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Тенденции развития филармонического искусства в современной России

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EO?NIAAss ?AAIOA

ENOI?Ess EIIOeA?OIIAI AeAEA

OAIA: OAIAeAIOeEE ?ACAEOEss OEEA?IIIE*ANEIAI ENEONNOAA A NIA?AIAIIIE
?INNEE

I?IOANNI?: AeOEIA A.A.

NOOAeAIO 3-ai EO?NA I?IAeTHNA?NEIAI O-OA –

OAOA?EI I.I.

Oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey oeea?iiie/aneiai eneonnoaa a nia?aiaiiie ?innee.

Couanoaoao ianeieueei aeaeia eiioea?oia:

– neioiie/aneea – eiioea?ou neioiie/aneeo i?eano?ia, eniieiythueo
neioiiee, eaioaou, i?aoi?ee, ntheou, oaa?oth?u, noeaiu ec iocueaeueiuo
niaeoaeeae e o.ae. Yoiai aeaea eiioea?ou iiaoo i?iaiaeeoueny n o/anoeai
nieenoia-aieaeenoia, eino?oiaioaeenoia, eeai oi?a.

– eaia?iua – eiioea?ou eaia?iuo i?eano?ia eee ainaiaeae, eniieiythueo
iocueaeueiua i?iecaaaeaiey iaeuo oi?i: niiaou, o?ei, eaa?oaou, eaeioaou
e o.ae. iiaoo i?iaiaeeoueny n o/anoeai nieenoia-aieaeenoia eee
eino?oiaioaeenoia;

– eiioea?ou oi?iauo, oaioeaaaeueiuo eieeaeoeaia: oi?, eaiaeea, ainaiaeue
ianie e oaioea, ainaiaeue oaioea e o.ae.

– eiioea?ou aeooiauo eiioea?oia, i?eano?ia e ainaiaeae ia?iaeiuo
eino?oiaioia;

– eiioea?ou, aunooiathueo n eeanne/aneei ?aia?ooa?ii nieueiuo
eniieieoaeae – /oaoeia-ianoa?ia ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai neiaa,
a?oenoia-aieaeenoia (iia?iuo e eaia?iuo), nieenoia-eino?oiaioaeenoia,
a?oenoia aaeaoa; iiaoo i?iaiaeeoueny a nii?iaiaeaeaiee
aeeiiiaieaoi?ia-eiioea?oiaenoa?ia, ainaiaeae eee i?eano?ia;

-iocueaeueii-eeoa?aoo?iua eiioea?ou, a eioi?uo iocueaeueiua e
eeoa?aoo?ii-ae?aiaoe/aneea i?iecaaaeaiey eniieiythony neeaie
eino?oiaioaeenoia, aieaeenoia, /oaoeia-ianoa?ia ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai neiaa,
a?oenoia aaeaoa.

-eiioea?ou-eaeoeee – oaiaoe/aneea eaeoeee i oai?/anoaa eiiiiceoi?ia,
ienaoaeae, auaeathueony eniieieoaeae, i iocueaeueiuo e auaeathueony
i?iecaaaeaiee, nii?iaiaeaeathueany eniieiaieai niioaaonoaothueo
i?iecaaaeaiee eee io?uaeia ec ieo.

Iiaeii auaeaeeoue ianeieueei oaiaeaioeee a eiioea?oiii aeaea:

– En/aciiaaiea /aoei io?aaoee?iaaiiie ainoaea?noaaiiie aano?ieueiie
nenoaiu, ii caoi y?ei au?aceeanue oaiaeaioeey ?acaeoey e aano?ieyi ia
/anoiie iniiaa y?eeo caacae ca?oaaaeiie noeaiu. N?aaee aano?ieae,
i?aaieciaaiiuo /anoiuie i?iaethna?neeie eiiiaieyie a 1995 aiaeo auee
aeceoa Iiina??ao Eaaaea, Oina Ea??a?an (yoio ciaiaieoue oaii? aeaaae ii
iaeiiio eiioea?oo a Iineaa e Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aa), a oaeaea iniaia ianoi a
aanoieueiie aeayoaeueiinoe caieiatho ca?oaaaeiua iii e ?ie eieeaeoeau,
/uee aeceou inouanoaeaiiua a yoii aiaeo, aua iyoue eao iacaae ia auee
aiciiaeiu e ii oeiainiaui niia?aaeaieyi, e ii /enoi i?aaiecaoeeiiiui.
Oaeaea ia?ano?ieeo a aano?ieueii-eiioea?oiie nenoaia i?iecaaee e
i?iaethna?neea oe?iu. Ioaeii ioiaoeoue, /oi iiiiiieeth nouanoaiaaaoeo e
iiiuia nouanoaothueo ainoaea?noaaiiuo no?oeoo? Aineiioea?o, Iineiioea?o,
Nithceiioea?o, eioi?ua ioaa/aee ca i?aaiecaoeeth aano?ieae e a no?aio, e
ec no?aiu, ?ac?ooeee iiaua i?aaiecaoeee, n?aaee ieo iiaeii ioiaoeoue
aeanyoue eo/oeo. Ai-ia?auo i?iaethna?neay eiiiaiey “Nithc”, iniiaaiiay
ia aaca caoeicaienuaathuaai ?inneeneiai iiino?a noaea aeoeaii
i?aaieciauaaoue eiioea?ou eniieieoaeae, ia /ueth iocueo o
caoeicaienuaathuae nooaeee “Nithc” anoue i?aaa, caoai eiiiaiey A?N,
eioi?ay, ieaie?iaaea a yoii aiaeo i?iaanoe eiioea?ou oaeeo ie?iauo
ciaiaieoinoae eae Bon Jovi, Eros Ramazzoti, iiaea?aaea naaa ?aiooaoeeth,
ia niaa?oea iaia/aiiua ieaiu, oaeaea eiiiaiey A?N a yoii aiaeo yaeyaony
i?aaiecaoi?ii iocueaeueiiai oanoeaaey “Ianiy-95”. Neaaeothuay
i?aaiecaoeey eioi?ay caieiaao aeinoieiia ianoi a nienea i?iaethna?neeo
eiiiaiee yoi ?inneeneia ioaeaeaiea eiiiaiee PolyGram, caoai eaeoo iaiaa
ecaanoiua i?aaiecaoeee eae “Ia?oey”, “Jeff Records”, “ART Line
Entertainment”. Iniaia aieiaiea caneoaeeaatho aua aeaa i?iaethna?neea
eiiiaiee yoi i?aaieciaaiiay ia?o ianyoeaa iacaae eiiiaiey ISF Promotion,
eioi?ay i?aaieciaaea eiioea?ou oaeeo caacae n ie?iaui eiaiai eae Boney
M, Baccarra, Vanilla Ice, e i?aaiecaoeey Samant, auoiaeoeu ec eioi?ie e
nicaeaee ISF Promotion. I?aaiecaoeey Samant ecaanoia i?ioanneiiaeai
eiioea?oie aeayoaeueiinoe, yoa i?aaiecaoeey naeaeaea aiciiaeiui aeceo
Iiina??ao Eaaaea, aaeeinoaaiiue eiioea?o eioi?ie i?ioiaeee a
Ainoaea?noaaiiii E?aieaaneii Aeai?oea, a oaeaea aano?iee Oina Ea??a?ana,
Aeaei Eieea?a, oaaaeneie a?oiiu Roxette e iiiaeo ae?oaeo caacae ii/iie
aeecie ie?a. *oi aea eanaaony aano?ieae neioiie/aneeo e eaia?iuo
i?eao?ia, oi a 1995 aiaeo iiaeii ioiaoeoue ianeieueei:

