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39

Ieienoa?noai iauaai e n?aaeiaai i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey ?O

OAOO

AeAATHE

Iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneay ?aoa?ao ii aeenoeeieeia”I?aaiio?aieoaeueiua
i?aaiu”ia oaio: “Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey a nenoaia
noauaeoiai?aaiio?aieoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe”

Aa?eaio ?12

Auiieieea:nooaeaioea 5ai eo?na cai/iiai oaeoeueoaoa ii niaoeeaeueiinoe
“TH?eni?oaeaioeey” (ia aaca aunoaai ia?aciaaiey) Ii?aeaeieeia A.A.Oeo?
960020Aae?an: I?iaa?ee:I?ioanni? Eii/aeia A.I.

Oaaa?iane 1998

Niaea?aeaiea

Aaaaeaiea 3

1. I?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu ?O – iniiaiua iieiaeaiey. 4

1.1. Iiiyoea, iniiaiua /a?ou e caaea/e i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia. 4

1.2. Ooieoeee i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia. 7

1.3. Iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey aeayoaeueiinoe. 10

2. Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey – iiaue i?aaiio?aieoaeueiue i?aai. 12

2.1. Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey – iniiau aeayoaeueiinoe. 12

2.2. Aiaeec ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia. 18

2.3. Acaeiiaeaenoaea iaeiaiaie iieeoeee n iaeiaiaie neoaeaie,
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuie e ae?oaeie ainoaea?noaaiiuie i?aaiaie. 19

3. Iaoa?eaeu i?aeoeee. 27

3.1. O “ni?ooa” aeeeiiua ?oee, ii eo anoue, eiio ?oaeoue. 27

3.2. Ioaeaeaeenue eaaeei enioaii. 27

3.3. Aeaei i ieeeea?aea. 29

3.4. Aeaaioneee “eioio?ii”. 31

4. I?aaeeiaeaiey ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiia iaeiaiaie
iieeoeee. 32

Caeeth/aiea 34

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u. 35

I?eeiaeaiea 1. 36

Aaaaeaiea

Ia?aoiae e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea, ?aoi?ie?iaaiea iieeoe/aneie no?oeoo?u
aeanoe iiaeaeee ca niaie aeoaieea ia?aiaiu ai anao noa?ao aeecie
?inneeneiai iauanoaa. Caeiiiia?ii a yoie nayce e eciaiaiea iaeiaiaie
iieeoeee ainoaea?noaa. Aeey eiio?iey ca niaethaeaieai iaeiaiaiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, i?aaeeueiinoueth en/eneaiey, iieiioie e
naiaa?aiaiiinoueth aianaiey a athaeaeao ainoaea?noaaiiuo iaeiaia e
ae?oaeo ieaoaaeae nicaeaia Ainoaea?noaaiiay iaeiaiaay neoaeaa ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee.

Oaea ia ia/aeueiii yoaia aa aeayoaeueiinoe ino?i anoae aii?in i ianniaii
oeeiiaiee iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia io iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey. Cia/eoaeueiay /anoue
ne?uouo aeioiaeia noaea inaaeaoue a e?eieiaeueiii naeoi?a yeiiiieee,
niinianoaoy ?inoo i?anooiiinoe. A yoeo oneiaeyo a oeaeyo niaeaenoaey
yeiiiie/aneei ?aoi?iai, aeey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe
Ainiaeianeoaeau 18 ia?oa 1992 a. auei ia?aciaaii Aeaaiia oi?aaeaiea
iaeiaiauo ?anneaaeiaaiee i?e Ainoaea?noaaiiie iaeiaiaie neoaeaa
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, i?aaii?aaiieoeae eioi?iai e noaea iaeiaiaay
iieeoeey. AEeciue iieacaea i?aaeeueiinoue e naiaa?aiaiiinoue nicaeaiey
yoiai i?aaia. Noaa noauaeoii iia?aoeaii-?icuneiie aeayoaeueiinoe,
iiae?acaeaeaiey iaeiaiauo ?anneaaeiaaiee ane?uee iiiai/eneaiiua
ia?ooaiey iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa. Ii eo iaoa?eaeai oaea a oa/aiea
ia?aiai aiaea auee aicaoaeaeaiu nioie oaieiaiuo aeae, a athaeaeao
aeiia/eneaii 400 ie?ae. ?oaeae, aieaa 130 iei. aeieea?ia.

Iaeiaei ianiio?y ia oaaaeeoaeueiua ?acoeueoaou ia?aiai yoaia ?aaiou,
iniiaaiee aeey oniieiaiiinoe iao.

I?aaiai iaeiaiaie iieeoeee iaiaoiaeeii inaaeaaoue ?acee/iua oi?iu
aaaeaiey ?acuynieoaeueiie ?aaiou n?aaee ianaeaiey, i?aaei?eieiaoaeae,
eeoe, euoueo naia ianoi a /anoiie oi?aiaea, noa?a oneoa. Ainieoaiea
caeiiiiineooiiai, aeia?iniaanoiiai iaeiaiieaoaeueueea, oi?ie?iaaiea
iauanoaaiiiai iiaiey, niinianoaothuaai yooaeoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe
iaeiaiaie neoaeau, – aaaeiay ainoaea?noaaiiay caaea/a, noiyuay, a
/anoiinoe, e ia?aae naieie iaeiaiauie i?aaiaie. [6, n.3]

1. I?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu ?O – iniiaiua iieiaeaiey.

1.1. Iiiyoea, iniiaiua /a?ou e caaea/e i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia.

Eiinoeoooeey ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee enoiaeeo ec oiai, /oi ?inney aoaeao
?acaeaaoueny yaiethoeeiiiui iooai ia aaca niaeaney anao iniiaiuo neiaa
iauanoaa i?e iieiii e aaconeiaiii niaethaeaiee i?aa e naiaiae a?aaeaeai,
eioi?ua iacaaiu a iae aunoae oeaiiinoueth, n aiceiaeaieai ia
ainoaea?noai iaycaiiinoe eo i?eciaiey, niaethaeaiey e caueou (no. 2).
Eiinoeoooeey onoaiaaeeaaao ?aaeueioth caueoo i?aa e naiaiae a?aaeaeai. A
no. 45, n iaeiie noi?iiu, eo caueoa iauyaeyaony iaycaiiinoueth
ainoaea?noaa, n ae?oaie – eaaeaeiio a?aaeaeaieio i?aaeinoaaeyaony i?aai
caueuaoue naie i?aaa e naiaiaeu ethauie niiniaaie, ia cai?auaiiuie
caeiiii.

I ainoaea?noaaiiie caueoa i?aa e naiaiae a?aaeaeai aiai?eony, ii
nouanoao, a no. 7, 37-48, 52, 53. 71 . 72, 114 Eiinoeoooeee (1).

Naiinoiyoaeueiay caueoa i?aa e naiaiae aeaao, a?aaeaeaieio oe?ieoth
aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaoue a yoeo oeaiyo naie eiinoeoooeeiiiua i?aaa e
naiaiaeu, onoaiiaeaiiua no. 31, 33, 35, 36. 47-54 Eiinoeoooeee (1)

I?eiyoea ?innee a Niaao Aa?iiu a 1996 a. nicaeaao ?aaeueiua
aeiiieieoaeueiua aa?aioee niaethaeaiey i?aa e naiaiae /aeiaaea e
a?aaeaeaieia. Aeaei a oii, /oi ?inney iaycaia iiaeienaoue Aa?iiaeneea
eiiaaioeee i i?aaao /aeiaaea e a?aaeaeaieia, eioi?ua oaeoe/anee
onoaiaaeeaatho eiio?ieue ia o?iaia aa?iiaeneiai niiauanoaa ca
niaethaeaieai ainoaea?noaii e aai i?aaiaie i?iaicaeaoaiiuo i?aa e
naiaiae. Neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi a no. 15 Eiinoeoooeee ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee i?yii caienaii, /oi iauai?eciaiiua i?eioeeiu e ii?iu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa e iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aeiaiai?u ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee yaeythony ninoaaiie /anoueth aa i?aaiaie nenoaiu.

Oaeei ia?acii, i?eciaiea e caueoa i?aa e naiaiae a?aaeaeai yaeythony
eiinoeoooeeiiiie iaycaiiinoueth ainoaea?noaa, anao aai i?aaiia,
o/?aaeaeaiee e i?aaiecaoeee. Aac oaeiai ananoi?iiiaai iiaeoiaea
iaaiciiaeia ?aaeecaoeey i?aa e naiaiae a?aaeaeai. A oi aea a?aiy, eiaaea
ia?ooaiea i?aa e naiaiae a?aaeaeai ae?oaeie eeoeaie eee
ainoaea?noaaiiuie i?aaiaie, o/?aaeaeaieyie e i?aaiecaoeeyie naycaii n
ia?ooaieai eiie?aoiuo i?aaiauo ii?i ia ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca i?anooieaiey
eee eiua i?aaiia?ooaiey, eiaaea aicieeaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?ana/aiey
oaeeo aeaenoaee eee ainnoaiiaeaiey ia?ooaiiuo i?aa, – yoa iaycaiiinoue
aiceaaaaony ia i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu.

A ioa/anoaaiiie eeoa?aoo?a ia?u ai?ueau n i?anooiiinoueth e eiuie
i?aaiia?ooaieyie auei i?eiyoi aeaeeoue ia iauea e niaoeeaeueiua. E iauei
ia?ai i?ioeaiaeaenoaey i?anooiiinoe e eiui i?aaiia?ooaieyi ioiineeenue:
iiauoaiea aeaaininoiyiey ianaeaiey, ?ino aai eoeueoo?iiai o?iaiy,
iiauoaiea ia?aciaaiiinoe, eiua ia?u nioeeaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a. E
niaoeeaeueiui ia?ai ioiineeenue oa ec ieo, eioi?ua i?yii e
iaiin?aaenoaaiii aicaeaenoaiaaee ia i?anooiiinoue e eiua i?aaiia?ooaiey.
Iie naycaiu n aeayoaeueiinoueth i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia e eiuo
i?aaiecaoeee, i?eieiathueo o/anoea a eiio?iea iaae i?anooiiinoueth.

A i?eioeeia oaeie iiaeoiae, aa?iyoii, yaeyaony i?aaeeueiui. Ii i?e yoii,
eae iai i?aaenoaaeyaony, iaaeinoaoi/ii oi/ii ?annoaaeaiu aeoeaiou.
N/eoaeinue, /oi iauea ia?u nioeeaeueiiai i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey yaeythony
iniiaiuie, ?aoathuei ia?acii aeeythueie ia i?aaiiineooiinoue a?aaeaeai.
*oi eanaaony niaoeeaeueiuo ia?, a yoi a iniiaiii aeayoaeueiinoue
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia, oi iie oioy e ioiineeenue e ia?ai, eioi?ua
i?yii aeeytho ia i?anooiiinoue e eiua i?aaiia?ooaiey, i?eciaaaeenue ia
aeaaiuie, a eiiaaea e aoi?inoaiaiiuie. A oii, eae oaia?ue i/aaeaeii,
i?iniao?eaaaony eaeaieiae/aneee iiaeoiae – no?aieaiea auaeaoue aeaeaaiia
ca aeaenoaeoaeueiia, niioaaonoaothuaa eaeaa eeeaeaeaoeee i?anooiiinoe e
iino?iaiey iiaiai iauanoaa. Ii ii?a ineaaeaiey oioaeeoa?iiai ?aaeeia
?inee i?anooiiinoue e eiua i?aaiia?ooaiey, eioi?ua canoaaeee ii-ae?oaiio
acaeyiooue ia ?ieue i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia a i?ioeaiaeaenoaee yoei
yaeaieyi. Aiaeec ie?iaie i?aeoeee iieacae, /oi ?ieue i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo
i?aaiia e ae?oaeo ainoaea?noaaiiuo e iauanoaaiiuo no?oeoo?,
iaiin?aaenoaaiii naycaiiuo n i?ioeaiaeaenoaeai i?anooiiinoe e eiui
i?aaiia?ooaieyi, ai?acaei aieaa cia/eoaeueia, /ai iaie i?eciaaaeinue a
i?ioeua aiaeu. Aieaa oiai, niaa?oaiii ynii, /oi /ai auoa o?iaaiue
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia, oai auoa aiciiaeiinoue aeey
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey e i?ana/aiey i?anooieaiee, a oaeaea eo ?ane?uoey, oai
aieueoa aiciiaeiinoe o ainoaea?noaa aeey caueou i?aa e naiaiae
a?aaeaeai, ainnoaiiaeaiey ia?ooaiiuo i?aa.

A caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa iao niaoeeaeueii noi?ioee?iaaiiiai iiiyoey
“i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu”. Iii neiaeeeinue ia i?aeoeea. Aai iiaeii
oaeaea ano?aoeoue a ?acee/iuo aeieoiaioao iaii?iaoeaiiai oa?aeoa?a. Yoi
iiiyoea i?eiaiyaony eae iaiauathuaa aeey iaicia/aiey ainoaea?noaaiiuo
i?aaiia, ia eioi?ua aiceiaeaia iaycaiiinoue inouanoaeaiey
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Io iiiyoey “i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu” iaiaoiaeeii ioee/aoue iiiyoea
“i?aaii?eiaieoaeueiua i?aaiu”, yaeythuaany aieaa oe?ieei. I?eiaiyoue
i?aai yoi cia/eo aeaenoaiaaoue ia iniiaaiee ii?i caeiia, aac yoiai
iaaiciiaeia aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue a?aaeaeai, ainoaea?noaa e nia?aiaiiiai
iauanoaa. I?aai i?eiaiytho ana th?eaee/aneea e oece/aneea eeoea. Ii i
i?aaii?eiaieoaeueiuo i?aaiao ?a/ue eaeao eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea i?aai
i?eiaiytho ainoaea?noaaiiua i?aaiu. E iei ioiinyony ana i?aaiu
ainoaea?noaa, aeeth/ay e i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua. Eiuie neiaaie,
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu – yoi oieueei /anoue i?aaii?eiaieoaeueiuo.

I?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu ninoaaeytho ii?aaeaeaiiui ia?acii
iainiaeaiioth ii i?eciaeo i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe
naiinoiyoaeueioth a?oiio i?aaiia ainoaea?noaa, eiathueo naie /aoei
ii?aaeaeaiiua caaea/e. Yoe caaea/e ninoiyo eeai a ainnoaiiaeaiee
ia?ooaiiiai i?aaa, iai?eia? a iaeanoe a?aaeaeaineeo i?aaiioiioaiee, eeai
a iaeacaiee i?aaiia?ooeoaey, eiaaea ainnoaiiaeoue ia?ooaiiia i?aai
iaaiciiaeii (i?e niaa?oaiee iaeioi?uo i?anooieaiee, iai?eia? i?e
oaeenoaa), eeai a ainnoaiiaeaiee ia?ooaiiiai i?aaa e iaeacaiee
iaeiia?aiaiii, eiaaea aiciiaeiinoue ainnoaiiaeoue ia?ooaiiia i?aai
eiaaony, ii i?aaiia?ooeoaeue caneoaeeaaao aua e iaeacaiey. ?aoay yoe
caaea/e, i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu caueuatho aeeciue, caei?iauea,
eiouanoai a?aaeaeai, eo nianoaaiiinoue, nianoaaiiinoue ainoaea?noaa,
ainoaea?noaaiiuo, iauanoaaiiuo e /anoiuo i?aaiecaoeee, caueuatho
ainoaea?noai e aai einoeooou, i?e?iaeo, aeeaioiue ie? e o. ae.

Aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia oa?aeoa?ecoaony
niaoeeoe/aneeie /a?oaie, ?aaeecaoeey eioi?uo i?ecaaia iaania/eoue
iieiioo, ananoi?iiiinoue e iauaeoeaiinoue eo auaiaeia e ?aoaiee. E oaeei
/a?oai, a /anoiinoe, ioiinyony:

1. ia/aei aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia a eaaeaeii neo/aa
aeieaeii eiaoue iiaiae – niiauaiea i niaa?oaiee i?anooieaiey eee eiiai
i?aaiia?ooaiey eeai iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?aaeoi?aaeeoue i?anooieaiea eee
ae?oaia nouanoaaiiia i?aaiia?ooaiea. Ai anao eiuo neo/ayo
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu ia ai?aaa aiaoeaaoueny a aeeciue a?aaeaeai, a
aeayoaeueiinoue ae?oaeo i?aaiia ainoaea?noaa, ainoaea?noaaiiuo,
iauanoaaiiuo e /anoiuo i?aaiecaoeee;

2. i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu inouanoaeytho naith aeayoaeueiinoue
oieueei ia iniiaaiee caeiia e a niioaaonoaee n caeiiii, a a iaeioi?uo
neo/ayo – e a ii?aaeaeaiiie i?ioeannoaeueiie oi?ia. Ethaua i?iecaieueiua
aeaenoaey iaaeiionoeiu. Ia?ooaiea o?aaiaaiee caeiia, aeiiouaiiia a
i?ioeanna i?aaiio?aieoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, iiaeao ieacaoueny naii ii
naaa i?aaiia?ooaieai, aeaeouei aeenoeeieeia?ioth, aaeieieno?aoeaioth eee
oaieiaioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue;

3. i?aaiio?aieoaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue iiaoo inouanoaeyoue oieueei
eeoea, ninoiyuea ia neoaeaa a i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiao, eiathuea
niaoeeaeueioth, /aua anaai th?eaee/aneoth, iiaeaioiaeo. I?enaiaiea
ae?oaeie eeoeaie i?aaa inouanoaeyoue i?aaiio?aieoaeueioth
aeayoaeueiinoue yaeyaony iaaeiionoeiui e i?e ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaeyo
?anoeaieaaaony eae i?anooieaiea;

4. ?aoaiey i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia ai anao neo/ayo yaeythony ia?aie
th?eaee/aneiai aicaeaenoaey, iniiaaiiuie ia caeiia e niioaaonoaothueie
ianoiyoaeuenoaai niaa?oaiey aeaenoaey (eee aacaeaenoaey), a nayce n
eioi?uie eiaei ianoi aiaoaoaeuenoai yoeo i?aaiia. Ia?ooaiea oaeiai
o?aaiaaiey aea/ao ioiaio i?eiyoiai ?aoaiey, a eiiaaea e ioaaonoaaiiinoue
eeoea, aai i?eiyaoaai;

5. caeiiiua e iainiiaaiiua ?aoaiey, i?eiyoua i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuie
i?aaiaie, iiaeeaaeao auiieiaieth ethauie aeieaeiinoiuie eeoeaie e
a?aaeaeaiaie. Iaauiieiaiea eo aea/ao aeey i?aaiia?ooeoaeae
aeiiieieoaeueiua naieoeee;

6. ana naycaiiua n i?anooieaieyie e eiuie i?aaiia?ooaieyie ?aoaiey
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia, eioi?ua nouanoaaiii aeeytho ia i?aaa e
naiaiaeu a?aaeaeai eeai cao?aaeaatho eioa?anu ainoaea?noaa,
ainoaea?noaaiiuo, iauanoaaiiuo eee /anoiuo i?aaiecaoeee, iiaoo auoue
iaaeaeiaaiu a onoaiiaeaiiii caeiiii ii?yaeea. Aini?aiyonoaiaaiea
inouanoaeaieth yoiai i?aaa yaeyaony iaaeiionoeiui e i?e ii?aaeaeaiiuo
ianoiyoaeuenoaao iiaeao auoue naii ii naaa i?aaiia?ooaieai.

Eiaaea ?a/ue eaeao i i?anooieaieyo, i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu, ia
eioi?ua caeiiii aiceiaeaii ?anneaaeiaaiea oaieiaiuo aeae eee eo
noaeaaiia ?acae?aoaeuenoai, /anoi iacuaatho i?aaiaie oaieiaiie
thnoeoeee. Yoi aiieia i?aaiia?ii. E oaieiaiie thnoeoeee ioiinyony aia
i?aaiu, eioi?ua a iieiie ia?a eee /anoe/ii inouanoaeytho naith
aeayoaeueiinoue a nayce n i?anooiiinoueth. Ia ioiinyony e oaieiaiie
thnoeoeee oa i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu, e eiiiaoaioeee eioi?uo ioianaii
?aaae?iaaiea ia a?aaeaeaineea, aaeieieno?aoeaiua e aeenoeeieeia?iua
i?aaiia?ooaiey.

