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Расследование несчастного случая на производстве

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I?aeoe/aneay ?aaioa ? 1

Oaia: ?anneaaeiaaiea ian/anoiiai neo/ay ia i?iecaiaenoaa

1. ?anneaaeiaaiea ian/anoiiai neo/ay ia i?iecaiaenoaa

1.1 Oeaeue ?aaiou: Iiciaeiieoueny n i?eioeeiaie ?anneaaeiaaiey
ian/anoiiai neo/ay ia i?iecaiaenoaa e i?aaeeaie caiieiaiey aeoa ii oi?ia
I-1

1.2 Oiae ?aaiou

1.3.1 Caiieieee aeo i ian/anoiii neo/aa ia i?iecaiaenoaa

1.3.2 Ioaaoeee ia eiio?ieueiua aii?inu

1.3.2.1 *oi oaeia ian/anoiue neo/ae ia i?iecaiaenoaa, i?iecaiaenoaaiiay
o?aaia, i?ioanneiiaeueiia caaieaaaiea?

Ian/anoiue neo/ae ia i?iecaiaenoaa – neo/ae aicaeaenoaey ia ?aaioathuaai
iianiiai i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai oaeoi?a i?e auiieiaiee ?aaioathuei o?oaeiauo
iaycaiiinoae eee caaeaiee ?oeiaiaeeoaey ?aaio.

I?iecaiaenoaaiiie iacuaaaony o?aaia, iieo/aiiay ?aaioathuei ia
i?iecaiaenoaa e aucaaiiay ianiaethaeaieai o?aaiaaiee aaciianiinoe
o?oaea.

I?ioanneiiaeueiia caaieaaaiea, caaieaaaiea, aucaaiiia aicaeaenoaeai ia
?aaioathuaai a?aaeiuo oneiaee o?oaea. Oaeea caaieaaaiey yaeythony
?acoeueoaoii aeeeoaeueiiai iiiaie?aoiiai aicaeaenoaey a?aaeiuo oaeoi?ia.

1.3.2.2 Eaeia ii?yaeie ?anneaaeiaaiey e o/aoa ian/anoiuo neo/aaa ia
i?iecaiaenoaa?

?anneaaeiaaiea anao ian/anoiuo neo/aaa ia i?iecaiaenoaa, ia iiaeaeoeo ca
niaie oyaeaeuo iineaaenoaee i?iaiaeeo eiienney a ninoaaa ?oeiaiaeeoaey
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai o/anoea, ia eioi?ii i?iecioae ian/anoiue neo/ae,
iauanoaaiiiai einiaeoi?a ii io?aia o?oaea e i?aaenoaaeoaey neoaeau
oaoieee aaciianiinoe. ?acoeueoaou ?anneaaeiaaiey ian/anoiuo neo/aaa,
aucaaaoeo iioa?th o?oaeiniiniaiinoe ia iaiaa, /ai ia iaeei ?aai/ee
aeaiue, a oa/aiea 24 /ania ioi?ieytho aeoii onoaiiaeaiiie oi?iu (I-1) a
4 yecaiiey?ao.

A aeoa io?aaeatho ana aeaiiua i iino?aaeaaoai, i?e/eiu ian/anoiiai
neo/ay e ia?ii?eyoey, eioi?ua iaiaoiaeeii auiieieoue, /oiau
i?aaeioa?aoeoue iiaoi?aiea aiaeiae/iuo ian/anoiuo neo/aaa.

Aeaaiue eiaeaia? i?aaei?eyoey ooaa?aeaeaao aeo, ii?aaeaeyao n?iee
auiieiaiey ia?ii?eyoee e iai?aaeyao aeo ?oeiaiaeeoaeth
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai o/anoea (ia/aeueieeo oeaoa), eiieoaoo i?ionithcia e
einiaeoi?o o?oaea i?ionithcia. Auiieiaiea ia?ii?eyoee i?iaa?ytho
?aaioieee neoaeau oaoieee aaciianiinoe e iauanoaaiiua einiaeoi?u
i?ionithca.

