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Расчёт противорадиационного укрытия на предприятии АПК

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Министерство сельского хозяйства Российской Федерации

ФГУ ВПО

Тюменская государственная сельскохозяйственная академия

Механико-технологический институт

Кафедра: “Безопасности жизнедеятельности”

Расчетно-графическая работа

на тему:

“Расчёт противорадиационного укрытия на предприятии АПК”

Выполнил: студент гр.

Проверил:

Тюмень, 2009

Содержание

Введение

Задача 1

Задача 2

Задача 3

Задача 4

Задача 5

1. Расчёт коэффициента защищённости противорадиационного укрытия

2. Дополнительные расчёты коэффициента защищённости противорадиационного
укрытия

Литература

Введение

Защита населения от современных средств поражения – главная задача
гражданской обороны.

Укрытие в защитных сооружениях обеспечивает различную степень защиты от
поражающих факторов ядерного, химического и биологического оружия, а
также от вторичных поражающих факторов при ядерных взрывах и применении
обычных средств поражения (от разлетающихся с большой силой и скоростью
обломков и осколков конструкций сооружений, комьев грунта и т.д.). Этот
способ, обеспечивая надежную защиту, вместе с тем практически исключает
в период укрытия производственную деятельность. Применяется при
непосредственной угрозе применения ОМП и при внезапном нападении
противника.

Противорадиационные укрытия (ПРУ). Они обеспечивают защиту укрываемых от
воздействия ионизирующих излучений и радиоактивной пыли, отравляющих
веществ, биологических средств в капельно-жидком виде и от светового
излучения ядерного взрыва. При соответствующей прочности конструкций ПРУ
могут частично защищать людей от воздействия ударной волны и обломков
разрушающихся зданий. ПРУ должны обеспечивать возможность непрерывного
пребывания в них людей в течение не менее двух суток.

Защитные свойства ПРУ от радиоактивных излучений оцениваются
коэффициентом защиты (Кз) или коэффициентом ослабления (Косл), который
показывает, во сколько раз укрытие ослабляет действие радиации, а
следовательно, и дозу облучения.

Задача 1

Рассчитать границы очага ядерного поражения радиусы зон разрушения после
воздушного ядерного взрыва мощностью боеприпаса 150 кТ. Построить график
и сделать вывод.

Дано:

Q1=150 кТ

Q2=100 кТ

R2п=1,7 км

R2с=2,6 км

R2ср=3,8 км

R2сл=6,5 кмРешение:
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;
Rп=picscalex1000100090000039d01000004001c0000000000050000000902000000000
5000000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020
0000000050000000c02c005600b1200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0fff
fffb7ffffff200b0000770500000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000b0010
8000000fa0200000800000000000000040000002d010000050000001402ee03600005000
0001302ee039e0208000000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d010100050000001
402000240000500000013020002be0205000000140200025a04050000001302000250061
c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6
d616e00b8aef377c1aef3772040f5779616660d040000002d01020008000000320a60026
c0902000000eaec1c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d657
3204e657720526f6d616e00b8aef377c1aef3772040f5779616660d040000002d0103000
4000000f001020008000000320a6002ac080100000038ec08000000320a6002580801000
0002cec08000000320a6002bc070100000031ec08000000320a8b0382050100000039ec0
8000000320a8b032805010000002cec08000000320a8b036e040100000030ec080000003
20a6f0161050100000037ec08000000320a6f010105010000002cec08000000320a6f016
5040100000031ec09000000320a79055000030000003135306509000000320a5d0350000
30000003130306508000000320a6f018b0101000000373008000000320a6f012b0101000
0002c3008000000320a6f018f000100000031301c000000fb0280fe00000000000090010
00000020402001053796d626f6c00006d160acca0f11200b8aef377c1aef3772040f5779
616660d040000002d01020004000000f001030008000000320a6002b806010000003d300
8000000320a60022603010000003d300a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001
c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d000d9616660d0
0000a0021008a010000000003000000bcf31200040000002d01030004000000f00102000
30000000000;
Rc=picscalex1000100090000034b01000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000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;
Rср=picscalex1000100090000034b01000003001c000000000005000000090200000000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;
Rсл=picscalex1000100090000034b01000003001c000000000005000000090200000000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.