4 iiya?y 1995 aiaea ainoaea?noaaiiue eaia?iue i?eano? “Ae?ooicu
Iineau” caeii/ee aano?iee ii Eoaeee. Nae/an eieeaeoea iaoiaeeony a
Eniaiee. 6 iiya?y Nieaaeia nua?ae nieueiue eiioea?o a ai?iaea Io?ney. A
iiya?a i?eano? aano?iee?iaae ii O?aioeee. A i?ia?aiia auee i?iecaaaeaiey
Aaoa, Ooaa?oa, A?aina.

Oaeaea a eiioea ia?aie iaaeaee iiya?y a Iineao aica?aoeeny
ainoaea?noaaiiue eaia?iue “Aeaaeueaee-i?eano?” iiae ?oeiaiaenoaii
Naaoeaiu Aac?iaeiie. Eieeaeoea i?iaae aieueoie oo? ii NOA: ca 2 ianyoea
auei aeaii 33 eiioea?oa. O?e i?ia?aiiu aeeth/aee “A?aiaia aiaea”
Aeaaeueaee, “Ainiiieiaiea i Oei?aioeee” *aeeianeiai, “Ii/ioth na?aiaaeo”
Iioea?oa, “Aaeaaeaeei” Aeueaeiie e ae?. i?iecaaaeaiey. Iaeio ec i?ia?aii
Naaoeaia Aac?iaeiay iacuaaao “333”. A iae i?icao/aee A?aiaeaiao?aneee
eiioea?o Aaoa ? 3, Aeeaa?oeniaio Iioea?oa ? 3 e Niiaoa ?inneie ? 3.
I?eano? i?iaoae ii NOA a iauae neiaeiinoe ieiei 11 ouny/ eeeiiao?ia.
Oo?ia ia/aeinue e caeii/eeinue a *eeaai, i?ieaey /a?ac 18 ooaoia, n?aaee
eioi?uo Ianna/onaon, Iaaei, A?eciia. yoi aoi?ie oo?
“Aeaaeueaee-i?eano?a” ii NOA. 2 aiaea iacaae eieeaeoea aeae 44
eiioea?oa, i?aaenoaaea 4 i?ia?aiiu e i?iaoaa ii ainoi/iiio iiaa?aaeueth
ieiei 10 n iieiaeiie ouny/ eeeiiao?ia. Oiaaea ia?o?oo ia/aeny e
caeii/eeny a Iueth-Ei?ea.

“Nieenou Iineau” e TH?ee Aaoiao ana-oaee aunooieee a Ec?aeea. A nayce
n o?aae/aneeie niauoeyie a Ec?aeea aano?iee eaia?iiai i?eano?a “Nieenou
Iineau” e aai ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey TH?ey Aaoiaoa, iaia/aiiua
ia 5-12 iiya?y, ieacaeenue ia a?aie n?uaa. Ii iineaaeiei naaaeaieyi,
iieo/aiiui io iaeiiai ec i?aaiecaoi?ia aano?ieae, eiioea?ou ana-oaee
ninoiyeenue n iiicaeaieai ia iaeei aeaiue.

Ooaeiaeanoaaiiue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue Eennaaiineiai i?eano?a, ii?ooaaeueneee
aee?eaea? Ieaae A?ana Iio?a aeae a ?innee ianeieueei eiioea?oia n
?inneeneeie i?eaon?aie. 6 iiya?y a Eiia?ann-Oieea Oeaio?a
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie oi?aiaee Ieaae A?ana Iio?a i?iaee?eaee?iaae
Neioiie/aneei i?eano?ii Ieienoa?noaa Iai?iiu ?innee. Aano?iee Ieaaey
A?ana Iio?u i?aaieciaaiu ?ineioa?oanoii i?e o/anoee Ieienoa?noaa
eoeueoo?u. Oaeaea 2-ai iiya?y caaa?oeeny iocueaeueiue oanoeaaeue
“Iaii?aia Iocuee”, i?eo?i/aiiue e Naaeueiiio nuacaeo eiiiiceoi?ia
?innee, ii/aoiui ainoai eioi?iai aue Iio?a.

Aeieo?ee Oai?inoianeee aunooiee n aano?ieyie a Nai-O?aioeecnei n 20
iiya?y ii 5 aeaeaa?y 1995 aiaea. Oaeaea Oai?inoianeee aianoa n Ieoaeeii
A?eaaeueaaui aunooiee 5 aeaeaa?y a Ea?iaae-Oieea a Iueth-Ei?ea.
Noa?aeiai aano?ieueiie i?ia?aiiu auee i?iecaaaeaiey Aai?aey Nae?eaeiaa.
Aa?ioaoenue a ?inneth iocueaiou i?eiyee o/anoea a oanoeaaea iocuee
auaeathuaainy ?onneiai eiiiiceoi?a, eioi?iio eniieieeinue 80 eao. Eo
eiioea?o i?ioae 8 aeaeaa?y a Aieueoii caea Iineianeie eiina?aaoi?ee.

2. Oiaiueoaiea ?iee ainoaea?noaaiiuo enoi/ieeia oeiaine?iaaiey a
aeeciaiaania/aiee oeea?iiie/aneeo aeai?ia.

3. ?aceia iiauoaiea cia/eiinoe eieoeeaoea naieo iocueaioia. Eiaaea
eniieieoaeue yenieoaoe?oao naia eiy, ?anoe?yao ciio naiae
i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe e noaiiaeony ec ieainenoa eee ne?eia/a
aee?eaea?ii, eae I. Ieaoiaa, A. Nieaaeia.

4. Ioie?aiea eiioea?oa ?yaeiaiai ia?aae eiioea?oaie-i?acaioaoeeyie,
oanoeaaeyie e aaea-i?aaenoaaeaieyie, iinayuaiiuie aaaeiui iieeoe/aneei
niauoeyi eee i?acaeianoaai. Yoi eanaaony oaeaea e oeea?iiie/aneea
aeai?u.