A?oiiiaua, oyaeaeua e nia?oaeueiua ian/anoiua neo/ae ?anneaaeotho
niaoeeaeueiua eiiennee n o/anoeai einiaeoi?a o?oaea i?ionithcia,
i?aaenoaaeoaeae auoanoiyuaai oicyenoaaiiiai i?aaia e i?aaenoaaeoaeae
Ainai?oaoiaaeci?a, Yia?aiiaaeci?a, anee ian/anoiue neo/ae i?iecioae ia
iiaeiaaeci?iuo ei iauaeoao.

1.3.2.3 Eaeea iieacaoaee oa?aeoa?ecotho aeeiaieeo o?aaiaoecia ia
i?iecaiaenoaa?

Aaniethoiia /enei ian/anoiuo neo/aaa ia aeaao iieiiai i?aaenoaaeaiey ia
o?iaia e aeeiaieea o?aaiaoecia ia ?acee/iuo ii ianooaao i?aaei?eyoeyo,
iiyoiio iieuecothony ioiineoaeueiuie iieacaoaeyie: eiyooeoeeaiou /anoiou
e oyaeanoe o?aaiaoecia.

Eiyooeoeeaio /anoiou E* – /enei ian/anoiuo neo/aaa, i?eoiaeyueony ia
?aaioathueo ca ii?aaeaeaiiue ia?eiae.

Eiyooeoeeaio oyaeanoe EO – n?aaeiyy i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue
iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe au?aaeaiiay a ?aai/eo aeiyo, ca io/aoiue ia?eiae.

1.4 Auaiae ii ?aaioa: Iciaeiieeenue n i?eioeeiaie ?anneaaeiaaiee
ian/anoiuo neo/aaa ia i?iecaiaenoaa, ia i?eia?a ninoaaeee aeo i
ian/anoiii neo/aa ia i?iecaiaenoaa. Ioaaoeee ia eiio?ieueiua aii?inu.

2. I?ioeaiiiaea?iay i?ioeeaeoeea i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caeaiee

2.2 Oiae ?aaiou

Caeaiey n/eoatho i?aaeeueii ni?iaeoe?iaaiiui, anee ia?yaeo n ?aoaieai
ooieoeeiiaeueiuo, i?i/iinoiuo, naieoa?iuo e ae?oaeo oaoie/aneeo e
yeiiiie/aneeo caaea/ ?aoaiu e caaea/e iiaea?iie aaciianiinoe.

2.2.1 ?aniieiaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai caeaiey: a caaeneiinoe io
oa?aeoa?a e eiee/anoaa auaeaeyaiuo a?aaeiinoae onoaiiaeaii 5 eeannia
naieoa?ii-caueoiie ciiu, oe?eiie io 1000 aei 50 i, Iai?eia?, iaeaieueoay
ciia oe?eiie 1000 i onoaiiaeaia aeey i?iecaiaenoaa acioiie e na?iie
eeneiou, iieoi?iaeoeoia aieii-e?ani/iie i?iiuoeaiiinoe, aeneiciiai
aieieia naaee; iaeiaiueoae oe?eiie 50 i— aeey i?aaei?eyoee,
ecaioiaeythueo iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioee ecaeaeey ec ieanoiann e ae?. E
caeaieyi e nii?oaeaieyi ii anae eo aeeeia aeieaeai auoue iaania/ai eo
iiaeuacae iiaea?iuo aaoiiaoei; n iaeiie noi?iiu — i?e oe?eia caeaiey aei
18 i e n aeaoo noi?ii 18 i. ?annoiyiea io e?ay i?iacaeae /anoe aei noaiu
caeaiee aeieaeii auoue ia aieaa 25 i.

