Епідеміологія, клініка та лікування гострих алкогольних психозів з урахуванням геліогеофізичних факторів і біологічних ритмів: Автореф. дис… канд. м

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA(ss OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEEE IAOEIAI-AeINE?AeIEE ?INOEOOO NIOe?AEUeII? OA NOAeIAI?
INEO?AO???

AeAIAEI IAENEI IEAEN?EIAE*

OAeE 616.89-008.441.13:615.831.2+577.3

AI?AeAI?IEIA?ss, EE?I?EA OA E?EOAAIIss

AINO?EO AEEIAIEUeIEO INEOIC?A C O?AOOAAIIssI

AAE?IAAIO?CE*IEO OAEOI??A ? A?IEIA?*IEO ?EOI?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 14.01.16 — Ineo?ao??y

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno.

?aaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ineo?ao???, ia?eieia?? oa iaaee/ii?
ineoieia?? Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Niiiee A?eai??e
O?ioeiiae/, Oe?a?inueea iaaee/ia noiiaoieia?/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e ineo?ao???, ia?eieia?? oa iaaee/ii? ineoieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe , i?ioani? Aaaaiei
Aieiaeeie? Eaii?aeiae/, Oa?e?anueeee Aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ineo?ao???, ia?eieia?? oa iaaee/ii? ineoieia??;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaaa/ieeia Noai?neaa
?naeiae/, Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ineo?a??? oa ineoioa?ai?? oaeoeueoaoo
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a ineo?ao???

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “27” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae 26.620.01 a Oe?a?inueeiio IAe?
nioe?aeueii? oa noaeiai? ineo?ao??? IIC Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:

254080, i.Ee?a, aoe.O?oica 103.

N aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “25” na?iiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe
TH.A.Iieoei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

I?iaeaia aeeiaie?cio a ca’yceo c ?? aaeeeith nioe?aeueiith cia/ei?noth
inoaii?i /anii neoaeeoue i?aaeiaoii ieeueii? oaaae ia o?eueee
ineo?ao??a ? ia?eieia?a, aea ? e?ea??a ?ioeo niaoe?aeueiinoae. ? aaeeeee
a?naiae e?oa?aoo?e, iaeiae aena?oeaiiy aaaaoueio noi??i oe??? aaaeeeai?
? neeaaeii? i?iaeaie aeaeaea a?ae caaa?oaiiy (?.A.No?aeue/oe, 1973;
I.I.Ii?oiia, ?.I.I(yoieoeueea, 1988; I.I.?aaiaoeue, 1980; ?.I.Aiio?ia,
1980; A.A.Ii?icia, 1983; O.I.Ai?iaeiaa, I.A.Aieioei, 1992; ?. E.Nin?i,
1995-1997, A.I.*oi?eeia, A.A.Ooaiaaeia, 1996, J.Langenbucher, T.Chung,
E.Labouvle at all, 1997; P.R.Morris, 1997; W.E.Erwin, D.B.Williams,
W.A.Sreir, 1998 ? ?i.). Ca aeaieie a?o/eciyieo aaoi??a
(?.I.I(yoieoeueea, 1988; TH.I.Eeneoe?i, I.?.Neaei?ia, 1990; ?.E.Nin?i,
1997) o?ii?/iee aeeiaie?ci ia no/aniiio aoai? i?iaeiaaeo? caeeoaoeny
iaea?eueoith iaaee/iith ? nioe?aeueiith i?iaeaiith. A inoaii? ?iee a
Oe?a?i? a?aecia/a?oueny ??no o?ii?/iiai aeeiaie?cio (A.E.Aaaaiei, A.E.
Cieioa?aa, 1995, A.?.Iieoaaaoeue, 1985; I.A.Aieioei, A.O.Aiaeei, 1989;
O.I.Ai?iaeiaa, I.A.Aa?/aiei, 1993) ?, iniaeeai, na?aae iieiaeeo ethaeae
i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo ( I. E.Ninii, A.A.Iaaeia, A.N.E?ooueei, 1995;
A.E.Ieiei, 1996, A.I.*oi?eeia, E.I .E?eaeai?anueea,1995).

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Na?aae aeooaeueieo i?iaeai no/anii? ia?eieia??
caeeoa?oueny ieoaiiy aea/aiiy ineoiiaoieia?/ieo i?iya?a o?ii?/iiai
aeeiaie?cio (A.E.Aaaaiei, A.E.Cieioa?aa, 1995, I.?.Ee/ei, ?.TH.Eaaeae,
1987;I.N.Ia?eianueea, 1990; P.Gerke, U.Hapke, H.J.Rumpf, 1997;
J.C.Brust, 1998 ? ?i.), eiai iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a ? a?aooaaiiy oeeo
i?e/ei o ?ic?iaoe? oa?aiaaoe/ieo iaoiae?a aieeao (?.E.Nin?i, 1993,1996;
C.I.Aieioiaa ?c ni?aaao., 1988; O.I.Ai?iaeiaa, 1993, 1996; A.?.Ieiei,
1996,1997; M.F.Mayo Smith, 1997; G.K.Show, S.Waller, C.J. Latham et all,
1998).

Aeaye? aaoi?e (A.I.*oi?eeia, E.I.E?eaeai?anueea, I.A.?aaaiie, 1995,
E.A.Ooa?ueiaa, A.I.Iaaeaioeaa, 1976; S.A.Jacobson, 1997; B.Boroojerdi,
M.Hungs, R.Biniek at all, 1997 ? ?i.) aaaaeathoue, ui ??ci? ineo?/i?
?iceaaee i?e aeeiaie?ci?, ye aino??, oae ? o?ii?/i?, ia ? iicieia?/ii
naiino?eieie iaeeieoeyie, a yaeythoue niaith neiae?iie ?aeeii?
aeeiaieueii? oai?iae. Aea ae aeeiaieuei? ineoice ae?ae ??ciiiai?oi? a
nai?e ee?i?/i?e ea?oei?, aiie aaaeei i?aeaeathoueny aeeoa?aioe?aeuei?e
ae?aaiinoeoe? a ca’yceo c aaeeeith noiae?noth ?oiuei? ee?i?/ii? ea?oeie,
ui aiai?eoue i?i ?o iaoiaaiaoe/io ?aei?noue.

Caeeoa?oueny iac?icoi?eei, /iio ia a on?o oai?eo aeeiaie?ciii
aeieeathoue aino?? ? o?ii?/i? aeeiaieuei? ineoice ? /iio a iaeiiai
aeieea? aino?ee aeeiaieueiee aaethoeeiic c aeia?iye?niei ia?aa?aii, yeee
e?eo?oueny oaeaeei, a a ?ioiai — a?ea aa?y/ea c aaaeeeie niiaoe/ieie
ii?ooaiiyie. O oie aea /an a?eueo?noue aeeiaie?e?a oie?a?, ia ia?aiiny/e
aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a, a?ae ?ioa?eo?aioieo caoai?thaaiue.

Iaaeinoaoiuei aeine?aeaeaia i?iaeaia ? a ?aeo?n? oiai, ui aaoi?e
i?aeoe/ii ia i?eae?eythoue oaaae naciiiino? ?i?oe?aoe?? ee?i?/ieo
i?iya?a aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a ? oee?eaae?aiei ?eoiai oai?eo, oi/a,
noaey/e c aeaieo aeayeeo aeine?aeaeaiue (A.O.Niiiee, A.A.?aniiiia,
1988), aeeiaieuei? ineoice ia??aeei iia’ycai? c a?i?eoiieia?/iith
aeacaaeaioaoe??th.

O ?iaioao inoaii?o ?ie?a aecia/aia ?ieue ii?ooaiue a?ieia?/ieo ?eoi?a
(eiei??/ieo, eieiaeiaiaeo ) o aeieeiaii? ? ia?aa?ao ??cieo caoai?thaaiue
(A.O.Niiiee, 1984; ?.E.Nin?i ?c ni?aaao., 1984; I.I.Iooeeia, 1997;
M.Mukal, N.Uchimura, T.Hirano et all, 1998).

Iiaeia aaaaeaoe anoaiiaeaiei, ui aaaaoi iaoieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a
i?aai?ci? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny aeaneio?iiicii ? a oie aea /an
iaocaiaeaeai?noue ?eoi?a ? iaei??th c i?e/ei ?icaeoeo ae?aaeaieo
iaoieia?/ieo ci?i (A.O.Niiiee, 1980; O.?.Eiia?ia, A.A.sseiaeaa,
N.A.Oonoia, 1989; A.N.Iiaeeia, I.?.Aea?yia, 1992; R.A.Wever, 1986;
K.L.Kraemer, M.F.Mayo Smith, D.R.Calkins, 1997).

Oei /anii, ?ia?o, ui i?enay/ai? aea/aiith a?ieia?/ieo ?eoi?a o oai?eo
o?ii?/iei aeeiaie?ciii ?c ineoicaie, iae?/othoueny iaeeieoe?, a ?oi?e
aieea ia aeieeiaiiy, ia?aa?a ?, oei a?eueoa, oa?ai?th, c o?aooaaiiyi
a?i?eoiieia??, acaaae? ia i?eaa?oaa oaaae aeine?aeiee?a, iacaaaeath/e ia
aacia?a/io aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? i?iaeaie. Ia ?ic?iaeai? a ca’yceo c
oeei ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a c o?aooaaiiyi
oee?eaioaeueieo ? oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a, a, ioaea, ? aoaeoeai? iaoiaee
e?eoaaiiy, ei?aeoe??, ?aaa?e?oaoe??, i?io?eaeoeee oeeo noai?a.