Ответ: Rп=1,8 км; Rс=2,8 км; Rср=4,2 км; Rсл=7,2 км. Rп, Rс, Rср, Rсл –
?

Вывод: после воздушного ядерного взрыва мощностью 150 кТ, зона поражения
составила 14,4 км. Радиусы зон разрушения следующие: Rп = 1,8 км; Rс. =
2,8 км; Rср = 4,2 км; Rсл = 7,2 км.

Задача 2

Рассчитать границы очага ядерного поражения и радиусы зон разрушения при
наземном ядерном взрыве мощностью боеприпаса 150 кТ. Построить график и
сделать вывод.

Дано:

Q1=150 кТ

Q2=100 кТ

R2п=1,9 км

R2с=2,5 км

R2ср=3,2 км

R2сл=5,3 кмРешение:
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;
Rп=picscalex1000100090000039d01000004001c0000000000050000000902000000000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;
Rc=picscalex1000100090000034b01000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000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;
Rср=picscalex1000100090000034b01000003001c000000000005000000090200000000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;
Rсл=picscalex1000100090000034b01000003001c000000000005000000090200000000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.

Ответ: Rп=2,1 км; Rс=2,8 км; Rср=3,5 км; Rсл=5,9 км. Rп, Rс, Rср, Rсл –
?

Вывод: при наземном ядерном взрыве зона полных разрушений больше чем при
воздушном ядерном взрыве на 0,6 км. А общая зона поражения меньше на 2,6
км.

Задача 3

Рассчитать величину спада уровня радиации через 2, 6, 12, 24, 48 часов
после аварии на АЭС и после ядерного взрыва, если начальный уровень
радиации через 1 час составит Р0=150 Р/ч. Построить график и сделать
вывод.

Дано:

Р0=150 Р/ч

t=2, 6, 12, 24, 48 чРешение:

Рt=picscalex1000100090000032701000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000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, степень 1,2 применяется при
расчетах спадов уровня радиации после ядерного взрыва, 0,5 – после
аварии на АЭС.

После аварии на АЭС

Рt2=picscalex1000100090000037901000003001c000000000005000000090200000000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;
Рt6=picscalex1000100090000037801000003001c000000000005000000090200000000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;
Рt12=picscalex1000100090000037801000003001c00000000000500000009020000000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;
Рt24=picscalex1000100090000037801000003001c00000000000500000009020000000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;
Рt48=picscalex1000100090000037801000003001c00000000000500000009020000000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После ядерного взрыва:

Рt2=picscalex1000100090000037801000003001c000000000005000000090200000000
05000000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b02
00000000050000000c02e003200a1200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ff
ffffb7ffffffe0090000970300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000c000
08000000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d010000050000001402000240000500
0000130200027e021c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e00b8aef377c1aef3772040f5777e176673040000002d010100
08000000320a6002300901000000f77908000000320a60026e0701000000d0791c000000
fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00
b8aef377c1aef3772040f5777e176673040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000
320a60029408010000002f7908000000320a6002dc0502000000353008000000320a6002
8205010000002c3008000000320a60020e0402000000363508000000320a8e035d000100
0000323509000000320a6f01300003000000313530651c000000fb0220ff000000000000
9001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00b8aef377c1aef3772040
f5777e176673040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320ae202cb0101000000
323508000000320ae2028301010000002c3508000000320ae2021b010100000031351c00
0000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020402001053796d626f6c000032180ab540f1
1200b8aef377c1aef3772040f5777e176673040000002d01020004000000f00101000800
0000320a6002e602010000003d350a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c00
0000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00737e1766730000
0a0021008a0100000000010000005cf31200040000002d01010004000000f00102000300
00000000;
Рt6=picscalex1000100090000037801000003001c000000000005000000090200000000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;
Рt12=picscalex1000100090000037801000003001c00000000000500000009020000000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;
Рt24=picscalex1000100090000037801000003001c00000000000500000009020000000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;
Рt48=picscalex1000100090000037801000003001c00000000000500000009020000000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;

Ответ:

1) Рt2=106,38 Р/ч; Рt6=61,47 Р/ч; Рt12=43,35 Р/ч; Рt24=30,67 Р/ч;
Рt48=21,67 Р/ч;

2) Рt2=65,50 Р/ч; Рt6=17,48 Р/ч; Рt12=7,60 Р/ч; Рt24=3,63 Р/ч; Рt48=1,44
Р/ч. Рt – ?

