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Семья и брак в Древнем Риме

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IAOE, Ne?eieeaa A.A. (Ii/oaiiue /aeiaae)

N.A.N.

Niaea?aeaiea

Aaaaeaiea 2

I. ?eineay naiuey. Aaiaoe/aneia e

eiaiaoe/aneia ?iaenoai. 3

II. A?ae. 4

III. Ee/iua e eiouanoaaiiua

ioiioaiey iaaeaeo noi?oaaie. 8

IV. Patria potestas. 11

Nienie enoi/ieeia e eeoa?aoo?u 16

Aaaaeaiea

Naiuey- y/aeea iauanoaa. Iiaeii aaneiia/ii aeieai aiai?eoue i
oeeinioneeo, i?aanoaaiiuo iiiaioao naiaeiie i?aaiecaoeee /aeiaa/aneiai
?iaea. Iaeiaei iu ia aoaeai neeueii ?ani?ino?aiyoueny i aunieii
i?aaeiacia/aiee yoiai e?ai/aeoaai nithca ethaeae, eai ian eioa?anotho
ainoaea?noaaiiue e i?aaiaie aniaeou naiaeiie i?aaiecaoeee.

Aeaeeii, iu ia ioeaainy, naeaeaa ooaa?aeaeaiea, /oi io aeaaiiieo/ey
eaaeaeie ioaeaeueiie naiuee aoaeao a eiia/iii eoiaa caaenaoue
aeaaiiieo/ea e iinooiaoaeueiia ?acaeoea iauanoaa e ainoaea?noaa a
oeaeii. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, ?ieue aa aeinoaoi/ii aaeeea, e aa iaeuecy ia
o/eouaaoue i?e ouaoaeueiii aiaeeca eaeie- eeai enoi?e/aneie neooaoeee.

Oeaeueth iaoae ?aaiou neoaeeo enneaaeiaaiea aii?inia, eanathueony
naiuee e a?aea eae niiniaa aa nicaeaiey a ae?aaiai ?eia.

Iauee ieai aaaaeaiey o?aaoao neacaoue ianeieueei neia ia enoi/ieeao ii
aeaiiie oaia. Ia iao acaeyae, eeoa?aoo?u ii iaoae oaia i?aaeinoaoi/ii.
Aii?inu naiuee e a?aea inaauaiu a ieo aeinoaoi/ii iieii. Eiia/ii, iu ia
iiaee eniieueciaaoue ana ecaanoiua iao/iua o?oaeu a ?aaioa iaae
?aoa?aoii, ii iinoa?aeenue aua?aoue iaeaieaa iauai?eciaiiua. Iniaiyeii
noiyo XII oaaeeoe. N/eoaeinue, /oi yoi aue iniiaiie enoi/iee ioaee/iiai
e /anoiiai i?aaa a ?eia, iiyoiio iu ia iiaee ia ia?aoeoueny e iaio.

Iaaeaainy, ?acoeueoaoii ieiaeioai?iie ?aaiou iaae aeaiiie oaiie aoaeao
aeoaieia iiieiaiea aii?inia ?eineiai naiaeiiai no?iy.

I. ?eineay naiuey. Aaiaoe/aneia e eiaiaoe/aneia ?iaenoai.

?eineee naiaeiue no?ie Aae n/eoae ianoieueei iaoeie/iui, /oi iacuaae
aai “eneeth/eoaeueiui aeinoeaeaieai” ?eineiai ia?iaea. *oi iicaieyei aio
aiai?eoue oaeei ia?acii?

Ai- ia?auo, ianiiiaiii, oa aeanoue, eioi?oth ioaoe naiaenoaa eiae iaae
aeaoueie, aioeaie e i?aaioeaie, iaae aeaiie, iaoiaeeaoaeny ia iieiaeaiee
aei/a?e e anaie aeiii/aaeoeaie a niaieoiiinoe. ?ei ia/ae naith enoi?eth
a iaeanoe naiaeiiai i?aaa n iiiiaaiiie naiuee, iniiaie eioi?ie e auea
patria potestas. A yoie naiuea ?aoathuei iiiaioii auei iiae/eiaiea
/eaiia naiuee aeanoe iaeiiai e oiai aea paterfamilias. Ana iie
eiaiothony sui- “naie”, oiaaea eae ioaoe naiaenoaa- sui iuris- “nai naaa
ainiiaeei”, “iieiii?aaiue”.

Ae?oaia ioee/ea ?eineie naiuee ninoiyei a oii, /oi ia ia?aue ieai
auaeaeaaeanue ia e?iaiay naycue iaaeaeo paterfamilias e aai
iiaeaeanoiuie- naycue eiaiaoe/aneay, ii naycue th?eaee/aneay- ii ?eineie
oa?ieiieiaee aaiaoe/aneay. A ninoaa aaiaoe/aneie naiuee aoiaeeee: aai
aeaia in manu mariti, aai aeaoe in patria potestate, aeaiu nuiiaae,
ninoiyuea a a?aea cum manu e iiae/eiaiiua ia aeanoe naieo ioaeae,
eioi?ua naie auee iiaeaeanoiu paterfamilias ,a aeanoe yoiai iineaaeiaai,
e, iaeiiaoe, ana iioiinoai iiaeaeanoiuo nuiiaae. A yoie naiuea oieueei
paterfamilias yaeyaony aiieia i?aainiiniaiui eeoeii, persona sui iuris.
Ieeoi ec inoaeueiuo /eaiia naiuee personae alieni iuris iieiie
i?aainiiniaiinoe ia eiaao.

O?aouey iniaaiiinoue caeeth/aeanue a oii, /oi oa?ieiii familia
iaicia/aeenue ia oieueei aaiaou, ii e i?eiaaeeaaeauea naiuea ?aau, neio
e aeaaea aaue iaiaeooaaeaiiua. Ii naeaeaoaeuenoao A. Eina?aaa,
?aaiaeaaeaeueoeu no?aieeenue eae- oi i?eaycaoue ?aaa e aeiio, aeaaea
nicaeaoue aio iaeia iiaeiaea naiuee. A ae?aaiaeoaa a?aiy aeanoue
paterfamilias iaae aeaiie e aeaoueie e ii nouanoao iaei ioee/aeanue io
aai i?aa ia ?aaa. Nouanoaaiiia ioee/ea patria potestas io i?aaa
nianoaaiiinoe ia ?aaa i?iyaeyeinue eeoue a iiiaio nia?oe paterfamilias:
i?aai nianoaaiiinoe ia ?aaa ia?aoiaeeei e ianeaaeieeo paterfamilias a oi
a?aiy, eae eeoea, auaoea in patria potestate, ia?aaeeaaee capitis
deminutio, eioi?ay a aeaiiii neo/aa icia/aea ia oiaeaiea i?aa, a
eciaiaiea naiaeiiai ninoiyiey, caeeth/aaoaany aeey iaeioi?uo ec /eaiia
naiuee (aeey nuiiaae oia?oaai) aeaaea a i?eia?aoaiee iieiie
i?aainiiniaiinoe.