Iacaaaeath/e ia cia/i? oni?oe, io?eiai? i?e o?aaeeoe?ei?e
ineoioa?iaeioa?ai?? aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a, aoaeoeai?noue ?o e?eoaaiiy
ana ua aeoaea iecueea (?.E.Nin?i, A.I.Ienueei, ss.E.Ao?aae/,1986;
M.Wojnar, D.Wasilewewski, H. Matsumoto at all, 1997; G.K.Shaw, S.Waller,
C.J.Lantham, 1998), ui iia’ycaii, c iaeiiai aieo, ?c caaaeueiith e?ecith
ineoioa?iaeioa?ai?? (TH.E.Ioeea?, 1991; A.ss.Aa?ooeueeee, A.A.Eae?i?i,
1991; R.Saitz, S.S.OMalley, 1997; E.J.Kunkel, C.Rodgers, P.A.DeMaria et
all, 1997), a c ?ioiai, — iiynith?oueny ?o iaoiaaiaoe/iith
iaiaeii??aei?noth, ee?i?/iith neeaaei?noth (I.I.Ia?eianueea, 1991,1995;
W.Glinther, N.Miller, P.Knesewitsch at all, 1997), a?aeiieie iia?/ieie
aoaeoaie ineoioa?iaeioa?ai?? (A.ss.Aa?ooeueeee, I.I.Iaaeoaa, 1988;
I.N.Eiiaoei, 1990; M.Schmitz, R.Frey, P.Pichler, 1997) ? ca?eueoaiiyi
ieoiii? aaae ineo?/ieo ii?ooaiue, ?acenoaioieo aei e?eoaaiiy aiane?aeie
i?eoaiaiiiai ?i oa?aiaaoe/iiai iaoiii?oico (A.ss.Aa?ooeueeee, 1976;
TH.E.Ioeea?, 1987; S.A.Brown, M.A.Schuckit, 1988; B.Boroojerdi, M.Hungs,
R.Biniek, J.Noth, 1997).

O ca’yceo c oeei ?ic?iaea iiaeo, ia oe?aeeeaeo, aea cia/ii aoaeoeai?oeo
iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ? ei?aeoe?? ineo?/ieo ii?ooaiue
i?e aeeiaie?ci? ? aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith ?aaa?e?oaoe?? a ia?eieia??
(?.E.Nin?i, A.I.Ienueei, ss.E.Ao?aae/, 1986, 1989; ?.E.Nin?i,
Ae.?.Naeeia, I.N.Neaaoiia,1990; A.I.*oi?eeia, I.TH.Aono?ei, 1998,
P.Borini, C.O.da Silva, 1997).

O oe?e ?iaio? aia?oa c?iaeaia ni?iaa aecia/aiiy ?ie? aae?iaaio?ce/ieo
/eiiee?a ? a?i?eoi?a o iaoiaaiac? aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a, canoinoaaiiy
eaca?ioa?ai?? c o?aooaaiiyi noaio a?i?eoi?a oai?eo a eiiieaen? c
i?e?iaeieie /eiieeaie ? ianaiia?aae — ae?iaeoe iia?, aoaeoeai? noaie
e?eoaaiiy ? ei?aeoe?? ineo?/ieo ii?ooaiue i?e aeeiaie?ci?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?anioae?eainueeith eiiieaeniith i?aea?aeii/ith
i?ia?aiith “Caiaeuei? oa iacaiaeuei? oai?iae i?aai?a ? nenoai ethaeeie,
ui oi?iothoueny i?ae aieeaii aeieia?/ieo, no?aniaeo, ?ioiieo,
iaoaaie?/ieo oa ?ioaeoe?eieo oaeoi??a. Noai aaii-aiiainoaco,
aaiiae?iai?ee i?e canoinoaaii? o?aaeeoe?eieo oa iao?aaeeoe?eieo cania?a
e?eoaaiiy” ? 0198(000134.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aecia/eoe ai?aeai?ieia?/iee noai aino?eo
aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a c ooi/iaiiyi ?ie? ? cia/aiiy i?e?iaeieo ?
a?i?eoiieia?/ieo /eiiee?a aeey ?o ee?i?ee ? ia?aa?ao, a oaeiae
iaa?oiooaaoe aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia canoinoaaiiy eaca?ioa?ai?? ye iaeiiai c
iaoiae?a iaiaaeeeaiaioiciiai e?eoaaiiy.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. I?inoaaeeoe oeyoii ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy naciii?
i?iyae aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a.

2. Aeine?aeeoe oee?eaae?aii? ?eoie o oai?eo ?c aino?eie aeeiaieueieie
ineoicaie ? i?iaanoe ?o ii??aiyeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo.

3. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ?aaaoaaiiy, no?oeoo?o ia?aaeeaaiue iniaenoino? ?
?? noaaeaiiy aei oai?iae a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?i?eoiieia?/iiai noaoono ca
aeaieie ?yaeo aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo iaoiaeee.

4. Aeyaeoe aeeiai?eo iniiaieo ee?i?ei-nioe?aeueieo iieaciee?a o oai?eo
?c aino-?eie aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie a caeaaeiino? a?ae
a?i?eoiieia?/iiai noaoono.

5. Ia iniia? aiae?co iieaciee?a oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a ? aae?iaaio?ce/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ?ic?iaeoe ia?niaeoeai? iaoiaee i?io?eaeoeee ?
iaiaaeeea-iaioiciiai e?eoaaiiy aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi
eaca?ioa?ai??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaia
ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo ?c aino?eie aeeiaieueieie
ineoicaie a iaeiiio ?c ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie ca iaeeiaaeoeyoe??/iee niiy/iee
oeeee. Aea/aii iniaeeaino? oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a, ui iaoiiaeththoue
naciii?noue ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a caoai?thaaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue
aeaneio?ii?caoe?? o?c?ieia?/ieo ooieoe?e ? nooi?iue ?? i?iya?a o oai?eo
aino?eie aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie. Iieacaii ?iciianthaeaeai?noue in?a ?c
??cieie a?i?eoiieia?/ieie oeiaie i?e oeeo ineoicao, a oaeiae
caeaaei?noue ee?i?ei-nioe?aeueieo iieaciee?a ? ?o aeeiai?ee a?ae noaio
oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a i?aai?cio.

Aeai?, io?eiai? ca aeiiiiiaith canoinoaaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo iaoiaeee, aeicaieythoue e?ea?th ia
aeiaeaoie aei ee?i?ei-nioe?aeueieo iieaciee?a aecia/eoe oei ?aaaoaaiiy
iniaenoino?, nooi?iue ?? aeenaa?iii?eiino? ? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o ye aeey
ia(?eoea?caoe?? a?i?eoiieia?/iiai noaoono iaoe??io?a, oae ? aeey
i?iaiico aeoiaeo oai?eo ?c oai?iaeeaiai noaio.

?ic?iaeaii aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? noaie aaciaaeeeaiaioicieo (eaca?ieo)
iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ? nioe?aeueii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia aino??
aeeiaieuei? ineoice c o?aooaaiiyi a?i?eoiieia?/iiai noaoono, aeaieo
ee?i?ei-nioe?aeueiiai ? aenia?eiai-oaeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iathoue aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey ieaioaaiiy e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo ?
?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a o oai?eo ia aino?? aeeiaieuei? ineoice.

2. ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen caoiae?a aeicaiey? ?icoe?eoe ?aiee
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ii? aeiiiiiae oeueiio eiioeiaaioo oai?eo ? ni?ey?
a?eueo oaeaeeiio ? no?eeiio iiaa?iaiith ?o aei noni?eueii ei?enii?
ae?yeueiino?, ciaioaiith e?eueeino? ?aoeeaeea?a, ca?eueoaiith ia??iae?a
aa?iiai naiiii/oooy, a?eueo oaeaeeiio i?ioeano aaeaioaoe??.

3. Anoaiiaeai? e?eoa??? i?iaiico aoaeoeaiino? aeicaieythoue a?eueo
/?oei, eiie?aoii ? oaeaeei i?aai?coaaoe i?ioean ?aaaeaioaoe?? c
o?aooaaiiyi a?ieia?/ieo ?eoi?a i?aai?cio.

4. ?ic?iaeaii iia? iaiaaeeeaiaioici? oa?aiaaoe/i? i?aeoiaee aei
e?eoaaiiy iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano o oai?eo ?c aino?eie aeeiaieueieie
ineoicaie.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy canoiniaai? a i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio?
?aai?iaoe?eiiai a?aeae?eaiiy Iieoaanueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii?
ineo?ao?e/ii? e?ea?i?, a oaeiae o eaeoe?eiiio eo?n? eaoaae?? ineo?ao???,
ia?eieia?? ? iaaee/ii? ineoieia?? Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?/ii?
aeaaeai?? ? ia eaoaae?? ia?eieia?? a Oa?e?anueeiio ?inoeooo?
oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ieaioaaiiy ? an? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai?
aaoi?ii. Ca ia??iae 1994-1998 ??. iniaenoi aaoi?ii i?iaaaeai?:
eiiieaenia ee?i?/ia, ee?i?ei- ? aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/ia,
nioe?ieia?/ia ? a?i?eoii-eia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy 149 oai?eo ?c aino?eie
aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie, a oaeiae o iaaeao ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiae?ciaai? ?noi??? oai?iae 11924 oai?eo aeeiaie?ciii,
?c yeeo o 24,5% aoee ae?aaiinoiaai? aino?? aeeiaieuei? ineoice.
Iaoe??ioai, ui aoee i?ae niinoa?aaeaiiyi, iniaenoi aaoi?ii iaaeaia ye
ae?aaiinoe/ia, oae ? e?eoaaeueia aeiiiiiaa. I?e oeueiio 49 oai?ei
i?iaaaeaii iao?aaeeoe?eio, iaiaaeeeaiaioicio oa?ai?th c canoinoaaiiyi
i?iiai?a eaca?a. Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo ? iaoeiao ?ioai?aoaoe?th an?o
io?eiaieo aeaieo aeeiiaii aaoi?ii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
iia?aeiieai? ia can?aeaii? Iieoaanueeiai iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiai oiaa?enoaa
ineo?ao??a, ia?eieia?a (1996, 1997, 1998 ??.); ia’?aeiaiiio can?aeaii?
eaoaae?e ia?eieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a ?
eaoaae?e ineo?ao???, ia?eieia?? ? iaaee/ii? ineoieia?? Oe?a?inueei?
iaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai?? (Iieoaaa, 1997 ?.); naeoe??
ia?-eieia?a Oa?e?anueeiai iaaee/iiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa (1998);
Ieaioi? ?anioa-e?eainueeiai oiaa?enoaa iaa?ieia?a, ineo?ao??a ?
ia?eieia?a (i. Ie?ai?iae, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 ae?oeiaaieo
?ia?o: 5 noaoae o iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao ? 3 — o oacao eiioa?aioe?e.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a e?eoaaeueio i?aeoeeo
Iieoaanueeiai iaeaniiai ia?eieia?/iiai aeeniaina?o, o ia?eieia?/iiio
a?aeae?eaii? Iieoaanueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? ineo?ao?e/ii? e?ea?i?, a
oaeiae o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ia eaoaae?? ineo?ao???, ia?eieia?? ?
iaaee/ii? ineoieia?? Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai?? ?
eaoaae?? ia?eieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a.