1.2. Ooieoeee i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia.

Ecaanoii, /oi iiiaea ainoaea?noaa, iai?eia? NOA, Aiaeey, O?aioeey,
i?eaea?aeeaathony i?eioeeia ?acaeaeaiey aeanoae: caeiiiaeaoaeueiie,
eniieieoaeueiie, noaeaaiie. Nooue oaeiai i?eioeeia ninoieo a
iacaaeneiinoe yoeo aeanoae ae?oa io ae?oaa, iaania/aiiie nenoaiie
“i?ioeaiaania” e i?ioeaaeo?, eioi?ua iiauoatho eo ioaaonoaaiiinoue,
iaeneiaeueii nie?auatho aiciiaeiinoue ceioiio?aaeaiey aeanoueth.
I?aaenoaaeyaony, /oi i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu e eo aeayoaeueiinoue
neaaeoao ioeaieaaoue n iiceoeee nouanoaa iacaaiiiai i?eioeeia. I?e yoii
iaaei eiaoue a aeaeo ia oieueei e ia noieueei naie i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua
i?aaiu, neieueei ooieoeee, eioi?ua iie auiieiytho aeey aeinoeaeaiey
caaeaiiuo ?acoeueoaoia: i?iaa?ee eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo e
eiuo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia; ?anniio?aiey a?aaeaeaineeo, oaieiaiuo,
aaeieieno?aoeaiuo e aeenoeeieeia?iuo aeae; inouanoaeaiey i?ieo?i?neiai
iaaeci?a e iiaeaea?aeaiey iaaeiaiey; ?ane?uoey e ?anneaaeiaaiey
i?anooieaiee, eniieiaiey i?eaiai?ia e eiuo noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee;
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey i?anooieaiee e eiuo i?aaiia?ooaiee; caueou caeiiiuo
eioa?ania a?aaeaeai, eo i?aa e naiaiae. Yoe ?acoeueoaou aeinoeaathony
?aaeecaoeeae niioaaonoaaiii ooieoeee:

– eiinoeoooeeiiiiai eiio?iey;

– ioi?aaeaiey i?aainoaeey;

– i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a;

– ?anneaaeiaaiey i?anooieaiee;

– iia?aoeaii-?icuneiie;

– eniieiaiey noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee;

– ieacaiey th?eaee/aneie iiiiue e caueou ii oaieiaiui aeaeai;

– i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey i?anooieaiee e eiuo i?aaiia?ooaiee.

A niaieoiiinoe yoe ooieoeee oa?aeoa?ecotho ?ani?aaeaeaiea eiiiaoaioeee
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia e a ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaie aeeytho ia eo
no?oeoo?o. Io iaee/ey eee ionoonoaey ooieoeee caaeneo iaee/ea eee
ionoonoaea niioaaonoaothuaai i?aaiio?aieoaeueiiai i?aaia. Ieaea aoaeao
aeaia iiae?iaiay oa?aeoa?enoeea anao i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia.
Caeanue aea ?anniio?ei oieueei iaeioi?ua iauea aii?inu niioiioaiey
ooieoeee, ?ani?aaeaeaiey eo iaaeaeo i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuie i?aaiaie e
ae?oaeie o/anoieeaie i?aaiio?aieoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, ii?aaeaeaiey
ianoa i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia a nenoaia i?aaiia aeanoe e oi?aaeaiey.

Iaeaieaa oanii naycaiu iaaeaeo niaie ooieoeee, inouanoaeyaiua ii
oaieiaiui aeaeai: iia?aoeaii-?icuneiay, ?anneaaeiaaiey, iaaeiaiey e
i?ieo?i?neiai iaaeci?a, caueou e i?aainoaeey. Yoe ooieoeee ii
eiie?aoiiio oaieiaiiio aeaeo iiaoo neaaeiaaoue iaeia ca ae?oaie, iiaoo
?aaeeciauaaoueny iaeiia?aiaiii. Iineaaeiaaoaeueiia inouanoaeaiea
oa?aeoa?ii, iai?eia?, aeey ?anneaaeiaaiey e i?aainoaeey, iaeiia?aiaiiia
– aeey iaaeiaiey, caueou e i?aainoaeey. Iaiaoiaeeii oaeaea ioiaoeoue,
/oi iaeioi?ua ooieoeee iiaoo inouanoaeyoueny e ia i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuie
i?aaiaie, a ae?oaeie o/anoieeaie noaeii?iecaiaenoaa ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo.
Iai?eia?, iioa?iaaoee iiaeao auiieiyoue ooieoeeth iaaeiaiey, nai
iiaenoaeeiue – auiieiyao ooieoeeth caueou.

Iaeioi?ua iaeiieiaiiua ooieoeee auiieiythony ?acee/iuie
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuie i?aaiaie i?e ?aca?aie/aiee eo iiaeaaaeiinoaaiiinoe,
iiaeneaaenoaaiiinoe eee iiaenoaeiinoe: ooieoeeth iia?aoeaii-?icuneiie
aeayoaeueiinoe auiieiytho i?aaiu aioo?aiieo aeae, i?aaiu aaciianiinoe,
iaeiaiaie iieeoeee e ae?.; ooieoeeth ?anneaaeiaaiey i?e aeiciaiee
auiieiytho i?aaiu ieeeoeee, aaciianiinoe, iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, iiaea?iie
io?aiu e o.ae.; ooieoeeth ?anneaaeiaaiey i?e i?iecaiaenoaa
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai neaaenoaey auiieiytho neaaeiaaoaee i?ieo?aoo?u,
aioo?aiieo aeae, aaciianiinoe, iaeiaiaie iieeoeee; ooieoeeth i?aainoaeey
auiieiytho noaeu iauae th?enaeeeoeee ii a?aaeaeaineei e oaieiaiui
aeaaeai, aiaiiua noaeu ii oaieiaiui aeaeai, a oaeaea a?aeo?aaeiua noaeu.

Ooieoeey i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey i?anooieaiee e eiuo i?aaiia?ooaiee caieiaao
iniaia ianoi. N?aaee i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia iao oaeiai, eioi?ue aue
au niaoeeaeueii nicaeai aeey aa ?aaeecaoeee. Aeaiioth ooieoeeth iaycaiu
auiieiyoue ii nouanoao ana aac eneeth/aiey i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu.
Aeaii a oii, /oi inouanoaeaiea ethaie ae?oaie ooieoeee oae eee eia/a a
eiia/iii n/aoa neoaeeo i?aaeoi?aaeaeaieth i?anooieaiee e eiuo
i?aaiia?ooaiee. Ii yoi ia eneeth/aao a iaiai?io, i?aaeiieaaaao
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiua aeaenoaey i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia aeey ?aaeecaoeee
yoie ooieoeee ia?yaeo n oie ooieoeeae, eioi?ay yaeyaony iniiaiie. Oaeay
iaycaiiinoue i?yii caienaia, iai?eia?, aeey i?aaiia, inouanoaeythueo
ooieoeee iia?aoeaii-?icuneiie aeayoaeueiinoe, ?anneaaeiaaiey e
i?aainoaeey.

Auiieiyaiie ooieoeeae ii?aaeaeyaony ianoi i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia a
nenoaia i?aaiia aeanoe e oi?aaeaiey. Oae, Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae ?O,
Aa?oiaiue Noae ?O n nenoaiie iaueo e aiaiiuo noaeia, a oaeaea Aunoee
A?aeo?aaeiue Noae ?O e ieaeanoiyuea a?aeo?aaeiua noaeu i?aaenoaaeytho
noaeaaioth aeanoue a no?aia – iaeio ec o?ao aaoaae aeanoe. Yoi aaaeii
iiae/a?eiooue, iineieueeo a ia/aoe e eiuo n?aaenoaao ianniaie
eioi?iaoeee eiiaaea auneacuaaaony iiaiea i oii, /oi noaeaaiay aeanoue –
yoi oieueei Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae. Oaeay o?aeoiaea noauaeoia noaeaaiie
aeanoe i?ioeai?a/eo aeaaa VII Eiinoeoooeee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee i
noaeaaiie aeanoe (no. 118 e 128). (1)

Ioi?aaeaiea i?aainoaeey eiaao i?ei?eoaoiia cia/aiea n?aaee ae?oaeo
ooieoeee. Iii ninoieo a oii, /oi noaeu i?e ioi?aaeaiee i?aainoaeey
yaeythony aaeeinoaaiiuie a ainoaea?noaa i?aaiaie, eioi?ua ii anai
aii?inai, ioianaiiui e eo iiaeaaaeiinoaaiiinoe eee iiaenoaeiinoe, iinea
niioaaonoaothueo i?ioeaaeo? iaaeaeiaaiey i?eieiatho ieii/aoaeueiia
?aoaiea. Oaeia aunieia e iacaaeneiia iieiaeaiea noaeia, eioi?ia oaia?ue,
ii iauaio i?aaeeo, ia yaeyaony ionoie aeaeea?aoeeae, aeaei iiaiae aeey
i?aaeeiaeaiee ia ioiineoue noaeu e i?aaiio?aieoaeueiui i?aaiai.
Noi?iiieee oaeiai iiaeoiaea oioneatho ec aeaea ii e?aeiae ia?a aeaa
nouanoaaiiuo ianoiyoaeuenoaa. Ai-ia?auo, ioianaiea oiai eee eiiai i?aaia
e /eneo i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo ia icia/aao ie eeoaiey aai iacaaeneiinoe, ie
iiae/eiaiey ae?oaei i?aaiio?aieoaeueiui i?aaiai. E i?eia?o, ioianaiea
i?aaiia thnoeoeee e i?aaiio?aieoaeueiui i?aaiai ia aeieaeii aanoe e ia
aaaeao e eo caaeneiinoe io i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae e i?ieo?aoo?u.
Ai-aoi?uo, eneeth/aiea noaeia ec /enea i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia
iaecaaaeii i?eaaaeao e io?eoeaieth oiai, /oi iie oiieiiii/aiu
caieiaoueny io?aiie i?aa. Yoi oaea nianai eeoaii eiaeee e i?yii
i?ioeai?a/eo Eiinoeoooeee ?O. Noae aue e inoaaony i?aaiii,
ieeoeaoai?ythuei noaeaaioth aeanoue, eioi?ay a cia/eoaeueii aieueoae
ia?a, /ai ae?oaea aaoae ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe, aeieaeia e iiaeao
io?aiyoue i?aai. I?eiaaeeaaeiinoue noaeia e naiinoiyoaeueiie aaoae
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe neaaeiaaei au ?anniao?eaaoue eae
ianoiyoaeuenoai, a neeo eioi?iai ca ieie i?eciaaony iniaue noaoon n?aaee
eiuo i?aaiia, noiyueo ia no?aaea i?aaa. E aeaiiia ianoiyoaeuenoai ieeoi
ia inia?eaaao.

A oi aea a?aiy iaeuecy io?eoeaoue, /oi noaeu, eae i?aaiu iaeiie ec
aaoaae aeanoe caieiatho n?aaee i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia iniaia ianoi.
Iiyoiio a?yae ee auei aa?ii aeeth/aoue i?aaenaaeaoaeae noaeia a /enei
/eaiia eiieoaoia ii oneeaieth ai?ueau n i?anooiiinoueth, eioi?ua auee
nicaeaiu a 1989a., ii ?aoaieth Aa?oiaiiai niaaoa NNN? a ?aeiiao,
ai?iaeao, iaeanoyo (e?ayo), ?anioaeeeao e NNN? a oeaeii. Niiieoaeueii
oaeaea inoaaeaiea ioe?uoui ii nouanoao oiai aea aii?ina a no. 8
Oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia ?O “I i?ieo?aoo?a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”
(i?aaenaaeaoaeue noaea aoiaeeo a ninoaa eii?aeeiaoeeiiiiai niaauaiey i?e
i?ieo?aoo?a). Ii iaoaio iiaieth, i?aaenaaeaoaeue noaea (io ?aeiiiiai aei
Aa?oiaiiai) iiaeao i?eaeaoaoueny ia eii?aeeiaoeeiiiua niaauaiey i?e
i?ieo?i?a oieueei a ea/anoaa iaaethaeaoaey. ?aoaiey yoiai niaauaiey i?e
i?ieo?i?a ia iiaoo auoue iaycaoaeueiu aeey noaea ia oieueei ii
ioaeaeueiui aeaeai eee ii ioaeaeueiui eaoaai?eyi aeae, ii e ii aieaa
iauei aii?inai i?aaiaie iieeoeee. Aeey iaai ai anao neo/ayo iaycaoaeueiu
oieueei oeacaiey caeiia, eioi?ue i?eiaiyaony a ?acoeueoaoa noaeaaiiai
?acae?aoaeuenoaa.

Eaaeaeie ooieoeee niioaaonoaotho iaeaieaa oeaeaniia?aciua, au?aaioaiiua
iiuoii e cae?aieaiiua a caeiia n?aaenoaa e i?ioeaaeo?u ?aaeecaoeee,
eioi?ua i?aaeinoaaeythony – a caaeneiinoe io niaea?aeaiey ooieoeee – oai
eee eiui i?aaiio?aieoaeueiui i?aaiai. Enoiaey eiaiii ec yoeo iieiaeaiee,
auea iino?iaia i?aaiio?aieoaeueiay nenoaia a aei?aaiethoeeiiiie ?innee;
a ia?eiae oioaeeoa?iiai ?aaeeia io iaa aeiioneaeenue na?ueaciua,
aaaeouea e i?iecaieo ionooieaiey. A oi a?aiy a IAAe auee nin?aaeioi/aiu:
iia?aoeaii-?icuneiay, aeiciaaaoaeueiay e neaaenoaaiiay ooieoeee, a
cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie – noaeaaiay (“iniaia niaauaiea”, “o?ieee”,
“aeaieee”) e eniieiaiea oaieiaiuo iaeacaiee.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy oaea i?iaaaeaiu e ?ac?aaaouaathony ia?u ii
?acoe?oiiaieth aaaeiinoa ii iaania/aieth iauanoaaiiiai ii?yaeea (IAAe
?O) e aaciianiinoe (auaoaa EAA). Iiae?acaeaeaiey e neoaeau ii
iaania/aieth aaciianiinoe oaea ?ann?aaeioi/aiu a ?yaea aaaeiinoa. A
ianoiyuaa a?aiy (ii aeaiiui Ieienoa?noaa thnoeoeee ?O) a noaaeee
eioaineaiie ?ac?aaioee iaoiaeeony aii?in i ia?aaea/a iano caeeth/aiey e
eniieiaiey iaeacaiee ec IAAe ?O a Ieithno ?O. Ia yoio n/ao auee
?aeiiaiaeaoeee III, a a nayce n i?eiyoeai ?innee a Niaao Aa?iiu – e
aa?iiaeneiai niiauanoaa. Iaaei ioiaoeoue, /oi /anoue ooieoeee ii
eniieiaieth noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee oaea iaoiaeeony a nenoaia Ieithnoa ?O.

Neaaenoaaiiue aiia?ao a ianoiyuaa a?aiy ooieoeeiie?oao a ?aieao /aou?ao
aaaeiinoa – i?ieo?aoo?u, i?aaiia IAAe, ONA, ONII. I?e iaee/ee
iaiaoiaeeiuo oeiainiauo, eaae?iauo e ae?oaeo n?aaenoa iaania/aiey,
aeaeeii, aoaeao i?aaei?eiyoa i?i?aaioea aii?ina i nin?aaeioi/aiee
neaaenoaaiiiai aiia?aoa a ?aieao.

1.3. Iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey aeayoaeueiinoe.

Io ooieoeee iaiaoiaeeii ioee/aoue iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia. Yoe eaoaai?ee iaoiaeyony a ?aciuo
ieineinoyo e acaeiii aeiiieiytho iauoth oa?aeoa?enoeeo i?aaiecaoeee e
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia. Anee ooieoeee naycaiu n
caaea/aie, eioi?ua ?aoatho i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu a ai?ueaa n
i?anooieaieyie e eiuie i?aaiia?ooaieyie, oi iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey
ii?aaeaeytho oeaee aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia, eioi?ua
auoaeatho ec i?aaiaie iieeoeee ainoaea?noaa.

I?aaeaea /ai ?anniio?aoue yoe iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey, iaiaoiaeeii
oynieoue, o/anoaotho ee i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu a iieeoeea, e anee
o/anoaotho, a /ai yoi o/anoea caeeth/aaony. Aeaiiue aii?in aicieeaao a
nayce n oai, /oi a iineaaeiea aiaeu iiiai aiai?eony i aeaiieeoecaoeee
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia. Ai a?aiaia oioaeeoa?iiai ?aaeeia
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu ?anniao?eaaeenue a ea/anoaa i?iaiaeieea
iieeoeee eiiioienoe/aneie ia?oee. A nayce n eeeaeaeaoeeae iaeiiia?oeeiie
iiiiiieee e ooaa?aeaeaieai a iauanoaa iiiaiia?oeeiinoe noaei i/aaeaeii,
/oi i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu ia iiaoo iaoiaeeony iiae aeeyieai
eaeie-oi iaeiie eee aeaaea ianeieueeeo ia?oee. A iineaaeiai neo/aa iie
i?inoi iioa?yee au niiniaiinoue auiieiyoue aiceiaeaiiua ia ieo ooieoeee
e i?aa?aoeeenue a a?aio iaaeia?oeeiuo aeeneonnee eee ai?ueau ?acee/iuo
ia?oeeiuo eioa?ania. Iiyoiio aaeeinoaaiii aa?iui auoiaeii ieacaeanue
aeaiieeoecaoeey i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia – iie aeieaeiu neoaeeoue
ainoaea?noao, eioi?ia i?iaicaeaoaii anaia?iaeii ooaa?aeaeaiiie
Eiinoeoooeeae ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, e neaaeiaaoaeueii,
?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny a naiae aeayoaeueiinoe aai i?aaiaie iieeoeeie eae
/anoueth nioeeaeueiie iieeoeee.

Enoiaey ec neacaiiiai neaaeoao, /oi i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu aeieaeiu
iaoiaeeony aia iieeoeee ?acee/iuo ia?oee e inoaeueiuo iieeoe/aneeo
a?oii. Ii yoi aiana ia icia/aao, /oi iie ia aeieaeiu i?eieiaoue o/anoea
a inouanoaeaiee i?aaiaie iieeoeee ainoaea?noaa, eioi?ay a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy ii?aaeaeyaony Eiinoeoooeeae ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, oaaea?aeueiuie
caeiiaie, ae?oaeie caeiiaie e eiuie ii?iaoeaiuie aeoaie, i?eiyouie a
onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea, a oeaeyo nicaeaiey i?aaiaiai ainoaea?noaa e
a?aaeaeaineiai iauanoaa a ?innee (ia?niaeoeaiay oeaeue), nie?auaiey
i?anooiiinoe e anao i?aaiia?ooaiee (aeeaeaeoay oeaeue) iooai:

– i?eiyoey iiauo oaaea?aeueiuo caeiiia, ae?oaeo caeiiia e eiuo i?aaiauo
aeoia, iai?aaeaiiuo i?ioea i?anooiiinoe e anao i?aaiia?ooaiee;

– niaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoaiu e aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo
i?aaiia, iaycaiiuo i?ioeaiaeaenoaiaaoue i?anooiiinoe e anai
i?aaiia?ooaieyi, n ?aca?aie/aieai eo iieiiii/ee e eiiiaoaioeee;

– onoaiiaeaiey i?eioeeieaeueiuo, enoiaeiuo iieiaeaiee ono?ienoaa,
i?aaiecaoeee e aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia, iai?aaeaiiuo
ia nie?auaiea i?anooiiinoe e anao i?aaiia?ooaiee;

– acaeiiaeaenoaey i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia i?e auiieiaiee
aiceiaeaiiuo ia ieo ooieoeee;

– ii?aaeaeaiey iiauo th?eaee/aneeo e iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa,
iaoiaeia e i?eaiia i?ioeaiaeaenoaey i?anooiiinoe e anai i?aaiia?ooaieyi;

– aiceiaeaiey iaycaiiinoe ieacuaaoue niaeaenoaea i?aaiio?aieoaeueiui
i?aaiai a ai?ueaa n i?anooiiinoueth e anaie i?aaiia?ooaieyie ia ae?oaea
ainoaea?noaaiiua i?aaiu, ainoaea?noaaiiua, iauanoaaiiua e /anoiua
i?aaiecaoeee, a oaeaea ianaeaiea n onoaiiaeaieai i?aaeaeia eo o/anoey a
yoie aeayoaeueiinoe;

– ?acaeoey oeiainiaie e eiie iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneie aacu aeey
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia i?e i?ioeaiaeaenoaee
i?anooiiinoe e anai i?aaiia?ooaieyi.

Oaeiau iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey i?aaiecaoeee e aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia, eioi?ua aeaoaeece?othony a ?acee/iuo
nenoaiao i?aaiaie iieeoeee ainoaea?noaa (a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaie,
oaieiaii-i?aaiaie, aaeieieno?aoeaii-i?aaiaie, i?ioeannoaeueiie e ae?.) a
ia?aoiaeiue io oioaeeoa?ecia e aeaiie?aoee ia?eiae, e niaeaeaieth,
aini?eiyoue iiiaeie a?aaeaeaiaie eae ia?aoaiea iaia?aie/aiiie naiaiaeu
aeaenoaee, aeeth/ay eaii?e?iaaiea caeiiia, ii?aaeaeythueo ?aiee
caeiiiiineooiiai iiaaaeaiey. [7, n14]

2. Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey – iiaue i?aaiio?aieoaeueiue i?aai.

