London (перевод)

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When a man is tired of London? He is tired of life; for there is in
London all that life can afford. Samuel Johnson. Today, more than 200
years later, Johnson’s words still ring true. There are few places that
offer such a variety of sights, entertainments, educational and business
opportunities, world- famous museums and theatres, and superb shopping.
London draws people from all over the world. Some come to study, to work
or on holiday. London is naturally a very English city, yet it is the
least typical of Britain as it is very cosmopolitan, containing goods,
food and entertainment, as well as people, from many countries of the
world. London spreads its influence over much of the southern areas of
England; it gives work to millions of people who live not only in the
inner-city areas, but in surrounding districts. Some people even commute
over 100 miles (over 150 km) every day to work in London. There is much
in London Which fascinates visitors and inspires the affection of
Londoners: the splendor of the royal palaces and the Houses of
Parliament, the Dignity of St. Paul’s Cathedral and many monuments, the
fine architecture of numerous historic buildings, and the beautiful
parks. London shows examples of Buildings that express all the different
areas of its history, it manages in a unique way to reflect it’s past
and at the same time to fulfil the functions of a modern city with its
commercialism and bustle London is the capital of Great Britain. It is a
political, economic and commercial center. It is one of the most
enjoyable cities. Visited by millions of tourists, the city offers them
an astonishing variety of scenes. London is one of the largest cities in
the world and its population is about 9 million. London is situated on
the river Themes. The city is very old. It has more than 20 centuries
old history. Traditionally the city is divided into several parts: the
City, the Westminster, the West End and the East End. The City of London
today is the financial powerhouse of the country and one of the chief
commercial centers of the western world. The City has its own Lord
Mayor, its own government and its own police force. Here the medieval
buildings stand side by side with modern steel and glass high-rise
office blocks. The territory of the City of just over one square mile
contains several banks, including the Bank of England, the Stock
Exchange and offices of many financial companies. The Westminster is the
aristocratic, official part of London. It includes Buckingham Palace
where the Queen lives and the House of Parliament stretching for nearly
1000 feet along the north bank of the Themes. Westminster Abbey is a
national shrine where the kings and queens are crowned and famous people
buried. Chaucer, Tennyson, Newton, Dickens, Hardy, Kipling were buried
in Westminster Abbey. The House of Parliament called officially the
Palace of Westminster, were formerly a palace for kings and queens. The
Palace was used both as used as a royal residence and as a parliament
house until the 16th century. In the course of the 16th when the royal
family moved to the new palace within half of mile Whitehall Palace, the
Westminster Palace was occupied by the Parliament and became its
permanent home. The Parliament of the United Great Britain and Northern
Ireland consists of just over 1000 members of the different grades of
nobility. In the House of comments, there are 635 members. The Clock
Towers, with contains the hour bell, called “Big Ben” is known all over
the world. The bell is named after Sir Benjamin Hall, the first
Commissioner of Works. The Tower of London was built in the 11th
century. It was one of the first and most impressive castles built after
the Norman invasion of England in 1066. The Tower has been used as a
royal palace, an observatory, an arsenal, a state prison and many famous
and infamous people have been executed within its walls. It is now a
museum. For many visitors the principal attraction is the Crown Jewels,
the finest precious stones of the nation. A fine collection of armor is
exhibited in the Keep. Trafalgar Square is the geographical center of
London. It was named so to commemorate Nelson’s Victory at the Battle of
Trafalgar in 1805.The monument in the middle of this square known as
Nelson’s Column is surmounted with the Statue of Nelson 16 feet high.
The pedestal of the Column is decorated with the bas-reliefs
representing Nelson’s most famous victories. At the base of the column,
there are four big lions. On the north side of the square are the
National Gallery and the National Portrait Gallery. The National Gallery
has an outstanding collection of finest arts from Britain, Italy,
Denmark and other countries. Piccadilly Circus has become an important
meeting point – for traffic as well as sightseers. At its heart is a
bronze fountain topped by a figure of a winged archer, popularly known
as Eros, the pagan god of love. The majority of London’s places of
entertainment are concentrated around Piccadilly Circus. This area is
now famous for its theatres, clubs and shops. Whitehall is a street in
central London running from Trafalgar Square to the Houses of Parliament
and containing many important buildings and government offices: the
Foreign and Commonwealth offices, the Treasury, Admiralty and Ministry
of Defence. In the center of the roadway stands the Cenotaph, The
memorial to the fallen of both world wars. The Prime Minister’s
residence at No. 10 Downing Street is directly connected to Whitehall.
London is always full of life. The streets are crowded with traffic.
High “double-decker” buses rise above the smaller and vans. The Parks.
of London provide a welcome contrast to the great built-up areas. St.
James’s Park, Green Park, Hyde Park, and Kensington gardens are linked
together. They form 313 hectares of open parkland in the heart of