No?oeoo?a e ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia
204 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?c yeeo iniiaiee oaeno neeaaea?
160 noi??iie, i?noeoue 3 oaaeeoe? ? 18 iaethie?a. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny
c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, i’youeio iniiaieo aeaa, aeniiae?a,
ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 341 iaeiaioaaiiy, c ieo ?iicaiieo —
93.

CI?NO ?IAIOE. IO?EIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE.

A?aeiia?aeii aei caaaeaiue ? oa?aeoa?o aeine?aeaeaiiy aea/ai? a?o?ai?
iaoa??aee Iieoaanueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? ineo?ao?e/ii? e?ea?i?. I?e
aiae?c? aeei?enoaiee ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/iee iaoiae, ui oni?oii
canoiniao?oueny aeey aea/aiiy ?iciianthaeaeaiino? ineo?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue ? aeey a?eueo aeeaieiai ?icoi?iiy caeiiii??iinoae
ia?aa?ao, ieoaiue iaoiaaiaco, eiia??iiai i?iaiico, i?io?eaeoeee ?
?aoe?iiaeueii? ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy.

Ca ia??iae c 1985 ii 1996 ??e, oiaoi ca iaeei iaeeiaaeoeyoe??/iee
niiy/iee oeeee, o e?ea?i? ia noaoe?iia?iiio e?eoaaii? ciaoiaeeeiny 11924
oai?eo ?c ae?aaiicii o?ii?/iee aeeiaie?ci. C ieo /ieia?e?a aoei 87,94%,
ae?iie — 12,06%. Na?aae oai?eo o?ii?/iei aeeiaie?ciii o 24,50%
ae?aaiinoiaai? aino?? aeeiaieuei? ineoice.

Aino?? aeeiaieuei? ineoice iiaeai? ianooiieie oi?iaie: aeeiaieueiee
aeae???e aecia/aiee o 2524 /ieia?e, oiaoi 86,38% (2284 — 95,08%
/ieia?e?a ? 240 — 4,92% ae?iie); aeeiaieuei? aaethoeeiice — o 322 aai
11,02% (292 — 90,68% /ieia?e?a ? 30 — 9,32% ae?iie) ? aeeiaieueiee
ia?aii?ae — o 76, 2,6% (on? /ieia?ee).

Ca aeine?aeaeoaai? ?iee eaoaeuei?noue neeaea 151 aeiaaeie ? ae?inea a?ae
o?ii?/iiai aeeiaie?cio c ineoicaie a 7,25 ?aca. I?e oeueiio
eaoaeuei?noue i?e o?ii?/iiio aeeiaie?ci? ca 11 ?ie?a neeaea 42,38%, a
i?e aeeiaieueiiio aeae???? – o 57,62% aeiaaee?a. C?inoaiiy eaoaeueiino?
a?ae o?ii?/iiai aeeiaie?cio neeaei a 3,16 ?aca, a i?e a?e?e aa?y/oe? —
19,5. Nia?oieo aeiaaee?a ca aeine?aeaeoaai? ?iee i?e aino?eo
aeeiaieueieo aaethoeeiicao ? aeeiaieueiiio ia?aii?ae? ia a?aecia/aeiny.

Aeey a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai iciaeiieaiiy c ia?aa?aii ? e?eoaaiiyi aino?eo
aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a ie aea/eee 573 oai?eo, ui ciaoiaeeeeny ia
e?eoaaii? a ia?eieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? c i?eaiaeo e?eoaaiiy ineoico.
Aea? o?aoeie c ieo e?eoaaeeny a ?aai?iaoe?eiiio a?aeae?eaii?. I?e
oeueiio c aeeiaieueiei aeae????i aoei 68,42% oai?eo, ?c aino?ei
aaethoeeiicii — 18,32% ? c ia?aii?aeii — 13,26%.

A?i?eoiieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei aeei?enoaiiy eaca?ii? oa?ai?? i?e
e?eoaaii? aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a ie canoiniaoaaee o 49 oai?eo ?c
aino?eie aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie, ye? ia?aaoaaee a ?aai?iaoe?eiiio
a?aeae?eaii? e?ea?i?, oiaoi a oiiaao aacoieiiiai oe?eiaeiaiaiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy iaoe??io?a. C ieo: ?c a?eith aa?y/eith aoei 68,0%, ?c
aino?ei aeeiaieueiei aaethoeeiicii — 22,0% ? c aino?ei ia?aii?aeii —
10,0%.

Aeey cae?aiiy aiaiiaco ? ee?i?/iiai iieno ianoaaeaieo oai?eo aoea
aeei?enoaia niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaia iaie “Ea?oa ee?i?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy
oai?eo o?ii?/iei aeeiaie?ciii”. O i?e ia?aaeaa/ai? ye caaaeuei?
a?aeiiino? i?i oai?iai (noaoue, a?e, i?noea i?iaeeaaiiy), oae ? aeai?
i?i ae?aaiic, i?ia?aeiee neiae?ii, ia?aeiio aai iiaoi?io
aini?oae?caoe?th a noaoe?iia?; i?eaeeciee /an iiyae ia?oeo iciae
caoai?thaaiiy, aeaoa aini?oae?caoe?? ? e?euee?noue i?iaaaeaieo
e?aeei-aei?a. Aeaoaeueii aea/aeeny caaaeuei? aiaiianoe/i? aeai?:
niaaeeia?noue, oe?eueiee ia??iae, noaoaaee ?icaeoie, o?oaeiaa
ae?yeuei?noue, ?ene oa?aeoa?o ? oaiia?aiaioo aei oai?iae; noai oai?iai
i?ae /an ianoaaeaiiy: niiaoe/ee, iaa?ieia?/iee ? ineo?/iee noai, a
oaeiae aeai? eaai?aoi?ieo, a i?e iaiao?aeiino? —
aeaeo?iaioeaoaeia?ao?/ieo, aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao?/ieo ?
?aiaioeaoaeia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c “Ea?oith…”
aoea ?ic?iaeaia niaoe?aeueia nenoaia aan?ae, ui aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe
anaa?/io ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aeine?aeaeoaaio iniaeno?noue, ae?aci?noue ??
?en. Inoaoi/ii o?aaiaio i?i iniaeno?noue oai?iai a “Ea?o?…”
caiiaithaaany eeoa i?ney iiaiiai ? anaa?/iiai aea/aiiy ineoieia?/iiai
i?aii?a?aeo oai?iai e iaea?aeaiiy ae/a?iieo a?aeiiinoae. ?ioi?iaoe?th ie
iaea?aeoaaee ye i?e aan?ae? iniaenoi c ianoaaeoaaiei, oae ? a?ae ?ioeo
in?a, ui aeia?a ciathoue oai?eo ? caeaoi? iia?aeiieoe i?i iniaeeaino?
?oiuei? ae?yeueiino? ? iiaaae?iee a ??cieo oiiaao (/eaie n?i’?, oiaa?eo?
ii ?iaio? ? ?i.). Iniiaia ?iaioa c ineoieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeany a ia??iae? ?aeiiaaeanoeaioe?? — ia??iae ia?aae aeienoaaiiyi
oai?iai ?c noaoe?iia?o.

Iaea?aeaiiy e ioe?iea caaaeueieo aeaieo i?i iniaeno?noue (noaoue, a?e,
ina?oo, nioe?aeueiee noai, oiiae i?aoe?, noai caei?ia’y, noaaeaiiy aei
naiai caei?ia’y ? o.i.) ia aeeeeeaei oneeaaeiaiue ? caiiaiaiiy oe???
/anoeie “Ea?oe…” i?iaiaeeeiny a ii?yaeeo aaciina?aaeiueiai iieooaaiiy.
Aeey oii?yaeeoaaiiy aeoiee i?i aeaye? ie?ai? ?ene oa?aeoa?o
(iaiieaaeea?noue, i?eioeeiia?noue, oe?eani?yiiaai?noue, onooieea?noue,
/ani?noue, eieaeoea?ci, i?aai?ciaai?noue, aeenoeeie?iiaai?noue ? ?i.)
ei?enooaaeeny oe?eani?yiiaaiei iieooaaiiyi ? aeaoaeueii ciaeiieeenue c?
ci?noii ? iniaeeainoyie aeeiioaaii? ?iaioe a ??cieo ae?iaie/eo
neooaoe?yo, o yeeo i?iya cacia/aieo ?en aeyaeany a iaea?eueo oeiiaei.
Iniaeeaa oaaaa caa?oaeany ia oaeaee?noue ? eaae?noue i?eaeaaiiy
niaoe?aeueieo iaaee?a, i?iya ?ioa?ano e ?ioeo oi?i noaaeaiiy aei oiai /e
?ioiai aeaeo ae?yeueiino?. Cae/aeii, aeine?aeaeoaaiee aeaoaeueii,
aeineoue a?aoiaioiaaii ?, ii iiaeeeaino?, ia’?eoeaii iacaeaaeii a?ae
eiai eoeueoo?iiai ??aiy ioe?ithaaa nai? iiaeeeaino?, ye i?aaeei, ia
i?aeic?thth/e, ui a aan?ae? i?iaiaeeoueny aea/aiiy eiai iioaioe?eieo
iiaeeeainoae. Aea/aany n?iaeiee noai oai?iai ? aca?iinoinoiee eiai c
/eaiaie n?i’?.