2.1. Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey – iniiau aeayoaeueiinoe.

E?eieiaeueiay iianaaeiaaiinoue, eiaaea eaaeaeue ec ian aiacaiii iiaeao
noaoue ia?ooeoaeai caeiia, a oii /enea e oaieiaiiai (iai?eia?, ia
oiea/eaay iaeiae n ee/iuo aeioiaeia eee i?eia?aoay n ?oe aaethoo),
ii?aaeaeaiii canoaaeyao naeaeaoue iiiuoeo ?acia?aoueny a nicaeaiiie
ainoaea?noaii no?oeoo?a i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia, caaea/ae eioi?uo
yaeyaony ai?ueaa n i?anooieaieyie. Iaeiaiaa ecaanoiui aaaeiinoaii
yaeyaony, aeaeeii, iaeiaiaay iieeoeey, eioi?ay aeaaii oaea aiana ia
iiae?acaeaeaiea iaeiaiaie neoaeau, a naiinoiyoaeueiay, cia/eoaeueii
ie?aioay a iineaaeiea aiaeu i?aaiio?aieoaeueiay i?aaiecaoeey.

Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey nicaeaia e aeaenoaoao ia iniiaaiee Caeiia ?O “I
oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiao iaeiaiaie iieeoeee” (aeaeaa Caeii). [4, n. 3]

Niaeanii no. 5 Caeiia nenoaio oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia iaeiaiaie iieeoeee
ninoaaeytho:

– Oaaea?aeueiay neoaeaa iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
(aeaeaa a noaouea – ONII) ia i?aaao ainoaea?noaaiiiai eiieoaoa
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee;

– i?aaiu ONII ii ?anioaeeeai, e?ayi, iaeanoyi, ai?iaeai

– oaaea?aeueiiai cia/aiey, aaoiiiiiie iaeanoe, aaoiiiiiui ie?oaai
(oi?aaeaiey, ioaeaeu) – oa??eoi?eaeueiua i?aaiu;

– i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ?aeiiia a ai?iaeao Iineaa e
Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aa, a oaeaea iaae?aeiiiua ioaeaeu oi?aaeaiee, ioaeaeia
Oaaea?aeueiie neoaeau iaeiaiaie iieeoeee – ianoiua i?aaiu iaeiaiaie
iieeoeee.

– Ii?aaeaeaiiua a no. 2 Caeiia caaea/e oeacuaatho ia iniiaiua
iai?aaeaiey aeayoaeueiinoe iieeoeee. Yoeie caaea/aie yaeythony:

– auyaeaiea, i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea e i?ana/aiea iaeiaiauo i?anooieaiee e
i?aaiia?ooaiee. I auyaeaiiuo i?e yoii ae?oaeo yeiiiie/aneeo
i?anooieaieyo i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee iaycaiu i?ieioi?ie?iaaoue
niioaaonoaothuea i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu;

– iaania/aiea aaciianiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noaaiiuo iaeiaiauo
einiaeoeee, caueou eo nio?oaeieeia io i?ioeaii?aaiuo iinyaaoaeuenoa i?e
eniieiaiee neoaeaaiuo iaycaiiinoae;

– i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea, auyaeaiea e i?ana/aiea ei??oioeee a iaeiaiauo
i?aaiao.

Oaeei ia?acii, ia?aay ec caaea/ ia?aie/eaaao iaiin?aaenoaaiiue i?aaeiao
aeayoaeueiinoe iieeoeee iaeiaiauie i?anooieaieyie e i?aaiia?ooaieyie. I
eaeeo, a /anoiinoe, i?anooieaieyo, eaeao ?a/ue?

Ii iiaieth ?aaioieeia iaeiaiaie iieeoeee a ia?a/aiue iaeiaiauo
i?anooieaiee aoiaeeo oieueei aeaa ninoaaa: no.no. 198, 199 OE ?O,
i?aaeoniao?eaathuea ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca oeeiiaiea io iiaea/e
aeaeea?aoeee i aeioiaeao, nie?uoea aeioiaeia, (i?eauee) eee eiuo
iauaeoia iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey.

Iaeiaei auneacuaaeanue e eiay oi/ea c?aiey. Iai?eia?, i?e
?anneaaeiaaiee i?anooiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, au?aaeathuaeny a i?enaiaiee
?oeiaiaeeoaeai /anoiiai i?aaei?eyoey /anoe au?o/ee aai aeaenoaey i?e
ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaeyo iiaoo ioaaouaaoueny i?eciaeaie oaeeo ninoaaia
i?anooieaiey eae iacaeiiiia i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai a noa?a oi?aiaee, oi
anoue inouanoaeaiea oi?aiaee, iiaeeaaeauae ?aaeno?aoeee eee
eeoeaice?iaaieth aac ?aaeno?aoeee eee niaoeeaeueiiai ?ac?aoaiey
(eeoeaicee), a ?aaii n ia?ooaieai oneiaee, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo a ?ac?aoaiee
(eeoeaicee), eee n eiuie ia?ooaieyie i?aaee i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa a
noa?a oi?aiaee (iacaeiiiia i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai) n ecaea/aieai aeioiaea
a e?oiiii ?acia?a (no. 171 OE ?O), a oaeaea noaoueae i i?e/eiaiee
eiouanoaaiiiai oua?aa iooai iaiaia i?e ionoonoaee i?eciaeia oeuaiey.

A noa?a aea eioa?ania iaeiaiaie iieeoeee eaaeao eeoue aeaenoaey, a
eioi?uo oniao?eaathony i?eciaee eiaiii oeeiiaiea io oieaou iaeiaia.
Oioy, aaconeiaii, ninoaa no.171 – oae eae a iai aiai?eony ia ecaea/aiee
aeioiaea, eioi?ue caoai e aoaeao nie?uo – neaaeiaaei au ioianoe e
iaeiaiaui, a ia i?inoi “yeiiiie/aneei” i?anooieaieyi.

Iaeiaei a iiiaio nicaeaiey a aeaeaa?a 1995 aiaea a i?aaiao iaeiaiaie
iieeoeee neaaenoaaiiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee e eo aaaeaieth ioianaiu ia
oieueei oaeea i?anooieaiey nianoaaiii iaeiaiaua, ii iacaeiiiia
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iacaeiiiia i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai a noa?a
oi?aiaee, a oaeaea aaethoiua i?anooieaiey: iacaeiiiua naeaeee n
aaethoiuie oeaiiinoyie e nie?uoea n?aaenoa a eiino?aiiie aaethoa.

Oai ia iaiaa, neaaeoao eiinoaoe?iaaoue, /oi iiea aieiaiea iaeiaiauo
iieeoeaeneeo i?eaea/aii aeaaiui ia?acii e nianoaaiii iaeiaiaui
ia?ooaieyi. Inaauaiea aeaiiie i?iaeaiu iiiiaeao /eoaoaeth i?e
i?eaeaoaiea aai a i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee i?aaenoaaeoue naaa, eaeiai
?iaea ec aeiiouaiiuo ei ia?ooaiee aucaaee eioa?an ?aaioieeia yoiai
aaaeiinoaa.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iaeiei ec iniiaiuo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe aeey
iaeiaiaie iieeoeee yaeyaony o/anoea a iaeiaiauo i?iaa?eao
naiinoiyoaeueii eee niaianoii n i?aaiaie iaeiaiaie neoaeau. I?aai ia
i?iaaaeaiea iaeiaiauo i?iaa?ie auoaeaao ec ia?a/eneaiiuo auoa caaea/
iaeiaiaie iieeoeee.

Iaeiaei yaiue oeeii a yoo iaeanoue iauyniyaony i?aaeaea anaai,
ai-ia?auo, aieueoae ii n?aaiaieth n oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiuie
yooaeoeaiinoueth e iia?aoeaiinoueth i?eieiaaiuo e ia?ooeoaeth iaeiaiaiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ia? – iaeiaiauo naieoeee, a, ai-aoi?uo, i?yiie
caeioa?aniaaiiinoueth ?aaioieeia iieeoeee a aeinoeaeaiee ?acoeueoaoia
oaeie aeayoaeueiinoe – iiiieiaiea ca n/ao i?ioo?aoeaoeony
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia aiaathaeaeaoiiai oiiaea, ec eioi?iai iieeoeaeneei
i?iecaiaeyony ?acee/iua aeiieaou.

Aianoa n oai, iieeoeey ia/eiaao a iieiie ia?a i?eiaiyoue aeaiiia ae
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii, ia?acii aiai?y, i?oaeea a aeaea aiciiaeiinoe
i?iaaaeaiey iia?aoeaii-?icuneiuo ia?ii?eyoee neaaenoaey ii oaieiaiui
aeaeai iacaaiiuo eaoaai?ee. A nayce n yoei aieueoea iaaeaaeaeu
aiceaaathony ia ONII eae ia aioeei??oioeeiiiue i?aai: oai, aaea o?oaeii
aeieacaoue aeieaeiinoiia oeuaiea eee eiia i?anooiiia ceioiio?aaeaiea,
niaa?oaiiia /eiiaieeii, ia iiiiuue a ?yaea neo/aaa iiaoo i?eeoe
iaeiaiaua noaouee oaieiaiiai caeiia.

Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey iaaeaeaia aeinoaoi/ii oe?ieeie aiciiaeiinoyie aeey
auyaeaiey e i?ana/aiey i?aaiia?ooaiee. Iineieueeo aiai?y i ae?oaeo
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo aaaeiinoaao, iu eeoue iaiaaeieai inoaiaaeeaaeenue ia
caeiiiaeaoaeueiii ii?aaeaeaiee, eo iieiiii/ee e iniiaaiee aeey
i?iaaaeaiey i?iaa?ie, oi caeanue eiaao niune iiae?iaii i?eaanoe aanue
eiiieaen i?aaeinoaaeaiiuo iieeoeaeneei i?aa, iineieueeo, eae iia,
iiaoi?yth, eaaeaony, a aeeaeaeoea aiaeu ana aieueoaa /enei i?iaeai o
oicyenoaaiieeia e aecianiaiia aoaeao aicieeaoue eiaiii n ?aaioieeaie
aeaiiiai aaaeiinoaa. E iaeeoia ciaoue, aeaau ia caaaeeaaoue aeaeiaaie
i?ieo?i?a, /oi a naiae ?aaioa iie iiaoo i?eiaiyoue iieiiii/ey, iaeii
ia?a/eneaiea eioi?uo caeiao iaiaeoth /anoue aeaiiie noaouee.

Yoio auaiae iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony aua e oai, /oi Oaaea?aeueiay neoaeaa
ana?ueac caeioa?aniaaia a i?eaea/aiee ia?niaeoeaiuo oi anoue aua “ia
au?aaioaaoeo ?ano?n” ia ieeeoeaeneie e eiie i?aaiio?aieoaeueiie ?aaioa
eaae?ao, neeueiuo yeiiiienoia, i?aaiaaaeia-oeeaeeenoia e i?., oi anoue a
nicaeaiee iiuiiai aiia?aoa, eioi?ue canoaaeo ?aaioaoue nicaeaiioth
oeneaeueioth-i?aai io?aieoaeueioth no?oeoo?o a iieioth neeo e a
ninoiyiee aoaeao i?eiaiyoue ana eiathueany a eo ?anii?yaeaiee
aiciiaeiinoe.

Eoae, a niioaaonoaee n o?aiy iniiaiuie aeaeaie aeayoaeueiinoe (ia
n/eoay iaania/aiey nianoaaiiie ?aaiou, oi anoue oece/aneie io?aiu
nio?oaeieeia e ai?ueau n ei??oioeeae a aiia?aoa): iia?aoeaii-?icuneiie,
i?iaa?i/iie e i?iaaaeaieai aeiciaiey ?aaioieee iaeiaiaie iieeoeee iiaoo
eniieueciaaoue i?aaa ia?a/eneaiiua a no. 11 “Caeiia i oaaea?aeueiuo
i?aaiao iaeiaiaie iieeoeee”. Ia?aui caeanue oeacaii i?aai i?aaiia
iaeiaiaie iieeoeee i?iaiaeeoue a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
iia?aoeaii-?icuneiua ia?ii?eyoey n oeaeueth auyaeaiey, i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey
e i?ana/aiey oaeoia nie?uoey aeioiaeia io iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey e oeeiiaiey
io oieaou iaeiaia, aeiciaiea ii eioi?ui ioianaii caeiiii e aaaeaieth
oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, a oaeaea iaania/aiey
nianoaaiiie aaciianiinoe.

Auoa, /eoaoaeue, iu aiai?eee ia iia?aoeaii-?icuneiuo ia?ii?eyoeyo e
oaia?ue, aeoiaaony, ynii, /oi inouanoaeyoue eo iiaoo a iieiii iauaia e
iaeiaiaua iieeoeaeneea.

Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey iiaeao iieueciaaoueny i?e eniieiaiee neoaeaaiuo
iaycaiiinoae i?aaaie, i?aaeinoaaeaiiuie caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
aeieaeiinoiui eeoeai iaeiaiauo i?aaiia e aaaioai aaethoiiai eiio?iey,
inouanoaeyoue a iaiaoiaeeiuo neo/ayo i?iaa?ee iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia (a oii
/enea eiio?ieueiua) iinea i?iaa?ie, i?iaaaeaiiuo aeieaeiinoiuie eeoeaie
i?aaiia Ainoaea?noaaiiie iaeiaiaie neoaeau ?O, a iieiii iauaia n
ninoaaeaieai aeoia ii ?acoeueoaoai yoeo i?iaa?ie.

Iieeoeey iiaeao i?einoaiaaeeaaoue iia?aoeee iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia ii
n/aoai a aaieao e e?aaeeoiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo ia n?ie aei iaeiiai ianyoea a
neo/ayo iai?aaenoaaeaiey aeieoiaioia, naycaiiuo n en/eneaieai e oieaoie
iaeiaia.

Oaeei ia?acii, caeanue, ia iie acaeyae, oeacaii ia aiciiaeiinoue
aeinoaoi/ii yooaeoeaiie naieoeee ca i?ioeaiaeaenoaea iaeiaiaui i?iaa?eai
Ioieo 5 noaouee 11 Caeiia i?aaeinoaaeyao aiciiaeiinoue iieeoeee
aani?aiyonoaaiii aoiaeeoue a ethaua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua, neeaaeneea,
oi?aiaua e eiua iiiauaiey iacaaeneii io oi?i nianoaaiiinoe e ianoa eo
iaoiaeaeaiey, eniieuecoaiua iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie aeey ecaea/aiey
aeioiaeia (i?eauee) e ianeaaeiaaoue eo. Caeiiiui ia?aie/aieai
eiinoeoooeeiiiiai i?aaa ia iai?eeiniiaaiiinoue aeeeeua yaeyaony oi
iieiaeaiea ioieoa 5, /oi i anao neo/ayo i?iieeiiaaiey a aeeeua
iiiauaiey, eniieuecoaiua aeey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie e i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe, i?ioea aiee i?iaeeaathueo a ieo a?aaeaeai, i?aai
iaeiaiaie iieeoeee oaaaeiieyao i?ieo?i?a a oa/aiee 24 /ania n iiiaioa
i?iieeiiaaiey.

Oaeei ia?acii, iaeiaiaie iieeoeee oaeoe/anee i?aaeinoaaeyaony aaeaa ee
ia aieueoea i?aaa, /ai neaaeiaaoaeth ii aicaoaeaeaiiiio e
?anneaaeothuaiony oaieiaiiio aeaeo, eioi?ue iiaeao iiianoue a aeeeeua
a?aaeaeaieia oieueei auiany iinoaiiaeaiea i i?iecaiaenoaa iaunea.

Iaeioi?ay iianiinoue eniieueciaaiey oeacaiiuo oi?ioee?iaie caeeth/aaony
a oii, /oi ionoonoaoao aeeeoaeueiay onoiyaoayny i?aeoeea oieeiaaiey e
i?eiaiaiey yoie ii?iu. Iiyoiio iiieiaoue neiaa “aeeeua iiiauaiey,
eniieuecoaiua aeey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie e i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe” iiaeii aeiaieueii oe?iei. Aaaeue iacaaeneiiai io oiai,
aeai ee eiiia?/aneie i?aaiecaoeee a ea/anoaa th?eaee/aneiai aae?ana
aae?an eaa?oe?u, iieeoeey iiaeao ?aoeoue, /oi a yoii aeeeii iiiauaiee
ana ?aaii eaeei-oi ia?acii i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneay aeayoaeueiinoue
inouanoaeyaony, iai?eia?, ?aaioaao aooaaeoa? /anoiiai i?aaei?eyoey e
o?aieony aeieoiaioaoeey. E oiio aea, ia nianai ynii o?aeoiaea
“eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe”. Aeoiaaony, /oi ii yoiio iiaiaeo e
i?ieo?aoo?a e noae aeieaeiu aoaeoo caiyoue aeieaeioth eiinoeoooeeiiioth
iiceoeeth, aeaau i?e anae iaiaoiaeeiinoe yooaeoeaiinoe yoiai
ia?ii?eyoey, eneeth/eoue i?iecaie.

Iieeoeaeneea iiaoo i?e eniieiaiee neoaeaaiuo iaycaiiinoae i?iaa?youe o
a?aaeaeai e aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe aeieoiaiou, oaeinoiaa?ythuea ee/iinoue,
aucuaaoue n oeaeueth iieo/aiey iauyniaiee, ni?aaie, naaaeaiee a?aaeaeai
?innee, eiino?aiiuo a?aaeaeai e eeoe aac a?aaeaeainoaa ii aii?inai,
ioiinyueiny e eiiiaoaioeee oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia iaeiaiaie iieeoeee.

Iieeoeey ai?aaa aacaiciacaeii iieo/aoue io ieienoa?noa, aaaeiinoa, a
oaeaea i?aaei?eyoee, o/?aaeaeaiee e i?aaiecaoeee iacaaeneii io oi?i
nianoaaiiinoe, oece/aneeo eeoe eioi?iaoeeth, iaiaoiaeeioth aeey
eniieiaiey aiceiaeaiiuo ia i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee iaycaiiinoae, ca
eneeth/aieai neo/aaa, eiaaea caeiiii onoaiiaeai niaoeeaeueiue ii?yaeie
iieo/aiey oaeie eioi?iaoeee (aae?anoai /eoaoaey e oiio ?acaeaeo ?aaiou,
eioi?ue iinayuai aaieianeie e eiiia?/aneie oaeia). Iieo/aiiay iieeoeeae
eioi?iaoeey eniieuecoaony eneeth/eoaeueii a neoaeaaiuo oeaeyo e
?acaeaoaieth ia iiaeeaaeeo.

Caeanue iaaei neacaoue, /oi, eiia/ii, oaeay a aunoae noaiaie
eiioeaeaioeeaeueiay eioi?iaoeey iiaeao i?aaenoaaeyoue aieueoie eioa?an
aeey oao, e eiio iia iiianoue ia aeieaeia e iaeiei ec iano aiciiaeiie
ooa/ee eioi?iaoeee eae ?ac e yayony oa i?aaiecaoeee, eioi?ua aeinoaoi/ii
eaaei (aac aicaoaeaeaiey oaieiaiiai aeaea, ninoaaeaiey aeieoiaioia,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo OIE) iiaoo ath caaeaaeaoue. Aa?iyoii, iiyoiio
aeayoaeueiinoue ii ai?ueaa n ei??oioeeae a naiie nenoaia iieeoeee,
aioo?e yoie nenoaiu auaeaeaia a iniaia iai?aaeaiea. Yoi yaeyaony
ii?aaeaeaiiie aa?aioeae niaethaeaiey o?aaiaaiee i ia?acaeaoaiee
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneeo oaei.

Iaaei neacaoue, /oi ?aaioa ii auyaeaieth ei??oioeeiia?ia a nianoaaiiuo
?yaeao aeoeaii inouanoaeyaony a ONII ?innee. A niioaaonoaee n
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii, cai?auathuei ainoaea?noaaiiui neoaeauei caieiaoueny
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoueth, a i?ioeii aiaeo oi?aaeaieai
nianoaaiiie aaciianiinoe auyaeaii aieaa o?ao nioai oaeeo ia?ooaiee, ec
eioi?uo ieiei 80 niaa?oeee ?aaioieee iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, a inoaeueiua
nio?oaeieee iaeiaiauo i?aaiia. Ana aeiionoeaoea ia?ooaiey iaeiaiaua
iieeoeaeneea oaieaiu.

Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii i?aaeoniio?aiu ia?u iiiu?aiey a?aaeaeai,
nio?oaeie/athueo n iaeiaiaie iieeoeeae. Eeoeo, i?aaeinoaaeaoaio
eioi?iaoeeth i iaeiaiaii i?anooieaiee eee ia?ooaiee, iiaeao auoue
auiea/aii aiciaa?aaeaeaiea a ?acia?a aei 10% io nie?uouo noii iaeiaia,
nai?ia e ae?oaeo iaycaoaeueiuo ieaoaaeae, iinooieaoeo a niioaaonoaothuee
athaeaeao.

