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Проектирование радиорелейных линий связи (курсовая)

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Министерство информационных технологий и связи РФ

Федеральное агентство связи

УрТИСИ ГОУ ВПО СибГУТИ

Курсовой проект

ПРОЕКТИРОВАНИЕ И РАСЧЕТ ТРАССЫ РРЛ

Альбом МЕ 72.07

Студента 3 курса МЕ-72 группы

Плишкина Михаила

Екатеринбург, 2010

ЗАДАНИЕ

ИСХОДНЫЕ ДАННЫЕ

Тип аппаратуры: РАДАН МС-11Длинна РРЛ: L = 100 км.Длинна интервала: R0 =
30 км.Вертикальный градиент: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 = – 8.0·10-8 1/мСтандартное отклонение: у = 7,5·10-8 1/мПотери
в сосредоточенных элементах: аэл = 3 дБПогонные потери ап = 0,05 дБ/мВид
модуляции: ЧМСкорость передачи: В = 2,048 Мбит/сМощность сигнала на
выходе передатчика: 19 дБмЧувствительность приемника при пороговом
уровне сигнала: -92 дБнДиаметр антенны: 1 м

1. ПОЯСНИТЕЛЬНАЯ ЗАПИСКА СОДЕРЖИТ

1. Введение 2. Выбор трассы, определение структуры проектируемой РРЛ3.
Расчет интервала РРЛ 4. Выводы по проделанной работе5. Список литературы

2. ГРАФИЧЕСКАЯ ЧАСТЬ ПРОЕКТА СОДЕРЖИТ ДВА ЛИСТА ЧЕРТЕЖЕЙ А4

1. Профиль интервала.

2. Структурная схема организации связи для проектируемой РРЛ.

Дата выдачи Срок окончания

Преподаватель – руководитель Вронская Е. В.

СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

Введение

1. Выбор трассы. Определение структуры проектируемой РРЛ

1.1 Требования, предъявляемые при выборе трассы РРЛ

1.2 Определение типа РРЛ

1.3 Структура проектируемой РРЛ

1.4 Определение количества интервалов на участке РРЛ

1.5 Составим схему размещения станций на участке

2. Расчет интервала РРЛ

2.1. Построение профиля интервала

2.2. Определение высот подвеса антенн

2.3. Определение устойчивости связи

2.4 Определение процента времени, в течение которого VVmin из-за
интеренционных замираний

2.5 Расчет величины Тд(Vmin).

2.6 Расчет уровней сигнала на входе

Выводы по проделанной работе

Список литературы

ВВЕДЕНИЕ

Одним из основных видов средств связи являются радиорелейные линии
прямой видимости, которые используются для передачи сигналов
многоканальных телефонных сообщений, радиовещания и телевидения,
телеграфных и фототелеграфных сигналов, передача газетных полос. Все
виды сообщений передаются по РРЛ на большие расстояния с высоким
качеством и большой надежностью.

В начале 70-х годов на магистральных РРЛ были внедрены новые
радиорелейные системы “Восход” и “Дружба”, рассчитанные уже на передачу
1920 ТФ каналов в одном стволе, а также сигналов черно-белого или
цветного телевидения совместно с сигналами четырех каналов звукового
сопровождения.

1. ВЫБОР ТРАССЫ. ОПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ СТРУКТУРЫ ПРОЕКТИРУЕМОЙ РРЛ

1.1 Требования, предъявляемые при выборе трассы РРЛ

Обеспечение связью населенных пунктов с учетом перспективы их развития.

Обеспечение высокого и стабильного по уровню и по времени принимаемого
сигнала. Надежность и качество связи должна удовлетворять нормам.

Релейные станции располагаются зигзагообразно во избежание
интерференционных замираний.

Необходимо обеспечить удобство электроснабжения, подъездные пути,
возможность реализации продукции связи.

Радиорелейные станции по возможности располагаются на естественных
возвышенностях с целью снижения высоты подвеса антенн.

Радиорелейные станции по возможности располагаются вдали от аэродромов.
Запрещается использование плодородных пахотных земель.

1.2 Определение типа РРЛ

Тип РРЛ определяется исходя из протяженности трассы, а так же исходя из
скорости передачи цифровых сигналов. Протяженность проектируемой трассы
составляет 100 км., а скорость передачи 2,048 Мбит/с. Следовательно
данная линия является линией местной связи.