Aeey ee?i?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee aoa aeei?enoaiee aiae?c ye a?aeiiinoae,
io?eiaieo ?ai?oa (ca aeaieie “Ea?oe…”), oae ? ineoiiaoieia?/ii?
ea?oeie. I?e oeueiio iniaeeaa cia/aiiy i?eae?eyeiny ee?i?oe?
aeeiaie?cio. Aea/aany a?e ii/aoeo aaeeaaiiy aeeiaieth, caaaeueia
o?eaae?noue aeeiaieueii? ?ioieneeaoe??, ea?oeia ni’yi?iiy (caa?aaeaiiy
caoenieo ?aaeoe?e, e?auee iai?e, oiea?aioi?noue, aeica, ui aeeeeea?
ni’yi?iiy, ci?ia oiea?aioiino? — i?ney ii/aoeo nenoaiaoe/iiai aaeeaaiiy
aeeiaieth, oi?ie ni’yi?iiy: i?inoa, neeaaeia, aiianoe/ia; iae?iinanoe —
i?ney ii/aoeo nenoaiaoe/iiai aaeeaaiiy aeeiaieth, aeiaaeee iaoieia?/iiai
ni’yi?iiy ? o.ae.). Aea/aeany oa?aeoa?enoeea aeeiaieueii? caeaaeiino?,
oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino?, aeeiai?ea ? o?iiieia?y iaoieia?/iiai iioyao, oi?ia
ceiaaeeaaiiy ? o?eaae?noue eiaeii? oi?ie. Oa?aeoa?enoeee cai?eiiai
i(yinoaa (o?eaae?noue cai?eiiai i(yinoaa, aeeiai?ea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
o?eaaeino? caiith ? ia??iaeo iii??iino?, ianoaaeie, ui ni?eythoue
aeieeiaiith ia?aeiiiai iaoieia?/iiai iioyao ia?aae caii?i, neiioiie, ui
niia?uathoue i?i ii/aoie caiith, iiaoi?iee iaoieia?/iee iioya aei
aeeiaieth, aanoeiaioiee neiae?ii ? eiai oa?aeoa?enoeea, aeeiai?ea
oiea?aioiino? i?ioyaii caiith, ?ioa?aaee i?ae caiiyie). Aeaoaeueii
aea/aany aeeiaieueiee ineoic (yeee aoa ineoic, o?eaae?noue aeeiaie?cio
aei aeieeiaiiy ia?oiai aeeiaieueiiai ineoico, ne?eueee ?ac?a ia?ai?n
aeeiaieuei? ineoice aei ? i?ney ii/aoeo ia??iaeo cai?eiiai i(yinoaa).
Aeeiaieuei? ci?ie iniaenoino?. Noa’?eoeaia noaaeaiiy aei oai?iae.

O niaoe?aeueiee ?icae?e “Ea?oe…” caiioiaoaaee aeaoaeuei? niiaoe/i?
aeai? ? iieacieee aeine?aeaeaiiy iaa?ieia?/iiai noaoono c aeaoaeueiith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie. I?e iaiao?aeiino?
i?iaiaeeeeny eiinoeueoaoeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieie oao?aoeyie:
o??o?aii, ieoe?noii, ioiey?eiaieiaii, a?iaeieiaii ? ?i.

Canoiniaoaaee oae? aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaoiaeeee: iiaoi?aiiy 10 ne?a,
?aooiie ca E?aiae?iei, a?aeooeoaaiiy /enae (oaaeeoey Ooeueoa), iaoiaeeea
eeaneo?eaoe?? i?aaeiao?a, aecia/aiiy caeaiai, ?icoi?iiy i?ene?a’?a.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny eeoa i?e
iayaiino? (a?aeiiaeaii?) i?iaeoeoeaiiai iiaiiai eiioaeoo. Oiio noai
?ioaeaeooaeueii-iianoe/ieo ooieoe?e o oai?eo aeine?aeaeoaaany i?ney
oiai, ye ineoioe/ia neiioiiaoeea a cia/i?e i??? iii(yeooaaeanue, a
oaeiae o noai? aeaeoaeaiiy ? ?ai?n??.

C iiaeyaeo ia aaaeeeao ?ieue oeio iniaenoino?, i?iaiaeeee
aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeee
Aecaiea, MMPI ? 16-oaeoi?iiai ieoaeueieea Eaooaea.

O 305 ianoaaeoaaieo oai?eo — 225 /ieia?e?a ? 80 ae?iie — aea/eee
oee?eaae?aii? ?eoie oeyoii ?a?no?aoe?? i?ioyaii 6 ae?a /a?ac eiaei? 3
aiaeeie (ca aeiyoeii 24-o ? 3-o aiaeei ii/?) iieaciee?a oaiia?aoo?e
o?ea, /anoioe ioeueno, aeeoaiiy, nenoie?/iiai ? ae?anoie?/iiai
a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo.

Ia aac? oaeiai aacoieiiiai iii?oi?eiao, c iiaeyaeo ia a?i?eoiieia/iee
noaoon oai?eo, ie a?aeiineee aei ?aieiaiai oeio in?a, o yeeo iaeneioie
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ooieoe?e i?eiaaeathoue ia 9-12 aiaeei, aa/??iueiai —
18-21 aiaeeia, ?iaeeoa?aioiiai — 12-15 aiaeei. Aeey an?o ianoaaeaieo ii
an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo iieacieeao (oaiia?aoo?a o?ea, /anoioa ioeueno ?
aeeoaiiy, nenoie?/iee ? ae?anoie?/iee oene) aoee neeaaeai? a?ao?ee ca
aeaieie, io?eiaieie o ?acoeueoao? oanoeaeiaiaiai ianoaaeaiiy, ?
i?iaaaeaia ?o a?coaeueia ioe?iea. sseui i?e iiaoaeia? a?ao?ea
a?aecia/aeany ae?aaeaia aeaneio?ii?caoe?y o?c?ieia?/ieo ooieoe?e, ui
ae?aaea?oueny a ?ica?aeiino? ae?ioac aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia?aiao??a, ie
oaeiai iaoe??ioa a?aeiineee aei “a?eoi?e?a”, i?e ci?uaii? ae?ioac o
iaaeao 15-18 aiaeei ie ioe?ithaaee, o yeee /an i?aeaeuaiiy o?c?ieia?/ieo
ooieoe?e niinoa??aaany /ano?oa, ? a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeueiai a?aeiineee
eiai aei “aeaeai?iie?a” aai aei “nia”.

Aeey ii??aiyiiy ie aeei?enoaee eiio?ieueio a?oio, aei yei? oa?eoei 25
i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo in?a, ?ai?acaioaoeaieo ca noaooth oa a?eii.

E??i ia’?eoeaieo iieaciee?a aeiaiaeo ?eoi?a o nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo ie
aeei?enoiaoaaee iiaeeo?eiaaio aeey na?aaeiuei? nioae NIAe aieaoo
Anoaa?aa (N.?.Noaiaiiaa, 1986). O oe?e aieao? i?noeoueny 23 ieoaiiy,
a?aeiia?aeath/e ia ye? ianoaaeoaaiee noa’?eoeaii aecia/a? naith
iaeaaei?noue aei oiai aai ?ioiai oeio aeiaiaiai ?eoio. Aeniiaie
aecia/aee ca noiith io?eiaieo aae?a: iiiaae 92 — /?oei ae?aaeaiee
?aieiaee oei, 77-91 — neaaei ae?aaeaiee ?aieiaee oei, 58-76 —
?iaeeoa?aioiee oei, 42-57 — neaaei ae?aaeaiee aa/??i?e oei ? ieae/a 41 —
/?oei ae?aaeaiee aa/??i?e oei.

C iiaeyaeo ia oa, ui i?e e?eoaaii? aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a a
inoaii? ?iee noaee oe?iei canoiniaoaaoeny aaciaaeeeaiaioici? iaoiaee, ye
a?eueo o?c?ieia?/i? aeey i?aai?cio oai?iai, ie oaeiae canoinoaaee iaeei
?c ieo — o?ainaea?iaeueio eaca?io aaiioa?ai?th c o?aooaaiiyi
oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a oai?iai ye iaeiiai c /eiiee?a, ui iiaeiai
aeoeaoaaoe ?aca?ai? iiaeeeaino? i?aai?cio ? caeo/aoe a iueiai iaoai?cie
i?e?iaeii? naii?aaoeyoe?? ? naiiaaeaioaoe?? ooieoe?e. Ioe?iea
?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeany ca ?aaeoe??th oai?eo ia noaio
e?eoaaiiy ? aacoaaeany ia ii??aiyeueiiio aiae?c? c oeie oai?eie, yeei
e?eoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny o?aaeeoe?eii. Caa?oaeany oaaaa, ia yeee aeaiue
i?ney ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy iie?iooaaany noai oai?iai, eiee ianooiaei cia/ia
iie?ioaiiy, aae aei iiaiiai aeaeoaeaiiy.

Iaoiaeeea eaca?ii? oa?ai??. Eaca?ia oa?ai?y i?iaiaeeeany
aaciina?aaeiuei a ?aai?iaoe?eiiio a?aeae?eaii? o e?aeeo oai?iai.
Aeei?enoiaoaaeany o?ainaea?iaeueia iaoiaeeea ii?ii?iaiiy, iienaia
?.E.Nin?iei ? TH.O.*o?aei o iin?aieeo “Iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia
canoinoaaiiy i?iiai?a eaca?a a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo
ia?eiiai??th”, Oa?e?a, 1997.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea i?iaaaeaia
noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ? aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoeiii? ia?iaee io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ca niaoe?aeueiith i?ia?aiith ia
turbo-Pascal (ni?aaao. A.A.Aycia)ia ia?niiaeuei?e AII IBM ?N/AO. An?
iieacieee, io?eiai? a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia?iaeyeeny iaoiaeii
aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee c aecia/aiiyi na?aaei?o a?eoiaoe/ieo O ? ?oi?o
noaiaea?oieo iiieeie Sx, a oaeiae noaoenoe/ii? cia/ouino? ?oi?o
a?aei?iiinoae ii t — e?eoa??th No(thaeaioa.

I?e aea/aii? aeeiai?ee ?ioaineaieo iieaciee?a o oai?eo ?c o?ii?/iei
aeeiaie?ciii (o oiio /ene? c aino?eie aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie) ca 11
?ie?a anoaiiaeaii, ui aiie ca?eueoeeenue a 1,5 ?aca. I?e oeueiio a
oai?eo ia a?eo aa?y/eo oe? iieacieee ca?eueoeeenue a 2,2 ?aca, a a in?a
?c aino?ei aeeiaieueiei aaethoeeiicii ? aino?ei aeeiaieueiei
ia?aii?aeii, iaaiaee, cieceeeny a 1,4 ? 2,7 ?aca a?aeiia?aeii, ui,
iaaooue, aeaco? ia ?io? iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie ?o aeieeiaiiy a
ii??aiyii? c a?eith aa?y/eith.

Aea/eaoe ?ioaineai? iieacieee eaoaeueiino? i?e iaoieia??, ui
aea/a?oueny, iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aino?iio aeeiaieueiiio
aaethoeeiic? ? ia?aii?ae? ia aoei aeiaeiiai aeiaaeeo c? nia?oaeueieie
iane?aeeaie. O oie aea /an oe? iieacieee i?e o?ii?/iiio aeeiaie?ci? e
aeeiaieueiiio aeae???? cia/ii ca?eueoeeenue ca 11 aeine?aeaeoaaieo
?ie?a. Oae, i?e o?ii?/iiio aeeiaie?ci? oeae c??no neeaa 3,8 ?aca, a i?e
a?e?e aa?y/oe? — 20,18, ui aeaco? ia oa?i?iiao iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo
iiaeo i?aai?caoe?eieo i?aeoiae?a ? iaoiae?a oa?aiaaoe/iiai aieeao i?e
oeeo aeaeao iaoieia??.

