Економічна політика держави: політологічний аспект: Автореф. дис… канд. політ. наук / Ф.В. Барановський, НАН України. Ін-т політ. і етнонац. дослідж

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO IIE?OE*IEO ? AOIIIAOe?IIAEUeIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

OAeE 321:338.2

AA?AIIANUeEEE OAE?EN AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

AEIIII?*IA IIE?OEEA AeA?AEAAE:

IIE?OIEIA?*IEE ANIAEO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 23.00.02 — iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe oa i?ioeane

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a No?aeiioe?a?inueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iie?oe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Uaae?iaa Aaeeia Iao??aia, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

iie?oieia?? No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iie?oe/ieo iaoe,

Iie/aiei Aiaoie?e Ieoaeeiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e

iie?oieia?? Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy

i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iaea?ia Aiaoie?e Ieeieaeiae/, noa?oee iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo iie?oe/ieo ? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo

aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: eaoaae?a iie?oieia?? ? nioe?ieia??
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai

iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «8» /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 14.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.181.01 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e a
?inoeooo? iie?oe/ieo ? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 252011, i.Ee?a, aoe.Eooociaa, 8, cae can?aeaiue a/aii? ?aaee
(e?i.202).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iie?oe/ieo ? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie: 252011,
i.Ee?a, aoe.Eooociaa, 8, (e?i.218).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «7» o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee TH.A.Eaaaiaoeue

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ye ?icaeiooi?
aeaiie?aoe/ii? e?a?ie ?c nioe?aeueiith ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith iaiiaeeeaa
aac /?oei?, aio/ei? ? aeaaaeaii? aea?aeaaii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. Ia
oe?e iniia? iinoaea i?iaeaia noai?aiiy iaoai?ci?a aeinyaiaiiy iie?oe/ii?
noaa?eueiino?, eiinainono ?ioa?an?a ??cieo ?inoeooo?a oa noa’?eo?a
iie?oe/ii? aeaaee o i?ioean? i?eeiyooy iie?oe/ieo ??oaiue a aeiiii?/i?e
noa??, iaa?oiooaaiiy cia/eiino? ono?ith noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy
uiaei oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae, yea a a?aeiia?aeaea
caieoai eiaeiiai ia?an?/iiai a?iiaaeyieia. Oey i?iaeaia, ii?yae c
i?iaeaiith aeiiii?/ii? e?ece, yea o?eaa? a e?a?i?, ? ia??aeiei eaiaiai,
yeee aecia/a? aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy cacia/aieo iai?yi?a aeaaeae? c?inoa? o
ca’yceo c i?iaieioaiiyi a Oe?a?i? ye noaa?aii?e aea?aeaa? eo?no ia
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaaaeaii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. Aeaiee oaeoi? iaoiiaeth?
aeciaiiy ?? na?oiaei ni?aoiaa?enoaii, yea ?icaeaa?oueny a iiaeo
aaiiie?oe/ieo oiiaao.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaoiiaeaia oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiyi
?ie? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae a oiiaao nioe?aeueii? no?aoeo?eaoe??
oa aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? noni?euenoaa. Naia a oae? /ane aiia ia? aooe
ni?yiiaaia ia i?aeo?eieo iacaoeuaieo aa?noa ianaeaiiy, a?aeoai?aiiy oiia
aeeooy, i?aoe? oa ?icaeoeo. Ethaeeia ye iaeaeua nioe?aeueia oe?ii?noue
aa?oa a?ae/ooe ia nia? iiceoeai? iane?aeee oaei? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

Eiioeaioe?y oa iaoai?cie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa aca?iica’yceo ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee oa iie?oe/ii? nenoaie noni?euenoaa caeeoathoueny iaeaea
iaaeine?aeaeaieie. Ia iiaeyae aaoi?a, naia oey i?iaeaia aeiaaa?
a?oioiaiiai iie?oieia?/iiai aea/aiiy. O?eaath/ee aea?aeaaioai?/ee
i?ioean a no/ani?e Oe?a?i? ni?ey? iiooeo iia?oi?o oai?aoe/ieo iniia
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. ?nio? aino?a iio?aaa naia a cae?eniaii?
eiiieaeniiai iie?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
aea?aeaae. Iniaeea?noth i?aaenoaaeaii? ?iaioe ? ?? i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iee
oa?aeoa?; aiae?c aca?iiae?? ??cieo /eiiee?a iie?oe/iiai, aeiiii?/iiai,
nioe?aeueiiai e i?aaiaiai ii?yaeeo oa aieeao iie?oe/ieo ?inoeooo?a ia
oi?ioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?th aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie oa i??a aeine?aeaeaiino? oaiaoeee
aeena?oaoe?? ? iaaeinoaoi?ie uiaei no/aniiai noaio ni?aa o iie?oe/i?e oa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e noa?ao noni?euenoaa oa ia?niaeoea oi?ioaaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie. A ia?o? ?iee iacaeaaeiino? aoea iii?oia
caoiieai?noue iaoeiai? aeoiee, ia?o ca ana aeiiii?/ii?, canaaeaie oae
caaiiai /enoiai ?eieo, — aeiiii?ee, yea ooieoe?iio? iaeaea aaoiiiiii
a?ae iie?oe/ii? nenoaie. Aeaia eiioeaioe?y na?eicii aieeioea e ia
iie?oe/io aeoieo, i?aaenoaaieee yei? caeiaeeny iaoeiaeie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie oa ?ic?iaeaie no/anieo iie?oe/ieo ?inoeooo?a ?
i?ioean?a iaeaea ia oi?eath/enue aeiiii?/ii? noa?e. Aea o?eaath/a e?eca
noni?euenoaa niiioea? aei iie?oieia?/iiai inieneaiiy i?iaeai aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee aea?aeaae.

Ona?aeiieaiiy aaaeeeaino? cacia/aii? oaiaoeee ye o caaaeueii?noi?e/iiio,
oae ? a aeiaaeueiiio ianooaa? iaaea? aea/aiiy aaoi?ii oai?aoe/ii?
o?einionueei-iie?oe/ii? ? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? niaaeueie aeaeaoieo
a/aieo ieioeiai, a ye?e aca?iica’ycie iie?oe/ieo,
nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeeo ? aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a caeiaa aaaiia i?noea.
Aei oaeeo i?aoeue a?aeianaii o?oaee A??noioaey, Eiioooe?y, Enaiioiioa,
Ieaoiia, Oe?oea?iia, I.Aaaa?a, Aieueoa?a, O. Aiaaeuena, E.Ia?ena,
O.Iiioane’?, Aeae. I?eey, A.Ni?oa, A.Ieaoaiiaa, A.No?ii?ia, I. No?oaa,
A. Nieiaeiaa, I. Ooaai-Aa?aiianueeiai oa ?i.

Aeei?enoai? aaoi?ii aeaea?aea a?aeiieo ?noi?ee?a ?
a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a, cie?aia, Ae.I.Aaioeo-Eaiainueeiai,
I.N.A?ooaanueeiai, I.?. Einoiia?iaa, I.I.Iaeneiiae/a ni?eyee
aeine?aeaeaiith ?noi??? aeiiii?/ii? oa iie?oe/ii? aeoiee a iao?e e?a?i?,
aca?iica’yceo iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a ? iniia aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee a Oe?a?i? o ??ci? /ane.

Cae?eniaiee aiae?c na?ae/eoue i?i ona?aeiieaiiy no/anieie a?o/eciyieie
oa ?iicaiieie a/aieie, ae?oith iaoi? e?a?ie iaiao?aeiino? aeeaieiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo aaaeae?a i?e
?ic?iaoe? oa ai?iaaaeaeaii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. Cie?aia, i?i oea
eaeaoueny a i?aoeyo I. Aaae?ii?, ?.Aieeaia, Aeae.Auetheaiaia,
A.Aaeue/einueeiai, A.Aa?oey, A. Ai?aaoaiea, N.A?aaianueeiai, A.Ao?aae/a,
?.Aeaey, I.AEoeeinueeiai, ?.?a?aaeiiaa, ?.?aaiooa, ?.Eicaea, A.Eaaoo?ia,
A.Eaiiaiai, Aeae.Eaaeuey?aea, ?.Iaeeaea?, A.Ianeianueeiai,
A.Iaaeaaae/oea, A.Iaeoea?a, A.Iaoaeueiai?, I.Ii?ica, N.Ii/a?iiai,
A.Nae?aaiiaa, A.N?aeaiea, O.Noaiaieiai?, A.Noaieei, I.Noaieei,
A.Oieiaea, E.Ooiiaoa?a, I.Oii?aoia oa ?i.

Aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae ye ia’?eo iie?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia iiaea aooe ?icaeyiooa aac a?aooaaiiy oa aiae?co oaeoi??a
?aaoethth/iai aieeao aea?aeaae naia ia i?ioean ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?eueii?
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Oeueiio aaaeeeaiio aniaeoo aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?enay/ai? i?aoe? oaeeo a/aieo ye A.Aacthe, N.A?eyoeueeee, A.A?ao?oei,
A.Caaei?iaeiee, I.?iiia, Ae.Eani?/aiei, ?.Eoe?iia, A.Eoeia,
A.Iaaeaaae/oe, A.Ianoa?aiei, A.Iaiaaa, I.I?neio?i, A.I?eioe,
Ae.No?ae?oe, I.Ooaai-Aa?aiianueeee oa ?i.

Aaeaeaaoia aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea iiaeeeaa eeoa ca oiia ?nioaaiiy
iie?oe/ii? noaa?eueiino? a noni?euenoa? oa aea?aeaa?, o?nii? aca?iiae??
oa ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa an?o noa’?eo?a iie?oe/ii? aeaaee. Oey, aaeueie
aeooaeueia aeey iaoi? e?a?ie i?iaeaia iie?oe/iiai eiinainono, a oaeiae
oai??y eiioe?eoo, ciaoiaeyoue nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?iaioao oaeeo
aeine?aeiee?a ye O.Aai?neaanueeee, ?.E?o, A.Iaea?ia, E.Iaai?ia,
A.Iie/aiei, TH.Oaioo/aiei oa ?i.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiaoeee aeena?oaoe?? ia iaieioei i?iaeaie i?eaaoii?
aeaniino? oa ?? aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. I?e oeueiio
aaoi? nie?aany ia i?aoe? E.A?oa?aea, , A.Iaaeaaae/oea, A.?aooa?a,
A.-A.Oiiia oa ?i. I?eaaoia aeani?noue ? aecia/aeueiith neeaaeiaith
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Iniiaith a?aeiinei, ye? aacothoueny ia canaaeao
i?eaaoii? aeaniino? ? i?eiao naiaiaee. O?eueee ca oiia iaaii? naiaiaee
ethaeeia iiaea ?aae?coaaoe naaa o ??ciiiai?oieo noa?ao aeeooy. Oaae naia
iiaeia eacaoe i?i noni?euenoai a oe?eiio. Aeai? ?aea? ?ic?iaeyeeny ua a
i?aoeyo Aieueoa?a, Ae.Ae?ae?i, Aeae.Eieea, AE.-AE.?onni, A.Ni?iice.

Aieea e?aa?ae?cio oa aeaiie?aoe/ieo oe?iiinoae ia oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee aeine?aeaeoaaee no/ani? a/ai?, ye-io: ?.A?ii, E.A?oa?ae,
I.O??aeiai,

O.A. oii Oae?e, Ae.Oaeae oa ?i.

?icoi?iiy aeeaieiai aca?iica’yceo oa aca?iii?iieeiaiiy canaae
aeaiie?aoe/iiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa oa nioe?aeueii? ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee, ae??oaeueii? ?ie? aeaieo /eiiee?a uiaei aecia/aiiy
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae i?inoaaeo?oueny a ?iaioao aaaaoueio
aaoi??a. Oaeeie ? i?aoe? A. Aacaa?oiai, A. Aeanei, ?. Ayo?a, E.
Aaaeaee?aa, ?.Aea?aiaei?oa, A. Eoeiaa, I. Ee?e/aiea, I. Iaia??ia,
I.I?neio?ia, A.Nae?aaiiaa, A. O?eiieuenueeiai oa ?i.

Oi?ioaaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai? aea?aeaae a iao?e
e?a?i? oa iia’ycaiee c oeei ?icaeoie nioe?aeueii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee
aeiaaathoue a?ae aaoi?a aeena?oaoe?? a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii? e aeiiii?/ii? noa?e a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa oa ??
aca?iiae?? c on?ia iie?oe/ieie ?inoeoooaie oa i?ioeanaie a noni?euenoa?.
I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy oa ?nioaaiiy a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa aea/aeeny
ua A.Aaaaeai, O.Aiaanii, ?.Eaioii, I.Iae?aaaee?, O.Iiioane’? oa ?i.

Aaaaoii??iee no/aniee aiae?c aeaii? i?iaeaie ciaoiaeeoue nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i?aoeyo oaeeo a/aieo ye A. Aioiiaiei, E. Aaaeaee?a, A.
Aeai?aeia, O.Ee?eethe, ?. Eo?an, I. Ieoaeue/aiei, A. Oeiioaiei, A.
Oaaein??a, A. Uaae?iaa oa ?i.

?ieue iie?oe/iiai e?aea?a, iie?oe/ii? ae?oe uiaei i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oa
?aae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ? aeeeth/ii aaaeeeaei /eiieeii ?
noaiiaeoue iaaiee ?ioa?an naia c oi/ee ci?o iie?oieia?/iiai aniaeoo
i?iaeaie. Aeaiei aniaeoai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/ai? i?aoe? N.
A?eyoeueeiai, I.Aae?ao?nueeiai, TH.Aae?ao?nueeiai A. Eieiiieoeaaa,
I.Iaoiaiei, A. Ii?ioianueeiai, A.Nae?aiaia, I.Ooeueae oa ?i. Iniaeeaee
?ioa?an aeey Oe?a?ie noaiiaeoue aeina?ae ?aoi?i ? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo
oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e a e?a?iao No?aeii? ?a?iie.
Oaeeie i?aoeyie ? i?aoe? ?.Aiaei?e?, ?.Ayo?a, ?.Aeaei?ia, A.E?naeueiaa,
?.E?o, I.E?aoca, I.Iacooe, O.?oaee/a, A.?oiyioeaaa, A.Oaeae? oa ?i.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaaaoianiaeoia aca?iiae?y
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ?inoeooo?a ? i?ioean?a
o aea?aeaa?. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia? iie?oieia?/iee aniaeo
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ye ae?eiaee can?a aieeao ia i?ioean
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa ? aeinyaiaiiy ia oe?e
iniia? a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ii? ceaaiaee.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ae??oaiiy iaoeiaeo
caaaeaiue ? aeinyaiaiiy e?ioeaai? iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii aoei
aeei?enoaii oae? i?aeoiaee oa iaoiaee iaoeiaiai aiae?co: aii??e/iee,
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee, ii??aiyeueiee, ?ao?iniaeoeaiee, nenoaiiee,
?iaeoeoeaiee, aeaaeoeoeaiee.

Aii??e/iee i?aeo?ae iaaea? ciiao aeine?aeeoe iie?oe/io iiaaae?ieo, ia?o
ca ana, aea?aeaaieo ae?y/?a ? e?aea??a, aeiiii?/ii? e iie?oe/ii? ae?oe
uiaei ?o a?aeiioaiiy aei ?nioth/iai noaio ni?aa o aeiiii?/i?e noa??
noni?euenoaa. Canoinoaaiiy aaoi?ii noaoenoe/iiai oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
iaoa??aeo, aeaieo nioe?ieia?/ieo iieooaaiue, a?o/eciyieo oa ?iicaiieo
aiae?oe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeicaieeei i?iaiae?coaaoe o aeeiai?oe? ae??
ci?ie a?iiaaenueei? aeoiee uiaei iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny ana?aaeei? aeaaeieo ?inoeooo?a ? aieeaathoue ia
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia noaiiaeua. Aii??e/iee i?aeo?ae ni?ey?
cae?eniaiith no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aiae?co aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
ye iie?oieia?/iiai oaiiiaio. Caaaeyee oeueiio aiae?co?oueny iaoa,
nooi?noue, ooieoe?? oa ?io? aaaeeea? eaoaai???, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aeiiii?/io iie?oeeo aea?aeaae.

Aeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy aeena?oaioii o aeine?aeaeaii? iaoiae?a
ii??aiyeueiiai oa ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai aiae?co aeicaieeei aecia/eoe iniiai?
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a e
?inoeooo?a, ye? aeaoa?i?iothoue ??ci? oi?ie aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. Ia
eiaeiiio aoai? ?ao?iniaeoeaii-ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co aaoi? i?enoiniao?
io?eiaiee aeina?ae aei eiie?aoieo iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo oiia a
Oe?a?i? c iaoith ciaoiaeaeaiiy iioeiaeueiiai oeyoo oi?ioaaiiy ?
i?iaaaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae.

Nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aeicaieea aaoi?ia? aeyaeoe aeeaieo aca?iicaeaaei?noue
oa iiiaeeii?noue iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a. Iaoiae iaoeiai?
?iaeoeoe?? oa aeaaeoeoe?? aeiiii?a anoaiiaeaiith i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo
ca’yce?a i?ae oaiiiaiaie aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai?
aea?aeaae oa nioe?aeueii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee e oi?ioaaiith ia oe?e
iniia? iaaieo aniaeo?a aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieyaa? o cae?eniaii? eiiieaeniiai aiae?co nooiino? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
ye iie?oieia?/ii? eaoaai???, aea/aii? aca?iica’yceo, aca?iiae?? oa
aca?iiaieeao iie?oe/ieo ?inoeooo?a ? i?ioean?a e aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie
noni?euenoaa, inieneaii? na?oiaeo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo oa
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ia i?aaeiao oai?/iai canoinoaaiiy
io?eiaiiai aeina?aeo uiaei oi?ioaaiiy aeaaaeaii? oa iine?aeiaii?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oe??? iaoe, noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? caaaeaiiy iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? iieyaathoue o oiio, uia:

?ice?eoe nooi?noue, iaoo, i?eioeeie, ooieoe?? oa oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ye i?aaeiaoo iie?oieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy;

ia iniia? a?aenoaaeaiiy aaiaceno aeiiii?/ii? oa iie?oe/ii? aeoiee
i?ioyaii noie?oue aeyaeoe aca?iica’ycie, aca?iicaeaaei?noue oa
aca?iiiaoiiaeai?noue iie?oe/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a o
noni?euenoa?, iaa?oiooaaaoe ia oe?e iniia? i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iee oa?aeoa?
aeine?aeaeaiiy;

oai?/i inieneeoe na?oiaee aeina?ae oi?ioaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee aea?aeaae a e?eciaeo oiiaao, cie?aia, aieea ia oeae i?ioean
oaeeo iie?oe/ieo /eiiee?a, ye iiaaae?iea aea?aeaaieo ae?y/?a oa ae?oe,
iie?oe/ia aiey e?aea??a e?a?ie, aca?iiae?y ??cieo noa’?eo?a iie?oe/ii?
aeaaee oiui;

aecia/eoe aea?aeaaioai?/o ooieoe?th oa iioaioe?ae aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
a Oe?a?i?;

i?iaiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino? oa ia?niaeoeae oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?;

aeine?aeeoe aca?iiiaoiiaeai?noue noaa?eueiino? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai
ono?ith oa nooiaith aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie;

aecia/eoe ?ieue aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai? aea?aeaae ?
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa o oi?ioaaii? no/anii? aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o cae?eniaii? oai?aoe/iiai
aiae?co i?iaeai aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ye i?aaeiaoo
iie?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy; ?icoe?aii? ?ie? iie?oe/ii? iaoee
noiniaii aiae?co aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee; aeyaeaii? nooiino?, ooieoe?e ?
oaiaeaioe?e oi?ioaaiiy oa cae?eniaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ye aaaiiiai
iie?oe/iiai /eiieea i?ioeano aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a Oe?a?i?; caaaa/aii?
iaoiaeieia?? iie?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano ?ic?iaee
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae; ?ic?iaoe? eiioeaioe?? iie?noa’?eoiino?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ye /eiieea aeeiai?caoe?? oa
aeaiie?aoecaoe?? iie?oeei-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a o noni?euenoa?;
aeyaeaii? ?ie? oi?ioaaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai?
aea?aeaae ? a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa uiaei aeaaaeaii? oa
oe?eani?yiiaaii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy:

aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae — oea ae?yeuei?noue o noa?? a?aeiinei i?ae
a?iiaaeyiaie, ??cieie aa?noaaie ianaeaiiy, iie?oe/ieie ?inoeoooaie uiaei
caaacia/aiiy aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa caaeiaieaiiy ?ioa?an?a ethaeeie ye
iaeaeui? nioe?aeueii? oe?iiino?. Aeoiaey/e c i?eioeeio iie?noa(?eoiino?
aiia a?aeia?aaea? iio?aae oa caieoe iaeoe?oeo i?ioa?e?a ianaeaiiy ?
caeaoia caaeiaieueieoe ?o i?e iayaiino? aenieiai ??aiy aca?iiae??;

aea?aeaaioai?/a ooieoe?y aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i? iieyaa? o
ci?oeiaii? iniia iacaeaaeiino? caaaeyee i?aeaeuaiith aeiiii?/ii?
iiaooiino? e?a?ie, yea ? /eiieeii ciaioaiiy ??cei? nioe?aeueii?
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? noni?euenoaa;

noaa?euei?noue noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai ono?ith ? aeaoa?i?iaioith noaeiai
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie. Oi?ioaaiiy aeaaaeaii? ? oe?eani?yiiaaii?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i? ia? iiaeaeueoo ia?niaeoeao eeoa caaaeyee
aeinyaiaiith iie?oe/ii? noaa?eueiino? noni?euenoaa ? ceaaiaee aeaaeieo
no?oeoo?;

iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie i?ioeano aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae iie?oe/iith e
aeiiii?/iith nenoaiaie noni?euenoaa a Oe?a?i?, oi?ioaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe??
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee iaoi? aea?aeaae aoaea oneeaaeiaii a ?ac?
iaa?aooaaiiy anaa?/iiai na?oiaiai iie?oe/iiai aeina?aeo uiaei oni?oiiai
ae??oaiiy i?iaeai aeoiaeo c e?eciaeo neooaoe?e a aeiiii?oe?;

oi?ioaaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai? aea?aeaae ?
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa — iaeaaaeeea?o? /eiieee oi?ioaaiiy oa
?aae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. Iniaenoa naiaiaea, iie?oeei-i?aaia?
aa?aio?? ethaeeie o a?iiaaeyinueeiio noni?euenoa?, ae?enia, a ia oyaia
iie?oe/ia ? nioe?aeueia ??aiiaaaa, iathoue noaoe caii?oeith iiaeaeueoiai
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy;

eiioeaioe?y iie?noa’?eoiino? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae iiaeiia
noaoe iaeaaaeeea?oei /eiieeii aeinyaiaiiy noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? ceaaiaee
uiaei ae?iaeaiiy oa i?eeiyooy aaeaeaaoieo iie?oeei-aeiiii?/ieo ??oaiue,
iniiaith ?aae?caoe?? yei? ? canaaee aeaiie?aoe/ii?, i?aaiai?,
nioe?aeueii? aea?aeaae e a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa;

c oi/ee ci?o iie?oieia?/iiai aniaeoo aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ??
iie?oe/i? /eiieee oa neeaaeia? a?ae?a?athoue i?ia?aeio ?ieue ii
a?aeiioaiith aei aeiiii?/ieo, ine?eueee iacaaaeath/e ia aeania
aeiiii?/i? i?e/eie ia?aoai?aiue naia iie?oeea aecia/a? iai?yie
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa.

Aecia/ath/e oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia?ii i?aee?aneeoe, ui
aea/aiiy i?iaeaie aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae, ?? iie?oieia?/iiai
aniaeoo ni?ey? aaeaeaaoiiio oyaeaiith i?i aca?iica’ycie oa aca?iiae?th
aeiiii?/ieo ? iie?oe/ieo ?inoeooo?a ? i?ioean?a a noni?euenoa? oa
aea?aeaa?, ?icoe?th? iioaioe?ae iie?oieia?? ye iaoee, ??
i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iee oa?aeoa?, cia/ii caaaa/o? iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae ?
eiei ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy no/anii? iie?oe/ii? iaoee a Oe?a?i?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiaeo
aaoi?nueeeo ?ic?iaie iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/iiai ? oai?aoeei-aiae?oe/iiai
oa?aeoa?o o i?ioean i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a iao?e
e?a?i?. Aei oeueiai iiaeia a?aeianoe oai?/a aeei?enoaiiy aaaaoiai
na?oiaiai aeina?aeo oa oai?aoe/ieo iaaeaaiue, ye? iiaeooue aooe
ei?enieie uiaei noaa?e?caoe?? iie?oe/iiai i?aea?oioy, yea iaiao?aeia
aeey noai?aiiy oiia oi?ioaaiiy oe?e?nii?, eiioeaiooaeueii? aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee Oe?a?ie.