2.2.2 Iaianoieeinoue no?ieoaeueiuo eiino?oeoeee. No?ieoaeueiua
eiino?oeoeee a caaeneiinoe io iaoa?eaeia, ec eioi?iai ecaioiaeaii,
iiae?acaeaeytho ia ai?th/ea, o?oaeii ai?th/ea e iaai?th/ea. Niiniaiinoue
eiino?oeoeaiuo yeaiaioia caeaiee e nii?oaeaiee auaea?aeeaaoue ?an/?oiua
iaa?ocee, nio?aiyoue ianouoth e ia?aaeaeathuea niiniaiinoue iacuaatho
iaianoieeinoueth. I?eaeaeii a? iacuaaaony a?aiy a /anao io ia/aea
eniuoaiey no?ieoaeueiie eiino?oeoeee aei aicieeiiaaiey iaeiiai ec
neaaeothueo i?eciaeia:

a) ia?aciaaiea a eiino?oeoeeyo neaiciuo o?auei eee ioaa?noee, /a?ac
eioi?ia i?iieeaao i?iaeoeou ai?aiey eee ieaiy;

a) iiauoaiea oaiia?aoo?u ia ia?aoiie iaith iiaa?oiinoe eiino?oeoeee a
n?aaeiai aieaa /ai ia 140 N0 eee a ethaie oi/ea yoie iiaa?oiinoe aieaa
/ai ia 180 N;

a) iioa?e eiino?oeoeeae ianouae niiniaiinoe, o.a. iaia?oaeaiea
eiino?oeoeee.

2.2.3 I?ioeaiiiaea?iua i?aa?aaeu. I?e aicieeiiaaiee iiaea?a ia
oaoiieiae/aneeo onoaiiaeao e a i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caeaieyo aaaeii aai
eieaeeciaaoue. A caeaieyo onoaiaaeeaatho niaoeeaeueiua i?ioeaiiiaea?iua
i?aa?aaeu (a?aiaeiaoy?u) – yoi no?ieoaeueiay eiino?oeoeey ec ia ai?th/eo
iaoa?eaeia, eiathueo i?eaeae iaianoieeinoe ia iaiaa 2,5 /, iie?athony ia
ooiaeaiaio e ?ac?acatho caeaiea ii aa?oeeaee e e iei ia aeiioneathony
aeaa?iua e ieiiiua ?acuaiu, YI i?i?iu aeieaeiu eiaoue i?eaeae
iaianoieeinoe ia iaiaa 0,6 /.

2.2.4 Yaaeoaoeeiiiua iooe. Eaaeaeia i?iecaiaenoaaiiia caeaiea aeieaeii
eiaoue ia iaiaa aeaoo yaaeoaoeeiiiuo auoiaeia ia neo/ae aicieeiiaaiey
aaa?eeiuo neooaoeee, iiaea?a eee ac?uaa. Yaaeoaoeeiiiuie n/eoathony
oaeea auoiaeu, eioi?ua aaaeoo ec iiiauaiey n?aco ia?oaeo, ia eanoie/ioth
eeaoeo n auoiaeii ia?oaeo eee /a?ac aanoeatheue a i?ioiae eee ei?eaei? n
i?yiui auoiaeii ia?oaeo e ae?.

Ia?oaeiua iiaea?iua eanoieoeu aeey yaaeoaoeee ethaeae aeieaeiu eiaoue
oaie iaeeiia ia aieaa 45 e oe?eio nooiaie ia aieaa 0,7 i. Eeoou e
yneaeaoi?u ia n/eoathony iooyie yaaeoaoeee, o. e. i?e iiaea?a iie iiaoo
aueoe ec no?iy.

2.2.5 Iaee/ea iaiai?aa?aaeeoaeae, ieaiyionaeaoaeae e caaeaeaeae.
Aicieeoee a iaeiii ianoa iiaea? iiaeao auno?i ?ani?ino?aiyony ii
eiaeaia?iuie eiiioieeaoeeyie. *oiau i?aaeoi?aaeeoue ?ani?ino?aiaiea iaiy
ii eaiaeecaoeeiiiui naoyi eniieuecothony aeae?aaee/aneea caoai?u. Ia
i?iaeoeoii?iaiaeao, a eioi?uo aiciiaeii aicieeiiaaiea iaiy noaayo
iaiai?aa?aaeeoaee. A caaeneiinoe io iaoa?eaeueii ia?aaeaeathuaai
yeaiaioa ?acee/atho iaiai?aa?aaeeoaee: iinaaei/iua, einoiua, nao/aoua,
iaoaeeiea?aie/aneea e iaoaeeiaieieienoua.

