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Пути сохранения высокой работоспособности маркетологов в условиях напряжённого умственного труда

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AAEI?ONNEEE AINOAeA?NOAAIIUE OIEAA?NEOAO

Eaoaae?a io?aiu o?oaea

?AOA?AO

Ia oaio:

«Iooe nio?aiaiey aunieie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe ia?eaoieiaia a oneiaeyo
iai?yae?iiiai oinoaaiiiai o?oaea»

IEINE, 2008

Aaaeiui iiiaioii a eiiieaena ia?ii?eyoee iai?aaeaiiuo ia
niaa?oainoaiaaiea oneiaee o?oaea yaeythony ia?ii?eyoey ii io?aia o?oaea.
Yoei aii?inai n eaaeaeui aiaeii oaeaeyaony ana aieueoaa aieiaiea, o.e.
caaioa i caei?iauea /aeiaaea noaea ia oieueei aeaeii ainoaea?noaaiiie
aaaeiinoe, ii e yeaiaioii eiieo?aioeee ?aaioiaeaoaeae a aii?ina
i?eaea/aiey eaae?ia. Aeey oniaoiiai aiieiuaiey a aeeciue anao
ia?ii?eyoee ii io?aia o?oaea iaiaoiaeeiu ciaiey a iaeanoe oeceieiaee
o?oaea, eioi?ua iicaieytho i?aaeeueii i?aaieciaaoue i?ioeann o?oaeiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea.

A aeaiiii ?acaeaea aeeieiiiiai i?iaeoa inaauathony iniiaiua aii?inu
io?aiu o?oaea, oaoieee aaciianiinoe, e i?aaiecaoeee ?aai/aai ianoa
ia?eaoieiaa.

1. Iniaaiiinoe o?oaea ia?eaoieiaa, oaeoi?u, eo oi?ie?othuea

Ia?eaoieia – iniaue ?aaioiee a i?aaiecaoeee e iiyoiio aio i?enoua
iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe, eioi?ua ioee/atho aai io ae?oaeo /eaiia
eieeaeoeaa. Iiaeii auaeaeeoue neaaeothuea iniaaiiinoe:

O Ia?eaoieia iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia naycai n nicaeaieai iaoa?eaeueiuo
oeaiiinoae, oioy aeoeaii o/anoaotho a i?aaiecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa;

O ?aaioa ia?eaoieiaa a iniiaiii oinoaaiiay;

O Iaii?ie?iaaiiue ?aai/ee aeaiue ia?eaoieiaa;

O Iiauoaiiua ia?aii-ineoe/aneea oneeey ia?eaoieiaa naycaiiua n
i?eiyoeai ioaaonoaaiiuo ?aoaiee;

O O?oae ia?eaoieiaa ia iiaeaaony eiee/anoaaiiiio o/aoo;

O Iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?eiyoey aieueoiai eiee/anoaa ?aoaiee ca ei?ioeee
ia?eiae;

O Anee ?aai/ee a oa/aiea naiae ?aai/ae niaiu auiieiyao, a iniiaiii,
ianeieueei iia?aoeee, oi ia?eaoieia a oa/aiea naiaai ?aai/aai aeiy
auiieiyao iiiaeanoai anaaiciiaeiuo iia?aoeee;

O ?aaioa ia?eaoieiaa a iniiaiii ia eiaao /aoeiai caaa?oaiey.

Ana ia?a/eneaiiua auoa iniaaiiinoe iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue i?e
i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou ia?eaoieiaa e ?anniao?eaaoue eo ana aianoa e
acaeiinaycaii ae?oa n ae?oaii.

Ia?eaoieia yoi /aeiaae e oae eae ii aeaenoaoao a ?aaeueiuo oneiaeyo, oi
ia iaai ieacuaatho aeeyiey iiiaea oaeoi?u.

A oeaeii oaeoi?u, ieacuaathuea aeeyiea ia ?aaioo ia?eaoieiaa
neaaeothuea:

1. Ineoieiae/aneea – iaiaoa?eaeueiua oaeoi?u, iiiiaathuea ia?eaoieiao
?aaioaoue aieaa yooaeoeaii a niioaaonoaee ni naiae ee/iinoueth e
iio?aaiinoyie. E oaeei oaeoi?ai iiaeii ioianoe:

§ Ynoaoeea ?aai/aai ianoa;

§ Oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie;

§ Nioeeaeueiue noaoon;

2. Oeceieiae/aneea – oaeoi?u, naycaiiua n aiciiaeiinoyie /aeiaaea e
aeeyieai ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. E iei ioiinyony:

2.1. Iauai aini?eieiaaiie eioi?iaoeee – /aeiaae ia iiaeao onaieoue
aieueoa ii?aaeaeaiiiai eiee/anoaa. Niaeanii enneaaeiaaieyi ca 1 naeoiaeo
/aeiaae niiniaai onaieoue ieiei 5-7 aeoaaeoii-oeeo?iauo ciaeia. Aeaiiia
o?aaiaaiea ioaeii o/eouaaoue i?e i?eiyoee ?aoaiee. Ia?eaoieiao
iaiaoiaeeii ?aaioaoue oieueei n ?aeaaaioiie (ioiinyuaeny e aeaeo)
eioi?iaoeeae, a i?ioeaiii neo/aa aoaeao iio?a/aii eeoiaa a?aiy. Caaea/o
ia?ae/iie ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeee eee nai? ioaeiie iiaeii ii?o/eoue
aiaeeoe/aneiio ioaeaeo.