Cia/ia i?aeoe/ia oa oai?aoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy eiai iaoa??ae?a o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?, aeeeaaeaoeuee?e oa iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeuee?e
?iaio? i?e ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo niaoe?aeueieo eo?n?a, iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo
iin?aiee?a oa aeac?aie c iie?oieia??, aeiiii?ee, nioe?ieia??, iie?oe/ii?
ineoieia?? oiui.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Aeaye? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny
aaoi?ii o aeeeaaeaoeuee?e ?iaio?, cie?aia, i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?no
«Aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae ? i?iaeaie ?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy» a
iaa?no?aoo?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy oa iniia iie?oieia?? a
No?aeiioe?a?inueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, oace oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e iie?oieia??
No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, a oaeiae aeeeaaeai?
aaoi?ii ia iaeani?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iniiai? aniaeoe
noaiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiino? a ?aa?ii?» (Eoaainuee, 1997). Ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii iaienaii ? iioae?eiaaii e?eueea iaoeiaeo noaoae ?
iaeia ?iaeea?aeoaeueia a?ioo?a. Ioaea, naia a oeueiio iieyaa? iniaenoee
aianie aeena?oaioa o ?ic?iaeo eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo uiaei
aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iiae?? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo oa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ?inoeooo?a ? i?ioean?a o no/ani?e Oe?a?i?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, eiaeai c yeeo iae?/o? aeaa i?ae?icae?ee, aeniiae?a ? nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 166 noi??iie, ianya
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e — 16 noi??iie ? iae?/o? 210 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, nooi?iue
?? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee o a?o/eciyi?e oa na?oia?e iie?oe/i?e iaooe?,
aecia/athoueny oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy, iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, oi?ioeththoueny eiai iaoa oa
caaaeaiiy, a?aecia/athoueny iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaeathoueny aeai? i?i ai?iaaoe?th eiai
?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae ye i?aaeiao
iie?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy» ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ii?
niaaeueie a/aieo ieioeiai, a oaeiae aiae?co aca?iiae?? aeiiii?/ieo ?
iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a o noni?euenoa? neeaaea?oueny aaoi?nueea aa/aiiy
nooiino? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ye eaoaai??? iie?oe/ii? iaoee. O
ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? «Aaiacen aeiiii?/ii? oa nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ii?
aeoiee uiaei nooiino? iiiyooy «aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea» aaoi? anaa?/ii
aiae?co? oai?aoe/i? iaaeaaiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a noa?iaeaaiuei?
o?einionueei-iie?oe/ii? aeoiee. Ia iniia? aiae?co ?ia?o oaeeo ieneeoae?a
ye Eiioooe?e, Ieaoii, A??noioaeue, Oe?oea?ii aaoi? aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo,
ui naia ?icaeyae nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai iin?aeaa aaaiia i?noea
o ?oi?o o?einionueei-iie?oe/ieo iiaeyaeao ? aiae?oe/ieo ?ic?iaeao.
Cie?aia, aaaeeeaei iiiaioii uiaei aiae?co iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie A??noioaey ?
oa, ui a?i aaaaeaa ethaeeio ii nai?e i?e?iae? iie?oe/iith ?noioith;
ioaea ii?iaeueia ethaeeia ia iiaea aeeoe iica aea?aeaaith. Oaeei /eiii,
ye cacia/aii aaoi?ii o aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii?, ? aeiiii?/ia
noa?a ?nioaaiiy ethaeeie ia iiaea ciaoiaeeoeny iica aea?aeaaith, a ioaea
ia? nai? iie?oe/ia caaa?aeaiiy.

Ae?ae iaiao?aeiei ? aaaeeeaei, ia aeoieo aaoi?a ? ?ao?iniaeoeaiee aiae?c
iie?oeei-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie oa aea/aiiy aaiaceno
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? aeoiee uiaei iiaeaeueoiai
aecia/aiiy nooiino? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee oa i?ioeano aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a
e?a?i?. I?ioyaii e?eueeio noie?oue noai?aiiy aeiiii?/ieo i?aeaaeei
iie?oe/iiai eo?no aoei ni?yiiaaii ia ?icaeoie iniia iacaeaaeiino?
e?a?ie. Nii/aoeo e?aa?aeueia aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea ee?anueeeo eiyc?a, a
iio?i ? aaoueiai?a ii?aeioaaeanue c i?aeianaiiyi iiaooi?o
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo ?oo?a. Noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee i?ia?an iaaoa oi?ie
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueii? ai?ioueae. Aiaeii/an, o na?aaeei? OVII
noie?ooy a Oe?a?i? a?aeaoeeny ?aaeeeaeuei? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ci?ie,
aoei ooaa?aeaeaii eicaoeueeo aeani?noue ia caieth. ?noioii ci?ieeany
?icnoaiiaea nioe?aeueieo aa?noa, ui noai?thaaei iiaooith nioe?aeueio
aaco aeey ?aeiaiiy oa eiinie?aeaoe?? ia?iaeo.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
oa iie?oe/ii? aeoiee oeueiai ia??iaeo nueiaiaei? iaoiiaeaia oei, ui a
no/ani?e Oe?a?i? aeiaiaeeoueny ?ica’ycoaaoe i?iaeaie, aeoaea noiae? ia
aaea caaaeai?. Oeyo aei ae??oaiiy oeeo i?iaeai iieyaa? o o?niiio
aca?iica’yceo i?ae i?ioeanii aea?aeaaioai?aiiy oa aeiiii?/iith
iie?oeeith aea?aeaae, yea ni?ey? nioe?aeueiiio naiiaecia/aiith ethaeeie.

Iaaaeueiith i?iaeaiith, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ? iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy a
iie?oe/i?e oai??? aeine?aeaeaiue nooiino? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, naia c
aieo ?ioa?an?a ? iio?aa ethaeeie, ?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iioeaaoe?? aei
a?eueii? aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «Iiooe iaa?oioiaaii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ye
ae?th/i? neee aea?aeaaioai?aiiy» — aeine?aeaeothoueny nooi?noue, iaoa,
ooieoe?? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae. Aia?oa cina?aaeaeaii oaaao ia
«aeiiii?/i?e iie?oeoe?» ye iie?oieia?/i?e eaoaai???.

Aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea ? iaa?ae’?iiei ao?eaooii
onyei? caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? iie?oeee. Aca?iiae?y oa aca?iiaieea
aeiiii?ee e iie?oeee o aea?aeaa? ? i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?oe/ii?
iaoee, ai iie?oe/ia aeaaea, ia?o ca ana, caeaaeeoue a?ae ae??
aeiiii?/ieo aaaeae?a. O oie naiee /an, eeoa i?eeiyooy aaeaeaaoieo
iie?oe/ieo ??oaiue ciooo? aeiiii?eo i?enei?eoe na?e ?icaeoie.

Oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee i?iaeai aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae a na?o?, ui
aeiei??iii ci?ith?oueny, aeaaeae? iaaoaathoue a?eueoi? aeooaeueiino?.
Aea?aeaae, ye? noi?ioaaee i?oeio iniiao naiai ?icaeoeo, ye i?aaeei, iaee
? iathoue oe?eani?yiiaaio iie?oeeo a aaeoc? aeiiii?ee. Oeae oaeoi?, ia
aeoieo aaoi?a, ? aaaeeeaei uiaei cae?eniaiiy aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a
e?a?iao, ui noaee ia oeyo iacaeaaeiino?.

?icaeyaeath/e nenoaiii iie?oeei-aeiiii?/io ae?yeuei?noue ye neeaaeiao
iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano, aaoi? aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui aeiiii?ea aea?aeaae
ia iiaea ?nioaaoe aaoiiiiii, ia aoaeo/e o?nii iia’ycaiith c an??th
nenoaiith iie?oeei-aeaaeieo a?aeiinei. Iie?oieia?/iee aniaeo i?iaeaie
a?aeia?aaea?oueny o aca?iica’yceo iai?yi?a aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee c
eiie?aoieie ?o noa’?eoaie ona?aaeei? ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae. Nooi?noue
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ye i?aaeiaoa iie?oieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o eiiieaen? iie?oe/ieo caoiae?a, ??oaiue, ye?
cae?eniththoueny c iaoith ae?? oa aieeao ia aeiiii?/iee noai
noni?euenoaa. Iniiaiith iaoith aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ?
caaeiaieaiiy aaaaoiiai?oieo ?ioa?an?a iie?oe/ieo noa’?eo?a o
noni?euenoa? /a?ac iaai? ci?ie a aeiiii?/i?e noa??.

Ia oe?e iniia? aaoi? aeae?ey? oae? ooieoe?? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
aea?aeaae:

cae?eniaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee a ?ioa?anao nioe?aeueieo a?oi, ye?
iathoue iie?oe/io aeaaeo;

c??aiyiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a nioe?aeueieo a?oi, ye? iathoue
iie?oe/io aeaaeo oa aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a nioe?aeueieo a?oi, ye? ia
iathoue ??, a i?ioeeaaeiiio aeiaaeeo aea?aeaaa aoaea iaaciic?
caaacia/eoe noaa?eueia noaiiaeua noni?eueii? nenoaie;

caaacia/aiiy caaeiaieaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a on??? nioe?aeueii?
nenoaie a oe?eiio (a?ioiaee ia?a, aia?aaoe/ia caaacia/aiiy,
aoae?aieoeoai nii?oae, ?io?ano?oeoo?a, aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie ? o.?i.);

anoaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie aca?iiaea?aeieo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a c ?ioeie
e?a?iaie, a oaeiae caoeno aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a nai?? e?a?ie oiui.