Aiae?coth/e ?iciiae?e aeeiai?ee iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ca ?ieaie oai?eo
/ieia?e?a ? ae?iie o?ii?/iei aeeiaie?ciii, o oiio /ene? ? c ineoicaie, o
noaoe?iia?, anoaiiaeaii c?inoaiiy oe??? iaoieia?? na?aae ianaeaiiy. Oae,
e?euee?noue on?o oai?eo, ui e?eoaaeeny noaoe?iia?ii, c?inea a?eueo i?ae
o 1,5 ?aca (ie?aii o /ieia?e?a oeae ??no neeaa 1,61, a o ae?iie — 1,26
?aca).

?icaeyaeath/e naciii?noue ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a o oai?eo o?ii?/iei
aeeiaie?ciii, ie a?aecia/eee, ui c on?o iaaeoiaeaeaiue ca
aeine?aeaeoaai? ?iee oai?eo o ceiia? i?nyoe? aoei 26,44%, o aaniyi? —
27,49%, o e?oi? — 25,00% ? in?ii? — 21,07%, oiaoi oea na?ae/eoue i?i
ia?aaaao ceiiai-aaniyiiai aini?oae?coaaiiy (53,93%) iaae e?oiuei-in?ii?i
(46,07%). I?e ?icaeyaeaii? ie?aii iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a noaoe?iia? oai?eo ii
?ieao ?c aino?eie aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie. I?e oeueiio a?aecia/aiee
cia/iee c??no aeeiaieueiiai aeae???th ye na?aae /ieia?e?a, oae ? na?aae
ae?iie. Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao oie oaeo, ui a aeaye? ?iee ieoiia aaaa
a?ei? aa?y/ee na?aae ae?iie aeua, i?ae o /ieia?e?a. Ieoiia aaaa
aino?iai aeeiaieueiiai aaethoeeiico ca inoaii? i’youe ?ie?a
i?aeaeueeanue. O oie aea /an aino?ee aeeiaieueiee ia?aii?ae ca
aeine?aeaeoaai? ?iee cieceany a 2 ?ace, ui aiai?eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue
a?eueo aeeaieiai aea/aiiy iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a oeueiai ineoico.
Aea/eaoe eaoaeuei?noue ii ?ieao ca ia??iae, ui aea/a?oueny, ie
anoaiiaeee, ui ca inoaii? 5-6 ?ie?a aiia ??cei ca?eueoeeany — i?e
o?ii?/iiio aeeiaie?ci? c?inea a 3,17 ?aca, a i?e a?e?e aa?y/oe? — a
19,49.

?iciiae?e aini?oae?ciaaieo oai?eo c aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie ii i?nyoeyo
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui ia? i?noea aecia/aia naciii?noue ii/aoeo
caoai?thaaiiy, ui a?aeia?aaea? eiei??/i? aai oee?eaiioaeuei? ?eoie. Oae,
iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue i?iya?a a?ei? aa?y/ee i?eiaaea? ia
aa?acaiue-o?aaaiue. Ae?oaa oaeey iaaeoiaeaeaiue i?eiaaea? ia eenoiiaae.
Iaeiae, yeui c a?eith aa?y/eith aei noaoe?iia?o iaaeoiaeyoue /ano?oa
aaniith ? ae?oeo c i?eii o o?aai?, oi c aino?ei aeeiaieueiei
aaethoeeiicii ? ia?aii?aeii aini?oae?caoe?y a?aeaoaa?oueny ae?oeo c
i?eii o eeii?-na?ii?. Ia??aiii??i?noue iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a noaoe?iia?
oai?eo ?c ??cieie ineoicaie ca /anii iaie iiynith?oueny oei, ui c a?eith
aa?y/eith ia ia?oee ieai aenooiathoue neiioiie ii?ooaii? na?aeiiino?, ui
aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue aini?oae?caoe?? ? i?eeiyooy oa?i?iiaeo caoiae?a,
o oie /an, ye ii?ooaiiy a noa?? ni?eeiyooy (aaethoeeiic) ? noa??
ieneaiiy (ia?aii?ae) iathoue aeineoue aeiaaee /an a?eueo noiaaiee
oa?aeoa?. Ana aeuaaeeeaaeaia aeaco? ia iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy
aeoeaieo i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a iniaai, ui no?aaeaeathoue ia
aeeiaie?ci, iniaeeai o aaniyiee ia??iae ?ieo ?, aaaeaii, a in?ii?e.

I?e eaoaeueiino? i?e a?e?e aa?y/oe? i?eiaaea? ia ea?oaiue-eeiaiue, a i?e
o?ii?/iiio aeeiaie?ci? — ia o?aaaiue-eeiaiue, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iiaio
aeaeiiiainaoe?th caoenieo iaoai?ci?a i?aai?cio i?ney aaniyii?
aeaneio?ii?caoe?? o?c?ieia?/ieo ooieoe?e.

Ioaea, i?ioean oeae o?c?ieia?/iee, ? eiai aa?oi ciaoe ? a?aoiaoaaoe i?e
aiae?c? i?e/ei ? /eiiee?a a aoeiiaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ciao ?icaeoeo
aino?eo aeei-aieueieo ineoic?a.Oiio e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i? ?
ineoioa?aiaaoe/i? caoiaee oai?ei o?ii?/iei aeeiaie?ciii aeioe?eueii
i?iaiaeeoe a ethoiio-aa?aci?, aa?ani?-aeiaoi?.

Iaeiae, oa?aeoa?enoeea ineo?/ieo noai?a ia aoea a iiaiith aac
oa?aooaaiiy oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a i?aai?cio. Ianoaaeaiiy iieacaei, ui c
225 /ieia?e?a aeine?aeaeoaaieo a?oi ?c aino?eie aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie
aoei 39,56% “aeaeai?iie?a”, 32,0% “a?eoi?e?a” ? 28,44% “nia”. Na?aae 80
ae?iie: “aeaeai?iie?a” aoei 56,25%, “a?eoi?e?a” — 28,75% ? “nia” —
15,0%. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui na?aae aeine?aeaeoaaieo
oai?eo ae?iie e?euee?noue “aeaeai?iie?a”, “a?eoi?e?a” ? “nia” i?aeoe/ii
oaea ae, ye ? na?aae caaaeueii? iiioeyoe?? (?.TH.Ai?eniaa, 1983;
O.?.Eiia?ia, 1989). O oie aea /an na?aae /ieia?e?a ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae
oeiaie i?aoeacaeaoiino? a ii??aiyii? c caaaeueiith iiioeyoe??th iathoue
?icoiaeaeaiiy. Oae, “aeaeai?iie?a” cono??/aeiny a 1,26 ?aca iaioa, i?ae
na?aae caaaeueii? iiioeyoe?? (39,56% o ii??aiyii? c 50,0%), “a?eoi?e?a”
— o 1,06 ?aca a?eueoa (32,0% i?ioe 30,0%) ? “nia” — o 1,9 ?aca a?eueoa
(28,44% o ii??aiyii? c 15,0%).

?icaeyaeath/e oe? aeai? a ?ic??c? ie?aii acyoiai aino?iai aeeiaieueiiai
ineoico anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aeeiaieueiiio aeae???? ? aino?iio
aaethoeeiic? a?i?eoiieia?/i? oeie i?aeoe/ii oae? ae, ye ? a caaaeuei?e
iiioeyoe??. O oie aea /an o a?oi? oai?eo ?c aino?ei aeeiaieueiei
ia?aii?aeii, aea, aei oiai ae, iaei? /ieia?ee, yaii ia?aaaaeathoue
“niae”- aiie cono??/athoueny a 3 ?ace /ano?oa, i?ae o caaaeuei?e
iiioeyoe?? (45,34% i?ioe 15,0%), “a?eoi?e?” — /ano?oa a 1,2 ?aca ?,
iaaiaee, “aeaeai?iiee” — ??aeoa a 2,9 ?aca (17,33% i?ioe 50,0%).Caa?oa?
ia naaa oaaao oie oaeo, ui ia caaaeaee noa’?eoeaia ioe?iea naiai
a?i?eoiieia?/iiai noaoono, ui aecia/aeany ii aaeaioiaai?e aieao?
Anoaa?aa, ni?aiaaea? c ia’?eoeaieie aeaieie, io?eiaieie i?e
aeine?aeaeaii? oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a i?aai?cio. Aiae?c /anoioe
?iciiae?eo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ae?ioac (iiiaioo iaea?eueoiai i?aeeiio)
oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a iaeaaaeeea?oeo o?c?ieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a o
/ieia?e?a ?c aino?eie aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui
yaeua aioo??oiuei? iaocaiaeaeaiino? oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a iaee i?noea
i?e a?e?e aa?y/oe? a 73,33% aeiaaee?a; i?e aino?iio aeeiaieueiiio
aaethoeeiic? — o 74,67% ? i?e aino?iio aeeiaieueiiio ia?aii?ae? — o
80,0% ethaeae. Oe? ae iieacieee o ae?iie neeaee i?e aeeiaieueiiio
aeae???? 28,0%, a i?e aino?iio aeeiaieueiiio aaethoeeiic? — o 30,0%
aeiaaee?a, oiaoi eaea ia?inoaiiy e?eueeino? aeiaaee?a ?c ci?uaiiyi
ae?ioace a?ae a?ei? aa?y/ee aei aino?iai aeeiaieueiiai ia?aii?aeo ye o
/ieia?e?a, oae ? a ae?iie. Ci?uaiiy aaoeoace (iiiaio iaea?eueoiai
niaaeo) oaeiae caeiaa aaeeeo ieoiio aaao na?aae aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
eiioeiaaioo. Aea aaeeeeo a?aei?iiinoae i?ae ineoicaie anoaiiaeaii ia
aoei. Oae, na?aae /ieia?e?a oe? iieacieee neeaee: i?e a?e?e aa?y/oe? —
77,33%, i?e aino?iio aeeiaieueiiio aaethoeeiic? — 76,0% ? i?e aino?iio
aeeiaieueiiio ia?aii?ae? — 77,33%. O ae?iie a?aeiia?aeii: i?e aeae???? —
34,0%, i?e aaeethoeeiic? — 36,67%. Ia ?iaa?n?th ?eoio (ci?uaiiy ia 180
a?aaeon?a, eiee ae?ioaca iaeiiai i?ioeano ni?aiaaea? c aaoeoacith
?ioiai) o /ieia?e?a, ui no?aaeaeathoue aeeiaieueiei aeae????i ? aino?ei
aeeiaieueiei aaethoeeiicii, i?eiaaeaa iaeiaeiaee a?aenioie aeiaaee?a —
ii 30,67%. I?e aino?iio aeeiaieueiiio ia?aii?ae? oeae iieaciee aeua —
36,0%. O ae?iie ieoiia aaaa ?iaa?n?? ?eoio i?e a?e?e aa?y/oe?
aei??aithaaea 18,0%, a i?e aino?iio aeeiaieueiiio aaethoeeiic? oeae
iieaciee aeuee ? neeaaeaa 23,33%. Eiiieaenia ii?ooaiiy oee?eaae?aiieo
?eoi?a oaeiae iaei nai? iniaeeaino?. Na?aae /ieia?e?a aiii cono??/aeiny
a 2 ?ace /ano?oa, i?ae na?aae ae?iie. Aea ye na?aae /ieia?e?a, oae ?
na?aae ae?iie oe? iieacieee aeaneio?ii?caoe?? ca?eueooaaeeny a?ae a?ei?
aa?y/ee aei aino?iai aeeiaieueiiai ia?aii?aeo. Oae, o /ieia?e?a aiie
neeaee: i?e aeeiaieueiiio aeae????- 77,33%, i?e aino?iio aeeiaieueiiio
aaethoeeiic? — 78,67% ? i?e aino?iio aeeiaieueiiio ia?aii?ae? — 81,33%;
o ae?iie, a?aeiia?aeii, ii ia?oeo aeaio ineoicao — 36,0% ? 40%.