2.2. Ie?oaeathuay n?aaea – /aeiaae eae aeeaie i?aaieci iiaeaa?aeai
aeeyieth aiaoiae n?aaeu, eioi?ay ieacuaaao nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea. E
oaeei oaeoi?ai ioiinyony:

§ Oaiia?aoo?a ie?oaeathuaai aicaeooa;

§ Ie?oaeathuee caoe;

§ Inaauaiiinoue ?aai/aai ianoa;

§ Ae?oaea.

3. Noaiaiue iaoa?eaeueiie oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoe – oanii naycaiia n
ineoieiae/aneie oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoueth. I?aeoeea ia?eaoeiaa iieacuaaao,
/oi a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa iiauoaiea iaoa?eaeueiiai noeioee?iaaiea ia
i?eaiaeeo e iiauoaieth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe a oii aea iauaia.

Ana ?anniio?aiiua oaeoi?u a oie eee eiie ia?a ieacuaatho aeeyiea ia
aeayoaeueiinoue ia?eaoieiaa, a cia/eo aeieaeiu o/eouaaoueny ai
acaeiinayce, a ia eae ioaeaeueiua. Neiaeiinoueth caeanue yaeyaony oi,
/oi iao aiciiaeiinoe, a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa, n?aco ioeaieoue aeeyiea
eaaeaeiai oaeoi?a ia ?aaioo ia?eaoieiaa. Yoi, aannii?ii, oneiaeiyao
i?ioeann yooaeoeaiie i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou ia?eaoieiaa.

2. Iainiiaaiea o?aaoaiie inaau?iiinoe ?aai/eo iano ia?eaoieiaia

Aaaeiaeoei oaeoi?ii i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu yaeyaony inaauaiea.
Cia/aiea ?aoeeiiaeueiiai inaauaiey ai a?aiy ?aaiou o?oaeii
ia?aioeaieoue.

O?aaiaaiey e ?aoeeiiaeueiiio inaauaieth naiaeeony e neaaeothuaio:
i?aaeeueiue auai? enoi/ieea naaoa e nenoaiu inaauaiey, nicaeaiea
iaiaoiaeeiiai o?iaiy inaauaiiinoe ?aai/ae iiaa?oiinoe, iaeo?aeecaoeey
yooaeoa ineaieaiey, ono?aiaiea aeeeia, iaania/aiea ?aaiiia?iiai
inaauaiey.

Aeaiiua o?aaiaaiey iienaiu a naieoa?iuo ii?iao e i?aaeeao.

Iaeaieaa oeaeaniia?aciui yaeyaony anoanoaaiiia inaauaiea. Onoaiiaeaii,
/oi iii aucuaaao iaeiaiueoaa ooiieaiea. E niaeaeaieth, eniieueciaaoue
aai aanue ?aai/ee aeaiue ia i?aaenoaaeyaony aiciiaeiui, iniaaiii a
inaiia-ceiiee ia?eiae, eiaaea naaoiaie aeaiue ei?ioeee. Iiyoiio
?aeiiaiaeoaony i?eiaiyoue eneonnoaaiiia inaauaiea – eae iauaa, oae e
eieaeueiia.

Eneonnoaaiiue e anoanoaaiiue naao aeieaeiu eiaoue iaeii iai?aaeaiea.

Anee a ea/anoaa eneonnoaaiiiai enoi/ieea naaoa iauaai iacia/aiey
?aeiiaiaeotho i?eiaiyoue ethieianoeaioiua e iaoaeeiaaeiaaiiaua eaiiu, oi
nenoaio ianoiiai inaauaiey iaiaoiaeeii i?aaieciaaoue ec eaii iaeaeeaaiey
eee eaii aaeiai naaoa. Eaiiu aaeiai naaoa eceo/atho iyaeee aaeue naao,
ianouee oaieioo e oniieiaiea, niinianoaothuee iiauoaieth c?eoaeueiiai
aini?eyoey. Ana oeiu naaoeeueieeia a iaycaoaeueiii ii?yaeea aeieaeiu
auoue niaaaeaiu ?annaeaaoaeyie e ye?aiece?othueie ?aoaoeaie; aeey
niaianoiiai inaauaiey aeiioneaaony ia i?inaa/eaathuee io?aaeaoaeue n
oaeii ia iaiaa 40 a?aaeonia.

Iaeeo/oei aa?eaioii yaeyaony ?aaioa i?e anoanoaaiiii inaauaiee, eiaaea
naao iaaeaao n eaaie noi?iiu eee i?e eiiaeie?iaaiiii, eiaaea
iaaeinoaoi/iia anoanoaaiiia inaauaiea aeiiieiyaony ianoiui eee, eiaaea
?aaioatho naaoeeueieee iauaai e ianoiiai iacia/aiey.