Вывод: спад уровня радиации при ядерном взрыве происходит быстрее чем
при аварии на АЭС.

Задача 4

Рассчитать эквивалентную дозу облучения, полученную людьми, находящимися
на зараженной радиационными веществами местности в течение 6 часов. Если
начальный уровень радиации через 1 час после аварии на АЭС составил
Р0=150 мР/.

Дано:

Р0=150 мР/ч

t=6 ч

б=25%

в=25%

г=25%

з=25%Решение:
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;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;
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; Dэкс=0,877 · Dпогл;

picscalex100010009000003bf01000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c022004c0131200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
c0ffffff80130000e00300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000e0000800
0000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014020002b50405000000
130200022b080500000014020002c7090500000013020002eb0d1c000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00b8aef377c1ae
f3772040f57742126654040000002d01010008000000320a600203120200000033380800
0000320a6002a911010000002c3809000000320a60027b0f030000003732336509000000
320a8b03400b030000003837376508000000320a8b03ec0a010000002c3708000000320a
8b03320a01000000303708000000320a6f017b0c02000000343108000000320a6f01150c
010000002c3109000000320a6f01db09030000003633346509000000320a8b03d7050300
00003837376508000000320a8b038305010000002c3708000000320a8b03c90401000000
30371c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020402001053796d626f6c00007617
0a64a0f11200b8aef377c1aef3772040f57742126654040000002d01020004000000f001
010008000000320a6002530e010000003d3708000000320a60029308010000003d370800
0000320a60028103010000003d371c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00b8aef377c1aef3772040f577421266540400
00002d01010004000000f001020009000000320ac601550603000000fdeaf16509000000
320ac0025b0104000000efeee3eb1c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00b8aef377c1aef3772040f577421266540400
00002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a66013d050100000044ee08000000320a
600246000100000044ee0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb02
1000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00544212665400000a002100
8a010000000001000000bcf31200040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000
Рад;

Dэкв = Q?·Dпогл.

Q – коэффициент качества или относительный биологический эквивалент,
показывает во сколько раз данный вид излучения превосходит рентгеновское
по биологическому воздействию при одинаковой величине поглощенной дозы,
для б – излучения Q=20, в и г – излучения Q=1, з – излучения Q=5-10.

Dэкв = 20 · 723,38 · 0,25 + 1 · 723.38?0,25+1?723,38?0,25+ +5?723,38
?0,25=4882,8 мБэр = 0,0048 Зв.

Ответ: Dэкв =0,0048 Зв. Dэкв – ?

Вывод: Люди, находящиеся на зараженной радиацией территории после аварии
на АЭС в течение 6 часов получат эквивалентную дозу 0,0048 Зв. Данная
доза не представляет опасность для возникновения лучевой болезни.

Задача 5

Рассчитать эквивалентную дозу облучения, полученную людьми, находящимися
на зараженной радиационными веществами местности в течение 6 часов. Если
начальный уровень радиации через 1 час после ядерного взрыва составил
Р0=150 мР/.

Дано:

Р0=150 мР/ч

t=6 ч

б=25%

в=25%

г=25%

з=25%Решение:
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;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;
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; Dэкс=0,877 · Dпогл;
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Рад;

Dэкв = Q?·Dпогл.

Dэкв = 20 · 572,90 · 0,25 + 1 · 572,90 ? 0,25+1 ? 572,90 ? 0,25+

+5 ? 572,90 ? 0,25=3867,07 мБэр = 0,0038 Зв.

Ответ: Dэкв =0,0038 Зв. Dэкв – ?

Вывод: Люди, находящиеся на зараженной радиацией территории после
ядерного взрыва в течение 6 часов получат эквивалентную дозу 0,0038 Зв.
Данная доза не представляет опасность для возникновения лучевой болезни.

Исходные данные для расчёта противорадиационной защиты.

1. Место нахождения ПРУ – в одноэтажном здании;

2. Материал стен – Ко (из каменных материалов и кирпич);

3. Толщина стен по сечениям:

А – А – 25 см;

Б – Б – 12 см;

В – В – 12 см;

Г – Г – 25 см;

1 – 1 – 25 см;

2 – 2 – 12 см;

3 – 3 – 25 см.