I?eioeei aeaenoaey iniiaai ia aaoaiee ieaiaie a oceeo eaiaeao,
aeeaiao?ii eioi?iai iaiueoa aanyuaai caci?a. Oeia II i?eiaiyaony ia
eeieyo iiaaiio?ainii?oa ai?th/eo ii?ioeia, o.a. ia caa?yciaiiuo e
caiueaiiuo n?aaeao (auno?iaeaenoaothuee ieaiyionaeaoaeue). I?eiaiytho
oaeaea aaoiiaoe/aneea, cae?uaathueany caaeaeaeee. Iie i?eaiaeyony a
aeaenoaea io aeao/eea.

2.2.6 N?aaenoai oooaiea iiaea?a. I?ioeann oooaiey ai?yueo aauanoa
naiaeeony e aeooaeueiiio aicaeaenoaeth ia i?ioeann ai?aiey a ciia
?aaeoeee. Eniieuecotho neaaeothuea niiniau oooaiey: nieaeaiea
eiioeaio?aoeee ai?th/aai eee ieeneeoaey aei cia/aiee, i?e eioi?uo ia
iiaeao i?ienoiaeeoue ai?aiey; ioeaaeaeaiea i/aaa ai?aiey ieaea
ii?aaeaeaiiuo oaiia?aoo?; eioaineaiia oi?iiaeaiea oeie/aneeo ?aaeoeee
ai?aiey niaoeeaeueiuie aauanoaaie, iaoaie/aneee n?ua ieaiaie a
?acoeueoaoa aicaeaenoaey ia iaai neeueiie no?oe aaca eee aiaeu.
Iaiaoooauea aauanoaa aeieaeiu iaeaaeaoue aunieei oooauei yooaeoii.
Oooaiea iiaea?ia aiaeie – i?eiaiytho aeey oooaiey ai?th/eo oaa?aeuo
iaoa?eaeia e ai?th/eo aeeaeeinoae. Aiaeie iaeuecy oooeoue ai?th/ea
aeeaeeinoe n ieioiinoueth iaiueoa 1. Aeey oooaiey oaeeo aeeaeeinoae eae
aaicei, iaooue, ea?inei, yoe? i?eiaiytho a aeaea eiiiaeoiie no?oe, a a
oiiei ?aniueaiiii aeaea n eaieyie ?acia?aie iaiaa 100 iei. A
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caeaieyo ono?aeaatho aioo?aiiea i?ioeaiiiaea?iua
aiaeii?iaiaeu n e?aiaie iiaea?iuie. Eo onoaiaaeeaatho aioo?e iiiauaiee o
auoiaeia ec ieo eee ia ieiuaaeeao ioaieeaaaiuo eanoie/iuo eeaoie ia
aunioa 1,35 i io iiea. Eaaeaeue aioo?aiiee iiaea?iue e?ai iniauai
i?i?aceiaiiui ?oeaaii e iiaea?iui noaieii.

2.2.7 Ia?ae/iua n?aaenoaa oooaiey iiaea?ia. E iei ioiinyony iiaea?iua
e?aiu, iaiaoooeoaee ianie, iaeayea, eiiaou e o.ae. Iaeaieaa
?ani?ino?aiaiu ?o/iua ?acee/iua iaiaoooeoaee: oeie/anei-iaiiua IOI-10,
aicaeooii-iaiiua IAI-5 e IAI-10,01, aaciaua oaeaeeneioiua IIN-10, a
oaeaea ia?aaeaeaeiua iaeii e aeaooaaeaioiua oeiia IOA-7, O77-7, OI-2I.
I?eiaiythony oaeaea ia?aaiceiua oaeaeeneioiua e niaoeeaeueiua ?o/iua
iaiaoooeoaee. E iei ioiinyony oaeaeeneioii-a?iiaoeeiaue iaiaoooeoaeue
oeia IOA-7, aeey oooaiey iaeaieueoeo caai?aiee uaei/iuo iaoaeeia,
e?aiiee e aethieiee i?aaie/aneeo niaaeeiaiee i?eiaiyaony ?o/iie
ii?ioeiaue iaiaoooeoaeue IIN-10. aeey iaeaieueoeo caai?aiee i?eiaiytho
anaanoiaua iie?uaaea, aieei/iua iaeayea e o.ae.

