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Виды инструктажа по охране труда и порядок их проведения на предприятиях Украины

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?aoa?ao ia oaio:

«AEAeU EINO?OEOAAEAE II IO?AIA O?OAeA E II?ssAeIE EO I?IAAAeAIEss IA
I?AAeI?EssOEssO OE?AEIU»

Ana ?aaioieee i?e i?eaia ia ?aaioo e a i?ioeanna ?aaiou i?ioiaeyo ia
i?aaei?eyoee eino?oeoaae (iao/aiea). Aeiione e ?aaioa eeoe, ia
i?ioaaeoeo iao/aiea, eino?oeoaaee, i?iaa?eo ciaiee ii io?aia o?oaea,
cai?auai.

Ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca i?aaiecaoeeth, iao/aiea i?iaa?eo ciaiee ia
i?aaei?eyoee aiceaaaaony ia ?oeiaiaeeoaey, a a no?oeoo?iuo
iiae?acaeaeaieyo (o/anoie, oeao e o.ae.) – ia ?oeiaiaeeoaeae yoeo
iiae?acaeaeaiee. Eiio?ieue iao/aiey e ia?eiaee/iinoue i?iaa?ee ciaiee
inouanoaeyao neoaeaa io?aiu o?oaea eee ?aaioieee, ia eioi?uo aiceiaeaiu
yoe iaycaiiinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaeai i?aaei?eyoey.

Ii oa?aeoa?o e a?aiaie i?iaaaeaiey eino?oeoaaee iiae?acaeaeythony ia:
aaiaeiue, ia?ae/iue, iiaoi?iue, aiaieaiiaue e oeaeaaie. ?aaioieee
aeiioneathony e naiinoiyoaeueiie ?aaioa iinea aaiaeiiai eino?oeoaaea,
ia?ae/iiai eino?oeoaaea ia ?aai/ai ianoa, noaaee?iaee.

Aaiaeiue eino?oeoaae i?iaiaeeony:

a) ni anaie ?aaioieeaie, aiiaue i?eiyouie ia ?aaioo (iinoiyiioth,
a?aiaiioth) iacaaeneii io eo ia?aciaaiey, noaaea ?aaiou ii yoie
niaoeeaeueiinoe;

a) n eiiaiaee?iaaiiuie ?aaioieeaie, eioi?ua i?eieiatho o/anoea a
i?iecaiaenoaaiiii i?ioeanna; n aiaeeoaeyie o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa,
aia?aua auacaeathueo ia oa??eoi?eth i?aaei?eyoey;

a) ni nooaeaioaie, ainieoaiieeaie, o/aueieny, eioi?ua i?eauee ia
i?iecaiaenoai aeey i?ioiaeaeaiey i?aeoeee, o?oaeiaiai e
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai iao/aiey;

Aaiaeiue eino?oeoaae i?iaiaeeo niaoeeaeeno ii io?aia o?oaea eee eeoei,
iacia/aiiia i?eeacii ii i?aaei?eyoeth, a eaaeiaoa io?aiu o?oaea ee
niaoeeaeueii iai?oaeiaaiiii iiiauaiee.

I?ia?aiia eino?oeoaaea ?ac?aaaouaaaony neoaeaie io?aiu o?oaea n o/aoii
niaoeeoeee i?iecaiaenoaa. I i?ioiaeaeaiee eino?oeoaaea aeaeaaony caienue
a aeo?iaea aaiaeiiai eino?oeoaaea e a aeieoiaioa i i?eaia eeoe ia
?aaioo.

Ia?ae/iue eino?oeoaae i?iaiaeeony ia ?aai/ai ianoa ia?aae ia/aeii
?aaiou:

a) n aiiaue i?eiyouie ia i?aaei?eyoey ?aaioieeaie;

a) n ?aaioieeaie, eioi?ua ia?aaiaeyony ec iaeiiai oeaoa (o/anoea,
no?ieee) a ae?oaie;

a) n ?aaioieeii, eioi?ue aoaeao auiieiyoue iiaoth aeey iaai ?aaioo;

a) n eiiaiaee?iaaiiuie ?aaioieeaie, i?eieiathueie o/anoea a
i?iecaiaenoaaiiii i?ioeanna;

ae) ni nooaeaioaie eee o/aueieny, i?eauaoeie ia i?iecaiaenoaaiioth
i?aeoeeo.

I?ia?aiia ia?ae/iiai eino?oeoaaea ?ac?aaaouaaaony ?oeiaiaeeoaeai oeaoa
eee o/anoea, niaeaniauaaaony ni neoaeaie io?aiu o?oaea e ooaa?aeaeaaony
?oeiaiaeeoaeai i?aaei?eyoey eeai niioaaonoaothuaai no?oeoo?iiai
iiae?acaeaeaiey ?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?aaei?eyoey iaycai auaeaoue ?aaioieeo
yecaiiey? eino?oeoeee ii io?aia o?oaea niaeanii aai niaoeeaeueiinoe eee
iiianoeoue aai ia ?aai/ai ianoa. Iinea ia?ae/iiai eino?oeoaaea ?aai/ee a
oa/aiea ia?auo 2-15 niai aeieaeai i?ieoe noaaee?iaeo iiae ?oeiaiaenoaii
iiuoiuo, eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo niaoeeaeenoia, iacia/aaiuo i?eeacii
(?anii?yaeaieai) ii oeaoo, o/anoeo, i?aaei?eyoeth.