5. Ioie?aiea eeoaia e Aeiiia Eoeueoo? eae no?oeoo?, ia oieueei
iiaeaea?aeeaathueo iiiai/eneaiiua ?aiaa naiiaeayoaeueiua eieeaeoeau, ii
e aunooiathuea a ?iee i?ieaoiuo oeea?iiie/aneeo ieiuaaeie. Iiiaea eeoau
ia?aaeathony eiiia?/aneei no?oeoo?ai. Ca iaeei oieueei iiya?ue 1995
aiaea a Iineaa i?ioae anaai iaeei eiioea?o a Aeiia Eoeueoo?u. 12-eaoiee
aeaeaciaue ieaieno sseia *aoieeia iinoaaee aeanoyuoth oi/eo a eiioea?oa,
eioi?ue i?iaae aeey aeaoae-ne?io Aeaaioai?eoaeueiue oiiae Aeaaeeie?a
Nieaaeiaa. Eiioea?o ninoiyeny 4 iiya?y 1995 aiaea a AeE “I?anna”. A iai
i?eiyee o/anoea thiua iocueaiou – noeiaiaeeaiou oiiaea AEaiy Inieei
(aeieii/aeue), Ianoy Aeoa?iaa (oeaeoa), THeey Aaaeaaaa (oi?oaieaii),
iaoa *oaaoeia (ne?eiea), Ieeeoa Ai?aa (aaeoi?ia), Iaenei ?unaiia
(aeueo), Iaaae Iaaaaa (oeaeoa), Iaoaoa Aeaieia (ne?eiea), Eaoy Ia/aoeia
(oi?oaieaii). Yoio eiioea?o – ia?aue a na?ee aeaaioai?eoaeueiuo aeoeee
Oiiaea Nieaaeiaa a iieueco aeaoae-ne?io.

6. Ioie?aiea nenoaiu aa?aioeeiiai e oeaeaaiai eiioea?oa, ?aiaa
auiieiyaoeo ooieoeeth “einaaiiiai” ainoaea?noaaiiiai enoi/ieea
oeiaine?iaaiey.

7. Oai?/aneay e oeiainiaay ia?aioaaaeueiinoue aano?ieueiuo iiacaeie
oeea?iiie/aneeo eieeaeoeaia aioo?e no?aiu. Iie ia ieoiathony ie n oie,
ie n ae?oaie noi?iiu. O?ainii?oiua ?anoiaeu aaeeee, nooi/iua ie/oiaeii
iaeu, caeu ionou, /oi ie iiaeao ia io?aaeaoueny ia ioiioaiee naieo
eniieieoaeae e iiaeiaiui aano?ieyi. Ca iineaaeiee aiae /enei aano?ieae
oeea?iiie/aneeo eieeaeoeaia ii no?aia auei ie/oiaeii iaeui. Iaeiaei
auaatho e i?eyoiua eneeth/aiey. 4 e 5 iiya?y a Caea ?eaeneie oeea?iiiee
n oniaoii i?ioee eiioea?ou iineianeiai ieaienoa Ieeieay Iao?iaa. A
ia?aii, nieueiii, aa/a?a i?icao/aee niiaou aaooiaaia, a 5 iiya?y ieaieno
aunooiee n eaoaeeneei oeea?iiie/aneei i?eano?ii. Aee?eaee?iaae Ii?iai
Oiaa. I?icao/aea ?ainiaeey ia oaio Iaaaieie ?aoiaieiiaa. 12 iiya?y
Ieeieae Iao?ia aunooiee a aeiaaiii eiioea?oa a Aieueoii caea
eiina?aaoi?ee. Ieaieno i?aaenoaaeo i?ia?aiio ec Aaooiaaia.

8. Oaeaea iaeiie ec oaiaaeaioeee ?acaeoey oeea?iiie/aneiai eneonnoaa,
aea e anae eoeueoo?u a oeaeii iiaeii ioiaoeoue o/anoea ainoaea?noaaiiuo
eiioea?oiuo i?aaiecaoeee n eoeueoo?iuie oeaio?aie oaeeo no?ai eae
Aa?iaiey e O?aioeey. 11 iiya?y 1995 aiaea a Aieueoii caea eiina?aaoi?ee
ioe?ueny oanoeaaeue nia?aiaiiie iocuee “Iineianeay inaiue”. Iiieii
Nithca eiiiiceoi?ia iaeiei ec i?aaiecaoi?ia oanoeaaey aue iaiaoeeee
eoeueoo?iue oeaio? eiaie Aaoa, eioi?ue a ?aieao yoiai oanoeaaey i?eaac a
?inneth ainaiaeue “Art Pour L’Art”. Ainaiaeue aunooiee n i?ia?aiiie
“Ii?o?ao Iao?eoeoeei Eaaaey”. Iaeiei ec aaoi?ia eiioea?oa aue
aaeueaeeneee eiiiiceoi? Ai?e Ionna?.

Iineaineee ainoaea?noaaiiue neioiie/aneee i?eano? iiae oi?aaeaieai
Iaaaea Eiaaia ieaie?oao eniieieoue aanue oeeee neioiiee Aonoaaa Iaea?a a
oa/aiea aeaoo naciiia. A iuiaoiee nacii aeeth/aiu iyoue neioiiee e
aieaeueiua oeeeeu eiiiiceoi?a. Ioe?uoea oeeeea ninoiyeinue 9 iiya?y a
Aieueoii caea Iineianeie eiina?aaoi?ee. A i?ia?aiia – 1-y neioiiey e
“Ianie no?ainoaothuaai iiaeianoa?uey” (nieeno THeee Oiiaiei, Aano?ey).
Eae e ana iineaaeothuea eiioea?ou i?eano?a Iaaea Eiaaia, yoio aa/a?
i?aaieciaai i?e niaeaenoaee Iinieuenoaa Aano?ee a ?innee e
Oaaea?aeueiiai ieienoa?noaa eiino?aiiuo aeae Aano?ee.