Inaauaiiinoue ?aai/aai ianoa aeieaeia auoue i?eniiniaeaia e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui ea/anoaai ia?eaoieiaa. Ia iiaa?oiinoe noiea a ciia
?aciauaiey ?aai/aai aeieoiaioa inaauaiiinoue aeieaeia auoue 200-400 ee,
oaeaea aeiioneaaony onoaiiaea naaoeeueieeia ianoiiai inaauaiey aeey
iiaenaaoee aeieoiaioia, ii n oaeei oneiaeai, /oiau iii ia nicaeaaaei
aeeeia ia iiaa?oiinoe ye?aia e ia oaaee/eaaei inaauaiiinoue ye?aia aieaa
/ai ia 300 ee.

A ea/anoaa enoi/ieeia naaoa i?e eneonnoaaiiii inaauaiee aeieaeiu
i?eiaiyoueny i?aeiouanoaaiii ethieianoeaioiua eaiiu oeia EA. I?e
ono?ienoaa io?aaeaiiiai inaauaiey a aaeieieno?aoeaii-iauanoaaiiuo
iiiauaieyo aeiioneaaony i?eiaiaiea iaoaeeiaaeiaaiiuo eaii iiuiinoueth
aei 250 Ao. Aeiioneaaony i?eiaiaiea eaii iaeaeeaaiey a naaoeeueieeao
ianoiiai inaauaiey.

Iauaa inaauaiea neaaeoao auiieiyoue a aeaea nieioiuo eee i?a?uaenouo
eeiee naaoeeueieeia, ?aniieiaeaiiuo naieo io ?aai/eo iano, ia?aeeaeueii
eeiee c?aiey iieueciaaoaey i?e ?yaeiii ?aniieiaeaiee IYAI. I?e
ia?eiao?aeueiii ?aniieiaeaiee eiiiuethoa?ia eeiee naaoeeueieeia aeieaeiu
?aniieaaaoueny eieaeeciaaii iaae ?aai/ei noieii, aeeaea e aai ia?aaeiaio
e?ath, ia?auaiiiio e iia?aoi?o.

Aeey iaania/aiey ii?ie?oaiuo cia/aiee inaauaiiinoe a iiiauaieyo
eniieueciaaiey IYAI neaaeoao i?iaiaeeoue /enoeo noaeie ieiiiuo ?ai e
naaoeeueieeia ia ?aaea aeaoo ?ac a aiae e i?iaiaeeoue naiaa?aiaiioth
caiaio ia?aai?aaoeo eaii.

Oeaao inaauaiey eiaao ineoieiae/aneia cia/aiea, iiyoiio i?e iaaieueoie
inaauaiiinoe i?aaeii/oaiea ioaeatho oaieui oiiai, eioi?ua aeatho eaiiu
iaeaeeaaiey, iiae/a?eeaathuea aeaeoua e e?aniua oeaaoa. Naao a ioena
aeieaeai eiaoue i?aaeeueioth iai?aaeaiiinoue, onoaiiaeo e oi?iao
«naaoiaiai iyoia» – yoi aaaeiua oaeoi?u caei?iauey, othoa e iiauoaiey
?acoeueoaoeaiinoe o?oaea.

Oae aea eae ia ?aeiiaiaeoaony niio?aoue oaeaaeci? a oaiiie eiiiaoa, oae
iaeuecy e ?aaioaoue ca aeenieaai oieueei i?e ianoiii inaauaiee. Yoi
naycaii n oaeei yaeaieai, eae aaeaioaoeey c?aiey. Ia?eiaee/aneia
i?eniiniaeaiea aeaca n iaeiie y?einoe ia ae?oaoth i?eaiaeeo e auno?iio
ooiieaieth, iioa?e c?aiey, io?eoeaoaeueii aeeyao ia ineoeeo. N oeaeueth
ecaaaeaiey iaa?ocee ia c?aiea, iaiaoiaeeii niaethaeaoue o?aaiaaiea:
?acieoea iaaeaeo y?einoueth iiieoi?a e y?einoueth ie?oaeathueo
i?aaeiaoia, iaoiaeyueony a iiea c?aiey iia?aoi?a, aeieaeia auoue ?aaia
ioiioaieth 1:3.

ss?einoue aea naiiai iiieoi?a, oi/iaa aai yeaeo?iiii-eo/aaie o?oaee,
aeieaeia auoue oaeiaa, /oi iiaeii auei au iieo/eoue iioeiaeueiue
eiio?ano ecia?aaeaiey. Aeey iieo/aiey oaeiai eiio?anoa iiaeii
ainiieueciaaoueny caueoiui ye?aiii, eioi?ue oiaiueoaao iauoth y?einoue
ecia?aaeaiey, ono?aiyao aeeee, oaaee/eaaao iauee eiio?ano, i?e yoii ia
iiaeaaeyy oaiiua o/anoee oaenoa.

*oiau oiaiueoeoue iai?yaeaiea aeac, iaiaoiaeeii o/anoue, /oi eaa/a
aini?eieiathony aeacii oaiiua ciaee ia naaoeii oiia. Aeac iaiueoa
ooiieyaony, aea?aeeony oi?ioay nei?inoue e oi/iinoue n/eouaaiey i?e
/oaiee aeaeoi-caeaiuo ciaeia ia aaeii oiia. Auee onoaiiaeaiu
iioeiaeueiua eiiaeiaoeee oeaaoa ciaeia n oeaaoii oiia: neiee ia aaeii,
caeaiue ia aaeii, /a?iue ia aeaeoii, /a?iue ia aaeii.