4. Перекрытие: тяжёлый бетон, дощатый по лагам толщиной 10 см, вес
конструкции – 240 кгс/м2;

5. Расположение низа оконных проёмов 2,0 м;

6. Площадь оконных и дверных проёмов против углов (м2)

б1 = 8/2,б2 = 15/4/2,б3 = 7,б4 = 6;

7. Высота помещения 2,9 м;

8. Размер помещения 4Ч6м;

9. Размер здания 12Ч20 м;

10. Ширина заражённого участка, примыкающего к зданию 20 м.

1. Расчёт коэффициента защищённости противорадиационного укрытия

Предварительные расчёты таблица №1.

Сечение зданияВес 1 м2 конструкции

Кгс/м2
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1-Lст стенПриведённый вес Gпр кгс/м2Суммарный вес против углов Gб,
Кгс/м2 А – А

Б – Б

В – В

Г – Г

1 – 1

2 – 2;

3 – 3450

216

216

450

450

216

4500,134

0,258

0,068

0,034

0,020

0,221

0,0570,866

0,742

0,932

0,966

0,861

0,781

0,943389,7

160,2

201,3

434,7

360,00

168,4

424,3Gб4 = 389,7

Gб2 = 796,28

Gб3 = 360,00

Gб1 = 592,83

1. Материал стен – Ко (из каменных материалов и кирпича).

2. Толщина стен по сечению (см):

А – А – 25;

Б – Б – 12;

В – В – 12;

Г – Г – 25;

1 – 1 – 25;

2 – 2 -12;

3 – 3 – 25.

3. Определяем вес 1 м2 конструкций для сечений (кгс/м2). Таблица №1.

А – А – 450;

Б – Б – 216;

В – В – 216;

Г – Г – 450;

1 – 1 – 450;

2 – 2 – 216;

3 – 3 – 450.

4. Площадь оконных и дверных проёмов против углов (м2).

б1 = 8/2;

б2 = 15/4/2;

б3 = 7;

б4 = 6.

5. Высота помещения 2,9 м2.

6. Размер здания 12Ч20 м.

Площадь стен:

S1=2,9*·12=34,8 м2 – внутренней;

S2=2,9* 20=58 м2 – внешний.

Gб1= 3 – 3 +2 – 2

Gб2 = Г-Г + В-В + Б-Б

Gб3 = 1 – 1

Gб4 = А-А

7. Определим коэффициент проёмности.
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;

А – А,
picscalex1050100090000035f01000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c02e003000a1200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
b8ffffffc0090000980300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000c0000800
0000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014020002100405000000
13020002a5051c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e00b8aef377c1aef3772040f57743146655040000002d0101000800
0000320a60023f0802000000313308000000320a60020308010000002c3308000000320a
6002490701000000303308000000320a8c031e0402000000353808000000320a6e017d04
0100000036381c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020402001053796d626f6c
000049140aeba0f11200b8aef377c1aef3772040f57743146655040000002d0102000400
0000f001010008000000320a60021706010000003d3808000000320a6002d20201000000
3d381c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720
526f6d616e00b8aef377c1aef3772040f57743146655040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320ac002350102000000f1f21c000000fb0280fe00000000000090010100
00020402001053796d626f6c000049140aeca0f11200b8aef377c1aef3772040f5774314
6655040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a60021c000100000061f20a00
000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc020000
00cc0102022253797374656d00554314665500000a0021008a010000000001000000bcf3
1200040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000;

Б – Б,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В – В ,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Г – Г,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1 – 1,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2 – 2
,picscalex1220100090000036f01000003001c000000000005000000090200000000050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3 – 3,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8. Определяем суммарный вес против углов Gб.

Gб1= 168,4 + 424,3 = 592,8;

Gб2= 160,2 + 201,3 + 434,7 = 796,2;

Gб3= 360;

Gб4= 389,7;

9. Определяем коэффициент защищённости укрытия.

Коэффициент защиты Кз для помещений в одноэтажных зданиях определяется
по формуле:
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Где К1 – коэффициент, учитывающий долю радиации, проникающий через
наружные и внутренние стены принимаемый по формуле:

10. Определяем коэффициент, учитывающий долю радиации, проникающей через
наружные и внутренние стены.
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11. Размер помещения (мЧм).4х6

б1= б3 = 67,4

б2= б4 =112,6

12. Находим кратность ослабления степени первичного излучения в
зависимости от суммарного веса окружающих конструкций по таблице 28.