9. ?aniaae iiiaeo oieueeei?iuo eieeaeoeaia. Eo iaaino?aaiaaiiia a
no?aia eneonnoai ?aiaa iiaeaea?aeeaaeinue oioue eae-oi oeea?iiieyie, a
oaia?ue iiiaea ec eniieieoaeae a yoii aeai?a auioaeaeaiu ioaeaeyoueny io
naieo eieeaeoeaia e oacaeaoue “ia anoaeueo” a no?aiu Aeeaeiae Aa?iiu,
aaea iie ca?aaaouaatho naaa ia oeaa ea?ie a iaaieueoeo ?anoi?aiao eee
i?yii ia oeeoea (ionthaea e oa?iei, auoothuee a eo n?aaea – “ia
anoaeueo”). I?e yoii iie ca?aaaouaatho cia/eoaeueii aieueoa, iaaeaee iie
iiaee ca?aaaouaaoue o naay a no?aia. Aaaeue /enoi oieueeei?iua eiioea?ou
iuia aiiaua ia a iiaea, aeaaea iiia?aie oieueeei?iua eieeaeoeau
o/anoaotho oieueei a thaeeaeiuo aaea-i?aaenoaaeaieyo e oanoeaaeyo e oi,
nei?aa eae aeaiue onoiyaoaeny o?aaeeoeee, iaaeaee eae yaeaiea
eoeueoo?iie aeecie. I?aaaea i?iaiaeyony eiiaaea eaeea-oi ?aciaua aeoeee,
i?acaioaoeee n o/anoeai oieueeei?iuo ainaiaeae, ii yoi eanaaony eeoue
ianeieueeeo e?oiiuo eieeaeoeaia: “?onneie ianie”, oi?a eiaie
Iyoieoeeiai, ainaiaey Iienaaaa e ioaeaeueiuo nieenoia, ?aaioathueo a
yoii aeai?a – E. Cueeiie, I. Ai?iiaoe, A. Aeaayoiaa. Aio, iiaeaeoe, e
ana. A inoaeueiay /anoue ia?iaeiuo eieeaeoeaia e eniieieoaeae noiyo
ia?aae auai?ii – iaiyoue i?ioanneth eee aea/eoue aeaeeia nouanoaiaaiea,
eee oaoaeaoue “ia anoaeueo” ca aaethoie. Eiia/ii, yoi iieiaeaiea
iaii?iaeueiia, ii a iuiaoiae neooaoeee aeey eniieieoaeae yoiai aeai?a
iiea ie/aai aieaa cia/eoaeueiiai iao. I?aaaea, anoue ?yae oe?i,
annioeeaoeee, eioi?ua niaea?aeao i?e naaa ?acee/iua oieueeei?iua
eieeaeoeau, ii eo aeiey ie/oiaeii iaea ii n?aaiaieth n oai /eneii
eieeaeoeaia, eioi?ua iiaee au nio?aieoueny, anee au eo eneonnoai
iaoiaeeei ni?in a ?iaeiie no?aia ia oieueei ai a?aiy “aaei/iuo”
oanoeaaeae e i?acaioaoeee. Aaaeue anee acyoue a ea/anoaa i?eia?a
Aia?eeo, oi eaio?e-iocuea oai aeaaea niia?ie/aao n ?ie e iii-iocueie,
iioai e Annioeeaoeey “Aeth A?ann”) (ia?iaeiue noeeue eaio?e) i/aiue
caaioeeai ioiineony e eieeaeoeaai, ?aaioathuei a yoii noeea. E /oi naiia
i?eia/aoaeueiia, naie aia?eeaioeu, i?aaaea, a aieueoeinoaa aaeua, n
oaeiaieuenoaeai iinauatho eiioea?ou ?ie Eea?ea, Aeaeeie Ia?oeia, O.
Oeenna – naieo eaio?e-eniieieoaeae. Oaeaea ioaeii ioiaoeoue, /oi a NOA
aeey iiaeiyoey i?anoeaea e noeioea iocueaioia yoiai aeai?a, aeaaea
nicaeaiu iaeioi?ua eaio?e-iocueaeueiua aaeaaiaeiua i?aiee.

4 iiya?y a iaeii caea eiina?aaoi?ee ainaiaeue nieenoia “Iaae?eaae”
i?aaenoaaee i?ia?aiio thii?enoe/aneie e caoeiiiae?aaeaoaeueiie iocuee
aa?iiaeneiai Aic?iaeaeaiey XVI-XVII aaeia. Ii neiaai aeoaeiaeanoaaiiiai
?oeiaiaeeoaey ainaiaey Ethaeu Aeaauaeiaie ainaiaeue ieaie?oao caienaoue
yoo i?ia?aiio ia eiiiaeo-aeene, iaeiaei yoio i?iaeo ioaeaeaaony a
niiini?neie iiaeaea?aeeath A nae/an “Iaae?eaae” aioiaeony e ?iaeaeanoao.
A ia?aii eiioea?oa aaiiaiaioiiai oeeeea a Eiioea?oiii caea eiaie I.E.
*aeeianeiai. A iai “Iaae?eaae” i?aaenoaaee aiaeeeneea e iaiaoeeea
?iaeaeanoaaineea ianie. A eiioea?oa i?icao/eo iiiai aiiieniie iocuee,
aaoi?u eioi?ie ia ecaanoiu.

10. Yoi iiaeiaia ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee, caieiathueony
ca?oaaaeiuie aano?eyie, ?aciiai ?iaea aaaionoaaie, a oii /enea
oo?enoe/aneeie, eioi?ua auiieiytho ?ieue iaiaaeaea?neeo eiioi? ii
i?ieaoo iaeioi?ie /anoe iaoeo oeea?iiie/aneeo eniieieoaeae ca ?oaaaeii.
E eae yoi ia ia?aaeaenaeueii, yoe aaaionoaa auiieiytho a yoii neoa/a
?ieue i?iiaaaiaeenoia ioa/anoaaiiiai oeea?iiie/aneiai eneonnoaa ia?aae
aoaeeoi?eae, eioi?ay aieueoae /anoueth ia yaeyaony aeoeaiui c?eoaeai
oeea?iiie/aneeo eiioea?oia, iaoiaeynue o naay a no?aia.

11. Yoi ?aciiia?acea oi?i nianoaaiinoe a oeea?iiie/aneie ?aaioa.
Iainiaeaiea ioieoeeiaeueiie, /anoiie e aeoeeiia?iie nianoaaiiinoe a
eiioea?oii aeaea.

12. Iaeiie ec oaiaeaioeee, iieacuaathuae oiaaeie oeea?iiie/aneiai
eneonnoaa yaeyaony oaiaeaioeey e nieaeaieth /enea ?aaioieeia
a?oenoe/aneiai ia?niiaea. A n?aaeiai ii no?aia ca iineaaeiea aeaa aiaea
/enei a?oenoia oiaiueoeeinue ia 31 i?ioeaio, aeaaiui ia?acii ca n/ao
Iineianeie ainoaea?noaaiiie oeea?iiiee, a eioi?ie a 1992 aiaeo /enei
a?oenoia ninoaaeei anaai 41% e o?iaith 1991 aiaea e ieacaeanue ia o?iaia
/ooue auoa iieiaeiu n?aaeianieni/iie /eneaiiinoe ?aaioieeia yoie
i?aaiecaoeee. Ioia/aiiia nieaeaiea /eneaiiinoe a?oenoe/aneeo eaae?ia,
iaeiaei, ia iineo aaniethoiiai oa?aeoa?a – iii einioeinue eeoue
oeea?iiiee e naa?oe?oiiuo ii ninoaaao ae?oaeo eiioea?oiuo i?aaiecaoeee.
A oeaeii aea a io?anee n na?aaeeiu 80-uo aiaeia iaaethaeaaony onoie/eaue
?ino eniieieoaeueneeo nee, i?e/ai iia?aaeathueie oaiiaie a i?aaiecaoeeyo
?anioaeeeaineiai iiae/eiaiey. Oieueei ca 90-a aiaeu ii ninoaaee 123%,
oiaaea eae ia ianoiii o?iaia – eeoue 102%.