Ii iiaieth C. *a?ieeianeiai, iiieiaiea oaeeo iiiyoee eae aaiaoe/aneia e
eiaiaoe/aneia ?iaenoai i/aiue aaaeii: aac yoiai no?ie naiaeiuo ioiioaiee
a ?eia inoaiaony iaiiiyoiui. Iiae/eiaieai aeanoe iaeiiai e oiai aea
paterfamilias ii?aaeaeyeinue e ia?aiia/aeueiia ?iaenoai, oae iacuaaaiia
aaiaoe/aneia ?iaenoai. Iiyoiio aei/ue, auoiaeeaoay caioae e iinooiaaoay
iiae aeanoue iiaiai aeiiiaeaaeuee, ia?anoaaaea auoue aaiaoeie naiaai
iooea, a?aoueaa e o.ae. ssaeaoaany neaaenoaeai ?acaeoey
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ioiioaiee ?aceiaeaiea iao?ea?oaeueiie naiuee i?eaaei
e oiio, /oi ana aieueoaa cia/aiea i?eia?aoaei ?iaenoai ii e?iae, oae
iacuaaaiia eiaiaoe/aneia ?iaenoai. Yoi i?eaeeaeaei ?eineoth naiueth e aa
nia?aiaiiie iiaeaee. Ia iao acaeyae, ia ii?aaeaeaiee noaiaie ?iaenoaa
oianoii aoaeao ?anneacaoue a aeaaa i a?aea.

II. A?ae.

Naiuey ia?acoaony iin?aaenoaii a?aea. Eeanne/aneee th?eno Iiaeanoei
ii?aaeaeye a?ae eae “nithc ioae/eiu e aeaiueiu, niaaeeiaiea anae aeecie,
iauiinoue aiaeanoaaiiiai e /aeiaa/aneiai i?aaa.” Yoi eaeaaeenoe/aneay
o?aeoiaea a?aea ia niioaaonoaiaaea ?aaeueiiio iieiaeaieth aauae: aeaaea
a eeanne/aneee ia?eiae aeaiueia auea aeaeaei ia ?aaiii?aaiui oiaa?euai
ioaea. Ii iiaieth I. Iiaeue/aiei, a yoii iauai iiieiaiee io?aceeinue
iiae/eiaiea ?aaoee?iaaiey a?a/ii- naiaeiuo naycae i?aaiaui ii?iai
aeaiyeiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey: eae i?iyaeaiea o?aaiaaiee “/aeiaa/aneiai
i?aaa” a?a/iue nithc iiae/eiyaony onoaiiaeaieyi a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa,
eae i?iyaeaiea o?aaiaaiee “aiaeanoaaiiiai i?aaa” a?a/iue nithc aeieaeai
ioaa/aoue aunoei i?aaeienuaathuei o?aaiaaieyi ii?aeueiiai e ?aeeaeiciiai
oa?aeoa?a, i?aaeiineaiiui /aeiaa/aneiio i?aao.

Aieioue aei THnoeieaia ?eineia naiaeiia i?aai ?acee/aei matrimonium
iustum, caeiiiue ?eineee a?ae iaaeaeo eeoeaie, eiathueie ius conubii, e
matrimonium iuris gentium iaaeaeo eeoeaie, oaeiai i?aaa ia eiathueie. Io
a?aea neaaeoao ioee/aoue eiieoaeiao- aeicaieaiiia caeiiii iinoiyiiia (a
ia neo/aeiia) niaeeoaeuenoai ioae/eiu e aeaiueiu, iaeiaei ia
ioaa/athuaa o?aaiaaieyi caeiiiiai a?aea. Eiieoaeia ia ?acaeaeyea
nioeeaeueiiai ninoiyiey ioaea, aeaoe io eiieoaeiu ia iiaeiaaeaee iiae
aai patria potestas. Aii?aee oiio, /oi a oeaeii ?eineay naiuey yaeyeanue
iiiiaaiiie, ioae/eia a ?anioaeeeaineoth yiioo iia ninoiyoue a caeiiiii
a?aea n iaeiie aeaiueiie e iaeiia?aiaiii a eiieoaeiaoa n ae?oaie.

A aeithnoeieaiiaii i?aaa ?acee/aee aeaa aeaea a?aea, niaa?oaaoaainy a
?aciuo oi?iao, ii?iaeaeaaoaai ?aciua ii niaea?aeaieth eiouanoaaiiua e
ee/iua ioiioaiey noi?oaia e aeaaea iaiaeeiaeiaia i?aaiaia iieiaeaiea
iaoa?e a ioiioaiee aeaoae, e i?ae?auaaoaainy a ?aciii ii?yaeea.

Ia?aui aeaeii aue a?ae cum manu mariti, o. a. a?ae n ioaeiae aeanoueth,
a neeo eioi?ie aeaia iinooiaea eeai iiae aeanoue ioaea, eeai iiae
aeanoue aeiiiaeaaeuee, anee nai ioae aue iiaeaeanoiui eeoeii.
Anooieaiea a oaeie a?ae iaecaaaeii icia/aei capitis deminutio aeaiu:
anee aei a?aea aeaia auea persona sui iuris, oi iinea anooieaiey a a?ae
cum manu iia noaiiaeeanue persona alieni iuris. Anee aei a?aea iia auea
in potestate naiaai iooea, oi, anooiea a yoio aeae a?aea, iia
iiaeiaaeaea iiae aeanoue ioaea eee aai paterfamilias, anee ioae aue iiae
aeanoueth iooea, e noaiiaeeanue aaiaoeie naiuee ioaea.

Aoi?ie aeae a?aea- sine manu mariti, i?e eioi?ii aeaia inoaaaeanue
iiaeaeanoiie i?aaeiaio aeiiiaeaaeuea eeai auea naiinoiyoaeueiui eeoeii.
Aiaoia yoio aeae a?aea iioiae ia eiieoaeiao, ii, a ioee/ea io
iineaaeiaai, iaeaaeae iniaui iaia?aieai iniiaaoue ?eineoth naiueth,
eiaoue e ainieouaaoue aeaoae. A?ae sine manu neaaeiaaei aiciaiiaeyoue
aaeaaiaeii. I?iaeea a oa/aiea aiaea a aeiia ioaea, aeaia aaoiiaoe/anee
iiaeiaaeaea iiae aai aeanoue- ii aeaaiinoe. Caeiiii XII oaaeeoe auei
ii?aaeaeaii, /oi aeaiueia, ia aeaeaaoay onoaiiaeaiey iaae niaie aeanoe
ioaea oaeoii aeaaiinoiiai n iath niaeeoaeuenoaa, aeieaeia auea
aaeaaiaeii ioeo/aoueny ec naiaai aeiia ia o?e ii/e e oaeei ia?acii
i?a?uaaoue aiaee/iia aeaaiinoiia aeaaeaiea ath. Ii iiaieth i?ioanni?a A.
Oeaeoeoea, iaaiciiaeii aeaoue oi/iue ioaao ia aii?in, eiaaea e eae noae
i?ieeaaeuaaoue naaa aei?iao naiaiaeiue a?ae, eiaaea e eae auea i?iaeoa
yoa ia?aay e /?acau/aeii aaaeiay ii iineaaenoaeyi a?aoue a a?iciii
caeaiee aeanoe paterfamilias. Iao niiiaiee a oii, /oi auei a?aiy, eiaaea
manus e a?ae niaiaaeaee.