2.2.8 Nenoaia aaoiiaoe/aneie iiaea?iie caueou, iiaea?iay naycue e
neaiaeecaoeee, NAIC – i?aaeiacia/ai aeey i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey caai?aiey,
oooaiey aicieeathuaai iiaea?a, eieaeecaoeeth iiaea?a. Ono?ienoaa AIC
i?eaiaeyony a aeaenoaea io aeao/eeia-ecaauaoaeae, a oaeaea iiaoo
aeeth/aoueny a ?o/ioth. Iie auaatho: oaieiaua, naaoiaua e
eiiaeie?iaaiiua. Aeao/eeii oaieiauo ecaauaoaeae yaeyaony
oa?iinii?ioeaeaiey eee oa?iiia?u. Naaoiaui – n/ao/ee oioiiia e
ieiuaaeueth 400-600 i. Iiaea?iay naycue e neaiaeecaoeey iaiaoiaeeiu aeey
naiaa?aiaiiiai niiauaiey i aicieeiiaaiee iiaea?a. Iiae?acaeaeytho ia
io?aiii-iiaea?ioth neaiaeecaoeeth, aeeniao/a?neoth naycue, iia?aoeaioth
?aaeeinaycue. Io?aiii-iiaea?iay neaiaeecaoeey inouanoaeyaony iau/ii
nenoaiie yeaeo?e/anei-iiaea?iie neaiaeecaoeee. I?e oeaeoiie nenoaia ana
aeao/eee aeeth/aiu a iaeiii?iaiaeioth eeieth iineaaeiaaoaeueii.

2.3 Auaiae ii ?aaioa: Iciaeiieeenue n i?ioeaiiiaea?iie i?ioeeaeoeeie
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caeaiee e nii?oaeaiee.

3. Ii?yaeie ?aaiou ni n?aaenoaaie iiaea?ioooaiey

3.1 Oeaeue: Iao/eoueny auae?aoue n?aaenoaa iiaea?ioooaiey e i?eiaiyoue
eo ia i?aeoeea.

3.2 Oiae ?aaiou:

Iaoiaeu oooaiey ai?yueo aauanoa iniiaaiu ia i?ae?auaiee iinooieaiey a
ciio ai?aiey aicaeooa e ai?th/eo aauanoa eee nieaeaiee eo iinooieaiey
aei cia/aiee, i?e eioi?uo ai?aiea ia i?iecieaeao. I?e yoii aeieaeiu
auoue auiieiaiu neaaeothuea oneiaey:

– ioeaaeaeaiea ciiu ai?aiey ieaea oaiia?aoo?u ainieaiaiaiey;

– ?acaaaeaiea ?aaae?othueo aauanoa iaai?th/eie aauanoaaie;

– eciee?iaaiea ai?th/eo aauanoa io ciiu ai?aiey.

Aiaeo i?eiaiytho aeey oooaiey iiaea?ia oaa?aeuo ai?th/eo iaoa?eaeia,
nicaeaiey aiaeyiuo caaan e ioeaaeaeaiey iauaeoia, ?aniieiaeaiiuo aaeece
i/aaa ai?aiey.

Iaiiue iie?ia yaeyaony eae au ye?aiii, i?aiyonoaothueo aicaeaenoaeth
oaiea ciiu ai?aiey ia iiaa?oiinoue aauanoaa. Ii i?aiyonoaoao oaeaea
auoiaeo ia?ia aeeaeeinoe a ciio ai?aiey, ieacuaay eciee?othuaa
aeaenoaea.

A ea/anoaa iaiaoooaueo ninoaaia aeey iauaiiiai oooaiey eniieuecotho
eia?oiua ?acaaaeoaee: aiaeyiie ia?, aeeieneae oaea?iaea, acio, a?aii,
aeuiiaua aacu e eaoo/ea eiaeaeoi?u. Oooaiea i?e ?acaaaeaiee n?aaeu
eia?oiuie ?acaaaeoaeyie naycaii n iioa?yie oaiea ia iaa?aaaiea yoeo
?acaaaeoaeae e nieaeaieai nei?inoe i?ioeanna e oaieiaiai yooaeoa
?aaeoeee.