I?e aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoicao ia?aiao?e o?c?ieia?/ieo ooieoe?e
i?aai?cio a a?eueo?e i??? a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith a ??cieo
a?i?eoiieia?/ieo a?oiao, i?ae o caei?iaeo, ca aeiyoeii “aeaeai?iie?a” ?
“a?eoi?e?a”, i?ae yeeie iaia? ?noioieo a?aei?iiinoae ii aeiaeiiio
ia?aiao?o. O “nia”, ui ia?aianee aino?? aeeiaieuei? ineoice, cia/ii aeu?
an? ia?aiao?e oaiia?aoo?e, ioeueno, /anoioe aeeoaiiy ? i?e oeueiio
aeinoia??i? a?aei?iiino? ? ii ia?aiao?ao ioeueno ? /anoioe aeeoaiiy. O
oie aea /an iieacieee nenoie?/iiai AO ia a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae oaeeo o
“aeaeai?iie?a” ? “a?eoi?e?a”, a ae?anoie?/iiai AO — cieaeai? a
ii??aiyii? c inoaii?i.

Ioaea, i?e aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoicao, o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith
a?oiith, a?aecia/athoueny ii?ooaiiy oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a: o
“aeaeai?iie?a” ? “a?eoi?e?a”- o a?e i?aeaeuaiiy ia?aiao??a on?o
o?c?ieia?/ieo ooieoe?e, o “nia”- o a?e i?aeaeuaiiy ia?aiao??a
oaiia?aoo?e, ioeueno, /anoioe aeeoaiiy ? cieaeaiiy nenoie?/iiai ?
ae?anoie?/iiai AO. Oae naii, i?e ineoicao a?eueo ae?aaeai? a?aei?iiino?
i?ae iieacieeaie oee?eaae?aiiiai ?eoio a “aeaeai?iie?a” ? “nia” o a?e
i?aeaeuaiiy a inoaii?o ia?aiao??a oaiia?aoo?e, ioeueno, /anoioe aeeoaiiy
? cieaeaiiy ae?anoie?/iiai AO. Iaaaaeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui a
oai?eo aino?ei aeeiaieueiei ineoicii, o ii??aiyii? c? caei?iaeie
iniaaie, ia? i?noea aeaneio?ii?caoe?y o?c?ieia?/ieo ooieoe?e, ui, a
naith /a?ao, a?eueoa ae?aaeaia o i?aaenoaaiee?a aa/??iueiai oeio.

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ee?i?ei-nioe?aeueieo iieaciee?a oai?eo ?c aino?eie
aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie ie aea/eee 573 oai?eo ?c oeeie ineoicaie,
acyoeo, caeaa?eueoiai, oeo, ui e?eoaaeeny a ?aai?iaoe?eiiio
a?aeae?eaii?. Aea/aiiy aaee ii ie?aieo ineoicao. Iiaeai? aeai? ii
iaeiiio ?aa?iio ca o?eaaeee /an iieacaee, ui aeieeiaiiy aino?eo
aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a iia’ycaii c? neeaaeieie
ineoi-a?ieiai-nioe?aeueieie /eiieeaie. Ineo?/i? ii?ooaiiy i?e
aeeiaie?ci? /ano?oa aeieeathoue o iieiaeiio ? na?aaeiueiio a?oe?
ia?aaaaeii o /ieia?e?a. Ca ina?oith o an?o a?oiao ia?aaaaeia e?euee?noue
aoea in?a ?c na?aaeiueith ? niaoe?aeueiith na?aaeiueith ina?oith.
Iniiaia iana oai?eo ( a?ae 60 aei 80%) i?iaeeaaea a i?no? ? naeeuao
i?nueeiai oeio. Iaeia /aoaa?oa aeine?aeaeoaaieo oai?eo, a i?e ia?aii?ae?
iaa?oue a?eueoa iieiaeie aoee eaae?o?eiaaieie i?aoe?aieeaie. Iaeiae ia
iiiaio iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a noaoe?iia? ?c ineoicaie ia?aaaaeia e?euee?noue
?o ia i?aoethaaea, a?eueo 5% in?a o eiaei?e a?oi? iaee noaeei?noue,
iia’ycaio c aeeiaie?ciii. Aea? o?aoeie oai?eo i?e an?o ineoicao iaee
n?iaeio aeenaa?iii?th, iaeaea iieiaeia ianoaaeaieo i?iaeeaa? a
iaii?iaeueieo n?iaeieo, aeeoeiai-iiaooiaeo ? iaoa??aeueieo oiiaao. A
on?o a?oiao oai?eo n?i’? aoee iaaaaaoiae?oieie.

Niaaeeia?noue aoea iaoyaeaia ineo?/ieie caoai?thaaiiyie, aieiaiei /eiii
i?e aeae???? (66,07%). I?e ?ioeo ineoicao aiia ?noioii? ?ie? ia a?aea.
Ieoiia aaaa ia?aianaieo niiaoe/ieo caoai?thaaiue i?aeoe/ii ia
a?ae??ciyeany a?ae aoaeue-yei? ?ioi? aeine?aeaeoaaii? iiioeyoe??.
Noinoiee a n?i’? a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aoee na?aaei?ie. Iaeia o?aoeia
oai?eo cayaeea, ui aiie iacaaeiaieai? nai?i ?iaeeiei noaiii.

Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao oa, ui a 20% oai?eo o an?o a?oiao iaee i?noea
o?eaiaeii-iaaeia??eea? ?ene oa?aeoa?o. Aiie aaaaeathoue naaa
aac?i?oe?aoeaieie, caieiooeie, ceiiai’yoieie, eaaei caoaeeeaeie. E??i
oiai, aa?oi i?aee?aneeoe, ui a inoaii? ?iee a?eueo i?ae o 97% oai?eo
aoea iii?oia ci?ia oa?aeoa?o a iaaaoeaiiio ieai?.

Ee?i?ea aeeiaie?cio a on?o oai?eo ?icaeaaeany i?aeoe/ii o?aaeeoe?eii, ye
? iienaii a on?o iin?aieeao c aeeiaie?cio. Iaeaea iieiaeia oai?eo aei
caoai?thaaiiy aoea iae?eoe/ia. A on?o a?oiao ?icaeoeo ineoico ia?aaeoaaa
aai o?eaaeee cai?e, aai aacoieiia o?eaaea i(yinoai, ia??aeei c ?aioiaith
aea?eaaoe??th aeeiaieth. I?e aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/iiio
aeine?aeaeaii? iniaeno?nii? noa?e aeine?aeaeoaaieo oai?eo o caeaaeiino?
a?ae a?i?eoiieia?/iiai noaoono aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui oe? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaieeee ?noioii aeiiiaieoe ee?i?/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo oai?eo aino?eie
aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie c ??cieie oeiaie i?aoeacaeaoiino?. I?e oeueiio
aeyaeai? a?aei?iiino? a oei? ?aaaoaaiiy ? i?io?e? iniaenoino? in?a
?aieiaiai ? aa/??iueiai oei?a, ui oaeiae ciaeoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy i?e
aea/aii? iieaciee?a nioe?aeueii? aeacaaeaioaoe??. I?aaenoaaieee
iaaeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai oeio caeiathoue i?ii?aeia iieiaeaiiy,
iaaeeaeath/enue ca nai?ie iieacieeaie aei iaoe??io?a ?aieiaiai oeio.
Aeai?, io?eiai? ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee Aecaiea, ia ? ?ioi?iaoeaieie,
oiio ui ia iathoue aeinoia??ieo a?aei?iiinoae a in?a ??cieo
a?i?eoiieia?/ieo oei?a. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeee Eaooaea ? IIPI iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaii ia eeoa aeey a?eueo aeeaieiai ?icoi?iiy no?oeoo?e aino?iai
aeeiaieueiiai ineoico, aea ? aeey ia(?eoea?caoe?? a?i?eoiieia?/iiai
noaoono, ui iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e i?iaiicoaaii? caoai?thaaiiy
ineoicii ? i?iaaaeaii? e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a.

I?e e?eoaaii? aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a ie aeoiaeeee c oiai, ui
oa?ai?y iiaeiia aooe eiiieaeniith (neiioiiaoe/ia, iaoiaaiaoe/ia ? c
o?aooaaiiyi noaio a?ieia?/ieo ?eoi?a oai?iai). Inoaii? iieiaeaiiy
iia’ycaia c oei, ui a aeaiee /an aaaaoueia aaoi?aie
(A.?.Oea?eoeeinueeee, 1984; A.O.Niiiee, 1988; E.A.Nieiaeiaa, 1991;
M.Mucai, N.Ulchimura, T.Hirano et all, 1998 ? ?i.) aecia/aiee ca’ycie
i?ae ii?ooaiiyi aeiaiaeo ?eoi?a ? ineo?/ieo caoai?thaaiue. Iaeiae ?ia?o,
ui a?aeia?aaeathoue aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy aino?eo aeeiaieueieo
ineoic?a c o?aooaaiiyi a?ieia?/ieo ?eoi?a, iaei, a c canoinoaaiiyi
eaca?ioa?ai?? ia cono??/aeiny.