Aaaeeea?noue ?iciaaeoaaiiy i?aeoiae?a uiaei cae?eniaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee ii/eia? iaoiaeeoe ?icoi?iiy o a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeiee?a. I?ioa
a?ae/oaa?oueny a?aenooi?noue iaaieo iaoiaeieia?/ieo, iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie
uiaei aea/aiiy aeaiiai aniaeoo aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee naia c oi/ee ci?o
iie?oe/ii? iaoee.

Oiio, a?aoiaoth/e an? oaeoi?e, ye? iiaeooue aieeaaoe ia aeiiii?/io
iie?oeeo aea?aeaae, a oaeiae ia i?eeiyooy iie?oe/ieo ??oaiue o noa??
aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue, aaoi? aaaaea? ca iaiao?aeia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iaoiaea aeii?iaioii-aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai ciaoiaeaeaiiy ia?oi/a?aiai?
?aa?iiaeueii? neeaaeiai? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. Naia aeaiee aniaeo
eiioeaioe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ua ia ciaeoia naiai
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o a?o/eciyi?e iie?oe/i?e iaooe?.

Aeaiee iaoiae ia?aaeaa/a? iaeneiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo
a?aei?iiinoae oa ia?aaaa aeey ia?aai?thaaiiy e?ece e aeoea?caoe??
aioo??oi?o aeaea?ae aeiiii?/iiai ?inoo. Nooi?noue eiai iieyaa? o
eii?aeeiaoe?? coneeue oeaio?aeueieo ? ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy
uiaei ae?iaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo oeyo?a ?icaeoeo ? a?aeiaeaeaiiy ia oe?e
iniia? ia?oi/a?aiai? neeaaeiai? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aeey eiaeiiai
?aa?iio.

Iie?oieia?/ia inieneaiiy oa aiae?c oaiiiaio aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?
ciiao ona?aeiieoe aaaeeea?noue i?eeiyooy naia iie?oe/ieo ??oaiue ia iea?
aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue. Aeania aeiiii?/i? ?ic?iaee iathoue iacia/io
oe?io, yeui aiie ia i?aee??ieai? iie?oe/iith i?aeo?eieith. Aaeaea
aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia nioe?aeuei?,
aeooiai?, eoeueoo?i? oa ?io? /eiieee ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Na?oiaee aeina?ae aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino? uiaei
aeoiaeo c aeiiii?/ii? e?ece» ?icaeyaeathoueny oa aiae?cothoueny
eiie?aoi? i?eeeaaee cae?eniaiiy oni?oii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae
a ??cieo e?a?iao ii aeoiaeo c e?eciaiai noaiiaeua ? ia oe??? iniia?
cae?eniaii ni?iao i?iaiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino? oa ia?niaeoeae ?ic?iaee
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a no/ani?e Oe?a?i?. A ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e?
«Aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea a e?eciaeo oiiaao» aeine?aeaeo?oueny aaeeeee
na?oiaee aeina?ae i?iaaaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a e?eciaeo oiiaao.
Cie?aia, aaoi? i?eae?ey? iniaeeao oaaao naia iie?oieia?/iiio aniaeoia?
aeaii? i?iaeaie, ine?eueee aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea ia iiaea aooe
ai?iaaaeaeaia a ae?th aac aeiiiiiae iie?oe/ieo aaaeae?a. Iniaeeai oea ?
iii?oiei ca /an?a aeiiii?/ieo e?ec, eiee aea?aeaaa a inia? o?yaeo, /e
eiai e?aea?a, ioneoue acyoe ia naaa aanue oyaa? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
oa noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo iaaa?acae?a e cai?iiiioaaoe ae?th/o aeiiii?/io
iie?oeeo.

O ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny ? aiae?co?oueny aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea a oiiaao
e?ece ia i?eeeaae? e?a?i c ??ciei ??aiai ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee, iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e, ??ciei iie?oe/iei oa aeiiii?/iei ono?i?i.

ssne?aaei i?eeeaaeii aecia/aiiy naia iie?oieia?/iiai aei??o aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee a aeine?aeaeaii? ? ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aeina?aeo aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee uiaei aeoiaeo c e?ece a NOA oa Aiae?? o ??ci? /ane, ca ??cieo
aeiiii?/ieo ianoaaei. Naia oeae oaeo a?ae?a?a? ?noioio ?ieue o
i?iaaaeaii? aeaiiai aiae?co. sseui NOA aei e?ece i?eaaea iie?oeea
iaao?o/aiiy a aeiiii?eo ? aei?noie? caeiie a?eueiiai ?eieo, oi a Aiae??
neooaoe?y aoea i?ioeeaaeiith. Oai aei e?ece i?ecaaei i?aae?iiy
eaeai?eno?a, ye? ai?iaaaeaeoaaee iie?oeeo iaoe?iiae?caoe??
i?iieneiaino?, nioe?ae?noe/ia ieaioaaiiy.

O oeueiio nain? aeiiii?/iee aei?? i?iaeaie aeoiaeeoue ia ae?oaee ieai.
Ia?oi?yaeiiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? naia iie?oieia?/iee aniaeo aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee, a yeiio ciaoiaeyoueny oeyoe aeinyaiaiiy caaaeueii? iaoe
ia?aoai?aiue.

Aaoi? aeaco? ia oie oaeo, ui iacaaaeath/e ia aeania aeiiii?/i? i?e/eie
e?ece, ye? iiaeooue aooe ??ciiiai?oii-i?ioeeaaeiiai oa?aeoa?o, aieiaieie
iie?oieia?/ieie /eiieeaie aenooiathoue aeia?a iie?oe/ia aiey, ??oo/?noue
ae?e, iniaeno? yeino? e?aea??a oeeo e?a?i, aaeeea ue?a aaaeaiiy ci?i ia
e?aua. Naia a?aenooi?noue iie?oe/iiai ?icaeai?iiy oa eieeaaiue a oie /e
?ioee a?e aeeeeeaea aeia??o nii/aoeo aeai?oe?a, a iio?i an?eyeo
ii?aeueio i?aeo?eieo anueiai ianaeaiiy a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy caoiae?a
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, ui ? aeoaea aaaeeeaei ineoieia?/iei oaeoi?ii
iie?oieia?/iiai aniaeoo.

Oaeiae aeine?aeaeo?oueny aeina?ae iie?oeei-aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i a e?a?iao
Oeaio?aeueii? oa No?aeii? ?a?iie. Aaoi? cina?aaeea naith oaaao ia
o?ueio, iaea?eueo ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao oeueiai ?aa?iio, a naia *ao??,
Oai?uei? oa Iieueu?. Aeina?ae oeeo e?a?i, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ia? aooe
ei?eniei aeey Oe?a?ie a na?oe? noiaeino? oeo aaiiie?oe/ieo oa
aaiaeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a ieo, c oeie, ui iathoue
oaeo ae oaiaeaioe?th a Oe?a?i?. Aiae?coth/e ? aea/ath/e i?aoe?
aeine?aeiee?a oe??? i?iaeaie — O.?oaee/a, I.Iacooe oa ?ioeo, aaoi?
ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui iniiaith oni?oiiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee a cacia/aieo no?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?iao noaea
aeaiie?aoecaoe?y anueiai noni?euenoaa, eiinie?aeaoe?y coneeue on?o
noa’?eo?a iie?oe/ii? aeaaee, ui a iie?oieia?/iiio ?icoi?ii? aniaeoo
i?iaeaie ia? ia oaac? iayai?noue eiino?oeoeaii? iiiceoe??, ?ica?aeiino?
yei? c o?yaeii ia aeoiaeyoue ca ?aiee no?aoaa?/iiai eo?no aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «Iniaeeaino? oa ia?niaeoeae ?ic?iaee aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee a no/ani?e Oe?a?i?» aaoi? caaaeo? ia iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy
?inoeoooe?eieo iiaeeeainoae aea?aeaae uiaei ci?ie iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aace
noiniaii oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. A oeueiio ca’yceo
aea?aeaaa iiaeiia i?eaanoe nai? ooieoe?? o a?aeiia?aei?noue aei nai?o
iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae, uia ae?iaeoe ?inoeoooe?ei? i?aaeea ? ii?ie,
ye? aeicaieythoue ?e ?ic?iaeoe aoaeoeaio oa ae?eiao aeiiii?/io iie?oeeo.