Iaeuecy aeiioneaoue aeeeoaeueiie ?aaiou n oaenoii ia iiieoi?a,
auiieiaiiui e?aniuie aoeaaie ia caeaiii oiia, i?aiaeaauie ia aaeii,
/a?iuie ia io?io?iii, i?aiaeaauie ia /a?iii.

Iieiaeeoaeueii ia ?aaioa aeac neaaeaony, anee niaethaeaoue cieioia
i?aaeei – ?aniieaaaoue iiieoi? ia ?annoiyiee ?aaiii aeaoi aeeaaiiaeyi
aaoaai ye?aia. Oaie iaeeiia iiieoi?a aeieaeai auoue oaeia, /oiau aa?oiee
e?ae ye?aia iaoiaeeeny ia o?iaia aaoeo aeac.

Eiay ia ?aai/ai noiea ?aaioathuee eiiiuethoa?, iu iieo/aai a naiai
?aai/ai eaaeiaoa yeaeo?iiiia, yeaeo?inoaoe/aneia, ?aioaaiianeia e
oeueo?aoeieaoiaia eceo/aiea. Iniiaiui enoi/ieeii a?aaeiiai aicaeaenoaey
ia i?aaieci /aeiaaea yaeythony yeaeo?iiaaieoiua eieaaaiey ieceie
/anoiou, naycaiiua n ?aaioie noai ?acaa?oee yeaeo?iiiiai eo/a, iie
aicaeaenoaotho ia iaiai aauanoa a i?aaiecia, iiaoo i?eaanoe e
iaoieiae/aneei eciaiaieyi a eeaoeao iyaeeo oeaiae.

Neaieeaathueeny ia ye?aia iiieoi?a yeaeo?inoaoe/aneee ca?yae aucuaaao
aeaeiiecaoeeth aoiinoa?u, /oi i?eaiaeeo e a?aaeiiio aicaeaenoaeth ia
oeaio?aeueioth ia?aioth nenoaio. ?acoeueoaoii oaeiai aicaeaenoaey iiaeao
auoue ia oieueei oaiaoaiiia ninoiyiea eee aeai?anney, ii e ai?iiiaeueiue
aeenaaeain.

Neiee iiieoi? ye?aia eiaao /anoe/iia eceo/aiea a oeueo?aoeieaoiaie
iaeanoe niaeo?a. Yoi aicaeaenoaea nouanoaaiii i?e aeeeoaeueiie ?aaioa n
eiiiuethoa?ii eee caaieaaaieyo nao/aoee aeaca.

?AN*AO ENEONNOAAIIIAI INAAUAIEss

Auae?aai naaoeeueieee IAe n aaci?ac?yaeiuie eaiiaie;

Oei i?iaiaeee – cae?uoay a no?ieoaeueiuo eiino?oeoeeyo iiae
oooeaoo?eie, i?iaiaea – AIIA, aueeth/aoaeue ii?iaeueiiai eniieiaiey;

Naaoeeueieee ?aniieiaeaiu ia?aeeaeueiuie ?yaeaie;

Oa?aeoa?enoeea auiieiyaiie ?aaiou – ?ac?yae IV, iiae?ac?yae-a (eiio?ano
– aieueoie, oii – naaoeue). Ieieiaeueiay inaau?iiinoue io
eiiaeie?iaaiiiai inaauaiey
picscalex100010009000003230100000200230000000000050000000902000000000400
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0000f0010100030000000000400 ee, iauaa inaauaiea
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ffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000200 ee.

Nenoaia inaauaiey – eiiaeie?iaaiiay: iauaa ?aaiiia?iia iethn ianoiia;

Iio?aaiay inaau?iiinoue i?e eiiaeie?iaaiiii inaauaiee aaci?ac?yaeiuie
eaiiaie io naaoeeueieeia iauaai inaauaiey
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0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02
000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f001010003000000
0000200 ee, io ianoiiai –
picscalex100010009000003220100000200230000000000050000000902000000000400
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040000002d01000008000000320a80013f03010000003d0015000000fb0220ff00000000
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01000000cc0015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e0000c2040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a8001
450001000000450015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e0000c2040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a
e0013c02010000002e002300000026060f003c004d617468547970655555300003010103
000a0112834500032c01000b0112831c0402822e0012831a040011000a02863d00000000
0000000094994d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400
090000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000
f0010100030000000000150 ee;

Iaiaoiaeeiue eiyooeoeeaio caiana (ii auaeaeyaiie iuee)
picscalex100010009000003ef00000002001d0000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02400260031200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffb308000020030000f30a00000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a80014c02010000003d0015000000fb0220ff00000000
00009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00ccc2040000002d01
010004000000f001000008000000320ae001580101000000c70015000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000c204000000
2d01000004000000f001010008000000320a80014500010000004b001d00000026060f00
30004d617468547970655555240003010103000a0112834b00030f01000b011283170400
11000a02863d000000002c854d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001000
0000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01
010004000000f00100000300000000001,6;

Iaeaieaa auaiaeiia ioiioaiea ?annoiyiey iaaeaeo naaoeeueieeaie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 e
aunioa iiaeaanee naaoeeueieeia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: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,6;
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,6*2 = 3,2 i;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.2 i;

?annoiyiea iaaeaeo naaoeeueieeaie ii oe?eia i?eiai ?aaiui aeeeia
naaoeeueieea iethn 0.05 i;