Nicaeaaay ?acee/iue no?ie ioiioaiee iaaeaeo ioaeai e aeaiie, a?ae cum
manu e a?ae sine manu ?acei ioee/aeenue ae?oa io ae?oaa ii?yaeeii
caeeth/aiey e i?ae?auaiey. Caeeth/aiea a?aea cum manu o?aaiaaei
niaethaeaiey ii?aaeaeaiiuo ia?yaeia, yoi aue aeo oi?iaeueiue.
Caeeth/aiea a?aea sine manu auei aeoii iaoi?iaeueiui. Aeaiiue aeae a?aea
?anniao?eaaeny eae iaeioi?ia oaeoe/aneia ninoiyiea: n iei naycuaaeenue
ii?aaeaeaiiua th?eaee/aneea iineaaenoaey. Iiiyoii, /oi e i?ioeaaeo?a
i?ae?auaiey a?aeia sine manu e cum manu auei auea ?acee/ia. Ia?aue iia
auoue ?anoi?aioo ia oieueei ii niaeaoaieth noi?oaia, ii e ii naiaiaeiiio
aieaecuyaeaieth iaeiie ec noi?ii. ?acaiae i?e a?aea cum manu iia
i?iecieoe eeoue ii eieoeeaoeaa ioaea.

Iniiaiua ia/aea a?aea sine manu ieacaee iaaaoeaiia aicaeaenoaea ia
aeeciue ?eineiai iauanoaa. No?aiynue ia?aeeciaaoue iaonoie/eainoue
a?a/iuo ioiioaiee e ceioiio?aaeaieai naiaiaeu ?acaiaea, Aaaono aian ?yae
cia/eoaeueiuo eciaiaiee a naiaeiia i?aai. Auea onoaiiaeaia oaieiaiay
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca ia?ooaiea noi?oaeaneie aa?iinoe, aaaaeaiu iaeioi?ua
eiouanoaaiiua ia?aie/aiey aeey ioae/ei a aic?anoa io 25 aei 60 eao e
aeey aeaiuei a aic?anoa io 20 aei 50 eao, ia ninoiyaoeo a a?aea e ia
eiaaoeo aeaoae. Yoe e iaeioi?ua ae?oaea ia?u ia iieieaaaee iniiaiie
eiioeaioeee a?aea sine manu eae naiaiaeii onoaiaaeeaaaiiai e naiaiaeii
i?ae?auaaiiai nithca ioaea e aeaiu. Auoaniaiea ae?aaiaai a?aea cum manu
yoie eiioeaioeeae ninoaaeyao iaeio ec eioa?aniaeoeo /a?o ?eineiai
a?a/iiai i?aaa.

Iaiaeiicia/iia i?aaiaia i?ienoiaeaeaiea einoeoooa a?aea a oeaeii
ii?aaeaeeei neiaeiinoue aai th?eaee/aneie eiino?oeoeee a ?eineii i?aaa.
A?ae oa?aeoa?ecoaony:

1. Acaeiiinoueth: a iaai anooiatho aeaa ia?oia?a, i?e/ai, eae iu
auynieee,

aaconeiaiia ?aaainoai noi?ii ia yaeyaony iaycaoaeueiui oneiaeai
a?aea;

2. Ninoiyieai oece/aneie c?aeinoe e iaee/eai ii?aaeaeaiiuo naenoaeueiuo
ea/anoa ia?oa?ia. Ia iiaeao ?anniao?eaaoueny a ea/anoaa oaeiaiai “a?ae”
iaaeaeo ethaeueie iaeiiai iiea, a oaeaea iaaeaeo ia?oia?aie
ianiioaaonoaothuaai o?aaeeoeeiiiui i?aaenoaaeaieyi aic?anoa. A?a/iue
aic?ano aue onoaiiaeai a 14 eao aeey ioae/ei e a 12 eao aeey aeaiuei.

3. Niaeaneai ia?oia?a;

4. Iaee/eai iieiaie nayce iaaeaeo ia?oia?aie a a?aea. Oio a?ae, i?e
eioi?ii naenoaeueiua ioiioaiey ca?aiaa eneeth/athony, ia iiaeao
n/eoaoueny aeaenoaeoaeueiui;

5. No?aieaieai ia?oa?ia caeeth/eoue eiaiii a?a/iue nithc;

6. Iinoiyiiie niaianoiie aeeciueth noi?oaia: ia?oia?u a a?aea aaaeoo
iauaa oicyenoao, aeeaoo aianoa e o. i.

Ionoonoaea ethaiai ec auoaia?a/eneaiiuo oneiaee noaaeo iiae niiiaiea
i?aaiaie niune a?a/iiai nithca, ia?aaiaeeo ioiioaiey ioae/eiu e aeaiueiu
a ae?oaia ea/anoai eeai neoaeeo iniiaaieai aeey i?eciaiey a?aea
iaaeaenoaeoaeueiui.

I?aaiaie i?aaeiinueeie aeey caeeth/aiey a?aea auei i?aaeiieaaaaiia ius
conubii a eeoea, eioi?ia anooiaei a iaai. Aei THnoeieaia ia yoii
iniiaaiee ia iiaee caeeth/aoue caeiiiiai ?eineiai a?aea iaeioi?ua
eaoaai?ee /oaeacaioeaa. Ii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao THnoeieaia, eiaaea i?aaa
?eineiai a?aaeaeainoaa eiaee ii/oe ana iiaeaeaiiua ?eineiai
ainoaea?noaa, ionoonoaea conubium iiaei auoue neaaenoaeai aeeceiai
?iaenoaa eee naienoaa.

?iaenoai ii?aaeaeyeinue ii eeieyi e noaiaiyi. Eeoea, i?ienoiaeyuea
iaeii io ae?oaiai, iacuaathony ?iaenoaaiieeaie ii i?yiie eeiee. Noaiaie
aaiaoe/aneiai ?iaenoaa ii i?yiie eeiee ii?aaeaeyeenue /eneii ?iaeaeaiee,
ioaeaeyaoeo aeaiiia eeoei io aai paterfamilias. Oae nui- aaiao iooea
ia?aie noaiaie, aioe- aaiao aeaaea aoi?ie noaiaie. Eeoea, i?ienoiaeyuea
ia iaeii io ae?oaiai, a io iauaai i?aaeea, iacuaathony ?iaenoaaiieeaie
ii aieiaie eeiee. ?iaenoai ii aieiaie eeiee ii?aaeaeyeinue iauei /eneii
?iaeaeaiee, ioaeaeyaoeo aeaoo aeaiiuo eeoe io iauaai aeey ieo iineoaey
patria potestas. Oaeei ia?acii a?aouey auee aaiaoaie aoi?ie noaiaie.

A?ae a ?eia caeeth/aeny iaoi?iaeueii: aeinoaoi/ii auei au?aaeaiey
niaeaney a?a/othueony (ianiiiaiii, a i?acoiioeee, /oi ana oneiaey
caeiiiiai a?aea iaeeoei ) e ioaaaeaiey iaaanou a aeii aeaieoa. Anee a?ae
caeeth/aeny cum manu mariti, oi aeey onoaiiaeaiey aeanoe ioaea
o?aaiaaeinue niaa?oaiea ii?aaeaeaiiuo oi?iaeueiuo aeoia (i?e yoii
ae?aaiaeoaa ?eineia i?aai ciaei o?e niiniaa onoaiiaeaiey manus:
confarreatio, coemptio, usus).