Ia oe?e iniia? aaoi? aeae?ey? oae? iniiai? aeaiaioe oi?ioaaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i? ye-io:

iie?oeei-i?aaiaa caaacia/aiiy iae?i- ? i?e?iaeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua,
yea oi?io? noeioee aeey aoaeoeaii? aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?;

caaacia/aiiy ?inoeoooe?iiaeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e — i?aa aeaniino?,
caeiiiino? ? i?aaiii?yaeeo, a oaeiae ii?i, ye? caioi/othoue aoaeoeaia
aeiaaioa?i?iiaa ?iaanooaaiiy;

caaacia/aiiy ia?oi/a?aiaeo iniia ina?oe, ioi?iie caei?ia’y;
?io?ano?oeoo?e, iaiao?aeii? aeey aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?; caoeno
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oiui.

Caaaeaiiy aea?aeaae ?, a?aeiia?aeii, iie?oeee, yeo aiia i?iaiaeeoue,
??ci?. ?ieiee iio??aii noeioethaaoe iiaeaeueoa aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy,
?ieiee aaaeeeai eiai aeaui no?eioaaoe. Iaiao?aei? i?e oeueiio caniae
oaeiae ??ci?. Ana caeaaeeoue a?ae eiie?aoii? neooaoe?? ? eiie?aoieo
caaaeaiue.

Oaeei /eiii, ia iniia? aeuacacia/aieo oaeoi??a aaoi? aecia/a? iniiai?
iniaeeaino? ?ic?iaee aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?. Aiie, ia eiai
iiaeyae, iieyaathoue o:

iaiao?aeiino? caa?aaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? ? iie?oe/ii? iacaeaaeiino? e?a?ie
a oiiaao ioeueoeiiey?iiai na?oo;

i?iaeiaaeaii? i?ioeano aea?aeaaioai?aiiy ia iniia? ci?oeiaiiy
aeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua a aea?aeaa?;

iaiao?aeiino? i?eeiyooy iie?oeei-aeiiii?/ieo ??oaiue a oiiaao
iie?oe/ii? ianoaa?eueiino? a noni?euenoa?;

iaiao?aeiino? a?aooaaiiy aaiiie?oe/iiai noaiiaeua e?a?ie uiaei
i?ioean?a aeiiii?/ii? oa iie?oe/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? a e?a?iao ?a?iiaenueei?
ni?aae?oaeiino?.

Aaaeeeaei ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? aaaaea? aecia/aiiy
aaiiie?oe/iiai aei??o aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie. Ia aeoieo
aeena?oaioa, iie?oeei-aeiiii?/ia ?cieueiaai?noue a?ae ciai?oiueiai
na?oo, aea?aeaaia aaoa?e?y iiaea iaoe iaaaaeai? iaaaoeai? iane?aeee. A?i
aaa/a? nooi?noue iie?oieia?/iiai aniaeoo aeiiii?/ii? aaiiie?oeee Oe?a?ie
o yeiaeoaeaeoiio ?ioaa?oaaii? iaoi? e?a?ie o ?a?iiaenueeee aaiiie?oe/iee
oa aaiaeiiii?/iee i?ino??.

Uiaei e?ie?a aioo??oiuei? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee iaoi? aea?aeaae a ?aieao
iie?oieia?/iiai aniaeoo, oi aiie iieyaathoue naia o ?icaeoeo
ni?aaaeiueiai ia?eaiaioa?ecio, o ci?oeiaii? ? iioe?aii? aeaiie?aoe/ieo
oaiaeaioe?e a noni?euenoa? oa eiai iie?oe/ieo ?inoeoooao. I?i
aeioe?euei?noue oe??? aeoiee na?ae/eoue oaanue aeina?ae e?a?i No?aeii?
?a?iie.

Oaeei /eiii, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iinoaea iaiao?aei?noue c?iaeoe ni?iao
aecia/eoe o? ia?niaeoeae, ye? iiaea iaoe ?ic?iaea aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a
Oe?a?i?. sse aaaaea? aaoi?, aiie iiaeooue aooe oaeeie:

ii-ia?oa, ca oiia ?nioaaiiy /?oei? i?ia?aie o?yaeo uiaei oeyo?a oa
cania?a aeoiaeo c aeiiii?/ii? e?ece, ?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ia? caeiyoe iaaaeeeee i?ii?aeie /ano;

ii-ae?oaa, ?aae?caoe?y aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ia? aooe a?eueo oni?oiith
i?e ?? iaeaaeiiio iie?oeei-i?aaiaiio caaacia/aii?;

ii-o?ao?, aeinyaiaiiy eiinainono i?ae i?aaiaie iie?oe/ii? aeaaee ia?
ni?eyoe a?eueo eiino?oeoeaiiio iaaiai?aiith aeiiii?/ieo ieoaiue a
i?ioean? ?ic?iaee aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee;

ii-/aoaa?oa, ?ic?iaea aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aoaea ae?eiaith ca oiia
a?eueo aio/eiai aecia/aiiy i??i?eoao?a ia eiaeiee ie?aiee i?ii?aeie
/ano;

ii-i’yoa, yeui o ?ic?iaoe? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie aoaeooue
a?aoiaai? aaiiie?oe/i? ?aae?? ?? ?nioaaiiy, oea ia? aacoiiaiei /eiii
iicia/eoeny e ia aioo??oiueiio noai? ?? aeiiii?ee.

Oiio noa? i/aaeaeiei, ui aeaanoe aeiiii?eo Oe?a?ie c e?eciaiai noaio ?
noai?eoe oiiae aeey ?? oni?oiiai ?icaeoeo ia?aaeaa/a?oueny iiaeeeaei
eeoa c o?aooaaiiyi on?o iiaeeeaeo /eiiee?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?ic?iaeo
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Noai?aiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai?
aea?aeaae — iaeaaaeeea?oee /eiiee oi?ioaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?» aiae?cothoueny aeaiie?aoe/iee iie?oe/iee ?aaeei,
nooi?noue aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai? aea?aeaae ?
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa uiaei iiceoeaiiai niiioeath/iai aieeao ia
?ic?iaeo oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e?
«Aeaiie?ao?y ye iniiaiiieaaath/a neeaaeiaa aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee» aaoi?
aeiaiaeeoue, ui naia i?eiao aeaiie?ao?? a noni?euenoa? ? aea?aeaa? iiaea
aeiiiiiaoe eiaeiiio ?iaeea?aeia? oa noni?euenoao a oe?eiio ?ice?eoe na?e
iioaioe?ae a on?o noa?ao aeeooy — aeiiii?/i?e, iie?oe/i?e, nioe?aeuei?e,
eoeueoo?i?e, aeooiai?e. Caii?oeith oeueiio ? iaa?ae’?iiee i?eioeei
aeaiie?ao?? — naiaiaea. A aeiiii?/i?e noa?? oaeoi?ii ?aae?caoe??
naiaiaee ? ieth?ae?ci o i?aaiaiio noaoon? oi?i aeaniino?, aea eeth/iao
?ieue ia? a?ae?a?aaaoe aa?aio?y aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy, ia?o
ca ana, ae?yeueiino? i?eaaoieo aeaniee?a.

*eiiee aeaiie?ao?? ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae
iieyaa? o a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? aeaaeieo no?oeoo? ye ia?aae ia?iaeii, oae
? ia?aae iie?oe/ieie iiiiaioaie ca oi?ioaaiiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee. Aaoi? aeine?aeaeo? ??ciiiai?oi? oeie no/anii? iie?oe/ii?
aeaiie?ao??, ?o aieea ia aeiiii?/io noa?o noni?euenoaa. A?i aeiaiaeeoue,
ui aeaiie?ao?y ? iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiith oi?iith iie?oe/iiai ono?ith a
oiiaao nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy noni?euenoaa. Eeane/iei
i?eeeaaeii iiaeia aaaaeaoe e?a?ie Cao?aeii? ?a?iie oa NOA, ye?
i?iaeaiiino?oaaee aaeaeaaoi?noue aeaiie?aoe/ieo i?eioeei?a iaaaeueiei
nioe?ieoeueoo?iei, noni?eueii-iie?oe/iei ? aeiiii?/iei caaaeaiiyi
no/aniino?. Aiie ae?iaeee aoaeoeaio ?inoeoooe?eio no?oeoo?o no/anii?
iie?oeee ? aeiaaee naith ni?iiiaei?noue aei caaacia/aiiy
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ii? noaa?eueiino?.

Oaeei /eiii, ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co aca?iica’yceo aeaiie?aoe/ieo
oe?iiinoae ? iie?oeei-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a noni?euenoa?, aaoi?
ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui Oe?a?ia ia iiaea ciaoiaeeoeny inoi?iiue i?ioean?a
o?niiai aca?iii?iieeiaiiy aeaiie?ao?? ? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
nioe?aeueii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, yea ?nio? a aeiiii?/ii ? iie?oe/ii
?icaeiaieo aeaiie?aoe/ieo e?a?iao ?a?iie ? na?oo.