Iiaoi?iue eino?oeoaae i?iaiaeeony ni anaie ?aaioieeaie ?ac a iieoaiaeea
e ia ?aaioao n iiauoaiiie iianiinoueth iaeei ?ac a eaa?oae. Eino?oeoaae
i?iaiaeeony ii i?ia?aiia ia?ae/iiai eino?oeoaaea.

Aiaieaiiaue eino?oeoaae i?iaiaeeony:

a) i?e aaaaeaiee a aeaenoaea iiauo, ia?a?aaioaiiuo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia,
i?e aianaiee a ieo eciaiaiee, aeiiieiaiee;

a) i?e eciaiaiee oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna, caiaia e iiaea?iecaoeee
iai?oaeiaaiey, i?eai?ia, eino?oiaioa, nu?uey, iaoa?eaeia e o. ae.;

a) i?e ia?ooaiee ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia;

a) ii o?aaiaaiey niaoeeaeenoia Ainiaaeci?io?aio?oaea eee auoanoiyuaai
aaaeiinoaa, i?aaiia eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe i?e ia?ooaiee ?aaioieeaie
aaciianiuo i?eaiia o?oaea, ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia, eee ia?ooaiee o?aaiaaiee
io?aiu o?oaea;

ae) i?e ia?a?uaa a ?aaioa aieaa /ai 30 eaeaiaea?iuo aeiae – aeey ?aaio n
iiauoaiiie iianiinoueth e 60 aeiae – aeey inoaeueiuo ?aaio.

Iauai e niaea?aeaiea eino?oeoaaea ii?aaeaeyaony a eaaeaeii eiie?aoiii
neo/aa a caaeneiinoe io i?e/ei e ianoiyoaeuenoa, aucaaaoeo
iaiaoiaeeiinoue aai i?iaaaeaiey.

Oeaeaaie eino?oeoaae i?iaiaeeony:

a) i?e auiieiaiee ?aciauo ?aaio ia ii niaoeeaeueiinoe (iia?ocea,
?aca?ocea e o. ae.);

a) i?e i?iaaaeaiee ?aaio, ia eioi?ua ioi?ieythony ia?yae-aeiione eee
?ac?aoaiea;

a) i?e eeeaeaeaoeee aaa?ee, noeoeeiuo aaaenoaee;

a) i?e i?iaaaeaiee yeneo?nee, ianniauo ia?ii?eyoee.

Oeaeaaie eino?oeoaae ioi?ieyaony ia?yaeii-aeiioneii eee ae?oaie
aeieoiaioaoeeae, ?ac?aoathuae i?iaaaeaiea ?aaio.

Ia?ae/iue, iiaoi?iue, aiaieaiiaue e oeaeaaie eino?oeoaaee i?iaiaeeo
?oeiaiaeeoaeue ?aaio (ianoa?, ia/aeueiee oeaoa, o/anoea, i?aiiaeaaaoaeue
e o.ae.). I?iaa?ea i?iaiaeeony iooai onoiiai ii?ina eee n i?eiaiaieai
oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa. I i?iaaaeaiee ia?ae/iiai, iiaoi?iiai eee
aiaieaiiaiai eino?oeoaaea, i aeiionea e ?aaioa aeaeaaony caienue a
aeo?iaea, n iaycaoaeueiuie iiaeienyie eino?oeoe?oaiiai e
eino?oeoe?othuaai. AEo?iaeu aeieaeiu auoue i?iioia?iaaiu, i?ioio?iaaiu e
ne?aieaiu ia/aoueth. Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai Oe?aeiu i?aaeoniao?eaaao oi?iu
aeo?iaeia, niaea?aeaiea eino?oeoaaeae, i?eia?iua ia?a/ie aii?inia
aaiaeiiai e ia?ae/iiai eino?oeoaaeae, i?eia?iua ia?a/ie ii?inia
aaiaeiiai e ia?ae/iiai eino?oeoaaeae, ieai e i?ia?aiio iiaeaioiaeo
aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe e niaoeeaeenoia ii aii?inai io?aiu o?oaea, ia?a/aiue
?aaio n iiauoaiiie iianiinoueth.

IOAAONOAAIIINOUe CA IA?OOAIEA CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA II IO?AIA O?OAeA

E yeiiiie/aneei iaoiaeai oi?aaeaiey io?aiie o?oaea i?aaei?eyoee e
i?aaiecaoeee ioiinyony iaeiaeaiea oo?aoia, a oaeaea ?acee/iuo acuneaiee,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo e ooaa?aeaeaiiuo iinoaiiaeaieai Eaaeiaoa ieieno?ia
Oe?aeiu.

E iniiaiui iaoiaeai oi?aaeaiey io?aiie o?oaea ioiinyony:

1. noeioee?iaaiea – iiiu?aiea ca aaciianiinoue a ?aaioa.

2. iaeacaiea eee i?eaea/aiea e ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca ia?ooaiea io?aiu
o?oaea.

