaio?ae?ciaaieo o?iainiaeo
?ano?n?a aea?aeaae iaoa??aeueii-?a/iao iniiao o?neaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee — o?neaeuei? ?ano?ne. Aecia/aii, ui
o?neaeueia ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ? nenoaiith aea?aeaaieo caoiae?a
uiaei ci?i a oiiaao iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, a ianyaao oa no?oeoo??
aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a c iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy e?euee?nieo oa
ye?nieo(no?oeoo?ieo) ia?aiao??a ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a, iaiao?aeieo
aeey ii?iaeueiiai i?io?eaiiy ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ? caaacia/aiiy
aeeiai?/ii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae. Cai?iiiiiaaii iniiae aa??aioo
iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaoai?cio o?neaeueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy, o?neaeuei? ?ano?ne,
?iaanoeoe??, iiaeaoee, aea?aeaai? aeaeaoee.

AIIIOAOeEss

Caaai?iaeiyy A.A. Oeneaeueiia ?aaoee?iaaiea eiaanoeoeee a ia?aoiaeiie
yeiiiieea Oe?aeiu. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.01.01 — yeiiiie/aneay oai?ey. — Iaoeeiiaeueiay
ai?iay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee inouanoaeai aa?eaio eiiieaeniiai iieeoeei-yeiiiie/aneiai
aiaeeca oeneaeueiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey eiaanoeoeee, a /anoiinoe ?ane?uou
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiae/aneea i?aaeiinueee enneaaeiaaiey
oeneaeueii-eiaanoeoeeiiiie i?iaeaiaoeee, ii?aaeaeaiu nouiinoue e
niaea?aeaiea oeneaeueiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey eiaanoeoeee, ?anniio?aia
niaoeeoeea aai ?aaeecaoeee a ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieea Oe?aeiu e
?ac?aaioaiu i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth
ooieoeeiie?othuaai oeneaeueiiai iaoaiecia.

Ia iniiaa aiaeeca oi?i e oa?aeoa?a acaeiinaycae i?iecaiaeeoaeueiie,
aeioiaeioai?/aneie e no?oeoo?ioi?ie?othuae ooieoeee eiaanoeoeee
iainiiaaia aeaeaeoua-ei??aeoe?othuay ?ieue eiaanoeoeee a onoaiiaeaiee
aeeiaie/aneiai iae?iyeiiiie/aneiai ?aaiiaaney — ninoiyiey, e
iiaeaea?aeaieth eioi?iai a eiia/iii eoiaa naiaeeony aeayoaeueiinoue
ainoaea?noaa — noauaeoa ?aaoee?iaaiey.

Aeieacaii, /oi aiciiaeiinoue aeaenoaaiiiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai
aiaoaoaeuenoaa a anoanoaaiiue oiae eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia
iin?aaenoaii oeneaeueiuo ?u/aaia niaea?aeeony a iaoaiecia
i?iaeooee?iaaiey yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiie aaeiauo ?aaeueiuo eiaanoeoeee.
Eiaanoeoeee, ?iaeaeaiiua a i?iecaiaenoaa, ia/eiatho naia
naiinoiyoaeueiia aeaeaeaiea ii ieii/aieth i?ioeannia ?ani?aaeaeaiey,
ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey e iio?aaeaiey iaoeeiiaeueiiai i?iaeoeoa, o.a.
i?ioeannia, ia eioi?ua ainoaea?noai iiaeao ieacuaaoue niciaoaeueiia
aeeyiea, iaieioee?oy athaeaeaoiuie ?anoiaeaie e iaeiaaie.

Iainiiaaii, /oi aaiaoe/aneeie iniiaaie oeneaeueiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey
eiaanoeoeee yaeythony: a) nouanoaiaaiea ainoaea?noaa eae
niaoeeoe/aneiai yeiiiie/aneiai e iieeoe/aneiai einoeoooa — au?aceoaey
iauanoaaiiuo eioa?ania; a)iaee/ea e iinoiyiiia aic?anoaiea
iauanoaaiiuo iio?aaiinoae, oaeiaeaoai?aiea eioi?uo o?aaoao aeoeaiiai
o/anoey ainoaea?noaa a i?ioeannao ?ani?aaeaeaiey, ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey e
iio?aaeaiee iaoeeiiaeueiiai i?iaeoeoa i?e iiiiue oeneaeueiuo ?u/aaia;
a)iniaaiiinoe i?ioeanna i?iaeooee?iaaiey yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiie
aaeiauo ?aaeueiuo eiaanoeoeee, yoaiaie eioi?iai yaeythony
?ani?aaeaeaiea, ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea e iio?aaeaiey iaoeeiiaeueiiai
i?iaeoeoa.