1.3 Составим структуру проектируемой РРЛ

Определим количество участков проектируемой РРЛ

Участком называется расстояние между двумя узловыми станциями или между
оконечной и ближайшей узловой, а в случае если участок один, то между
оконечными.

picscalex100010009000003fd0000000300170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02e00420051200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb1ffffffe0040000910400000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000100109000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
50020c030500000013025002c50417000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01010008000000
320a8f04180401000000310017000000fb0240fe0000000000009001010000cc04020010
54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc81040000002d01020004000000f001
010008000000320a1f043303010000004c0008000000320aa6017503010000004c000800
0000320ac0023900010000006e0010000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000020002
001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320ac0029501
010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb0210000700
00000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01020004000000f001
0100030000000000(1)

где L1 – длина цифровой линии местной сети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L-длина всей линии,L=100

n-количество участков
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.

Выбираем n=1

Определим длину участка проектируемой РРЛ

Длина участка проектируемой РРЛ определяется по формуле (2):
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(2)
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.

1.4 Определим количество интервалов на участке РРЛ

Интервал называется расстояние между двумя соседними станциями.

Количество интервалов на участке РРЛ определяется по формуле (3):
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 (3)
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1.5 Составим схему размещения станций на участке

ПРСОРС

ОРСПРС

Рисунок 1. Схема размещения станций.

2. РАСЧЕТ ИНТЕРВАЛА РРЛ

2.1 Построение профиля интервала

Профилем интервала называется вертикальный разрез местности с указанием
на нем леса, высотных строений и т.д.

Высотные отметки профиля интервалов в метрах и относительная координата
даны в таблице 1.

Таблица 1.

Ki00.10.20.30.40.50.60.70.80.91h, м7360727170665857687278yi,
м06,311,214,716,817,516,814,711,26,30(y+h),м7366,383,285,786,883,574,871
,779,278,378

Расчет линии условного нулевого уровня (ЛУНУ).

Расчет произведем по формуле (4):
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(4)

где а – диаметр земли (6370 км.);

yi – соответствующая координата ЛУНУ;

Ri – расстояние от начала отсчета до интересующей нас точки.

Для удобства расчетов преобразуем формулу (4) в формулу (5):
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(5)

результаты расчета занесем в таблицу 1

По данным расчета строим профиль интервала.

Для этого выберем масштаб и строим ЛУНУ.

По горизонтали в 1 см=2 км.

По вертикали в 1 см=10м.

Расстояние h+y откладываем в соответствии с теми же координатами Ki, а
затем соединяем полученные точки ломаной линией.

Профиль интервала построен.

2.2 Определение высот подвеса антенн.

Определяем относительную координату наивысшей точки профиля интервала по
формуле (6):
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,(6)

где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-расстояние до наивысшей точки профиля
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Определим просвет интервала Н0, м. при распространении радиоволн в
свободном пространстве, по формуле (7):
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(7)

где л = 2,73 см. – средняя длинна волны
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 м.

Статистика показывает, что примерно 50% рабочего времени, работа
происходит не в условиях свободного пространства, а в условиях
положительной рефракции, т.е. распространение радиоволн происходит с
небольшим огибанием земной поверхности, поэтому реальный просвет
становится больше чем в свободном пространстве, и такой интервал
называют открытым, а увеличение просвета характеризует приращение
просвета ДН(q).

Определим приращение просвета ДН(q) при положительной рефракции
характерной для 50% рабочего времени, по формуле (8):
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(8)

где,q-вертикальный градиент
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 м.

Слишком большой просвет быть не должен т.к.

1) Возрастает опасность интерференционных замираний, когда в точку
приема приходит основной сигнал и отражается от земли или тропосферы в
противофазе с основным.

2) Недостатком большого просвета является удорожание антенных опор и
необходимости сигнального освещения мачт и дополнительные потери в
фидерах.

Рекомендуемый просвет Н, м. выбираем в пределах, по формуле (9):
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(9)
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 м.
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Определим высоту подвеса антенны по чертежу профиля интервала

От наивысшей точки профиля интервала вертикально вверх откладываем
полученную величину Н. Через полученную точку проводим прямую линию так
чтоб высоты подвеса антенн были примерно одинаковыми.

Определим относительный просвет интервала P(q), по формуле (10):
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(10)
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2.3 Определение устойчивости связи

Для расчета устойчивости связи необходимо рассчитать минимально
допустимый множитель ослабления.