Кст1 = 592,83 = 550 + 42,83 = 45 + (42,83· 0,4) = 62,13

550 – 45 ?1 = 600 – 550=50

600 – 65 ?2 = 65 – 45=20

?2/?1 = 20/50=0,4

Кст2 = 796,28 = 700 + 96,28= 120 + (96,28 · 1,3) = 245,16

700 – 120 ?1 = 800 – 700 = 100

800 – 250 ?2 = 250 – 120 = 130

?2/?1 = 130/100 = 1,3

Кст3 = 360 = 350 + 10 = 12 + (10 · 0,08) = 12,08

350 – 12 ?1 = 400 – 350 =50

400 – 16 ?2 = 16 – 12 = 4

?2/?1 = 4/50 = 0,08

Кст4 = 389,7 = 350 + 39,7 = 12 + (39,7 · 0,08) = 12,31

350 – 12 ?1 = 400 – 350 =50

400 – 16 ?2 = 16 – 12 = 4

?2/?1 = 4/50 = 0,08

13. Определяем коэффициент стены.

Кст – кратность ослабления стенами первичного излучения в зависимости от
суммарного веса ограждающих конструкций.
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picscalex950100090000039e03000003001c00000000000500000009020000000005000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14. Определяем коэффициент перекрытия.

Кпер – кратность ослабления первичного излучения перекрытием.

10 см бетон – 240 кгс/м 2 = 4,28

Кпер = 240= 200 + 40= 3,4 + (40 · 0,022) = 4,28

200 – 3,4 ?1 = 250- 200 = 50

250 – 4,5 ?2 = 4,5 – 3,4 = 1,1

?2/?1 = 1,1/50 = 0,022

15. Находим коэффициент V1, зависящий от высоты и ширины помещения,
принимается по таблице №29.

V (3) = 2,9= 2+ 0,9= 0,06 – (0,9 · 0,02) = 0,042

2 – 0,06 ?1 = 3- 2 = 1

3 – 0,04 ?2 = 0,04- 0,06 = – 0,02

?2/?1 = – 0,02/1 = – 0,02

V (6) = 2,9= 2+ 0,9= 0,16 – (0,9 · 0,07) = 0,097

2 – 0,16 ?1 = 3- 2 = 1

3 – 0,09 ?2 = 0,09- 0,16 = – 0,07

?2/?1 = – 0,07/1 = – 0,07

V (4) = 4= 3+ 1= 0,042 + (1 · 0,018) = 0,06

3 – 0,042 ?1 = 6- 3 = 3

6 – 0,097 ?2 = 0,097- 0,042 =0,055

?2/?1 = 0,055/3 = 0,018

V (4) = V1 = 0,06

16. Находим коэффициент, учитывающий проникание в помещение вторичного
излучения.

К0= 0,09a = 0,09 · 1,5 = 0,135
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Sa = 8+ 15 + 7 + 6 = 36 м2

Sп = 4 · 6 = 24 м2

а = 36/24 = 1,5

17. Определяем коэффициент, учитывающий снижение дозы радиации в
зданиях, расположенных в районе застройки Км, от экранизирующего
действия соседних строений, определяется по таблице №30.

Км = 0,65

18. Определяем коэффициент, зависящий от ширины здания и принимаемый по
таблице №29.

Кш = 0,24

19. Определяем коэффициент защищённости укрытия.
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Вывод: Коэффициент защищённости равен Кз=6,99, это меньше 50,
следовательно здание не соответствует нормированным требованиям и не
может быть использовано в качестве противорадиационного укрытия.

С целью повышения защитных свойств здания необходимо провести следующие
мероприятия 2,56 СНИПА:

1. Укладка мешков с песком у наружных стен здания;

2. Уменьшение площади оконных проёмов;

3. Укладка дополнительного слоя грунта на перекрытие.