Aeaeu ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca ia?ooaiea i?aaee io?aiu o?oaea.

Iaeiie ec iniiaiuo ooieoeee ainoaea?noaaiiiai e iauanoaaiiiai eiio?iey
yaeyaony iiauoaiea ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca io?aio o?oaea ia oieueei
i?aaei?eyoee, ii e anao ?aaioathueo. Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii onoaiiaeaia
aeenoeeieeia?iay, aaeieieno?aoeaiay, iaoa?eaeueiay e oaieiaiay
ioaaonoaaiiinoue (no.44) [1].

E aeenoeeieeia?iie ioaaonoaaiiinoe ioiinyony caia/aiea, auaiai?,
oaieueiaiea. Aeenoeeieeia?iay ioaaonoaaiiinoue iaeeaaeuaaaony ia anao:
?aai/eo, neoaeaueo, EO? i?e ia?ooaiee eie o?aaiaaiee io?aiu o?oaea,
eioi?ua iiaee au i?eaanoe e o?aaie?iaaieth eee aaa?ee.
Aeenoeeieeie?iaaiiua acuneaiey iiaoo iaeeaaeuaaoueny aeieaeiinoiui
eeoeii eee auoanoiyuei i?aaiii ii eeiee iiae/eiaiiinoe, a ia
?oeiaiaeyueo ?aaioieeia e ii eieoeeaoeaa i?ionithciuo i?aaiia. Anee
?oeiaiaeyuee ?aaioiee ia?ooaao caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai i o?oaea, ia auiieiyao
iaycaoaeuenoaa ii eieeaeoeaiiio aeiaiai?o, oi ii o?aaiaaieth
i?ionithciiai i?aaia (ia ieaea ?aeiiiiai), aaeieieno?aoeey iaycaia
nianoeoue aai n caieiaaiie aeieaeiinoe, eeai oaieeoue. Aeenoeeieeia?iay
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ia iiaeao auoue iaeiaeaia iicaea oanoe ianyoeaa ni aeiy
ia?ooaiey. Ii enoa/aieth aiaea aeenoeeieeia?iay ioaaonoaaiiinoue
aaoiiaoe/anee nieiaaony.

Aaeieieno?aoeaiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue. Niaeanii no.43 [1], ca ia?ooaiea
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ii io?aia o?oaea, iaeniieiaiea ?anii?yaeaiee
aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeci?a ii io?aia o?oaea
th?eaee/aneea e oece/aneea eeoea, eioi?ua a niioaaonoaee n
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii eniieuecotho iaaiiue o?oae, i?eaeaeathony e
aaeieieno?aoeaiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe (auieaoa oo?aoa a ii?yaeea,
onoaiiaeaiiui caeiiii). Iaeneiaeueiue ?acia? oo?aoa ia iiaeao i?aauoaoue
iyoe i?ioeaioia iany/iiai oiiaea ca?aaioiie ieaou th?eaee/aneeo e
oece/aneeo eeoe. Iaauieaoa th?eaee/aneeie e oece/aneeie eeoeaie oo?aoa
aea/ao ca niaie ia/eneaiea iaie a ?acia?a aeaoo i?ioeaioia ca eaaeaeue
i?in?i/aiiue aeaiue. Oo?ao iaeaaaaony a iany/iue n?ie ni aeiy ia?ooaiey,
acuneaiea oo?aoa a eanno i?iecaiaeeony ii ianoo ?aaiou. ?aoaiea i
i?eaea/aiee e aaeieieno?aoeaiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe iiaeao auoue iaaeaeiaaii
a noaea a iany/iue n?ie (cayaeaiea iiaeaaony a ?aeiiiue (ai?iaeneie)
ia?iaeiue noae). Aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa io i?eiaiaiey oo?aoiuo naieoeee e
th?eaee/aneei eee oece/aneei eeoeai ia?a/eneythony a ainoaea?noaaiiue
athaeaeao Oe?aeiu.

E aaeieieno?aoeaiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe ioiinyony e i?ioeaii?aaiua aeaenoaey
eee aacaeayoaeueiinoue, i?aiyonoaea a auiieiaiee ooieoeeiiaeueiuo
iaycaiiinoae aeieaeiinoiui eeoeai ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeci?a e
i?aaenoaaeoaeae i?ionithciuo i?aaiia (a oii /enea oeeiiaiea io o/anoey
aaeieieno?aoeee a ia?aaiai?ao ii auiieiaieth eieeaeoeaiiai aeiaiai?a e
aianaiey a iaai eciaiaiee).

E iaoa?eaeueiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe ioiineony aiciauaiea iaoa?eaeueiiai
oua?aa i?aaei?eyoeth ca aeiiouaiiua ia?ooaiey io?aiu o?oaea, eioi?ua
iiaeaeee ca niaie i?e/eiaiea oua?aa. ?aai/ea e neoaeauea iaycaiu
aicianoeoue oua?a iacaaeneii io i?eaea/aiey e aeenoeeieeia?iie,
aaeieieno?aoeaiie eee oaieiaiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe. Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
i?aaeoniao?eaathony aeaa aeaea iaoa?eaeueiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe:
ia?aie/aiiay e iieiay.