Oiae, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iaeaaaeeea?oith ia?aaeoiiaith iie?oe/ii?
noaa?e?caoe?? i?ioeano ?ic?iaee ? oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ?
aeaiie?aoecaoe?y ye iie?oe/iiai, oae ? anueiai noni?eueiiai aeeooy.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? «Aieea nioe?aeueii? i?aaiai? aea?aeaae ?
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa ia oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee» aaoi?
aiae?co? oaiiiaie nioe?aeueii? i?aaiai? aea?aeaae oa a?iiaaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa uiaei ?o iiiyooy, nooiino? ye /eiiee?a aieeao ia i?ioean
?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

Iniiaiith canaaeith noni?eueiiai aeeooy o i?aaia?e aea?aeaa?
aecia/a?oueny eiai aaaaoiiai?oi?noue — iie?oe/ia, aeiiii?/ia oa
?aeaieia?/ia. Naia ia i?e, ye aaaaea? aaoi?, ia? a?oiooaaoeny iiaa
eiioeaioe?y iie?noa’?eoiino? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, ca?aeii c yeith
ni?aaaei?ie ?? noa’?eoaie iiaeii? aooe i?aoe?aieee, o?oaeia? eieaeoeae,
a?iiaaeyinuee? i?aai?caoe?? oiui. ?aaeuei? iio?aae oa ?ioa?ane noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? ? ? ia’?eoii aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. O
aeaiiio aeiaaeeo iie?noa’?eoi?noue aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ia? nai?i
i?aea?oioyi i?eioeeie aeiaaeueiiai i?aenoa’?eoiiai nioe?aeueiiai
ia?oia?noaa, ye? ionyoue ooieoe?iioaaoe a iaaeao on??? aea?aeaae.

Iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? i?eioeei?a iie?noa’?eoiino? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
iiaea aooe ai?iaaaeaeaiee a ae?th eeoa ca oiia noai?aiiy a e?a?i? canaae
aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai? aea?aeaae. A aaea ia iniia?
inoaii?o oi?iothoueny iie?oeei-i?aaia? /eiieee aeaii? ae?yeueiino?.
Aieiaiei iie?oeei-i?aaiaei aniaeoii oeueiai i?ioeano ia? noaoe noai?aiiy
Oeaio?aeueii? Eii?aeeiaoe?eii? I?aenoa’?eoii? ?aaee, a oaeiae
i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo ? ?aa?iiaeueieo ocaiaeaeoaaeueieo ?aae noa’?eo?a
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a i?aaiao oi?aae?iiy ? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy c
ieoaiue i?eeiyooy iie?oeei-aeiiii?/ieo ??oaiue.

O oeueiio nain?, iaoiaeieia?/ii a??iei oa aeooaeueiei iinoa? aea/aiiy
oaiiiaio a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa c oi/ee ci?o eiai aieeao oa
aca?iiae?? c aeiiii?/iith nenoaiith aea?aeaae. Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aca?iica’yceo oaeeo iie?oieia?/ieo eaoaai??e ye
a?iiaaeyinueea noni?euenoai, i?aaiaa aea?aeaaa ? aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea,
aecia/aii nooi?noue a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa. A?iiaaeyinueea
noni?euenoai — oea ethaenueea ni?euei?noue, yea oi?io?oueny ?
?icaeaa?oueny a aeaiie?aoe/ieo aea?aeaaao ? yaey? niaith ia?aaeo
aeia?ia?eueii ooai?aieo iaaea?aeaaieo no?oeoo? (ia’?aeiaiue,
i?aai?caoe?e, anioe?aoe?e, nithc?a, ni?eie, oeaio??a, eeoa?a, oiiae?a
oiui) a on?o noa?ao aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? noni?euenoaa ? noeoii?noue
iaaea?aeaaieo a?aeiinei (aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo, aeooiaieo,
?ae?a?eieo oa ?i.).

I/aaeaeii, ui a?iiaaeyinueea noni?euenoai ? aeaiie?aoe/ia, nioe?aeueia,
i?aaiaa aea?aeaaa iino?eii ciaoiaeyoueny a ?aieao noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai
oa aeiiii?/iiai aca?iiaeiiiaiaiiy. Aea?aeaaa aca?iiae?? ?c
a?iiaaeyinueeei noni?euenoaii a ??cieo oi?iao, cie?aia, oaeeo ye
aea/aiiy a?iiaaenueeeo ?i?oe?aoea, aeae?eaiiy iaoa??aeueieo cania?a aeey
?icaeoeo aeoeaiino? aaaaoueio noni?eueieo oa iaaea?aeaaieo ia’?aeiaiue,
i?aai?caoe?e, oiiae?a, ye? ae?thoue a iaaeao aeiiii?/ii? noa?e,
noai?aiiy i?aaiaiai iiey oiui.

?icaeoie aiaeia?/ieo e iiae?aieo aei ieo no?oeoo?, a oaeiae
ni?a?ia?oieoeoai ?c ieie c aieo iie?oe/ieo, aea?aeaaieo onoaiia ia?
iaaaeyea cia/aiiy aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?aaeueii ae?th/i? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
? ia oe?e iniia? iiaeaeueoiai noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai oa aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo iaoi? aea?aeaae.

A ?iaio? aaoi? aecia/a? iniiai? aeiiii?/i? ooieoe?? oa no?aoaa?/i?
iai?yie, ui iathoue aooe oa?aeoa?ieie aeey a?iiaaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa, yea oi?io?oueny a Oe?a?i?, ye-io:

caoeno ?ioa?an?a ? i?aa i?aei?e?inoa, ye? aoiaeyoue aei a?aeiia?aeieo
i?aai?caoe?e. A?i aeinyaa?oueny /a?ac o/anoue ?o i?aaenoaaiee?a o aeueo
i?aaiao aea?aeaaii? aeaaee, o i?aeaioiaoe? i?iaeo?a ii?iaoeaieo i?aaiaeo
aeo?a, a oaeiae eiio?ie? ca ?o aeeiiaiiyi;

anaa?/ia ni?eyiiy ci?oeiaiith aeiiii?/ieo iiceoe?e i?aei?e?inoa, ye?
aoiaeyoue aei i?aai?caoe?e a?ciano. Oeae i?ioean cae?enith?oueny oeyoii
caaacia/aiiy caeo/aiiy o?iainiaeo eioo?a aeey ?aae?caoe?? ia?niaeoeaieo
i?iaeo?a, oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy, inai?iiy
iiaeo ?eie?a caooo oiui;

i?aai?caoe?y a?iiaaenueeiai eiio?ieth ca aeio?eiaiiyi aioeiiiiiieueiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa ? i?aaee aeia?inia?nii? eiieo?aioe??;

i?iaaaeaiiy o ?aieao ia’?aeiaiiy ainiiaea?nueei? ? eiia?oe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, cie?aia, canioaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo oiiae?a;

i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?iiae?cio ? ae?eiai? eaae?o?eaoe?? i?aei?e?ioe?a
/a?ac noai?aiiy oeaio??a oa oe?e a?ciano, eiia?oe??, iaiaaeaeiaioo, a
oaeiae i?iaaaeaiiy eiioa?aioe?e ? ae?eiaeo cono??/ae.

Oaeei /eiii, i?inoaaeo?oueny /?oeee aca?iica’ycie i?ae ?icaeoeii
aeaiie?aoe/ii?, i?aaiai?, nioe?aeueii? aea?aeaae, a?aeiia?aeieo aei
iueiai ?inoeooo?a a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa ? ?ic?iaeith oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi o aeeooy iiai? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae.

O aeniiaeao c?iaeaii ocaaaeueithth/? i?aenoiee ?iaioe. Aiae?c oa
aea/aiiy iie?oieia?/iiai aniaeoo aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae
cana?ae/ea, ui a e?ecia?e aeiiii?/i?e neooaoe?? ae??oaeueieie
aeyaeythoueny naia iie?oe/i? /eiieee. Cacia/a?oueny, ui a na?oe?
no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo ? iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a aea?aeaaioai?aiiy aeiiii?/ia
iie?oeea ia? aooe oaeoi?ii ci?oeiaiiy onueiai aea?aeaaiiai iaoai?cio.
I?aea?oioyi aeey ?? ?icaeoeo iiaeii? noaoe oae? /eiieee ye
aeaiie?aoecaoe?y noni?euenoaa, eiinie?aeaoe?y coneeue noa’?eo?a
iie?oe/ii? aeaaee, canaaee iie?oe/iiai eiinainono. Anoaiiaeaii
aca?iica’ycie i?ae noai?aiiyi aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai?
aea?aeaae ? oi?ioaaiiyi a?aeiia?aeii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

Aa?aiianueeee O.A. I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae. —
Eoaainuee: Aeae-ai No?aeiioe?. aea?ae. oi-oo, 1999. — 39 n. (2,33
ae?oe.a?e.).