Nianoaaiii caeeth/aiea a?aea ?aniaaeaaony ia aeaa ?acaeaeueiuo a naiai
i?aaiaii cia/aiee niauoey: ia?o/aiea e nianoaaiii a?a/iay oea?aiiiey.
Ia?o/aiea iaueiiaaiii i?aaeoanoaoao a?aeo. A ae?aaiaeoaa a?aiy
ia?o/aiea eeoe alieni iuris niaa?oaeinue eo paterfamilias aac o/anoey
a?a/othueony. Iicaeiaa ia?o/aiea niaa?oaee aeaieo e iaaanoa n niaeaney
paterfamilias iaieo. A ae?aaiaeoaa a?aiy ia?ooaiea ia?o/aiey aeaaaei
ae?oaie noi?iia i?aai iio?aaiaaoue aiciauaiey i?e/eiaiiiai oua?aa. Ii
i?aoi?neiio i?aao ia?ooaiea ia?o/aiey aeaeei ca niaie oieueei infamia e
ia?aie/aiea i?aaa aunooiaoue a noaea a ea/anoaa i?aaenoaaeoaey /oaeeo
eioa?ania. A ia?eiae eiia?ee noi?iia, ia?ooeaoay ia?o/aiea oa?yea i?aai
ia aica?auaiea naeaeaiiuo ath iiaea?eia.

Iniiaiui iiiaioii nianoaaiii caeeth/aiey a?aea, ?iaeaeaaoei ana
i?aaeoniio?aiiua i?aaii iineaaenoaey ee/iiai e eiouanoaaiiiai oa?aeoa?a,
i?eciaaaeny oaiae aeaiu a aeii ioaea; ana ae?oaea ia?yaeiaua i?ioeaaeo?u
oieueei neiaieece?iaaee caeeth/aiea a?aea, ii ia n/eoaeenue oi?iaeueiuie
oneiaeyie ianooieaiey a?a/iuo naycae. N ?acaeoeai i?aaa oae i?ioeann
ioie?aiey eee ineaaeaiey ?iee noa?uo oi?i caeeth/aiey a?aea.
Ia?aeeaeueii aio i?ienoiaeeei ooaa?aeaeaiea iaoi?iaeueiiai niaa?oaiey
a?aea iooai i?inoiai niaeaoaiey, ca eioi?ui aeieaeii auei, iaeiaei,
iaiaoiaeeii neaaeiaaoue deductio feminae in domum nuptias.

A?ae i?eciaaaeny ie/oiaeiui: iaaeaeo ?iaenoaaiieeaie ii i?yiie eeiee, a
oaeaea iaaeaeo oaie aieiauie ?iaenoaaiieeaie, ec eioi?uo oioy au iaeei
noieo e iauaio i?aaeeo a ia?aie noaiaie ?iaenoaa. Aiaeiae/iua i?aaeea
i?eiaiyeenue e e naienoaaiieeai. Iiieii eceiaeaiiuo oneiaee caeiiiinoe
a?aea i?aaeuyaeyeenue aua iaeioi?ua niaoeeoe/aneea o?aaiaaiey. E
i?eia?o, i?iaeioeeaeueiue iaaeno?ao ia iia anooiaoue a a?ae n
a?aaeaeaieie aeaiiie i?iaeioeee.

I?ae?auaeny a?ae, caeeth/aiiue ii anai i?aaiaui o?aaiaaieyi, oaeaea
oieueei ii i?aaiaui iniiaaieyi. Oaeiauie yaeyeenue:

Nia?oue noi?oaa

Cayaeaiea ia ioeaca io a?a/iiai nithca- ?acaiae

Oo?aoa noi?oaii aai a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaiaiai ea/anoaa a nayce n
eciaiaieai aai nineiaiiai iieiaeaiey, oai aieaa- oo?aoie naiaiaeu, eee
eciaiaieai a?aaeaeainoaa.

?acaiae a eeanne/aneoth yiioo aue naiaiaeiui e aeiioneaeny eae ii
iaithaeiiio niaeaneth noi?oaia (divortium), oae e ii iaeiinoi?iiiaio
cayaeaieth ioeaca io a?a/iie aeecie (repudium). Naiaiaea ?acaiaea auea
iaeiei ec ia/ae ?eineiai a?a/iiai i?aaa. E, ia niio?y ia iiiaeanoai
?acaiaeia a eiioea ia?eiaea ?anioaeeee e a ia?eiae eiia?ee, ia niio?y ia
oi, /oi ?acaiaeu i?ioeai?a/eee o/aieth o?enoeaineie oea?eae i a?aea,
naiaiaea ?acaiaea ieeiaaea ia auea ie ioiaiaia, ie aeaaea ia?aie/aia,
anee ia n/eoaoue ?yaea eiouanoaaiiuo iineaaenoaee aeey noi?oaa, ii
eieoeeaoeaa eee ii aeia eioi?iai a?ae aue i?ae?auai ?acaiaeii.

III. Ee/iua e eiouanoaaiiua ioiioaiey iaaeaeo noi?oaaie.

Aeaenoaeoaeueiue a?a/iue nithc i?aaeiieaaae acaeiiua i?aaa e
iaycaiiinoe noi?oaia eae ee/iiai, oae e eiouanoaaiiiai oa?aeoa?a.
Ia?aaainoai ia?oia?ia aioo?e ?eineiai a?aea au?aaeaeinue a oii, /oi ia
aeaio i?eoiaeeeinue ii i?aeiouanoao o?aaiaaiey iaycaoaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a,
oiaaea eae ioaeo i?aaeinoaaeyeenue cia/eoaeueiua i?aaa a ioiioaiee
aeaiu.

Ee/iua e eiouanoaaiiua ioiioaiey iaaeaeo noi?oaaie auee aeoaiei
?acee/iu a a?aea cum manu e sine manu.

A a?aea cum manu aeaia, noaa th?eaee/anee /oaeie naiae noa?ie naiuea,
iiae/eiaia aeanoe ioaea, eioi?ay a i?eioeeia ia ioee/aaony io patria
potestas iooea iaae naieie aeaoueie. Ioae iiaeao eno?aaiaaoue
iieeioaooth aeii aeaio i?e iiiiue enea, iiaeiaiiai aeiaeeeaoeee. Ii
iiaeao i?iaeaoue aa a eaaaeo, ai?aaa iaeiaeeoue ia iaa ethaia iaeacaiea
aieioue aei eeoaiey a aeecie. Oae aea, eae ?aau e aeaoe, aeaia eeoaia
i?aainiiniaiinoe a iaeanoe eiouanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee. Ana eiouanoai aeaiu
e aa, oneiaii, ?aai/ay neea n aaniethoiinoueth ia?aoiaeeee e ioaeo,
noaiiaeeenue a iiiaio caeeth/aiey a?aea aeinoiyieai ioaea. Ana, /ai iia
aoaeao iaeaaeaoue ca a?aiy a?aea, i?eiaaeeaaeeo ioaeo. Noieue aani?aaiia
iieiaeaiea aeaiu niya/aeinue ?eineeie iau/ayie e o?aaeeoeeyie a iaeanoe
naiaeiuo ioiioaiee. Iai?eia?, iau/ae iaycuaaee ioaea ia iaeaaaoue ia
aeaio iaeacaiee, ia auneooaa niaaoa ?iaenoaaiieeia ii yoiio aii?ino.