Aia?aua auaeaeaia ec oeaio?aeeciaaiiuo oeiainiauo ?ano?nia
ainoaea?noaa iaoa?eaeueii-aauanoaaiiay iniiaa oeneaeueiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey yeiiiieee — oeneaeueiua ?ano?nu. Eae yeiiiie/aneay
eaoaai?ey oeneaeueiua ?ano?nu au?aaeatho ioiioaiey iaaeaeo
ainoaea?noaii e eiuie o/anoieeaie iauanoaaiiiai aini?iecaiaenoaa ii
iiaiaeo iaeiaiaiai ecuyoey /anoe aeioiaeia yeiiiie/aneeo noauaeoia, aa
o?ainoi?iaoeee a ainoaea?noaaiiua aeioiaeu e ?anoiaeu e eniieueciaaiea
iineaaeieo ainoaea?noaii i?e auiieiaiee ?aaoee?othueo ooieoeee.

N iiceoeee nia?aiaiiie yeiiiie/aneie iaoee ii?aaeaeaia nouiinoue
oeneaeueiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey eiaanoeoeee e enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea
oeneaeueiuo iaoaieciia ia aeeiaieeo i?ioeannia eaieoaeiia?aciaaiey.
I?aaeeiaeaii ii?aaeaeaiea oeneaeueiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey eiaanoeoeee eae
nenoaiu ainoaea?noaaiiuo ia?ii?eyoee, naycaiiuo n eciaiaieyie a
oneiaeyo iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, a ?acia?ao e no?oeoo?a ainoaea?noaaiiuo
?anoiaeia e inouanoaeyaiuo n oeaeueth onoaiiaeaiey eiee/anoaaiiuo e
ea/anoaaiiuo(no?oeoo?iuo) ia?aiao?ia eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia,
iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ii?iaeueiiai i?ioaeaiey ?anoe?aiiiai aini?iecaiaenoaa
e iiaeaea?aeaiey aeeiaie/aneiai iae?iyeiiiie/aneiai ?aaiiaaney.

A aeenna?oaoeee iieo/eee i?iaeieaeaiea enneaaeiaaiey iniaaiiinoae
iiaaaeaiey ainoaea?noaa — noauaeoa ?aaoee?iaaiey eiaanoeoeeiiiuo
i?ioeannia e ainoaea?noaa-eiaanoi?a a ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieea Oe?aeiu.
I?aaeeiaeaiu iniiau aa?eaioa iaoeeiiaeueiiai iaoaiecia oeneaeueiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey eiaanoeoeee e iainiiaaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ioiineoaeueii
acaeiiaeaenoaey oeneaeueiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey n eiuie ooieoeeiie?othueie
yeaiaioaie nenoaiu ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey eiaanoeoeee
(aeaiaaeii-e?aaeeoiui, aiaoiayeiiiie/aneei, aioeiiiiiieueiui e o.i.).

Iainiiaaii, /oi a nenoaia ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey
eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu oeneaeueiiio
?aaoee?iaaieth i?eiaaeeaaeeo niceaeaoaeueii-noeioee?othuay ?ieue,
eioi?ay i?aaeiieaaaao eniieueciaaiea oeneaeueiuo ?ano?nia ainoaea?noaa
eae aeey noeioee?iaaiey eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe e ?acaiia
ioeueoeieeeaoeeiiii-aenaea?aoeeiiiie aieiu ii io?aneyi e naeoi?ai
yeiiiieee; oae e aeey i?aaeioa?auaiey ?ac?ooaiey eio?ano?oeoo?iuo
eiiieaenia e ae?oaeo i?iecaiaenoa iauanoaaiiiai naeoi?a yeiiiieee,
inouanoaeaiey eo iaiin?aaenoaaiiie eiaanoeoeeiiiie iiaeaea?aeee,
nicaeaiey i?aaeiinueie aeey ?inoa iniiaiuo iineoaeae iyoiai
oaoiieiae/aneiai oeeaaea e ?acaeoey aeaaiie ninoaaeythuae
iaoeeiiaeueiiai aiaaonoaa — /aeiaaea.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey iaoee naia i?eiaiaiea a o/aaiii
i?ioeanna e aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiia eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea, oeneaeueiua ?ano?nu,
eiaanoeoeee, iaeiae, ainoaea?noaaiiua ?anoiaeu.

THE SUMMARY

Zavgorodnyaya Y.A. The fiscal regulation of investments in transitional
economy of Ukraine. — The manuscript.

The thesis for obtain the degree of Candidate of economic science. The
specialty code is 08.01.01.(economic theory). National Mining University
of Ukraine, Dniepropetrovsk, 1999.

In this dissertation the version of complex research of fiscal
regulation of investments in conditions of transitional economy of
Ukraine is performed. The production, revenue-generating and
structure-forming functions of investments are discovered. The
material basis of fiscal regulation of economy — fiscal resources
are selected from the centralized financial resources of government.
It is determined that the fiscal regulation of investments is the
system of governmental measures as to changes in taxation
conditions, amounts and structure of governmental expenditures with the
aim of establishing quantitative and qualitative (structural)
parameters of investment processes, necessary for normal
realization of extended reproduction and support of dynamic
macroeconomic equilibrium. The version of basics of national mechanism
of fiscal regulation of investments is proposed.

Key words: government regulation, fiscal resources, investments, taxes,
governmental expenditures.

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