Iniiaiui aeaeii yaeyaony ia?aie/aiiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue a i?aaeaeao
iaeiie iany/iie oa?eoiie noaaee (ieeaaea) ?aaioieea. ?oeiaiaeeoaee
i?aaei?eyoee e eo caianoeoaee ianoo iaoa?eaeueioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue a
?acia?a i?e/eiaiiiai oua?aa, ii ia auoa n?aaeiaiany/iiai ca?aaioea.

Oua?a acuneeaaaony i?e iaee/ee ienueiaiiiai niaeaney ?aaioieea ii
?anii?yaeaieth aaeieieno?aoeee i?aaei?eyoey, oaea?aeaiea i?iecaiaeeony
ii /anoyi ec aai ca?aaioiie ieaou. ?anii?yaeaieai ia oaea?aeaiee
ecaeaaony ia iicaea /ai /a?ac aeaa iaaeaee ni aeiy iaia?oaeaiey oua?aa.
I?e ionoonoaee ienueiaiiiai niaeaney ?aaioieea aiciauaiea oua?aa
i?iecaiaeeony ii ?aoaieth ?aeiiiiai ia?iaeiiai noaea. N ?oeiaiaeeoaeae
i?aaei?eyoee e eo caianoeoaeae oua?a aiciauaaony ia iniiaaiee ?aoaiey
noaea ii eneo auoanoiyuaai i?aaia eee cayaeaieth i?ieo?i?a.
Aaeieieno?aoeey iaycaia ia?aoeoueny a noae ii aii?ino aiciauaiey
iaoa?eaeueiiai oua?aa a oa/aiea ianyoea ni aeiy iaia?oaeaiey, anee
iaoa?eaeueiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue iaoiaeeony a i?aaeaeao iaeiie o?aoe
ieeaaea, a i?e aieueoae iaoa?eaeueiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe – a oa/aiea aiaea.

I?e iaee/ee a aeaenoaeyo ?aaioieea i?eciaeia ceiai oiunea iiaeao auoue
iaeiaeaia iieiay iaoa?eaeueiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue eee i?eaea/aiea e
oaieiaiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe (ii ?aoaieth noaea). ?aaioiee inaiaiaeaeaaony
io oaieiaiie e iaoa?eaeueiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe, anee i?e/eiyaiue a?aae
aucaai iaiaoiaeeiinoueth naiiiai?iiu eee e?aeiae iaiaoiaeeiinoe ii
ecaaaeaieth aaa?eeiinoe e ae?oaeo iaaaoeaiuo iineaaenoaee (eeeaeaeaoeey
oa?icu aeecie ie?oaeathuei).

Oaieiaiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue ianooiaao i?e ia?ooaiee oaoieee aaciianiinoe,
naieoa?iuo, i?ioeaiiiaea?iuo i?aaee e ii?i eioi?ua i?eaaee e aaa?ee,
o?aaiaoecio e ae?oaei iaaaoeaiui iineaaenoaeyi e ii?aaeaeyaony no.
Oaieiaiiai eiaeaena Oe?aeiu. Ia?a iaeacaiey caaeneo io noaiaie ia?ooaiey
e iiaeao i?aaeoniao?eaaoue oaieueiaiea, oo?ao aei 15 ieieiaeueiuo
?acia?ia ca?aaioiie ieaou, eni?aaeoaeueiua ?aaiou eee eeoaiea naiaiaeu
io 1 aei 7 eao.

A ?acaeaea O «I?anooieaiey i?ioea aaciianiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa» Oaieiaiiai
eiaeaena Oe?aeiu aianaiu aeiiieiaiey io 5.09.2001a. ?2341-O:

Noaouey 271. Ia?ooaiea o?aaiaaiee caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ia io?aia o?oaea:

1. Ia?ooaiea o?aaiaaiee caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo e eiuo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiauo
aeoia ia io?aia o?oaea aeieaeiinoiui eeoeii i?aaei?eyoey, o/?aaeaeaiey,
i?aaiecaoeee eee a?aaeaeaieiii – noauaeoii i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe, anee yoi ia?ooaiea i?e/eieei a?aae caei?iaueth
iioa?iaaoaai, –

iaeacuaaaony oo?aoii aei iyoeaeanyoe iaiaeaaaaiuo iaeiaii ieieioiia
aeioiaeia a?aaeaeai eee eni?aaeoaeueiuie ?aaioaie ia n?ie aei aeaoo eao,
eee ia?aie/aieai naiaiaeu ia oio aea n?ie.

2. Oi aea aeayiea, anee iii iiaeaeei aeaaeue ethaeae eee eiua oyaeeea
iineaaenoaey, –

iaeacuaaaony eni?aaeoaeueiuie ?aaioaie ia n?ie aei aeaoo eao eee
ia?aie/aieai naiaiaeu ia n?ie aei iyoe eao, eee eeoaieai naiaiaeu ia
n?ie aei naie eao, n eeoaieai i?aaa caieiaoue ii?aaeaeaiiua aeieaeiinoe
eeai caieiaoueny ii?aaeaeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia n?ie aei aeaoo eao
eee aac oaeiaiai.