A?ae sine manu ia iaiye th?eaee/aneiai iieiaeaiey aeaiu. Iia inoaaony
in patria potestate, anee auea iiae/eiaia iooeianeie aeanoe aei a?aea. A
neo/aa, anee iia auea aei anooieaiey a a?ae persona sui iuris, oi e
iinea a?aea iia inoaaony eeoeii naiaai i?aaa. Iiiyoii, /oi e eiouanoai,
i?eiaaeeaaeauaa ae aei a?aea, anee iia auea persona sui iuris, inoaaony
aa eiouanoaii, a ana, /oi iia i?eia?aoaao a a?aea, i?eiaaeeaaeeo ae
naiie. Oi anoue a a?aea sine manu aeaenoaiaae i?eioeei ?acaeaeueiinoe
eiouanoa. Ecaea?aeee niaianoiie aeecie eiaeaony ia ioaea, ii ii ai?aaa
?anii?yaeaoueny aeioiaeii, eioi?ue i?eiineo eiouanoai aeaiu. Iaeiaei
ioae ia eiae i?aaa io/oaeaeaoue yoi eiouanoai aac niaoeeaeueiiai
?ac?aoaiey noi?oae (aeaeeii, a neo/aa, anee iia- persona sui iuris) eee
aa i?aaeiaai aeiiiaeaaeuee. I?aaeiea ?iaenoaaiieee eiaee i?aai ia
oieueei i?aaeuyaeoue ioaeo o?aaiaaiey i ainnoaiiaeaiee eiouanoaa, ii
aeaaea enee ii iiaiaeo ceioiio?aaeaiee a oi?aaeaiee ei. AEaia ai?aaa
anooieoue n ioaeai a ethaoth eiouanoaaiioth naeaeeo. Aini?auaiu auee
eeoue aea?aiey iaaeaeo noi?oaaie. Eae ia iaeaaeathuay ius commercii, iia
ia iiaea naiinoiyoaeueii ?anii?yaeaoueny naiei eiouanoaii a
oicyenoaaiiii ioiioaiee. Ca aeaiie nio?aiyeinue ianneaiia i?aai
aunooiaoue o/anoieoeae oeeaeeueiiai iai?ioa. Ioaaonoaaiiinoue
aiceaaaeanue ia noi?oaia ?acaeaeueii, ca eneeth/aieai neo/aaa
eiioeneaoeee eiouanoaa ii oaieiaiui i?anooieaieyi. Caiaoei, /oi n
oa/aieai a?aiaie yoa iieiay th?eaee/aneay ?aciauaiiinoue noi?oaia a
a?aea sine manu ia/eiaao niya/aoueny eae a ee/iuo, oae e eiouanoaaiiuo
ioiioaieyo.

Iacaaeneii io oi?iu a?aea ia iniaii i?aaiaii iieiaeaiee iaoiaeeeenue
aeaa eaoaai?ee a?a/iuo eiouanoa: i?eaeaiiia (dos) e a?a/iua aea?u (dos
propter nuptias).

Oa?ieiii i?eaeaiiia iaicia/athony aaue eee eiua /anoe eiouanoaa,
i?aaeinoaaeyaiua ioaeo aeaiie, aa aeiiiaeaaeueie eee o?aoueei eeoeii
aeey iaeaa/aiey iaoa?eaeueiuo cao?oaeiaiee naiaeiie aeecie. A
ae?aaia?anioaeeeaineee ia?eiae, eiaaea a?aee ii/oe anaaaea auee cum
manu, niaoeeaeueiie ?aaeaiaioaoeee i?aaiaiai iieiaeaiey i?eaeaiiiai ia
auei. Iioiio, anee ia auei iniaiai niaeaoaiey ii yoiio aii?ino, oi
i?eaeaiiia ia auaeaeyeinue ec anaai inoaeueiiai eiouanoaa, i?eiineiiai
aeaiie e iinooiaei a nianoaaiiinoue ioaea. Ii ia?a ooaa?aeaeaiey a?aeia
sine manu aeey i?eaeaiiiai eae eiouanoaa, ia?aaeaaaaiiai ioaeo, aue
onoaiiaeai iniaue i?aaiaie ?aaeei. I?eia?ii ca 2 aaea aei i. y. noaei
aoiaeeoue a i?aaeei caeeth/aoue onoiia niaeaoaiea, ii eioi?iio ioae
i?eieiae iaycaoaeuenoai aica?aoeoue i?eaeaiiia a neo/aa i?ae?auaiey
a?aea.

A eeanne/aneee ia?eiae i?eaeaiia iieo/aao niaoeeaeueioth
?aaeaiaioaoeeth. I. Iiaeue/aiei ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi nouanoaiaae iniaue
aeieoiaio i ia?aaea/a i?eaeaiiai, eioi?ue aeieaeai aue niaea?aeaoue
oneiaey e iaiai?ee ioiineoaeueii noaeueau i?eaeaiiai i?e i?ae?auaiee
a?aea (eaeao ee iii iinea nia?oe aeaiu ioaeo, iinea nia?oe ioaea- aeaia,
i?aaeaeu aiciiaeiuo au/aoia ec noieiinoe i?eaeaiiai e o. i.) A neo/aa
i?ae?auaiey a?aea i?eaeaiia iiaeeaaeeo aica?aoo. Anee i?e onoaiiaeaiee
a?aea auei caeeth/aii ii yoiio iiaiaeo niaeaoaiea, ia aai iniiaa e
aeaaaeny ene i aica?aoa i?eaeaiiai. Yoi aue no?iaee ene, e ioae
aica?auae i?eaeaiia aaconeiaii e a iieiii iauaia. Anee niaoeeaeueiiai
niaeaoaiey ia auei, i?aoi? aeaaae aeaia ene. Yoi aue ene bonae fidei; ii
aeaaaeny aeaia, ii ia aa ianeaaeieeai, e ioae eiae i?aai oaea?aeaoue
ecaanoioth aio aeieth ia niaea?aeaiea inoaaoeony i?e iai aeaoae e i?i/ea
ioaeaeu.

I?e THnoeieaia i?eaeea i aica?aoa i?eaeaiiai auee oi?iuaiu /a?ac
iauaaeeiaiea aeaoo ?aiaa iacaaiiuo eneia. Oaia?ue iacaaeneii io oiai,
auei ee caeeth/aii niioaaonoaothuaa niaeaoaiea, aeaia e aa ianeaaeieee
iieo/atho oaia?ue ene i aica?auaiee i?eaeaiiai, ii eioi?iio i?eaeaiia
ia?aaeaaony iieiinoueth, ii ca au/aoii noiiu iaiaoiaeeiuo ecaea?aeae.

A?a/iua aea?u i?aaenoaaeyee niaie eae au “i?eaeaiia iaiai?io”, yoi aue
iiaea?ie aeaia io ioaea niioaaonoaaiii n eo iauanoaaiiui iieiaeaieai a
oiaea caeeth/aiey a?aea, eioi?ui noi?oaa eae au iaania/eaaeanue ia
neo/ae aaeianoaa. Aeaeaoue a?a/iua aea?u o?aaiaaee i?aaeea iauanoaaiiiai
i?eee/ey, oioy noi?iiu ia iiaee cayaeyoue i?aoaicee ia ionoonoaee
oaeiauo. Nia/aea yoi aea?aiea niaa?oaeinue aei a?aea (o. e. aea?aiey
iaaeaeo noi?oaaie cai?auaeenue) e iiyoiio iacuaaeinue i?aaea?a/iui
aea?ii. THnoeieai ?ac?aoee niaa?oaoue yoi aea?aiea e ai a?aiy a?aea, e
iii noaei iacuaaoueny donatio propter nuptias. Ii ?acia?o yoi eiouanoai
niioaaonoaiaaei i?eaeaiiio. A oa/aiea a?aea iii inoaaaeinue a
nianoaaiiinoe e oi?aaeaiee ioaea; a neo/aa ?anoi?aeaiey a?aea ii aeia
ioaea iii ia?aoiaeeei e aeaia. A aeiaiai?a ia?aaeei i?aaeoniao?eaaeinue
i?aai aeaiu o?aaiaaoue auaea/e yoiai eiouanoaa a neo/aa nia?oe ioaea.