?annoiyiea io noaiu aei ia?aiai ?yaea naaoeeueieeia:
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.3picscalex100010009000003070100000200150000000000050000000902000000000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.3 * 3,2 =
0.96 i;

?annoiyiea iaaeaeo e?aeieie ?yaeaie ii oe?eia iiiauaiey:
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–2* 0,96 = 6,08 i;

*enei ?yaeia, eioi?ia iiaeii ?aniieiaeeoue iaaeaeo e?aeieie ?yaeaie ii
oe?eia iiiauaiey: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,08/1.2 – 1 = 4;

Iauaa /enei ?yaeia naaoeeueieeia ii oe?eia:
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 4 +
2 = 6;

?annoiyiea iaaeaeo e?aeieie ?yaeaie naaoeeueieeia ii aeeeia iiiauaiey:

picscalex100010009000003270100000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c024002600a1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa5ffffff200a0000e50100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a80013b09010000003d0008000000320a80016e060100
0000b40008000000320a80015804010000002d0008000000320a80010d02010000003d00
15000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e000078040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ae001480801000000
310008000000320ae001140101000000330015000000fb0280fe00000000000090010000
00000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000078040000002d01000004000000
f001010008000000320a8001740501000000320015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001
010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000078040000002d0101000400
0000f001000008000000320a80018907010000004c0008000000320a8001400301000000
610008000000320a80014400010000004c000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000
000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc0400
00002d01000004000000f00101000300000000009 – 2* 0.96 = 7,08 i;

*enei naaoeeueieeia, eioi?ia iiaeii ?aniieiaeeoue iaaeaeo e?aeieie
?yaeaie ii aeeeia: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,08/3,2-1 =1:

Iauaa /enei ?yaeia naaoeeueieeia ii aeeeia
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 +
2 = 3;

Iauaa /enei ?yaeia naaoeeueieeia, eioi?ua iaiaoiaeeii onoaiiaeoue ii
aeeeia e oe?eia: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 * 3 = 18;

Eiyooeoeeaiou io?aaeaiey io noai
(picscalex100010009000003ad000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02400280021200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffa5ffffff40020000e50100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000600015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e6
57720526f6d616e00cc59040000002d01000008000000320ae0010d0102000000d1d2100
00000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0
1010004000000f001000008000000320a800128000100000072000a00000026060f000a0
0ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc01020222537
97374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000) e iioieeia
(picscalex100010009000003d1000000020023000000000005000000090200000000040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) – ii ie?anea
noai e iioieeia:
picscalex100010009000003d200000002001d0000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c024002c0031200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa5ffffff80030000e50100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a8001ac02010000003d0008000000320a800128000100
0000720015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e00ccc2040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ae0010001
02000000d1d21d00000026060f0030004d617468547970655555240003010103000a0102
84c103030f01000b0112832104128322040011000a02863d000000000a00000026060f00
0a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc01020222
53797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f001010003000000000056%,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%;
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, o/eouaathuee ?aaiiia?iinoue inaauaiey a caaeneiinoe
io oeia naaoeeueieeia e ioiioaiey
picscalex1000100090000039d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02a00120011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000290400003a09000049050000da0a00000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000500010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a000140000100000067001500000026060f0020004d61
7468547970655555140003010103000a010284b30300000000000c874d000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000: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.1;

Ieiuaaeue iiea inaauaaiiai iiiauaiey:
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 8 * 8 = 64 ea.i;

Ii aeeeia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 e oe?eia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 iiiauaiey, e aunioa iiaeaanee naaoeeueieeia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 iaoiaeei iieacaoaeue iiiauaiey:
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 64/(2,8* 16) = 1.4;

Eiyooeoeeaio eniieueciaaiey naaoiaiai iioiea: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.53;

?an/?oiue (iio?aaiue) naaoiaie iioie iaeiie eaiiu:
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* 1.6 *1.13 *64/(16*0.53) = 17356,8/ = 2046ei;

Ii iai?yaeaieth a naoe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 e naaoiaiio
iioieo iaeiie eaiiu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 ei ii?aaeaeyai iaiaoiaeeioth iiuiinoue yeaeo?ieaiiu
EAe40-4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 Ao. A eaaeaeii naaoeeueieea eiaaony eaiia
EAe40-4 ni naaoiaui iioieii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 ei;

Aeaenoaeoaeueiay inaau?iiinoue:
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 * 16 * 0.6 / (1,6 * 1.1 * 64) = 22464/112,64 =
200 ee.

A niioaaonoaea n NIA 2.04-05-98 iieacaoaeue ?ann/eoaiiie
aeaenoaeoaeueiie inaauaiiinoe iaoiaeeony a i?aaeaeao ii?iu.

3. Iniiaiua o?aaiaaiey e i?aaiecaoeee ?aai/eo iano

?aai/aa ianoi ia?eaoieiaa – yoi aai ?aai/ee eaaeiao, a eioi?ii ii
i?iaiaeeo aieueooth /anoue ?aaiou. Io oiai, eaeie yoi aoaeao eaaeiao,
caaeneo e oi eae aoaeao ?aaioaoue ia?eaoieia. Niaa?oaiii i/aaeaeii, /oi
/ai eo/oa i?eniiniaeaii ?aai/aa ianoi aeey auiieiaiey ooieoeee
ia?eaoieiaa, oai i?iecaiaeeoaeueiaa e yooaeoeaiaa aoaeao ?aaioa
ia?eaoieiaa.