Множитель ослабления зависит от параметров аппаратуры и от коэффициента
ослабления антенно-волноводного тракта (АВТ).

Определим потери в АВТ по формуле (11):
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(11)

где аЭЛ = 3 дБ – потери в сосредоточенных элементах

аn = 0,05 дБ/м – погонное затухание

LВЕР 0 – длинна вертикального фидера. LВЕР = 0 так как приемное и
передающее оборудование совмещено с антенной.

LГОР – длинна горизонтального фидера. Выбираем LГОР = 0,5 м для каждой
станции.
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 дБ.

Определим минимально допустимый множитель ослабления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, дБ по формуле (12):
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(12)

где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 = -92 дБн – чувствительность приемника при пороговом уровне
сигнала (BER = 10-3).
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 = 19 дБм –
мощность сигнала на выходе передатчика.

л = 2,73 см – длинна волны.
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 – затухание в свободном
пространстве определяется по формуле (13):
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(13)

G – коэффициент усиления приемопередающей антенны определяется по
формуле (14):
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(14)

где D = 1 м – диаметр антенны.
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picscalex100010009000003a801000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c022004400c1200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
a7ffffff000c0000c70300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000c0000800
0000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014024002680505000000
13024002c20a1c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c
0077400000003c0b0a241643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d0101000800
0000320aa002250b010000003d7908000000320ab001f60801000000d77908000000320a
a002d20401000000d77908000000320aa002a501010000003d791c000000fb0220ff0000
000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e001643c7771f43
c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a2003dc09
01000000327908000000320a0401130a01000000327908000000320a04012b0801000000
32791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720
526f6d616e001643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01010004000000f001
020009000000320acc03d306040000003032373308000000320acc037306010000002e32
08000000320acc03b30501000000303208000000320ab0015c0901000000313208000000
320ab001960602000000313408000000320ab0013606010000002e3408000000320ab001
760501000000333408000000320aa002e80301000000363408000000320aa00288030100
00002e3408000000320aa002c8020100000030341c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001
010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e001643c7771f43c77720c0c977
00003000040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320aa0022e00010000004734
0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02
000000cc0102022253797374656d000000000a0021008a0100000000010000009cf31200
2942c777040000002d01010004000000f001020003000000000013229

picscalex1000100090000035101000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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picscalex1000100090000031d02000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c024002001f1200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
a6ffffffc01e0000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000060001c00
0000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e001643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01000008000000320a8001051d
02000000e4c11c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e001643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d0101000400
0000f001000008000000320a800116000100000056c11c000000fb0220ff000000000000
9001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e001643c7771f43c77720c0
c97700003000040000002d01000004000000f001010009000000320ae0017d0203000000
e4eeef651c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e001643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01010004000000
f001000008000000320a80018b1b02000000353508000000320a80012b1b010000002e35
08000000320a8001ab1902000000343708000000320a8001e71502000000303508000000
320a80018715010000002e3508000000320a8001c71401000000333508000000320a8001
bd1201000000343508000000320a80015d12010000002e3508000000320a8001dd100200
0000383208000000320a8001e60e01000000383208000000320a8001860e010000002e32
09000000320a8001460c030000003134326508000000320a8001b8090200000031310900
0000320a80014c0603000000313232651c000000fb0220ff000000000000900100000000
0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e001643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000
040000002d01000004000000f001010009000000320ae0010001030000006d696e651c00
0000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0077400000003606
0af41643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01010004000000f00100000800
0000320a8001da18010000002d6908000000320a8001b217010000003d6908000000320a
8001b913010000002b6908000000320a8001dc0f010000002d6908000000320a8001560b
010000002b6908000000320a8001c808010000002b6908000000320a80017b0501000000
2d6908000000320a80015304010000003d690a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000
00001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00000000
0a0021008a0100000000000000009cf312002942c777040000002d01000004000000f001
0100030000000000

picscalex1000100090000039301000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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Определим параметры сферы для оценки влияния экранирующего действия
препятствия.

Для этого от наивысшей точки профиля интервала вертикально вниз
откладываем расстояние, равное просвету свободного пространства H0.
Через полученную точку проводим линию параллельную прямой соединяющей
антенны до пересечения с профилем интервала.