Iaaei oeacaoue aua ia aeaa iai?aaeaiey iia?aoeaiie ?aaiou,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo e aeaaea niaoeeaeueii auaeaeaiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeai.
?ac?aoaii i?eaea/aiea a?aaeaeai n eo niaeaney e nio?oaeie/anoao aeey
auyaeaiey oaeoia, oi?i e iaoiaeia niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiee e ia?ooaiee a
iaeanoe iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa. Iii?inoo aiai?y, ?a/ue eaeao i
i?iaaaeaiee aaaioo?iie ?aaiou.

Ii aiciiaeia oaeaea e ?acaaaeea, oi anoue ?aaioa iaeiaiauo “ooe?eeoeaa”
a aeeaeaeoai ie?oaeaiee iaaeia?iniaanoiuo iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia. Ioieo 14
noaouee 11 Caeiia aiai?eo ia yoii eae i i?aaa iieeoeee inouanoaeyoue i?e
iaee/ee aeinoaoi/iuo iniiaaiee aiaae?aiea naieo iia?aoeaiuo nio?oaeieeia
a no?oeoo?u i?aaei?eyoee, o/?aaeaeaiee e i?aaiecaoeee iacaaeneii io oi?i
nianoaaiiinoe a neo/ayo, eiaaea iieo/aiea eiuie niiniaaie iaiaoiaeeiie
eioi?iaoeee i niiniaao nie?uoey io iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey aeioiaeia (i?eauee)
iaaiciiaeii. Oaeia aiaae?aiea i?ienoiaeeo n naieoeee aee?aeoi?a
Oaaea?aeueiie neoaeau eee aai ia?aiai caianoeoaey, /oi i?aaeiieaaaao, a
iauai-oi, aeinoaoi/ii eneeth/eoaeueiui oa?aeoa? yoie ia?u.

Iieeoeey iiaeao eniieueciaaoue a neoaeaaiuo oeaeyo n?aaenoaa nayce e
o?ainii?oiua n?aaenoaa, i?eiaaeeaaeauea i?aaei?eyoeyi, o/?aaeaeaieyi e
i?aaiecaoeeyi iacaaeneii io oi?i nianoaaiiinoe, a a eneeth/eoaeueiuo
neo/ayo – i?eiaaeeaaeauea iauanoaaiiui iauaaeeiaieyi e a?aaeaeaiai.
I?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee aiciauatho ?anoiaeu, iiianaiiua a yoeo neo/ayo
aeaaeaeueoeaie n?aaenoa nayce e o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa, ii o?aaiaaieth
aeaaeaeueoeaa.

Ioieou 11 e 12 noaouee 11, ?aaeaiaioe?othuaa aaeieieno?aoeaiia
i?iecaiaenoai, inouanoaeyaiia iaeiaiaie iieeoeeae, niaea?aeao nnueee e
ia eiua ii?iaoeaiua aeou, eioi?uie neaaeoao ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny
iieeoeaeneei. Caeanue aiai?eony, /oi iieeoeey iiaeao ninoaaeyoue
i?ioieieu ia aaeieieno?aoeaiuo i?aaiia?ooaieyo a i?aaeaeao iieiiii/ee,
i?aaeinoaaeaiiuo ei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii, inouanoaeyoue aaeieieno?aoeaiia
caaea?aeaiea i?eiaiyoue ae?oaea ia?u, i?aaeoniio?aiiua
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ia aaeieieno?aoeaiuo i?aaiia?ooaieyo, a oaeaea
iaeaaaoue aaeieieno?aoeaiue a?ano ia eiouanoai th?eaee/aneeo e
oece/aneeo eeoe n iineaaeothuae ?aaeecaoeeae yoiai eiouanoaa a
onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea a neo/ayo iaauiieiaiey oeacaiiuie eeoeaie
iaycaiiinoae ii oieaoa iaeiaia, nai?ia e ae?oaeo iaycaoaeueiuo ieaoaaeae
aeey iaania/aiey naiaa?aiaiiiai iinooieaiey noii nie?uouo iaeiaia,
nai?ia e ae?oaeo iaycaoaeueiuo ieaoaaeae a niioaaonoaothuee athaeaeao.

Anee aei aeaeaa?y 1995a. iaeiaiaay iieeoeey auea ai?aaa i?iecaiaeeoue
iaiaoiaeeiua ia?aiia/aeueiua neaaenoaaiiua aeaenoaey a neo/ayo e
ii?yaeea, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiui
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii, oi anoue iiaea, aoaeo/e oieueei i?aaiai aeiciaiey
(ii ia neaaenoaey), aicaoaeeoue oaieiaiia aeaei i nie?uoee i?eauee a
iniai e?oiiuo ?acia?ao, a caoai ia?aaeaoue yoi aeaei a i?aaiu aioo?aiieo
aeae, a eiiiaoaioeee nio?oaeieeia eioi?uo iaoiaeeeinue aai
?anneaaeiaaiea, oi n oeacaiiiai a?aiaie ii aeaeai ia?a/eneaiiie auoa
eaoaai?ee iieeoeaeneei ?ac?aoaii i?iaiaeeoue i?aaeaa?eoaeueiia
neaaenoaea naiinoiyoaeueii.

?acoeueoaou aeayoaeueiinoe iaeiaiaie iieeoeee iiaoo au?aaeaoueny ia
oieueei a aicaoaeaeaiee e ?anneaaeiaaiee aeae, auyaeaiee iaeiaiauo
ia?ooaiee e i?eiaiaiee iaeiaiauo naieoeee, ii e iai?aaeaiee
ii?aaeaeaiiuo i?aaeienaiee.

Neaaeoao neacaoue, /oi, aa?iyoii, eiaei au niune aieaa eiie?aoii, ni
nnueeie ia aiciiaeiua naieoeee, eceiaeeoue ioieo 6 n 11 Caeiia, eioi?ue
i?aaeoniao?eaaao i?aai o?aaiaaoue io ?oeiaiaeeoaeae e ae?oaeo
aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe i?aaei?eyoee, o/?aaeaeaiee e i?aaiecaoeee iacaaeneii
io oi?i nianoaaiiinoe, oece/aneeo eeoe ono?aiaiey ia?ooaiee
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i iaeiaao e eiio?iee?iaaoue eo auiieiaiea, a oaeaea
(i. 16) aiineoue a niioaaonoaee n caeiiii a ainoaea?noaaiiua i?aaiu,
aeieaeiinoiui eeoeai i?aaei?eyoee, o/?aaeaeaiee e i?aaiecaoeee
iacaaeneii io oi?i nianoaaiiinoe, a iauanoaaiiua iauaaeeiaiey
iaycaoaeueiua aeey ?anniio?aiey i?aaenoaaeaiey e i?aaeeiaeaiey ia
ono?aiaiee ianoiyoaeuenoa, niinianoaiaaaoeo niaa?oaieth iaeiaiauo
i?anooieaiee e ia?ooaiee.

Iaaa?iia, i?aeoeea iieaeao ii oiio iooe, /oi ia?yaeo n ?aaeecaoeeae
aeaiiiai i?aaa a eaaeaeii neo/aa iaeniieiaiey i?aaeienaiey aoaeoo
i?eiaiyoueny iieiaeaiey i iaeiaiauo naieoeeyo iineieueeo iaauiieiaiea
o?aaiaaiey ia ono?aiaiee ia?ooaiee e iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa
icia/aao, /oi oaeia iaeacoaiia ia?ooaiea i?iaeieaeaao niaa?oaoueny e ii
noa?ui neaaeai aai auyaeoue aeaaea i?iua.

A oeaeii iciaeiieaiea n ia?a/iai i?aa iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, ?aaeecaoeey
eioi?uo e ninoaaeyao nooue eo aeayoaeueiinoe iiiaioeaeaaie
iai?aaeaiiinoe, iiaeoaa?aeaeaao naeaeaiiue auoa auaiae i nicaeaiee
aeiaieueii iiuiiai i?aaiio?aieoaeueiiai aaaeiinoaa, eioi?ia a neeo ia
oieueei oe?ieeo iieiiii/ee, ii e nouanoaa iinoaaeaiiuo ia?aae iei caaea/
a nei?ii a?aiaie niiaeao ieacuaaoue na?ueaciia aicaeaenoaea ia
oicyenoaaiioth, a, auoue iiaeao, e iieeoe/aneoth (eiay aaeaeo auyaeaiea
oaeoia oeeiiaiey io oieaou iaeiaia, ei??oioeee – anee ?anniao?eaaoue,
neaaeai, acyoeo eae aeae nie?uoiai aeioiaea) aeayoaeueiinoue a no?aia.

E oiio aea, ?aaioa ?acee/iuo iiae?acaeaeaiee iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ia
?acaeaeaia aaaeiinoaaiiuie aa?uea?aie: iia?aoeaiua ia?ii?eyoey iiaoo
ni/aoaoueny n i?iaa?i/iuie e caaa?oaoueny eaaaeecaoeeae iaoa?eaeia a
oaieiaiia aeaei. Oae, nianoaaiii, i?ienoiaeeo e a ieeeoeee, iaeiaei
neeueiui naycothuei yoo oeaiue caaiii a iieeoeee neoaeeo i?iaiaeeiay
nianoaaiiuie neeaie iaeiaiaay i?iaa?ea, a iauai-oi iniaia i?iecaiaenoai,
caaa?oathuaany i?eiyoeai no?iaeo ia? “iaeiaiaie ioaaonoaaiiinoe”.

Iaeiaiieaoaeueueeo oaeaea ioaeii ciaoue, /oi a niioaaonoaee ni no. 20
Caeiia ca i?ioeaii?aaiua aeaenoaey nio?oaeieee iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ianoo
onoaiiaeaiioth Caeiia ioaaonoaaiiinoue. A?aae, i?e/eiaiiue a?aaeaeaiai,
i?aaei?eyoeyi, o/?aaeaeaieyi, o/?aaeaeaieyi e i?aaiecaoeeyi
i?ioeaii?aaiuie aeaenoaeyie nio?oaeieea iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, iiaeeaaeeo
aiciauaieth a ii?yaeea, i?aaeoniio?aiiii oaieiaiui e a?aaeaeaineei
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii. Aeaenoaey nio?oaeieea iaeiaiaie iieeoeee iiaoo
auoue iaaeaeiaaiu a?aaeaeaiaie e th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie a auoanoiyuea
i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, i?ieo?aoo?o eee noae.

Caeii i?aaeoniao?eaaao ii?yaeie ?ac?aoaiey nii?ia, naycaiiuo n
?aoaieyie, i?eieiaaiuie i?aaiaie iaeiaiaie iieeoeee i?e i?iaaaeaiee
i?iaa?ie eniieiaiey iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, anee auaiaeu
iieeoeaeneeo i?ioeai?a/ao caeeth/aieyi, naeaeaiiui nio?oaeieeaie
iaeiaiaie neoaeau (e oaeia auaaao!). A niioaaonoaee ni no. 9 Caeiia a
oeaeyo caueou eioa?ania iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia nii?u, aicieeathuea iaaeaeo
oaaea?aeueiuie i?aaiaie iaeiaiaie iieeoeee e iaeiaiauie i?aaiaie ii
?acoeueoaoai eiio?ieueiuo i?iaa?ie th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe,
i?iaaaeaiiuo oaaea?aeueiuie i?aaiaie iieeoeee, ?ac?aoathony auoanoiyueie
i?aaiaie iaeiaiaie iieeoeee e auoanoiyueie iaeiaiauie i?aaiaie.

A neo/aa ?aciiaeanee iaaeaeo oeacaiiuie aaaeiinoaaie ?aoaiea ii
i?aaeiaoo nii?a i?eieiaaony Ieienoa?noaii oeiainia ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee, a i?e ianiaeanee iaeiie ec noi?ii n oeacaiiui ?aoaieai
ieii/aoaeueiia ?aoaiea i?eieiaao Aunoee a?aeo?aaeiue noae ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee, eioi?ue i?eieiaao iaoa?eaeu ii oeacaiiui nii?ai e naiaio
i?iecaiaenoao a ia?aii/a?aaeiii ii?yaeea.

Aeey inouanoaeaiey iaaeci?a ca aeayoaeueiinoueth ONII a Aaia?aeueiie
i?ieo?aoo?a nicaeaiu niaoeeaeueiua iiae?acaeaeaiey. Oae, a /anoiinoe, ca
?anneaaeiaaieai oaieiaiuo aeae iaaece?atho nio?oaeieee iaeiiai ec
ioaeaeia oi?aaeaiey ii iaaeci?o ca ?anneaaeiaaieai i?anooieaiee
Aaii?ieo?aoo?u.

AEaeiao ia aeaenoaey neaaeiaaoaeae i?aaiia iaeiaiaie iieeoeee
ai?iaeneiai, iaeanoiiai o?iaiy neaaeoao iiaeaaaoue niioaaonoaothuaio
i?ieo?i?o. [9, n.35]

2.2. Aiaeec ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia.

A i?aaeuaeouai ?acaeaea aeinoaoi/ii iiae?iaii aue inaauai caeii ?O “I
oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiao iaeiaiaie iieeoeee”, yaeythueeny iniiaie
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe yoie i?aaiecaoeee. Caeanue aea iu ?anniio?ei ?yae
ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia, eioi?ua nio?oaeieee iaeiaiaie iieeoeee iinoiyiii
eniieuecotho a naiae ?aaioa.

Aaconeiaii, ia?aui ec yoiai ?yaea aoaeao oaieiaiue eiaeaen ?O:

Iiaue OE ?O aaaaeai a aeaenoaea n 01 yiaa?y 1997 aiaea. A yoii
aeieoiaioa a ioiioaiee iaeiaiauo i?anooieaiee i?aaeoniio?aiu aeaa
noaouee: 198 “Oeeiiaiea a?aaeaeaieia io oieaou iaeiaia”, 199 ” Oeeiiaiea
io oieaou iaeiaia n i?aaiecaoeee”. Yoio aeae i?anooieaiee ioiineeny e
eaoaai?ee n?aaeiae oyaeanoe [3, n.12].

25.06.98 Ainoaea?noaaiiie aeoiie ?O aue i?eiyo caeii “I aianaiee
eciaiaiee a OE ?O” ?92-OC. Aeaiiui ii?iaoeaiui aeoii ninoaa i?anooieaiey
i?aaeoniio?aiiue no. 199 OE ?O aue ioianai e eaoaai?ee oyaeeeo
i?anooieaiee. Yoi, ianiiiaiii, yaeyaony iieiaeeoaeueiui oaeoii, a oii
ieaia, /oi ?inneeneea caeiiiaeaoaee iaeiiaoe iniciaee, /oi aac
noaaeeueiuo aeaiaaeiuo iaeiaiauo iinooieaiee ainoaea?noai ia iiaeao
ii?iaeueii ooieoeeiie?iaaoue, e niioaaonoaaiii ia?ooeoaeae iaaei aiea
aeanoei iaeacuaaoue.

Caeanue iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi iaoa noaeaaiay nenoaia iinea
oaeanoi/aiey iaeacaiee ca iaeiaiaua i?aaiia?ooaiey noaea i?eaiaa?eaaoue
ia?ooeoaeae ana /aua e eeoaieth naiaiaeu, oioy yoi ei e ia anaaaea
oaeaaony ii ?acee/iui i?e/eiai.

Aeaeaa iaiaoiaeeii ia?aoeoue aieiaiea ia caeii ?NON? “I ieeeoeee”, a
eiie?aoiaa ia ?acaeae 4 “I?eiaiaiea ieeeoeeae oece/aneie neeu,
niaoeeaeueiuo n?aaenoa e iaiano?aeueiiai i?oaeey”. Iaeiaiaie iieeoeee
i?aaeienaii ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny noaoueyie aeaiiiai ?acaeaea, /oi
yaeyaony aiieia iainiiaaiiui, oae eae iia yaeyaony oaeei aea
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiui i?aaiii e aa nio?oaeieee ?aaeueii iiaoo noieeiooueny
n i?ioeaiaeaenoaeai, a oii /enea e n aii?oaeaiiui. [5, n.16]

E iineaaeiee aeieoiaio, eioi?ue iaiaoiaeeii ?anniio?aoue a yoie /anoe –
yoi iiaue Iaeiaiaue Eiaeaen ?O (/anoue 1), eioi?ue anooieo a aeaenoaea n
01 yiaa?y 1999 aiaea. Niaeanii no. 9 oeacaiiiai aeieoiaioa iaeiaiaay
iieeoeey ia yaeyaony o/anoieeii iaeiaiauo ioiioaiee, oaeei ia?acii
caeiiiaeaoaeue aua ?ac iiae/a?eioe i?aaiio?aieoaeueiue oa?aeoa?
aeayoaeueiinoe yoie i?aaiecaoeee. Iaeiaei n ae?oaie noi?iiu i. 2 no. 11
caeiia i iieeoeee aeaao ae ana i?aaa iaeiaiauo i?aaiia, oi anoue e oa,
eioi?ua i?aaeoniio?aiu oeacaiiui Eiaeaenii. A oi aea a?aiy a yoii
ii?iaoeaiii aeoa a no. 36 iienuaathony iieiiii/ey i?aaiia iaeiaiaie
iieeoeee. Aeaiiay noaouey iienuaaao ana oa i?aaa, eioi?ua aeaiu yoie
i?aaiecaoeee ?yaeii eiuo caeiiia, e ie/aai iiaiai ia aeiaaaeyao, ca
eneeth/aieai oiai, /oi i?e auyaeaiee ianoiyoaeuenoa, eioi?ua eanathony
eneeth/eoaeueii iaeiaiauo i?aaiia iaoa?eaeu aeieaeiu auoue iai?aaeaiu a
niioaaonoaothuee iaeiaiaue i?aai a o?aoaeiaaiue i?aaiia.

Iaaa?iia, aia?aua caeiiiaeaoaeueiui aeoii i?aaeoniio?aia
ioaaonoaaiiinoue iaeiaiaie iieeoeee e aa aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe – no. 37
Eiaeaena. A iae iaiaa?eaaaony ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca oauoee, i?e/eiaiiua
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeai aneaaenoaea iai?aaiia?iuo aeaenoaee (aacaeaenoaey).
Ia iao acaeyae yoa ia?a iaiaoiaeeia, a ia neieueei iia aoaeao
aeaenoaaiiie iieaaeao a?aiy.[2, n.18]

A caeeth/aiee iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee a
naiae aeayoaeueiinoe ?oeiaiaenoaothony cia/eoaeueiui /eneii ii?iaoeaiuo
aeoia. ?yae ec ieo i?eaaaeai a i?eeiaeaiee ?1.

2.3. Acaeiiaeaenoaea iaeiaiaie iieeoeee n iaeiaiaie neoaeaie,
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuie e ae?oaeie ainoaea?noaaiiuie i?aaiaie.

Oniaoiia ?aoaiea caaea/, aiceiaeaiiuo caeiiii ia oaaea?aeueiua i?aaiu
iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, iaaiciiaeii aac eo aeaeiaiai nio?oaeie/anoaa n
Ainoaea?noaaiiie iaeiaiaie neoaeaie, Ieienoa?noaii aioo?aiieo aeae,
Oaaea?aeueiie neoaeaie aaciianiinoe, Aaia?aeueiie I?ieo?aoo?ie ?O, eo
iiae?acaeaeaieyie ia ianoao e ae?oaeie ainoaea?noaaiiuie i?aaiaie.
Iaiaoiaeeiinoue eii?aeeiaoeee aeayoaeueiinoe aeaiiuo aaaeiinoa
iaoneiaeaia iaee/eai o ieo ?yaea iaueo caaea/ ii caueoa yeiiiie/aneeo
eioa?ania ainoaea?noaa. Eaaeaeue ec ieo a i?aaeaeao naiae eiiiaoaioeee
niioaaonoaothueie n?aaenoaaie e iaoiaeaie inouanoaeyao nai? iaiaoiaeeiie
eioi?iaoeee i e?eieiiaaiiie neooaoeee a yeiiiieea, i?iaiaeeo aa aiaeec,
oae eee eia/a ?aaae?oao ia auyaeaiiua i?aaiia?ooaiey.

Iaeiaiaua i?anooieaiey, i?e/eiythuea cia/eoaeueiue oua?a ainoaea?noao,
ia?aaeei naycaiu n niaa?oaieai ae?oaeo iinyaaoaeuenoa ia aai
yeiiiie/aneea eioa?anu. Auyaeaiea e aeieoiaioe?iaaiea oeeiiaiey
th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe io oieaou iaeiaia, nai?ia e eiuo
ieaoaaeae, oaeoia ei??oioeee o?aaotho ia oieueei aeoeaiinoe e
i?ioanneiiaeecia ?aaioieeia iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, ii e niaeaenoaey ae?oaeo
ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia. Iauaaeeiaiea oneeee oiiiyioouo neoaea a
ai?ueaa n iaeiaiauie i?aaiia?ooaieyie iicaieyao neiioeaio?e?iaaoue eo
neeu, n?aaenoaa e oaoie/aneea aiciiaeiinoe, ioaaoeoue iieneiaie ?aaioie
aieueoaa /enei iauaeoia, eo/oa eniieueciaaoue aiciiaeiinoe, eaaeaeiai ec
yoeo i?aaiia aeey au yaeaiey e ?aciaea/aiey i?anooiieeia.