I?e ?anniio?aiee aii?ina i?aaiecaoeey ?aai/aai ianoa iaiaoiaeeii
o/eouaaoue neaaeothuea iiiaiou:

1. Aioo?aiiee iauai e oi?ia eaaeiaoa. Aeey iaania/aiey ii?iaeueiuo
oneiaee o?oaea naieoa?iua ii?iu [ ] onoaiaaeeaatho ia iaeiiai
?aaioathuaai, iauai i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iiiauaiey ia iaiaa 20 i3. Oi?ia
eaaeiaoa oaeaea eiaao aieueoia cia/aiea, iaeaieaa ?aoeeiiaeueiie
yaeyaony i?yiioaieueiay oi?ia n niioiioaieai noi?ii 1:2;

2. Iaaaeue.

A eiiieaena ia? ii iaania/aieth yooaeoeaiinoe e aaciianiinoe o?oaea
aaaeiay ?ieue i?eiaaeeaaeeo ?aoeeiiaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee ?aai/eo iano e
nicaeaieth aeaaii?eyoiuo oneiaee o?oaea. Io ieo iai?yioth caaenyo
iieacaoaee ?aaioiniiniaiinoe e i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea, noaiaiue
eniieueciaaiey oai?/aneiai iioaioeeaea, nio?aiaiea caei?iauey e
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue aeecie ?aaioieeia oi?aaeai/aneiai o?oaea.

?aai/aa ianoi ia?eaoieiaa (ciia aai o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe, iniauaiiay
iaiaoiaeeiuie n?aaenoaaie o?oaea) e acaeiiia ?aniieiaeaiea anao aai
yeaiaioia aeieaeii niioaaonoaiaaoue aio?iiiiao?e/aneei, oece/aneei e
ineoieiae/aneei o?aaiaaieyi.

?aai/aa ianoi aeieaeii ?aniieaaaoueny oae, /oiau ieiiiua i?iaiu
iaoiaeeeenue naieo e aeaeueoa io ye?aia IE. Anee ye?ai ia?auai e ieio,
iaiaoiaeei ye?ai (oe?ia) iaaeaeo ?aai/ei ianoii e ieiii. Naaoeeueieee
iauaai inaauaiey aeieaeiu ?aniieaaaoueny naieo io ?aai/aai ianoa,
ia?aeeaeueii eeiee c?aiey ?aaioieea e noaiu n ieiaie.

Aeaaiuie yeaiaioaie ?aai/aai ianoa oi?aaeai/aneiai ?aaioieea yaeythony
ienueiaiiue noie e e?anei.

?aoeeiiaeueiay ieaie?iaea ?aai/aai ianoa i?aaeoniao?eaaao /aoeee
ii?yaeie e iinoiyinoai ?aciauaiey i?aaeiaoia, n?aaenoa o?oaea e
aeieoiaioaoeee. Oi, /oi o?aaoaony aeey auiieiaiey ?aaio /aua, aeieaeii
?aniieaaaoueny a ciia eaaeie aeinyaaaiinoe ?aai/aai i?ino?ainoaa.

Caeanue iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue neaaeothuea iiiaiou:

2.1. Aio?iiiiao?e/aneea iieacaoaee;

2.2. Iaania/aiea oaeiaiiai iieiaeaiey oaea /aeiaaea, /oi nicaeaao
oneiaey aeey iaiueoae ooiieyaiinoe, oi?ioaai c?eoaeueiiai aini?eyoey,
naiaiaeu aeaeaeaiey e ae?oaiai;

2.3. ?aoeeiiaeueiay ieaie?iaea e eiiiiiiaea iaaaee;

2.4. Iaaaeue aeieaeia auaeyaeaoue ynoaoe/ii.

3. Iai?oaeiaaiea.

Aeey ii?iaeueiie ?aaiou ia?eaoieiaa iaiaoiaeeii eiaoue:

3.1. Eaioeaey?neea i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe.

3.2. Aeaa oaeaoiia. Iaeei oaeaoii aeieaeai auoue aioo?aiiee (eiaaony a
aeaeo oaeaoii aeey nayce aioo?e i?aaiecaoeee), a ae?oaie aeey auoiaea ca
i?aaeaeu i?aaiecaoeee.

3.3. Eiiiuethoa?. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy aac eiiiuethoa?a iaeuecy
i?aaenoaaeoue ii?iaeueiie ?aaiou ia?eaoieiaa. Ai-ia?auo, eiiiuethoa?
iicaieyao naeaeaoue ?aaioo i?aeoe/anee aacaoiaaeiie, ai-aoi?uo, n
iiiiuueth eiiiuethoa?a iiaeii auno?i iieo/aoue eioi?iaoeeth i iieiaeaiee
aeae ia ?uiea, a-o?aoueeo, ii iicaieyao auoue a eo?na aeae ia
i?aaei?eyoee e iiiaia ae?oaia. Ii caeanue iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue, /oi
iieiinoueth ainiieueciaaoueny aiciiaeiinoueth eiiiuethoa?a iiaeii
oieueei i?e iaee/ee: oi?ioaai i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey, auoiaea ia
eiiiuethoa?iua naoe e /oi naiia aeaaiia iaee/ea eiiiuethoa?iie naoe
aioo?e i?aaiecaoeee.