2. Дополнительные расчёты коэффициента защищённости противорадиационного
укрытия

Предварительные расчёты таблица №2

Сечение зданияВес 1 м2 конструкции

Кгс/м2picscalex1110100090000035101000003001c0000000000050000000902000000
0005000000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b
0200000000050000000c02400440071200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0
ffffffc0ffffff00070000000400000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000f0
0008000000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014020002f40305
00000013020002ff061c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d
6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577f5036634040000002d0101
0009000000320aeb03e90404000000f1f2e5ed09000000320ac601f60404000000eeeaee
ed08000000320ac002320102000000f1f21c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000
cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577f50366
34040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a8b0314040100000053f2080000
00320a660121040100000053f21c000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002000200
1053796d626f6c000031070a6ba0f11200d89ff377e19ff3772020f577f5036634040000
002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a6002c002010000003df21c000000fb0280
fe0000000000009001010000020402001053796d626f6c000073070a88a0f11200d89ff3
77e19ff3772020f577f5036634040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a60
021c000100000061f20a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb0210
00070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d0034f503663400000a0021008a
010000000001000000bcf31200040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000

1 – бт стенПриве-дённый

вес Gпр кгс/м2Суммарный

вес против

углов Gб, Кгс/м2 А – А

Г – Г

1 – 1

3 – 31550

1550

1550

15500,067

0,017

0,014

0,0280,93

0,98

0,99

0,971446

1523

1534

1505Gб1 = 1673

Gб2 = 1884

Gб3 = 1534

Gб4 = 1446

1. Ширина менее 50 см = 0,5 м.

2. Объём массы песка 2000 – 2200 кгс/м2.

3. Определяем вес 1 м2.

2200 · 0,5=1100 кгс/м2.

4. Уменьшаем площадь оконных проёмов на 50%.

5. Определяем суммарный вес против углов Gб.

Gб1= 168,42 +1505 = 1673;

Gб2= 160,27 + 201,31 + 1523 = 1884;

Gб3= 1534; Gб4= 1446;

6. Определяем коэффициент, учитывающий долю радиации, проникающей через
наружные и внутренние стены.

picscalex1160100090000039301000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c022004200e1200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
a7ffffffe00d0000c70300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000c0000800
0000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d01000005000000140240025c0305000000
130240026a060500000014024002fb070500000013024002090b1c000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19f
f3772020f577df0766be040000002d01010008000000320aa0026a0c0200000031300800
0000320acc03690802000000333609000000320ab0010908030000003336306508000000
320acc03ca0302000000333609000000320ab0016a0303000000333630651c000000fb02
20ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89f
f377e19ff3772020f577df0766be040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a
2003fa0901000000303608000000320a04015a0a01000000303608000000320a20035b05
01000000303608000000320a0401bb0501000000303608000000320a00034d0101000000
31361c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0000d707
0a7ca0f11200d89ff377e19ff3772020f577df0766be040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320aa0026c0b010000003d3608000000320aa002cd06010000003d360800
0000320aa0022e02010000003d361c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577df0766be0400
00002d01020004000000f001010008000000320aa002460001000000ca360a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00bedf0766be00000a0021008a010000000001000000bcf312000400
00002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000

7. Укладываем слой грунта на перекрытие 30 см = 0,3 м.

8. Объём массы грунта

1800 кгс/м2;

1800 · 0,3 = 540 кгс/м2.

Определяем вес 1 м2 перекрытия грунта:

540+240=780 кгс/м2,9. Определяем коэффициент перекрытия.

Кпер = 780= 700 + 80= 70 + (80 · 0,5) = 110

700 – 70 ?1 = 800 – 700= 100

800 – 120 ?2 = 120-70 = 50

?2/?1 = 50/100 = 0,5

Кпер = 110

V1 = 0,06

К0 = 0,09 · а

б = 1,5/2= 0,75

К0 = 0,09 · 0,75 = 0,067

Км = 0,65

Кш = 0,24

10. Определяем коэффициент стены.

Кст =1446 = 1300 + 146 = 8000 + (146 · 10) = 9460

1300 – 8000 ?1 = 1500 – 1300 = 200

1500 – 10000 ?2 = 10000 – 8000 = 2000

?2/?1 = 2000/200 = 10

11. Определяем коэффициент защищённости укрытия.
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Вывод: Коэффициент защищённости равен Кз=168,3, это больше 50,
соответственно здание соответствует нормированным требованиям и может
быть использовано в качестве противорадиационного укрытия.

Литература

1. СНИП Строительные нормы и правила 11 – 11, 77 г, Защитные сооружения
гражданской обороны.

2. В.Ю. Микрюков Безопасность жизнедеятельности, высшее образование 2006
г.

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