IV. Patria potestas.

Ia iao acaeyae, ia/aoue yoo aeaao neaaeoao n ?anniio?aiey aii?ina i
acaeiiioiioaieyo iaaeaeo iaoa?ueth e aeaoueie. Yoe ioiioaiey aeoaiei
?acee/iu a caaeneiinoe io oiai, ninoieo ee iaoue a a?aea cum manu eee a
a?aea sine manu.

Iaoue, ninoiyuay a a?aea cum manu, aeey aeaoae yaeyaony loco sororis e
aianoa n ieie iiae/eiaia aeanoe naiaai ioaea eee aai paterfamilias, anee
ioae nai iaoiaeeony in patria potestate. Naycue iaoa?e n aeaoueie a
a?aea- iaeaieaa oaniay iinea nayce paterfamilias ni naieie
iiaeaeanoiuie.

Iaiai?io, a a?aea sine manu iaoue a ae?aaiaeoai i?aaa ia naycaia n
aeaoueie. Iia ia /eai naiuee iooea naieo aeaoae, iia- aaiaoea naiae
noa?ie naiuee, a eioi?ie iia ianeaaeoao e /eaiu eioi?ie ianeaaeotho
iinea iaa e inouanoaeytho iaae iae iiaeo.

Oaia?ue ia?aeaeai e ?anniio?aieth acaeiiioiioaiee iooea e aeaoae.

Yoe ioiioaiey auee iino?iaiu eia/a, /ai ioiioaiey iaoa?e e aeaoae: aeey
yoeo ioiioaiee auei aac?acee/ii, ninoiye ee ioaoe a a?aea cum manu eee
sine manu. Aeaoe anaaaea iaoiaeyony iiae aeanoueth iooea, in patria
potestas. Ii ii?aaeaeaieth Aay “iiae aeanoueth iooea iaueiiaaiii auaatho
e ioae/eiu e aeaiueiu, naiaeiie aea aeanoe ioaea iiae/eiythony oieueei
aeaiueiu.”

Yoa aeanoue, ia?aiia/aeueii aaca?aie/iay, iinoaiaiii, iaeiaei,
niya/aeanue. Iniiaiie i?e/eiie aeey yoiai yaeyeenue ?aniaae i?aaeiae
e?anoueyineie naiuee e ?acaeoea ?aianae: nuiiauey ana aieaa aaaeoo
naiinoiyoaeueiia oicyenoai. Ia?yaeo n yoei, nuiiauey i?eia?aoatho
naiinoiyoaeueii iieiaeaiea a oaea iinoiyiiie a?iee e ainoaea?noaaiiii
aiia?aoa. Oaea a ae?aaiaeoaa a?aiy aeanoue paterfamilias iaae
ee/iinoueth aeaoae oia?yeanue aicaeaenoaeai naiaeiiai niaaoa. A eiioea
?anioaeeee e a ia/aea ia?eiaea eiia?ee aue aaaaeai ?yae ia?aie/aiee i?aa
paterfamilias ia ee/iinoue aeaoae.

Iiaeaeanoiue nui eiaao e libertas, e civitas; a iaeanoe ioaee/iiai
i?aaa ii noieo ia?yaeo n iooeii, iiaeao caieiaoue ioaee/iua aeieaeiinoe.
Ii a naiuea ii anaoeaei iiae/eiai iooeianeie aeanoe, i?eoii aic?ano
cia/aiey ia eiaao, e aeaaea eiaaea ii oaea ninoieo a a?aea e eiaao
aeaoae. Aaaeii iiae/a?eiooue, /oi aeanoue iaae aeaoueie i?eiaaeeaaeeo
eiaiii iooeo, a ia iaiei ?iaeeoaeyi.

Eneeth/eoaeueiinoue iieiaeaiey aeaoae ii?aaeaeyeanue aeaoiy
ianoiyoaeuenoaaie: iie ia oieueei auee a /enoi naiaeiie ii iniiaaieyi
aeanoe ?iaeeoaey, ii e ninoiyee “iiae aeanoueth” iniaiai ?iaea, eioi?ie
i?aaeiieaaaeenue aeiiieieoaeueiua i?aaiaua aiciiaeiinoe ?iaeeoaey ii
ioiioaieth e aeaoyi.

Iiae iooeianeoth aeanoue aeaoe iiiaaeaee o?aiy iooyie:

*a?ac ?iaeaeaiea a caeiiiii a?aea

*a?ac onuiiaeaiea

*a?ac ocaeiiaiea

A ?eia aeaenoaiaaei i?aaeei, niaeanii eioi?iio anyeee ?aaaiie,
?iaeaeaiiue caioaeiae aeaiueiie, n/eoaeny nuiii eee aei/a?ueth aa ioaea,
iiea ia aoaeao aeieacaii i?ioeaiia. Neaaeoao iiae/a?eiooue, /oi iooeii
?aaaiea, ?iaeaeaiiiai a a?aea, n/eoaaony ioae. Yoa oi?ioea aoaeao caoai
onaiaia eiaeaenii Iaiieaiia, eae e iiiaia ae?oaia.

Iooeianeay aeanoue iiaea auoue onoaiiaeaia iooai ocaeiiaiey aeaoae
oieueei io eiieoaeiu. Ocaeiiaiea iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue eae i?eciaiea
caeiiiuie aeaoae aeaiiuo ?iaeeoaeae, ?iaeaeaiiuo eie aia caeiiiiai
a?aea. Nouanoaiaaei ianeieueei iooae (niiniaia) ocaeiiaiey:

Iooai i?aaenoaaeaiey aiaa?a/iiai nuia a ordo ianoiuo aeaeo?eiiia n
iaaeaeaieai aai ecaanoiui eiouanoaaiiui oeaicii;

Iooai iineaaeothuaai a?aea ?iaeeoaeae;

Iooai ecaeaiey niaoeeaeueiiai eiia?aoi?neiai oeaca.

A ioee/ea io ocaeiiaiey, aeaaaaoaai iieiaeaiea caeiiiuo aeaoae eeoea,
?iaeaeaiiuo io aeaiiuo ?iaeeoaeae, ii aia a?aea, onuiiaeaiea
onoaiaaeeaaei iooeianeoth aeanoue iaae iinoi?iiiei eeoeii. Ocaeiiaiea
?acee/aeinue aeaoo aeaeia:

Arrogatio, anee onuiiaeyeanue persona sui iuris. A ae?aaiaeoea a?aiaia
arrogatio i?iecaiaeeeanue ia ia?iaeiii nia?aiee i?e o/anoee aa?oiaiiai
ae?aoea e a i?enoonoaee eae onuiiaeoaey, oae e onuiiaeyaiiai. Iaeiaei,
a aieaa iicaeiea a?aiaia, n ieii/aoaeueiui i?ae?auaieai nicuaa ia?iaeiuo
nia?aiee, arrogatio i?iecaiaeeeanue iooai iieo/aiey ia oi eiia?aoi?neiai
?ane?eioa.