Aa?aiianueeee O.A. Aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae ye i?aaeiao
iie?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy // A?niee No?aeiioe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — Eoaainuee, 1997. — ?6. — N. 205-210.

Aa?aiianueeee O. Eo?n “Aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae ? i?iaeaie
?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy” o iaa?no?aoo?? // A?niee aea?aeaaii? neoaeae
Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — ?1. — N.79-81.

Aa?aiianueeee O. Iio??aia /?oea aeieo?eia aeoiaeo c e?ece // A?/a. —
1997. — ?9. — N. 17-26.

Aa?aiianueeee O.A. Na?oiaee aeina?ae aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino? uiaei
aeoiaeo c aeiiii?/ii? e?ece // No/ania oe?a?inueea iie?oeea: iie?oeee ?
iie?oieiae i?i ia? / ?aaeeie.: I.?. Ieoaeue/aiei, O.I. ?oaee/. — E.:
Aeae-ai Oe?.-o?i. ?i-oo iaiaaeaeiaioo ? a?ciano, 1999. — N. 158-165.

Aa?aiianeee O.A. Yeiiiie/aneay iieeoeea a ?aaeiia: iieeoieiae/aneee
aniaeo // Iaoa?eaeu iaeanoiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee «Iniiaiua
aniaeou noaiiaeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiinoe a ?aaeiia». — Eoaaine, 1997. — N.
42-44.

Aa?aiianueeee O.A. Aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae: iie?oieia?/iee aniaeo.
— ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 23.00.02 — iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe oa i?ioeane. —
?inoeooo iie?oe/ieo ? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie,
Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeaoaeueiiio aiae?co aca?iiaieeao oa aca?iiae??
iie?oe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? noa? noni?euenoaa. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaeeeiai na?oiaiai aeina?aeo oi?ioaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?? aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee a e?eciaeo oiiaao a ?noi?e/iiio oa i?inoi?iaiio ianooaa?
i?iiiiothoueny iaai? ocaaaeueiaiiy uiaei ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ae?eiai? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?. Anoaiiaeth?oueny
aca?iicaeaaei?noue i?ae noai?aiiyi aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?,
i?aaiai? aea?aeaae ? oi?ioaaiiyi aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. ?icaeyaea?oueny
aeiiii?/ia noa?a a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa uiaei aieeao ia
aeiiii?/io iie?oeeo aea?aeaae. ?iaeoueny ni?iaa cai?iiiioaaoe
?iiiaaoe?eiee eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?oieia?/ieo
eiioeaiooaeueieo ia?aaeeai aca?iia?aeiioaiiy ? aca?iiae?? aea?aeaaieo
?inoeooo?a ? iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a ? aecia/eoe ia oe?e
iniia? iie?oieia?/iee aniaeo aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae, iie?oe/ia noa?a
noni?euenoaa, aeiiii?/ia noa?a noni?euenoaa, aeiiii?/i? ? iie?oe/i?
?inoeoooe oa i?ioeane, aeiiii?/ia noa?a a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa,
aeaiie?aoe/ia i?aaiaa aea?aeaaa, iie?noa’?eoi?noue aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

Aa?aiianeee O.A. Yeiiiie/aneay iieeoeea ainoaea?noaa: iieeoe/aneee
aniaeo. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iieeoe/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.02 — iieeoe/aneea einoeooou e i?ioeannu. —
Einoeooo iieeoe/aneeo e yoiiiaoeeiiaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu,
Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aeaoaeueiiio aiaeeco acaeiiaeeyiey e
acaeiiaeaenoaey iieeoe/aneie e yeiiiie/aneie noa? iauanoaa. Ia iniiaa
enneaaeiaaiey aiaaoiai ie?iaiai iiuoa oi?ie?iaaiey e ?aaeecaoeee
yeiiiie/aneie iieeoeee a e?eceniuo oneiaeyo a enoi?e/aneii e
i?ino?ainoaaiiii ianooaaa i?aaeeaaathony ii?aaeaeaiiua iaiauaiey ii
?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aieth aeaenoaaiiie yeiiiie/aneie iieeoeee a Oe?aeia.
Onoaiaaeeaaaony acaeiicaaeneiinoue iaaeaeo nicaeaieai aeaiie?aoe/aneiai,
nioeeaeueiiai, i?aaiaiai ainoaea?noaa e oi?ie?iaaieai yeiiiie/aneie
iieeoeee. ?anniao?eaaaony yeiiiie/aneay noa?a a?aaeaeaineiai iauanoaa
ioiineoaeueii aeeyiey ia yeiiiie/aneoth iieeoeeo ainoaea?noaa. Aeaeaaony
iiiuoea i?aaeeiaeeoue eiiiaaoeeiiiue eiiieaeniue iiaeoiae enneaaeiaaiey
iieeoe/aneeo eiioeaiooaeueiuo ia?aaeeai acaeiiioiioaiey e
acaeiiaeaenoaey ainoaea?noaaiiuo einoeoooia e iieeoe/aneeo e
yeiiiie/aneeo i?ioeannia, e ii?aaeaeeoue ia yoie iniiaa iieeoieiae/aneee
aniaeo yeiiiie/aneie iieeoeee ainoaea?noaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeiiiie/aneay iieeoeea ainoaea?noaa, iieeoe/aneay noa?a
iauanoaa, yeiiiie/aneay noa?a iauanoaa, yeiiiie/aneea e iieeoe/aneea
einoeooou e i?ioeannu, yeiiiie/aneay noa?a a?aaeaeaineiai iauanoaa,
aeaiie?aoe/aneia i?aaiaia ainoaea?noai, iieenoauaeoiinoue yeiiiie/aneie
iieeoeee.

Baranovsky F.V. Economic policy of the state: politological aspect. —
Manuscript.

A thesis for a Candidate’s degree of Political Science on speciality
23.00.02 — political institutions and processes. — Institute for
political and ethnonational studies of National Academy of Sciences of
Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis is dedicated to the detailed analysis of mutual influence and
interaction of political and economic spheres of society. The author of
the thesis analyzes the theoretical approaches of representatives of
ancient philosophical and political thought. On the basis of analysis of
works of such thinkers as Confucius, Plato, Aristotel, Cicero, the
author comes to the conclusion that consideration of social and economic
problems had been of great meaning in their philosophical and political
thoughts and analytical elaborations.

The author consider the analysis of social political and economical
thought of Ukraine very important thing concerning further determination
of the essence of economic policy and the state creating process in the
country. The close interconnection between the state creating process
and economic policy of the state contributing to social
self-determination of the human being is established.

The essence, object and functions of the economic policy of the state
are examined. Economic policy is an integral part of any state policy.
Interaction and mutual influence of economy and politics in the state
are the subject of political science research so far as political power,
first of all, depends on the action of economical key factors. At the
same time, making adequate political decisions makes the economy to
accelerate its development.

There is being made an attempt to propound an innovative complex
approach of research of politological conceptual paradigms of
interrelation and interaction of the state institutions and political
and economical processes and to determine, on this basis, the
politological aspect of economic policy of the state.

The politological aspect of economic policy of the state consists in
activity in the sphere of relations between citizens, different
categories of population, political institutions concerning an ensuring
of the economic development and satisfaction of interests of the human
being as a highest social value.

Specific examples of successful implementation of economic policy of the
state in the different countries concerning the way out of the crisis
condition are considered. On this basis an attempt to analyze
peculiarities and prospects of elaboration of economic policy in the
present-day Ukraine has been implemented.

Interdependence between creating the democratic, social, legal state and
forming the economic policy is established.

The author proves that the primacy of democracy in the society and in
the state may help each individual and society to open up their
potencial in all spheres of life — economical, political, social,
cultural, spiritual. An integral principle of democracy is the freedom.
Just on condition of complete freedom in political sphere each person
can express interests of his own and became an essencial factor of
influence to the process of making political decisions.

The tendency of democratization and freedom development are the
regularity of real economic policy.

The economic sphere of civil society and the principle of the
democratic, social, legal state concerning an influence to the economic
policy of the state is considered.

The basic principle of public life in the legal state is its political,
economical and ideological variety. As the author suppose the new
concept of polysubject economic policy should be grounded on the above
variety. According to that concept the workmen, labor collectives,
public organizations etc. must be the real subjects of economic policy.
Real needs and interests of the subjects of economical activity are the
object of the economic policy.

In this sense, the study of fenomenon of civil society is
methodologically right and topical.

In the thesis the author traces an interconnection between the
development of the democratic, social, legal state, institutions of
civil society and elaboration and realization the reasonable economic
policy of the state.

Key words: economic policy of the state, political sphere of society,
economic sphere of society, economical and political institutions and
processes, economic sphere of civil society, democratic legal state,
polysubject economic policy.

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