I?e oooaiee iiaea?a iaiiui iaiaoooeoaeai, no?oy iaiu aeieaeia auoue
iai?aaeaia iiae ieaiy, a ciio iaeaieaa aeoeaiiai ai?aiey, ia/eiay n
e?aaa n oai, /oiau iinoaiaiii iae?uoue iaiie anth ai?yuoth iiaa?oiinoue.

Oeie/aneay iaia ia?acoaony a ?acoeueoaoa ?aaeoeee iaaeaeo uaei/ueth e
eeneioie a i?enoonoaee iaiiia?aciaaoaey. Aa ninoaa: 80% NI2, 19,7% I2I e
0,3% iaiiia?acothuaai aauanoaa, ieioiinoueth 0,15-0,25.

Aicaeooii-iaoaie/aneay iaia – eieeieaeiay nenoaia, ninoiyuay ec
iocu?ueeia aaca, ie?oaeaiiuo ieaieaie aeeaeeinoe. Aa iieo/atho
niaoeaaieai aiaeu e iaiiia?aciaaoaey n iaeiia?aiaiiui ia?aiaoeaaieai
aicaeooa. Ninoaa iaiu ieceie e?aoiinoe: 90% aicaeooa, 9,7% I2I e
0,2-0,4% iaiiia?acothuaai aauanoaa, ieioiinoueth 0,11-0,17.

Nenoaia aaoiiaoe/aneie iiaea?iie caueou, iiaea?iay naycue e
neaiaeecaoeee, NAIC – i?aaeiacia/ai aeey i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey caai?aiey,
oooaiey aicieeathuaai iiaea?a, eieaeecaoeeth iiaea?a. Ono?ienoaa AIC
i?eaiaeyony a aeaenoaea io aeao/eeia-ecaauaoaeae, a oaeaea iiaoo
aeeth/aoueny a?o/ioth. Iie auaatho: oaieiaua, naaoiaua e
eiiaeie?iaaiiua. Aeao/eeii oaieiauo ecaauaoaeae yaeyaony
oa?iinii?ioeaeaiey eee oa?iiia?u. Naaoiaui – n/ao/ee oioiiia e
ieiuaaeueth 400-600 i. Iiaea?iay naycue e neaiaeecaoeey iaiaoiaeeiu aeey
naiaa?aiaiiiai niiauaiey i aicieeiiaaiee iiaea?a. Iiae?acaeaeytho ia
io?aiii-iiaea?ioth neaiaeecaoeeth, aeeniao/a?neoth naycue, iia?aoeaioth
?aaeeinaycue. Io?aiii-iiaea?iay neaiaeecaoeey inouanoaeyaony iau/ii
nenoaiie yeaeo?e/anei-iiaea?iie neaiaeecaoeee. I?e oeaeoiie nenoaia ana
aeao/eee aeeth/aiu a iaeiii?iaiaeioth eeieth iineaaeiaaoaeueii.

Iiaea?iay neaiaeecaoeey i?aaeiacia/aia aeey auno?iai niiauaiey i
iiaea?a. Nenoaiaie iiaea?iie neaiaeecaoeee iai?oaeotho oaoiieiae/aneea
onoaiiaee iiauoaiiie iiaea?iie iianiinoe, i?iecaiaenoaaiiua caeaiey,
neeaaeu. Iiaea?iay naycue e neaiaeecaoeey eiatho aieueoia cia/aiea aeey
inouanoaeaiey ia? ii i?aaeoi?aaeaeaieth iiaea?ia, niinianoaotho eo
naiaa?aiaiiiio iaia?oaeaieth e auciao iiaea?iuo iiae?acaeaeaiee e ianoo
aicieeiiaaiey iiaea?a, a oaeaea iaania/eaatho oi?aaeaiea e iia?aoeaiia
?oeiaiaenoai ?aaioaie i?e iiaea?a.