Acaeiiaeaenoaea iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue a aeaoo aniaeoao. A oe?ieii niunea
– yoi aeaeiaia nio?oaeie/anoai ianeieueeeo ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia a
iaania/aiee yeiiiie/aneie aaciianiinoe a i?aaeaeao eiie?aoiie
oa??eoi?ee. Oaeia acaeiiaeaenoaea inouanoaeyaony iooai ?ac?aaioee e
i?eiyoey niaianoiuo aeieoiaioia (i?eeacia, eino?oeoeee, eiiieaeniuo e
oeaeaauo i?ia?aii, aeiaiai?ia, niaeaoaiee, ieaiia), eioi?uie
ii?aaeaeythony i?ei?eoaoiua iai?aaeaiey, oi?iu, iaoiaeu, n?iee
niaianoiuo aeaenoaee; i?iaaaeaiey iaaeaaaeiinoaaiiuo niaauaiee,
naieia?ia; inouanoaeaiey niaeaniaaiiuo ia? ii iiauoaieth aeaeiaie
eaaeeoeeaoeee nio?oaeieeia; iaiaia iieiaeeoaeueiui iiuoii ?aaiou;
i?iaaaeaiey niaianoiuo ?aeaeia, i?iaa?ie e o.ae.

Iiae acaeiiaeaenoaeai a oceii niunea iiieiaaony eii?aeeiaoeey aeaenoaee
iaeiaiaie iieeoeee n iaeiaiauie einiaeoeeyie, iiae?acaeaeaieyie i?aaiia
aioo?aiieo aeae, Oaaea?aeueiie neoaeau aaciianiinoe, neaaeiaaoaeai,
i?ieo?i?ii a eiie?aoiuo yieciaeao ai?ueau n yeiiiie/aneeie
i?anooieaieyie, ?ane?uoee iaeiaiauo i?aaiia?ooaiee e ei??oioeee.
Iniiaiuie caaea/aie acaeiiaeaenoaey yaeythony:

– iaania/aiea eiio?iey ca niaethaeaieai iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa,
i?aaeeueiinoueth en/eneaiey, iieiioie e naiaa?aiaiiinoueth aianaiey a
niioaaonoaothuea athaeaeaou iaeiaia, nai?ia e ae?oaeo iaycaoaeueiuo
ieaoaaeae;

– auyaeaiea, ?ane?uoea e ?anneaaeiaaiea iaeiaiauo i?anooieaiee;

– i?eaea/aiea e onoaiiaeaiiie caeiiii ioaaonoaaiiinoe eeoe, niaa?oeaoeo
iaeiaiaua i?anooieaiey e iaania/aiea iieiiai aiciauaiey iaoa?eaeueiiai
oua?aa, i?e/eiaiiiai eie ainoaea?noao;

– ?icune eeoe, niaa?oeaoeo iaeiaiaua i?anooieaiey e ne?uaoeony io
neaaenoaey e noaea;

– i?ioeeaeoeea iaeiaiauo i?aaiia?ooaiee;

– auyaeaiea e i?ana/aiea oaeoia ei??oioeee a iaeiaiauo i?aaiao e
iiae?acaeaeaieyo iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, iaania/aiea aaciianiinoe
aeayoaeueiinoe nio?oaeieeia yoeo neoaea;

– iiauoaiea aeaeiaie eaaeeoeeaoeee eaae?ia.

I?aaiaoth iniiao acaeiiaeaenoaey ninoaaeytho: Caeii “I oaaea?aeueiuo
i?aaiao iaeiaiaie iieeoeee”, oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiue eiaeaen ?innee,
ae?oaea caeiiu. Oeacu I?aceaeaioa ?O, aaaeiinoaaiiua
(iaaeaaaeiinoaaiiua) i?eeacu e eino?oeoeee, a oaeaea iaaeaaaeiinoaaiiua
aeiaiai?u e niaeaoaiey. Oae, a no. 9 Caeiia i?yii oeacaii, /oi
oaaea?aeueiua i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ?aoatho iinoaaeaiiua ia?aae ieie
caaea/e ai acaeiiaeaenoaee n iaeiaiauie e eiuie ainoaea?noaaiiuie
i?aaiaie. No. 10 (i.i. 5, 6) iaycuaatho eo ieacuaaoue niaeaenoaea
iaeiaiaui i?aaiai, i?aaiai aioo?aiieo aeae, i?ieo?aoo?u,
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai neaaenoaey. Oaaea?aeueiie neoaeaa aaciianiinoe e
ae?oaei ainoaea?noaaiiui i?aaiai a auyaeaiee, i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiee e
i?ana/aiee i?anooieaiee e ia?ooaiee a iaeanoe iaeiaiaiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa; eniieiyoue a i?a aeaeao naiai eiiiaoaioeee
ii?aaeaeaiey, iinoaiiaeaiey noaeai, ienueiaiiua ii?o/aiey i?ieo?i?ia,
neaaeiaaoaeae i i?iecaiaenoaa ?icuneiuo e eiuo i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiii
ia?ii?eyoee, ieacuaaoue ei niaeaenoaea a i?iecaiaenoaa ioaeaeueiuo
i?ioeannoaeueiuo aeaenoaee.

A i?ioeanna acaeiiaeaenoaey noi?iiu aeieaeiu enoiaeeoue ec ?yaea iaueo
iieiaeaiee (i?eioeeiia). Aaaeiaeoeie ec ieo yaeythony:

– niioaaonoaea niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe o?aaiaaieyi caeiia e
iiaecaeiiiuo aeoia. Noi?iiu ia iiaoo ?aoaoue caaea/e, cai?auaiiua
niioaaonoaothueie ii?iaoeaiuie aeoaie, au oiaeeoue ca i?aaeaeu naiae
eiiiaoaioeee, eniieueciaaoue oi?iu, n?aaenoaa e iaoiaeu, ia
i?aaeoniio?aiiua caeiiii;

– naiinoiyoaeueiinoue eaaeaeie ec noi?ii a auai?a aeicaieaiiuo caeiiii
n?aaenoa e iaoiaeia aeayoaeueiinoe, a /anoiinoe iia?aoeaii-?icuneiuo, e
iieiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca eo ?acoeueoaou. Acaeiiaeaenoaea ia aeieaeii
i?eaiaeeoue e eiiaiaeiaaieth, a oai aieaa iiaeiaia iaeiiai i?aaia
ae?oaei;

– acaeiiia aeiaa?ea noi?ii i?e no?iaii niaethaeaiee eaaeaeie ec ieo
ainoaea?noaaiiie e neoaeaaiie oaei, ia?acaeaoaiee eiuo naaaeaiee,
io?aiyaiuo caeiiii. Noi?iiu aeieaeiu iaania/eaae, iaiaoiaeeioth
eiioeaeaioeeaeueiinoue, ia aeiioneaoue ?acaeaoaiey naaaeaiee i
niaianoiuo ia?ii?eyoeyo, eniieuecoaiuo neeao e n?aaenoaao, nio?aiyoue e,
a onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea, eniieueciaaoue iieo/aiioth eioi?iaoeeth e
iaoa?eaeu. Ethaoth eioi?iaoeeth, cao?aaeaathuoth eioa?anu ae?oaie
noi?iiu, ia?aaeaaaoue eiui i?aaiecaoeeyi oieueei ii niaeaniaaieth n
iath;

– ieaiiainoue e iai?a?uaiinoue acaeiiaeaenoaey. Noi?iiai oeaeaniia?acii
niaeaniauaaoue ia?niaeoeaiia e oaeouaa ieaie?iaaiea ii eiie?aoiui
iai?aaeaieyi niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe, iauaeoai iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey,
oaieiaiui e iia?aoeaii- ?icuneiui aeaeai;

– aiciacaeiinoue – i?e ieacaiee iiiiue a auiieiaiee iaeioi?uo aeaeia
?aaio (oneoa) o/eouaathony ii?aaeaeaiiua iaoa?eaeueiua cao?aou, eioi?ua
iaiaoiaeeii aicianoeoue noi?iiai, eiiiaine?iaaoue iiianaiiua eie
ecaea?aeee.

Oneiaey, oi?iu e ii?yaeie acaeiiaeaenoaey i?aaiia iaeiaiaie iieeoeee n
Ainoaea?noaaiiie iaeiaiaie neoaeaie ?aaoee?othony Caeiiii ?O “I
oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiao iaeiaiaie iieeoeee”, niaianoiui i?eeacii AeII e
AIN io 14 ia?oa 1994 a. ? 67-3-14/18/77 “Ia i?aaiecaoeee acaeiiaeaenoaey
i?aaiia Ainoaea?noaaiiie iaeiaiaie neoaeau ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e
Oaaea?aeueiie neoaeau iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”, a
oaeaea i?eeiaeaieai e yoiio i?eeaco, ii?aaeaeythuei ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiey
iaeiaiauie i?aaiaie e i?aaiaie iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ia?ii?eyoee ii
eiio?ieth ca niaethaeaieai iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa.

A niioaaonoaee n oeacaiiuie i?aaiauie aeoaie ?oeiaiaeeoaee i?aaiia ONII
e AIN ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee iaycaiu iinoiyiii eii?aeeie?iaaoue
aeaenoaey niioaaonoaothueo neoaea e iiae?acaeaeaiee ii naiaa?aiaiiiio
auyaeaieth e i?ana/aieth ia?ooaiee iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, a
oaeaea ?aoaieth ae?oaeo aii?inia, i?aaenoaaeythueo acaeiiue eioa?an. A
yoeo oeaeyo aeieaeiu nicaeaaaoueny ?aai/ea a?oiiu, i?iaiaeeoueny
?aaoey?iua ano?a/e i?aaenoaaeoaeae caeioa?aniaaiiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee aeey
niaeaniaaiey aeaenoaee, a iaeaieaa aaaeiua i?iaeaiu auiineoueny ia
?anniio?aiea niaianoiuo canaaeaiee eieeaaee.

Iaeiie ec oi?i oaeiai acaeiiaeaenoaey yaeyaony i?iaaaeaiea ieaiiauo
niaianoiuo i?iaa?ie th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe ia i?aaeiao
niaethaeaiey eie iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa. Oaeea i?iaa?ee
inouanoaeythony ia iniiaa niaeaniaaiiuo eaa?oaeueiuo ieaiia eiio?ieueiie
?aaiou. Iaeiaei i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee iiaoo a ethaia a?aiy
ia?aoeoueny a iaeiaiaua einiaeoeee ia ianoao n iioeae?iaaiiui
ienueiaiiui cai?inii i auaeaeaiee iaiaoiaeeiuo niaoeeaeenoia aeey
i?iaaaeaiey niaianoiuo i?iaa?ie.

A oa aea n?iee, a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe, i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ii
iioeae?iaaiiiio cai?ino Ainoaea?noaaiiie iaeiaiaie neoaeau e aa
einiaeoeee aeieaeiu auaeaeyoue naieo nio?oaeieeia aeey i?iaa?ee oaeoia
iaeiaiauo i?aaiia?ooaiee. Yoi iiaeao eiaoue ianoi, a /anoiinoe, eioea
iaeiaiaua i?aaiu iaia?oaeeaatho a aeaenoaeyo aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe
i?aaei?eyoee, o/?aaeaeaiee, i?aaiecaoeee e a?aaeaeai i?eciaee
i?anooieaiey, o?aaothuaai aeiciaiey, a oaeaea i?e iaee/ee
ianoiyoaeuenoa, oa?iaeathueo aaciianiinoe nio?oaeieeia iaeiaiauo
i?aaiia. Iieiua eee oaiaoe/aneea niaianoiua i?iaa?ee iiaoo i?iaiaeeoueny
e ii oeacaieyi auoanoiyueo einoaioeee.

Ii eoiaai niaianoiie i?iaa?ee th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe
ninoaaeyaony aaeeiue aeo, eioi?ue iiaeienuaaaony, n iaeiie noi?iiu,
?aaioieeaie iaeiaiaie einiaeoeee e, i?aaia iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, a n
ae?oaie – ?oeiaiaeeoaeai e aeaaiui aooaaeoa?ii i?iaa?yaiiai
i?aaei?eyoey, o/?aaeaeaiey, i?aaiecaoeee eeai a?aaeaeaieiii,
caieiathueiny i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoueth.

?aoaiea ii ?acoeueoaoai niaianoiie i?iaa?ee i?eieiaaony ?oeiaiaeeoaeai
iaeiaiaiai i?aaia ii niaeaniaaieth n ?oeiaiaenoaii i?aaia iaeiaiaie
iieeoeee.

Anee iaeiaiieaoaeueueee, ia niaeaniua n ?acoeueoaoaie niaianoiuo
i?iaa?ie, iiaeaee eneiaua cayaeaiey a noae, oi i?e eo ?anniio?aiee
i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee e iaeiaiaie neoaeau iaania/eaatho o/anoea
naieo i?aaenoaaeoaeae a noaeaaiuo canaaeaieyo.

Iaeiaiaua einiaeoeee i?e auyaeaiee oaeoia nie?uoey aeioiaeia (i?eauee)
eee eiuo iauaeoia iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey a e?oiiuo e iniai e?oiiuo ?acia?ao
iaycaiu a o?aoaeiaaiue n?ie iai?aaeoue iaiaoiaeeiua iaoa?eaeu a
oa??eoi?eaeueiua i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee aeey i?iaaaeaiey aeiciaiey e
i?eiyoey ?aoaiey ii iei a niioaaonoaee n aeaenoaothuei
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii.

A naith i/a?aaeue i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee iaania/eaatho iaeiaiaua
einiaeoeee eioi?iaoeeae i ane?uouo oaeoao oeeiiaiey io oieaou iaeiaia e
ae?oaeo iaycaoaeueiuo ieaoaaeae.

A oiaea acaeiiaeaenoaey ?oeiaiaeeoaee iaaeo neoaea aeieaeiu
iaiaieaaoueny eioi?iaoeeae ii aii?inai, eanathueiny oi?i e iaoiaeia
oeeiiaiey iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia io iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, oaeoia ei??oioeee e
ae?oaeo i?aaiia?ooaiee, a oaeaea aiaeeoe/aneie eioi?iaoeeae ii
?acoeueoaoai i?iaa?ie e iaoiaee/aneeie ?aeiiaiaeaoeeyie ii iauei
i?iaeaiai aeayoaeueiinoe. A neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe iie i?iaiaeyo
niaianoiua neoaeaaiua ?anneaaeiaaiey ii oaeoai /?acau/aeiuo
i?ienoanoaee, eiioeeeoiuo e yeno?aiaeueiuo neooaoeee a noa?a
iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey.

Aieueoea aiciiaeiinoe caeiaeaiu ai acaeiiaeaenoaee eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
eiiiuethoa?iuo nenoai iaeiaiaie iieeoeee e iaeiaiaie neoaeau. E.
ianoiyuaio a?aiaie i?iaaaeai ?yae yenia?eiaioia e oai?aoe/aneeo
i?i?aaioie, iicaieeaoeo, a /anoiinoe, iiaeoaa?aeeoue aiciiaeiinoue
aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai auyaeaiey i?eciaeia oeeiiaiey io oieaou iaeiaia
(eiathony a aeaeo oneiaey ?innee – ia Caiaaea iiaeiaiua nenoaiu aeaaii
eniieuecothony). N ae?oaie noi?iiu, iaeiieaiea eioi?iaoeee a
eiiiuethoa?iuo nenoaiao iaeiaiauo neoaea ?anoe?yao aiciiaeiinoe aa
eiinie?aoeaiiai iieo/aiey e niaoeeoe/aneie ia?aaioee, e i?eia?o,
neoaeaaie nianoaaiiie aaciianiinoe. Aianoa n oai, eiiiuethoa?ecaoeey
iaeiaiauo einiaeoeee noaaeo ia?aae iiae?acaeaeaieyie iaeiaiaie iieeoeee
?yae iiauo i?iaeai, naycaiiuo n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth iaania/aiey
aaciianiinoe yoeo eiiiuethoa?iuo nenoai. Eae ecaanoii, aiaae?aiea
eiiiuethoa?iuo oaoiieiaee nii?iaiaeaeaaony iiyaeaieai aeiiieieoaeueiuo
eaiaeia ooa/ee eioi?iaoeee, a oaeaea ?yaea niiniaia oiuoeaiiiai eee
iaoiuoeaiiiai aa eneaaeaiey.

Iaeaieueoee i?aeoe/aneee yooaeo io acaeiiaeaenoaey ei oi?iaoeeiiiuo
nenoai aei ianoiyuaai a?aiaie aeinoeaaaony eae i?aaeei ca n/ao
oeaio?aeeciaaiiie ia?aaioee ii niaoeeaeueiui aeai?eoiai a eiiiuethoa?iuo
nenoaiao iaeiaiaie iieeoeee eioi?iaoeee ainiaeiaeiniaeoeee.

Eiiieaeniue aiaeec iaeiaiauo i?aaiia?ooaiee a ianooaaao ?innee iicaieee
nicaeaoue eeanneoeeaoi? niiniaia, oi?i e iaoiaeia eo niaa?oaiey, eioi?ue
aii?oaeaao nio?oaeieeia iaeiaiauo i?aaiia aaeeiui iaoiaeieiae/aneei
iiaeoiaeii a auyaeaiee oaeoia iaeiaiauo i?anooieaiee.

Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey ieacuaaao niaeaenoaea iaeiaiaui i?aaiai ai acuneaiee
a athaeaeao noii iaeiaia e oo?aoiuo naieoeee, aeiia/eneaiiuo a
?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiey i?iaa?ie. A niioaaonoaee n caeiiii iaeiaiaay
iieeoeey iaania/eaaao io?aio iauaeoia iaeiaiauo i?aaiia, ee/ioth
aaciianiinoue nio?oaeieeia i?e eniieiaiee neoaeaaiuo iaycaiiinoae e
/eaiia eo naiae, caueoo i?e eniieiaiee neoaeaaiuo iaycaiiinoae i?e
iaee/ee eioi?iaoeee ia oa?ica eo aeecie e caei?iaueth. Eniieuecothony
aiciiaeiinoe iieeoeee e aeey eco/aiey eaiaeeaeaoia ia ?aaioo a iaeiaiaua
i?aaiu.

Eae oaea ioia/aii, iaeiaiaay iieeoeey eiaao i?aai naiinoiyoaeueii
i?iaiaeeoue eiio?ieueiua i?iaa?ee ioaeaeueiuo th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo
eeoe ii niaethaeaieth eie iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, iaeiaei i
?acoeueoaoao e naieo ?aoaieyo aeieaeia ecaauaoue iaeiaiaua i?aaiu.
Nii?u, aicieeathuea iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie iiae?acaeaeaieyie iieeoeee e
eoiaiauie einiaeoeeyie ii ?acoeueoaoai oaeeo i?iaa?ie, e a ae?oaeo
neo/ayo aeieaeiu ?ac?aoaoueny eo auoanoiyueie i?aaiaie. A neo/aa
?aciiaeanee iaaeaeo ieie nii? ?anniao?eaaaony Ieienoa?noaii oeiainia
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, a i?e ianiaeanee iaeiie ec noi?ii n aai ?aoaieai
aa?aeeeo auiineo Aunoee a?aeo?aaeiue noae ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

Acaeiiaeaenoaea iaeiaiaie iieeoeee n i?aaiaie aioo?aiieo aeae
inouanoaeyaony a niioaaonoaee n niaianoiui i?eeacii IAAe ?O e AIN ?O io
4 naioya?y 1992 a. ? 308/EE-3-90 “I ia?ao ii i?aaiecaoeee
acaeiiaeaenoaey i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae e iaeiaiaie neoaeau a
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiee, i?ana/aiee e ?ane?uoee i?anooieaiee a noa?a
yeiiiieee” n Oaaea?aeueiie neoaeaie aaciianiinoe – ia iniiaa
niaoeeaeueiiai niaeaoaiey, caeeth/aiiiai iaaeaeo ieie. A yoeo
aeieoiaioao i?aaeoniio?aiu neaaeothuea iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey
acaeiiaeaenoaey:

1. Nicaeaiea eii?aeeiaoeeiiiuo ?aai/eo a?oii ec i?aaenoaaeoaeae
caeioa?aniaaiiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee IAAe e ONII ?O. A eo caaea/o aoiaeyo:
ii?aaeaeaiea iaeaieaa ia?niaeoeaiuo iai?aaeaiee niaianoiie ?aaiou;
ieaie?iaaiea ioaeaeueiuo e?oiiuo ia?ii?eyoee, a oii /enea ?aeaeia,
i?iaa?ie; i?aaiecaoeey iao/aiey ee/iiai ninoaaa iiae?acaeaeaiee AYI e
iaeiaiaie iieeoeee i?eaiai e iaoiaeai auyaeaiey e aeieoiaioe?iaaiey
i?anooieaiee a noa?a iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, i?iaaaeaiea
niaianoiuo niaauaiee e naieia?ia; iaiauaiea iiuoa ?aaiou
acaeiiaeaenoaothueo iiae?acaeaeaiee e ?ac?aaioea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii aa
niaa?oainoaiaaieth; iiaeaioiaea e ?annueea a niioaaonoaothuea
iiae?acaeaeaiey aiaeeoe/aneeo iaci?ia, ni?aaie.