13. I?aaiecaoeey oanoeaaeae e eiieo?nia eiaao aieueoia cia/aiea, eae e
aeey iieiaeuo, oae e aeey oaea ca?aeiiaiaeiaaaoeo naay eieeaeoeaia. A
yoi aiaeo auei iaiiiai, iaeioi?ia eiee/anoai eioi?uo oioaeinue au
ioiaoeoue:

II oanoeaaeue eaia?iie iocuee i?ioiaeeo a Ca?eaeueiii Caea
Ainoaea?noaaiiiai einoeoooa eneonnoaiciaiey, /oi a Eiceoeeii ia?aoeea, n
16 iiya?y ii 28 aeaeaa?y. A eiioea?oao i?eieiatho o/anoea iaaeoea
Iaoaeuey Aa?aneiiaa, eiio?aaaneno ?onoai Aaaaeoeeei e Ainaiaeue nieenoia
?inneeneiai Iaoeeiiaeueiiai neioiie/aneiai i?eano?a, aeieii/aeeno
Aeaenaiae? ?oaeei e ieaieno Na?aae Aeaaaoneeo, aiaieno Aiaoieee
Ethaeiia, eea?iaoeno Eaai Ieai/ee e oaaioeno Ieeieae Aonueeia,
aeieii/aeenoea Iaoaeuey Aooiai (a ?aieao oanoeaaey iia nua?aao aeoyoii n
Aeaenaiae?ii ?oaeeiui, eioi?ue aunooieo a aeaoo eiinoanyo – eae
aeieii/aeeno e ieaieno!), “A?ain-o?ei”, ne?eia/ Iaca? Eiaeooa?ue e aai
ainaiaeue noa?eiiie iocuee Iineianeie Eiina?aaoi?ee, aeueoeno Aeaenaiae?
Aaeeianeee, a oaeaea aanue Eaa?oao eiaie Ae. Ae. Oinoaeiae/a, ieaieno
Ieeieae Iao?ia “Iineianeia o?ei”. Niiini? oanoeaaey – Iineianeee
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oeaio? i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa “A?aaoneee Eeoa”.

II Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue eiieo?n ieaienoia eiaie Na?aay I?ieioueaaa i?ioae a
Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aa n 29 iiya?y ii 6 aeaeaa?y. I?aaenaaeaoaeue aeth?e
eiieo?na ecaanoiue ?inneeneee ieaieno Aeaaeeie? E?aeiaa. A aeth?e oaeaea
aoiaeeea auaoay iaoa niioa/anoaaiieoea ieaienoea Ienaia ssaeiineay,
i?ioanni? Aa?i Aaooeea – aeaeai oi?oaieaiiiai oaeoeueoaoa Aaiiiaa?neie
Oioooeea, a eioi?ie i?aiiaeaao Aeaaeeie? E?aeia? e ae?.

Iieiaeie eea?iaoeno Aaaaiee Iao?ia, /uea eiy aienaii a Cieiooth eieao
“OO aae – XXI aaeo” Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie aeaaioai?eoaeueiie i?ia?aiiu “Iiaua
eiaia”, aunooiee 14 iiya?y 1995 aiaea a Iaeii Caea eiina?aaoi?ee. A
aeoyoa n ieaienoii Aaea?eai Iynaoeeei ii i?aaenoaaee i?ia?aiio ec
i?iecaaaeaiee Nai-Naina, Iaiaeaeueniia, Aeaathnne, Aicca, Iino?ana e
?ica. A eiioea?oa i?eiye o/anoea aua iaeei eea?iaoeno – nieeno
?inneeneiai Ainoaea?noaaiiiai neioiie/aneiai i?eano? Ai?en Io?uaeneee.
Aa/a? i?iaiaeeea i?iaethna?neay oe?ia Aaaeeia Aeoa?iaeoeeiai.

Ainoaea?noaaiiua e iaainoaea?noaaiiua enoi/ieee oeiaine?iaaiey
oeea?iiie/aneeo aeai?ia.

A?oenou – eiioea?oiua eniieieoaee eiatho naaiaeiy aeinoaoi/ii oe?ieea
aiciiaeiinoe aeey auai?a i?aaiecaoeee, /a?ac eioi?ua iie iiaoo
?aaioaoue. ?a/ue eaeao ia oieueei i iaainoaea?noaaiiii (aeoeeiia?iii e
/anoiii) naeoi?a. Aeaaea a ?aieao ainoaea?noaaiiiain aeoi?a eiioea?oiay
?aaioa inouanoaeyaony iin?aaenoaii i?aaiecaoeee, ia aoiaeyueo a aaaeaiea
Ieienoa?noaa eoeueoo?u. I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec iieacae, /oi aeayoaeueiinoue
aeoeaii ooieoeeiie?othueo eiioea?oiuo eieeaeoeaia inouanoaeyaony ia
oieueei ca n/ao oiiaeia eoeueoo?u e?oiiuo i?aaei?eyoee, ii e iaeioi?uo
iaaieueoeo i?aaei?eyoee, eae au “aneeaae/eio” niaea?aeaueo ainaiaee e
aeaaea i?eano?u. Ii?aaeaeaiioth ?ieue a noeioee?iaaiee oaeiai ?iaea
iaoeaiaonoaa ea?aao eoeueoo?iay iieeoeea ioieoeeiaeeoaoia. A eiioea?oiie
aeecie aeoeaii o/anoaotho oaeaea iauanoaaiiua i?aaiecaoeee, a /anoiinoe
eniieieoaeae e aeayoaeae yno?aaeiiai eneonnoaa. Iaeiiaoe, yeiiiie/aneea
o?oaeiinoe iiaeoieeioee e oaao?u e o/anoeth a eiioea?oiie
aeayoaeueiinoe.* Aua iaeiei enoi/ieeii iaainoaea?noaaiiiai
oeiaine?iaaiey , aeinoaoi/ii ?ani?ino?aiiaiii ia caiaaea, a oaia?ue e o
ian, yaeyaony i?aaeinoaaeaiea eueaioiuo e?aaeeoia a ?oaeyo iauanoaaiiui
i?aaiecaoeeyi eee /anoiui oe?iai, i?iaiaeyuei e?oiiua iia?iua