Adoptio, anee onuiiaeyeanue persona alieni iuris. Adoptio
i?iecaiaeeeanue ia?aiia/aeueii neiaeiui ia?yaeii iaioeeiaoeee, oieueei
THnoeieai caiaiee yoo neiaeioth i?ioeaaeo?o i?inoui cayaeaieai ia?aae
noaeii. Oaia?ue yoio aeae onuiiaeaiey niaa?oaeny iooai caianaiey a
noaeaaiue i?ioieie niaeaoaiey i?aaeiaai aeiiiaeaaeuee onuiiaeyaiiai n
onuiiaeoaeai a i?enoonoaee onuiiaeyaiiai.

Aei THnoeieaia adoptio, eae e arrogatio, aaiaeeea onuiiaeaiiiai a
aaiaoe/aneoth naiueth onuiiaeoaey, ii THnoeieai ineaaee aa cia/aiea: iia
ia oie/oiaeaea patria potestas e?iaiiai iooea, eeoue onoaiaaeeaay i?aai
ianeaaeiaaiey onuiiaeaiiiai iinea onuiiaeoaey.

Iiaeii auaeaeeoue iauea iaiaoiaeeiua oneiaey onuiiaeaiey:

Onuiiaeyoue iia, eae i?aaeei, ioae/eia;

Onuiiaeoaeue aeieaeai auoue persona sui iuris

Onuiiaeyaiue aeieaeai auoue ieaaeoa onuiiaeoaey ia 18 eao e aieueoa.

Ee/iua i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe ?iaeeoaeae e aeaoae ei?aiiui ia?acii auee
?acee/iu ia ?aciuo yoaiao ?eineie enoi?ee. Aeanoue iooea naiaenoaa
i?aaeiieaaaea neaaeothuea i?aaa a ioiioaiee aeaoae:

i?aai ?anii?yaeaoueny aeeciueth ?aaaiea a ethaii aic?anoa aei
aeinoeaeaiey ei niaa?oaiiieaoey, ii yoi i?aai ?aaoee?iaaeinue i?aaaie e
iau/ayie, a oaeaea o?aaiaaei o/anoey naiaeiiai niaaoa;

i?aai inoaaeoue iiai?iaeaeaiiiai aaciaaeci?iui;

i?aai- iaycaiiinoue ioaa/aoue ca i?aaiia?ooaiey, niaa?oaiiua aeaoueie.
Ioaaonoaaiiinoue iiaea auoue ee/iie eee aea iooeo i?aaeinoaaeyeinue
i?aai auaeaoue ?aaaiea enooeo aieiaie;

i?iaeaoue nuia eee aei/ue a ?aanoai;

i?aai ia aeiaeeeaoeeiiiue ene a ioiioaiee oaea?aeeaathueo aai aeaoae.

N oa/aieai a?aiaie noieue no?iaay aeanoue niya/eeanue. A eiioea eiioeia
aeanoue iooea naaeanue e aai i?aao i?eiaiyoue aeiiaoiea ia?u iaeacaiey
aeaoae, e iaycaiiinoe aeaoae ieacuaaoue oaaaeaiea ?iaeeoaeyi.

A noa?a eiouanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee aeaoe auee, ii- aeaeeiiio, ?aii
aeiiouaiu e niaa?oaieth naeaeie io naiaai eiaie, o. a. iaeaaeaee ius
commercium. Ii ana i?aaa ec oaeeo naeaeie aicieeaee aeey paterfamilias.
Iaycaiiinoe aea ec yoeo naeaeie aeey iaai ia aicieeaee. Iaeiia?aiaiii n
iineaaeiaaoaeueiui ia?aie/aieai aeanoe ioaea iaae aeaiie e ?anoe?aieai
e?oaa th?eaee/aneeo iineaaenoaee ec naeaeie ?aaia inouanoaeyaony
i?ioeann iinoaiaiiiai i?eciaiey i?aai- e aeaaniiniaiinoe iiaeaeanoiuo
aeaoae.

A ?eia aioei a iau/ae auaeaeyoue iiaeaeanoiiio nuio, a ?aaii e ?aao
eiouanoai a naiinoiyoaeueiia oi?aaeaiea. Oaeia eiouanoai iacuaaeinue
peculium. Neaaeoao iiae/a?eiooue, /oi iaeoeee- eiouanoai,
i?aaeinoaaeyaiia iiaeaeanoiiio oieueei a oi?aaeaiea e iieueciaaiea;
nianoaaiieeii iaeoeey inoaaony aeiiiaeaaeuea. Iaeoeea?iua ioiioaiey
iooea e nuia ai iiiaii iioiaee ia ioiioaiey ii iiaiaeo ?aaneiai iaeoeey.
?aaiui ia?acii o?aouee eeoea, anooieaoea a naeaeee n iiaeaeanoiuie,
eiaee e aeiiiaeaaeuea oaeea aea aeiiieieoaeueiua enee, eaeea aeaaaeenue
ec naeaeie ?aaia.

A neo/aa nia?oe iiaeaeanoiiai iaeoeee ia ia?aoiaeeo ii ianeaaenoao, a
i?inoi aica?auaaony a iaiin?aaenoaaiiia iaeaaeaiea iooea. A neo/aa
nia?oe aeiiiaeaaeuee iaeoeee ia?aoiaeeo e aai ianeaaeieeai ia?yaeo ni
anai inoaeueiui eiouanoaii. Anee iiaeaeanoiue nui inaiaiaeaeaaony io
iooeianeie aeanoe, e ioaoe i?e yoii ia iio?aaiaae iaeoeee, oi iineaaeiee
n/eoaaony iiaea?aiiui nuio.

A nayce n auaeaeaieai iaeoeey iiaeaeanoiiio i?iecioee e iaeioi?ua
ae?oaea eciaiaiey. A nayce n aeaiiie i?aeoeeie auei i?eciaii aiciiaeiui
onoaiiaeaiea “iaoo?aeueiuo” iaycaoaeuenoaaiiuo ioiioaiee iaaeaeo /eaiaie
iaeiie naiuee. N oa/aieai a?aiaie ia?yaeo n yoei aeaeii iaeoeey
iiyaeeenue eiua, cia/eoaeueii ?anoe?eaoea eiouanoaaiioth
naiinoiyoaeueiinoue iiaeaeanoiuo e naeaeaaoea eo iieiioeaiiuie
o/anoieeaie a?aaeaeaineiai iai?ioa. Iai?eia?, aiaiiue iaeoeee ninoiye ia
oieueei a oaeoe/aneii oi?aaeaiee iiaeaeanoiiai, ii e i?eiaaeeaaeae aio
ia i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ca iaeioi?uie ia?aie/aieyie e eneeth/aieyie. N
ia/aea 4 aaea i. y. th?eaee/aneia iieiaeaiea aiaiiiai iaeoeey auei
?ani?ino?aiaii ia anyeiai ?iaea i?eia?aoaiey nuia, naeaeaiiua ia
ainoaea?noaaiiie, i?eaeai?iie, aeooiaiie neoaeaa, a oaeaea ia neoaeaa a
ea/anoaa aaeaieaoa. Iaeiiaoe, n i?eciaieai i?aaa ianeaaeiaaiey aeaoae
iinea iaoa?e, ninoiyaoae a a?aea sine manu, iaaiciiaeii auei ia
ia?aaeeoue io i?eoycaiee ni noi?iiu paterfamilias eiouanoai,
oianeaaeiaaiiia aeaoueie io iaoa?e. A 4 a. i. y. yoi eiouanoai auei
iauyaeaii i?eiaaeeaaeauei aeaoyi n i?aaii paterfamilias ia iiaeeciaiiia
iieueciaaiea e oi?aaeaiea ei. ?acaeoea caaa?oeeinue iinoaiiaeaieai, /oi
paterfamilias nio?aiyao i?aai nianoaaiiinoe eeoue ia oi ninoiyuaa a
iaeaaeaiee aeaoae eiouanoai, eioi?ia eeai i?eia?aoaii ia n?aaenoaa
iooea, eeai iieo/aii io o?aoueaai eeoea, aeaeathuaai nicaeaoue
ecaanoioth auaiaeo aeey paterfamilias, a oaeaea ia eiouanoai, eioi?ia
ioaoe ia?aaeae iiaeaeanoiui, aeaeay iiaea?eoue aai, ii eioi?ia inoaeinue
nianoaaiiinoueth iooea a neeo iaaeaenoaeoaeueiinoe naeaeie iaaeaeo iei e
iiaeaeanoiuie aeaoueie. Ana inoaeueiua eiouanoaa i?eiaaeeaaeao
iiaeaeanoiiio.