2. I?iaaaeaiea ?aaoey?iuo ?aai/eo ano?a/ iia?aoeaiuo ?aaioieeia,
niaoeeaeece?othueony ia ?ane?uoee yeiiiie/aneeo i?anooieaiee a io?aneyo
e ia iauaeoao ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa, aeey eii?aeeiaoeee oneeee ii
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaieth, i?ana/aieth i?ioeaii?aaiie aeayoaeueiinoe e
?ane?uoeth i?anooieaiee. A oiaea oaeeo ano?a/ onoaiaaeeaathony ee/iua
eiioaeou iaaeaeo iia?aoeaiuie ?aaioieeaie ?anniao?eaaaiuo aaaeiinoa,
inouanoaeyaony acaeiiia eiinoeueoe?iaaiea ii aii?inai, aoiaeyuei a
eiiiaoaioeeth eaaeaeiai ec ieo; aiaeece?oaony e?eieiiaaiiay ianoaiiaea
ia ianeoaeeaaaiie oa??eoi?ee, eiie?aoiii iauaeoa; ooi/iythony i?aaa,
iaycaiiinoe e iia?aoeaiua aiciiaeiinoe noi?ii, ianoaeaeathony e ae?oaea
aii?inu a i?aaeaeao eiiiaoaioeee.

3. Iaiai eioi?iaoeeae, i?aaenoaaeythuae eioa?an aeey acaeiiaeaenoaothueo
noi?ii, i?aaiecoaony ia ieaiiaie iniiaa eeai ii ia?a iaiaoiaeeiinoe. A
caaeneiinoe io oa?aeoa?a e niaea?aeaiey eioi?iaoeee ii inouanoaeyaony a
ienueiaiiie eee onoiie oi?ia, ii cai?ino eiiiaoaioiiai i?aaia eee ii
eieoeeaoeaa iaeiie ec noi?ii ia o?iaia ?oeiaiaenoaa i?aaia eee
iaiin?aaenoaaiii iaaeaeo nio?oaeieeaie. Acaeiiaeaenoaea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
nenoai ONII, n iaeiie noi?iiu, e IAAe e ONA – n ae?oaie, eiaao oeaeueth
iaiai iia?aoeaiie eioi?iaoeeae i oaeoao oeeiiaiey io iaeiaia
th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe, a oii /enea iooai aa?oa?iuo e eiuo
naeaeie ii i?eia?aoaieth e nauoo nu?uey, iaoa?eaeia e aioiaie
i?iaeoeoeee. Aaaeai oaeaea iaiai eioi?iaoeeae i iiauo niiniaao
niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiee, iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo oi?iao e iaoiaeao ?aaiou
ioa/anoaaiiuo e ca?oaaaeiuo i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia, naaaeaieyie i
eeoeao, i?aaenoaaeythueo iia?aoeaiue eioa?an. Oaaea?aeueiay neoaeaa
iaeiaiaie iieeoeee e aa iiae?acaeaeaiey eioi?ie?otho i?aaiu aioo?aiieo
aeae e ONA. i ninoiyiee e?eieiiaaiiie ianoaiiaee ii eeiee naiae
aeayoaeueiinoe. I?aaiu aioo?aiieo aeae e aaciianiinoe oiaea eioi?ie?otho
iaeiaiaoth iieeoeeth i noaaoeo ecaanoiuie ei oaeoao ia?ooaiee iaeiaiaiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa eiie?aoiuie th?eaee/aneeie e oece/aneeie eeoeaie, i
i?anooiiuo iaia?aieyo ioaeaeueiuo eeoe a ioiioaiee iauaeoia e
nio?oaeieeia Ainiaeianeoaeau e iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, e o.i.

4. I?iaaaeaiea, iaeiaiaie iieeoeeae e aiia?aoaie AYI i?aaiia aioo?aiieo
aeae niaianoiuo iia?aoeaiuo i?iaa?ie e ?aeaeia eiaao oeaeueth auyaeaiea
iacaeiiiuo iia?aoeee, inouanoaeyaiuo a e?aaeeoii-oeiainiauo e eiuo
o/?aaeaeaieyo, i?aaei?eyoeyo e i?aaiecaoeeyo. Eae iieacuaaao i?aeoeea,
oaeea niaianoiua i?iaa?ee e ?aeaeu i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae e iaeiaiaie
iieeoeee aeatho iuooeiua ?acoeueoaou, anee iie ca?aiaa ouaoaeueii
iiaeaioiaeaiu: /aoei ii?aaeaeaiu oeaee e caaea/e, ?ac?aaioaiu
niioaaonoaothuea iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee; ?ani?aaeaeaiu ?iee
acaeiiaeaenoaothueo noi?ii, i?ieino?oeoe?iaaiu o/anoieee i?iaa?ee,
?aeaea; niaethaeaiu ia?u, iaania/eaathuea nio?aiaiea oaeiu ioiineoaeueii
naiie iia?aoeee, a?aiaie e ianoa aa i?iaaaeaiey.

5. Iaiaoiaeeiinoue acaeiiie iiiiue a inouanoaeaiee iia?aoeaii-?icuneiuo
ia? e neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee, i?aaiia iaeiaiaie iieeoeee, aioo?aiieo
aeae e aaciianiinoe aicieeaao a oiaea: eco/aiey eeoe, i?aaenoaaeythueo
iia?aoeaiue eioa?an, iieneiaie ?aaiou ii auyaeaieth yeiiiie/aneeo
i?anooieaiee, aeieoiaioe?iaaiey i?anooiiuo aeaenoaee ?ac?aaaouaaaiuo,
?aaeecaoeee aeae iia?aoeaiiai o/aoa, ia?ai?iaa?ee iia?aoeaiie
eioi?iaoeee, iia?aoeaiiai nii?iaiaeaeaiey aicaoaeaeaiiiai oaieiaiiai
aeaea, inouanoaeaiey eiie?aoiie iia?aoeaiie eiiaeiaoeee e a iaeioi?uo
ae?oaeo neo/ayo. I?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ieacuaatho niaeaenoaea a
iaia?oaeaiee e ecuyoee oeiainiauo eee eiuo aeieoiaioia i?e iaee/ee
iino1uiueeniey i i?iecaiaenoaa iaunea eee auaiee, a i?iaaaeaiee
oeiainiai-aooaaeoa?neeo enneaaeiaaiee ii iaoa?eaeai, iieo/aiiui i?aaiaie
aioo?aiieo aeae a i?ioeanna iia?aoeaii-?icuneiie aeayoaeueiinoe e
?anneaaeiaaiey i?anooieaiee, a ii?yaeea auiieiaiey a niioaaonoaee n /.4
no.127 OIE. ?NON? ii?o/aiey neaaeiaaoaey i i?iecaiaenoaa ?icuneiuo e
neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee. I?aaiu aioo?aiieo aeae e aaciianiinoe i?iaiaeyo
e?eieiaeenoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey e yenia?oecu ii iaoa?eaeai e oaieiaiui
aeaeai ia yeiiiie/aneeo i?anooieaieyo.

6. Inouanoaeaiea niaianoiuo ia?, ii ono?aiaieth ianoiyoaeuenoa,
niinianoaothueo niaa?oaieth iaeiaiauo i?anooieaiee. Onoaiiaeaiea oaeeo
ianoiyoaeuenoa aiciiaeii a oiaea ?an neaaeiaaiey eiie?aoiuo oaieiaiuo
aeae; i?iaaaeaiey niaianoiuo eee ?acaeaeueiuo ?aeaeia e i?iaa?ie; ec
iaiauaiey e aiaeeca i?aeoeee ai?ueau n i?anooieaieyie e i?aaiia?ooaieyie
a iaeanoe iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa; ec eioi?iaoeee
acaeiiaeaenoaothueo i?aaiia.

7. Niaeaenoaea i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae, ONA, iaeiaiaie iieeoeee iiaeao
au?aaeaoueny a iiaeai?a e eco/aiee eaiaeeaeaoia aeey neoaeau a
iiae?acaeaeaieyo iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ia iniiaa eiathueony o ieo
iia?aoeaiuo o/aoia. ONA ieacuaaao iaoiaee/aneoth e eiinoeueoaoeeiiioth
iiiiuue a ?ac?aaioea ia?ii?eyoee ii caueoa iauaeoia ONII. A iaiaoiaeeiuo
neo/ayo aiia?aou ONA i?aaeinoaaeytho ?aaeueioth iiiiuue i?e nicaeaiee e
eniieueciaaiee e?eieiaeenoe/aneeo o/aoia, ?aoaiee aii?inia
nioeeaeueii-auoiaiai e iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneiai iaania/aiey e
ianeoaeeaaiey i?aaiia iaeiaiaie iieeoeee e o.ae.

A naiae aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiu iaeiaiaie iieeoeee acaeiiaeaenoaotho
oaeaea ni Neoaeaie aiaoiae ?acaaaeee, eiieoaoaie ii oi?aaeaieth
ainoaea?noaaiiui eiouanoaii, oaiiaeaiiuie e ae?oaeie ainoaea?noaaiiuie
i?aaiaie.

Ii?yaeie, oi?iu e oneiaey acaeiiaeaenoaey Aeaia?oaiaioa iaeiaiaie
iieeoeee n Ainoaea?noaaiiui eiieoaoii ?O ii oi?aaeaieth ainoaea?noaaiiui
eiouanoaii ii?aaeaeyaony Niaeaoaieai, caeeth/aiiui 26 yiaa?y 1994 a.
iaaeaeo aeaiiuie aaaeiinoaaie.

A i?ioeanna acaeiiaeaenoaey n oaiiaeaiiuie i?aaiaie iaeiaiaay iieeoeey
iiaeao iieo/eoue eioi?iaoeeth:

– i oaeoao caieaeaiey eee nie?uoey th?eaee/aneeie e oece/aneeie eeoeaie
oaiiaeaiiie noieiinoe oiaa?ia, iiaeeaaeaueo iaeiaeaieth iaeiaii ia
aeiaaaeaiioth noieiinoue (IAeN) e aeoeecaie;

– i th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoeao, inouanoaeythueo
aiaoiayeiiiie/aneoth aeayoaeueiinoue n ia?ooaieai oaiiaeaiiuo i?aaee e
i?aaee ?aaeno?aoeee a Ainoaea?noaaiiie iaeiaiaie neoaeaa;

– i iiaeic?eoaeueiuo oaeoao iai?aaeaiey iaoa?eaeueiuo e ae?oaeo
oeaiiinoae a aae?an eiie?aoiuo th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe, a oaeaea
i neo/ayo ia?ooaiey caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i?e ia?aaae?aniaaiee
iaoa?eaeueiuo e ae?oaeo oeaiiinoae;

– i aaica (auaica) oeaiiuo aoiaa, e?oiiuo iaee/iuo noii (a oii /enea e a
aaethoa), a oaeaea i nie?uoee oeiainiauo aeieoiaioia, oa?aeoa?ecothueo
aeayoaeueiinoue th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe;

– i iaiaeiie?aoiii aaica oece/aneeie eeoeaie aaoiiiaeeae e ae?oaeo
i?aaeiaoia iiauoaiiiai ni?ina. [6, n.323]

3. Iaoa?eaeu i?aeoeee.

3.1. O “ni?ooa” aeeeiiua ?oee, ii eo anoue, eiio ?oaeoue.

N ia/aea 1998 aiaea iia?aoeaiuie iiae?acaeaeaieyie OONII ii Oaaa?ianeiio
e?ath aianoa n ae?oaeie neeiauie aaaeiinoaaie auei i?iaa?aii aieaa 270
eiiia?/aneeo no?oeoo?, caieiathueony iai?ioii aeeiaiey.

Ane?uoi ieiei 300 i?aaiia?ooaiee, ec iai?ioa auaaaeaii nauoa 100 ouny/
aooueie ?ac ee/iuo aeeiaieueiuo no??iaaoia ia oieueei ianoiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa, ii oaeaea aeinoaaeaiiuo ia Aeaeueiee Ainoie n oa??eoi?ee
Iineianeie, Eaieia?aaeneie iaeanoae. Naaa?i-Eaaeacneiai ?aaeiia,
Iieaeaaee, Oe?aeiu, EI?.

I?e/ai neooaoeee ii?ie ano?a/athony naiua iaiaeeaeaiiua. Iai?eia?, iaeia
/anoiia eeoei caeeth/eei aeiaiai? a?aiaeu neeaaeneeo iiiauaiee
aaoi?aicaaiaea a e?aaaii oeaio?a. Ooaea caaiceony aieueoay ia?oey
“Aiaeee ?onneie”, ia eiathuae aeoeeciuo ia?ie, e /a?ac aeeniao/a?ia
caaiaea inouanoaeyaony aa ?aaeecaoeey.

Ianna ?acee/iiai ?iaea ia?ooaiee auyaeaia a i?ioeanna ?aeaeiauo
i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee ii /anoiui oi?aiaui oi/eai E?aniioeioneiai
?aeiia, a 000 “I-Oi?a”, OII “Oaeoi?”, *I “?aniooei”, ia oa??eoi?eyo IOI
“Iioiaue ?uiie”, AI “Aee” e iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai oi?aiai-aunoaai/iiai
oeaio?a.

Nauoa o?ao ouny/ yueeia aca?aaeaeaeaineiai eiiueyea aanueia
niiieoaeueiiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey, ii n iyoecaacaei/iuie yoeeaoeaie auei
ecuyoi ec iacaeiiiiai iai?ioa a oiaea niaianoiuo ia?ii?eyoee,
i?iaaaeaiiuo a Oaaa?ianea iia?aoeaieeaie iaeiaiaie iieeoeee e
Aeaeueiaainoi/iiai ?OII. Iauay noieiinoue eiioeneiaaiiie ia?oee
aeeiaiey, i?eiaaeeaaeaaoae /anoiiio i?aaei?eieiaoaeth A. Iaaeaeaoiao ec
Aeaaiaauainea, i?aauneea 2,7 ieeeeiia ?oaeae. Eioa?anai e oio oaeo, /oi
iiiauaiea iiae ioaaonoaaiiia o?aiaiea caeuey auei i?aaeinoaaeaii
aee?aeoeeae Aeaeueiaainoi/iiai iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai oi?aiai-aunoaai/iiai
oeaio?a.

Yoi aeaeaei ia ia?aia niaianoiia aeaei iaeiaiauo iieeoeaeneeo e
iia?aoeaieeia ?OIIa. Eie auee ane?uou ia?ooaiey caeiia i
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe, ?ane?uou ?yae caeaciuo oaeenoa,
niaa?oaiiuo ia oa??eoi?ee Oaaa?ianeiai e?ay e ninaaeiae Aio?neie
iaeanoe, i?ana/aiu ae?oaea aeaeu i?ioeaii?aaiie aeayoaeueiinoe
ioaeaeueiuo i?aaei?eieiaoaeae.

A ianoa o?aiaiey ecuyoiai aeeiaiey oaea aeinoaaeaii ?acee/iie
i?iaeoeoeee ia ianeieueei ieeeeiiia ?oaeae, iaia?oaeaiiie a i?ioeanna
niaianoiuo ia?ii?eyoee iia?aoeaieeia iaeiaiaie iieeoeee e eieeaa ec ?OII
OAAe ia o?ainii?oa, oa??eoi?eaeueiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee OAAe Oaaa?ianeiai
e?ay. [11, n. 8]

3.2. Ioaeaeaeenue eaaeei enioaii.

A iiiaieeeie ianna 000, OII, E*I, II aieiaiea nio?oaeieeia iaeiaiaie
iieeoeee i?eaeaeea aeayoaeueiinoue ainoaea?noaaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey
“Eiinoaioa-93”, ?oeiaiaeeoaeai eioi?iai yaeyeny TH. Aeaeaaaou?ia.

I?aaei?eyoea ia ia?aue acaeyae auaeyaeaei aiieia ?aniaeoaaaeueiui,
eiathuei noaaeeueiua aeioiaeu io ?ac?aaioee eiiiuethoa?iuo i?ia?aii e
iniauaiey i?aoaoieeie ?yaea no?oeoo?iuo iiae?acaeaeaiee ieienoa?noaa
nioeeaeueiie caueou ianaeaiey ?anioaeeee Aaeuaay (INCI). A
iaiaoiaeeiinoe nouanoaiaaiey oaeiai i?aaei?eyoey ieeoi ia niiiaaaeny.

E ana au oi?ioi, anee au ?oeiaiaenoai i?aaei?eyoey a eeoea Aeaeaaaou?iaa
e aeaaiiai aooaaeoa?a E. Eeueiaie ia ia/aei eaii?e?iaaoue iaeiaiaia
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai, anooiea iaaeaeo niaie a i?aaeaa?eoaeueiue naiai? n
oeaeueth nie?uoey i?eauee.

Eaoii 1996 aiaea auea i?iaaaeaia niaianoiay aeieoiaioaeueiay i?iaa?ea AI
“Eiinoaioa-93” nio?oaeieeaie OONII e ainiaeiaeiniaeoeee ii a. Iaeeiio.
Auynieeinue, /oi AI oiuoeaiii ia oeacuaaei iinooiathuea n?aaenoaa io
INCI ca auiieiaiioth ?aaioo a aeieoiaioao aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe eae
iieo/aiioth i?eaueue io auiieiaiiuo ?aaio, oai naiui nie?ua io
ainoaea?noaa i?eaueue a noiia ii/oe 122 ieeeeiiia ?oaeae (ii oeaiai 1997
aiaea).

Aooaaeoa?neea io/aou, io/aou i oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoao, ?an/aou iaeiaia
io oaeoe/aneie i?eauee, iai?aaeyaiua a AIE, iieiinoueth ?anoiaeeeenue n
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth. A ieo oeacuaaeenue eiaeiua naaaeaiey ia
ionoonoaee i?eauee ia i?aaei?eyoee. I?iua aiai?y, ?oeiaiaenoai
i?aaei?eyoey niaa?oeei neoaeaaiue iiaeeia.

Iaeiae n nie?uouo iauaeoia iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ninoaaeee aieaa 137
ieeeeiiia ?oaeae, /oi i?aauneei 500-e?aoiue ieieiaeueiue ?acia? iieaou
o?oaea.

A iaoa?eaeao aeaea eiaaony yieciae, naycaiiue n aiaoiayeiiiie/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoueth AI “Eiinoaioa-93” Oae, a iaa 1994 aiaea i?aae i?eyoeai
aue caeeth/ai onoiue aeiaiai? n oo?aoeeie oe?iie “EKIZGELI” ia iinoaaeo
oaa?aeuo ii?iae ae?aaaneiu. I?aaenoaaeoaeai oe?iu a ea/anoaa i?aaeiieaou
auei ia?aaeaii ee/ii Aeaeaaaou?iao 41137 aeieea?ia NOA. Oaeo iieo/aiey
aaethou /a?ac oiieiiii/aiiue aaie eee ae?oaea enoi/ieee aeieoiaioaeueii
ia iiaeoaa?aeeeny .aea e caeeth/aiiiai eiio?aeoa o AI n oo?aoeeie oe?iie
ia auei. 9500 aeieea?ia aee?aeoi? i?ieiiaa?oe?iaae, a inoaoie a noiia
31637 aeieea?ia aeieoiaioaeueiiai io?aaeaiey a aooaaeoa?neeo aeieoiaioao
i ca/eneaiee ia n/ao i?aaei?eyoey aiiaua ia iaoae. Iie aiacaiii(!)
iiyaeeenue oieueei /a?ac aeaa ianyoea.

I?aaei?eyoeai auee ia?ooaiu i. 1 no. 5 Caeiia ?O “I aaethoiii
?aaoee?iaaiee e aaethoiii eiio?iea”, aaea neacaii, /oi “eiino?aiiay
aaethoa, iieo/aaiay i?aaei?eyoeyie-?aceaeaioaie, iiaeeaaeeo
iaycaoaeueiiio ca/eneaieth ia n/aoa a oiieiiii/aiiuo aaieao, anee eiia
ia onoaiiaeaii Oeaio?aeueiui aaieii ?O”. ?ac?aoaiey (eeoeaicee) OeA ?O
ia inouanoaeaiea oaeiai ?iaea iia?aoeee AI “Eiinoaioa-93” ia eiaei.