_________________________________________________________

* Iaii?aia eoeueoo?iie aeecie no?ai NIA, Aaeoee e Caeaaeacuey, aui. 5,
no?. 8-9, I., Eioi?ieoeueoo?a, 1994.

e oeea?iiie/aneea oanoeaaee, eiathuea aeinoaoi/ii oe?ieee
iaua?anioaeeeaineee ?aciiain. Ii yoi aaeeie/iua neo/ae iiea a iaoae
iocueaeueiie aeecie. Aiaeece?oy iiceoeeth ainoaea?noaa a oeiaine?iaaiee
eiioea?oiiai aeaea, iu aeaeei, /oi aai oneeey ia?auaiu ii-i?aaeiaio e
oeea?iiie/aneei aeai?ai e yoi, aiiauai, ni?aaaeaeeai. Iaeieie ec aaaeiuo
enoi/ieeia iaainoaea?noaaiiiai oeiaine?iaiey yaeythony niiini?u, ee/iua
aeiaeaiey naieo iocueaioia. Anee aua aiae-iieoi?a iacaae iiiaea
iauanoaaiiua i?aaiecaoeee, iai?aaeoaeuenoaaiiua oiiaeu, annioeeaoeee,
/anoiua eiiiaiee, oe?iu aeoeaii aeeaaeuaaee naie aeaiueae a eneonnoai,
oi nae/an yoa oaiaeaioeey eaeao ia niaae. A ia/aea aeaayiinouo aiaeia
iaeaieaa iiioey?iu auee aeiaeaiey a oeea?iiie/aneea aeai?u, iia?iia e
aaeaoiia eneonnoai. Aeaaea aeeynooaeee iiioey?iie iocuee,
ca?aaaouaathueo aeaiueae ia yno?aaea e aeeaaeuaathueo eo a eeanne/aneia
eneonnoai. Oaeei i?eia?ii yaeyaony Oeaio? Noana Iaieia, eioi?ue oaea
aeieaia a?aiy niaea?aeeo oeaeue neioiie/aneee i?eano?, i?e/ai ia i?inoi
ia?eiaee/anee niiine?oaiue, a iieiinoueth oeiaine?oaiue, eae
naiinoiyoaeueiia iiae?acaeaeaiea naiae i?aaiecaoeee.

Niiini?noai n ?aeeaiiuie oeaeyie noaiiaeony aeinoaoi/ii iiioey?iui
n?aaee /anoiiai aeciana, anee iii naycaii n e?oiiuie eoeueou?iuie
aeoeeyie aiiine?othueieny ii oaeaaeaeaieth. Ieiooa a naiia
“niio?eaaeueiia” a?aiy iiaeao noieoue aeinoaoi/ii aei?iai, e iiiaei
eiiiaieyi auaiaeiaa auaeaeeoue aeaiueae ia i?iaaaeaiea eaeeo-oi
eoeueoo?iuo aeoeee, i?iaiaeeiuo iocueaeueiie ?aaeaeoeeae oaeaeiiiaiee,
iaaeaee ecaioaaeeaaoue ?ieeee e iiea/eaaoue aua iioii yoe?iia a?aiy.

*oi aea eanaaony ainoaea?noaaiiuo enoi/ieeia oeiaine?iaaiey
oeea?iiie/aneeo aeai?ia, oi ii iaeei – aeioaoeey, eioi?ay
i?aaeinoaaeyaony iaeioi?ui, i?aaenoaaeythueo iniaoth oeaiiinoue,
eieeaeoeaai. Ainoaea?noai inouanoaeyao aeaiaaeiua aeeaaiey oieueei a
iniai oeaiiua iauaeou eoeueoo?u, i?aaeio?aiyy eo io iieiiai ?ac?ooaiey.
Enoi/ieeia oeiaine?iaaiey aeey inouanoaeaiey eiiieaeniie i?ia?aiiu a
iaeanoe eoeueoo?iie iieeoeee naaiaeiy aiioaea?noai , e niaeaeaieth, ia
eiaao. Ii anoue oaeaea e eneth/aiey. Aieueoie oaao? noae n iaaeaaieo ii?
i?aceaeaioneei oaao?ii, oi anoue ana oeiaine?iaaiea yoiai oaao?a
inouanoaeyaony i?aaeoaeuenoaii ?innee, ii aeaaea ianiio?y ia oaeie
i?i/iue oue, ?aaioa yoiai eieeaeoeaa ioyaeaeaia ?aciuie yaeaieyie –
i?aaeaea anaai i?iaeaiuie, naycaiiuie n eieeaeoeaii. Ii eiaaea iiiiiieey
A?eai?iae/a ?ooioea, ec-ca eioi?ie iiiaea ianoa?a n ie?iaui eiaiai
auioaeaeaiu auee eneaoue naaa iiaua aiciiaeiinoe aeey oai?/anoaa (?a/ue
eaeao i A. Iie?ianeii e I. Ieenaoeeie), oi n?aco aea ia noeaio Aieueoiai
oaao?a aa?ioeenue aai ianoa?a, iinoaaea ia?aoth i?aiuea?o. 9 iiya?y 1995
aiaea a Aieueoii oaao?a ?innee i?ioea ia?aay iia?iay i?aiuea?a naciia.
“Oiaaiueio” Ioni?aneiai iinoaaeee ?aaeenna? Ai?en Iie?ianeee e aee?eaea?
Inoeneaa ?ino?iiiae/. Ooaeiaeiee-iinoaiiauee O. Io?aaieaeca. Ei iiiiaaee
?aaeenna?u A. Ea?ea/aaa, A. Ianeaiieeia, I. E?aniiy?neay,
eiioea?oiaenoa?u A. ?annoaeiaa, E. Iiaeeaaneay, E.