Noaouey 272. Ia?ooaiea i?aaee aaciianiinoe i?e auiieiaiee ?aaio n
iiauoaiiie iianiinoueth:

1. Ia?ooaiea i?aaee aaciianiinoe i?e auiieiaiee ?aaio n iiauoaiiie
iianiinoueth ia i?iecaiaenoaa eee ethaii i?aaei?eyoee eeoeii, eioi?ia
iaycaii eo niaethaeaoue, anee yoi ia?ooaiea nicaeaei oa?ico aeaaee
ethaeae eee ianooieaiea eiuo oyaeeeo iineaaenoaee eeai i?e/eieei a?aae
caei?iaueth iioa?iaaoaai, iaeacuaaaony oo?aoii aei iyoeaeanyoe ia
iaeaaaaiuo iaeiaii ieieioiia aeioiaeia a?aaeaeai eee eni?aaeoaeueiuie
?aaioaie ia n?ie aei aeaoo eao, n eeoaieai i?aaa caieiaoue ii?aaeaeaiiua
aeieaeiinoe eeai caieiaoueny ii?aaeaeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia n?ie aei
o?ao eao eee aac oaeiaiai.

2. Oi aea aeayiea, anee iii iiaeaeei aeaaeue ethaeae eee eiua oyaeeea
iineaaenoaey, –

iaeacuaaaony ia?aie/aieai naiaiaeu ia n?ie aei iyoe eao eee eeoaieai
naiaiaeu ia n?ie aei ainueie eao, n eeoaieai i?aaa caieiaoue
ii?aaeaeaiiua aeieaeiinoe eeai caieiaoueny ii?aaeaeaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoueth ia n?ie aei o?ao eao.

Noaouey 273. Ia?ooaiea i?aaee aaciianiinoe ia ac?uaiiianiuo
i?aaei?eyoeyo eee ai ac?uaiiianiuo oeaoao:

1. Ia?ooaiea i?aaee aaciianiinoe ia ac?uaiiianiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo eee ai
ac?uaiiianiuo oeaoao eeoeii, iaycaiiui eo niaethaeaoue, anee iii
nicaeaei oa?ico aeaaee ethaeae eee ianooieaiea eiuo oyaeeeo iineaaenoaee
eeai i?e/eieei a?aae caei?iaueth iioa?iaaoaai, iaeacuaaaony
eni?aaeoaeueiuie ?aaioaie ia n?ie aei aeaoo eao eee ia?aie/aieai
naiaiaeu aei aeaoo eao eee ia?aie/aieai naiaiaeu ia n?ie aei o?ao eao,
eee eeoaieai naiaiaeu ia n?ie aei o?ao eao, n eeoaieai i?aaa caieiaoue
ii?aaeaeaiiua aeieaeiinoe eeai caieiaoueny ii?aaeaeaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoueth ia n?ie aei o?ao eao eee aac oaeiaiai.

2. Oi aea aeayiea, anee iii iiaeaeei aeaaeue ethaeae eee eiua oyaeeea
iineaaenoaey, iaeacuaaaony ia?aie/aieai naiaiaeu ia n?ie aei iyoe eao
eee eeoaieai naiaiaeu ia n?ie aei iyoe eao eee eeoaieai naiaiaeu io
aeaoo aei aeanyoe eao, n eeoaieai i?aaa caieiaoue ii?aaeaeaiiua
aeieaeiinoe eeai caieiaoueny ii?aaeaeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia n?ie aei
o?ao eao.

Noaouey 274. Ia?ooaiea i?aaee yaea?iie eee ?aaeeaoeeiiiie aaciianiinoe:

1. Ia?ooaiea ia i?iecaiaenoaa i?aaee yaea?iie eee ?aaeeaoeeiiiie
aaciianiinoe eeoeii, eioi?ia iaycaii eo niaethaeaoue, anee iii nicaeaei
oa?ico aeaaee ethaeae eee ianooieaiea eiuo oyaeeeo iineaaenoaee eeai
i?e/eieei a?aae caei?iaueth iioa?iaaoaai, –

iaeacuaaaony ia?aie/aieai naiaiaeu ia n?ie aei /aou?ao eao eee eeoaieai
naiaiaeu ia oio aea n?ie, n eeoaieai i?aaa caieiaoue ii?aaeaeaiiua
aeieaeiinoe eeai caieiaoueny ii?aaeaeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia n?ie aei
o?ao eao.

2. Oi aea aeayiea, anee iii iiaeaeei aeaaeue ethaeae eee eiua oyaeeea
iineaaenoaey, –

iaeacuaaaony eeoaieai naiaiaeu ia n?ie io o?ao aei aeaaiaaeoeaoe eao n
eeoaieai i?aaa caieiaoue ii?aaeaeaiiua aeieaeiinoe eeai caieiaoueny
ii?aaeaeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia n?ie aei o?ao eao.