Oaeei ia?acii, ia iniiaaiee i. 4 noaouee 2 Caeiia “I aaethoiii
?aaoee?iaaiee…” naeaeea i?aaei?eyoey n oo?aoeeie oe?iie yaeyeanue
iaaeaenoaeoaeueiie. Yoi auei iiaeoaa?aeaeaii aeoii io 12 aaaonoa 1996
aiaea Oaaea?aeueiie neoaeau ?innee ii aaethoiiio e yenii?oiiio
eiio?ieth.

THaeiue ?aaeiiaeueiue oeaio? ii aaethoiiio e yenii?oiiio eiio?ieth ?O
onoaiiaee, /oi AI ” Eiinoaioa-93″ ia?ooeei noaouee 2-8 Caeiia ?O “I
aaethoiii ?aaoee?iaaiee…”, e iinoaiiaee acuneaoue n AI a aeioiae
ainoaea?noaa noiio 9500 aeieea?ia NOA.

Iinea i?aaeuyaeaiey iaaeiaiey aee?aeoi? AI “Eiinoaioa-93” Aeaeaaaou?ia
aeiiaiui naay ia i?eciae.

Aeaaiue aooaaeoa? Eeueiaa naith aeio oiaea io?eoeaea.

Oi/eo a aeayoaeueiinoe ?oeiaiaenoaa AI “Eiinoaioa-93” iinoaaee
Iaeeiineee ai?iaeneie noae, eioi?ue i?eciae TH. Aeaeaaaou?iaa e E.
Eeueiao aeiiaiuie a niaeayiiii e iacia/ee ei iaeacaiea a aeaea aeaoo eao
eeoaiey i?aaa ia caiyoea aeieaeiinoae, naycaiiuo n iaoa?eaeueiie
ioaaonoaaiiinoueth, a oaeaea i?eaiai?ee e eni?aaeoaeueiui ?aaioai ii
ianoo ?aaiou n?ieii ia 1 aiae n oaea?aeaieai 20 i?ioeaioia ca?aaioea
aaeaiany/ii a aeioiae ainoaea?noaa. Iineaaeiyy aiienoey inaiaiaeeea
iiaenoaeeiuo io ioauoey iaeacaiey ii i?eaiai?o. Eae aiai?eony,
ioaeaeaeenue eaaeei enioaii. [12, n.5]

3.3. Aeaei i ieeeea?aea.

Niaoeeaeecaoeey Eioea?-Ieeineie oe?iu “?inoie-I” – iia?aoeee n
i?iaeoeoeeae i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oaoie/aneiai iacia/aiey. Ie/aai, eacaeinue
au, iaiau/iiai, aecian eae aecian. Anee au ia iaeei oo?eo: iinoiyiiia
i?aiaa?aaeaiea oe?iie caeiiii, /oi, ?acoiaaony, e i?eaeaeei e
i?aaei?eieiaoaeyi aieiaiea iaeiaiaie iieeoeee.

A “aeoeaa” oe?iu iaia?oaeeeenue i?aethaiiuoiaeoea naeaeee. Oae, a
oa/aiea 1994-1995 aa. iiae ?oeiaiaenoaii aee?aeoi?a OII “?inoie-I”
Aaaaiey Aeaenaiae?iae/a i?aaei?eyoea iieo/aei eaaaeueioth i?iaeoeoeeth
io i?aaei?eyoee-ecaioiaeoaeae AI “*oaaoeaaaeue” a. *aaiena?u, AICO
“Aa?ieaaaeue” i. Eiiniiieueneee *oaaoneie ?anioaeeee, OII
“Yeaeo?ieaaaeue” a. Eieue/oaeii Aeaaeeie?neie iaeanoe, AI “Yia?ai?aiiio”
a. Eioea?-Ieu. Caeoiea eaaaey i?iecaiaeeeanue iooai iaee/ii-aaciaee/iiai
?an/aoa, a oaeaea a n/ao acaeiica/aoa ca “?inoie-I” ae?oaeie
i?aaei?eyoeyie. Ca ia?eiae 1994-1995 aa. oe?iie “?inoie-I” i?eia?aoaii
eaaaey ia iauoth noiio ii/oe 490 ieeeeiiia ?oaeae (caeanue e aeaeaa
noiiu oeacaiu a noa?uo ?oaeyo).

A 1995 aiaeo Aeaenaiae?iae/ e ?oeiaiaenoao AI Iaoaeeoeieiio?aeo” a.
Iineau ia ioionea ieanoeea AAN ia?ee “Iaaioi AeAI”, aa?aioe?oy iieaoo.
Eae aiai?eony, i?inyuaio aicaeanony. Ioionoeee aio ieanoee, i?aaaea, ia
oie ia?ee. Ii a aai aeaea yoi iniaie ?iee ia ea?aei. Niaeanii n/aoo io
15 ethiy 1995 a. oe?iie “?inoie-I” aue iieo/ai ieanoee AAN ia?ee
“Eoeieae” a eiee/anoaa 40 oiii ia noiio 478 ieeeeiiia ?oaeae. 14 iiya?y
oiai aea aiaea AI Iaoaeeoeieiio?aeo” iiyoue ioa?ocee ieanoee AAN ia?ee
“Iaaioi-3404” a eiee/anoaa 29,95 oiiiu ia ii/oe oo aea noiio. Ca
iieo/aiioth i?iaeoeoeeth, eae e aeiaiaa?eaaeenue, OII “?inoie-I”
?ann/eoaeinue iieiinoueth.

Iaeiia?aiaiii inouanoaeyeanue caeoieo ?oeaaa iaii?iiai a AI
“?aceiioaoieea” a. Na?ainea. A aae?an oe?iu “?inoie-I” ioa?oceee yoie
i?iaeoeoeee a eiee/anoaa 1288,4 eeeiiao?a ia noiio aieaa 28,3 ieeeea?aea
?oaeae. Oaeiai iauaia ?oeaaa iaii?iiai oaaoeei au eae ?ac aei
Oeieyiaeee. A oai, aeyaeeoue, ia/aee au ia?aea/eaaoue aiaeo n oeineeo
ica? a ia?aeneoth Eieoaao, /ai aua ?ac iiaeoaa?aeeee au ae?oaeao iaaeaeo
oeiii-oai?neeie ia?iaeaie.

?aciiiue aii?in: eoaea aea iiaei eniieueciaaoue oiaa?euanoai, ia
i?iecaiaeyuaa ieeaeie i?iaeoeoeee, eaaaeue, ieanoee aea ?oeaa iaii?iue a
oaeii aieueoii eiee/anoaa? Ia niae?aeenue aea eo ia naiii aeaea oyiooue
aei a?aoneeo oeiii-oai?neeo ia?iaeia, neaaeai, aei aainia a
Eaieia?aaeneoth iaeanoue? Iiyniei. Any i?iaeoeoeey io eiaie OII
“?inoie-I” iinoaaeyeanue AI “Oeueyiianeee aaoiiiaeeueiue caaiae” e
i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oaoiieiae/aneie oe?ia “Aanoa” a. Ee?iaa –
i?iecaiaeeoaeth noe?aeueiuo iaoei.

A /anoiinoe, a 1994 aiaeo ii oeacaieth aee?aeoi?a oiaa?euanoaa
“?inoie-I” i?aaei?eyoea ioa?oceei eaaaeueioth i?iaeoeoeeth aeoeeiia?iiio
iauanoao “OAC” ia noiio aieaa 115 ieeeeiiia ?oaeae. Ca iinoaaeaiiue
eaaaeue AI “Oeueyiianeee aaoiiiaeeueiue caaiae” i?iecaaei iieaoo
aaciaee/iui iooai. Oe?ia oaeaea auea ioa?oaeaia i?iaeoeoeey
i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oaoie/aneiai iacia/aiey ia noiio ii/oe 918 ieeeeiiia
?oaeae e a 1995 aiaeo ia noiio aieaa 5 ieeeea?aeia.

A naith i/a?aaeue i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oaoiieiae/aneay oe?ia “Aanoa” a iaiai
ia naeaiioth i?iaeoeoeeth i?aaei?eyoeth “?inoie-I” a ea/anoaa iieaou ca
eaaaeue, ieanoee e ?oeaa iaii?iue ioionoeea noe?aeueiua iaoeiu
“Ayoea-aaoiiao” ?acee/iie iiaeeoeeaoeee ia noiio nauoa 61 ieeeea?aea
?oaeae. Iieo/aiiua noe?aeueiua iaoeiu oe?ia “?inoie-I” ?aaeeciaaea
oiaa?euanoao n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth oi?aiaiio aeiio “Yneii”
(a. Iiaineae?ne) a eiee/anoaa 192 oooe ia noiio ii/oe 350 ieeeeiiia
?oaeae. Ca ioa?oaeaiioth i?iaeoeoeeth OII OAe “Yneii” iieaoo i?iecaaei
iieiinoueth. A ia?eiae n ia?oa ii ethiue 1995 a. /anoiiio
i?aaei?eieiaoaeth A. Aeiiieio, i?iaeeaathuaio a a. Ee?iaa, auei ioiouaii
ia ?aaeecaoeeth 230 oooe noe?aeueiuo iaoei. Niaeanii i?eoiaeiui eanniaui
i?aea?ai, Aeiiiei oaeaea iieiinoueth i?iecaae ?an/ao n “?inoie-I”.

Eae aeaeei, a ?acoeueoaoa naeaeie ii caeoiea e ?aaeecaoeee ?acee/iie
i?iaeoeoeee oe?iie “?inoie-I” auea iieo/aia ia?iiiay i?eaueue. Ii
?oeiaiaeeoaeue oe?iu aaeeeiaeooii i?inoee ana aeieae naie ainoaea?noao,
iuoaynue nie?uoue io iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey aieueooth /anoue iaaeeoiai.

Iaeiaiaua iieeoeaeneea auynieee, /oi a 1994 aiaeo “?inoie-I” iieo/eei
au?o/eo io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee a ?acia?a ii/oe 700 ieeeeiiia ?oaeae,
a oiaa?iiai?io ninoaaee ii/oe 2 ieeeea?aea ?oaeae. Iaeiaei a io/aoa i
oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoao e eo eniieueciaaiee OII ca 1994 aiae,
ninoaaeaiiii aooaaeoa?ii i?aaei?eyoey I. ?iaiaeeineie ia iniiaaiee
ia?ae/iuo aeieoiaioia, oeeo?u auee nianai eiua: 22,7 e 187 ieeeeiiia
niioaaonoaaiii. ?acieoea a noiiao iiiyoia e ia?aieeannieeo. Iaeiaei
Aeaenaiae?iae/ iiaeienae io/ao, /oi iacuaaaony, ia ii?aioa. A aooaaeoa?
i?aaenoaaeea aai a ainiaeiaeiniaeoeeth ii a. Eioea?-Iea.

Iiaeiaiui aea iaoiaeii auea naeaia aeaeea?aoeey i aeioiaeao a
ainiaeiaeiniaeoeeth ca 1995 a.

Ii, eae aiai?eeinue auoa, oe?ia oaea iiiaea a iiea c?aiey iieeoeee. Auei
aicaoaeaeaii oaieiaiia aeaei.

Neaaeiaaoaee iaeiaiaie iieeoeee aeieacaee, /oi Aeaenaiae?iae/ oiuoeaiii,
n oeaeueth iaoieaou iaeiaia, ne?ue io aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa niaa?oaaiua
oicyenoaaiiua naeaeee e oaeei ia?acii, oeeiieeny io oieaou iaeiaia ia
iauoth noiio 1242,7 iei. ?oaeae

Aeia iiaenoaeeiiai, iiieii aai ee/iiai i?eciaiey, iieiinoueth auea
iiaeoaa?aeaeaia iieacaieyie naeaeaoaeae e iaoa?eaeaie oaieiaiiai aeaea.
A eoiaa noae eaaeeoeoee?iaae aeaenoaey iiaenoaeeiiai A. Aeaenaiae?iae/a
ii no. 199 /. 1 OE ?O e iacia/ee iaeacaiea a aeaea eeoaiey naiaiaeu ia
aeaa aiaea n oaeei aea eniuoaoaeueiui n?ieii.

?.S. *oi ae, noae o ian iiea aoiaiai e oai, eoi iaai?iauaaao
ainoaea?noaaiioth eacio. A iinooie yoio ieeeea?ae a ianoiue athaeaeao,
aeyaeeoue, iiiaea iaineiia?u ia neaeaee au aac iainee, iaaeeee aac
ca?ieaou…[13, n.6]

3.4. Aeaaioneee “eioio?ii”.

Ca naie iaiieiua ni?ie eao Ia?eia Eaaiiaia Ieoanaaa iiaeaeaea iiiaia. Ca
aa iea/aie aeaa noaeeiinoe, iaeia ec eioi?uo auea iieo/aia ca
eiouanoaaiiua i?ioeaii?aaiua aeayiey, a aoi?ay – ca i?anooieaiea i?ioea
ee/iinoe. I?ae?anii iniciaaay aania?niaeoeaiinoue i?aaeiaai iooe, iia
iiiuoaeanue iaeoe iiaua enoi/ieee aeioiaea. A eiaiii: nua?aoue ia
ethaeneii aca?oa. Iaeiaei, iaiyooy i aiiaieyo ia iaia?noi/ieeia e eiuo
iioaiieeia iiaeiaiiai o?iaiy, a 1995 aiaeo iia nicaeaao aiieia
ioeoeeaeueioth eiiia?/aneoth no?oeoo?o – III “Ana aeey Aan”.

Ca?aaeno?e?iaaia auea yoa i?aaiecaoeey a iaeiaiaie einiaeoeee ii
AEaeaciiaei?iaeiiio ?aeiio Oaaa?ianea, eiaea naie ooao e ana iieiaeaiiua
?aeaeceou, a e iei eeoeaiceth ia i?aaiecaoeeth e i?iaaaeaiea ianoiuo
eioa?ae. A yoeo oeaeyo a e?aaaie oeiia?aoee auei caeacaii aeanyoue ouny/
iyoeouny/a?oaeaauo eioa?aeiuo aeeaoia, anoanoaaiii, a oeaiao oao eao, a
oaeaea i?eia?aoaiu i?ecu: oaeaaeci? “Oeaaee” e ianeieueei iaaei?iaeo
i?aaeiaoia auoiaie oaoieee. Ianoi i?iaaaeaiey eioa?ae auei aua?aii
iiiaiethaeiia – ieiuaaeea aicea eeiioaao?a “Aeaaio”.

Noaey ii aieaa /ai ainueie ouny/ai ?aaeeciaaiiuo aeeaoia, naieo eeeaioia
oe?ia iaoiaeeea. Aaaea oieueei a oii, /oi ie naie ea?iee, ie athaeaeao n
yoie aeayoaeueiinoe Ieoanaaie ia iieo/eee ie/aai.

Aeaiueae, au?o/aiiua io i?iaeaiiuo aeeaoia, a aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe
naiaai io?aaeaiey ia iaoee. I?ecu e eo aeaiaaeiua eiiiainaoeee,
i/aaeaeii, oaeaea aeaaiiieo/ii ieiiaaee iiaaaeeoaeae: ana eo ianii?oiua
aeaiiua ieacaeenue aae?anaie ciaeiiuo ?oeiaiaeeoaey “Eioio?iia”.

I?anaeee aeayoaeueiinoue iioaiieoeu iaeiaiaua iieeoeaeneea Oaaa?ianea.
Oaia?ue ca aeiiouaiiua oaeou ia?ooaiee iaeiaiaiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ae
i?aaenoieo aa?iooue athaeaeaoo ii/oe 65 ouny/ ?oaeae.

*oi aea eanaaony ioeaiee iioaiie/aneeo aeaenoaee iaoae aa?ieie, oi
caeanue oi/ea aua ia iinoaaeaia. [10, n. 7]

Iaoa?eaeu i?aeoeee iieacuaatho, /oi ianiaa?oainoai oaieiaiiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa a iaeanoe iaeiaiauo i?aaiia?ooaiee
iaeicia/eoaeueiinoue iaeacaiee aea/ao ca niaie aua aieueoee aae
i?anooieaiee a yoie noa?a. I?e/ai iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi iaeiaiaay
i?anooiiinoue ia noieo ia ianoa, iia aeoeaii ?acaeaaaony e
niaa?oainoaoaony. N eaaeaeui aeiai ana neiaeiaa noaiiaeony aeieacaoue
oaeo niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiey, a aeaenoaothuea caeiiu iaei yoiio
niinianoaotho.

4. I?aaeeiaeaiey ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiia iaeiaiaie
iieeoeee.

Oaaea?aeueiay neoaeaa iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee –
iieiaeie i?aaiio?aieoaeueiue i?aai. Ianiio?y ia oi, /oi a iaai i?eoei
aieueoia eiee/anoai i?ioanneiiaeueiuo ?aaioieeia ec i?aaiia aioo?aiieo
aeae e aaciianiinoe, a aai aeayoaeueiinoe aua iiiai iaaei?aaioie,
eioi?ua naycaiu n i?iaaeaie a aeaenoaothuai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa. Oaeei
ia?acii iai?aoeaaaony auaiae, /oi aeayoaeueiinoue iaeiaiaie iieeoeee aua
aeinoaoi/ii aeieai aoaeao niaa?oainoaiaaoueny, e naycaii yoi, a ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue, ni noaiiaeaieai iiaie yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu a iaoae no?aia.

Eoae, i?eaaaeai ?yae i?aaeeiaeaiee.

1. Iaeiaiaie iieeoeee iaiaoiaeeii ?anoe?eoue e?oa iieiiii/ee. Eiie?aoiaa
yoi eanaaony aeaau 22 ?acaeaea 8 OE ?O. Iniiaiay ianna iaeiaiauo
i?aaiia?ooaiee oyiao ca niaie oeaeo ae?oaeo yeiiiie/aneeo i?anooieaiee –
?aaioa aac eeoeaicee, iacaeiiiay aaieianeay aeayoaeueiinoue e o.ae.,
o.a. i/aiue /anoi i?e ?anneaaeiaaiee iaeiaiauo i?anooieaiee ONII
i?eoiaeeony ia?auaoueny a i?aaiu aioo?aiieo aeae ii ae?oaei
i?aaiia?ooaieyi, ioiinyueiny e eo eiiiaoaioeee. A eoiaa, o/eouaay
iaiiai?ioeeainoue ainoaea?noaaiiie ath?ie?aoe/aneie iaoeiu oa?yaony
iiaeeueiinoue ?anneaaeiaaiey; ec-ca aiciiaeiie ianiaeaniaaiiinoe
aeaenoaee aeiioneathony ioeaee, eioi?ua iicaieytho i?anooiieeai
ooiaeeoue io ioaaonoaaiiinoe. A oi aea a?aiy nin?aaeioi/aiea
iia?aoeaii-?icuneiie e neaaenoaaiiie ?aaiou ii anae aaiia yeiiiie/aneeo
i?anooieaiee a iaeieo ?oeao iicaieeo aanoe aa aieaa ea/anoaaiii e
auno?i.

2. A ?acaeoea ia?aiai i?aaeeiaeaiey aiciiaeii anoue niune nicaeaoue a
iaoae no?aia, oae iacuaaaioth oeiainiaoth aaa?aeeth ia aaca ONII ?O e
iiae?acaeaeaiee ii ai?ueaa n yeiiiie/aneeie i?anooieaieyie IAAe ?O.
Aeaiiay i?aaiecaoeey niiaea au ai?acaei yooaeoeaiae ai?ioueny n
yeiiiie/aneie i?anooiiinoueth a ?innee aeaaiaea?y ionoonoaeth
i?aiyonoaee a aeaea ?acee/iuo niaeaniaaiee, ai?ueau ca aaaeiinoaaiiua
eioa?anu.

3. Iaiaoiaeeii aua aieaa oaeanoi/eoue iaeacaiea ca iaeiaiaua
i?anooieaiey – yoi eanaaony eiaiii oaieiaiiai iaeacaiey. Ioaeii iaycaoue
noaeu i?eaiaa?eaaoue e ?aaeueiui n?ieai eeoaiey naiaiaeu. Oieueei no?ao
ia?aae iaieioaiui iaeacaieai canoaaeo a?aaeaeai ieaoeoue iaeiae a
ainoaea?noaaiiue athaeaeao.

4. Oaeaea iaiaoiaeeii aaanoe ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca nie?uoea iauaeoia
oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe (naeaeee, au?o/ea e o.ae.) io
aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa. Aaaeue ca/anooth, ne?uaay io iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey
cia/eoaeueiua iauaiu au?o/ee, i?aaei?eieiaoaee oaea ai a?aiy i?iaa?ee
i?aaeinoaaeytho aeieoiaioaoeeth, eioi?ay naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i
cia/eoaeueiuo ?anoiaeao, eie iiianaiiuo. Oaeei ia?acii, iaeiaiiaeaaaaiay
i?eaueue ninoaaeyao ieca?ioth noiio. A nayce n yoei iiiaea ec ieo
ooiaeyo io oaieiaiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe, a athaeaeao oieueei iieo/aao oo?ao
ca iaaa?iia aaaeaiea aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa. I?e yoii iaiaoiaeeii
ioiaoeoue, /oi cao?a/eaathony cia/eoaeueiua oneeey e n?aaenoaa ia
auyaeaiey nie?uoey e nai?a aeieacaoaeueiie aacu, o.a. ?aaioa eaeao “ia
ei?ceio”, a yoi iaaeiionoeii.