Iiaea?iay naycue iiae?acaeaeyaony ia naycue ecaauaiey, aeeniao/a?neoth
naycue e naycue ia iiaea?a. Iaeaieaa iiaea?iiianiua iauaeou eiatho
i?yioth oaeaoiiioth naycue n oeaio?aeueiui ioieoii iiaea?iie nayce eee n
iiae?acaeaeaieyie iiaea?iie io?aiu.

Nenoaiu yeaeo?e/aneie iiaea?iie neaiaeecaoeee iaia?oaeeaatho ia/aeueioth
noaaeeth iiaea?a e niiauatho i ianoa aai aicieeiiaaiey. Nenoaiu
yeaeo?e/aneie iiaea?iie neaiaeecaoeee iiae?acaeaeythony ia
aaoiiaoe/aneoth e ?o/ioth.

3.4 Auaiae ii ?aaioa: Iao/eeenue auae?aoue n?aaenoaa iiaea?ioooaiey,
eco/eee iniiaiua naienoaa n?aaenoa iiaea?ioooaiey.

4. Ieaie?iaaiea e i?aaiecaoeey ?aaio i?e eeeaeaeaoeee *N

4.1 Iauea naaaeaiey:

A ii?iao ?aaeeaoeeiiiie aaciianiinoe I?A – 99 (1-3) onoaiiaeaiu:

O?e eaoaai?ee iaeo/aaiuo eeoe:

– eaoaai?ey A – ia?niiae (i?ioanneiiaeueiua ?aaioieee);

– eaoaai?ey A – i?ioanneiiaeueiua ?aaioieee, ia naycaiiua n
eniieueciaaieai enoi/ieeia eiiece?othueo eceo/aiee, ii ?aai/ea ianoa
eioi?uo ?aniieiaeaiu a ciiao aicaeaenoaey ?aaeeiaeoeaiuo eceo/aiee;

eaoaai?ey A – ianaeaiea iaeanoe, e?ay, ?anioaeeee, no?aiu.

O?e a?oiiu e?eoe/aneeo i?aaiia:

1-y a?oiia – ana oaei, iieiaua i?aaiu, einoiue iica;

2-y a?oiia – iuooeu, ueoiaeaeiay aeaeaca, aee?iaay oeaiue, ia/aiue,
ii/ee, naeacaiea, aeaeoaei/ii-eeoa/iue o?aeo, eaaeea, o?onoaeee aeaca e
ae?oaea i?aaiu, ca eneeth/aieai oao, eioi?ua ioiinyony e 1-e e 3-e
a?oiiai;

3-y a?oiia – eiaeiue iie?ia, einoiay oeaiue, eenoe, i?aaeiea/uey, noiiu.

Iniiaiua aeiciaua i?aaeaeu – i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua aeicu iaeo/aiey
(aeey eaoaai?ee A) e i?aaeaeueiua aeicu (aeey eaoaai?ee A) ca
eaeaiaea?iue aiae.

I?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua aeicu iaeo/aiey ecia?ythony a ieeeeceo?ao a aiae
(iC a/aiae). I?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua aeicu iaeo/aiey ia aeeth/atho a
naay aeicu anoanoaaiiiai oiia e aeicu iaeo/aiey, iieo/aaiua i?e
iaaeeoeeineii enneaaeiaaiee e ea/aiee.

I?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiay aeica iaeo/aiey – iaeaieueoaa cia/aiea
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie yeaeaaeaioiie aeicu iaeo/aiey ca eaeaiaea?iue aiae,
eioi?ia i?e ?aaiiia?iii aicaeaenoaee a oa/aiee 50 eao ia auciaao a
ninoiyiee caei?iauey ia?niiaea iaaeaaii?eyoiuo eciaiaiee,
iaia?oaeeaaaiuo nia?aiaiiuie iaoiaeaie.

I?aaeaeueiay aeica – iniiaiie aeiciaue i?aaeae, i?e eioi?ii ?aaiiia?iia
iaeo/aiea a oa/aiea 70 eao ia aucuaaao eciaiaiee caei?iauey,
iaia?oaeeaaaiuo nia?aiaiiuie iaoiaeaie.

