The Republic of Belarus (перевод)

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The Republic of Belarus

The republic of Belarus is a small beautiful country with the heroic
past and difficult present. It is situated in Central Europe. The
republic of Belarus borders on Russia, the Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania
and Latvia. It has an area of 207,600square kilometers and the
population of more than 10 million. 77% of the population constitutes
Belarussians. 64% live in cities, the largest of which are Minsk, which
is the capital, Gomel, Mogilev, Brest, Grodno and Vitebsk. The original
Belarussian tribes are Eastern Slavic tribes. Kryvichy, Drigovichi,
Radzimichi, Lucichy and Sievieranie were related to the Baltic nations
and grouped independent principalities, of whichthe most powerful was
Polotsk, a port and a fortress on the river Dvina, which flows into the
Baltic Sea. At the beginning of the 20th century Belarus was a backward
province of the Russian Empire, called the North-Western Region. About
80% of its population were illiterate. The Belarussians weren’t even
regarded as a nation at that time. After the revolution in 1917 Belarus
was proclaimed the Belarussian Soviet Socialist Republic and soon became
the member of the USSR. Most of Belarus is a flat country. More than a
quarter of its area is covered with the forests and bushes. The large
forests are called “puschas”. The greatestof the m is Beloviezskaya
Puscha, which is a state preserve. It is well known by its rare animals
– aurochs. There are nearly 10000 lakes and 20000riversin Belarus. The
largest lake is Naroch also called Belarussian Sea. The great part of
the country lies in the Dnieper basi and the rest is watered by the
Western Bug, the Neman and the Western Dvina. The Belarussian rivers are
slow with almost no rapids. The climate in Belarus is moderately
continental. The breathing of the Baltic Sea is constantly felt here.
The beauty of the Belarussian nature, the past and the present of the
Belarussian people have been celebrated in song and verse by the Yanka
Kupala and Yakub Kolas – the classics of Belarussian poetry and by many
present-day poets and writers, artists and composers of Belarus. Belarus
has long been famous for its industries and skilful craftsmen: engravers
and wavers, specialists in ceramic and craftsmen enjoy wide popularity
at internal fairs and exhibitions. Unique souvenirs made by Belarussian
craftsmen are known all over the world. Our Republic is rather rich in
mineral resources: potash salts, coal, phosphates oil and iron. That’s
why Belarus has a highly-developed industry. There are thousands of
enterprises in the Republic which produce tractors and automobiles,
motor-cycles, TV-sets and many other goods. Our Belarusian tractors and
MAZ trucks enjoy a high reputation both in our country and abroad.
Agriculture specializes in milk and meat production. The main crops
cultivated here are potatoes, flor, grain, herbs and vegetables. Belarus
is a republic of well developed science and culture. There is an Academy
of Sciences, 37 higher educational establishments, about 400
professional schools, Secondary education in compulsory here.

Перевод текста: The Republic of Belarus

вуют здесь. Красота белорусской природы, прошлого и подарка белорусских
людей праздновалась в песне и стихе Янкой Капалой и Якабом Коласом –
классика белорусской поэзии и многими современными поэтами и авторами,
художниками и композиторами Белоруссии. Белоруссия долго была известна
ее отраслями промышленности и квалифицированными мастерами: гравёры и
колебания, специалисты в керамическом и мастера наслаждаются широкой
популярностью на внутренних ярмарках и выставках. Уникальные подарки,
сделанные белорусскими мастерами известны во всем мире. Наша Республика
довольно богата полезными ископаемыми: соли поташа, уголь, нефть
фосфатов и железо. Именно поэтому Белоруссия имеет высоко-развитую
промышленность. Есть тысячи предприятий в Республике, которые производят
тракторы и автомобили, мотоциклы, телевизоры и много других товаров.
Наши Белорусские тракторы и грузовики MAZ обладают высокой репутацией и
в нашей стране и за границей. Сельское хозяйство специализируется в
производстве молока и мяса. Главные зерновые культуры, выращенные здесь
– картофель, flor, зерно, травы и овощи. Белоруссия – республика хорошо
развитой науки и культуры. Есть Академия Наук, 37 университетских
учреждений, приблизительно 400 профессиональных школ, Среднее
образование в обязательном здесь.

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