Iaie aea/aeany aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaeueii? ae?? o?aineooaiii? eaca?ii?
aaiioa?aiy? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeeio ?? i?iaaaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a oai?eo. I?e aiae?c? ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy
anoaiiaeaii, ui a 87,3% “aeaeai?iie?a” aoa aecia/aiee iiceoeaiee
e?eoaaeueiee aoaeo ia 5-7 aeiao, a a “a?eoi?e?a” ? “nia” a?aeiia?aeii a
74,7% ? 82,9%. Oea i?eoaiaiii ye aeey /ieia?e?a, oae ? aeey ae?iie.
Aa?oi i?aee?aneeoe, ui i?e a?e?e aa?y/oe? iie?ioaiiy ianooiaei ia 2-3
aeiae ?ai?oa, a i?e aeeiaieueiiio aaethoeeiic?, ? iniaeeai i?e
ia?aii?ae?, oeae aoaeo a?aecia/aany, ye i?aaeei, eeoa ia 10-12 aeiao.
Ioaea, iaiaaeeeaiaioicia e?eoaaiiy o?aineooaiiith eaca?iith
aaiioa?ai??th aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a c o?aooaaiiyi oace
oee?eaae?aiiiai ?eoio a?eueo aoaeoeaia, i?ae o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie
e?eoaaiiy.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui
aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe aca?iica’ycie aeieeiaiiy aino?eo aeeiaieueieo
ineoic?a ?c i?e?iaeieie (aae?iaaio?ce/ieie) /eiieeaie aa?oi ?icaeyaeaoe
a caaaeueiiio eiioaeno? o?iiiiaaee/ii? i?iaeaie, a oaeiae o ?aieao
ni?aa?aeiioaiue aiaeiaaiieo (a?i?eoiieia?/ieo) ? ao?ieia?/ieo /eiiee?a o
aaiac? aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a, ?o ee?i?oe?, aeeiai?oe?, e?eoaaii?
? i?iaiic?.

A E N I I A E E

Cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? aino?eie aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie e
aeeiaie?ciii o?iiieia?/ii anioe?th?oueny c iniaeeainoyie inoaiiueiai
iaeeiaaeoeyoe??/iiai oeeeeo niiy/ii? aeoeaiino?, ?ioeie aeieia?/ieie
/eiieeaie, o o./. ? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei e?eciaei noaiii.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae eeane/ii? no?oeoo?e aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a
no/ania ?oiy neiae?iiaeueii-iicieia?/ia o?ainoi?iaoe?y iieyaa? a
ia?aaac? ieoiii? aaae aeeiaieueiiai aeae???th ? cieaeaii? aino?eo
aeeiaieueieo aaethoeeiic?a ? ia?aii?ae?a.

A ?icaeoeo aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a ?noioia ?ieue iaeaaeeoue
aae?iaaio?ce/iei /eiieeai.

Aeieeiaiiy aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a iia’ycaii ?c naciiieie
/eiieeaie ? a?aeaeaa? aieea oee?eaiioaeueieo, aai aeecueei??/ieo ?eoi?a,
ui iaoiiaeth? /?oe? i?ee iaaeoiaeaeaiiy oai?eo o noaoe?iia?. Iaea?eueoa
ae?aaeai? iaeneioie iaaeoiaeaeaiiy oai?eo ?c ineoicaie a aa?aci?-o?aai?,
iaioa ae?aaeaiee i?aeeii — o eenoiiaae?. Ia?o? iciaee caoai?thaaiiy,
iia’ycai? c aeac?ioaa?iaai?noth nenoai i?aai?cio, i?eiaaeathoue ia
ethoee-aa?acaiue ? aeiaoaiue-eenoiiaae.

5. O an?o iaoe??io?a ?c aino?eie aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie ia? i?noea
aeaneio?ii?caoe?y oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a o aeaeyae? ii?ooaiiy ae?ioace,
aaoeoace e ?iaa?n?? ?eoio aai niieo/aiiy oeeo iieaciee?a. Iaea?eueoa
?ica?aei?noue o aecia/aii? a?ieia?/ieo ?eoi?a a?aecia/a?oueny a in?a
aa/??iueiai oeio i?aoeacaeaoiino?, iaeiaioa — a in?a ?aieiaiai oeio.
Iaaeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiee oei caeia? i?ii?aeia iieiaeaiiy, iaaeeaeath/enue
ca nai?ie iieacieeaie aei ?aieiaiai oeio.

Cia/ii i?aeaeueeany ca aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae eaoaeuei?noue a?ae
o?ii?/iiai aeeiaie?cio ?, iniaeeai, a?ae a?ei? aa?y/ee. I?e eaoaeueiino?
i?e o?ii?/iiio aeeiaie?ci? i?eiaaea? ia /a?aaiue-eeiaiue, a i?e a?e?e
aa?y/oe? – ea?oaiue-o?aaaiue.

A eiiieaenio oa?ai?th aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a aeioe?eueii
aeeth/aoe o?aineooaiio eaca?io aaiioa?ai?th c o?aooaaiiyi
a?i?eoiieia?/iiai noaoono oai?iai, ui aea? a?eueo ae?aaeaiee
oa?aiaaoe/iee aoaeo (o 81,64% aeiaaee?a) o ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eieie
iaoiaeaie e?eoaaiiy aac ca’yceo ?c aeiaiaeie ?eoiaie.

8. Anoaiiaeai? naciii? i?ee caoai?thaaiino? aino?eie aeeiaieueieie
ineoicaie ? ?noioiith i?aai?caoe?eiith ia?aaeoiiaith aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
i?aaaioeaieo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a ?c iaeneiaeueiei
ioiieaiiyi eiioeiaaioo oai?eo aeeiaie?ciii ?c i?aaeeeoi?aie aeeiaieueieo
ineoic?a.

I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

1. Aeeniaina?iei oai?ei o?ii?/iei aeeiaie?ciii e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i?
caoiaee aa?oi i?iaiaeeoe 2 ?ace ia ??e o ethoiio-aa?aci? ?
aa?ani?-aeiaoi? c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae a?i?eoiieia?/iiai noaoono.

2. E?eoaaiiy aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe a
?aai?iaoe?eieo a?aeae?eaiiyo, ui iaaeanoue iiaeeea?noue cieceoe
eaoaeuei?noue i?e oeeo noaiao.

3. Iaiaaeeeaiaioiciee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy aino?eo aeeiaieueieo ineoic?a,
o?aineooaiio eaca?io oa?ai?th, c iaoith iaea?aeaiiy iaee?auiai aoaeoo,
aa?oi i?iaiaeeoe c o?aooaaiiyi a?i?eoiieia?/iiai noaoono oai?iai.

Nienie ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

1. Aeaiaei I.A, Aiae?oo A.I. O?iiiaeieiae/aneee aniaeo eaca?iie oa?aiee
i?e aeeiaieueiuo ineoicao // Iaoa?eaeu YI ?anioaeeeaineie
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “I?eiaiaiea eaca?ia a iaaeeoeeia e
aeieiaee”, 8-13 ai?aey 1996a., Oa?ueeia, 1996.- N.68.

2. Aeaiaei I.A., Ninei E.E., Niiiee A.O., Naeeia Ae.A.
O?iiiaeieiae/aneee aniaeo aeeiaieueiuo ineoicia e oee?eaaeiua i?ia?aiiu
eaca?iie oa?aiee //Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy oai?aoe/ii? oa eeiii/ii?
iaaeeoeeie ia no/aniiio ?iaii. Iaoa?iaee aeiiiaiaeae iaoeiaii
eiioa?aioeii 20 o?aaiy 1996 ?ieo. Iieoaaa, 1996.- N.391-392.

Aeaiaei I.A., Ninei E.E., Aiae?oo A.E., Eoi?eaiei E.A., Eoi?eaiei E.O.,
A?ooyioe I.E. Caiieiua ninoiyiey a aaiaca aeeiaieueiiai aeaee?ey:
i?ia?aiia iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee // Enoi?ey Naao?iaie aea/e. Oniaoe
ineoeao?ee, iaa?ieiaee, iae?ioe?o?aee e ia?eieiaee. Oa?ueeia,1996.- oii
3. — N.534-536.

4. Aeaiaei I.A., Caeoeaa A.A. Yenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieiae/aneia
ianeaaeiaaiea aieueiuo, ia?aianoeo aaeoth ai?y/eo // Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy
oai?aoe/iii oa eeiii/iii iaaeeoeeie ia no/aniiio ?iaii. Iaoa?iaee
aeiiiaiaeae iaoeiai? eiioa?aioei? 20 o?aaiy 1996 ?ieo. Iieoaaa, 1996.-
N. 120-121.

Aeaiaei I.A. N?aaieoaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea
yenia?eiaiueaeueii-ineoieiae-/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey aieueiuo aeeiaieueiui
aeaee?eai n o/aoii aei?eoii-eiae/aneiai noaoona i?aaiecia // Oe??inueeee
a?niee ineoiiaa?ieia??.- Oa?e?a.- Oii 6, aei.3(18).- 1998.- N.92-94.

Aeaiaei I.A. Yieaeaieieiaey ino?uo aeeiaieueiuo ineoicia e aeeyiea
oee?eaiioaeueiuo ?eoiia ia eo eeeieeo.// A?niee i?iaeai a?ieia?? ?
iaaeeoeeie.- Iieoaaa-Oa?e?a.- Aei.4, 1999.- N.111-117.

Aeaiaei I.A. Yieaeaieieiaey o?iie/aneiai aeeiaieecia e aeeiaieueiuo
ineoicia e aeeyiea oee?eaiioaeueiuo ?eoiia ia eo eeeieeo// A?niee
i?iaeai a?ieia?? ? iaaeeoeeie.- Iieoaaa-Oa?e?a.- Aei.5, 1999.- N.75-81.

8. Deneko M., Sosin I., Sonnik G., Saikov D. A chronomedikobiological
aspect of alchohol phsychosis and circad programs of laser therapy //
International laser congress” Lasers at the dawn of the third
millennium” September 24-27, 1996. Final programme Abstracts, 1996. —
S.71.

Aiiioaoeey

Aeaiaei I.A. Yieaeaieieiaey, eeeieea e ea/aiea ino?uo aeeiaieueiuo
ineoicia n o/aoii aaeeiaaioece/aneeo oaeoi?ia e aeieiae/aneeo ?eoiia.-
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.16 — Ineoeao?ey. Oe?a?inueeee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo nioe?aeueii? oa noaeiai? ineo?ao???. Ee?a,
1999.