Oaaeeoea 4.1 – Aeaiiua e ?an/aoo

Aa?eaioEaoaai?ey iaeo/aaiuo eeoeIaeo/aieaA?oiia e?eoe/aneeo i?aaiiaAeae
eceo/aieyIiaeiuaiiay aeica, iC a/aiae8AAna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4.3 Iaoiaeeea ioeaiee.

I?e i?iaaaeaiee ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai eiio?iey e ioeaiea niioaaonoaey
ia?aiao?ia ?aaeeaoeeiiiie ianoaiiaee ii?iaoeaai aeieaeiu niaethaeaoueny
neaaeothuea niioiioaiey aeey eaoaai?ee A:

II*Ae;

I=Ae*k,

aaea I – iaeneiaeueiay yeaeaaeaioiay aeica eceo/aiey ia aeaiiue
e?eoe/aneee i?aai, iC a/aiae;

Ae – iiaeiuaiiay aeica eceo/aiey, iC a/aiae;

k – eiyooeoeeaio ea/anoaa eceo/aiey, aeey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 k=1.

I=1*=1iC a/aiae;

1 4

4.4 Auaiae: ?aaeeaoeeiiiue oii niioaaonoaoao ii?iai ?aaeeaoeeiiiie
aaciianiinoe, oae eae iaeneiaeueiay yeaeaaeaioiay aeica ia ana oaei
iaiueoa i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiie a /aou?a ?aca.

5. Ii?aaeaeaiea a?aieoe no?oeoo?u cii i/aaia ii?aaeaiey

Oiae ?aaiou

I?aaiecaoeeiiiay ?aaioa ii io?aia o?oaea

Io?aia o?oaea – yoi nenoaia ainoaea?noaaiiuo e iauanoaaiiuo ia?ii?eyoee,
iaania/eaathueo nio?aiaiea i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu aeey aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe
iuiaoieo e aoaeoueo iieieaiee ethaeae.

I?e ioeaiea iineaaenoaee aicaeaenoaey ia i?e?iaeo, aaaeiia ianoi
caieiatho IAeE aauanoaa, caa?yciythueo aicaeoo eee aiaeo. IAeE ii?ie?oao
ia niaea?aeaiea a?aaeiuo aauanoa a naieo aua?inao, a niaea?aeaiea yoeo
aauanoa a aoiinoa?iii aicaeooa eee a aiaea aiaeiaiia, iinea niaoaiey n
aua?inaie. Iineieueeo iie caueuatho io caa?yciaiey a aoiinoa?a eee
aiaeiaiia, neaaeiaaoaeueii, a ieo aeieaeiu auoue aeinoeaioou ii?iaoeaiua
iieacaoaee.

?acee/atho i?aaieciaaiiua e iai?aaieciaaiiua enoi/ieee caa?yciaiey.
i?aaieciaaiiua aua?inu, eioi?ua iiaeii eiio?iee?iaaoue iinooiatho ec
eiiioieeaoeee oainoiauo oaoiieiae/aneeo aacia, ec nenoai iauae e ianoiie
auoyaeee, aaioeeyoeee. Iai?aaieciaaiiua aua?inu aicieeatho ec-ca
iaieioiinoae a aiia?aoo?a, iaoeiao, o?oaii?iaiaeao, i?e ioai?a nu?uey.

Oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann iieo/aiey oei?aeieea

c2h4cl+c2h4+o2?c2h3cl+h2o

c2h3cl – oei?aeiee, naeeaeaiiue aac, o?oaeii?anoai?eiue a aiaea

n=2,17

t0eei=-13,8 0N

t0ie=-159,7 0N

t0naiiainie=4700N

t0aniuoee=43 0N

a n?aaea n eenei?iaeii – ainieaiaiyaony

eiioeaio?aoeeiiiua i?aaeaeu ainieaiaiaiey IEIA=3,6%, AEIA=33%

5.3 Auaiae ii ?aaioa: I?iaaee yeieiae/aneoth ioeaieo oaoiieiae/aneiai
i?ioeanna iieo/aiey oei?aeieea.

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