Noaouey 275. Ia?ooaiea i?aaee, eanathueony aaciianiiai eniieueciaaiey
i?iiuoeaiiie i?iaeoeoeee eee aaciianiie yenieoaoaoeee caeaiee e
nii?oaeaiee:

1. Ia?ooaiea i?e ?ac?aaioea, eiino?oe?iaaiee, ecaioiaeaiee eee o?aiaiee
i?iiuoeaiiie i?iaeoeoeee i?aaee, eanathueony aaciianiiai aa
eniieueciaaiey, a ?aaii ia?ooaiea i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee eee no?ieoaeuenoaa
i?aaee, eanathueony aaciianiie yenieoaoaoeee caeaiee e nii?oaeaiee,
eeoeii, eioi?ia iaycaii niaethaeaoue oaeea i?aaeea, anee yoi nicaeaei
oa?ico aeaaee ethaeae eee ianooieaiea eiuo oyaeeeo iineaaenoaee eeai
i?e/eieei a?aae caei?iaueth iioa?iaaoaai, iaeacuaaaony oo?aoii aei
iyoeaeanyoe ia iaeaaaaiuo iaeiaii ieieioiii aeioiaeia a?aaeaeai eee
eni?aaeoaeueiuie ?aaioaie ia n?ie aei aeaoo eao, eeai ia?aie/aieai
naiaiaeu ia n?ie aei o?ao eao, n eeoaieai i?aaa caieiaoue ii?aaeaeaiiua
aeieaeiinoe eee caieiaoueny ii?aaeaeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia n?ie aei
aeaoo eao eeai aac oaeiaiai.

2. Oi aea aeayiea, anee iii iiaeaeei aeaaeue ethaeae eee eiuo oyaeeeo
iineaaenoaee, –

iaeacuaaaony eni?aaeoaeueiuie ?aaioaie ia n?ie aei aeaoo eao eee
ia?aie/aieai naiaiaeu ia n?ie aei iyoe eao, eeai eeoaieai naiaiaeu io
aeaoo aei iyoe eao, n eeoaieai i?aaa caieiaoue ii?aaeaeaiiua aeieaeiinoe
eee caieiaoueny ii?aaeaeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia n?ie aei o?ao eao.

OEIAINE?IAAIEA IO?AIU O?OAeA

Oeiaine?iaaiea i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo ia? ii io?aia o?oaea, auiieiaiea iaua
ainoaea?noaaiiie, io?aneaauo e ?aaeiiaeueiuo i?ia?aii oeo/oaiey
ninoiyiey aaciianiinoe, aeaeaiu o?oaea e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu,
ae?oaeo ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?ia?aii, iai?aaeaiiuo ia i?aaeioa?auaiea
ian/anoiuo neo/aaa e i?ioanneiiaeueiuo caaieaaaiee, inouanoaeyaony
ainoaea?noaaiiui e ianoiui athaeaeaoii, ?yaeii n ae?oaeie enoi/ieeaie
oeiaine?iaaiey.

Aeey i?aaei?eyoee, iacaaeneii io oi?i nianoaaiiinoe, eee oece/aneeo
eeoe, eioi?ua eniieuecotho iaaiioth ?aaioo, cao?aou ia io?aio o?oaea
onoaiaaeeaatho ia iaiaa /ai 0,5% io noiiu ?aaeeciaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee.

Ia i?aaei?eyoeyo, eioi?ua oaea?aeeaathony ca n/ao athaeaeaoa, cao?aou ia
io?aio o?oaea i?aaeoniao?eaathony a ainoaea?noaaiiii eee ianoiii
athaeaeaoa e ninoaaeytho ia iaiaa 0,2 i?ioeaioa io oiiaea iieaou o?oaea.

Oiiaeu io?aiu o?oaea:

– ainoaea?noaaiiue – i?e Aini?iiai?iaaeci?a;

-io?aneaaua – i?e ieienoa?noaao, ae?oaeo oeaio?aeueiuo i?aaiao
ainoaea?noaaiiie eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe, iauaaeeiaieyo ainoaea?noaaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee, inouanoaeythueo ooieoeee oi?aaeaiey eiouanoaii yoeo
i?aaei?eyoee;

– ?aaeiiaeueiua – a ?anioaeeea E?ui, iaeanoyo, ai?iaeao Eeaaa e
Naaanoiiiea, ?aeiiao, ca eneeth/aieai ?aeiiia a ai?iaeao;

– i?aaei?eyoee – ia oic?an/aoiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo iacaaeneii io oi?i
nianoaaiiinoe.

Oi?aaeaiea ainoaea?noaaiiui oiiaeii io?aiu o?oaea inouanoaeyaony
Aini?iiai?iaaeci?ii, eioi?ue:

• aeeoioee?oao n?aaenoaa, iinooiathuea ec ?aciuo enoi/ieeia, e
iai?aaeyao eo ia ?aoaiea i?iaeai a iaeaieaa i?ei?eoaoiuo iai?aaeaieyo
io?aiu o?oaea, ia iaania/aiee ?aaeecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee
Oe?aeiu a yoie iaeanoe;

• ninoaaeyao ?an/aou cao?ao ia inouanoaeaiea eiie?aoiuo ia?ii?eyoee ii
io?aia o?oaea;

• iaania/eaaao oeiaine?iaaiea iaoeeiiaeueiie i?ia?aiiu oeo/oaiey
ninoiyiey aaciianiinoe, aeaeaiu o?oaea e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu;

• inouanoaeyao eiio?ieue ca i?aaeeueiui e yooaeoeaiui ?anoiaeiaaieai
n?aaenoa, a oaeaea ca naiaa?aiaiiui e iieiui iinooieaieai eo a
ainoaea?noaaiiue oiiae io?aiu o?oaea io i?aaei?eyoee, iauanoaaiiuo
i?aaiecaoeee e a?aaeaeai a ii?yaeea aeia?iaieueiuo aciinia.