Определим ширину препятствия r, км.

r = 11,5 км

Определим относительную величину препятствия L, км., по формуле (15):
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(15)
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Определим параметр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,
характеризующий радиус кривизны препятствия, по формуле (16):
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(16)

picscalex1000100090000032f02000004001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c028004e0141200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
b7ffffffa0140000370400000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000d0000800
0000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014028002ad0705000000
130280027e10050000001402cb02b106050000001302af02e20608000000fa0200002000
000000000000040000002d010100050000001402b702e206050000001302220429070400
00002d0100000500000014022204310705000000130251008f0705000000140251008f07
05000000130251009e101c000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000000040200105469
6d6573204e657720526f6d616e001643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01
020008000000320ae0021f1302000000343908000000320ae002bf12010000002e390800
0000320ae002ff1101000000313908000000320a0c04900b02000000333808000000320a
0c04300b010000002e3808000000320a0c04700a01000000303808000000320af001360f
01000000293808000000320af001760e01000000343808000000320af001160e01000000
2e3808000000320af001560d01000000303808000000320af0016b0b0100000031380800
0000320af0010b0b01000000283808000000320af001e10801000000343808000000320a
f0018108010000002e3808000000320af001c10701000000303808000000320ae0026904
02000000303208000000320ae0020904010000002e3208000000320ae002490301000000
32321c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720
526f6d616e001643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01030004000000f001
020008000000320a60031f0d01000000323208000000320a4401cf0f0100000032320800
0000320a4401b60901000000323208000000320a40032f010100000030321c000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c007740000000c1080ae01643
c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01020004000000f001030008000000320a
e0020111010000003d3208000000320af001490c010000002d3208000000320af001810a
01000000d73208000000320ae002130601000000d73208000000320ae002210201000000
3d321c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020402001053796d626f6c00774000
00004b080aed1643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01030004000000f001
020008000000320ae0024000010000006d320a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000
00001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00000000
0a0021008a0100000000020000009cf312002942c777040000002d01020004000000f001
0300030000000000

Определяем относительный просвет интервала для Vmin доп.

P(q0) = -1.8

Определяем вспомогательный параметр A, необходимый для дальнейшего
расчета устойчивости связи, по формуле (17):
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(17)
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Определяем параметр ш, необходимый для расчета процента времени в
течение, которого множитель ослабления V < Vmin, доп., из-за экранирующего действия препятствия, по формуле (18): picscalex100010009000003a40100000300170000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02600200131200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb7ffffffc0120000170200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000600009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 8f00e40a0500000013028f00c40b17000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc86040000002d01010008000000 320aa0019f1102000000295d08000000320aa001530f01000000280008000000320aa001 d90b01000000290008000000320aa0012a0a01000000280008000000320aa0015d080100 00005b0008000000320aa001770401000000330008000000320aa0010704010000002e00 08000000320aa001270301000000320017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc 0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc86040000002d0102000400 0000f001010008000000320a1002e91001000000300017000000fb0240fe000000000000 9001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc8604000000 2d01010004000000f001020008000000320aa001f40f01000000710008000000320aa001 350e01000000500008000000320aa001cb0a01000000710008000000320aa0010c090100 0000500008000000320aa001710601000000410010000000fb0240fe0000000000009001 000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000 320aa001cf0c010000002d0008000000320aa001c20701000000d70008000000320aa001 900501000000d70008000000320aa001cf01010000003d0010000000fb0240fe00000000 00009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010200 08000000320aa001faff0100000079000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000 10000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc04000000 2d01020004000000f0010100030000000000(18) picscalex100010009000003a501000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500 0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000 0000050000000c020002c0131200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff c6ffffff80130000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000050001c00 0000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61 6e001643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01000008000000320a6001cc12 01000000327908000000320a60016c12010000002e7908000000320a6001ac1101000000 377908000000320a6001490f02000000295d08000000320a60018f0e01000000385d0800 0000320a60012f0e010000002e5d08000000320a60016f0d01000000315d08000000320a 6001140c01000000285d08000000320a6001110a01000000385d08000000320a6001b109 010000002e5d08000000320a6001f10801000000315d08000000320a6001910801000000 5b5d08000000320a60016f0602000000383708000000320a60010f06010000002e370800 0000320a60014f0501000000303708000000320a6001e70301000000333708000000320a 60018703010000002e3708000000320a6001c7020100000032371c000000fb0280fe0000 000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0077400000004d0b0ad31643c7771f43 c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a60018a10 010000003d3708000000320a60019e0c010000002d3708000000320a6001070b01000000 2d3708000000320a60011f0801000000d73708000000320a6001c50401000000d7370800 0000320a60019f01010000003d371c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000020402 001053796d626f6c007740000000d4050ae01643c7771f43c77720c0c977000030000400 00002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a6001feff0100000079370a0000002606 0f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102 022253797374656d000000000a0021008a0100000000010000009cf312002942c7770400 00002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 Если ш > 5.2, то. экранирующее действие препятствия не вызывает срыва
связи на интервале T0(Vmin)= 0.