O?aaiaaiey e i?aaiecaoeee e iai?oaeiaaieth ?aai/aai ianoa n IYAI :
aunioa ?aai/ae iiaa?oiinoe noiea aeey iieueciaaoaeae aeieaeia
?aaoee?iaaoueny a i?aaeaeao 680-800 ii; i?e ionoonoaee oaeiaie
aiciiaeiinoe aunioa ?aai/ae iiaa?oiinoe noiea aeieaeia ninoaaeyoue
725 ii.

Iiaeoeueiuie ?acia?aie ?aai/ae iiaa?oiinoe noiea aeey IYAI, ia iniiaaiee
eioi?uo aeieaeiu ?ann/eouaaoueny eiino?oeoeaiua ?acia?u, neaaeoao
n/eoaoue: oe?eio 800, 1200, 1400 ii, aeoaeio 800 e 1000 ii i?e
ia?aaoee?oaiie aunioa, ?aaiie 725 ii.

?aai/ee noie aeieaeai eiaoue i?ino?ainoai aeey iia aunioie ia iaiaa
600 ii, oe?eiie – ia iaiaa 500 ii, aeoaeiie ia o?iaia eieai – ia iaiaa
450 ii e ia o?iaia auoyioouo iia – ia iaiaa 650 ii.

?aai/ee nooe (e?anei) aeieaeai auoue iiaeuaiii-iiai?ioiui e ?aaoee?oaiui
ii aunioa e oaeai iaeeiia neaeaiuey e nieiee, a oaeaea – ?annoiyieth
nieiee aei ia?aaeiaai e?ay neaeaiuey.

?aai/aa ianoi iaiaoiaeeii iai?oaeiaaoue iiaenoaaeie aeey iia, eiathuae
oe?eio ia iaiaa 300 ii, aeoaeio ia iaiaa 400 ii, ?aaoee?iaeo ii aunioa a
i?aaeaeao aei 150 ii e ii oaeo iaeeiia iii?iie iiaa?oiinoe iiaenoaaee
aei 20 a?aaeonia. Iiaa?oiinoue iiaenoaaee aeieaeia auoue ?eoeaiie e
eiaoue ii ia?aaeiaio e?ath ai?oee aunioie 10 ii.

Eeaaeaoo?o neaaeoao ?aniieaaaoue ia iiaa?oiinoe noiea ia ?annoiyiee
100-300 ii io e?ay, ia?auaiiiai e iieueciaaoaeth, eee ia niaoeeaeueiie
?aaoee?oaiie ii aunioa ?aai/ae iiaa?oiinoe, ioaeaeaiiie io iniiaiie
noieaoieoeu.

Aieueoia cia/aiea i?eaeaaony oa?aeoa?enoeeai ?aai/aai e?anea.
?aeiiaiaeoaiay aunioa neaeaiuey iaae o?iaiai iiea aeieaeia auoue a
i?aaeaeao 420-550 ii. Iiaa?oiinoue neaeaiuey ?aeiiaiaeoaony aeaeaoue
iyaeie, ia?aaeiee e?ae cae?oaeaiiui, a oaie iaeeiia nieiee e aunioa
?aai/aai e?anea – ?aaoee?oaiua.

Iieiaeaiea ye?aia ii?aaeaeyaony:

– ?annoiyieai n/eouaaiey (0.60 + 0.70 i);

– oaeii n/eouaaiey, iai?aaeaieai acaeyaea ia 20° ieaea ai?eciioaee e
oeaio?o ye?aia, i?e/ai ye?ai ia?iaiaeeeoey?ai yoiio iai?aaeaieth.

Aeieaeia i?aaeoniao?eaaoueny aiciiaeiinoue ?aaoee?iaaiey ye?aia:

– ii aunioa – 3 ni;

– ii iaeeiio io 10° aei 20° ioiineoaeueii aa?oeeaee;

– a eaaii e i?aaii iai?aaeaieyo.

4. Oeaaoiaia ioi?ieaiea eaaeiaoa. Oeaaoiaua oiia aeieaeiu auoue ia
?aceeie, iyaeeie. Oeaaoa eo/oa auae?aoue ec naaoeuo oiiia
(iaaeii-caeaiue, aeaeoue, aaaeaaue), naaoeua oiia ia oieueei
niinianoaotho nieaeaieth ooiieyaiinoe, ii e oaaee/eaatho iauai eaaeiaoa.
Aaaeii oaeaea, /oiau ana iiaa?oiinoe auee iaoiauie, o.e. aeanoyuea
iiaa?oiinoe a?aaeiu aeey caei?iauey.

5. Naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneea oneiaey ?aaiou.

Aiaoiea oneiaey (ooi, iee?ieeeiao)

I?e ?ac?aaioea iioeiaeueiuo oneiaee o?oaea ?aaioieea oi?aaeaiey
iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue inaauaiiinoue, ooi e iee?ieeeiao.

Ooi iiaeao auoue iinoiyiiui e iaiinoiyiiui.

Ii?ie?oaiuie ia?aiao?aie iinoiyiiiai ooia yaeythony [ ]:

– o?iaie caoeiaiai aeaaeaiey a aeA a ieoaaiuo iieinao ni
n?aaeiaaaiiao?e/aneeie /anoioaie 31,5; 63; 125; 250; 500; 1000; 2000;
4000; 8000 Aoe;

– o?iaaiue caoea a aeAA.