Iiaeii i?aaeeaaaoue aua iiiai iiaiaaaaeaiee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth
aeayoaeueiinoe iaeiaiaie iieeoeee e ae?oaeo i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia,
ii aaaeiu ia i?aaeeiaeaiey e iiaua i?iaeou, a eiie?aoiua aeaenoaey ii eo
i?aoai?aieth a aeeciue.

Caeeth/aiea

Caeiiiinoue – ao?eaoo nouanoaiaaiey e ?acaeoey aeaiie?aoe/anee
i?aaieciaaiiiai iauanoaa. Iia iaiaoiaeeia aeey iaania/aiey naiaiaeu e
?aaeecaoeee i?aa a?aaeaeai, inouanoaeaiey i?aa a?aaeaeai, inouanoaeaiey
aeaiie?aoee, ia?aciaaiey e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey a?aaeaeaineiai iauanoaa,
iao/ii iainiiaaiiiai iino?iaiey e ?aoeeiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe
ainoaea?noaaiiiai aiia?aoa [8, n.3]

I?iaeaia caeiiiinoe aa/ia, iia aoaeao nouanoaiaaoue aei oao ii?, iiea
anoue i?aai, i?e yoii a iaoae no?aia iia i?eia?aea ca iineaaeiaa a?aiy
ia oieueei th?eaee/aneia, ii e aieueoia iieeoe/aneia cia/aiea.
I?eieiaaiua caeiiu ia anaaaea niaa?oaiiu, nioeeaeueii iainiiaaiiu,
niaaaeaiu iaiaoiaeeiui iaoaieciii aeaenoaey. Eiaiii eniieieoaeueiay
aeanoue a i?aaiaii ainoaea?noaa i?ecaaia iaania/eoue niaethaeaiea
caeiiiinoe e aeenoeeieeiu a eioa?anao iauanoaa e ioaeaeueiie ee/iinoe.

Iaania/aieai caeiiiinoe e aeenoeeieeiu a ainoaea?noaaiiie e iauanoaaiiie
aeecie, a o./. e a noa?a oi?aaeaiey niaoeeaeueii caieiaaony
ii?aaeaeaiiue e?oa i?aaiia. Oa ec ieo, eioi?ua nouanoaotho oieueei eee
aeaaiui ia?acii aeey auiieiaiey oaeie ?iee – yoi i?aaiio?aieoaeueiua
i?aaiu.

I?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu iaycaiu aeaeaoue ana iaiaoiaeeiia aeey
iaania/aiey nio?aiiinoe nianoaaiiinoe, ee/iiai eiouanoaa, /anoe e
aeinoieinoaa a?aaeaeai, aanoe ai?ueao n i?anooiiinoueth,
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaoue ethaua i?aaiia?ooaiey e ono?aiyoue ii?iaeaeathuea eo
i?e/eiu. Eiaiii yoe i?aaiu iiaoo ?aaeueii iaania/eoue i?aaiaoth io?aio
neeaaeuaathueony iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee a niioaaonoaee n Eiinoeoooeeae
?O.

Auoa iaie auei ?anniio?aii aeayoaeueiinoue iaeiiai ec oaeeo i?aaiia –
Oaaea?aeueiie neoaeau iaeiaiaie iieeoeee ?O.

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u.

1. Eiinoeoooeey ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee – I: TH?eaee/aneay eeoa?aoo?a,
1993 – 64n.

2. Iaeiaiaue eiaeaen ?O (/anoue 1). I?eiyo Ainoaea?noaaiiie aeoiie ?O
16.07.1998.

3. Oaieiaiue eiaeaen ?O – I: ecae. E?inia-Eaen, 1997 – 848n.

4. Caeii ?O “I oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiao iaeiaiaie iieeoeee” – I: OEOe TH?
Eioi ?, 1997 – 224n.

5. Caeii ?NON? i ieeeoeee – I: I?iniaeo, 1996 – 32n.

6. Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey / o/aaiia iiniaea – I. Iiaai?iae, Ieaeiieea?ao,
1994 – 368n.

7. I?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu ?O/ o/aaiee. – I: ecae. “Nia?e”, 1996 –
286n.

8. Eii/aeia A.I. “Iiiyoea, niaea?aeaiea i?aaiio?aieoaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, inouanoaeyaiie a ?O” – Oaaa?iane, 1997 – 43n.

9. ssie I.N. “I?aaiio?aieoaeueiua i?aaiu e i?aaei?eieiaoaeue” – I: AI
“Aecian-oeiea Eioae-Neioac”, 1997 – 96n.

10. A?oeiia E. Aeaaioneee “eioio?ii” // Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey ?19 1998.

11. Aunioeeee TH. O “ni?ooa” aeeeiiua ?oee, ii eo anoue, eiio ?oaeoue //
Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey ?18 1998.

12. Eoaeaaa TH. Ioaeaeaeenue eaaeei enioaii // Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey ?12
1998.

13. Iao?ia Y. Aeaei i ieeeea?aea // Iaeiaiaay iieeoeey ?19 1998.

I?eeiaeaiea 1.

Ii?iaoeaii-eino?oeoeaiue iaoa?eae, ?aeiiaiaeoaiue aeey eniieueciaaiey
nio?oaeieeaie iia?aoeaiie neoaeau ONII ?innee

§ 24 ethiy 1993 a. ? 5238-1 Caeii ?O I OAAeA?AEUeIUO I?AAIAO IAEIAIAIE
IIEEOeEE (a ?aae. Oeaca I?aceaeaioa ?O io 24.12.93 ?2288,
Oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia io 17.12.95 ? 200-OC).

§ I?eeac AIN ?O ? AA-3-14/18, AeII ?O ? 77 io 14 ia?oa 1994 aiaea IA
I?AAIECAOeEE ACAEIIAeAENOAEss I?AAIIA AINOAeA?NOAAIIIE IAEIAIAIE NEOAEAU
?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE E AeAIA?OAIAIOA IAEIAIAIE IIEEOeEE ?INNEENEIE
OAAeA?AOeEE.

§ Iieiaeaiea I II?ssAeEA IA?AUAIEss ACUNEAIEss IAAeIEIIE II IAEIAAI E
Ae?OAEI IAssCAOAEUeIUI IEAOAAEAI, OIEA*EAAAIUI TH?EAeE*ANEEIE EEOeAIE A
ATHAeAEAO E AINOAeA?NOAAIIUA AIAATHAeAEAOIUA OIIAeU, IA EO EIOUANOAI A
NEO*AA IONOONOAEss AeAIAAEIUO N?AAeNOA IA N*AOAO A AAIEAO.

§ AIN ?O 30 aaaonoa 1994 a. ? AA-6-18/322, AeII ?O 29 aaaonoa 1594 a. ?
Ass-1375 Ienueii I II?ssAeEA I?AAeINOAAEAIEss NAAAeAIEE II CAI?INAI
I?AAIIO?AIEOAEUeIUO I?AAIIA (a ?aae. ienueia Ainiaeianeoaeau ?O ?
AA-6-18/404, AeII ?O ? NA-1826 io 28.10.94).

§ Oeac io 14 oaa?aey 1996 a. ? 197 I IA?AII*A?AAeIUO IA?AO II
?AAEECAOeEE OAAeA?AEUeIIAI CAEIIA “I AIANAIEE ECIAIAIEE E AeIIIEIAIEE A
CAEII ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE “I OAAeA?AEUeIUO I?AAIAO IAEIAIAIE
IIEEOeEE” E OAIEIAII-I?IOeANNOAEUeIUE EIAeAEN ?NON?”.

§ Caeii ?NON? I AINOAeA?NOAAIIIE IAEIAIAIE NEOAEAA ?NON? (a ?aae.
Caeiiia ?O io 24.06.92 ? 3119-1, io 02.07.92 ? 3181-1, io 25.02.93 ?
4549-1) Aeaaa 1 Ooaa?aeaeaia ienueiii Ieienoa?noaa oeiainia ?NON? io 26
ethey 1991 a. ? 16/176.

§ Eino?oeoeey I II?ssAeEA ECUssOEss AeIEAEIINOIUI EEOeII
AINOAeA?NOAAIIIE IAEIAIAIE EINIAEOeEE AeIEOIAIOIA, NAEAeAOAEUeNOAOTHUEO
I NIE?UOEE (CAIEAEAIEE) I?EAUEE (AeIOIAeA) EEE NIE?UOEE EIUO IAUAEOIA IO
IAEIAIIAEIAEAIEss, O I?AAeI?EssOEE, O*?AAEAeAIEE, I?AAIECAOeEE E
A?AAEAeAI.

§ AIN ?O Ienueii io 23 oaa?aey 1996 a. ? AC-6-10/134 I I?AAeNOAAEAIEE
EIOI?IAOeEE IAEIAIAUIE I?AAIAIE I NEO*AssO IAOIEAOU I?AAeI?EssOEssIE
IAEIAIA E EIUO IAssCAOAEUeIUO IEAOAAEAE A OA*AIEA 3-O IANssOeAA.

§ AUNOEE A?AEO?AAEIUE NOAe ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE Ienueii io 31 .aaaonoa
1994 a. ? NY-7/II-628.

§ AINOAeA?NOAAIIUE OAIIAEAIIUE EIIEOAO ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE ? 465,
AeII ?O ? 402 I?eeac io 13 naioya?y 1994 aiaea IA I?AAIECAOeEE
ACAEIIAeAENOAEss IAAEAeO OAIIAEAIIUIE I?AAIAIE ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE E
OAAeA?AEUeIUIE I?AAIAIE IAEIAIAIE IIEEOeEE ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE.

§ AIN ?O Ienueii io 20 naioya?y 1994 a. ? THA-6-08/353 I IAEIOI?UO
AII?INAO I?AEOEEE ?AC?AOAIEss NII?IA A?AEO?AAEIUIE NOAeAIE N O*ANOEAI
IAEIAIAUO I?AAIIA E I?AAIIA IAEIAIAIE IIEEOeEE.

§ AIN ?O Ienueii io 20 naioya?y 1994 a. ? THA-6-08/353 I IAEIOI?UO
AII?INAO I?AEOEEE ?AC?AOAIEss NII?IA A?AEO?AAEIUIE NOAeAIE N O*ANOEAI
IAEIAIAUO I?AAIIA E I?AAIIA IAEIAIAIE IIEEOeEE.

§ I?AAEOAEUeNOAI ?O Iinoaiiaeaiea io 20 oaa?aey 1995 a. ? 155 I
II?ssAeEA EN*ENEAIEss AUNEOAE EAO, IACIA*AIEss E AUIEAOU IAINEE E
IINIAEE EEOeAI, I?IOIAeEAOEI NEOAEAO A OAAeA?AEUeIUO I?AAIAO IAEIAIAIE
IIEEOeEE, E EO NAIUessI.

§ OAAeA?AEUeIAss I?IEO?AOO?A ?O 11 iay 1995 a. ? 15/5-95, AeII ?O 6
ai?aey 1995 a. ? AI-605, AIN ?O 12 iay 1995 a. ? THA-4-08/19i Ienueii I
II?ssAeEA IA?AAeA*E IAOA?EAEIA I IA?OOAIEssO IAEIAIAIAI
CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA A I?AAIU IAEIAIAIE IIEEOeEE E I?IEO?AOO?U.

§ I?ACEAeAIO ?O Oeac io 14 oaa?aey 1996 a. ? 197 I IA?AII*A?AAeIUO IA?AO
II ?AAEECAOeEE OAAeA?AEUeIIAI CAEIIA “I AIANAIEE ECIAIAIEE E AeIIIEIAIEE
A CAEII ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE “I OAAeA?EEUeIUO I?AAIAO IAEIAIAIE
IIEEOeEE” E OAIEIAII-I?IOeANNOAEUeIUE EIAeAEN ?NON?”.

§ AIN ?O Ienueii io 5 oaa?aey 1996 a. ? IA-6-01/70 I AAAAeAIEE A
AeAENOAEA AOI?IE *ANOE A?AAEAeAINEIAI EIAeAENA ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE.

§ I?eeiaeaiea e ienueio AIN ?O io 28 aaaonoa 1992 a. ? EE-6-01/284
A?AIAIIUA OEACAIEss I II?ssAeEA I?IAAAeAIEss AeIEOIAIOAEUeIUO I?IAA?IE
TH?EAeE*ANEEO EEOe, IACAAENEII IO AEAeIA AeAssOAEUeIINOE E OI?IU
NIANOAAIIINOE (AEETH*Ass I?AAeI?EssOEss N INIAUI ?AAEEIII ?AAIOU), II
NIAETHAeAIETH IAEIAIAIAI CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA, I?AAEEUeIINOE EN*ENEA IEss,
IIEIIOU E NAIAA?AIAIIINOE OIEAOU A ATHAeAEAO IAEIAA IA I?EAUEUe (a ?aae.
ienueia Ainiaeianeoaeau ?O io 30-04.93 ? AA-6-01/160).

§ AIN ?O Ienueii io 25 naioya?y 1992 a. ? EE-4-08/63 I II?ssAeEA
IAANIA*AIEss ACUNEAIEss AAeIEIENO?AOEAIUO OO?AOIA CA IA?OOAIEss
IAEIAIAIAI CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA I?eia/aiea e aeieoiaioo: Aeaiiay
?aaeaeoeey aaiaeeony a aeaenoaea n 16 yiaa?y 1996 aiaea.

§ Eiaeaen ?NON? IA AAeIEIENO?AOEAIUO I?AAIIA?OOAIEssO.

§ Iinoaiiaeaiea Ieaioia Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?O, Ieaioia AAN ?O io 28.02.95
? 2/1 “I IAEIOI?UO AII?INAO, NAssCAIIUO N AAAAeAIEAI A AeAENOAEA *ANOE
IA?AIE A?AAEAeAINEIAI EIAeAENA ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE”. Enoi/iee
ioaeeeaoeee “Atheeaoaiue Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?O”, ? 5, 1995.

§ AUNOEE A?AEO?AAEIUE NOAe ?O Ienueii io 12 ai?aey 1995 a. ? II-21/31.

§ A?AAEAeAINEEE EIAeAEN ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE I?eiyo Ainoaea?noaaiiie
Aeoiie 22 aeaeaa?y 1995 aiaea.

§ Oaaea?aeueiue caeii io 26.01.96 ? 15-OC “I AAAAeAIEE A AeAENOAEA *ANOE
AOI?IE A?AAEAeAINEIAI EIAeAENA ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE” (i?eiyo AAe ON ?O
22.12.95).

§ Oaaea?aeueiue caeii I AIANAIEE AeIIIEIAIEE A *ANOUe IA?AOTH
A?AAEAeAINEIAI EIAeAENA ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE I?eiyo Ainoaea?noaaiiie
Aeoiie 15 iiya?y 1995 aiaea. Aeaiiay ?aaeaeoeey aaiaeeony a aeaenoaea n
27 aeaeaa?y 1995 aiaea.

§ OAIEIAII-I?IOeANNOAEUeIUE EIAeAEN ?NON? Aeaiiay ?aaeaeoeey aaiaeeony a
aeaenoaea n 27 aeaeaa?y 1995 aiaea.

§ OAIEIAIUE EIAeAEN ?INNEENEIE OAAeA?AOeEE.

§ AIN ?O ?acuyniaiey io 1 ethiy 1992 a. ? AC-6-05/173 II IOAeAEUeIUI
AII?INAI, NAssCAIIUI N I?EIAIAIEAI IAEIAIAIAI CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA I
IAEIAA IA AeIAAAEAIIOTH NOIEIINOUe.

§ AIN ?O ?acuyniaiey io 10 ethiy 1992 a. ? AA-6-01/187 II IOAeAEUeIUI
AII?INAI, NAssCAIIUI N I?EIAIAIEAI IAEIAIAIAI CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA I
IAEIAIIAEIAEAIEE TH?EAeE*ANEEO EEOe A 1992 AIAeO.

§ AIN ?O ?acuyniaiey io 25 ethiy 1992 a. ? AI-6-03/202 II IOAeAEUeIUI
AII?INAI, CAAeAIIUI ?AAIOIEEAIE AINOAeA?NOAAIIUO IAEIAIAUO EINIAEOeEE IA
EONOIAUO NIAAUAIEssO, I?IAAAeAIIUO AINOAeA?NOAAIIIE IAEIAIAIE
EINIAEOeEAE A IAA 1992 AIAeA.

§ AIN ?O ?acuyniaiey io 2 ethey 1992 a. ? AA-6-02/205 II IOAeAEUeIUI
AII?INAI, NAssCAIIUI N IEAOIE CA CAIETH, IAEIAIIAEIAEAIEAI I?AAeI?EssOEE
AA?II?IIUOEAIIIAI EIIIEAENA E I?E?IAeIUO ?ANO?NIA.

§ AIN ?O ?acuyniaiey io 2 ethey 1992 a. ? AA-6-02/205 II IOAeAEUeIUI
AII?INAI, NAssCAIIUI N IEAOIE CA CAIETH, IAEIAIIAEIAEAIEAI I?AAeI?EssOEE
AA?II?IIUOEAIIIAI EIIIEAENA E I?E?IAeIUO ?ANO?NIA.

§ IEIENOA?NOAI OEIAINIA ?O ? 16-05/1, AIN ?O ? 01-1 ?acuyniaiey io 10
aaaonoa 1992 aiaea.

§ AIN ?O Ienueii io 3 ia?oa 1993 a. ? AA-6-14/104 I II?ssAeEA
I?EIAIAIEss OEIAINIAIE NAIEOeEE.

§ Ienueii io 6 ai?aey 1993 a. ? OTH-6-08/132 I II?ssAeEA ENIIEIAIEss
IINOAIIAEAIEE IAEIAIAUO I?AAIIA I ACUNEAIEE AAeIEIENO?AOEAIUO OO?AOIA N
AeIEAEIINOIUO EEOe I?AAeI?EssOEE, I?AAIECAOeEE, O*?AAEAeAIEE CA
IA?OOAIEss IAEIAIAIAI CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA.

§ AIN ?O ?acuyniaiey io 14 naioya?y 1993 a. ? AA-4-01/145i II
IOAeAEUeIUI AII?INAI, NAssCAIIUI N I?EIAIAIEAI EOIAIAIAI
CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA I IAEIAIIAEIAEAIEE I?EAUEE (AeIOIAeA) TH?EAeE*ANEEO
EEOe.

§ AIN ?O ?acuyniaiey io 23 naioya?y 1993 a. ? AC-4-05/150i II
IOAeAEUeIUI AII?INAI, NAssCAIIUI N I?EIAIAIEAI IAEIAIAIAI
CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA II IAEIAO IA AeIAAAEAIIOTH NOIEIINOUe.

§ AIN ?O Ienueii io 28 naioya?y 1993 a. ? II-6-03/333 IA IOAeAEUeIUO
AII?INAO IAEIAIIAEIAEAIEss OECE*ANEEO EEOe.

§ I?eeiaeaiea e ienueio AIN ?O io 5 ia?oa 1994 a. ? AA-6-14/72
?ACUssNIAIEss II IOAeAEUeIUI AII?INAI, NAssCAIIUI N I?EIAIAIEAI IA?
IOAAONOAAIIINOE CA IA?OOAIEss IAEIAIAIAI CAEIIIAeAOAEUeNOAA.

§ AIN ?O Ienueii io 6 ieoya?y 1993 a ? AA-6-14/344.

§ AIN ?O Ienueii io 13 naioya?y 1994 a. ? AA-6-14/347 I II?ssAeEA
IIEO*AIEss IAEIAIAUIE I?AAIAIE EIOI?IAOeEE A NO?AIAO – *EAIAO EIOA?IIEA.

§ AUNOEE A?AEO?AAEIUE NOAe ?O Ienueii io 6 aeaeaa?y 1995 aiaea NI?AAEA I
IIEIIII*EssO I?IEO?I?A A IAEANOE I?AAA O?AAIAAOUe IO IAEIAIAUO I?AAIIA
I?IAAAeAIEss I?IAA?IE IAEIAIIEAOAEUeUEEIA.

§ AIN ?O Ienueii io 25 aeaeaa?y 1995 a. ? AI-6-03/659 I A?AIAIIUO
IAOIAeE*ANEEO ?AEIIAIAeAOeEssO I II?ssAeEA O*AOA IEAOAEUeUEEIA IAEIAIA N
EIOUANOAA OECE*ANEEO EEOe E CAIAEUeIIAI IAEIAA.

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