2.4 Определение процента времени, в течение которого VVmin из-за
интеренционных замираний

Определим процент времени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, % в течение,
которого V < Vmin доп, из-за интерференционных замираний, по формуле
(19):

Выбираем коэффициент отражения от подстилающей поверхности Ф = 0.6
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(19)
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-47,55дБ = 20lgx

x = 0,0042

Т.к. подкоренное выражение отрицательно и равно – 0.26, значит, срыва
связи из-за интерференционных замираний не будет.

2.5 Расчет величины Tд(Vmin)

Величина Tд(Vmin) учитывается на ЦРРЛ работающих на частотах выше 8 ГГц.

По известному значению Vmin определяем максимально-допустимую
интенсивность дождей для данного пролета.

J = 200 мм/год

По графику в зависимости от номера климатического района определяем Tд
от Vmin. Tд = 0,0001%, т.к. район Урала сухопутный район.

Расчет допустимого времени срывов связи для всей линии.
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Определим допустимое время срывов связи для одного интервала по формуле
(20):
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(20)
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Определение времени в течении которого коэффициент ошибок 10-3 по
формуле (21):
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(21)

Определим параметр Ттр по формуле (22): Tтр – это процент времени когда
реальный множитель ослабления меньше Vmin допустимого из-за свойств
тропосферы.
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где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 параметр учитывающий вероятность возникновения замираний с
перепадом диэлектрической проницаемости воздуха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 рассчитывается по формуле (23):
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(23)
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300 МГц f 20 ГГц
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picscalex1000100090000030302000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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Определим допустимую устойчивость связи Удоп, % по формуле (24):

Устойчивость связи – разность между 100% и временем срыва связи.
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(24)
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Определим расчетную устойчивость связи Урасч, % по формуле (25):
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(25)
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2.6 Расчет уровня сигнала на входе приемника

Расчет уровня сигнала на входе приемника делается по основному уровню
радиосвязи по формуле (26):
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(26)
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picscalex122010009000003c701000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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picscalex100010009000003ca01000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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picscalex100010009000003eb02000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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Определим минимальную мощность сигнала на входе приемника по формуле
(27):

picscalex1000100090000037f01000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c028002200b1200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
b7ffffffe00a0000370200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000070001c00
0000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e001643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01000008000000320af400d709
01000000327909000000320a00028609030000006d696e651c000000fb0260ff00000000
00009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e001643c7771f43c777
20c0c97700003000040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a38021f070100
0000306909000000320a38024202030000006d696e651c000000fb0280fe000000000000
9001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e001643c7771f43c77720c0
c97700003000040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320aa001900801000000
566908000000320aa001260501000000506908000000320aa00146000100000050691c00
0000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e001643c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01010004000000f00100000800
0000320a0002f60502000000cfd008000000320a0002160102000000cfd01c000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c007740000000d4040aa71643
c7771f43c77720c0c97700003000040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a
a0010c0801000000d7d008000000320aa001ef03010000003dd00a00000026060f000a00
ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379
7374656d000000000a0021008a0100000000010000009cf313002942c777040000002d01
010004000000f0010000030000000000(27)
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ВЫВОДЫ ПО ПРОДЕЛАННОЙ РАБОТЕ

Расчетное время срывов связи равно 2,73*10-8% и значительно меньше, чем
допустимое время срывов связи, которое равно 0,01 %, следовательно,
срывов связи не будет.

СПИСОК ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ

Макавеева М. М. Радиорелейные линии связи. – М.: Радио и связь, 1988. –
312 с.

Мордухович Л. Г. Радиорелейные линии связи. Курсовое проектирование:
Учеб. Пособие для техникумов. – М.: Радио и связь, 1989. – 160 с.

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