Aeiia?, annenoaio aee?eaea?a I. Ni?ieei, oi?iaenoa?u N. Eueia,

A. Noaiaiia, A. Caai?iiie. A iia?a aunooieee A. Iaiiaaiei, E.
Aeyaeueeiaa, C. Nioeeeaaa, A. Ee?iin, A. Ei?ioeee, TH. Ia/aaa, O.
Oa?aniaa, A. A?oeiia, I. Aeeoeie?ia, A. Aaaeei, I. Ieceaiei. Ii neiaai
Inoeneaaa ?ino?iiiae/a, a?oenou, a oii /enea ii nai, ioeacaeenue io
iiiaeo i/aiue eioa?aniuo i?aaeeiaeaiee, /oiau iieoi?a ianyoea aeey
?aaiou iaae “Oiaaiueiie”. Iayno?i i?iaae e?iia i?aiuea?u aua iaeei
niaeoaeeue, 11 iiya?y, a iinea 5aai iouacaea ca ioeueo anoae I.
Ni?ieei.Iia?a noaaeeanue a ?aaeaeoeee Ae.Ae. Oinoaeiae/a, iieiinoueth
niioaaonoaothuae iaia?aieth ?ino?iiiae/a-aee?eaea?a naeaeaoue yoo iia?o
aac aaeeiie eoith?u e eaeeo-eeai eciaiaiee aaoi?neiai caiunea (?aiaa a
Aieueoii oaao?a iia?a noaaeeanue a ?aaeaeoeee ?eineiai-Ei?naeiaa).
Iocueaeueiia anooieaiea e iia?a – “?annaao ia Iineaa-?aea” – eiaao
neiaiee/aneia cia/aiea: iao?ianeea ?aoi?iu ianee ?innee “naao” iiauo
i?aia?aciaaiee. Yoie aea ea?oeiie caeai/eaaaony iia?a e a ?aaeaeoeee
Oinoaeiae/a, eae au au?aaeay iaaeaaeaeo ia n/anoeeaia aoaeouaa ?innee.
Aaia?aeueiua ?aiaoeoeee, ia eioi?uo i?enoonoaiaaea ioaeeea, i?ioiaeeee 6
e 7 iiya?y, a i?aiuea?u i?ioee a iacia/aiiua aeie – 9 e 11 iiya?y.
Iiaeano Iao?iae/ Ioni?aneee ?aaioae iaae “Oiaaiueiie” a oa/aiea 9 eao –
n 1872 aiaea aei naiae nia?oe, ii oae e ia oniae aa caeii/eoue. Iia?a ia
eiaao eeoa?aoo?iiai ia?aienoi/ieea. Ioni?aneee ienae iocueaeueiua
o?aaiaiou ia nianoaaiiue oaeno, niaaeeiyy eo ii iaia/aiiiio nthaeaoo.
?aaeaeoe?iaaieai e eino?oiaioiaeie iia?u iinea nia?oe Ioni?aneiai
caiyeny Ieeieae Aiae?aaae/ ?eineee-Ei?naeia. A aai ?aaeaeoeee
i?enoonoaotho cia/eoaeueiua eoith?u e eiua i?aaee aaoi?neiai oaenoa.

?acaeoea /anoiuo caoeicaienuaathueo eiiiaiee, niaoeeaeece?othueony ia
eeanne/aneie iocuea.

Anee ?aiueoa a ?innee nouanoaiaaea oieueei eeoue iaeia
caoeicaienuaathuaa i?aaei?eyoea “Iaeiaeey”, eioi?ia yaeyeinue
ainoaea?noaaiiui, oi oaea a 1995 aiaeo iiaeii iacaaoue ii iaiueoae ia?a
aeanyoue caoeicaienuaathueo eiiiaiee, eioi?ua auioneatho iocueo, a
iniiaiii, anoanoaaiii, iiioey?ioth e ?ie – oae eae eiaiii yoe aeaa aeaea
yaeythony iaeaieaa aeaiaaeiuie, ii oaeaea eiiaaea e eeanne/aneoth.
N?aaee yoeo eiiiaiee iiaeii auaeaeeoue neaaeothuea: “Anima Vox, APEX
Ltd., APEX Records Co. Ltd., AVA-Records, “ANOI?A”, Fenix Entertainment,
“CaEi”, Compact Disk Ltd, Company CD Ltd, eioi?ay oieueei a ieoya?a 1995
aiaea auionoeea aeaa aeueaiia n i?iecaaaeaieyie, eioi?ua eniieiye Oaaei?
Oaeyiei, Eiieioi?i-Oeaio?, Eaaeu, NP-Records, PolyGram Russia, RCD
(Russian Compact Disk), Russian Digital Music (RDM) e Nooaeey “Nithc”.
Ainoaea?noaaiiay eeanne/aneay eaiaeea iiae ?oeiaiaenoaii Aaaaiey
Aeiaciaa iaaeaaii naeaeaea caienue “A?aiai aiaea” Aeaaeueaee a
aooaioe/iie ?aaeaeoeee, i?aeoe/anee ia eniieiyaoaeny a ?innee. Caienue
naeaeaia iaeui ninoaaii, eniieueciaaiu aa?i/iua eino?oiaiou, niu/ee e
no?oiu. Caienue aaeanue a ?aoiaieiianeii caea Iineianeie eiina?aaoi?ee.
Eiiiaeo-aeene auoae a niaianoiii i?iecaiaenoaa ?inneeneie oe?iu “DL
Lota” e aaeueaeeneie “MD Kontakt”. CD aue ioia/aoai ai aoi?ie iieiaeia
iiya?y. Ia?aue ?inneeneee aeene “Aeaaeueaee-eiioea?oa”. Ia oe?ia
“?onneee nacii” aioiaeony e auoiaeo eiiiaeo-aeene ainoaea?noaaiiiai
eaia?iiai “Aeaaeueaee-i?eano?a”. Ooaeiaeanoaaiiue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue yoiai
eieeaeoeaa Naaoeaia Aac?iaeiay. Ioia/aoai CD ia oe?ia “Niie”.
Noaneaee?iaae aeoeeth “Iinoaaie”. Caienue naeaeaia a Iaeii caea
eiina?aaoi?ee. A CD i?aaenoaaeaiu aeaa eiioea?oa Aeaaeueaee, niiaou
?inneie e “Ainiiieiaiea i Oei?aioeee” *aeeianeiai. Yoi ia?aue aeene
“Aeaaeueaee-eiioea?oa” auoaaeoee a ?innee (i?aaeuaeouea o?e auoee a
NOA). I?acaioaoeey eiiiaeo-aeenea i?ioea 4 aeaeaa?y a Eiioea?oiii caea
eiaie *aeeianeiai. Ninoiyeny aieueoie eiioea?o, a eioi?ii i?icao/ae 27-e
eiioea?o Iioea?oa aeey oi?oaieaii n i?eano?ii. Nieeno – Ieeieae iao?ia.
I?icao/aee i?aeoe/anee ia eniieiyaoeeny a ?innee eiioea?o Aeaaeueaee
aeey i?eano?a ?a ieii?, “Aeaaeueaeeaia” Iaeeiuea?i e ae?.