N?aaenoaa ainoaea?noaaiiiai oiiaea io?aiu o?oaea oi?ie?othony n/ao:

– io/eneaiee n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoee;

– n?aaenoa, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo ia yoe oeaee a ainoaea?noaaiiii athaeaeaoa;

– n?aaenoa iieo/aiiuo io i?eiaiaiey i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeci?a
oo?aoiuo naieoeee e i?aaei?eyoeyi ca ia?ooaiey ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia ii
io?aia o?oaea, iaauiieiaiea ?anii?yaeaiee aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe i?aaiia
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeci?a, a oaeaea io oo?aoia ca ian/anoiua neo/ae ia
i?iecaiaenoaa e neo/ae i?ioanneiiaeueiuo caaieaaaiee, i?ienoaaeoea ii
aeia i?aaei?eyoee, oo?aoia n ?aaioieeia, aeiiaiuo a ia?ooaiee o?aaiaaiee
io?aiu o?oaea;

– aeia?iaieueiuo aciinia ioaeaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee, iauanoaaiiuo
i?aaiecaoeee e a?aaeaeai, a oaeaea eiuo iinooieaiee.

Oi?aaeaiea io?aneaauie oiiaeaie io?aiu o?oaea inouanoaeyaony
ieienoa?noaaie, ae?oaeie oeaio?aeueiuie i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiie
eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe, iauaaeeiaieyie ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee,
eioi?ua auiieiytho ooieoeee ii oi?aaeaieth eiouanoaii yoeo i?aaei?eyoee.

I?aaiu, inouanoaeythuea oi?aaeaiea io?aneaauie oiiaeaie, iaania/eaatho:

– aeeoioee?iaaiea n?aaenoa, ia?a/eneyaiuo i?aaei?eyoeyie a niioaaonoaee
n aeaenoaothuei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii e eniieueciaaiea eo a iaeaieaa
i?ei?eoaoiuo iai?aaeaieyo io?aiu o?oaea;

– oeaeaaia eniieueciaaiea n?aaenoa ia inouanoaeaiea io?aneaauo i?ia?aii
oeo/oaiey aaciianiinoe, aeaeaiu o?oaea e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu,
niaeaniaaiiuo a Aini?iiai?iaaeci?a.

N?aaenoaa io?aneaauo oiiaeia io?aiu o?oaea oi?ie?oaony ca n/ao:

– io/eneaiee n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoee;

– n?aaenoa, iieo/aiiuo io i?eiaiaiey i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeci?a
oo?aoiuo naieoeee e i?aaei?eyoeyi ca ia?ooaiey ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia ii
io?aia o?oaea, ca ian/anoiua neo/ae e neo/ae i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
caaieaaaiee, a oaeaea n?aaenoa io acuneaiey yoeie i?aaiaie oo?aoia n
?aaioieeia, aeiiaiuo a ia?ooaiee o?aaiaaiee ii io?aia o?oaea;

– aeia?iaieueiuo aciinia ioaeaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee, iauanoaaiiuo
i?aaiecaoeee e a?aaeaeai, a oaeaea eiuo iinooieaiee.

Niaao Ieieno?ia ?anioaeeee E?ui, iaeanoiua, Eeaaneay e Naaanoiiieueneay
ai?iaeneea, a oaeaea ?aeiiiua ainoaea?noaaiiua aaeieieno?aoeee nicaeatho
a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe ?aaeiiaeueiua oiiaeu io?aiu o?oaea aeey
oeiaine?iaaiey i?ia?aii ia?ii?eyoee ii aii?inai aaciianiinoe, aeaeaiu
o?oaea e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu, eiathueo iaaeio?aneaaia cia/aiea.

Oi?aaeaiea ?aaeiiaeueiuie oiiaeaie io?aiu o?oaea inouanoaeyaony a
ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiii Niaaoii Ieieno?ii ?anioaeeee E?ui e
niioaaonoaothueie ianoiuie ainoaea?noaaiiuie aaeieieno?aoeeyie.

N?aaenoaa ?aaeiiaeueiuo oiiaeia io?aiu o?oaea oi?ie?oaony ca n/ao:

– io/eneaiee n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoee;

– n?aaenoa ianoiiai athaeaeaoa;

– n?aaenoa, iieo/aiiuo io i?eiaiaiey i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeci?a
oo?aoiuo naieoeee e i?aaei?eyoeyi ca ia?ooaiea ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia ii
io?aia o?oaea, ca ian/anoiua neo/ae e neo/ae i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
caaieaaaiee, a oaeaea n?aaenoa io acuneaiey yoeie i?aaiaie oo?aoia n
?aaioieeia, aeiiaiuo a ia?ooaiee o?aaiaaiee ii io?aia o?oaea;

– aeia?iaieueiuo aciinia i?aaei?eyoee, iauanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee e
a?aaeaeai, a oaeaea eiuo iinooieaiee.