Iooeianeay aeanoue iaae aeaoueie i?ae?auaeanue oieueei ni nia?oueth
aeiiiaeaaeuee eee iin?aaenoaii iniaiai aunaiaiaeaeaiey ec- iiae aeanoe.
Aunaiaiaeaeaiea auei eeai aeia?iaieueiui aeoii aeiiiaeaaeuee
(manumissio), eioi?ue i?e?aaieaaeny e aunaiaiaeaeaieth ?aaa ia naiaiaeo;
eee i?eioaeeoaeueii- i?aaiaui (ca ia?ooaiea iaycaiiinoe ?iaeeoaey a
ioiioaiee aeaoae); eee ii neea /anoiiai i?aaa. Iinea emantipatio ioaoe
nio?aiye i?aai ia iieueciaaiea iieiaeiie eiouanoaa nuia.

Iaeiiaoe, noieo e?aoei ?anneacaoue ia iiaea e iiia/eoaeuenoaa.

Eeoei sui iuris a nayce n aic?anoii, ninoiyieai caei?iauey eee iaeioi?ui
iniaui iieiaeaieai iiaeao ioaeaeaoueny a iiiiue e io?aia i?e
inouanoaeaiee naiae a?aaeaeaineie i?aainiiniaiinoe. Yoei oeaeyi neoaeeee
a ?eineii i?aaa iiaea (tutela) iaae ianiaa?oaiiieaoieie, iaae
?anoi/eoaeyie, a oaeaea ?aii oo?aoeaoay i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea iiaea iaae
aeaiueiaie( , e iiia/eoaeuenoai (cura) iaae aacoiiuie, iaae ieii?aie,
iaae ?anoi/eoaeyie. ?acee/ea iaaeaeo iiaeie e iiia/eoaeuenoaii
au?aaeaeinue a ii?yaeea aeayoaeueiinoe iiaeoia e iiia/eoaey. Iiaeoi
oi?iaeueiui aeoii niaeaney i?eaeaao th?eaee/aneoth neeo naeaeeai, e
niaa?oaieth eioi?uo iiaeiia/iue ianiiniaai; iiia/eoaeue aea au?aaeaao
naia niaeanea iaoi?iaeueii, aiciiaeii aeaaea iaiaeiia?aiaiii ni
naeaeeie.

Iai?eia?, aeaiueia, eioi?ay inoaaaeanue a caaeneiinoe io iiaeoia, ia
iiaeao ninoaaeyoue caaauaiey aac aai niaeaney; a i?ioeaiii neo/aa,
caaauaiea aa ii a?aaeaeaineiio i?aao, aoaeao iaaeaenoaeoaeueii.

Nienie enoi/ieeia e eeoa?aoo?u

Iiaeoeeee E. A. ?eineia i?aai. I.: Annioeeaoeey “Aoiaieoa?iia ciaiea”,
1993.

Iiaeue/aiei I. A. Iniiau ?eineiai i?aaa. I.: “Iaione?eio”, 1994.

?eineia /anoiia i?aai/ iiae ?aae. i?io. E. A. Iiaeoeeiai e i?io. E. N.
Ia?aoa?neiai. I.: TH?enou, 1996.

*a?ieeianeee C. I. Eaeoeee ii ?eineiio /anoiiio i?aao. I.: TH?eae. eeo.,
1991.

Anaiauay enoi?ey ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa/ iiae ?aae. E. Aaou?a. I.: Aueeia,
1995.

Eina?aa A. E. ?eineia i?aai. I.: TH?eae. eeo., 1986.

*a?ieeianeee C. I. O?anoiiaoey ii anaiauae enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa.
I.: Aa?aea?eea, 1996.

*a?ieeianeee C. I. Eaeoeee ii ?eineiio /anoiiio i?aao, n. 63.

Eina?aa A. E. ?eineia i?aai, n. 55.

?eineia /anoiia i?aai/ iiae ?aae. i?io. E. A. Iiaeoeeiai e i?io. E. N.
Ia?aoa?neiai, n. 124.

*a?ieeianeee C. I. Eaeoeee ii ?eineiio /anoiiio i?aao, n. 64.

Iiaeue/aiei I. A. Iniiau ?eineiai i?aaa, n. 132.

Iiaeoeeee E. A. ?eineia i?aai, n. 63.

Caeiiu XII oaaeeoe, oaaeeoea VI, i. 4.// *a?ieeianeee C. I. O?anoiiaoey
ii anaiauae enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa, n. 50.

?eineia /anoiia i?aai/ iiae ?aae. i?io. E. A. Iiaeoeeiai e i?io. E. N.
Ia?aoa?neiai, n. 127.

Oai aea, n. 130.

Iiaeue/aiei I. Oeac. ni/., n. 133

Iiaeue/aiei I. Oeac. ni/. n. 135.

Iiaeoeeee E. A. Oeac ni/. n. 65.

Anaiauay enoi?ey ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa/ iiae ?aae. E. Aaou?a, n. 101.

Iiaeoeeee E. A. Oea. ni/. n. 66.

Iiaeue/aiei I. Oeac. ni/. n. 139.

?eineia /anoiia i?aai/ iiae ?aae. i?io. E. A. Iiaeoeeiai e i?io. E. N.
Ia?aoa?neiai, n. 140

Einoeoooeee Aay, Eieaa 1, i. 109// *a?ieeianeee C. I. O?anoiiaoey ii
anaiauae enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa, n. 57.

Iiaeue/aiei I. Oeac. ni/. n. 139.

Ni. *a?ieeianeee C. I. Eaeoeee ii ?eineiio /anoiiio i?aao, n. 75.

( A XII oaaeeoeao neacaii: “i?aaeee ooaa?aeaeaee, /oi aeaaea
niaa?oaiiieaoiea aeaiueiu aneaaenoaea i?enouaai ei eaaeiiuneey aeieaeiu
ninoiyoue iiae iiaeith. Eneeth/aiea aeiioneaeinue oieueei aeey aeaa-
aanoaeie, eioi?uo ?eieyia a oaaaeaiea e eo ae?a/aneiio naio
inaiaiaeaeaee io iiaee. Oae iii auei iinoaiiaeaii caeiiii XII oaaeeoe”.
(oaaeeoea V i.1)

Einoeoooeee Aay, eieaa II, i. 118// *a?ieeianeee C. I. O?anoiiaoey ii
anaiauae enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa, n. 62.

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