Aia?aua i?iaaaeaii eeeieei-yieaeaieieiae/aneia ianeaaeiaaiea aieueiuo
n ino?uie aeeiaieueiuie ineoicaie a iaeiii ec ?aaeiiia Oe?aeiu ca
iaeeiiaaeoeaoeeaoiee nieia/iue oeeee. Eco/aiu iniaaiiinoe
oee?eaaeeaiiuo ?eoiia, iaoneaaeeaathuea naciiiinoue eeeie/aneeo
i?iyaeaiee caaieaaaiey o aieueiuo. Onoaiiaeaii iaee/ea
aeaneio?iiecaoeee oeceieiae/aneeo ooieoeee e noaiaiue aa au?aaeaiiinoe
o aieueiuo ino?uie aeeiaieueiuie ineoicaie. Iieacaia /anoioa
ano?a/aaiinoe eeoe n ?aciuie aei?eoiieiae/aneeie oeiaie i?e yoeo
ineoicao, a oaeaea caaeneiinoue eeeieei-nioeeaeueiuo iieacaoaeae e eo
aeeiaieee io ninoiyiey oee?eaaeeaiiuo ?eoiia i?aaiecia.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ii on?aaeiaiiui aeaiiui eiioeiaaio aieueiuo
aeeiaieeciii iiaeaa?aeai ino?ui aeeiaieueiui ineoicai a 9,8 ?aca /aua,
/ai aiaeiae/iue eiioeiaaio aeaiuei; a 2 ?aca oaaee/eeanue
caaieaaaaiinoue aeeiaieeciii eeoe iieiaeiai aic?anoa.

?acaeoea ino?uo aeeiaieueiuo ineoicia caaeneo io eiiieaena
niiaoiaaiiuo, nioeeiaaiiuo, ineoiaaiiuo, iaaaoeaiuo
nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeo e aei?eoiieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia.
Aaeeiaaioece/aneei oaeoi?ai i?eiaaeeaaeeo nouanoaaiiay ?ieue a aaiaca
ino?uo aeeiaieueiuo ineoicia. Aicieeiiaaiea ino-?uo aeeiaieueiuo
ineoicia naycaii n naciiiuie oaeoi?aie e io?aaeaao aeeyiea
oee?eaiioaeueiuo, eee ieieiaiaeiauo ?eoiia, iaoneaaeeaathueo /aoeea ieee
iinooieaiey aieueiuo a noaoeeiia?. Iaeaieaa au?aaeaiiua iaeneioiu
iinooieaiey aieueiuo n ineoicaie a ia?oa-iaa, iaiaa au?aaeaiiue iiaeuai
— a iiya?a. Ia?aua i?eciaee caaieaaaiey, naycaiiua n aeaceioaa?aoeeae
nenoai i?aaiecia, i?eoiaeyony ia oaa?aeue-ia?o e ieoya?ue-iiya?ue.
Cia/eoaeueii oaaee/eeanue ca eco/aaiue ia?eiae eaoaeueiinoue io
o?iie/aneiai aeeiaieecia e, iniaaiii, io aaeie ai?y/ee. Eaoaeueiinoe
oaeaea oa?aeoa?ia naciiiinoue. Oae, iee eaoaeueiinoe i?e o?iie/aneii
aeeiaieecia i?eoiaeeony ia ethiue-etheue, a i?e aaeie ai?y/ea —
ai?aeue-iae.

O anao iaoeeaioia n ino?uie aeeiaieueiuie ineoicaie eiaao ianoi
aeaneio?iiecaoeey oee?eaaeeaiiuo ?eoiia a aeaea naeaeaa ae?ioacu,
aaoeoacu e eiaa?nee ?eoia eee ni/aoaiey yoeo iieacaoaeae. Noauaeoeaiay
ioeaiea ianeaaeoaiuie naiaai aei?eoiieiae/aneiai noaoona ia anaaaea
niaiaaeaao n iauaeoeaiuie aeaiiuie, iieo/aiiuie i?e enneaaeiaaiee
oee?eaaeeaiiuo ?eoiia i?aaiecia. Iaeaieueoaa ?anoiaeaeaiea a
ii?aaeaeaiee aeieiae/aneeo ?eoiia ioia/aaony o eeoe aa/a?iaai oeia
?aaioiniiniaiinoe, iaeiaiueoaa — o eeoe oo?aiiaai oeia.
Iaaeeooa?aioee?iaaiiue oei caieiaao i?iiaaeooi/iia iieiaeaiea,
i?eaeeaeaynue ii naiei iieacaoaeyi e oo?aiiaio oeio.

Onoaiiaeaiiua naciiiua ieee caaieaaaaiinoe ino?uie aeeiaieueiuie
ineoicaie yaeythony nouanoaaiiie i?aaiecaoeeiiiie i?aaeiinueeie ii
i?iaaaeaieth i?aaaioeaiuo ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee n
iaeneiaeueiui ioaaoii eiioeiaaioa aieueiuo aeeiaieeciii n i?aaeeeoi?aie
aeeiaieueiuo ineoicia.

Eiiieaenioth oa?aieth ino?uo aeeiaieueiuo ineoicia eo/oa i?iaiaeeoue a
oneiaeyo ?aaieiaoeeiiiiai ioaeaeaiey. *?aceiaeiay eaca?iay aaiioa?aiey,
n o/aoii aei?eoiieiae/aneiai noaoona, aieueiiai aeaao aieaa au?aaeaiiue
oa?aiaaoe/aneee yooaeo (a 81,64% neo/aaa) ii n?aaiaieth n
o?aaeeoeeiiiuie iaoiaeaie ea/aiey aia nayce n nooi/iuie ?eoiaie. I?e
aiaeeca ?acoeueoaoia ea/aiey onoaiiaeaii, /oi o 87,3% “aeaai?iieia” aue
ioia/ai iieiaeeoaeueiue ea/aaiue yooaeo ia 5-7 aeaiue, a o “a?eoieeia” e
“nia” niioaaonoaaiii a 74,7% e 82,9%. Yoi iieiaeaiea naie-noaaiii eae
ioae/eiai, oae e aeaiueiai. Neaaeoao iiae/a?eiooue, /oi i?e aaeie
ai?y/ea oeo/oaiea ianooiaei ?aiueoa ia 2-3 aeaiue, a i?e aeeiaieueiii
aaeethoee-iica, e iniaaiii i?e ia?aiieaea, yoio yooaeo ioia/aeny, eae
i?aaeei, oieueei ia 10-12 aeaiue. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, iaiaaeeeaiaioiciia
ea/aiea /?aceiaeiie eaca?iie aaiioa?aieae ino?uo aeeiaieueiuo ineoicia,
n o/aoii oacu oee?eaaeeaiiiai ?eoia, aieaa yooaeoeaiia /ai i?e
o?aaeeoeeiiiuo iaoiaeao ea/aiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeeiaieeci, ino?ua aeeiaieueiua ineoicu,
aaeeiaai-oece/aneea ?eoiu, aeieiae/aneea ?eoiu, aeaneio?iiecaoeey,
aei?eoiieiae/an-eee noaoon, yenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieiae/aneia
enneaaeiaaiea, eaca?ioa?aiey.

Aiioaoe?y

Aeaiaei I.I. Ai?aeai?ieia?y, ee?i?ea ? e?eoaaiiy aino?eo aeeiaieueieo
ineoic?a c o?aooaaiiyi aae?iaaio?ce/ieo /eiiee?a ? a?ieia?/ieo ?eoi?a.-
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca
oaoii 14.01.16-Ineo?ao??y. Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
nioe?aeueii? oa noaeiai? ineo?ao???. Ee?a, 1999.

Aia?oa i?iaaaeaia ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo ?c
aino?eie aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie a iaeiiio ?c ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie ca
iaeeiaaeoeyoe??/iee niiy/iee oeeee. Aea/aii iniaeeaino? oee?eaae?aiieo
?eoi?a, ui iaoiiaeththoue naciii?noue ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a caoai?thaaiiy.
Anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue aeaneio?ii?caoe?? o?c?ieia?/ieo ooieoe?e ?
nooi?iue ?? ae?aaeaiiy a oai?eo aino?eie aeeiaieueieie ineoicaie.
Iieacaii ?iciianthaeaeai?noue in?a ?c ??cieie a?i?eoiieia?/ieie oeiaie
i?e oeeo ineoicao, a oaeiae caeaaei?noue ee?i?ei-nioe?aeueieo iieaciee?a
? ?o aeeiai?ee a?ae noaio oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a i?aai?cio.

?ic?iaeaii aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? noaie aaciaaeeeaiaioicieo (eaca?ieo)
iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ? nioe?aeueii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia aino??
aeeiaieuei? ineoice c o?aooaaiiyi a?i?eoiieia?/iiai noaoono, aeaieo
ee?i?ei-nioe?aeueiiai ? aenia?eiai-oaeueii-ineoieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeeiaie?ci, aino?? aeeiaieuei? ineoice, aae?iaaio?ce/i?
?eoie, a?ieia?/i? ?eoie, aeaneio?ii?caoe?y, a?i?eoiieia?/iee noaoon,
aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy, eaca?ioa?ai?y.

SUMMARY

Deneko M.A. Epidemiology, clinics and treatment of acute alcogolic
psychosis with the register of geliogeophysical factors and biological
rhythms.

A thesis in search of scientific degree of a Candidate of medical
sciences on the speciality 14.01.16 – psychiatry. Ukrainian research
institute of social and medicolegal psychiatry MPHS of Ukraine. Kyiv.
1999.

The thesis gives an account of a problem of the acute alcoholic
psychosis epidemiological state with more accurate definition of the
role of natural biorhythmological factors for their clinics and course,
the use of laser-therapy as one of the effective means of
non-medicamental threatment. There was conducted clinico-epidemiological
examination of patients suffered from acute alcogolic psychosis in
Ukraine for the 11 years’ helioperiod. It was determined that
desynchronisation of physiological functions and the degree of its
expressiveness in patients take place. There were waked out the
distinguishing schemes of unmedicamental (laser) methods of treatment of
patients with acute alcogolic psychosis with the register of their
biorhythmological status, clinico-psychological investigation.

Key words: alcogolism, acute alcogolic psychosis, heliogeophysical
factors, biological rhythms, desynchronisation, biorhythmological
status, experimentally-psychological investigation, laserotherapy.

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