N?aaenoaa oiiaeia io?aiu o?oaea i?aaei?eyoee eniieuecothony oieueei ia
auiieiaiea eiiieaeniuo ia?ii?eyoee, iaania/eaathueo aeinoeaeaiea
onoaiiaeaiiuo ii?iaoeaia ii io?aia o?oaea, niaeaniaaiiuo n ianoiuie
i?aaiaie Ainiaaeci?io?aio?oaea, a oaeaea ia aeaeueiaeoaa iiauoaiea
o?iaiy io?aiu o?oaea ia i?iecaiaenoaa.

Yoe n?aaenoaa aeieaeiu ?anoiaeiaaoueny ia: ?aiiioiua e ae?oaea ?aaiou,
naycaiiua n iiaeaea?aeaieai iniiaiuo oiiaeia (aeeth/ay
eiaeaia?ii-oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa aaciianiinoe; n?aaenoaa eieeaeoeaiie e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie caueou ?aaioathueo) a iaaeeaaeauai oaoie/aneii
ninoiyiee, ia i?eia?aoaiea niaoeiaeaaeaeu, iieiea, iithueo e
iaacca?aaeeaathueo n?aaenoa; i?aaeinoaaeaiey ?acee/iuo eueaio e
eiiiainaoeee ?aaioathuei, i?aaiecaoeeth iao/aiey eaae?ia,
aeaaiono?ienoai e icaeaiaiea oa??eoi?ee, a oaeaea ia i?e?iaeiio?aiiua
ia?ii?eyoey.

N?aaenoaa oiiaeia io?aiu o?oaea i?aaei?eyoee oi?ie?othony ca n/ao:

– /anoe i?eauee io i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe, ii?aaeaeyaiie
eieeaeoeaiui aeiaiai?ii e caaenyuae io oaeoe/aneiai o?iaiy aaciianiinoe
e oneiaee o?oaea a eiie?aoiuo i?iecaiaenoaao e iauaia ia?aoaiiuo i?iaeai
ii aii?inai io?aiu o?oaea;

– io/eneaiea n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoee a niioaaonoaee n eino?oeoeeae i
ii?yaeea ia?a/eneaiey, o/aoa e ?anoiaeiaaiey n?aaenoa ainoaea?noaaiiiai,
io?aneaauo, ?aaeiiaeueiuo oiiaeia io?aiu o?oaea e oiiaeia io?aiu o?oaea
i?aaei?eyoee;

– n?aaenoa, iieo/aiiuo io i?eiaiaiey i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeci?a
oo?aoiuo naieoeee e i?aaei?eyoeyi ca ia?ooaiea ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia ii
io?aia o?oaea.

Nianoaaiieee i?aaei?eyoee eee oiieiiii/aiiua eie i?aaiu ii?aaeaeytho
ii?yaeie oi?aaeaiey oiiaeaie io?aiu o?oaea i?aaei?eyoee, inouanoaeytho
eiio?ieue ca i?aaeeueiui eniieueciaaieai e o/aoii yoeo n?aaenoa,
iacia/atho ca yoi ioaaonoaaiiuo aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe. ?aoaiey ia
eniieueciaaiee oiiaeia io?aiu o?oaea i?eieiathony n o/anoeai neoaeau
io?aiu o?oaea e i?ionithciuo i?aaiia i?aaei?eyoee.

Ii?yaeie ii?aaeaeaiey ?acia?ia n?aaenoa oiiaeia e eo o/aoa.
Anneaiiaaiey, i?aaeoniio?aiiua ainoaea?noaaiiui athaeaeaoii ia
oeiaine?iaaiea Iaoeeiiaeueiie i?ia?aiiu oeo/oaiey aaciianiinoe, aeaeaiu
o?oaea e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu, ia?a/eneythony a onoaiiaeaiiii
ii?yaeea Ieienoa?noaii oeiainia aaeaeaa?oaeueii ia niaoeeaeueiue n/ao
Ainoaea?noaaiiiai eiieoaoa ii iaaeci?o ca io?aiie o?oaea.

Oic?an/aoiua i?aaei?eyoey iacaaeneii io oi?i nianoaaiiinoe, io/eneytho a
oiiaeu n?aaenoaa a ?acia?a 0,5 i?ioeaioa io oaeoe/aneiai iauaia
?aaeeciaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee (?aaio, oneoa), ca eneeth/aieai noiiu iaeiaa
ia aeiaaaeaiioth noieiinoue e aeoeeciiai nai?a.

Io iauae noiiu io/eneaiee i?aaei?eyoey iai?aaeytho: 60% – a oiiae io?aiu
o?oaea i?aaei?eyoee; 10% – a oiiae io?aiu o?oaea ?anioaeeee E?ui,
iaeanoae, ai?iaeia Eeaaa e Naaanoiiiey; 30% – a io?aneaaie oiiae io?aiu
o?oaea.

Io?aneaaie oiiae 50% iieo/aiiuo noii ia?a/eneyao a Ainoaea?noaaiiue
oiiae.

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