Ii?ie?oaiuie ia?aiao?aie iaiinoiyiiiai ooia yaeythony:

– yeaeaaeaioiue (ii yia?aee) o?iaaiue caoea a aeAA;

– iaeneiaeueiue o?iaaiue caoea aeey eieaaethuaainy ai a?aiaie e
i?a?uaenoiai ooia a aeAA eee iaeneiaeueiue o?iaaiue caoea aeey
eiioeueniiai ooia a aeAA.

O?oae ia?eaoieiaia ioiineony e ia?aie eaoaai?ee ii?i ooia, eioi?ie
oa?aeoa?iu i?eaaaeaiiua a oaaeeoea i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua o?iaie
caoeiaiai aeaaeaiey, o?iaie caoea, e yeaeaaeaioiua o?iaie caoea.

Oaaeeoea 1.

I?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua o?iaie caoeiaiai aeaaeaiey, o?iaie caoea, e
yeaeaaeaioiua o?iaie caoea

Eaoaai?ey ii?iu ooiaO?iaie caoeiaiai aeaaeaiey, aeA, a ieoaaiuo iieinao
ni n?aaeiaaaiiao?e/aneeie /anoioaie, AoeO?iaie caoea e yeaeaaeaioiua
o?iaie caoea,
aeAA31,5631252505001000200040008000I86716154494542403850Aeey oiiaeueiiai
e eiioeueniiai ooia i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua o?iaie aeieaeiu i?eieiaoueny
ia 5 aeA (aeAA) iaiueoa cia/aiee, oeacaiiuo a oaaeeoea 1.

Aeey ooia, nicaeaaaaiiai a iiiauaieyo onoaiiaeaie eiiaeeoeeiie?iaaiey
aicaeooa, aaioeeyoeee e aicaeooiiai ioiieaiey i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua
o?iaie i?eieiathony ia 5 aeA (aeAA) iaiueoa oaeoe/aneeo o?iaiae ooia a
iiiauaieyo (ecia?aiiuo eee ?ann/eoaiiuo), anee iineaaeiea ia i?aauoatho
cia/aiee oaaeeoeu 6.1. (iii?aaea aeey oiiaeueiiai e eiioeueniiai ooia
i?e yoii ia o/eouaaaony), a i?ioeaiii neo/aa – ia 5 aeA (aeAA) iaiueoa
cia/aiee, oeacaiiuo a oaaeeoea 6.1.

Iee?ieeeiao a i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiiauaieyo oa?aeoa?ecoaony neaaeothueie
iieacaoaeyie: oaiia?aoo?a aicaeooa, oaiia?aoo?a iiaa?oiinoae,
ioiineoaeueiay aeaaeiinoue aicaeooa, nei?inoue aeaeaeaiey aicaeooa.

Iieacaoaee iee?ieeeiaoa aeieaeiu iaania/eaaoue nio?aiaiea oaieiaiai
aaeaina /aeiaaea n ie?oaeathuae n?aaeie e iiaeaea?aeaiea iioeiaeueiiai
eee aeiionoeiiai oaieiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaiecia.

Ii o?iaith yia?aicao?ao o?oae ia?eaoieiaia ioiineony e eaoaai?ee Ia (aei
139 Ao). Niioaaonoaothuea yoie eaoaai?ee iioeiaeueiua aaee/eiu
iieacaoaeae iee?ieeeiaoa ia ?aai/eo ianoao i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiiauaiee
i?eaaaeaiu a oaaeeoea 2.

Oaaeeoea ?2.

Iioeiaeueiua aaee/eiu iieacaoaeae iee?ieeeiaoa

Ia?eiae aiaeaOaiia?aoo?a aicaeooa, °NOaiia?aoo?a iiaa?oiinoae,
°NIoiineoaeueiay aeaaeiinoue aicaeooa, %Nei?inoue aeaeaeaiey aicaeooa,
i/nOieiaeiue22-2421-2560-400,1Oaieue23-2522-2660-400,1

N oi/ee c?aiey oa?aeoa?enoeee c?eoaeueiie ?aaiou o?oae ia?eaoieiaia
ioiineony e ?aaioai aunieie oi/iinoe e iiae?ac?yaeo «a».

Oaeei ia?acii, neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi aeey nieaeaiey ooia iiaeii
eniieueciaaoue eia?iaua iie?uoey ia iie, aeaieiua aeaa?e,
ooiiecieyoeeiiioth iaeaeo e ae?. Aeey iiaeaea?aeaiey ii?iaeueiiai
iee?ieeeiaoa i?eiaiythony eiiaeeoeeiia?u, eo/enoua enoi/ieee oaiea. Aeey
nieaeaiey nieia/iiai naaoa iiaeii iiaaneoue ia ieia aeaethce.

EEOA?AOO?A

1. Eiaaaiee A.O. “Io?aia o?oaea.” – E.: Aunoay oeiea, 2000.

2. Iioocei O.ss. «Io?aia o?oaea», I., Aunoay oeiea, 2005a.

3. AINO 12.1.003 – 88 – NNAO. Iauea naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneea o?aaiaaiey e
aicaeooo ?aai/ae ciiu

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