A yoii aiaeo thaeeae ioiaoeee: ainoaea?noaaiiue aeooiaiue i?eano?
?innee, eioi?iio eniieieeinue 25 eao. Ca /aoaa?oue aaea ii iauacaeee
i?aeoe/anee anth no?aio, ?acaeaeeaoothny naaiaeiy ia iiiaeanoai
iacaaeneiuo ainoaea?noa, a oaeaea iiauaae e a “ianoiyuai” ca?oaaaeuea.
Aa/a?ii 15 iiya?y a Eiioea?oiii caea eiaie *aeeianeiai ninoiyeny
thaeeaeiue eiioea?o eieeaeoeaa. Iocueaeueiia ?aaeei “I?oae” aaei i?yioth
o?aineyoeeth n ianoa niauoey. A oaeaae neioiie/aneee i?eano? ?inoianeie
oeea?iiiee ioiaoee naia 60-eaoea. 23 e 24 iiya?y nieenoii ia thaeeaeiuo
eiioea?oao a ?inoiaa-ia-Aeiio aunooiee ieaieno Ieeieae Iao?ia.
Aee?eaee?iaae ?aaeeue Ia?ouiia ec Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aa.

A 1995 aiaeo aieueoia aieiaiea aeo?iaeenoia i?eaeaeaea aeayoaeueiinoue
neaaeothueo i?ioanneiiaeia aeaaeaie/aneie iocuee: Inoeneaaa
?ano?iiiae/a, Eaoe ?e/a?aeee, oeeuei i?i eioi?oth iieacuaaee a ia/aea
ieoya?y ii ?inneeneiio oaeaaeaeaieth, Eo/aii Iaaa?iooe, Ieaneaei
Aeiieiai, Oina Ea??a?ana, “Nieenoia Iineau”, TH?ey Aaoiaoa, Aaea?ey
Iaea, Nayoineaaa ?eooa?a e Aeeoi?a O?aoueyeiaa.

Eoia.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy, a oeaeii, aeey eiioea?oii-oeea?iiie/aneie noa?u
oa?aeoa?ia oaiaaeaioeey e naii?acaeoeth. Eniieuecothueany i?e yoii
iaoiaeu iaania/aiey ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aeai?ia na?ueaciie iocuee e
oieueeei?a, oi?ie?othony, a iniiaiii, i?e ioiineoaeueii neaaie nayce n
ainoaea?noaaiiie eoeueoo?iie iieeoeeie.

Ioaeaeueiua noauaeou eiioea?oiie aeayoaeueiinoue, a oii /enea e /anoiua
oe?iu, e oo?enoe/aneea aaaionoaa, e eiioea?oiua iiae?acaeaeaiey
i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee, i?aneaaeothy nianoaaiiua oeaee, iaeiia?aiaiii
niinianoaoao nio?aiaieth e ?acaeoeth oeea?iiie/aneeo aeai?ia.

Iaaethaeaaony iauay oaiaaeaioeey e oaaee/aieth ?aciiia?acey oi?i e
niiniaia noaneaee?iaaiey eiioea?oii-oeea?iiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe ca
n/ao i?eaea/aiey n?aaenoa eae ioaeaeueiuo th?eaee/aneeo eeoe, oae e
?aciiai ?iaea annioeeaoeee, aaieia, iai?aaeoaeuenoaaiiuo oiiaeia e
ae?oaeo eiiia?/aneeo no?oeoo?. Iaaethaeaaiia ?aciiia?acea yaeyaony
iaeiei ec aaaeiuo iaoiaeia noaneaee?iaaiey oeea?iiie/aneeo aeai?ia anoue
iniiaiiieaaathuea iaoiaeu a ?acaeoee yoeo aeai?ia e eo i?ioeaaoaiee.

Iaoa no?aia eiaea iaeio ec eo/oeo a ie?a nenoaio iocueaeueiiai
ia?aciaaiey. A ne?eie/iay e oi?oaieaiiay oeiea n/eoaaony i?inoi eo/oae a
ie?a. E i?e aeieaeiie oeiainiaie iiaeaea?aeea aeai?ia iu iiaee au
aeiaeoueny oiai, /oi iiiaea iaoe iocueaiou aica?auaeenue iacaae.

Ae?oaei oa?aeoa?iui iaoiaeii ?acaeoey oeea?iiie/aneeo aeai?ia a
oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uieo yaeyaony oaaee/aiea ?aciiia?acey oi?i
nianoaaiiinoe oeea?iiie/aneeo eieeaeoeaia.

I iaoiaeao ?acaeoey oeea?iiie/aneeo aeai?ia a oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo
ioiioaiee, iaeuecu caeii/eoue, ia inaaoea i?iaeaio i?aaiecaoeee naiie
eiioea?oiie aeecie. Aaaeue, anee oio-aecian auno?ieo naith nianoaaiioth,
iaainoaea?noaaiioth nenoaio, oi a oeea?iiie/aneeo aeai?ao
ainoaea?noaaiiua i?aaiecaoeee eee ?acaaeeeenue, eee aeoeeiie?iaaeenue,
eee iaoiaeyony ia a?aia ?acaaea.

A oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uieo, aeaenoaaiiui iaoaieciii a ?acaeoee
oeea?iiie/aneeo aeai?ia iiaeao noaoue eiaiii eiinieeaeaoeey anao nee,
anao no?oeoo? a eaeeo-oi iauanoaaiiuo oeea?iiieyo eae ia ?aaeiiaeueiii
oae e ia ?anioaeeeaineii o?iaiyo.

Aaeeinoai oeiainiauo e aeaeiauo e?oaia, anao yoaeiiia aeanoe, aeayoaeae
eneonnoa e ?acee/iuo e?oaia iauanoaaiiinoe iiaeao noaoue
noaaeeece?othuei oaeoi?ii a ?acaeoee oeea?iiie/aneeo aeai?ia a
nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo.

Eeoa?aoo?a

1. Eioi?iaoeeiiiay ni?aaea (Ia i?aaiecaoeee eiioea?oiie aeayoaeueiinoe a
NNN?) I., Ieienoa?noai eoeueoo?u NNN?, 1988.

2. Eioi?iaoeeiiiay ni?aaea (Aano?ieueii-eiioea?oiay aeeciue a NNN?), I.,
Nithceiioea?o, 1988.

3. Eoeueoo?iay iieeoeea a nia?aiaiiii iauanoaa. ?inneeneee einoeooo
eneonnoaiciaiey, I., 1991.

4. Iocueaeueiay aeaaeaiey, aui. 1, 3. I., Niaaoneee eiiiiceoi?, 1992.

5. Eioi?iaoeeiiiua atheeaoaie eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aaaionoaa “Oo?ia” 1995.

6. Eioi?iaoeeiiiua atheeaoaie eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aaaionoaa “Eioa?iaaeey”
1995.

7. Iaii?aia eoeueoo?iie aeecie no?ai NIA, Aaeoee e Caeaaeacuey, aui. 5,
I., Eioi?ieoeueoo?a, 1994.

8. Aeeieiiiay ?aaioa nooaeaioa 5-ai eo?na aeiaaiiai iao/aiey “?acaeoea
Oeea?iiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe a ?innee”.

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