Перевод текста: London

рец Вестминстера, был прежде дворцом для королей и королев. Дворец
использовался и столь же используемый как королевское место жительства и
как здание парламента до 16-ого столетия. В ходе 16-ого, когда
королевская семья двигалась в новый дворец в пределах половины Дворца
Уайтхолла мили, Вестминстерский Дворец был занят Парламентом и стал его
постоянным домом. Парламент Объединенной Великобритании и Северной
Ирландии состоит только из более чем 1000 членов различных сортов
благородства. В Доме комментариев, есть 635 членов. Башни Часов, с
содержит звонок часа, названный “Big Ben” известен во всем мире. Звонок
назван в честь сэра Бенджамина Хола, первый Специальный уполномоченный
Работ. Башня Лондона была построена в 11-ом столетии. Это был один из
первых и самых внушительных замков, построенных после норманского
вторжения в Англию в 1066. Башня использовалась как королевский дворец,
обсерватория, арсенал, государственная тюрьма и много известных и
позорных людей были казнены в пределах ее стен. Это – теперь музей. Для
многих посетителей основная привлекательность – Драгоценности короны,
самые прекрасные драгоценные камни нации. Прекрасное собрание брони
показано в Держании. Квадрат Trafalgar – географический центр Лондона.
Это называли так, чтобы ознаменовать Победу Нельсона при Сражении
Trafalgar в 1805. Памятник в середине этого квадрата, известного как
Колонка Нельсона преодолевается со Статуей Нельсона 16 футов высотой.
Опора Колонки украшена барельефами, представляющими самые известные
победы Нельсона. В основе колонки, есть четыре больших льва. На северной
стороне квадрата – Национальная Галерея и Национальная Галерея Портрета.
Национальная Галерея имеет выдающееся собрание самых прекрасных искусств
из Великобритании, Италии, Дании и других стран. Цирк Piccadilly стал
важным пунктом встречи – для движения так же как туристов. В его сердце
– бронзовый фонтан, превышенный в соответствии с фигурой крылатого
стрельца, обычно известного как Эрос, языческий бог любви. Большинство
мест Лондона развлечения сконцентрировано вокруг Цирка Piccadilly. Эта
область теперь известна ее театрами, клубами и магазинами. Уайтхолл –
улица в центральном Лондоне, бегущем от Квадрата Trafalgar до Зданий
Парламента и содержащем много важных зданий и правительственных
учреждений: Иностранные офисы и офисы Содружества, Казначейство,
Адмиралтейство и Министерство обороны. В центре шоссе выдерживает
Кенотафий, мемориал упавшему обеих мировых войн. Место жительства
Премьер-министра в Номере 10 Даунинг-стрит непосредственно связано с
Уайтхоллом. Лондон всегда полон жизни. Улицы переполнены движением.
Высокие автобусы “двухэтажного автобуса” повышаются выше меньшего и
фургонов. Парки. из Лондона обеспечивают долгожданный контраст большим
зонам застройки. Парк С-Джеймса, Зеленый Парк, Гайд-парк, и сады
Kensington соединены. Они формируют 313 гектаров открытых парковых
насаждений в сердце Лондона.

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